Newspaper Page Text
? ? ?
THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 10,343. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1864. PRICE FOUR CENTS. SHERMAN. The Gallop Through Georgia. Forty-two Counties of the Rebel Empire State Laid Waste. The State Capital Formally Surrendered to Ten Scouts, who Stamped* Two Hundred Rebel Soldiers. Tffi COUNTRY STRIPPED OF EVERYTHING All the Railways Destroyed and Iron Burned. TIE BATTLE DF GRISWOLDVILLE. Walcott Almost Annihilates Three Rebel Brigades with One and Cap tures tli# Rebel Commander. Sherman Subsists on the Fat ef the Laid mi Dim Hot Lost a Wagon tr Can* Ae Spoils of the Campaign 4,000 Prisoners, 18,000 Horses, 10,000 STegroes, Shirty Vleces of Artillery, Ac. MILLIONS WORTH OF COTTON BURNED. .Sherman's Total Loss Only Fifteen Hnndrsd. ITOfttfirra W PORT McALLISTEl. Tie fiirrhii aid Twoaty-fear final Captared. THE FLEET QOES UP TO THE NEW BASE. . The Siege of Savan nah Opened. MUTINY OF THE PEOPLE OF SAVANNAH1 fley ire Beady ta Givs Hp?Warehouses Thrjwu Open and All Told to Help ThruisflTfs, ti. At. tbe Onltefl Stats* steam Iran*port Fu'toa, Capt. Wot H*, (r>m l'ort Royal on tbe IStb, ri Horlreas Uooroe m uat 20th inst. arrived at th>? port yesterday morning. The t ultuo touched at Fortress Monroe to laud Lleu <Maot ''ol n:l O. F. Bahcck, bearer of despatches from %m r-'b?ttn?n to tbe War Department. Alao Colonel A. II. Markland, t.eoaral Sberm?n'fl mall agent. JJav .n.nh waa still in possession or the rebels. Ita S"trei d?-r bad not lean demanded by (Jen. Sberman up t? the time or tba Railing or tbe Fulton. Among tbe passenger* per Fullon are CoL W. Carney, Om Hundred and Twenty seventh NYork Volunteers, ateeteeo otbar officers of leaser grade, wbo were woonded ta the l ite batito at FocotsUgo, South Carolina, and oar wre-pondrntft who iccompamsd (jenoral Sberman in bis cwreb through Georgia. 1UK cat IB 714 ran IHRUIGI1 GEORGIA. Oar Cxptdiilauary C?rr?ipand?nct, Four ViciLLisTBR. Otit-ac nan Rr *a, ) Pro. 1, 1MM. f "*he winter cmps'cn o'Sberns*?, wbicb for tho pust 1?a w> oka bua caueed eo much arxiety In tbe mmds of 'Hie ioy.i |M>ot le of tb? niilon, *nd spread terror and ii.-m tb oaghont ttia oon:edere y, from KicliraonJ to ? rtu.K** ony now >6 considered eede l for tfce present vo the casual b yrTar ita important e in a military point ?< ??,?? n ?y not be at Brat aiio<rent but a careful study tt the route traversed, ai.d the situAion previous to Ita inauguration, will etbifc I the act thai dhermsn'a month > tf '? de> Ic ihr ronf*d"racy baa prolucod results even renter 'than the* wbtch followed the tall of Atlanta. I , y?'/p ?e, brieily. to Infor m the reader of . v m oaarjuL ikvatiok. . Tmtou* to the ooronKnoement of this bold and a i daetmi* ru'Vement through tbe enemy'a cttun'.iv, going aa Tar Itwk a tn<t eomro'ieeini-nt of tbe spring oam. ?<,a. I will re atiitatiiin ami record waat seems to iu# to hn?o lofl enoed tbe recent m.'e?rnanl<i of Hbrrmin. | no avi m.ng command o' the Military Division of the to ??i??t pi Hl.ernmti found Joiinaton In force at Helton, ' and l outstrael wintering in lUat Irnn4?s? ?, confronted ?y (etK>?eid, Before tbe oampt'cnmi; season arrived ijia.'ii Hi withdrew, leaving but one large army (Jnbn. m n >| m the f outbweet to be asaatled. Military men all a,re* that tbe last en ease* route to Vlrclola Is tbe mat ?e?ibie mode of Investing Richmond, by tbe oap lure ?w Ly nubhurg, the kty to tbe whole miluary poat< M. ii <a tan Karl and ( rtrti^ve tb?t Hberinsn'R keen sa*a. all? polcled tbet Wey, But lie had no *ltrrnatu e Willi u, fin} of ?ro y a lint.died Iboaatml be could oot bold his too* lino ol eopiluee from I<otrs title and protect v *a?lii Tei.i tsneo ir in ii vksmu wtn.e op? r?imi? from 'ta xyiili'- <w--\u,ivntiv he waa lurcad to follow Juiin SHERMANS TRIUMPHANT MARCH. Routes of the Army from Atlanta to the Atlantic-?-1The Investment of Savannah. IN rut | \ TQM iD \ L AjlLANTA ' A / V nC,^VA)WB\N y N J A U GU S WARRENTON. W~*- ws. sc.?0 \>v/ C SVHl^V^/io FOR|YTH^ ? V' re^OTN\*v\ / \ VILLE-&?! jANDERSV TM?THOMAST0M <r MILLEDCEVILLE& \ \ ^ ^ ?**"*CXCUNT0N\ \ \ cM>0^ *^CRj S W 0 L DVVlL LE > IV!AC0\ irwintoT^ \ <a j / ^/kNOXVILLES > v .... V1 i> I) RT VALLEY^ ; J J *JT If ?gXv^msv'ii.Le 1 ^ " i 1 I I 1 */; ^QOL* ^\\ UQUNT \ VERNON SCALE OP MlLtS / / REIDSVILLE ' *^PvTK^\kn-\ ID 2D 3o SAVANNAH r*. FORT MC ALLISJ^R BEBTYyp* %-N J| ?loo Into Georgia farther tod farther from bla base, until Atlanta fell Into our bands, and Sherman found that Hood's army waa atlll formidable for miaehieC With Atlmta we severed the railway communications for a time, bat the branch roada around Mlllodgeville and Macon atlll enabled the enemy to draw supplies from Florida, Southern Georgia, Alabama and Misstsaippl, for the subsistence of their armies, while it gave ua one hmdred and forty miles mora of railway to guard agalaat raids upon our flasks and guerilla depredations In lbs rear. The further pursuit of Head, consequently, seemed frougfct with danger and perplexity, and Sherman aooma to hare studied weH the problem bow to shorten bis Una of sappiiea, and at the aame time bold Chattanooga, the key to Tennessee, The campaign of the summer bad ended, H od's army being not less tnsn thirty thou sand, while the draft bad vary largely awallad Sherman'a ? ranks. It waa . then that the great centos of the man eolved the question; and thla campaign was created and'worked out upon the map. The moment bs conid draw Hood away from bis front, bsyond the reach of railway communication with tbe rebel baae of auppilea, flbermtn saw that by dividing bis largs army be ceuld with tbe oae wing keep Hood employed and by bold and rapid movements strike ths coast and open up a new line of supplies, via some of tbe Isrge rivers, from whicb be could operate agalnat tbe Interior of Georgia, Alabama and tbe Carolines. I have tbe beet authority for saying that tbe aubae quent advance to tbe coast was of Sherman's own concep tion, submitted and ezplaissd by blm to Gensrsl Grant and the War Department, and by tbem heartily ap proved. With tbe subsequent movement of Hood to Sherman's rear, tbe cutting of bis communications, tbe apparent tardiness of Sberman In pursuit, and the escape of Hood Into Northern Alabama, tbe reader Is familiar, and at tbe tlme.no doubt, felt like censuring Sberman for cot showing more determination and energy against Inferior numbers. But tbey must now see that this was a part of snerman's wsll matured plan. While (lood wan boldly pushing a?ay from bis base Sherman wan (fathering mil his atreugtb for a desperate blow that was destined to hresk tbe outer shell of tbe rebellion snd exposo its vitals. PSKPAHITIOKS ?oa ths Ninon. Sending tbe fourth and Twenty third corps to Thomaa as a nucleus for a new command, a new army was or ganized under tbat well tried general, and then Sherman bade the Kortb good bye, destroyed ths railroad from Atlsnta to cWtanooga, refitted his army at Atlanta and cut loose?destination, the coast; object, a new base. Loading bis wagons with sixteen days ra tions for a mirch of over Ibroo hundrod miles through an enemy's country, be first divides bis com mar J Into four columns, marches via tbe Augusta and Atlanta Rail way, destroys it in his march as well as tbe road to Macon. Wblle his right wlcg threatens Macoa tbe le>'t occupies the capital of tbe Stale and lays waste the rail way a, cotton mills, foundries and machine shops. In bis insrch he subsists his armies upon the fat of lbs l?od, brancbes off, threatens Augusts, cuts tbo railway communication with Savan nah, then rafldty turns south, crosses tbe Ogeccbee river, and concentrating his commvid ceveis his flanks with tbe two streams and moves direct upon Savannah and tbo coast, completely destroying tbe railways of Georgia, leaving not enough subsistence behind him to winter s kid. Invents Savannah, and iu thirty days from tho tftne be cat loose, opets up a new line of suppl ea with his base m!y tec miles from bis army. lt d all this warding of over throe hundred and fifty miles through ?n enemy's country Is performed without tbe Iocs oi a wagon or uuie, a gun or a pound of ammu nition. Ibe Inislllgtnt reader wil! new see the importance of Ibis csnv'iign iu a military point of visw. With Georgia strippe.l or all its summer crops, tbe rallwlvs si' da s'royed, Hood's urmy oanoot subsist upon or occupv It until the return of another crop, ant with Tbomas con fro?: ng him he cannot hurry to tne relief of Savannah and Charleston, whi< U are r.ow tottering to tbelr down fall. With a large army under Jherraan and a grand nary nudsr the gallant se* dog FJablgron tbreator, rg th*m, their vy ?es?!<wi by us h only s '|uestloo of a few weeks. Brt it hw hs l soother let.norta't eflect upon our com Doneort/iy. Heretofore t-ee ha* di awn a large amount of aubststsiK'S from Florida, fisorgls, Alabama. Missis sippi and Texts. Thla raid of Sherman's baa not only cut every iir? af omm " 'llcatiua with tbe f<outhwe*t, but blotted Oil lb* machine sbopa aod Iron worka that furnlrb?d the material for re pairing these railway arteries aod vslns. Usnce for the future le i must depend entirely m>on theOsro lints and Virginia for subsistence for bH anuy. He nuy sn<leavor to lavsde j?<?l leom-sa. e snd obtain supplies from that quarter, but the w'thi'rawil of any ?oosMer ?h e fot-e Cor thsl purpose would endanger Richmond aud ope t iegstea In Urant. laken as a whole, 1 ?rn forced to tV> ccnc'-'sh" Ibal thia campaign of .gbarman'a own creation and execution la one of tbe most fruitful tbs war bts produced. It la a blow from wblcb Davis and bla satellites will never recover; the effects cf which will bo felt Irom one and of the ooub try to tbo other. But there ia still another efTect II will have. H demon atratea to European Powers the weakneaa of the rebela and tbe power of tbe national goverameat to oope with armed treaaoa aad rebellion. But to the detailed narrative, which opens with ns ooxcurraJTioK or thi army. Ob the llth tbo araay was loeatod as follows >?Tbe Twentieth corpa at Atlaata, the ttftasath aad Bavee teentb oorps at Powder Spring road, on tbo Chattaboocbee river, and tbo Fourteenth eorpe at Klagaton, Ga. Sherman's headquarters .were at tbe latter place. On the morning of tbo 12tb the army oommenced ooncentratlng around Atlaata. Tbo Fourteenth corps, Brevet Major General Davts command lag, remained at Kingston to eover the ablpment north of the govern ment property and rolling stock of tbo railway, aad at noon of that day the Third brigade of the First division, Colonel H. A. Hantbright, Seveoly-alnth Pennsyl vania, commanding, wbo, by tbo way, waa tbe Drat commandant at Kingston, moved oat, aad tbe plaoe was evacuated. Motwitbataadiaf that tbo Colonel took every precaution to prevent a wanton deatructlon of the place, tbo negroes, wbo brought np the rear, fired several buildings, whlob were con sumed. The corpa reached Cartersvllie at night, and, arter provisioning the troops, tbe public property waa deatroyed, and on tbe following day (tbe 13tb) Blic Shanty was reached, and the troops bivouacked for the night. Next day tbe corpa reached tiie Chattahoochee river, and on the 1Mb Atlanta. CHATTiifoooa raii.wat csmtorsn. The railway waa torn up from Chattanooga to Atlanta, and all the bridges laid in ashes, as well as every build ing that could be of benefit to the enemy. Tbe straggling negroes and cavalry destroyed quits a number of unin habited houses, and, 1 regret to aay, three or four churches. On tbe 14th and 16th, tbe Fifteenth and Seventeenth oorps, under General Howird, marched to a camp one mile eoutb of Atlanta, to wblcb point Slocum,commanding tbe loft wing, moved on tbe morning of the lfrtb, leaving tbe city entirely empty, exoept a few cltlrens, who remained cattered over the city, preferring to dwell In tbe city until tbe return to Its rules of tbelr disloyal friends tbaa to accept of free transportation to tbe land of ?'Yankee mudsills" and "Puritanical abolition lets." Tbe alter noon was spent In emptying tbe atorehouaea of clothing, cotmisaary supjilioe, ka , and tbelr tranafer to the per sons ?f the troops of the Fourteenth eorps. During tbo entire dsy Atlanta presented a very busy appearance, every atreet of importance being blockaded by wagon trains and mouuted officers and men. Quite a number of houses were flred during the day, and regular detailed partiea from tbe Twentieth corpa destroyed all the public building* of value to tbe enemy, GRIfSR AL SHSSSAt'S ORDSRS TO SIS TROOPS. After tbe men had bivouacked for the night the follow ing ordera, issued by General :>herraaa, were read to the troupe, and were greeted with .saaoy manifestations of approbation by the vatersna, who, In ao maay bluody battles, have followed the lead of Sborrn in:?. siisrmas'h obtisrk. Xptdal Futd Ordert?No. 110. Hwrxjt ai.iKM, Military Division o? Missiamrn, I ia Til H >'l*L?, K IS' 1ST or , Ga., Nov. 8, INM. J The General < omniandn* deems It proper at tins time to inform tne o'l enra aod men of the Kourteeutb. Kil teentb. Seventeenth and 1'wnrtletb cori?, that bo has organized them into an army lor a specls> purple. wed known to tbe War Department aud to uaneral Grant. It is suinclsat for you to know tb >t it invutves a departure from our preteui base, ami a ion* sna difficult mtrcli to a new one. All tbe cbaices <>f war have baen oonsirter d and provided for as far as human sagacity cao. All no aaks of you ia to mai"tsin ibst a eopine, patience and c.iura.-o which have cti*recieri'.ed y- u In ibe ia-i ai l b? hopos, through yon, to strike a bl<>? at eurenenf that will Lave a mater i d elect in producing what ail ao muoh dealte?hie oompiete ovei throw, u ail thi >gs tbe moat luiportaet Is tbst the men, during marches sud in camp, ke?p their placs and not acittrr *ooiit at stragglera or foiagora, to be pic*?d up by h >aiiie peopie In detail. 11 Is alao of the utmost Importance that onr wagon-; should not bo !o?ue.l witn anything but provisions an! amnniiiltiria. All sur^l is sevvauta, non-comhst<pta *od reinjiets should uow gi to the rear, and n be should b<i encouraged to enenmber i.a on tha ma oh At eo?n? future time we will he eu?bled to provide <or tbe poor whites sad blacks who seek to o cape the b 'Utlag i uudef wbo h thev are n.iw sultering, With these few eimole tt-il is In four tiiill, he b"pe* to I'-ao vou to n-h e?e i? ts equal iu importance to tboae of the past, By order of Mai.* t.eneral W. T ^'IKRMAy, t. M. Davtoh, Aid de cami>. V.II.ITAKT OlTIBllS, MlSSt'?irM ) lit ttis I'iBtji. Klvoero*,!}*., Nov. 1#, ICH | fl/fctal Orders?|-jo. J For IBs purpose of millury e;sra ici.a tMs armv ? divided Into two wings, vi* ? w Tbe right wto?, Mu,or t.eoeral O O Ho sard oo?ims .1 log- the k'lfleeoth ai d tWseuieoaih c< ri'e I ae lel t Wlllg, Mm ? r lie-It" si II W. nciTI coietueo lug?the ?ourteerin .tnd twentieth eorp< II The habitual or.lev or msr< h wpl be ?lteii<?' prseti.iaele, by f'nr rals.se nair os'?P? a (? < ?t ? ? ud i<o< vwrgmg at isil'ia liersiter t?, n? in ?K!St-< I n r duff, lbo nayalrf, trusj.er Get ''Cat Kll.?tri>:< C<ii|. standing, will receive special order* from lit* Command er-ln-Citef. Pirattrapb III. relate! to the position In tbe line of the ambulance* aud wationa. IV. The array will forage liberally on tbe country dor trig tbe marcb. To tbla end eaeb brigade commander will organize a ((nod and efficient foraging party, uader ccmmnoiol ona or more discreet officers who will gather near tbaTonte travel led corn or forage or any kind, moat of any kind, vegetables, aorn meal, or whatever is needed by tbe command: aiming at all tlmaa to keep In the wacoos at least ten .days' provisions for tbe command and three days' forage. Soldiers mast not enter tbe dwellings of ibe Inhabitants, or oommlt any trespass, but during a hell or In* a camp they may he psrmlttel to gAi'.ber turnips, potatoee and other vegetables, and to drive tn stock la slgftt of Ifmli i?iji To regular forming parties must be entrusted tho gathering of nrovwtoa* and fi-nge at any distance from the road travelled V. To army corps commanders alone Is entrusted tbe power to destroy mills, boussa, octton gins, Ac., and for . tbem this general principle Is laid down:?In districts and neisbborboods where tbe srmy la unmolested no destruction of such property should be permitted; but should guerillas or bushwhackers molest our march, er should tbe inhabitants burn bridges, obstruct roads, or ether wise man treat local hostility, then army oommand era abou'd order and snforoe a devastation more ?r less relentless, according to the measure of such hostility. VI. As for horses, mules, wsgons, kc , belonging to tbe inhabitants, tbe cavalry and artirery may appropriate freely and without limit, discriminating, however, be tween the rich, who are generally boatlie, and the poor, <9 Industrious, usually Deatral or friendly. Foraging IKirtios m iy also taks mules or horses to >place tbe Jaded animals of their trains, or to serve ss pu Ic mules for the raginK'nts or brig.Jes. In all foraging, of wbateror kind, the parties will refrain from abusive or threatening language, and may, when tbe ofl'cera In command think proper, give certificates of tbe feet, but no receipts, and they will e deavor to leave each lamlly a reasonable por tion for their maintenance. ? ? ? ? By order of Major General W, T. SHEKMAN. L. M. Dayton, A. D. C. ATLA.1T* OS FIRS. ??Now negrets night came solemn down" upon the city, and as tbe (lames spread from the public buildings and tbe dsp^t that bad been fired the whole heavens became illuminated by tbe lurid glare, while the unexploded shells In tbe dwellings and storehouses became heated, and as they exploded in rapid aucceaaion one almost Imagined that the scenes of August Isst, when one hundred thousand heroes confronted the rebel strong bold, were being re-enacted. Standing upon an eminence overlooking tbe doomed city, I bad an excellent view of the conflagration, and never bad 1 beheld no grand a sight. As night waned the gentle breezes carried the destroying element from house to house, and block to block, until oue-balf of tbe rebel city was In flamss, tbe glare of wh tch waa so bright that tbe soldiers a mile distant read their last Istlers from borne by the light Next morning I rode over the city among the ruins, where nothing remained to tell the tale but tottering walls and blackened chimneys, that, lino graveatones, stood thsre as monuments of departed glory. on Til WAR TRACK AUAI5. On tbe morning or tbe 10th, at daylight, tbe whole army once more took np the line of marcb?the Seventeenth corps on the MoDonough rood, tbe Fourtoeoth on tbe Auguata road (running parallel with the rallrond), with the Twentieth on tho left and the Fif teenth oa the right flaaka. I accompanied tbe oolumn of the fourteenth oorps, which passed out through De catur, and the same evening enoamped in Llthonla?a small town twenty miles southeast or Atlaota?without encountering any enemy. On tbo 17ib the march waa returned at Sty'lfrbt, through a country Iwrnmi la etock, re*?tVjie? and grtln, tbat were lound la abunda-i :e on all tbo largo pUntatone that liaod the root* Tin* part of tbo Huu> giTM evldeueo of wealth and pmeperitf, and an w< morat further into tbs interior tbo woriea of war'* rar ages becamd loao fro moot. TTlB COr!*T*T 1* qulto open, well watered, (rood road* and dellchtfa' el un ite, About half pa<t nine o'clock initio mornlug. (Oarni, a towa of about five hundred mbahPanti, tn react' el, hilt no halt wu* made, and the troopa oua tioued the march without toterro|itin? the eitt.'ooe. wbo fl eked In largo nomb<>ra to me Oora and w.iid<i'*s to ate the !"nf #T-:oo?#i and mtioh feared Taoicvw, and Imten to Mi* inmto of a ntvm of bend* th?t ?ave forth their partial Itreia# Pivy ..no man w?* aeon In the town, All the etlinro bad ?* rofu need," ja tbo oh?>uf c' lld;?a c?M? cai y eiyra?ta<i thorn* eolfee A rebel liooteoant, earned I awln A Middle'uit, wno acted m provoat mir*ttal at that p'tce, left ?orf h'jrrie livJ rnrgetliug to eaU at the p?et ofEoe for eerem! letter", trhioh were taken pi teetaion o( ?e an am <j<? camp, aodtirnel otrer i? t ene ai ^imrmeo for ?sen-nation, ?lie iet'fs? dlti I i?ed tbo fact tbat the Georgia mill la ll??"d *" Tar ao Ua<1e<leo. Ala,, when IMftriiir Hro ?n o .lered them bar* ?o the State, w*ere tree ar n??d oft the rt 1, a.'Ur a r area of Quart/ Mro buniired Biiiea. One of iho lettera '? w< ;h prodo irg here * a>*ei in ? (. V .or liter, 'n^.j-t IS '%*4 M\ net ? Pn ?m? i? t hat n ilef*rre.t wr>n i * to j> a f? T tim t<o?t1 *?? mr> t?l I'1* to ? :e# lti< ? fi "O f i?to oil ue wn?re von a ? mi it <t )Oii d <r>r( aMl ?i?*r the V nit., raid hat A I i?e*tnr*V> i *r't#, e\eu IU'hi.jU ny letter M?0f teaihti > i. n ?>?t, 1 I scarcely know where or how to direct thla. Mary la down at Greenville on a visit to Ml** Klug, where the has been over two week*. She went for her health, which bad been very bad all the' ?; ring and summer. She wriiea me that she bus Improved and I* enjoying herself very much; but ao wonder, for she says the get* so well fed; that no one at '.reenville seems to feel the war. but lire In full and plenty, aa they did before though Margaret King always did live well; bnt she baa plenty of money and nothing to do with It but support* herself. We had m terrible alarm the night the raidera w?'? expected in Montgomery. Thla la the most excitable family the world ever produced, from the Judge down to the smalioet negro child in the lot. Words of Bine would ?all to give yon an Idea of the time wa bad. Sufficient to aay that the Judge anatched up hla pa era and money, flaw down to the cure to take cars of hl? own precious so*, leaving ordara that we all should follow at thr ft rut alarm ! bell, ftc. Much a scene of coofnslnn I never *aw, and, . without stopping to reflect, I Jumped out or bed ana com menced gathering together my clothes, for I wrui deter mined to try and aave tlietn, as I sever expected to get any mere; and where to get trunks or boxes to pack In i kuew not. So I waa up the whole night long, flying here and there, half d reused, and alx o'clock came in the morning berore I even sat down. Of course my servaute were of no une whatever, and the Judge's, whom be thinks paragons, were In oien rebellion. What lnlluet-?e thev would have bad on J'olly when the time came to leave I cub not tell. Fortunately tbey ware not tried, aa the vsnda's did not get here; but when the excitement waa over, and I bad time to reflect,! tbna-.bt bow feolielt it was Id me to worry about running away any more, esoe cially with Judge Jordan; for, In any great danger, be Is a broken reed to lean upon-self is .to. I and I have re solved hereafter to just stay where I am, and only regret that I waa Induced by the entreaties of the Judge to leave mv all In I'eusacols. not tbat I would h ive taken the Yankee oath. Solflsa motives were at the bottom with the Judge. I hope I may do inm Irjustire. "1 be day after the alai m I was taken with a violent, no.-vms pstn in my bead, wtilcb seemed to get woiae daily for about ten days, until I suppoee the climax cine, andtben such excruciating pains run down the on k of my bead and neck that 1 was senseless lor s >me time. A powerful remeuy waa administered?opiates and quiet?and In a lew dnys 1 was myself again. In any groat alarm, or excitement or rumor. I seem composed ai d do nilihit I can; but afterwards the reacti ? cornea and prostrates me But afte. thla I thins 1 snail have to mand my ground anil take the Yanks as I find ibem. Now, I have reserved the Linn' bouctn for the lust. On Monday, greatly to my surprise, a letter cemo fr m the poet office, dire. 1-4 to M;iry. It was so like your handwriting, though irom Wilmington post off oe, that I was sure it was from you, arid, while breaking tne ?csl. worderwd bow you camo to be there. Just ttrnk I', was a block ade letter from dear Peyton, wntteo ever slnoe ttie wtb ef January?only seven months since, lie had ) irt ar rived at Panama and (ouod in the t it n'llc* il.ea two letters from Mary and one Irom yoo, dated, I 'h.nk he said. U2d of July It seems he has been in New i or* , ler the last two years His henltb h?d been wrelcb-d, and alter seeking and travelilug about te various place* lo setrt h of a dim >te to suit him. lound that \ew Vork was the only place. Mis Intention was to c.ms Into Inxie, but eould not succeed. and after the fall of Vic?s burg had to give up. Some or his go. d irien.:* tried burd to get him in K> rt I.sfavelte. but failed. His pecuniary mat ers are as usual; but It takss all be can raise to pay Havel ling expenses. He expected to meet his agent at Panama; but as lie VMM tb 're he should go M Vc? r?gu , Irom thence to Can orins, or perlnpx aicomp.my bin agent to Kurope, but would write acd letusktow; that we must write to bun and direct our letters as we used to, to his ageut in New York, sod be would-iorward them to bitn. no m .tier In what part or the world bewia. I ha? e lost ai d forgotten hi* dl rectloo. I kuow It waa a Mr Mdel . Wall street, but what were the Initials or the Christian Damn or the number of Mr. Sidell s b >u?o I have forgotten, Iio yoi remember1 If so, write and lei me know though II I writs I don't see bow we csn get s letter to him. and as so tnucb time has pns ed be may be de.d. Write as soon ss you can. The servsnts say. "<;ive their love to n?? a I/ewia." (ioodby. May Uod bless *nd lake care of you ia ever the pr.iyer or your affectionate sister. I'll ad ipt Peyton s plan and not slgu in/ mine, in case It should fall Into oibor bauds. Love U> Mary when you writs. lbs afternoon of the 17th was spent in destroying tbs Atlanta sad Augusta Raliwty from Conyers to Yellow river, where Pa via' Column baited for the nig 111, and Colonel Buell, of tbe Pioneer cori>s, threw down r* moons, upon which the srmy crossed on tbe following morning ms aansis arraaa i* ova raoirr. To dsy the ? Irst brigs 'e, first division, Colonel f'ot art commanding, had the advaace, with Man r fox, of tbe twenty first Michigan, In command of the advance guard. Wl.lle riding In advance of hia command, he was s.'d deniy coo.'rojUd by a rebel eav.lryman. who demanded bis surrender. Tbe Ms] r was unafin?d and jh the |*dt>t ef surrendering wheu his regiment ?p|n?ared In sight, and ths rebel and hie companions, woo tud c-.iue up, re tieated without taking the Major. ai? ADVANC* I1T TllS l.AI>t*S. On lb" 1Mb ths army moved at bsll part six, the First division in the artvance. and ths Sevet.tr on. h I'euusrl vans, ! leutonant Colonel Miles, the advanced guard. Ihe llrci place oi Importance encountered waa tbs bsaull ful I tile low.i of (ovisoroir, n ted, as geographer* aay, for its water power ao 1 pretty \f ? . n. Ai llaiuhr gbt's brigade entered the town tbe I an. I i flee (t'uun.) b.nd struck up "IHltS'S Ijaiid,'' whuo two I h ., dr<dw nen rushed to tne plants and doors to view | i! r i-ikee invaders of whom they h>dao often read. Kr ry al,.,liw and door sw*rmsd with blooming war widows, ftt. ma runs and shy vi gius m come?pu.i Bt.d e rt.'i I.utii Hut wl.ea the b?od bad finish"* 1 !'Uf"anJ i okn off on ? Van^xe IKodle, on, what a rs r? ?r I h'Md i7.a< we-s t eerid of in-lr besutlful lu b> > u s, ai'.d as ou n? do ?a wtih a ,sin a'.d doors if'd Very abruptly, until n<" alalr faoew?* vlsih.e, it, J as thev moved at ttie riabt 4 ?boulder abut, the 81 ?U ill BailtDel color* fl' iu'g ia tlte ailkan Southern bree*", u< Ul mealy pavud str-et* raaoundlns M tlM trsad of iiM aot ol.'raof the c olon, prveented ?u imposing api>earano?, not ea n <0 be Ublitsr.ua from the of beou< ijapub irii tub Uavla ud lbs D> vi. Tarn co uma aucemped at alavou o'clock A. M near Allasoavto river, d Maul Uu iu.!oa uortft of ductal Ciroie, ud ballad for tba day. ruFAOiMG l Aariaa were lent nut in the afternoon, tuil at olgbt returned to camp with a large amount ot due stock, grata and vege tablea. th* mom wino. To>ii<ght (18th) Howard'a (right) wing la encamped at Jackson, and t-a* m-t no locum, ou the left, la parallel *ilb ilowird. and oaa a d uo lighting. HUr HXiN' . Ilkil) ,U?>riW. Urnrral Sberoua nirk-s bis headquarter* wUU TL< una' voter? corps, now con>uuo<tod by Hrlgad'.er Conor al I off (J. JJivi . ?nmx.* TAir-m fciitaiiDif. Many llttio |r,cid?oU ocour daily tnat go to show ? leader like Sherman can make b tu.ieif familiar witti his aoldlsra, ard atlil io ?ii the r onoflrtenoe and maintain thorough dit>ciplm<i A colonel i?mn nding a regime >1, wbo witnessed It, info r.B me that to diy a number of aoidiera wbo wore tilling th- Ir ctntoena from a molilalia bariel, ne?r Shmiiiiin'a Im Jijuurtern, wen tiuariollng ovar iba diviaion of tbe .tyrup. wtien ^hertnau pasalng by cooly crowded In among them, and (lipping biu tl >gar ia It put It to bia lip*, romarkiug, '?Don't orowd, boys, there ia enough foi all " A PI.AVTA-ION bciws. About ?lx miles a.utli of Cov n<ton we atruok '.bo plantation of Ju in? .rr ? w >o s a M*?sacbuaetts m>o and owns over two hundred ungu es. loo piaoliti >n uj ono of the moat uxteoaivo in Cootral Ceorgla for th? production of ootton and atrial* of all descriptions. As tbo column m \vd paui tbo third bri^ado i'lral divialnn band struck up a quick atop, when (run tbo vil'ipe of negro hu'.s the dutiky a >uh of Kant sw.trmed forth In Urge numbers utid rusbed to the fencea. A rich scone ollownd. InonatrrooH?rni-n, wi> men and children?itruclt off Into a >Janco, swinging the nselvi ? rcind and twlating tuemsclvea into gri:to*|io shapes tnat oillfd (nrth pea<* of laughter from th-? sol diery , while tibouts of "Glory be to oe Lord, de Linoum's bab couiil" '? W in't we go long wti yous I" "Ize off to glorv I' ?'Br?ss de Lord I" were heard on nil aide*. lhey followed the troops for half a mile, m.king thoulr resound with tbeir ezcUmatioul of gladueas, until drl'en hack to tho rear. AIV iHF.lt REHKL 41 TACK. On tha lOtb the eolumu moved at dayllgbt, Morgan'# diviaion leading, baird next and Cariln covering the rear. The column took the rUndlown road, and when out about three mill a, were lirud upou by a lew rebel scouts, wbo retreated. Wat WKA1HKK AND HIO RflADfl. Up to thia time we had beautiful weather, but at dayilkut the rouda wore (ound almost lm|i?aw?ble from the raid that bad failea In tor rent* during the night. Nerertbeinaa, nine mllaa wars tnuda through a pouric:* ruin, and wa ?? camped at rtgbt o'clock in ibo evening three milea i?outh of Aindtown. On the 'JOth tho ciwma&d moved at the uauai b-iur, ram atlll falling, and the roada lu a horrible ooudltion. Aiout noon we arrived at Shady Dale, the plantation of an old man named VlimD w WhliQild, wbo owoa ueirly the whole ol I'utnam e .uaiy, and an abundaues of stoolc and crop* There we found ANOTHKB MILaOB Of 5BGR'>M, who worked tbe large plantation ui'On winch Mr. Wkll field resided, ami abere another aoaee similar M that enacted at Harris' treated tbe men. About twenty-five women followed ibe column a mils, hb4 were drlvun har.lt by the si.fT officer*. Nearly all ibe male negroes went wilb Uio army vuluktaitiy. At mgbt iba command encamped near Eaton ton, and on the morning ol tbe 21tt resumed their marcb, makiug uuaouR ckbxk before night closed In upon tneru and rendered tnarohleg orer muddy roads and swollen rivers too dungeroiM to be attempted, lue country through which we paaeed we* tbe garden of Georgia. Ibe plantation* furntahtag a* abi ndauce of everything nt-ccseary for ttie aubalateeoe of mao and beatt, whiob waa very gene,rally appropriated by tbe lo'ajrug partiea, wbo obtained to mucb pmia< and meat tbat tur commiaeary wa^oue ware net called upon to diagorge a portiee of tbeir bard leek and baaie. thr an man bad become thoroughly reJuvinated by the acquisition of hundrede of One mule* captured from the wealthy m> boba who had hidden tbem in ibe wood*, where they were lound by tue aid of tbe negr. eg. Some of the flnenl boreee I hare aceo la tbe Boutb, were alao im preened tat* tbe United State* service. ho'acli. ixjbh's "?ua" aoaauia Among tbe blooded aloes captured waa General Howell Cebb's celebrated pacing mare, ttiat coat $45,000. She waa found In a awamp near Mliledgeville, by private Walter Burns, Company K, Tweuiy.flrai Ohio, whe, tan og twelve days afi -r, waa captured while riding her and murdered. He waa acting aa orderly,aod wh a bla oom panlung dug open bla grave tbey found that the enemy had uut bla tbroat after shooting him through toe head. thic jrraoa'Ti to >:i.l.?ix;aviu.a Tbe rafn oleared off oa tho 20;b, and tbe qpld north wii. car e down like gooi spirits to ?id ihe onwarg inarch ^ Ibe vtctora by dry ing op tba roada *Ld reliev? in* '.a raltld >1 friend of tbu aonitei?tbe mule. Thf bracing wina and warm aun were balm to tbe Wiling veteians, wbuee clothes for low daya bad been dreui bed wltn Georgia nine and mud, and aa they were oeac Mliledguville?the capital 01 the 8u c?where waa perend tbe ordinance of secee*inn, increased apeed wagpl.Uiiy dlaceruable 1" the movement of ibe men. i At twelve u'cu eL nwon, liai'a' ?<! . a> ce, '-cm! oged at Oalrdad'viai u, encamped .n tbe citv, anil by dalle ibe ' woiHla and shrubbery around trie cny ware "luuiteaied by the camp brea of tnerai .n'a grand army of "la* radars." Hut let me here dwell a nnom'<n' uiki.j the oraRtitoita or ma rwrmmi oorn-a, whi.-.h formed tbo left, and in ived fro* ttiante en ? road parallel with Dana' route, thro igb iecamr, Madl ao.i, llatonti n, he. General Williams, of Michigan, oom* manried tbe c>rpa; JacBaon. toe Kirgt. i.eary, of l ennayU van 11, tbe :-eoond; and t*srd,of Keatucky, the Third divuloni the cor ,i* made eiocneot tine from Atlanta to tiilledgcvide, encountering ao ?u< my, oat even Orirg a el ot, except at veeiur*<?me awloe and caliU wbtcai ctrayad too u#.ir longing partiea. ?? w ion a maxta it< onoat o.i ma Cinrtu Major Uei.eral . .oeum, me well tred < oaimaader of tba left wing, eccompaiiiod tue cur^, wuicb mured on a better ruad than t.iai Irarelled by Dane, aotl reacoed the citv vino djy in advance of h ui, plani ng i|*m the -ItaM liuuse of (jeorgl'i tb<* uatlonal iolora of tba (Ine Hundred and fourth New Y > a reg'ment, wbich regiment, Wltt? tbe Third Whiconain, wlt.? f lU^Ot In tne V* ley ol Vlr* ginia uuder U<ini(a, warn detailed aa provon f.'iard. lnaae, however, w?ra not iba Oral uouiw to enter the ca; ,t*l Tbe n?wa that ?lUM Lightning" (which M now applied to t-berman i waa coming apread like the wind, ai d on -Saturday i.ovuruor ttroeu aud U<e l<egigiature, wmch waa in ae--on, packed up their tailaen and vainoaed the raocne, leavipi alxiut I 000 rebel cavalry to e'>Ti-r tnelr rei-ial ?r? A iguiia, ?hero il.ay doped to Bud rrat (or tbetr wearied leat. nr' carrttRai* av i-ooi ra. The cavalry leit the atom oigbt aud '?e fnidiy, thd 2:1 h.Ciptalu Human toali 4 Into to?o a "tree" car* airy e> arite. frightening the old gra iny aib ? oroupied tbe Mtyor's chair iuio a aurreiider aaJ atam ediog all h? m^le pnp'iUti) n. wun a arnail ?| <ad of tea man. One robel lady, aho^e buab?nil la a III. 1 olllclal in tho Ktatc, and whine fan'' y li aTt<"'g ibe Urn hn, Jeecribed lb* aurrender in tba fallow's woroa:? ??K.rly in 'he aiiariioon five T?nle* een>iia came diBblng p*> ?all into ib?town, wb"? th- mr ID* moan, araveo hearted aratrlea, fully two bandied jtr n< ??e'i?.l<!;eii, leaving oi.rhahy M tyar to go not and surrender the piace ui>e* ud'ti"nal;y to :lre graavif /aa. ksr?, ten mi lea in adva< ee m their army. Oh, the m ? are me>n, chickeo ne?ri?d wraidhee, and the Mayor a puffed ap old lo>d. II ?d I (Men to teas I'd collected a.l the women at:4 drt.ea fie akunlu out wilb p naodua aod ttroom Hleka." T!- a la the whole atory in a notebVl the ?avei. heai ed bii oJa of lhe <n lacilliy gend r ran e#ay an4 ieft ihnr wivee to t e tender morclen tf thw > *nke<?, wh", tbav have time *n l eftai" aaaerteif, eaane tiaie to ranch, i> re aut piua'c lod.j.r.taiuauly. Tiut RH.an i aiirai. Iga very nrcttr ll't.e a If. rakaoie accoinoudatiM