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THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 10,302. NEW YORK, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1864. PRICE FOUR CENTS. IMPORTANT REBEL NEWS. Annual Message of the Rebel President to Congress. ITS C0NTENT8 AND VIEWS. J?ff. Davis Proiounoes Sher man, Grant and Banks All Failures. Atlanta and Richmond Not Vital Points. So react Withent Recognition tf Statbtrn Independence. >0 HOPE OF FO&EIGI BEGOGIITIOI The Rebel Public Debt $1,147,970,208, Not Including the Foreign and Army Debt. The Rebel Chief Opposes the Arming of the Slaves. Id Recommends the Employment of 10,000 Regroci u Laborers, to Be Drilled and Instructed, But Rot Armed. OPINIONS OF THE RICHMOND PRES8. Dans Denounced for Obscurity of Ex pression in Regard to the Arming of Slaves and His Proposed Interference with the Press. Proceedings of the Rebel Congress. The Policy ef Arming Negress Denounced, AaMMbllBf of tfeo Retool Oeagrcu Iconoe la Hlohmomd. The poooDd mm loo of the permanent robot Ooo (no assembled at the Bute House, to the etty of Rich' Mood. At precisely twelve o'clock meridian oo Monday the 7th lost. A sufficient number of memboso to oonotl.' mo e quorum bad Arrived In tbo rebel cmpttol oo tbe RMurday previous, Importing to tbet gloomy mentolpolity 0 more then usual cost In aH respects Among the (ire1 lo arrive end pay tbelr respects to JeQereon OavIs, tbe Booelled President of tbe rebel Sulea, was Mr. ft M. T. Hunter, of rebel Virginia, who came tv ?he Met of government early in bit oapaelty as Pre atoont pro trm. or the rebel Senate, Vice Presi dent Stephens, M beiDg understood, falling beck on the condition of bis health as en excuse for bis non appearance in tbe presld.ng seat ef tbo Senate. It ts, however, known that hie attitude towards Mr. Davis, his brother Senators, tbe rebel Representatives In tbe lower of the two bouses, and tbe confederacy generally. Is not aaob as to find bim favor with tbe rebel cbiertains, though It is sueb as to draw nigh to aim tbe affection and aouldenoe of large masses of tbe Southern people, who bare long seen that this thing of destroying the Dawn by rebellion la all wrong, and oanooe succeed, the rebel Vioe President will scarcely emerge from hie Georgia home daring the proseat session to execute the functions of his position. Aiuohg those who were seen up< n the streets of Richmond early on dalur day, looking hale, hearty and jovial, was IIod Themse M. Bocock, Speaker of tbe rebel House ef Representatives, and anterior to the war tbo Boutnsre laudator of Wa*hlngt.?n and Jacknon. Mr. Speaker Bocock It said to be among tboee rebels wbo deem It both a right and a sue red duty to toti?w Virginia, no matter where she leads, m distin guished irom the ilea of following Davie and bis more especial si lies in the attempt to round an empire wboso fouo nation shall be tbelr own unhallowed ambition and lust for power and plane Ibis view is. however, eeseu. Uaily vitiated by tbe fact tbet Mr. Itocock has only fol lowed half of tbe Old Dominion, and that wholly In the wrong direction. Herocbel V. Johnson, the Douglas candidate for tbe Vice Presidency In tbe Presidential campaign of lHt',0, appears as a Senator from Georgia, or tbat portion of it vouchsafed the rebels by Phoruian. lie api>eara portly sad Jolly, end, In common with Hunter, Wm H Preston, tbe memorable tVigfail, James 1. Orr, tbe rotund and gorlbund ex -ponker of the Union Houee of Representa tives, ex United Slates Senator Albert G. Brown, of Mte ataelppi, Hangman Foots, Charles & Conrad, of Doulsiaub, ex Governor of Wasbin.ton territory, and ex a.ember of tbe Union House. Fayette Me,Mullen and William C. Rives,callid on Jeffnrvu Davis, ?t bis official rosideuce to tbe edge of the city, on Saturday evening, where and Wben It wae understood a general consultation was had in re.srnnce to tbe aitoation, politically aod mill tarliy. the general appearance of the gentlemen oi both beu?es. and indeed ol all in enjr way whatever c-mooted wliu tnu rebol government, was eminently subdued and grave; and It was cany to see that tbe absolute farce of a rebel government no this continent i?,to use a a "me whet Inelegant ,tnugh really roreible pb.aae, boiag both (set and flually played oat. Tito Annual lUeeange of Jeff. Dmvls to the itrbnl Congress, fb rue Sswars on Hot si; or Rsi R.wunsTivt.a or thx Con rsnv.iiATu Krsire or Assmrr; BRvisw orrus cumins or 18fl4. It Is with satisfaction that I welcome your presence at en earlier day tbmn tbat usual for your eeaslnn, autf with ? ni l nee that I in vote the aid of your nounsels at a time ef aucb public exigency. Tbe campaign which was coin menced aimed eiiaulianoonsly with your session early in May last, and which was still in progress at your ad)o?rn. men I la the middle > f J me, ban not yet reacbi-d its clotw If hat born proOKvtti en ? Mb and with aw rnetpy hrreUt forr unequti/fed. When we revert to the eondltion of onr aowetry at Hie inception of tbe operations of tbo present yea-, to tbe megnituds of Urn preparations made by the enemy, tbo numiter of his forces. Ms accumulation of In warlike supplies, end the prodigality with which bia vaat rwsoiirr.es have neea lavished la Ikd attempt to render eaco -as aseerec', anon we contrast the numbers sad Brwtna at oui disposal for resistance, sod when we con tempi; to the rerulie ?M a Mrnpgla apparently so unequal, ere rennet fall, while rendering too fall mesof of deserved praise to onr gone ride aud soldi, re, te psicelrs that a Rower higher than man has willed our deliverance, and gratefully to recngniM the protection of a knvl Ir-vl denes In sDablnig na sucncssiuiiy to wllhriand the uiutart ?doris of tbe enemy for our subjngstlon. rftr nusa vtwiswnrt ntr >Rr?irjvr. At the beginning Of the voar the Stale of lease was pa. lis ly le psastMlSB of the enemy, and lar*e portions ?t fax'islinn and Arkansas lay ap,> renily dafonoeloas. C< i s ft trm' soldi ?> ? icAt in n fd .ei.t iwftr are ktiosun to nuujut r?tn a.- i -fstnc i of war lu Northwest-ru Iroutolsna a larga and wall appointed army, aided by a powerful fleet, waa repeatedly defeated, aud deemed itoalf fortonate t? Anally escaping wKb a loan of one-third of Ha number*, a large part or He military tralna, and many transports and gonboau. The eosmyto ocoupatlon er that State la reduced to tbe narrow diatriot ecm mended by the gnna of bta fleet, Arkansas baa beea recovered, with the exception of a few (ortlfled poata, wblle oar forces bare penetrated Into Cootral Missouri, affording to oar oppressed brethren la that State an opportunity?of which may bare availed them selves? of striking for llberattoa from tbe tyranny to which thoy bar# been subjected. On the aaat of the Misaiaslppi, to spite of some reveries, wa bare muab cauae tar graiatatloe. The aneinr hoped ta eflect, during tbe present year, by ooncentratloo of forcaa, the conquest which he had previouaty failed to aeoompllah by more extended operatlona. Compelled, therefore, to withdraw or eerteoaly to weaken the atrengtb of the arm lag of ocoupatlon at different polote, be haa afforded oa the opportunity of recovering poseen ?Ion of extensive districts of ear tarriwry. Nearly the whole of northern and western Mississippi, af northern Alabama, and of western Tennessee are again In our pos session; and all attaaapta to penetrate from the coast Una Into the Interior or the Atlantic and Gulf Stales have boon baffled. Oa toe entire ocean and Gulf ooast of the confederacy the whole aooceaa off the enemy, with tbe enormous naval reaoorcea at his command., haa been lim ited to tbe cap tare of tbe outer defences or Mobile Bay. It we now tarn to tbe results aooampltshed by tbe two great armies, so confidently railed oa by the Invaders as aufflclcat to secure the aabvaraian of our government and tbe subjection of oar people to foreign domination, wa bave aim greater oanse for devout gratitude to Di vine Power, in Southwestern Virginia, ouoceaalve armies which threatened the oaptnra of Lynchburg and ball vllle, have been routod and drlvoo out of the oountry, and a portion of Eastern Tennessee reoonqaered by our troop* In Northern Virginia extensive districts formerly occupied by tbe enemy ere new free from their prsaence. In the lower valley their general, rendered desperate by bis Inability to maintain a hostile occupation, baa re sorted to tbe Infamous expedient of converting a fruitful land Into a desert by burning Hs mills, granaries homesteads, and destroying the food, standing crops, live stock and agrluultuaal implements or peaceful son com batants. The mate army, after a series of defeats In which Its leases have been enormous; after attempts by raiding parties to break up our railroad communications, which have resulted In tbe destruction of a large part of the cavalry engaged In the work; after constant rspofce of repeated assaults oa oar defensive Unas, is, with the aM of heavy reinforcements, but with, It la hoped, waniag propect of farther progress In the design, still engaged | in an effort, oommenced more than four months ago, to capture the Iowa of Petersburg. oonnui mnsux'a onus-nose. The army of General Sherman, although sneoefNag at [ the and of the summer in obtain log possession or Atlanta, i haa been unable to secure any ultimate advantage from this sucoeaa. Tbe earns general who, In Mbruary Inst, marched a large army from Vickaburg to Meridian with I no other rasalt than being forced to march back again. ! was able, by the aid of greatly tacrmsed nam ben, end | after much deity, to force a paaasgs from Chattanooga to Atlanta, only to be for tbe anooafl time n withdrew on the Une of Ms eCwanoe with oat i Malalng oootrel of a alogl# mile of territory bsyoad the narrow traekof his march, and without gaining anghl bayond the precarious peaseasles af a few fortified potato in which ha ta oompeitod ta maintain heavy garrisons, and which are menaced with recapture, anoxia aw mosMom wot vieai anna or ma com ?mast The lessons affbsded by tbe btotory sf Mi ww are fraugbtowlth instruotlon and encouragement. Repeatedly during the war bave formidable expeditions beea directed by tbe enemy against points IgneranUy supposed to be ef vital Importance to tbe confederacy. Same of these expe ditions bave, at Irnnisena east, been successful; but In no lustaooa have tbe promised fruits bean reaped. Again, la the present campaign, whs fh* delusion fondly okorieked thai the cameure of Atlanta mod Richmond would, if*. focUd, end the war, by tba overthrow of our government and lbs submission of our people. We esn uowsjudge by expertoaoe kow unimrartan' is influence or toe former e onI upon our copaeilp for defonos, upon tbe eowrage and spirit of tbe people, and the stability of tbe government, we may, to Hke manner, jedgo that if tbe campaign agaiost Richmond had resulted in success instead of fail ure; if tbe valor of tbe array under the lender ship of Ha aooompllabed commander bed re stated le vain tbe overwhelming masses which were, on the contrary, decisively reunited; if we had been compelled to macvoie Hiohmend at moil at Atlanta, the etmfadaraeo would haw remaned at erect and defiant at ever. Nothing could have beea changed in the purport of Ha govern meet, in tbe Indomi table valor of its troops or to tbe unquenchable spirit of Its people. Tbe boded and disappointed foe wonld to vain bave scanned the reports of vour proceedings at some now legislative seat, for any indication that pro gress hod been made In his gigantic task of conquering a free people. The truth so potent to us must ere long be forced upon tbe reluctant Northern mind Tker-i.re no ,*-?( poinle on the preser alion of which the continued e \ tenee af the confederacy dependi. There it no military sue e<t of the enemy which can aocomptuk ill de struction. Not the fall of Richmond, nor Wilnxn', on, nor Charlodon. nor Savannah, nor Mobile, nor of all eombincl. earn raw the enemy from Ike cemitant and exhautine drain of blood and treeuure which mutt em inue ssukl he shall dot vmer thai no peace it attainable unlets bated on the recoani t ton <f our indefeasible right'. Ke ore leaving this iub;set It Is gratifying to assure you that the military supplice essentially requisite for public defence will be fo-isd, as berstofore, adequsto to our needs; and that abundunt crops bavs rewarded the labor <>r ibe farmer, and rendered abortive the lohumte at tarn pi tiff the enemy to produce, by devastation, famine ameug the people. SPRSIRK MTUlTtOtol. It Is not to my power to aauounoe any change In the conduct of foreign Itowera. No surA actum has been taken by the Christian aa ions of Kurope at might jurilv hare been ex\*eiea from their history, from the duties Imposed by loterustlonal law, aed from the ela'ms of humanity. It la charitable to attribute tbelr ooaduct to ao worse motive tban Indifference to tbe oonseqnences of a strug gle which shakes only the republican iwrtion of tba A raertouii ooutlnnot, and not to ascribe to design a course calculated to insure lbs prolousstion of b^.tflntee No Instance In history Is rcmsmbered by me In which a nation pretending to exercise dominion over another, asserting its lndopend?nes, has been the first to concede tbe existence of such Independence. No esse can be re called to my mind ta wbicb neutral Powers have failed to set the example of rooognirlag tbe Independence of e Dfttioo, then iatl?ned of too lnwbiliiy of it* enemy to tub vert its government; end Ibis, too, in cases where tbe previous relation between the contending parties bad been confessedly that of mntber country and dependent colooy; not, as lu our case, that of co-equal Htalea united by federal compact. It has over been eonaidored tho proper function and duty ?f neutral Powers to perform tbe oince of judging whethnr In point of fact the nation assert Ing dominion is able to make good lis pretensions by foroe of arms, aud If not. by recognition of the resisting psrtv to discountenance tbe forther continuance of the con test. And tbo reason why this duly Is Incumbent 01 neutral Powers Is plainly apparent, when wo rellect that the pride and paaalnn which blind the judgment of tba parties to the con(1 let caune the oonttnuauce of active warfare, and con sequent nsteoas slaughter, loeg after ine inevitable result has become apparent to all not engaged in tbe struggle. So long, th-refcre. .ij neutral na'nms fait by recomilioti of our independence to announce that, in their iudgmrnt, ike timed Slates are . nabh to reduce Pi* am/at raeu to submission, their tondnet will be arreted by our nciaci at a '?.<' eruourog ment to onlioue thei efforts, tad as an imp'led .isauraoc* that belief Is entertained hy neutral nations in the eucoeaa of tb-lr design*. A direct stimu lus, whether mientloual or not, la thus appl.ed to scour ii g a ronliniMnre of the earnate and levaaiai l a w hi. h des lato this ooutlneut, and which they profess deeply to deplore. The disregard of tbla just, humane aed .Tirtstlso pub lic duly by the nail oa of Kurope is tbe m >re rem-rteblo from ibe fact that authentic expression has long since been glaeo by the gover motile of both France and Eng land to the conviction that tho United Pistes are luuble t eTqirar tho roe ed-waoy. Ii is now more than i ?n ycraKince the government nr Frsnos sniiminced oni Oiallv to the Cabinet* of St. I'etcishurg and Ivindon lis own conclusion that Ibe I'n I. <1 .state* were unable to achieve anv dec'aive military micreee. In the anew*,* sent bv those I owerson Intimation of a contrary opinion wns conveyed: and H la notorious lb*. In spevchss, both In and out of Parliament, the members of bor I'rltftnnlr Majesty's aovornmsnt bave nni he?ltatod to exproe* this onnvicitnu In ua^naHfled terms. Tfwi denial of onr right, under these circumstances. Is so obviously all ust, snd dte.rlmuielna so un fairly in fiv?r of tbe (foiled Htntes, ghat neutral* have nought to palliate the wrong of which they are eon scl us. by professing to oonsider. In no..n*lt|.ui t<> nolo. I ?J** truth and to the known oeitef of '?otb ballUorenls, that the recognition ef cur independence wonld be value lessiwtthn.it their Innber intervention <n ihe ntr.iggle; an Iniervrntion of whs-h we disclaim the desire and mis trust ins Hdvautage. it's $e,k ns favor, me wish *%-> ("(*. - n. nnos, iee y ow out sefre* fully cow j t'eniio mdwlsifi our sum rxytih .. e.f intt peu 'erce ayiuait he inoadrri of our ? * , oof eel J on tided in nsesrllng. (hat without J.. ,. ., rom """vnHIng thnr armicsfrom forrlgn from ,.Ti Vi woefd, ere U s, have b. n dna-en from . When ihs roc. gnu,on cf the own e.teraev w.w refused by "rrsl Pru??. m the fell or Ita-I tbe rele sal was etcn-ed on the rroued thst anv action by her Ma ^ CSZ .ol'T W0'"'1 b,rft *bceilect o. InHaiNHiv tee , asslr s of Ibe b.illh'"renis ard of preventing be r*n rn o. p ace I is .ysomol that ihl. oomi. n w ? Mm eerely entertained; nui the e,?er,enre of two reus ef mm.,mil -.1 carnire. ahoss ih t n w s s ro neniis, and ibat tne recult was toe revere <.f ?h<t the Uf ill*" him I* try UnuMhoir desired. A contrary poiloy a policy Just to us, a policy diverging fkom an unvarying oou rue ul concession to all tbe demands of our enemies, ?a still wllhiu loo i ower of nor M^eitjr'a government, and would, II ta fair to presume, bo productiTO of conse quences lb* opposite ?I those which bar# uofortuneteiy followed Ita whole courao of eeaduet from the com mencement ol iu? war to the preaeut lime. Ja a word, rira <i impouib* w tkrut twt/oenrience, and it ii not to rated, d that IU enrmv wilt anticipate ntulrah tw the reeogntto i of tint irde enince. When the h la lory of tbia war ahall be fully died <>sed, the oalm Judgment of the Impartial publicist will, for tbeaa reaaona, be unable to aLtotne the neutral nation* of Kurt-pe from a there >* Die moral rctpontibilitv far the myriatli of human live* that hare been unnecettariip lacriflced during it* progrem. The renewed taaUucea In whleh foreign Powers haro glveo ua Juat mum or oomplamt need not here be de tailed. The astraoto from tha correepondonoo of the State Departroeut wblab accompany thta meaaaga will afford aoch fortlier information aa can bo given without detriment to the public Interest, and we must reserve for toe 'atore each action aa may then ho deemed advlaable to aoourc radraaa. Your apoetal attonlloo hi earnestly Invited to tbo re port of tho Secretary of the Troaaury. submitted to coo formity with taw. Ike fact* ihereon diieloud art far from ditcouragimg. and domonotsal# that, with Jadloloua loglslatloo we ahall bo enabled to moot an tha axtgenotes of tho war from our abundant raaouroea, and avoid, at tha same time, euoh aa accumulation ef dabt aa would reader! at all doubtful our eapaelly to redeem It. Tho total receipts Into the Treasury for the two quarters ending oe the 80th Hepumber, lbM, were $415,191,660, which sum, added to tbo balance of $308,269,721, that remained lu the Treaaurv on the lat of April Dot, forma a total of $728,471,272 (if this total, not far irosa half, that is to aay, $542,560,327, have been applied to the ax Macttoa of the public debt, white the total expeadlturae have boen $272,378,505, leaving a balance In the Traaau urv on tha 1st of Oelober, 18(14, of $108,485,440. The tota' amount of the puhlte debt, as exhibited en the books of tha Reetetar of the Treasury, on the lat of October, 1364, was ?M4T.?T0.?O8, of wWeb$639, 340 090 were ruuded debt, bearing later eat, $288,880,100 were Treasury ootes of tha new iaaue, and the remainder coMtaied ef the former issue ef Treasury notes whleh will be oouverted Into other forms of debt, and wMl oeeae , to exist as currency oa the Slat af next mouth. TIm bowevir, npluoi tb*t, in cooieqMOWw the absence of oertain returns from dlaigpt oflleers.lhe | tree amount of the debt Is tesa, by about twmty-oue sad e half millions of dollars, then appears on the boohs or the Reg later, aod that the total public debt, on the lat of lest month, may be fairly considered to have beea ^'iMrme of (he public debt during the stx months from the 1st of April is the lat of October, wee $97,060, 780, being rather mora than $10,000,000 per month, end It will be apparent ooa perusal of the report, that this angmeDtauoe would have been avoided, and a positive reduction of the amouat would have baan effected, hot for certain defeota In tho tegtelallon on the subject of tha tnaneoe, which are potatad out In tha report, and which aeetn in admit of eaay remedy. , ? . In the uatement* :uH mad* the foreign dM i* omitted. ft consists only of the an raid balance of the loan known as tha cotton loan. This balance la Dot ?2.200,000. and is adequately provided far by about 860,000 balea af cot ton owned by the government, even if tha ootton be rated aa worth but alx pauoo par pound. I Thtre ii one 'tern of the pubHc d*bt net tnHud-d ?n (be 1 tablet nrtented, to whteh your attention la required. The bounty bends promised to our soldiers by tha third eootloa of the eat of 17lh February, 1864, wore delivera ble en the lat of October. The Secretary has boeo unable to issue them by reason of an omtealon to the law, so time being there!a Oxed for the payment of the heeds. as arraonunoae mcdd rem im ran m noirrna. The aggrMale approprleHone oalied for by tho dif ferent departments ef the govern meet, accord log te the call males submitted with the report. log to the estimates suemiiiea wiu me repert, tor the tlx moeths ending on the 80th June, 1006, ror inv nx on?a?? w ? amount to $438,102,070, while the Secretary estimate* u,.t there will remits unexpended, out of former appro priations, 'on the lat of January, 1866, * balance af (407,410.604. It would, therefore,seem that former estl Indeed, It the estimates now presented ahedUprove to ba aa much la excess ef actual expendi tures as baa heretofore been the case. * considerable balance will at lit remain unexpended at the close of the tret half of the eoeateg yaer , The ehltf 3k tram reaver, ao&Twhloh seems joeUy tobe eitrlbutad by the Beer*. tarv'te two oeuaes-^rediindanoy te amount aa? want i^rfldmce in utHmed* red>mptum?far both of which reeae dlasMdauggeated that wtifoom^d themselves to year ooaetderattun as beleg preoiweble as well aa edtoleat, rui roa aaxKSTUKi in ctjaaaaor xvili The mate features ef the pteu presented are substan umir ibase.?lat. That the telth cf the government be oiedsed that the notes shall ever remain exempt irom taxation- Jd. That eo Iaaue shall be mad* tefw4 that which la already authorized by law. 80- Thte e oertata 4ta) parUon of the aamial receipts from taxation d^iiim the war aheL be set apart specially far the cradaal extinction of the oelteaading amount, uatN It ?2WabmaraaaoMl to on* hundred sad Sf*y arilltea pledge and Mprcprlatlen of eoeb StoTrf Ibt U? inkted, and far auoh number of !2E\jEv?bem.uru of paa^, aa almnbeHainthr the final roJemptioa of the entire circulation. The de taiia of the plea, tha oeicotatiooa oa whleh H la baa ad, the adioieocy of 1U qporatlow. and tha vast advaatagM which would result frcm IU eaoeeas, are fully detailed ta the report, aed oeaaM be fairly presented te a form sal doieotly ooodeeaed for this maemga 1 doeSt not It will receive irom you that earnest auB oaedid ceustderatloa whleh U merited by the importance ef the ratyeet. fhe reeommeadattona of tho report for tho ropes) ef oertata provisoes of the tax team whleh prodoce lee quality In tha berthe* of the taxettaa. far excelling all government loana irom taxation on oapitai, sad from any adverse diaorimleailon la taxation on Income derived from them, for placing the taxation oa banks enthe same footing aa the taxation of other corporate bod I. a; for gectiriDo tha payment late tbe Treasury of that por tion of the bang circulation which la liable to ooenaca lloo beeauto held by alien euomtea; fbr tbe conversion of tbe Interest bearing Treasury ootea oow outstanding laic ID? inier?? uwmi>ui t? coupon bonds, and for tha quarterly collect We of taxa (ton al. present practical qoealleoa for Ingwlatton, which, h wlaeiy devised, will,greatly Improve tbo public credit L W ltd' V aBVtVMIi will ?? r;? an4 al??Tixi? the trarlba?? iow imposed by Iho extreme aod uonecesaary depreclatien In ihe value of the cor r*1ho*ret urns of tbe Produce Ioaa Bureau am submitted with the lepott, and the wformatlou le convoyed that the T-atu-y ag-ncg in the tran*-Mwe>*dppi Department ha* been fuih (r raniMfd, and U mmo iH operatum uitk pn> mi ? of rifle- nrv and tmeem. The liroviat ns Uaretoforo made to some extent for to creasing the compeoaatlou of public officer a, civil aud military, la found to bo ta some placea Inadequate to their support. perhaps not more eo any where than In Richmond, and laqutry, with a view to appropriate remedy, Is an greeted te your oooalderalton. Your eottae Is also called to tb* condition of oertata officers of the Treasury, who were orolued ta the tews heretofore named lor tbe relief of other public officers, as mentioned lathe report of the Secretary of the Treaeury. narannnurr or wen. Tbe condition of tho varies* breaches of tbe military service is staled lu tha eccompanylug report ef the Becre urv ef War. Amoag tbe suggestions made lor leglo>a live action wllb a view ta add to the numbers aed effl otaooy of tbe army, all of which will reoeive your con sideration , m?re ere soma prominent topics which merit S| Kiel notice Att uawe KxaurrisiJ nmsoxa raox anjTAav dutt to aa axvoxxD. The exempt tan from mMitery duty now eororded by law to an iiersoo* engaged la certain specified pursuits or professions is shown by oaperlaoae lo ba unwise, dot Is II believed to be defensible in theory. Tbe detonce of homo, family aud country te uoivaraally rooogniiwd as the paramount political duty of every member of society and ta * form of goveramont like ours, where ' each cltiaen enloya an equality of rigbia and privileges, nothing can be more invidious than an unequal distribution of dulles and ebllgatlona. Ao pur tu it nor petition thou Id r, Uere a?v mt, who U obit to do artint duty, from enrolment in the army, unless his functions or services are more useful to the defence of his o.?ntry In another sphore. But It la manifest that this cannot be the case with entire classes. All telegraph oiwralors, workmen In mines, professors, teachers, engineers, edltora and employes of newsna iiors Journeymeo printers,ahoemakera, tannara. black smiths millers, physicians, ar.d tho numarous other classes'mentioned in the laws, cannot In tho nature of things be either eqosllv necessary lu their several pr i lesstons, nor dUUibited throughout the Oouutry m such proportions that only the exact nnmhor ro quired are found in each locality, uur can It l?o everywhere impoasltilo to replace those within the c n?crlpl aqe, by men older and lee.* capubla of active field service*. A diacretlon should t>* veeied in the mttl'ary .uiti' rtliea, so that a sufficient number of those essential to ths ub le serviea might be detailed to conllsue the excrctae of their pursuits or prof**-wus; bufthee*' nftioi /rotn teriirt of the erriree^attet thouid tu wbotlu ab initone.t it affiifd* great facility for abuue*. offer/tbe temptation, aa well as tho ready moss, of eaeeolng serv iom by fraudulent devices, and is one ol the pnu. ipal ..irstiucttons to tha efficient oporallon at the ooiiscrl, t Jews. ? urvrsai. MiimA LAW iixayni bo. A genera! milil's Ixw is needful In the Interest of the public detuned Ihe conetliultnn, by vesting Hie cowa' In ropgross, list oeesoe It iho duty of providing "for org* nistag. arming sod disciplining the mliitte, and f?r gev orelug'such part of them an icsy bo eu?, loved In ine service oi ihoCodfeder.tto Sieien." The groat dlversily In the leel-latlen of tho several Stales on this eubieot, and tlw absouce of *ny provision eniablisbio ? an exe<* thud ior calilog the mllliut Into ?ha i onieder te eer v.co, arc aouroee n( einh.irrassuieot which ought no lunger to be suiler vl to linn dednl'ensixo moueures. Th<- lenisistiun In relation lo the cavalry demands change. The poltey o requiring ihe men to tarnish their ?wn home* has proven perniclmw ta n.iuy resoi cts. It Inter errs with discipline, Impair* efficiency, aud U the e-uee of ire-iuent and prolonged uh-eeee imm nppmpria o duty The anb,rot le I niljr treated in ihd .-ecrr'ary's ro pirrt, with *<i|fg*a'lon3 se ?o the pioper mesaurea lor rainrmtng thai hrsuoh of tha serv toe sroaaASiT.atiow ano crissonnAms a?:nMiAav to tiis arrmaetv ov res <*uv 7he rec uimdadiiiien hitherto etiee nvxde is ataio ro ree ed lhAl some mrssnre be ad 'pl< d lor ti e ter rg tI/* lion snd eonsi'lld >t4"ii of cempsnios s?0 reguni'iiis wn#e so isr reduced In nam hers ns to aeilo.s'V iminriheir efficlrnoy liirthemoie nervesury lh?t l'>!i ah nilrt no dune, is the eteeuck of ?eglsl tion O" t?d ? i'i.i* I has |. red i gener is e ihn flshl'o r>sntt Ut varl us -<i dJl, hl? Mr spprn tut.Mis lb ? dssltnl .|J. H is Miro y an evil . I net t,c mit mclnp oti c r should te pau d In a - i.u.i which lo i - pen him ih ehuire . i a o \ I a m- effi en | cv n his i". mm si d n> P >-iru i-lv Impair oil ?t i . tuinpiiog to supply by mo exercise ol doubiMl <?" horny i ^91 _,pr^P*r PVoilalM The regard for the sensibility of officers who bar* herelo,.??? served with ?? if bb'toved to be tbe nsn trailing motive i5*1 ^ ,ruetwl '??'?'?Hon *? this snbjeet, however honorable and proper, may be onrried to a poiol which aeriogsly injures toe public good; and if tbla be the 'I?*? ?o?fc#y bo (fMiiioQod wblcb of tbft two ooo aids rations should be deemed pararaeuat haitaoan won wa?t*d. . T?* ?*r**ar7'e 'ooommandatlon* en the subject of facilitating the acqintihon of the iron required for main toining Ue rjflnmcy of railroad eommunirntum on (Ac iaa portaat mil wary timet arc aonmended to your favor. The necoenty for (Ac operation, in full viuor of etch. im? e? too apparent to need comment. ' m Riuuin qasninm. Ths question hi diapute between the two governments relative to the exobauge of prlaoaere at war hae beea frequently praaented to former messages and repwrts Wd & soCTftf tS lOTocniMDi vr ret mm of oar oftptiro follow aiii*Mii taw known no.brnemaat; ba^TiUSlr?b? ??L???f*,2P* l!^ed bTth* "tonal suite rings to whhih they have beea waniooly subjected, by deprlra tlo* ef adequate rood. olothlOf .od roe), which key were SJjJUT'.frTv Purehace from the prison sutlers Finding that the euemy attempted to excuae their bar barooa troatmaat by the onfSunded allegation that M wan retaliatory for like cenduot en our peri, an offer waa made by no wltt a view of aiding all pretext tor auoA racriml nations, or prstsnrted retaliation. ? *** acc^n,? ami emeh fnxrnmeni ft her* <r5fV fit**"* t? prona* tuctxsarp comfort? to tit own cnlmm holm oa$jt^r by ihe other. Active efforts are to pro from for the Immediate execution or this agreement, and U !? hoped that hut few days will elapse before we shall ha relieved torn the distressing thought that patafel (toy steal en Turing ia endured bv so many of our fallow altlmne whoee forUiode In captivity ttluatratsa tbo on Honal character aa fully aa jdul tbalr valor la actual conflict uricimist or iiim. Tha employment of slaves for eervlee with the army aa teamelers. or aeuka, or In tha way at work upon for lift oatlOM, OC In the government work* bogie, or in hoapitala, ud other similar dutlaa, waa authorized by the act of 17th February last, and provlalon was made for their Ira pressmen I to a number not ax needing twenty-thousand, If It should be found Impracticable to obtaia them by eon tract with the ownera. the law contemplated the hiring ealy of the labor of I base slaves, and'Imposed on the gov ernment the liability to pay for the value of such aa might ha lost to tbeo vaare from casualties resulting from their employment le the service This act Uaa produced Ices result than waa anticipated, mmd further prvvinen it required to render it 'ffieaeieut. But my present purpose la to Invito your eonalderation to theprapruty of a radical mediation vn the theory of the Viewed merely as property, and therefore aa the sub ject of Impressment, the service or labor of tbo slave turn beea frequaolly claimed for shot t periods, In the ooo ?trocUoo of defensive work*. The sUvo, however, bears soother relation to tba Plate?that of a person. Tbe law of last February cosier*piaus only tbe relation ef the slave to the master, and limits the impressment to a cor lain term of eervioe. But for the purposes enumerated to the act, Instruction In the maooer of encamping, marching and parting trains is eeedrul, ao that even hi this limited employmont loogth if service adFfla greatly to Mm vofne of the negro's labor. Hazard Is aim eu oountared tn ad the positions to whieb negroes oan be aaalgaed for service with the army, and tha duiias re paired of them demand lava it v and seal. Ia this aspect tha reittlso of peraoa predomloatas se fhr as to reader K doubtful whether the private right ef property oan eentleiaaUy and boneQclaBy be couUnoed, and it wrdU term proper to acquire for the public eervioe the entire property in the labor of the haw, and hfot (Aw^br ime cemptmation, rather than to imp rem A it laAsr far tkort tertm, ana tbla tbo mora especially aa tba affimt of tha present tow would vast his satire property la all esses where the Clave might be recaptured after eompenaMton for hie lose had base paid tothc private owa?r. Whenever the entire property to the eerVlce of e sieve it thus aoqulrad by tbe go vers moot, tbe question to presented, by what tenure be should he bold. Should he be retained to servitude, or should hie emancipation he held out te him w a toward lor faithful eervioe, or should It be grained at oops oa the promise at *"B ?f emancipated, wW aetlea ahoaM ha taken to secure for the freed man the permission ef the State rrom which he wm drawn to reside wttbto He ltrntte after the eiooa ef tale puM|c serrloa. the permlaskm voaM OonbtlCM he more readily accorded aa a reward far past ttuhful servtea, and a doable motive fur aeeious discharge of duty would thee he offered to these employ eh by tbe govsremaot. their freedom, and the grattfloatioa ef the teoal attach moot whteb In so marktol aeharaclerleUe ef the negro, sad forms ao poworful <m incentive to hie action. TV policy of tngaglmgla UV?? the negro an Aft dtscAarpa afterter- 1 eice faithfully rendered, somas to m preferable to that of fronting toaifltli Msammiini. or thai at retaining Atos fa srvvftode. Vthls policy should rocotmneod ttetof to tbo judgment of Omgress. it it eu&emod (AaJfx addi tion to themiim tstoftn performed by the data. As mfcAl be adnmtpmueby naptoyed at a jZteer end e'mgi. aeerlabaryr;gn^in that eomt, that the mumtor hkoJTto ftmisad Oto Mm ami them emptagmerrn it dote mat teem to me ewtoiaMs, tender eniMatg mraemdemeet, toipa. foMfo mtm between the uee of tlamfat rtdtert in the defbnee ef their hornet and the incitement of toimmnrroMon mpmtmn their mootert. ihe oodHijtuhfialtedf noomomy, the othor le Inlqniteoe sad unworthy at a eJvlttpod peopto; sad each le tbe judgment of nN writers en public tow, ea well as thai exrTesaod sod iaetoled oa by ear enemies to all wars prior to tnet ??wT T*1- S*"* have toe prertioue of which thay Cm new guilty boae deaounood with greater Myeniy thaa hy themeatoes to tha twa wars with Great BrUato to tha last and ia tbe present century. and In tbo Deoiaratlon ef Independence of Mta, warn enumarasloa waa made at the wm. g. n blob jostiteu tbe revolt from Great Britain, tbe elimax of atrocity was deemed to bo resetted only wbeo the Eagli.h monarch was denounced aa having ??excited demeeuc Insurraotloos amongst as '? osvia nnctanm nnsir oreaeen to xrmisg tub suavm. The ntbjeei it to As stowed Ay ut, tVnWwe, toiety in a. light of pottcy andmor tacial economy. When so regarded, ' rnuet da sent from three mho adyite a general lemj and arming of the t'mi for the duty of soldiers Until oar white ropataltan shall psove Ineufflclenl for the armlm we require and coo afford m keep to the field, to employ as a eoidtor the negro who has merely been trained to labor, and aa a laborer the white mat acc.istomod (mm bis youth to tbo nso of Smarms, would acarc-ly be deem ed wise or advantageous by any. and this is the qoestkm now before us. Hut thould the a He motive ever Or pret t'td of ruttfuffnUb* or of the emol vmetU of the Waiv at a *4dter there treme no rtaean to doubt what thould then be our do. ciri-n. Whether ear view eraDraoee what would, to so extreme a ease, be the earn of misery entailed by the do minion or tbe enemy, or be restricted solely to tba effect upon tbe welfare and happiness of tha negro population themselves, tha resell would be tbe same. The appalling demoralization, suffering, disease sod death wbiob have beea caused by partially substituting tbe invaders' eye tem ef poMce for tbe kind relation previously subsisting between the master and the slave, have been a sufDcioni demonstration that external talerferooce with our toett lution ef domestic slavery Is productive of evil only. If Ihe sub eel Involved no otber oenelderauen thaa tha mere right ef property, tbe eecrllices heretofore made by our penele have been such as to (emit no doubt of their readiness le surrender every poeeeesloo In order to secure their independence. Rat the social and political question which le exclusively under the control of Ute several Stales, baa a far wider sad mora eodurlng Importance than tbatof pecuniary interest. In its manifold phases N embraces tbe stability of republican Institutions, resting oa tha actual political equality of all Hs citizens, and Includes the fulfilment of tbe use which baa bean so happily begun?that of Christianizing and Improving the condition of tbe Africans who have, by ihe will of Psovl denee, been placed hi our charge. Comparing tbe results of our experience with those or tbe experiments of others wbo have borne similar relation to tha African race, the people of the several Metre ef tbe confederacy have abundant reason to be aathifled with me past, and to use the greatest circumspection in determining their course Tbeae considerations, however, are rather applicable to tbe <mprobable contingency of our need of resorting to tbla eiemaat of resistance than to our present condition If the rrrtmmendatinn xAotr made, for the training of forty thousand nraroet tor the tervi-t indicated, thall meef your apfr-ral, it u certain that trm I hu Hmilnl number, by their prepare org Iratmng ?? infer,?e liatc dutiet. would form a more vatua/U merer force in cote of urgency than threefold their number rurtdcrht colled from .held labor, whiles fresh levy could, t a certuia extent, supply tbelr plaice In the special service for which they are oow employed, cram r>n * htm rw-p?. The regular annual reports of tbe Attorney General the Hrcretsry ol tho Nnvy and the I'ortiuaater General sre so-ended, anil give ample Information relative to ihe cndUlne of tbe r?*pe-ltTe departments. Tb?y contain suggestions for legislative provisions required to remedy such defects In the existing laws as have b?en dlscloaed by experience, hut none of so general or Important a rbanrter as te require that 1 aho?!,| do more tbau recommend tbcm to your favorable consideration. swioiuTiosa ro* rxicx. Tbe disposition oi tbla government for a peaceful sotn tlo-> of the wanes wbn h the enemy has referred to the arbitrament ol anus, li a been too olten manifested, sod a too well known to o>od new assurances Hut wblie it Is true tbal tudividu tie sod parties In the UoMed Stitcs nevo indicated a desire to sut.nitute reason li.r force, aud by negotiation to atop tbo further sserluee of b un in me, ,mrt to arrest the calami ties wnKin now a ' let bi th countries, tbe ambnrlttee who control the government of oar enemies have t o often and too clearly ?xprn-Ked their rooiuiino to make no pence rxot-pion terms of our unconditional submission and degrailatlnn, to leave wa any hue ef the re-sailou of bnelil lies until ihe delusion ol ibolr ability to couquer ne w dispelled. Among those who sreulreeoy disposed for peice, mmy ars sctiiHteil fiy piinclpfe and by disapproval *nd abnor rei.r,# of thesnlquiioiis warlars that tbslr government is wsgleg. while othera are moved by the run fiction that It ia no len.or to the Imereot of tli i United f t iles in cos llnuo astruggle In wb.ch success is uualtataaMo. When ever this fast growing cowvrution Aln'l nave leken tlrm root In tao nitride ef a majority of ibe Northern people there will bo produced lbs* wil in.uesa to negotiate fw psare wnlcli Is now ccaisrd to our site. I'eice I. mmlfestly imtxtsaibie uun- a desired by bo>h iwrllcs to (bis w?r, and (tie ituionition for it among rur enemlaa will be bast ami newt oer I tin y evoked by (he deui<'aetr-ill<>n on car pari i f abiittr ?od in shaken deiermmutton to de'end Our r'gUis, a d t hold no eiilbly price too dear eg their porch* vv l> ii*i< r there .A 11 'e >v tb<? /> tr' of our 'ne ? ii i i d tire for reOc, Ihere n^li Ie n 'tl,lit ul y irv 'ahrg m vi tbi M/'fch uegrtia ioo a i e op n ', Srt it sohvSuv ?niln ia.seny cao t'? caiiwilinto iiitioij uun. tli.g d>r?ve I h ill IKV muiiial. When that .? n m ' u ys .il hap ts, ih-' herni'.o t, to wnieh ?e nfided it- ? ir a y irskmg power, cm l?e a i ? lose loi meu,r sea it i li>-nm nipdsa s desiiat-' ? ill e- d II Ihe II p) that I lie dar ?v I si ? n b" rCl< fed when , under Oivi e lavor, tip a states mi/ oe aliened to ruteg , ?o tbetr for** pooeefnl pureulte, etui to develop tbe obaadeot nelerel reoouroes with wbloh tbe? ore bleeord, lot u tbeo reoeialeip oenttnne to devote our united end bui tup* I red eearpieo to tbe defeaM of our boneo, our IItm ood our liWtiee. Tblo to tbe true petb to puaoe. Let m treed It villi confidence la tbe aeeured reoult. JEFFliRSuN DA VIS. Richmond, Not. 7,1844. TUe Rlthnoad P*M? *?? [From the Richmond Raqatror, No*. Tbe snaual message of President Pmrts w?s Ft*"*** T0?<1 to ibe ConirNi, and will be found In to day J paper. Its renew of the mtljury ?Itualloo presents the encouraging oonoiuetou that the campaign* of this year hare neither Impaired our mean* of dsfouoe nor gisnn the enemy any aseuraoco of toal encceoa. Our foreign relallooe are reviewed with groat power, and the new trallly of foreign nation* exposed with great |>otat. The Idea of waiting for the enemy to recognize oar Independence, or that recognition without Inter vention would not avoid or atop Che war, are ex posed by the President with his aeoal f?roe and cieas neea. The finances ef the confederacy are ex amined ooder the new Secretary, and his recommenda tion approved by tbe President The euejeot of exemp ttoaa Is reierred to by tbe president, and he recom menils the repeal of all a*emptk>o? or certain specified pursuits or profession*. The amploy menl of alavea, to tbe axteat of forty thou*and,'tor pioneer and migineer lahornrh, ts M far ae the President recommends ('negroes to go at present In the raetter of employing slaves In the army- bat whenever the aMernetlve Of subjugation or the employment of slaves as soldiers Is presentod, tbe Presi dent has "no season to doubt what should then be our de cision." The disposition of the government lor pears is again reiterated. but the lolly of attempting further nego italtons until Invited by the enemy, m clearly and folly set forth by the Pre-tdaot. To da* our space forbids fur tber review or criticism upon tbe Meeaage, but hereafter we shall examine its various recommendations more at length. AN INDISOREST DOCTJMBNT?THI POLICT OF A.RMINO THE RI-AVES. [From the Rlcbmood Examiner, November S.) The tenter of Ike Meeeagl? iudendud to U cautious. hut has *1 several pointM mritim an tatisc eet paper, ihal part which will attract most attention is tbe paeasi-e relating to a suggested conecripUoo of negro soldiers This pro Ject originated wMb those who bad not lully reflected on its chfia actor, And bas beto raiule ft mutter of Home pub ltclty by others who delight In aU things wbicb make a sensation. The proport ion Aa<, in fact, made a considerable sensation both m /far hern a"d the Sou'firm Stat#. It baa not hitherto been mentioned In three columns, because there torn no possibility that it would become a practical measure of poller, and because it was a matter Is prnro'e tnol-vw discord of feeling and tpeoh at a period when swb idemssitm was mod untbiirabU. Both from Us delicacy aad from the fart IX it it Kir never bun a subject of social deliberation, we are surprised to zee it treated in the President's Jtesswge. But einco tho quea Hon has been so Introduced, Its consideration can no longer he avoided. It is a proposition which can be eupported only on tbe ground that good eoldiers can be made of negroea. Now, what Is the real value of the negro as a sold ter? Tho enemy '? actual experiment Is not the only teat wblob has been ap plied to the raco. Since the conquest of Algiers the French army has contained a considerable force ef negroes, lbey constitute nearly tb? whole of the troops popularly called "Turcos " It li generally supposed that theee Turcoe are Moors. There are some Moors among them butmut, even of these, are of tbe mixed blood. The mess ol these troops ere negroes, blacker toon any of our slaves. They were employed la the Italian war of 1869, or at least they oonsittuted s part of that army which Na poleon III. marched into Italy ffve years ago, aad which gained the famous victories of Magsnta aad 8olfer.no. Oread expectations were entertained of lbs negro soldiers by the uninformed. Their apoearaaae among lbe Barepeaa troops wee e novelty, aad the peepie amused themselves with epocgrypbai tale* oT their foro clone valor hi Africa should" bo newly Illustrated on the Austrian*. But In none of the Italian bawfoe which fol lowed were tbe negroes pressing; and tbey were only heard of oocaatesaMr as the guards of I/mabard rag 1 menta. who had thrown down their arms and surren tared as goon as they got as Opportunity, These negro tetoes wsMTfTaoame commanded by while officers, aad kept under ee vered led pi foe The writer of this made inquiries of many among said officers as to their military worth. Wh*n any of tfiem would gjre a definite replr it was always to this effcot-tbst tbey wore good sometimes for a rush, bat they ooold net be arnde to stand graps. llrmmtbitnababaponeUe-enaUU nevMrien pour la mThtsanswsr ts the truth, aad the whole truth, on the subject. The Yankees have taken great peine, and pereo vered in the eflort, le make soldiers out ef negroes. Tbey have given tuim the best of everything. Molhfof has bean Soft aadoas ts create a martbri spirit. Their courage has been aarofaily aurtad. Tbay have been kept near to many battles without being exposed to the Ore, so that I hay might besoms aeouatomed to the ?labia aad sounds of war without being unaarred by their own slaughter. But what has the enemy gained by Ibem after two yeses' trtaff Tbeygot them to make "a meh" ad Pen Hudeen sad Battery ?"*?. bat tbey took neither. Those whs knew the ew gro never expected lam, aad wMI never look for ? - . . _ ?_ ? * - ^s klin/l hetila nnala niore That race Is capable ef blind, brute, ooata atone excitement, ana while to that siate It eaa make, Sot a charge, but a rash an potato where tbe In telUsance of a trained white soldier woeld show to him only death without tbe poeslhlllty of sueceas By each wild and eeaaeiau ooslacgbt eatterlas ase not taken MOO WUU BOH gBBrnfiena vwos-wg-v 2. nor victor loo won; for their mob like rnsb Is sot dgbtmg, nor is foe exoitattoo wblcb destroys tbe sense of danger by a frenzied bewlldermeet tbe eourag* which directs tbe aim ol tbe rifle sad the point ?f the sword. It le sometimes said thst negroes would make better soldiers for oa than for the Yankees, because tbey would Sshi under the eyes of ibelr masters and friend a. ?ucA smtimosUai neppesions thaw a arret ignorance of the neare'e character, and even If the/ were louuded on ?erne troth alaohment to hit matter would be no balance to air nati\<e Mtlraett and the thong incentives to deter iron which the enemv would held eut to Vm. Tbe fact is, tbe negro soldier cwlr far more than he le worth to Frenchman and Yankua. and to as he would be moro troublesome than to either of tbe others. Our enerov ha* raised Us negro army, sot as a mil itsry, but a political measure?to here tbe sent of Ihe world oa Its side?to procure the fell sad coneietent support of Ihe abolition 1st party. WKh bis vlewe and purposes, the cre*U>>o of the negro soldjpr Is oonsisteol and natural. Bat the trislence of a nefio roldler it tatalty in ontitlen' wifb oar tmli'icei mm need with tor social at well at lm Hheal sytcau We msrr.nder or-r position ?oA-n?..rr tu? rn/.cJuce tar nc.ro le ar,ne. I' a negro u hi to la a totduer he it nut hi to be a tiare, and if any targe portion of the race it fit for ff labor?At to Hue and tn 6* useful under the eompehtioe iyrtern of Uib>r?thm the whole rae u At for it. The employment of negro a ax io a-rrt tn ei.-r ormtd, ti'her with or wit1 out protpeeler emancipation, would be the Jhxt t'rp, but a Uep which would inoolve all the red, to umwrja afo/fii.m. It would be so understood and regarded by ell the word. Our eoemv would iwrceive thai he bad succeeded In b e de?l?n to the point of moral ssblugatloo, and would act doubt that our sbsulute submission was far removed. To our ewa hearts It would be a ooofeesloo, not ooly of wtaknnM but of tb^oluto inftbiUty to ftecuro tbo objact for wblcb' we uede-took tbe srar. It would be felt by all as a oompromise to the abolitionism ef Ihe world, Incom petiole with that ledapendeooe of action for whloh the Jmt "he objections to this profoct are so manifest that It Is ennecessary at preesDt even to sugg'S! ?hem. Tbe President opposes tbe intmduclIon of aegr. as into ib? army a* soldiers, bat desires a corps of forty rhoupaod to be seed m labor on fortifications, as engineers, ee teamsters and as sappers and miners. Tn ? m nf u W, wJ7lmr' (/?? loiet ?Jyeelhrn, if he hod' or* omwtu., d <?ri?6 nn Ohmnme tm.mtgr, rMi, if ,t moons nn'dhino, meow that the ZtXZJmd .Usee ? employed -hall Je at free ?< the end y ?/,. wrx. ae a rme-ird for lAoir lemce. lie ee. nhde sefwina lo r.rpl.i/ the rlfi"** under nrme, he ndopte Ih- fatal the ori I -mi prof"'- ition tn ite Odbet ert nt and pule foith an lAnuhirh, TfZmtUed ><y ihe Southern people a. n truth, rm tier, their posfM'm >m the matter Of ?'<?? '?/ ulterly untn.^-le. \t e bold tost the nogro Is In his pro|>er slluatloo? mat Is to say, In the condition which Is the best for him, where he reaches bis highest moral. Intellectual and physical development, and can enjov the full sum of his natural bapplne-.* in a word, thst white living with tbe white man In tl?e relation of slave he is tu ft xtftte superior ftn*l bftltof for bim thftn thftl of dom. But the negro's freedom is lobe given blm as a reward for hts service to the country; his freedom t-isre^ for# Is a boon?It is a bettar stale?a natural good ef which our laws deprive bim and keep him fr.-m. S<no hat u the U'A"l' mm o' Uf abnlilumif.and v<e have ihe torrow to think ih it if one portion of thit PrtH deulial metwige meant impihint/ it eif.inj il il ^ Hut while the treatment of this topic over the sign* tare of Mr. Davis will atlreet most attention, there W mil h else in Ihe paper eqnallv deserving of i l?n l'? hero, did the specs admit of further remark It is in deed full of almllnr wisdom We csunot, hjw vnr. send the message to our readers within ob'-ervng tbe fact t/uil ihe supirestinn of a" indepeiulent new tetters. Jot then yan. attempted by >ingetmn, and by /"?? ? man which iiirtnd'd It. IS now direr if nd I* dlj winded. Newsiajier* should evlat. but editors, their printers aud empl lye*, shouldI not be exemus. but d^ tails. "A discretion,'' esy* Hie mrsesge ?? dl-crei < n should be vested In the mllitsry JJ?" * snflli lent number of those essential to the publlr aervlie in glit be dot riled to coiillnue lha exercise o their pur suite or prnfesHione, but the exemption from service of Ih" eotire Classes should be wholly at?irid.?cc<i. "C ngr ss." ,ey* tbe constUulInn, ? s'mll p i nou?w limning Ibe frae ,. m of the i res*. but It shall make a Uw by means ?<( which Mr. Davis ca send a man to ?but lip any newspaper tbat OfTi ods blm or any member " hlll'goveVnm^. bv ..king awsy Us editor's deUt . We bono it Is needless to explaiu ho? such a law is Inconsistent with any *|ieciee of liberty lo the ar.imad version <H lbs press ii|?io i nbl c men ur me surim. An independent prees le a lusral Impracllca.illHy where such a law exists, every newspaper, trom the moment wneu that law ts made law, bee me?, to ex Cl forms, dependent for its existence on the free will and "discre. line ' of ge% etnment. Indeed, no honest m?n er.. aged In the poblioutlon of a newspaper that pretends to be lode pnndeut will continue hie' pursuit" (or one rooioeot un der such condition* Merer mill US', but rhe'tt and *jdC* come before ?he jubttc with Ike yretenre of free svtevh ta th'ir month, when ih y Irnow Ihu the'i mn be eit'mnt "? a m 1 n ule by a tea it', d S' ddtn. or is tinjami". Peffiarr lions of there truths, we koow, are the (vr-slble etheriallocs to onrrupt men tbat they no stuoe unturned lo get tne Pre idei t's 1 r9*V passed. A belli.r (heir mfluenoe with Gongreer ' ' Cleat remain* lo he ????; but If ' ongres* do Id interlere wllb ihe andiul l?? 1" , ? ?' we 1.0'X I'Wilt do so by a reyiibitmn forbid >n'r ? ,a'iui of any new iwper i? fie .toanrn n.'fu ri.t no h-wr. Tost (?W will ba io? mm r..u ,1 ita-i tbe ot'dir anil ,h''',l' . .1 g? ? ,1 in lb., hiislbi ? sit nee led . ? t?" ? ? r , , . . erf I I arson a.iv ?i 'heoi wd lo I? ,( lects-n ss'dust the oiiUiocco, ui- , , pjBitc jcurcas no# ptmled, provided law la equal on all. Bat It will baa deploraMa dog for t bis country e? ueu every rhrck ?n official corruption being removed, aad every mean* or mrorinallon being taken from tue people, a ;>reia shall allll Itva which la aot nuly nu eback on puiAlc wrong aud no iL hi to the Cple, but a professed tool, a pant pimp, a iw rd ta the ida of corrupt Ion, a guide a.d alalt of vtilaisa and tyranta, whoeo obliged duly au?ll ha I > blind I he oyer of the country, to blacken virtue aud to gild knavery. Tm DEBATE OK nut NKOI.O QtnWTION INJUDICIOUS. [Krotn the Richmond Sentinel, Nov. a.) The reader ban bat?re him. In iti* lame, the message aeot to Congress on yesterday by the President Own meal would be nusacafsary ?v*u did rnr apace allow It. The massage It It. the 1'reiMdetit'i admirable style, ?ud its views areso clearly and happily pieaciued ta to need do at no Mat Ion. These view of our talUtary operatlr>n? la uorv encour aging. The course pursued to tit< by the European Powers Is shown to be so unsupported by recognized principles and by reaaon, and their atiuude ao fatal to me euds which they profeas their dealre to promote, thai it aeema hnpoaslble they can fall to be tmprnmed by the I'real dent'a expoaltloa. The Snancea are next treated of, and the exhibit made la unexpectedly favorable. The umoet confidence ta exorevaed as to the fulare. If suitable meat urea be adopted. The Secretary of the Ireuaurr'e re port, which we will give to morrow, la referred to for speolf.0 recommendations. In the Department of War several recommendations are mndo for incroaiing Iba strength aud efficiency of the array, und the rop. rt or the Secretary of War la favora bly raferied to for particulars. Some p?kO are devoted to the tub rl of tho employ ?Mat u aWvea in the public doieuoo. The PTOSMeWt maintain* that It la a raenaure wltlrn eur legillmue dis cretion thus to employ that class of person*, if tne ne oesstty should arise, and ihot the roils ? f nUyuyolUn iootid lurpatt any thit imild rnu'i from i/.al r-s/. dtmef. fifo -etcA rxigtice o? uo ild jutf'i it,or r-ndar it ,udiciins , Am, however, arrived, end It la an Improb ible c .ntm gency that it ever will. Heme a Levy of slams for vol dun' duly it not rerommmdrd. Tbla places the question jest where we have always thought It should rest. Tie ewip'nyment of slaves it a re t die# tee rhnuld not d 'nutl or forget, ai d icAick iA tip! h* t ployed if n ce'iity ihalt d eian . an i ihus jvt ify. Hu * there Is cocteatiedly no such eceesity now: and it may w' ariso at nil Is if not, i/tsn, injudicious to inuruiato tin A debate of this subject as mart'/ stem to d. . tr*." It Is a delicate questloo, nod If laboriously agitated Id the ah sence or any such oxigrncy as wouid make it a practical measure, niisah.of may result, If It ahouid ever be Judi cious. as in g:vcn circumstances wo doubt not It might be, the Dow of events will have o; ened and made plain the way pttfsiwtNT'a Mx*?kO";. fFrom tho Richmond Whig, Nov. 9.] Two prop silicon urn plainly denucible from the rvem dont's me-n-ge, which we caunot for u momont believe ho would dohberately glvo hlvnauctlcn to. Ihe first Is:? The condition of treedora la so much hotter lor tbu slave than that of s-rrltnda that it may be bestowed upon Mm as a reward and boon The*, coud is, that the Cud. federate government base right to acquire i*>ie?s*iou ef the slaves by purchase or ImiresHmanl with eoraienst tIon, and then emancipate them without the com-sulof tne States, or in case of Impressment evea without the consent of their mastnrB. The Orel proposition is a repudiation of the opinion held by the whole South ,and bv a large |X>r tion of mnnkind la other countries. that servitude Is * divinely appointed c mdlllon for the highest good of >ho ?lave. Is that the condition In ?hlch tb" negro rm-e especially may obtain the highest rn >rel and Intolieciual advancement of which they are capable, aud may ea|<>y moat largely of such cetnforu and blessings or lite, as are suilad to them1 Of this we have no doubt, and we hold It to be an act of cruelty to deprive the -lave of the earn and guardianship of a master. If the slave must fight, be bhould fight for the blessing* be enjoys as a slave, and not for the tuiaerles that we id at tend him If freed. Tbe second iiropoaition is still more startling. It Is a oonceaeion that tbe i oniedurate govern, moot has the power and right to exterminate slaverv by the Hippie process of Impressing or puicba-ttng all slaves, and then emancipating them- Lincoln has net or gone so far as this: lor, is Ms plan for camp-n ested emancipation, he expressly referred tbe quest Ion to tbe State, acknowledging that they only could determine Ik It ta uouacessarv to dwell os this sub set. Ws ere perfectly sure tbe l'reel dsal oould never have designed to give bis e-sent to so monstrous ? propel lion as this Tbe multiplicity aid magnitude of tbe subjects that claim hie attention will suggest sufficient excuse for the toadvertenoe of axpres eton and immaturity ef view* from whtcn theories so out of piece IB e commontcail' Q fr< m the President of these Blateboldlog States, are dedncible." Tit* Rebel Confi?<?. BBOOND COMURBM? BUCOeD HUSSION. Will Mown at. Wot. T, 1804. Tbe Senate waa celled to order et twelve o'clock Hon. K. M. T. Hooter, ('resident pro urn. 11m tfaeretery proceeded to cell the roll, wheo tbe fol. lowing Renatora answered to tBrir name*, via ?Meeare. Robert W. Barnwell, ef ,-outb Carolina: J?net L. 0 r. of South Carolina; Vdl T. Dortoh, of Norte Carolina; Wil liam M. Graham, of Norm Carolina; Gnatavus A. Henry, of Taaneaeee; Beojpmln ML Hill, of Georgia; Robert M. T. Hunter, of Vlrglsla; Allen T Caper ton, of Virginia; Ed ward Sparrow, of Louie lane; Auguatus E. Maxwell, of Florida; Waldo P. Johnaoo. of Mfawurl. Henry C. Bur nett, of Kentucky; Wm. H Slratna. of Kentucky A ma* age In writing wae received from the Preeldent of tbe confederate States by COL B. A. fiarrlaon, bm ptl vate secretary. The menaage waa read by tbe Aaatitaot Secretary of tbe Senate. On motion of Mr Orr, tbe menage was laid on tbe ta ble and ordered to be printed. Tbe Preeident pre tews liM before tbe Senate a oommo nloailoa irom the Hon. William smith, dovurnur ol the Mate of Virginia, encloalng the protending* of a meetu g of the Governora of several o. the Sutcs neid at Augusta, Georgia On motloo, the communication and ?co -moauylug pro oeedings were ordered to lie on tbe ubte and be primed. On motion of Mr. Orr, tbe Senate adjournod. Hon-a o;' aarmwngTATTTBs Tbe House was called to order noon by Mr. Boeock. Ibe roll of members was called, and tbe following aa oertalned to be prtaoru : ? Alabama?Viesers. Cblltnn, Clopton and Btcklosnn? 3. Arkansas?Mr. Haniy?1. Florida?Mr Hilton?1 Georgia?Moa-ir*. W k. Smith, Biandfnrd, Andersen, Sbewiuake. r'cnols J. M Swim, l.<?ter. Pell?3. Kentucky?Mesxra. Maeben, Irtpiell, Head. Rwlog, Cbrlamnn. Burnett, H. W. Bruce. PI M. Brine, Marahall, Moore?10. Lonlal n-'?Messrs. Vlllere. Iiupre and I'erkton?.1 Mississippi-- Messrs. orr, Welsu, Chamhers aad (lark* dalo ?4. Misiourl?Meanrs. Bur ad, Clark, Con row, Vest, nucber?6. North Car ilina?Mnaara. J. T, Lesch, Puller, Turner, Gilmer.Raoi? y, Gslthcr?fl South Carolina?Meters. Wilberspoou, Mllen, Slinpeoo, Farrow?4. Tsone?see -Meeare. Swan, Murray, Mote, Koeble, Memoes, I lu-key?4. Texas?Moot. Virginia?Messrs. Wlckbaaa, Gbe'son, Bococt, Geode, Rl ves, I e Jurnotte, Baldwin, Staples, Miller, Jobneton, Russell?11. Sixty two men hen being prrsoot, ibe Speaker nn nounct'd that a quorum w-a in utlenrt nee. !Tbe wboie number o' mnrabera Is 100 i Wbeu the name ? f Mr. Heiikell was called, Mr. swan, of Ttouessee. read a letter detailing Ills eap'ure by tbe enemy, on tbe 22-1 of August, and the eooi nutie.v which bad been practise I npeu him. By Mr. fit,a* two bp, of Ga ?A bill to ratae addm nal forces'or the O-n'e lerste arm ea 11 I c -a all domiciled white mules between eighteen eod'orty live In tbe array, l'evnk s nil ox emotions a?d details, end autbori/es the President to make details when r eeeeeory.] Refer, oj p, tbe Committee on Military Aflalrs. By Mr. Mux*?A bill t > abolish pr< m dlou by senlnrttv. and to make merit the basis. Referred to < ommKtee on Military AiTiirs Also a bill reo-ganixlng the cavalry service, on tbe buta of furnishing horses by the governm* t Referred. I'y Mr. Mpksat. of Tei.n.?A olnt resolution declaring that the Conied-rae --"tales ail give t either sympa thy nor a d In t'.e ? tab , hment of a >n mrctiy In Mexl u Referred to Committee on I oretgn Affaire. IIv Mr hmr? A resolution eeciariug that bo sxlaei cy ex sts or Is likely lo occur requiring toe placing of negroes in tne army Mr. Hsii was desirous of prompt and decisive so'Ion, that would put it coca to rest the idea at wti cb bis ree >? luliou WilsinisI. Mr, Maikhaia, of Kentucky, thought action tb old be dohbeiate and s, 'I c leetderea cu this delicate inrc*tt n. It was n * so plain a question *a Mr -wan considered it. llo *i>iii i "xi re<- no >? iniun, hut asked the re ereuce of lb" resolution t > ti.e Hihury Commute . Mr. fwaw 4W?I'? d untUmg so mu< j an f> prevent di< Uoaslori a- d agiiatlon. The resoiutl'ia waa poet oted to Tbtirsdav. Ye** :'S, uayl gh By Mr SrAiMen?A resolution f< r eutborirltf ibepsy meut "f alt tuxee aasort*4 far ISBt. with foir per ee ? en tiflcntes Referred. By Mr. WKTHXg?A res'dotl n of h n'try n the sub ject o' the exchange of prleoiere. Pif?ri I. I,y Mr. Mci.se of Ky -\ r?stu nnn mstfuefln* i* ? the ( omm tiee of Wa?s und Me i i" Mitredu-?* s bi ,or the purohese of el-thing Ki Coefsdersis soidiers in cap tivity. Arrerd In . - ~ On motii n of Mr Mllee, the re eral t"Pl * of tho Presidont'a in -seigo and tbe nipanyi i papers wore appropriately r? . rreil ? , While Mr. Miles m uc n wis pendi"*, * * some 'on th nccultTd ' I ><> "JI part or ih* meesege r' ?cv* to IM ?? ?'?' "?n? of s svcf, in tbe army. Mr Foote d# iwd fill, op n a. d Irnrae flntfi di rufom in (? 'h# w g. In tbn * h s rems *s he dlsefsed hia cpmion to be in r.vor if waiims fh' uecisimi of our enemy m th* .-f o) u>g negro s. r u drcfii? ?w>< d 2 ,n s ? r> a' ,>r Ike HremUntiLX' el e ton. If Linci in WeUfedt"" "* 'd I" '? faoor *f g ving Ike I'rrtvirnt ru'-l ..I,,- >y the <fare?. Ileuxu ie<ul'jjnr <a? 6liik.B<Hf. nnt?(/. l'r' '' ttefssfos. \lr. Mi'es SS'U bis It sllnct was In opposition to the p,,l? ,u , r iti.is' tn# slaves. He wtabed. bewsver. to , i,,, io so ?r ive nod dencate a enhjeet a careful eunside ratton I We Mr Foete he wemsd lo'iir nilioo frcei the , * .pie ar! from 'he gene'ais . but be ibi."??ht tne tin mo diste illscussmn | tOj . se I waa i ot the n.eji a of oblainiuf Mr Foot* <1 vela it.*,| all Rirpoee ofevuklng excitement. fll > ?u" eel h 4 c mo Peru; It ? t he met. Mr. i wm "v ?i t? . ? sewed I" ?sv i hi "ot only bio ? ?in ts < or ? o p ieg to i. e r i ?> t oi urmiug the elevR, ? i its mivie ?' hi, io *c ee were e,|d?lly op. , ,, p.' it' . ?.t . ? , ,.r s ! ii-iances. He le i i u ox ui b it- m u-ii'B u '0 ihequeeit o.seu i an,i.ill,led ?li d i-sti rti ? i'B?l It Ur .1,1 ?l mmi t. b ma adopted, tb' Uouee sd.curued