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The New York herald. (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 19, 1863, Image 4

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SKEW YORK HERALD.
tfAJIKS ooauoi BKWNKTT.
EDITOR AMD FKOPKIEIOR.
?rnoi v. v. cobmbb or fcltom and nassac btb.
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flew York taken
1HK DAILY HERALD. laaaaoeata par copy
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Any larger number, addreaaed to names of subscribers,
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aoy larger number at came priee. An extra copy will be
?cot to clubs of twenty. J hat rote* Mob* (AsWuelt
Bkkai.ii iht c Kttpert publication in the country.
Tbe Kuboiia* Emnox, evory Wednesday , at Fits cents
pet copy , $4 per annum to any part of Great Britain,
?r SO to any part of Ike Continent, both to inolude
postage
Tbe CittfoMU Esmof, oo like 3d. 13th and 284 of
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ADVKRfgnfans.to a limited number, will be Inserted'
Id toe Wbkkly Htm lp, and la the European antt Califor
nia Editions.
Volume XXVIII No. 9S9
AMI/SBMENI'S THIS ETEMIMO.
MIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway.? Toa Don's Mono.
WALLACES THEATRE, Broadway.-TaoB TO TBI
UiT.
WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.? Natalib.
BKW BOWERY THKATBB. Bowery. -Tempi* or
DtitH? Dav ArniH tbh.Wkddiko? Two Qaluet Slates.
BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? Oaost or Altbmbsbo?
SkuTUULS IH I.NDIA? iiABT PbICK.
BARNUM'S AMEBICAB MUSEUM. Broadway -Thk
rvru,).\? Okamo Ootawg? Avtobatoh Wbitek. Ac'.. at all
hO'!m Tut RiTal CAfTAias ? Awat Witu Mel ami: holt?
Afternoon and Eremnt.
B.'lYAirrS MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Uall. 473 Broad
way --Ki iiiopiax Songs, Dances, Bublksuuiu. Ac.? Tue
Ohiht.
- t
WOOD'S MINSTREL BALL. SU Broadway.? Btaiomir
lOS'.i. Da?h.?. AC.? I'HB Uuo.-'i.
IRVINQ IIALL, IrvlriK place ? The Steseoptioo.t.
AMERICAN TIIBATRfc. No. 4tt Broadway.? Haixeis,
r Ajnou iMKs, &VHi.x8aUBS, Ac.? Mr Nkiuiisoii's Wipe.
NKW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 018 Broadway.?
CtmoaiTiE-. ANI. Llctobks. irom J A. M. till 10 P. M.
BOOLEY'8 OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.? Ethiopian
tOMUs. DaSCES, Uriil.KMJCES, Ac.
Net* York, Wednesday, August 10, 1863.
ADVERTISEMENTS FOR THE COUNTRY.
Advertisements for the Wkbkly Herald must bo hand
ed in before ton o'clock oTery Wednesday evening. Its
Circulation among tbe enterprising mechanics, f irmors,
in return u, manufacturers and gentlemen throughout the
country is increasing very rapidly Advert isemeuts iu
Bortcd in the Weekly Herald will thus be seen by n Urge
portion of tbo iictlve and energetic people of the United
flutes
THE SITUATION.
T'.ie draft , which commenced in the Sixth district
and Ninth ward atten o'clock to-day, will, in all
probability, be conducted without any display of
violent resistance. Preparations are made to re*
pre<u any such demonstrations by an overwhelm
ing military and naval force. A body of twenty
thousand armed men, including the militia, are
now at the command of the authorities, the dis
position of which will be seen by the full detaila
which we giro in another column. The available
forces of the Navy Yard, in the shape of
gunboats of light draught, a thousand seamen,
and about twenty field batteries are also
in readiness to assist the federal authorities in I
tbe strict enforcement of the conscription. Gov- I
ernor Seyjnour issues a proclamation to-day coun
selling peace and sabmiMion to the law of Con
gress which enacts the draft, and repeating his
determination that the constitutionality of the law
eliall be tested in tho courts, but that until it is de
cUred illegal by judicial process it must be ob
a -rved like any other act of the State or national
Legislature. He reminds" the peo|Jlb that violence '
and disorder is of all things most, desired by the I
parties who are disposed to usurp the rights guar- I
anteed to cur State governments. He admonishes j
all judicial and executive officers to prevent riot- !
ou? proceedings and enforce the law, and promises
that the lull power of the State shall be evoked to
assist them if necessary.
Mayor Opdyko still refuse* to sign " the
three million ordinance," unless certain amend
runts of hia suggestion are made, the principal
point of which appears to be that the drafted
parties entitled to claim relief for their indicnt
faoiiltcs must be actually at tbe place of rendez
vous before the money shall be paid, and that then
It shall be paid to such member of the|conscript's
family a i the victim may designate. A special
meeting of the Board of Aldermen will be called
at once to consider the Mayor'* propositions.
The latent account* of the progress of affairs at
Charleston to-day are from rebel source*, and
of an encouraging character. The government at
Washington received a despatch from reliable
Bourcei in Tennessee yesterday, to the effect that
the Chattanooga Rebel of the 16th inst . announced
that the bombardment of Charleston on Saturday
last was terriflc, and that the firing from General !
Oiltmoro'a land batteriea on Morria Island, and
from the Monitors, waa chiefly directed against
Fort Bamter. The combined land and na
val force* of the federals seemed to be
engaged. This newt waa received at Chat
tanooga from Charleston by telegraph, and
the light waa going on when the Rtbtl went to
press on Sunday- The name paper states that the
Ironsides and all the Monitors were not only in the
section, bat that the whole fleet and a large num
ber of transports wart inside the bar daring the
engagement. We may therefore look out for stir
ring news from there by the next arrival at For
tress Monroe.
Our news from the Army of the Potomac is not
without importance to-dsy. The rebels have ex
tended their lines of pickets from Madison Conrt
House to Fredericksburg, Longstreet's corps oc
cupying the right, Hill's corps ths Rapidan from
Madison to Ely's Ford, Ewctl'a around Gordons
?ille, and Stuart's csvalry still at Culpepper. An
attacking movement upon the left dt our lines is
Hot regarded as improbable by military authori
ties. General Lee seems evidently making prepa
rations to rut in between our army and Waahins
ton. Another fight upon the historio theatre of
Mmumi and Bull fna may possibly be in con
templation.
General King is closely pressing the guerilla '
chief Mosby, and has driren him beyond the
Blue Ridge, where he is very likely to b? de
molished.
We publish in this day's Hbsalo interesting
extracts from the Mobile Evening News of the
3d instant, which portray in rebel language the
condition of things in the bogus confederacy.
From the nervous style of the eztracU it will be
readily inferred that in the latitude of the rebel
editor's standpoint things look rather " blue" for
the permanency of the " stars and bars." Becent
reverses seem to have disturbed the .equilibrium
of the rebels in the extreme South, and the infer
ence of the rebel sheet is that the people are go
ing " stark mad." General Joe Johnston, on a
recent visit to Mobile, declared it to be " the
moat defensible seaport position in the Confede
rate States," and that " Mobile is to be defended
to the lost."
Our other quotations from Southern journals
are equally indicative of a failing cause.
From the Southwest we hear that the moua
tains in Northern Alabama are filled with de
serters from the armies of Bragg ?pd Johnston.
West Tennessee is entirely ehpred ?f gusrilite.
MISCELLANEOUS
By the arrival of the Asia off Cajpe Bace we are -
in receipt of two days later Eotopean ^ews. She
Polish question still engages the attention of the
three great European Power*? Prance, Great
Britain and Austria. Tho .tenor of the common
note of these Powers to Russia is not yet known;
but it is thought that non-acquiescence in the con
ditions suggested will inevitably lead to a rupture
with Russia. The Emperor of Austria has called
a conference at Frankfort, at which the German
sovereigns have signified their intention to be
present ? the King of Prussia, however, declining.
The object of the conference is to elicit the feeling
of Germany and the empire in regard to Polish
affairs. , '
The war feeling in France is in the ascendant,
and operates to the decline of rentes on the
Bourse.
The Czar still continues preparations on a large
scale to put down the revolution and to meet the
contingencies of a rupture with the other Powers.
In England the federal conscription is not looked
upon as a menace to the Britisli government.
The commercial intelligence shows little change.
Jn Liverpool, on the day of the sailing of the
steamer, the sales of cotton amounted to 7,000
bales, the market closing firm. In breadstuff's and
provisions the market was quiet, but firm. On the
same day, in London, consols closed at 92% a 92%
for money. In American stocks Eric shares were
70 a 71, and Illinois Central 16 a 15 discount.
A meeting of politicians, mostly of the Bell
Everett party, was held at Rochester yesterday,
for consultation with reference to the coming Pre
sidential campaign. The conclusion arrived at
was, that peace and the restoration of the Union
can only be brought about by the organization of
the conservatives of the loyal States upon a plat
form similar to that of the Union democracy of
| Kentucky.
The draft will take place to-day in Syracuse,
New York.
The banks of Rochester have signified their wil
lingness to loan money to the city for the benefit
of the indigent families of drafted men; but they
will not advance funds to pay the three hundred
dollars commutation or to purchase substitutes. |
The Albany Evening Journal, which is usually
tolerably correct on New York politics, but when
it advances beyond the confinos of the State is sure
to get befogged, has made np a table showing the
relative strength of the two parties in the next
United State* House of Representatives, which
contains a number of gross inaccuracies. In the
Pennsylvania delegation it claims thirteen for the
administration and allows the opposition but
J eleven, while in our table we reverse the figures.
1 We give below the names of all the opposition
members elected, and the names of the republi
cans who ran in opposition to them in their respec
live district*: ?
DiM$. Dtm'xraHe .
1.. ..Samuel J. Randall.
6 Juba <i. Stiles.
8. . ..Sydenham K. Aucona.
R' jm'lican.
Fdward Webb.
Judge K reuse.
10....hy<!r muse.
11.. ..)'hllti> Johnson.
Joel R. Wnroer.
James H.TampbeU.
Rouch.
1H....H. M. Tracy.
14... .Wra. H. MHIer.
IS loppph llailev.
10. . ..A. H. Oulfroth.
1-J.... Charles lienisoo.
Galosba A. Grow.
?? lartc.
jehn J. I'ntersoo,
No nomioutino.
Kdward Mi rhorsoo.
IT Archibald McAlMtsr.
21 Mm L. Dawson.
24.. .Jesse T.a7ear.
Samuel .S. Blair.
Wm. M. Stewart.
John W. Wallace.
Mr. H. M. Tracy, the representative of the Thir
teenth district, in claimed by the republican*, al
though he ran on the democratic ticket and was
elected against a regularly nominated republican.
The Board of (supervisors hold their weekly
meeting yesterday afternoon. The special com
mittee appointed to consider the claim* of suf- {
frrcrs by the draft riots reported an ordinance in <
favor of appropriating $1,000,000 for the settle- '
m^nt of claims of thia description against the 1
county. It was adopted. No further business of
importance came up.
The Now York Tattersalla, in Sixth avenue, cor
ner of Thirty-niuth street, was totally destroyed
by lire yesterday nfternoon. There were about
sixty horses on the promises, and. notwithstanding
every exertion was made to save them, twenty-live
perished in the flumes. Several of the buildings
on West Thirty-eighth street were considerably
damaged.
The Sanitary Commission of Boston havo char
tered a vessel to be loaded with supplies for the
soldiers now operating against Charleston. She
will sail to day.
' The Washington Star says we have between se
venty aod eighty thousand rebel prisoners, and
Jeff. Davis has about thirty thousand of our men,
awaiting exchange.
The republican State Convention of Minnesota
will meet to-day. for the nomination of candidates
for State offices. A Governor is to be elected thia
fall.
The paper mill in Poquonock, Connecticut, own
ed and run by Buckland A Co. was destroyed by
Are on the 16th inst. Lose 12ft ,000.
The American Telegraph Company haa opened
an office for general business at the Atlantic
I Docks, near Hamilton avenue ferry, South Brook
I iyn
I Ttie market for beef cattle ruled heavy , under an snor
i m us supply, the larfeet for nearly a year? the aggre
i (ale somber on sate at all the city yards, sod ihoee sold
at Bergen and dlreet to batchers, being *,423 bead. Of
this immense number 4A00 bead sold at AUertoa's yards
on Monday morning, the biggest day's work ever done at
that plaoe. FHosa were from ]<c. to lc. a lj{o. psr
pound lower, ranging from 0c. a 10c. a He. AD aold at
cept two hundred head, which were seal to grass far a
week. Speculators lost vary heavily. Milch cows were
quiet and unchanged. Veals wars steady at 4 )fc. a To. ,
with ooeasloaal sales at 7 Ha. Sheep and Urn be have
sold pretty well at 6c a (He. a 0e. for the former, aad
7';c. aSHc. a 9c. fbr the latter. Swlae sold at 4c. a
4?4c. for corn-fed, aad 3?,'c. a 3't for still fsd. The re
j celpts were, 6,428 beeves, 113 cows, 6M veals, 11,489
sbeep and lambs, and 11 ,310 swiaa.
The stock market waa vary active and booyaat yeeter
day, toe leading stock being Krie, which sold at 116i<.
It cloaad with a decidedly upward tendency aod a general
Increase of outride boaloeas. Cold was dull aod neglect
ed at about 13ft X. Kxduufa 131. Money was sasy ;
call loans 6 a 8 per cent
(o't?o wm doll sad bssvr raster day Hour waa se
tin, but rather cheaper, wheat quiet ud declining; oorn
in fair demand and advancing. Provisions were In n?
derate ragoMt, an likewise were hops, UUow, whiskey,
tobacco and fane product*. A fair inquiry prevailed for
bar, which was Arm. The changes in other articles were
unimportant. r tft ?- ?
13>. -?4 ? -?? ?-?
Tha Htbtl Cotton Loan 1b Englaad aid
the Cottoa la thi Baath.
The principal organ in England of Jeff.
Davis and his Southern confederacy? the Lon
don Tinea ? for the encouragement of English
noodles disposed to dabble in the so-called
Confederate cotton loan, has lately published a
statement from a Mr. McRae (no doubt from
Mississippi), Confederate agent for this loan, iu
which he s?ys that "the purchases of ootton by
the Confederate government will probably
amount to five hundred ' thousand bales; that
this cotton is principally in Georgia and Ala
bama, tome also In lias tern Mississippi,
Northwestern". Louisiana and Texas, ana is
stored on**the plantations of planters, from
whom it was purchased, in sheds or warehouses,
three hundred feet from other buildings, and
that the fopture of .all the Confederate seaports
would riqfcandanger the loss of a single pound
of cottoD. as there are no BtockB of ootton
at anjfyflfc,- them," Ac.; and, as it is per
haps tifBh this report of McRae that this rebel
cotton lti&il' rallied in London to twenty-five
per cent"'dlscount, after it bad fallen to thirty
five, we think that a few facts, of later dates
than tboser0f McRae, from the cotton districts,
will be suflolpnt to prove the insecurity of bis
Confederate cotton sheds, however remote they
may be from Southern seaports?
The following letter, for example, of the
rebel Secretary of the Treasury, will prove to
be exceedingly interesting to the London specu
lators in this aforesaid Confederate cotton
loan:?
Tiuuhcrt Dtrammr, C. S. A., >
Hwuhond, July 15, 1863. /
Hon. J. A. SariDo*, Secretary of War: ?
Sm ? The fall of Vicksburg and 1'ort Hudson exposes to
tb? enemy the cotton purchased by t he government in
Missigsippl and Louisiana. I learn that mauy of the
planters, in whose care this ootton was, will probably
letve their plantation;*, so that there will bo no |>erson to
whom the duty can bo intrusted of preserving the ootiou,
if it can be preserved, or of dostroylng it where It is
likely to fall Into the bands of the enemy. Under theee
circumstance* I would respectf ully submit that the sub
ject be placet! undor the control of tho commanding gene
rals. and that they be instructed to destroy all such cot
ton as cannot bo preserved from the hands of the enemy.
With much respect, your obedient servant,
C. Q. MKMMlNliKR, Secretary of the Treasury.
In pursuance of this recommendation, J. D. B.
De Bow, general cotton purchasing agent of the
rebel government, in a card to tho Mobile Adver
tiser, dated Uniontown, Alabama, July 25, an
nounced that be had instructed his agents in Mis
sissippi to apply tbe torch to all stores of Con
federate cotton "whenever in imminent and
manifest danger of falling into the hands of the
enemy, but only in such cases.-' He declared
it of the "last importance, however, that cotton
should not be a trophy of the enemy." Next,
our news despatches from the Southwest in
formed ub that over a wide extent of country
in Northern Mississippi the air was filled
with tbe smoke and the horizon was il
luminated at night by the fires of the
rebel cotton burners. Jo. Johnston bad been
disastrously defeated in and expelled from
Jackson, and any farther resistance within the
limits of tho State to tbe advancing "Yankees"
was practically abandoned. All tbe railroads
being likewise in our possession, there was no
alternative ?remaining but the torch to prevent
the depots of Mississippi "cotton, marked C. S.
A., falling into the hands of the U. 3. A.
Thua it is probable that since May last there
have been burned by the rebels, or carried off
or destroyed by thfc Union forces in Mississippi
alone, not less than one hundred thousand of
the five hundred thousand bales of cotton set
apart for the redemption of this rebel cotton
loan in Europe.
Considerable quantities of this Confederate
ootton have also been captured or destroyed
by the forces of General Banks in Louisiana; J
and tberoutes pursued by the cavalry expedi- |
tions from the army of General Roseerans, in
Northern Alabama and Georgia, have been
illuminated by some rebel bonfires of the same
combustible. But the worst of it is, to the
English Confederate cotton bondholders, that
nothing but the torch or some other mode of
destruction can prevent the other four hun
dred thousand bales of [C. S. A] cotton from
being gobbled up by the advancing hosts of
the Union, whether in Alabama, Georgia,
Northwestern Louisiana or Texas; for all those
States are now absolutely at the mcrcy of the
overwhelming armies of Grant, Banks and
Roseerans.
Since the 1st of May last the operations of
Grant and Bankn alone have resulted in rebel
losses of soldiers ? killed, woundod, captured
and missing ? equal to an army of seventy-five
thousand men; and the fragmentary armies
remaining to Joe Johnston and Bragg are
rapidly disintegrating and dissolving from
want, disease, despiir, demoralization and de
sertion. When the heats of this tropical sum
mer shall have given way to the cooler atmos
phere of autumn, there will not be a Confede
rate cotton Bhed in the cotton States the con
tents of which will be worth insuring to Jeff.
Davis at five cents a pound.
We do not believe, however, that this whole
sale destruction of cotton commenced by the
rebels in Northern Mississippi will be much
longer followed up. As the conviction which
is now taking root among the Southern people
that the rebellion is a failure extends among
then, they will begin to cast about to save some
thing from the general shipwreck of tbeir for
tunes. Despoiled of everything of immediate
value, except tbeir cotton, it will constitute
tbeir sole dependence for the supply of tbeir
families with the indispensable articles of rab
aistence and clothing which they will need for
the first year of peace. Making allowaocee for
all losses, shipments and home consumption aince
this war began, there are probably aot over
three milliona of balee oPcotton remaining in
^ South fit for market. But this it something
to be saved by the planters concerned, and it
can be saved only by the timely aubmiasion of
the rebel lioua States to the Union. We think
that in thia way they will save it. We think it
very probable that the fall of Charleston, which
cannot long be delayed, will speedily be fol
lowed by a general reaction among the ootton
planten in flavor of the Union and In favor of
saving their cotton, and that the resalta will
be the complete overthrow of Jeff. Davis and
his Confederate government, Confederate scrip,
Confederate bonds and Confederate European
cotton loan, and all concerned.
In any event which seems to us to be within
the bounds of probability we can look upon
j this European rebel cotton loan as being only
a naked imposture of the class of thoee Missis
sippi bonds, the repudiation of which consti
tutes pne of the most prominent acts In the
political career of Jeff. Iterfc
The So a (harm OmfMUtscf mt IU Lui
of Apfimktag DUMla*
tlM>
From all quarters come unmistakable signs
of the great rebel confederacy going to wreck.
Tfee fajpture Viokaburg and Port Hudson,
fl?a Lee's disastrous lauUre III IHTi^Cu Sf
Pennsylvania, have rooted out at home and
abroad tbe last remnants of confidence or bope
in tbe final success of tbe rebellion. Tbe Con
federate loan in London, made on terms so
favorable to tbe lenders that they overlooked
the question of probabilities entirely, fell from
a premium of two or three per cent to twenty
five and thirty per oent ' below par, and in ' a
few weeks hence it will probably have gone
down to zero. The English government ???
bad a new vision in regard to the morality of
fitting out pirate ships, and that business seems
about to be abandoned, as unprofitable and
somewhat dangerous, by Mr. Laird and his
pious coadjutors. The principal journal pub
lished in the rebel capital of a rebel State, and
under the eye of the rebel Governor ? the Ra
leigh (N. 0.) Standard ? denounces fearlessly
and fiercely the 'treachery of the rebel leaders;
charges them with having precipitated a cause
less war, against the reason and convictions of
the people, and proposes that the State shall
send commissioners to Washington to arrange
terms of negotiation for peace. This, however,
is unnecessary. The only acts North Carolina
need perform are to recall her troops from the
rebel ranks, peai Senators and members to the
Thirty-eighth Congress in December next, and
have her officials take the oath to maintain the
constitution of the United States.
In other articles this same rebel paper repre
sents the Southern people as ground to powder
by the secession demagogues who have their
heels on the people's necks, and declares that
there is springing up in North Carolina a pub
lic opinion which Richmond despotism will not
be able to withstand. It says to the citizens of
North Carolina ? "If this is your government,
say so; if not, say so." These denunciatory ar
ticles are reproduced in the Richmond papers;
and even a correspondent of tbe Mobile Tribune,
writing from tbe Confederate capital, ventures
to say that "the time has come when every
State in this confederacy must depend upon
itself."
And all these murmurs and menaces are ac
companied by real defection from the rebel
ranks. It will be seen by our despatches this
morning that Bragg, with twenty-five thousand
men still on hand, has lost ten thousand by de
sertion; that Joe Johnston's army, now nnm
bering twenty-five thousand, has been reduced
one-third by the same cause; that the moun
tains in Northern Alabama are swarming with
these deserters, and that Governor Shorter, of
that State, has been driven to the desperate
expedient of issuing an address urgiog the im
pressment of slaves into the rebel service. Add'
to all these signs of approaching dissolution
t ie comparative worthlessness of Confederate
scrip, of which it takes from twelve to fifteen
dollars to buy one dollar in specie, and the
most obstinate copperhead in New York, as
well as the most sympathizing friend of the
rebels in Great Britain, must recognize
and admit that tbe days of Jeff. Davis' Rich
mond despotism are numbered; that the South
ern confederacy will soon be reckoned among
the things that were; that the Mississippi repu
diator will ere long be exposed to another howl
of denunciation from victimized capitalists in
Eugland; that there will be a long bill of dam
ages to be presented to John Bull, the piratical
imj/ressario, with a demand for immediate pay
ment, and, finally, that the American republic
will soon be restored, with largely developed
power, to its position as the freest, greatest aud
most prosperous nation of the oartb. We may
then have some little accounts to clear up with
those who meanly took advantage of our diffi
culties to injure and insult us. But for the
present all we have to do is to finish that little
job at Charleston, disperse Lee's army, clear
awuy the rubbish, and set the national edi.lce
in better order than ever. All this we hope to
have done within the year of grace one thou
sand eight hundred and sixty-three.
Another Timoxn Goino a. Beooino.? Al
though there are plenty of candidates for
thrones among tbe cadets of the royal fami
lies of Europe, they have become rather diffi
dent of late. Tbe fate of King Otho has in
part reduced the value of that kind of stock in
the market. None caro to accept a position
out of which they may be kicked before they
get comfortably seated in it. We suspect that
Napoleon vfrill have some difficulty in finding a
candidate for the new empire that he has cre
ated. Tbe recent victories of the North, and
tbe conviction that ha* grown on tbe European
mind of the speedy restoration of the Union,
are Paid to have indisposed the Archduke
Maximilian to accept it. It he refuses it it will
go a begging; for the jealousies of the Kuro
i pean governments will prevent its being be
> stewed on any but a prince who would be un
j supported, and therefore utterly powerless to
j bold it. The Union once restored. France will
not attempt to keep an army of occupation in
Mexico. What, then, would be the fate of a
foreign prince forced upon tbe acceptance of
the Mexican people? Undoubtedly that of
Iturbide. Where is the scion of any royal
family ? the Coburgs not even excepted? who
will be found ready to accept such a prospect?
Id the military occupation of Mexico Napoleon
ban made an acquisition which threatens to
prove as burdensome to him as that of tbe ele
phant to the poor Arab. By and by he will
feel equally thankful to any one who will take
it off bis hands.
Thi Exilk or Cafhkra.? It is some time since
anything baa been beard at this side from the il
lustrious Italian patriot, Garibaldi. We bad
been in hopes that he had got entirely well of hit
wound, and that be waa again in a condition to
perform hla part in the movement* that are
about to take place In Europe in tbe interest
of ita oppressed nationalities. It will be seen,
however, by the following letter' to a friend in
tblfl city, that he is still suffering from tbe
tedious injury in his leg which bas given him so
much trouble. We hope that tbe antiefpations
that he expresses of his speedy recovery will
be realised, and in the meanwhile we give his
1 letter, knowing that it will afford gratification
to his numerous admirers on this side: ?
Cai-mom, Juna '20, 1KI3
I p?A? M*rr?i? I have not at this mnmant iuy l.kwiaaa
' of mm* tharafnra ill* ImpnMibla for ma to plnir yon
for tba tun*. My bralth la (attlo| l>"tlar avar t <Ujr, awl
i h<>;? xonn to my wound compl?laljr ho?lad. I anil
I ?l ata mv think- lor tba ro*l oil which yo'i pr.tnlaad to
' ma I will |#N)t my tlahlnf boat with it,*.* aona *? I
rartMve It, In J"ttr honor. 0. (fcptalti Falrwoathar. My
HNiMets to yo'ir wife. im<1 for jro-irpalf a or apt a anuoaaa
of ibo hau l from, your* from my h?art,
(J. OAIUBAI.Pt.
Should Frtnce force on a war with Russia
garibaldi will not wait oatientlr the procrea
of his cure. An event of that sort would
promptly call him into action, by reviving his
hope* of accomplishing the only remaining
objects of his glorious career ? the liberation
of Venice and of
Th? Haws frofi Baropt.
Among the intelligence brought fror|
Europe by the Asia, whioh we publish
this morning, will be found an editorial
article from the London Globe, the organ
of Lord Palmeraton, ofaief of the British
Ministry. That journal takes occasion to say
that the draft of three hundred thousand men
called for by the President of the United States
is not a menace to England. This may be true
or it may not. But the question arises, why
does the Globe take pains to make the asser
tion f The only answer is the old proverb that
?'a guilty conscience is Its own accuser;" or, m
Shakspere has it, "conscience does make cow
arda of us all."
For the last thirty years the statesmen of
Great Britain and her abolition propagandists
have been working heaven and earth to break
up the American republio, which they envied,
bated and feared. And since the war began,
under professions of strict neutrality, they
have favored in every way the insurgent States
of the South ? first acknowledging them as belli,
gerents, and then permitting even vessels-of
war to be built for the confederacy in the prin
cipal shipyards of England and Scotland.
While they expressed their horror of negro
Blavery, they patted on the back that sec
tion of the republic which holds slaves. Their
policy has been crooked, tortuous and dis
honest in the extreme. The hostile spirit
shown to this government in the British Par
liament and in tbe British press, with a few
exceptions, is so manifest that it speaks for
itself, and cannot be explained away by any
diplomatic blarney. The Globe, therefore, con
scious of what Great Britain deserves at our
hands, has gloomy forebodings of the destina
tion of the three hundred thousand men now
being raised under the Conscription act. Like
Macbeth, it sees a dagger in the air and a
flaming sword suspended over the head of
Britannia, but puts on the semblance of
courage, and assures its readers that there
is no ground for fear.
If it only knew the stuff of which the
new levy will be composed it would
have an additional reason for disquietude.
Two-thirds of tbe conscripts will consist
of the nine months and two years veterans,
who have seen so many bloody fields. They
are re enlisting for bounties, or as substitutes
for drafted men who pay the three hundred
dollarb exemption money; and when the last
army of the rebels is crushed, as it probably
will be before the close of the present year,
these men will be disengaged, together with all
the other veteran troops in the field, whether
Northern or Southern, and they will be free to
do battle on auother theatre of war. Can any
thing be more natural than that these armies
should demand to be led to take vengeance on
"Perfidious Albion,'7 which has so contributed
to the origination of our civil war and to its
prolongation, with a viow to the permanent dis
integration of tbe republic? And can anything
be more likely than that even the most shal
low statesmen who may bo at the bead of our
affairs will yield to tbe demand and seize so
tempting an opportunity of making themselves
popular, and at the sa*me time uniting the coun
try upon a question on which no dissentient
voice would be heard ?
It is no wonder, therefore, that the Wobe
should see in this draft the doom of the
British oligarchy, and that Lord Palmers
j ton should feel his knees totter under him,
i like Belshazxar when be saw the mysterious
I handwriting on the wall which foretold the
end of his dynasty and the breaking up of his
empire. There is a long account and a heavy
reckoning to be settled with England the mo
ment we have disposed of our domestic troubles,
and before she has done with us she will be'
effectually taught one bitter lesson she has
boen ever slow to learn, and that is, that
"honesty is the best policy."
Tuk Mountain's Fitxed wrra Dkseiitkji3. ?
Accounts continue to coine in that the moun
tains in Alabama are tilled with deserters from
Hragg's and Johnston's armies, all determined
to defend themselves to the last sooner than
re-enter the rebel service. Our government
should take advantage of this fact and endeavor
to send an expeditionary force to the relief of
these men. It would greatly increase the dis
position of the disafldctcd in the military ser
vice of the South to return to their allegiance
to the Union If thoy were sure of protection
from the federal government. Nothing has done
us more harm than the practice of advancing
our arihies into places that we were unable to
bold, compelling the inhabitants to take the
oath of allegiance, and then abandoning them
to the mercy of the enemy. The policy that
we recommend is a different one; for by aiding
those who have become well disposed towards
us, and who will be thereby placed in a condi
tion to aid themselves, we sap the very vitals
of the rebellion and paralyze Us strength.
i RiKsm's Mismjb? Tbe great print* of showmen has
got ft new Id* i. This Is nothing tats than exhibtlig a
number of lira specimens of tha Indian savages who
have beeu devastating oar Western border*. These rare
curl<?lties are now In the Museum, and maf be seen at
all boors. No more unions entertainment onuld well be
oooceived, but tbe expense Is very heavy.
" | """
Tim Nrw Bowxar. ? G boats are now becoming as plen
tiful an blackberries. A new spectre, announced at this
floe theatre, appeared last nlgnt for tbe drst time with
great iucce?, ?nd will be coo tinned until farther aotloe, i
i with all his (tartllog and unearthly ?SecU, In the tug- I
| g estiva drama, "The Temple of J>eatb " The spectacle
will doubtless be deeply inspiriting, and the managers
may wall expect large audieooee during tbe season. This
new ghost Is so perfect that he will bare something mora
than "a ghost o( a chance" with bis illnstrlous predeces
SOTS? ths other ghosts.
Wmrcn Oasosm The Winter Harden was raapensd Mon
day evening fbr the rsgulir fail and winter season , with a
new manager, a new smnpany, s new star and a new |
ptecp. Ths star was Mrs. I?. P. Powers (wet Crocker), sa
American actrsea, who has been a??eot from oar boards
?o long that her reappearance Is like tbe advent of ss sa- i
tlretf n sw coocUIUtlon. The Interest of ths one anion ?
was further enhanced by ths production of a new '
' drama, called "Natalie; Or, the Heath Hsrga of the
Loirs," written empreasly for Mrs. Bnsrers by the iste
Charles i?elby. Tbe lateness of Ihe hour forbids an ex
tended notice either of ths piece or of Mrs Bow- j
era' tendering of tbe chief character; hat
we may etat4 brleily that a tie made a most
favorable impresel-n. and fulljr **tatn<1 the
blsh reputation which she appear! to have gained In
Europe Her style hae a smack of originality about It. !
and Is as free from ata?tn?** and rtmvestlonaliiy u the
mmwiIim of the drama will penult. Of tbe play iteelf
It mav be Mild, on the whole, to have been a ?nocea
The prologue H rslhec singular aad tragic, considering
tbe pleasant comedy that follow*, and might have been
i omitted altogether by the Interweaving of the facta It
contains in the opening seen* of tne drama, bad the
author r? sssssed a little mors of ths tact or ganina of
construction the subordinate characters, ssonpting Mr.
IJngbaai's rendering of tbe Ooant de Vaileacy . war* vary j
creditably performed by Mrs. DnweU, Mrs Bland, J. H.
Hsiesrt, A. a. Davsaport sat Cbarles (late.
" JF A A W mm ?
Death of Prof. Clemeat C. iNrt, Lb ?.
Died, July 13, at Newport, R. L, after a abort tlloam,
OuuuarC. Moons, of this city, aged 84 years.
Tltua was announced a few weeks ago (he death of faa
Vhose Lame fn\l livfc lou( ?fl?r him iu (he minds of tta
young through many generations, tA (he writer of tt*
Christmas poem, "A Visit from St. Nicholas," and wha
will be long remembered among the learned of Uie taad
aa a valuable translator and interpreter of Hebrew lan
guage, and a profound Biblical scholar.
Clement C. Moore, Lf,. D., was a soo of the R(. Bw.
Benjamin Moore, Biahop of the Protestant Kpisoopal
Church in New York, and was born at Newtown, l*g
Island, about the year 1TT8. In 1798 he graduated as
bachelor of arta at Columbia Colloge, and, applying htan
self to the study of Ilobrew , be publiahed In 1809, in two
volumes, a Hebrew and English lexicon , with noteq, a
grammar, and a complete vocabulary of the I'sslaM
This work stamped him aa a Hebrew acholar of the W
order , and entitled him to be considered the ptoueer ha
America of Hebrew lexicography. The publication ef
this work led (o a more geueral study and rendered mora
easy the cultivation of that ancient language and litera
ture In our theological seminaries. But previoiia to da
voting himself to the prosecution of Uieee higher aad few
founder studies Mr. Moore had contributed largely to (ha
lighter literature of hie day, through the columns of (be .
Fort-Folio and other periodicals; and, aa a criUo. tua
abilities were shown in a pungent reviewal of oo tempo
rary American poetry. On the eetablishment of a dte
cesau seminary in New York, Dr. Moore waa appointed
professor of Biblical learning, (be oepar(men( of lator
pretatlon being added, and on the union of (ha hHI
tutiun with the general theological seminary at thorn
Haven, in 1821, under (be name of (be "(lm
ral I'rotcstant Episcopal Seminary," be waa rsap
pointed, with the title of Profeeeor of Hebrew aad
(?reek Literature, which was afterwards change*
to ??oriental and ti reek Literature." Of thie instUettoa
he was iudeed himself one of the founders ?nd prtactpal
benefactors. To it he made a girt from his family Inheri
tance of the large plot of ground on which (he hulidlna
elands in the city of New York. A princely lor tune had
descended to him, consisting of land allotments in aad
about the Sixteenth ward , considerable portion* Of It ly
ing from Nineteenth street to Twenty-third street, ka
tween Ninth and l'eoth avenues, now covered with (ha
mansious of some of our wealthiest merchants and oa pi
ta lists. From tbe rentals thus accruing, and from hie
heritod fortune, with tbe Accumulations of a loug life,
l)r. Moore might be properly oonsldered one of our weal
thiest citizens. Ho rotired from tbe Institution with (ha
(itle of Emeritus I'roiVsaor, in June, 1850. Hla
published works, aparl from those of a scholaeHa
character, cons.st oi a collection of poems and "Oeocpa
Castrol.siirnamedScandorberg, King of Albania." Seve
ral or the poems are of a lively character, wuile others era
of a grave and modltatlve cast. One of tbe former cha
racter ? bis well known poem, "A Visit irotn St. Nicho
las"? will contintie to be committed to memory by
successive generations of young Americans, and will Ilea
therein, still to conjure up in after years the bfigM
charms thit once were tbCus, but destined to be eqjoyea
by tbe yout>g ones who succeed them as tbe benslelerM
of benjvoieut old Sauta Clsus. It is subjoined:?
A VISIT FROM 8T. NICHOLAS.
'Twos the night before Christinas, when all through It*
house
Not a creature was stirring, cot even a mouse;
The stockings were hung by tbe chimney with care.
In hopes that St. .Nicholas soon would be tliere;
'lhe children were ne-itied all .snug in their beds,
While visions of sugar pl.ims danced In their beatof
And mamma in her kerchief, and I in my cap.
Had just settled our brains lor a long winter's nap ?
When out on the lawn tho'e arose such a clatter,
I sprung from my bed to see whnt was the matter.
Away to the window I tlew like a flash,
1'nre <>|>en the shutters aud threw up the sash.
Tbe moon. on the breast of the new la. leu snow.
Gave the lustre of midday to objects below,
When , what to my wonderuig eyes should appear.
But a miniature sleigh, and eight tiny reindeer.
With a little old driver, so lively aud quick,,
I kuew In a moment It m iat be St Nick
More rapid than eagle* his coursers they came,
And he whistled, and shouted, and called Una
name ?
"Now, I'.isher: cow. Dancer' now, I'rancer and VlMal
On! (.omet. on' Cupid, on! Dondor aud B;u/.eol
To the lop of the ttorcb, ft> the top of the wall!
Now, dash away, dash away, dash away all!"
A3 dry leaves that before tb -? wild hurricane fly.
When they meet with an obstacle, mount to tbe sky,
Ho, up to tbe bo:set>i> the coursers they flew,
With uie sleigh lull ui toys? iyid :t Nicholas tea.
And then In a twinkling 1 heard on tbe roof
The prancing and pairing of each little hoof.
As I drew in my head , and was turning around,
Down the chimney St. Nicholas came with a bound.
He was dressed nil in rur, from his head to his fool,
And his clothes were all tarnished with ashes and asatg
A bundle of toys he had flung oabls back,
A"'d bo looked like a pod lor met opening bis pack.
His eyes,1 how they twinkled! his dimples, how msrryt
His cueek* were like roses, bis nose like a cherry;
His droll Itttlu mouth was drawn np like a bow.
And (be beard oa his chin was as white as (he saav.
The e(ump of a pipe be held tight in his teeth.
And tbe smoke, it encircled his heal like a wreatk.
He had a broad lace and a little round bel!y
That shook, ?hen be laughed, like a bowl full of Jefljp
He waa chubby and piemp; a right jolly otd elf;
And I laughed when I saw him, lu spite of ayaalf.
A wink of his ere and a twist of hla head
Boon gave me to know I had nothing to dread.
He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work.
And filled alt tbe stockings: theo turned with afsrt.
And laying his finger aside of his noee.
And givlbg a nod, up tho chimney he roes.
He sprang to bis sleigh, to his team gave a
And away they all flew like the down of a thistle;
But I heard him exclaim, ere be drove out of sight,
"Happy Christmas to all, aad to all a good night!"
In some lines written in 1823 to Mr. Souths*, (ft*
?English |?et laureate, with whom he corraapondiad, Or,
Moere reveals a portion of his private history, w&Mfc
proves that?he happiest condition is not exempt fraaa
tbe common Ills of Hie. Throughout bis loog life, how
ever, it appears ibst be pessed hie years very (juleS^T
in the cultivation of learning aad In Intercourse with a
few congenial friends, ultimately passing sway sAar*
short and not painful tllnsss.
Colonel B. I<. Boll, llaittd 8tot?i Arafa
Coloail B. L. Bell, of tbe regular army, died la 1Mb
more on tho 19th instant, after At# months' ll'.naae, froa
old eg* ud an enfeebled constitution, caused by bw<
aervioes He wait the oldest cavalry oolonel la tbe ear*
?ice, having t>e?n inr iujb tbe Florida and Hex teas van.
and wns iwioe brevetted (or gallant service* He belli
all the forla from the western border of rexaa to tbe
cnlc. and was m command an general in California, after
It* unnexitwn to the United Statee He aerved two fetie
at Vancouver's Island, and alter tbe rebellioo broke eat
wan orderod to Baltimore, and a< ted aa muttering offlear.
Subsequently be waa placed on tbe retired list, In ooaaa*
quence of old age .ind enfeebled hoaltb. He died agon
aixtv three yeira, leaving a wife and several sons.soano
of whom are to the Cmon and one In the rebel army. Be
also leaves sever al daughters.
INCIDENT OF THE WAR.
Commendable Conduct of a Rebel QWeer.
In tha Hsssld of the 11th toetant a paragraph appear
ed stating sotne Interesting circumstances connected waa
the death of the late Captain David Brown, of tbeSeveoty
ointb New York regiment, who waa wounded and aubee
qacntly died on the Held at the Bret battle of Bull ran,
July 21,1881.
It appears that after Captain Brown fell ha swettf,
sash , revolver and belt were taken from him by
tbe rebel soldiers. He subsequently came into Ike
custody of Colonel James Herbert, of the First Marrtaod
battalion of tbe rebel army, who did all la bis power
to alleviate the sufferings of tbe dying offlcer. Qapt Draen
took from his peraon several letters and forty-seven
dollars in gold, and gave them in charge of OoL Herbert,
with tbe request that they might be sent to his wife la
New York. Colonel Herbert assured him that ha reqaart
should be compiled with at the first opportunity. Tta
occurred over two years ago. A few days siaoe the con
joined letter was forwarded to tbe HanaLO, with the re
quest that it would be publlahea, for tbe information eft
Captain Brown's relatlvee ?
TO TBI RDITOR or TMt ft RRAI.D.
On the 21st of .luiy. 1881, at the battle of hsnieaas.ar
Bull run. I oam? aero-a 'aptain lievld Brown. He ekW
belonged to the Btxty ninth or fleveaty ninth New Teafc
regiment. I took ha pocketbonk in charge, la whak %
found 84? In gold . I wait now to give tba to ha wife aa
children. I gave the Captain, who waa wounded, asa?
water and Old all that I could to alleviate ha suflbrtaa.
and stayed with bMn until ha death Oa ha peraaal
found two or three letters from ha wife sod childrea, affi
of which I beve now la my poaeeaelna, aubjeet to MM
order of tbe relatives of the deoeaaed Captaio. I vn
wounded and taken prisoner at tbe battle of (iettvaborw.
and am now lying in tbe Us Had states <lan atal II wiltal
at that place Colcnel JAMB HKRBCRT. '
first Maryland battalion, C 8. A.
Per JAMKd UHKIN,
Ai-aonr, 1888. Sixty-ninth New York HlllUn.
One er two days afler the Bret paragraph was pafe
la bed, giving the snbeiaoce of tbe attar, Mr*. Ikiaa
called at our office and we gave her tbe arlgiaal aft
the above letter. She at oooe repaired le Qsetya
burg? eaw the rebel ooloael, who a suffering (ten a ?
vers wound : she received the saeoey and letters exactly
as they aaae from tbe hands of her dying buaband, ana
which Colonel Herbert carried en bis peraaa for over
two years. Mrs. Brown aleo received the full par tlrmlart
of ber hoshand'a last words, and the comforting nn?
lion that he received a tltratian burial under the 1wao
ttoo of Colonel H, who berled ba remains at tbe He
Lsaa bouse, near Manassss, where a hraditoos aaerks
tbe plaoe where tbe gallant soldier laa buried , and eaa
be recovered and removed at tbe pleasure of the rela
tives.
rbis taeldeat shows that, notwithstanding the d ipara
Ilea and eemi barbarism which have frequently been aa
hi t>ited on the AMd by tbe rebel aoidlers towards the
Union prisoners. It happily finds a nonto exception la tho
oooduet of Colonel Herbert. In Ibis noteworthy art
to a dying soldier and a bereaved faaallr. be baa shewn
hieaaalf poeeaaeed ef the traa taetiaete of a geatlemaa aaft
??Mar.

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