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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMKS OOltDON HK \ \ KTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETO& OITICB N. W. CORNKR OK KUl-TON AND NASSAU HT8. % u1ubm XXXI No. 187 AMOWtMKNTS THIS EVENING. WOOD'S THEATRE. Broadway, opposite the St. Nicholas il BKOiut.it Sa*? Kra Diaici.o. SIS FRANCISCO MINSTREL*. Mft Rrn*,lw?v, opponlta JMetrop<'l!Un Hotel. -Ethiopia* SutUIKu DaaciNo, Ac.? 'I hi N iai;aka Li.ap or mi il fsr Fault. TONY PASTOR'S OPE It t UOJSE. 3)1 Bow. tt? Sam BhaKPIKTN MlMSTHItl. AMI C'OBBLNATIOJI 1'BOL'riC? i*Ll>A-AHr MaiaaBOM. T ARI.EY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at > V 11*11, 4TJ Ilroadw ?y -Iw a Vakibty or I.ii;iit . 1.A ? 'IABi.ll ENTBBTAINMB.NTS, CoUKs HI BALLST, AC. IH F. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE. Brooklyn. - J A .1 IJtT. RRRICB GARDEN, Third Avenue, bet Tre-*n Fifty ? th a. id Kitty ninth itreetx. ? Tumi. Tiiokab' Orcuimtkai. .< . ?uf Coackbts, co iimeiiclng at 8 o'clock. ? OOLKY'S OPRRA HOUSE, Prooklyn ? Ethiopian Mufr I iLir? Ballad*. UtuitMica akd Pantomimi:*. W '.SI1IN0TON HALI,, Wllllannbur* ? Okoeoh Christy's J vrKlLS. ' W YORK MUSEUM OK ANATOMY, 618 Broadway.? *' n from 10 A. M. till 10 P M. SOM ERYILLE ART GALLERY, &A6 ttroailwuy.? 'Kab tiAUirr TBICBrHAKT." LOWE'S iKRON AUTIC AMPHITHEATRE, Klfty-nlnth IHn'et mid Sixth Tvnuo.? Haalooxinu, Th;ht Rori and i IKEWOBItS. NATIONAL AC DEMY OK DESIGN*. Corner of Twenty third nre.-t hik! rth ..vocai. -Exhibition or Ubiuinai. tV?'KK.i AT 1.IVINC ? KTlflTt. New York, Prlilajr, July 0, 1866. TBI NEWS. CONGRESS. la ttio Njnate, yesterday, I ho Conference Committee on the Army Appropriation bill made u report, which ,?.-is agreed to. Tim b.ll m .imondod is substantially the eame as it was poised by the Senate. The bill to pay the loyal citizens of Southern States for stores taken for the n?e of the army wa.j taken up and discussed, but noth Jng tiual was accomplished before the adjournment. In tiio House, the l'uciflc Railroad bill cumo up in Ord -r, and ai'tor an nmcnduient providing that nothing in it shall Rive the Company mineral lands or United S'at< > bonds' ovor tho number of miles actually built, laid on the table. The Conference report on tho tarmy Appropriation bill was agreed to. The bill now .goes to the President. The Tariff bill was taken up aud tiireo pages were disposed of. No alterations or amend ment* of iraportaueo were made. THE CITY. Tii- regular meeting of the Chamber of Commerce hi lil yesterday, and a very strong resolution wa3 adopted condemnatory of the Taritl bill now before fl.uigro-j. rtoven hundred and one injunctions have already been Aorved on the new Conirniseionein of Excise. During tUn last forty-eight hours they have received but Tew Applications for licenses, and their receipts from that Aource have fulleu ut' to the small sum of Tour hundred ^nd fifty dollars. The pyrotechnic displays which were postponed until Iho first favorable evening were given in City Hall Park pud elsewhere in tho city last eveniug to immense Crowds. On East Rroadway and Orand street a serious accident occurred. A wooden shed which was taken jposstwinn of by a crowd of boys gave way beneath their Weight and ten persons were inured, most of them very ?everely, and some or them, It la feared, fatally. ?fames Hay ward, an English merchant, forty years of age, and residing at Na 14* Bowery, is reported to have Vied of cholera yesterday after an Illness of only Ave front*. There were no fresh developments on Stalen Island, and no deaths reported. The sick in hospital J there are all progressing favorably, and will bo removed * So a short time. Miss Ella Van Wie was advertised to fire "manifesta tions" last evening, at 814 Droad way, when about nineteen persons attended. The stance was a Jhttc, the medium was thoroughly exposed In a piano trick, aud after a ? Sow, during which Colonel Goodwin produced a pistol, tlio police interfered, and the money was returned to the fcidi'noe. ? The exercises of the sixteenth annual commencement Jfef 3t- Krannls Xavier's College took plaoc last eTeaing at P<>< hill of the college, on Sixteenth street. On Wednesday last a policeman named John >'ucV>s was shot, at Morrlsanla, by Richard D. Cook, during a ?c-itfle for the possession of a gun with which Cook had Armed himself to keep trespasser* out of his garden. An Inquest was held on the case yesterday, before Coroner piiver, when the prisoner was committed to await the Action of the Orad Jury. In the United States Circuit Court, before Judge fmalley, Mr. >*. <1. Courtney, District Attorney, yestcr din* mo od that on the indictment found some yoars ago kij dnst Isaae V. Fowler, with regard to ccrtaln alleged Awalcations in the Post Office of this city, :> nUU piturqu: Should lie entered. Judge Sinalley connentod, and a A V? pintfijui was accordingly entered. The Lamiraude extradition caao, so often report "it in Hie Hhx.u i>, was called on ng.iln for lieariug ye> lerduy AcTore Commissioner Belts, when Information was im parted to the Court that the a< ciised had "scaped froni Aim uf the Deputy Mur. U.iii Tin particulars of the *scajH- nro publ ehed in another column. A d? 'tr ictive tire occurn- 1 at the New Havrn piers on tho East river oarlv yesterday morning. The steamer B iUiniore caught fire Irom the burning ddp .1 and is a total loss. The daniait ' cannot a* yet be estimated; but ihe property on Ui<' pier and under the sheds Is reported At $'250,000. A negro man was sev rely injured, and the 1 captain of a coil barge, with his wife and brother, wore ! ^turned about the face and hanils. The ilauiag to the pior is about | lD.O'KJ J Commercial afla!r? were v-ennrally quiet, and but a feinsil business *?? done in imi*>rted tnoreliandise and pot m -ch in domestic produce ouUide of 'Change. On ^Change the chief f-ature *n. tho great activity in corn, .Ahiob went up lc. a Sc per biihliul under a large de inand for export, though the arrivals amounted to within A fraction of six hundred thousand bushels. Flour was Jull and drooping. Wheal nominally lower. Oats firmer, fork less active and drooping. Lard dull. Cotton dull pid nom.nal OroceriM nominally un hanged MISCELLANEOUS. Our special corre?pondence from Vienna, Berlin and farts, dated to the latest moment previous to tho depar lure* of the Cuba from Queenstown (June 23), Is published IB the IIckald to-day. with n compilation from tho latest European tile*. The matter will be found of mu< h In terest relative to the act usl progress made In the great Jpermano-lUUai war. ac t ll"> probable consequences of Lie straggle. The monarrhs and peoples wero evidently Aston shod at the rapid and snecespfiil movements of the Prn?-lan armies In Hanover and Saxony. The report of |tie occupation of Dread-m and Lelp-lc produced consid erable astonishment among thn citltons of Vienna, bit I Hhtng like consternation or excitement. The utmost i:id moat |ierfect secr-cy wag m untalued relative to the It estrlan plan ot campaUn It was ali-g "d in l*arl8 that the f vis ans de tested the Prussians, and the policy of I'russia p hfle, on the other hand, we are informed from Berlin that the Emperor of France Is in hearty a c ord with Bis marck and King Frederick William. It appears as if K ipoleon was simply confused. The Italian volunteer* pn the right bank of the Po were in sight of the Croatian A ntlnels do'ng duty for Austria on the oth-r side The ? hike de Chartres, l-ouls Philippe's grands. in, tendered his perv ices as an officer to Victor Emmanuel but the offer jn m de? lmo.1 by the Italian Cabinet. ? The Atlantic Telegraph fleet, consisting of the M<<am p lip* On It F.x-flern, Wllham Corry, Albany and Medway, p-compaiiled by the Brll'sh war ahip Terrible, was to aail fcrim F.n<land on the 30th of June for renderous off U>? Jiish coast, preparatory to starting on th? vastly l"jpot p. nt work of making a fifth attempt to conofct Europe \ad America by a submarine telegraph. The new oalde u cmniete.l, and the last coll^ of It placed on board ? Oroat Eastern on (M ill of June, the date of latest advtci from England. A rigid aclen fxaniiitktion of the electric rope Is ssid to satitfsctorily demonstrated its superiority over the ?a, and the preparations for laying It from Ire Newfoundland are represents I as being of a rartnf regarded as perr ?? The work of atU> lung lie shore end line at Valentia was to be commenced mt the 1st of July, ?o we may expect to hear shortly His ui r?.iiBg tni ijifortMt work of -laying the cable" had been again undortaken The programme agreed upon by the directors anil olllcors in charge of ibe work Mill appear in the Hekai.o to day The great Are in 1'ortland, Me., which comineaoed on the Fourth, is still burning. One half of the city la de stroyed, nearly all the business portion being included. All the bonk*, newspaper ofllce*, jewelry establish ments, dry goods stores and telegraph u fllcon, eight churches, and other public buildings, and the majority of the business houses have been destroyed by this terrible visitation. The lire commenced below the foot of High street, in a boot siore, and as the wind was blowing a gale the sheet of llame was swopt forward, and the utmost exertions we& unable to chock it. Ovor fifty buildings wero blowu up in the hope of making a space between the Are and tho other buildings, but the effort was useless. It is estimated that about two thou sand buildings wore destroyed, Involving a loss of ten million dollars. Two thousand families were rendered houseless, losing nearly every valuable they had pos sessed, and are now dopendent on the generosity of those who were fortunate enough to escape the swoop* ing disaster. Two thousand tents for shelter to the houseless were forwarded by the United States authori ties from Boston, and the people of that city are for warding supplies of provisions and clothing. The Canadian finance budget has not yet passed through the Provincial Parliament, and the government doss not feel disposod to press tho question. The con sideration of tho resolutions providing for tho local gov ernment of the Provinces of Canada will be discussed to-day, and a Ixisk opposition is expected. The new Tariff bill went into effort yesterday. Generals Sherman and Ix>gan, Governor Oglesby and others addressed the largest meeting ever assembled in the Slate of Illinois on the Fourth of July. The meet ing was at Cairo, and was gotton up by the returned sol diers. In Baltimoro John Minor Tlotu addressed a gathering at Patterson Park on he Fourth. Picnics, excursions and memorial tributes at the cemeteries were the pecu liar features of tho dav in Richmond. The negroes bad a procession and festival, and took entire possession of the Capitol square. A parade of froedmeu was the principal demonstration in Augusta, Georgia. Secretaries Suward and Welles, Commodore Radford and Senator Doolittlo made an excursion to Fortress Monroe on the Fourth. General Swocny publishes an address to tho Fenian brotherhood in Amerioa, in which ho defends his courso in the recont raid on Canada. lie recommends the re organization ol circles and the formation of military companies by tho members under their chosen leaders, lie dittos tho udilress at St. Albans, Vt. , July 4 Political Reconstruction? Th? Organisa tion of NeW Parties? A Ktw Epoch. Dead elephants, enormous monsters, covered with hair, bave been found among tho ioeborgs which fringe the outlets of the great rivers of Siberia. Skeletons of the extinct mastodon have been dug out of the sw:imps of New Jersey, and in the lower end of the State they have their dealers in the well seasoned lum ber of a subterranean forest at this day. Tho different strata which form the crusts of our planets mark each some geological period dis tinguished from the rest by a different climate, races of animals and orders of vogetation in the same locality. Here wo have the records of the wonderful convulsions, changes and re volutions which the earth has undergone in i(s progressive developments of vegetable nnd animal life. Next, from the pyramids of Egypt to tho ancient temples of Yucatan, we luivo a series of lessons in tho relics of kingdoms nnd empires, equally instructive as to the vicissitudes and changes to which all created things are subject Still contracting the circle or our observations, we learn from the rise, development and decay of the political parties of every age and every people, that under different modifications we have been and are going through the same processes of revolu tion and reconstruction. Thus in the political parties and factions that we road of in the histories of the ancient Israelite*, and of every intervening country thence to the British islands, we may find something resembling our original federal and republican parties, our old whig, demo cratic and abolition parties, and the republi can, radical and conservative factions, and the war and copperhead pence factions of the democratic party, and the ultra Massachusetts negro equality faction of the present day. Great convulsions in the natural or political world bring about great changos from the old order of things. Aguinst these changes old parties and factions that have fulfilled their time may struggle, but they will straggle in vain. Change, for instance, a fluid of tobacco into a field of Indian corn, and tho tobacco worm will be superseded by another insect. So wnh the abolition of Southern slavery; the old pro-slavery and no-slavery parties must take a new shaps, as did the old National H'?nW and unli-bauk parties with the death of Riddle's monster. The present republican party, being admirably adapted for the pur pose, was appoiuted by the people of the North to put down a great Southern rebellion. Iu doing this work this party has fulfilled its mission. It is not adapted to moet the new condition* of a restoration of peace. Nor is the peace pnrty of the war. New issues call tor new ideas, new platform*, now organiza tions and now loaders. The radical republi can leaders cunnot be made to believe that th>' war is over; tho old hido-bound, ahent-per sN-nt democratic leaders still believe that the war wa? a failure. They are the Bourbons who never learn anything and never forget anything ; they are the old English Jacobites, j who have but one idea, the restoration of their worthless King James, who has been cast out, never to return. Maeaulay says that under William of Orange "England's great and glorious revolution was complete;" but under the good and lamented Abraham of Illinois we have accomplished a much greater revolution. Ws must have, therefore, a more marked reorganisation of parties. The tenacity of the republican party and its discipline arc great, but rate Is against iL From Its very excess of strength it la Tail ing to pieces, like the old democratic party of 1S.12 and ths old whig party of 1840. The Doolittle and Dixon call for a conservative national convention at Philadelphia marks a positive disintegration of the republican party. The manifesto of the democratic members of Congress (the authoritative high priests of their church), in urging a fusion of the democrats in this Philadelphia movement, proclaims the democratic party disbanded in view of a new and a broader and stronger and more elastic national party. The most powerful parlies, like thq most powerful nations, are mado up of apparently the moat incongruous elements. Look at the British monarchy and omr great American republic, and ths materials which have made them. Why, then, may not this conservative Philadel phia movement reault In the dominant party of the future, In absorbing en nut ant the demo cratic party and the butt materials of the repub lican camp ? Thero appcara to be every rea son for the prediction that this thing will come from the experience of parties gone by and from all the signs of change and reconstruction to which we have referred. We must remem bor, too, that 4isint#;;r*tlc i has sot in at bo'h ends of Ui? republican party; that while the conservatives are filing off with Doolittle tbe ultra negro equality radicals are following the braeen trumpet of Wendell Phillips. A candle burning at both ends Is soon consumed. We know how it was with the little abolition party of 1844. In robbing Henry Clay of the vote of Now York it elected Polk and opened tbe way for the whole chapter of events that have re sulted from that election. Slavery might have been flourishing in full feather this day but for those fifteen thousand abolition whig votes cast haphazard for Birney in New York in that election. So now in this Wendell Phillips' de fection from the radical party of Congress we may have another ultra abolition faction, des tined to draw off the balance of power and to wield It against the republican party in tho ap proaching Presidential contest Why not t It is the same balance of power which broke up the great old whig party and the proud and domineering old democratic party. There is time enough yet, and there are floating ma terials enough from which to build up a new party competent to carry the next Presidency; and to this end this Philadelphia movement for tbe practical restoration of the Union takes - hold of the right end of the main question. The Disbandment of the Democratic Party. After having been divided and subdivided by the free-soilers, the Southern secessionists and the peace faction at the North, the demo cratic party is at length officially disbanded by a manifesto from its representatives in Con gress. The organisation, which lost the confi dence of the people by its course in regard to slavery and the rebellion, will now, in all probability, be merged in the new party which is to be started at the National Union Convention called to meet at Philadelphia in August Since the conservative repub licans could not come into the democratic ranks nor tho democratic army place it self under the command of conservative republican leaders, a compromise has been effected by which both parties may unite in forming a new organization and fight together under a new name and a new ban ner. The Southern men arc expected to join this novel coalition and to re cruit it to formidable numbers. If tho plans already made public can be successfully carried out, and if the democrats, conservative republicans and repentant Southerners can be fbsed into one harmonioiiH mass, the result may indeed be a National Union party thut will have a working majority at the North and be absolutely unopposed and supremo at the South. The new movement did not at flwt present any very threatening proportions, That the Johnson Club at Washington ahould call a national convention was by no mean, surprising. Political clubs occasionally indulge in that sort of thin*, and yet nothing serious happens. Neither was it ?o very strange that such Senators as Dixon and Doolittie should endorse the call: or It was naturally expected that thoy would take part in any demonstration intended to support President Johnson and oppose the rarhcals. 11, c orgtlWj of th(J de8trucli therefore, affected to ridicule the movement for* while, and outsiders regarded it with philosophical indifference. But since then it has gained strength every day, and from a clond no larger than a man's hand it has grad ually increased until it now almost obscures ?he political sky. The radicals have begun to abnse it in the most extravagant manner, but their wrath seems to assist it, and it is now generally recognized as extremely dan gerous, not only to the party of Sum ner, Greeley and Thad Stevens, but *lso to the old democratic organization, whose leaders and organs have been endeavor ing to aid the radicals by arguing feebly against it from its first incoption. There is evidently a general bolt on the part of the conservative republicans in favor of the Philadelphia Con voniion. The idea is well received by the South, and delegates are promised from overv seceded State. And now, wheeling into line at precisely the proper moment, tho demo cratic representatives disregard the orders of their leaden, and the appeals of the corrupt democratic organs, and urge their constituents to go with them Into the National Union camp. The manifesto of the democratic Congress men is very similar in tone and spirit to that issued hr the conservative republicans. It warns tho people that dangers threaten the constitution and the countiy, and urges them ?o send wise, moderate and conservative del egate. to the Philadelphia Convention to con sult with their fellow citizens from all parts of the Union and decide upon the means by which the constitution and tho rights which it guar antees may be practically maintained. But the important point is, that just as the con servative manifesto recognized tho inadequacy of the republican party to the demands of this crisis, so the democratic manifesto tacitly ad mits that the old democratic party is powerless for good, and mnst be superseded by some other agency. Revenly Johnson, Garrett Davis, General Rousseau, James Guthrie, Thomas A. Hendricks, Andrew Jackson Rogers, K C. Le Blond, .and all the other rep resentatives, small and great? with the excep tion of those from this city, who arc completely befogged and at sea-unite in this view. They point oat the evils to be averted, but they do not pretend that the democratic party can avert them. On the contrary they distinctly advise thir people to look outside of that party and of all other existing parties, for the hope of safety. In effect, then, ?h. old democ?ey is disbanded. Its day has passed; It* pirstige i, lost; it is as dead as the old whig party and nothing remains but to give it . decent burial an.l writo its obituary and its epitaph. Whe ther the Philadelphia party will inherit its effects and be strengthened by its rank and file m for the future to determine; bat at any rate it will never figure again as a great power at the polls. A long time ago we predicted that the era of war wonld be followed by a political era as ?flill of astounding Incidents and revolutions and we also warned the democratic leaden of the decease of their organisation. But while politicians from all other sections of the conn try gave heed to onr words, and the repub^ .cans here have been wise enough to build tbem^lres an ark to be launch* ooxt Aufn|t> in which to weather the .tor^/the democratic loaders In this city are still and tup les*. At the very moment that their organs were denying .hst .lemo, ^ ^ ?n this ik/. dMjocratic represent lives ins ueil their manifesto of adhesion. Now, while the shent-pep-shent faction still hesitates and wavers, the lottery fuel ion, under the Woods, hauls down its peace flag and announces that it will send delegates. Whether this is a legitimate alliance, or whether the peace men are acting, as usual, with the radicals, and de sign to cast an odium upon the Philadelphia Convention, we shall see in good time; but whatever maj be the motive of the peace and lottery leaders, the result is to leave th? shent per-shent clique out in the cold. Everybody else has taken tickets for Philadelphia, and thay are still lingering upon the rotten Chicago platform and grinding unpopular tunes upon their broken hand organs. What is to be done T Dean Richmond may gather up the old deeds, scalps and tomahawks of the democratic wigwam, take a special train over the Central Railroad and get to the Convention by the Philadelphia and Erie branch; but unless Bel mont makes up his mind very soon, carries Marble pick-a-back, and hobbles over the ground at a pretty fast pace, he will be too late to take part in the performances and the picking^ Wendell Phillip# On CongNfl and the President? The Old Liberty Part jr to be Revived. The usual convention of tho anti-slavery society took place at Framingham, Massachu setts, on the 4th instant, no doubt for the spe cial purpose of giving Wendell Phillips an op portunity to have bis say on the political questions of the day. As might have been ex pected, this high priest of the old abolition party exposed the duplicity of the party lead ers in Congress, and denounced both the Presi dent and the radicals. Phillips, having fought his way into prominence in the ranks of the old liberty party and in the anti-slavery so ciety, and lived to see the adoption of his ideas of abolition of slavery, now insists that it shall be made perfect by the adoption of universal negro suffrage. On that point he will accept no compromises or balf-way measure, but in sists upon having universal suffrage or noth ing. Ee finds that neither tho President nor Congress is ready to grant it in the shape that he wants it ; and, as a matter of coarse, his speech at Framingham is filled with denunciations. The President, however, is let off very easy, compared with the accusations against the radicals in Congress. Ilis indict ment against the latter, if anything:, exceeds Mr. Phillips' usual vigorous style. This prophet and leader of tlie old abolition faction informed his followers gathered around him, that " the President has no policy, simply a plot," while Congress "has betrayed us, and , is demoralizing the popular heart." The groat point made against the President is that he iB the leader of the South, their gencral in-chief, encamped in the Wbito House, assist ing that section in rallying the broken lines in an effort to restore, as closely as possible, the Union its it was. But with all this ho believes that Mr. Johnson is anxious to be elected President in 1868, and would be willing to give negro suffrage to secure that point. But while tho President, according to high priest Phillips' view of the matter, is ready to go that far, he holds that Congress has surrendered the point at issne, and that the only pnrpose of the radicals is to bridge over the fall elections, in the hope of saving the party. They have proposed in the amendments to the constitu tion to compromise the question of suffrage by a change of basis of representation. As a mat ter of course Mr. Phillips opposes these nmond mcnts, declares that they will never be ratified, and what is more, that the republican leaders in Congress know that they will not be and do not want them adopted. "I do not," says Phillips, "disgrace the whole proceedings when I say that it is a party trick. It is got up to serve a purpose, to kill time until after the election and got rid of a pressi \g emergency." But if it should by chance succeed, "then the negro will be given defenceless into the hands of his former master." Such is the view given of the action of Congress, which be character izes as statesmanship of compromise and hy pocrisy, in which he and his friends can take no part or lot in its consummation. Since neither the President nor Congress comes up to the standard of the old anti-slavery faction, and nuither of the old parties of the day in tend to adopt the idea that thnt class are la boring lor, it has become necessary to look to other meana and other sources tor the accom plishment of their purposes. The plan for all thin has been bit upon. Wendell Phillips find*, bj looking over history, that two great element* con trol government*? land and the ballot box. The class which owns land will be able to mould the government This, in bis view, is the reason why the South desires to keep the lands out of the hands of the negroea. If they can only succeed in accomplishing that, the people who have heretofore held the supremacy in that section will be able to resist all efforts at their overthrow by revolution in their midst Lands and the ballot box for the negro are, therefore, indispensable to tho suc cess of Wendell Phillips' great idea. Unable to prevail upon the republican party to engraft this npon its creed, he proposes to organise a party with that as its platform, and go before the people battling for that great principle. In other words, to revive the old liberty or abolition party of twenty years ago and carry on the same system ot tactics, adopting the cry of "Land and ballot tor the negroes," in the place of abolition of slavery. Mr. Phillips admits that it may take them ten or fifteen years to secure their final suc cess, but he is certain that they will triumph in the end. This will bring a new party in the field, and will take from the present republican organisation all that clans of men who, like Wendell Phillips, fare honest In their convictions, and prefer principles to party and official position. It will probably make a di version in this way In the Northern States of upwards of two hundred thousand votes, and thus control a sufficient number of votes to more than hold the balanee of power between the other two parties. Tbns, at the very time when the conservative portion of the repub lican party is preparing to hold a convention and cut loose from the radical wing, the honest portion of the balance, or the old anti slavery element, has become so disgusted with the policy of the party in Congress that it is lnaognrnUng a new movement in which the watokword shall be land and ballot for the nftgro, and opposition to all com promlsaA>f that principle. This is the result of the efforts of the radicals in Congress to savn I their p?rtv and bridge over the com!u? ?lec I tion*. The War In Germany? Superior fttrategy of the Prawlkua. However much men may differ as to whom belongs the diplomatic victory in the quarrel between Prussia and Austria, no one can doubt that the strategic advantage is with the former. The diplomacy which secured the vote and the alliance of Saxony, Hanover, Nassau, WUrtem berg, Electoral-llessc and Hesse-Darmstadt to Austria undoubtedly gavs to that Powor a large territory and great numerical strength in population and contingents; but neverthe less it gave to Prussia a great strategic advan tage, since it forced Austria to so dispose her troops as to protect and hold an isolated coun try whose inhabitants were not oompetent to protect themselves. The situation of the two Hesses and Hanover are not unlike that of Maryland during the lab- war in this country; and they must remain in a great measure as isolated from Austria as Maryland was from the rebel States, and as content to be occu pied by the Prussians. as< Maryland was by the Union forces, until the cud of the contest The Prussian commander, Prince Frederick Charles, has not been slow to perceive this, and has been equally prompt in acting. No sooner was the vote of June 14 on the mobili zation of the army of the confederated Ger man States announced than Prussia prouounced the Federal compact dissolved, and thus de clared war against Austria and the confeder ated States which voted with her. No sooner was war declared on June 15 than J'rince Frederick Charles began to move, and on the 16th advanced into Saxony, occupying Dres den and Lobau. At the same time General Manteuffel occupied the isolated State of Han over, and General von Beyer, advancing upon Frankfort-on-the-Main, cut off the retreat of the Hanoverian army upon that point. There have been no operations in European warfare for many years displaying greater vigor than these initiatory movements of Prince Frederick Charles, and they must immediately produce important results. The occupation of the mountain region of Saxony, and the holding of its numerous passes, is a triumph equal to a victory won, since it not only protects Prussia from a flank movement, but, what is more important, it threatens communication between Vienna and Frankfort, between the Austrian army and its al lies, the forces of WUrtemberg, Bavaria and the Hesses at Maycnce and Frankfort From these mountain passes of Saxony the troopH of Prus sia can debouch upon the lines of communica tion of the Auitrians and of retreat of the Federals, and force them to battle or retreat One of these results must ensue from these movements? porhaps both may, and doubtless the next news will bring us the intelligence of the retirement oT llie Federals from Frankfort into Bavaria, and perhaps even into Bohemia. Tho immediate concentration of the Federals and Austrians in front of Frederiok Charles ap pears to have become a necessity, and conse quently the Fcdoral abandonment of Hanover and the two Hesses. The occupation of Saxony, tho seizure of the railroad communications be tween Bavaria, Saxony and Austria, tho pos session of the fortiflod line of Magdeburg, Leipsic and Dresden, which so admirably covers Berlin, and the possession also of the mountain defiles which separate Saxony and Bohemia, are points gained by Prussia which will eost Aus tria mnch bloodshed to racovcr. The vigor and strategy of Prince Frederick Charles are admira ble, and in this instance highly affective, and equal to anything which we bad Mutative of the art during our late war. We suggested yes terday that the l*rnssians, while adopting our ideas of organization, might profitably employ somo of the varied qualities of on? generals, but doubtless Sheridan and Sherman will be prompt to recognize in the actioi of Prince Frederiok Charles the spirit and afdor of the true soldier aud strategist Mk. Seward's Lkitku TO TlMMiXT IIali.? Mr. Seward wiu> invited to parturiate in the late Fourth of July celebration ?t Taminany flail. Mr. Seward not having the tfme to ttpare from his copious diplomatic corretpondence to join in smoking the pipe of peace -with the Tam many sachems, sent, them hi* resets, coupled with tome unusual compliments to Old Tam many from Mr. Seward, lie was bigbly pleased with the form of the invitation and ita old Jackaonian motto, that " the Union must and ahell be preserved," and with the vignette which illnxtrates it ; and he liked the colora of Tammany, the red, whit* and blue ; and the Temple of Liberty on a rock pleaaed him, and the Lie eagle, and the railroad train, and the dates 1776 and 1866. They male a period of ninety years, which reminded bin, doubtless, of his ninety day prophecies of the rebellion. And he thought that, baring lined ninety yeara, the republic wonld live a hundred. And alas, aaid he, bow many republics have been shorter lived I Mexico, for its lance ; bat he did not any Mexico, aa that baa been rather a troublesome subject to thft Secretary of State. He thought the flag, however, on the right of the ticket ought to have only the thirteen original stars, while that on the left is just the thing, with lta thirty-six. And ha liked the noble principles of Old Tam many ; he believed in the restoration of the Southern States ; be could not tell why they were still kept out, but he had unbounded con fidence in the American people, and he in in clined to think it is not much of m crisis sifter all. Wc presume that hud Mr. Seward been pres ent be would bavo been delighted with the Fe? niun* of Old Tammany, and he would have been pb?aned to meet there Sir Frederick Brooe and Colonel Roberta hand in hand, and he would havie1 complimented the sachems lor their flue old Bourbon and their good oysters ; and we dare say he would have joined with the same pleasure in a toast to Andy Johnson, old Thad Stevens, Tburlow Weed, Dean Richmond, Horace Greeley, H. J. Raymond or J..hn Van Boron. Everything is lovely with tho Secre tary of State sinee tha abolition of alavery. "Whatever ia is right;" and the jolly Irishman in the play, who, even without a shirt to hia back, was always jolly, must still give way to our Secretary of State; for with him "the year of jubilo haa come" and he, indeed, ia "the happy man." Tha Tariff on Railroad Iron. Piiumwim, July 5, ltd A cob rent ion of railroad presidents to In session bve. Tha committee sppaifctsd yeeterday to memortaltae Con grmm and ramoaatoats against tha duty apoa i ron and steel rait* Impound by the Tariff bill, reported today ta furor of tha proposed action, which was aftiptd after a Ion | debate. A commit** of JWe ?m appoint*! tn Inrwrtlgaio tha new procear, m?ent?t hy l.onte * R?bh n*, Kew Yort for urassTrla* railroad ?od n?he? t IvMmv CITY MTEJUGENCE. Proposals ron Bmi-Dora Si vxaa, Ac.? Proposal* f<? building sewers, with the necessary receiving basins and culverts, were received at the oftl.xi of the Croton Board until yesterday, when they were vyeued. The award* will be uiado as folloW8:-For builditf* a sower in Chry? tie street, between Oelancey and Brooitte streets, U> Mr B F. Brady, In the sum of $1,341 7.*; f??r building ? sewer In Hudson street, between Lal.Tht and Hubert streets to B F Brady, in the sum of $1,660 60, loi buiUhua a sewer In Prince street, between Mott jtrejl and the Bow7ry, to B. F. Brady, in the s.?n of |1,?M, for building a sewer in Sixth ???""?> ^'TlhSS^J? sixth and Twenty-seventh streets, to Mr. J. ? u ay, Jr., in the sum of $1,740; for building a sewei- 10 Twenty fourth "reet, between Lexington and Third avenue*, to Mr. K Cunningham, at $3,9B6; for *uw?r J" Cliff street. between Fullon and John strict, l*o Mr. B. r llrady In the sum of $1,303; for bulling it twwer in Wata'street, between Hudson and Varick street*, to B. F.Prady, in the sum or $1,??8, rorbuilding a Br< id way, to Redmond Joyce, in the wm Of $M??. A Rowsoat Acciorht. ? On Wednesday tho eiglu our>d bat ;e Excelsior, of the Atlanta Club, and tho si v. -oared outrigger Atalanta, which wou tho race with the Mittuala of Albany, last Saturday, went up the river as ihr a* Fort Lee. On their return as the Atalant* was rounding the Sixteenth street dock she was struofc by a heavyaea ami instantly swamped. Such was the force of the wMer that the boat was brokon in several plRC** The crmr were cast Into the water, t ut were fortunately renewed by a boat sent from a *chooner lying near. The fcx ceislor came along a short time took the wreck in tow and brought it to the Olub House, where It Is being repaired, and will be ready in sufflcloiil time for the return match with the Mutual* at Albany on the 11th Inst. Messrs. George Roabr and Swan, re fusing to be taken off by the schooner's boat remained dinging to the wreck of their boat until they were rescued and the boat taken in tow by the barge. Tun Fourth os Rasdaia'h Island. ? Corrbction. ? We are requested to state that tho Breworks furnished the children on Randall's Island were presented by tb* Mayor and the Comptroller, and not by Alderman Coma* and kr. Stephens, as was reported. Drowning Casualty at Cu.ii Covb.? Sergeant Coert land, quartormsster at David's Island, was accidentally drowned on the 4th, near Glen Cove. Decewed wae formerly a member of the Seventh regiment, hew York State Militia. s Fbll Overboard.? I-ast evening William Murphy, commanding the brig Mary, of Halifax, Nova Scotia, lymn at pier 10 Ea*t river, fell overboard and waa drowned. The body was subsequently recovered and taken to the First precinct station house, whore an in quest will be held to-ilay.^ FIREWORKS IM THE CIT* LAST SltHT. Display ? at the City Hall, JWadiaan Square and Thallan Square? Fall ot an Awning Shed at the Latter Place? Several Perswns Injured, Ac. CITY" HA LI. PARK. In the City Hall Park tho pyrotechnic display or inven tlon and design produced brilliant effects in Iront or anil above the piazza of tho City Hall building. The dcvicea were numerous and the designs varied, harmonizing with the sublimity of the national motte, "E riuriiiu Unum," enumerated in the con stellation or stars on the American flag. All wen brilliant and attractive, but the Union Star, the Star of Independence and the Shiold of. our Union far outshone them all, becauso they appealed to tho heart oT the nation, and were national In the real and eyentUI m aning of the word. But the grand finalo especially challenged attention. This was a representation of the Temple of Washington, exhibiting ss it were the mauso leum or the hero and the statesman to myriads ? who. uncovered, beheld the evanescent memorial with solomn reverence and manly admiration of all that was ureal and good in man. AT II A PICON BQtTARB. An immense crowd w?e gathered at last night to witness the fireworks, but excellent order wad kent by Horgeant Waters, of the Twenty-ninth pre clncl aiid the "police under his command. Captala Speight himself was In tho nelglrt-orbood to proeerre order If nocessaiy. An excellent display was mifflo by Mr. Edge*' pyrfjlechulsU, and the roa-sos tho exhibition. The exhibition began b? a flight of sig nal rockets, lollowed In rapid succession by other as arranged In the programme. The wmcludlng plere, exhibiting a Temple of Liberty, was really magnificent, and excited general admiration. bast BBOADWAT AND fin and htrkkt? a numbb* OK MKBONB SBVBRRLT INJI'HRI). The denizens or this crowded ^hborbood swetnl Med In great numbers at an early Hour last evening. TM windows, balconies, awnings, trees and roofs bad their full quota of anxious mortals, the Jnvenlle portjoa of whom were throbbing with high hopes to behold the , vnrl-oolorrd lints and gleaming stars tbat were aooi i to dazzle their asf.nii.hed visions, but, like many of the bright dreams of youth, their Joyous expectations were soon changed to the stern realities of groans and tears. thb AcansxT occurred on the northeast corner of Sheriff and GAM streets. The lower part of the premises is uaedaan boot store by Mm. Fuld and brother. FmuUng ttoe store, on both streets, la an awning shed, on which at least sixty boys climbed from a packing box on the outer portion of the sidewalk. The slight raTters so pportlng the shed gave way, owing to the ireat weHht; aad ahew* rorty or tho boys were precipitated with the falling boarda, breaking the ribs of ? woman whose name Is Anne Granger, aged forty-Are years, and at the same time severely Injuring her daughter Catharine, aged seven. Both were taken to their resident", 48 A man, who* namo cnnld not be learned, was Injured from the effects of the shock on his vertebral rnlumn. We^ppand the names of those who were in lured, as fsr as known Andrew Brown, aged ton years, resides at 36? Madlsoo street, severely Injured. Edward Gillespie, aged flrteon years, resides In Rotgere, near Cherry street, slightly injured In the bank. JOMth Merritt, aged thirteen years, reddes at 22 Delancey street, tmised in the abdomen. Thomas Mulcahy. M** fourteen years, resides at 33 Columbia street, received a miutnaion or the spine and was severely Injured. John Smith, aged fourteen years, resides at 840 Front street, received a oontuslon on the left side and was severely Inlured In the right knee, and being unable to walk wa? taken liora*) by an officer. WUIiam H. Webster, a nati ve or the United Slates, aged thirty-one years, was walk ing under the shed when It fell, and waa severely bruised; his Injuries are said to be Internal; he was taken to Bellevuo Hospital by officer Boyd. James Kinley, agod fourteen, had his arm broksn and was taken home by his mother. Most of tbelnjured were brought to the station house, corner or Delsnoejr and Attorney streets, and were rared ror by Sergeant Exterbrook unUI Police Surgeon Armstrong arrived iro? the Metropolitan headquarters. ? THS WIBWOaK'. The exhibition or fireworks aent off In the rollowlng ?rd"Yew Tree. Yankee WindmiU. Mexican Wheel. Kan la Peruvta. Persian Ulobe. Grecian Croaa. Cascade American Whirlpool. Arabian Fan. Pyramid. Tribute to Cere* The last was the piere of the evening. Above were the stars or glory, and lietween them the Immortal num ber 177$. In the centre was an eagle holding In her talons a shield, on either side of which were th? Stars and Htnpen illumined In crimson, azure and emerald. The whole closed with a battery or ft* df jo?e The pyrotechnic display was ably conducted by Mr. A. White, and gave universal satisfaction. Captain Helm was en the ground with twenty-five men, and rendesed effi cient service when the accident occnrred and during the evening. TKANILIN ?T*nrr A NO WRST BROADWAY. A busy concourse of humanity waa congregated aronaa the liberty pole at tlie above vlcinltr, and ihe inoessant hum of several thousand Juveniles wss heard on every side around the grand centre et attraction of the evening. The display opened with a discharge of rocketa, which aroee heavenward, spreading out into myrtad enrusoa^ tions and golden serpents, vanishing too soon Into the unaccountable void. The plecee which attracted malt, attention were the Oypey Pymrald, the ^"*es * mill and the Kaleldowope. The whole cloeed with, a moot splendid representation of Washington on hor?e bark. Everything peaaed off in the be*t order, and \ha happy multitude departed alewly to their I Convent Ira of Railroad Maar at Phlla Mpfefeh A national convention of delegates from lb* varlona railroad organisations la Uia (J a Mad Sutaa r/inTened ai Muaical r?nd Hall, l Uiladolph.a, ea the Fo/rth of J ljr. It la the flrat convention of the kind arar bald in tha country , and it* object la to lake inch action a* iball contribute to tha adranrtmcot of thrg gsarral railroad iataraau of tha nation. Twsatralgb^ delegate*. repre. wntlng a* many railroads, of aa aggregate length of mora than sight Umoxaad miles, ?ara present at tha opening of the meeting J. K?'/t<ar Thomson, of the fennnylvaula Central Railroad WM elected President : Mr. Sturgeon V)ei> l'raaldenL ud Mr. U L. Fremont r-iarv A committee of r,va ??* appointed to pre I 'are a memorial to Coafre M against lae present tariff on railroad iron. Mr Rammtt, President the Albany and Susquehan na Railroad. oflored the, following resolution, which wa rrl^rrad to a committer annni?i~i h,.?n.?? arfctU \l *nd wh,ek ?'are not time ban (nrraaSsd. ih.ri i??^ \*T,rT "ther department of huain'M and :[*. . . **.r/0 limit te the amount whteti mnj be r|iarg*i1, ttJuti?f^s?2itU wUd"m ,u""*of p'r'n""", ?.%? f:A'/rm, Chief Kngineer of the Ran Anion!" (Te* Ml RailAML then read a paper oa railroad tracks snd <*her waiters connected thcrow ith, when was refsrr-d ?o tb* committee on Business. After which the Conren lm'j adjourned Tha Rights of Kallread aa4 Btprea* Cob* nan l*a. . . . .... RinmoJin, Va., July 1*6* Judge chamber* to-day rraated aa injruwtlon in the rase or H T. Ficklip, Superintendent of thefiatunal Express company, ??. the Virginia Central. Ora??? and Alexandria, Virginia and Tsniwesee. Petersburg and Re\ don Railroads, restraining them front carrying o-it V transportation contracta with the A <1 earn aivi r mlnera Rtpress Companiaa The mo'l^a of the |W<*id*ota for aa order suspending the operation of the iur ?? ti?n w?a overruled This dwWa* Is eonsldered w rT itn (">rt a n v, aa deciding the rights of raiinad* and ?t|'.rase v>m| a. Bias, and hs? greatly elated all twHtar isiereited ta tha Nai 'tial Rtpr^at Comnanr,