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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 08, 1864, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1864-12-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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Mid Modi tfcs H??? pwrtnH the eouMe IM
^?HTMr. ooMt, ?m reit to * ? necessity. tu
MeraU**? of nr tram to tbe vtelallyef th* Inland
Mtr Mad ?d>il)t te Ikt rlun lb* iimImi
I mwm o* g4??boata. em the mea tbua employed, a*|
I Veil tbe aaagaxln** u4 maoblaery of Us* tmmIi, art
I uh<4, eopectally ia Um narrow etreaata with high tad
I airtrt baatn. seas* veaoeie, and no? a raw valuable
I Uvea, Mf? been loat by tkeee expoaurw, and to order to
paaaiMa protection. to iba gallant mad wbo
saaoaoter tb?aa daogere iba deyartmeat eoooldered It a
dirty ta provide araiorad veaeola of light draucbt for
Mr eeearity. Contract* war* aatarad lata for the eoa
Mraetton of twenty hhih aa tb* monitor prlaeipl*, each
ta aany two eleven Inch gun*, to order to be ?fflcleat, aid
?a draw but earea feat df water.
H waa mot ruined, however, whan the fin I twe ap
K^^^Biad completion, that tbetr draught of water waa
^^^?than waa Intended. The heavy armor aad the two
to* fan-Inch gun*, with the machinery to give them
proper epeed, Involved the neceaaity of aalarg
fed the enfiaoitr ef each at them. Whea
mekin* theaa accuseary alteration* N waa deemed
adftoti*, aader appticatkms from some of
Mr commander* of equadrone for boata that abould pre
?eat but a email rlae above tbe eurrece of the water, to
dtopeaee with tbe turret* In five of ibcee light draught
rv*f?iH, with a view to apaeiat o?eratloaa. The remain*
tog fifteen were ordered tu be enlarged by raising their
daeke, thereby giving them additlcaal tonnage and
greater draught and making tbam more efflclent, but la
ether reepacts carrying out tbe original design. Tbta
work I* now being performed, and moat af the vessels are
mf oueapi0il?'B#
ft e exigencies of the time* and the oece**ltl** of tha
war ba>e stimulated tbe inventive faculties of our coun
trymen tu vast Improvements In vessels, in engines, in
*rdn <nce and projectiles. That in some InstancM they
are aot at Brat entirely successful la nutaurprlatng. kla
takes and even falluree will occur. Ja nearly every class
af veaseia that bare been built, aad aepeoially those that
are armored, mora or leaa alteration* have been
teood seoessiry while they were being constructed.
Oaiy two or tbe monlMr clan of vesssls? the
I IcaUr aad Puritan?are proposed for sea aervlce. Tbetr
Kecees, of which the Inventor and builder I* aanguine,
1* am>og tbe experiment* that the period and the exi
gracios of tUo ooaotry have Imposed upon the depart-1
K< ur ?ur re ted vessels hsve been built in the navy I
rarda ol wood sad car ad with iron, dliierlng therein I
From the original monitors, which are exciu-1
etvaly or Iron. One of tbem, tbe Mouadoock, I
aew in comuilseion, hta performed her tripe I
from ? *ton to Hampton R"*d* with entire satisfaction, I
glvlny assuranc* that this experiment, devlatiog In as-1
Modal respect* from others, is likely to be successful. I
the draught of water or tbe tionadnock la twelve feet, I
aad with two Indaj endent screws she bas a speed of ten I
kn- ts Four other similar veea*la or a still more formld- I
abte and invulnerable character are bulidtng. I
Tbe only seagoing Iron-clad ablps besides tb* two I
turreted vessels slready mentioned are the New Iron- I
sides, built in TM2; tbe Roanoke, one or tbe old frigates I
Which hss been armored, and the Dunderberg, a cass- I
mate vessel For this vessel the contractor has promised I
% spet'd of ill teen knots at sea. I
Tbe department has on several occasions Invited propo- I
SHtonstor Iron seagoing armorsd ships, but Congress I
having declined to make tbe necessary appropriations I
ao meitsurea have been taken for their construction. I
1 be veesels recently built, and at preeent constructing I
Jf thy qjtyy yard*. are of wood, tbe smaller chss of I
idem using gunooaii, aig^O of which are of tbe clase of I
the Nipslc, of 600 tona, mounting jne heavy pivot and I
four broadside guns. There are four of tbe class of tbe I
Mintur ket, ofwOO tons, moulting one Itaavy pivol, with I
six broadside guns. In addition to these there are four I
r*at>eh? ol the class oT the Algona, with a tonnage of 1,360 I
lona and proportionate armament. All of these vessels I
have very oonstderabie steam power, and will, as some I
aI tbem bave already proved, he eillcient sruiters at set. I
rre immediate waats of tbe blockade having been aup- I
plkd by iba vessela built and altered In the navy yards, I
and by purctuss af the best merchant steamers capable I
ef bearing beavy armament, tbe attention of tbe depart* I
aaent bas been beetowed on larger and more Impoalng I
sbipa, euch aa would be formidable aot only for Jiome I
deieuce, but for foreign service. The P>;,uon I
? and influence of a nation among tha frtai ??
*Her? aj and murium* Power* or Vae world are to a
?*>t extent dependent on gs naval ability. Limited ap
propriations bXVd already been made by Congress for
Voafiole of tbia character. Each succeeding year of tbia
war baa produced from foreign ablpyarda ateamera of
greater speed to run tbe blockade, and tbe reliable pre
veatlve of tbia Utioit trade muat be found to vessels ef
idcwised steam power. By making tbem of sufficient
else they will be roraaidable, net only to neutral vlclatore
U ?ur 'aws, but to any enemy. Of tbe vessels on which
someaAcritlce of armament has been made to obtain speed
there are seven building, three of which are already
launched, and tbe othera will aeon be ready. Two of
those vessels are being buih by c-ntract and five In tbe
Mf jr yarda Tbia claM of veesele is represented by tbe
IdMionoosuc and tbe Cbatwcooga. There are alao la
progress or construction twenty vesssls with steam ma
Misery or rather less p wer, bat wbicb are to be much
more heavily armed. Ten of these, of the class
st tbe Uliuole, the tiuerrlere, and the Java,
have covered gun decks, and will carry twenty beavy
geee. Two will bave a plat lug of thin iron as a pro tec ?
ttoe torn sbells. the remaining teu.oT tbe class of the
Oeata?Cok and Manltou, building In the navy yards, are
er less size but with equal machinery and intended for
greater speed As all or tbem will be provided with
maais acd sails, they Ma ba cruising veesuls and used on
foreign stations.
inn machinist.
la eur b??7 bit become not only sxcloslvsly a stesm
M?7, but a very largo one, with u enormous consump
tion of co*I acd grssi expenditure for the construction
Md rep iir or machinery, II becomes a matter or the flrst
aenae<{uence that only the beat machinery be obtained
wH. tbia problem is one of very difficult, costly and
ilow solution. The great maritime countries of England
and Prunes have not yd wired It, either In the com
taercai or war marine, and at tbla boar the best autborl
U4 do a t agree upon It. 80 many conditions enter
is* > the problem that as promtneuee la given mora or
lass to ooe or the otber different conclusion* are reached
It te evident that aa toe qneeiioa It purely a practical
eve It can only beanawaied by extensive ex|?erlenrs
aad aocarute observations. Mindful of the Importance
of tbis matter, the department, notwlthataading tba
great prepare upon its resources by tba war, has kept It
M view and promoted by every means the acquisition of
the neceesary information. The proportions of hulls
have been v tried witb a view to determiuo the relative
development nf spied In proportion to given power, ma
st rery has been constructed upon dllTerent types and
srelema. and tbe department hag encouraged all offer*
from Cltiaeaa, ai mu aa from ita own oihears, to b'M d
aew ma tnrery aad gave promlae of improvement The
s??y kt this luon.ent contains marina machinery on an
extensive * ale 01 every kind; their results are In Its log
bo tea, 'rum which can be determined their various
ai> us, both lor geuerai service and for particular appli
In Hie new screw gunboats machlnory has been med
SiMignud by Cnrless, of I'rovidcnce, It. I., J Crlcss'in, of
Ke* Yurie. William Wright, of Woodruff & hc.cb's
aaublUtinicot at Hartford: Merrick & ^ods, or Pbiladel
phl.i., and tbe Uureeti of - team Engineering 01 tbe depart
Bent. Ibis was competitive machinery to be or equal
powor propo il .g tbe mine bull.
In the double bowed paddiewheel steamers machinery
has been employed de?lgued by Merrick J; Sons, o: Phlla
del; bit, by K. N. 1 Inkers o.aud by tbe Buraiu of irtoam
Iii (be Ixrge sloops of war, of thr^e thousand tons and
ever, r m; eililve m .cbiuery is beiug pi tcod by tbe above
partle*. and by J. i ricss*>n
in tbe rrl-ates ami simps of the old navy, and in some
sf those built during the early part or the present ad
mtti stratlrn, un cbii.eiy was emjip yed designed by moat
ef ttie principal e?iabliebmeuft of the country, The
i Uiion Imiu Works snd Morgan 'ron Works, of New York;
il.su a Woodrml h lleaoti, of llsrtford, lono.; ilurrifon
taring, ?Ttf the Atlantic Work*. or Hon ton. Merrick ft
tons, 111 1'biiadeiphla; tbe Vulcau Works, of Baltimore,
tad 1 e 1 u eau ol Steam Engineering.
in there vesselsnearly every variety and type of sn
b 111, o: valve gear, of rate of expansion, or surface con
?<?? ir, o s row prop lli-r and of holers, hive been
taoroughly tested but tlio results thus :ar show that
lie m.ruiuary dssigued by the Steam Engineering
P'.reau o' tbe department has not beeu surpassed, per
ils not equalled, by any o: itscompetitors, while In
sao 1 cases their results Iwve bami greatly below It
Io lis lron-cl ids the depiirtment haa experimented by
the ontrutti u of different classes and sues, both In
wiod and iron, propelled by one ecrew, and by two
Mr .wt, workiag Indepeudenily of each other. In its
most recent c nsdruotin: s, of the Miantoaomab class, a
wooden vessel design, d by the naval constructors and
built at the rntvy yurda, with Erlcsion turrets, and ma
Caltery d>signed by U>e lluroau ot steam Engineering,
a huh r ie or ?|ieed, porfect ventilation, imrr'ttusbllity,
tnd tlieon ibuhii battery ol tour fifteen Inch guns, have
been cnn.blne I In a vea-al of the nv derate ?nre of 1 884
tons, drawing only twelve lest or water. These vessels
are Iree from the disadvantage or rouliug, which 10
greatly red <e* the sje^d ol iron ones.
Mihi-n of this type, but f lnr,ro->sed tonnage, are In
price-H of construction, to have ntlll higher spcod and
Be adapted to coast se vice.
la the steamers boitbt from the commercial marine of
'be ooui Uft "nil in the raptured bi ettade runners, n w
adapted !o naval son lee, sre to be found every variety
of machinery, both a. raw and i>addia wheel, eotiMructed
either In this country or t.reat liritam. bo far as the
esi.eDC es of tba Wit1 would p?i. m l. tho di. ereut types
r.f machinery have beft'i submitted to c ireful est erimcnt
to av<i t?,n their re alive meuti. Nearly every variety
er bolK-r and of exp.sylve gear, of rate nt expansion,
sud "f sacirttou and superheated it un, has been made
toe suhjjet of arcurate experiment, snrt it la believed
tfcet th > ntea of tbe departmoot contain the la eat and
a??e? reitihle In orm'tlon on tbe.^e sub ects. A chief
aogii eerof the nnyy It s been sent to Kuiope to cellrct
l?ortna:ioa on thene topice In addltlou to ttie pubilshod
si?o'in>* ?ik1 omclai reif rw.
t esr.y ail the kli ds or coals or th? seal-ot'd 5Hst?s
bsva been tbv< rubjer-t of care ul exi'eriment, with a view
to a*r?rnwii the>r comparative value ror navttl nurposes
A board of enii' eer? haa also experimented with petro
leum as a subs* tu>? Tor ooal In naval aieamrrs.
is op In on aiyieara to have settled upou the borl/CDlal
sad the rernrrtf tubulsr boilers as ths only ones proper
fer naval terries* tbe department has ha<l ooe or each
kind ruauufsctnreil, sccoidlng to designs turan-hed by a
board of niae siig'aeere, employed In tba principal pil.
?ate ateatn eutine nsanurai luring establishments of the
ooantry, sod l>f the llureau of rlaam iaitloeerlng, for
tbe puiposa of accurate experiments lo determine their
raapee.tiv* merlin. Iheee exi>erimenta will be ef tbe
meet aiaberste nature, end will, II la presumed, enable a
?bolce to he made 1 bey arc now hi progress.
A commlaelun of nine, cn practical engineering, hag
keen apt ointed by tbe department, oonaiatlng ef tbree
?r a tbe Aesdeaay of Heienee. tbree from tbo Vranklln
Institute and tbree oa tbe part tbe department?all
em oenl in physiosl science lo da rise "be proper eppa
It.?, a id make the necessary experiments therewith, te
nne-rum by practical reaulta tbe ec nomy of uelug
?team wiib di."areai degrees of expansion these experf
w*eni* wMcu are new Tn i>rogreae. will he aa alab rate
? >d e| eevplete aa it la poeaihie to make them. And
a viar I, e pra. iinal oondlt.ma of steam eng issnog, it is
>?.?'t'd I bey Wiri lodispa'abiy g?t it reat thd aoomnt of
n ? ?? obiamdd from gslDg gtsam wild different ,
? HpuHH, ?4 llM WlWllll Uwwhllw
m~m* tmww* a-la t? tw. mmm inw?,
to.. >hMm aetutag wr imMmMI ??>to? ?* P?
KMlMI kM kM Nftw^ii I?MWH<
tag and putting la dm all valuable impcoveoaeate in
?Sea mimSr.m* m nwM aeateoMd or eaperi
?eataiiy Mamtatag lk? tou im-ry ,0* oerreel
opts too.
The i w>m>TT mr ???"? MV ?Or ooo
etruettea ui trial will furalab Information which will be
?I great public utility.
ii?r ub m mem nm juid uamiT.
Tba bUeedueU* of MM M > metlve power for aaral
TNNli la caoeing a revelation in maritime warfare
wMrt lb* abiMt salads bar*long predicted would be the
reeali of 1Mb agency, buiwtokh l? aot vet ?? itt falleal
extent appreciated. It ohangee the whole obaracter of
blookade, aad I* rut ore ware It wBI be found tbat a few
fast privateers by steam vilkkaraaa or aanlbiiate tba
oommeroe of the moat powerful belligerent aatlona.
Oar oouatry baa baaa compelled by tbla civil war to
take the initiative la organising a rani (team navy with i
which to eatabliab aad enforce the blookade of our whole
iooaat from the Ohaaapeake Bay to the Bio Graade; and
'alao to mptreaa tba depredations of semi piratical pri
vateera, built by (killed English mechanics In Eagilsb
ibipyarda, aad manned by Encllsbmea, whicb, under
the rebel flag, have roved tbe ocean, destroying our
merchant shipping, aad have found refuge and supplies
In English and neutral porta
Wbea hostilities commenced, our government bad pro
vided no aullable navy yard, with machine shops and
foundrlea to manuraoture tbe neceiaary machinery for
our rapidly Increaalag and expanding aavy; but tbe de
partment waa compelled to rely on tbe few private estab
lishments which it oould divert from other engsgementa,
for the tumeoee work tbat waa calling out tbe raaoorcea
of the nation.
Great embarrassment wu experienced In con??]iiacoai
of tbla neglect of tbe government at tbe very commence
ment of the war, and although the naval aervtce an l tbe
country are aufTerlng constantly from thla neglect, mea.
?urea for tbe establishment of a suitable navy yard for
tbo construction aad repair of Iron vessels, their arma
ture and steam machinery are aUll delayed.
Ae early aa March, 1863, and on-several occasions since,
1 have bad the honor to present my view to Congress ou
tbia subject. The earoeaineaa and frequency with which
It baa been brought forward must And an apelogy la Ita
great Importance.
It haa never been tba purpose of . tbe department, In
any of Us suggestion or recommeadations, te increase
tbe number of our navy yarda. nor to alter tbelr local
distribution. Tbe yard which we now have at Philadel
phia la altogether inadequate to our present or future
wants. It waa proposed, therefore, to substitute a new
one on tbe Delaware, in the vicinity of Philadelphia.
League Island, within tbe llmlta of tbat city, ir adopted
as a Kite, must gradually absorb tbe works at tbe present
yhrd, wniob would then be discontinued.
All of our present navy yards. It will be remembered,
were established for Ibo construction and repair of
wooden sailing vessels. 8team and armored vessels have
superseded theee, and tbe Inability of oar present estab
lishmenu for tbe work Imposed by this war has been tbe
source of inexpressible anxiety, snd often of great
disappointment* and public Injury. To relieve tbe
navy yards from work which they have but
limited means to execute, and to secure necea
sary repairs, tbe department has been oompclled to estab
lish stations for machinery, and means or retomontat
Mound City, Memphis, New Orleans, Ship Island, Pensa
cola, Key West, Tort Royal, Beaufort, Norfolk and Balti
more. But tbeso and all the private establishments of I
tbe country, besldea other calls upon them, have been I
; Insufficient to keep the present navy in necessary order; I
I ao tbat, If to tbe duty of blockad ing thore were added I
ocean conflicts with a naval Power by which our ships I
would be often disabled, tbe sad speotscle would be pre- I
senied of our naval vesssla laid up in time of war for I
want of a proper establishment with tbe shops and means I
to repair them. I
Our oountry, whose etrengtb and power among nations
must evor be ideutlfled with end malotalued by Its navy,
and which possessee In such abundance the means or
creating and sustaining one, has not, In all the navy yardB
combined, the appliances possessed by slugle establish
meats In fcugland and France. Were there outside of our
navy yarda establishments to J?r[9nn prompt I v ltS
requisite work in time at war, I should 6ol it ibis
tins* again preM the subject of a nay yard (or Iron work
for the construction of Tease* hpofi tho sonsideration
of our authorities. But although ihe detriment has
generally keep tbW and zealously seconded In its eflbrte
bf private contractors, yet the fkct tkat there to no anr
toner but Um government for mncta ef this heavy class
at Iron work, forbids as to expect that Individual enter
nrlee will be prepared to execute it without full remuca
ration for all the ontlay for shop*, tools and m*chlnery
which may be required in preparation. Hestdes this, un
limited time to taken by them for the completion of ihe
work. It may be proper to mention, as an Instance of
tbe delay to which the government Is subjected, that In
October, 1882, contracts were made with a manufacturer
of reputation aid ability tor miking and Mttlog up the
turrets of the Tonawanda snd Mlantonomah, which were
to have been completed In Febrnarj, 1883 ; but they will
probably not be Bnlsbed until February. 1866, two years
after the expiration of tDe time specified in the con
tract. At tbe commencement of hostilities this depart
ment had equipped, and at Its-Immediate disposal, three
vessels of war. Those which were laid up, and tb-'se
which were recalled from abroad, bad to undergo exten
sive repairs, for which no provision had been mode. The
government has not even at this time an establishment
where a shaft can be made for our steamers or a plale lor
our iron-clods. Tbe frontage or wharfage at all our navy
yards, ao Important for repairs, to loss than to required
Ourne'xt contest may be wUhanaval Power which will
attempt to direct upjn our shores a course of operations
similar to thoee whlob we have applied to the t-outoern
coast for suppressing the rebellion. One yar J, at 'ea?1?
where iron vessel?, Iron armor and irou shaft ng can be
!?5,SiStaMl "Pf'"'!'"SJ2?
?/tini? NA!?tT from atuolc by B^a or land. So far aa poa
sible we should avail ourselves of natural ?'vantagoe in
obtaining the Indispensable security for such an estab
lishment, without depending entirely on
artlflclal means, which would be more eoitly than the
""The' additional military defences of
land, rendered neoessary by tbe proxlmlty of that great
nll..l station to the ocean, and its consequent assailabili
ty by modern ordnance, are now being constructed at ao
?x^se tfSM CW'O^e ba? one ?Tal Iron work,
should be establlihcd on fresh water; for this Is aaMotlal
to the preservatl n of Iron vessels, which cannot be la.d
m iS salt water during peace. Ready access to coal
Iron nod timber is also important, for these ce sent ml
articles should be always available on the inland waturs
withont exposure to aS enemy by coastwise truapor
?Atirin Thn vicinity of a larse cltjr, wbere ek .lea arti?
?arB can bo obtained without difflcuUy, ***
Of markets and tenements are abuudani. stould be
#*rno?i!s?rrii A foundation of travel would, for lue pur*
?wSes of michiner^, be pro'' nbte to stone. An oxteo
sive water front?ge must eU> be seenrod. For such ?
depot and nsiaolisbir.ent, where coetly maUii<iei> an I
1 material would accumulate during years ^ pwe.lhe
?dvantici'S of an interior location are most mani.ost.
These favorable conditlous are to bo obtatue l nowhere
e'FefO completely as on the l elawaro rlv?r. and the ipo
sltkin of League island, wltbln the limits of the. city.of
rblladelpliia, presents pr-bably a strongercom
o- tbe lelnts that are necessary thin any other location.
It is to bo regretted that competition for supp-sed
1 local benefits should luterfere with retard, and p?rb*ps
I ?uiir?lv dofo^t the government In lu efforts to secure so
imr> rt tnt a national establishment. If lo ??uch a c ?'< ci
for sectional favor tbe country should lose
I lit situation tor such a navy yard and e-t.b ah
1 mr? nt tlio result would bo ui*a?i uepi r?u
The deparitnent baa studiously avoided the cooiroversy
^ which has anetn In eooaeqtt* ce of the elo.13
j ui gecure a navr yard at New Ixmrton. which IS rerelgo
thftonMtion of* nlarglng or substituting a tuoro < m
1 mi^l^us eatablbbrntnt at Philidelpbla. ^ multiplicity
of small yards, similar In clnractor. crowded into on*
section ot the country, was not the object or rurpoeeol
tbe department In tbe a-iggestlans and 1 r"?, " ,
which it has from time to tlmo urgod upou Cngreas.
iiia o arc airondv tbroe navy yard* erist of the Hudson,
and should Congress deem It advisable to a.ld another to
fb?t Son of elsewhere, it is to bo hoped that auch
rfnierminatlou will not interfere with or prevent tho
government from having a pr per establishment for the
construction or iron vessels, iron srmor and ron w irk uf
e,ery description for naval purpose* In the immeo ate
vicinity of the Iron and coal region of the mme central
portions of the l"ni- n. Such an ?stabllshmeat as the dot
partmeut baa aovlsod on the I>elnware would no
Sdt lo the number of yards, but would be a
mere substitution, without ono dollar s expense
To tbe government for land, or the more commodious and
extei alve grounds and wator front of l.aaguo Island, iu
place of the present lira.led snd restricted site at I hlU
deii ti a which is wholly inadequate and Insufficient for
? h? nnrooaes of ayard for even wo doo Blili*
Among the reasons wbich impel me againito
this subject at.d earneitiy pro-s It upon tbe Immo-llsts
st'eiitlon of Congress, is tbe fact that tbe great 'ennayW
vauia t ontral Hailroad haa moved with a view ol obtain
in a portion of the least valuable part of l eague Island
rora depot. Iho objections urged agaiust that position
for a navy yard, with its worVsh^ps, have no weight
with this company, which requires shops and heavy
work, and knowa its own Interest. Lnleaa, "jerefore.
iijla free gift of over six hundred acree ol and, with a
water front of twenty-three leet depth extending for more
tbau two miles, within the limits of 1 hiiadeli hia. should
be accepted during the present session of Congross. it
wII? probably pass Into private bsn Is, and ths most do^
slraOie aud available jh-sUIoo in tb;? country for such
a vard will be diverted to o'her purposes snd
loti forever to tb? government. A? a msa^
lure of ordinsry prudence It is rani earueatly
recommended tbat tbe oiler of league Island be
without deity accepted Whon plana for Us tmi rove
fusrt snail be submitted, snd su appropriation asked,
trth a view of transferring tbe works at tbe present
vard i? the new location. CongrekS can then exercise its
discretion in determining tbe amount of expenditure
proper for this purpose.
kavt Tisn on TH1 nssiasirn.
nv an act of congress, approved June 30, ISM, tha
?WreUrv of tbe Navy was "snthorlred and empowered
to appoint a commission, conalsting of one nsvai oflioer,
Srtfurr of the I ngtueer corps and one civilian, to
select tb# most approved site for a navy yard or naval
Jfatioa otf tho Mississippi river or ui?.n one of its
???hniariM and to report to tho next seasloo of
Congress^' pursusnce of the authority conferred
congress. commlsaloi has been constituted
nU^ i? ,?w eagaged In making tbe re-|ulrod
!?mlMtlw? Rear Admiral Charles H. Davis.
?hiThaa barf exi>erlence as commanding offlcer ot
Tk-uT.!!aata dequadroo. waa appointed senior memher
!r\h.^2?laVoe. Ihe soerelary of War having been
of tha oo?yj?.V. suitsbie officer of Ihs Engineer c->rpa
^..VLr.tJda this ccmmlssioa, and having named
New York. I? tbe tli^ teatleman of tht OOajmmi a.
flTit KAfV>
Tbero to la tho naval *anch of the Pot'to'srvlcajo
rank oorieepondina wlt^t. V??^sl!f..!^l^ifa? whlnli
Oongreet haa sstabltshsd l> ''l^*T sdmirar. wl Inh
corrsa. onda with tbat of m Iteearsi, and " 'J0"'? "
k gg act of mognlllon ?mies^llf <e#irr*4, aod wblgD
T"" ? ? I '
woald M folly appreciated kflkt gallaal Matf tM
??vy, WW Osagreee M Witortw Mt milklMM ? ?
vice admiral. ttuob boaore u4 yraferiAoate sUnnOate
Among inliNi eomaaadera In Mr MNl ?rvtoa, af
whom the nation uf well be proa 1, ?? ba?e on* w?,
?II will aciaowlMga, ?on* by his acblevomoato M biffe
rank m that m aay uni offlcar la u; wutry.
Oa the ocoaalaa of tbe roctal brilliant viol ry to Ik*
bay of Mobile, more glorious, perhaps, to MM of tie todl
dents ovaa than ibe memorable ooafliol that gave ua Um
possession and ultimately restored lbs frao navigation of
the Mississippi, H waa, boyood question, tbe aponlaaaooa
sentiment of ibaeonatry thai tbe veteran hero ?rb> baa
llluairaied our naval aouala by tbaae grand auocoaaoa waa
worthy Iba highest honors and should bo promotsd la tba
highest naval rank. la recommending, therefore, that
tba oOloe of Tlca admiral should be created, and tbe ap
r?ntmaot conferred an Roar Admiral David 0. Farragut,
but respond,aa I beneve. to tba voloe and wiabea of tba
naval aervice and of tba wbola country.
Tba attention of Congress, through tba naval commit
tae, aas Heretofore bean oaliad ta the fact tbat tba num
ber of officers on tba active list In tba grades of aommo
dore, eaptalo, commander, and lieutenant oommander, la
not equal to tba number of vemele of tba dif
ferent rales required by law to be commanded by
officers of (beae grades. A small Increase was recom
mended aa well aa an alteration la tba law rsls
tlva to Citing vacancies In tbe grade of admiral in time of
peace. My letter on tbls subject, wltb tba accompanying
draft of a bill, malt log provision alio for tbe Incorporation
Into tbe regular service of a few volunteer officers wbo,
by seal, ability ana service during tbe war, bave merited
till reward, will b* found in tbe appendix to tbls report.
The enactments of lbs last session of Congress In regard
to enlistments bave been In tbelr operation beoeBclal to
tbe naval service, and In ? great degree bava corrected
tbe unfertuuate legislation or tbe preceding sesalon, Nut
only tke full complement of men required ha* entered tba
service, but a surplus of many tbouaands of
landsmen bave offered, who could not bo received
But tbe want of seamen ta Mill felt. Large
numbers of that valuable class were induced to
enter tha army when high bounties were given to tba
soldiers and withheld from the aaiiore. Many thousand
trained seamen, under those extraordinary i<iduc?meotat
enlisted in the army before the legislation for tbe twa
branches of the public aervice waa equalized. Although
the law now authorizes tbelr transfer to the navy, a very
considerable portion or ibera still remain ia tbe army,
where landsmen would be or equal service. Seamen are
experts, and cannot be prooured by draft, or secured for
an emergency like tbe present, any more ibaa engineers
or accomplished gunnery officers.
Stimulated by patrlotio impulse, mon may volunteer
to serve tbelr country In any capacity; but tbey cannot
be made available as seamen without training and expo*
rieiico at ses.
The organization of a man of-war Is very dif
ferent from tbat of a merchant vessel A flrst
rate sailor will soon make himself at homo on
board of any ship; but tbe division of duties?
the system or petty officers?tbe exercise at quarter*
and In boats?the discipline, the observtnees, and tbe
thorough and oomplete system or a man of w?r, are un
Icnowu out or uavul ships, lhere are no means by
which to teach landsmen to become sailors except on
shipboard, and there is difficulty in Inducing native
I Americans to enter either tbe naval or merchant service.
In other c. untrios the Held of adventure is restricted;
here the avenues are many, besides ocean life. 1 am not
aware tbat any State but Massachusetts baa a nautical
school. Euceuragement Is given to tbs young In every
other calling; but the naval and merchant serrlce, in
, time or peace, depend almost entirely upon tbe rorsigusre
and the homeless for mariners to salt tbelr ships, these
i men, who hardly touch the shores without (lading them
selves t(i? viotfms or laadshiirks, and who scarcely re*
ceive a thought In tbo vast and generous sanitary opera
lions, put In motion by wealth and beiicflcent patriotism,
bave cnricheU our country by tbelr labors In commer
cial employments; and In danger, privation and hardship
have adhered with tiu wavering illicitly to tbe flag?never
disappointing us, and never giving us defeat.
W ith a view of doing some measure or justice to this
meritorious but too much neglected class, and as a pre
liminary step towards their elevation apd usefulness,
}be SabjDf has beon titled up for the purpose of a school
sElp for ooysT ft fa la, in racl, a revival, with iom?
modifications, of tbe apprentice system, which, while
It was continued, wonted beneficially for tbe sailor and
the couutry. Some measures aro requisite to elevate tbe
condition and the character or thw class now, when the
sailor is neither flogged cor taught to became a drunk
ard?two lmportfc.it stopa in tbe right direction '.oWurds
making him a man 10 bo trusted on ehu;i is woil as
Commencing ae apprentices on tbe school ship, it
would be well to open to the s <l'or boy tbo way to pro
motion by giving him an opportunity, tr he shall deserve
it, of entering tho Naval Acadomy. t-roci among tbo ap
l prentices on tbe school ship a selection or one-half of tho
midshipmen annually appointed might be made with
1 great advantage to the service and tha country. These
apprentices, in-thelr preliminary traialug on tuo school
ship, will bave doveloped their capabilities and
aptitude fer the prefeasl n, nttd iu trnns'errlng them
to the academy, there Will not lie the mnailoid errors
which attend so large a portion of those who are appoint
ed under tbe present system. Were each Congressional
district authorised to placo two or in >ro approutxa* on
the school ship, and the annual selection of midsbi, men,
1 or one hair or the midshipmen, directed to be made iron
tbe^e apprentices, its effect would ho most beneficent
on tbe sailor, us we't as tb? scn><ols aud li e i>erv'ee. It
would popularize the navy, aud open to thoeo who may
bivo enlisted the highest ponltions anil honors of the
Congress having by the act approved May 21,1864, di
rected that "tbe United States Naval Aoaiaetny snail bo
returned to, and established at, tho Naval Academy |
grounds In Annapolis, in the State or Maryland, bolore
the commencement ot tbo academic Tear 1S66,"
It will bo necessary that preparation* aUcuid
be oommooced tor putting the buildings and
?rounds in order as eurly in the enauldg aprtog as tbe
War Department can leave them. The school and toe
aervice will be benedtteJ by having ibe msiiiutfffi
permanently established, and nrhoo this h elT'ected, It
will bo enabled to pursue Its career tinder clrcumstan>es
more favorable to the efficient training of the midship
The able superintendent, Commodore (>eorne S. Blake,
has preserved his connection with tbe school during its
unsettled state, and its management. under many dis
advantages, baa been creditable to him aud bis ascoci
Preliminary measures havo bocu taken to cirry Into
affect the law of tbe list ???riou or Congress, anUiorlring
tbe education at tbe Naval Academy oi cutlet e-jgincora,
to be selected from youths not over clgmeeu years of
age, who shall have beeu engaged at least two yours Id
tbo fabrication or steam inictilnery. A circular has been
Issued and printed In the papers of the great mmu actue.
Inf cities, luvllUig a ,ipl:calions In coniormily. to tuo law
Colore tins plau shall bo put In operation it is respe.t
tally submitted, ih view of tbo radical chaogee which
have boon wrought by steam as a mjtive power (or uawl
vessels, whether steam engineering should not be made
to constitute herealler a necessary part ur thu education
of a 1 ni dshlpmen, s ? that In oi;r luturo nsvy every lino
officer will he a steam engineer, au I qnanO> d to have
complete command and direction of li s ship. Hero tiler
every vessel of war must be a steam vessel. Tbo.-e de
eigced lor ocean service will be furoblied with sails ?n
order to econ mue Tuei wbl.e cru sing; the present nd
future navy will therefore comb ne --ails sod eteam ->s
motive power,-and seamanship and steam engine dr,vm?f
j will each t>a necessary to make the flnithod i rofertional
officer. Tbo oilicore to sail and navigate a ship and the
j oil c rs to run the steam eogiue are about e pial In cum
1 ber.
The dopartmcnt la not aware thai in.y line olTlcer,
i whatever attention may have becu given by b:ro lo
: the theoretical sttidy or steam. Is yet cipab'e or
: taking charge cf au eugloe, nor are iteam envlue a ivrrs
capable of taking charge of ? nun oi wnr navijatlug bor,
. fighting ber gune sad preserving ber discipline. tVhen
| v-jsfc.s were propellod exclusively by stiu there wore
b it two officers, except ng in flagships, the *urir?'>o an I
paymaster, who were n>t line Olivers. liul under tfid
proeert naval system a now and aidlllonal c rp? Is In
troduced, as many steam engineers bring re |Uired for a
I vessel as there are line officers; and, wjmecrnlstrg ut.der
Bull, or lying In port, or t>erforiuitig tny duty wb-'.i the
engine it at test, one balf of too o; ceri are," by ? sting
regulations, idle and )<JCttp Me of parlici; sting tr. dut e.<
th tsreofteu lab rious and op(Tessive on t e o t ters of
the line, comparatively spiking Ihe e;igtifrs w nil
wiil'tigiy thaie these duttta were lb y acquainted with
them. Hut half tbo> oilkers or a steam. Mp
cannot keep watch, rat in t navikS'e her, cauuol
exercise the great gtine or Small arms, n.r,
except as volunteers under a line o'feer. take
part In any expedition against tbe enemy. On the oim r
band, the other hair of the oil cere are Ineepab e of man
aging th* steam motive power, or of taking charts or Hie
engine ro m lo an emergency, nor r?n the commander f
a vessel, though carefully taught every duly fa tailor
and drill officer, understand, of bis own knowledge,
whether tbe engineers and flietnen are competent or not.
Tbe remedy for ell this te very etrnpio, prof Sled
the principle were onoo recognized uu<t ado ted < r
nuking our officers engine drivers at weil as S4ll<> e.
It would not be ex|?dieut to interrore with the prevent
?tstue of lino oil.cors or engluoert-tlie cb?n?n would he
too rsdlosl. but we should begin by fetching each n> I
shlpmau to bo able lo discharge the dntiea it lino "ft < ? rs
and steam engineers; to combine the two in 'ne pro
ftssion, so that officers so educated cun take thslr watch
alter ua'eiy in the engine room and on deck.
Ob ectlon may be rnsdo thnithe duties are dlssinri'sr,
and that steam eugme driving Is a tpeclil'y The
dutiee are not more dissimilar than team t-i-.in and
gunnery. When a-nmsnsbip was the eniy edt estvu
given to an ofl-cer it was col belie*, d la o tm
ever ie?-i to iMt eolors to drill, and a sergeant
oi marioes performed tbo duty wbicb le now so admira.
My dlschatgod by the graduates of tbe Navul Acadcmy.
When gunm-ry became a specialty it was Inconsiderately
and unwissy |*opo?td to bavo a coi p* ol ordnance
cfllcers engraft! d upon tbe naval service, a seiar?ie
organlrath n, wb.cb moult draw lo Itself ibn knowledge
so necss'sry to each, *nd tbereforo pioperto bo d is
trlbuled among all tbe orcein.
Knrtunately our navel O't'csrs ere ttnght seamanship,
gunnery sndtbe inisntry drill, end ih? ce vice thereby
saved fri m distinct irganl/aticns in thsse icspccts,
which would inevitably bave Impiired its emeieoey It
only remains to commence at ihia lime, and, as prepara
tory to tbe future of tbe navv, to tearb the midshipmen
steum engineorii ?, at applied to ru'emg tbe engide,
Thie would be Indepei.deut of the art or d4signlcg ?ed
o ntiruct ng, which le pnrely a ?peciaity, and nowise
neceanary in the management ami direction or tbo ship.
And to tbit tpeclaity, ae a highly ?ctentlBe body of offl.
cert, would th* present oorpeof engineer be elwayt r?.
quired se mepectort and eonttruclcrs ormacbintry. With
Ihoadoptloo or tbe auggesitont here m id? we shall in
due tiese bave e h'<mogcnoue corps of officsra, who will
be mastrre of the motive power of their ships in tbe fu
ture, se ibay have been of eeaman?iiti> In tbe past. Hy
Ibis arrangement there will b? m each ship double tbe
?nmber of r fflcere capable of fighting sod running the
vsssol without additional appointments or expense. In
Bumerahie other advantagee comniend the plan aa worthy
of trial, and It le preseated for revorabie oonslderstien
The work ran be comaeenced ?nd o?rried forwsrd at tne
Naval Academy wltboct any additlooal appropriation,
and tbe antboriif of Congress le Invoked in behalf of tbe
euggtenons bere tubmitted.
Wrrn SSO
The number of eeeeele eenared by the gqusdroue eince
Ibi* lael eeoutl report, and reprrtsl to tbe department
Krlor lo Vovember 1, is 824, e' ?s?1?d as i?t|.mt ?
choMere, tog; r'eamere, M e'e, ? brigs neurits,
$i email bvau. it, Jfee wui Au?ber N wrM
Ik* MMMMI of MM rabaHtoa is 1 879??li seiio?a.
ara,fl$3; IIMMTi,tat, atoopa, 1T1; brlga, S3; barks, J9;
afcitfa, I*; vmom ?b4 amll boat*, ill.
TM gn m proceed* arising fr>m iba sal* of -"ndemnad
Bit* prop*; ty amounts to $14 390,260 a<i? s,
I; laavtog ?r dtairilxa I ?,oo?H lf to -.yioia, ??.??
one bair lo tb* lau*4 Siatea ta a naval ptuaion fund,
Aaaued ta ikla report ta a labia gtvlag tta o ansae of
Teaaela captured, date of capture, nana* or capturing vea
aat, Aa- ;aiaa a itat of caaaa a read v adjudicated, snowing
Iba groaa proceeds of aala, the expense of ooademnauoa
and Ibe nt amcnnt for dtatribation.
A joint re* tattoo <?( Congress, approved aa tbe lat of
Jnly laai, authorized tba Secretary of tbe Navy u> Inveel
aa aoob of iba oavai nans km run* aa wan aut required
for tba iohii.mIi.io pay meat of peoaioos iu tba regutered
aecnritlfa or tho Catted Statea. Coder tbe authority eon
farrad upon ma, 1 ham lo rooted $6,040,000 aa provided
In tba resolution, and on tba lat M January
next there will ba tba furtbar aura of $3,000 000,
wfcicll eao ba Inyeeted without Interfering wltb
Ibe prompt payment of penslona. Thia amount
will yield an annual income of $420,000, sufficient irr tbe
payment of ibe entire peoaion roll. It afford* ma no
Utile gratification to bo able to stale that our brave offl
oera and seamen, besides realising handsome auma lor
themselves, bare era ted a fund, tbe UiC'me from wblcb
will, doubtless, ba ample for the payment or tba uutbor.
Iced penal' u to to so wbo have been wouoded, and to tbe
widows scd TpQioa of those wbo have been killed In tba
aarviee, or died from disease contracted In tbe line of
duty, wlib'iut calling upon tho national treasury,
Tba pension roll on tbe 1st of November, 1804, waa aa
740 Invalids wltb pensions, amounting to. $to.401
$40 wldowa and orphans, amounting to ,.139.258
1,609 persona receiving a total amount of $189,6119
in tbla connection I ask attentloo to tba aug^e'tinns
of tbe cblof of tbe Bureau of Medicine aud Surgery rela
tive to naval pensions. Tho act of Congress approved
Juiy 11. 1S62. regulating pensions, make* no provision
for tbs new grndea or the navy? roar admiral, cotntno
dore, lieutenant commander., &c?authorized by act
of Congress on tbe 1Mb of July of Ibe same year. Tbe
act abf uld be so revl?ed aa to insluda three grades; and
It ta suggested that a better adaptation of tbo amount of
pension to ibe responsibility or tbe officer might bo
advantageoualy made. Tba highest pay now authorized
la thirty dollars per month, tbe family or a captain
receiving no more than tbe family or a master com
mandtng, and la a reduction or twenty dollars pjr month
from tbe amount formerly paid. Tito act of Congreai
approved on the4ib or July last provldca that a person
In tbe "military service" wbo shall lose b tb reel shall
receive a pension of twenty dollars por utontb. and those
wbo shall lose b >th bands twenty Qve dollars per
month. As the law la construed uot to includo persona
tn the naval service, those who have suffered a?imiiar
loaa in tba nnvy continue to receive but el^lit or ten
dollars per month?an ine-tu^litv wbicb It Is neliovo I was
not intended. I suggest such i barges Id tbo law ta will
placa tbe sailor upon tbe same rooting as tba soldier.
Tbe seventh Motion of tbe act In relation to abandoned
sod captured properly, approved July 1, I8d4.roverses
tbe law or prize as It stood prior to lbs presets rrbe Moo,
and also an adjudged and applied elacelbe comroenccmeot
of the rebellion by the oourta In their exe.clse or prize
Jurisdiction It reverses also f< r tbe future t ie pub, o
polioy of (he oountry upon the subect, ss manifested in
ibe legislation of Congress both before tbe rebellion and
?luce its commencement op to the dale of ibis act- .
This abrupt leveraai of settled law and of public
In rezaid to "property seized or taken upon any inland
wators of the United States by the naval forces iheroor.
was not, I apprehend, well considered, and dots not
an near to have undergone discussion la either
bran h of Confess. Whether the words ''noproperty
eelzod or taken upon any Inland waters of iheUqtted
States by tho naval forces thereof" oum^reheiidnotonly
carg. es, but vessels, miy be questioned ; but It can
hardly be supposed lb\l Congress Intended to deny that
naval vessels enptured In naval conflict, as at ^?w Or
leans, or Memphis, or In Mobile hay, are the legitimate
sub ect of pr ise The same is true also of transports,
armed or uiurmcd, conveyinglhetroops ? * "J"*1?".*
an enemy, which may be captured. It wn '"PT?b*f
bio that to deprive such captures of tbs character of
prlzo could have been deliberately Intended.
Do the words '? any Inland waters of the Ui?ted
States'.' emu race tbe Cbosapeake nod Peiavvare bay a, toe
Bay or Mobile and Lake Pontcbartraln ?
By lie urwa of Vnis section iLl naval oflloer seising
or laving property has the option either to send It
In to the courts or to turn It over oBlertbeaetof
March 12 1^83 to the Treasury agont. No one but
the naval' seizor has this option. Ail other P"80"*
must turn over their seizures to the Treasury ageni.
It is difficult to perccive the purpose for whleh thj? ^_
tinction Is made The property seised Is either Illab e to
capture and coodemuatlou a* prise, or It Is not If II
hn an liable he is bound to lend It to lU.e prize court.
Why then should he bate authority to turn It over to
tho Treasury agent? and If It he 0obllsatlou of
the naval seizure alone be relieved from the obligation of
sending It to tbe Treasury agout?
if it be tbo objeot of the eectloo to take away Hie
character of prize of war from all J^ty wh^h may
be c iiilurcd by naval foro's on loe inland watere of the
i mtcd ^intei it is respectfully submitted whether Its
repaef Is not demanded by the
nubile Dolicy Tbe inland waters ef the United Mates
constitute ormtolng stations ?* vast eitent. and
?led as to be of supreme impoitanoe In the prosecution oi
tb'? or indeed, of any maritime war. These waters
Otter' tbo readiest naval access to vast amounts of
comrn rcial pioi*rty bajouglng to those who are now
.waving war wgalnsl the government. The Pr0P?f<;T> ,
both public and prtvaie, found upon these watora
?Qd aionitholr shores belonging to the anemy ?, under
ih? nnblio law of war, liable to capture by naval bet
ifiTarecU and when aa captured, to condemnation as
prize of war. Bv the eiercise of this right a navaI
ran reach and capture property wbicb should be taken
5-cmy, and wblch Is yet left untouched by our
,l Upoo"the inland watere wltblu tbo lnsurrectlonary re
glen, or affording accese to or egress fivmJt our navai
vesse's are oow la great numbers, and while the war
l iris will continue to bo engaged In belligerent opera
?ior? Wbv should the law Intervene, and deprive that
p?t of tbVnavy of one of its primary bslllgsrw
r eht*? It certainly could not Uave been li.tended to
cripple tbe iwwer of the navy to cripple the eneiny or
by law to licdao round and protect from ensure and con
demnation an enemy's property. The aervl.-e
ltAfl ?a not less difficult, perilous and hatasslng than
that ou tbo sea, ttiat th?re should_be this discrimination
?L'?lt!St It. nor has It beeu lees useful lo the country.
I'udsr the operntlou of lh>s uc? no more of tbo pro
r<**iia of any capture go Into tbo Treasury than under
law of war, be .use the sixth section *ith.>rl/.ee the
allowance of a moiety to "informers, collectors of tbe
pnatAm^ imd other persona," as an lui'outivo to vigi
lance in protecting the public Interest " In taking tb?
in letv rr -m the officers and crews who make the cap
ture?, and conferring It on the mrormer or custom house
on'iu?r, the Ire.inury and country are noi b^osflted.
llie it/lit t m?ko capture or prize of war, in "ill p>a es
a?5 ni?n all property,sutna^t to tho law of wsr. Is one
tiio encouragements which maritime uationa have
f\te'(led to tbe r navies In all tlm^, and onrs his been
no ex.'SPtiou ntil th>* enacttnent. The yxerc se of this
rikil.t In cutting oi tho r-sources of an enemy Is one of
tli eh'ef luetboda by wblch nation, seek to bring war
l?'r rro ts no reason why In this wsr against the rebel
lion ?u ancient nt d rightful proceeding sboul I be nban
doue l, sn<l a rule adopted that must operate to our nv
tionsi Intury In all wars. I ran see no reisnn npnn
winch to < n-luie that In fighting down tins -
Hon wo should r^vrse all prerlons ussge and law,
either is aiMi ?t the rebeli tt.env eli es, or their abet
r,r^o"?"pr Petty upon which tl.-y rely tortbetr re
njerent right. r?5 ibe contrary it w-l b? well to pre
,orv to cur navy ui on all the waters where it oio Loat
or flzht atl Its rlgbt.-* of war unlm alrcl.
aourcea or why, lode. d. wesu >uli relin ;Ulsh any one b 1
VVIth'thf -e flows the ex|*dlency ot a repeal oi the
seventh section of tiie a-t alluded to s reoommsn.led,
an.i the substitution In its placo of some provision oi like
elect to that which is found In the last section of Iho sit
ui>on lbs xame subject approved Maroh 12, le^J.
The rre?ent contract system Is or en to many and
serlooaobje. tl ns. Whatever may hare been Its merita
when or glnal'y established, tbe condition ot the country
ai d of tra'le his so changed as to renler esse..l at ModlO
t rs necessary, If not the abrogation of tho system itsj-K.
The lustab Illy of prices and a rising market
<1 irlrt tbe proKress of the war, b-.ve mole it
diill.-ull au I lu some intUncea a.iuost Impos
?ible. to procure offers for contracts to furnish
\ oirly ?upi nes (or the naty from boue^-t and rs.?aMe con
tract' rn at a rile which does not conteuiplate the high si
U1a,ket prie Of goll. as well ss 'org deUy n the time of
i ivm -lit. Any ciiai.ge f?r the beitor lu the cond.tlon of
She country or the market will be a gain to 'ha contrac^
lor who Iiju< an annual conirar.t, and a corresponding loss
l>' i^prcpojBl'mado' tbo present year Tor tbe annual eup
t ly of rtax canva's which is inoftly Imp.rted, Illustrates
[his polLt Thob.Js were received when exchange was
hi nearly the highest ruts it has attained, and from ?
hooonibie and rthable c< nUact >r who has for yoiri^snp
rlUd the government faltbfu ly lho aggregateof the
cir.r was lor payment la currency,?l,4i?#,.ll? 50, or tor
i nyment 10 gold, or Its equivalent, at the time each bill
was ual'l 15.1 i.Oit lb're was n> alternative?urider the
law other than to see nt 'be currency bid. and as the
rjio of exchange has f. lien, there has been a eorrssioud
inc Increase cf proQts lo tho contractor .... .
7n this cms, a. 1 ol! ers nke cfcaricter^tbe true In.
teren of lhe woyernmeiil would u doubled ly be pr miie.1
aero the doiiarliueDt permitted lo ass imo tho risk, aud
emit maktrg annual contra ts. relying op
? anted, under the direction or tbo department, at tbe
current mur^ei price, lbo goven mont is sei om bene
died by a r!?e in |f*cei; m r wbtl* tbs liwyomr^* Its
agents to purvi e ?detlniteeuurseof sction, thec uiractor
g nerslly flnda liti s .llflloully lo evsdlng penatilea, tand a
I sing contra, t is iheie ore abai.di ned. It la ^oflhy of
rerlnua const leratlon whether, lor tbe present at Isnst, it
would not be for the true Interest of the government to
reiintuisb the system of annual contracts aitugitber and
Buiboriie purcbiaes to be made by ageota of probity,
v. tiose Uc'etily and Inlegrity have bean tested through
years < f fMtblul servlco, sud who nave a lile-loug com
oitssion as well aa a rbarnctor to lose ss a penalty for
uinife ?sance. ..
Another source of embarrassment I" procurlog naval
supplies hss been the delay and uncertainty of pay
ment. Lulus a dvtloiie ume tor payo.eni la 0*ed.
and bills are promptly met, or unie?s Interest bo allowed
dorms tbe de ay of payment, the govtromeat wiII in
evilably become a large suOrer. 0 !i
nierchanla to our principal cltl*s, who have hereto ora
sought dealings witn the government, now decline ao
oepliag an oruer on sny t?rms. . . .
It nas never been the p<llcy of tb.s department to si
Vance saoney to Its agsuis, and tbey ranuot lor this rsa
sou msko eseh psyn enn. Re?tuls!lloos ars drawn on
the Secretary of the iressory only for matured bills,
and every day's delay in the payment of a
tract la a wrong and a loss 10 me holder, and of oltimste
serious Injury to lhe govsrnsneol. AS a consequence,
I tbe government Is drtveu to ether an<t eiten iws houest
dealers, and la compelled to pay for subse-iuent purchases
blgber ratee. Coveroment, lnt?sd of beie^ shunn?a and
distrusted for neg eet i g t make prompt ps?menl .or
value receive.!, sbonul, for Its prompt Payments, be a
fevered puicbaeer lu any m irket-enablcd lo deal with
the manursct.irer or producer el first prices, li-atesa or
with second and tblid hards
If tuppi!#* sr? procured <wh#n wsnted s? d MW?nUa,
1 it tbe osarltel frM. either pnrcb*^. by so
looest sge i,orupcnbi4s ttctlved for mnodlil# d#
I ItrefT, wftti pron-1 ^t. tintne; gt ? nus of
l s?ys4 w ?bf departmeoi a?id tb? so\?riioo??,
I k?M h*retafore referretf I* IM 4MMi u4 itaM
pr*0410*1 UBle? |h? ?*l*tU? lews of ivtr^ltl aaaetl
eottraeS* for naval euppl lee te lb* lowest Mdder. WkM
?**' <?'J be toe abaraoter or repatatkia of UM ktaMev
t r fair loci boo act dealing, *e diacrati a to given ti? ear
*?**' * ?be lovernmeot to ike pramiaaa, aor dm aey
onioer dacllua iba ooouract, tbough It May ke obvMM* tba
bidder cauoot furs lab good article! M Ik* HWd ?Uu.B
fee prop aaa
?>nir*cie ara mad* under tha operatloa af aihrttag
law* wbic.b cauaot ba beiteally fulfilled, Hi aadar iba
practice that baa prevailed, tba whole systam baa ba
' fh1*! l*lou<1 WHh demoralisation and fraud, by wbicb
ibe bon**t *ud fair daakr is V o oiteu driven from iba
market. Article* Infarior In quality and deficient in
quantity ara *eitver*d aad paaaad. Bribery and otbar
improper praoticat iri rttorttd lo, |o Induct p?r?>?()? to
tbe employ rnenl of iba government lo aid In Ibeaa fraud*.
Mairawanca on lb* part of official* in caoaect on who
Iba purchase and Seiivery of supplies wa* alleged U>
aiMl, aad witb iba purpoeeol iov*en*.iiing aad twiugiac
?ucb fraudulent practice* to light, appiicatloa was mad*
to Iba War Department, which detailed ?u o P.cer to proae.
cuta ibeee inquiries. Tba ra?ul( i* that miny i.n I grail
fraud* tiara been discovered. Proceedings bar* accord.
Ingly b?ao Instituted, ard ara now la progress agamai
aom* of iba pari la* implicated before military irtb mala
under tba statute, and against otbar* la tba ctfll eourta.
inciuum or *4La?i?a.
In consequence or tba greatly Increased price* that pre
vail, many wbo are In tba clerical empl"ymeot of tbe ?or*
eminent, at a compensation aetabliabad prior to tbe war,
are receiving arsmuuerailon wholly lnsulUo>eut. Ibestate
of ibo currency, wuh otber causes, baa so * (Tec led prlca*
that these men are rtceivl-g relatively but aboutone
balf tba pay of former years, and tba eTect baa baao
?utb a* to compel many of tbe boat clerk* lo tbi* de
partment to le.ve the government service. Tula I* ?
public injury, especially In a crisis like the present Tba
puce of an experienced and accomplished clerk la at ao
time easily supplied; but wb>-n sued place la vacated for
tbe reason tbat it is not remunerative, or that the pay la
below corresponding positions la private establishments,
iliodiltlcully I* increased. It la therefore sug?e>ted tl.ai
the salaries of tbe clerical forca, or a portion of Iba
clerical force, be Increased until tbe close of the war, or
until the currency shall return to a specie standard.
Tbi* recommendation la made wtib soma reiuclanoe,
and only under a aauaa of ita absolute aecesslty at tbi*
mrm'i nana.
When tba rata of pay lor master's mates wan estab
lished it wus tbougbt to correspond wilb tbat of other
grades; but tbe changes lu currency and values which
bave since taken place render It diflioult to retain lu the
tervlie a sufficient number of this highly serviceable and
meritorious elite of oltlcers. I would tberefore roc.om
meod tbat the pay of master's mates be incrsased Horn
forty to sixty dollars per ronntb.
On tbe 1st of July, lht>3, ibure was an unexpended bnlanca
Standing to tue credit of tbe departm?nit ol .$311,101,910
Tbe appropriations lor tbo Oscal year euding
June 30,1804, were 7?,e63,M7
Total available means ; 110,765,937
Tbe expenditure of tbe department during
tbe same time were 81,733,293
Leaving s balance st tbe commencement Of
tbe present fiscal year of 30,012 244
The appropriations lor tbe current year are.. low,266,814
Uiklng tbe total available resource^ for tbo
fiscal year ending June 30,18b6 189,289.060
The estimates submitted lor tbe Oscal year ending Juue
30, I860, are as follows;?
I'ay of ibe navy 923,327,722
Construction and repair of sleam machinery. 17,145 000
Consii ucilon and repair of vestels. 24,530.000
Ordnance and magazines 9.187.015
Fuel, Dcmp and equipment of vessels 14.060 OC0
Provisions a?d clothing 13.023 '.'80
Nsvy yards sod superintendents 4 077,313
Navigation and Naval Academy Wi flifl
Surgeons' necessaries and bos; Ita.'* 31^,000
Marine corps 1,699 0*7
Contingent and miscellaneous 2,?70,018
Total 1112,187,663
The expenditures of tbe department since the 4tb of
March, lb61, bi?v* been as follows:?
From 4th of .March to c!om of Oscal year.
June 30, 1861 |6 344,857
For Oscal year ending June 80, 1862 42 200 .629
For Oscai year endiug June 30, 1H63 63.211.105
For fiscal year ending June 30,1864 85,733,21)2
From July 1,1864, to November 1, 1864 ... 41;257,976
Estimated expenditures from November 1.
1864, to March 4, 1??J6 42,000,000
Total for fonr yesrs $280,047,201
Tbis exhibit* an average annual expenditure, thr u*b
four years o( expensive war. prosecuted nnder many and
great disadvantages, of $70,101,813. Could the transac
tions of tbe department bare been cooducted on tbe trua
otaodard of value?that at fold and allvar, or of paper
convertible ioto money at tba will of tho bolder?our
naval wir expenses would scarcely exceed, perbapa not
e<iual. tbe current oxrense of either o( tbo great mari
time rowers during tno same period. There le also tbis
groat dl.rerencn?those I'owers bad a na?y already oon (
strutted and d . orornlssioo. We bave bad to crcate aod
piyfnronnln addition to our annual current war ex
ponMe. Ware tbe Wit of our vessels deducted f'om tbe
amount above stated, the expenses of tbla department
wou'd fall millions below tboss oi ?iber governments.
Aa tba vessels wblcb were built and purchased barn an
Intrinsic value, tbe money paid for tbem may be ?da
Sldersd to be well Invaated
Tbe coudition of tbe currency which baa enhanced tba
C'>al of all materials and supplies baa swelled the naval
expenditures many millions, while the failure to pay
promptly and wben due Ihe bills of contraclora and
others baa still further Increased tbe aggregate of
expenditures and engmcoted the difllca'tss u> tbe work
or creating and organizing tbe naval force.
thb huhiui a
The report* of (he rbiera or tbe several bureaus proeent
In de'all the operations or their respective departments
for tbo year. As tbey will be printed at the oommenoo
meut oi tbo session of Congress, it Is unnecessary tbat (
should do nrnro tbau reier to tbe principal subject*
embraced In them.
Tbe chief of tbe Bureno of Tarda and Dock* call*
attention to jtlio great increase In the cost of materials
and labor, and the consequent deficiency In some of the
appropriations. Ho urns a change In tbe present
contract system, sad gives It as bis opinion that, la
ccinsejueucc of its operations, tbo bureau Is compelled to
piy twenty per com moro tb in tbe tparkot rrico for some
or the rm Her articles, which could better be procured
by open purchase. Tne Intelligence, judgment and great
ext ericnco of ibis oflicer eotiiie ma sukkcsUous to respect
ful c nRlHeratl'in Tbe delay in passing tbe appropriation
bill until near the close or the long session ot ?'ongr?s Is
considered another fruitful source or evil, The purchase
or additional land at Boston and Phil idelplila to enlarge
tbe nsvy yards at tbose places is resomtnended. More
water rront is indispensably neces?ary.
Tba report of tbe cbier of the Bureau of Construction
and Repair explains In drull tbe kind of vessels It la pro
p sed to build, and for which eatimito* are submi'tod.
lie rec. m men da ibat provision bo made for procuring
and keeping ou ban I n supply or ouilding timber and
material, tbe accuiunlat on* o past yeirs h.v.ug I ee i
exnaus'eJ. lie a so recommends that measures b t kei
to increase the facilities In the several nsvy yards for
tbo construction o( vessels In case of a loreign war. an
additional number of dry docks would bo required,
tinny important suggostior.s are msderolatlvo to the si/a
or steam war vessels aud tbe construction ot armored
vetse'.s for sea service.
lb-' report of ti e cbler of tbe Bureau of Fteam F.ngl
neerl1 g contains a review of ths operations or the bureau
s'nee tbe (MNMHSMBt of tbe war. I VMM slate
ments are uiale ot tbe size and p wer of tl.o dill?renl
cla?BiS of engines dee good by tbe buroau and by oti'er
partes, a-'d o( the results attained in each cssa, Par
ticultr notice la given to the experiments which bave
been main to te?t tbe rel itive vnluo ot en^'iica and boil
| ers.t'ie economy of using super-boated ovar saturated
ste*in as well as stesin wlih dlfl'erent messure" of exp .n
? i"ii tbe value of ito dltlereot kinds of cal and of
I etroloum as a sub-.tltuie, and ot oilier le.*e Important
c n.binati<ins whlcii enter into tbe construction aud
working of eie?m in'chiiiery. Prawing* and siioclflc.v
i , ti-vo been lurioslisd for the manhluery of oni ban
<1 ri? 1 - n I si.xteen ste-rr.ois, having an aggregate bi.rdsn
of 149 ''00 tors, besides supplying the uec<a>iary draw
ings and directions for tba alteration and renew.il, In
wtiolo or In pirt, oi tbo maebmsry ot a very Urge num
ber of oilier vessels.
Tbe ch et of the Bureau of Equipment and Ttecrultlng
States tho jfrnnnn I of ths navy at about fl,W>0 o(Hcers
and 46,000 men. Under the operation of tba acts of
Congress, giving seamen tbe same bounties as ? icr?f
and crediting I heir enlistment upon the q ncas oi towns,
the naval detlonncies bavs be?n filled. Ttier# are now
about two hundred and tilty apprentice b ys on tbe
?ch ol ship Sabine, and the stem, us well aa ibo prod
c ercy of ths pupils Is well spoken of. Tbe con utnp
lion of ens I tins year will be about fire huml ad thou
land low I bo rojtcwslk el tho < Baric-town Navy Yard
furuli.es all the larger el/es of rope r fiirad. Lut the
facilities atlhe Washington Navy Ya.d areenilrely Inale
qu.ite to supply tbe ocsd-d quantity of ebbs 'm l an
chors, and additional ssiablisbmente are iec<i'nm',iided.
The report of ihe gtW oi tin. Bureau o 0 DM ce pre
Oenls a rMNM of the history and ocoromv of our oav ii
ordnanca. Tho cooatsnt demands of tb? navy during
the yr ar for ordnauca aud ordnance aiores bave be. n
promptly met, and at ihe same tline tuil alienil 'ii b >s
hes'i glvn (,< ibe tnaxy osw and Import tot ordna: ca
quest una or ihe day. Among other suggestior s, is that
o. Ill) removal of our larg? iuaha/nios from their i resent
Irx atloti* tj more sccluded silual.oos Ibe Importance of
the permanent nrjm rail, n of a gunnery sh p. as a rc.bool
for lb" i r- ~tt , ion of o:! cers and mn i > , ? i' ry to
being placed oa board cruising vessels, if aye < n present
ed. Uwmg to tha greet increase of i rdeauce woik n l
tne accumulntl n of n'Siertal at the New York Navy
Yard, more room is needed. To meei this req ilrement
tbe bureau bas commcnci d the Ailing up ?>( tiis unoccti
pled maish adjaceut to the cob d ck, which wheu c ru
pleted will alTotd ample acrommodatloDe, ae well aa fur
olsb a | ark for two thousand c iuuou, sub all appliancea
lor fitting tbem for aervtce.
Ihe ctnel of the Bureau of Provisions and Clolblnr re
commends a new arrengsment < f storeh ui s, snd ill t
they bs entirely disconnected from the oavy yarde.
A so tho e?tshiishmsiil wf iwo government b iker es and
ibe pre station by the government of the preserve.1
meals end desiccated vegetabiea. which now form a part
of lbs nsvy ration. He aleo recommends an incressu In
the number ol pat masters snd ssslxlaot piyms?te's la
Ihe rsg i ar service end tbe eetabil*hmart of the grade of
pssavd aasistset pavmasier. Ibe extraordinary rise in
tbo price of pr visions and oloihing, and the increased
number of me.. In tbe service, render additional appro
priatiom necessary.
Ihe rb ef of the Bnrean of Navigation mbmltalbensaal
reports 'Jf theNav lObservaterv. Nautical Aimanac oOlca,
and tbe general adinio'siratlon of bis departmeot Nearly
sll Ibe nautical Instruments used In tbe o?vy, which,
prior to tba war, weie procured abroad, are an* of
American manufacture, not excepting chronometers and
comparing watcbo*. The sains gratifying advsoce can
not bs stated witb re'ereece to nsaterial for dags, ae we
Still sail nr.der foreign bunting. Notwithstanding tlie
large piatitity used by tbe army, the navy, and tke com
mercial marine, scsrcsl* any pr. grass bas been bad ui
Inducing Asaarican egiaDltabrosntato undertake Its msou
lbs chief of tba niireau of Med'clee aod surgery *tatM
tbe nambar of casualtis* reported dusieg lie year to be
111 kll.ad SDdaAt Wv-uaded. Iotal ouaib?r 04 case'ot
alckr.'as under tretimenf, of ""'c*1 1 ?' 4'
1le4.6!<,079 vftre return. J to dniy or a ioi.a.gad. I**vint
i.lli IC, I ir trsflt ' a? at l.)4 c ?*> fsac. I Ul
nooibet cl deaths M ?????>? ? rtct|?4 a
NmKII'MM <M?mu HMk (MM ? I
harsMay wita IM imi^ m4 winm J
>'"?>? # im wm m< |? iTmm*
i* ?mmi ????. *?l im mvmm f??- ?
pay ? li A*?.d M|mm u. m . tfc. ?,?
ear of aaodiMI ilwn, ?*? eieww -- ianu dm
?ut k> NIM IM MMl nrik? MWMiMg BMf a Mai
wM w?uM etkerwae earvwa ft im
MVJT. n*MMMlWM|tftn(r IM rifWIMM
Um torf* inaMt of nii?mi?m aa mii m
tbe large rwywim of ii<m ?->? ? im rat
uitMf mtiiw *m AmI'm m W4 w.
BlaOMt t*vp? Pto?e NUM'f tflf IM rea ? .atv M
bat* occurred, ud | jite a liaMr ara *>? kulwa Ms
<tai atlraeoi .B.C. epted, a-?*r>y t>
kiiny ufliling im riw* rt
Miy reaaeily i* la aiaaa tM smwM
do-treble la par u< puatiMta. TM NkM ?
ed la iM eliert a eft < mtnm add itaaM {
tioeaare required foe tke c?> ?<??<*> ?rf bMtleft. mm
ao altrrat t ..... m ? ' ' mi '??*? M ?? l*?
value at rat.oee ef ore irate erred la b ap kaie *
geete>i. A .tuor iy u> r um M Mna af a%ae#i
No kit, ta ibe city af Wests r>gl<?e a ee?M MfMI,
la alao rr",g?M. THe (????? iaa?i a .ready eWOlftf a
1? rtioa af ibe leet run M raa* M May M
oounu thai ik- rami tat ?r eema !?HI'anl eMatf MM
be under eoatrot ef ia? J*,ar?m? i
Tlia atleeel e?taa?ee1aM * ita Marat k"?M Fktkrti
nla com.' ? j ii, a ? d an.a af e m< i ?e |KMa|l Mk
number n ?[a | M -*> to IM ??.<ta
la?, ba la >ioat)ie Va a->tr,; y ? < , , im
guards tor MI|M|< aaa ? a TM rap"**
araJ a-ieadr >?a au<t ?mm a * im ?? . .? ab?? IMk, la
(ba gallant ire. la if IM an/, tM ftartaM Ma* Mrm M
h.aorabie park
ta Ibis, my fourth tea ai 'afv^. > *??? uta'ttal
oomewbat io ?a a, iMJMM * - ode mukmi m<
the Mrvlce Tbts re,?.f l fiawiiia im ? et' ?..t e ?M
employment of a merit teae f f a ? r. ? a, mi.i h im
aJditloM to it now IB |>r.f raa* aai* aw i < .?? aitwa a?ak
t'iiaa, lor au iba puriuaM M d? ar.ca, H aui a* au...i aM
eua i'iaal, Ibr naoal nan ?ai aa*r Ik il>? ?ar'?
Io ni'ir prrct'diDf a ma' M ainanx^MlkM. I* '
?ubmitlad to you uj..o ita a?>*aal> iaf <4 Caa
?xtra a?a?Kia u< l ran I, it dm ? ??? aar djiy t> ai<<.ltt IM
maihoda and naaaauraa sr adm j>a?rai via If ?Ink, fl
? coraparktlvrlj uraall l?rf lao ? $, ask uadar
of an umtampiak ?i Ik.* mi aaaal puvar Mj^
aiuco your ace?a?M<? to im
brought Into 0(lal?>ra, I* auto Iko m*tr>M
tloM win b M a baaa mada to it fr aa Mf
e?mmarclal laano* . to tedidtk It a apf-lteMlM ot ajl iM
racMrekt kf our p bi c natal atlabtlaMMikk to Ita CM
Blr. clion and prOMTOtI ? far Nf(M, la .t. * r. ? InCl*
vi luai atargy and akUl a> 4 eauial bavo auMaaama
lulty Io aid of liauffi.tant itotara wit: |>ro?taM>a tbo
dua provocation ot iba w.>rk, abd to ir?a ta aonrrai aai
llno tbk procaaaaa and taaulia o tuaaaiivo goa.ao ao*i
?cientlfle eiporlniwt "tuck ba?a t,h*..|?<l t? a graai at
toot, Iba maloilata and forma of oatai atrai tara au i
m r and aiklkwt Md MM aoabiad ?>ar caMUy, MM
In ao brief a pnrtod aaauming a toraw %l pur* awci g
aaarltlina oatluna, to uaata ? ?<; a aa? ora io tk* taiataf
ur nt and k|<pllcaiiou of naval faroo.
Incoooectioa aralj a .i b aicuui.1 o' Ilia *uJ lM-r?attMaf
k now /oicrjcao naval po?*r, it baa Mm bt Ita aaaM
time mv prlvll?*? to ibaaa c mmM MM u* to mi ofll
ClkI record of k *?rt?a of ua.ai caiart riiaa a* I a.-tn?vo.
meola aboily w tbuul pfkjatkll or jmtm H I i >a? . *?
concaptton ar kdlclaoi blocnada no *a<iy a?. a ua
der the Ore of forllfled baiteri?r aa kcdaciif aae ana
cera bercioioro kooaro of M*ai attack ipoa ? ek for
trrftrr, Ibrougb fcrmtdabfo tukaaariao cMlruotiMa
Bpre.?.? r r lti"ir da'acce no e roi'er yig||fl|MI t>y war
vea^aia of loieroal watkrt ibrougb k reock af aaaigaltwa
klmoat cootlnakltkl no otbar gtiaaiio arate af Oft.
operaltoo of nival vilb army furcae la ei|?dil one Md
combats hundred* of mileo (rum iba Makoar I, Md aleeg
the COUIM M river* precarmii* aed lar ??rnn? af *av|g*
lion, can anywbe. e bo found of a eu racier to coeapar*
witb the triumph* in all ibeao Krtne of aavai 'fcrt
which it hu bMu the duty of tbio i*| artmMI dar eg tM
past ibroe years to orfaotik and t<> ik| rt.
If In the prnaecutloo of dutlek so arduotl*, ro?r"'*tM
?nd oiacimg, the trust conflded to MM* dapMtmaM eMtl
app ar to have been rsitbruliy and fltly d ecbargad, lt>M
certainly my ackoowledgmenta are still due, m tbey MM
been bureiofore ezpreesed, to lbs geolioineB aoaootaiM
with rcs in Its managsmeoi, to tbo wbo e clerical f'.rM,
to the ooveral chiefs ol bureaue, and es;>ecutlly to IM is
valuable snrvlcce of tbo ASklkUkt secretary Md tbo rbtof
Clerk of the .lepartmsot.
Hut It is to the omcors and men of our Mval service
Ibut tho great renowo of what baa thus Mea dooe, Md
Is doln?, Justly beKioga Tbk beet adaiialsiraiioa a< tM
departmeutcan Jo (Itllk mors at any time tMa to giM
them the adeyustk means aad tM right ?pt>oetMMf at
action. To tnem, therefore, Brsl and klwayk, bo tba
honor, when tbelir own o^nntry Md tM w?rM sMM
recognlM io tbtk sxpMsloo kud these aspioits of oar Mvat
power a spectacle of patriotic sod vlrtueuo heroism
worthy of tbo cooso Io wbtr.b it is dtMlayod, Md of Ife*
national lifk which It Ulaktratkk knd <>?i*??k.
To iBk Partnnr*. Eecrstary M tM ?a*f.
lJ. to J 8 Beechg*, eara Me?ar?. Brown, Shipley A Ca.,
Litrarpnol, Eogiaad. ;
tw loM -Tim m a umvmm 9? too.
id lb* cftrt at tha Hbniubera i?Mi atatiua ob Saturday
evening, the 3d Inet.. about fl?e o'c.oek wilt pleaae WOii
the papari to Mr. Choi. at tba Buropa Motel. corner? of
Houiloa ami On*by etreele. Me can rvtala the meney If il
?ulia biageneroaity, although the Iwrna war maa. Mo
queit'un* will be aaked. ___________________
> f euven yeara; left bia realdence oa Wedneaday laek, tea
SWh tilt, for ecliool. eince which lima nothing of bla where
about* could ba aacartalaed Any information ragarflf
b in will ba ihanKfttlly re tired by hla guardlaa. Mary
Dolan, tat ureenwloh at reel, New fork.
New Yotii Oac. 9, 1361.
evening laat. abo'it ? o'clock, from tho l/atted Statao
Kip re* a Company'* oQU*e corner ol Broadway and Beada
?treei, a Ann brown allk Umbrella. mounted with WOMIxt
plaice. one of wblrb beara the Initial* ' II A M " Tho
per*on wbo took It will return II lo tbo above place, aad
??ve farther trouble.
I i nnr Ninth avenue, or oa Forty fifth etreet. ooar 8a*.
ontti aienue, a lound Pocket Handkerchief. trimmed with
Vatrnoi.-noeala e. Tba Under will bo rewarded by tearing
It at VJ Murray *iwt.
Lost-on Saturday, in an ru.hth avbnos
car. an Account Boak. The Under will be llbaral-y re
warded by ret irniug It to George li. Good heart WaaB
lugton Manet. r'
IJ Hullii an and Spline alreeta, a Bart and Tan Dag, aa
? werug to tba name of Leo Had a leather collar oa. A
I tieral reward will be paid oa returning blm to 83 Sul;lv*a
i City Klpreaa Ke elpt H'<ok. The And r ?r|ll he atil'ablr
rewurde l by retuiulug tbo aauie to Soft Weal rifteealk
llreet, N T.
I J from the New York Hotel to even i* H. IhronghNlatA
and Tenth atreeta a Rag ol Fkma A llbe-al reward* ill bo
I -I I ' It !i'< .lei. err ui u at il Maiden lane.
ton (Una. atoied at Whe lcra Ailantlc Dock itorea la
Febr ary, l-t.2. If not tlaline.l by ih? 2oth In at. they will
be *011 to pay t?peo*e?, ? . M WH RKt.RK A CO,
M Atlantic Dock, Brooklya.
? J black. In Nibio t Baloon or paa4 >u "nt. r>o Thtira<lay
prenlnK. Ore. 1 The ftnder will be luilab y rewarded by
leaving me a.vn? at tbe Ureal Ameilcua Tea C'linpaay i. S3
and 3/ teaey atroel. *
TT ino ina e in Twenty third alreet, near Fourth areaua.
return tho >ame to 71 fca?t Tweat tbird airoei, and bo
untalily rewardo 11
?fry Intf from Nineteenth alra>t lo P fth Avenuo Hotel, a
Hae.et Hociety Ha.ige, Ml m t-aar ?, kaving iba aana of lag
(??ner on tbo buck Anr one roturnlng the aanie 10 No. 39
, Weat T?eutiatl> aueat will recotro tho iboie reward.
'/ Cha nl era mreei and Weai Broo Iwa . a Mao* leatior
enere.1 Memoraiidu-n Poraetboik, ?f no >t|ua lo any ooc
aicep' tha owner. Trie anara reward will t paid for loMt
lug the aamo with W. M. Waiton, *7 Warren ? rroL
I O on Mat irdar corning, a abort gold Vai nt t'haln,
wiib >eai and other ; en lanta. Tho o?ar il tnia ha 'o>l it
la tae lower part oltlia city The filler will reea re tho
above re?>rd on lea lag the aaiie at No 21 Wea Nina
le.-nih alroel, bet?aen Futb and Hiath arenuaa. * *
ijin Rfw*rd ?lost, in rroapwat, tbab
?? 1 V7 t ba.iibrr< airert. a (rolled t'oa,h D .g. aotwera to
the name of ? Jack:" with Iba rlvM aid ? of tho faoo whito,
the other h ack. a ml a. ten mount old. medium alio, a
aira I aear on the h lack ? de of tbo head near tho * e, Tho
. reward will be pa.J b? ret lruln, him to 1'andlotoii a
pLotcjrarihi.' aa'tery. .\o. A Chatham aiuaro, near DUia'.oa
?lieet. No nue.iion< aiae I.
4*9?; rrw\Rr> ?Loar. on thr bvrmnu or th*
?r ? llt'1 of Novem ep a lair a Hold Watch. Ho. 2.S?.
wi'h g .aid and foli chaina aod io> *el. containing tha hair of
de ea? d relat re<, aa a ebarin, In lludaon aueet, latw-an
ll iaue an 1 King ttreeta itjr leaaina t ie aa na wilb Kobort
Qui.ton. 1*7 Du ?na ?lreel. for Mr*. C. Workman, tbo aboro
will be paid and no mueationa aakad.
aln*le atone dlamoad *!<??? Buli'<a aei aa alar
??ti ng with b ack ena-nel eitrar at F oreae-* ?*. g?C 'aba
Data, Claraniont, .-n th?
The ? n ler will p eaae c?
Herenteeriib atreet and -
aud reco *a tbo aix??a reward an I net ??? |u?ailoa aakad.
a Oold w ? ?? 1 niter mark* I on naldo
eaae. Tbo abor - ? ? ? l oo tho remra of
watch, by P. O a la ? ' ? J Wa fireoi, aa<l no quaatloM
~ ~ HAT KlJtU.\! AJUa
eneiialre *t?"'i ti? r, would llko lo form tho
a.---oalnlaace ef a handaon a * ung ladf wko la fond of
traVeliina, with a ?la<* to tnalrlm?my Anaweio coata'aiac
carte daT'd'a will raaalrg Oral attoatioa. A<ldraaaT7T;
M.. Herald ofllce
tmel eitr ar at r oreae* a. ?? -nt> m
the Mioemlnr'tala road, or lo thoe'ty.
i call at the American ' lu , eorae# at
id Bro:. Iwa? A-k f-r Rdwln Rowland
I youatf lady, age l about eighteen, with a view la tuatrV
nioay. Addraaa Uaurge, Broadway Paat oSoo.
rhail In thi? city wlahoa to corrrafad w lb tomo
' handioma yo ing "adr with a view tomatrimuoyi mchay
[ aooatecl, AddrvaaM J. W , Herald ?Ho?,
I I ladaairi ia and of goad ea raiiir arw deeirwaaarlM'
luir If > i.i its .adiaa ol lha aaiue ?, lalitlea^ aad itelciai"
[ tw?rt. T?ar4 o' i a, W'i tt >*l n ? I r -notty. A'n?r<Si1
0- Frena or l"t" I A I I rata, all ? wllhaWl ?gW ??
i i*l .a, r. A, la Mil 0a A. *5?laa 'V ?? IWht<M|llh
i fjg utraa 4ara

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