Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
r WHOLE NO. 10,344. NEW YORK, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1804. PRICE FOUR CENTS. SHERMAN. THE SIEGE OF SAVANNAH, The City Closed to the Inflnx of Refugees. The Garrison Illy Provided With Supplies. Casualties in the Storming of Fort MoAllistsr. Fvrtltr Particulars tf thi March Tbrsngh tittrgla. ? J i *!??> ...... MERESTINB INCIDENTS BY THE WAY, Om* Expadltlomnrjr Correiptndtae*. Fonr McALuim, OunoHn Rirxm, Coo. 16, jse*. ?omnnruT. Tea have already given your readers a detailed narra tive of marches, skirmishes, feints, &c., per.'orm?d by ?berman'a command from Atlanta to tbe coast; bat still tilere n?oeh which has not been recorded ttut will In NrM tbe public. ? Who* o? stnrruas fob thi crrr. My last letter closed with tbe capture of tBe strong laM that stood like a lion guarding the entrance to the >f*r watera of the Ogeechee and tbe inveetment of tbe ?eomed city. In It I expressed tbe opinion that tbe city ?aaM be held antll Sherman's grasp upon It had starved ?ht the garrison and the large numbar of refugees who ?sd before him aad took refuge within the dsfanoea. Thla bailer waa grounded upon the reporta of our ?eoata aad deaerters, who agree that the place la Illy prevlaloced unable to atand a month's siege. When "?"??? ** MWen, threatening Augusta, there were * Savannah but eight thousand of a garrison,'with twaatp days rattans. At that time all the roads had ?*?* eat aad every avenue fbr throwing In suppllea 1 aleeed, axoept via the Savannah river. The Intraductloa I ar fifteen thousand mere troops, who must be fed, will go ! far towarda hastealng the time wbea starvation wtll be ' wnahad. rue tar had covered the railway at Oooeawhat ?hla, ao that trains of supplies ooald not be seat la from Booth Oarollaa, and it Is not at all probable that any oou. ?Marable amount entered by water from Augusta, aa our ?nvahry were constantly threatening the river. na an ci/mbd anAtmr asFooaaa. AMlhar teat eoatrmatory of this tuppoettlou la that ?a ?nthorltlas at Savaanah, la view of a siege, closed the My la the admission of aegross, aad in some lottanoee ^ ^ 'w* mart hare considerable influence ?r hla family were forced to remain outalde, while the ?ale head waa eoaaerlpted aad plaoed in the ditches. On ihe large rloe plantations about the city we found Mreda of aagroea, who, wbea asked why their nwaera ^ ri? ??? replied thai tbi rtbela refuted to nftev them to eater the oity, aad had guards stationed ????the avaauea of entrance. SWCCLATKWS VTOW THI FUTIIBB. "Hheuld Sheraaaa take Savannah la a raw weeka, what ?? ha his next move t" Is a question propounded In my *"* n m m* mmn ?"?"J ssfced than saaasi ei, huamach as shsrman has ao eonfldanle nataMe of Graat aad the War Dspavtassnt. Never the less, to cm who baa studied carefully Sherman's mode of Baakiag aad conducting war, hla path to vletary la aot altogether hid from vWw. My Individual oplaion, ?armed apan a careful atndy ef tbe topography of the wnnlvy, the force to be met, aad tbe reealts llksly to aaaraa, Is that when Savaaaah falls, aa rail M must sre ?aay weeka, the oampaign, so far from belag at aa end, ?a Bberman aald wben AtlanU collapeed, "will have but Juatesmmeaoed.' Themes, tbe able eo-operater with Shermaa, baa aow M thoroughly crippled the rash and Impetuous Hood that ?a-day he caanot mustsr tweaty.flve thousand man, were fee to "rob the cradle aad the grave," aad place their In habitants In the front ranks. Lee baa aot a maa to spare; feagg baa tan thoasead stragglers searching for 8ber Man away up the river, and probably ten tbousaad mora ?re luturlatlag about Charleston and Wilmington. Davis aaaaot by a stamp of bla heel oommaad aa army to aprlng out of tbe soil. Consequently Sherman's grand army will not have pitted agalast 11 tweaty tbousaad ?sen aalsas Wilmington aad Charleston are abandoned. WlUt ao email a foroe in his front nothing stands In his way to garrtaoa Savannah with tea tbousaad ar fifteen tbousaad, mate it a fortress, place hla gunboats on tbe tvar, Md, with a few hundred marlneafattack aad cap ture Augusta, with Its rouudrlss aad machias shops, laboratoriss aad faoteriea, destroy tberailroada centering there, march a solemn across to Knoxville, and dowa the valley Into tbe rear of Richmond, laying waste the aeuatryand burning the railroads, assail bee; er, break lag acroas Um Savannah, movs direct upon Charleston and Wilmington, aad enable our veeseis-or war to float through the rivers to tbe heart of tbe confederacy. What hie precise route will be no one can aafely pre diet; but it Is certain that tbe rebel army cannot obtain ?sara men unleas they import them, and against Us pre aaot foroe Shermaa can raid at will. la view of tbe whole sltustlon, It must bo apparent that the death throe* are upon tbe rebel sovernmeoi. a few more well directed blows, suoh aa Pberman has ;<ven it in Georgia and Thomaa in Teaaessee, and the end will appear. las ronp QtraarioK. Sherman's marcb baa fully exploded tbe common error that tbe rebellion could bo starved out; that the constant drain upon tba white working classes to fill the armies of the 000 ederacy would leave tbe ground untitled, and granaries unfilled. Wberever we moved, from Covington la Savannah, erery plantation was sbuudantly stocked, aad the barns grossed undor tbe corn and wheat that the fall harvest bsd produced. Every farm house yard was dao< rsled with swsst potsto pits and corn bins, which wars very thoroughly cleared out by tbe men In their Merch for tba "staff of lifs." mm. If the counties through which Sherman's column paaaed can be taken ss a basis upon which to ground sn nstlmate, tbe Georgians have rurnlsbed enough subsist nuoe yearly to feed fifty thousand men. Every plantor papa tithes to tbe government on everything ralaed-a I stipulated amount far every negro on his plantation. Aworn statements of tba amount produced must be rur f staked la (he officer of tbe government. imuaoaa wwv rrxrtu?? mm* own outvote*. V So heavy ara tbe taxes that on nil plantations ths ne I f*** ?*? "Oampallad to work extra time to pay ths ex p wise of elotblog them. On Harris' pisntatlon, nsar OoViagtoa, aa old, gray-beaded African Inform a* an that tbe hands were worked fourteen honrs^ P? day, and sooaeilmee twenty, for a ssoatha at a time. Naae of mom got more than one saarastanlt par year, to earn wbtoh they muat labor two hoara antra avary day la the pear. Tbay ara uaually rouad h wsvlbly clad, nothing to aarer their bod lea but ragged r n-teieons aad shirt, with patches rsprsseatlae nil the col Ws or ths ralabow. ??now doss ts oaow 'snf" An o'i coiiwwtf female one day approached the oelama and, eater log tnta convsrsatloa, expressed great aarpriss as to wtora wemft oama from. A ws? Informed her thai old Lincoln bad a rery pro. dactive Aald away\ap North, whsre ha raised them at the rata df n million per year. Turalag ?p bar white syss la utoalshment, the ax ?laiaMd;? -Tvr da Lord's sake, yau don't say sol How doaa be frow '?pf" ??Ob ? waa tba raply, "it la very simple. Ha gathers np all tba rsbsls from Ms battle fielde, piaata them dawn to Hsafssbssatta; a<tar a while tbay begin to ! jpMtfjMdttoMHBtiitorM^a ahiaksa thay ask* I Um H, whoa Lmeota>s provost (Hid u< grain Umm lata lb* ??7 " "Bless ye, say M I AM are you 'one * ??Mo, v* Med U M, tat wt'n ww Itm TaokM. I'm Bishop Polk, who ptsashii down <? Dixie" ??Do Mil yoa are I" exclaimed tbe excited wench. ?And .what you dota'boref Oome afMr MImm Biehop aad do ebllrar*' "No, damn tbe ohlldreol" waa iba profane reply. ?I've MOM U assist la whaling hell out of Jett Day to." "You'll hab to oetoh him fust," waa the quick response; "fcoese it's done gono Job." "Wall, wa'll aoo," said the soldier; '"HI a race bo twooa oa and tbe devil, and may bo Old Nlok wUl win Um boat." "Shouldn't wondor. Dls nigger don't oare aodor," ro marked tba duaky matron, aa ah* rtgbt-wheeled and douMe-qnloked It back to tne bona*. nn BafltiMBNti or m rsorta rarely tod utteraace, even In the preaonoa Of Tankeeo. Bat when tkoy do apeak it la not in vain eulogy of tbe rebel army and tbe cause In which tbey are en gaged. They are broken In aplrlta. and the baagbty ae ooaalon ladies, who by force of "arms" and tongue drove their brothers, aona and lovere Into the army, are now as meek aa singed klttana, and only too glad to smile upoa a good looking Yankee. They all frankly admit that their oanao la kopoleea?that subjugation awaila tbom la the future, and all tbey now wish la for tba storm to burst aad paaa; that paaae with them, crashed beneath the Yankee heal, la preferable to tba preeeat mate of ihwp ??Gnat Oodl" exclaimed one very intelligent MlDedge vllle lady, whoaa aU had been taken, ??little did 1 think, when I bade my dear boys, who now aleep In their gravis, good by, and packed them off, that this day would oome, when old, Impoverished and ohUdleaa, I must aak tbe men whom they fought agaiast for a meal of victuals to satisfy my hunger. But It aervea ma right; I wta deoelvod, drove tbom to battle, death aad Infamy, and here I ataad, their murderer." A RICH rORSIGMKR. Juat before atarling from Rome I made the acquaint ance of a very wealthy family, named Noble, conaiatlng of tbe old gentleman, lady, two aona and three daughters. Noble is an Englishman, who formerly carried on tbe ateam engine buatossa at Reading, Peon., under the name of Noble * Sons. Vessel owners will remember the Arm well, sa many or tbe b*st englnea atill In nso bear their name. Blx years ago Noble removed to Rome, Ga., and established himself in business. Slnoe the war began be baa manufactured mucb of the cannon uaed by Hood'a army and made a mint of money, which the old tycoon was sharp eoougb to turn Into geld. On evacuating tba place ha remained In tbe rebel lines, but eannot manu facture many more guns, ea bis ahopa were burned. VAiniunt rviiiSHSD. Tba August* OMUtUmtUmtOM for oaee told tba truth whoa it declared that 8bermaa had his army under ex cellent diaclpllna.aad all pUlaglag waa severely punished. But throe or four caaea eame under my notice of eutragea committed by the man. Oaa waa very properly rebuked. Captain Wlssmaa, of General llorgaa'a staff, detected a maa ateaUng the coverlids from a bed, and ordered him out, whoa the man seised his gun and draw It upon the captain, who decteroualy drew his sword?a small staff weapon and with a weU-olrected cut severed tbe eat from his bead. That man will not again steal eorerllds. ma raws raoa novas has sent a thrill of Joy through the mea of this com maad, many of whom have so often followed his lead la tbe battles from the leld of ChJcamauga la Jonesboro. Bis otdoorpe, especially, that at Chlcamaaga stood by him aa arm aa lbs rode of Gibraltar, agaisst the oolunsaa of the exultant rebels, aad recefvlng the Mows, hurled them back defiantly, sever hear his noble name spoken without recall lag memories of tbe peat, aad breathing a silent prayer that the old wboetheree may be spared to eee tbe gtorloae old flag triumphant by eon aad lead. Tbe parting at Atlanta between him and them waa a sor rowful moment; but bis victory at fraaklln repays tbom rally. Never will tbey disgrace him, a or tbey have causs to blusb at the moattoa of his aame. ? large somber of prleiasre from rebel Jails arrived la during tbe mareb. In their eeeapo tbe|negroea asatertally aided tbom, feeding and hiding gbem In cane brakee by day and sending them en by night. At Port Royal 1 met Captain Klder, of the First United Stateo artillery, Major Sandford, or tbe Tilth Connecticut, and thirteen other officers who eecaped from Columbia, South Carolina, aad by following tbe Saatee river, arrived aafely at the fleet, after a perileoo Journey. They encountered nothing but kindness on tbe part of Held bands, but never trusted houae servants, who are usually troaoberoua and betray them. I conversed with three men who eecaped from a train nf eara near Mlllen, who report that the guard, who were mostly boy oonscripts, advised tbom to Jump from the train, promising not to (Ire upon them, declaring that the confederacy was about gone up when Sherman could trot through Georgia at will. About two hundred Jumped from the train, many or whom arrived In. CASUALTIES. The following is the report of tbe oasualtlee la the Sev ^itleth regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infaatry oecur ring in the charge on Port McAllister, December 18 |K|w Sergesnt R. C. Mennaugb, Co. A, wounded In thigh Sbeplisrf 'Bell. Co. A, both arma and right hip. severely Jeremiah Maasle, Co, A, right shoulder, severely. Ellison Ballanger, Co. A, left breast, slightly. Wm. Wilson, Co. A, left eye, slightly. Jobo Compton, Co B, killed by a torpedo. Corporal Robt. Barakneau.Oo. B. right arm, severely. Sergeant W. K. Burr, Co. 6, right arm, slightly Sergeant W. R. Thoroman, Co. B, rlgbi arm. slightly. Sergeant and color bearer Davis Rodsrick, Co. C, killed. Nain Mehaffy, Co. C, killed. Sergeant Jobn McCutcbon, Co. C, wounded, loft shoulder Corporal Sam I Preston, Co. ti, aoaip Corporal Was. H. Johnson, Co. C, severe. saml Cook, Co. C-lafiarm. Sergeant Hugh C. Wilson, Co. D, left cheek i-ergeant llenry Becker. Co. D, loft wrist. corporal Jamee H. Hogart, Co. P, left band aad shoulder Walter Johnson, Co D, groin (torpedo). Cbarlea Bateman, Co. D, bowels (since dead). Sergeant Greeuleat N. McMannus, Co. E, right ari severely. Wm W. Sakios, Co. E, right aboulder, severely. Jarne*Campbell, Co E, right shoulder, severely. George Ktng, Co E right arm, severely. Jamee 11. Uclnty re. Oo. E, groin. slightly. Marlon Brluker, Co. F, cbest and rigot thigh. Jaoob Sba/ler, Co. F, right hand. Martin I- Kasssey, Co. H, rlgbt and left breast. George M> <mey, Co. H, rlgbt breast. Goorge Kueles, Co. I, rlgbt thigh, severely. James Conner, Co. 1, lei l knee. Henry Sbtiman, Co. I, killed. Jebn (iray, Co. K, killed. Sergeant Beuj F. Sal yards, Oo K, left groin, severely. John Wick man, Co. K, left arm. jobo a. Smith, Co. K, left side, slightly. tks tMPoeemuTv ov a axis ittici. Pome fesrs have been expressed tbst Bragg, who, last advices, wss moving down from Augusta with about ten thousand men gathered for tbe defence of that city will attack Sherman's rear on the northeast side of tbe Savannah; but persons vsrsed in tbe topography of the oountry apprehend no dssger from that quarter. Ebene VAt creek, Ave miles In Sherman's rear, is a broad and deep river, running nearly parallel with Sherman's line, ?ml will form an excellent defensive line which our oav airy alone can bold. Tbe osnal, running from the Savannah to tbe Ogeochee, Is another very excellent line upon which Braston Bragg would find a watery grave ror many or bis men were be to attempt its passage. The Coetmsster General has issued an order to poet mssters directing that all mall matter intended ror Sker* min's army be sent by way of New York. Colonel Markland, Special Agent or the Poet Office Department, will lent* New York on Saturday with the malls for that army. Th? Malli for iktrata'i Arnajr. WjMnraw*, Dm. 21,18M. ColDot Murklaad, apaolal agent of the Poet Office Do* parlmeot, reporia that lb* mailt wara landed, aaeorted, and during tba afternoon of Ika 19th laataot wara dle tnbuted to tba entire army of Oanaral Sherman. In half an boar be aold twenty-one huadrad doilara worth o# itampa, aad oould, it ba bad bad tba*, have aold doabla tbat amount. Ila brought with bin apwarda af taa tbouaaad aoldlara' (altera, which bare baao mailed bara to tbetr ranpaatlra addreeeee. Tba anwy 1a la esoelleat aplrlta, and ibalr aaaltary ooadltloa aerer batter. REBEL ACCOUNT8. ait wiit at aaTANNAi ow etc. 19. (From tba Itlebmond Examiner, Dec. 90.] The gSaernmetu reoeivad offlelal deepatcbaa from la? TBDoah e# yeeterday, when all waa wall. FMBTIW# MFMril AT IATAKRAI ON PIC. 10. (Froal tba Cbirlaatoa Mareur*, I Ma. 141 rtm fariKa Jnat from ?araMa* we Mara tbat.br H O O D'S FLIGHT. Scene of the Disastrous Rout of the Rebel* from Nashville to Columbia. tween one ud two o'clock oo Saturday afternoon, Kk** man made three dMInct chargee against our lloo of worka at a potat about flve mlloe from Savannah, ana ?boat midway between tho Central aod Oulf railroade. Back lima tha Yanitre a?*atiltlog ooluma waa reputoed with heavy lo*a. Tba nearest approach to our fornfloa ttone waa within a Pittance of about two bnodrad yard*. Tba enemy atlll bolda bts poeltton at Coneawhatcblo, about tbrco-qaarter* of n mllo from tba Cbarlaatoo and Savannah Railroad track. Hie hatterlee continue to aboil ovary peaaing train. With ibis rxraptloo all la qnlet be tweon * barloaton and Hardaevllla, tbe prevent tarmlnua of tba road. Tha railroad bride* over tba Savannah rlrar baa not baen burned, aa waa raportad Tba etracture burred waa tba long and Important treatlowork oo the Georgte aide of tba H*vennab rlrar. * Wa laarn tbat tbe bridge over tba Ogeecbee rlrer baa baan destroyed by our troop* It la believed tbat fleneral O. W. smlib ta well poated on tbaotbar side of tba river, with about seven thousand Iroopo. Tbe city yaaterday waa fall of rumor* of varloue klnda, wblch wa could trace to no authentic aouroa. Tbe mo?t traaiworthy report raaohea ua via Hardaevllla, aod la to tho effect tbat heavy lighting waa going oa at aooo oo Monday, near tbe race conraa, wblcb la only a few ra le* from savabnab, bat tbat our man had Ably maintained tbair poaltlon and repnlaed tbe eaemy. A DBMONrritATTCm ON TBI CITT OK TBI lStB. (rrom the 'barleston Courier, l>ec 16 J We laarn tbat tba enemy mada a demonstration oa Savannah on lueeday aad wara repulaed. It la auppoaed to bara been anly a feeler, pat forth to eeccrtain aur atrangtb tbera. General Hardee, In a deapatch to (iena ml Beauregard, dated Savannah, Tuaaday, December 18, reporta avarytblng working wail, and that In hia opinion tha enemy ware endeavoring to react) tba o?aat by way of (Jenee'a Point and Part Mc A liater. Tbe enemy'a fleet off Oaasbaw Ho and havo largely lacreeead. Arrange meata bava been made which It la ooafldeotly hollered will intarfara vary matarlahy with Sherman'e progreaa towarda tba aoaat, If they do lot check him altogether. Pbermaa baa baan dleappolated In not being able to croaa tba Savaanab river Into aoatb Carolina and edbet a junc tion wltb faater'a foroea at PoooUUgo or Coeaawbatobla. He waa therefore oompelled to move down along toe Ogeechee. All waa qelet along tba Una of railroad yaa terday. A Voaael on Fir* off Capo Slay. Pbilabmjua, Deo. 28, 1844. Tbe MMn *f Ula city bag tba following dee patch:? Cap* Mat, Deo. M,1M4. Tba light of a burning raaaal waa dlotlactly eaeo from tbia piaoa from dark until eight o'eiook lagt evening, ?appoaed to bo fifteen or twaaty mllea d la taut, daa aaav Oak Iba piratea be aboutf On. Rbgiok* Aaotma Mi aim a, 0?io, add Wan Tm omu.?A map af tbaaa latereating ragiana baa bean pro pared by John Mcttee, C. K., aad will bo foaad af mack value to tboaa Intereatod In toe development of tba terri tory. It oaa bo obtained af tba Hergea oil ead Coal Oo? pea y, Boa. 4 and 4 Broad atroet. ffiato'n Oabpbr.?Mr. Barney WllllaaM takea hi* Irat beeedl thle aeaoea to alghl. Bo awl lla abarmlng wife appaar la Tbe Fairy Ci??ie, Tbe QwteM of IB* Oaaatry, ta* Bariey tbe Bare*. THE DRAFT. Volunteering ? Substitute*? Repreaewta tlre Sabetltates?How Delay* Kndaw |tr the PrMpecti. Jast m we sxpeoted, and over and over again aaeerted, aa tba lime approaches for a draft, tbe demand for tub atitutea begins to eioeed tbe supply We bare time aad again urged upon all liable to a draft, and wbo de sired a substitute, to make earlv application to tbo Supervisors' Committee, make tbelr deposit of $C50, aod obtain on*. Bat tbcjr were neglectful of tbe warning; and, like the oatrtcb, whlrb hides Its head and deems It self sans frees aasaelt, they movsd heedlessly oo, and, beeanee the* could not see tbe band that waa to drag them Into tbe army, refused to believe, aad ncglocted to aecurs a man against tbe comlag draft. Daring all ibis time It oould easily have been dene Dozens of good men, having all tbe qualifications for rnbstltntss, ware In tbe offloe of Mr. Hlant almost dally waiting to be taken up aa sash, aad wbo, geemg no cbaoca. liually eullsu<l la tbe army as roloo'ears. Rut now that tbe draft la almost apoo as the* negligent parties are amlnua enough to aeoare aubstitetes, and are rustling la acrea to the beadaaar Uraof tbe committee, dsi<oslting tbelr money aad beg glng Mr Blaot to procure tbem ens. We sball not pity tbeae dilatory obaraotera murh If tbay do not now auo oeed la procuring a auhetttate, or If (bay are obliged to pay doable priee far one. Knowing, however, tbe perse ?erlns energy aad resources or < bairmaa Blunt, we aup peso bo will supply In the sod all parttee wbooall. Hot Brst eome, irat served, therefore we would again org* open all to atop up to tbe '-captain's office,'? make tbalr depoait for a two or t&Yee years maa, aad go borne happy la the thought that they are safs from ail oaila for that length of time. The oom salt tee oompUls, aad not with oat reason, that, with all the overflew of lood-moathed patriotism, very few of oar wealthy eltlieos wbo are not*liable to bo drafted make My aflbrt whatever to bo represented In the army. Oae would suppose that la oar vast population there would be ftuad thousaads. yaa thousands, of this class, pnaaissid of wealth, fall or patriotic emotions, wbo would readily deposit their six hundred sad fifty dollars, aao aead a raoraeenUtive substitute to oar glorious army to fight the battles of our oewatry la tbelr saaw. Bat, with the exeeptlon of Jeter Cooper, wbo baa east two, and a vary few others equally patriot*), there are aoaroely any who are tbaa disposed to atrengtbea tbe right arm of tbe government aod have tbelr own namea locrlbed la the roll of honor. But It Is oet too late, and we hope aeon to be able to announce that largo aambors havs thua ssppllsd for the army their rsprsasa tative aobetttulsa. ?oliinteere, we are gratified to learn, are being re ceded by the commltus with a good deal of rapldltv, and our quota on tbe present call, at ths rale men are now coming la, will be, Mr niuat hopee, o>m plate, or neerly ao, by tbe 1st of Mai ah. Hat ibta, he aays, depea*e oa tbe aea nabie aa well aa tbe liable promptly furalablng sabeiltutss. Wttb large aambere et tbsse, tsgsthss wtta tbe nreesat ran of vahtatesrie#, wa shaM soma sat safety. Dg| lala ika eAaaaaUAAa war ?v wy ? W ^ Oar Martlaibug c*ri?ipM4*i?t> Maanwaavno, Dm. M.1IM. MO0BT nOMOTU). ftoma of tba clilsens here MMrt that Mosby's recent visit 10 Riohmond resulted to bla being promoted to the rank of brigadier geaaral to Um ratal army. Tbay also ?ay that ba to to bave a full brlgada of cavalry with waicb to harass oar (tonka and raar, and maka raida on the railroad thto winter. General bawOd to on tba tookout for Mm at (Ma point, and Qeoeril steveaaoo at Barper's Perry. Ha frobably will aat haw aa aaar a time to maktog bla ralda aa ba baa bad beretefbre, for ba may coma In contact with some of oar veteran cavalry. AKTaaiuanm cumb, jamaa T. Wray, Dopot Quartermaster here, la ordered ta Bteveoaoo'e depot, near Wlacbeeter. He will tor* orar bla atorea and properly bare to Captain W. E. Mortord, Aaalata Dt Qoartermaater, vbo will ramala to cbasga of thia depot. TBI U1LT1M0R1 OHIO MJULMAtK Tba Baltimore and oblo Railroad Company are now ?n eased to relay log tbelr ? ?ootid traek from Marriott^ to Point of Rooks. Thsy bate Juat Oalsbed tbelr aeoond track on the Waabluatou branch, aad now bring the foroa wbicb baa been employ*J there to the main stem iron ktidiea are already constructed over every atream and culvert over six (eel in width. Tbey wlii be pat u? aa aoou aa It la oonaldsred aaiato place them. The etipportera of the rebellion la tbla vicinity are now much detected, and aeem to bare loal all heart, la abort, tbey give it up. OIIIVA1T. The Burl of C?rtlale, K< ??? formerli tord nerpetbi Onr telegraphic report of the European newa brought by tba Africa to Halifax, published in the Hijmld tble morn Idg, aonouncoa that the Right Honorable the Karl of Oar lisle, known to Americana aa Lord Morpeth, died in Eng land on llie 6:b o( December. George William Frederick Howard, K. O., Earl of Carlisle, Viscount Howard, of Morpeth, and Baron Dacre, of Oilleelead, was born in Eogland, ou the 18tb of April, 1802. He waa the eldeet eon of tba sixth Earl. Lord Morpeth waa oduoated at Eaton and Cbriat Church, Oxford, and diaplayed a remarkable ability and force of intellect at au early age. Before he graduated he wrote two Unlreralty prize poems, and obtained the hlgbeel claaalcal honora with bla degree. Lord Morpeth entered public life aa member of Parlia ment for tba Weat Riding of Yorkablre, and took bU neat with tba than whlg-radleal party, which numbered in IU ranks Lord John Rueaell. Lord Melbourne, the Karl of Durham, Daniel O'Conneli, Kiabard Utor Phiel and the leading lrlah Catbolica. Tba young peer eantinned to act and vole with the mea oC tbla parly, by whom be waa soon claeaed aa-a standard bearer to tba oanse of aafa democratic progress and freedom of conscience. When Lard Melbourne formed a Cabinet, after the ao^ oesslon or Queen Victoria, Lord Morpeth appointed Chief Secretary for lrelaad, which office he bold down to 1841 He was universally beloved by the people of that country, and bis popularity w.tb the masses was seoood only to that eujoyed by O'tonnell blmaeir. Ia the discharge of bis dutisa aa Cbtof Secretary I?rd uorneth bad asa'Xlated with him, aa under secretary, the late Mr. Drammoad?an eminent polltloal ooonomist of Sootlaud. who officially signed tbe paper oooveflnK, for tbe ftrst time on the part of tbe British government, to tbe Irish landlords aad feudal oppressors of the mil lions the wholesome, but ta them uaweloome. truth that ?^'party bas^tsduttos as well as IU rights.'' T?esa*o oiated oligarchs of lbs Island raised a violaat bowl over tbla State paper at a meeting bald la Tlpparary, aad de manded ibe reaignition or Mr. Drammond:; but their fury svai.ed nothing against tba Arm Impartiality of I/wd Morpeth, the I hlef Secretary himself bating, m truth, written the memorable sentence which drat taagbt the landlords of Irelend that tba population of the soli waa not givsn to tbem as an appeeageof Ue eetatse wbicb had bean wreeted from ihelr rightful owaara. Ia coueeqaenoe of tbls Lord Mel bourne's Cabinet waa as sailed in both Housee of ParUameat by the combined forces oT the Irish landlords Engileh blah cnurchmeo, UagUah pcotectioniata and ??eniM*>pery men of the Utree kingdoms. It wsa alleged that Lord Morpelb bad banded over tka execallve cabinet of Ireland to O Oon ?all. and that Lord Maibouroe bad aula the Qoeeo, Crowe aad Church of Knglaed to tba Tope of Borne. Although eloquently aad ably defended, both in sad out ofParlia ssent, Isnl MdkonartttbMtato Btakan vam Ba baa* tbe*wl?5gB#lrtturBed to power, to 1840. Urd fas r .?s asrsA Chancellor of the ducby o( Lanoaater. About tbla period he ooocelved tbe Idea of enlarging hto Ideaa and polieblog hie mind etlll more by foreign travels. In furtbereace of bla plan ba eat out toon after wards for America, and completed sa extensive tour In tbe United states, since which time bla ntme has been well known ta our cltl/ens, sad is sssoclated wttb many pleasing reoolieotious. Wbeu lord Morpeth visited us our railroad system waa In the Infancy ef Ita preeeol maturity se that the peer performed a large port mm of bla journey by stage?a nu.de of transit always pleasant loan Kuglieb sightseer. Hiding one day on a New bnsiand stage, hie Lordsblp had tbe box seat, aad after a little time asked permission of the driver to take "the ribbons" and "1001" the coocera fer awhile. Tbe driver refused observing Ibat bis boreee were spirited end would not brook a stranger. Tbe passenger assured him of hie ra-ieblluy, and promlaed to "stand treat" at tbe next balling place Handlsg blm the Mnee, the driver was surpi ised at lbs style In wnicb tbey were handled and the splendid pace at which hie team were kept. Looking round he partly apoiog led to bla laMow wbip. savins "1 did not know yen wee a driver, where did you driver" "Ob," replied the new band, droveaaUge in Km land." Tbe New Inglatder was delighted to meet a "man" from tbe oiher sl'le of the wster, so bo lusisted oe "etaodlog trast" hlmseir. When laformad next day of the rauk of the traveller the American whip ackuowl ?deed he had met hie peer. fo the aotumn of 1860 I-ord Morpeth lectured twice before tbe Mechanics' institute of lords, England, taking for bis sebj'cts ? 'America" and lb. Llie and Writing* ol Pope." The f?ct of a peer lecturing before mecbanlce attracts 1 much attention, which bscame fixed by tbe manner in wbicb be treated bis themes Subsequently L rd Morpatb viaited tbe last aud pub llsbed tbe results of hts tour under tbe title ol ? 1'iary o. Tiavel in Turkish ad creek Waters." lis also wr?te s b. ok on prophs' y. ? , , Lord Morj eib sucoeeded hie lather, as seventh Karl ot Carlisle tba Tib of OCtObOT, 1848. . .... . Wber I/<rd rttroerston lormed bis Ceb net, in 18^6, the Karl o( tarlisle was appointed Ixird Lieutenant o( Ireland, which oi'ice ho held uutil tbe dieeolution <if the ministry. On UiO return or l^id 1'alineraton lo power, in IHjO, tne Kjtrl ?f Carlisle was reappointed to rule over Ireland, ?nd giseoarged th. d itiee f tbie bi?h olbce until compe led to res ia n b? the dlssaso wbtch has terminated bialia, 1 lurlus hie sdra nisiration Url C arllsls bro ight all toe doeere of bis grsat mind and Vast experience to bear id promuilng bla |.tan fcr tbe regeoerailoa o? the unbsp nv country commuted to bis charge?s plan wbicb em braced tbe discountenauclag of party vl'ilenoe and allay log religious prejudices, extending sscuiar educatl n de vel 'Mas tbe miuerai reeouroee of the kingdom, building railroad*, end teaching tbe people an improved systsin 0 Ws de oar lure from Dublin waa regretted by men of all clasaee, their grief being expreesed in toucblag worde, on avery oocasion, to bla successor, Lord Wodebouts, woo reached Dublin Caatie tu the lener end of November. Mr. Jam** W. Rlmw, one of our nideet, moat worthy ud mghiy e* itemed citi/eos.dtedat hi* ro*ldeoce, No. 141 ?m Forty-seventh alreel, In tha city or New York, on yesterday, at ibe advuuosd kg* of WT ysar*. 10 month* and 8 daye. Hi* ralber, Oeorge Shew, * wealthy Scottish geatieaaao, oame to New Vorlt In tba year 1761, la tba oapecity of a British offlosr. Ha married a Ml** Ma:y Kllswortb, a member of ana of the oldest Knickerbocker fsnn les of the tbeu American coloaiaa. Mr Htaaw waa born on the 14th day of February. 1T0T, la tbia city, at bia father'* reeldence, situated oo the Did Bowery road, tbeu quite oat of town, now about the corner of < hat bam and Orange atreeta. After leaving college, be commenced the itudy of medtrm* with l>r. Buckley, but preferring mercantile pursuila to that of a E of see ion, In tba year 17*4 be entered tha bouse of Mir*. I'aar*all * Olover, dry good* merchant*. In 1710 be want to London, and a few year* afterward* setab II*bed one of tba tbao largeet dry good* and abippiug bootee la Ibe city of New York, ander the firm of Mb<w k Ifoode, aad lor many years remained la londoe. Ha alwaya sustained tba repuutioa of oaa of the m?*t boaorable, upright and esteemed cltliene. He died a pure aad alnoara Cbrtsilsn, aad la tba full possession of all bi* faooltise. Ha leasee a wire, eightythree years of age, aad two *ona, Robert U Sbaw aad Jansea K Shaw, whom ha sinoeraly and fondly loved, and by whom be waa affbotlonelely beloved, venerated aad aaieemld. lerlnwe lUllraad Dtaaalar im flaw aklrti Boaroif, Dee. M, 1864. 1 colli*toa took ptaoe on the Cheshire Railroad tail aigbt, about three mtlee aboya Keeae, oaiaaed by Uta train from Bellow* Fall* being Impeded by a mow Mora. It waa run Into by a wood train, and It M reported theft aeveral paaaanger* to the rear aar war* Injsrsd, aad ? lady aad two obildrno killed. ?kCOHD DmiTCI. Tba person* killed by tba collision of railroad tralaa ?ear Keen* were a Frenchman and bia wife, named Hous^b, residing la Keeae, aad a boy earned 0 Rrien, liaing la Walpele. fi*?ee*l etbara were Injared, but none fktaliy. tba irala waa Impeded by snow end slopped for waat of water, sad tba tbiok saow *torm prevented tba follow ing freight Irala front seeing the Mania and* for It to alfi a THOMAS. His Headquarters Near Co lumbia. HOOD AOROB8 DUCK &1YSB* Estimated Btbsl Lobs Twenty Thoaiaid. Defeat of the Rebel General Lyon In Kentucky. Rebel Concession* of Hood's Defeat. Thty Pat tht But Face ss It, kit Art ??rj Son, Til* naihvllic Deipatak. NARiTiLLa, Dec. 23.IMd. No official reports from (be army bare been received. At last accounts General Tbomas was at COIambla, A portion of tbe rebel force bad croesod tbe river, and were proceeding southward. Ibe entire oouatry about Naabvllls la filled with deserters from the rebel army, many of whom are conataatly coming la voluntarily or otherwise. The report that Hood bid crossed Dock river With sixty two pieces or artillery Is antra* Hls_ar tillery was mostly lost between Franklin and tbe battles before Nashville, and tbe number of pieces left him on his retreat must bare been lew. Hood's army Is repreeented by deserters and prisoner* as In a deplorable condition, and their attar extermina tion is probable. Tbe weather baa been very cold sine* laat night. Tbe water on tbe shoe Is is seventeen feet deep h4 rising. The Olntlanati Deipateh. CmaitNiTi, Dec. MM. A speelal deepateh from Nashville, dated tbe fist IBM. t says:? Tbe headquarters of General Tbomas an near Co lumbia. General Hood la acroee the Dmek river. Bis less steee coming Into tbe 8tale Is estimated at twealy I His force Is now believed to be ebeot twelve Infantry and eight tbeuesad oavalry. Tbe woods are rail of deserters. Tbe reads are in bad condition. Oar liotalsvilie Despatch* Locisviixs, Ky., Dee. at, lMi> The Journal has a special despatch from MaafevlMk dated tbe 21st instant, saying:? Tbe situation at tbe frost la unchanged. Oar army ta confident of flaal succsss, and In still pvaaa lag forward. The rebels are eomplstely panto strteksn at the sn looked tor defeat they have experienced. Tbe rebel forces are still sseklng s<sty la filght. Rebel prtoooers oontlaoe to arrive la eqeada, seam S# them woaodod, otnsre stek. and all Stepirited. Horameviun, Ky., San tt, Mfc Gen. 1. D. McCeok straek part of tbe retool Oea LjssH forces at daylight on the lfith laat., da captured all tnelr artillery. Gen. MoOook la rapidly pureulag the WAaannoTor, Dae. tt, 1M4. The governmeat has received a deepateh from General Thomas, dated Naahvlile, 21st, sanoaaelsg tnat he Ass received reports that Gsaeral McCook overtook tbe rebel General Lyon on tbe lTth Inst, st a piaee called Aahbyvllle, la McLean county, Ky., aad, after a sharp bittls, succeeded in defeating and routing the rebel raider, killing a considerable Dumber of his sien and oap tuilog oae piece of artillery. General Thomas alee an> noonoee that a portion of Lyon's rebel forces were al> t<cked, defeated and routed at Hopkiafvllle on tbe 1Mb last. REBEL ACCOUNTS Tfet litaalloa U Tib>?iim HtltMMf We have u yet no direct intelligent* ttom Geaeral flood, nor do ire expeot to receive ur for tome daje M 0'me. Meanwhile the Yankee account*, on wbMh aktaw we depend, muet be recelred with maoy graine of allow anoe. Make what allowanoo we may, bowever, aad tk* tiluali/m O m-iancKoly inougk. It waa a black day for tbe Army of Tenaeeeee, tbe toy tbe command waa taken frooa General Johnston and aaa> (erred upon tioneral Hii' -i brave man, It la true, and an exoeltont division commander, but a man wanting la ability, aa everybody at all acquainted with him will M ready to testify. Hverytblng naa happeAd wbleb was ' reared would bappea, aad nothing wbleb waa hoped (against hope) baa occurred. General Hoed waa ?****. flanked, beaten and compelled to abandon Atlaabk Ha tben stopped out of tbe way, bat la band, aad **h*d Sherman to walk through Georgia. He himself asoved sp into Tennessee, where be baa now again get htm?Lf Osalwi, and Ihit tiif, me fear, baMi enough. The confederacy 1ms three great generals ef Ike blgboat rank. Kacb of tbem has shown himself equal to every emergency. In tbe bands of tbeaa generate It would be safe. One of them ought to aonasaad eaeb of tbe three great arss'or?vis, Lao, tba army Mow Richmond; Jobuatoa, tbe army of leaneaaaa; and Besw regard, tbe Tran*-Mi**i*aippl army. Had soch baea tba arrangement Ilanksaonld bavebeen captured laat spring; Forrsst would have asaistad Johustou by catting off vfegr> man's supp iss, and be would hare been firoed to hgbt at a dieadvaotage, or fall back tato Tenneaaae, Barly would bare entered WaahiogUtn, and Grant would have been hound to change bl* baa*. Bot only oaa al tbeaa great generals, It seem*, flnds favor. The other tva at* proscribed, uever placed where (bay can be ef aay great ?ervio* Q'tic .u d dellrant rages plectuntar AchlvL Tba peoplo are au (Taring prodigiously frusa thi* deci sion. But no matter I It is the royal dacree. Pattlnf Iks Bast fses !*? A ICOOMTION roh TBI NEW TOM RtBML PAPIM. [From tba Rtebaxmd Ciaoslner. Dee. ? ] That tbe oansoatgn In Northern Teaoeseee ka? 1 ?'!?*' tis utrouily Jot hi, ?** ham no dtubr; but ws are ao? soacb aiTectad by tbe talagraaa of Tboma* and the bultatla af Stantoa, which recount tbe tecood overthrow aad roal of tba Confederate army under hood. It la traa that a bad general may so arrange hie troopa that they will be defeated without leee by ibeir adversary. History, freiw tba day* of Varro aad fablu* to tb* daya of Hsod aad Joaapb jobaston, h full of sach locMsnts. Bat wh*e tb* loaa of 'esa tbaa three bandrad on th* federal ?Ida doe* net abaelataiy dlaprove the general *ta*a> B#ol4 ,1 Tboma#, tbe fact that he haa ao ear Dkffe oa tb* Confederal* side to brag *f throws greet doubt on hi* claim to victory la battle, It meat ha rofoll*Qtad that tba eoeasr'* own aoooanta of aflhlrs eo the previous day repreesal tb* Confederate arssy ta have beea already la motion ;aad wa are strongly incline* I* baiiev* that tba as plan at Ion of tba whole eeqael will ha fouad la tba fact that Hood w .s aetaally ratinag from the liaea baiera Nashville when Thomas attaafced bias, tat lag from him prisoner* aad guaa. la epHe, tbareroro, ef the** bulletio* aad telegrams, w* r*eUy doubt wb*tb*r there ha* beea aay thing deeervlag the name al a pitched battle al all; aad we are sare tba* tba want tale la **w told. Taa aeit acoouDta tW dswtelah *** Importance aad probable *saeoeoelces ef lb*aa magna ftUgtltb* Caoagb. (From tb* Richmond Whig, Da*.