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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMKI tmUDUS DEKNBT1 ifnor aso mriHiCTJa. cmc* w. w. ookmcr t?? ri i.roM am> nawab t3 VtliiM! K?* 333 AhtbkMKMTk THIS EfbUlUQ. ACADEMY or MUS10. Jrr.ul plaoe.-Italia* OfUi Pigri WINTER iJAUtiKN. Broadway ? UiHUt 4)LYM PIC TIIFATRR. >< road way.?St. GkOROR AND TUt Diuj<x>?>-*a*r Wh.ts KPW PPWRRT THRATRR. T.^wery -WAlTiNa I0? fyg \ V*(iliiRT""A TkKUlf.LL HlCRIt. BOW EST THBATBB, BowerT.?Rro Ridixg II'>0P? runt) or ono*-?nnt or (?itvKNTrai A BROADW \Y rrFATKE, Broadway.? PoOR OlRTLS iu??Psopls'I LJ?m? NIBLO 8 dARDKN, Broadway.? Corsica* Brot:irrs. WALUCK'S THEATRE* Broadway.?To Makry Ob Nut to Habst. BARRCM 8 MrSECM, Broadw*?.?Thr'-k Maiimo-b Pat Gibis?Tumi Oiahts?Tu-g OwAnrs?Ikhian? t KKKO.ll AVTORATONS. UllAMATIC PtlliORIIAM'CS?Oa? ?nd Bva&ms BRYANTS' M1NSTRKI8. Mecl.anl'--' 1T*1I, 47J Proad 0>\ ?K.THIoriAN b^.KUS i>ARC*S, bOM.*1QC**, Ac ?LlUIIT Brio a ml WOOIVS MIN8TRKL HALL M4 RroaiwayLiyUuh Dbalkus ? Kthiona> ttuxoa. lM*rrs, &c CAMI'RKM 'R MIMSTWhLS. IfO and Ml Bowery ? XAHIKP AMifcXCMmG Malanqb or Eraior ia.x Opditisi ? OO?t AMI (JAMAHS. BALLE MABOLlyUK. S8i Broadway ? Boasai II kllka. HOPS onAPRL. 72> Br aiway.?WoopKorrs's Bom "wiak Tnoprt or Oust Rlowkbs VAN AMBUKOif & CO. 3 MAMMOTH MRNaGERIE. KW Bid Ml Broadway ? O'-f n ?r. n to A. M. to 10 1". M. lllPPOT'.lB ATRrtS. Fourteenth atrret.?lloo A*n Mo*. V?r AC H ..1-Kqi kstuia*. UYk.NAtTtO ASP ACROBATIC K? tBBTAlNKtjm. COOf OR7II BAtili, BOC Broadway ? Arttvus Wabp Among n<r ;s AMERICAN THEATRE No 444 Rroalway ?Att*TS, rAKTOkiM?S, IIUKLK-uUiCS. AC.?T'IS WOODCUTTERS. HEW YORK MCSBUM OK ANATOMY SI-- Broalwa* - Ci'RiOsi iui ..no Lt .n rba, f..,ui v x. M. till lo P. M. R*it York., Wrdnestl*v. Kov. 30, 1804. 1HE HITUArion. We have oo .'liter positive news thsa tfcit published in yesterday '? Hebaip regarding General Sherman b march through Georgia. The rebel pspers have ceatcd in n measure to give ui Intolllgcnce of his succc:.-ee, on the plei that such information is valuable to the national g v ernmei.t II tb said, however, that the captive Ko.'er A. rryor, of the rebel army, admus tlie capture of Macron ?nd Mtlledgovllle, acd thinks thero is little doubt that Sherman ha* alto taken Augusta. With A'J Cue1.a tn his pcsses&ioD, all tbe region toutli and ?outbwest of It would be cut o(T Trom Rich mood, and oo troopi could be cent from Lee to aid the rebels In resisting him. Pryor U represented to have remarked ttt&t the South now regard? St-rm^o with nor* alarm than any oih-r general In the United states army. I'ryor, It is said, also stated that there w.13 a report of General Sbsrmin having recaptured a Lumber at Union prisoners and armed thrna. The rebel General flood's forces, It Is announced, made an assault 00 last Saturday on General Tu?tBa?' works it Columbia, leoansm.-, on tbe south side of I>uck river, Bod reoeived a nevere repn.se. ibe telegraph wires are down between Nashville and tbe lin.oo army, aid n' thing tas been beard of tbo movements of Uood In Thomab' frcnt smee Mond ty, It 11 kDOTrn, though, that ? small portion of tbe rebel cavalry have croeaod Dock river. Ho tar as known, the only advantage) gained Dy uoott iu iiia prtawt "fluiltltij" canapiign ire the accessions he has mode to his forcc by tbe tndls orlmiuate conscription prosecuted where* er ho goef. The improsslon is ailil eutertalnod that be designs moving eastward to .loin his forces with those of Qr^ckiaridge, in Bast Tennessee. 4ffc have again a denial (which has now beoomo superfluous) of the report that Johusouvilis, oa the Tennessee river, was evscuated by the Uoloa troo^a. Genersl Couch has been assigned to duty in tba army under General Thomas, In Tennessee, acd will be so > oeeded in the command of the Department of tae tfusque banna by General Cadwall^der. We have something more de jnnc reftrJL.fi U? rebel raid at New Creek, on tbe Ba'.lim *e and Ohio Railroad, on Monday-Of this week, a!lu !ed to in yesterday'! Bmlald. Tbe rebel force ouml>ored about lifteen bun flred, aad was commanded by General Payne. They surprised tbe small body of tro^pj sta tioned at tbe place, who were pood overcome, fend all of whom either eirrenJcred <r fed. Tbe enemy blew up tbe earthworks ."nJ destroyed tbe ?urrouhdiog butldiD(,a. Subsequently they went to 1 led xno t, also on tbe railroad, five miles from New Cree?, bill were driven off by a company of the Sixth Wast Virginia regiment, arte.- considerable fighting; cot, however, until they h*d su-coeUcd In destroy tag the r.*d boas: of the company, a large TorL^L paiiJ ? considerable quantity of valuable stationary machinery. No damage was &'ne to tbe railroad track, io far m fciwwu. On leaving Fledmont the enemy moved off in B southward direction. Th?re was vary heavy firing along tbe front of both lbs Army of the Potomac and tba Army of the James on Sunday aad Monday last. It waa nothing approach* ing a general engagement, bnt still much heavier than bad oooarred for several days previous. Is Croat of the Beoood corps the rebel bat leriee opened at daybreak on Sunday morning, and ooatiaued their dischargee throughout the day with Utile interruption. They were vigorously responded to fry tbe Uaioa guaa. la froat of Butler's lines the ?aoasy's tr# wm directed principally oa the Duteo Cap caaal sed Ot Vicinity 1 Bermuda linndred. Oa tbe UaXM lid* tbe gunboats Jo.ned th; land batteries la Ik* axchsage ef sbou with ths rebels. No daaaaga ef ooe sequence was effected oa ?er side. The design ef tbe enemy in this aff?l? is But known. General Humphrey has assaasM command of Me Heooad corps, as eeccessor to General Hanoock. Rebel ?eaerters report that Geaeral Swell's corps baa gons ?oath war*. Tbe rebel ex-Ge eral Roger A. Pryor, who was some ilme age reduced by tb Ri-hmond Junta to the position ?f a private la tbe ranks, waa captured by our pickets of lbs Amy of tbe rotomac on Friday last, while attempt lag to sxobaage papers with them, lie was at first sent y> Waahlagtoc sad oon&rsd to tbe Old Capitol pr ion. fbenoe fee was transferred northward list night, en reu? U> Port La*yette, at which pepuiir establ ibment be arrive this asoralag. tThe stoaassblp Port (Morgan, wbleh arrived here ye? rday, brought as naany Intereetlag Items or new ft >m >? vartnis ports la tbe 6elf of Mexico. Pive of onr fu-,ih-?ti In Mobile Bay aalaUln their pos lion only htrout three miles aad ? half from tbe city. Iirar Dug river fear, ? litUe below tbe #lty, be rebels have important earthworks, eff ?t. cb ltee tb* gunboat Morgan, ths oaly one of their peet which escaped capture la tbe sagagsaaSBt With ?Admiral Parr eg uV No attach has yet bt? Mtde Ln Pobile by Uu Uaiua forces. 00 the mouth of the Kle O-andj the Mo-yea fomjd dnchored dftf l>i*ht> merrbam v?~e*lf r French filgate, a British frigate ?*4 a 1 eWed '?tee guntoat In the town of Ragdad, Ethf. Me oen tide of the Rio Grande, lawlessness 'Viet re-?.i.l saieat A man named Smith, w he ot natawiigut.oUm Mtf. KMg hi U4 ?urr?ndeied, at It# time of tb? attack on the Harriet I.ane, tu Galveston bey, U at lb* head of * gang ofdesp* rad es to Bagdad who tlire*tea to take the lire* or all I lifted mates officers they can Cod They are sa <! to be alao contemplating ibe capture of our |ua b<ats o;T tho mouth of the Rio Grande. During her cruise the tort Morgan captured, oO the Texas oonat, two blockade running icboontra. the brought North from renaacola, lis., the rebel Admiral Bnohanao, cap tured in toe naval battle of Mobile bay, An expeditionary I'uton foice. under Lieutenant Colo hel Stornog, Second llatue cavalry, lately captured a company of rebe'a and a number of small arms at Bur ren Bridge, In Western Floridv lire. Sarah Hutrhiua, recently convicted by a military court in Baltimore ot acting afc an ageut to furnish the r?bels with supplies, has been commuted to the House of Correction at Fitchburg, Uaa?.. under a sentence of Im prisonment for five year?. Among the fcignltlcam articlee In late rebel newspapert ta one in the Richmond Whig of the 2<Hb inat., urging the little real importance to the couPideracy of Richmond. U warrants the suspicion of having been written under ibe impression that that town la doomed to succumb to Grant, t>y arculng that the }?i>ple of tho North entirely overrate Its importance, and tbat, even should the Yankees succeed lo taking it, the ids. will not be material to the mushroom establishment called the "Confederate government." This is evidently put forth In order to break the fall of tils apprclioodod occurrence. Ibe Charleston Mrrcury is bee in!n?r Tory jialmis of theoiTrti of Jeff. Davis to mnke btmcMf a dictator, and lavi be coeds watching. The rffcei S?aate haa discharged from ! turiher soDBideratic;) or tlo mutter tho committee ap pointed to ii.q ure int. the causes of Karly's si oce&iiion of mtalortiinos in tho valley. Theee feuilcmen have had the u.itir bcfcre them for ft loo; tlras, bit up laretlly couli'. mute nothing out ol It, or, If IVejr r>tlW illd not v> ;i',t to tell what they thought. W^od is oac hundred flC'lara per enrd in Richmond, ind Oiany families art w ithout tuo>. Ibe l.ynnStburg Itepub? 'i"ra give? an account of the rer -rt s?le of Mooticello, 1L1 home sf Tliomas JofTerton, by a rebel government n.*rgu.il, un.ler the reVo! c ?:> .(.'-cation act. It brought entity thousand five huudrrd dollar*. KISCELLAIfEOUa NEW*. There nre three sloamshli & from Earopo due at Amen ;ao to-dftf, 0! e of t??*>m ( ho C'ti n?? 'learm^ ne.vs ?no week later than ilir-iidvioes o( lUe A&i.i. These vos tels sailed In tte following order, viz:? "eamikipr. 1 Votn f>ly of sawna. f * Ediubarg Queeesuwn K :r. 17 Now York. ttamsfrus l,ouc!cn?lerry Nov. 18 l'ortlatid.' tuna y?'onot"wn Nov. 20 New York. Tbe csnvhps of the vote r!f the Stnt'of Sew York for President and Vice I're^.dcut of the Tnlted Slates In the recent election was concluded at Albany jester Jay by the stale canvawrB. IUe whole number of vote3 cast '.vap seven hundred and tbiity thousand etven htiudrd acd twelve, tf which tlireo hundred and sixty-eifht tbottaaoi seven hundred and twenty-si* we>e given f >r the I icctlu RG'1 ,T l.uaon ?Sectors, and three hundred end Sixty-one thousand nine hundred acd eiftLty-aix for ihe McC cllan and Pendleton. 'tyie repnblldan majority isih'ie fore six thousand seven hundred and forty. Mr. Greeley, ore of the republican electors et large, reeei\ cd tv? huu lred and tbirty-flvo votes leas than !;is colleague, Mr.' re> ton IIIbj. B .'tween the nutates r^-cived by e tch or the two ?*0111001 attc electors at large t*re was n Tartar .cc- I but Are vttes, Mr. Wa.blupt.n Uunt receiving tli^i n.auy more than Mr. M llllam Kelly. Thf corvn?B of the vo-es lor State officers ly?s not been completed, the retutn* from New York, Berklmer and some otter counties t>ot having yet boen received. Some additional arrests were made yesterday of perron? suspected of boing ciunectod with the late attempt to bum tbh city. In addition to the other reward.-; or. red for the arrest and conviction of the lnceodiirie=, the Board or Supervisors yesterday agreed to offer five thou sand dollars. Tbe registry or )>or?oDS from tte msorgt at htaUs progresses at v.ecoral Peok'e offioe tu Hleecwor street, but In a very alow manner. It la estimate.I that there uie twenty-Qvo lUuu^ai.il of the?e people u<-w in this city. About on<* hundred were registered yeatTdiv. A meeting or the Council and Managing Hoards or the New York Citizens' Association was held at their rooms. No. 813 Broadway, at eight o'clock last evening. There was a large atteiiiacee of our m.?t prominent citizen1!. The proceedings were very interoi-ilng, and art fully de tailed !n the report which wo ]>ulrii.<b this m orniug. A mass meet;ng'of tbe Aseoeiat on wi!l be held on lhurwday evening next, at the Cooi cr Institute, whon many accom p.iKhed speakers will be heard on the question of reform iu our city (.overemen;. The ca?e of IVrry vs. Simeon Draper, Collector of the Port, brought to te?t the qcslion wLether tbe seven and three tenths per cent interest Treasury note* of 1*81 art a proper tender for payment of duties on imports, was yesterday again postponed till to-morrow In the United States Circuit Court, J id^e Nelson, In consequence Of a continued ca3e In the Uni'ed ."later District Court Tbe Tex t'omtntseioRere" cans r. w op beiore Judge Bock?, of tbe Supreme C- 2rt, Circuit, yostrrday, on a writ of quo warranto, dire ted again t t.'io new commissioners, 'ieorge H. Purser and Cbri.?t:^n ft. WooUruiT. The court directed the jury to fled a verdict in favor of tbe new commissioners, subject to an appeal to the Supreme Court, geueal term, whl.-h inlets en Saturday next. Tho case of Solon lioniand vs, Julia J. Foaater aud others, where tea piaiutiu sued to recover $l,7d3 as commission for chartering the steamer Seth Low to the government, wai onclu'lod, tbe result being a nom nal verd'et for the plaintiff in the sum of $42 0."> In theSapremeCourt, Chambers, yesterday, a motion was made on the part of tbe Comptrol'er to set aside tbe juJ;:ment obtained by Baldwin oi Jay cox against tbe city on tbe contract for building tbe gate* of tbe new reser voir, on tbe ground that Important and material evidence hid uot boen heard by the referee. The argument on the motion waa not concluded * ben the court adjourned for tbe day. A large number of c#?es were disposed of yeeterday ia the Genera] Seefious. Anna Stafford, indicted for stealing eighty dollars from Joseph Qnlnlan on tbe 3d lnet., pleaded guilty to petty larceny, end was sent to tbe reniteiury for six month*. :da Lee was tried on a charge of stealing a fur cape from the promises of Catharine Raleler. ia tho Bowery, on" the 2Ttb of October. The prisoner was accompanied by another warn in and a man, and whea tbey left the store the property was roitacd. Te l.daya after, when tbe proprietrees of the establishment was in Broadway, she saw the parties together, and procured the arrest of Miss Lee. The jury convicted her of petty larceny, and the Court remanded her fcr sentence. Jiae* McGregor, a soldier, was tried and convicted of stealing forty dollars from Jebn Kearney, at tbe Soldiers' Home, in Howard etreet, on tbe 13th of Ootelier. lie wee seat te tbe State Prison for two years. Jane Ann Johnston waa charged with steal ing a g?ld watch and chain from tbe apartments of Madame Leeouvere, In F?artb etreet, but tbe evldwce of giilt was nvt conclusive, and tbe jury acquitted tbe accused. Ellen M. Jobneca waa aleo acquitted of ? simllnr charge, In stealing a watch and cbnia from Detdriofc Bereaman, A boy namud James Robinson, Indicted for breaking into tbe premises of John Dug an, la First avenue, oe tbeotli Instant, pleaded guilt# to petty larceny, and waa eent to the llouse of Befuge. David Duff, who wat Indfeted fer forging a che> k for fifteen thousand dollars, purporting to btve been drawn by Morgan k gone, on the Beak of America, on tbe 10th of Heptember, pleaded guilty to forgery in the forth degree, and wee remanded for sentence. Judg ment wee snepon'led in three or four cMa, where tbe pariiee pleaded guilty V minor off-ane*. The Roerd of Popervteora adopted a resolution yetter ?lay, o^eilng five thousand dollars reward from the oouoty for tbe detention of any of the incendiaries who attempted reoeatly to barn tbe elty, and another also, authoring tbe Polios C mm.es'oners to uae any aurplua fnuds tbey may have as a ssorot service fund. A number of gentlemen met leet evening at the Coope/ Inatltnte for tbe purpose of formlsg a scientific associa tion. a committee waa eppoiale* to draft a eonstltattoa and report at tbe next meeting. Tbe funeral services over tbe remains of tbe late Wil liam Backstt, Assistant I ugineerof tfie Fire Department, took place yeeterday morning at St. Peter's (Roman Catholic) cborcb, In Barclay atrdet, Tbe aecred edifice WM flMd *lth mourners, among whom war* all tb* noteJ men In IM nre Department, a grand requiem mass was rcolted, arter which the remains were conveyed lo 7>tbosh Qfpstsry, roll; wed by a large oortege Mr. Backett 4tM from the effects of a eomplaint growing ent of erposefe in the disobarge of bis dutlss sa a fireman.: The flrlag In th* harbor jrMtwdny was an *xohang* of wilcfc Im just arrived here, an* a baiter/ at the Mm; Yard. A men named Thomas Rogers *H yeeterday oommR ted for trial, charcad with having picked over two hundred dollars from the pocket ef a lady at the Uer'-ein Railroad elation. The money was reoovered. lloreore 8c*a.u>ei was yesterday arrested and com tnltt d (or examination on the charge of abeotiog James Irving lullicting a ec-rioue wound, during a quarrel on ItouJajr nltht, at the oorner of beoood avenue an J Tiunty-third fcirttt. Ihb etore of Messrs. Woolf k Ranee, In Murray rtreet, was some titae ago rubbed of about aeveu huadrea <5 >1 ta e worth of sawing silk. A considerable portion or It ww rtoenlly fouud In a Bowery hat and oap atore, tbe tbree proprietors or which were yesterday arrested aud aent to the Tombs to awa^ an examination. 1 bev My tb?t tbey will be able to prove that they purchased tbe eillc in good faith. lho hark Tommy Htwsey, Captain Patten, of Rich raord, lie., from Irooc for Portlaed, Me., was ron into on tue iwtli of September by an unknown ablr, f-od .-milt in a short time thereafter. All on boerd, except one era man, perished ny tbe unfortunate cataatropbe. The nea t?i iu who was eaved atatea that all ou board could have been rescued by tbe craw of the unknown vessel if th?y bad made any exertions. The stock market was dull yesterday. Gold openod at 2a*, rose to ??'? and closed at fctt. Governments were lower. The advance in pold Imparted greater flrtrr.e?? to tbe wiarkets yeate'day, and sales of domestic produce wore generally at advanced prices, hollers demanding evBt> higher pricea for most articles. Bolders of foreign tnor chsndise were also firmer In tholr views, and. though there was not ntuoh activity, prioes were gonern ly higher, in sympathy with gold and exchanre. Petro loom, cotton, he , were firmer. On 'Chen;:? the Hour market wan more active at 10c. higher. Wheit a. Irani'd lo. a 2o., with a moderate demand. Corn and oat* wiro active and hl^hor. Pork opened Arm, but dosed dull anil beivy. Beef ficllvc t\< d Arm T.trd in good demand ant! fl mer. Whiskey firmer, freights quiet, Tbe maiket for beef ctttle waft without decided chne?' this week. The range of prices was from T>io. to 18c n 18%'c., though scarcely any sold over ISo , and not >\ Great many at that. The cattle were mortly ordinary, aud sold nt from 11c. to 19c., though ell rating good to prime went at 16'Jc. u 18j. a 18 !?c. Tho market ruled steady throughout. tlilob cow?, veata, sheep and lanbl were about tlio same. Hogs were in fair demand. hut the sales were generally at a ahudc below last woe.'* price/*. 1h? total reccipta were 0,Ct*& beeves, ?*3 oowy, 1,834 veals, 21.T47 sheep and l.tmbs. erd 22,470 nos* rsorin l aroiinu ior rctre^Anoiprr rirc? ; krutiU In lh? Htbcl C?iigit?i< Tl o resolutions submitted ia tbo rebal Con- j gress the other day by Mr. J, T. Lead), of ; North Carol iua, and supported by his col lea:'ties on the floor, embrace (he boldest and mcst signiflennt peace proposition tl at ha* yet appeared from irny responsible rebel source. Mr. Leach proposed that "wbercae, the citizens of the slave States, at an unguarded moment, under the influence of unwise couusel, and without maturo deliberation aa to the fearlul conseqnencea, made the 'election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency of the United States the occasion for precipitating the Confederate States out of the Union;" and whereas, snb stnnt:ally. the rrppe.'-ontritlveB of the people of the rebel Klntes have bad enough of f^'it n;r for :i Southern confederacy, resolved i! ar the;,- nre re:tdv for peace upon the basis of the cou&Htution of the United States. ^'Iri; ped of its Mipe'fliK-us verbiage, Euch is 'wi 'iwi submitted inf the rebel H( u <? of iicpn?:?(?!.??nlives by a North Carolina n.ci..! r :i t!i- 1. i,. I, and voted for by a li j-jiiiy c! tin- dclc,.uli^u of that State. In rlf r ut? ? ?? i so'titio; , Mr. Leach :a:d, "1 have coi;?nli?tt my lri? nds bs to the propriety of irtio'Jiieing them, as well as the proper time and cuiuuislflnces. 1 do not offer them for the purpose of strengt'ueuing the arm of tho enemy. That has been effectually done by tt-c Pu-s'-rt^nt, ia bis speech at Macon, Georgia (tiic speech of Jeff. D vis, in which he decl.ued lhat two-thirds of his soldiers wore deserters or absentees without leave), and more effectu ally strengthened by the Governors of the Confederate States and the President, when thuy recommended the use of negroes as sol diers in the Confederate army. I offer thein because I am satisfied that iny constituents, both citizens and soldiers, desire ao honorable peace; because I am satisfied that the prayers of Christians, statesmen and patriots have been poured out for peace, and that the great heart of the nation Is pulsating for pesco. I offer them because I know that war is a relentle s. cruel, blind monster, killing whero ho cannot make alive, and reaping where he has not sown." He further ieclared that he dil not etffer this proposition to discourage their heroic soldier*, for he believed that it would "arouse thcra to know that they are fighting for bome thing more dear to them than the n<*gro.'' Here we havo point blank evidence that North Carolina is wearied of her terriblo suf ferings and drudgery in tbo hopeleas cause of Jeff. Pav's, and ii anxious to make Lor escape; that her people regard this war on the part of IXivis as a war for the negro, and that they hare had enough of it, nod would gladly return to the good old ark of tho Union from the terrors of the deluge which secession has brought upon them. Tbo inarch of Sherman across the State of Georgia has emboldened North Carolina to speak oat plainly. Her representatives at Richmond see the handwriting on the wall against Jeff. Davis. They hare, doubtless, been brougfit to the piin'ul siuplcicm that Sbermm will flank Lee's army. and bis whole rebol concern out of Richmond, acd that then, in default of a treaty of peace, the work of desolation which has blackened tho soil of Old Virginia will be visited upon North Carolina, and that she will be eaten out and utterly despoiled and laid waste between the retreating columns of Lee and the pursuing legions of Grant. This is tte danger which menaces North Carolina, and this is the inspiration which has impelled her rupresenutives at Richmond to the verge of treason against Davis. With tho arrival of General Sherman on the Atlantic seaboard. If net before, we have every reason to expect that, provided Leo can steal elf. as be did at Antietam and Willinmsport. Rich mond will be abandoned to the Yankees. The rebel journals'of that city have been throwing ont some hints to this eff?ot. They tell its that the Yankees are very much mistaken in supposing that Richmond is to "the confed eracy" whal Paris Is to France; and when they begin to talk In this strain it It pretty safe to infer that they are beginning to pack up for another retreat towards their "last ditch." We think it quite possible, however, that North Carolina will yet be savsd the devastation anticipated within her bordors from tho approach of tho groat hostile arm res from Rlohmond; bat if the local authorities, soldiers and people of North Carolina would make assuranoee donbly sore, In saving their State from ntfcr rain and beggary, they havo only to opon n "fire In tho roar" upon King Jeff. Why not, when inch a movement woold not only seoitro tho moat liberal concessions to the State from Washington, bat would bring the rebellion to M Immediate coMapie, MA than tt mm tit ii tii U tk* wkL ffc* ViwMk Case?Oar lUUUau WUk Bra all. There seems to be a great deal of disoUMlon, fuM and folly, concerning the seiznre in Bra zilian water* of the rebel cruiser Florida by tbe United States man-of-war Wachusett. A great many sapient suggestions are als* gravely made ia regard to what disposition shall be made of her?whether she shall be given up to Brazil; whether tbo captain of tlo Wachusett shall be cashiered; what saiiffao tion shall be given to the Power in whose waters the alleged violation of the neutrality laws occurred; what explan-xt'on shall be given to European goverumento?and other points involved in tbe matter. The discussion in American papers is increased and intensified by the bluster of tbo English and French journals, wluoh are making a great mountain out of a very trifling subject of controversy. The Paris and London papers call lustily upon foreigu Powers to inter'ere. Lord Palmorston seems to have a finger in the pie, and Napoleon an itcbing to mingle in tbe imbroglio. But all this fuss and bluster are entirely unnecessary. Tl.cy amount to nothing. We have uo doubt tbo question bos already been s ttled to the satisfaction 0fBrn7.il, aud she is the only really aggrieved party, except the rebels; and the U'dted States government will settle tbo difficulty with the latter. We believe that our distinguished, indefatigable an 1 valiant ambassador at the imperial Court ot Bras 1?Chevalier Jaiues Watson Webb? hr.s aottled tbe question with Brazil before this. Tt is said in some quarters that tho Florida is to bo given up; but we suspect, from the j hi.'h character for vigilance, pluck and patriotism for so long a period of years eujoyed by Chevalier Webb, that that distin guished functionary is ahead of Chevalier dew aid, and even tbe President himself, in disposing o! this liltlo cause of nrsunderstand' i .g with our friends t'm Brazilians. Chevalier Webb baa a seat in the dress circle of favorites at the imperial Court of Bruzi^, Wb.ou be (irst Went to Brazil as ambassador from tbe Ameri can government be had had a quarrel with Lord Palnierstou, and was not in the best of fragrance with the Emperor Napoleon. Ever since then Chevalier Webb has been watching events from his elevated position in the Brazil ian Court; and once, out of u simple game of whist, be got up a quarrel between Great Britain and Brazil, which resulted ia tbe expul sion of the British Minister from the Court of Brazil. The dashing and hero'c fighting quali ties of Chevalier Webb, united with his cemarkabte amiability of manners, bis winning graces, and his irresistible accomplishments, as exhibited in palace and boudoir, in the imperial prcseuce on high St-tte occasions, as well as in those camarilla intr'guos peculiar to the Spanish race and blood in all climes, all contributed, no doubt, to tbo success of the Chevalier in dispelling the little cloud tint was rising between the friendly relations of ti e United States and Brazil. From what we know of the Chevalier we believe that the matter of the Florida will be arranged without troubling either Mr. Seward or Mr. Lincoln. We have no doubt that Chevalier Webb has written as lon?' a correspondence on tbe sub ject as nny that Mr. Seward has yet wr tten about the rebellion. We expect to see Lord Palmerstou cut up in mincrmeat, all ready for a Yankee Christmas pie. Wc have no doubt the Emperor Napoleon will b? no thoroughly excoriated that he will wish be had never le t llam nor Talmo's mint juleps. And we expect to se? Brnz'l eu!ogi?id to the skies, as tlo warmest and truest friend tbe United States evor had. Therefore we advise the govorn rnent und politicians at Washington to keep perfectly cool and quiet about tlrs Florida business, and see whether what they wish to have done bas not already been accomplished by Chevalier Webb, before whose disposition to fight the bellicose propensities of Chevalier Seward pale like a flickering star before the rising sun. The Situation In Tennr?e??~The Re pulse of Hoort at Columbia. From Nun'aville we hare the uews tbat ITood was bad'j repulsed on Saturday last in an as sault on our works at Columbia, on the Duck river. This comes almost coincident!y with the announcement that Thomas bad retired to Franklin, twtaty miles nesrer Nasbvi'.le. Though the statements are apparently contra dictory. they are not irrcconcilnblo. Heod appears to bare bad bis whole army across the Tennessee on the 13th instant, and the latest rebel accounts toll us that bis army was well supplied, in good physical and mental condition, and was to advance immediately towards Nashville, lie has probably about forty thou sand men. For bim to have rcached the neigh borhood of Columbia in six days after (he paseage of the Tennessee would not bare bwn very rapid movement, and be certainly ought therefore to have gotten that far by Saturday. Moreover, if Thomas did not intend to bold the line of Duok river, he also should have been in motion by tbat time; yet be probably left a foroe at Columbia to observe the enemy, and Hood's advance, feeling the place, encountered this force and met with the repulse mentioned. These were probably the real circumstances of tho case: for if (he repulse had been one of any greater magnitude, we should, doubtless, have received a bulletin from the War Department in relation to it. Ma?y Intelligent perrons mny very naturally dislike the appearance of the retirement of Thomas as Hood ndvances. But no fact can b? more positive than tbat there is no reason in this for the leapt alarm. Fhermnn contem plated tbat Hood should oven go to the Ohio; and U Is true that if he conld be drawn so far with forty thousand men that there is no other way In which we could deprive the rebellion of tbat force so cheaply and so easily. Thomas baa now a large and veteran fore* Id hand, and largo reinforcements are within striking dis tance. It Is, therefore, not from any want of power to cope with the rebel general that he retiree. On the contrary, he retires simply be eiue, in his judgment, he can fight Hood to better advantage on other ground than auy be bae lately tyld; and hie services and his suo oott have beds such that the country should have oonfldenoe in hie judgment as the very beet that eat be had on tbe military situation It Tenneseee. Let no one listen for a moment te the vicious notion that there is a parallel la tbf military proepeote of the two Powers, and that Shenntn'e advance through Georgia it matched bv Bootf's through Tennessee. There If oo paranll tt all. Sherman, with an im mense, wen equipped and well fed army, marfhee through a hostile country without any hodllle foroe on hie front, and goes toward! a base where supplies apd ammunition will mAet bin. Qoo4, wife tWkU KBli *111 from a baas without tba hop* of any other, and with an army la front abundantly able to flght bim, and if be iliould march aa far a* Sherman will that distance will Insure bis complote destruction. Tfce n?k?l iactadltrjr Praae la Maw York CUT* It Is one of tie most extraordinary features of this extraordinary war that we should have a regular rebel press In this loyul metropolis of the country. Since tbe rebels began their attack u[ on tbis government by setting tiro to Fort Sumter and robbiug tLo Custom House at New Orleana, they have never wanted apolo gists and defenders here at the North. Pay arter day the rebel press of this city has exten uated their vices and given them unbounded credit for virtues which they bave never pos sessed. The greater were the outrages and barbarities of tbe rebels, the louder were tbe peans of admiration from tbe iacendiary press. Our victories were tortured into defeats, our defeats magnified into final d'sasters, while the rebels wore spoken of as constant victors, aad lauded to tbe skies as miracles of merit, cour ago and endurance. When the rebel press of this oity had fairly weariod out the patienco of the people, it was partially suppressed. To say that every one was dolighted at this would bo to state a sim ple and evident fact; but still there were doubts as to the legality and judiciousness of such a movement. Everybody would rejoice to see a murderer hung; but still all law ab d ing cilifcenB would object to see him dandle from a lamppost without a lepul trial. Upon this principle tbe government was induced to relax its severity towards the incendiary press, andth03epftp?r8 wl.icbhwd bee'* ^ippieased nod denied the mall* were onco more permitted to resume publication. Ti c result was the great riot in New York. The rebel press of this city inflamed the worst pn^Urs of some of our citizens, and a ln*le?s mob devastated the metropolis, robbing, burning and ravishing without restraint. Figa'.ly an admirable pol oe, assisted by tbe military, succeeded in getting the upper hand of the rioters and ord^r was once more restored. But the cause of tho out break?the incendiary rebel proas which bad provoked it-still remained to work further mischief. Little by little it gathered strength for tuother disturbance. At last tbe oppor tunity came, and a desperate and atrocious attempt w-as made by rebel emissaries and rebel sympathisers to burn down this city and to involve in a fearful conflagration our oitiaens, our women and our children. Provi dence preserved us from this dreadful peril; but the cause, tbe incentive, is still among us, and we are not yet entirely safe. Our readers will remember that the scheme to burn down New York was foreshadowed in the Richmond papers. They stated that the ?nen to commit the arson were already bore, and that money alone was needed. They argued that twenty men could fire our oity; and this seems to bo about tbe number actually em ployed. "One New York." said these Richmond rebels, "Is worth twenty Ricbmonds;" and upon this basis they urged Jeft'. Davis to let notalso scruples prevent his giving bia consent to their diabolical plan. But while the Richmond papers foreshadowed this incendiary plot the rebel papers in this city were not silent. One of them remarked that there were plenty of hearty, able-bodied rebel refugees la New York, muklng loud boasts or their loyalty to the confederacy. Again we wero warned that the rebels would retaliate upon us for the opera tions of our generals in the Souib. Threats that the war would be brought to our own fire sides were not unfrequent. Accompanying these significant articles were others whloh, la eulogy of tbe rebel leaders and in detraction of the North, far surpassed the secession press of the hottest part of South Carolina. Wo call public attention to these facts. We ask General Dix to consider them. Could tbe rebel press of this city know of tbe prosenoe of able-bodied traitors among us and be so well informed of their Intentions, without some direct or indirect complicity with them? That is the question which wc wit?b our military authorities to investigate. When the plot of the rebel incendiaries was dofeatod, and oar hotels and theatres, with their innocent inmates, saved from becoming a flaming funeral pyro, tbo rebel press of tbis city was attentively wntoh^d by those anxious to discover the guilty parties. One of these papers ventured to claim the exclusivo credit of know ing all about the plot. Another indulged in a column of spooial pleading to prove that the rebel authorities "bad exhibited too mncb Wis dom ftni tact" to endorse anyTncctidiary enter prises; that they were too "Cbrf.?tjaa ftod enlightened," and that tLo idea of their orfua ising such a plot was "absurd, ungonerous and unjust"?Cbambersburg to the contrary of all this notwithstanding. Yesterday another of our rebel organs took up the strain, declaring "the phosphorus panic" to be "shameful and ludicrous," and denouncing General Dix's admirable order as savoring of "Lynch law." This was the phosphorescent organ which expected the incendiarism on Friday night, and had itA reporters on the spot, but was obliged to alter its heading to the news, aa the Ores were extinguished. Another rebel paper pub lished two letters yesterday, ridiculing the terrible scheme as a republican tplet, a Titus Oates affair, and concluding its defenoe of the rob els by saying, "I only design to indicate the class ot men barely implicated.'' This sort of correspondence la backcd up by an editorial threatening the Ukrald establishment with destruction unless we observe strict silence In regard to the share which the incendiary rebel press of tbis oity had in the incendiary scheme. We disregard these threats, and employ them as part of the evidence in the cftse. In view of the connection of the incendiary press with our riots; In view of their prognostications of in cendiarism; in view of their knowledge of able-bodied rebels in ear midst; in view of their subsequent ceurso and declarations, and in rtow of their disgraceful threats, is it not in cumbent tpon General OIx to thoroughly in vestigate these rebel papers in New York, end carefully examine their edltersT We ore com pelled (d answer this question (A w? affirma tive, and we know tbftt no loyftl m*n would disapprove 00 necessary and justifiable ft pro ceedlng. The (linger to not y*t over?the attempt may ttT qppeftted?end In such olronmaUnoea the sternest measures ought to be taken ftt e?oe. We make no ap peals to oijr citizens, each of whom will look after hto ?*n dwelling; feat we de appeal to onr military authoress who have tyU legal Vhi miliary FoliiUkl (IobUIIUM ?t Che OoaMiracr?Oar NMuiUjr. Every faot of the military situation is still sweeping ia our favor. Ilood is harnilwsa and in danger under the eye of Thomas. Lea stands still in front or Grant, and Sbennaa crosses the enemy's country with giant stride, realizing in the ease with which he is able ta do so the extent to which the war has exhausted that euemy. He encounters no resistance, for we consider the repulse at the Oconee of ? handful of cavalry skirmishers as hardly worth mention, except as illustrating the cjnd tioa that the South is in when it is brought so low as to attempt to trumpet such an event as a victory. The pollt!cal condition of the rebellion is also all in our favor. Its unity is gone-? shattered into thousands of little faotious frag ments. It Is seamed aud rifted by dissensions of every possible complexion and charaotev. Southern leaders are not in universal agreq ment upon any one point of national polioy. They do not all insist even upon the absolute necessity of Southern independence as tbey all once did. T-iie South Is divided on the ques tions of peace and reconstruction, and on the question of arming the negroes?and thenoo oa slavery. This is the groat division ol division*, *nd will rend that section as it did the original whole. Besides these divisions of the first magnitude one very serious one threatens tha country between the supporters and opponor.1a of Jeff. Davis. Ou the one band it is desired to make this man an absolute despot by a simple process. livery man is first to be da* olarC'i in the army, and mon not in the army deserters or details. Jeff. is then to bo uec arsd military dictator, and so, of oourse, abiolu'.ftly gupfetne over all men within his reach, without appeal. And against this attempt at a "cen tralized government" every Southern journal if now in the full cry of denunciation. Thus, In ibo present condition, there aro twa fa?t3 tn our favor?and they are tn$ two ?m? portunt facts In the lifo of the rebellion?tha facts of its military impotenoo and of ita politioal divis'on. It is the imperative duty of our gov ernment to make the most oi the advantage that this gives us; to enable the army to strike with energy, and to foster the political dissension* that weaken our foe. Much has beeu dene already with the army, and perhaps all is going on as well as possible in that quarter. It la certain that our generals and our armies ara such as they have never boeu, and that oar blows are planted now with a Titanio scope and force. We have come splendidly through tha first stage in the military history of a great war that Is, we have sloughed away the offete nota rial that loaded our army and kept It inefficient. We have gotten rid of the poppy show sol diers bred in the toadying times of peace? thosa splendid generals that were so magnificent on parade and review, and iu all routine, and s? miserably worthless everywhere else. Oar generals are new men?the vlgorouB, fresh growth, grown in the oarna^e of thi* very wac. They are original, energetic, real. They take hold of our armies as grand facts, not as mili tary abstractions; and, never losiag sight ol what is practical in science, they fight batUea pugnaciously, with a view to human nature as well as to mathematics. Thanks to these ohange-i?this stimulated #?d still natural growth of our millury arm?we are now mak ing war, real, grand, aggressive war, and out enemy trembles in every little nerve radiole al his system. But th?re is something else. While we fight we must see to th^ politics also. And what the country wants now is to see applied ta the politicians this same grand system al change that has been so fruitful of good in OM armies. Here also progress and growth are necessary, and we see none. There is an lot" menses amount of very bad material at Wash* ington to be sloughed away. Wo still labor, politically, under the jwme incubus of petty and contemptible men that so embarrassed oar army at the commencement. Shall we ha^a the same system of ohange applied! Can tha country depend upon the Fresidont for thWf lie w as clected on this as ona,of the many great issues. The change in advisers called for by the Baltimore platform leads to ? change in the whole political material. Shall we have it! All here depends upon the Presi dent. On his ability and on bis will to oarry out such a system must depend the oontlnned success and ultimate triumph of oar oausa. According as such a change is made, and mada advantageously, we will gala or lose all tha beaeflt of tho political dissensions of our ena rales. On the politicians will depend tha soundness of any settlement made with tha Sooth, aud thence the future tranquillity and prosperity of this country. Shall we bare new aoS gool men, ?r shall wfc So en undet the old ones, proven Incapable by so many trials! Tax Wat to Drso?r? ?k I>c*?#i.ni* Plot.?The hotel keepers, W? *ro to perceive, hare taken the best mean res to secure the a treat of the incendiar??f who made so desperate an attempt to (ire up* 4hl? olty to conflagration on Friday, by offering reward of twenty thoosand dollars for their arrest atd conviction. The Board of Super* visors have offered a reward of five thousand dollars for the same purpoee. The Beard of Councilman very promptly adopted a resolu tion, which we hope will be sanctioned by tb* Board of Aldermen, to offer a reward of twenty-five thousand dollars with the hit object In view. The insuranoe companies should now offer a similar amount, for tbey are deeply Interested in the suppression of tree. Bui they must not let time pass in adopting this course, or the villains will have all loft the city. It is evident, wo think, that the immediate agents In this diabolical scheme were induced to commit the crime for money supplied by higher agents of the rebel government, therefor* so large a temptation as seventy-live thousand dollars would be likely to bring some infor mation from one of the parties implicated, an It oertainly would stimulate the deteetivw authorities to increased vigilance. We think it would'be proper for the national govern men! also to offer an additional reward for tho discovery of the plot, and to Include a promie* of pardon to any of the guilty parties who may reveal the facte known to them. We wool# thus, In all probability, arrlre at the circum stances of this dariog conspiracy. The Sopor, visors, we think, vety properly, at their meet ing yesterday, gar* permission to the Poller Commlssleners to employ any surplus messy at their disposal for a secret arrviop fund. With this encouragement on the part of tbm Supervisor*, the police otjfht surely to bn |>1? ?