Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW YORK HERALD.
WHOLE NO. 10,346. NEW YORK, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1864. PRICE FIVE CENTS. WILMINGTON. Wmhixgtoh, Dec. 34, 1864. Despatches have been received tbia evening which ?tate that Mm Richmeod paper* of to day contain official deep*tehee te the rebel War Department from Wllmlng too, dated Friday, P. ML At that time It tu announced that twenty six of the enemy's Teasels had reappeared off that place. No attempt bad been made to land troops or attack the forts op to that time In oonsequenoe of the storm. Tbe rebel papers also oontaln a rumor that Charleston [probably Savannah] had been evacuated. Viae Porter Fleet eff lew lalet on the SOtfc. WiufiHOTOK, Deo. 30,1804. The enemy's fleet, some tbtrty odd sail, appeared off New Inlet this morning. Up to tbe latest sccounts no demonstration has been ?aadeto land. Tbo wind is northeast, and growing cold. The weather )S unfavorable to landing. Among the ileet, tbs uolorado and Wabash are recog nized. Our people are quiet. Rethlig Later From Wllmlngtom [From tbe Richmond Examiner, Deo. 22.) Telegraphic communication was Interrupted yeeterday afternoon, by the atorm, with all points except Peters burg. We have consequently no official advices from Wilmington, Savannah, or from Southwestern Virginia. The continuance of the northeaster lost night has no doubt prevented Butler from landing bis troops. We havo very little fear from the land forces of this expedi tion. General Bragg is in command at Wilmington. Tht Lait Maminoth E xprdltton?Im portance of Wilmington. [From tbe Richmond Examiner, i>ec. 22.] Of all the mammoth armadas ret sent (orth by tbe North, tbe I'orter and Hutler expedition airalnst Wilmington is perhaps the mamraotbost. Kach successive colosi-al enter priHo of that gigantic people Is always more enormously huge than tbe last; and we perceive br the report lately published by Mr. Welles, Yankee (Secretary of the Navy, that our enemies are Improved with aduosenpoor the difficulties of tbe <eat they h;ve now undertaken, and with the necessity ot' making their effort largo and stu pendous in projxirt ion. Mr. Welles admits, with regret, that not only have the Yankee army and navy failed hitherto to take Wilmington, but they have failed so much as to blockade it against foreign trade. Indeed he goes so i or as to declare that all experienced naval officers who bave been off that coast "do not concur in the ?pinioa -that the port of Wilmington can be entirely closed by blockade." The Sccrotary may say that we write now upon paper fcna with ink imported regularly through the port of Wilmington; and most persons In Kichmond eat, drink and wear every day articles which have passed through the Con ederate Custom House at that place; not that we could not well dispense with these loreign luxuries, hav ing all necessaries at home; but men will not, and espo daily women will not deny themselves English and French products when they can have tbem without any difficulty in spite of Welles and his steam mammoths. This is very sad from the Secretary's point of view, and he Bete himself to account for tbe untoward fact He ?ays proudly, "The navy has been always ready to per form its part in such an expedition (to capture Wllming. ton); but the army has not been able to unite In a con joint movement, and neither branch of tbe service can expect to be successful Independent of tbe other." This seems an unkind imputation upon tbe army; as if It also was not "always ready." But In truth the Yan kees never bad armies enough, nor large enough, to do the work tbey undertake. If Grant go to take Wilming ton, be must let go that hold which be says be has upon Richmond's throat 8berman cannot be In two places at eace, on tbe Ogeechee and on the Cape Kear. Thus tbe mighty comprehensive Ideas of tbe Yankee mind are often spoiled by tbe inadequacy of tbe material to be worked with; and It is no wonder tbe great soaring, un bounded soul of the nation grows impatient, not only at the perversity with which even nature berseir some times appears to dellgbt in thwarting tbe most mam moth undertakings For example, tbe ''ape Fear river Is sot altogether tbe kind of river wblcb Mr. Welles could wish, and which In fact his countrymen might have reasonably expected to be, for the Secretary says:? "Were tbere as high water at Wilmington as at New Orleans, Mobile and Port Royal, either of tbose operations eoold bave been repeated at that point; but by reason of t the shealnees of the water, an exclusively naval opera tion cannot be relied upon to be succeesful " Heaoe, no doubt, the necessity for that monstrous ex pedition, half naval and half military, which we learn has Just appeared off Wilmington ir Butler can once get in, bow gloriously be will rob tbe stores of our worthy importing merchants. But tbe oomfort is, that Butler has never taken any place whatever; and although It were Grant or Kborman who led the land troaps or that wondrous expedition, tbe enterprise Is one that would tax and test their very utmost prowess. Tbe conrederacy is not, we spprehend, about to be deprived this time or its chler port of entry for foreign commerce. Neither Is it our only one: for many vessels do, even now, enter many another harbor wblcb tbe enemy flattered himself be bad hermetically sealed long sgo. This bnslnsss of closing the port of Wllmingtoo, teo, is an affair which will ratber strongly excite tbe Brltit-h government and commercial public. Secretary Weiiee meutions the extent to which the English Interest them selviu with a certain dignified reprft, and that exalted tone o' stern morality wblcb so well becomes tbe Yan kee nation. He is pained to think that men and mer chants should be influenced by "cupidity." "The cupidity or Kngllsb merchant*, aided by thslr vast resources, together with tbe advantegts derived from tbose triangular depots of blockade runners and of rebel supplies?tbe ports o( Halifax, Bermuda and Nas sau, ports which will always b- in sympathy with the enemies of this country?has induced them to engage la tbls trade." Shocking, Indeed. And tbe good Secretary cannot re fraio. even in an official report, from improving tbe sub' Jeet oy a moral lecture. He says ? 1 The Ulioit traffic with the rebels who sre making war upon onr government belongs to that code of cotnmer rial morals which prompted the smuggling of opium into China, and the rule of those who engage in it is to trade legally or Illegally." And again? "Almost every vessel employed in violating tbe block ade bss been constructed In England with great skill, re gardless of cost, and with sole reference to engaging In this illicit trade, the profits of which are almost as re munerative as those attending tbe slave trade and kin dred traffic that all Christendom discountenances." To bring In and sell to us mess beef, or cloth, or shoes, to an enormity which Mr. Welles can liken to nothing but tbe opium traffic, wblcb poisons China, or the slave trade, which cbrlstandum discountenance* And then think of tbe vlllany of building the ships for tbls trade "with great skill ana regardless of cost." If they had been built by bunglers, end of inferior power and tonnage, Welles would net bave thought so bardly or such behavior To be sure he rents to admit, aim st in tbe same breath, that tbe English are quite rlgbt to trade with us so long as a port is open, and says ? "It tbe trsde he Illegal, it Is the business or tbe Ameri? caos to preveut It." Just so; and as the said Americans have never pro Tented it, those Eogitsb being an industrious and enter prising p*>ple, finding a p rt open where cotton is known to be lying ready pressed id bales ror shipment, will eome?it Is weak human nature?and will sell their uso ful wares and buy tbe said cotton. Indeod. as we learn by late publications of t-tat ir tics In England, the supply of cotton from Confederate ports, though very far iudeud from its aueient amounts, his been Increasing, and does actually keep a certain number or the Lancashire mills going and their bands out or tho workhouse. Now it also happens that al the very moment when the Yankees despatch their vast lleet and army to close ?P this port or Wilmington, and cut off evon ihe mode rate supply of cotton from England, the same Yankees? as was pointed out tbe other nay?are opening the block ade for their own peculiar and exclusive behoof, and per mitting, not ooly cotton, but tobacoo also, to be sbi|>ped from Confederate ports to the North. There Is nothing whicb, according to all the laws of nations, so completely vitiates a blockade and dispenses all loreign Powers from recognising It, as thla very act of usiug It as ? pretext for securing a mouo'ioiy to the block ading Power Itself. Pocnments furnished a lew days ago to the Conredera<s Congress contain a correspondence between our Commissioners of Excbango and General l.ee on tbe one side, and fJrant and Mtanton on the other, whirehy arrangements are e m inded for one ship (to li-gin with) to be laden at Mobile witb one thousand bale* oi cotton, worth hair a million In gM, to be carried liiroMgh the blockade Into a Yankee port. Amoog lb* sr'.lcl-s which, lor the future, may l>e *001 uniter the same .irrangesisnt to any of our prisoners held at the North Is "tobacco;" and iu one of the lotiers Ceneiai Grant, with charming; courtesy, ex presses himself "perfectly willing to receive at any place held by federal troops," sll such articles, Including, of ooiirse, tobacoo. We believe blm well. This arrangement Is hero mentionod, not to cons ire or object to It; our poor prisoners (who are turned importing meri hanlsi will, nne way or anoiber. get soiue com ort by It. Hut as it affects England and trance, It taay become serious legally and technically, It is an end of the block ade. and as England Is lammh'ng for want of cvttnn, and Franco pining lor tobacco, snd as the Yanke* nation Is now making a gigantic effort to close up from the cupidity of thoeo wicked European merchants almost ine ooly jairt which bits been hitherto open to them, one cannot but begin to think the hollow and fraudulent character or tbls pretended blockade will soon be admitted on all hands. The very port of Mobile, which Is n >w opened to let the North have a fine cargo of cotton, Is the port which was not permitted to be used some time sluce lo send to England the m"iiey we owed them. It may be difficult, and we know it will be. to make England resent anything the United States may do, but where her trsde and profits are dlrectlv struck at, and where > ranee has a common cause, perhaps she may be capable of belug kicked up into some activity. Death ef Mr. James III. Wend< Bcstok, liec 24, 1SC4. Mr .lames M. Weud, formerly member of Congress from Maine. died this morning st the Revere House, from mo stuck of lung fever, tie was forty-sloe rears old. Cltjr laMllgtu*. ? WttMAN BTHBBT PIBK'?FUHTdM TAWTKV' IN8URAN0M A Nil L08SJH?TUB TOTAL LOU ?STIMATW AT $375,000. The losses by tbe Are la Bookman street are larger "? at Oral sappoaed. Tbe damage by water te the stoeks la the adjoining buildings li quite large. Tbe following Uat or the ocoupaota and tbe Inauranoee are aa full aa ooaM be obtained by ear reporter:-. No. 6? Beekman street?First floor and basement ware occupied by J. K. Halaey 4 Co., general auetloneera and hardware commiaeion merobanta. They estimate their oea at about $35,000, on wblch amount tbere la only $16.00$ Insurance, aa follows:?American, 12 ooo nir*. Park$6000 ^000Vlmpirter8' *Bd frlu,?r?'. $6,000, and V au Name had $12,000 worth of whla ILVO? ?e'Ur\ destroyed: $4,000 *HIls? tev or NoUInwe 00 t.h'" wbwkV K. Rabbins h BrZa !? a Warren street, had about S30 ooo worth nf The Bahlwin'TvJi? V?* Mltar- Loaa 10141 "d rally iasured. .r001 COBpany had about $3,600 worth of planes, total loss; insured. Tbe basement was seed bv Semon Bache & Co., for storage of window glass. Stock valued at $40,00u; insured ror $36,300, aa follows?HofT. wealth a!w^rtfDWiob,?6,000; Bow?rT.$6,000 Common S^.000; Mercliaoia, S3.300; Lafayette S3 000 Hum i LWW V'600- no ?econd fl^'^'S ! ^ Tovver, dealers io hardware. Lost* about $16,000; insured for $10,000 In ibe Oroton and Nortb Ame J ash rS* hCOD?1paD'?g' The thlr<l "or. fron" for tfft (Kj merchw,t?- total; insarod siUt.. * ? he Nla$*r? Insurance Compnoy. (i w u!l!Si ?"* y M# n,erchttDl' also occupied part or tbe 0IU: *4-5W,> Insured lor $3,600 in tbe the*! * 1110 reilr 0,1 lhlr'1 Door, on E aireet side, waa ooonpted by Samuel Glenn & Iis'moM 1^2..*^'! 0Utler7' k08* $30,000, insured lor *16,600. Ibe budding was owned by tbe Wjmm estate Loas about *30 000; insured lor $86,000 In oltj No. 63-Klrat floor aud basement, occuuled bv th? Lamson& i.oodnow Manufacturing Coinpauy hardware Damage by water about $25,OUO; insured ror $120 000 m JeffersorTifZia^w *H,'i''K Jeilerson.So,000; Washington, $5,000; Continental ft* mm ?rn'ifi. *V??: ',aDOver- *^rHom"SlMo?^i $jJ,000. liostun companies?Merchant* ' tiu ooo Mann faciurers', $10,000; National, $6, OOOti lot Jiff"' can $5,000; North American'. $A,U-touT uX!' I rorl lence companies?Merchants' *i onn- imn, $6,000; Washington, $r,,000-to^ fi5,ooi) ' Am?ric'?> 1 lie upper floors are occupied by tbe WhlDDle File Manufac -ring Company-Stock dam^w to the extont ? tO,000; insured lor $70,000. as follows?Metropolitan $5,000, Hanover, $6,000; Liverpool and London Sto 000 fcJiot, of liostou, $5,000, and Shoe and Loather Heiiera' in* surance Company, or Boston, ,wo other com pan les?n* mes not remembered. The building is owned by John 1). Wendel It la i KnTrk^rht0|,th? ?xt,0Dt of $4,000, insured in the Bowery ' Knickerbocker, National aud another company aattV?" Aral floor and basement by Bas- ' sett & Mace, dealers in hardware. Damage bv wiiap I $50,000; rully insured in the Corn Exchange New England, Market >.od other insurance coninamo- ThI second third and fourth floors are H I ^876 M0e^nDth^r1nar!' UsS ttboul ^80'000i "'sure,! I earh v'w^' , , oW, g companies, in sums or $5,000 if ' ,*' Rclie:' (ierr"anla, Adriatic, Youti-rs J rinl:,la,Croton' floirmao, Mercantile Wiitiam^-burgUty.I'ark, I'ttlzsus', Harmouy, KmplreCitv and Manhattan. The flrtb floor and attic were occuoied bv ingu^'fo?Comi'""y- l^ss about *50,000: Imrtl!., .. % S *, fo'lowB:?Merchants', $6,000; im irsders , $5,000; Internalioual $4 fioo Home, $4,500; Baltic, $4,000, Tradesmen's ??> nnn ti..?,' boldt, $5,000 Jersey City, $3,000; Kmplre City $5 000 ' ' n ,000' Tkb# building U owned bv the Kndi-' oott estate Damage about $10,000; Insured In the Wash intou, Home and other coinpauies. fl0?r ^^mont, Norton & Busett, !Tare, Lom about $6,000; Insured ror $40,500 'ollowB:?Coutlnental, S3 000' Arctin Ai*n. ' Nicholas, $2,500; Gr^r^oOO Citiienr*^ to mi $2*0o0 FlriHnen^*'or ^tUor^^ 000- Commonwealth,' 'iremenB, of Newark, $2,000 Charter r>*ir $1,000; American Exchange, $3,000; Albany City $5 uoo' Sd ^rH?0CrUp,f? 6y, A"?u"u? Pa^bonef' damage c >ft i'rJ^ M?h?I0Url , flfth floor? occupied by Endl fn wt?h?nB n ^ |,i00; """red lor $14,000 in Washington, Firemen's, ^:tna, of Hartford ami m? c&anlcs and Tradors' Insurance companies. The build" insured*116 bJS*mUeIF00t<,? ?? imaged"bout$l w5; Bak#r 18 Investigating tbe cause of the Ore, wbicb at present is unknown. PKS8KXT4T10X O* A GOLO SHItLD TO INSPBCTOR CARPK*. t**.?Tbe officers attached to the various police courts ofthia city assembled last evening at the residence or Inspector Daniel Carpenter, 411 West Thirty.rourtb street for tbe parpoee ol presenting that officer with sn elegant I gold shield and chain, of tbe regulation pattern. 8er *eM*4 I^larla.Gilmore. Bracket! and Potter in mm Ke?rU! S'lSm^'a that his conduct bad so far met tbe approval (* the me^ or bis command as to make bim tbe recipient of a monlal so substantial in Its character, aud so flttinir as' being an emblem of his om. e, \u eieVaot oollatl^f'rof owed the presentation. Tbe shield is or h2 rerui.t on lorm and si/a-, is made or pure gold, and on tb? reverse bears tbe inscriptiou?"1'rescutcd to Iuhpector Daniel ( orponter, by the officers st'ached to the Kn* cou? s r.'rr/s.-"- - .ci:?,TO Tiia t air Kir Sick j.nu WorxnRDSoLoiMs.?This beuevo Isnt undertaking will continue open the forlbctmiog week. Tbe Pbow rooms, at the corner or Broad way and Tblrty.fourlh street, are crowded niehtly and the nir?i? SETS?. 10 be a ?real l would be well fbat the public patronize tbe Fair eTtenslvely Mli oblwti are or a cbaractor to rea.mmend themselvis to all Datrn or Capra.a R. A. Mosssu,, or ra. Ul.itsr> Stilts Rrvwir hTKmicH Kxi?KAKiti._On Tuesday evening about six o'clock. Captain Morssll, In company with Lieu tensnt Brlggs (one of his officers), stepped on board a barge lying at the wharr at Jloboken, N. J., preparatory who ice, when bo relldown. and in hN affhru ?over himself reil overboard. Lteutenant Brigss hove blmarope, buthecouid not hold It. no thentSL th skirt or tbe lieutenant's overcoat In h tf month , deavored to support blmseir with ha? bSK ZtZ ??Vrm ,1k * 8,1118 of lhe "ti"r and held on to u until . ?* cuUer when he was uken to a I PKuMU^ti mL*"k l".t?nC# Call*d ,D(1 ?" ?norls made to I r ?im' b,,t ,n T*m- He dll> no? speak arter beina ' rrr:?rr?r^ 's?T*r tinned at this port, unit a month past, when be' was transferred1 to tbe Kankakee, now sUtloned bsrs. The deatb of ( aptaln Morsel! has cast a gloom over tho ??? "l personal rrlends he had bere and throughout tbe scrvics. Be wss a pride and ornament t? hu #Bd nono lco*w blln bnl 10 ln?? bim He bas passed away. Good, kind soul, rarewell 1 N?w Straws or- PiVBMSirr.?A groat many complaints have been made of late reipectloc the condition of oar itreet pavement!, and the attention of many Inventive K<-nius*e bus been attracted to tbo subject of getting up a aiocieeof pavement which will be free from tbe dlsad van tage of present snd psst system*. We nave been shown a specimen of a new plan, wblcb, It la claimed. will accom pliali all that If reiulred. It consists of an Irou pavement, grooved, I be gro 'ves running parallel with the street. Tbe grooves am only tbree-quarters oi an Incb wide on lop, a > |M n i wheel could enter tbem, Hy this arrangement a horse rannot mil. a borse never falls forward or back, ward* lie may slip, but always rec >vers, but the frame oi a home is such that once be slips ? Hew ays he must fall, lor be cannot "catch sideways" as many other ani mals cau As illth will Immediately fall into these grooves (and belog parallel to tbe street). It can be swept np by machines in tbe day time, lor n<> dust Is nude, anil nooe can riso when tbere Is none. The whole pavement will be compact, being |oinled togolber in sticb a manner as 10 be eaxli.v taken up and put down. The guitar is so ar ranged ihnt a wheel oan be drawn from It with the same facility that It can be drawn on tbe pavement Tbe great drawback to every pavement yet invented 14 that tho Jarring has disturbed It. In this rise tbere will be a con tinuous smooth motion, as In a rail car wheel, and iDero lore no jamming. A pavement like the Cuss mtm be come smooth, so an to torture horses to an Inconceivable extent Indeed, It Is known, or all the horses tnat aro driven on Broadway the loss Is equal to the whole In Ave years, or. In other words, h hoi ho will only last live years white he should last ten. Ibe Helgim psveinent Is destroyed by the jsrring of tbe wheels < n tbe surtace. A set or wheels In a rnt or crevice of one Inch deep, of an omnibus load of passengers, would require some two tnonsand pounds to lilt or ?tart it Irom lie position. Oa this pavement it would require to start tbe ?ame loaf cr eiifllolent powor to overcome the friction, say rtfty put.nds. It would seem that a horse might slip tack or form. but In starting, the leaning of tbo horses against tbe traces would start any load when In rest, and. II necessary to draw against II, tbe natural spread (a thing not generally noticed by those not conversant with tho borsm of the bin* icet would prevent slipping, lor they w.uid catch the olge of the grooves. A horse talis on his nuee< by his leics slipping under blra, nnd not by the load pushing him rtewn beior? It. A smooth Iron pavement cuild not be ndnpted, because a smoo'b iron pavement has nearly all tho conditions ol a smooth stone |>avemeot A smoolb pavement could be used If there was uo dust no mud; but this is impossible; end the Rues pavement h is this great disadvantage, that it is net a plain stone to a plain Iron shoe, but a stone polished w ith iron?so much so, that when it Is clean It glitters like a smooth Iron surface. In tact, to e#e tbe sireet that in time is to be tbe greatest tboruugbtare In tbe world, perfectly clean, free from dust, the sidewalks without smear, tbe windows perfect ly cloar. the store* and persons lYee from duel, only a low sound of passing wheels and horses moving with esse, and the horrid sight of tortured animals done aw?y with, will be a condition of things most desirable. Opsalng ef the Union Paclllt K*llr?*?1. St. Ix>rts, Pec. 24, 1RB4 Th? formal opening of the Union rac.tlc Railroad, from Kansas City to l,awr.v>co, Kansas, t ok place on Monday and Wednesday. A g.*and jollification was hud at each erd of the rotd. Imily train! are new runn'rv between the petals named. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. GENERAL. DAVIDSON'S RAID. Deitraetiaa of the Mobile and Ohio and Mobile and Northwestern Kailreadi, DISSENSIONS AMONG THE REBELS. A Factious Spirit Existing and Ruin fog the Confederacy. Jeff. Davia' Organ Prtpasea that "AH Hang Tagathar," *?., kt.. *?. General Darldson'i Cavalry Raid. A FIGHT NKAR TAZOO CITY. [From tbe Richmond Whig, Dec. 17.1 On the let a telegram trutn Benton via Canton was re ceived by tbe Mnridan Clarion, which Btuted that tbe enemy, having crossod the rtver the night before, wore Blctrmiuhini? with our pickets on tbe morning of the 1st. According to the information received through a negro who had escaped from them, the Vaultoes dcsigued per manently occupying Ya/.oo City. On the 3d a despatch wn* received from Dover, Yazoo county, by tbe name journal:? '?The light yestorday was at Concord church, on the Yazoo City and VicWsbnrg road, The Yankee lores was two regiments, l'hey were completely routed. Twenty, three prisoners were captured, including u lieutenant. They cirried away most of their wounded. Their entire loss 18 betwoeu seventy and a hundred. Our loss is ono killed and six wounded. A Urtte (inutility of arms and equipments and several horses were captured THE MOBILE AND GKKAT NORTHERN RAILROAD CUT AT VOI.MKD, AI.A. [From the Richmond Dl-patcb, Dec 22.1 Several days since a raiding party came apfrom Pen rbcoI'i, and cut the Mobile and Grout Northern Kailroad at I'oHard's, seventy two miles northeust of Mobile, und then retired. . ANOTHER I'AKTY ON TI1E MOBILE AND OHIO KAIL- I ROAD. [Fr"m the Richmond Dispatch, Dec. 22.1 Official information bas been roceived here that a column of live thousand of the enemy are on the Mobllo and Ohio Railroad, north cf its crossing of the Mississippi Railroad. Condition uf Atlanta. [From thO Richmond Whig, Doc. 22.1 General Howard, despatched by Governor Brown to lock into the condition of Atlanta, has, we learn from tbe Macon Confederate, returned and submitted a report of tbe state of tbe city. The destruction nas been far greater than we supposed. Out of tbe tenements of all kinds which covered tbe site oi Atlanta, only four hundred have been left, and ahom four thousand buve bee:i burned; and It >b believed the destruction would have been tar more untversal but for the interference of tbe tatbolle prien, who made a manly resistance, backed by the Catholic soldiery In Sherman's army, against,the firing of houses, which would have endangered tbe Catholic church and parsonage. We are sorry to learn that after tbe departure of tbe enemy the few remaining houses, together wltb tbe debris left by tho (lames, including large quantities or iron, tools, and so on, were remorselessly plundered by tbe peoplo from surrounding counties, who brought their wagons Irom long distances to carry oflT'tbe plunder. Hundreds were engaged In this shameful work for many days before their operations could be arrested. The few remaining dwelling bouses have been plundered of tbeir fnrnitnre, and tbe State bas been despoiled of large values. Atlanta Since Its fteocenpation toy the Rrbclt. A letter from tb? City Marshal of Atlanta, who has re tamed to that city, gives an account o( what baa been done to that unfortunate city. It Bay a:? From tbe best Information I can get there hay* been from fifty to three hnndred wagons per day In Atlanta ?inoa the federals left, hauling oif Iron, furniture, wagons, window bilads, door look*, bo its, lumber, kc , amount ing to ahont dhwo bu caret? -wg'n hmi. Tt>?r <???? from fifty to one hnndred mites in ever? direction. They broke opeo all tbe bouses that were led, Including the churches in wbicb tbe exiles' furniture was storod, and plundered indiscriminately. Wesley chapel aud Trinity, the First and Second Kap tlat, First and Second Presbyterian and Catholic churches are standing. The First Kplsoopal cburen I* standing, but budly damaged. The Yaukees used it, I have bocn told, for a teapin alley. I vory depot, railroad turn table, water tank, pump, croestlo. bridge, bi.icksmith shop (except one), and all tbe mills are burned 1 tbmk mTO th in t vo-thir Is of all tbo residences in the city are destroyed; but I can give but a faint idea of the de-trnctlon. tbe cemetery fence is ail de-troyod. Tbe Yankees bare hurled their dead all over tbe city, and have taken tho fence from around the cemetery to build some separate lots for thomseives. They have put their dead into pri vate vaults, and have stolen tombstones f om Mr. oat man's marble yard to put at their bends 1'bey have tateo the moss and shrubbery from other graves to cover tbe graves or tbeir dead. and have robbed our dead In the vaults of tbe silver coffin plates to make Soger rings. We bad an election for Mayor and Council to- day. James M. 'alboua and I'r. .1. F. Alexander were candi date* for Mayor, end wc bad a pretty good ticket for Aldermen. One hundred and fifteen votes were polled. Calhoun received ten majority. Dark Day* of the Rebel Confederacy. (From tbe Richmond Whig, Doc. JA ] Row often since the lall of Pone'-nn have our affair* been of so gloomy on aspect as to mako the laint-bcRried prudlct the impossibility of escape, i.vcry considerable disaster br'ngs a roj?otitl'?ix of these predictions. "Sow," exclaimed the weak kneed, "tbe worst his come in tho worst. This ij undoubtedly the darkest hour we have ever seen. How we shall get out of tbe present difficulty no man can tell." And yet. over and over apn.n, wo nave emerged from tbe difficulties lu a manner nod by means which wrre surprising only in consequence of tboir extreme simplicity. If it be contended that all previous troubles were as nothing compared to those which now surround us, we shall not take tbo trouble to refute so gross an error, if It should be affirmed tbat oar cause I* in more peril than It has ever becu since the beginning of tbe war. wo shall dispute the pro| oslitoo, because we bavo no dosire to overrate any evil, however *reat its magnitude We counsel patience aud hope and a recurrence to tbe lessons of tbe past To go no further back than the campaign just ended In Virginia, we may recall several occi?;ocs when the late of tbe confederacy, so far as It* capital and its chief army were concerned, was. to say the least, doubtful.*Wlthm two weeks after the rampilgn opened every railroad leading into Richmond bad been cut, Sherliian was in l ee's rear and had destroyed his provisions, Jenkins had been defeated, the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad had been terribly damaged, and Butler, advancing from Hermud? Hundred! to Cbesuhr, Interposed bis army be tween Richmond and PoierBOurg Two weeks atteiw.irds this whole network of difficulties bid disappeared. Again, after ltrecKlnridge had left tbe valley. and William K. Jones bad been defeated near ,<taunt< n, the while of Vtr ginla seemed open to the legions of Hunter and Averill A few days eUpsed, and Hunter was lleeiog for life be yond the Allegheny mountains. Ho again, when Early wst (legate,! at Hunker Hill and again at t edar creek.lt seemed that our resources, so far, at least, as this .-lave was concerned, bad been exhausted, and tbittbire was no power to stay Sheridan's advance, without de pleting I an'a army to an extent which would make it the easy prey of t;rani. Yet, alter the iirst Hash of Ue?pen dancy was over, II wa< discveredth.it we bid ample ?MM, not only M arr?-st Sheridan, had ho attempted to advance, but were able to force him back to his intreu. n ments at Winchester. HOOd has been badly defeated, nis army wsa larger and more important than Mrly's, but It may learn a lea- 1 aon of enduian. e tretn Karly'a campaign,and Hood mar pro!U by harly's example of obst oate courage. Wo never knew until tbls summer how tnauy rever-es an army eouid stand without being destroyed, or even virtually Injured in its defensive an 1 oiteotlve capacity, Now tbat we du know this, It would be folly to desp >nd because lioo<l has lost a number of cannon and prisoflers. If Hood's defeat proves to he worse than the Yankees' and our own fears at lirat led us to believe, it will be the iirst liistai.ee of the kind which his occurred during the war. I I et ns be patient and hopeful, and tbe < loud which now h.v'gfc over will soon pass away. The OlMCBlioM Among the Rebels. TU1 RICHMOND DAVIS OHO AN DEI'ltkCATINO TUK K AC ? Tiut'fl spirit i-rkvailinu in th* aotTil. flrom the Richmond sentinel, Dec. 17. | The taction* spirit ihat prevail* to no grent an extent <f th'trrtatrtlperxl >K<it l>eteti the Vonftdtate cautt. We deem It our duty to warn ilic people that the d**0tT ftVM Ail m MM il wwMy 9t III fir mow imam alltnlmn for It la (treat, and nr-mt (o f?- ormmny (be cuttdMico of an army In III n?n?r?i la ball it* airorgtb Ibr cult deoce of tho pe^om their rulers la equtliy important In time* such aa ttie | recent. If men of learning and eloquence were ftnind traversing General l?e'a > making it their boa'meea to traduce bim to the aol<l|?re, availing hi* rapm ir*, decrying hia merlin. Imputln* Imaginary fault*, charging him with lntemi>eratepi'*i<lona and corrupt de?lgna, i'i*t In proportion a? these peramia were believed, would i.>e glerlou* army or Northern Vir ginia be demoralized and rufcied. We need nol vay that thrrr art many whotf rhttf emptnu <l to mnk* a 1 li*< fntnl iiltempt on 'V ji Vlir intnrHt hy fktir tnr.??o?i< nimult on IK* Prwdrnt nni.< his mlmmiiimtMi' It I- no Compliment to tlieee men tnnt tbey have not rninM the country long ago. it la beran the people did not believe them that they nave done so I,''Hie barm It la hernia* tbe people have bad no centden oe In them thai they have continued their confidence t?> the l're?id?nt Hit li is too ranch to beifeve Uwt tbeir pei (istent ud lo4uMr)?ua eflbru b?T? been totally frulUees. K to too mutt to hope that tbe people win not be beieaiter found to (Its Ui?m ?May M ear amid tbe severe trials incident to such a war. Where ao much mud to thrown Mine will ettok. It to oaiy aeoessary to open oertatn newsi>apere of our oountrjr Hi read, it to only neceeeary to alt ouder the oratory of certain gentlemen aod I to ten, to realize that tbelr talents and influence are dally end diligently exerted to strike <toan the confidence of the people tu tho I'reel dent. They iateruungle theae fatal staWs at the very lire of our caoee, by lelicltatloos, aa If In cruel mockery, on tbe ueefulnew or tbe press, and tbe salutary Influence of i free speech Instead ol geueroualy sustaining tbe bands | tbat are heavy with tbe cares of a great responsibility, tbey pomue tbe opposite course, whatever the effect on our struggling fortunes. This conduct to exblblted day after day Are thoie men so humble or so unreasonable an to suppose tbat the good sense or the people will re main proof against all ihetr efforts and their arts' Suppose tbey Hucceed in lodging In tbe minds and feel ings of others those prejudices whiob tbey dally indulge, and those harsh judgments and Busplclons which tbey ao constantly utter, there is no c.ne who doea not see tbat our cause would be lost and our ruin assured. That our hopes have not been wrecked is duo not to tho discretion of tbese persons, but to the wholesome instincts and sound sease or tbe people. But we confess we are often alarmed for fear tbat tho poison so diligently dispensed will not always prove iduocuo.is. If popular coifldnnoe and sympathy be once destroyed, the men who have plucked them down may be alarmed at their worlt but all tbelr compunction, If compunction they shall feel, will not avail to arrest the ruin they will have wrought. It is fsr easier to raise tbe whirlwind than to direct the storm. It will be too late when mutinies shall have broken out all over the country, when combinations to resist the law shall be round in every neighborhood where ra n shall refuse to honor tbe levies made upm them, It will bo too late then, we say, for tbe persons who are now sowing the se<-d for such a harvest to subdue tt.e evils they will have created. Tbese evils will bave . nine at their calling, but thoy will not down at their bidding Hiey are sowing the wind how; it will not be tlietr merit if tbey do not c< mpe' usafl to nap the whirlv'intl. They are diligently assuring the people tbat Pre id en t I?avis is Incompetent, tyrannical, usurping, vindictive: tbat he squanders our resourced, mismanages our ailalis, and is intoutonly on overturning our liberties, and securing to himself despotic p^wer. '1 bey declare also that rtongress is woak,^bseqmot:s aod corrupt; and that It is boni on such trea<'h?r?us and fatal designs against our liberties us are not to be publicly (lis cussed. Will It be a worder, should tbe people believe the half of all thin, if t.Vy shall sh'\v the same relm-iam e to assist In the public defence tbat si me oi the editors who tell tbem tbe. e things are now evidencing? Will it be a ! wonder If men shall not patiently pay enormous taxes for ' no profit, and. hall not be prodigal of their lives in a ser vice tbat h hopoioss from mismanagement? Aye, rather , will it not be the nntural. tbe ueviuhe result, that toe 1 w hole country will peetbe with sedition, mutiny. anarchy j and vloleoco, and will bo overtaken with terrible. Igno minious and hopeless overthrow and ruin, if these busy teachors shall impress their noxious lessons ou t he people? I To :18k tb?!-e questious is to answer them. We confer, 1 thoreroro. that we are tilled with the roost painful I apprehousl'ius, when we reflect on tne tendency of tho lacU mlsls that uie so numor-us and so busy ?mong ub. We shudder as does tbe r?rmer when torches are being flaunted about bis slack yards. We have only to look at tbe state 01 sentiment winch prevails in sumo neighborhoods or some States to realize, la a fair.t de gree, the evils which would overspread the whole land. A people rent with local di mensions, neighbor warring willi neighbor, loyal men and trultors everywhere inter mixed, and the country falling an eaty and inglorious prey to our enemies?such would l>o cur St te and our < fate. Such is the logical result or the course which so many are pursuing; such tbe catastrophe for which, whether through Igt.orance, passion or design, it msttsrs not, ! tbey are laboring. Is there not cause for pain, distress, anxiety? is there not reason wby we should almost forget our dread ol tbo enemy in our greater dread of this greater peril? It matters not how good our cause may be represented to be, ir, at the same time, it be insisted that it is made a bad and bopeiess one by mismanagement People cannot bin abandon It If once they are thus convinced; and, alas! with what pains is such s conclusion pressed upon their minds. Wby can we not differ in opinion as friends? Wby can we not judge and criticise as friends aud oompatriots, and not with tbe viruleuce of enemies aud the ferocity Of Mob>?wksv Why can wo not suppose that it Is, at least, possible we may be mistaken in our personal opinions, aod that those who are belter informed of facts may be, alter all, right/ Aod why should it he a hard tbing to acquie-oe with a cbeertul good temper in the decision which may be arrived at by the proper tribu nals, and to adopt it as our own? tu all K.tng together," remarked one of tbe signers ( f tbe Declaration of lndei>oudeuce in 1770. "Yes," re ; plied anotber; "for ir we do not hang together we witl all bmg separately " I>et us take tbe lesson to ourselves If we do not cease ibe^e bickerings and criminations among ourselves. if we do not rally together, and rally I around our coustltuted authorities; it wo do uot unite 10 I strength in tbe hands tbat aro entrusted with tho conduct or our oa ise; then our cause will go down, and we . ball be rut?<&. forever ruined. Acslu ws tell ibe people that we art to Various nefiL The beginning or strife is u4#sw letting out of waters. ia? leak in the leree ?>oo bco imuM a roariug orevasse. We Imploro all good citizens who have lallen Into censorious tempers to pause and take tbeir bearings anew. Why should we do theenemy 's work? "A long pull, a strong pull, aud a pull altogether," can aiooe s*ve us. with the blessing of ?iod, in tbe exigency that to upon us To wrsnglo Is 10 die. StMlitirs of lilbby Prison. [Fr?n the Richmond Kxamiuer, Dec. 22.) An army or harmless Yankees have iia-sed through Richmond within the year just expiring. From tbe statistics ' f the clerk of the I.ibby prison, Mr Hone, we le irn tb it, from the 1st of January, IH64, to the l!<th of liererober of tbe same year, 31 ,t>;iO Yaukee prisoner-, of all grades, nations, tongues, complexions a-id kindreds, paas'd the doors or ibe Lib by as prisoners of w ar. This number is independent or about twenty thousand cip tured In Spottsylvama and elsewhere in Virginia, who were sent You'll without touching Richmond. Slnoe tbe war beg in 125,000 men have passed the doors or tbe I Llbby aud departed as prisoners or war. Tike Scwly Elcclcd Uovernor of South t arolliiH. (From the Richmond Whig. Pec. 22.1 The Mod Andrew (.on!, n Magrath has been elected Governor of South < ar"lin.?. and H >n K. U. McCaw Lieu tenant Governor. rhe Columbia Guardian savs ? Governor Maprnth in a native of r'harieston, In the prime or life, in vigorous health, of ripe experience, ac qnainted with allairn and fully identified with the smte rithtH views of our South ( arollna school of politlca Ha has long tilled very acceptably, and dignified with learn. Ins, taste and sound judgment the olllce of Judge of tha Confederate Court for the Plstrict of South Carolina. His experience and studies his well settled opinions and hi* steady nerves eminently qualify him Inr a f.itthful and successful discharge of tlio high duties which now devolve upon him. We wifb Itim ail success in bis new sphere of duty, and a brilliant administration ot the uiuirs of the State. Movements of ttie Rebel General Dick I'm y lor. [From the Richmond Whig, Dec. 22.] l ieutenant (ienerni DMk Tajrtor is la Montgomery, and hus rooms at the Montgomery IJall. North t nrnllna snit State Nov?r?l|nty, The Rlcbmnvd of Hece oher 22 contain* the pro ceedings ot the .North Carolina House of Commons, by wbic.h it appears that resolutions declaring that the StaP-? m their sovereign capacity have the right to decide the question of peace or war for themselves were tabled by two majority. The Itrbel Ntenmaitip Kria Ran Albert. [From the Wilmington Journal, Pec. I2.J ?>n tbo night of 1-riday.or the morning of Saturday, the steamship*!-ra, belonging to the llee Company, waa run ashore on the H-ild Head beach. Heavy iirlog was heard in that direction. Police Intelligence. A* Fxrswiv* Oi-kmator t* IUrhwakk.?A man named Pavid Harry waa yesterday arrested by officer Pike, of the Seventh princinct, charged with having stolen two chain cables, valued at four hundred dollars, from the pier foot of ( ecnties slip. The cables belong to Mr. Isaac Kail, of No. 124 Broad street. Odicer 1'lke round tbe stolen rabies In possosalonof Mr. F. N. Core, of No. T0 Matigin street,to whom the acuuscd had sold them lor the small sum o' eighty seven dollars. Harry. II is further charged, appropriated to his own use eight iron ship knees, worth one hundred dollars, which be found lying oo the pier fo?l of Market slip, Fast river, tbey being the property o' Mei-srs. Wm. P. Andrews k Brother, ef No. 414 Wator street. Tbe above named firm also accuse tbe prisoner with stealitig two losds of ship knees, valued at nue hun dred dollars. Patrick Cassidy.of So. 163 Adams street, Piooklyn, likewise enters a complaint against Harry, ebargii g h-.tn with having stolen a steam boiler, weighing three tons, and valned at two hundred and fifty dollars. All the stolen property ha* been recovered. It ap pears that tbo accused, on llndlng the pro, erty lying on tbn p-ers. would einplovia truckmm to convey It to any place he might designate. The accused waa taken before Justice Mansfield and committed to prison foreiamlna tion. Any other persona who may have been vlctimlrod hy terry will further tbe ends of instloe by calling on ttie magistrate at the Fssex Market Police Court. Interesting Reminiscence of General Orant, The following document is on (lie In the of\ct of the County Cierk of St. i,oui? county, and Is labeled "Appll. cation of U. 8. Grant for tbe olllce of County Kngineer '? "Ke.'scted,"? St I.m ts, August 15,1S69, Jlilt COt'TTV COMMISSIOgKltN, St. 1/nllS OOUtlty, l|o ? i.rhtikmkm?I beg ieavo,to submit myself ss an spptl. rsnt Inr the office or county engim-er, should tho office bo rendered vacant, and at the same time to submit the names of a lew citizens who have been kind enough to recommend me for tne office. 1 have made no effort to get a larce number ot names, nor tbe names of person* with whom I am not personally acquainted. I enclose herewith also a statement trom Professor J. J. Reynolds, who was a classmate of mine at West I'cint, as to quali fications. Shoud your honorable body see proper to give me the appointment, I pledge myself to give the o'llcn mf entire attention, and shall hope to give central satisfaction. Very respectful y, your obedient servant. U. 9 GRANT. The aheve docuirent I* *tgr>e<| hy several of our proml neut clltsene at the present time, and ulso by a number of mdisiduali who occupy position* in the rebel arm*. Sheridan's Cavalry Moving on Gordonsvllle. The Virginia Central Railroad Threatened. Fight Between Cutter's and Bosser's Cavalry, ll. Hi to Mr. Theodore C. Wilson's Dwpiteh. ilKAIMjtAKIKKS, DKPiMTMtNT OK WVsT VlRfltSU, I ClfMRKRLAXIl, Dec 24, 1864. ) contRAL rrsntlt attack* tiik rf.iisl bosmkr. Pay before ye.uerday Uooeral Cunter at tack od a por tion of Koeser's cRvalry, at a point nine miles this sido of Harrisonburg. liosser has lately been threatening anolber raid in West Virginia; but the cold and sudden rite in tbe streams have fur a time interfered with his plane. , , |Jlr, Charles H. Farrell's Despatches. Win< iicstfr, Va., Dec 0, 1304. H'hat the Penplt of the Valley Think of the M wmmts of (Several Sherman in Oiorgia?Change (n Political S nti merit?Lamentations ot the Penitents?Conversion* Fre <ju> nt? Wha' Sheriilan has Contributed Towards the Iff suit?The Military Siinaticii?Cam/) S'porls, <f-c. The movements of Sherman In Georgia and the success ful movements of cur several armies command not only tbe attention of shcridao's army, but tbe Inhabitants of the town from whn h I write this latter. It must he re membered tl>nt Winchester, when the present rebellion broke out, early guve Its adhesion to the Davis pro gramme, on the supposition, as many of the inhabitant.-* now confess, that the war would he endod In Blxty days, ir as soon as the general government of the United States saw that the slave States wero unanimous on the question or separation and a slavcholdlog con federacy. The rebellious sentiment of the towns men round a medium for its expression in the person of Hon. J. Y. Mason, now robnl Minister to England, who had big home bore, residing lu a palatial mansion in the suburbs of the town, but which Is now a h ap of ruins. At first there was a division of senti ment among the people; but when Virginia, by her convention, decided to leave the old government, the sentiment of rebellion, was aided by tbe arguments of the leading men of the town, and a consolidated expression of tbe inhabitants was given for a slave-holding oligarchy or | war Unexampled prosperity, accumulated wealth, the i soil of the valley, matchless for Its fertility, were all things that conduced to make the people of this town and valley haughty, self suillclent and Indepenlont. When tbey decided to rush hoadlong loto rebellion they sunk Into forgetfulness their primitive history?they torgot all the reminiscences so oft related to them t>y their fathers, their early ancestors, and the great victory ot Independence won by the united efforts of Southern and Northern men alike. They preferred being led by a handful of leading politicians and adopting the opinions of the-e men, rather than allow themselves to exercise their own thoughts or will. The people of this suction, as 1 said before, thought It was only necessary for tho South to show their hands on the question oi a confed eracy , and all that would be necessary to complete tho measure of separation from the Northern States would be the making of tbe dividing line, ami all would be fin ished. Indeed, so gonoral was this belie' In tbe valley and in tbe State, perhaps throughout tbe South, thit the poople in the Interior or the state, when Johnston's army wax at Harper's terry, thought they could not get there In time to wilneas liie closing scenes of tho rebellion. Nearly four year* of dire war, with Its attendant hardships, has br< nght these people down from tn<'lr high seats ot pride to the footstool of humility, and to-day tlie band ol local lralt'<rs who did their shsre to mislead tbo people of this town are either fugitives from their homes or walic IM streets M the uan suk based heads and stricken countenances, whteh betoken the smiling* ef s bad eon soience. Perhaps in no part of Virginia have the people held to their rebellious faith with more tenacity thnn ibe Inhabitants of the v?l!ey uf the Shenandoah. Truo. the war was carried Into their borders at an early slat-.e of > the conflict but It was got erally by a force of Union cr<n| s | inadequate to accomplish .uy great measure,or by generals I who adopted the kid g:ove policy of affording protect loa to tbe kin and property of traitors. Not until Generals Sberid <n and Crook came Into the valley dId the people have a practical idea to wrwt extent they coo Id bo made to leel It, and, ?s a result of tbe closing scenes of tbe present campaign, we tlnd the once proud-sp.ritad pe >ido of the valley humbled and despondent. Their once hoped for elysium of a South, ern confederacy is very little talked of; they begin to admit that the confederacy is a shell, and. wero their inmost thoughts revealed, peace at any cost wou'd be their sentiment It Is not now a quest in with the rebels of the valley, will the rebellion be put down? but, bow toon will it be ended:' It was tills town that was the principal rendezvous of the famous Stonewall brigade. Tbe command was nude up entirely of the young inen of the valley. In this or ganization was tbe famous ,-eeond Virginia tniantry, which was tom e ed to bo the heat lighting regiment in Kebodnm But where is tho* brigade today on its origlual organization it numbered forty-six hundred I men. Four years of war have intervened, and to day | there are but two nundred and Bftv to answer to the I names on tbo roll of the living. The famous sec nd Virginia regiment was e ectually wiped out by lieueral Sheridan in the battle of ope;uan, lOtb September la*t. Truly may the rebels ol the v ?!:??? adopt the language of the prophet .lereinlah, when he wrote the pitiful complaint of /ion, in prayer unto t?od. -''Kememoer, U Lord what is come upon as consider snd behold our reprnaon. Our Inheritance Is turned to ?irangers, our booses to aliens. We are orphans and ratberie**: our mothers are as widows. We have drunken our water for money : our wood Is sold unto us. Our nerks are under persecution; we labor and hive no rest. ? * ? our fathers have I nuned and are not, and we have borne thsr Iniquities, t servants have ruled over us. there Is none that doth de I liver us out of their band. We gat our bread with the I )ierll of our lives, because of the sword of the wilder uess. ? ? ? ihe eiders hsve ceased from ibe gale. tbeyounginenfro.il tbeir music the Joy of our heart ! Isoea?ed; our dance is turned info mourning Ibe ensn . Is laden from our bead; wo unto us that we have I sinned '' f The new policy of doner* Si.erldan ha.- been Juat the | thing that has elected all this, and "conversions" to the I Union cause, as the robe:t term It, are of dally occur rence. 'Ibe military situation remains unchanged Our troops bare b.-en working like beavers lor tbe past few weeks ' In making shelter huts to protect them from the cold and inclement weather. The officers ol the army are Just now affected with the hor*e racing mania. A match was made Isst night f?r a rtce to corns off wllbin ten days for one thousand dollars a side, pUy or pay. one of the horsea? a sorel ?Is the proporty uf Colonel < aphardt, of tbe Seconal cavalry d'vision, and the other?a black?is the property, so I learn, oi Lieutenant < olonel Kingsbury, Jr., the Ad.utant lienerat of the department. Tbe race is to be a single dash of a quarter of a mile. The race course Is near Major General Sheridan's headquarters, on tbe Wincbester and .-.taunton turni Armv ofths SnsxnooAn, Dec. 14,1S44 The repert thai km published ? few days ag<>, sut.ng that Generals Breckinridge and Kariy were to ootnblna tbeir force* and attack our army In the valley la outrun. Hrei kinridgo haa bin buds full la Tennessee, aod ir be bad the nrd -r* or dispoaitlon to make tbe trial, tbe cold weather and the presence of snow In the valley would defeat bin force* without thy flrlng of a guo from our army. ? OMW?*t>KR or THK rROVISIOJMI. 1'IVrSlO* Colonel Kdwarda.of the Thirty seventh Massachusetts regiment. firth corps, wb'< ha* boon m command of the po?t of Winchester for the l**t three months, in addition to his other dull"* ba* bion appointed commander of tho provisional division now engaged in guarding tbe Win chester and Harper's Ferry Kallrcad This is a well de served reward of uiorlt to an able ofllcor. Ilebel Arcosatl. BKRIDAN'8 CAVALKT OTBR ATINQ NEAR MADISON COURT Hi'UHIt. [Krom tbe Richmond Fismlner, Deo 22.] It was surrently roported yesterday that two dlvlslooe Of tbe enemy'a cavalry bad crossed tbe Blue Ridge and ware moving towards Madisen Court House. Tbey will gain nothing by tbls movement, as the condition of the road* will seriously Impede their progress towarda the Central Railroad, and long before they can reach It we will bave an ample foree of cavalry and infantry in their front. LATKR. Phet Man's infantry bave come up the valley to a point between Harrisonburg and New Market. Hie advance is supposed to be intended as a diversion In favor of the cavalry movement on thia side of tbe mountains. Karly 1ms marched out to meet him. The mounted force which has crossed the mountain* Is lour thousand in number, aod have four pieces of artil lery. Ibey were yesterday in Mtdlson county. TUB CAVAI.Hr TUUKATUNING TI1K VIROIKIA CEN TRAL HAll.HOtP. (From tho Richmond Whig, rv?'. 22 ] Tbe Central Railroad la agaio threatened bv a raiding party, who crossed tbe Bloc Uidgoaf sstsrdsy, eight thou sand strong, and are rsportsd to be aoTlag la U>* dlsse tioo of Gordons* I lie. We have a large fsros sf car airy in tlia valley, who will hasten to pay their rsspssts M tbess marauders. OOHDONITILLI TIIKEATKNin. [From the Elchmeod Sentinel, Dec. 72.) It was reported yssterday that two divisions of tb? enemy's cavalry had crossed the Blue Kldge at (,'beater Oap, bad arrived at Madison Court House, and were nor log on Gordoosrllls. We also learn that tbe telegraph wires were out on Tuesday night, seven mllea from Gor? donsvllle; It la supposed by a Yankee spy. No apprehension ta felt for tbe safety of Cordons* llle, If tbs abort report la not greatly exaggerated, aa there bad been ample time to concentrate a tore* to meet the raiders. BURBRIDGE. Rebel Accounts of a Union Raid on Bristol, Tenn. Destruction of Government Stores and Two Railroad Trains. A Fight Progressing at Zol licoffcr, km., Ac., te Fortrkks Mosros, Pen. 22, IBM. The rebel papers contain the following despatch ? I/Ynchhuro, Va., Dec. 14, 18M. rasiengore by tbe Western train to night report a raid on the Virginia ami Tenneiwso itallroad at Bristol, Tenn. The enemy are Bupposcd to be a portion of Burbrldgs's oommnnd. From Iloan station tbey advanced rapidly, and entered tbe town at flvo o'clock Id the morning. They dostroyod a considerable amount uf government stores; an engine and tram on the Kant Tennessee and Virginia Railroad and an eastern bound train on the Virginia and Tnuneseoa road, between Bristol and Abingdon, wero destroyed. No positive intelligence of the enemy's number had been roceived, but they are supposed to have bona Ave or six thousand. A portion of tim force is said yet to occupy the town. A tiody of the enemy, returning to wards Bean station, encountored our forces at itolllcoO'er, a station on the East Tennessee Kail road, nine rabies west of Bristol, where a fight waa said to bo progressing si last accounts. THE CHRISTMAS FESTIVAL. Its Celebration in title City. The Christmas festival will have a double celebration tbts year. Falling on Sunday, It will be observed with ail tbe more Imposing rollgloua ceremonies at trie various churches, particularly tbe Kpiscupal and Catnollc, wblcla keep up tbe old customs with mare pomp and display tban tbe ottiers. But tbo grail mass of people have re solved not to be cheated out or an extra holiday In conse quence 01 Christmas occurring on Sunday, and hence to morrow business will be suspended generally In all parti or tbe city. CHRIRTMAfl KVR AT TRINITY ORURCR. Tbe annual Chrlatmae services at Old Trinity brought together a lull audience; (or all tbe friends of tbe old church mustered In Tore* In honor of tbe day, a few of them being merely annual representatives of devotion to 'thecburcb, and these, with tbe regular attendants, ao tilled tbe place that It could bold no more. Tbe service) were of the most interesting kind. Tbo choral and Instrumental parts wore perfuct In every respect. Old Trinity seems to Improve with age. Tbo musicians and singers doserve tbe highest praise for what they yesterday achieved. At half-past two o'clock In the afternoon Mr. AyltfTe, tbe cblmer, commenced rtugiog the following chimes on tbe Trinity bells:? J. Hondo, with variation In major aid minor keys, composed by George K. iiristuw. 2. Christmas Oirol?"Children in tbo Temple." .1 I vening He'ls 4. Christmas Carol?"Silent Night, lloly Night." 6. ChrmtniaH < arol?' The i bristmas free." 6. Christoias Carol?"Once In Royal David's City." Y-i-DAY AT TRINITT. At ten o'clock this morning the following cblmes will be rung:? J. Kinging the <-hanges on eight bells. i!. cnri.stma* Carol. 3. Hondo, with variations, composed by Dr. Hodges for Innity chime*. 4. Christmas Carol?'Ttrlgbt, Bright In Silver Light." 6. Cnrislmits ( arol?'The Christmas Tree." ft. Vesper Hymn. Durn g tbe services to day tbe juvenile cboir will sing Kempt >u s Bervlco (It brim mil Jubilate) in b Hit, and choruses from Handel's Messiah. At .->1. Ann's iKpisopali, St. Mepben's (Roman Catho lic), Grace, St. Clement's, _ St. i>oorga's, Si. Patrick's Cathedral and St. I-rancis Xavler's, the services will bo most interesting. DINNER r?)K OCR MICK AND WOUNDED HOLDIBRR. While our more wealthy citizens who may bave taste'! but little, if anything, or tbe horrors of war are partak ing o( their most sumptuous and rrckerch* Cbristmaa dinners, It is extremely gratifying to know that tbe sick and wounded veterans who are now in our city bave uot been forgotten; for the ladies of .New York, on tbis as ? a all occasions which demand the exercise of their gentlo and sy in pathetic ministrations, have made ample pro vision to give them a good and substantial repa?t. rho lodes' Visiting Committee or the New York Stale sol die s' Hume and !>e|iot, In Howard street, will give ? dinner to eight bundled a idier* and seller*, at twelve o'clock to morrow, the funds being supplied fey ttui Board of Brokers and several merchants of tbe olty. lbo Home has been most taste oily decorated for tbe occa sion, anl in tbe afternoon a grand musical performance will be given for the delectation or tbnse noble fellow* wYi have fought and bled tor tneir country. Tbe general government, loo, has taken the mutter In band, and tbo soldiers lo the bunpltais throughout the country will bo as well cared for as tbose in Nee York. OUR C'HAKITABI.M IN.STITPTIONS. Tbe Inmates of our charitable institutions, who, oo a solemn ae well as restive occasion like that of Christmas, are never forgotten by tbose whom lortune may bavo plac i! in 'i more enviable poeitlou in lifo, will bave a bounteous supply <>r good things Our little folks wbo are depeudeni on tbe outside world for tbeir support and educate n will be | artlcularly ullsuded lo. ami maey a youthful heart on Ranuall's island, tbe House o< Indus try, the ladies' Mission auil the Juvenile Asylum will ho made happy and "light as the moro" by tbe boepltell ties prepared (or ibein. SKATINd. The skating | rospects for tbe day look cheering, and that great breathing place uf our citizens, tbe Park, will doubiiess be visited by thousands, both on snd oil skatee. The hiftb avenue pood Is in Due condition. Let all wbo can slide. Important Ordor of General Dana* Cajso, Dec 24, 1S64. General Dana bae ordered all army ammunition aid military pyrotechnics held by private citizens by military permission to be shipped north of C^lro prevl us to tho 1st of January. I'ersous found south of Cairo with such property, or materials used for their manufacture, alter that dale will be arrested and Imprisoned. Marine Disasters. TllB SCHOONER FOWLER ASHORE AT BARNEOAT*. H?ir akkv>, Dec. 34,1804. The schooner Fowler, Captain Isaao Oliver, of Baltl. more, from New York to Baltimore with merchandise, came ashore at Barnegat on Friday night. She a full oC water. All her cargo H damaged. LOBE OF THE SCB90NKR J ASM BAHBOITR. HoffToff, Dec. 24. 1844. The schooner James Barbour, from Ells worth for Ns^ York, was wrecked os an Island nsar Georgetown on tho 21?t while trying te make s baibor. Vessel sad csrgo ars a total lass. Crew saved, badly frostbitten. jlews from San Francisco. Sam Fsahcuoo, Deo. 23, 186-1. Business at a stand still. owing to tbe blockade of tho roads by mud freight communications across the sierra Nevada are prevented. The overland mail has armed with St, Louis dates at tbe 24th ult Tbe steamer Golden Age sal'sd today with a small number of poBBsngsrs aid |I.OfiH,000 In treasure, of which only $.>H3,000 Is for New York. The remsiudev goes to ' nglsnd and Mex.co. The salii g of tbe next urn I --teenier Is postponed lo Jinsary 4? on acoeunt of the b iltdsts