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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMBS GORDON BKNMKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, ?rnca n. w. oobnkb or fultok and Nassau am Volume XXXI -So. IB amusements this evening. WOOD'S THEATRE. Hroadwtv, opposite the St. Nlebelaa Hotel.? H KOI Hit* S*B? KKA Diavoi.o. THRATRK FRANCAIS. Fourteenth street. near Sixth ?renue.? E-nousm Coaio Oj-ska? A Nioai iji Koaa? Two Cama SAM FRANCISCO MINSTRELS. 38* Broadwar. oppo.lta Metropolitan Hotel . ? KraioriAM Siaumo. Da?U(M. Ao. Tu Njauaba Lbat or tub Buht Fabilt. OROROR CHRISTY'S ? Old school or Mimrasuv, Balaam, Momoal Oaa. Ao.. Fifth Avenue Opera Hiniae, hoe. i end 4 Weal Twenir-tourut ? tree I ? wu'i Hot. TONT PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. ?1 ltowerv ? ?4? SBABrLBT't Minstbbl amp ('ohsimaxiok Taotra? Puaaaajtt NiMMnaaa. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Meohaolce' Hall, 473 Broadway? la a V-abibtv or I.iuht an a Laucbabi.b K*TBB*Ai.NHBjrT?, C'oara pa Ballbt, to. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S PARE THEATRE. Brooklyn ? LAPr or Lroaa. TERRACE GARDEN, Thirl Avenue, between Fifty eighth end Fifty ninth ntreete ?Tnco. Thomas' Obchbstbal Gabs kk Concerts, eommem tng at 8 o'clock. ?OOLEY'S OPRRA HOU8R, Brooklyn. -Ethiopia* Mi? UBIUT-Valum Buexksyi BS amp Pantobibki NKW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broailway. - Open from 10 A. M. till 10 P. M. SOMKRYILI.E ART GALLERY, 845 Broadway. -"Fab BAilCT 1'Bii'BruAirr." LOWR'8 .URONAUTIO AMPHITHEATRE, Flfty-nlnUi street and sixth avenue.? Balloo.hnu, Tiout Rom a.io Fibbwobks. ' NATIONAL ACADEMY OK DESIGN, Corner of Twenty third street and Fourth avenue.? Exhibition or Uhiuinal Wok** BT Living ARTISTS. New York, Monday, Jnly 9, 1860. NOTICE TO ADVEKTISERS. All advertisements handed in until half pant nine o'clock In the evening will be classified under appro priate headings ; but proper classification cannot ba Diiirt il after that hour. ADVERTISEMENTS FOR THE COUNTRY. Advertisements for the Wkfki.y Hdiai.d must be handed ib before ten o'clo k every Wednesday evening. Its cir culation among the enterprising mechanic*, farmer*, merchants. manufacturers and gentlemeu throughout lite country a increasing very rapidly. Advertisements in serted in the Wi: klv Hkkalo will thus be seen by a lnr^s portion of the active and energetic people of the United States. THE NEW 1. EUROPE. The European new*, dated to the 21st of Jnne, so anx iously expected yesterday, had not arrived when the Hsbald went to press this morning. The steamship* Bavaria, Bremen, City of Boston and Damascus are duo at this port and off Father Point respectively. Our Parts correspondent, writing on Jnne 14, an nounces that the Palace of the Elys6e, where Napoleon planned the coup d'Uat, bad been thrown open, with all its magnificent improvements. The building has been kepi strictly closed during tbe past fifteen years, since the night en which the Prince President of the republic of France transferred himself Into an Emperor. The Empress Engenle entertained the Grand Duchess Marie of Buss a within iU walls on the evening of its reopening. Prinea Napoleon gave a dinner to the chief war corresponds* tt of the Parts Journals the same even ing, at the Palais Itoyal; Ute vast power of Jtr? and tbe great power of the press being thus complimented by the Imperial fhmlly at tbe ? ? - moment M. Michel Chevalier points out In tbe oo4 umns of the <nw dm Dem Mamdm, of Paris, the danger to which Itaiy will be expoeedin a war with Aus tria, owing to her depresMd and burdened financial *y* lea. An interesting aeoooat of tbs armtss and navies of the belligerent. war Powers of Europe, In whom se much in terest is oentrelng at preeeat, is given in our columns this saornlng. miscx LL&if e o u a. Our Chilean correepoodeaee is dated Jan* & Nothing M kiovD of (he movement* of th* Span tab fleet, though M la believed they have ibudOMd the war and gone to Montevideo. A decree ha* beta lamed by the Pre aidant expelling Mpanlsh subject* from Chile, ?alparnleo la being strongly fortified. The vm aela of the Amertcnn squadron reoeotly on that ooast are now aoatfred In the PnciAo, and will proba bly not reunite noon. Admiral Pennon, with the flag ahlp Powhattan and donMe ender Water**, are at Callao. The MoUoogo ha* gone to California, and may prooeed a* far m Vancouver The Nyack la at the Cbia eha lelands, the Tuacarnra la here aad the Huwanee leave* here to-night tor Callao. The Dacotah l* d?ily eipeoted, (he having left Montevideo aome week* since, aad will remain here aome Um? The two Peruvian iron olad* Hueecar aad Independence were last heard from near the Stralta of Magellan. Congreae mat at Santiago on the IK ultimo, Pre* dent Perex'e manage wee received with hiaaea and derisive exclamation by the people ?? esmblid to hear Ik A revolution la awaKiag favorable opportunity te bora* forth among the Chilean* I'eres'a governmeat le very unpopular. From 1. 1 ma the uewa la aa late aa Jane 14. lieutcaaat Commander L. K. Now man, United Statre steam'* Nyack, died on tbe Slat of May. Our Pnaaaa correspondence la to the 2M of June. Aa place la annaoally quiet The pioneer uteamer of the Mew Zealand Australian Itae bad antved, and would e<>mm*oco her regular trtpaaa the 84th. There waa notb lag af I a tercet la Central America. Despatch** from Onlveatoa, fecaa, give Hemic** aewa to the Md of June. Bag 4a d had been evaauaied bv the imperlaltata and occupied by the liberate. Mejia bad aeat for General Iscoboda to feoetva the aorrvader of Matamoroa. Seven hundred liberate oorupled Hue* Mia dad n force waa organising to attack Tampion. A ataiemeat nprtlM ??elae law* that war* Ik far. * previous to th* praaant on*, go** to show that the tatter M not, comparatively, aa strtot and rigid la Me pto* wtons aad penaltlea aa generally auppoaed. Excise laws or various characters aad object* have bora enabled before aad etaoe the State organ (ration, which r< nialn*d peo? rWosf, restriction*, penalties and remediee in most re apecta more rigorous aad sever* than the present law. 1%e Eif.se law waa a complete failure n tue city J et terday. The large relnlorcement of Mtfanctloaa 1 mr d by Jadg* rtrdoao bnttep-d th* law so eomple *?? that a *traag*r would not hav* b*ll*ved that ?u h s law hsd beaa enacted. There waa bu little dr*ttk< anew and ealya rsw aireeta. Aa latereotiag history of St Stephen' ? Kpleropal ahurrh, c?mer oftBroome and rhryotle street*, wm given ysster lay morning by the rector, Rev. P? I' ice. It waa his l**t sermon la that edlfloi (which has bcou sold), aad the con rogation, It Is thought, will soon t? perms neatly settled at the French church la Twenty second street, betweea Fifth and Slith avenue*, The Rev. 0. B. Frotningham delivered a sermon yee terday at the Unitarian Congregational!*! ohureh on the swbfeot of the "Peetllence. " In th* rour** of his remark! th* reverend g ntiemen said that pestilence prisons* death to mperstiUon and to th* pl*ty that dr>ipe on lla kn*** Instead of nstng It* feet and liandn, and le the devo tion that puta up prayers Instead of pnttlag down I'-no rsaoe. We read the meaning of the pexttlenee differently. It Is obvious It ooman to teach uk the primary value of o >r aortal condition. It charges us to live decently, cleanly and temperately, or wa shall die. rhe lews pf health must be observed It is absolutely neoe^arv to hsr* Wholesome habit* The arrow mar fly, the pestilence may walk, but we must be made to teel the n?? e-?tty of llvfag like mtkmal creatur e Men and w<tnen should be clean for the joy of II The new Church of the Rede-mer, in Rm itlri w?? formally opened by Biehop C. 1. tin. a lord The celebration of the Festival of SI Pe #r and Paul was eoadiK-tsd with great solemnity la th-? OK hoi i - churehas yesterday. The service* at th* ('Inn h ?>( the I'aullau, corner of Fifty ninth street and N.ni i areuW. were unasua ly attractive. Aa *.w;,tr."t wotiaf Gflmtrm ra' -t t<*nary of XethodHm Is America ?u held last eveulng in tho Brooklyn Acadeuay of Madia The spacious odi Am wan filled to replutiun, and a Urge delect choir occu pied seats upon tbe stage and sung choice pieces of xaored music at I u terra! a. The Rev. Dr. Poster, 01 New Yerk, delivered a discourse upon the "Centenary ol American Heihodlttm. " Mis* Ella Van W le pave a spiritual eanei yesterday afternoon and evening at Na 814 Broadway. In the evening the medium fuinl d away while bound In her cabinet. The spirits failed to come to hor reliof. The audience became Indignant, and Colonel Ooodwln, her master of oeivmonlea, waa taken Into custody fur prac liaing a fraud on the public. Our Toronto (Canada Wust) correspondent, writing on the juueST, atatee that the public m nd was considerably exerci ed by the disoussion of tho merits and conduot of the different officers of the Qneen who had oommand of the military operating against tha Kenlsns at and near Fort Erie, during the reoent Invasion. A court of in quiry had been demanded by Colonel llooker, who re ceived so much blame at lint, and It was expected that the investigation would lead to some curious revelations Implicating Colonel Peacocks, of the Forty-seventh rogl - m nt i regular) of Infantry, and even General Napier him self. Th< condition, api?araao?, conduot and treatment of the ninety -six prisoner* confined In the uld jail of To ronto on charges of participation la or connection with the Fenian raid are described. Biographical sketches of the two alleged Fenian clergymen, Protestant and Catho lic, confined In the prison, are also given. Our Montreal correajiondeiit says there is great oppo sition to Mr. Call's OaancAl budget. The mochanios' and ot sens' societies are holding meetings to protest against It, Our Saratoga correspondent gives further Interesting items concerning the movements and enjoyments of fa-h lonoble society there. Ttie race*, which commnuce on tbe 23d of July, promise to be the uio-t popular ol' all ainuscm"nts at tbe gay watering place. Our correspondent at Lake Muinphramigog writes from the seat of the piscatorial war and gives an int > restliig account of the nil nation. This lake Is scarcely Inferior lo T-tlco George in lis bold scenery, and although one of the most romantic spun In the country and a wonderful place for (Idling, is really hardly known among the public, and as a bummer retreat is visi ted by few of the fashionables. Tho Senate of tho Foninn Brotherhood have issued an address to tbe members of Unit organisation in this city. The residents on 125lh street have entered a protest to the City Council again-,1 tbe construction of a railroad in that street. A letter from the Eighteenth United Stat e infantry regiment now in Dakota Territory, on their march to Fort Laramie, will bo interesting lo all, and especially to tho e ivl:o have friends in lliat regiment. A lire occurred in Ka.-t Boston yesterday morning, in volving a loss of $1. '.0,000. The Equilibrium of Riiropc? The Game of IV a poleoii. In Ilit' recent wry instructive and important letter of Louis Napoleon to bia Minister ot Foreign Affairs, touching tlio proposed (but defeated) European Peace Conference, he says, it tho Conference had been held "yon (M. Drouyn de Lhuys) were to have declared in my nnme that I reject nil idea of territorial aggrandizement as long nn tho balance of power in Europe i* not broken;" and again he says, "In tho war which is on the point ot breaking out we hare only two interests ? the preservation of the European equilibrium and tbe mnintonunco of tbe work which wo have contributed lo build up in Italy." But, in view of (ho Conference, tho Emperor had contem plated a rectification of the Europeun equili brium, which, with tho cession of those Dan mil Duchies, Ac., would have made Prussia the most powerful of the uermau States; which would have taken the beautiful and important military province of Venotia from Austria; which would bare reformed the smaller Gor man States into a sort of independent confede ration as against Austria and Prussia, and which would have restored the eastern bound ary of Fi ance at least to the left bank of the Rhine. This was the Earopean equilibrium contem plated bj Napoloon as a peace arrangement Now that war has superseded or is to super sede the rejected Conference, while holding himself pledged to support the cause of Italy against Austria, he has no other Interest than the preservation of the European equilibrium, which he broadly intimates must necessarily involve the balance of power to France. 116 does not mean the equilibrium of the old dynasties and the Bourbons, which was broken up by the first French republic, the consulate and the empire; nor the equilibrium re-estab lished by the Holy Alliance in 1815, tor he "detests" those trenties; but lie means a Na poleonic equilibrium, subject hereafter to tbe judgment of imperial France, as tbe arbiter of the Continent. The equilibrium contemplated by Napoleon the Third is most pr.?bahly something like that which existed under Napoleon the First, in 1811, when his son by Maria Louisa was pro clabncd in lii* cradle, with a salute In Pari* of a hundred guns, King ot Rome. At Utat time the Freneh Umpire was at the meridian of Its glory, fa addition to the eighty-six depart ments of France proper, it embraced three de partments along the Alps, fifteen beyond the Rhine, fifteen bejood the Alps, In Upper and Central Italy, aud seven Illyi ian provinces, be sides exercising control iu Spain, in the Italian kingdom^, in Switzerland. and In the Confedera tion of tbe Rhine. At tbe same time French codes and French ideas were predominant at Vfaisaw, at Milan, at Naples, in Holland (an nexed to France in 1M0), in Westphalia, Ba varia, and in Sweden, to whom a French king was given in the person of Marshal Berna dotte. In brief, at that day of his Imperial splendor, the "equilibrium" held by tbe first Napoleon comprehended tbe whole of Europe, between England and the Mediterranean in one direction and England and Russia in the other. By the treaties of 1815 this magnificent im perial efctablWitueni, with tbe Emperor himself, was nt'crly overthrown and cast out, and Fiance was reduced back to its comparatively modest limits of France nndor Louis XVL, while the kingdom* and prln ctpr?l !?!?'? wrested from her were so distributed to form a new "equilibrium ' un le# the H >!? Alienee. Those treaties of lfib have been pretty jrvuorally dis regarded by 'h* parties concerned In referMioe to tbe oxten >i?u of tbeli own boundary's but the allied l'ow re, except in be gracious p? * mission to ?> I'm- i trte to .*tnrn to the tb'<>ue of France .,kI ih" cmpin , and i" p?-im t 'u the spolhn ion of Aastrla f..r ihe benefit of the new kingdom >( luly, and ? ?. <?[.? in their cmi sent given to the mine xatioa of 8sv oj to France, bavo held the empire to the bumtlU- ; tiona imposed by tbe Congress ot Vienna and I'aris. In fact, (he oniawry of 1?18 againit the n>>na|mrtcs, though practically wognlr-d as a dead let !? r, still remains a treaty ngfoa pe;il"d. ? I " mm. ? rae European equilibrium, therefore, result* , nig from those treaties of IStft, so nnturallv and justly deiested |>y Louts Nspoleon, is not Hie equilibrium he d??eire?. lie wmits soin ? t tbing nearer the imperial status of France of I HI I. In tbie end be bss gs>ned an Important point in the nrpture fomented between Austr'ii I ; i??l P ? i. ' I1" nrv harit ?rvf Atls'll n.. ) IUly on the other. In a war ooofimd to theat) belligerents the intervention of Frunoe will be decisive, and a word from Napoleon may re store peace. But what, said Talleyrand, over threw Napoleon the First T "Spain, Russia and the Pope." Spain may now be thrown out of the account ; the Pope baa ceased among the European States to be an object of fear and jealousy, and has become an object of charitr ; but the Russia of to-day is not the Russia which will admit, on any possible terms, of another Napoleonic campaign, even half way from Paris to Moscow. Between England and Russia, as with the first Napoleon in 1811, the present Napoleon, we may say, holds the Continent in his grasp; bnt between Russia and England, the French Emperor and Empire may again be overthrown. As goes Russia in this European Continental imbroglio, so will go the balance of power. In rome of the Government. It is estimated by the Treasury Department that the income of the government from all souroes for the fiscal year which ended Satur day, Juno 30, will reach the enormous sum of five hundred and fllty millions of dollars. Of this throe hundrel and fifteen millions are do rived from the internal rovonu?, and two buu drod and thirty-five millions from other sources. One hundred and seventy millions came from custom". Five or six years ago, just previous to the war, the total incomo of the government, and consequently the expenditures, did not reach one-seventh or ono-eiorhii of this sum. Sixty or seventy millions a year was con sidered then a large revenue. What a revolu tion in our financial affair*, as woll as in our social and political condition, within the brief period of a few years ! The cu->t.inn yiold nearly throe tim^s the amount of our entire revenue anterior to the war. One hundred and seventy millions a yoar in the way of duties on foreign importation* ought to be pro tection enough to home in innfocturos; yot we hear the rich manufaotarors of New England and Pennsylvania crying out lustily for more. It is time that the masses of the pconlc ? the consumers ? who have to pay this in increased high priees, nnd that the groat agricultural interests of tho West ami Midillo State*, an 1 of the South, if it had a voici in the ma' tor, should look into n system of legislation that benefits u few and a particular section at the expense of the rest of tbo country. Congress has been for som~* lira-', and is now, under tho control of New Kngland and Pennsylvania protectionists. It will be woll for tho mass of the people everywhere, and particularly in tho West, to icineinUer this at the approaching Congressional elections. This great country, notwithstanding? its many and varied interests, has been governed long enough for tha benoflt of one class and a small section. The statementofsuch an extraordinary amount of rovenue must be highly irraM.'yi'ig to every American, for it show* the won lerlul resources of the countTy, and our a'dlity to mot without difficulty ull our liabilities, or to pay the entire national d?bt within a reasonable period. Those rcsourcos, too, will increase evory year, and the burden of debt become less weighty, if we have peace and a restored Union, and if our finances be properly managed. But with all these means and wealth, with all our capa bilities and the bright prospect before us, we may throw away the advantages we possess and be plunged into bankruptcy and ruin. The imbecility, corruption and reckless ex travagance of Congress are tbo evils we have most to fear. The members of the present Congress are, for the most part, as ignorant of tho duties of legislation, and especially of national finanoes, as children. They are mere local politicians and cannot raise themselves up to the height of great national or inter national questions. Their vision is limited to mere party politics and their own selfish schemes. Any one who has takon notice of their proceedings during i hn present session can como to no other conclusion. Then, as t#> corruption and reckless extravagance, we have only to look over tho list of bills passed and before HiaL body to be convinced that it ia the most corrupt and reckless Congress that ever aat in Washington. Tens of millions are appropri ated with lens thought or consideration than a few thousand dollars were in former timos, and that for the most Infamous jobs. The very atmosphere of Washington reeks with corrup tion. Wo state what is notorious to every one acquainted with that city or watches what is go ng on there. Here, then, lias the danger, that nil our re 'ottrcos may be dissipated and only help to make a corrupt and extravagant Congress moro corrupt and reckless stilL Our only hope is in the people ? is that they will be sufficiently enlightened to retnrn at the forthcoming elections a different and better set of men. But we not only need a thorough change In Congress, bat want more oapable administrative offlcors. Mr. McCnlloch, doubt less, ia a very respectable man and good country banker, bat can hs grasp the vast subject of national flnauoe? Oh, how much In need of atatesmen is this great oountry I Im agine a man llks Mr. Gladstone having the control of our resources ? of an incoms of Ave hundred and fifty millions, and what would he do with ItT Taxation would be lightened, oar legal tender currency would soon be at par with gold, and tho national dsbt would be but a trifle, and would be pat In precs? of liqui dation at once. Oar aotaal situation may be compared to that of a rich argosy freighted full of the most valuable treasure, bat In the bands ol incapable oOoers and a stupid crew. We ought to begin to retreneh in every de partment of the government, and reduse the revenue down to throe hundred millions, i Taking tw.< hundred and lltty millions a year i from the b iMen ot taxation would be an lm m nse relief, Tliree hundred millions ougt.t to be ample to pay the interest on the debt, currant expeaws of tho government, and to have ?? ui . rurin of twntjr or thirty millions as a fOfWanent sltiking fund to extinguish the "?d>t In f> o\ if leg?l tenders were to be used instead of the national bank circulation for otn rv.rr "ioy, three hundred millions of the interim be '-mg bond* could be bought np or retired 4' OH OS, and the amount thus sand could be applied as s sinking fund. We urge upon tie- people to consider, and tho new eon <4 -rrstiro national party to take up these vltil ?liooN in earn*'*!-. If njw candidate* lor Congress or any respectable party will go in'o the next elections upon the pl.itforin of re trenchment, abolition of the national bank system, and a thorough change of tho present corrupt ond hnb rll Congrats, success will fblli w, "ach a |d 1 form would best all the I -1 j i?!vf r a: tmtrMi Saturday In Congrasi. In Congress Saturday Is usually oonsldered a din n on, or sort of holiday. In the cemmenoo ment or mi idle of i session It would bo diffi cult to bin it set apart for the consideration of any serious business. There can be no more certain indication, therefore, that honora ble members are intent upon a speedy adjourn ment than when the m?asurea fixed for discus sion on that day are of an important oharacter. The work done in both houses on Saturday last shows how eager they are to finish up the session. In the Senate Mr. Wilson called up the Freed men's Bnreau bill, and moved that the Senate insist on its amendments and agree to the committee of oonferenoe oalled for by the House; which w.is so ordered. The points in dispute between the two houses relate to the disposition of the Sea Island cotton lands. The House prohibits the surrender of the lands held by the freedmen under General Sherman's order, while the bill passed by the Senate has provisions under which the formsr owners may resume possession of thorn, except in oases where they have been sold for United States taxes. The Senate view would seem to be that dictated by usage and sound policy. General Sherman's ord<*r transferring these lands was intendod to apply only to a state of war. It would be oontrary to the general interests, as well as to the praotice of all civilized govern ments, to give permanency to a measure of this character, when the exigency wtlch called for It has passed away. We trust, therefore, that the Senate's amsndm *nts will be agroed to. The resolution adopted on the motion of Mr. Poland, calling for a copy of the official oath filed by Albert Elmoro, recently nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate as Collector at Mobile, shows the loose manner in which business is frequently disposed of by that body. The allegation against Elmore is that be at one time held office under the rebel governmant Wo ourselves know nothing as to the correct ness or incorreolna3s of the statement; but wo are not the less entitled to say that the inquiry into Elmore's antecedents should have been m.tdo previous to, anl not after, his confirma tion. Mr. Wade introduced a bill of consider able Importance in regard to Utah, and whioh, through certain changes in the mods of select ing grand and pei.it jurors, aim) at nothing less than upsetting the whole of the existing social, religious and judic.al institutions of that Territory. As the republic ins are, as a party, rather tender-footed la trending upon the "debatable groun 1" of polygamy, it is not likely that anything further will be done In the matter this session. After some other busi ness of mlnor> Importance the Senate took up the Indian Appropriation bill, In the oonsiderar tion of which the remainder of the afternoon was spunt? on the whole a very Cull aad ardu ous d iy's work for the Saturday. In the Houbj equal Industry and anxiety to hurry up matters wero shown. Af er the busi ness of the morning hour tho consideration of the Tariff bill was resumed. On the question of the two several amendments Increasing the duties on squares of steel, or Iron measures, from six to ten and six to nine cents per pound, a smart discussion ensued between the repre sentatives of the manufacturing and agricul tural Interests, whioh finally resulted In the adoption of Mr. Morrill's proposition increasing tbo duty to nine cents. On a proposed amend ment of tho paragraph about railroad iron, im posing on all iron imported and fitted by pal tern for railroads and inolined planes a duty of one cent per pouud, another contest took plaoe with the defenders of the home minofec taring Interest Mr. Griswold, commenting on on effort of Mr. Wilson to make the duty seventy oents per one hundred pounds, asserted that the home manufacturers of railroad Iron had been losing money for the last three or four years. When asked for the proof of this statement the honorable member evaded the question. Mr. Raymond opposed the increase in the duty. The great oomplaint which he made against protection, Jie said, was not that It was wrong in principle, but that there was no end of it. Mr. Garfield demanded that the Iron Interests of the country should not be eaten up and destroyed by the Interests of the foreign manufacturers; while Mr. Allison brought forward some powerful arguments to show the Impolicy of Increasing the duty. Mr. Stevens, In a few brief but pungent remarks, replied to the speeches made against the in crease. After stating that the reason England was able to send her Iron over as she does was because the prioe of labor was only about one-third what it is here, he contended that it was at labor kself that the advocates of reduo tion wore striking. An allusion to Mr. Kw on, of low*, brought that gentleman to fail leg*. He defined In forcible terms the distinction be tween rations! protectionists nod prohibition ists, nod ssid that bs was for defensive measures against other coon tries in the In. teres* of our ewn, bat he was nol for entirely annihilating the privilege of a free people to have competition la the market* In which they are compelled to bay and selL If that was to be a free trader he gloried In the title. The discussion on the paragraph cloeed with the adoption of the original proposition, making the duty one cent per pound. From tot defeat of Mr. Wilson's amendment, and the subsequent additions of duty made on scrap iron, railway frogs and steel, it is evident that it is the determination of the radicals to pass the bill with as large an Increase of pro tection ss possible to the Eastern States and Pennsylvania. This is to be done not merely with a view to revenue, but, as the radical organs give us to understand, as a tost for the President, more especially in regard to Penn sylvania, where protection is the predominant idea. In the event of Mr. Johnson vetoing the bill the calculation Is that it will shelve him among the people of Pennsylvania, and so weaken the ohances of the success of the new party movement It is certain, therefore, that even should the bill require three or four more weeks' Isbor on it to bring it to the point de sired the radicals will not consent to sn ad journment until tbey have accomplished their work. All this is very well as s clever piece of tactica, but they may overshoot the mark. Public opinion In the West runs in a directly opposite current to their views. The Western people sro producers, not manufacturers, and Ute Tariff bill will require a good deal of ir'mming before It can accommodate tbe two extreme*. Tbk TVant.KN IUiijwuo MctfbUL? ' The re?d d'-nts on IZAtb street and vicinity are in a state of considerable ef item <nt an 1 ln<lii(n.tUon on ' of t'ie lav In z dos-o of rni!? through the (treat, upon which they apprehend that it?am and cattle trains are to be run, much to the injury of their property and to their great personal discomfort The rails, so &r as laid down, mysteriously disappeared a few even ings since, whereupon the President of the nigh Bridge Horse Railroad Company cornea oat with a card, in which he states the said rails were laid under a oontract made with the company, and with the knowledge and consent of the owners of the property immediately opposite to where the same were laid. We infer from this that the citizens must hare misappre hended the purpose for whloh the rails were laid. Remonstrances, however, hare been pre pared and will be presented to the Common Council this evening, when it la probable some light will be thrown upon what appear* now to be a very curious railroad muddle. Th* New Post Omas.? Several meetings of the national and local committees ens aged upon the duty of selecting and purchasing a sit? for the new Post Office in this oity have been held, and the business is in the way of being settled in a manner satisfactory to all parties and to the public. The site that has been proposed, namely, the lower end of the Park, will, no doubt, be chosen, and a more eligible one could not be seleoted. The plot of ground extonds from the narrow point of tbe Park three hundred and aevonty-flve feet. back on Broadway, and the same extent on Park row, and is three hundred and seventy feet and two inches across the Park, tbe entire area being equal to twenty-six city lots. Tho esti mated value of the land is one and a half mil lion of dollars, but it is offjred to the government for half a million. It Is proposed that the government shall expend a million and a half on the building, which will includo a Post Offloo and accommo dation for the United Statas courts. The committees are at present deliberating npon tho matter of the reversal of the buildings afler they shall ceaso to be used by the gov ernment for the purposes contemplated j but we do not apprehend any difficulty on that point, as the gentlemen oornpoiln? tho sove~al committees soom to be animated by a cordial and unanimous d >sire to close tho bargain at once. It soems to be a fair transaction on all sides. The government obtains the most eligi ble site in the city at one-third its value for its postal edifice, and the city obtains a magni ficent struoture, built at government expo ise, which will prove both a splendid ornament and a m<mum >nt to the prosperity an l rapi 1 growth and expansion of the metropolis. In this connection ? ward of oaution to the gov ernment in making its contracts for tbe build ing m?y not be inappropriate. With the experience of our own new Court House bo fore it, tbe government should make the most stringent provisions in regard to the Urns at which the building shall bo oompleted, other wise tho present generation may net eiyoy tha satisfaction of seminar it finished A n?w Post Offlce being absolutely demanded, the sooner the government gets rid of the present rat tran the better. Thi Paris Exhibition and American Exhibit ors.? In the House on Saturday last Mr. Banks, from the Committee of Conference on the Paris Exhibition bill, made a report recommending the changing of the bill so at to substitute the word -eurrenoy" tor "coin" in the appropria tion section, thus virtually reducing tbe amount appropriated for expenses from $305,000 to $156,000. The report was adopted, and, by tbe terms of the bill as now passed, $160,000 nre given by the government to defray tbe ex penses of those who may wish to exhibit their wares and manufactures at the Paris Exhibition. That is, of oourse, if there should happen to be any exhibition In 1807, as proposed. This is an extremely doubtful matter, tor tt is not only posslblo but highly probable that by the time ??t tor the grand display of the artioles of peace at Paris we shall be witnessing through out all Europe a grander exhibition of the arts of war. The people of Europe may, by the : time selected, be absorbed In war to the ex clusion of all poaccful exhibition*. Mr. Banks should make provision in his bill for this sort of an emergenoy. He has displayed his uiual good sense In separating this question from that of the Mexican muddle, and commendable economy in reducing the appropriation to something reasonable. Let him now take steps to provide against tbe misapplication of the appropriation in cass there should be no ex hibition, and surround it with such oonditions dial Homo minor officer of on? of tne depart ment* shall not apply II to the defraying of his^prtvate expense# Tor a summer tour to Grout and Ratmomd? Tn Kami and tu Par. ? The Hon. Horace Greeley has at last discovered thai torbearanoe has eeased to be ? virtue In reference to the political ground and lofty tumbling and nicely balanced two horse act of that fhauras eqneetriaa, the Hon. Henry J. Raymond. Greeler, therefore, de nounces Raymond substantially as a double shuffler, ? slippery customer and a party deserter, attempting to Justify himself upon fhlse pretences and by quibbles and evasions. Raymond retorts, la substanoe, thai this la pretty cool for Greeley, which Is true; and thai so far as the Timet man is oonoerned, in going In for this Randall-Hendrloka-Doollttle and-Dixon national party movement he is all right ; thai the object of this movement is to nationalise the Union party, while "the Trtb%m* has labored to sectlonalise It" Greeley re joins that "the 71ms* knows right well that the Randall and Hendricks call Is oalculaled aad Intended to distract, divide aad defeat the Union party which elacted Linoola aad John son," aad that "suoh experiments on popular oredullty are aot only dishonest; they can hardly foil to recoil oa tho heads of their authors." The question under discussion, aa ws undsrstand it, Is party fidelity, aad such an issue between Greeley and Raymond in calcu lated to "bring down the house." We think it most likely, however, that Mr. Raymond, when put to the test of a choice between this Doolittle and Dixon aatloaal party move ment and another republican nomination for Congress, will be apt to tnrn his back npon Doolittle and Dixon. We guess that Mr. Ray mond is hedging for another nomination for Congress, and that Greeley is trying to flank him, and not without somo probability of suc cess. "It is a pretty quarrsi as it stands, and it would be a pity to upoii it" llohokm Nawa. Tita Aitarina R*w*aiti <>?? ran 11 ihmtk , -**????*. ? .lunn lii m|K>ia alto wm m -ntkntod Id * H> 111 ma mi empi o\t of Ui? Bn?m?a Ht?aat*liip Ounfllf, but * NappnaaS Mew Tort pmr??MoBel, ?ba *?? rrprr>?ntMl an naplovaS oa tt? docks ed)ar?Bt totn?itr?n MEXICO. Tk? ?rtcuBtlon Of B?|d*d ? K?|r? Troop* rifhtlBg M the L.lber?l Side? Tkt ??malar of Mataaoroi bjr thi laaperlalleU lMp*adla(-0*a*r?l Betty l*al for to Protoot tk* AatrUaat-Tk* CltlHB* Flitlag la to Texas, 4m. OiLvasroa, June 80, ISM. A sloop has arrival from Brownsville, bringing Alan W Matamoroe and Brownsville papers to tbe 23d of Jaaa. being the flrat arrival since tbe battle of Camarga. Bagdad was evacuated by tbe Imperial fore*, aad fee liberals had assumed tbe government of that piaoa Two companies of negroes fought on tbe side of the liberals in tbe battle of Camargo. The oonroy captured was valued at one million and ? half dollars. Tbe owners, who went from Matamoroe to treat with tbe liberals for Its redemption, were arretted by Bscobedo and a ransom demanded for their remea The reports eonoeralng the ipeole train are very ooa tradiotory. Tbe moat authentic say It has returned la Monterey. Carav^al took oommaad of the foroee la front of Mate, moroa, demanding Ita surrender. Mejln refused to ear reader to Caravajal, bat sent for Eaoobedo to ooaM an* receive the city. Meantime Bsoobedo was maroblog la the assault Mejia sent for General (Jetty, who went over to onafev with tbe Imperial geaeral. Mqjla asked that if ha surrendered the city te Oaravajal, If he (General Getty) would protoot the Amertoaa oiUxeaa The latter ao*> ?wared'. That Is what I am here for. " Tbe cttiaena ware fleeing te the Texas side of the lina On the 23d the Custom House was Kept open all night la facilitate their departure. Etwobedo is endeavoring to pass the captured train Into Texas. Tbe BrownsvlUo Courier thinks that some arrangeawmt will be made to hand the city of MaUmoro* over to Carav^Jal. The above details are all circumstantial and reliable. Organization of an Bxpedltlon Agalait Tamplr.o? The People Rising In all Di rections In Behalf of the Republic, &r, WasHMuroM, July 1, 1866. Mr. Romero, the Mexican Minister, has received a let. tor from ramptoo, June 10, from which the following b an extract: ? The pe< pie of Hnesntia, and all other towns In the HueHulla district, have rsen a/am In fuvor of the repub lic and I'roaident Juares, a< you will aoe by the enclosed slip, taken from the government organ of Him otiy, of the 26th ult. , styled ? lie I u ."-even h mid rod well armed liberal troop* now oecepy H esutla, while a force of oaa thousand a beiu< orgaoued at Victoria, now In our poi? session, to move against tliia place The capture of Tam pl o Is feasible, it our troops come with a force of sovea or eight hundred men, as it a garrisoned by impre.-Med Mexicans, who will not UglM a alost their own brother*. I have Just had an Interview with a fnend from Huae teca, who informs me that our force' have flvi' pieces of artillery at Huetuitla, two of which wore captured from tli enoiny. The mperiallst* n ake no nMistanco, and all bopea for the emp>re are now blasted. Hue.iutla had sent three hundred men against Fanloy uca, an imponant oily Id this Hiato, wlioru there la a small imperial force, wh.ch wHl surrender without a struggle. CANADA. Great Opposition to the Plaanelat BU* get? A Snarl la the Oanadlaa Court*. SfKCIAL. TKLB'JRAM TO THB NKW TORI (IBK4LD. Motrmstt, July I, IMS, I learn that the opposition to Mr. Salt's financial budget is tremendous throughout Western Canada The reopening ot Parliament on Tu esday evening will be tbe signal for a moat exciting debate la the matter of the extradition of Daniel B. Msrritt, tbe alleged Ogdead>urg forger, a singular irregularity seems to have taken place. When discharged the other day on the technical ground of tk* clerloal error, ha wee held upon another charge emanating from Judge Course! 'a Court, up m which MerriU Vb MAAftdM for eight days. This period expired yaatarday. Bat the accuaed laA hare last Wedaeeday without appearing before Judge Gout-sol's co rt The Governor General1! aignature to the extradition payer havtag la the meaatime baaa ah tained upon a report front Judge Smith. Hence a coa fllet of Canadian law leave* Merrltt, anfortuaately for him, in tbe hands of the Dotted Stales author! Uea oadar an extraditioe misapprehension. Tbe meohaalos' aad artisans' societies of the pro vince* art holdiag moot legs la protestation agalaat Mr. Oalt's Tariff policy. City latelllgeaee. Couaoa or m Orrr or Naw Toax.? The prngieetme of the closing axaralsoe of the College of the City of Masr Tork a ss foliowi:? Priae debate between the two 14a rary eocletiea, Tbanday eveaiag, July t, et the Cooper Uaioa; prise yklng, Friday evealng, July 6, at Irvtag Ball, Alumni Oiatioa aad Poem, Monday evening, Jaly 8, at Dr. Chaavar's oharch, Comma aoament, Tuesday afternoon. July 10; alumal meeting, Wadnaeday aflar Buoa, July 11, at the college Aoaaeat to a Fmaaaa.? While Hook aad Ladder Com pany Ma t was procosdlag to the alarm af fin at PV> Ueth street aad Third avaaaa, about aiaa o'clock last night, the fofoaaa, Aadrew J. Brady, wee oaaght ko tweoa tbe wheel of the truck aad a third avaaaa car aad badly crusbsd. Ha waa takea to tha truck heae^ wnare ha wounds were dreaeed by Dr. Shaw. Althoagb Brady's I g Is badly brutaed, yet It la believed that the result will aot be va tj serous. A WouLn-as Sciciob.? ' Tho police of the Fourteealh preotact arrested aa uakaawa womaa for latoxjoaUoa yaatarday mora lag about oaa o'clock, who, while la ear tody at tha-elatloa house, made three attempts to haag herself. She was salted with vloleat convulsion* after the last attempt, aad was aeat to Bellevue Hospital for traauaent Brooklyn InUlllgnntr. Paoatau Fatal Lam r Actuan.? A gtrl, twelre 7 mm old, uuM Catherine N eerie, mMiii with htr MM, Mr* Kaaraa, at No. 80 Carroll ?:reet, waa severely u< It la thought, fatality bunted about sight o'clock laat nltfht, by the ecpbaioa of a Suit lamp, which alao art tlrr to auaao furniture .n ihe room. Both pa MM of the child ara dead Tha auffbrer waa ceareyed br ln|? I Kerry, of tha Poriy-lhird praomoi, to th 1 I/.ng UaH inllege loaftlal, whara aha la bow being eared for. A ruw ua Aijiiwt aa Amftaar.? About half- pent eta o'olook ywdorday afternoon. ? frame building need aa a carpeater'a ah op, altualed at tha corner of Da E*ib aad Cumberland BTeauea, aad oeraed by Thoenaa & Uty, waa dlaeorered to ba oa Ira. The engine* wera promptly oa tha ground, but tba building being of a light malaatal waa apeedU? oooeumed. The luae la about two hand rod dollars, thoie being 00 insurance The Bra la eappear* to hare been tha work af aa Incendiary. Aa hoaa car riage No Id waf niehlng down Court street oa I la way to tha 0ra it cfJbe la oolllalon with tha tall board of a a*| on that U aa, aarrylag away thai part of tha vehicle aj pull; tatlmidaitng tha feMala ^ortloa af tha taatde tha oaa rvemen *hool4 avoid uaing the rail rued traok with that* apparatua They would thereby m\m puioh aaaoyaace to themaolvea aad tha pabUa A DiMMon Baieoa ?About oaa o'cioek oa floaday Morning aa oOaer Mfortad tha Third atiaat bridge, wltah man tha Ooeaaaa amk, aa balag la a rary laii|iiiw oeadKloa. Tha bait thai ibwld aacura tha bridge had baaa broken off fMa Ha (hetealnga, aad aa old raya wm all that ramalaed for Ita aeonnty. That* waa aa apaa apace af eighteen or taretuy tachee through which aa aawarr pedeetrtaa would ha llabla to be precipitated or a horaa be taken uooereaoonioualy off hia legs. Th a la a favorite drive, hnodr~de of eqelperee en>M tba bridga dally, and it la a dtegraee to tha < Ity that aurh ar alaul aegltgeooe should be aullbrud aa the part of tba keeper or whoever May be reuponelbM for the safety of the MMM Tba Turf. Tba atala of tha adda oa to-day ' a trot, made ap from the poal booka ef the laM aalaa oa Saturday night, waa aa followa Deiter $M M M M M d? 1M 19 Oonaral Bntler t? ? M St SI ST MM Coa. TenderWIt ? 7 & 0 4 10 26 ? The Calif ore a atailtoo waa not eeld. Bawa fraat lew Orb ana. Naw otutfa, July 1, IM Oen rule Maadmaa aad Fulleroa, Ooanmlaat->ti>?a M investigating the aflhlra of the ffre dman'a llureaa, Bud oorpa of onrraepondenta arrived thla rraalnt. Two Jetetleee, arraated at Vtdalin, Ijl, under tha Ci? I Right* bill, hara been brought here for trial Railed, at-amem Oeorre Washington and Virgin for Mew Tork. Arr red, ateataera George Cromwell, Haw York, la latitada ttt degrees It tnlnutaa, longitude Td degree* aa minutea, the auatner Morning Htar pee- d a wreck. atips>o?od to have boea a achoouer, wat'Tlo^?* and part ally burned. Rawa froaa Teeaaaeeere. NaMmttJt, July 1, lU Tba fourth of July la to be celebrated at Baalay springs, wh<*re Oeaeral Thoenaa great cavalry i' barge wae made in the battle of Naabrllla. > art Hcbure and other* are etpaoted to be preeem n>? railroad br.dga at li*catur will be oonapletad oa the 4th Oeneral Flake hu returned alter aereral dap tnirfwrn with oeaeral Kwell Re r< porta the ronditioa el adatra and l oiltieallr. Bit ran anr mrar aa