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NEW YORK HERALD.
DM SOROOI IBlVm EDITOR AND PSOPiOHOS. I, lonn or fpltom akp ussir srs. Veiu? Ww> 800 AMUSEMENTS TOIS BTBNISQ. NIBLOB GARDEN. Broadway.?Tbb Cbicebt. VAlXiOtl THEATRE, Broad way?Look Biroti Toe Emr WINTER GARDEN. Broadway ? School or BiroKK? Lors IK Utbki. OLIVIO TH&ATKB, Broadway. ?M iETt* Cbcziib Trt MBW BOWBBT TBEATRR. Bowery?Co.ttict Mar OKU?OlABCOAL BBBKBB?URFORIUKATM JOBB SmIIB. BOWBBT THEATRE. Bowery ? Lritaa?Soldier fob liOVR-MiLaureRB' Holidat. PKOADWAY THEATRE, 483 Broadway. ?Victim? rnni*! Lawyer. ?3PPOTHHATROK. Fourteenth street. ?Bqobitri ait, QmUnC AJTD AOROBATIO ENTKRtAUiMLKTR BARMUM'B MUSEUM. Broadway. -To* TaosB-Twe Ciaktb. Two Dwarfs. Ao.. st all hour* Peibohbh of Mrs. lbs ro?Hells of trb Baabkbmi?Pavl'b Bbtobn. bay sod Bventnx. EST ANTE' MINSTBBLE Meobsoios' Hall. 471 Broad. Bif.-Bn'orii? Sonus. Danesa Bpbibmpbb. Ac.? Too* Fnu ok i'B Kakfrt. WOOD'S MtJfBTRKL HALL. 314 Broad way. ?BfBIOFl AW BaBCS, UaRUA AO.? ruRFOBOIMB DoiiJ. CAMPBELL MINSTRELS. 199 and 201 Bowery.?Varirs ABO JUCOITtKG Mblanub or EruioriAjt Odeitibr BALLS D1ABOL1QUB. 583 Broadway.?Robert Hrllbb DOD*OHTII I1ALL, BOG Broadway.?Artrkob Ward Axoko tub Mo'JBON , AMLK1CAB THEATRE Mo. 441 Broad war BlLLsra PaMTOMIMBA, HuBLEBOUK*. AC.?UOBBKBS OF THh. BSATU. MOPE CBAFBL. 720 Broadway.?Woonaorrs'i Boaa Miab Trooi'W or Olasa Blowbka MIDLO'S SALOON, Bros 1 way.?Vocal and Initru. mbkyal Concert. BBW YORK MUSEUM OP AN A TOUT. 618 Broadway.? CuRioamaa akd Lictouiut. from OA. M. til) 10P. M. HOOLUT'S OPERA HOUSE Brooklyn. -Kraiom* Bomca. Dances. BcrlkiQPEA Ad. Stw Voile, TMuradnjr, October 97, 186ft. lHK SITUATION. It )? reported from Nashville that General Sherman vral quite recently ( bough the date la not given) ut Gayleaville, Alabama, a little north of the Cj fa river, pressing Hood, who la retreating southward towar a Gadsden, beyond the Coosa. It la said that Hood will be compelled either to move northward to the Tcnnes-ee rlrer, or to keep on southward to Jackaot ville, Alabama, moet likely the latter, aa be dare not stand and give Sherman battle. Qis army ia represented to be Buffering for food end shoea. The repairs to the railroad from Chattanooga lo Atlanta are expected to be complo.ed to day. The entire rai road damage effected by Hood Id hie northern movement was the tearing up of ?boot twenty-five miles of track. He did not take or destroy any railroad rolling at ok, and only two wagon loads of provisions, and bis captures of oar men only amounted to twelve hundred. This, we are assured by one of oar Chattanooga correspondents, was the earn of the injury done lo Sherman's communications and army by tbis expedition which we were so bo.^at togty see tired by rebels of all degrees, from JoX Davis down, was to effect the starving or capture of all tbe Unton foroes in tbe department. To offset thla Hot d lost about seventeen hundred men In fights and skirmishes, and two or three thousand more by dosertion, and la now Byiag an fast as possible before tbe pursuit of that very army which are this he was to have annihilated. ?aluable work progresses in tbe armies of tbe James aad the Potomac; but there le no fl|bting to report, tbe soldiers being permitted to enjoy tbe delicious autumn weather in peace aad quietness. Tbe Mexican Minis lor, Sonor Romero, aad tbo Mexican patriot ueneral Doblado have been visiting General Grant at hia headquarters. ? great scampering, according to tbe Richmond Whig, took place among the rebel gunboats in Jamie river, near Drury's Bluff, on Saturday las', by tbe opening on tbem of a hundred-pouod Parrott from a now battery wbioh General Butler has bad constructed near Cbapin's BiufL Considerable d mage was evidently done to tbe rebel fleet. A report oomes by way of Cairo from New Orleans to the edect that letters have been received la that city from prominent rebels In Richmond, stating that tbe archives and other rebel government property have been removed to Lynchburg. We beve no later intelligence than that published In tbe Hksald yesterday rogurdmg tbe battle In Missouri on Sunday last between the Union forcae and tbe army or Price. W# hav# Richmond paper* or Monday last. Tboy con tain, amoog other matter, an account of a meeting or the Governors or Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, held on the 17th Inst., la Augusta, Georgia, at which a number of resolutions 'were adopted, the spirit of which la that the last man, the laat dollar aad the laat negro muat be used, If necessary, for the accomplishment of aeparatloa from the Union. It Uaald that Yankee deserters aUU that sixty weasels of all claaaea, Intended for an early attack on Wllnatngtoe, are rendeavousiag In the harbor of Beaufort, H. G. Yankee raids to the towns of Woodvllle, Port Gibson, Otyka and Sklpwilb landing, In Mississippi, art men tioned, la which large numbers or beef cattle were se cured These are but a few of the series of successful and valuable expeditions from Vlcitsbnrg and vicinity trbieh General Dana has been for some time sending out, aod which have frequently been alluded to in the Kfaaau. The extensive rebel government wagon shops !a Lynchburg were destroyed by Are on tbe night of Haiarday last. Tbe Richmond Whig, with a great deal of satisfaction, figures oat that tba debt of tbe Called Stated la greater tbau that of Great Britain. Sheridan's maaniJcoht victory of tbe 19th Inst, was each a orusber toYbe rebeia that tbe Richmond editors are making desperate and savors to belittle lb Tbe En q*irtr, alluding to UM tnrning point In the battle, says ? "One of tbe moat brilliant victories or the war had been gained by oar troops, but in en evil hour, when ? portion of our nfbn were plundering tbe property tbey had captured, a email force of Yankee cavalry appeared oa oer left flank, the plunderer* took fright," aod thua their whole army was thrown Into panic, and tied In a disorganised condition, ft 111, It argues, this d* feet la only a temporary disaster, aod no solid result la at Heiaed by it for Sheridan, ??disgraceful th oogh It waa for -tie." The rebel cavalry, especially, are abused in strong ?derma for tbeir conduct on tbe octaton. Ten thousand ?* given as the whole number of Early's army Id tbe hat Hie, and thirty th usand aa Sheridan's. Tbcae Richmond papers claim aa their captures n neteen hundred Union hsiidiate. I We have received tbe address of General Beauregard ?a assuming control of tbe Military Division of tbe beet, at he style* his new department, In which Rood's army te a Sub rdloate command. In this manifesto Cetera! tv>aure,aid, if be does not exactly betray fears of having ,? ?military department wtthnat an army, nt least shows hi* artcui and immediate need of more men than be Anda MAect te his orders. "The army of Sbertean," ha says, "one and must' be drl van from Atlanta. " W# have ebtl Merit provhinea Tbe re arc meo eaoagh la lbs oouslry tutee t?. and tMe for tarvlre to aarompllak this rdealt." Met u eeem the will not come forward. !o fact misy m towe ?a ,. , r0fn# f rn fi bMk_ sm *?**? cwi?,ui "no tcitUuai pardon f |n*y will rtlun wiUtu Hurt/ days, and appeals 1* *? **?? to um their influence to SMtot hist to getuag Uieee w Into too BeM again * The Hot? Deportment bu reoelved intelligence or the capture by the gunboat JSolus of the blockage run meg etetaner Hope. Where or wbee ebe wee captured U not elated, in yesterday's Hiuld we noticed the recent arrival or the Hope at Nassau, N. P., from Wilmington. N. C., with fifteen hundred bale* of oottoo. She was built in England, and Is said to be one oT the beet and moot costly of the bloekade runners. The Anglo-rebel blockade running steamer Nando, cap tured on her voyego from Wilmington, N. C-, for Nassau, on the 21st tost., by the United States steamer Tort Jack eon, arrived at Boston yesterday- She has oe board five hundred baloa of cotloo. All the Vermont raiders now to Jail at St. Johns, Cana da, have beee easily identified. Several depositions to the case have been made, and it Is supposed that if the prisoners ere committed their trial will be transferred to Montreal. Brigadier General Dufie was oaptured by guerillas oa Tuesday evening, as be was riding from Winchester towards Martinaburg, in an ambulanoe. The escort who aceenspaniod him had fallen a short distance behind, and beiore they oould oome up to his relief he was carried off out or roach. MISCELLANEOUS HEWS Wendell Pblllii s, Ktq.. delivered an oration list even- | log at She Cooper Institute on toe issues of tho Presiden tial olection. Dr. Cbeevor presided and made the Intro duclory speech. A meeting was hold lest evening In the Athenaeum, Brooklyn, of ilio republicans of the Third ward of that city, at which It was announced that the Hon. W. 1*. Fessonden, Secretary of tbo lreasury, would speak. During the proceedings, as tbe evouing advanced, one of tho speakers Ftatcd that Mr. Fessoi'den had boon in at tendance, and bad iutcudcd to speak; but n sudden in disposition, though ol a trivial cbaruclrr, had computed him to relinquish the id u oi so cluing, add ho had coose queutly left tho meeting. This announcement had tbe cflect of materially clearing out the audience. Sevoral speeches were rand-*, and unusual OhlhUBUgm was ex b:l>uod on the military airl political as] eels of the couu try ne prosented by tho various speakers. Tbe General Commit! x of lammmy Hall repudiated the nomination -f Ai.foc llorrt k in tho Niutb Congros atonal district last evening. All the other nominations were endorsod. Anieettugof tho fpee'al Committee on Retrenchment and 11'jjf 1< the Board of AldermeD, to whom was rererrfOThPrges of n.3 practice in the City Inspector's Department, paillculi.ily in e communication from tbo tlayor, was held yesterday to tbe City Hill, Aide man Hardy in Ih? cn ir. Cwmg, however, to U.e absence of Judge Whiting, tbo Cily Inspector's counsel, tho exami nation of the numeiouc witnesses in attendance was post poned until Saturday next at one o'clock. A Grand Jury lor the United States District Court was Bworu iu yesterday, beiore Judge Sbipman.who malo the usual charge to that body, briefly referring to tbe class of offoncos which would be submitted to them, par. licutorly dwelling, h.wevcr, on offences agaiost tbe Postal law, tbe counterfeiting of. United States bills and cur rency stamps, the smuggling of foreign goods into our ports and assaults and outrages committed by officers of vessels on seamen. Tbe oourt then adjourned. Tbe World libel suit was up again yesterday before Judge Deonird, In tbe Supreme Court, Chambers, on a motion of Mr. Opdyko's counsel to strike out tbe cor respendence between Mr. Barlow and the plaintiff's counsel from tbe answers to the Interrogotorles relative to the ownership of tbe paper, lbe counsel for tbe plaintiff held that the c rrcspondence in quostioa was Irrelevant; but tbe Court thought otherwise, and decided that It should remain on the record. A suit (or seduction, uuder promise of marriage, in which damages are inid at $20,000, was commenced yes terday in the Superior Court, by Hiss Rosa Deei lea against Samuel < line The lady ia a mu-lc teacher, and Mr. Cllne a clothing merchant, and the two went together, in 1860, from this city to Key West, whore they both resided for Borne time. Their acquaintance on the voyage, according to the slatemeot of Mies Iieslslea, ripened, during their sojourn In the South, Into mutual alTectlon, and finally a pledge of marriage. Bat the gen tleman his tip to this time failed to make her bis wile, notwithstanding that the lady saya be is the fat her of a child, between one and two years old, of which she ia the mother. The only testimony of importance taken yesterday was the statement of the lady herself, of which the above are the loading tacts. The caso will be oontinued to-day. Nancy Trimble recovered a Judgment of $1,000 yeeter. day In the Supreme Court, beloro Judge Deris, against the New York Consolidated Stage Company, for Injuries sustained by being run over by one of tbe defendant's omnibuses, in October, 1863. Tbe plaintiff bad botb ol ber ankles broken, and one of tbem Is supposed to be per manently dialled. Tbe Kckbard abduction case was resumed yesterday before Judge Leonard, in the Supreme Court, Chambers The counsel were engaged in taking tbo testimony of tbe witnesses lor Mr. slegrist, who were anxious to leave town, aud came on from Washington ou purpose to tes tify- By order of the Court the evidence ia to be with held from tbe reporters until tbe examination shall bavo been concluded. Two men, named Patrick Conlan and Patrick Coleman, wore yesterday arrested and committed to the Tombs, In default of Ove llioucau I dollars ball each, on chargt of having stolen fonr thousand Ove hundred dollars from Martin W. Feely, a Councilman and merchant, of Pitts burg, Pa., while the latter was asleep. la August last ailk gocda valued at Ova thousand dol lars were stolen from tbe store of Campbell A L no, De troit, Mich. A few days ago flfty-one piecee of theee goods were discovered in an auction atort In Murray sweet, in tbis city, when tbe polio# set to work and traced them back to various persona through wboaa hands they hat passed tinea their surreptitious departure from I stroll, hut have nut yet been able to faaten tbe robbery on tbe guilty person, tbougb tbey expect soon to do so. Tbe examination In tbe case of Mr. Manning, charged wltb passing acme of the Treasury notes alolen from Brewster, Sweet A Co., of Boston, in August last, was con tinned yesterday In tbe Tombs Police Court; but nothing additional of Importance wis elicited. Tbe investigation will be continued to-day. Tbe twenty-Inch Rodman gun was tested yesterday at Fort Hamilton. It was first fired with a blank cartridge of one hundred pounds of powder; then wltb fifty pounds and a solid abut of one thousand and ctgbty pounds, and finally wltb one hundred pounds and a solid abot. At an angle of twenty-five degrees this abot was thrown four miles. Tbe full range of tbe gun ia thought to be be tween five and tlx milaa. Tbe atock m-rket showed a better feeling yesterday morning, which continued during tbe day. bat without much activity. Tbe gold market waa Irregular, and the price varied from 216^ to 212X, closing at 315Gov ernment securities were dull. The fall In gold late oa Tueeday night, and tha low quotations of yesterday morning, tended to depress tbe markets for almost every description of mer chandise, foreign and domestic; bat prices of tbe former were not materially changed before gold was again quoted higher. There was an unaettled feeling throughout tbe day, however, and business waa rastrlcled wltbio nar row limits. This waa particularly tbe caae with forelga goods. COlton, groceries, Ac., were quiet. Petroleum was dull and lc. a Sc. lower. On 'Cbanga tha flour mar ket opened 10c. a 16c. lower, bnt closed ratber firm. Wheat was 2c. a Sc. dearer, wltb an Increased business. Corn was scarce and So. dearer. Oal a were firm. Pork opened firm and mora active, but closed dull and droop ing Baef waa stotdy and In good demand. Lard waa more active, but lower. Whiskey and freights were vary dull. At tbe Delaware, Lackawanna and Waa tare Railroad Company's monthly sale of Scrantou coal yesterday twenty lira thousand tons were sold, at an advanoa over tha prices realised at tbe last monthly sals of from oaa dollar to mm dollar aid a (half. Five thousand tops of stovs coal, which In September brought only from sight dollars and three quarters to eight dollets end eighty seven cents, told yesterday for nine sard three quarters and tea dollars. The attsndiM* si the sals was largs, and the bidding very spirited. Qatar.?If ^allandigEam'is at the' head of five Land rod thousand conspirators against Ibis government, as Judge Advocate Holtjt Mary Ann Pitman and florae* Greeley assert, why ia he not arrested at onc?T Tun MoMRN K..lsta! r?Greeley, with bis five hundred thousand men in buckram. Oar P??? VUlnat?M-Tke of lb* Rebel AtMtee The Chicago platform denounces this war for the Uuion as "a failure," and demands that "Immediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilities." In this libel upon our gallant and victorious soldiers and sailors, In this scanda lous peaoe offering of peace-at-any-price, the leaders of the rebellion recognize "a ray of light." They bave accordingly become, al though in "the last ditch," more insolent and defiant than ever before. They avail them selves of every occasion to tell as of the loyal Stales that they will bave no peace which does not recognise a Southern confederacy; no armistice which doee not concede the equality of the spurious government at Richmond with the national government at Washington; no convention of all the States which does not involve the complete dissolution of the Union; they will, in a word, have nothing but South ern independence or Southern subjugation. The subjugation of the rebel armies thus becomos the first essential to peace. We have no alternative. Our only peacemakers are Lieutenant General Grant and bis able subor dinate major generals and the armies of the Union, co-operating with AdmiralB Farragut, Porter and the navy. We are satisfied, too, with the progress of their negotiations, and we are sure that they will result in a solid and enduring peace. This, then, is the ground work, the foundation of the Ubkald Presiden tial platform?the demolition, dispersion, dis solution, and absolute subjugation of the armed iorces aud war leadors of the so-called "Confederate States." They will bavo it so. We must put them down or they will put us down. We must make good the great and glorious fabric of the Amorican Union, or they will destroy it. Short of a Southern confede racy, there is nothing in the future for Jeff. Davis and his a^ociate rulers but an infamous death or an ignominious exile. Of course, then, tbey will Gght to the last, and we can have no peace, if wc would maintain the Union, except in their overthrow and expulsion from the country. The organization of their mock confederacy was the work of a reckless conspiracy, in which fraud, robbery, terrorism and the most outrageous usurpations were the means em ployed. Excepting South Carolina, every State involved in this rebellion was thus drag ged into it against the wishes of a majority of its people. Virginia, for instauce, upon the direct question of the Uuion or a Southern con federacy, elected in February, 18G1, a State convcuton by an overwhelming popular ma jority, and by a corresponding majority in the convention, in favor of the Union; and yet that Convention was dragooned by & secession mob, and by tho bombardment of Fort Sumter, into the service of South Carolina, and, as her drudge and packborse, to bear the. heaviost burdens of this war. Thus, too, were all the unguarded border slave States coerced and be trayed. The conspirators wbo did this work still hold the whip hand over the Southern peo ple thus entangled in this suicidal revolt Let them be relieved of their despotic rulers, and we shall bave no difficulty iu restoring the Union. General Grant, therefore, beads our peace commissioners in tnis Dusmess. That great bag of wind, Vallandigham, the Hon. Ben. Wood, and all the noisy copper heads of the North, have much to say of th:s Lincoln despotism; but it is a despotism over flowing with milk and honey?it is Paradise Lost to the Southern people, compared with the savage, remorseless and frightful despot ism of J< ff, Davis. A prominent Seuth Caro linian, the Hon. Mr. Boyce, before his own peo ple, has recently sketched it, and a more re volting picture of a military reign of terror and absolute despotism has not been exhibited since the days of Draco among any intelligent people under* the sun. The legitimate and absolute autocrat of all the Russias, in at tempting such despotic powers as those exer cised by Jeff. Davis, would be speedily burled from bis throne. Nor can Mr. Boyce promise anything better tfc&n an absolute monarchy or a military despotism with the success of Davis. The necessities of bis position, if successful in this war, will make bim just such another dis penser of Southern rights as the late Dr. Francla, that terrible tyrant of Paraguay. Wo contend, therefore, that, even for the salvation and liberation of the Southern people, groaning under the horrible despotism of Jeff. Davis, the Union bayonet is our ouly peacemaker. There Is no other. This is our position; this is the verdiot of the people in our late September and October State elections; and this is the main test, tbe great issue upon which the Presidential election will be deter mined. The intelligent, experienced and sagacious people of the loyal States are not to be deluded by false issues, side issues or dead issues. Democratic principles are ali claptrap. Republican principles are as weak as moon shine if they stand in the way of this first great necessity to the life of the republic?the sap prrssion of the rebellion. Hore, then, the question resurs, bow stands President Lincoln, bow stands General McClel lan, upon this vital proposition? We know the position of Mr. Lincoln. He is prosecuting the war and is pledged to fight It out So far, therefore, we are answered in his behalf. But what says McClellan? He says "the Union at all hazards." Good. But what else does bo say? He says in his letter of acceptance to the Chicago committee, "so soon as it is clear or even probable that our present adversaries are ready for peace upon the basis of the Union, we should exhaust all the re sources of statesmanship prctised by oivilised nations and tanght by the traditions of the American people" in behalf of peace. This ia good, liberally construed; bat we went some thing more definite from General McClellan. His leadisg New York ergons, the World and Journal of Commerce, advocate an experiment with "the resources of statesmanship," upon the peace programme of the rebel Vice Presi dent Stephens?a convention of all tbe States? in which tbe absolute sovereignty of every State shall be conceded. Tbe World thinks that under this programme "our present adver saries are ready for peace upon tho basis of tbe Union." It Is plain to see, however, that this thing, in tbe condition preoedeot, moans a dis solution of the Union. Does the World, speaking by authority of Mr. Belmont, speak the voice of General McClel lan on this subject? We do not like this beat ing afcout the bush. What we want to know from Ge flora I McClellan is this:?Is be in favor of war, or General Grant's peace policy, until the war leaders of the rebellion am put down, or so far subdued as to signify tbelr readiness to disband their armies, in order that tbe rebel lious States may be r jstorc^ to the Union, lb* restoration of their representatives to both bouses of the Congress of the United States. We bare tbree planks in oar Presidential plat form. Upon this first plank we aocept Mr. Lincoln as he stands. But we want an answer from General McClellan. The Reported Draft s Fiction?ffce Deal Plan by wbleb Our Armies nre to be Kept Fnll. It has been widely reported that there is to be another draft Immediately after the elec tion. This story is false. It was invented, of course, for electioneering purposes by the party which just now makes it its principal business to let the people know a great deal about the horrors of war and the beauties of peace. This party has spread the fiction indus triously, in the hope to frighten a man here and there, and thus to influence a vote against Mr. Lincoln, who is understood to be the father of all tjje drafts?thosgh, we believe, there is no doubt that the man who first urged the en forcement of the draft was General McClellan. There is not to bo another draft, either be fore the election or after it; but of course the government- will soon want more men, and we are therefore glad to tcarn that measures are finally to be taken to establish a sensible, per manent recruiting system. Men are.not scarce in this oountry, and the last call has demon strated that by proper measures and a liberal bounty any number can bo had. Men can be bad in the Western Stales for throe hundred dollars. It is proposed to oifer five hundred dollars as a permanent bounty. This sum makes au allowance for the various expenses of the recruit, or even of those who find him and bring him forward, and still leaves a good margin for the benefit of the recruit er liis family. It gives a good sum, also, as a basis for the opera tions and activity of that large number of persons who will thus be induced to lend their energies to the good cause of filling our armies. Recruiting will thus become a permanent busi ness in the country, with ranwficotions in every city and village, and will, for tho first time in the history of our war, be effective and produc tive of great results. Not Oiily will this system enable the army to draw regularly and properly upon our own population, but it will also tap for our benefit the immense and discontented population of Europe. Much has been said in British papers of the activity of United Stales army agents in England, Ireland and Germany. Up to the present time the army bas not been greatly in creased by their efforts; but It may bo supposed that those efforts have by this time made it pretty well know? in those countries that large snms are paid here for soldiers, and that is enough. Hundreds and thousands of families that have looked longingly towards a life of comparative afliuence in this country, but hardly hoped that they would ever have the means to come here, will now see the way clear. One son can pay the passage of father, mother and two or three sisters. Two sons can pay the passage of all the family, and have enough left to buy a farm in tho fruitful Western acres. Lot it not be thought that this is visionary. For generations the German and French peasants have reasoned in this very way. One son has gone into the army to insure the comfort of the rest of the family, in mil lions of instances,'in that very class of peasants who now have the most ardent longing to come to the United States. Thus, this system of "per manent bounty, while it will keep up the army, will also'prove to bo a great eastern of induce ment to emigration. Properly worked, there is hardly a limit to what can bo done by such a system both here and in Europe. It can be made to give us half a million of men by next May?and should do so. This system will, we have no doubt, most triumphantly prove that we should bare done better if we bad never bad any draft at all. Nkw3Pipbu Enterprise.?One of the olty journals, in calling attention to Jeff. Davis' speech at Columbia, S. C., assumes to itself credit for great enterprise in publishing seve ral extracts from rebel papers ahead, as it claims, of the other city dailies. All these ex tracts, including Jeff. Davis' speech, were in the Herald office on Monday, and the speech could have been published a day earlier than it was given by our enterprising journalist; but it was deemed a mere rehash, and as such we left it over for more important matter. But while our republican neighbor is tbus boasting of publishing rebel news ahead of all others it has not a word to say why it did net give accounts of the late splendid Uuion victory of Sheridan in the Valley. A Curious Rumor from Washington.?It will be seen by our Washington telegraphic despatches that it is understood there that a letter from Mr. S. L. M. Barlow, of this city, to the rebel Secretary of State, in which the former is reported to intercede for the release of a Hkrai.d correspondent imprisoned in Rich mond, bad been intercepted and was in the hands of the government This is news to us. We bad about a dozen or more corres pondente in rebel prisons and camps. Some remained there only a day or a night, and managed to esoape without the inter cession of anybody, especially that of Barlow. Another escaped while discussing with Stone wall Jackson a point of international law respecting the rights of correspondents to their pereonal property. While the discussion was going on the Union forces made a rally and a dash, and Jackson skedaddled without settling the point in dispute, leaving the correspondent to look out for himself, minus bis horse. Other ?brald correspondents have been imprisoned for various terms, from six months to one year, and yet we never knew that Mr. Barlow inter ceded for any of them. We would like to see this intercepted letter. It should be published. Be*. Wood's Twibtinos and Turninos.?The Bon. Ben. Wood wrote a letter on Moiiday to the Mozarters of the fourth district,* decliulng tboir little nomination for Congress, la this letter be claims that the offer of a nomination was an endorsement of bis peace principles. Immediately after bearing the letter read the Mozarters endorsed the nomination of Morgan Jones, who Is a Tammany man and a war man all the way through. What, than, becomes ef Ben. Wood'a peace principles? Wa era glad that Ben. 1s going to leave politice and attend to Ms policies. Ua understands tbe lottery business batter than any other, and among the ooogenlal associations of 4?11?44 ha will ha more distinguished than ha aver was la Con gress. Thrkr Political Witcana?-Judge Advocate | Holt, Mary Ann Pitman and ilornc^ Greeley. Wletf# CnvwUm Turned Im ?M? Oat The letter fron ValUsdifbam, whlrt we pub lish is Mother column this morning, la a new proof of oar repeated assertion that political conventions are mere conglomerations of roguery, bambuggery, deception aed intrigue. Irritated at tbe attach made npon him by Con fidence Cassidy, of tbe Albany Argus, Yallan digham spitefully tarns the Chicago Conven tion inside oat and exposes its rascality. IT somebody would be good enough to serve the Baltimore Convention in tho same way it wouid be found jnst as outrageous a humbug. Wbat tbe Chicago Convention was, ail tbs political conventions have been for tbe past twenty years. Tbey may be briefly and truthfally described as great congregations of unscrupulous politi cians, among whom bargaining takes tbe place of prinoiple and expediency is substituted for patriotism. Mr. Yallandigham informs us that there were two "rings" in the Chicago Convention. One of these was the Northwestern, or copperhead ring, which was led by Yallandigham himself. The other was tbe Eastern ring, which was led by Confidence Cassidy, the batcher boy of tbe Regeucy, and may be oalled the brasenhead ring, on aocount of the Immense amount of brass in the faoes of Cassidy and his supporters. Yallandigham was backed by the five hundred thousand men in buckram, who, aooording to Judge Advocate Holt, Mary Ann Pitman and Horace Greeley, constitute a chosen band of Northwestern conspirators. Cassidy, ou the other band, was backed by Dean Richmond, Peter Cagger, Governor Seymour and the rest of the Regency. Seymour was a compromise candidate for chairman, being supported by both rings, and tbe real battles occurred, as Yallandigbam hints, upon tho platform and tbe nomination. . With the triumphant air of a mighty conqueror Vallau (ligbam announces that be wou tho platform, and that bo "wrote tho second?the material resolution, and carried it throngh the sub com mittee and tbe general committee in spite of tbo most desporato and persistent opposition on tbe part of Cassidy and his friends.'' This victory, of which Yallaudigliam seems so proud, will stamp him as more infamous than ever. It is the Chicago platform, and particularly tbo second resolution of it, which is so unpopular. The second resolution calls the war & failure and prates about the cessation of hostilities; and it is this which Yallandigbam glories in having written and carried through. In this, Yallandigham, like Dogberry, writes himself down an ass. If McClellau be defeated be will owe his defeat to that second resolution; and if he be elected it wilt be in spite of tbe Chicago platform. Thus Mr. Yallaudigham incurs the odium of McClellan's defeat, if he be defeated, and debars himself from deriving any bouefit from McClellan's election, in case Little Mae carries the day. We thought that the Ohio martyr was more sane than this. We did not imagine that tbe great copperhead, like the small vipers, would sting himself to death because Confidence Cassidy's fire grew a little hot . ? Mr. Vallandlghara goes en to say that he voted against General McClellan on the first ballot?which was very complimentary to the hero oF Antietam?but afterwards changed his vote and tried to injure McClellan by voting for bim. Then he asserts that he has spoken as often for McClellae?which we are very sorry to bear?as any other democratic orator. He denies that he was "in a miserable minority at the Chicago Convention"?although bis faction polled only twenty-three and4a half votes?and insists that he managed the entire concern, with the exception of McClellan's nomination, and that he not only built up the platform, bat even defeated Guthrie, of Kentucky whom tbf Eastern ring desired,to have for Vice President If this be true, it completely justifies all that we have ever said of the deceit and swindling of political conventions. It shows, too, how such a contemptible and insignificant wire puller as Vuliandigham can hamper the move ments-and damage the prospects of such a can didate as McClellan. Here is a mean and treasonable resolution put forth as the platform of a great party, and yet it turns out to be written and carried tLrougb, " in spite of the most desperate and persistent opposition," by a half-crazy, half-rebel peace politician! Here is an officer, a patriot and a gentleman, like General McClellan, called upon to endorse and sustain the silly concoction of a malicious little copperhead! We could ask no more damn ing commentary upon the political convention system. Instead of representing the people and the sentiments of the peoplo, it represents only such fellows as Val landigbam and such sentiments as their lunatic or traitorous pens choose to put upon paper. It is well that General Mc Clellan bad the manliness and the independ ence to throw aside the Chicago-Vallandig bam abortion and lay down a true Union plat form of bis own, and it is well also that Pendleton has at length discarded Vallandig ham and all his works in letters which endorse McClellan's platform. Every intelligent demo crat knows that if McClellan had been nomi nated without any political convention or political platform be oould be elected much more easily, and that the Chicago Convention, with its disgraceful resolutions, has been al most the sole obstacle in his progress to the White House. Every intelligent democrat knows that Vallandigham's presence at Chi sago, bis Bbare in the platform, his vote for the nominee and his speeches since the nomi nation have done McClellan great harm. Val landigham is not a great man In any sense of the word, but, like other small fry, he is a great nuisance, and the convention system gives such nuitences great opportunities to do injury to the candidate and the party. Let us all re member this when another election season comes renod, and let General McClellan and President Lincoln strike the first blow at the system by replying to the Herald platform and the Herald nomination. An Error CoRREoraif.?Vallandlgham says that "the people laek confidence in Cassidy." Why, the very name of the batcher boy of the Regency ie Confidence Ceeeldy. He is a poli tical confidence man. Brbakino Ur.?The solicitude of the Daily Nevoitt* the welfare af Hoed and Hood's army? with which Davis proposed to; help elect a peace candidate?is, as oar readers know, vety greet. The Nnet cm always tell to the smallest atom the exaot danger that Sherman stands In, and bow magnificent Hood's prospeete are. Its refusal to believe that Atlanta hid been surrendered was a groat pieca of rdf-dsnlal. Put the Hon. Ben. Wood has found It necessary to leiri the political field, tad ire cm sssuro bim that hie fellow laborer, Hood, will soon bare to leave the military one In the hopeless and helpless way. NEWS FROM WA8HIH8T0N. Wawwuio*,Oct. 28, 188A. orfkjial befutatiom ov unfoundkd reports ks L1TIVI TO THK CONHOUniOH AM? 4 FRESH BMfl or soLDiBas, etc. The statement to U>e World, purporttnf to lure boss Mot from Washington, that ProTOtt Marshal General Fry bad officially represented that tbs eoosortption law U a failure to obtaining soldiers, sod recommending tbs repeal o( the substitute clause, and tbe compulsion el the personal serviee of drafted men, and aleo that Mr. Lincoln will, If ra ateoted, call for a peremptory draft of three hundred thousand men on the 1st of January, ? pronounoed by General Pry utterly unfounded and devoid of truth. TBS OBBBAFBAER AMD OHIO OAMAL AO AIM OPS*. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Is seal* >? successful oporatton throughout Its whole length. Through tits exertions of Colonel Spates, twenty boats, ooutalning each one hundred end fifteen tons of coal, arrtva daily s* Georgetown. RUMORED ' 1NTBRCSFTSD LETTER PROM O. L. M. ESS LOW. It Is understood that the government hue received as Intercepted letter from Q. L. M Barlow, of Now York, to the rebel Secretary of State, (Benjamin), to which, it Is stated, he (Barlow) urged upoo the reoel authorities, as a perse Dal favor, the release of one of the Hbrald correu poodents, Imprisoned lu Richmond. WS are our tons to know hero what this mesas. TBS REVENUE DERIVED PROM INTERNAL TAXES. The last report of tbe Commissioner of Internal Revo' nun shows that the Income or the government rrom Inter nal taxes Is shout $10,000,000 A month, or nearly $200,000,000 a yssr. BCBSOIUPTIONS TO THK OOVSUNBENT LOAN. The subscriptions to the eevon thirty loan reported to tho Treasury Department on Monday and Tuesday amounted to $067,700. PROMOTION or GENERAL UZOKBrTd. Ceueral RicUotts has been made a brevet major genera by tho President for gallant conduct during tho war particularly In the battles of tbe present campaign under General Grant, tbe Monocaoy, and the Opoqueo, Fisher's Hill and Cedar crock, In the fiUonaodoah campaign 01 Gcueral Sheridan. Tho commission dates from iholBtl Instant. The General Is now recovering rapidly rrom hK wound. SOME OF SnRr.IDAN'8 PRISONERS 8BNT TO 8T.UIRA A large number of tbe prisoners captured by Goners Sboridan huvo been sent to the ctmp at Elmira. MOVEMENTS OF HOSBY'S OOKRILLAS. Since General Augur placed I ho guerillas on the tratr running from Alexandria Mosby haa ceased annoying th railroad and abaodonod that section of the country. Fo several dsya nothing has been heard or bis gaog THE MKLT1NO OF IBS BOARD OF TBE 8ANITABI OOMMISHIOM. The quarterly mooting of the Board of the SauHsr Commission is still in session In this city. They has under consideration and will probably deoide to Issue financial statement of the receipts and expenditures < lbs commission from ths commencement to tt present time. This statement will ahow tbe vab of the contributions to exceed seven millions ?! dollars. They have also to deviM measures to reawaki the Interest of the publio In the operations of the oos mission, the contributions or supplies, ho., having tall* off tbroe-fourtbe aloes tbe series of fairs In aid or I | funds were inaugurated. Thaee fairs In their resul were of questionable benefit, aa they have caused Urge a diminution of private contributions, upon wbf tbe commission bad previously retted to carry out f| work. A COLORED UNION SEAMAN BANOED BT REBELS. One of the returned navel prisoners reports to the Bern tary of the Navy officially .that after tbe captare of tbs pi . ty,of which ho waa In command, on Magnolia beech, ns Murrel'a Inlet, S. C., on December $, George Brtnsmaid, colored Isndsmso, was taken by two of the eavalry whom they were captnred, and waa by them hung ? then shot, ha being a prisoner of war at the lime 1 Satemenl of these men waa subsequently confirmed several officers. ARRIVAL OF GENERAL WOOL. Major General Wool arrived here Ibis morning IF New York. ENLISTMENTS FOB THE MATT. Nearly Ova hundred men have enlisted here for I navy since last April, of whloh oamber but three w rejected upon examination. THK OAHrAION AGAINST THE INDIANS. The Army and Nary Ga:etU this Wtek publishes s r lengthy report of General Sullj ot bis Nojt? dian campaign. He sgys that hi lis perfectly satisfied Ibi Imp^flcafciiliy it A r?htf tor emigranla over j-oute. He reporte that all the odontry in the vJclntt; Liule Missouri river la broken, and forma exeSiUolI toot Ion la avery part. TBE TRIAL OF HA HILTON, EASTER A CO., of Baltimore, charged with aaflng goods to bloek runners, was cooomosd to day. Pardon Worsiey the principal wllaeJS for the government. Tbe evtdo waa pretty much tbe same as that against Jobnsoi Button. Altar bis testimony tbe trial was postponed til Friday to enable the defence to procure their ? n oases. To* Orwu.?A im of alike and dlamooda, of fair fi and bright smiles filled the Academy of Music laat nt at the repetition of i-'auat. Tbe opera waa given wltt naual caat and ita oaoal auccess. H will be repeal* tbe Saturday matinee. Tbia evening Toll a to will be ) dticed In Brooklyn, and to-morrow evening it will given again In tbia city. Next week lira. Van Zand! make bar debut In Rigoletto. The Chicago Convention Turned Inal Out. LBTTBB PROM HOK. C. L. VALLANDIOMAM. S.'iERMaa Flora*. Cmcaao, Oct. 35,186 Tn the World of tbe 30th I obeerve an article, cv from tbe Albany Argut, relating to Judge Advrw Hoi t'a "Great Copperhead Conaptracy," and which tain* the following:? Mr. Vallandigham waa In a mlaerable minority In Chicago Convention. He eought to be ehelrmao or Committee on Re.ol itiona, and waa beaten two to one. led the opposition to McOlelian. and after hta letter ol eeptanoa threw tip bla engagemeats to apeak. Now I hive rofraioed In every speech eveept flret?end I have made many In support of tbe de* rrstic candldnton for President and Vice Presldeat~r J any allusion to tbe private history of tbe Cbloago ? ventioo.nod did nut propt lb to refer to It further after tbe eleclloo. But I do oot cboose to suffer tbe f going to past unnoticed eveo now. It would be dim to oompreaa more misrepresentation, in a small v? wltbin tbe same compass. 1. Mr. Vellandlghem was net "in a mlaerable rrloo at tbe Cblcsgo Convention," and no one knows It ba than tbe man Cassldy. who wrote, and Marble. ? endorsee tbe statement. Tbe latter 1 hand over to Mayor Opdyko for judgment. 3. Mr . V. was uot" beateo two to one" for the cbelrn ?hip of tbe Committee on Resolutions. Through tbe < toes of Caaoldy, Tllden and other New York pollllcl Mr. Guthrie, of Kentucky, received twelve votes to eight for that poet but Mr. 0. waa himself afterwards pbatlcaliy repudiated by tbe Convention when prcser by "the ring'' as tbelr candidate for tbe Vice Preside! Mr. V. wrote the second, the material retiluitee of Chicago platform, aad carried it through tbe snb-e mlttee and tbe General Committee, In apt to of the n desperate and peralaleet opposition on tbe pert of Cast and bit frlenda, Mr. C himeelf, la an adjoining ro laboring Io defeat It. But: is various substitutes nt at any time reonlved more then three votaa. 3. Mr. V. did aot "lead tbe oppoeitloa to McCWIa but confined bis efPirm almost exclusively bn Uie (V1"* of platform. Ha dldSndeed, vote agatest General Clollaa on tbe grat, Ml for blm ea tbe revised ballet, moved that tbe nomination be mode nnanimous, wh upon Caeeidy tbrew up hta bat aad shouted, and he all bla fellows proclaimed Vallandtgbam a very pr< oaae. d. As to engagements to spend In support of the mocratlc candidates, Mr. V. baa fnlOlled aa many as democratic speaker In any Bute, end is now here in noieoolbe same errand; end. without immodesty, may eay that be baa aecompilarved unite as mucb of. for tbe cause sa Caastdy sad bio A rout. Tbe people la CMaldv. 6 Tbe secret of this and aim liar aseawMe on l.bopai a certain elaas of Now York poMMotaos is that tbsy not "use" Mr. VaMaodlgbam. Of on# thing further tbam bo aaanred?neither can tbay kill blm. it. Aa to tbe charge of ??coneplracv" set forth tn J< Advocate Holt'a pamphlet, nod the eleven apeclB" i summed up by Mr. Horace Breeley. ! bare only to that, go far aa I am eonoomed, tbey aro absolute i beoda aad fabrtoatlooa frone iwglaaiag to sod. *">} false lo the aggregate aad false in detail. More Man i tbey an ao prepoewrotm and ridlcnlo** ae they wtlhoet foundation, aad all this Mr. Judys A8vt Holt. Mary Aaa Pitman aad Mr. Horace Greeley weilWw. a L. VALLANDIGHA Fire ea tits Lake, 8aaoia, 0. W , OtV 2d, 1 8 at about m o'clock this afternoon the pr?i Kenosha, of tbe Grand Trunk line, plylo* betwecr onge aad Serala, waa dleeovared to be on Qrr alongside tbt elevator, to acta wbloh aaa the neig lag bnihMogt she waa. oat adrift, aad la now fit dowa tbr, river la foil Maw Nothing of valua oou ?avrd.