OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, November 09, 1864, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1864-11-09/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

financial and commercial.
Ti b-may, Not. 8?6 P. M.
TV'*k*l b >en * Tory dull d*y >n W *1! sireet. both flDU
cia'ly ao ; Mu>?spher .rally. Brokers aud private oj>ora?
i'<r* btv? for tbs moat part devoted their attention to
voting ioatad or bidding and offorlog. William alroet ,
ban b'eu nearly desert. J, and its kabihMt dispersed from
jh. ; 10 jH.il, Toe regular gold r?-'tn has been empty and.
silent it dtfc* usu?l second ses.-loo of the stock board
ubs not hi-Id A few disconsolate aliens aud auxious
OitlsMS wardered up *nd down Exchange place t*nd
ltr.-ad street, asking at intervals, " How is the market?1'
or *? \ t i?n de price of gold?" And the rain fell and
the dreariness increased till dusk.wlien the spectacle
vanillin:.
leer gathered in Gilpin's room and made quotations
for coni, which were marked down as usual, but both
buyers and sellers were "sicklied o'er with the pale cast
of thought. 'aud the transactions were as light as the
soo' e was heavy.
The j>rice varied Trom hour to hour as follows.?
10 35 A. U 213 2 10 P. M 246>;
11:00 A. M.. 84!) tg 3 05 P. II 247'g
12 10 1. >1 847 H 4 00 P. 11 240
1:15 P M 247 a.
The rumored interference of General Butler with the
business if g >id brokers originated in his sending for
the lead.mi; member of a certain firm to question him
with regard to some of his supposed customers, of whotn^
General Butler bad Information; but the latter would
seem to bare beeD misinformed on the subject, and tho
interview is said to have terminated satisfactorily to botb
parlies, no restrictions upon the busiuess of the firm hav
ing been threatened or nujioscd.
It was rumored that one or two other brokers wero
similarly interrogated with a siipilar result.
The stock market at the first board opened weak and
juiet, but became tnore active as the call progressed.
Tbeelueing ea.es, us compared with those at yesterday's
second board, showed the following variations:?Erie de
clined ,, Hudson River I1,, Michigan Southern l1*, J111
nois Ca.iral Cleveland and Pittsburg SJg, Chicago and
Northwestcn 1, prelerr. d 1\?, Chicago and Rock Island
?4, rilisburg and Fort Wayne l'?.Ohio and Mississippi
cerlillcn'os V Maripos* '4. New York Central advanced
>4 . Quicksilver J?. Reading was steady.
Government securities were dull and a fraction lower,
except on certificates of Indebtedness, which showed no
change. Coupon five twenties sold at 101 a 100 '7, new
tasue 100 a, , coupon sixes of 1881 106% a IOC "4, certifi
cates 96't.
Siale slocks acd railroad bonds were dtfli and bank
shares neglected.
At the < pen board, at one o'clock, the market was
stronger, aud prices advanced >4 a 1 per cent, and in the
csbo of Illinois Central 2l4. On the Blreet, afterwards,
the improvement continued and Erie was quoted, at half
past four, at 101', a 102.
The business in government securities among the Wall
Street qpSi-rs was very limited.
The draand for loans and discounts bas been very
light. The rate for money on call remains at seven per
cent; tor first class commercial pajier it varies from nine
to twelve, with exceptional transactions at eight. The
national banks have oalled in nearly all their loans to
meet treasury drafts, and an ^unsettled feeling has boen
produced in n tew speculative circles In consequence.
To-day it subsided under the general dulness. *?
The demand for foreign exchange is small, but bankers
hold tbcir bills with firmness at 109>? a in gold tor
sterling, at sixty days, and 111 at short sight. Mer
chants' bills are offered at 108 a Francs range from
5.8 to 6 11
The future course or the gold and stock markets is a
subject of considerable speculation, not only in Wall
street, but among the entire mercantile community and a
large portiou of the general public. There is a strong
disposition in favor of higher prices in financial and
commercial circles, for the obvious reason that moro
money in paper can be made by a rise than a
fall, the process of inflation being always easy,
while that of contraction Is painful. But higher prices
can only result from a maintenance of or advance in the
present high premium on gold; and as an advance on the
Utter would be equivalent to little less than a national
calamity, high prices are inferentially not to be desired.
A host of speculators are holding back from active
speculation till the result of the Presidential election is
ascert aired. as if a change of Presidents or the re election of
Mr. Lincoln could alter the inevitable course of our na
tional finances unless the existing policy is improved
upon by Congress. Like Mr. Belmout, many look for a
prolongation of the war, and -a persistence in the old
financial policy over the next four years, in the event of
Mr. Lincoln's re-election; but this is a mere hazard of
opinion, and there is no good reason for it. Congress can
control the finances, whoever may be the tenant of
the White House for the next term. The que*
tioo of the Presidency, therefore, resolves itself
into a subordinate consideration. If Mr. Lincoln should
be re-elected an eflort will probably bo made by some
of the opposite parly to make capital out of it for a rise
but this will be only a spasm, and It will yield again in
view of the meeting of Congress on the first Monday in
December. If General McClellan should be elected the
gold premium would hardly experieuce any decftne on
that account.
W? therefore look to legislation to establish tbe future
price of gold, end tbe anticipation of this will in any
case Impose a salutary check upon tbe course of indi
vidual speculation. Morally speaking, there sbouid be no
?peculation in eperle, tbe price of which, in comparison
with tbe currency, Ebouid be regulated by the
law of supply and demand; but tbero s no
other way of enforcing this than by that legislation
which will limit tbe volume of the currency to tb$ wants
of tbe people and ro-ike impossible excessive issues of
paper money. T)y this means the government and not
dpeouiators would control tbe gold premium, lust as ling,
land did during her long suspension of specie payments
from 1797 to 1821.
Tbe following Is tbe official statement of the dep-m's
and coinage of tbe United Mates Mint tor tbe month of
Octobor, 1364:?
DWO?!T?.
Geld deposits from nil sources $383,603 32
Stiver deposits', including purchases 12 ',19 76
Total deposits $298,'ilfi 07
Oou? Coin*<.*.
Denomination* LVo of Valv
Double eagles. 17,826 $3oU 500 00
Fine bars 13 13,7.88 24
Totsl i 17,838 1370.288 3 4
BiLvidt
Fine bars. ? 6 32-J 61
C rem.
Cents 6,610,000 $66,800 <X>
Two ceat pieces .8,010,000 60 200 ho
Total 8,100,000 1107,000 CO
Hccartnoaiiov.
Pitcn. i 'elrr.
(lold cunage 17,8.38 $870,288 .34
Oliver 0 323 61
Copper 8,100,060 107,000 00
Total 8 JOT,"44 $477,611 06
Tb# aggregate value of the exports, exclusive of spec e,
from tbe port of New Vork to foreign |?>rts daring the
week ending November 8 was $1,874,605.
Tbe r reign exports from tbe port of ilalt.m re during
last week were valued ut $?!I4,861.
Tbe Pacflr -teamship Company will pay, 12th instant,
a dividend of five per cent out of tbe net earnUgs of tbe
laat three months.
Tbe following comparative statement shows tbe ave
raga conditioo of tha leading items of the I'bliadolpbia
banks lor tbe past and previous ween:?
l.ar Wetk. IF-e*-.
Loans 41.608,194 41,763,747
Mpaota .. 3,106.143 3,068 1 94
|>egai land ere 18.666,<94 12,899,300
Depot It* I" 4 46,6b 9 $4,943,908
< irwvlatioa 2,61b 38,. 2 455,770
Stack fcichaagr,
TOk'ixV. hut. r?10 ?>, A M
atSfrio o .4 Fa, '61. cou. 106', *KI sba Krie rtK mm
too do 8 0 do bl I lUi
p.O v M (.'? ft 20, rag .l(Wl? 10" Mfla KB pref iu:,
it ?)' a?'t.r> 3u.euu.soi i01 IcO no v .",
MOIIO So.r.TT. 1 OM ?? ??'' HIV UK
jSVlO do lOdS 7PiRea1rigHK I as
1 ??o do new ita 609 do I.W,1;
(?u0O6la. I yr oar . 8 , MM da \V-\
J? U L.o ul?Un? lis.... SO 3COM do ... ]J$
">*M California ?*?.... 184 6?? aoi. 5Ii
luOMUhic * sfla* oar. ?H "8' *'?? * "? K.B ?
VMM do .10'4 Mil Mich 8 * * Ind HK 74
16 ISM ?<. 40 800 do 71\
?i*4? do . ICO ?>h 70) do .. bl? 78
i?M> di bio #0 , son do ..? .. .810 <4 ?
tap' Han#*, in ,ntg l|0 Km III Can B6 147',
KM) Mian (to ? f bds 14 SOU Clave a Tltte RB 104**
104*) amonrsn n.d *47 , it 4) dee It"
* *h? 6?n* is MM ChlO A * W MR .. 4431
|i V USK * Ml>*f , 5| 1JIJC <lo....'. 46
W do 5ui, t?) mi sal4
$25 ^ do...... SUV gun d.i blO 46*
to #o.i?r? I Isle, 1WJ eyi) I iiits V KB prf. 81,
160 W'ile.k? r Minioi Co M'a | C no T.bJ SI1*
*5 ?? <lo blO 813*
i?2 i" ^ 2! *r' d? *ly 81 *
I'M d' 1*0 87 *)n do km
lujo 40 bl? 25 M" '"hi a R Island RR lO'
d{5 do 81 ? *n do . ... lf*i%
300 Marti was M( ?a ?* ?j? so f ?(H)U
As' do 35 * 19) ? ni l Ir>> ,
ton Aflaa Hull 18 i"o lis luo Mil A Tr du Ca llK 63',
19" A-norliwo ? oal . ? KM) pitta, Ft t 8k I'll
|00 R T Ootral RR It# Si' do I()2)i
isi do HJi *>' do.... . I iffj2
l? d , Iff *52 ,, 6" I<18
trie 88 <190 404 All AT Ktai* KR 53
do % l?" liMi'bi 6 a t< u KB. 84
da IW'8.
I
CITY OOHNERCIAl. REPORT.
TirniJ, Nov. 8?8 I*. M.
Asms ?Receipts, 8 bble. Market quiet. Small ealea
have beeo made at 812 60 a $12 73 Tor pots, and $14 (or
pearl*. .
RMtinsTtjiKS.?Receipts, 6,175 bbls. flour, 700?b*gs
corn meal, 14,000 bushel* wheal, 12.105 do. corn, 16,816
do. oale, 16 do. rye and 8,600 do. barley. The flour
market was unusually quiet to-day, but price* were
farly sustained, and in some iostaroes rather fuller
price* were realized. Rale* 5,000 bbl*. State and West
ern, 600 Southern and 300 Canadian. Rye flour and
corn roeel were Inactive. We quote-?
HrperflneState and Weetern flour ......80 66 a 9 85
Rxlre State..., 10 20 a 10 35
Choice State 10 40 a 10 45
Common to medium extra Western 10 25 a 10 00
Extra round bo. p Ohio 10 00 a 11 25
Western trade brands 11 30 a 12 00
KxiraSl. I/Ouw 13 25 a 15 25
Common Southern 10 00 e 11 76
laser and extra do ?...ll 80 e 16 00
Com moo Canadian 10 SO a 10 40
Good te cboioeand extra 10 60 a 12 25
Rye flour, 8 60 a 0 25
Corn meal, beis 7 30 a 8 40
Corn meal, puncheons.. ..,.30 00 a 36 60
?The wheal market was also very firm, with a moderate
Inquiry Rnlos 45,000 bushel*, st 82 l!> for Chicago
spring, $2 27 tor amber Milwaukee. $2 38 ft $2 41 for win
ter red Western, and 82 42a 82 45 for amber Michigan.
Rve was very quiet. Barley was dull, with gales of only
0,000 busbels Canada West, at fl HO. The corn market
waslc. bettor, with a fair demand and ft small supply.
Sales 35.000 bushels, at 81 60 (or mixed Western, alloat
and in store. Oat* were firmer, at 8Sc. a 80c. for Canada,
and 01 ,l-?c. for Western.
CiNPt.Ks continued quiet, with small sales of adaman
tine at 20c. a 30c. Rperra may be quoted at 46o. aud
patent at 63c.. with salce of 50 cases of the former and
2t.0do. of tbft latter.
Comic.? Iho market was very quiet, and we have no *
salos of importance tO report. We quote.?Kio, prime,
4do., K o, good, 45c a 45l,'c,-. Rio, fuir, 44c. 44?fc.; Rio,
ordinary, 42c. a 42 Vic.; Rio, fair to good cargoes, 43s?c.
a 44J?c.; Java, mats and bags, 60c.; Maracatbo, 42c.
a 45c. l^tguayra, 43r. a 46c., all four momhe. 1
Slock of Rio and Santos on tbe sihof November, H>4, '
03 579 Java. 37.127; Rebia, 8,216 Muraceibo, 11,874; La- I
guayra, 2,234; St. Domingo, 2,885; other descriptions'
6.076. Tptal, 162,801 ba^s and mats.
Coiu-En was in fair demand, with vales of 150,000 lbs. nt
49c. for Rnltiroore, 40Jic. for Detroit, and 48*<c. for I
Port ace Lake. New sheathing and yellow moial re
mained quiet, prices being without decided change.
Coioa was very quiet. We quoto Guayaquil, In bond,
at 39c., cash.
Conns.?The demand to-day was rather more active,
chiefly speculative, and prices advanced fully 6c. per lb ,
the market closing very strong. Sales 900 bales. We
quote:?
Upland. Floridt. MMU. N. O. rf T.
Ordinary 110 111 112 113
Middling 134 134 136 136
Good middling 138 138 139 140
Denis Ann Dtes were quiet. Sales of 20 too* soda ash
at 5i?c ; 20 do. caustic soda at 11 J4'c. a 11s,c.; 700 lbs.
Western ginseng and 80 casks bleaching powders, both on
private terms.
DYrwoous.?No Bales of any Importance have transpired
since our last, and price* are entirely nominal.
Hait.?The market was almost bare of dry ced.and
with a fair inquiry prices continue very firm, at 88 76
a $9 for St. George's and $7 75 a $S for Bank. Mackerel
were quiet, and in rather small supply ; ealos of about
200 Obis., at $15 60 a 816 for No. 1 bay, 813 a $13 60 for
No. 2 do. and 812 50 lor No. 3; 820 a $22 for No. 1 shore,
$15 fer No. 2 do. ;no No. 3's here. In box herring there has
been quite a business doing, the salce reaching fully 6,500
boxes, at 55c. for scaled and 45c. for No. 1.
Knurr continued in fair demand at previous quotations.
Fttraunrs wrfe inactive. To Liverpool, per neutral, 250
tons mahogany at 15s. and l-'O boxer extract logwood at
10?., and to London, per neutral. 1.000 boxes cheese at
20s., to Dafast~7.000 busbels wheat at 4d.. in shipper's
baas.
M?wko? steady. ^C1*" 8,l0S woro "?d* In Boston at 36c.
sm^l^ales^t 2oIThe mUrKCt ,emainod ver7 aulct, with
1 35 for 8hl^ ?
now?we i7eiftv8U?uh ??f,?,'a eradM 18 vprr light: wblio
*?
w" acti"-'n<1
v-.Ifi"??imlir"T?'1 dsmand together with the ad.
\ance in gold imparled Increased flrmoess to the market
? n?l prices have somewhat advanced, cin.'ng flrm !t
CT.on ^le8hl? been ejected of
gtguuscsft
* ** Wot^^\03CcrrMaVMui'b *
?i1Ro,.T;T7Wenoi,C80nly a Jobbing btisiness, at $1 To a
I! 70 for u?s! ' a 12 ?5 for" Guatemala?! 16? ?
|1 ? .or Madras, aort Spanish float on private terms
\Z: Zo?fv800-')00 ? W a 52 25, three mon hs.
iarsawas vcry urm-,h?*??
or common^tnsii aSd
quiet at $1 75 for .,olnla and $! 24 for lump '
LrMnas?The market for Eastern spruce and pins was
2 $25,^Bsnsl "torms*^*8 reaching nearly 800,000 feet at $23 I
iaMHB?Hemlock during the past three dure haa I
been la active demand, and with a fmall auppiv pricea
m th an?18!? advanced. Oak was in moderate demand
"vrw WV,0,?' Hem'oc*. Ruenos
ifi'V' Sri 'u1.? 300 t*r lb-: do. middle, 37 sc. a
SSWS.'
1 W;fc K 3teS: Si*?'"c*; d0- ?middle> M**
,^L^Mttrket r1"'1? and firm, with sales or 95
bbls. New Orleans at #1 05 alios the mite- .... ?
choice, and 125 hhds. Cuba muecr-ido at 93e Ce ?r
^sssszfarssrjg ays?
^?w,!7r v ?*
ans&asj'rOT sr.ia-m
and unchanged, toil pitch quiet at previous rates
Saut steady, at 10c.;r!Jnch, lO'.'c a Up forcM
$S2 50?i $8rWe UO"CC "al<* "r 180 lons WcstBrn Bay, at
una ? rude sperm and whale were quiet at our list i
wi?t*enB?8, ""L, ^ du'o'i at II 40; manufactured '
was reBing inasra.ll way at $1 5'.for unreached w'nter
*truer ! ? d?' d? *2 ? tnr unbl'ched
winter aperm and $2 40 lor bleached do. j0. Lard oil
rZTto bbL nr'.'n 7ntcr- anJ?1 % f"r au?u? r. Wlih
n , t of tne fvrni*r ?r,f1 *0 bh S. or tUo Utter
Pan* *D?i Strait* quoted at ?1 40 a *1 4f*
r ZUe - 'J64 ?*?? beer "id H2 do. lard
The pork market was k-?* active but firmer, with sales
.ic.8[>','t of 3.500 bbl- at $39 a f to forold mev, ?4i
? V. ,' 'or new do., cash end tegular wav, clnaine at
*<l - i, cash; 4..8 25 n $39 for i rune, and f41 25 n 442
for prime mes.v, also for future defhery n.ooo bbls new
verT*!,[?r,,,n"ar* doli-.ery, eelier'a oitioa, at $40, end
;? t>r r,fjr' '^^n^r. buyer's option,
*t 13.#. The bref market was decidcdl? mora ar
wrlve" at Ma'su'fS8 reaching 2.650 bbls., part to
V* 7 for country m.-sa, $14 a $20 for old
Str?? ?.iy" ?*? ">t"1 i,:' " J'-'4 l0r ?id and UP"
. f soft r, 0 n,0V? wer* ,u I,ir 'oqulry With sales
1-1 r f , 8 10'c- tt 1SS<". (or shoulders and
" 2.0. for hams, iteeoti was very quiet, but Arm
1 N'ri*h^?,,rlfv *M "M, l),:t "rrn. with sale* of
1>W bb!s.. at 19 Vc. a 21c. tor No. 1. 21 '4,-. a 23 ','r for
Tair to prime steam, and S3\,c. a24' c for kettn' ren
'Jercd. ( beese wni in fair ran urn ami firm at lsc m %rc
' common to , r me Butter was in good demand ami
flrm. at ode. a 4? r for tliatern. and ;2< a 54c ror ~tite
nn*tor!l''snt *lT 'cif'ts, f1 bbls. There was almosi
s2.o, m ,2' . ' w" ' '',0*?d to erah e the ttade to
dsvote the day t the eicclloa. and a., utile or n thing
was done. Hut the market, though quiet, was pretty
flrmjowl-g to the high qn-t .Hons of gol-1. The lece.pts
co t.nucd very light. n.Uw Ithsttnd'ng the marvellou- (low
01 some of t .e new wells. The sales were 7:? hhis
cr de a- 45c :0. refine I in b u', 6s a ;ic... the lettar
prloe for choice while, ar.d ;.X) do. free at from 74 to
He#. I>nr tie wis qnlet st 52 < ots.
Kics was with'ut inquiry, bat prices continue vers
firm. We quote Rangoon I3>.c. a 14c , lor Rangoon and
I ?vnu 14c.
.. ga,T1?^rr f'?* been but little doing during tne past
three days lor Ibis article bill the tendency of prices is
upward. We notice a sale of two cargoes or Turks ]s
l?nd, containing abont 20,000 bushels, at S?c. We quote
Ashton's{4 00 ground $2 75,and Jetl'rey 's and f>avei;,j4 J
.-fcsi s.?(lover remains r4ulot at lite a 2'c Tim thy
was In rather better demand aod firm at$4;,0a$<,
r.onsh fli* w is in moderate ilemand, with aale^ sf 1 ,'joo
bushels at $.: 45 a $3 56. in linseed we notice s.'es'of
l.'iCO bv? t s'entta in Boston ?t ?4 25. Americat, may bo
quote.) at $1 25, aod Bombay ft 20 a $4 .10, without much
ircjuiry. $
rsaiss ?The demand for goat from manufacturers baa
heon quite active since our iaat, but trareartloos art re
atrlcted by the advnnced ratea asked by important in
.leer nothing of moment baa trauapired, and pr.cea are
wholly nominal.
.-rnre* remained very quiet, and may be quoted at 7c.
go! a.
srttw.?The market to day waa very quiet, but prtreu
continue Orm_ small sales of cassia at W)o. a $2Ko.
( 45c. a fjOc,; African nod hail India gingar al 40c.'
il"-!'#!.3?."#1 85 P*PP". *?r- ? ?2He.. nutmegs,
$1 65 a $t 75, and pimento, In bond, 7\e. a Sc
et >;sn.?Market for raw flrm, but quiet; sales were
??>iy iro hhds Cuba muscovado at jpr. a 22c.?latter
pr.ee for clarified; refined waa quiet, but flrm. al our last
quotation*.
of 1? mark*t wa? "7 qoto*. but grm. with sales
tail prices #b*u oolong and 2N? do. young bvsto at
aan!i'''lS,0K^Tr'i',*,naBd WM "*bi. but the market flrmi
tbere^? .7.K W,,ur|tf "l ^ a 4'2c- |B menufsftnrsd
touaocJa IB"r* ,nfi?iry. howeysr, for tax paid
' atM* ~ie* rimIifrioT"J- ?lth 160 *>'?" straU?
! dull at tU2 foV r "2 Kn",b 1,4 Me' war*
| $16 a fts iyo fer ce|t# isrD**rC0* "* r<"'? C. coke, and
I tt 1-O.OOOJ.b..
| ?t,16eaU"00111 ^b,VC ton,,,l,:? MKi of 13,000 lbs.
,oM iu q.zVr%^rrr%^ :r, -
j of impO'Ance has transpired ' ?<'lbing
| Weiss?t ?Rscelpta, IS., bbls. The market waa d.!t
with sales of 400 but*, atfl 72 for blue and $1^2. t,'
*3 for Western. * t* a ?i
Rev. Mr. Tot eo, TJnlted Presbyterian mloister 1,0.
glaalmond, riootland, dted recently, in his aigbtv ninth
year, and the slaty fifth of bis ministry Mr. Voung w,s
ordataed.to the pastoral charge of 1/tgieaimond in tsoo
and al the time of hi* death was tie oidest minister of
the I nusd Presbyternn Church, and the oldest offlcialing
minister sf ail the rollgieur, dsaominatieo. of .Scotland
EUROPE.
The Nertb American at Father Peint
with One Day Later News*
Legislative Agitation in Italy
on tjbe New Convention.
The Czar of Russia to Visit
Germany.
Complaint of an English Subject Against
the United Slates Government.
French Opinion of the Canadian
Confederation.
Position of Spain in Peru and
St. Domingo.
Napoleon Instructs 91. Mercier en
Ills Italian Policy*
The love Fit and Lover of the Princess
Mary of Cambridge.
The Czar of Russia at a
Gaming Table.
TRIAL OF A WITCH IN IRELAND.
EXPLORATIONS IN AFRICA,
Hi St.* fe?*
The stoamshlp North American, from Liverpool Oct
27, via Londonderry 28th, ;>assed Farther Point en remit
for Quebec at hair-post ten o'clock Monday night. Hor
hewe te one day- later.
The political news is unimportant.
A meeting of about two hundred deputies took place
In Turin October 2T. They expressed themselves unanl.
mouely in favor of the convention. The members of the
opposition were to meet to day. It ie believed the bill
for the transfer of the capital to Florence wilt obtain a
large majority.
The Czar is expected at Stutgardt on the Slst of October.
The Epoci, of Madrid, of tho 25th of October, says that
General Gandurre has informed the government that the
St. Domingo insurgents have made various propcsals for
peace.
The Persian Gulf telegraph cablo has been, repaired.
The land line is complete from Bush ire to Teheran, and
messages have come through to Bombay in twelve hours.
The extension from Teheran to Bagdad will be finished
next month.
The American Qa<-)tton,
A BRITISH SUBJECT'S COMPLAIN P AO A INST THE
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.
Mr. John Tovell, who says he ha=> just arrived in Eng
land, "an exile under federal proscription from his family
and home in Tennessee," sends the following statement
or his case to the Liverpool Mercury.?
la the autumn of 1S62 a perfect reign of terror prevailed
in and around tho oity of Rasbville, where I then res ded.
The massacre of peaceful citizens by the federal soldiery
was then a thing of daily occurrence, and for several
weeks no eflbrt apparently was made by the military so
tbortties to restrain the lawlessness of these ruffians.
Among the victims o: liner violence wis an old man r>f
upwards of seventy years oi age, John Gbrbltt by name,
whom three of them murdered, almost on his own thresh
old. to the middlo of the night, while defending bis proper
ty against their thievish Intentions. At the request or bis
family I consented to deliver au oration over the grave
at his interment. The circumstance of the old man's
death, together with bis social position?for he bad been
a justice of the peace for nearly thirty years?attracted
a large concourse of people to witness the obsequies,
among whom were nearly one hundred federal soldiers,
Including several officers and one or two regimental chap
lains. I was not at all careful to repress the sentiment of
indignation which sucli a spectacle could not fail to en
kindle in one's breast. And further, I made allusions to
the proclamations of the generals and tbc jronuncia
tni-ntm ef the "military governor" and other officials,
i.-sued by them when taking possession of Xasbvtiie, in
wbiob expression was given to Bho roost pacific senti
ments, and all kinds of protection promised to the per
sons sod property of tho citizen? if > nly they should re
main peaceful and obedient to the laws, assuming in my
simplicity that ail this was done in good faith and sin
cerity. For thus endeavoring to restrain the vMeneo
ot tuese men of blood i was arrested by a band of
aoldiers before 1 oould roarn my house, and, without any
preliminary examination whatever, sent to the State
priaon, where i was kept in close cQOHnement fur seven
mouths.
1 immediately applied to lord l.yong, hoping that his ,
lordship would, as the representative of her Mnesty, < c
matid that 1 be iuimedinteiy rel nredfrom imprisonment.
orotbtrwiso thai 1 bo tried and convicted o( uouie oileticc
to Jn?ti!y my lurtber detention Friends hero in tag
land made a like ap;>eal on my hebsir to Kui I i'.i-setl, but
?till 1 wrb allowed to remain m conUoement. Tta's I* the
more puzzling, inasmuch as In a paper submitted to
Partnme. I during tiie l*st sensh n it is distinctly stated
that on the lith of January, iMi.'t, despatches wern
scut out to tard I.vouh Instructing una to demand my
roleisoor trial, But for live months arter tuts I con
tinned a prisoner, and then was lio.ther released nor trird,
nut baniehed Into the Confederate "-laics fb s bunisli
meat, moreover, I should suppose, must have been with
the concurrence and enaction of his lordship, or other
wise the Tutted States government Variant hive kopt
faith with tbo British Mlp'ster, lor his lordsb'p distinctly
sti te*. to a letter 1 received from him n mie three or four
mctiths before this t<? <k place, that the gov erotnetit cf
the UnitedOtates bad pramped him that tic should bo
duly notified of their decision respecting iny cn*e. Yet,
j in giving bis sanction to such a measure, lie was cle irly
running counter to the initractions of her Majesty a
government, if n jmrliarrvuttiry paper is of any nutooriiy
on ancn a queHttoti. The order to leave had not been
given tnc mure than twenty mm .tee before <u escort of
soldiers were on hand tfenitcding my attendance to be
m irched through the lines. I begged permission of the
ofticer in c mmand to t>e allowed to go home uuder
guard to take leave of my wife and family, and to pro
cure what was necessary for enabling me to prosecute
my journey with some measure of comfort. Hut this
was sternly denied me. My long couinumcut In a prison
rendered pestilential by filth end overcrowding, together
with the coarse unwholesome faro ou wh.rli |1 had heoo
fori rd to subrlsl. bad so enfoobied my healih that 1 was
unahle to procsed many yards on loot wit bout being com
pvlle ' to lis down In tbo road Itaton my hack to avoid ao
attack of syncope. But. not withstanding this, I was com
t pellod to make nearly the e itlro journey on ft ot; and in
i stead of being allowed to take the ordinary railway rone,
and the" marched under flag o' Iruco from the outposts
of one army to tb"*eof the other, I was compelled to
m ike a detour of about eighty mil"* through what s ap
propriately enough call'd tbe "Barrens ' of Tennessee a
desolate region, in which sometimes neither water nor a
human habitation IS to be met with in a distance < f
(linen miles. For three nights I bad to camp
out in the worids and sleep under a wagon, w<tn
only a larpaudng fer a covering Having reached
J'liisakt, however, my pedestrian toils were al an end,
and I was noon l .ndea in '.corgi*, where .Southern gene
ruslty ami hospitality m< re man sufficed 1> supply all
my needs. After -pending eight or nine month* In the
t oofederate State*, 1 succeeded in running the biockado
at Wilmington m February last, u tho good ship Alice,
belonging to W. C. Bee *f'o. ,of (.harlraton, H C., who
with characteristic liberality gave me a free passage to
Nassau, to the Bahamas. Arter a tenth s sojourn
among th *e beautiful is and*, I wioi enabled to make nay
wsv to Bermuda, and, with only on* day's delay, them*
to Halifax, N. 8.
From Canada I again ventured Into the territory or tbe
United 8tales, and proi eedsd as far as Washington, in
ordrr to communion!' prr-onnlly with t/yrd Lyon*, not
withstanding that I had received the pleasant intimation
from the federal authorities when I w*a banished, that If
I aupeared wilbiu their "lines" during the continuance
of tb* war I should be hung er shot.
The 8psniili*P?ravlan (lueefloaa.
(From tbe i/mdon Slat dent. Oct. v.2 ]
On the 14th of April last th* Chinch* Islands, forming
pert of the I'eruvian territory, were summarily solzed by
Admiral Flnzoo. whoaurprised the Governor?1)od Kamon
Vail* Rlestra?by the polite but peremptory request that
the flag of Hps in should he substituted for that of tha
republic "within the unalterable period of fliteen mi
nutes." Having eflv-ntsd this uucaremoniouv seizors?
unprefaced by any ultimatum or declar*tion of war?tbe
Bpanish Admiral leaned a "declaration," signed by
himself and Hems tlazarredo i 'Special ('ommKsiener
Kxtraordinary of Her Catholic Majesty Mn Pero"i,
setnog forth tbe ostensible reasons of tbls unez
peeled proceeding According to this declaratory
dorumont the Poruvlan authorities were nidged
te entertain certain evil loleolloos towards lbs
I government nf Bpals, IB consequence of which the "em
J ployment of force' was pronounced "indispensable." A
I cerlstn "attitude" waa complained of, consisting mainly
I et the fact that Peru was oeutracting as siteosiv* loan?
t# wtt, $70.000,000?which feuorcs Pinzon and Ma
zirredo considered to be "a euiu greatly m excess or the
requirement* of tbe Treasuryand mainly toieiided as
a "luoanao' opposing the just exigencies or Spain." On
tbis iltumy foundation Admiral I'mzon ami ttie "Special
C.unimseloner Extraordinary" ventured to lay bunds on
the Chinch is, thus practically cocflscallog the principal
source o( il.c Peruvian revenuo. In eliect, toe seizure of
the guano islands was avowedly designod by the admiral
anu tbe commissioner us a method of bumbling Peru
under the power of Spain, a d compelling the former to
submit to euoh terms as the latter might afterwards
dictate.
Still Spain holds the <'blnchas. The doctrines of "re
vindication" aud the "truce e'e fact ?" are thrown over
board: but the Spanish ttag still boats over tbeeuano
islands, i<ud i'eru is still irritated by the pressure of a
l'ower wblcb is acknowledged to have been informally
and irregularly exercised. How does tbe^'abiDei of
Madrid justify tbis anomaly!1 By a sort 01 pleasant iicUon
it is declared of the captured islands, tbat Spain ''retains
them as belonging to Peru." The reason lor this reten
tion is stated lobe?that Peru may thus bo compelled
"to administer justice to Spaniards." Spaniards, how
ever, declare tbat <boy have no coninlntnt to muite against
the Peruvian government The ofllcial document la which
Scuor Ma/arredo himself sots forth tbe alleged grievances
as betwoeu Spain and Peru, shows that bis Ingenuity
was severely taxed to make out an elective case, and
when bis allegations are put face to facs with the
explanations that are ollorod, there snpears to bo an en
tire absence or anything sufficiently serious to justify "an
act of force," in Itself tantamount to a uoclarati-ii of war
No doubt the seizure of tbe (ibinchas bus been modiiled
by a variety of arrangements, w Inch render tne oc una
lion as little offensive ' end in urious as it qpn
well be. Still it is not pleasant to have the bailiffs in
one's house, however polite and acrcoable the uninvited
guests m?y endeivor to mike themselves. They may
c mscieutismlv guard our property against positive
damage or the inroads of burglars: still tboir pre-euce is
folt to be exceedingly annoying: and if they are obliged 10
confess that they have acted without pro|>er authorization
we may feel ourselves perfectly .Instilled in kicking them
out. supposing wo arc physically ah e to do so. Spain, In
fact, bus lodged lier builills In the i hiucha Islands; she
owns that they effected their entrance unlawfully; but
she so*ms to think that, now they are there, they rn?y as
well slay until ibu gs are settled to the satis.action of
the stronger party.
In re'crence tu this question,,tbo Court of Fpain hag
sought to justify Its position by a very curious kind of
logic. After the seizure of tho chinches, tbe .special
Commisfiiouer Extraordinary having resigned bis func
tions, bad tbe temerity to return to Cailao, afterwards
proceeding to Panama and crossing 'tbe Isthmus. The
ex-commissioner has alleged thai in the course of bis
journeytn.es he was grossly insulted and put in peril of
his life. He aim com: lain-, that In tbe Urst instance the
I'eruvian government itself emteivored to put turn under
arrest. Tbe Spanish authorities are scarcely in a posi.
tion to judgo the Peruvians very strictly for a
stretch.of authority, its own agents having cmfes
sedlyl seized a jvaluablo territory without being au
thorized to do so. Still, illogical and out ol keopU^g
as it may bo. tho argument is held that tbe treat
ment of Senor Mazarrt-do subsequently to tho oecupa
tion ol th^Chtiichna justifies the retention of that which
at lirst was improperly seized. We may remark upon
this, that according to all appearances If Sopor Ma/arredo
and Admiral Pinzon had been men of cooler blood this
unhappy imbroglio would nover have taken place, as it
is, after an interval uf many months, and alter several
Indications of good feeling on the part of tho Cabinet of
Madrid, the quart el yot c utinues, and tbe last intelli
gence from the Pacific is to fh? effect that unless Spain
abandons the ChiDchas Peru will proceed to a declaration
of war. There is no reason to believe that this is an
empty threat, and there is every probability that Chile,
and other of the South American republics, will unite
with Peru in tbe endeavor to resist tbe p iwer of
Spain. There can be no doubt thai 1'oru and the
neighboring States have improved the interval
by strengthening their arni'iments. Unless Spain
divide her antagonists?and her complimentary tone
towards the republics is, perhaps, partly designed for
this purpose?we may expect that the struggle, when it
really cimim nets, trill spread itself over a very extensive,
area, uekI prove much more formidable than the Spanish
government may ha . e anticipated. Wo only regret that
Spain, which has made sucli progress in recoct years
towards a resumption of her former grandeur, cannot seo
her way clear to satisfy ber dignity without becoming
embroiled in a war which begins in a mistake, and can
not by any likelihood redound to her glory or advantage.
The aifairj as aifocting herself, is mainly one of pducthllo,
and more resembles an old Uustllian duel, with a dash of
IJuixotistn In the persons of Pinzon and Salazar, than a
ca us belli worthy the notice of an ancient European sove
reignty, now recovering Iroin a partial eclipse of her for
mer aplendor.
| Tim Pollulk Hr volution*
PMOCLDKRINO AND Ol'KN FIRES AUAIN8T RUSSIA?
I.AST RFKORTS OP THK PATRIOTS.
' Tho Russian governments of Orantiourg, Simbirsk, Sa
tatow, Samara, Kazan. kc., we suffering dreadfully trom
lncendiiiry Ores. These governments hive been lately
sulertod (or ibe rosideuce of a great number of Poles con
demned by tbo severity of tne law in I'olaud. It appears
from an article in the MoiKlmfler, of Vienna, that in some
towns tbe tires have been attributed to these unfortunate
people Many have perished as victims of the exaspera
tion of tbe masses; anil, far from seeking to suppress this
outbreak of popular passion, some Russian journals, in
eluding the Invalid , an ollloi&l journal, and the Moscow
'?'u:<;?-, the most widely circulated journal In Russia,
cobo there accu-ations, and add to them lnaiuiintions
adapted to excite still lurther tbe passions of tbe multi
tude. Nothing bss transpired thus (at to g'vo tbe least
appearance of (oundatlon to those charges, while, ou the
other hand, numerous facts seem to disprove them in a
manner most bonurablo to the Poles
Thus tbe Jfcrlhtrn Pes' of tbe 7th of October slates
that after tbe tire at Oraubourg, tho Poles living lu Ibe
government of that name hastened to pond to the people
doprlvod of shelter and means of sub istence two uarte
tilled with bread, gruel and salt. Some da\ s before, the
head of tbe police of Ornnbourg, Cohnel Michel ledorow,
bote striking testimony In taror of the Poles.
ST, Mercler Instructed by Napoleon on
tbe Italian duration
The Europe, of Paris, gives, as an extract from a
despatch of one of tho ambassadors accredited at tbe
Cou't of f-t. Cloud, tho substance of a conversation said
to have taken place between tuo Kmperor Napoleon and
II. Merctcr, late trench Minister in Washington and the
new ambassador to Spain.
The Emperor baviug expressed bis sentiments respect
ing guoen Isabella and Spain, M. Mercier is said to have
asked tbat if be should find In Kpain ibe opinion which
appeared to bo goncraliy entertained in France numcly,
tnnt Florence w< ulu be only tbe provi6ionar^;apital of
Italy j?ending tbe acquisition of Rome, what was be to
reply- l'he F.mperor, sajs the Europe, answered, "Say
that, for my own part, Florence is the detlnttive capital
of Italy."
As tho Kmperor is not usod to express himself quite so
explicitly, the public will of course take this report wlib
ail reserve. The " eummunlcatlona" of tbe Xurope.^how
ever, seem to be generally very well informed, and tbat
tt.ey a metiines give uneasiness in high quarters is signi.
tied in the fact that lately the paper lias been seized In
Paris by order 01 the Minister of tbe Interior.
Kngltah Court Gossip.
TUB LOV8 FIT AND LOVXK OF TUB P..INCIC89 MART
or CAMIlKIIKiE.
[From tho f.cnd -n Mar, Oct. 25. j
The pages of Ptf<ch nro among the l ist from which
one would hope t ? gleam a paragraph of gossip Rut yet
tuere is one member of that mystic brotherhood who
cocsittule tbe stail at No. 84 Fleet struct, who. iront bis
d is | os It Ion and social pout,on, is generally thoroughly
wi ll informed as to what i-'goliig on. To this gentleman
wo nrobably owe tho information covertly given In Ust
week s number? covertly, we ssy.bec.suso the writer
founded his paragraph on a statement m a weekly paper
uompuraiM ely unknown, ami limited thereon his own in
formalin i; the res til I which i. ttnit what Mr. tbackor.iy
delighted to call a "K y-l p n age," and which uo one will
bav> the loa-t didiculty ;n detecting as the Princess Mary
ot Oam!>ridgo, is ? night in marrlago by a noble viscount,
whose army service entitles him to all sorts ot noble and
gallant epithets. The lady?and the isdy in question,
be?ldeg being a princess, la a lady; the terms are not
always ?yn urinous?Is agreeable, and alf that is dIs
agreeable is that wiolchcd piece of legislation, the royal
marriage nut, which requires I be consent of I he .sovereign
to the union ot a member of tbe royal family*
to a person not of royal blood. This consent in r present |
"Most Uracioos" is not gradens enough to give; and
th ?ngh Mi l'i ncH, with an urauint of succhirlno matter
wlrcb shows tbat he has not studied Mr. llantiog s pain
|iblet. eipraa.es a bo|wj that till" will be fortheom.nir, yet
the withholding <f the royal approval Is evidently the
bitcb in the matter. I ?t 'us hope tbat it will be dually
graciously am. gracefully yielded. In tbe whole Utielpbci
family tbcro is uo one {more popu'tr thaa the Prm
cuss Mary, and the people uf Ki gland would lDllnltely
sooner see her wedded to un Kngh-h nobleman for win m
sbu cares, th id to a Cerinan one whom alio may never
have seen. As te the Dame of tbe gentleman, that-is
e istly arrived at. Our friend f'ut.r/i s >ys, "All b ippmeis
to Viscount Cucullus." Scrips Of school boy classic Irro
yet lingering in odd comers of memory remind us of the
old proverb, non faru rm n-icKuin encuUui?the howl does
uot make Ire monk?end then looking Into that peerage
which every well regulated Briton keeps by huu. we find
tbat Viscount llood served in thwXiuards, and lo, on the
ingenious principle ascribed to tbe llret cooper of putting
two and (so together, the whole mystery is solved.
The Ctar Alexander ata Gaming Table
USBFUI. FINANCIAL HINT TO HIS MAJiSTrt
The jVntrwIlttte, of Kouen, says that when the Kmperor
of Russia was at Hnmbourg this year he wont Into the
gambling rooms, snd, being tempted to try his luck at
roulette, told hie aid dc i amp to throw down a note of a
hundred roubles upon the red. Uul tbo ball had scarcely
began to roll when tbe croupier, with his rake, roughly
pushed ewey tbe Kuaeiae paper, observing that tbe bank
did not lake tbat sort of money. Tbe aid do-camp took It
up without remonstrance, and the (fear, who most as
euredly woa not recognised by the croupier, went away
without try log mother experiment on the board of greeu
cloth. *
tVltrheraft >? Ireland.
A woman, itemed Mary Dobeny, known as "the Carrlck
Witch,'' was tried at tbe late Clonmel guertec Sessions,
Ireland, for fraudulently obtaining goods from Joseph and
Mary Reeves, at Carrtok oo-fulr, on tbe let of June, IRC,*
Mery Reeves deposed tbat tbe prisoner had atlsmpted to
cure nee of ber children with herbs boded lo aew milk,
and continued attending tbe house for tbe purpose nearly
every day during ten months. She said she used to see
her deed fetber and other dead members of tbe wltnesa'
family in the Moete et Haliydlne, and aa a proof prisoner
eata that witness was to get a note from them, wbtoh Cap
tain James Powers was to write for them. Witness' child
wan sent for the note, and several letters were received
purporting lo come from the deroased's relative* Tbe
prisooer next said sbe wanted breed, butter end ten (or
Kple In the Mnete. end these were daily supplied during
r months. Witness also fancied that she saw ber own
deceased fetber. He wee sitting in e oheir opposite tbe
door, nulls near ber, having on a blue coat, knee breeches
and a bat Ho said three time* he wae going, end that
he would relam with plenty; end the prisoner alid he
wea go ng with "the gentry," but would return The
prisoner often naked the witness for wine and spirits.
Since her arrest there was no appearnnca from tba other
world.
The husband of thM woman, Joetph Reeves, a sub eoe
stable, bow stationed at KUmaiubam. neer Dublin, was.
an greet a dupe ee bin wire. He depnied that he
sew and knew kin rattier tu lew, wfcu W?? WHg
twenty yards from him Be believed that the
man bad come to life, and thought be had
a ghostly appearance. He never saw a dead
tntn standing before. He saw bis eon also in an empty
boose where be was brought by the prisoner. He, too,
bad a ghostly appearyce and bad not the shape of a
living person, and lbsprlsooer stated that It would take
a considerable time for bint to come to perfection.
The jury found tbe prisoner "Guilty." Mr Serjeant
How ley, who presided on tbe bench, stated that be had
been informed by Mr. Board, sob inapootor of constabu
lary, that the d?ad persons had been personated by the
prisouer's blind husband, and tbe man who tod tbem
about. One of the apparition! was at d irk, und tbe
other in tbe night. The prls nor then cried, "Ob, my
lord, think of toy poor blind man and ray poor children!"
Tbe Court: eYou are a terrible woman and a dangerous
impostor. You must be contlued in jail for twelve
months, and kept to hafd labor.
Tbe Canadian Confederation.
I'RKNCH OPINION OP ENGLAND'S COLONIAL POLICT.
' [From tbe London Mercantile Gazette, Oct. 25 ]
Tbe Independencr Hrlpe, In commenting on the proposed
plan of a c moderation of tbe Hrttish North American
colonies, puts upon it a construction amusingly charuc- _
tei l'tic of the continental view of English politics. It
believes that England,enlightened by experience, Is dis
poned to give up the domination she has exercised over
her vast colonies. Tbe "emancipation'' of these colonies
will be inoro printable to her by virtue of tbe bonds of
afleoli m that will attach them to the mother country
and of the "moral authority" she will preserve, than by
a government which she cannot maintain except by grant
eacrid. es. and which will bring tier only innumerable
Com).I cations nod the diealfoction of her prolfoi*. As tbe
Indefhndenre believes that our relinquishment of the pro
toctnrate of tbe Ionian Islands marked tbe commence
ment o a new line or policy with regard to our colonies,
we need hardly be surprised at the interpretation It puis
upon the Caaaduin question.
Tht
te Prize Ring,
TUB LAST ACTS Ol TMK COBUIIN ANI> MACS MATCH.
fFrom Bell's LI'e in l.undun, (yet 22.]
The final net In this drums hue now been phyed out.
VFe stated in our lust that Coburu had received his
?500, and that wo should be prepared on lnnrfdtiy to
baud over Maoe's money to himself' and Marry Bruntnn
conjointly at our otlire. On 'llmrsday, at lbs appointed
hour, Mace and bis valet, M on tactic, appeared, and
were met by Harry Brunton, and also bv several
gentlemen who bad put down money on Jem's behalf.
We had during the week received numerous letters from
well known sporting gentlemen, requesting us to b ind
their money over to Urmiton, nnd on our slating this
Isct to Mace lie expressed greit surprise, say ug the
money was his, that it had not been found by Bruuton;
and taut unless he was entrusted with it be would have
no chucce of gettlug anything towards h's expenses,
lie declined signing any joint receipt, and declared
unless tho bp nev was delivered to bim solely he would
leave il in our hands for ever., It was in vain we ex
plained to him that those who bad put down the money
had doue so with the reservation that in the event of no
light it should be returned through Hurry Bruuton; he
euhor could not or would not sec the point, and Insisted
on Paving the money himself to ill-tribute In this, we
are bound to add, ho was muinly led by his ptaih sopor,
friend and valet, Montaguo, and we sincerely believe had
he been lott to his own devices he would have seen tho
justice of the slake being given to Brunton.and would
have trusted to him to use his In-ilticnco to ontaining a
sulllcient sum out of it to repay him bis expenses aud to
compensate for his disappointment.
A running Are was expended by himself and Irlends,
Montague, Bunn, of Norwich aud others, who declared
there was no precedentjor such a course, and that thoy
protested against it in Mo. As none of these geutry, how
ever, had found one shilling, their protest was of no avail,
and wo banded to Harry Brunton tho usual order for the
money. A warm discussion ensued between the adho
reuts of either side, which was not. put hu end to until
we requested the company to adjourn to surme other
place and settle tho maitor betwoon thernse ves. f-bortly
nfier their departure Montague reappeared in our office
with a legal notice to us, on behalf of Mace, uot to part
with the money. Wo wore net unprepared (or this,
beiug fully alive to the dodges of the gentlemau who
bought it, and, having shown it to the stakeholders, it
wub destroyed, and the ltoouey has boon since handed to
Brunton alouo, who, wo havo Do doubt, will do what is
right with il, and will return each backer his own again,
Buh ocl to certain deductions for expenses and towards
replying the .CllKJ given to Colmrn at the last deposit.
As several c<>mmonts havo been made ui>od our giving
t'oburn the C100 lor expenses, as there was oo light, we
think it right to statn that by the articles Coburn was to
receive ?100 at the last deposit for his expenses, and no
word whatever is ihorein contained as to its beiog re
turned in caso the fight did not come off.
Storing Inflammable Artlelesln Frnnet.
(From the Publln Freeman's Journal, Oct. 26.]
A very interesting operation, which attracted a great
number of spectators, was perlormed on Thursday, at .St.
Ouen, oear l'aris. A large floating dock on a new con
atructlon?two hundred and ten feet long, thirty six feet
wide and eighteen feet high?was launched on tbe canal.
This groit iron boat or Moating dock is intended for a
store t? hold all descriptions of spirits, oils or other in
flammable liquids. I hose substances, which are so fre
quently the cause of disastrous tires on land, are now to
be secured on water, where they wilt be comparatively
safe f rum lire. Each of the one hundred compartments
into which the lion boat is divided U sulllcient to contain
two hundred and fifty hectolitres. Ten similar floating
warehouses are to be built for the company of the docks
ot St. Oucn. of which Ave are already on the stocks.
Tbe iron boat was launched sideways into tbe canal of
St. Ouen. After haviug gilded along tbe sides placed
under it tbe iron mass once la the water moved forward
more tbai^forty yards by tbe force of impulsion. Tbs
operation was performed with complete success.
River FreihtU In Auetmlln.
SERlOrS LOBS OF rilOPKRTT AND BXCITINO AND
FATAL INCIDKNTS.
The now South Wales papers report another flood?(bo
fourth within eight months. The rivers began to rise on
the Sth of August, lhe damage to property has been
great, though this flood was much less serious iban the
former. A single scene may serve to give an idea of the
nature of the calamity.
The Sydney Kmiire says:?Within twenty.four hours
every building lu the neighborhood of the Macieay river
was swamped. Guns were fired on Wednesday morning
St tbo Court House lor the police boat to go and rescue
Mrs. Byrnes, who was in a tree, screaming lor assistance.
The water broke over tbe bank of tbe river, so that Mr.
nnd Mrs. Byrnes could not escape to a pi ice of safety.
About twelve o'clock on Tuesday night the bouses
began to give way, when Mr. Ryrnes endeavored
to swim away; but be was either swept away by the cur
rent or sank on tbe {spot. The bouso was swept down,
and Mrs. Byrnes was carried by the stream to a tree,
which ahe climbed to the height of some twelve feet
above water. 8he then commenced screaming; but,
though the screams were beard, assistance could not be
rendered. At daylight on Wednesday gnus were fired
for tbe police boat, which went to rescue her, if possible,
from her porilous situation. Tbe crew were some two
hours endeavoring to reach the spot whence the screams
Issued; but without avail, the boat being nearly cap*i/.od
four limes. The screaming was heard all Wodnesday and
Wednesday night, and early on Thursday morning the
unfortunate woman was rescued after two unsuccessful
attempts.
Toe body of the husband was found at the butt of a
tree, sixteen to eigUUoo fact from the tree on which tbe
wife was found.
The river rose st Kempeey about tblrty feet, an d It is
supposed to hsve risen sixty feet at Yarrawell.
Eiplorattom In Africa.
MR. BAEER'8 TRAVNLS IN THE INTKRKL: AFTER BE
erCCORKD RPKKE AND OKANT.
Sir Roderick Murchlson has received a letter from Mr.
Petberlc.k respecting the expedition of Mr. Samuel Baker,
who bo generously succored Spoke and Brant at Gond<>
koro, nbd then proceeded to make further discoveries in
the interior.
Mr. l'elhorlck, writing from Khartoum on the Sth of
June, saya;?"Since my last, dated May fc, I have had
several interviews with llhursbid Aga'a men from tbo
interior of oondokorn They nmto in their statements
of having accompanied Mr. liaker to Kamrusi's residence,
where they had met with a good reception; that Mr.
Baker was in excellent health, but thai he bad lost the
whi le of his cattle, and bad been training bullocks lor
riding. From th* (sunt .all agree that Mr. linker and bis
ten men, under tlio guidance of a confidential person < f
the chief, leit to ins|>ect a lake, but thenceforth
tbe stories told by the men are conflicting. Some
say lie went to the l.uta Nalgt, while others main
tain that ho in t for the I.ake Nysnzs, and that ho did
not intend to return, but to proceed onward to
Zanzibar. It is, 1 fear, but little light that it is in my
pow.-r to throw upon Ins movemunts; but of tbe two
versions 1 sin more inclined to gjve credit to the first?
viz: bin lotiruey to the I.utu Nzigi I rom what I have
been able to tucnu by cross-questioning, I MB disposed
to think Mr. Baker Intended to have returned to earn
la-t, In order to join iho trading party on tbeir return
Journey, or lie would have con.-tgoeu lettera to them
respecting bis futuro requirements from Khartoum, as
also for posttog letters at this place for Kurope. Ton men
or ilhurshid Aga remained stationary, while tbe minori
ty, with the prncoeda of tbeir trade, went to Cnudokoro,
thore to be re enforced for tbe pur|*>ie of returning to
form a permanent trading establishment at Kanrasi's
residence.
I hare stated in my last that these meo conveyed s
packet of lettera from Goudokoro to Mr. Uakor, but
pleading want of porter* they refused to take obarge of
sundry provisions I bad sent bones for his consumption.
Front these men Mr. Baker will have learned the de
parture or the boats from Goudokoro. and their absence
during the rainy season; therefore, until the nest trading
campaign, nothing more can be heard of blm.
Mr Pctherick himself was at Heber en the 11th of Au
gust, on his way homo.
The King or Dshemay and Ills Shall
Relies.
[From Burt Id's "Mission to tbe King of Dahemey.")
The only other peculiarity In the court was a row of
three large calabashes, ranged ou tbe ground bstore and
a little to the left or reyalty. They contain the calvari.e
of the tnree chief among forty kings or pstly beadnsen,
?aid to have been destroyed by Gelelc, sod they are
rarely absent from tbe royal levees A Kumpoan would
imagine these relics to bo treated with mockery, wberees
the o?ntrary is the esse. So the Ring Simmenkpen
(Adabonnzon if.), after unwrapping an enemy's cranium,
said to Mr. Morris, " If I should lall into hostile hwds,
I should wish to bo treated with that decency ef wmch 1
sot tbe example." The Aral skull Vas thai of Akia'on,
chief of Attako (Teonowt, near "Porto Novo," which was
destroyed about throe years ago. Beautifully white ana
polished, It is mounted tn a ship or galley of thin brass
about a loot long, wtlb two masts, and jlbboom, rat
tliugs, anchor, and four portholes on each side, one pair
being In tbe rained quarter deck. When King Gez? died,
his aucoesaor received a message front this cbtct that all
meu were now truly Joyful, that the sea bad dried up,
and that the world had seen tbe bottom of Dahoroe
Gelelc relolnad t|g slaying him, and by meunittig his skull
in a sbip, nuAanlng tlftat there is still waf>r'onough to
float the kingdom, and that if the fa.her Is dead the son
is alive.
The second cranium, which also was well boiled, and,
which., like the rest, wanted the lower jaw, wna that at
Bnk'iko of Istitggn. It was crossed alright angles by
foi.r bars of bright brem; a tbln mask ot the same metal,
rvtdelv rasdted with apes nnd unraised [nose, gave It a
monkey like appearance On the poll, an I wmere the
hara met. was ? brass howl with A tip like r\ calabash
nmW, t>J which the u^jjer halt v'u.d bq lurtd.
to serve m a drinking cup, thla, when viewed in front,
looked somewbet like a Phrygian cap, or a knightly hel
met. During Gelel's attack upon Abbeokuta, in 1851,
tbe people of Ishagga behaved with consummate treach
ery, which elevuu yiara alterwards waa terribly pun
ialied by the present ruler. Bakoko was put to death,
and as a sign that he ought to baro given water to a
frtond in mllntiuu, men now drink from his recreant
bead.
The third calvarla, also washed, was that of Flajo, an
Abbookutan general, sent to tbe aid of tbe Isbaggas.
Along the ridge crown of tbe head ran a broad leaf in
brass, to which was attached a thick copper wire and a
chain wbicb can raise It from its bare; ths Istter Is an
imitation in brass of a country trap whilst a small white
(lag and cloth are wound round the stout wire. Thin
snowed that tlado fall into tha pit which be dug for
another.
Jlflsrellxneotia Foreign Items.
Tbe lrntfa Italiana of Milan has bean seized for pub.
liabing Mszzinl's letter to the Italians.
The Pope is well, taking his dally drives and walks an
usual. Having made tbe circuit of Monte Piuclooo root,
be descended the long and steep stair of Trinita di Moult
and entered his carriage in she Piazza di Spagna. His
lioliuess has not yet given bis answer to tbe notillcatlon
of tbe convention. It is understood that the sutyect Is
still under consideration.
Tbe Londonderry (Ireland) Sentinel states tbst there la
at present on view In the Masonic Hall of that town
"I'eckwith's series'of paintings representing the battles
c.nd incidents of the Bolfast riots, which are viewed
with painful interest in consequence of the melancholy
scenes which they represent." ?
The I'rui ian Moni'tur contains n decree instituting n
new military decoration called the Cross of the Atwaull
of Puppel. It iB in bronze, and will be given to all tbe
generals, ofl.cers, sub officers and soldiers who took aa
active part In tbat feat of arms.
Some idea of the enormous amount of tobaceo smoking
In tbo world may be formed from tbo fact tbat one of ths
Brazilian mall packets recently brought to Knglaud six
millions sogers, ana that an American mall steamer,
which left .Southampton lately, luuded before lier depar
ture two thousand bnles of unmanufactured leaf tobucoo.
She had brought it from New York, took it on to Bre
men, and without lauding it there brought It to South
nmplon, from whence it wue sent to London to be shipped
for the peninsula.
The President of the Republic of Paraguny has sent te
the PrussiAii government live thousand pounds of tea for
tlio Prussian army. The presebt will be delivered by an.
Officer from Paraguay.
A madman has been addressing letters in cypher to the
King of Prussia. He could not for some lime be dis
covered, and some consternation was felt, ns no man
could find a key to the cypher. He was, however, ac
cidentally discovered, and gave the required key, which
stewed a groat deal of ingenuity In the construction of
the cyphers, and that they were respectful letters and
rather elegant in thought.
Tbe famous swallow painted by Csrl Venet on ths oetl
ing of the Cafe Foy, Paris, is the cause or a law suit. Ths
landlord opposed at a late bankruptcy sale or the tenant's
effects tbe right the latter claimed to sell it, Tbo tenam
founded bis claim on the fact tbat tbe swallow was paint
ed after the lease bo holds was signed, and the landlord
contends that, by being painted on tbe celling, tbe swal
low has become une propritU imnmbLisee?i. e , a fixture.
Tbe a flair has been provisionally decided in favor of the
plaintiff, who, should he gain his suit, will not have mack
to boast of, for the original swallow has long since disap
peared under at least twonty different coats of paint.
Tho state of tbe Tarls burial grounds Is tbs subject of ?
special Inquisition at tbe Hotel de Villa. A comralsslox
has been sent by the municipality to Gcntilly and lvry,
for the purpose of there selecting a site or two euppie
mcntary cemeteries, which will be fixed before the 281k
or October. All tbe existing cemeteries will he shortly
swept nway, and to prevent Paris growing up about the
new ones these will be placed at such a distances to ne
cessitate the construction of a line of railway to be ex
clusively devoted to the service of funerals It Is alee
proposed to abolish the common ditch tor the use of tbe
poor, as tne froquent opening of it is a fertile source ct
disorder.
The Kpglidh Board of Trade returns of railway acci
dents I fir 181)3 show that in tbo year thirty.five fiassen
gcrs were killed and four hundied and one Injured in the
lulled Kingdom by aecldentwo trains or other cause*.
The London .Poll of tne^dth of October, says it is im.
possible not to recognise in tho recent operations of the
Confederates that superior strategical skill, as well ae
gallantry, wbicb have so long enabled them to thwart
every design of the federal government. They have 'not
merely met sheer force successfully by sheer force, bat
by sagacity and skill have arrested the most formidable
or the attacks hitherto directed against their indepen
dence
Adviced from Turin assert that tbe question relative U
the cession or uaitonil domains has been arranged be
tween the Minister of Finance and M. Baldulno and the
liuke or Gallura. This operation will give the treasury
about 20,000 I Iras.
A letter from Adrianople confirms tbe news of the
formation in tbat province of a commission which is t*
occupy itself with tbe improvenwnte to be Introduced la
agriculture. Tho prlnclpnl points which tbe Pacha bna
recommended to their serious attontlon are?the cultiva
tion of cottou and tbe Introduction of tho European ma
chines used in agricultural operations.
An Amortcan aloe is now in full bloom in Edlnburg,
Scotland.
The exports of coal from tbe various porta of tks
Lolled Kingdom during September, 1884, amounted la
the aggregate toT90,647 tons?being aa Increase of 82,1M
tons over tbs same month of 1863. The exports from
January to Septsmbsr, 1864, inclusive, amounted te
6,063,960? being an Increase of 409,861 tons over tks
same period of 1863.
Several Instances have occurred in which newspepen
sent from England addressed to Russia have bean returned,
In consequence of the regulation of tho Russian post oflM
with regard to tho transmission of newspapers cot haw
ing been compiled with, tbe public are Informed that It Is
forblddeu to introduce into Russia through tha post pe<
Ittieal newspapers, and that tbe only means by wbleh
persons residing in Russia can obtain such newspapers
from tbo Lnited Kingdom Is by subscribing for them el
on* of the Russian post offices.
Tha Austrian papors maka light of tbo recent Insurrec
tionary movement on tbe frontiers of Venetts, sod char
acterize it as a hopeless attempt on tbe part of a few ex
thnsiestlo youths to excite revolutioa. The bead wbteh
invaded Friuli is skid to have been received with perfect
Inditterence by the people, and to have been dispersed
immediately opon the appearance of tbe Austrian troopst
The officers of engineers In tbe garrison of Antwerp*
gave a grand dinner lately to General Todtlaben, tba 4e
fender of Sebaalopoi.
Commercial Intelligence.
I.ivxarnoL, Oct. 28,18M. ,
The Brokers' Circular reports the sales of cotton faa1
the week at 70,000 bales, Including 2S,000 to speculators
and 16,500 to exporters. Tbe market opened very dull
and prices declined Id. a 2d., but bee?me active at the
decline, wbicti was partially recovered. American closed
Id. lower od tbe wees, and Bursts more than recovered
tbe decline, closing at Id. a l)<d. advance on tbe week.
The authorized quotations are:?Fair Orleans, 85d ; mid
dling Orleans. 32d., fair Mobile, 84>?d.; middling MobUa,
31 \d.; fair Uplands, 34d.; middling Uplands, 81*dd.
No otbor commercial newa received.
NEWS FROM NEW ORLEANS.
Inter eat I rig Intelligence from JUouIetnnn.
Mobile Bay, Texas and Mexico, die.
Canto, Nov. 7,1884.
The steamer Magenta, from New Orleans November 1,
has arrivod.
Tbe New Orleans notion market was at a dead stand.
A few balls or middling sold by suction at $1 IS.
A steamer had Just arrived at New Orleans with two
thousand barrels of dour and other produce. Several
more cargoes were to arrive. The flour market wad
greatly overstocked. Quotations ranged $11 76 a $18.
Tbe steamship Asbolb, for New York, was taking coUoo
on freight at %c per pound.
AII was quiet In New Orleana oa tbe 31st nit.
Tbe latest intelligence from Toxm reports tbat our
troops were fortifying Santiago Rra/oe. Tba rebel ? Gene
ral Slaughter had succeeded General Itoyton in tbe com
mand of tbat suction. Only H00 rebels were there.
Cortina did not accept a general's commission In the
service of Maximilian. Ha surreoderad on the conditio*
tbat tbe Krencb would not scire his treasure, and is now
a wealthy private cltixen of Matamoros
Tbe French have paid the greatest attention to tba
Union oflicers wbo have visited Matamoros. Tbe United
Btatee consul has a Krencb guard to protect him where
ever be goes.
Tberd was s lagge fleet of merchantmen ofl tbe mouth
of tbe Rio Grande, and a large trade bad been opened
with New York. Trade between New Orleans and Main
morts la contraband.
Tbars ware 1,500 baits of cotte* at Rrowntville wait
ing shipment to some place where goods on rebel govern
ment account cau be obtained for It.
Oar troops were In good health
A party of guardian made a raid on tbe plantation of
Mr. Jennings, on Grand Gnir, and burned ihlrty-aevrn
balsa of oottoa.
Important movaments agaiasl tba rsbals are expected,
to take place shortly.
Tbe Kra'$ correspondence from Mobile says all la quiet
there. Onr despatch beats are so near tba city tbat tba
color or tbe ladles' Arrases in tbe streets can be distin
guished wltlk s glass.
Our boats oarer molested tbe steamship Sierra Ne
vada.
Tbe ateamsblp Guiding Star arrived at Nsw Orleans on
tbe SOtlj i-Jt. from New York.
Naw Oaieaxs, Nov. 1, ISM
later accounts from Texas tod Max loo eon flirt with
Ihnaa received yesterday, which were up to lbs 25th of
October. Cortina, It Is now asserted, bad been asm oa
an expedition to Camarjo. Mffita was la supreme onm.
?and of Matamoros.
A three days fandango bad taken place In bonnr id
Maximilian. No Mexlcarv, except tbe officers of Mrjis's
command, participated. In the festivities.
Rebel troops are deserting.
Tbe mllltla are enrolling rapidly.
Tba merchant of Vloksburg havn eootribated fitir
thousand doll?,rs to tba Illinois Sanitary Fair
The wlvas^if Generals r?nby, Tl'irtbut, !>*u? an I ' ?il,
IMR0t?u,ht? uoplD| dona Ui? rijpr,

xml | txt