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THE FIELD OF BATTLE. THE LATEST DETAILS. Additional Particulars from Our Special Correspondent Rosecrans' Impregna ble Position. INTERESTING DETAILS. Gallantry of Our Officers and Men. THEIR HEROISM AND COURAGE, Ac*, A.C., dtCi Dir. W. F. O. Shunki' D*?p?teh. CIIATTANOOOA, T?DQ., Sept. *Al, 1883. I have endeavored Id my already forwarded account of the two days' battles In this vicinity to avoid as far as possible the fault of being too minute, reserving for the present and future letters the task of giving the Incidents and details which h ive come uudor ray observation. One's personal experience must enter so largely Into any account of a general engagement as witnessed, that I lear I shall come under the charge of egotism for the language of much of my first leUors, and I shall therefore avoid as much as possible uny relation to myself. You will find this letter desultory enough. 1 give the details without regard to the order of their occurrence, and, like lbs groups of soldiers around the camp fires, run riot In do v irlplious, without regard to tlmo, place or unity. At THB ??WIPOW GLSKIf'S." It was about ten o'cl -ck?a reference to my notebook hows it to have been at a quarter-past ten o'clock?on bat "ilt" .horning when I.leuteuuit Caae, of Captain Mer < signal corps, brought Bragg's orderly, John Huff n, to General Rosecrans at Crawfish Springs. It was 'staff alighted at the bouse of a widow Glenn, afterwards the centre of batUe field. Here he determined to es tablish headquarters, and to a few moments a most Inte resting scene wee visible. The General adjusting his glsfties, paced up and down in front of the house, looking ever and anon at the dense cloud of dust which was rls mg evidently beyond the creek. General Garfield and ueeeral Morton took forcible possess too of a Urge table ?bleb stood in the porch at the rear or Widow (Ilotto's house, and, while the former wrote leepelcbee at Gea.-ral Rosecrans' dictation, the Utter, ad justing his maps sod compass, attempted to locate the now brlak and lively fire which was going on towards the left R-wccreas was aaxlous-palnfully so. He bod been, and at IhU time waa, aerlously Ill?fur tuo 111 to be no the field and only s men of his nerve and eoM-gy and bstlnacy woald have been there. He looked no looger like Rose craua to me, but appeared* be yeara older than he hid looked a lew d.ys before. I did not know then, as d" DOW' wb?l ???*" ??'! ansieilee Raaacrana bad for tha reanlt of a battle which he was "Tilting against bis hol er Judgment and by others' orders. The Interesting centre of this picturo had interesting surroundings. M..jor Hood and Captains Thomas and Drouilliord, sink, Pko the General, were busy with |>aper and pencil. M. Klbben. minus an orderly captured and a horso snot, dashed up to say that all went well with Wood in his stronghold at Gordon's Mills. Ducat came up in haste fr m ffeg ey, to tell how that usually ploaaant soldier was s -ending his wrath oo the rebels. "Vegley's wrath" bec-ine a standard phrase that day at blean'a. The W| low, wilh her children gathered around her, anil us and' nervous, asked when she and her children ought to leave, aud pleasant and tender Garfield, wilh eil ihe kindness of his great nature, stopped b * momeoto g work to assuru ibe old lady. Hoichkios. with bis bat tery, was, under Rosecrans' person il supervision, t. king poaltl in on the hill and in the yard where the house at nd and most fnrlunaia and limey was this precau tionary measure. Van Dusen and llold-idge were putting up the to ograpb line, and in an hour more from these quarters I send yi>u the first nnnotiuceiiieiigeif the bittlo. Reyo Ids, with bis division, lav Just below :b? house but ?on moved mrward to the field. The ?cone whs very busy and interesting, and will long remain lu the memory ot those who there heard ine opening roar of the great battle. ?aptaln Kellogg, of General Thomas' staff, rode up to this point during the first half hour we were there, and after delivering nis mesaog * to tod tho few particulars of the light, and added thit ill iva- g-ung well on ihe le I "Of course It la, ' said Riwocrit s. not with an air of et ilUtloa, but verv. very sid v. " I expect evory tbuig to go well with General Thomas " Ibe emphasis on Hi., n .mo was not eufficient to suggest tb? comparison wbl. h will now strike the reader but H revealed to me at that m .moot the nhounded confidence Which Ro-ecruns had n Ins av-.ruo lieutenant. til* B.CTTT.S OS Til* IX'T There are a thotmand and one Inriilenls connected wlih the battle on the lert whlah only nig, ,-nn develop. In lb OOQiltslon of the d?v they are lost; hill restored ftllitlitcn e. roat and leisure, will bring the n to i|g:,t ar on I til camp fires, and history s best a nbonty?the private sol dler who has fought?will rcsurrm-t these now nearly lost legends. fi**??Ai. en tests In (be first desperate hour o the fight wilh General Loiigslreet, the whole d ??|Brtnoari, I'e-rd Joh s on and Rrvn Id* we .? i nva - d These rflvlane a, pilled against iln.se of !! *>?' i I ?! -J.iws in-l Ms rr-# larger by two beigad.-a th ?n Thornfmir d via ,ns ke.,t up d-.rtog that hour a most ternhle and destructive 'Do 1h - ground war *?.ghl over n--l l?*? then hair li nes, Ihe last ending ,u toe ,, n\..-o , ,4 elreel General -Jsrnai., 1-.1 he le i, a-d *h broi.gh' or. the so nt. was m ?r terrible besot hot sr?s..| c... . k m, , m,i,|. II--m- rmi.-hl most g.l'i 1 . , ltl,.T Increeee ? e-nfidem e m the , 1 w-li rev with ot any dl-i os-tins to -hmv .h ? . ,, .r of lite dlv's on cur. 1. ir.-le a, .r ? m) ,. llivj,i-, cbisrvatlon want?o d I r ,, r nao brought hi- l-i - , , , , i. 1 ,.r ,.r,i, , and under bet. r . , J' , refer M rfrr 1 , tjl ,4 hlK n,.h|f 4*mt esred dev.* ? . wm>f IU?( ? 1*0 brw de. -toe- .. I I r ill In ale aul I- 'rma ' 11 s i-? ? p.-d It mler the crsnn-snd ef Her ,? v <? ?* , .. 1 ' wti-eh J r-' er , ts o of < r m art's h g t.l s n ..i ? ar>u leGen Reynolds' isr ml ' , I, th k y o lb 1??H||-UI. an * I rj ? ,.. , bar dirl?i n to a ish -r o t I ige ?,, , , , twy 1 rHon en-Vmo -v ris'.p wi . danger, ua, and Mr inn n r, v mlgln l..-,. With R m Ids, while tie le I I ,-r, hrigole on h? tb.e le ed ? o k Ih e 1- >.l n 1 riy I v la the Army f tne iimh- - o. ,vo ibe t-uedin tlPSre? id d.-v |..m t the . H,. ,, vrv th I w old prompt thema oh ? 1 n.-ir,.,,-? ha bravery r g lantrv? e. , t, ,,,, have Iho-eq alllle...h,? , nf nraimai.'s on ?r' rh end enjealons 1..1 r. ? 40 tI?r.., orde.1. 11 It .k? a remain unreimoph...? . ? ?),, t,, |,g | w?g le the inward et d pr- ? .n..n . ? InTtran an's divts .he,. .. hid famr.oa re.| m nl? of whlcb the ? t* n I ? , M(. end General Tan M.-ve w.r 1y e,,ion'eh.lt|? Klntft Ohio and ibe <tacor.il , Thia ?;? ,Mi in fight mm milling t ^ gf,ih>, Btoee river, and Ibev n>w 1 ?? w.a yor ?aewh fbr telh tboee lavi c on,, t! ? ,?! Roseorans' Impregnable Position. .AWWNWWWV^i^V ^ u v_ J/tf MO TP. SftAGGS OL ' ? FOSECRAt ? NEW ? posted dmt the regular brigade of General John H. King, which, as usual, suffered most trrrllily At one time the regulars, bard pressed, bad the misfortune to bf sepa aled. A battalion of the Sixteenth Infantry was cut off and nearly all captured. Major Gnoledge wan killed, Dawson and Miller, Clark, Mills. Crorton., Adair and Me?slilb wounded, Birnam dead, and the men and horses of his battery lying In heaps around him, with his lioiiten ints too badly wounded to command, the brigade btoken, badly repulsed, leaving the now Int ra vab'e battery In the hands of iho rebels. The Ninth Ohio, those br'ant-shouldered athletes, who bud been Cincinnati turners, nud the lull, spare aud thin, but big hearted Minnesota!!*, whom Van Olern had enlisted two ye>rs net ore, spring from their position In reserve, and, with loud yells, as If Iho sight had Infuriated them, rushed for*a d with flxod bayonets and drove the enemy Imm the guns before tbey could be turned n us Ihev drew the gum off and handed them oyer to the regulars, assuming an air of triumph, as much aa to suv?with a little pardonable pride?"We are y lunterra" And the regulars, now reformed and pushing forward again, looked it their yolunlrcr frloods, as It to say?"Thank you. ss beo you ure as bard pressed we'll d i the same or you." The Tenh Kentucky, Tenth Indiana and Tblrty-flrfl Ohio also belong to I'.raniiin's division and In this en gagement took two pieces from the enemy and helped to roi-over the captured battery of Captain Hindi, Forth Indiana. liKMKKAL HAIRh'S blVtSlOS was originally commanded by (iune-al t?. M Muchol.and ?uhse.(iirntiy lmmurta Izcd Itself at I'crry ville and Stone river s 'Ri u'seau's " It Is composed of the brigades of Clark a eat her. Scribnor aid King?the latter the regu lar brigade of whlcn I have already ipoken. la this battle the brigade sulfcrod terribly, losing a large numtujr of men In the first day's fight with Irm tret. Major Conledge, who formerly com man ed the hr ga le, but In this tight led his own battalion of the Mxt rath Infantry, was killed on the first diy. His IksI* w is foil d on the following day; but tlie rebels h d siri i>.d it ot all yahmbies and clothing, only a pork i net of memorandums rrmaimng. This pocket hoe* nd papers with a photograph or two, were taken iss<se nloti o by >d|>ilaol Johr It. Simpson, of the Tenth in i an intantry. Comm rutin the First brigade of 1 laird'a, or rather Itrai-o us' mvl nm l* a colonel named ?tcrlbner, his regi men ' tiring th ty-ei-hth Indiina. In three Import ant b pile-tin f. r has distinguished hlm?en highly. At l'? ryellle hi u rrom Kous-osu, the nemo, that day, the i ro id title or "gallant little Rcnb." and It has clung li. lum to il.is day. At Stone rtver. w ith the same officer, be atdid to stem and stop the current that swept MeGaik to the retr Ho the <'hick nn tugs, with his same brl gads, be lias fought through two days with three won ids r'? rived on the first, and ha< clung i In the field irien ihe beginning Devoted heart an I eoul ' to the countn . h - -rrvlc.-s and wounds should gain him I thai r ird o pr . notion which the Combined recotn ' m- nds i ,i f \ c. m-, ' bomas. Rousseau, Crittenden, sir ?? s s 1 nd S| ichel failed to obtain from the l'i s u? i i n t ? i o tyb for tho>e who b erd and ? .ffer to tiHiA ? ? ? try re?s^nitiS It* odi(redness to tin m I'i- r i it ne of il e C' unlry should give him staibrt atliude. It is not the "guinea et.mi en tiie-e ambit loos, hard laboring, h rl fi ? - " ?>< It Is Ibe substantial rrcog altloC by , i u. nt tells teeterttv tbey r i-e by fncrp. > *'i - .y to their children, "I began a i captiHi '-t I oi h i nni'itnr." lhtre la no man m ibe Arm be ? unlwrlai d to day more worthy of such reengint ? - u * ? ? llitle Acrib '? to mis' n?T-e*r, At* t ?.? ? t?r inside, tb# fntimiiji l/*om s' hallC y tut fc*ntt?m*n im I'Hi. er In command Put h. 1* - wr ? -pi?r ( h *1, th |li? 'ullt-ry no 1- ? .. t iriiHt iir .in-i u? Ix?ntnla m\y (??\ l?r* ti? U l 1 m*n ? V t|rc?l in ? Mil* of f Jort t lo nomii 1 ??f th* ii.itt*? j. Hi *1j i?f ? ? ??* l-Ht'-ry ?f ? In* ?ir hi |nr| tie 1 *" * ? <t< hrn.h'eM ) A ef. M*?n ir t # ( t i - ?' a, ?-tsM Afurtl result J U< a ? ? . * th? irtxtm th t % t*?lt*ry \'m ??#tt * s 1 t ??? (o l>* i tcrrrf u? th* ? ? f ') ? 41 * ,r Uh* ortfina t??r ?? *n- ?? (.#* ih i iitiitbtuiUi !>??! T t of I 'II ? b?*t 1 \ntt<NM 'or ? nil m*r ry pf' ? ?l 'II w ?t hJ ? v * ? ? sd A n? f force." Tbe men, too, loved tho guns, and moor sealed , tbolr devotion on that day with their blood; and principal among them wan Van Pelt. With bta boreea killed, hla men dead, and his supports overwhelmed and driven back, the enemy rushed upon hla battery. Van Pelt, aa the I oat act of Ma young life, drear hla sword and apraog to the front of bla pieces. With that loexplloable frenzy which inaplrea with strength aa with courage, be cried (ao hla men say), with a voice of thunder, "Don't dare to loueh 'em." And the Inexorable wave of glistening hayoneta aurged over and post him, burying him under hla loat guna. The Seventy-ninth Indiana, Colonel Kneffler, took two guna from the enemy on Saturday; but on the subsequent chargn of the rob'ls on Van ( leva I think theae same guns wero retaken. When the line was giving back at this point, Lieutenant Starkweather, of General Reynolds' etafT, and your correspondent Induced a number of strag glers, Composed principally of negroes, to try and haul one of these pieces rarther to the rear; but, one of the moo -being killed while doing ao, our Improvised artillerists broke and fled, In what 1 remember to have thought at the time a good example ot "utter contusion," for no two ran in the same direction, save the general course known aa tbe rear. ?ULTTKRY H, firm AkTUXBKT. Among other Iwtteriee lost like loom is' was tbe famous battery "H," of tho Fifth artillery. At Shlksh it figured aa "TerriU's," that ulhrer then wunmanding, christening It on that memorable day when It and othora aaved tbe day. At Stone rtvar It was destined to again come to the re-cue, this time of Mof'ook. and under I.leul Cuentber it was now baptized with bis name. A abort time ago Guen tber went to I be Potomac,and I.leul. Howard M Rurnham came Into command; and again, for the third time, under a third gallant commander. Mattery H came to Mm rescue. 1 knew Ruinh m. and Fesaenden and Ludlow well. Their quarters lay on my road to headquarters, and 1 never passed them without a pleasant greeting and a cheerful word. They were each men of unusual worth. Rurnham la killed, and tbe others wounded and captured All have fallen nobly, and though tbe battery eeaaes to exist the story of their worth and their heroism will not perish. "Though the Held be Met, all Is not lost," when the emoko of battle dissolves to reveal the tableau of three young men perishing over their guns. OEMEBAI JOIISHToS'A DIYISIO*. I am sorry to say that I saw but lltlM and have faw or uo note* of tha aatioa of General Johnston's division; but In tba engagement it has played a most nobis part. General Richard H. Johaatun's division Is the Second of the Twentieth army corps (Mcf'ook'a). Among Ms brlgadas Is that of General Aagust Willlcb, who fought nobly on both days. And indeed on division In tbe army fought nfre nobly than did that of Johnston. 1 know not If Ihe remark Is pardonable?because of the reflection on General McOmk?If I say that botn Johnston and bla division did better for being with General Thomas; but, whrthar pardonable or not, I am firmly convinced that it le true. The men had great ooofli'ence In Thomas. He who has lived with the army two years, aa I have, and who does not know that Tb< mas stands higher In the love, admiration and confi dence of the men than any corps commsader under Rosa crans, has lived there to but little use. Under this new leadership these men did well?fought aa wall aa any man on the field, and, next to Itrannan, Johnston remained nt the end of tbe fight nearest laurt and whole. 1 am glad to have occasion to say tbi? of one whose reputation hM aono what suffered In "Iher b illies. Hla ability and cournga c m no longer be doubled umnAL r. j. woon. General Rood, of frlttendan's corps, was detached from that command,dS Johuatoo had been from McUoot's. bi t Wood had not hewn attached to Tbomsa, being left In a stroog position si Gordon's Mill. This position was nt one time the left of the tins, but during Saturday II was tbe et'rrms right. Wood hed remained In It while Ibc entire swoy moved behind him from right to left, and the enemy la mov log north was compelled to pass by Wood'e poel lion, lie wea therefore cunt uually engaged with tbe flsbkera of (be fiemy, and bt his great vtfllenen and eare m not remaining off his guard a single moment deterred them 'mm making any attempt agaiaet htm. He has behaved most gallantly in this battle, remaining up a tbe field to the laat hour with one of hla brigades, and '-shaving moat gallantly iu the last fight on Sunday Tt>e long ami valuable services of Oarers! Wood deserve recognition sod If bta gallant brigade wrnimander, CMonai Darter, h ret promoted simultaneously, the adminis tration will have raited to mnoeolm those to whom the eouatry la much indebted for lb* safety / 009 of it* greatest ?rmM. acnam iiom m urn or nnuit. When I loft the battle Said after tbe laet straggle on fundajr evening, I attempted to take ttie road direct to Koeavllle, tbe anme that Oraoger'e aorpe had taken when coming to Tbotnaa' relief, but tbe reeolleetloo of General GarAsld'n troubles on tbe name read deterred tae, and 1 took to the mouotalaa. 1 bad Utile fear of rebel cavalry, an tbe latent new* from General Mitchell, who wae com* ?ending Stanley'* cavalry oorpe to tbe abeeuce of that officer, who waa very ill, bad allowed that be wae occupy ing tbe attention of tbe rebel boreeaeea. Pursuing thin mountainous ronte for some distance northwest, I et last ?merged from tbe mountains 10 And Myself u* tbe vat ley west of Miaalooarr Ridge?tbe valley of Chatta nooga creek?and before me la/ the plain road to tba town, with the lofty peak of Lookout Point as a guide to that place of refuge. Tbe road was obstructed from beginning to end with wagons, ana bo lances, tbe retreating nnd tho prisoners, all gdng?tbe letter under guard?to Chattanooga. As I reached (His road I met Liouteuant Colonel Gales Tbruston, General McConk'saa ?latent adjutant general, with a small portion of tbe Gene ral's escort, going towards the field, lie bad once before visited General Tbooaa after the retreat of McCook. and had explained to that officer the disastrous result on the right and ce-.tre. tie bad then gone to the rear, aud bad endeavored to reorganize Davis' and Sheridan's divisions, but this la>k bad been too great even for l ha unusual en ergy and ability of this young man, who, on ihladiy, added new laurels to those he had won at Motie river, in the official reports of which he figures so honorably. In tbe reports of this battle Colonel fhruslon cannot but be honorably spoken of Severn) times I had seen -him during tho two days nod tbe intervenrag night of labor noxious and tmcnding, and each time be had been where both danger and duty cxllod. At this tour he bid gathered together a small force upoa whom be eould depend, and now held a gap road bv which tba euvray, should their left he thrown screes Ml-siooary Kldge, might otherwise htye advanced nnd captured many hundreds of our stragglers ai d wound ed. This force remained la poelttoo nil night, and this preeaiitHm of Col. Thruetoa preserved to us a line of re treat which would otherwise hare bee* loot, much to our disadvantage. As I got Into the valley road. I luottd lbs way much oh struct'*! by a large number of ambalaacas, which warn retiring from the Asia overfreight** with agony The tries of the wounded, who were meal uncomfortably crowded together la times ambulaeom, were most pain fuL Hundreds of the more slightly w??aded,'wtth arms lo improvised all' gs made from their handkerchief*, other* with broken llnihe upon horseback, tba animals lad by lees seriously amended comrades, wended their slow way along the road, halting at times In their pain to rsst by tbe side of the road, and cooling their feverish wouad ed limbs to tbe dirty water which the horse* refused to drink. And many a man, wounded and unwound*! tlooped that day to drink what animals recuse* I waa pained lo find in this valley road no instructions of artillery. Had there been ewr.h there would have been something to rejoice over, for they would have then been aafe. but on inquiry I found that taw or 1 one of M cfbok 'a and ( r mention'a guas hail gotten acmes the rldgs and Into Ibis road, which was not more than three miles from tbe mala field. Further down the valley 1 found a battery in good order posted across the valley, but with out Infantrv supports, and found It bekmg -d to General Shi ley 's division. A few guss bad reacted a point nearer RnesvUle, where General Waggooer, whose hrt gade waa the garrison of Chattanooga dur ag the Aght, hal succeeded In stopping them nnd a few 1 house stragglers. He had delivered these piece* and men m to Geoeral Tun Cleve, of Crittenden's oorpe. who was now busy In organising them, aa tar aa It was i?e sible, Into brigade* and division* the task was a meet dlfficall one, aa many wa a without asms, aid all weary. hungry, thirsty and dWpVMttk They were men who errs for tbe time lost to sham*. The desire for revenge bad not yet ?ken bold of Mima Oe this same road I pawed a largvforae of pvwooers, around whom had gathered almost their owe Dumber of our troops as guards As Ibis farce Moved Into n>aitau<??m the I ere* ef tho guards laureate* every moment by the addition ?? stragglers, wkwfell Into the Iwe as If lhey ha* bees ?e lalied lo guard tba prison* * By lh# time th^ prt nnnert r.?ehn* Van Ore s poeHlnn. near Ro*av.||a.tte oompaay artgtaally detailed aa a guard ted ?? reaasd te a full sired brigade. The aurptea ef atraggleea wsre taken into band by Gene,-*! Van Ova and tM prisoner* sod their original guard parsed Into Chattanooga. Among ifceae prisoners waa a brigadier federal (D. W. Adam*, of Texan)-, and bl* brigade lor nlsheff tb* principal Force ot tbe prisoner*. Adam? and ble brigade were cot off From tbe main rebel Force by General Tbomaa, wbile Falling back 10 bin last aualntned position, and were subsequently captured by tbe regulars. General Adam*'wound waa not eery severe, and when aent to the rear waa doing very well, under tbe attention given bun by our eurcenna. eaoaa otrr or chaoi iwa srao arms' tam. On reaching Chattanooga I Found a very different state of a Ob Irs existing, lb* "confusion worse eon'ounded" which prevailed In the Immediate rear of the Held was Del to be tound in tbe town. Lorn trains of ambulances ware wending their way to tbe Held la perfas' order, but great haste In the town the train# u-hwh bad been saved were being oare'ulty parked, and the boapilala, brll UantJy lighted, ware in most exnalieot order. Too much praise cannot ha given to Surgeon Pfrtn and bis chteF assistants, Seys and Rache, For tha untiring energy wblcb tboy displayed in providing for tbe wounded, lbe taskof the surge >ns In our armr has to bear wltb It Itaown reward. There is no promotlor, soidom any prats# and by Far toe liatle recognition of the merlta ot tbe surgeons and the magnitude of their accompllshmtuu And par tlcularly do we fall to recognise tbe aereme* at the eat go-'us attached to the army, who are a pars ? it?? pre* tons fault, by tbe way, n> the newspapers Ai soon aa tbere is a battle lbe authorities or each Slate Interested aend to the field hundreds of volunteer sarge<iiui and large amouetsoF hospital stores. The Sanitary Commis *Mn ru-bes forward with all tha conveaieooea and atore* It can find transportation for. Tlila la a fact that Is noto rioua.and tb* newspaper* herald It Rut bow aeldom do we find any recognition of the devotion, and labor, and energy, of those surgeons of the army who remain under fire in hospitals, who see In tbe fields In tha Immediate rear of tbe line of battle #' gaged In hearing off the wounded, and In directing those who can walk to tba bur pit* Is, and wbo, for months alter tbe battle is over, remain In tbe fiald, often aa prisoners, earing for their comrades There Is some recognition due these men. I saw on the battle field of Saturday two wounded surgeons, asdion Sunday met my old-friend, Surgeon Grots, of Gen. Thomas' staff, shot In the back of thn head Surgeon Perm, In anticipation of tbe battle, bad taken pnasretion of all the bouses in Chattanooga suitable for hospital*, and accommodations for tan thousand wounded ware randy by tbe time tbe battle bed begun. On Hell's Mountain a large number of hospitals built for Cheatham's dwisloo, sad called ?' Cboalham'a hospitals," wars soon tiled wltb private soldiers. Ua tba opposite slot of tbe town, Bragg a headquarters, a I erg* brick. huUdtag, waa tikes for oAaors j asd bare I found ttue morning about two hundred Rank In a hospital la lad tea lad by tba cbataeter of tba wound. I found Brigade Oowimandae Oataani Bradley,slightly mnundad, lying on tb* fibur, at the aide of a splendid spring mattress bed, on whltore elWied uneasily n very aertoarly -aoaaded second lieut want My visit lo tbia hospital wns paMal enough, for I found maay old frlendt whom I bad bayed to aee domt batter, A mot g tbem waa Col. Vaughn. Rsveotreatb Kentucky, who on tbe battle. Oaki bad sailed metohm, telling me tba h ? leg waa twken, aad asking for aa asibwlanee^ ! rode off to get an ambalanan, but whan 1 rt turned tba enemy held lbe bald where I had left him, and.,I supposed him captured. In another rtm I stooped dawn lo sab tbe name of a eeunded man te add to my tot, ? hen be ?poke up, s*yl.*f? "Oh, *ou know my aame." I looked at hie fsca, aad fbund him to he t.iaak Harrison M Witord, of Saw Tork.af the Nlartrwath |0fa ry, aad on the staff ef General Palmer, but better knaaa at tha buijm r of "Tlve la America." ?Flag nf the l>aa,'' he I fraud on tapawy ibathia wound wts net. sat torn I am glad to add that a atesirjr Is now in fanning orders, and will Ml be engaged li .oonvey log tha wounded to Ito*!(sport. The veaari ? ton. Ihinbar, captemd from tba, ee be la aa lbe evacuation ?1 ihls plan* s a?ua roa ma bavtus 1 have beard here, anwtg officers who are strangely bwausing tbemaelvm with very taeigukdoaoi m'tiers,a great deal of Idle and toalrm dlaeumkoa aa to what lb* hattle should be catteiV. Tbe general votes la fbr tbe una* nf Chlrkamauga, *a Vt aa* upon that stream tha# hbr battle began It la not inappropriate, tnasmucT, m i;M Indian name ?f tbe stream stgaiSwh" Tb# Rtrnr ef peaib." Rut m to lu briag lougbl aa tb* stream that Hi a mistake, Tba heaviest struggle of i'j# We dbM ? ?ad separata ooaa tbat took ntona during tr,r ten Oars' yngagr-msnt TU Weight on top of Mlntr* l.ulg-, |t><l tlie Initio might bo *? appropriately celled that of Mihhi n Kulgo. Tbe uame of Gord ??? Mils, as propmed by some, ban the objection Hul tUa gaills are perish-Ms, md the location in y b? oveutuallj loaf itoxhvlila b is no mure clulin to t>0 immortalize 1 bee ui.ee tie battle w is tn th it vlcluity, &n-1 tecaus ? (Jar Hold (i ae?t hw dispatches from that punt. than Waiorl >o was entitled tu (he honor of giving ? name to fho strug gles on hi<?iC at .It- tn because Wel'in^loa diiPd bin despatches, or Rothschilds' agents pat th-ir carrier pigeons to (light from Water! o. Tho battle will bo eventually known fa history .as thatof Chattanooga. I tr.d city was tho prize (at which the < onteoding armies f 'tight en persistently; Its defence and capture the uim a of tho me ii'Uvros anil the conti-st. To us It was all loiportant, and !u retain leg It we ere In eoinu measure < repaid for the awful Ins-son of the bitt'e. lu holding It wo hold a great Salient poM of our great line Investing the Southern coned,-racy as a fort, and In relinquishing It we would h.. virtually raiong tho s-oge for months to come. Penepably obtaining it, we abou'd have been B.jateuted uutif It cud have Von fondled lint we were not. We pwsltsd eu?a buttle was lorvht?and the Doweipinnce la that we have only tho position, with a mu tb - mailer force to hold It. Km Koeecrnns can hold It as lotog ua llragg darea to make direct advauces upon It. In lb*aim of taking the p ace Rragg lalled, and we can - thus f.W cta'm to be victorious. The battle of Chwttanroga will bo,.perhaps, the most appropriate name alter all. JKTK. I SVIS' OKIlKK TO BHAOO. All the rebels captured by us unito to snylrvg that Brigg's primary nud ulllmiie oh.oct wis to- get pwti linn of Chattanooga. He had b-en fumed by the rapidity of Koser.rans' movements -to evacuate Ch ittaoo ig i. In arder to mako the Jimctlon with Ills expected relnorc.e ments.snd a few days' delay on liragg'a part would' lmvw smtb'ed Kosecrana to got between the twoforoes Hiv ing oilected the Junction, Bragg halted, and Ilavis, having Imperilled bit capital to en ibio blm to bold Cbatl-u ?<?, now ordered hlna lorotiko It.or aacrillce bis army In chw attempt. Tho aitemnt was mii<-,nnd has failod. ilw has lost n-arly fifteen thousand men in the attempt, and , though ho lias done us tnuoh Injury, and h .s grand tro phies of m't'riel to ory victory over, be U an far aw ever from bia object. TttK STRKMITII OF TUB RVXMT. The legends of the camp tires have of course given Rragg an army largelv superior to that of Ri-o-irans. Kach and every man whom one hears tell tho story of his regiment is realy to swear that It fought tne whole of Uongstreel's cor|?t and grows ludignsni If ho Is told that he was whipped by Ibe '-demoralized corps" of Mill and I>o:|( supposed to have been almost entirely depopulated by desertions. They talk, earn, of Hill's corps from the Virginia army; but Hill had comm ind of Hardee's old corps. There remains, hswovor, no longer a doubt th it the odds were largelv mi the enemy's favor. The truth It revealed by the engagement?and all battles cecr-ssarlly give us a view of the enemy's organlza>ion?that Bragg was chief In command; that he bad live corps under I.ieutenaat Oenernls longvireet, I'olk and Hill and M-Jor GeneruU Pabuoy, Maury and tturknor. Wo know that IiOngstrret h id two. If not ihreo. divisions, and that tho others had twoo-cn. These all consisted of four brt gades each, making a total of forty or torty-four brigades. Tbene, nt the low avcrago of flftoen hundred men to a brt. gade of Ave regiments and a battery. would give a sum total of sixty six thousand mon. ' Opposed to till* Rose crane had a forco of thirty-two brigade*. On the sami ? basis this would give n force of forty might thousand men. I think,however, tho basis for tho calculation in both Instances Is loo low, and that the rebel force roachod nearer seventy Are thousand men than sixty six thoa sand, and that In the flsid on Saturday morning Roeecrana mustered Alty-Aveor sixty thousand men. carsn or one partus. notir. One of the onuses, and n principal one,of oar debase was the lax dlacipllns of the aruty. Tho campaign had bast long and arduous.and,en is natural, the oflloers wars not at strict In the snftireenient of the severe rules ct the army. Dress paradss were entirely dispensed wl'.t, regtmentsl drills wsre bad too soMotn.eod bri gade.dlrisim and nrps tnanceuvres not at all. Tble mistaken Mndaess to toe mm was followed hy tbo par tla destruction of lbs control and command bald by the officers over the mea, as If the tatter had lost the nablt of obeying?sort with volunteers obedience Is simply s habit which they rerogstte an necessary to tbrir sue cess, and beside, as two of the corpo engage J there did tot exist that bond of anion bnswaen ?be oflloers and mm which is sogeudersd from ths perfect con (l dan on sf the litur io th# former. a comnwrhiwrph nrv or m oamtatqiv. Ths campaign of Chattanooga is another of the rnauy examples we hare had-In this war wMch-shoiv how really brilliant success* ef the military men are turned te 1 great disasters by the-ill-advised mtertori-nco of poliMsal generals and lawyer*. The operatiou* of Roseemns which resulted In tbe ocoopaltoe of Chattanooga wore prosecuted * upon bis own pl.ans,and not Intertered wiln tn the laaal but the tnovsmenU aed' the sngageatents subsequent tn that time were mads hy htm against his own judgment, and under p<?luvw orders from Washington. Ths strategic operate*#- resultiog in the capture of Chattanooga were planned by Rtiedcrses, aud he I* rctimus ible for them, and deserve* the eredit lor thsm. They bhow lilm lot* bvfar the meet a<tnilrah? strato gist of ths war. The subsequent movements nw is nut re sponsible for. The people rb?uld Ax the rebpot aitnt'.iy 01 the disaster slurs It belong*. Tlss giaad iworaliene of Roserrans. wliHe absorbing tbeatientluii oft .1 military students, will, amet tbe excitemaut nf the hour over lbs disasters of tbe WHllua which f-dlowi-d ttv-i, aliowel e-c p tb ktinwluilji- of tbe pub lo. In mis war of pao alofl, Wliera tlie heart aod aol tho in md judge*, the gets lie, led to surteitin,! hy the hasty aud to*aa*-arily nam o rale reports ol titanlji eng weim-ma. has nad iierioiaaofc ruined, and few renders "f the d-lly bull- uus uf tho war stop to study or admire th?- grand oiwralious whioh qoo cede hkwdy hank s or the strategy whirh avo 'In aad ruiiders thi-m anneces?arv. (Joner-il (iranl woo repuialton byiltiseapliire of VMkaburg? m unavoidihlo re-uils'ter tbd-insrestiin-iH, bui what praise ha* ooao given blm, nmnnb of Hie President's sensible rougratular pir> letter, lor the movements ?? Mob rn.-tn.ioU in -.ai in restmcutT t.rneral It-sacra- s ha* hem a.iplaudad te tuy/ skl'S for asatentau victory fr -m d- ont at Stem- rlvs^j but how triach naned of tho prm-e due lilm ho- be? ? given for th* hartliajil opSr iIIoiih whicu reanliad i la tho ocimi-iI og uf lnliaborna and lr utg'* Uom -raluwg r -treet across ttio I'mukss- oo rtverT lbs oum-n-lnr of \ i Jrstiw^t a d the battle ?l dnoie rlvsr *#->? Salient po-nte in tho hlstury o* the war and m--n raw and i.-It aud -rod-ratma tin-in llu* tl?eimpaian o: Ti tail--ma and toe oo-rm. t.i na rflt'il"~il in the occu rtloi a1. Lbs Its- o ?a have o? satieut laeets, ?u. h at batil is, I tot ouce aitr WA hihI i hseo popul -r ai ter.tH'0. L p to too t oar of that i* ? ? uti m M was ssroal; oat bhol, wtilrb Owl tnn-ii eigt odnd "bo public, wtos Jtnix* uf c-iminlxi ? by their b^.*ty rer?iio, eaw on rut la mat. Thorn wor ras> ??u li?v - ol k i ij?. a woummdnl hutb arrateatiia adpirn and t?y? viot-aga A beiV gldoce at the can >iw" will s:?i*s? hat rant ? tadae'edS'al Rs-craao. is^wheii t o w-n-.ia.4nut r Bu-lH, aoUiJfmt of the War I flno m s 11 a - nr 'f *" Chaltet ns* b"- 'S ? ? lit I 'dri au mat. eHm Tuiutmma i awssaig" w w?tati-ti*., Ki-igs driven, tmyamd the Tod oaso river, boee-at smim had 1 i titis In I a Uneliwa W micIh* or to HtJinualil*. Trad khe enemy bald w lane I nan -*idg-t> raaln Sirn awn. wth a cm ua mi net !"??? iMglj WuW by art nsl aature at borlsm-Hr* Irwa tuarc aa t.,jLiise there ernrs t aoraau'es b .,st at ton enemy? om mwth of llm tssm-e rt-er. oeea range ^ mi . but Jam la-fl Aenta tba t., draw amaber o> r" wabwe mm'? fsom AM ma, ana ttoough tt ssverod iareot o-t* i. toaxra s tla - ?h ^ iw-'Bd, did cot twssbrd the rail i rsa-im an af 1 , m- , liee'e army vi i All .j?o. Hi-'O-r#lt t.. . o< thaiuam-eta. oeea thre rao w oi vi#? stgi, , t 1 asaieciise the lewstseee river. life- .A.gi aln leg ?* ad taking hrsgg ISiSOar. and might -ha eian-ty ? nd in i is mse f ? hattsn-oaa and IJS 'apt?<w of but <rtny. 'wit a also bad Uo disadvsi ogva of V-wms U.s routo to ' It icbmotnt Via'4oos villa r gear. 'V was utaWe ?V d.V?w ever, Itial Bo.osida w?a mavlng ipsm ml- - >g oon mnntcaima, ?d Iheref. m lbs natorn- aid nvwt tempting tr Jb-seerson, who hga e? dlst h !M for resaits,jaadei|u?ls-W h? prstmrnti *'? He wor, however . not allwatoat ba.g Pi a over b-S plans ott to makvbta pra^btoH?-a A'hh,i tee 101b <4 August Keaeral g wecrssv roes'ved from 'oassral lb. ? WaStiMflprb, * toSist asi|?rri/iet * Itr a r.m ? ltl(1 ^t ssTir. rl Ths order ?lele-l th a Impur-aM U' tnrasu tn O) toP dspertmsaiis required I'm movr-i eal" ft. No lAner rsquirein sat* or re? nctlnoe tboecra a In bis |dsns. He irrrtinl to run*a in tbe right o ? hitianonga. tnfornaaxd uenera Ha lo k ' Mt plans sad.rao-ivtug no poaltisodlsapiirtival, began ?tw I ft4foh as I hav stated on lbs lit nf August A* soon M be bad thrown hwlueoe. err we He- ? aosUe ' bed mmnUMB .moerel Iteseorenv dm^heo In.m to Nfl enrpw e Inroe as e fartotwifl sm. am and pushed n epm Oettanooga Itvoat onmaaamclo* m August a? Iff nsrdmwnt wblnh uated *m twmty d-y. ibis f^?? l4 i wee s.. ?d?Wv aarriod ml bv u.ner.' ?"