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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, October 31, 1862, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAJE.es OOBDUR BBHIBTT.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
?FTTCEN. W. OORNBROF PDLTOS AID NASSAU SU
YwlamaUTIl..... .T.i N?.30i
AMUSEMENTS THIS EYRNINO.
MIBLO'S GARDEN Broadway.?Jack Cade.
WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway ?Bosom Fkibmds.
WINTER GARDEN. Broadway.?Riobabd III.
LA<'R% kkk.nk s theatre. Broadway.?No Kin roa
Bus Wk -kp?Com oual Lovr..
NEW BOWEKT THEATRE, Bowary?Claudb Dotal
Vau. BS-LO'. B ?MD MiBKUR.
BOWK R V THEATRE. Bowarv.-Miat.?R's Maio-Pixa.
Baar Nsi iubob?Magic Pills? sriuti os Jach S-xitabd.
GERMAN OPERA HOURS, 485 Broadway.?Fosui-tiaK
or Lo.gsubao.
BAKM'M'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Color.
Bd Tko-ical Pisa, Ac., at all boura. Pauvubttb. ulieruooa
and ctou.uu.
BRYANTS' MINSTRELS' Mcchanloa' Hall. 471 Broad
way ? Et.uoriam Somor. Boklbsoubs, Damoes, Ac.?Tub
Elacb l.UIOAUS.
CHRISTY'S OPERA HOU8R.533 Broadway.?Ethiopia"
Somob, Uamcas. Ac.?Tbsatv with J aian.
WOOD'S MINSTREL BALL. 514 Broadway.?Ethiopia*
Soxca. Damcaa. Ac ? Wb All Brlomg to tux Uxiom Abut.
HOPE CHAPEL No. 710 Broadway.? Eihibitiok or
Tibkbi.i.'i Caliiobnia.
HITCHCOCK'S THEATRE AND MUSIC HALL, Canal
Street.?Sobcr Da.ncxj. Uuklbsodbs. Ac.
GAIETIES CHNCEKT HALL. SIS Broad war. ?Dm a wwo
Boom Ewkkiaimusmtb.
PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS. 681 Broadway.?
Open daily iro;u 10 A. M. till 10 f. M
IIOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, Brooklya.?Ethioma*
So.VI,.-. Ua.-CII, BDRI.KSaOXS. JtC
New York, Friday, October 31, 1809.
the situation.
News from the headquarters of the Army of the
Potomac reports everything quiet at the frout yes
terday.
The rebel Generals Jackson and Longstreet were
?aid by certain contrabands who came within our
lines, to be moving towards Berryville, from the
d lection of Charlestown. The enemy were be
lieved to be still in considerable force directly in
front of our army. They were observed on Wednes
day night signalizing from a mountain near Snick
ersville. It was reported at headquarters last night
that our cavalry captured an officer of Gen. Long
street's staff, with the rank of colonel, and that
Longstreet, who was reconnoitering with a small
escort, narrowly escaped.
The rebel pickets nnder General Walker, at Up
pcrville, were driven from that place on Wednes
day. The infantry were said to have marched to
Kuickersville, their intention being to escape to
the Blue Ridge Mountains by way of Snicker's
Gap.
It is said that General Burnside has advanced
?long the eastern base of the Blue Ridge, and
made a junction with Sigel'a corps, their pickets
actually joining?a movement which may have
compelled General Walker to vacate Uppei ville.
Adrices received at Baltimore from Gen. Kelly
etate that the rebels have completed the destruc
tion of Back creek bridge, on the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, and that there are one thousand two
hundred rebel cavalry at Hcdgesville. This bridge
is ten miles west of Martinsburg and twenty-five
from Ilagcrstown. It was ninety feet deep ?nd
one hundred feet long.
Brigadier General Kelley reports from Cumber
land, Md., that he sent a force forward, com
manded by Lieutenant Colonel Quick, of the
Twenty-third Illinois, supported by Rourke's bat
tery and ltingold's cavalry, in pursuit of the re
bels who carried off the cattli in Hardy county
the other day. Col. Quick overtook them, and
captured one hundred and seventy head of cattle
aixteen prisoners and twenty horses.
According to the statement of a deserter from
Richmond, who had opportunities of observing the
progress of the rebel ram Merrimac No. 2, that
vessel is now completed, with the exception of
two guns yet to be furnished her, and is looked
upon by the rebels as a great success, and as cer
tain to do terrible destruction to our gunboats
when she makes a hostile demonstration. Her
movements up to this time have been confined to
trial trips to Fort Barling, in which it is said her
machinery worked admirably.
The diffienlty between General Wool and the
loyal citizens of Baltimore who had been arrested
and sent to Fort Pelaware hy the General's order,
appears to be settled by an order for the uncon
ditional release of the arreted parties, issued by
the President yesterday. The pro", able res'gna.
lion of General Wool, under these circumstances,
was regarded with much consideration lu Wash
ington yesterday.
Our ti oops continue their sue cease* in Arkansas.
On Tuesday last Brigadier Genera! Herron, with a
fores of a thousand men. attacked a rebel camp
?t a point four miles east of Fayetteville, which
was occupied by tbree thousand rebels under Col
onel ( ravens, and after sn hour's fight totally re
pulsed them, and followed them for sevsral miles
into the Boston Mountains. AH the camp equipage
?nd wagons of the enemy weie abandoned.
l,avc ,ome interesting intelligence from Ber
r- uda to the 21st inst. The action of Rear . d
* ral Wilkes, United State. N.vy, J? closely
* trhing and Intercepting the trade of the rsbels
wi"' England, by w.y of Bermuda, ha. excited
the inhabitant, of the Island in no small degree
against that officer and the Union. Some of the
' naI" 10 our cruise rs have in.ti
? -ed . blockade of the Engli.h colonial depend
' n /'the 'teumen Ti0" Sonoma maintaining
? vigilant guard of if port, of entry and den.r
f?r. Th. English ves^,. Alert, J.*,. #nd
Giadiator were hailed and brought to lately hy
n der of Admiral Wilkes. Her British M.jesty's
at earner Plover, Just arrived from nalifc x, took
off despatch., from the Governor of Bermuda to
Admiral Wilkes, and the man who acted as pliot
to the Union vessels had returned to the
; Notwithstanding the vigilanc# of our
W# flad th,t th9 Br,tl,h tetther.
UfcdUtor, Minho and OuchJtu, all laden with cot
t from the South, had run out of port at Bermuda
f"r England. False signals were thrown out from
t .e shore In order to decoy the Union vessels from
tielr station |nst a. th. Minho .ailed. They had
.?? 'J?"'" "? B,g",b "r?" ??
e rebel,. Th. eteimer ITerald i
With a e.rgo of cotton for Fng|??d The
Herald did not see the United State, vessel,.'
miscellaneous news.
The st' an sh p Hibernian, from 1 onrt
Vhc ITth insUal, pa** c.pe Ksc'e Jt We' '
day morning on her voage to Quebec. She baa
arws five days later than the advices of the Aus
tralasian; but the sea was so heavy 6ff New
foundland, in consequence of the recent gale, that
it was quite impossible for our agent at the point
to board her and obtain it.
The steamship Bohemian, from Londonderry on
the 10th instant, wont up to Quebeo from Father
Point yesterday morning. Her news has been an
ticipated. She has two hundred and aixty-seven
passengers. It is thought that the North Ameri
can will sail again on her regulkr trip, for Loa.
donderry and Liverpool, next Saturday, the 1st
instant.
There are three European steamships fully due
at American porta to-day. They sailed in the
following order from the porta named under
neath, viv:?
Steamthija. From. Sailed Petti nation.
Kilinb irg Queenstown... .Oct. 16...New Yorlc.
H >ti m;an I, ndomlerry.. .Oct. 17.. .Quebeo.
Arabia Q leeusUiwu.... Oct. 10.. .Huston via Hal'x.
Ofiicial information from England atatea that
Admiral Miino, ltoyal Navy, is to oontinue in com
mand of the North American and West Indian na
val station for one year from date.
The Diario da la Marina of the lid October
states, on the authority of a passenger by the
British Queen, from New York, that on leaving the
port of Nassau, and when that Teasel was near
Grand Isaac, the night being very dark and
?tormy, a federal cruiser fired a shot at her,
which passed over the head of tha officer of the
watch; and, as she did not immediately heave to,
another shot was soon after fired by the American
vessel. To prevent further difficulty, the British
Queen stopped her engines, and soon after an offi
cer of the United States vessel came on baaed, to
whom the English captain spoke in very plain
terms concerning the irregularity of his proceed
ings. After mutual explanations the federal offi.
cer retired. It seems that the British Queen was
mistaken for the Scotia, known to have sailed
from Nassau, with a valuable cargo, for some port
In the Southern States.
Captain Jarvis, of the bark R. G. W. Dodge, ar
rived last evening from Trinidad do Cuba, states
that on the 8th instant, when.in latitude 23 40,
longitude 74 20. he was boarded by a boat from
the United States steamer Montgomery, who re
ported having chased the day previous a rebel
steamer, cotton loaded, and that the rebels ran
her ashore near Havana, and set her on fire.
A second edition of the draft will take place in
Connecticut on the 5th of November. The first
attempt was a failure.
The people of a portion of Fayette county,
Pennsylvania, talk of resisting the draft, and they
have constructed a log fort for their defence.
The draft has been postponed until the first day
of December in Michigan. It would save time(
trouble and expense, produce more satisfaction(
fall less unjustly, and be vastly more satisfactory,
if the operation of the draft were postponed in
every loyal State in the Union until the lit of Ja
nuary next. The government cannot provide
clothes and shoes for. the soldiers it already has in
the field, and it seems the height of folly to take
men from their homea and their families before
they are actually wanted.
Moses Anker, a noted secessionist of Baltimore,
a long time an inmate of the Old Capitol prison in
Washington, and recently released on parole, has
been again* arrested for endeavoring to convey
contraband goods and a mail to tlie'South.
A very large and enthusiastic republican meet
ing was held last evening at the Cooper Institute,
at which Ceneral Wadsworth, the republican can
didate for the Governorship, was present and
spoke. Mr. Lyman Tremain also paid his respects
to Horatio Seymour and John Van Buren.
At the meeting of the Board of Councilmen yes
terday an ordinance "authorizing the issue of shin
plasters in sums of five, ten, twenty-five and fifty
cents, to the amount of three millions of dollars,
was adopted by a vote of nineteen to two. The
ordinance has already passed the Board of Alder
men. The Councilmen concurred with the Alder
men in directing that evory facility be given to
Judge Advocate General Anthon to procure a full
list of all the volunteers who enlisted in this city
between the 2d of July and the 3d of September
last.
The jury in the case of Jacob Weiler, tried for
the murder of his wife, in the Court of General
Sessions, after being out nearly twenty-four hours,
failed to agree in their verdict. They were ac
cordingly discharged.
Judge McCuunhas decided that, according to the
act of Congress of 1833, no person who haa been
convicted of a criminal offence can be enlisted into
the armies of the United States.
The Commissioners of Public Charities and Cor
rection met yesterday, when the weekly statement'
was submitted, as follows:?Number remaining on
the 16th inst., 6,390; admitted since, 1,903; died,
47; discharged. 1.42*; sent to Rlaekwell's Island,
3<:1; to State Prison, 9; remaining on the 25th
'nst.. 6,338?decrease, 42.
TliS ntock market was weak and lower yesterday
Speculators geuerully appear to be selling their stocks iu
anticipation of the election. Gold fell to 130. Exohange
cl'-fl at 144M a s4*. Money was to rather better de
rn ind. M my bankers deem It wise, about these times,
to exercise unn*ual caution in advancing money on
?t :ks. To good borrowers the rate la still 5 per cent.
The cottou market was Arm yesterday, wllb sales of
1,000 balt-s, closing on lbs basis of 00){c. a 61c. for mid
dling uplands. Flour was heavy, while common' and
medium grwde* were from 6c. a 10c per barrel lower.
The higher grades, including choice family brands, were
unchanged. Wheat was steady for lots of good to pr.me
red winter, ainber and white Western, while the lower
grades were Irregular and from lc. a 2c. lower in some
case*. The market was tolerably active, In part fer ex
port. Corn was Armor for sound Western mixed, Which
was scarce, whiis that In poer condition was abundant,
and tuo market heavy, and In somo case? lower. Sound
Western mixed sold at 72c. a 71. Pork was dull, with
S'dcs of mess at $13 a 13 60, and of prime at $12
.Sugar* were active and Arm, with sales of 2,279 hhds.
Coffee was Armcr and more active. A cargo or Mara
calbo, comprising 2,000 bags, wus sold a* p. t., and 2,000
do. Rio, In rdparate lots, at 27o. a27,'<c., the latter Agure
for 500 bags prime. Freights were eaeier to Liverpool,
While theie wae more offering at the concession
' Goiso a Wooixo."?The rebel Congress and
Gen. Brag? hare been trjing to woo the North
western Sutes into the embraces of the South,
by promising to guarantee them the free navi
gation of the Mississippi if they would separate
their interests from those of the hated "Yan
koes."' We have yet to learn that their advances
have met with the slightest response, except at
Corinth, Matamora, Perryville and Maysville.
Having relieved themselves of this great stroke
of diplomatic policy, they next made lnsino.
at in j offers of a similar character to the Pacific
States. The only result of the courtship has
been the transmission from California of a
second munificent Instalment of a hundred
thousand dollars for the relief of our sick and
wounded. Wo do not care how frequently the
tthisi
JMRmut Epoch, but $iu?i. Hkn.?As t rale
W^lfni that great occasions have produced
giwafcnten, in running over the history of man
kind, fVom the olodus of thecalswi from Egypt
down to this day. gee wlmS' constellation of
great names arc associate*with the American
Involution of 1776, with Washington at their
head; and what a host of mighty characters
were developed by the first Fronch Revolution,
including the most wonderful man of all time
Napoleon B<?nep?rto. But here, in the midst
of the most momentous revolutionary upheaval
i. the history of mankind, w? have little else to
exVblf beyond ft plentiful crop of small pota
l es.
Tk? Vsllwtl iMportaae* c| (Ha Comlax
Klartftoats.
%om rtdicdi labor in vain who try to avert
the present conservative revolution by prating
about the political and personal merits of the
candidates. The old political parties are dead.
The domestic relations and private virtues of
the candidates have nothing whatever to do
with the great issue before the people. Whe
ther or not Mr. Wadsworth once gave a d:me
to a blind beggar, or added a hundred dollars
extra to the rent of one of his tenants, is a ques
tion of no earthly importance. The public are
not at all interested in knowing what Mr. Sey
mour has for dinner, or whether he employs a
negro cook in his family. The fact that a few
seoeasion sympathizers intend to add their votes
to those given for Seymour, and that the free
negroes will vote unanimously for Wadsworth,
is of not the slightest oonsequenoe in this can
vass. The issue is one of principles, not men.
The question simply is : Shall the constitution
be maintained or superseded??shall the Union
be restored or lost in anarchical experiments ?
It is equally useless to attempt to delude the
people by asserting that a conservative triumph
will encourage the rebel leaders to persevere
in their treason. This game was fairly tested in
Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, and is com
pletely played out. Every sensible man knows
that the truth is just the other way. What pre
text was used by the rebel chiefs to seduce the
Southern masses into rebellion ? That of abo
litionism. What doouments are those or
dered to be read at the head of the
rebel armies in order to spur up the
suffering soldiers? The bloodthirsty produc
tions of the abolitionists. By what name did
Beauregard, in biB intercepted despatches to
Bragg, propose to call the Union troops, and
by what name are they now oalled in Beaure
gard's official reports? The name of abolition
ists. What acts of Congress have done so much
to crush out the remaining Union feeling at the
South? The acts prepared and passed by the
radical abolitionists. How, in the darkest and
gloomiest periods of the confederacy, have the
rebel tyrants and the rebel press aroused, in
spirited, revive3 and infuriated the drooping
and despondent peoplo? By cheating them into
believing that this is an abolition war, arid by
dwelling upon the insane designs of tho aboli
tionists. Inquire of the rebel soldiers against
whom they suppose themselves to be fight
ing, and what do they uniformly re
ply? Not against the Union, but against
the abolitionists. The rebel leaders know
better?no one disputes that?but the great
body of the Southern people are arrayed
only against the bugbear of abolitionism, and
would lay down their arms to-morrow if they
could be convinoed that the abolition policy is
not the policy of the government of the United
States.
| Against suoh facts as these how false is the
argument that an abolition victory would
weaken the rebel cause. Abolition triumphs
are the support of the rebellion. A vote (or
abolitionism is practically an aid to Jeff. Davis.
A great conservative victory at the North
would open the eyes of the Southern people to
the real facts of this war, and at one e destroy
their faith in the scoundrels who%have so cruel
ly deceived them. Then, unless all historical
precedents are worthless, a popular revolution
would ensue?Jeff. Davis would be hung by
the people he has outraged, and the reunion of
the States speedily follow. This is the con
summation which the abolitionists are endea
voring to prevent. To prevent it they delibe
rately purpose to supersede the constitution,
I and make John Brown, instead of George
Washington, the exemplar of the American
people. This policy would destroy both the
South and the North in order to destroy Blavery
For slavery per at no loyal man now cares a
fig. It must take its chances, like any other
institution, during the war. But if, to abolish
slavery, the constitution is also to be abolished,
then every loyal man must protest against abo
litionism, not for the sake of the rebels, but for
the sake of his family, his property and him
self. If the constitution be superseded we
have no longer any national government, and
every bold bad man is at liberty to resist the
President's decrees, to organize armed forces to
oppose the laws, and to commit any outrage his
strength may warrant. When the French Gi
rondists overthrew the government they had no
idea that a Jacobin party would soon appear to
flood the streets of Paris with blood and bring
the Girondists themselves to the guillotine.
The republican abolitionists are the Girondists,
and the radical abolitionists are the Jucobins,
of the present day. For the time being they
work harmoniously together and support the
same candidates and the samo policy. But let
that policy be adopted, and the constitution
be trampled upon, and what power is 'there to
restrain those fanatics whom even the constitu
tion could not restrain T How long before the
Jacobin radicals, who now denounce the con
servatives as traitors, will apply the same
odious term to the republicans? Those who
are not willing to go as far as Horace Greeley
and Cassius M. CI ay are even now threatened
with imprisonment and the gallows. By and
by, when Greeley and Clay, having
dostroyed the constitution, proposo to go
still farther than they dare at present, with
what will they threaten those lukewarm repub
licans who eannot quite keep pace with them ?
How long ago was It that our Jacobins threat
ened to depose the President If he did not sab
rait to their demands? How long ago was it
that they attempted to give Fremont an inde
pendent command ? The constitution onoe su
perseded, what is to prevent the Jacobin radi
cals from making good their threats and bang,
ing and shooting down citizens at pleasure? The
constitution onoe superseded, the rifle, the bowle
knife and the revolver become the supreme law
of the land, and the stronger party brings the
weaker to the gallows, as the French Jaoobins
dragged both royalists and Girondists to the
guillotine.
These are the considerations which have
moved the loyal people to this great political
revelation. They 4*?*eppoec emancipation;
bijMhey are not yet pxwUed to cut their own
MMfiAtB In order to frthnK slaves of the seceded
States. They see-that tlm abolitionists propose
not only to abolish vlav?rjr, but also to abolish
the constitution. They tear the bloody anarohy
which the abolition Jacobins would inaugurate
by annihilating our eonstitutional government.
Thev are not willing to sacrifloe the oountry.
the lives of those dear to them, tbeir own livee
and all their material interests to the blaok
Goddess of Reason whom our Jacobins have set
up and worship. They bavs resolved to put
down the abolitionists; not to preserve slavery
but to save the nation. For these reasons they
gave conservative majorities in October, and
will give stili gieater consei vstive minorities in
November. No honest man can m,?uiulerstand
tbu i**v*i
of the Wni-Vlgerunt Merr
?Mrnia AkkImU the Kcbelllom Bast Bad
Hrit.
There has hcen very little change apparently
since our Inst published advices, in the relative
positions of the two great hostile armies in
Northern Virginia. But, near Cumberland, on
the extreme right of the immense line covered
by General McClellao, that active mountain
oauipaigner, General Kelly, has just performed
a very neat operation in the capture of a rebel
cattle hunting detachment; and on the extreme
left, eighty miles distant from Kelly, General
l'lcasanton is actively removing the advanoed
guards of Lee's army from Loudon county. At
the same time tho.oentral division of General
McClelian's forces is steadily moving the out
posts of the rebels backward towards Win
chester.
The special object of I-ee is evidently to
move over the Blue Ridge, at several of the
gaps, so called, which command the shortest
and easiest roads to Richmond. These crossings
lie between Loesburg and Culpepper Court
House; but, as all this line is actively scoured
by our cavalry expeditions from day to day,
Lee will most probably be compelled to keep
up the valley, for the safety of bis trains, to a
point opposite Gordonsville; and henoe we
suspect that there will be no general engage
ment with Lee this sido of Gordonsville. A8
for the pursuit of his army up the exhausted
Shenandoah valley, it is simply impracticable>
upon the score of subsistence. Gen. McClcllan'
therefore, must keep within convenient dis
tance of his depots of supplies, and between
the enemy and Washington, until ho can get
between him and Richmond and compel
h'm to make a stand. Lee is in a position
from which it requires the nicest strategy to es
cape, and McClellan is advuntageously posted
to intercept him in any direction. And so there
need not be any uneasiness or impatience in
regard to our Army of the Potomac.
The army, late of General Buell, but now of
General Rosecrans. is en route from Kentucky
for Nashville, perhaps with the viow of giving
another lesson to General Bragg, who, it is
suspected, is preparing lor a desperate enter
prise in that direction. At the same time, along
the northern border of Mississippi, the broken
columns of Price, V an Doru, Lovcll and Breck
inridge are reported to be concentrating for
another trial of strength with General Grant.
But he will be ready to meet them and beat
them at any point, aud at a moment's notice,
and, it may be, before they expect him. Indeed,
between Rosecrans and Grant we may antici
pate soon to hear that the armed forces of the
rebellion have been swept from Tennessee and
from Northern Mississippi down into the inte
rior of Alabama and Georgia.
But to complete tho work of the suppression
of the rebellion in the Southwest, the Missis
sippi flotilla of Admiral David D. Porter will
shortly move down from Cairo to New Orleans,
in conjunction with a land force under Goneral
McClernand; while the fleet of Admiral Far
ragut and an army under General Banks will
be despatched, perhaps, to liberate the Union
people of Texas, and to look after the contra
band traders at the mouth of the Rio Grande,
and perhaps in an opposite direction.
Thus it will be seen that President Lincoln
is preparing actively, not for one heavy blowt
but for numerous and simultaneous as
saults upon the remaining strongholds
of the rebellion East and West, and
by our land and naval forces. We do not
imagine that in these operations tho aeacest be
tween Beaufort, N. C., and New Orleans will be
neglected, but that round the contrasting circle
of the rebellion the armies of Jeff. Davis will be
assailed with irresistible force at every point,
and routed and dispersed. Accordingly, we do
not abandon the hope that before the 1st of
January the radical abolition policy of a sweep
ing emancipation crusade will cease to be en
tertained at Washington. We expect, in a
word, that the armed rebels of the South and
our disorganizing radicals of the North will be
put down together?the nrst by our powerful
fleets and armies, and the latter through the
sound public opinion of our loyal States, as re
vealed in this autumn s elections.
The Privateer Alabama.?We have heard
nothing more of the operations of Captain
Semrnee and his privateer since the return of
Captains Hagur, Gilford and Tilton. The next
accounts that reach us will probably increase
the number of vessels destroyed by him to five
and twenty or thirty. Government has not as
yot taken the steps requisite to put a atop to
his predatory career. Tho vessels that have
been Bent alter the Alabama are, with one ex
ception (that of the Tuscarora), not of the kind
calculated to overtake her or to interfere with,
her work of destruction. The Vandcrbilt is being
fitted out for the purpose, and will be ready
to sail in a day or two; but these two vessels
are not sufficient to follow up and circumvent
an antagonist so adroit and well practiced in all
kinds of sea tricks as the pirate Seramee. It
was a great mistake on the part of the depart,
ment not to arm and despatch simultaneously
with the Yanderbilt the Baltic and Atlantio
now employed as transport ships, and ranking
among the fastest steamers afloat. Then, again,
it has the Connecticut and Rhode Island,
two very fast vessels, and which, mounted
with rifled cannon, would either one of them be
able to cope with the Alabama. The saving
of expense, if economy was the object in with
holding the A from this service, will, we fear,
be more than counterbalanced by the destruc
tion of property that will have been caused by
the delay. Unless the rebel privateers are
promptly followod up and captured, the injury
to our commerce, in the payment of war risks
and actual loss of vessels, will swell up a fear
ful aggregate.
Tn Irish Vote and the Rbplbucajts.?The
Tribune has taken to bullying our Irish adopted
citizens because of their support of the con
servative ticket for the approaching elections.
This will do the republicans no good. Neither
cajolement nor abuse ean render the Irish voter
insensible to the fact that the party of which
the Tribune is the organ only desires to' make
present use of him to fling him aside and'de
grade him when the opportunity arrives. Be
can never forget its policy as defined by Beecher
in connection with the war. In endeavoring to
bring the slave population of the South within
the pale of oitixenship, two of the objects aimed
at are, to swamp the Irish vote, in order to con
solidate power in the bands of the dominant
party, and to crush out Popery. . Thus the in
terests of the abolitionists, the politicians and
the religious fanatics would be jointly sub
served at the expense of our Irish fellow cltl
zelfs. 1 his amiable programme will, we need
u>t ray, revolve no help from them in thn ap
proaching conteet. Hence the anger of the
PViOttM? in anticipation of the fact.
Calculations or tr Oornvo ELnonoim.?
No one supposed that the elections in Penn
sylvania, Ohio and Indiana would turn out as
they bare done. The progress of public
opinion was as silent as the dew. The con
servatives and republicans were equally aston
ished at the results, and all their calculations
were confounded. It is evident that the con
servative victories do not spring from local
causes, for they are everywhere the satno.
The causes are general, and the results will be
of the aaine character. Revolutions always
begin at some point, and increase in momen
tum as they advance. It is therefore extremely
probable that in the elections in November,
particularly in New York, the revolution will be
more fully developed than in the election* of
October. Tthe very fact of conservatism being
triumphant and republicanism being defeated
in the previous elections will exert a potent
influence on those which are to come. It is re
markable that as goes Ohio so always goes
Western New York. The people of both sec
tions are of the same race and the same
class of thinkers. There. Is every rea
son, therefore, to believe that Western
New York will follow the example of
Ohio, and that the whole Empire State will give
a tremendous majority against the republican
party.
What is the oause of this remarkable
change? It is the utter failure of the re
publicans as a governing party. Th<y
have faded in both branches of Congress,
and have terribly failed in the Cabinet; and
were it not for the President, who resisted their
reckless and insane course, the consequences
would be still more disastrous to the country*
The people have come to the conclusion that
the republicans have not the capacity to bring
the republic safely through the great crisis
which by their folly and wickedness they preci
pitated upon a happy and prosperous nation.
It is the determiuation of the people to work a
change as soon as possible in Governors of
States, State Legislatures, members of the
United States Senate and members of the House
of Representatives. And though in the case of
members of Congress the conservatives elected
this fall will not sit till December, 18GH, unless
an extra session should be called by the Presi
dent, and though the present Congress, which
will be in power for three months longer (from
the first week in December to the 4th of March\
may, if it pleases, do infinite mischief in that brief
time, we think its members will have read too
distinctly in the signs of the times tho will of the
people to outrage public opinion. Tbore will
be no longer any excuse for their doing so. But
should they proceed to carry out the ultra views
which passed muster last session, the President,
taking his cue from the popular decisions, will
reject and repudiate their destructive legisla
tion. If any attempt be made to stem the tide
of public opioiou which has now set in, it will
sweep away-every barrier and vindicate its re"
sistless power. Let fbose who op pose beware
of the conscquenoes.
Important Operations on the Coast.?The
capture of Sabine Pass and Gal rest on should
be followed by the immediate occupation
of all the porte on the Atlantic sea
board. The ports of Charleston, Savan
nah and Darien sheuld receive the imme
diate attention of the government, se that
before the winter sets in we shjdl have full and
complete control of these important points
The coast of Georgia and the Carolines is lined
with a succession of low islands, intersected by
numerous navigable channels and bayous,
whiciAJTord good inland navigation, as well as
convenient shelter and security to the contra
band traders which have for the last year in
fested these waters. The rebel steamer Nash
ville has made these waters her terminus, and
has made three trips to Nassau with the pro
ducts of Georgia, bringing back in return muni
tions of war, and at last aceounts was lying in
Warsaw Sound, near Savannah, awaiting her
chance to run the blockade again. With these
ports open, or at least only subjected to the oc
casional telescopio visit of our blockaders, we
need no longer wonder at the abundant sup
plies of arms. Ac., with which the rebels seem
to be furnished.
The last named port, of which very little
notice seems to have been taken, is situated on
the Altamaha, one of the largest rivers of Geor
gia, about ten miles from its mouth, at which
there are said to be about twelve feet of water on
the bar. This river is formed by the junction
of the Oconee and Ocmulgce, which rise in the
northern part of the State, the first of whioh is
nuvigable by steamers to Milledgeville, and the
latter to Macon. This port should no longer be
left in the hands of the rebels. By getting
possession of it we can, by means of a few light
draught steamers, not only gain the control of
the long chain of bays and channels which line
the coast, but oan ascend the rivers to the capi
tal and some of the principal towoa in the very
centre of the State.
Dr. Brownson Up for Conoriw. ?Dr. (has
tes A. Brownson, the theological chameleon and
political weathercock, is the republican candi
date for Congress in the Middlesex district of
New Jersey. Mr. Steele, the present member,
opposes Dr. Brownson, and will almost certain,
ly be re-elected. Dr. Brownson, as he himself
admits, has no claim to be called ? Jerseyman,
aad la identified with none of the great interests
of Now Jersey. He is, in fact, an outsider, sent
over by the New Tork wirepullers to run in
the Middlesex district, because they could find
no New Jersey abolitionist able and willing to
be a candidate. Of course the republican party
in New Jersey professes to be friendly to the
President and to support the administration.
Just how sincero this profession is may be
judged from the fact that Dr. Brownaon, the re
publican candidate, ia the author of the moat
violent attacks upon the President and the ad
ministration ever published. In the last num
ber of his Review he charges the adminis
tration with cowardloe, treachery and imbeelli
ty; accuses the Secretary of State of desiring
to break np Congress and seise the government
by military foroe; says that the war is design
edly conducted so as not to fanrt the rebels?
the same remark for which the President die
missed' an offlotr from the army?and is gene
rally most grossly abusive of the Chief Execu
tive and fell advisers. Sncb are the opinion* of
the man whom republicans recommend as a
friend of the administration. In nominating
him fbr Congress the republican managers in
salt New Jersey by presuming that bar sons are
too ignorant to understand Dr. Brownson's real
character. If he ran here In New York, where
he is very well known, he would not receive one
hundred votes. It Is doubtful whether be will
receive half so many In New Jersey.1
NEWS FRO* WASH1NBTON.
WasatsuroN. Out 90,1892
OKNXRAI. WOOL AMD IU KKi'BNT AKKK8T8 Di DAI*
TIMOR*.
The entertaining by the Kxecutive or charges against
General Wool by certain parties at Faitimore looks aa if
it i> questionable whether he ia to beswsiAiiiod. If he la
to be condemned, then the old soldier will return hia
commission to the President. I hear that such is hla
determination, as be values highly the reputation ac
quired by a service of half a century for his country. It
Is understood that the General called upon the President
to-day, and a?ked that the charges against him should
be roducod to writing, and he plodgod himself to prove
their falsity. Moreover, he did rot want to be degraded,
but if he eras to be condemned bo desired an opportunity
to resign.
What is wanted of Gen. Wool by the old Ping element
tn Haltimore is, that lie shall nrreet and Imprison people
upou slang whang tcports; but the just rule laid down by
him is, that complaints sh II be mad# in writing, and
BW'uu to, when arrows will be made, a trial immediately
granted, and decision nude according to tho facts. As
to the charge th it Gon. Woei's associations are with se
cessionists, it should he stated that his. social rein'
lions with baliiinore.ins are very limited; but busi
ness matters require him to be in constant communica
tion with purlins whoso service to the government is
fully recognized by the authorities at Washington, but
who have ever been obnoxious to certain party cliques
in Fait imore. It is stand by Gen. Wool's friends that
the parties (hat cannot me him to carry out personal
feelings of malevolence havo attempted to demoralize the
soldiers by imputations cs to his loyalty.
Uouoral Wool remarked today that he would asrest
more of the disorganizes? in his department before long.
mrOliTANT INI O.lMATlON FOR UGUtS OF DHCKA3K9
80LDIKBS.
The following circular has been issued from the Adju
tant General's oPloo:?
Numerous applications arc addressed to this office rela
tive to the .-oi v.ee of dei eased soldieis and oiiicers.
Kiauilulout claims haw been facilitate! by information
procured from the public offices, m,d t'> guard against
s .oh impositions and : eourc toe rights of discli trged sol
diers or heirs i f deceased soldi rs, no Inform itwui as to
tho service, discharge or death of deceased officers or
soldiers will bo luruishod except to those who shall show
tlietnsolves entitled to'it. Hence, in applications for in
formation, whore it cau lie '..sod a? u busts of claims
against the government or to tho prcjudloe of inuooent
persons, the foiiowlug conditions must be com,died
with:?
first?The identity of t'e soldier must be proved.
Heirs and reprcs ntutitoe must show that
they aio such. In tho.-e c sen the prool may bo by .ittt
davits from credible and disint rested persons, certified
to be such by an acting justice or notary, whoso official
cherac'er should also by ;r, appear.
Tin:<[?3J'hei? ?|i Agent aots he must produce his autho
rlty in each individual case, coupled with proof of tha of
ti e party who empowers him in the maimer above indi
cated.
fburth?Whore the object is to obtain pay or allow
ances, the nppliration must be made to the officer of the
government, under whose direction paymout would be
made. Who # the officer is satisfied of the right of the
claimant, lie will call on thn A Ijotatit,General for any in
fo. .nation ueo 'Usury to perfect the claim, which, if found
on the records, will bo furnishod to him, but not to tho
party concerned.
Fifh?Wikmi the affidavits or other evidence proceed
from a toreign c >antry, the official character of tbe ma
gistrate, or acting officer before whom thny are taken,
must bo verified by a minister or consul of the United
Slates resident in (ho country where such evidence
originates; the verification to be iu all oases unuor the
hand and official seal ei such minister or oonsul.
Sixth?Applications for certificates under the seal of the
War Department, to be used in loreign countries, will
only be ouiortained when oomtug from the highest repre
sentatives of tho foreigu country through tho Department
or State. All the faots connected with tbe subject
of inquiry should be communicated, particularly the
full name, rank, regiment and company of the
soldier, when and where he was Inst heard from, and
the names of the officers under whom ho served.
L. THOMAS, Adjutant General.
NATURALIZED FOR FAITHFUL SERVICES IN Tfflf ABUT.
Captain Edward Venute and Lieutenant Jqan Jills jr
Castik?,late of the Thirty-soft nth New York regiment,
have been naturalized through the Circuit Court for the
District of Columbia. Those are behoved to bo the flret
cases under the reoent law conferring full citiaoosbip for
one year's faithful services In the array.
NAVAL ORDERS.
Lieutenant Commander Rhino and Lieutenant Wm. For.
rent have been ordered to the Keokuk,
Lieutenant Commander Hopkins has been ordered In
the Wissohickon.
Lieutenant Commander Greene has been ordered to thn
Sangamon.
Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Wm. Flye has been ordared
to the command of the steamer Louisiana.
Aoting Assistant Surgeon T. W. Meckley has been or
dered to tbe Monitor.
GENERAL M'CALL NOT KBLIKVKD FROM HIS COMMAND.
Goneral McCall has not been relieved from command,as
has been stated. When exchanged tho Secretary of War
voluntarily granted him leave of absence, and daring his
furlough ho became sick, and is now a convalescent. He
Is hero end will soon bo returned to active duty.
gkmrbal' Wallace's dbfartmrmt.
Major General Lew. Wallaoe has been assigned to duty
in tho department of the Tennessee.
THR CASK OF GENERAL M'OOWRLL.
General McDowell's esse will be taken up next weak.
He has expressed a desire for a full and free itivostigaikia
in open court of his military oonduct. The investigation
will not extend back to tho first Bull run battle, as that
was investigated by the Military Committee end the
Senate, and his nomination as Major General was sub?e.
quontly confirmed. His behavior towards his superiors
and his brother offloers, and bis loyally will, by hit re
quest, be fully examined.
DEATH OF L1KVTRNANT JAMBS W. Dl'KB
Lieutenant James W. Duke, of the Second I ntted States
cavalry, died last night, nt Geueial Kit ford's rosideuoo.
Ho was a native of Kentucky, and hir high q , alt nee as an
officer made bim a great favorite with bis corps.
DRATII OF VEOHGX F. riCXKLT..
.George K. I'tckell, tomiwny K, New York Volunteers,
died yosterday, at Fin ley Hospital. He was a sen ut
Colonel John l'ickoll,of the regular army, ami enlisted
thirty days after be left cellego. Hs wit, offered a com
mistiien, but cbooe to begin a soldier's life as a private.
He was much esteemed for bis gaUsntry. 1 he remains
were rmbaitnod and sent to his late home in Livlugsion
county, N. Y.
ARBS8T OF A DRUG SMUGGLER.
A mnn from Baltimore was arrasted by the Prhvost
Guard to day, having in his possession s quantity sf
quinine, opium and morphine, supposed to be intended
for the South. lie was committed to tbe Old Capitol.
AHBK8T OF CLAIM AGENTS.
Messrs. Bos' and Orosolsr, claim arents in this city.
la # .^v % i- ? S ? " | a ^
been put into tho Old Capitol prison, ny orde# of the
War Department. Tbo charge hi IBs prosecution s
fraudulent claims. Beat was formerly disbursing clerk ta
the General Post Office.
VISIT or 8B0KBTABT C if ASK TO ORN. 8IGKL.
Secretary chose and his daughter arrived at Fairfax
Court Ileum this svsulng, whore they buvo gone to visit
Goneral Sigel.
CONSULAR RECOGNITION.
Royal Pbeipii has been recu; nlsed by the President sd
Consul General ot Nicaragua, jo reside at New York.
MOVEMENTS OF MR8. GENERAL M'Cf.ELLAN.
Mrs. McClellan has closed hsr house in this city, and tw
day procssdod to Join her nusband at the bssdquartors of
tbo army.
FlUSONRHt IN THR DISTRICT JAIL.
There are one hundred aad seventy prisoners la the
District jail, eight of whom ere charged with murder.
COL. BlSSBLL'f ENGINEER REGIMENT.
Cbloasl Bissell, from the Westers army, Is hers, end
has obtained permission to augment his regiment of ar
tidcera to eighteen hundred.
ACCIDENT TO THR DRAW OF THR LONG BRIDGE.
The Washington draw of tbo Lang Bridge broke down
to-day, aad a oar load of grain was preolpltated into lbs
Petomae This accident, like several others at this bridge.
Will bother transportation across it far a day or two.
1 ?
Lecrras bt flsosos Faasns Tsaw ob Esolabp, Ins
Lira ABB Ahssica ? Mr. Gsorgs Francis Tram will ??
liver a characteristic lecture at the Aendemr of Musis
Uiia evening. The subject he"has selected eecmt te be
very comprehensive, and one In which he win have*
grand opportunity to display hie peculiar talents age
public speaker. His theme Is "Kngland's shame, Ireland's
oppression and America's progress," with a dash at poli
tics and s sketch of his abolition experience la the Stale
of Massachusetts. He promisee to Illustrate the euhjeet
by "anecdotes, figures, statistics and Indisputable facta.'*
Something rich and rofreehlttg may be looked for, aad m
full hones may be expected.
Gastrin Orsma.?Adams' popular opera " U Poetllloa
de Lonjumeau" la to be bronght enl at this establish
ment this erentng. Madame Rotter Is to perftwm the
principal red, which tt esaotly adapted to ber playrni
and piquant style. Some additions have trade is
the scenery, so that the opera WIU bspSlatH under
?very advantage.

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