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NEW YOP.K HERALD.
JAMKI COHUON HKNNKTT. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. orriea *. v. cciuku or kulto.v and Nassau m. XXXI - !"?. U13 AMl'Sb4KMT.1 THIS KVRMNG. ? hi. WOOD'S THKAtnR. Hntdwty, oppoalte the St. Niehot?s HvM ? POD UAH B. PBAJLBW? TKB FOOL Or TBI t'ABILT? CtewniLU. _____ TO NT PVSTOR'S OPRRA HOUSE. JOl Bowerr ? COBIO V0I"1I.I??-NWM MlHaTUI^T? Bai.lv I DlTKRIISa*?kMT, Ac.? O Toolu't Cmu CHARLF.T WHITE'S OOMBINATIOK TROrPE. ?t ?cohkiilca' 11*11, 47J Broadway? Is a Vabiktt or I.iobt am> Ln'imABU KirmTAixussTi, Coars dm Ballbt. Ac. Souni ok turn UuMuirri. BI.HffCKER STREET CIRCUS, betveeu Perry aud ClwrlM nUreU.? Rioinu, Vacltuo, Ac. TERRACE GARDEN, Third Arennr. between Fifty eighth ku(1 Fifty. ninth *trfl?U.? Tbbo. Thomas' Oiu'HMtril Giuttm Cum un. comumuaing at 8 o'Clook. ?OOl-EY'S OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn -Ermoru* *??? r -lU. uiu. Bdki > won and Paktobibm. WRW YORK MUSEUM OF AXATOMT. ?18 Broadway ? V Wbm with thk Oav-llroaoeaa Mji-Koat'Oric twice daily. (>r*n from 8 A.M. till 10 P. M. New York, Friday Aafnil 3, 1 Will. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. All advertisement* haudad in until half past nine O'clock in the oreninit will l>e classified under appro priate heading* ; but proper classification cannot bo mured after that hour. m T H B NEWS. etoope. London despatches of Aagoatl, received through the cable quote consols at 88 X for money, und Uuitod Hut- FIve-twentiM at 98 tf. The Liverpool cotton mar Vet wa* sternly. ... . . (),,r special European correspondence, published to >v coo. to show thai Louis Kossuth, and the Hunga Ceo' mi Ktapkn, aw engaged in fomenting a serious totl Aufirlan re olutionary movement in Hungary, and p?ct that the naUonal cause will be advanced by the B1 of Prussia. Dangerous popular disturbance were ,ked rur in Vienna should it be officially announced )at the Emperor Francis Joseph consents to the exclu eion of Austr a from tiie German Confederation. Onr correspondent in Qeeonstown, Ireland, asserts that tbe Fenian movement has produced the most Injurious effects on the material and industrial interests Of Ireland. THE CITY. The cholera continues to increase in this city, there fooinn twentv four eases and ten deaths reported yester day A case of cholera has occurred at Castle Garden, sn.l some filing ? exhibited at the proximity of the Battery Barracks Hospital. From Brooklyn the report Js more favorable, although there has not been much difference In the number of cholera cases. On yesterday sixteen cases and only throe deaths wore re ported The cholera has broken out In the Kings County "Truant Home." There have been seven ty-sevon confirmed casos of cholera in Kings county since the 2Tth ultimo. At a meeting of the Board of Health yesterday evening a resolution was passed requeuing the authorities baring charge of tbe institution, on the Island to f.rfbld tbe inm.W coming to New York during the prevai-nre of tbo cholera. Mae new ca*>s of cholen were reported in Philadel phia yesterday, two of them proving tMa\. 0?? death from the disease occurred on Tybee Island yeeterday. There whs no quorum present at the ragular month y mating of the Chamber of Commerce yesterday, moit Of the members being absent from the city at pr> ? nt. A letter lrom General Kilpatrtck, American Mini; Chile, was received, thanking the Chamber for resolutions of thank* to him for his action In referee to the bombardment of. Valparaiso. Darin* the month ot July just passed 29,222 eml ?raots have been landed at this port from Europe. Five noldieir. and aolvlllan, late on Wednesday night, parpetrated a moet shocking murder In Westchester county. The noldlet* belonged to the Flwt United State* artillery, and were stationed at Fort Schuyler. They became Inrolved in ? quarrel with one Alexander Elliott nt a barroom, and clubbed him. He ran for his life, and wan corapeVed to jump ont of the window of his house to escape them ,* they battered down his door. He Anally aroused bis neighbor* and tbe police. In the meantime the ?ru. while searching for Kllvotl at his hoiian, proas hi. cousin, a Miss Fllen Hicks, r I I-- 1 me ??<xv>a y clock ycotorday morning. Two mm, named Frank Brown and Joseph Fritx, J>l,o ara aocuaed of having been concerned in the alleged murder of Jamee Iiempsey. second mate of the Ameri can ibip Jonathan Godfrey, In the month of February last, while the vessel lay at anchor in tbe We f Taler mo, Sicily, wore yesterday brought befoi * eloner Oaborn. who set down their examination im ? ncsday ?ext Full particulars of the alleged murde hire already appeared in the IIki:aU' Judge Italy has declined calllns an extra session of the Court of Common Pletu (general term) to review tbe deci sion' of Judge Canlozo on the Excise law. No business l? being transuded by the Excise Board until Judge Italy s decision i? rendered. Judge Itaroard. sitting in Chamber* of the Supreme Court, took o.< a=.on yesterday. on un inlnneticn ' iae against the Board of Health t>eing called, to eit '? op.nlon that th? F.xrjae law is constitutional ?. n'lndert to tbe fai boiling ekt-iNishments. leinnrking ' ? they ought to 1*? summarily chwed up a? great nui The case uf Noono against the Board of K^clae (wli Is an nppMcation for ? permanent injunction) was agn.n before Judge Mcfuun yesterday. Mr. McKeoo argud the rm?oo behalf of plaintiff when Inrther pr e*. dings were adjourned until to day. ? notmusioni r Osl?rno ye terrlsv committed llmry Parker and Catbertno^i hoenemeu en the ? har^? ?if d si tus '? counter flrtt money. Other rase* ?l unt?rleiUng w I be takrn up to-day. Tbe stock maik' t wss str ?n* yetwday. 0ents were higher Gold was dull awl ? W>sjd at i4? t Ther< was no *?-ibb altoiation in commercial flairs ^at-rday ? Uie wa.ru weather, tbe alvuee of many terchante, Ac., bavinp ? ten-l ucj to check bu'n:iw. ^arcliandi-# was generally firm' howm * end in some fc, lauces there wis conn JiTBhl" apt Lfn and groceries wer.< r.Vh. r quiet but fcied change iii value, tbetigh t'.ie fortn< r w? - v Wi< r (m 'rhmge flour riled ilnl'. and Itt a? !? Iii oat wa dull and nominnllj lo? r on common qti |? ( em declined lc.. whlK o??e ?ver. dull an ! a trifli i>3 pork was ven1 nulct and li"avy. Ir' ' wri" un" r'taaged l.ird U'llet I'll B*mer. Hli,.?t*T wm Diiiian 'll? . nolwttgrd. Kr <ht' we,, without dc-sle-t Cb'inge rairo'eutn s> more nrtive ami higher, end* ad am ' I 'i> ? and honde't lc. a 'J Miser LLA5E0UR. o.ir ll?v.?u I d-il'd J-Itv ntt'e ^ II,, iinroftsr l lrf -rma'i >ti ''a' ? !"'? ' f' in -U fie?t is , ni./oi i.? ? il fot the V.ni f, it? i? T ' itn- th -war a? ..n*; lb?* aloed tk>< "h Aiueii in t ipnhllra. It eonslsti ?/ ?0# trno-clM, f - ir *ie?ro fi ai.d tour transports. W'ih armametil* ni'ikitit a total "f ose liundre,! and m.Mity four m*' The i,?o i-ciU will carry ten ortaelvo IHo ienad Inianiiy Inn Metico (iofivitch"" ? t" Ci.' Tsmp en I" w?ll pf-rar. I I H Ih* SUJ-W ol thr 'il-rsls. Tri-te on tl.e K a Mrsn-1* balden ragomed. ti-' ? ra" \e wtth |?o !,tindie>l .il l Buy ?? ", ! ?d sailed trojn I f,? nia for ?ie pof <n f anf*. umilian hi |i,? coiiAvca' jn of -..nta Anna V prop'rty in the ei ok cmre?pon ???t, who ? ?? rewntly t?* . elted tbrou, Ilia en' ec fwuth emls 4K"-th wtpfewi-ns reenlvod hy (lira ami the H' Utli^rn |w>,ip1? in reta'nw to the laie *?r and the piev-i.i re,?n trtitltn f^-l-"s Hi* P" 'hern people Willi lea ' enfe?? th.lt they MS Whipped, andiliae-'*.' * "question iaderde.la.aln?l tUe The i*e<^le ai* he ?.t> f, , nqnistlonaidy '???yai, from ya., ea <?! mteieai Iffrwni n no higher. It I" tbu? an.ong \r lei*, ui I *ec<^e in prlnelr'n, tbe I'nlon ?-1 1 Lit ww true t!ir'n?b>at IM wsr *' with a \ghl ? *|>t <????, coup < ??'l "f thg aac lv. ?nd nt, n.*a? merely j^eiend'iig 1'ntenwm s spiug out ol tbe rebel ?imy. The j<o ith no.? a?? prewnis. tan ?? . it* givsravtant, and ili" ovn ,J d?iay it, ., ,-oi J ug ilia' right baa air ady baea i a V saeGoiial feeling. ,, It.i.arti Ba HI, of 111* tn, ?4 *ut?t Army who t bad command of the lit* of the St. Lawreaoe dartijg the recent Keuu troubloa oa the Canadian border fs on a Uiit to Montreal, where bo will have a public rec i'tioa today. General Delafleld has been relieved from duty as In ( spector of the Military Academy, and Ceneral Nih river, the Inspector General of the army, Is placed In charge of the duties far tbe present Advices from M. Domingo state that the Individuals exiled by President Baer. have nearly all returned. A general amnesty is offered to tbe former supporters of the Baes government, provided they submit to the present authorities. The troops were moving towards Santiago de los Oabelleros, where a disturbance had been created. I Charles O'Conor finished bis Interview with Jeff. Davt yesterday. Tbe visit it is believed was for consultation on tbe recent report of the Judiciary Committee, and tbe line of defense to be laid down la oonsequeaea, Delegates to tbe Philadelphia Convention are belnr promptly appointed throughout all the States. Senator Ooollttlo, Postmaster General A. W. Randall and G, M. Koblnson were appointed for Wisconsin at a meeting Itt Madison, on Wednesday. One of tbe district delegate s "coded because be was opposed to sluing In the Convei. tton with Pendleton aiuTVallsndigham. At St Pan: Minnesota. D 8. Norton, T. Steel and two others wr appointed for the State at large. The Bercharri block on West Water street, Milwnulu ? was destroyed by Are yesterday. The loss is $60,000. In New Orleans yesterday a street car wss fired Into by negroes, one whito man being killed. Man)' arietta of armed negroes have been made. Quantities of arms have been found secreted In negro dwelling houses. Martial law has been withdrawn and true bills have been found sga'.nst the convectionists. Lsrairande, the alleged French forger, who recently escaped from the custody of a Unitod States Marsbul in New York, was arrested In Montresl, Csnada, yesterday, and will probably be brought here soon. It will be remem bered that Lamlrando's defalcations were committed in Poitiers, Frauce, and amounted to a large sum Ir the aggregate. A fir> occurred at Pithole, Pa., on Wednesday nlglit, destroying oil tank*, engines, Sic., to the amount of $150,000. Tlie I'nion 8tate Central Committee of California on Wednesday adopted the new amendment to the constitu tion of the United States. This action is regarded us a usurpation of the powers of the convoalion, which is to assemble to-day. A banquet was given on board the Great Eastern on Monday niglit in honor of the final success of the great work. One hundr d guests wore present. Twrtvo m< ssages were received at tbe Now York I'oat Offlco yesterday for transmission to Europe. The internal revenue receipts at the office In Washing ton were over $2,000,000 yesterday. A telegram from Ottawa says that the covernment has been notitled of another lnt' nded movement on the part of tbe Kemans. G'neral Dick Taylor, of rebel notoriety, is the reported chief of the new command. A barber named Hull, living in Philadelphia, was assailed by two negroes on Wednesday nlcrht, and escaiied being murdered only by the timely arrival of assistance. The negroes say that Hull's wife employed them to do the job, promising $800 for It. Mexico? The Time at Hand for Active Inter* ventlon. Our latest intelligence from the city of Mexico is that a revolution had been attempted there ; that the parties concerned in the move ment had been arrested and banished to Yuca tan, and that the whole country was very muoh excited upon the subject This means that the Mexicans are getting impatient of the delay of Maximilian in packing up and packing off, crown and sceptre, bag and baggage, French, Austrian*, Belgians, Turcos and Egyptians, camp and camp followers, back to the Old World where they belong. The Mexicans know that with the retirement of Napoleon i.from his " grand idea n of a French pro too jjup rate and balance of power on this continent *"*j^imilian, with his Austrian* and merce naries, can do nothing. As the Frenoh troops, therefore, are being withdrawn, the armed liberals are multiplying and springing up all over the country, boldly venturing to grapple with the M Austrian adventurer " even hi his stronghold of the Mexican capitaL Under this state of things it is probable that the withdrawal of the last instalment of the Frenoh and the retirement of his M^esty, poor Max, will take place some time before the period fixed in the imperial programme of ???cwation. The Empress Carlotta ? long life to hep ? has acted wisely in withdrawing In time, and from her departure for Fatherland we may infer that the Emperor ia pre paring to follow, and lingers only to secure as much imperial plunder as possible. Meantime, in viow of his retirement, the old clashing revolutionary Mexican iao ' >tiM and leaders are beginning to show thei.i elves again in all their glory. There are already in the field the Jnarez fac tion. the Ortega fiction, the Santa Anna faction, and other leaden and faction* ton numerous to mention. The population of Mexico, in the next place, is cut up into discordant races and parties, including the Church party, the 1 co fiscation party, the old Spanish aristocratic ?e ? lew in mimbero but powerful in wealth - "ity of purpose ? the Indian race ? nu i but debased, destitute and helplem ? ! and tin- mixed breed*, who are mercenary, treacherous and unscrupulous. Ix-ft to them wires, these discordant and hostile element*, with the withdrawal of the* bayonet* of Maxi milian, will speedily reduce their country again to its old chronic condition of fighting factions and monthly revolutions. This state ? - :nir? will then go on until another Euro !>? 1 1 ' ilitiou will be provoked by it, upon the pretence of humanity, law and order, un less the I'nited States shall in season inter vene to give the poor Mexicans a stable gov ernment and to place them beyond the reach of European usurpations, by making their <?ry the ward and the ally of their elder republic. ? ;il General Scott was in occupation of the of Mexico, In 1M7. an opportunity was ottered him to assume the government of that country, In the name and in behalf of the I'niied State*, with a salary of a million dol lars n year attached to his provixional estab lishment. But slavery was then in full blartt In our southern States, anil in connection with ihU powerful social and political institution General Scott recoiled from the Idea of mixing the Penality of the mixed breeds of Mexico with the doctrine of Inequality established in the I ii i ied States between the white and black and mixed race.. He thought, in this view of the -ubjeet. that nothing but mischief and con -<n could follow the absorption of Mexico * uooeptaace of its mongrel people on njiite basis of eqnality, and so the tempt i 4- overtures of annexation mad* to htm were *ni|ihelical1y declined. I'lauMble as was the political and moral phi losophy of General Scott in thia matter, we have always thought that in declining this n*eat offer ?s a free gift of the splendid eonntry of Mexico, with its seven million* of paople, an<l all ita gold and silver mlnea, he nad* a "?rei! mn-ake, in ftict the greatest blander of i lif?. We know that It has cost us a great deal in the matter of our late rebellion, and forty rears of Mexican anarchy have satisfied us tha the Mcxioaa people, "inch as thsy are/' are Incompetent to take care of themselves without aome aaaistanee la putting them on the right road to aell government. Thia opportu nity ia now offered to Preaidont Johnson, and ft is an opportunity which involves a duty that should no longer be neglected. We have bad too much of the shillyshally non-intervention policy of Mr. Seward. Believing as he does, that "whatever Is, is right," or will come right, if left of itself, nothing can be expected from Mr. Seward. Under his non-intervention policy the best that we can expect of Mexico as a republic is its old chronic condition of anarchy, bloodshed and predominant bar barism. As our next door neighbor, and as our fol Ijwerin the great experiment of popular in vitations, Mexico is entitled to something more than the do-nothing policy of Mr. Seward. Our interests, our commerce, our prestige, our influence as a nation, and our future safety, demand from us some active relief to our l>oor and enfeebled sister republic. We are called upon to put her firmly on her feet, to stand over her and support her till she can stand alone, and when she can do that there will be no reason to fear th$ experiment of leaving her to herself or of nnnextag her to the Union, whites, negroes, Indian*, mulattoes, mestizoes, zambos and all, equality or no equality. We are called upon especially to intervene in behalf ot the Mexican republic in order to forestall anv further intrigues and coalitions for * Mexican monarchy in the shape of a French or English protectorate. The moral, politic*!, aTia commercial l}ll??C? flf pOrt-cf offered in the political control of Mexico, as a protiVe' of " the great republic," it is the duty of President Johnson to secure, and we trust that this golden opportunity will not, like that of General Scott, be foolishly thrown away. As a ward of the United States, we may, in a very short time, dmw from Mex ico to our commerce and our treasury a hun dred millions a year. Arlivltf of the Politicians? What's In the Wind t The extraordinary Activity among the poli ticians in all directions indicates that Fome thing unusual is in the wind. Conventions are being held In various localities and State com mittees summoned to assemble at tho fashiona ble waterine places. It is difficult to divine what all this commotion mean*, except it may be the alarm over the Philadelphia Convention to be held on the 14th inst. Some of these gatherings are called for the purposo ol elect ing delegates to that body, while others, no doubt, meet to perfect measures in hopes of counteracting its effect. The latter is probably the object of the meeting of the Republican State Central Committee at Saratoga to-dn There is, however, a current rumor that Thur low Weed has manipulated a majority of that committee und secured the votes of a sufficient n amber to endorse the Philadelphia movement by two majority. If this is the oorreot state of the case we may expect to see two manifestoes issued from that body, and the doctrine of secession again carried into practice in a small way, which will have important bearings upon the fall elections in this State. We apprehend that bat little fUth can be placed in this rumor. It may be that a ma jority of the Stato Committee will vote to en dorse the Philadelphia Convention, but ao oording to the composition of the oommittee, between the Weed and radical interests, as it stood before the assembling of the present Congress, there is a majority of one in the com mittee on the Weed side. But one of that majority is a member of Congress, and voted with the radicals. It is understood that an other has refused to sign the call for the Phila delphia Convention, while still another has on several occasions taken decided grounds against Mr. Johnson's policy. With the loss ot these, unless there are changes on the other side, it is not probable that an endorsement of the Philadelphia Convention can be carried. Yet the friends of Governor Fenton assert positively that Weedihas secured two majority of the committee in favor of that proposition, and will put it through. They are at any rate very much alnnned and exercised over the feet. They consider it so sure thst they am preparing a counter-movement. Be the result on this question as It may, the programme of operations for the committee to-day is, un questionably, to issue a call lor a State Con vention to nominate State officers, to agree upon who shall be nomianted and to arrange the schedule for the fall campaign. It is probable that an effort will be made to secure the influence of the committee in urging the Governor to call an extra session of the Legislature, under the pretence of rati fying the constitutional amendment, but in reality to consummate the bargain between Stephens, of the (Won Board, and Waldo Ilutchlns, in reference to the patronage of that department by the extension of I he term of office of the former. As the latter is part of the programme to secure the nomination of a candidate for Lieutenant Governor, it is antici pated that a spicy controversy will take place between the friends of the different aspirants tor that position, both in aod ont of the com mittee. If they manage to settle nil these points amicably the committee will have about all that it can attend to without taking up the Philadelphia Convention. In the mesntime delegates are being elected in all sections of the State to attend tho con vention to be held at Saratoga on the !t!h inst., which meets to settle upon the representatives from this State in the Philadelphia gathering. In this we discovev ? contest wer the question who is to b? the power behind the throne. It is a controversy over the point who shall pull the wires behind the scenes which will control tho movements of the automatons on the stage and before th?? people. Weed is try ing hard to seenre thia position, but It Is im porfKible to tell whether he will be snccessfal or not. The different aspirants are at work directing all their snergies In this direction, and time alone can tell who will win. IV movements, the wire-polling and the secret operations on all rtdes are fall of Interest just now, for even the shent-pT?hent fhctlon. which clings to a little paper In thia city, is making a desperate effort to have a hand In this work, and U evidently determined not to be ruled out Taking It altogether, there is a general upheaving among the politicians, and a com motion that Indicates something more serion* than the cholera. The Philadelphia Conven tion ia beyond a doubt the prime canae of all this, and It has created an uncertainty In re gard to their tutors political bread and bntter. What Is now Mm la onlv the conuaenoeaost of the turmo'l and excitement, the lint rum bling of the storm UjjU la preparing for the foil campaigu. The HpitnUh Chilean War ?? brkmat* SailiiiM of Another l'leet fto the Pacific. Oar Havana letter contains the important information that the war of the Spaniards against the allied republics of the Pacific coast is to be resumed, and that the Ghincha Islands were to be occupied by a large force of infan cy. to be landed under the protection of a new fleet of Spanish war vessels. This ia in accordance with the Spanish plans as promul gated at Madrid, where, in the Spanish Cortes the Minister of Marine lately announced that the war was to continue, that the Chincha Islands were to be solzed, and the war termi nate only in a treaty securing the fall satisfac tion due to Spanish interests. With this intention a now fleet is sent to the Pacific. The fl et is to consist of the iron-clad Tetuan. of forty-one guna (said to be superior to the Numancia), the firi rates Narae de Tolosa, Princess de Asturiaa, Conception, and Isabel II., with a number of transports. Of these vessels the Tetnan and Navas de Tolosa left Havana on the 29lh ult., and it is presumed the others are en route to Rio Janeiro. This fleet is not lens formidable than that which lately fled discomfited from the waters of the Pacific on the approach of the Peruvian Iron clads IIu?scar and Independence ; bat tbtt* is little probability that It will effect an^lMng more than did that of Nufi^z. The i^n-clads of the Peruvians are very formidable ve.^ols ann ddfiMTog* truly iff proiOQt the iqt<?r. ests of the allies in their own waters against anything (hat the Spanish fleet can hopo to accomplish six thousand miles from home. The remit of the war which Spain has thus un wisely determined to resume can be very easily prophesi.-d in the light of past experience. Y!>e new fleet will find no more defenctless iowni to bombard, and may yet discover that sVe hss come, liko the pHsnner to the feast of the cannibals, " not, to cat, but to be eaten/' The C'holern Moure. T'i ? at, ate of'fatfh? disclosed by the modlcal report b from Ward'rf ^rxl Blnckwell ? Islands, ns well os from tlx' KingS fcjpunty penitentiary and jail, baa contributed very iutlW* intensify the .alarm caused by tbe steady increase BT *'?? cliolera. We do not, however, see in it fcuffl oient to justify the panic thus causod. It only proves what was already known to every one, (hat. where the seeds of contagion are carefully nourished they will fructify and spread. If cholera did not happen to be the prevailing epidemic, there existed In the filthy, crowded and ill-ventilated condition of the wards of these establishments Influences that must have byofl sojne other epidemic equally fatal as soon as the fiot weather began to opcBtfl upon them. But what a stigma does this state of tb'ngs cast upon the keepers and visiting committees of our prisons ! Nothing can exctue their con duct for permitting Its continoancc in the pres ence of a Bcourge so prompt to seize bold of it. If tbey had paid the slightest attention to the re ports of the Board of Health or to the warnings of the newspaper*, tbey must have known that the condition of the establishments under their Superintendence was incompatible with im munity from it. Nor is the Board of Health Itself free from blame in the matter A care ful inspection of the prisons and peniteutiarles was among the first of its duties, and its members are all the more censurable from the fact that there existed in connection with these establishments organizations which could have been promptly made use of to carry oat their instructions. Thus far all tbe facts developed in regard to the spread of the cholera go to confirm the theory that those who observe tbe ordinary roles of personal cleanliness and who pay at tention to their diet and the propor ventilation of their dwellings have but little to fear from it. Not a single death baa as yet occurred from the diecase which has not been directly traceable to the violation of one or more of these precautions. At any ordinary period the infraction of them would be sufficient to breed distuee. How can it be expected that people reckless of them should escape at ? time when the atmosphere L? poisoned by the seeds of a fresh epidemic? It would l>? just as reasona ble for a glutton to look for immunity ftvm apoplexy or a drunkard from <h Krivnn trrmni*. Those who love dirt and a foul atmosphere must pay the penalty of their nastlnoes. We csn suggest no mcan~< of protection lor I hem. nor, indeed . Is any desirable. There is a clsss of persons, however, who. troni other causes not dependent on then* elves, are liable to become a prey to the dlsc.uc, whoac safety haa not been considered in the precautionary measures that have thus far been adopted. Tliey may be cleanly, regular and temperate in tliHr habits, and live in tbe proper conditions of atmosphere, and yet be ss readily seized with it as persons observing none of these conditions. We allude to the large number of nervons and physically de- I pressed persons (especially female*) who a re to be found in all city populations. It is a well established fket that during the previous vi-it.? tiona of the pefU this class furnished a consid- J erable porportiou of the deaths set down to it. In maav instances, it is true, they were killed, not by the disease, but by the apprehension of it. There is nothing, however. whk:h so readily propers the system for the reception of the malady as foar, and therefore everything should be avoided which has a tendency to aggravate the existing alarm. It seems to us that the press, in its desire to secure the public against the consequences of Indifference and srsnt of energy on the port of the authorities, has wholly overlooked this consideration. We have now reached the point where arguments and warnings are pow ericas to stimulate them to any greater degree of activity. Nothing more, it may he assumed, can or will be done than the Board ol Health is at present doing. We therefore do not see the use of publishing articles snd reports the only effect of which is to terrify the timid and to help the spread 0f the diaeeee. In Paris, durtng the period when tbe epidemic was carrying off three or four hand red persons dady. the newspapers were entirely silent on the subject, and no official reports of any kind were Issued. This reticence was not the re sult of government policy merely. It was urged upon It by the medical profeaaion, and In acting upon their recommendations the French antboritiea did, we believe, the very wisest thing that could have been done ft?r the security of the excitable population which they had under their charge. Fra? the facta that have receoUy fallen undar our observation wa ar? taluflftd that *he pursuance of a similar course by the newspa pers and Board or Health of this city would 2*1 pobUo If it bo true that nothing help* it so much aH*tt panic it is evident that the excitement which both are endeavoring to keep up and intensify will be productive of the very worst conse quences. The Kevolutlou In Karope-Kupl<l Stride* ?< Modern Warfare. Far removed as we are from the scenes of actual strife, and incapable of being affected in any very sensible degree by whatever may be the result, it is yot impossible for ns'to be unconcerned spectators of what is now trans piring on the continent of Europe. Events, startling by their suddenness and alarming by their magnitude, have followed each other with, < a rapidity which has been altog%tfe?r bewi)^er. ing. It is only a few weeks. iSnce t^'a war commenced; yet how m^ch has 'often don* Provinces and kingds^ h?f8 Ven overrun and wasted. Ancynt thrones and prou<i nasties have WejL The poaceftal Inhabitants of busy towr-g an(j rural hamlets have expe nonoed y,o horrors of war. Blood has been poured forth in actual torrents. Human has been sacrificed to an extent all but, if not entirely, unparalleled in the aunals of war. The proud and powerful empire of Austria, whose history carries us back by an almost un broken chain to the days of the Roman Cwwrs, has been hopelesaly crushed. Prussia, rising Wi^h each successive effort, and, as it re bounding frodtovery stroke to a higher posi tion, towers beforfi UStTrtiu* a very Co lossus of strength. Central Europe 111 fast is revolutionized, and surrounding nations stan<l aghast, expectant and uncertain as to the probable issue of events. If the most recent intelligence prove" to be correct, that a treaty of pence has actually been signed, to the Prusyian army must be accorded the signal honor of having accomplished the largest re sults in the briefest space of time, at least of unv army in modem tim?s. With the immediate objects for which this war was undertaken, or with those who are to be looked upon as its tfifo.gn'zcd leader*. we have never been able largely to sympathize. Jt hits not been? so far at lea&t as the North has Refill concerned, whatever muy be said lor Italy? a peBjHt'a war. It was not begun in their quarrel It has nol Vfln canje<J yjjjj a view ip their benefit. Rteults, however, are not always exactly proportioned to intention, and we shall not be surprfflfd lo find that to all the people concerned ihe highest good has been the consequence. It is desirable, in the inter est.- of humanity, that Germany be brought into a more united and compact state, and that a constitution be granted her consistent with the rights of a great and intelligent people, and i'fltssinn ambition and selfishness will be for given aud forgotten if tboy contribute to that important end. Italy sccmti to have a right to Venice end to Rome, although some of her recent movements have been characterized neither by wIMom nor by prudence. For Aus tria, once so proud, now so lowly, it is im possible not to feeL When the princes are fallen aud the mighty are brought low, It la difficult to restrain the tear of sympathy. But from Austria humbled her remaining popula tion are more likely to obtain those rights and privileges for which they so vainly struggled in the days of her haughty and imperial splen dor. Come what may of throm** and dynas ties? come what may of venerable names and ancient, landmarks, we must still say, let the people prosper. It is difficult to resist the conviction that all which it was intended to do by this war will not be done. Napoleon has not ohtainod for France those miub-cwvcted Rhine provisoes, and niter !huf emphatic declaration ol Russia, France will not rashly stretch torth her hands. The Roman question, too, still remains, and cannot lail, it left unsettled now, to prove a source of fatuiv difficulty. France is nol lik"ly to wkhdruw her troop* from Rotix> with out some compensHtion. and Prussia i.s as little likely to grant that compensation by a reduc tion ot her territory. Will Napoleon be able to solve those difficulties even yet? It is diffi cult to fay. It those two matters an- satisfac torily arranged, we see no hindrance to the re-establishment of p. a rid theu, with i'aii.in ambition s.i'isfied, with tieiman unity realized, uu<l with Austria still large and pow erful enough to command r<*pect, and having a career of growing usefulness and prosperity open to her towards the IJast. Eorop< may find that (he balance of power has not Iw-en se riously affected, and that the prospects ot fu ture dlstnibanee are st l*>ast remote. .S*K*TO?iA Rimo \BAMW\nX ? A de?patcb fn.m Saratoga st.ilca that the rwi: courve at that pluce in to he abandoned. and that the annual Northern meeting of tbe Southern atable* ?a to take place horealicr at some other point. It is na?crted that ihi? change ha* l?een occasioned by the tact that the hotel k< 'epera consider that I?or*c racing injure" Uie character of the place aa a faah'onable resort ; while, on the other hand, the proprietors of the race grounds aver that it ia owing to the waat of liberality on the part of the landlord* in not contributing more generously to the support of the con rue. But whatever may be the reason, there i? bo doubt that a race course, no inalter how well i! nay be conducted ? and we are assured that the Saratoga course ha? been well m inaged - attract* to such place* crowila of charac ters wiiti whom the fhrlidioiM do not de*irc to minute. Tbej no doubt encourage a apirit of gambling ; and 'porting ehibs and belling are Ike rag* wbeoeeer the racing acaann Kcitn It raonr in tbi* country were relieved of these erijs and drawback# no doubt the amusement would beeon?e aa laebionablc and popular here a* it ia to Kngland, where fern banks and ronlette table* art not tolerat ed. Wlille on the subject ol gambling, we may state that we frequently hear of the grand raida the police make npoa *onw oiii-of-th" way and humble den of gambler*, arret the partic, eeira their impb-mrnte and hnrry the prim-mar* off to the station homes. Hut very rarely do we bear of anything of tho kind being done to the gambling priaoea in their splendid palaces ia the m??t fashionable quarter* of the city. Tbeac are the alluring temples of Tic* which do tbe moat aerion* damage; for they corrupt tbe morale of old and young and pare the pathway to a life of wratchadneee, dissipation and crime. Wa woald ffnggeel that when tbe authority of the law la invoked W> ?uoprvta gsml-liaf Me Urge and opulent pt tors should be amde to_ well m the null, mImhIiI who iw reared la vl?x The atmosphere 'of'Saratogi _ K W ? ? to repress Che passion for gambliac www _ been growing upon the visitors to the* h*>* ing place for several jeui put The Adv Miurw ?f k CUI?u MyHmtM k V*? Ywk. We hope that o*r readers hare not been i grossed in the r/oent news from Europe, I and New Orl^eaua, *?d about the oablalmd fta cholera, a^V> have overlooked the re ry spin f letter fjom Benjamin Yioan% fa? Ml hrien in Chll%\ tramUtfm of which wae ti'Jded In oar Wednesday's issue. Mr. Mai iff like many -other foreigners before him, hm been pr*?y well treated in Mew York, and kB repajs our kindness in the usual manner bSF hoofing ue up to ridicule. It is useless to plain of this, for, no doubt, we deserf&Tt llr. MjicJ^enna onljr follows the example of Marryat^ l)lckens, Mrs. Trollope, Bull Run Bussell, and other highly distinguished people, who mads up their minds that we must be a set of foeli or we would not have received them so cor dially. There is a great deal of truth in Ada logic, and our visitors have any amount of flsa in observing and describing our foibles. It Is not every one, however, who has hit us off sa neatly as Mr. MacKenna, or who could be sa good-natured about it after all the attentions ha lias received, especially from United Stnlii Marshal Murray. Mr. MacKenna tells his friends at boss* that he has not assumed any of the grand titles, such as Ambassador, Minister P!enipa? ffcfltitfty and Envoy Extraordinary, with which lie fl'/ures in the newspapers. He would have tliem believe that the absurd Americans hava dubbed him with these marks of d'wtinoMea without his consent and in Spite of his model! protests. The fondness of Americans for titlee has long since become proverbial. Dickens pointed out, many years ago, that every other man in this country was a captain, or a colonel, or a general ; and since then we have crested no small Dumber of chevaliers, and the Presl dint has made at least one D. D. Mr. Msa> fcenna, therefore, maj bavg fallen 5 vipUg^Ja this curious American habit, and it may la quite true, as he states, that having boen dentally styled an ambassador by the Pan papers, an ambassador he remained until to date ot big IfiUaX* V? T?erfecUjr agree wifk him, howevor, ttiai he does not live In a style befitting the position. " This great Ambaaaa* dor, living in a single apartment, ^herein is Us bed. bis washstand and his writing (Hfclnet j" having "neither cook, nor majordomo, a* lackeys, nor even a little shaver to brudh bis coat or black his boots;" eating "at da first restaurant-/' not riding in a carriage, "ac cept upon extraordinary occasions;" golaf about town on foot over the snow and ioe, aad thus often slipping and " occupying sitss oa some of the most aristocratic parts of Pioad way and Fifth avenue," and declining to ga to theatres, balls and private parties, "becaaas he bad no coat fit for the oocasion"? ceriata% this presents us with a picture of republlsaa simplicity greatly at variance with the popalsa idea of his aristocratic state and grandeur. In his receptions at the various clubs el Mi city Mr. MacKenna, it appears, met with mm very singular mishaps. Invited to delivers^ address before the Travellers' Club, he eet> lected a aumber of official documents, sucAhaa the Chilean tax levy, Custom House report^ and copies of the speeches of Senators aad Deputies, to which to refer for his focts, figures and statistioa. These documenta aad volnsssa were piled upon the table before him whea he rose to address the club; but what waa Mi astonishment when Mr. Dunbar, the Pri slilsaj^ Introduced him as "one of the most dislte guished and prolific authors in South Amerie^ as is proven by this pile of books, all of whish Mr. MacKenna has written and generously pra sented to the club." This story will stiek la President Dunbar for life ; but he will saAa in company with the members of the Uaiaa league Club, who paraded Mr. MacKenna M an ambassador, dragged him to a crimson rat vet chair next the President, and insisted npesi his making a ep*cch, which was ordered to to printed at the club's expense. Mr. MacKeaaa may well laugh at "the grand humbugs of tMi most mighty republic" afier that. Still he la hardly justifiable in making game of Mr. Petav (Jooper also. He relates that at the a saae meeting on Wa?blAgton'? birthday he hap> pened to be recognised by Mr. Cooper, wto nsid, u Oh, Mr. MarKcnua, you are from CDst ore you nott" " Yes," replied MacKenna, "I am from Ohiie." u Well, then," replied Mr. < 'ooper, "come and hare a chair ; here, usher, give this gentleman h chair ; he is the Aa> bassador from (.'lie.'' The usher, "havfag never heard of a country named Cfla ia the world." conducted Mr. MacKeaaa to the most prominent part of Ma platform, and exclaimed in a stcatorlaa tone. "Gentleman, let the Ambassador from tfleily have s seat I" With this anardote Mr. MwKenna concludes his most amusing letter, which ought to be posted in every club in tha city as a warning to the members to b<* mare careful in their dealings with distinguished foreigners hereafter. It may possibly not rea? der Mr. MarKonnaV farther sojourn among as peculiarly agreeable ; but it is by far tha cleverest document that we have yet e?rn bis pen. IVrrtNO the Caj>lk.? The grett Atlaatto ruble ha* been working " perfectly"* ami " aplcndldly'' ainoe hatnrday l**t, at K m* m we are told by the numeroua laudatory tab prtuji* from Hr art'* Content. It aeeme to krnwm b?<en is admirable condition to answer the par poee of gratifying Mr. Field and gratuitously adverliaing tho company. Tbe public are nt tired of thin telegraph coble ptiffV-ry. Tkojr desire proof of it? being in " admirable worth ing condition," which cm only be turniabat by tending to the American prcaa late Mi reliable European sew*? war. |H>litioal art financial, The exeluaiTe telegram from Lorn don to tbe linui.o. published on Mundaf tact, ww tho firat autb?ntle nawa despatch mm oyer the eablc. Mnce th?m there hare beea ? few meager. alraggliog newa tel^min*. but Mm principal work ha? been that uf arif-pufbij or child i ah telegram* of congratulation be tween people in authority who would nthor wiee never have been heard of arrow the At lantic. We hare had enough o? ?hi?. Lei Aft newspaper preee have a batch of interwthlf intelligence from buropa^-aid there ought ?* be plmty ?f U-to ferelah iba Ammhm