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NEW YORK HERALD.
IAHM sorooji bknnktt, EDITOR AND proprietor errioa *? w. coknu or fulton and Nassau sts. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year, ton oents per copy. Annuel subscription pnoe, $14. THE WEEKLY HERALD, every Saturday, si firs tente per copy. Annuel subseriptlon price One Cop? M Three Copies..... 5 Fire Copies 8 Tee Copies 18 Any larger number eddreased to nernes of subscribers 91 50 each. An extra oopy will be sent to every club ef ten. Twenty ooplee to one address, one year, 9M5, end any larger number at same price. An extra copy will be sent to clubs of twenty. Thete rate* make the Weekly As cheapeet publication in the country. Pottage live cents per copy for three months. TERMS cash In advance. Money sent by mail will be atthe risk of tbe sender. None but bank bills ourrent in New York taken. ^olaiue XXXI No. ITT AMU8EMENTS THIS EVENING. WOOD'S THEATRE, Broadway, opposite the St. Nicholas Hotel.? Bbotmir Sah?Invisible Prince. THEATRE FRANCAI9, Fourteenth street, near Sixth avenue ?Facson Comfant?Mll?. ds Bulls Isle. TONV PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 301 Bowery.? Sam Puaki-i.kt's Minbteel asd Combinaiiom Tholfe?Vol av Vint. SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS. 585 Broadway, opposite Metropolitan Hotel? Ethiopian Sinuino. Daxci.no, Ac.? Tub Niauaea Lxat or ti n Bust Familt. OEOROE CHRISTY'S?Old School or Minstrelsy, Ballads, Musical Dims. Ac.. Fifth Avenue Opera House, hoi. g snd 4 West Twcutv-lourtu street.? Scuebmisb mobn's Bor. BRYANTS' MECHANICS' HALL, No. 472 Broadway ? Chabi.it Wiiitk's Combination Troupe in a Variktt or Lisirr and Lacuhablk Entertainments.?The Arabs. MRS F B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE. Brooklyn. - RlOBBLlBD. TERRACE OARDEN, Third Avenue, between Fifty fUllitli and Fifty ninth streets.?Tiiko. Thomas' Oucukstkal Garden Concerts, commenetng at 8 o'clock. HOOLEV'S OPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Via (iBBLSr?Ballads. Bublksuurs and Pantomimes. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway. Open from IU A. M. till 10 i*. M. SOMERVILLE ART OALLERY, 845 Broadway.-"FAR BAOUT TaiUMrHAMT." New York, Tntsdsy, Jane MO, 1806. ADVERTISEMENTS FOR THE COUNTRY. Advertisements for the Weekly Herald must be handed In before ten o'clock every Wadnasday evening. Its cir culation among the enterprising mechanics, fanners, merchants, manufacturers and gontlomeu throughout tbe country ia increasing very rapidly. Advertisements ln serted In the Wimi Hbrald will thus be seen by a large portion of tbe active and energetic people of tbe United Stales. T H B VXIWS, EUROPE. The steamship Moravian, from Londonderry Juno 15, paased Father Toint yesterday on bar voyage tojQuebec. Her news is two dsys lator. War had not been formally deolarod between Austria and Prussia to tbe latest moment, although the Em peror Francis Joseph assured the municipality of Vienna thai ha was necessitated to draw the sword. The Prus sian minister had retired from Vienna, An Austrian Courier en route to General Qablenz bad been stopped by the Prussians in the Duchies, and his despatches taken from him. In tho German Diet the Prussian represen tative vehemently oppneed the Austrian propo sition for tbe mobilization of the Federal army, declaring that - the King would regard any Slate which voted for It as his adversiry. ghe Austrian usciertti9a WM T0tC<i, however by nine to pix. Italy waiUu faT the drst blow, to throw eighty thousand men across tho Po, besides a huge army Into Venstta. Kossuth advised the Hungarians to wait and Watoh events. The Italian Journals had been hoaxed Into tbe publication of a pretended letter of English ?/apathy from Mr. Gladstone. In Paris some persons thought war might atlll bo averted. The French Mm liter of State, In aoma remark* on the subject of the new budget, indicated to the Legislature that France may assume an "armed neutrality." M. Juloe Kavre opened the debate on the subject of Mexico la the French Legislature Just as the Moravian Balled. La France, of Paris, danles that Maximilian In tends to abdicate. It was said that If Maxamlllan should resign tho crown Marshal Daxaina will take a plebiscite to asoortaln tho wishes of tho Moxlcan people. The Roumanian government protested against the hoi tile altltuds of Turkey. England, It Is said, will acknow ledge Prince Charles as Hospodar of Moldavia provldod he awears allegiance to ths .sultan Tho Russian army In Central Asia dofeatod the Prlnco of Bokhara, with signal loss, on the ilOth of May, the Csar's troop* sudorIng very little. The London Jnry found against ths claim of Mrs. Ityves to he acknowledged l'rtnress of Cumberland. Consols closed in London, June It, at XAJ? a Mt? for money. United States five-twenties were at 04tf a 65. The bullion la the Bank of England Increased ?1,203,000 In the week. The F.nglish fund* were lower under the war newa. Bank of England rate remained at ten per Bent. The Liverpool cotton market ruled firmer during the week at an advanoe of from one.half to one penny on American. On the 16th of June (Friday) the market waa quiet with price* unchanged. BreadstulTk ware firmer and holders of wheat and Hour demanded an ad vance. Provision* steady. CO IT OB US In ths Senate yesterday ths hill to allow claim* for ?tors* furnish'd to the army by leyal cltlaena In the Kouth was called up and dlscuaaed, bat owing to the as piration or lbs morning hour It wsnt over. During ths fliscuasion Mr. Howard, la opposition, said that by aolsmn Bote of Congress ths eleven States of tba South had bean declared enemies of the United State# There was no case In history In which a successful invading party bad paid for stores taken from an enemy. The tax bill was then taken up, some unimportant amondmenta made to It, and It was passed. la the House the business transected related almost nmlrely to claims of a private or personal nature. The Senate amendment* to the Army Appropriation bill were reported twrk from the committee. Some of the amendments not being concurred In br the House, a committee or conference was saksd for and ths House adjourned THS CITY Ths 11 \rd of Aldermen yesterday received s report from the Joint special committee appointed to maka ar rangement! for a pr per celebration of the romlng anni versary of our national independence, the document Betting forth the depletion of the city treasury, and pro Claiming ths necessity of refraining from all further pro ceedings In tbo matter. The Board adjourned to Monday afternoon next. The proceedings of Ih# Board of Councilman yester day were Important. Mayor HolThian sent In two vetoes; aae against the (imposed contract for lighting the streets and avsoues of the rlty with gas for a period of twenty years, and another disapproving of n resolution granting permission to ths Harlem Railroad Company tooonstruct a breach of their road through 135lh and Manhattan 0treels. No fresh cases of cholera were reported to tho Board of Health In Uila city yeelerday During the past week four hundred and thirty-four deaths occurred in this City, of which one hundred and twenty were from xymo di# dis a???, including four cases of cholera. Among the complaints received was one against the Third Ave. nu ? Railroad Company of the condition In which their cars and the horse shed, opposite the depot in Sixty-fifth str?et, are kept. The last reports from the cholera ships In ths harbor ghow a very favorable state of eltklrs on board of them. ."Yesterday tfce Irish and English pas?en. ers of the steam pshlp Union war" brought up to the city and forwarded in US .MM*. Luuxua*. UUp. pi- *'? Ssguine's Point la now ready for the reception of any persons the Board of Health may m It to I id there. The AnU-Quarantine Committee mat yeeterday at Staple ton, .and adjourned without transacting ahy bnainaaa It la their Intention to hold a mam meetln g of the in habitant! there at an early date. In the Supreme Court In Brooklyn, yeeterday, before Judge Barnard, the eaae of H. B Secular and othera againet the Metropolitan Board of Health and others, to reatrala the latter from using Segulne'a Point, Stolen Island, as a quarantine station, wag brought up for adju dication. Numerous affidavits ?n<* Judge took the papers and will shortly reader his deot slon. A meeting wtf held at Na tOO Brondwiy lest evening by the supporters of the new Excise law. Speeches were delivered by Hem Deris, Baker and Rev. Dr. DowUng, and a series of resolutions to support the Excise Uw wee adopted. The Fenians of this city were yesterday In a state of excitement in consequence of Central Organiser James Stephens' speech at Jonaa' Wood on Sunday last Hie speech was discussed In all circles of Irishmen, and all appeared to agree In the opinion that the C. O. L R. had at last spoken out clearly and decisively. Colonel W. R Roberts was In attendance at his headquarters during the groator part of yesterday. The Colonel has received assurances that if the invasion of Canada Is speedily re newed It will be vigorously supported. A large masa meeting was held at Union square last night, at which Colonel Roberts and Colonel Stetger, of Philadelphia, addressed ibe crowd. Fenianlsm end entl-neutrallty were warmly endorsed. A heavy robbery of Treasury notes and jewelry and other valuables was perpetrated ou Saturday morning at the residence of Mr. Adolph Bach, 115 East Forty-eighth street. The sum stolen amounted to one thousand three hundred dollars. Two men were subsequently arrested, two hundred and eighty dollars of the stolen money being found in tbolr possession. A flro occurred at the tailoring store No. 151 Canal street on Monday morning. Sevoral of the occupants of the house were compelled to save their lives by escap ing over the roof. No lives were lost. The damage was about one thousaud six hundred dollars. The stock market was quiot but Arm yesterday. Gold was strong, and closed at 155,tg, after opening at 153 ana selling down to 152. Governments wero dull. There was uo important change in the commercial status yestocday, the comparative steadiness of gold rendering the markets less excited and irregular. Prices continued more or loss nominal, however, though marked by few noteworthy fluctuations. On 'Change broadstull'g were dull and heavy, though prime flour was firmly held at Saturday's prices. For wheat thoro was no domand. Corn was lc. a 2c. lowor. Oats lo. lower, l'ork irregular at a decided decline. Beef steady. Lard heavy. Whiskey steady, with a moderate demand. Pe troleum hardly so firm. In cotton there was no move ment Groceries wero stoady but quiot. MISCELLANEOUS. A call has been prepared by the Executive Commlttoo of tho National Union Club, of Washington, for a National Union Convention ot all the States and Territories, to take placo In Philadelphia on tho 14th of August next. The delegates are to be chosen by the electors of the several .-tates who sustain the administration in main taining unbroken tho union of the States under the con stitution. Advicos from BrownsviUo via Now Orleans state that tn the late battle near Matamoros two imperial regiments turned to the llboral sido. The value of the train cap tured was a million and a half of dollars. Bagdad had been evacuated by the imperial troops. It Is stated by prominent Senators in Washington that Mr. Seward has concluded a secret treaty with Napoleon by which the United States is debarred from Interfering with the movement of the foreign troops new supporting Maxamiliao. After the withdrawal of the French, Max millan, it is understood, will offer himself as a candidate for the Presidency of the Mexican republic. Having se cured that position, he is to take advantage of any small revolution, of which Mexico affords so many, and declare himself Emperor, thereby flanking the Monroe doctrine and having a Armor Imperial throne than at present. It Is probable the Senate will solicit information from Mr. Seward concerning this little game. Tho President has approved the bill for the disposal of the public lands In Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Ar kansas and Florida; and also the bill appropriating $358,500 to reimburse the State of West Virginia for ex penses in suppressing the rebellion. 8ir Frederick Bruce has officially announced that the possession of a license Issued by Canads to flsb, shall entitle the holder, during the season of 1865, to fish in the waters of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, as well as in those of Canada. In the Circuit Court of the District of Colombia, at Washington, the Jury awarded throe thousand dollars damages to Mr. McGhaw against Mr. Clephane for an alleged hbelloue publication charging Mr. McGhaw with being disloyal and sympathising with secession. Mc Ghaw was dlsmtssod from employment tn the War Offloe by Mr. Dana on account of tha publication of Mr. CIs phane. The legislative act appointing new Police Commission em In Jenny City was declared valid in all Ita points by the .- u pre mo Court, yesterday, and a mandamus was granted to the new Commissioners directing the Mayor and chief of the old police to hand over the records of the force to them. The old force had heretofore con tinued to act, and vexatious scenes were frequently oc curring between the two forces. Tho roport of an Investigation of the Memphis riots, rqgde by Colonel Johnson, Inspector General of the De partment of Kentucky and Tennessee, and Major Gtl broth, Aid to General Howard and Assistant Commis sioner of tho Freedraen's Bureau, has been made public. They say that the remote cause of the riots was the ill feeling existing between the low whites and blacks, both of whom are about equal in tntelllg nee, being as de graded as human beings can be, and each advancing rival claims to superiority over the other. The d rect cause was a collision between the police and the die charged colated soldiers. The civil authorities took no official action in the matter whatever. The City Re corder made a speech to the mob, urg.ng them to kill the entire nigger rMe end hum up the cradle. The quar ters of Gtnentl Runkie were also threatened with destruction Three negro churches, eight schoolhou es, Ave of which belonged to the I'nltod State-, and about fifty private dwellings, occupied exclusively by negroes, were burned. The loss to the government and to the negroes will foot up $98,300, and probably much higher. The cotton planters of the South havo labor d under serious disadvantages this year. Heavy rains, Inunda tions, tornadoes. Insects, rotten seed, lack of Imple ments and insufficiency of labor have made tbcm hope less of an average crop. The moet despondent among them estimate that the coming crop will not exceed nine hundred thousand bales, while others, more hopeful, estimate It at a million and a half. The steamer William P. Konnedy took thirty colored men and women from Fortress Monroe to Boston on Saturday. The same number was taken on a previous trip, homee for them being procured in that city. The officers of the Freedmen's Bureau are engaged in the enterprise, as It will rellsve them of tho support of a large number of destitutes who have been subsisted for some time on government rations. Our correspondent from "Along the Hudson" says that Commodors Vandorbllt having, II Is alleged, induced the director! of the New Tork Central Railroad to arrange tbelr time table so that the Hudson river dev boats could not connect with any express trains from Albany, ths owners of tho Daniel Drew and C'hguacey Ylbbard have reduced the fare on their boats. Tho practice fleet for the use of the navel graduates a( Annapolis during their summer cruise are r. ndexvousing at Hampton Roads. The canal break In the Rrte canal, west of Schenoc ta<ly, has boon repaired so that boats were expected to be able to pase t last night. A Qerce tornado passed over Buffalo yesterday after noon. unroofing houses and blowing down trots. Sevo ral persons were injured and two are reportod killed. A disturbance between the whltee and blacks ocenrred at Charleston on Saturday, which ended In the arrest of some of the negroes and the suppression of the riot The Conference of Western Unitarian churches closed tbelr session In Buffalo on ftatnrday evsn.rg. The next oonferenc* will he held In Chicago. Thi Italian Opsra Among rug Qtartkrlt Banawm*.?The June number of the Sational Quarterly /frHetc, published In tbU cltv, has an interesting article on the Italian Opera as con ducted in this city. It criticise* Max Maretsek with considerable severity and expoeee the tricks of the managers, showing plainly that none of them are capable of maaaclBC a first jV l I'll'."J1 * fk? EaropiM E?tM(im?Ml-RkHl? LoomlH| Vp tm th? BMkfroand. In the letter of Napoleon on the oritical affairs of Europe, which waa road in the Frenoh Corps Ltgitlatif, the other day, he aaja, refer ring to his efforts la this direction, that, "had the conference assembled, my government would hare declared that Franoe repudiated all Idea of territorial aggrandisement bo long as the European equilibrium remained undis turbed. Franoe could only think of an exten sion of her frontiers in the event of the map of Europe being altered to the profit of a great Power, and of the bordering provinces expresa ing by a formal and free vote their desire for annexation. In the absence of these circum stances the Frenoh government prefers to any territorial acquisition a good understanding with its neighbors, resulting from its respect for their independence and their nationality. We should have desired for the Germanio Confederation a position more worthy of its importance; for Prussia, better geographical boundaries; for Austria, the maintenance of her great position in Europe after the cession of Venetia to Italy in exchange for territorial compensation." Thiols a frank statement of the "great ex pectations" of Napoleon from the proposed conference, wisely rejected by Austria. He expected the left bank of the Rhine, and some thing more, perhaps, for Franoe; the Danish Duchies for Prussia; Yenetia as a peace offer ing to Italy, and, lastly, Borne territorial com pensation to Austria. But as the conference has failed, says Napoleon, "France will con tinue to observe an attentive neutrality, confi dent in her rights and oalm in her strength." In other words, Napoleon will now watch his opportunity for throwing his sword into the scale of the war in order to turn it in his own favor and to carry out his schemes. It is evi dent, too, that in a war between Austria on the one side and Prussia and Italy on the other, the contending Powers would be so equally matched that the intervention of France would speedily bring affairs to a settlement as France might be pleased to dictate. Thus far, then, Bismark has servod the purposes of Napoleon admirably, for he has apparently turned over the game into the Emperor's hands. But it seems that he has been ignoring Russia all this time, and that, just as everything ap pears to be in the best possible train for a grand dash by France, Russip, the giant of the North, stalks in upon the stage, and like the backwoodsman at the Kentucky barbecue, while stripping for action, asks if this is a free fight t Our Vienna correspondent, in his let ter of the 7th instant, thus defines the attitude of Russia. He says that she has "already a hundred thousand troops on the Austrian fron tier," ready to assist Austria if wanted ; that it is understood in Vienna that a secret treaty exists between the two Powers, and that, there fore, "the map of Europe may yet be changed, not as Napoleon and Bismark and La Mar mora would have it, but under the pencils of Gortschakoff and Mensdorf;" and that such an alliance may be look sd for in the war, because "It would secure tho Danubian Principalities to Russia and prepare the way for her march to the Bosphorus." In the game of Napoleon these Danubian Principalities are to be tbo equivalent lo Austria for the surronder of Ve netia ; but Austria is more powerfully drawn to an alliunoc with her next door neighbor and old friend, Russia, and will prefer, we guess, Venetia, the good fat bird in the hand, to the two doubtful dncks in tho bush?those Dan ubian Principalities. Thus tho splendid continental game of Na poleon, as it appears, is blocked at the outset. If be will only remain neutral, Russia may perhaps, resting upon her arms, he content to look on. But then the conflict of Italy and Prussia against Austria may result in nothing bat tho exhaustion and bankruptcy of nil con cerned. And then, from (he pressure ot' pov erty and increased taxation, tin* people, from the Rhine to the Danube, may spoil the calcu lations of kings and kaisers in a swmtpin / revolution. On the other baud, should Napo leon yield to the tcmptaMon to advance lo !'i relief of Italy, Russia rnay come down from the opposite side with a swarm of Cossack* i; destructive to the peninsula us a cloud of lo custs and as ruinous to Victor Emanuel and Napoleon. We suy ruinous, because w i ll Russia In the coalition against France, England will step in to repeat against th" nephew the war of the Holy Alliance against the uncle, and for the same reasons?that these Dona partes are interlopers and disturbers of the peace of Europe, and must be put down. Russia, England, Austria aud Prussia were the parlies that enforced upon France those treaties of 181."?, so detested by Napoleon. Hut we apprehend that in detaching Piussia from this Holy Alliance be has not done enough to destroy it, nor enough to secure himself against the fate of Napoleon the First in attempting the same gume of reconstructing and parcelling out the boundaries and terri tories of his neighbors. In fact, the gathering jof the armi?s of Russia on the Austrian fron tier is a movement which is full of warnings and dangers to France under Napoleon the Third. Tiik CossTmrrioJUL Amkndmint.?Wo per ceive that the Governor of Ohio has declined to call ao extra session of the Legislature of that Stato for the purpose of taking action ou the constitutional amendment recently pro posed by Congress by concurrent action, with out asking Executive sanction. In this the Governor ot Ohio has acted very wisely. His example will no doubt be followed by the Governors of other States who do not wish to precipitate npon the country the condition and danger involved in such an important change In onr fundamental principles of government as that emhraoed In the proposed amendment. Governor Fenton, with the unfortunate lights of other extra sessions before him, will not think for a moment of oaliing the Legislature of this State together for the sole object of de liberating upon or adopting this amendment, which seems to have been hurried through Congress and sent before the Governors of the different States with a degree of haste insulting to the Executive. The President has had no way of reachlnc tip subject or presenting bis views to Congress tipon II except $r?agh the medium of a special messag4 <JT prolost, am} It would have bW fclghl/ desirable had he done so it length in this brief but pointed document In this b? takes ocoaelon to disclaim any official author isation of the action of the Secretary of State In laying the proposed amemlnvnt be fore the several State Governors On the eon trary, he says:?" A proper appreciation ?| the letter ana apirit of the constitution, asTwell as of the interest of national order, harmony and onion, and a deference for an enlightened pub lio judgment, may at this time well suggest a doubt whether any amendment to the constitu tion ought to be proposed by Congress and pressed upon the legislatures of the several States for final decision until after the admis sion of snob loyal Senators and Representa tives of the now unrepresented States as hare been or may hereafter be chosen in conformity with the constitution and laws of the United States." Here Is the hitch between the Presi dent and Congress; and now the latter have called upon the Governors of the various States to endorse their hasty and inconsiderate legisla tion. If Congress believed its course oorrect and popular, why did it skulk under the mantle of a concurrent resolution to avoid the action of the Executive in so vital a matter as a con stitutional amendment f It remains to be seen bow for the Governors of the loyal States will go in sustaining Congress in its efforts to usurp all the functions of government, the exeoutive and administrative as well as the legislative. The melancholy experience of former years in calling extra sessions, we repeat, must prevent Governor Fenton from calling onr Legislature together, unless he is prepared to meet and abide the fate of his imprudent predecessors. The Three Factions In Congress?Par liamentary Taetles. At the opening of the present session there were t* fictions in Congress, viz: the radi-- conservative republican and the As wo have previously shown, conservative republican and democratic factious combined had a clear majority over the radicals, and could havo checked all ultra legislation. Tho reason why they did not unite their forces at the commencement of the session we find in the ob vious incompetency and narrow partisan views of Messrs. Raymond and Brooks, of this city, the leaders of their cliques in the House. We have shown by facts and figures, which can neither be disproved nor explained away, that instead of effecting such a union for the good of the country these two gentlemen playwl into the hands of Mr. Thad Stevens, th; loader of the radicals, and allowed thenis d vos and their followers to be used a3 his tools whenever lie required their assistance. Understanding that Mess-s. R iymond and Brooks are in the field as cand lates for the next Congress, and appreclal ng ibo importance of sending only our best, wisest, and strongest men to Washington at this crisis as the repre sentatives of the people, we havo opposed an I ?hall continue to oppose the rcnomiuation and re-election of these two leaders and of all who have adopted their unpatriotic policy. To our former remarks npon this subject Mr. Raymond replies indirectly by abasing the democrats for assisting the radicals; bat, If the democrats have been guilty of this folly, how does Mr. Raymond stand f He has committed the mum fault. More unsophis ticated than any of the democrats, he has put himself upon the record as having made a strong speech against a radical measure and then voted for the very thing he hod denounced. Does Mr. Raymond suppose that the people either forget or forgive suoh inconsistency as this t He is one of those who know the right and still the wrong pursue. His whole course in Congress has been a series of self-contradic tions. Whenever an opportunity occurred to defeat a radical bill by voting with the demo crats?except upon a single occasion when he could carry nobody with liitn?he lias shirked liia duty and voted with Mr. Thad Slovens. For h'm to rebuke the democrats reminds us of the old sim'le of the pot calling the kettle black. With all their pretence of supporting the Presi dent, Messrs. Raymond, Weed and Seward have been tho m >st taithful and useful allies of Messrs. St 'Veil*. Greeley and Wendell Phillips. Mr. Brooka ban r??p5if?<l to our charges more ili u.-ily, but with no better success. He de ni >k 'tn' !u? is in'rgning for r renominntion; hut in tin: same breath ho siys that he shall be iwppy to hccent, of any nomination that will 'five liitn a ehnnco to contest the next Con ?r u-tinxil election in his district and rooccupy tlio se tt from which ho was ousted by Mr. T> > lire. Wo shall not dispute about the word " intriguing," which seems to be the only point of difference between us in rogard to this mat ter of ronominatton. We are very willing, also, to give Mr. llrooks all the advantage of any sympathy he can excite among the people by his expulsion from a seat to which it was legally decided that he was not justly en titled. On the strength of this sympathy the Manhattan Clab has already furnished him with a good dinner, and we think he onght to be content with that; but if he supposes that he can make any political capital by loudly complaining of bis wrongs, as a person ex pelled from a barroom raises the sympathy of the crowd by showing them the place where he was kicked, we certainly have no objec tions. In our opinion, however, the pnblic are rather glad that Mr. Brooks was turned oat of Congress before he had the opportunity to do any farther mischief. He does not and cannot deny that he voted against the President and with Mr. Thad Stevens on Mr. Hale's motion to recommit the Negro Suffrage bill; but he endeavor* to defend htauelf by stating that he was not bound to stand by the President, and that hii vote was "one of the boat and boldest coupt d'Hni ever attempted in Congress." If Mr. Brooks was not bonnd to support the Presi dent, what hoe become of all hie professions of adherence and those of hie party T Woe he elected to rapport the rodloal* f And If going over to the enessy is "one of the best and bold est coups JVfaf," why are such penalties attached to military and political desertions ? The defence of Mr. Brooke only makes hie cose worse. It shows that he dose not even know that he has done wrong In giving aid, comfort and votes to the revolutionary radi cal!. No democrat who deserts his post and joins the enemy under the Impression that this is good parliamentary tactics is fit to go back to Congre? as one of the representatives of this olty. Personally we have no animosity towards either Mr. Raymond or Mr. Brooks. Tbey are very clever people, very good speakers, and would be better editors if they attended more cldftely to the buslneee and let polltloe alone. But tbey are not the sort of men required in Congress daring this crisis, and we shall be very sorry to see this greet metropolis mis represented by thsm again. They have done Incalculable damage to the Union oanse by their errors, and compared with the fenatical ' firmness, satanio consistency nud radloal reso Hon of Mr. Thad Stevens, their conservatism iham. We hope that timid, ?sent? s me?? 1 men like Messrs. vacillating, h^t^eartea , ftnd Brooks and Bay*."?00? ?? - ? *? defeated in every district throughoui country in which they attempt to run- that the next Congress, which to d#cido the fate of the repablio and either precipitate us into or save ns from another civil war and a mili tary despotism, will be composed of the most able statesmen in the land, irrespective of past political affinities. With suoh a Congress the Union will be restored and the country saved. But if such politicians as Messrs. Raymond and Brooks are to be re-elected the radioals will have an easy victory, and wo shall progress still more rapidly upon the road to ruin. Napoleon and HU Mexican Scheme?New Developments. It is very evident that Maximilian cannot rely upon any farther assistance from Napoleop in support of his empire in Mexico. The Emperor of the French, finding that the complications are thickening around him in Europe, is anxious to strengthen himself as much as pos sible, and has sent an autograph letter to Maxi milian demanding that the custom houses of Mexico shall be placed under French adminis tration as a guarantee for the loan to the Mexi can empire converted into three per cents. This demand is accompanied by a threat that in default of its acceptance tho French troops will be immediately recalled. This certainly places Maximilian in a tight place. To accede to the demand would bo to deprive Maximilian of a great portion of the revenue necessary to meet his daily expenses. If ho rejects it he will be left without sufficient foroe to protect his crown for forty-eight hours. Either horn of the dilemma is ruin to the Mexican empire scheme, and the only safety for Maximilian is to beat a hasty retreat from the Montezumas. But while Napoleon's object in this move ap parently is to secure additional security for funds advanced to assist this Mexican project, with the view of an early reimbursement, yet it is not certain but that tho reasons assigned for demanding the management of the custom houses is only a subterfuge. It is not improba ble that he has made the demand knowing that Maximilian will refuse it and thus afford him a pretext to withdraw all his troops from Mexico at once, and not wait for the delay speci fi 1 in the former stipulations. !? would certainly be ruinous to Maximilian to accede to that demand. He finds it next to impossible to obtain sufficient funds to keep the machinery of his empire going now, and if ho turns over the custom duties to the French his financial difficulties will be Increased a thousand fold. His stay in Mexico under snch circumstances will be anything but pleasant Between that alternative and the loss of the French troops he had better accept the latter; for in acceding to the demand of Napoleon he will be simply acknowledging to the world that he hae no hold upon the people of Mexico, that he is a uaurper to the fullest interpreta tion of that word, and only retaina a foothold there by virtue of French bayonets. A more humiliating admisaion cannot be imagined. Thus it is that the European scheme to eetab lish an empire on our border is fast coming to grief, with very strong symptoms that Napoleon intends to leave Maximilian In the larch. In the meantime General Banks' committee has several propositions before it looking toward important assistance on the part of our government to the republic of Mexico. The present would seem to be the opportune mo ment for the United States to use its influence in that diroctlon, and we have no doubt that a plan is now being matured to render this assistance upon the basis of General Ortega's proposition. In entering into a treaty of this kind our government would be recognising the only legal and constitutional authority in that country, would rebuke the factions which are trying to keep Mexico in a constant turmoil, materially benefit our commerce and socurc the triumph of the Mexloan republic without arous ing the opposition of any of tho European Pow ers mixod up with the interests of the empire. Now that a favorable opportunity is offered we anticipate an elaborate report upon Mexican affairs from General Banks within a very short period. The attention, which his committee is giving this subject, and the facts that most have been gathered, ought to enable the com mltteo to present a plan that will meet with universal approval and eecure the early over throw of the empire and the triumph of the cauae of the republic, regardless of what the answer of Msxlmilisn msy be to the recent de mand of Napoleon. Hiavt Diplomatic Cokkbmpondkncs.?The flrat instalment of Mr. Seward '? official diplo matic correspondence for twelve montha prior to November, 1866, baa just beeu published. It la a volume comprising six hundred pagee and ia exclusively confined to our relatione with Qreat Britain, including correspondence with the American Minister in London, ac counts of interview! with the British Ministry, matters relating to neutrality, Anglo-rebel pirate ships and kindred topics. Mr. Seward possesses the fhculty of spreading an idea over an illimitable amount of letter-press. Some times he obscures a good thought, If be does not entirely obliterate it, in a wilderness of words. He would make a thorough magaxlne writer; one who receives pay mors according to the number of pagee he writes than the num ber of ideas he presents. He would be more erudite were be more concise, and more states manlike and diplomatic were he more disposed to furnish substance and facts rather than glit ter and generalities. He would thus avoid those vague, indefinite conclusions at which he no frequently arrives. In this pionoer volume of his diplomatic correspondence for a single year our readers may form some conception of the ponderous character of Mr. Reward's official labors when his eight years of senrlce as Secre tary of State shall have expired. News Areas Huhviltr Nasbtiu.!, June 24, ISM A party of armed men, pretending to be searching for stolen property, Tinted eight or ten negro families In Ooodlrttxvilie and subjected then to numarone indtgai tiee. Complaint wea made to General flake, who re ferred the matter to the civil authorities, who seat two man to arreat and bring tba offender* her# The mercury to day stood 100 dagrtes In the shade. Mews fVeaa If aw Orleans. N?w Ottuu**. June 21, ISM Paul Prota, the I arreat cigar dealer In the city, com mitted raiclde thle morning. Two other enletdea nave been committed. The Southern Peclflo Railroad If nearly completed to Marshall, Teiaai The Miaaiartppl cotton crop la set I mated at one quartet of a crop. The ootton la hlooming and healthy. Ootton steadier; nalsi 1.006 bale*; middling, M" a Me . rscMpta, *00 bales Rank sterling, OS. l?ew Tor* exchange, k discount f>-!ghta on eoUoa ?To new Tor*, fee.; to Liverpool. Hd.; to Havre 1? ALONG THE HUDSON. Opposition Between the Iteenboeti taf Railroads?Cheap Fare?Health ofr tM River Towns, die. ? v ou? PODOHinn,, 00BBilPi}^?ccf. ' Pwonsvsn, June 81 1808. Hoijlng on the Hudson this season is 11 rafter than usual, and tha.T ** gr64l?r number of boats running This state of affairs ha." t)?Jn brought about bp a feeling between steamboat owners ^w Tow OeniraJ and Hudson Rlrsr Railroad Companion. It has bepn published that " Commodore Vandertf.U Induced "it rectors of the New York Central Railroad <? toi their time table as to prevent the day boats from - nectlng with any of the through express trains on that road." As a consequence the owners of the Daniel Dran and Chaunoey Tlbbard have materially reduced the ftiw on those boata They have also placed the steamer An mania on the route between New York and Poughkeep sie, putUng the rare at lift/ oenta The Hudson River Railroad Company have put on a Sunday train to Pough keep.-'te and return. The Troy line of steamers are ta carry passengers to and from New York for fifty cents. In former days, previous to tbo construction od the Hudson River railroad, fbe opposition wis between the boata. Then the Empire, Alida, Troy, Niagara. Roses Williams, Rip Van Winkle and many others oould bedh tingulshed afar off by the black smoks from " Scotch kindlings" Issuing from their smoke stacks as they ran side by aide, each striving to gain the landing first Now the competition is between the ears and boats, not, hoW ever, In speed, but In tne matter of low fan. conveni ence and comfort The aeaaon will certainly M a vary lively one. Tho Hudson river boats have uwaya been more or less detained, and their passengers Inconveni enced by low water near New Baltimore, a point Jual south of Albany. A dyke Is now being erected there fifteen feet wide and five thousand feet long, the largest In the State. There will be fourteen feet of water al that point when the dyke Is finished. Lost year boats and barges of every description lay aground on Cuyler's bar, a nuisance which had existed for many years. A dyke built there has ovorcome the difficulty, and Cuyler's bar is no more, leaving nine feet of wnter at that point at low tide. Another dyko will be commenced In a few weeks at the head of Hchodack channel, and will be finished next year. The Hudson river Improvements will then be comploted, and the damage which has heretofore accrued to commeroe will be avoided. Tho subject of a "Hudson River Asylum for the In sane," provided for by the losteosslon of tho Legislature. Is bolng considerably agitated by prominent residents or the various cities and towns 'along the Hudson. The Governor bos appolntod the following named gontlemen as commissioners for the purpose of selecting a suitable site for the erection of the edifice, which Is to cost half a million of dollars:?A. W. Palmer, Amenta, N. Y.; Wm. S. Koynton, Kingston, N. Y.: John Falconer, Now York city; Dr. J. M. Clevland, Utica, N. Y., and Joseph B. Taylor, New York city. It is barely probable that the building will bo orocted on grounds situated a short distance from this city, although Hudson, forty miles north, is also looked upon with favor by tho commissioners. The chairman of the commissioners being tho originator of tho bill, and he being a resident of the county of Dutch oss, are facts that will have their Influence towards the selection of grounds near this city. I hear of no cases of cholera along the banks of the river, north or south, but on tho contrary the hoalth ef tho river towns is unusually good. The "white elephant" yclept the Athens and Schenec tady Railroad, is now In operation, freight trains being run ovur it dally. While no regular passenger trains are being run, yet, upon application of the residents along the route, tbo directors have attached paa> Seng r cars to the freight trains. A tele graph line is already in process of construction from lb* Koutheru to tho northern terminus of the road, and rumor has it that regular passenger trains will be put on this week, uhhough no connection Is mads with New York as yet hy boats. The steamboat George Washington arrived here yeataiw day from New York, loaded with twolve hundred Ger mans. on a pleasure oxcursion to Chestnut Grove, op powtte this city. The blowing of tne steamer's whistle, ringing of her bell, and an occasional salute from a six pounder, somewhat disturbod the peaceful quietude ef this highly moral locality. To-day an Immense gather ing of Germans from all parts of the Htate will convene at the abovo grove for a mutual Interchange of friendly feeling and an enormous consumption of lager. City Intelligence. RsroitAD Dm.?It waa reported yesterday that two prominent mtmbers of the Union Club of tnia city, bad left town for the purpoee of engaging In a deadly com bat acoording to the thirty-nine articles of tha Southern cods of honor. Tne aflWr has been kept a profound secret, and no more la known than that tbe two repotted principals are absent from their places of business and homes. Puobabls Caaa or Sossraou.?Yesterday afternoon about four o'clock a man known as Jacob, for eighteen months in tbe employ of a restaurant kaeper, 89 Ann street, wsa suddenly seised with cramps, from tbe effbeta of oxceaslve boat, as It waa supposed. That bla case waa a very serious one will be seen from the fact that sixteen glasses of brandy were given him In tbe courre of an hour without effecting hie head m the least. He wan put Into a carriage and taken home. Tea Heatbd Tann.?1The two hottest days In the month of June, 1806, were tbe 26tb and the 30th, when the thermometer stood at 01 at three P. M. On tbe 1st It stood at 80; od tbe 4th at 87; on tbe 11th at 87; en thn 17th at 84; on tbe 18th at 84; on ths Slat at 86; on the 22d at 86; and on tbe 16th it was only Tl. In thn present month, June 1800, yesterday, 26th Inst, th i thermometer, at three P. M.. marked 01?tbe very point It reached that day twelve months, at tbe r hour. On the 33d, 86; 34th, 86; on the 6d It was only 07?tbe lowest It baa been any day of this month at three P. M. PaasusTATinw to Bmsor Lvscn, or Chaslsstow, R C.? The Executive Committee of the Union War Prisoners' Association met last evening at tbe Metropolitan Ho tel, for tbe purpeae of presenting to the Right Rev. Dr. Lynch, Catholic Bishop of Charleston, tbe proceeds of the lecture delivered at tbe Cooper Institute on ths 27tb of May last by James T. Brady. Ths money Is to be devoted to the rebuilding of the Catholic Orphan Aarlum of Charleston. 8. C. The sum pres- nted to tbe Bishop amounted to 01,830, exclusive of the following donations from tbe gentlemen named:?Edmond Connolly, |100: E. D. Basaford, 1100; James Olw-ll, glOO; John W. Dempsey 860; James 8. Klrker, $100; Jatncg A. Fairish $60; W. A. Connolly, $60, R M. Daly. $86; Charles M. Connolly, $20. Gene ral Bpnmue, $10; Mr Parker, $10. The presentation was made by General Mclver, who referred to the many kindnesses the Union war prisoners received from tbe Bishop during their imprisonment in the South. The Bishop responded in a brief and very appropriate man ner, thanking the committee and referring to the disin terested pbilanUiropby of many of the Southern | In their sympathy for federal prisoners. Arrival or ma Faaxrn Fain in Tunis.? Tbe French ?team screw frigate Themis. Captain Bibourt, from Mae Unique, arrived off New York yeeterday afternoon. On paaeing Governor's Island she sainted tbe fort, and the salute waa responded to by tbe American autbonUeei Th?- Themis mounts thirty two guns and haa a crew of four hundred and eeventy-three m-n She made tbe paaaage from Martinique In thirteen day* Shot av as Orm as ?Officer Maveny, of tbe Sixth precinct, being called In to eettle a dieputo between Hugh Bleseon and his wife, at No. 00 Mulberry street, found Bleeaon brandish.ng a large club, with which be had assaulted hie wire, and threatening to demolish any one and every one that would dare to Interfere with bias. The officer drew hie revolver with tbe IntonUon of fright ening him, when tbe pistol wee accidentally discharged tbe ball taking effect In Beeson's leg. Tbe wounded mad wns takon to H-Jievue Hospital, where the urge-in pro nounced tbe wound not dangerous fin In CmbI Street. MA BROW MCATI OV TBI TIN A NTS?A HAM AM* CIILD MCATI IT TBI BOOT. At twenty ml do tee peel two o'clock on Moiday morw. tag a Are broke oat li e tailoring More kept by Wieraar Shnfboberg et Na 1M Ceael street. Alarm wee Immedi ately given by the Mith precinct police, bet before tbe tremeo reached the bene tbe whole of tbe otore wee lg e blase. The beet and moke Mcmtdlig rapidly up tbe statin prerteted several of tbe tenants from peteing dew, end they were compelled to eocape from the rear wtedowd of tbe second and third stortea. Mr Shafsnberg, It see me. slept tn one of tbe reer sum bedrooms with one of bin children, a bar three yean otd. A young man, frtlsiWfc Low, oleo slept IB the name room. They meted to tbe fire Marshal that when awakened by tbe alarm ths room was Ml of smoke I.iw ran down siairs to the first floor, saw ths Are was n ths store, thao ran bark to bin rem, grsbbnd up snms of bis clothing, and endeavored lo return down the gtsllB but (MM only gel tn thn second floor, and sea compelled, to mrs bimesir from suffocation, to make his escape from a second story window t? a sh<?d roof In the yard Mr Shafenberg ?u o naMc to come down, bat remained in his room aottl Almost suffocated. Then be got out et the dormer wtndow, placed bis child first into ths roof gutter, then clambered oat and so Along ths roof to the Adjoining building Ssreral members of Mr. Hlgbt's family mode their escape from the second story windows. The firm men managed the Are exceedingly well, end prevented it from spreading beyord the Mors, where It evidently ori ginated, but how or in whnl meaner Is nt ptwsent us known. The Ttre Marshal has ths mettsr nnd-r Inves tigation Mr. Hbofcnberg amsrts that he bed a rtock of over $1,000, and Is teen rod for Uist ameont In tinental Insurancs Company. Tbe building l? damaged about 1000, Insured. Military AWmtrn. RATIONAL ?UABI> CATAI.IT IIIOAng TO PABAM ON TBI TOCITH. Brigadier Oensral Toetley he* Imued the following order for the parade of tbe firm brigade, car airy, on thn Fourth of July ? annsaAi. oansas?so. S Ttavr Baioad* < sr*i ht N. 3 8 M T . I Nvw Toss, lone M. IMS Mil Park. Rcglntenis will f .rm tn brlgwla Una at raven o'rlock a.M Br order of BRfi'iRK roMI.KT BrigadierOeserat, Commanding first brtrnde cavairy N. 0, 8. N. T. Cssets* Whti st Aid d? ' ?m?.