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NEW YORK HERALD.
?IAMBS UOAIMM BJCSBflTT, EDITOR AND rKUJ'IUETOR orricx n. w. cobns* or fulton and Nassau srs. Volnaie X**' t New Y*rk, Friday, July *0, ISM. AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. WOOD'S THEATRE. Broadwir. opooilte the St. Nicholas Hotel. ? i'moBittLU ? Kathleen O'Nsil ? SkAUMtt ? Mat, ?*HfTH. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechanics' Hall. 471 Broadway? 1? a Vaaurr or Liuar AND bAtTOHARl It KmTEKT AIMMKMS, Cours pa Ballst, Ac. U MB Siamese Twins. TERRACE OARDEN, Third Avenue, between Fifty eighth cud Klfty-niutn xtreets ? Tiieo. Thomas' Okcxsstuai. Vakskh Co.nc'ekis, commencing at d o'clock. BOOLE Y'S OPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn -Eniiorus Ml? BTaaur? Ballads, Buuliaules a.iu Pantoum**. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMT. ?H Bnadway ? 3.K.OTW*** WITH THE <>IT- H TPKtM.^K M iOKOSCurB twll* slaily. Open from 8 A. M. till 10 P. M. LOWE'S AERONAUTIC AMPHITHEATRE, Fifty-ninth ?treel and Sixth avenue.? Bau.oomimu, Tidal Bore ako Fiaswoass. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. All advert Isements handed in until half put nine o'clock in the evening will be classified under appro priate headings ; but proper classification cannot be nsured after that hour. T B B NEWS, CONGRESS. In Congress yesterday a telegraphic despatch waa re ceived from Governor Brownlow, of Tennessee, stating that the Legislature of that State had ratified the con stitutional amendment. In the Senate a jcinl resolution was immediately ottered by Mr. Trumbull recognising the government of the State of Tonnossee inaugurated by the Convention of 1S85 as the legitimate govornment of that State, and entitled to all the rights of a State goverucnctt under the constitution, which was ordered to be printed. In tho House Mr. Bingham called up the motion to reconsider the joint resolution concerning the State of Tennessee, by which it was recommitted to the Committee ou Reconstruction on March S, intending to provido for the int. tied late admission of the State. Mr. Stevens moved to lay the motion to recon sider on the table, which being lost, he movod to adjourn. This also was lost The democratic members took active sides with Mr. Bingham in the effort to admit the State, and the party lod by Mr. Stevens made strenuous efforts to defeat thein. Tho motion to recommit was recon sidered, and Mr. Bingham offered a resolution that as Tennessee has shown to the satisfaction of Courses a proper spirit of obedience In her people, she is hereby declared to be restored to her former practical relations in the Union, and is av'ain entitled to Representatives and Senators upon the floor of Congress. On this the previous question was moved, which will bring it to a vote to-day. In the Senate the bill for the relief of tho Portland s'iflerers was passed. It wa9 the subject of mnch dis cission, Messrs. Trumbull, Johnson, Davie, Fessonden and others taking part The new Tariff bill, which passed the House on Wodnesday, was referred to the Finance Committee. Tho Honse amendment to the bill reviving the grado of Goneral was agreed to, and the bin now goes to the President. Mr. hherman's bill for funding the public debt and reducing the interest thereon wsr taken up and passed. An amend ment was offered prohibiting national banks from being designated as public depositories in the District of Co lombia, or in cities where there is a Sub Treasurer of the United States, but after being accepted in the Com mutes of the Whole, it was rejectod in the Senate. The bill as passed is published in full in our Congressional proceedings this morning. The consideration or the Civil Appropriation bill was then continued, and several amendments being agreed to, the bill was postponed uutil to day. A provision repoaling so much of the law of March, 1883, as authorizes the payment of loyal men for slaves enlisted was stricken out. In the House the bill granting land in aid of a railroad line from the Central Pacific Railroad, in Cali fornia, to Portland, Oregon, mtu passed. A resolution offered, that Congress take a rccess until December 1, was postponed after some discussion. Tiie report of the committee for the tnves tieuion ot tho Fry-Conkiing difficulty presented a re port, which was read at length. A synopsis of the prin cipal points of the report are published In our report of She proceedings in the Honse this morning. They fully exonerate Mr. Conkling and censure General Fry. The resolutions were adopted by yeas OS, nays 4. THE CITY. Eleven additional cases of cholara and six deaths were reported yesterday in New York, and four cases, three ?r which were fatal, in Brooklyn. A respectable for ? (net , named Ilenrie P. David, was interred in the ".-tranger a Burial Ground" at the private expense of the I resident and Registrar of the Board of Health. Ac tive measures to prevent the cholera becoming epidemic liave been adopted. The hot weather Juat vanishing has been the longest and severest known in this vicinity during an ordinary lifetime Yesterday a northerly breeze visited the atty ?ad revived the depressed spirits of those sentenced for ??the heated term " Twelve deaths from sunstroke were reported yesterday in the city. The storm on Wednesday committed considerable damage in Brooklyn. A boiler waa struck by lightning in Bushwtuk avenue, and, exploding, killed a man named William Boyle. A building was blown down in Putnam avenue and a frame house In Sumptor street A barn on Broadway and a tan ??try were also blown down. The Board of Aldermnn met yesterday; but, beyond the passage of a resolution authorizing the Committee on Arts and Sciences to have oil portraits of Uovernor 1 -nton, ex- Mayors Opdyke and Muntlier and Mayor Hoffman placed in the Uovernor's Room, nothing of in ternet transpired. The Board of Councilmen met yesterday and concur red with the Aldorrnen in amending ordinances dividing She Sixth, Seventh, Twelfth, f ifteenth, Sixteenth, Sigbtoenlh and Nineteenth wards into convenient elec ? tion districts. A list of blind persons, to whom the Comptroller is authorized to make a donation of fifty dollars each, w*? confirmed. Afier adopt m; a number ?>f unimportant routine papers the Board adjourned till Monday. A meeting of the National Board of rnderwriters wss ke'.d in the hall on Broadway yesterday, at which the girC'Klenls ot loading Insurance companies throughout the country were present The meeting was held for the purpose of eetakl.shlng uniform rates of insurance and detecting and punishing Incendiaries Resolutions were adopted advocating a general advance of rates, and making an advance of ten per cent on participating poll c ee over the tariff rates. Other resolutions, recommend ing a uniform fire policy and relating to other matters, were also adopted A statistical table of the amount of business transacted br the city insurance i oinpanies during the last twelve months is published In our columns this mornlnc In ' new of the many destructive firm in the city dur ng the pact year this table will be interesting and service able to business men. The buildings owned and occupied by the New Turk Oil Company ?a Nineteenth street, between avenue A and First avenue, wore entirely deatroyed by Ore yester day morning. Primary school No 29, and the maccaroni Manufactory of Edmund Boiling, adjoining the oil works, ?osteined serious damage. Twelve thousand gallons of the oil. besides forty barrels of It ready for delivery, end also all the machinery and one hundred tons of oil cake, were consumed. The proprietor* of the oil factory ban- reason to believe the horning was the work of aa incendiary. The lose it estimated at 140,000. The d.imsffe to the primary school will amount lo about ?I.SM aad to the marcaront man ifa 'tury abont ?300 The Citizens' Committee ia aid of the Portland suf ferers held their usqal meeting at the Chamber of Com merce at half-past twelve P. M. yesterday. No business was transacted. e.vept the reediug of the sibeerlptlons gwe'ved since the preceding dsy, whi h ameanted to 04. HI* The total amount received by this committee to this date la |73,M7. Another raid made upon the counterfeiters yesterday r?e>ilted In the repture or a large number of finely ete fluted steet atates. two presses dies, rollers, pspe , begus "Snaey ltd fov prtMBeaa. Tte um m nuo. 10 t*^* Jade* MoCuaa, of tba Superior Court, haa MM that Um eli; u liable tor MiponUm advertising to the fall amount of work done bjr each newspaper, and ?fc?? uotwithstandlag the act ion of the Legislature cutting down tbe appropriation tu the Tai levy for this purpose, ~ch newspaper proprietor to whom the city wu m debted was entitled to judgment Kuianuei Eatoba and Paulino Goasucohi, tbe Cubaa slaves who made their escape to this country and soon ***** the,r arrival here were arrested for atealing two thousand dollars' worth of Jewelry from their former master, were brought before Judge McOunn yesterday oa a writ of habeas corpus. Tl<| argument In the caae waa postpone until onMi'ciock to-Jay at the request of the District Attorney. The fat boiling Inunction caae was argued yestsrday before Judge Brady, in the Court of Common Pleas. The e*rly#day0k ^ a d#cUioB * " Th.M^ib America Lloyd, ate.rn.hip Atlantic, Cap la iHoyer, will aall at noon to-day (Friday) for Bremen "'C0^ fro? P'T No. M North river ' " 0rm J*?terday. Governments sjiir ? ?*d ^ flrn? c,^?? , "nd f'rbetween; was produce 00 nowWlae. la domestic Produce treda was very I -regular. Cotton was firmer, 2i ^TJmr4- orooenM were ?to r. Dry goods were quiet. On 'Change flour waa medium^ I?0"0' Ch0<0# tndM wer# **. while common grades were 10c. a 16c. lower *hest waa dull and nominally lower. Com was steady,' T?. ** W* *"?* Pork ??? <""> "d lower, while beef was steady. Lani was scarcely ?> flrm ! ?adquiet Whiskey was unchanged, freight. were steady. Petroleum was Ormer. I insCELLAHEOW. Our city of Mexico letter by Cue steamer Korro Castle tnm Harana on the 14th Instant, says that the Empress Carloita was about to embark for Europe. The Emperor had allowed tbe pension to the widow of General Zara f?*f' w'l? fe" ?* PueW* "ffbting against tbe Prenob la 1881 The American Bible Society is flourishing finely in Mexico and other cities, notwithstanding a deter mined opposition from the priesthood, who recently raked up an old law and confiscated the stock In several places. The Emperor came to the aid of the Bible sgents, however, and they are free from persecution for tbe present. Parlous reports of small skirmishes and outrages by both parties make up the main facts or the news. The liberal cavalry had given a wholesome scare to the residents of Vera Crux, and had made one or two small but successful raids on the Puebla Railroad Tho Inman steamship Edinbui*, from Queens town July 6, reached this port yesterday evening. Her news ?nd newspaper flies have been fully anticipated The steamer San Evador, which toft New York on Saturday fast, arrived at the Savannah, (Ga. ) Quarantine on Wednesday, with twenty-elght cases of cholera, there having been three deaths during the voyage. There were five hundred recruits for the regular army on board There was no sickness among the cabin passengers The Quarantine officers had made every arrangement for lbs convenience of both sick and well on Tybee Island. On Tuesday last three brothers named Mead, llvina at Lewisboreugh, Weatchea tor county, were suffocated by the orlh h ? .r* ?',d We" 00 lh? fBrm of one of One of the brothers in attempting to draw water from it. had occasion to descend and was suffocated. Another brother attempted to rescue him and was also suffocated, and a third brother, In the same attempt, met his death in the same manner. Mrs. Mary Banney, a German lady living at Marrisaitla, was taken Ul on Monday and soon after became apparent- I ly lifeless. Two. physician* declared that aba was net dead, but the burial was proceeded with next attornooa when thecaffla being opened at tbe grave by bar brother' be declared that. he was not dead, and he refused to allow the burial to proceed. The lady was not buried as late as last evening, but she had not revived. The severest storm remembered by tbe inhabitants Tisited Galveston and tbe Oulf coast of Texas oa tbe 13th, lasting three days. Six vessel, were wrecked, I f"?V ?f thn* of theln? il l# "Pissed, having pomhed. General o- G Meade is at Long Branch. He will re view tbe New Jersey State troops on tbe 24th Inst at that place. The Union Congressional Convention for New Albany Ind., met at that place on Wednesday. Governor Mor ton was present, and delivered an address, which was vociferously applauded. The bay gelding Dexter won tbe puree at the trotting KMlilon Course, L. L, yesterday, beating General Butter and Toronto ouw when he made tbe best time Jon record, Flore Temple's famous three heats being beaten. The seoond mile heat was made in 2:19, which time was never beaten, except by Dexter himself in bis trot sgalnst time, when he made it in 3:18 14 The Johnson National Union Convention of Indiana met in Indianapolis yesterday, being very sllmty at tended. Delegates to the Philadelphia Convention ware appointed. General Boussssu has tendered his resignation aa a member of tbe House of Representatives to Governor Bremlette, of Kentucky. Matters are quiet in the neighborhood of tbe anti-rent trouble. In Albany county. The expeditionary fores picket the ground, about Warner's houne, and trespau ing I. strictly prevented. They will move soon upon an other point, a. yet unknown to the public. The parties arrested were all admitted to ball. The report of the special trade commission which re cently visited the Wert Indies and South America to open a t?d. between thore countries and tbe Britiah North America poesosslon. was submitted to the Cana dzrt!renl 3retUrd"r ABOthw ,lTe'r seen, oc I between two of the members, one of whom chsrged the government with bribery .nd corruption The Twli Philadelphia ('???rntl?n?. Tbe dissatisfaction and the disgust which exist over tbe factious course of the present radical Congress hare already resulted in the call for two national conventions to be held at Philadelphia within the next sixtj days. One of these gatherings is to be under the control of those who approve of tbe restoration policy of President Johnson, while the other is to consoli date the friends and advocates of universal negro suffrage. One is to unite the conserva tive elements of tbe country; the other to inau gurate a movement in which the extreme negro worshippers can unit* snd make their efforts for the elevation of the blacks to civil and political equality with the whiteq All the more effective. Upon these platforms and that basis the delegates will assemble, and, as usual at such gatherings, they will be manipulated by the politicians who have their own interests to serve and their own selfish points to carry out. It is, therefore, a question of some doubt whether tbe proceedings of the conventions and tbe general results of their action will advance the cause laid down in the calls or merely glorify certain party leaders and cliques, and fUrnish them capital to be used in tbe elections in their respective localities. The latter is evidently the motive that con trols many of tboee who are preparing to attend these conventions. Among the first in this locality to respond to the call of the proposed conservative or anti radical convention is the peaoe and copper bead element ander the auspices of the Woods and Mocart Hall. Those conversant with the history of the managers of that foction cannot possibly doubt for a moment that they bope to infuse new life into that local organisation and obtain for it a prestige that will assist them in the coming contest in our city elec tions. It is tbe effort of a bankrupt to obtatn new capital to eet up in business again. Tbs succees of the restoration policy of the Presi dent or tbe reconstruction of the country has nothing to do with it, eteept so for an that can be made subservient to and assist in the accom plishment ol other points. Ws may expect to see tbe same class in other 3 la tee trying to renew their ooiitical lifo under tbe oloakof this movement, ul struggling to kid* their past acts by extraordinary energy la this ooavnation. Me politic*! mormtot vm erer started under more hrorabla auspices or had more avail able material to font a popular platform than has the proposed conservative convention. The demoralising, factious and jobbing coarse of Cong rem has tarnished all the capital neces sary for the inauguration of a powerful and suc cessful party. All that Is necessary is for the< public to see thai the movement is in the hands of safe and judioions men, such as hare not by their past course disgusted the people, and then for the convention to skilfully appropriate (he material at Its disposal, aad a party can be inaugurated whloh will secure the prise in the next Presidential oontest and revo lutionise Congress at the approaching Congres sional elections. Let them recall the jobs of the present radical Congress, the schemes to rob the Treasury, from the millions thrown away on the Freedmen's Bureau down, and recount the numerous misdeeds with the per sistent efforts to prevent a restoration of the Union, and the delegates composing that body will have all the capital that they can de sire for a successful issue with the radicals .before the people. A feeling, however, is already being mani fested, and that, too, by those who wish the movement to suooeed, that no such wisdom will be exhibited in the resolves of that gather ing. But we apprehend that it will in the end accomplish just about the same result as the Tyler Convention and the contests between the politicians under the administration of Fill more. The whig party in Congress got up a quarrel with Tyler, calling him an accidental President, aad denounced him, just as the radi cals denounoe President Johnson at the present time. A movement was started similar to that now proposed, in which the politicians endeav ored to glorify themselves. It resulted in the defeat of the whig party ; but those Identified with the movement, including Tyler himself, went down in the crash. Then, again, when Fillmore became President by the death of Taylor the whigs in Congress stirred up a quarrel with him. He made an effort to sus tain himself; aad conventions were held in various parts of the country for this purpose. But, like Tyler, he failed to receive sufficient strength to renominate himself or build up a successful party, aad la his foil be carried the whig party with him, ill candidates receiving such a disastrous defeat in 1862 that the party could never again rally. It was its finishing blow. Sach will aow ao doubt be the result of the preseat quarrel betweeea the Presideat and Congress. The Philadelphia Convention may contribute largely to the result But as it is quite evident that it is to be manipulated by the politicians for their own glorification, and in the same, way that all such conventions have been in the past, there is but little prospect ttiat those who participate in it will receive any material benefit politically. Wbilo they may assist in the overthrow of the radicals, they too will be-obllged to sink with them. But if the defeat of the radicals can be accomplished by it those connected with the movement may consider the result worth the personal sacrifice, and contont themselves with the consolation of having served their country ; for our only salvation is in the retirement of the extreme men who are now spreading demoralisation by their action in Congress. When we turn to the other convention called at Philadelphia we see nothing but an effort of politicians long since aatiquated to force themselves into notice through aa attempt to glorify the blacks lufl (rtauc Uiok ? political wttk tJ?? whites. The flaal result to the managers of both of these coaveations will undoubtedly be the same, whatever changes they amy bring about in regard to the present parties. War la Faraior Tlan u4 at the Prwut Day. Inventions in the improvement of firearms and cannon, together with railroads, hare revolutionised the art of wnr. In former times armies fired at each other in n very random manner with imperfect firearms and at a dis tance of two or three hundred yards. They had to approach within a distance of a few hundred yards even before they could use can non effectively. Now the rifled or even the improved smooth bore cannon will make terri ble havoc miles from the object, while the breech-loaders and other rifles of modern make prove most deadly at a great distance. We see by accounts from the war in Europe that the needle fun or rifle, as it is called, in the hands of the Prussians proves to be a ter rible weapon. All this tends to make war shorter, because battles are more decisive. Those who have the most improved arms neces sarily have a great advantage. Hence we see every nation anxious to avail itself of any as certained improvement as soon as possible. But the rapid transportation af armies and the materials of war in modern times by rail road has produced the greatest revolution in warfare. The greatest generals in former times ? and we may mention the first Napoleon especially ? sucoeedt-d principally by celerity of movement, and this feefQre tfee time of railroads. In the late #ir !s we saw how rapidly Louis Napoleon con centrated an immense army to fight the bat tles of Solfrrino and Magenta. The present war shows the sam? results. In oar own war, over a territory nearly as large as all Europe, we experienced the importance of railroads. The transportation of troops and saaterials that used to take months now only requires a few days. In connection with these changes in the art of war we must not forget the importance of cavalry. For some time at the early part of our war the impression was that infhntry was the only branch of the service of any value; but as the war progreesed, and particularly near the clase of it, the cavalry was seen to be a moat important branch of the service. Why T Simply because it is specially adapted to co operate with the celerity of motion required by the modern conduct of war. Should a gen* eral war in Europe occur, end Russia eater into it, we shall see, doubtless, the immense value of her Coeeacks. We know what great influenoe the cavalry am of our service under Sheridan, K II patrick, Pleaeontoa aad ethm exercised ia the war against tbs rebels, and we feel assured any general war ia Europe must show the same results. There are, in fact, so many new devslopments in the art of war that we can not reason from what has taken place in former times. Many lessons have been learned by the war ia the United States ; but It is importaat that onr military sum aad the government watch with interest the events that are oaowHm ia feroae. The HemMmm mt the Pl?*e* Tuesday vu the hottest fey of the season. Mora than thia, it wm the hottest that has over been experienced in thi? city. The Ihermome ter stood at over one hundred in the ?^d*j Business wm almost suspended, exoept in Wall street, where the bulla and bears wew unusually active in spite of the weather. Cases of ?up stroke were exceedingly frequent The mor tality among the car horses was excessive. Towards evening the exodus from the city was immense. People rushed into the country in the rain hope of getting a cool night's sleep. The heated term seldom lasts mora than three days; but since Merrlam, the sage of Brooklyn Heights, who seemed to have charge of this matter, has deceased, the cleric of die weather has indulged in all sorts of Irregularities. Not only do we have tropical heat in this temperate gone, but the heated term has now lasted for ten days and bids feir to continue unabated. The oldest inhabitant who is always consulted upon such occasions, has never suffered from such intense heat before. The weather-wise people ars totally perplexed and osa only utter the Bunsbyan prediction that if it rains it will be cooler, and If not, why, then it will not. This may not be perfectly satisfao tory, but it exhausts the subject and the pro P,portunately everybody who can afford the means and the time is supposed to be out of town at this season, and the sufferers belong to that class of people who oannot get away and who expect martyrdom during July and August This summer, however, people have been much more sensible than usual. All ac counts agree that the so-called fashionable watering places are by no means overcrowded this year, and that they are frequented by a very different sort of society from that which used to render them so lively and enjoyable. The letter from our Cape May correspondent, whloh we publish this morning, gives a graphio idea of the routine at these resorts. The com fort of visitors is the last thing thought of by the landlords. At the hotels the guests are tarnished with one pigeon-hole for their keys and another tor themselves. The accommoda tions for bathers are of the rudest possible de scription. The cuisine is Inferior and the wines scarcely deserve the name. From Newport Saratoga, Long Branoh and other places we hear the same story, with a few local variv tions. The landlords have been making so much money during the war that they naturally expected the same flourish of shoddy this sum mer; but the reign of shoddy is over, and Americans are again beginning to realise the value of money. While the war lasted and war prices and war contracts were in vogue, the paper dollars were scattered about with perfect recklessness, and the aewly rich people were content to pay dearly for any fare and any kind of accommodations, provided the locality at which they sojourned was called feshionable. -Now, however, we notice the signs of returning common sense. This sum mer the vast majority of those who leave town go to quiet little villages among the mountains, or to secluded villas in the suburbs. Hot as the city undoubtedly is, it is fcr more comforta ble here than at most of the watering places. In a fe# weeks the summer resorts will gain a new interest, however, from the politicians who will gather there to settle the details of the fell campaign. The radicals in Congress now have no ohoice but to adjourn. This weather is making Washington too hot for them. They are not patriotlo enough to die at their posts for what they profess to consider a .Ml la ?*??? "f ??- nl Thad Stevens they will break ranks and rush off to the watering places. Already the gaablen and pickpockets are awaiting the arrival of these Congressmen. Saratoga has become worse than Baden Baden in this respect and at til the other resorts gamblers and blacklegs are mentioned as the principal features. The txcltement about the raots has served to attract these fcUows ; hut when the raoing is over the politicians will come, and oar politicians are the natural game of the gamblers. It is not uncommon to see the leading wire-pullers of the State betting heavily at the faro board, or Indulging in poker, or in "forty-fives," or in cribbage. Money is also stoked upon political svents, and the success of the Philadelphia Convention, which is now the leading topic in all circles, will involve a large pecu niary loss to several noted individuals. What with the gambling, the drinking and the dissi pation at our watering places this year, they have become perfect pandemoniums and are therefore much warmer than New 1 ork. The fortunate folk who are enjoying their ottum rum dignitaU in suburban villas or in distant rural retreats may congratulate themselves upon their double escape from the heated term in the city and the vicious society of the former lashionable resorts. Unless there is a thorough reform next year the watering places will be abandoned by all respectable persons. Even those penpiring people who are obliged to pass the summer In the city are not without reason for thankfulness It is certainly much better to stay at home and be moral, with the thermometer at one hutdred in the shade, than to ffi io the springs or the seaside and dwell the ten* Qf wicked*ss. A Pnorosii. About iul Cocrt Hocse.? ? It will be remembered bat Cathedral in Col of tie hM been for afes in course of con struction. and is still unfinshed. A representa tion of the wonderful strctare, in its incom plete stale, is printed upa the labels on Co logne bottles, and, of couse, finds a place in every well regulated toilette We hare a work going on in this city wortlt of being equally commemorated. We refsrto the new Court House, which has been so )o% in course of con struction as to have become bitorical. It would not be a bad iden to alter th seal of the city so as give an illustration of the new Court House in its half finished staU with members of the city gorernment tuppeting each side of the shield, with bags of plnnwr in the hands of each. There would he no lfflonlty in ob taining suitable legends fbr the tew city arms. h\stina Unit ? ' Make hast* slowV" ? would do very well as n motto Uhntrntig the (rent length of time conmuned in erecfrg the build ing. LaM mrfwlt m hrrbA? "That's n make In the grass"? would answer the ptpoee of de monstrating the character of the amy corrupt jobs that are being carried on b^aemben of the city gorernment. At any rte the new building is becoming ao aneient hits preeent unfinished condition thnt n repenentation should be preeerred of It for tk benefit of future ages and contractors; for thee is danger that the marble will crumble to ntoen before the work l? oompietod it the present nW of progress. WW ? coatnft b seen when the rapidity of construing Uw oew H?au> build ing? an edifice equally as g?ai u the new Court Honse? is compared wivh the delay in finishing the Utter ! But one is jioue by cor rupt city jobbing politicians and contractors and the other by honest and compete* t private contractors. The Valt?4 States and B**ta-Tti? 44r?*?t Powern mf the Futurr. An unobtrusive paragraph in the Eurc?pe?n news w"-ich we published yesterday contained a synopsis of a circular despatch from Prince Oortschakoff to the Russian diplomatic agents. The Prince states that Russia had determined to remain neutral during the present w?r, but nevertheless found It necessary to form corps of observation upon the frontiers of both Aus tria and Prussia. The reasons why a Russian army Is concentrated upon the Pruth are also given, but In remarkably terse language. They amount to this:? That in view of the armassents of the Porto and the movements or troops to wards the Danube Russia feels justified in pre paring to resist the entry of these forces Into the principalities. 1 The ominous silence of Russia, to which we have before alluded, is rather deepened than broken by this despatch. Like most diplomatic explanations it explains nothing. It simply no- j tifles all the other Powers that Russia is ready for eventualities. More than this: it was written when Austria and Prussia were still upon equal terms, and before the decisive battle of Sadowa had been fought. The Prussian viotory, the cession of Venetla to Pranee and the proposals for an armistice have ohanged the whole aspect of affairs and materially modified Ross la's position. Should a conference be held between the representatives ot Prussia, Italy, France and Austria, it could result only In a peace which would greatly alter the present map of Europe, or in a continuance of the war, with France as an active combatant or an open sympathiser with one of the con testants. In either case Russia would have to be consulted. Her diplomatists are the ablest in the world, and they would insist that her interests must be regarded in the reconstruc tion of the German empire or of the bounda ries of France. Should war ensue and become a mere struggle of dynasties, Russia *ould be foreed to ride with one or the other party and lend it her martial or her moral aid. No Power in Europe could afford to be passive if France became Austria's ally. During our recent civil war the United States and Russia were made fast and firm friends. Russia remembered that our sympathies were with her during the Crimean struggle; and of all the nations in Europe she alone was avow edly friendly to us in our life and death grap ple with rebellion. The emancipation of her serfii by the Onr preceded and afforded us an example for our abolition of negro slavery. Besides this, Russia heartily appreciated cur enterprise and inventions. American mechan ics Were welcomed there and emplove l upon the public works. She has had war vessels built here, as models for her navy, and all onr improvements in arms have been ob served and adopted by the Russian offl cla's. To the telegraph which is shortly to connect the two countries the Russian government has given every possible assistance, and it Is useless to-deny Oat the people of this republic have a more lively Interest In t>ls project than In the English cable now being laid across the Atlantic. In her vast extent of territory aad b#r innumerable populating ttussia also resemotes toe United States, and our wisest statesmen have long since concluded that In the fature Russia will be the command ing Power of the Old World, as the United States will be of the New. Like two jiaqts, these two nations will divide the world between them. The past belongs to England ; the present seems to be monopolised by France; but Russia and the United States posssss ths glorious and not very distant future. The United State* have a direct interest in the present European war which is too gene rally forgotten. Should peace be at once declared Napoleon will be at liberty to resume his Mexican projects, and we ma y rest assured that no promises which he maj hare ssade to befog Secretory Seward rill restrain him from improring to the utmc t his golden oppor tunity. Austria, humbled in the contest with Prussia, will eagerly listen to Napoleon's pro posals to build up a new empire in Mexico, and if all otler appeals should fail the contrast between bererhausted treasury and the bound less riches oT the Mexican mines will be quite effectual. TOth the Austrian and the French armies it is heysnd question that the gorern m*nt of MaMmllan could be established in spite of erer y dfort oi the Mexican liberal" . unless the Usited States engaged in the war. For this ws are by no means prepared, with the South still excluded from the Union and the Preeidtnt ind the radicals denouncing each other %s traitors. What a few regiment-* of our tro*ps ctuld hare accomplished a Tew months a(0, w|) require many thousands of men an3 A lotfe and aerere campaign to acblere if i speedy pe.'ce In Europe shall ieare Napoleon tee tc derote a ?'! his energies to this Continent Lotking to our" own interest*, therefore, and t< those of our si'ter republics In the south, we bare srrrythlng to by a continuant of tie European contest; fdr Uien Maximilian will ?e oject.-d before either poleon or Austrit can assist him, snd we sbaM be spared the lecessity of a Mexican war. But lookiif be?ond our own Interests, and taking thote of lussiajinto consideration, we should notst all ibject to see the DanubUn I'rlnclpalitas fal into the hand* of the Csar and the my evened for the conquest ot Turkey, 'heee tbjecto, we may be certain, hars not been crerlooked by Russian states men, and Napolean, who is so shrewd, so cun ning, andse successful when dealing with in ferior mids, may yet find himself beaten in diplomat} as his uncls was in war, by the Caar of Hssia, backed by the immense hosts and unlisted resources of the great empire of the future Gov*** Furrow mo His Omcui Drnu.? Go rem of en toe la reported to bare Mid ia hi* spoet at Baffklo on Wednesday evening that Im ttated frw would qneetion the sincerity of hit ail in the diecharge of his official duties to fkithfjf promote the interest of the Oota monweaL If thia wna meant as a chatl? ge of publlapiaioa, It may be answered that the ?taceHty* the iateatinaa of a publle aMatal la beat Had by hie acta, Ooreraor Peatoo waa aatlrlaad hr the Legislature to aaae^at ? comanwrion for the purp M? of infMlgntiagj the man y frauds committed in the management! of our city affairs, and. if poadbls, putting ? ?lop to them. How baa bt> used t.Val authority T When the Legislature passed an taxing excessively the commission biisiue >? of the State, which waa calculated to daint^e that important interact, and the commerce of New York generally, which depends in a ^Teat measure upon it, the Governor approvel bill. Is this what he means by promoting th> faterests of the State and the city? We would like to call his attention to these two points M dereliction of duty. - Tn Nkw Post Orncc and the C?m mom Coracn. ? The Commissioners appointed by Congress to select ? site for a new Post Otto* sad accommodations for other departnmta of the federal government in this city hating attended to that duty, and the Commissions** of the Sinking Fund having agreed to the . terms of purchase, as well as the location, all that remains now to be done to seeurs tbe commencement of the work is for the Common Council to ratify the bargain. This that body neglects to do, although Congrecs stands ready > ' to make an appropriation of a million of dol lars to begin the construction of the much required building. Why is this? Is the Com mon Council at one of Its old tricks, and wait ing for a fee before it gives its consent to so desirable a public Improvement at no expense to the city T The Commissioners bare agreed to give tbe city halt a million for the site, sad although it may be worth more for other pur poses, yet to no better public use conld the property be put for the benefit of the city than the one proposed. The work should, therefore, be allowed to proceed without any staailbg blocks being cast in the way by munitipal authorities. Without waiting to lay themselves open to a positive accusation of bribsry, which is beginning to be privately mads, members of the Council should promptly con form to tbe proposition of the Commissioners, and ratify the sale and transfer to the general government of the property In question. CANADA. SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALD. ' > Proeeedlaii la Parliament? Report of Special Trade CombImIm In Relation to Their TM( to Ike Weil ladles and Month America? Charges of MrlOcry and Corrnption Altaian the Ooveninient Party, dec. ^ Ottawa, July 19, ISM. Rsrorr or tub wmr urou tradi comussiox. The report of the Trade Commission who visited the West Indies, Brazil and other countries, to open trade with Canada to replace that lout by the termination ?f the Reciprocity treaty, has been submitted to Parlia ment. It is rather doleful In Its general tone. The Com aission giro a voluminous and melancholy account of their adventures abroad, and wind up with recommend ing the establishment of a fortnightly steaasship line from Halifax to St. Thomas, touching at Portland ; that a contract be made with tne United States to carry the Canadan mails abroad by every steamer sailing to Mexico, the Wset Indies or South America from Anted can ports, and the malls of those countries back In Canada b r the returning steamer; that a weekly line at steamers be established between Montreal and Halifax ; that the Intercolonial Railroad be constructed as soon as possible ; that means be taken to procure a reductioa of the duties placed on Canadian products In the conn tries visited : that an assimilation be obtained of the tan (ft in the British West Indies on Canadian staple pro ducts, and that a sound system of legislation be adopted la the British provinces to foster trade In general. This a the whole sum of the report. If tho compara tive tables showing the great trade of America with there countries and the Insignificance of Canadian oomxaerro be excepted. The whole thing brealtie-i scarcely a wort of comfort and sounds like a wail of despondency. TUX MIXUTBT UHAXOXD WITS NOerlLnIJH5T or ran ' PROMISES. The opposition tried to spur up the coalition to-day, and Mr. Dorlon made a speech, charging them with neg lecting and delaying the public business and failing to fulfil the promisee so frequently reiterated that sepals 8.<nh questions would oe brought up at tflHous tunM now past, though Parliament had m?t in the dog darn especially to decide on them. The Attornev General and Finance Minister made unsatisfactory explanations, and Mr. Oorioa told them that they had not fulfilled their promliM la a single Balance on the questions he referred to, and he demanded that the Bouse should go into oonjjnlttee pn (be estimates. Some objections were made, but the M^stry finally yielded the point, and the House la now In committee on the estimaOt. they will mup every topic, and there mar be some interest! ng ' I g upon them. Th# small liberal party clearly contains all the TTETte ability of the Canadian l.igMa ' tun. Foppery and rogylsm rule the roost here. CKAXOXS or HRlllKBT AND OORXI'moT - ' Another tUtot has Just occurred in the House of Assem bly Mr. J. P. M' Donald charged the government with bribing fatal tore to sastnln them. An Instance m called for, ud Mr. McDonald Mid thaf th* purchase of tho Slides, on the Otitffi river, from the mem tor for Pontine wm on cdhdluoo of obtaining his support aa wall aa the 81 Idea. The mentor for Pna tiac indignantly denied this, and retorted that irben Mr. McDonald wna at the toad of the government he Rafted to bur bis Slides If ha would suataln the government, 0> which to waa thaa hand. This Mr. McDonald emphatr* call/ denied. Mr WrUht aald he distinctly i it Mr. Holton called tor time and place of o&mrrsnoo. wbich Wright dearrltod. Mr. McDonald aald- K waa net only not true, bnt that be had never spoken tan wardn to the gentleman since to had torn In the government. The member for Pontine said this waa not traa. Mr. Holton pronounced the whole acene discreditable. tad aald that such hasty cbargaa should not to mad* ad . those made against Mr. McDonald, of which to did not remamMr a word. The member for Ponttaa reiterated the charge, and Mr. Wright gave what to alleged to to eome of tba words of the conversation, aO of which Mr. McDonald emphatically oontrndicted. U length the Attorney General aroae and commanoad a aoothlng spssch, which did not aonthe the eombutnntn to the least, and they aroae, one nftar the other, and pra norncod the statements and counters late menu untrue nil round. Mr MrKensie and other speakers spoke of tto d i graceful character of the acene, and called upoa tto disputants to return to aome sort of reason One of tto Npeakers said be waa tired wltneaaing such scenes in tto House. It was the moat disreputable occurrence, par baps, ever witneaaad la any lagialatlve body SUfKK COUHT , 1*00* IT* The Appelnlsirat sf TrsMrre of the flllafu of New Brighton Declared I'srssMltsllesal - Klrrtles of the Psllrr Jaatlrr Vwid. Before Judge Gilbert Denial Daley, who waa Imprisoned In Richmond county jail by Police Justics VenBilye, of New Brighton, was recently brought before Judge Gilbert on a writ af habeas corpus, and bin discharge claimed oa the gronnd thai Mr. Verm II ye is not a police Justice, he having ban* els< tad under the authority of Messrs. Prentl-e. Ht?aw Simoaton and Bodlna, claiming to act as trustees of said village Tba Judge decided that the appointment of ihe perilous above namad by tba Legl*ia(u,? l> unr n?iilu ilonal. and tto election or the pollca Justice having been held undsr their direction la void. The pnsouer was accordingly diecharged THaOMTITUTlCML AKNOMCDT. Ksillratlsn ky the Teismrr l.miw Isre-Psrssa Brswslsw'a Announcement la Secretary Mnntss. Nasevilis, July It, lsdd In U>d House this morning the constitutional amend ment wa< rati fled by a vote of 41 yeaa against U naya, two memb*n refusing to answer to their names Gov sroor Br?wi\)ow sent the following telegraphic despatch to WaahlaatoV:? Naomi lc, Tenn., July U? It M To Hon E M. OtkfXp*. Secretary of Wsr, Washing ton, D. C. :?? V My com pita en t?* io tto K^idnnt We have carried tto constitutional itooniimaot i^he House. Vote -da to 11: two of his tooM refusing to *ete. W. O BROWM.OW, Oover>? of Teonesaao Judge Fraiier, of Uto Criminal t'our-V before who* the cads of P. Williams, representative*./*-? C+rur county, who applied fbr a wm of tokeaa oo*?u?. was triad to day, daUvered hie opinion sndtatnwc the <#pii cation Warrants worn leaned to-day n> arrest ?e%rnl members of tto House, and alao tto parties who a rsotad Mr. Will maa, Maaara. Hyatt and Tr?ta MMtt Tl GIKKM. SKI lit* HASOvan, N H. July It l?W At the Dartmouth renege eoosmemerasn' W> day tb? buaorary ddgrsa of Doctor of Law* waa ? earned w ktmi m rnmm w? n iiur AHurr, Jsly It, IM* emor reason rotowed to *o nntotol to-day, sf?ar? ssoe of two or ?h**s waoka. at fan tome n Obaasi