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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMK* UOHDK* BBNHtn BtfXOft AMD MLOl KllOl*. crrici m. w. oouu or rri.tos ak? nissir sts. Valuta* > i I SEHiWTT ThIS BTBKIA'Q, lC*r>K)iY OK Ml SIC. Ir?inf ploco.?Urxuiir Onoi ? A Koa.iv.tx MAID'S Cl B' liS. . raodw or.?C onion sua. VikUCU l nJI-AIK*. l*ro*f1tr?T?Tub OcarAPt. j f]ML> CAUUtCf. tuaaway?BvSfcYeooir'B Fkit.iD? OLtkit'lC THt'ATRB, Broadway.?XaRIIK CbczSu* I r'-vr BOWKXT lliUlKt. Newer*.?-Br.; it Wan? tn.ua?Jou.v eaiTit. now F IT IHKATftli. bo?ei*. ?LYeiAB?Dl-1'HAi.r ? HI- ?H) ? AT T? SWA* RV.li AI>ff \T TUBATliS. 481 Broadway. ?V4cr: w? 1 wu 1 LjWTRx HirPOTHKATaOK. FourtM lb street.? EacrrTRiAir. QVMKAAMC ANB ACROBATIC AMI BI .iAMiJITft. IliDftl'll J't'Et M hrosarra*. ?Tom TurK??Two Oiaata. Two lvjurv 4o.. At .nli horm fact's Kit H ..i- i" Hi r?t uuu-l'?y -ud hveniu*. ytlTAbTi-' vr:;i. 'I* Mechanics' Kail. 4Ti Bread. I at*.?Etmigi'iat? 1'A" C'-.v B*. icavi.'. :, Ac.? j *?0* P. 1.1 OA 1 C i.* "ST WOOD'* 1-1 fS r.SIi r ii-*.- Broadway.?EmortAJV I ? oM.f, 1>AMU .?. KR.Ol. Auoao. CaJTRJ. 1. vi.'.-rraiiL.t. ruMS1. B< werr.?Varied am Lxciu'sx. Miu.v. ' or Otiiitiu BALhE DUBOUQku. its'j H'oaIwaj ? Eoncnt Betxva DOD.VOU-n UALU, 60S Broadway.?ArtTixoi VT^rp Ajf.>xa Tint \1 >k*o <* /VI niCAU THBATUE. No <11 ProMwar.?BaLlsta, 2 aT.laIVKj, fcTRV AAftCKi, HtkHA I til 6 ri'.APriA. 7SO Freartn-n*.?WoODUOrrk'S EOii? ? LAB TkOt'PI. Of Ul.A-J Bt-OWBRS iJIT TOTK MtlPErx or ANdTOXT. 61* Broadway.? CtLtOflTlt .? AMI iacTctRA, Horn i' A. X. till 111I*. U. Ft OLFI ? OPKRt HOC US. Brooklyn.?Xr&rort a* tOM.r. PaMCRS. Bl Rl B'SUIi. Ac. New 1 orb. Friday, October 81, 1804. TIIK SITUATION. We bare ?oo;;i8r raicntflconi achicremeol by General EUcirtsn to chronicle, which It la fair to pre3umo, adding It to his prcvioua brilliant successes, ha* by this time made the rebel government ae sick of the war in the PhMiaod ub valiey r.3 the inUabitant* tberocf were al ready ren .ered by his weeping destruction of ere'Ttbiog In tbe way of provielooa nod supplies that could be made avli.ble for the usos of tbe rebel armies. Before daylight on Wednesday morn ing of this week General Sheridan's army, which was tbenat Oelar creek, about titeen miles southwest of Wlncbonter, wis suddenly attacked by tbe onemy, ur.d?r Lotgslreet, in Birocr force; its left wing turned,tha greater portion of tho line driven In confusion, and nou.e twenty pieces of artillery taken from It. General Sheridan hinseir, who was then at Wlotbe.tter, on bis return from a visit at Washington, on bearing or the at tack, immediately haeteuod to tbe front, and toucd his m^in force, wbfch had been pushed back about four miles, between Middieto.lv3 end Now town. Reforming bis iuf.tn try 10 a cru>[?ct lire of bcttie, and making ecmo changes In tbe po?;tione "ftbecavalry.be attacked the rebels with great vigor el ml three o'clock In tbe afternoon, routed them iu tb-s meet o-iuplete mm ntr, and drove tbem with Impetuosity before blm, takiug from them torty-three pieces 0* artillery, about two thousand prisoners, and wagons, ambul-ucos and caissons iu large numbers. In addition to these the rebels burned s me of their tralos to Ucot- them from felling into the hands of our mou. Ce oral cheridac pushed on as far as-Strasburg after bte discomfited foe, whom only darkness saved from |ven a more rverwhc.mlng defevt. At the time of writ bg bis fltsapvich Otaerai Sberiiina was unabio to slats ? e nttmber 01" CHrtta'tles fn either side. Tbo tbel Geni-rsi Ramseur, woecded, eup.io?od incatalty, as ca turcd by cur fnrcoA. Of ths Union my, G<i<-."*1 1'id well was tided,and Gonerclf Wrifht, jpimandin/ i.-.i .s.rib cor; si, (1'ovrr hd Ricltc'U 'vera wot'iided. Cco-rr 1 Wight's wi-urt i. cnl> a ? ghtotte. The rabe:* Arc *up;> "rd tnhavu beua bvavtly rclafarced from r.i"i t t ud prevlona to lnakit'e tbe attack, and, tak lug vjvaci'c e of 1 u? absence o( Geo. hk?rid?u tl>cy gained at G at h ru -t de -tded ?uccr.e, which bis timely arrival at the scone of conflict changed It to ? glorious victory tor the Unlet a:l *. TLo grApllC ft?etches Cf the I'ura'.J) correspond ts fup to the turntcg paint in fhe trti'e, an 1 iLe a .irnnyitig m?r, ebcwing tbe p sltlcn ef .-nerldan'c arn.y wteu atiacked, whleh wo publish tbif pntn ft give cur readers tho detail* and will edh ti<- tt.cro u trace tLe eccrc if th s Important national tri ttiph Gcnors; !>. .-cran*, who Is c*w at the front, In com mrud of tbe Union Ipk.s pur* .tug General Price, evye, tu his latest telegrams, tb?t lb* ma n re'.el army Is still e"st of r,.Ark" ater river. Ibis to legvrdei as Cavorable, to constderation tf the pre?eot diaptMiitloa of the ca tl. r.*l troc.e, rud giver I.opes that General TUisso.eua will t>e able to overtake and compel the ?el-e! cble'tatc to r.gbl. A large fores from Kansas City, Mo., nuder Geueral Curtis, and airo a considerable b.->dy of Kmzas mil.tla are moving eastward ujx<u rv too Tbe I tu- <?' on- St. Louis eorrcrpondvut gives an mVtc I rtv Uout of the movement* and CCL-lgf* of 11 cc rH'M 1: lr us oo-cpe rating rebel cl.ie's, of tbe datr? ?s t. ?i>d by thorn in their rarion<f raids, ,1 o: the urrat. ? -vf.ie ra.vdi for their overthrow at an ply day The ? t.^s "jot and prerenl cond.tion of J Irs la U - touri are also weil deecrtbol There are no -ter set* of hoe'.llity or new movereeole leuo-r ride lu fruit of Richmond and retercb rg to re port. What iu tbs military d!ctk?f.ary is termed qulet rert rtill pier ails, though a vast deal of ra"et tmpor t nt wo-k is coutanvly hefng' done The rebefe e net lone tbetr fl"1ng on tbe i'nteh Gap can^| and sun*', tower, without inflicting mu~h damage, and de ertem etill c tne into our lines In large number?. Tbe rebel rtm? t the Jvr.es are now plainly visible to our men, owing to ihe enrmy hiving rut away tfat woods on the river ttaak ?- as in c? lain a bttier view of cur work ing part.ea. Ibeso vessels, however, main'.aln a tixcreet SilrtiCA V*? bare no later re', able news of cot.wiuatce In refertrice to Geticral E-isrmea'c pursu't of U<?4 Ac oo'inta of rmail goor! U foray? rn lb? raiiroaOs on Cenrral SheruMtn'l rear at 111 continue totv rerortef ,b t tbrve have ociy a very triflng InCcence on the grand ultimate rrrult, and, *heo the main a-my of lp?<1 UdBpoeed Of, tbeee small anncyan a wl.l souo ?Mta / rncrnt rumber "f tl.e Augneta (Gm) Stnllnti siys.-' It Is well kn"?e tbtt General llood Is In the rear of kiber man's army; that do oar has paitod ever the rut* road for ten deys, end that Shermat'e auppliee aro comptaUly cot olf by that road. Ti>e fticbmoed F ?-> law seya tbal the rtportef tbe cajdif Rums, t-? rgio, iy tr.c rebel* le ealtreiy without fouedstlon, at a Macon pa.-er, 10 an evtrnct puhlianed la tb* Dot,aii* yctterday, h d prev umsty ackaowiefiped. lieaurogard Is said to have Joined Hood. The rebel accounts of rtUovd flevtructlocs and occupations If place? tr Eliermen i deparlmaut make a truly fjrm.Ja hie picture on i?per. According to u,e?? their picket" xe bow within one mile of Atiaota, at.d u.e eviru tl"n tf thai piece by Ike' Colon troopt 1* leered for dally. fL. bmeod uvwg^apers report that the Uaiud Sutca steam Nlpnon waa 'ately blown up sad ???* *y ? ?Lell tirod law be-" from *or' richer, below Wllmlog lon, Worth Caroline, while ah* was close la shore off that rebal wortC The Niplrm wua a very eT.clent Tease!, and had nude sot oral valuable captures of blockade runners. An exchange of all nata'. prt. altera, ofllcara and mua, on Doth aldea, baa beau effected between tba Union and rebel Commissioners, M-t)or Muilord and Judge Ould, and f.ve hundred of o r ofhears and man, belonging lo tbU branch af the national aarvioe, arrived at Kertreea Moa rceon Weduoa-lay of this weak, oa their way North The trial of the one bundreJ and t.'ty aaerobanta and clarea whose arrest In Baltimore and Washington on Monday I art, on U.a charge of being Implicated in block ade running, was m?ntioaed lo Tuesday 's Bbbald, wa# oomn juci u In Washington yesterday, before ibe milll lary oon-ir laslon of uhlch General Poubleday ia prasl dent. But little probe's was made in the matter, hew cve-. All a>ara of a rebel attack on Memphis, Tanner*#, tfd I r s,, cbpalk L. r-a militia, who ware all put under ar-ueshort time age, bare beon discharged, aad boatucae hat- beeu egain resumed. Tho rccactrebel demonstration tn the vicinity of trial city I* now idppasad to hare been oniy Intended to cover a movement of raiders into Ken tucky. The leader and a number of ethers of the gang of rebel raiders who, on the -lay before yesterday, made a descant from Canada Into St. Albans, Vermont, and rcbjjd (ho banks of that place and committed other depreciations, have been acre.-trd, and ona bundrod and flrty thousand dollars of the stolon funds have been re covered. Tho raiders were overtaken and seized In Stat,bridge, Farnhau aud other towns In Canada East, and the Canadian authorities are still in pnrsult of the outlaid yet remaining unariesi5d,?>f whose oapturo there are good pros poets. The Governor General of Canada has assured the Governor of Vermont that be will respond to the requisition of the govornmeat of the United States Tor these onui.nils by promptly delivering them up. This cuti age baa of course created groat oxcltement in Ver mont, and has put both the civil and military authorities thcro on tbe alert. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. A special meeting of the New York Chamber of Com merce was held yoaierday, to pay suitable respect to the memory of Mr. Joshua Bates, the late American partner iu the London banking bouse of Baring Brotners & Co. Appropriate resolutions wero adopted, romarlu were made by several members, and a committee of five was appointed to procure a portrait of tbe deceased lor the Chamber. The Board of Aldermen met yesterday. A resolution appropriating $12,000 for Wo Soldiers' Mouument at Cal vary Cemetery was presented and laid over under We rule. Tba Mayor sout lu^a communication relative to the manner In which We City Inspector manages We af faire of hie department, alleging that Mr. Boole Is In the habu of selling some of the otLcae Tor sums' varying from $150 to'l'fOO. The communication was referred to a special committee. Tbe Board of Oouncllmen ware In session yesterday. Mr. Jaques presented a preamble ana resolutions relative to the increase of fare on tbe city railroads, directing We 8ixW aud Eighth Avenue rellroads to surrender and trans for their roans to the Carporation of tbe city, oa We pay ment of the cost of the respective roads, wiW tan per cent advance, and that when transferred Way be leased for a limited number of years to the highest bidder at public auction, in the same manner as the ferry franchises of the city are now disposed of, and that the Comptroller be authorized to borrow moeey for We purchase of the reads. A motion to re'er the paper tn a special commit, tea was lost, whereupon the resolutions ware sent to the Committee on ltallrcad*. Ihe Board concurred with the Aldermen in directing the removal of We sign of the Aas.ar.my of Music now disfiguring Union square. The presentation of a resolution giving all tba theatres and I concert amoona in tba city the same privilege crested considerable fun; but, oa being put to vote, It was lost. The Comptroller aant In bta asual financial statement, trcni which it appeared Wat Wa balance la We treasury ou ihe Coib of Sep.ember was $1,645,680 IT. Ibe pay ments eiaoe then were $901,118 85, leaving a balauoe on the JV.h met of $014,f 60 ?5. After disposing of a num ber ol routine paper# the Board adjourned. 11 .ycr Cunther yesterday vetoed the ordinance of the Ct ramt'e council aipeadmf We ordinance ol 1859 eo as to ah.'i.sb the fee* allowed 1<Tpersons bringing Bwine or other cuttle to tbe public pouod, on the ground Wat each en .roiudfccnt would have Ibe erect ol removing all rc?t;:<iQt ru tho owners o.' cattle Within the city liintU. Wnle hl? Honor folt unwilling to iubjeot the oy^iere of M.lm"la to auy uunocc'sary tucoovenicaoe,he considered thai We nominal fees charged for Impounding cattle run ning at large would be far less than tnc losses wh.cb m.ybt be entailed upon tbe residents of the upper part of the i'ii.nd whose cattle might be lost or etoleu If no ordi nance or law exlatcd for the protection of sued property. Ibo Mayer also returned without Ms approval the reaolu tj-a of tho Commou Couuoil changing iho grade of Sixty fi'Ui and Sixty-Bixth streets and Intersecting tveouee. While he admitted the necessity of the Improvement, he wf.h! eld his sanction oa tho ground that the statute re quired We consent of two Wirdeof the property owners, wblci. bid not bceo given. The result of such a resolu tion, tf it wont into effect, would be, his Honor rays, to f.n.?a upoD toe city tho expense of the Improvcineut, w bd* all the ben lit woold Inure to tba owoers of pro perty in the uniaodiate vicinity of Woea streets and avenues. yeater lay onr various city rsllroad companies com menced We cole of paasooger ticket*, at the rata of eight for f- rty ona t enia. By tbe purchaao of tbeee tickets tho public will only have to pay above we old five cents Tare | tue additional two and a half par ceat which We Internal ttcvenue law authorizes tbe companies to charge; but We gre it difficulty about lb* arraogtitont la that Were tick ets can on.j l>e procured at Wa up town oOlcos of ike different rellroa-la. Ibe United stales Circuit Court opened yesterday for tbe despatch of business. Following the precedent In fimiiar cases, all regular business was set aside, In re spect to the memory of the late Chief Justice Taney, a eulogy upon whom wa* spoken b7 Mr. Daniel lx>rd Judge Nelson followed in a short but eloquently delivered rviims of the late Chief Justice's public service*, after wbuh the court adjourned to Una morning at s even o'clock. Two apothecaries la this city ware yesterday arrested en the aharge of sailing poison without proper promo tions. In eta case arsenic, with which suicide, as stated, was committed by a young lady, was, as alleged, sold to a little child by an apetbecary in Second avenue, wbo, en tnc censure ol a Coroner's jury, was required to find bail of one tbonasad dollars to await tba raault of Wa Grand .fury's Investigation. In the other oase a Hudson street apothecary was roqaired to give five hundred dol lars bati to answer Wa charge of aslllng laudanum with out placing on Wa phial containing it Urn necessary word ??poison." Governor Bradford, of Maryland. It Is aald, cinders that there M no doubt that tbe free cooetitotton of that Kate baa been adopted, and tba Baltimore Oonoclla, act ing on tbM teaumplica, last night proceeded to divide tbat city into Senatorial districts, as directed by this saw instrument. T no c.ntcienoa of British North Ameatcan provincial delegates bow In session at Quebec have decided that tho members of the Leg lata lira Oounc.l of their propoeed new confederacy aball be selected by tba legislative Councils of ti e set oral provto< w. wstwd * *>?'?? peep's direct. A Mr A. N. f. Hack delivered a laclnr# last evening to an ixteodicf'.y email audience. In tba large roam of tbe Co iwr Institute, bis enbjoct being ??Jeffereon Dev't, Historically l*u eldered.",Mr. Hark took apecial p*tni> to Ufi.rin tLe select fsw In sdv .nee, thai ha bad Just a few bourn Yafore entered hit oration In the Southern district ol New York, hinting Wat tba reporters ehonlJ govern ihomseltea ttoordlofly. We rogret to say that Mr. !!.'? oratlib was a vary teioe affair, and It la not probable, tbat tl-en givvu to the world, it will prrcvaa varj cffe< live i '- entry atgn document." Tbe lecturer staled Wat It waa rrper.cd Joff. w .? born out of wedlock; aad yet tie spent an tttt ug with iher-ibal ohief, In tompacy with other g*ctlemeu, at Wtahiugton, lo Uifi. lie g?va an..acta dA? rlptloaofMr. l awia' per- anal apyeavanoa, Informing Lit htarars that be had wide noelrila and d ficltut "cuo a eatlcuai.eaa." On tVelnoadty svectr.g last a ataMe conntctad w<th tbe Plverrlde Tralllnt I'erk. at i.oagwoo-i, roar Cam bridgwport, Maaa, waa harnad to the ground, aud saves taon very valuable Uutiln* human in It aara burned lo death ^ The a took m$|k?t ? ?? Men Mtd (er^gpk yeatard*. aeS n cenoret dwuin- look plu>*. Ttoe coar*? ?# fold *u downward. but lite uinrket ni without n*iob UMlMWi. tM fluotuwUoss were from 211 \ to 206X. OcvwumMli w*:e strong In lbs morntaig, but after wards because be?r>. There wee considerable ftrinnsea ui ooameroiel eirotee yesterday moruiog; but (be victory of fberktao bad the eflect o> uBectillog the markets, by oauilog a f?'! in g?id Very little butnnees wee done except in a few comm.>di line, and lb# bulk of the transact tuna warn cousuiuinei'd during the earlier part of tbe day. Groceries cotton and petroteum were quiet, Willi a lendeuoy ta favor of the buyer On 'Chaagc tbo floor market was dcpreneod nod 20c a tbo. lower. Tt beat was dull and unsettled. <Vo ?u ecarce and lo. dearer. Oate were Arm. lurk was In modei ate demand. Beef and lard were quiet and somewhat lower. Whiskey was flat. Freights were duU. Sheriff**'* Greet Viatory-The Polltl .Froiu tbe very jews of defeat, like Napoleon at Murougo, General Sheridan lias wrested one of tliose decisive victories which determine the fortuues of a campaign. It was a narrow escape. Our army on Cedar creek had been surprised and driven in confusion four or five miles, with heavy losses of artillery; and a dis aster, changing the whole face of tbe war in Virginia in favor of the rebellion, might have followed but for tbe timely presence of Sheridan at the front. In time, however, he speedily, by his prompt and skilful disposition of his faith ful and confiding soldiers, changed the fortuues of the day from an apparent defeat to the most complete and important victory of all our vic tories of the war in the open field. Desperate cases require desperate remedies. It was a desperate adventure on tbe part of General Lee to detail from Richmond to the Shenandoah valley, at this crisis, afresh army under Longstrect to replace tbe badly shat tered army of Early; but if jin doing this Sheridan could be defeated, his army routed and dispersed, thus removing all impediments between Lougstreet and tbe cities of Washing ton and Baltimore, then Richmond would be at once relieved, with the necessity devolving upon General Grant, of hastening-a large force from the James river for the defences of the national capital. In view of those advan tages the perils ef Longstreet's adventure were undertaken, because there was no other pos sible chance for relaxing the tightening grasp of General Grant upon Richmond. It was that last move of a desperate gambler, in which his whole fortunes are staked npon the turning of a singlo doubtful card. So, in proportion to the advantages anticipated by Lee with Long street's sacce8s, we must measure this stunning blow of Longatreets' defeat. It weakens Lee's position at Richmond, front, flanks and rear, so materially that in ail probability he will now very soon be compelled to adopt tbe alternative we have heretofore suggested as likely to be enforced upon him?of abandoning Richmond to lave tbe remainder of his army. Thus the Inflexible purposes and unfaHing combinations of General Grant are werking oat the problems of tbis war to the overthrow of the rebellion. There will be another-stam pede tftnoDg the gold gamblers, and another commotion among the spoils-hunting politi cians. On the one side, as usual, the glory will all be claimed for President Lincoln, and on the other, it will probably, as usual, be argued that a victory here or there carries us but a short distance on (ho long journey to the end of the war, aad that the only way in whioh it can be ended at last is in negotiations for peace, which McClellan and the democracy are tho proper instruments to undertake for un immediate and satisfactory adjustment. We believe, hojverer, whether Lincoln or McClel lan shall be eleoted in November, that the people of the loyal States, backed by the army and navy, will permit po to' ition of this mighty struggle short of the conjpiete hiumph and restoration of tho Union. We rely upon the people, upon General Grant and the army, and upon Admiral Porter sod the navy to carry us eafely through this contest with the rebellion, whatever may be the issue of the contest among the politicians. All the candidates set up by Ibcm for the succes sion. including the Cleveland, Baltimore and Chicago Conventions, are failures?political and military failures. The choice thus left to the people is a choice between two of these failures?Lincoln and McClcllao?a choice of evils* But whether it is to bo the one or the other for the next four years, the voico of the people ar.d the voice of the army will be potential against the scheming politicians In any case where they may attempt to barter away or trifle with tho great interests of the Union. The disastrous reign of the insatiable abolition war faction is over, and the copper head anarchical peace faction, put down wher ever it has attempted to cheat the people, will ?till be kept under foot The true heroes of this war ard saviors of tbe country?such as Gnat, Sherman and Sheridan, of the army, and such as Parragut and Porter, of the navy, aad tholr brave asso ciates on tbe laud and water?will not be forgotten by tbe people, though tbey have been overlooked so far by the politicians. Party conventions of mousing politicians have given us for tbe Presidency pigmies in war and statesmanship; but they will be overruled, and, in due time, tbey will be superseded by a race of giants, who have passed through tbe crucible of an experience wbicb separates tba gold from the dross. Meantime tho rebellion is reeling to Us fall from tbe terrible blows of Grant, Sherman, Sheridan and Farragut, and It will ba prostrated in tho dust, and tbe Union will be eared, whatever may be tbe issue of our national November election. Ths Pouosocs Odors or oca Citt Atnoo fbkrx.? On several occasions lately we called atteotion to the poisonous gates by which the atmosphere of the metropolis has been affected. In numerous cases they have produced sick ness, and in some parts of the city have ren dered continued residence to delicate people impossible. Various causes were assigned for tbem, among others imperfections or careless ness in the management of the works of tbe gas companios aucfthe storage of petroleum in large quantities within the city limits. Inves tigation, however, proved ifceae speculations to be groundless. It now turns out that tbe gases in question are evolved from the sowers, tho contents of which have been allowed to accumulate in and clog up tbe culverts at the corners of tho streets Instead of being cleared off periodically, as was formerly tho custom, by tbe aid of men specially employed for the purpose. Tbe Croton Commissioner*, who have tho management of the scwets, have, it seems, too much business of a personal nature on their bands to attend to tbe mutter. The con sequence is thet wo aro threatened with e pes tilence like those whioh In former years used te decimate qsc it is (or our oiU teas to consider whether they are to patleN.'/ ?wait its visit* donor take the remedy Into their own hands. The course to pursue la obviously at once to call a in bus meeting: to petition the Goreruor to remove from etlics the njen who are t! us InduTeronl to their duties. We bave seen ia the ca?e of City Inspector Boole hojr much a cousci* atious and encipetic public oClcer can effect in the way of improv ing the sanitary condition of the city. Be has spent a little more inoqey than his pre decessors, it is true, but be Las saved it to the community In the Inoreased comfort and satis faction they have enjoyed uuder his adminis tration. Let us endeavor to get rid of the* o Croton Commissioners, and put men liko Boole in their places. We shall then be euro that we shall enjoy an Immunity from noxious vapors and bad smells. N.joteon-fc VKwi of Oar Presidential lit lection. Mr. Pennington. the Secretary of the United Sates Legation at Paris, ha? just returned home from that city, lie reports to the government thai tho Emperor of France tufcos a deep inter est in our preseut Presideatial coutcst, and watch<?s it especially in the endeavor to find iu the result the true expression of tee American people, aud the real sentiments of the country upon the questions of uri'oa or disunion, w- * or peace. The Emperor, it is said, w'll lejrird the re-electioo of Mr. Lincoln as the deter mined and unqualified declaration of lb1* Autericau peojle iu favor of the Urton at every Lazard and through all the possibilities of war. He will regard that result as a con firmation, directly from the people, of all the statements that our government has mad* to European Powers to that effect. Ou the other hand it is said that he will regard the election of General McClellan as au expression of readiness on the part of the people to make terms with the Southern StatvR; to make a peace even that will admit the independence of those States. In short, that he will And ia the election of General McClellau. aud iu the temper that he will suppose it indicates, that very opportunity which England and 1 rauce have waited for?the opportunity for interven tion in favor of the South. Tbee* views may bo natural enough for a man at the distance of the Emperor, but they are nevertheless not true ones. No possible result of the present contest can be the ex pression of the American people in favor of peace and the independence of the Southern States, and for the simple reason that nine tentbs of the whole American people are un qualifiedly in favor of the Union. Many thou sands of men will vote for McClellan who are as unqualifiedly in favor of the Union and as earnestly opposed to the rebellion as is any man who will vote for Mr. Lincoln. Of this there can be no doubt. Tho Emperor does not make enough allowance for the schemes and screams of the factions. Excellent French authority has declared that the revolution which overthrew Louis Philippe was so far from being the will of France that it was brought about by tho clamor of a party that could not have polled honestly five thousand votes. An allowance in the same proportion must be made for the noise of clamorous dema gogues and fanatics in our oonteat. Many ol these In the McClellan party would have dis union for their personal benefit, and an nounce it even as oue of their party measures; but there are also fanatics oa the other side who would submit to dis union and even openly advocate it when they consider that it is nocessary for the abolition of slavery. Neither of these factions however, is the party that for the time boing ea*h adheres to; nor are their noisy declarations any fair representation of the principles of these par ties. Let the Emperor be well assured of this: foe American people, If they can ever be fairly and honestly brought out on this question of simple union or disunion, one country or two countries, will be found firmer than tLe Grecian phalanx for the one glorious govern ment bequeathed tbcm by the race of great men that has passed away. This will be shown in the next Congress, which will be overwhelmingly for tho Union. Moreover, if a President disaffected to the Union could bo elected, and If that President were disposed jo carry out tie measures of such a platform as that prepared at Chicago, he would be utterly unable to do harm. Ho would be completely checkmated and controlled by the patriotic character of Cosgress and by the grand deter mination of tbe people to carry the war through to an honorable pvace. Sh?rtd?B'i Vletorjr?Th* Destruc tion ?f Anuilio* K.fcel Armjr 1* tli* Valley. General Sheridan bas onoe more gained a great victory 1c the Shenandoah valley. As bis own despatch tells us, bis flank was turned and bis line broken and driven in confusion at daylight on Wednesday, by the rebel army of the valley under General Longstrcet. General Sheridan was then at Winchester, ten miles from tbe field of battle, and affairs looked badly for our valley army. On General Sheridan's arrival in the foeeasea, we had lost twenty pieces of artillery, and our army had been driven four tnlles. But then the hero gstbsrsd up the fragments of this beaten and breken fqree, put them In their proper places, breathed n now spirit into them, and at one o'olook la the afternoon stemmed the torrent of the rebel success. It was our tarn now; and at three o'clock Bhsridaa carried our army oa to an attack that broke tbe rebel army to pieces. "Very many prison ers and forty-three pieces of srilllsry" are tbe material trophies of thia battle; bat, ia other points af viaw, it is the most ramarkabl# battle ef the war. The account of it reads like the history of Alexander?all Is confusion and disaster till the one man comes on tbe scene, and then nil is order and victory. Even in the battles of Napoleon BoDapsrte there Is no single instance of such complete personal power resident in tho general as we find here. Achillea and Alexander are the only parallels to it General Sheridan away, and we were beaten. General Sheridan there, and Loug etrect suffers utter rent. If this man bad only been in command or tbe Army of the Totoiaao after tho battle of Gettysburg. how glorious It would have been for the country ! Sheridan's recent movements previous to the battle have naturally somewhat surprised many persons, ne bad beaten Early badly at Win chester; "whirled" him on to Fishoi's IHli and driven him from that position in complete rout. There was but very Utile left of Early, end It wii, therefore, a matter of surprise that Sheridan, instead of finishing that little that was left of Early and striking at Lynob bucgi rstraoed / atW SUunton anA seined *o relinquish ft portion of what be BicbiftuqA edltoN.; M\ th? mom e^rprlS; fut foment of Sheika's, of c? ? Vfttreat, and as the refc"!'!^ of worno ylctory pf which tbe^ bad never jeceived &? MWB' ^oui^ clearly saw tfctelulL ^ Sheridan's retro gade movement had a dee^K significance. General Grant waa probably of o/,inion tlmt Sheridan could render more effectivb .'?f*'?* elsewhere than In the ripper valley. fc*\nc? arrangements seem to have been mnd? to ??d>" p!y Sheridan by the Alexandria and Manassa* Gap Railroad and to establish a base for opera tions on the north of Richmond, and Sheridan consequently withdrew from the scone of his great victories to transfer his forces to the east of the Blue Ridgo and strike the rob ell ion in a more vital place thau tlio upper valley appdtred to be. Some uolays wore inevitable, for before Sheriden relinquished thu valley to operate, say from tho Rupidan, it was necos siry to fbrtifjr some points in tho vdlley sufll c'entlv to prerent another rebel promenade to the Potomac; but tho plun appears to have been carried on with ail possible rapidity. Lee knew that the railroadu for the supply of Sirondan from Alexandria were being put ic. order, and lie knew that Sheridan, who was evidently leaving tho valley, had not been forced out of It. Ho undoubtedly caw Grant's purpose, and saw how nocessavy it was to trik j a blow soon in the hope to break up us plan. Longstrcot, us more reliable than i arl/, was put in the val'ey, and apparently with twelve thousand new uiea. How much was -lett of Ea.ly's army it is iiupofsiblo to, say; but tho whole army was reorganized and newly supplied with artillery. Six days ego tire Strasburg people declared that Lor.g strcot'a force was the largest they bad ever I seen in the valley. Undoubtedly Lee had inade an exhacrdioary effort, and lent all his disposable power to achieve a success that I should turn tbo tide in his favor. At the same [ time ho gavo out in the army at Petersburg that a great blow was soon to be given to the ; Yauhees. He may have glanced at Hood, he ! may have glanced at Longstrcet, but he felt certain that one or the other would bear out ! his promise. General Longstreet with an army nowly organized, newly supplied aud in good spirits, followed Sheridan's retiring Bteps with commendable caution, and on the 14th in [ 3tanl Sheridan's army aud Longstrcet a army were, in military parlance, face to face. That is, Lcngstreet-on Fntday last w*s concentrated at Fisher's Hill, south of Stras burg, with skirmishers in the town; and Shori dan on the same day was concentrated on Cedar creek, with skirmishers towards Strns bnrg, and with bis left fiauk apparently on the 8U eaar.doah river. Sheridan knew that Long. strcet'swholo force was in front; but Long street appears to have thought that a good part of Sheridan's force was already east of the mountains, and that ho had before hiru only one or at most two corps. lie therelore supposed that he had an easy victory in the valley, and perhaps a second easy victory east of the mountains, alia error must finally be fatal to nil rebel attempts to interfere with Sheridan, whet! or oast of tho mountains or in j the valley. It is not. possible that Lee caa any longer supply the terrible drain that these valley campaigns tuako upon his forces; and his last immense effort to destroy Sheridan nr.d prevent the danger that menaces Richmond .on the north, bus net with moat disastrous failure. Can bo make another? Tub Rkpzi. Raid into Vermont.?The C una dian government would dc well to look sharply after the police of its territory. Unleis it does so it will got into trouble with u?. The ban dits who take shelter under its protection con not bo permitted to repeat such bloody forays as that of which Vermont lms just been the theatre. If piratical vessels aiu to coi. inn3 ?o attack us from its ports, and valdefs from Its borders are to carry repine and murder Into our peaceful towns and village*, it becomes a question whether a stnee of open warfare \v .uld not-bo preferable. IVo should then have the right of reprisal, and ecu I'd compensate our selves for the injuries inflict-"! upon ua. As it Is the disadvantages aro nil on our side. Our pcoplo will not continue to bear patiently audi a state of things. Lot tho Canadian govern ment look out, tLcn, or the Green Mountain boys aud the hardy lumbermen of .Maine will take tho law into their own bands. Tiiev will not trouble themselves to inquire Low far the protection of such acts compc.t with British ideas of neutrality, but will do justice on the . robbers and murderers wherever they may find them. If they should follow them iuto Canada, and do deeds in their turn that n. iy shock the notions or damage the properly of its pcoplo, the Canadian government will have itself to blame for it. The other British de pendencies, such as Nassau, Bermuda nud Neva Scotia--which arc regular nests of rebel pirutes? would also do well to give car to cur wari , logs. A repetition of tbe affairs of tho Chesa peake and tho Roanoke will bring noon them a sudden but mcmcrablo punishment. There can be no question na to their responsibility for these outrages; for they have not only fur nished the men and money, but afforded shelter to those concerned In them. In tho event of their leading to a war with Great Britain, as they unquestionably will if continuod. they would be the first thai would be made to feel tbe weight af our vengeance. Thi Qrnu.?n Polhito to night, with Oareizl-Zocabl m Pauline for the tmt lime. Mtaalniillao and Beflint nlao appear. Tlin Can ad inn Coaftdiratini Conf rebce. Ctrwenr. Oo?. *, 1?M. The Corfederatlcn Confer*? oe have decided, In refer pre# to members to the letteletie# council to the new confederacy, the; they he ?e eted from the m*ahcra of ttio legislative council of the several piovlncee, Inete-td of eleoieii bv ltie I rovi i.m i* f> lie mad* for the adm'sel'-a of repreetD tctivet trom Mm Ped rl?*r country. '1 tie c"Pferere* I* ro * nugftged Is the dlaciealow of the appointment of the representation of tfco Lower Hotter. Tbe Ureal Weateraa Haliwar. IlasiMo*. C. W.,Oct. 19, 1804 An entire chance lu the dl.ectorthlp of the Orea t Western Itallway le announced. The low directors are a < lo.ors. -Ttoaiae C. Hraet, of Niagara, II. P.P.; Hon. Win. MoM*?ter,of Toronto; P.Helnul*, of lUioll too, aad Charles liunt, or Lobdou, 0. W. Indiana pnnltwtr Pntr. IrPiiitacOMe, Ooh. 20,ltf4. The receipts of tbe Indians Banlte.y ietr jaet cirred atnoutited to $4C,OUO. ____ ('nngreatltnal Rewt??Moe. prntw, Oct. 10, lcr4. George* Btmtwtll baa been nominated by iherepnb. litem of tbe Su tenth dialrlct for re election to Cod (roes. Tbe Rebel Ritsonrre. to T?f ro:roa op tho diiuld. Prattles t ornraPtti,, New Yeaa.Oei. ?0,1104. tn P'ibiietilne tlie t.amta of prlponert arrived by thbi rlremnr yim bare the nc.Tia ef Maptaln H. T. Tbom?. V? should be Uaptaic H,1, t'uew. Assistant Inayctor ti'se ? ' " *'pi " 1 ? i .'ar TvipTPJYf Oaks and the s?tea dfty* battles. Bivo fmwid ? brigadier general, A0rVlii$& M the Popeeampaipt is Virginia he ooounwided Hooker. ' lie was about ihia tlur? J>" la command tf ? division. la (fee latter port of 1862 uSJ^M transferred W the Department of the Gult and assign#^** ? dirteton Mr the Nineteenth oorpe. He took part In WW eperatlsm^ against Port Hudeoa in the timber of 1888,e#freU ad other eatnpalgne in General Banks' department. (? tl(? transfer of the Nineteenth corpa to the North to ^tR lasi* General Grorer aaoonynnled hi* division, and M suite seen hard eervice In the Shenandoah yahey. . The llebet Cntial ttamitnri The rebel general reported to hare been wonudodV *od captured by General Sheridan Is probably Stephen D. .Hamseur, of North Caroline. He was bora In North Oirolln?Vnd was *PP?i?^d a cadet at the miliary Academy, at W?St Point, from theft Slate. Ha gradces* la 1860, and was ai'folrted a brevet second lioutea-ar ? the Third artillery. iT,ben the war broke out Rat *? left the United Slates Berries atd accepted the capta.r?? of Diie' flying artillery, a cwa raised In North Oaroih.?. When the war actitely opNjjd in Virginia his battery was ordered to the seat of war, aorfgeneral Rameeur bad since been figuring In various posttions in Loo's army. Ho wng promoted a brigadier general hi 1863, and oeae> manded for a time a brigade of North Carolina troops is Cetera) Karly a division of Lunrstroet's corps. Wham Loogstreh was wounded lu the bastios of the Wilderness and fcar y is :ura"t t.te command of his corps, General Ham?Mr wtu tonw-Ti'y prouicted to tlio command ?f E. rly i d'rislon. 11) w a acting la this captcily whom won ue i and captu.-ed on the lbth tost. Genornl Rasa sour to atlil a young man. RE'JCL ACCOUNT8. Knrtlxer from thr Rebel Victory of frV day L'.Mt?lbt Vxnktii K?atly Aaal. klialcili [Worn t!>o Richmond Whig, Oot. 10.] We caucot, Id the nbieoco of official information firm tbc valley, attempt to rcooncilo tho discrepancies lb th* rcportc'iff the itetlon which ruaoh us from Jay to day. LXtJlce* for us to kna-j th 't w. are pr<gre*.\ag w.e8s? ritury t? t!i.i' <jUrr'rr, nod It there!'.re rr at lore littt* whether our guecrssM tare been nchi'-vrd a II tie north* aisi or slightly southwest of Smith's blscu-iuilh stop W Jonec' cnli|fOnd. With tuks introduction, wo give M* budget from it? valley list right *e roporlod by paeaefe gera by tae Ccotrrl Gate. 'Ihey siy that on Krida* Early advanced a cavalry force to H^leye-shop, bey?*4 Eieboi'b Bill, w-tiere tto> wore pioiopily tnet by th* oociuy. Our cr.valry then retired to tbelr Infantry a*** poet, tne oiioroy, thmWine vre hud only civatry on ILeM In.uiofiiAlo tront. advanced, tell in tlio trap, and, to *M tbc tanguuro of our irfi rmaut.who toetr.ed to be tarribif In oarnest ?i relating It, nearly asutxhiiated the KarJkadt kit ing ?ne?t of those ufio xoer- not watte prison t^e. Kis'.i*r'e Hill 18 about ton miles thin aide ?w r> treses*? and twenty -nina Indus Ucu VfiucLosler. fitoiby's Oprratlnns on tbe Baltlirara and l)hb> itullrond?lie It paitl Cap* tnrlng two (nlted StatM PnymuiUra and a hai-fe Amount of Oierubaiilu* [Front tho Richmond Whig. Oct 1 h. 1 7he following o't'.obl despatch. re-cived this momhM at iht War 1 cpartnr.e.t from Ocuor.it Loo, shows that MB i->f'itcliable nod hrep<eesibie Mu?by Is again In thxadU die, carrying destruction and consternation In bis rwtM (!s?i day it, Richmond wounded aad eliciting tho sympa thy of every one capable of appreciating tho dartafi deed) of ihe brd.u.vt and most ettoeofsrul partisan Isi.di* the w*r has woduced?three days alter wards surprises* and scattering a Yankee fores at Salem as .If Ihoy BH1 frkhieoe.l sheep fleeing b.foro a hjuyry wolf?and thus before fro grrm roofs of tbe people are made aware m tea particulars of this dsrh ng crUoTeiront, Us ha* swooped around and cut the DalHcnore and OBI* road?tho great srte.-y of communication between Bast aud West, capturing a mall tr.iln and Content*, and constituting hliaaeir, by virtue or the etwn;tb si uis own right arm, aud the keen blr.de It wWMs, a rw? criver of army tuolo for tfio l'n:tcd Su'es If be gee* oo as he tu>? commenced clnce ins alts tit bleeding tM V*r)n es save hi -u. who can say that In time we will rut bo able to stop Mr. Trenhjlm's tnv-olne. and i*r au army off in greenbacks. I' h* b?? rot yet won a brtme> dier's wreath upon nts collar, tho pe?pie have plseM upon his br<>w one far tnoio enduring. llKAouc'jiKTiaa, Aa.ui Xoi.iurric Vinnixu, > Oot. 16, 1864. f lion. Jintw A. Sr.ctoy, Pcereitr? of War ? un itel 'th iust .Cult; el Mushy struck the Raltlii see nod uii'o rtsiiiead at Piifliald, destroyed the Ceiled State* nriki! train, c naisti <g of 1 enruouve and ton curs, sveae log twcniv prisoner* and h'tt-cn hoivos. Am org the prisnuera e-e two pay masters, with oco hundred ill alxtj cigbt ihcv.satid dollars la govtirniucnt fuodn. R K I.f.t flsuerfti lee bns not ere word ab"nt lar'y's defeat si Creole. The War Department U oqukl'y ?Dent. Coloatsl roivt'li't Operstlont la Lara* Valley?He shftu u ,?, pticw of CM Hon. .f. J. Crlr.tentlon. [l"r^ni the Hichtnoi.d Whig, Oot. 17.1 Tales o." airocity to.n to pill upon the !iouthormw| so are t'ley." Tliar-lluawgoxtiudt from a 1M* tor from too valioy will as're, bewover, to |>o!nt out two nt!' .r uns to our ircr. k<id lignt their way to the vol* of retribution. Powell cwmoke.;* Avenli's old duiaxa r a IVndorgast is oa t 'ins.'. Xhtlr oatnos vriU aot to* lorgolteii.? "Hi3 Ya; loos came if e*-ecte 'ly u:*>n two tr.etnhse* of Company C. firm har/lsod cavs-ry. nrnn-d C~cr-Uffll Crittcndoc ai d ?? Rartigai, vrlio U?u barn nut off frw? their company. Crllteuocu 10"^')' t* "m lo ite lust, ciiii tyitk every Rail uol of Lie pieUil atil wounmn* a Ya.ilee ilcul '.ani very sr. or. >y. TUa i rlso is s warm < .brougbt through Lnroy i;i cL rgo of n '"apt In rsndo?u gait t'.r'iiebdca v*.t. sight't nouoded boiore tairwa, I'tBdergas'. was vtry ronab t>' Una. TLrse uo us were taker, out by critrcf Colcnsl Towel! and were cut*, deal. 1 he reasont. :?c?! for hooting tiani was thai some of tl.olr men were ?.'io< wh !? burning b irrs. lru- d^ i oider ihal Colonel 1'owell hud UiiriOuto* fcmutig thu cit.eaca.? lltuo r/trr v, t'sm so Cava'Ry rHvi?;ow,\ Jirw-rvnT ?> W r-'T V|, Oct t, 1S H. f To TRS CiIiSLSJ Of rsott In: xtt, V k U\!l ? Th; tindsn ; el, c.v,...>kcdiug the Second cavalrr &? vislou, I'Sjia'tmeui oi tVcl vbgliils, Culled Stats* Army, baying !c aed thkl r.rtoeu clllrsn1, wi;nmoa^|f known ao Di!?!iwii"i.';e-s, t vo bnoa engaged In eratolv oturdprlug ? ntoa ? cldlTS belonging t" eotSP maud while i.u tho ' sciir a or ihMr rtatl?R under orMfe rrum ihe Major'icmrai c >mc-.auei.ig ibe niny, will, Ml retails!!' u lor ruch o'. ,ces tannin.ited, hp.ng cr shook until 'lead u? (d> G u;e ir.no toldler* mow h6.d by bis* a? prisoners of wofj f. r c;cr> oae t<i hi* cortituaad sr d"rid by ucu irtmu.-'iml v.T i.lro demroy nil rr> ;a Uci'ingto" to ti.i.se parties cow eeyajjed as -hueliwhi sr./." wnerovr luu-.a. W H. rtiWELL, Colonel Comaiandlng I'.vh? MB. K?W8 FkOrd WA3HINSTSH. Waswhoto*, Oot. 80, ItH. lHiAh or tt.R30ff? cnanKn wiTa iCBMoiini* ao PK TO Tlifc r.RBWbS. - The trial or cue hundred and nwy i<sifcrs rr<e*uy arrcrtoJ to VR-.rbiugton and lXtliuuro en the chary* *1 larrliblug g ' dr . the n.bcl", ctmntncod to d y befsr* acomirlcl of ?. l ed Cnaerat liou'ulcday Is Tiralds**, 7hs first ? it is'.ca tr> w tr tint of Johnson k Su.mo^ a tuiu,.'?s lft -a tr.ls city. The principal witness ws* > ardor Wti-'-y, a remdent cf llsrsacl usetts vh?n th* warbrok out. v bo tcflfcd that he wns offlclitlly e*^. ployed to i bf" blockads rui.nors, and also to oMafi* inforiratlon la ihe vail?/ from Motby, and other rtbek. As a ineins to this end he readied goods smeog than, fome of which ho purchased fmru the firm, who ws** Informal ot bis contrshsud trading, but set of tho ob.eck of it, nor that be was a dstectlro. rr.OBOTtov or jPirn* bom* as qfahtbriii*tx? . or 4'xta Aitav conri. Justin Rodge, cr CounocUen!, has born sppotate# chief (|narterm?tt?r of lbe3.xth Army corps, with 1Mb rauk of llcutensut colonel. Ke served wlib great #!?* tiaotlon in the Mexican war, a.ut at the outbreak of th* rebellion, having raised one of the flcst companies la MM aallve Htato.wae appointed c iplaln sod aasUtset term i. at nr. After having served merltorlou'iy at RuM ruo an.l with Oeueral Augur at Oedr.r Monntxla, he was -fftred the colonelcy of the I'lfih f^nceilieut restssaaC which, however, bo decliaed and, aoc-unpanylDg Ceaani Augur to New Orleans^ was appolotod eolcual of Me Ftrv* reg rnont engleeors (oolored). lb. was afterwards piac*C tn i mtnand of all the forces at Point Isabel, Texas. aaM at the end of that rampuRu, resigalng bis commlMl*aa returned to lbs Quartermaster's Department to isstlhB b j present prom' tlon. r.tru<nt9 pro* lA'Trr.i* vrjuifWTA. A great number of refugee* hsvs come In from BMfe em Virginia during tbs lait few d?yr, In conseffneifoa d^ the barbarities practlned by Uoshy'a yuerliies, wa?s *V retaliation for prompt tufas*res to defeat their proceed*, have tlircalor.rd to ox lennluate all the I'nlo* ma* tn f*b fex and tbs adjoining omirtles. Thl* wee* an order w*? lac nod by hoc by to kill every negro man who could b? lotndi urcoeN'TTToif op ronrto* conscls. The rrraldent has recncnisod Jeaeph Nicholas AdabrlaM Ben,leer as consul of tbe Hwlea Co.feder.tkm at Clnotj^ natl, for Dblo, Indiana and Keotocky; alw Henri ttdrlg aa vice coaaul of tbo oamo govo. nmoot at Chicago, M WlMonsiB, Iowa, Minnesota and Northarn RHnoM. rx*i?c?ltAt" Thurlow Reed arrived hero to day, and Is stopping ifif TVITwrd'o. "on. Joseph noxlo, of Now York, M elao N the city, U ?? understood, 0n important political beak* v aa. cenyel TwWado, Ihe disllegulehod Maxtca* oo*a. mender, arrived In town this mnrnlog, and, In oompa*M I with Honor Hcmero, the Mexican Mln^lrt. dlh** t