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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES UOItDON llU.VNETT, EPITOR AND I'KOPBIETOR, crrrcs H. v. cvkxkk or ruLros and Nassau sts. THE DAILY HERALD, published tr ery day in the year, forB cent- |M>r copy. Auuual subscription price, $14. rut WEEKLY HERALD, every Saturday, at Kivs ??uls j*r copy. AnntuU subscription price : ? OaeCopr $? Three Copies S live Copies 8 Ten Copies 13 Any larger number uiidressed to names of subscribers $1 30 each. An extra copy will be sent to every club of ten. Twenty copied to ono address, one year, $'43, and any larger number at same price. An extra copy will be sent to clubs of twenty. The e rates make the Wheblt Hkr ald the cheapest publication in the country. Postage Ave cents per copy for three months. TERMS cash In advance. Money sent by mail will be at the risk of the sender. None but bonk bilU current In New York taken. The Cautor.hu Edition, on the 1st, 11th and 21st of each month, at Six cents per copy, or $3 per annum. JOB PRINTING of eoery description, alto Stereotyp ing and Engraving, neatly and promptly executed at the oi vest rates. Volume XXXI No. '.45 to AMUSEMENTS TIIIS EVENING. BROADWAY THE4TRE, Broadway, near Broome street? Dub I>bad Hkaht. FRENCH THEATRE, Fourteenth street near Sixth ave nue.? A b kmc an opera? Doctor or Alcantara. NEW YORK THEATRE, Broiawar opposite New York Hotel?' Tun Dkbutantb? Lady Audlbt's Seckkt? Mb. and Mrs. Petkk W H1XK. GERMAN THALIA THEATRE, No. 514 Broadway ? Die OErANUENI.B UEH CZAABIN? DkB &APBLI.B1C11TBB VON TniDm. NEW YORKER FT A TIT THEATRE. 45 aud 47 Bowery ? VlOOBTK VoB LOTOBIERE? PBBSONAI ACTKN. TERRACE OARDKN, Third ave'iiie, between Fifty eighth ami Fifty ninth treeU.? ' Thko. Thomas' Orchestral UAKin.N COMMHft commencing at 8 oVlock. RAN FR *NCISOO MINSTRELS. Ht Broadway, opposite ihe Metropolitan Hotel? In their Ethiopian Entkbtain *ENH. M.NUINU, DAKCINO AND BURLESyUP-S? THE WlKB MkBOIIANT. . FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, No?. 2 and 4 Weat Twenty-fourth HtreeL? Budwobth's Min-triils.? Ethiopian MlMHTkKL>T, iiALLADrt, BlIRLKStlOBS, AC.? ThK PERSECtjrBD Dutchman. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, 201 Bowery.? Comic VoCAI.IB*.? Nm.HO MlNvruEUT. BALLEr DlVI RTISSHBEVX, Ac.? Tiik .Mtstkriks or (iotuam. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Meclmnici.' Hall, 472 Broadway? Iw ? Vakiptt op Licint Ann Lauuiiadi v. Kntert ain b knts, Corps die Ballet, Au Nan and Two Fathers. MRS. V. B. CONWAY'S PARK TIIF.ATRE, Brooklyn.? Star Combination Company Ev*rt Evening. BOOLF.Y'S OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn ? Ethiopia* Kit bibblsv. It a. .lads. Burlksocrs and Pantobibej. ATllENiKUM HALL, Brooklyn.? Tni Han tow Brothers' Vkrhatiije Cobpant or Gymnasts, Acrobats I'AjrroBiBisn, Dangers, he. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY 818 Broadway ? I.PCTTRKS WITH THE OeT- HyDROOKN MICROSCOPE twice daily. Hkad and Richi Arb or Proust. Opeu from 8 a. a. i " till 10 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. Now York, Tlniredny, .September 13, 1866, NOTICE TO PLUMBERS. | Healed proposals for the plumbing work on the new Uikald Bciumko, corner of Park row and Ann etreet, way be addressed to Jamk.- Gordon Brsnbtt, Naw York Hcralo Ofiicr, until noon on Saturday, 16th Inst, riant and pperiflraHona may be seen at the office of Mr. John Kellum, architect, No. 170 Broadway. * B B NEWS. EUBOPX. Our special European correspondence and flies by the China, ilated to the 2d or Soptember, contain very im portant details or the telegraphic report from Halifax published in the Hnuxn on Tueeday. The texts of the peace treaties concluded between Prussia and Austria, at Prague, and between Prussia and Havana, at Berlin, are published in the Hiuid this morning. We have had these important documents specially reported from the above named cities, one of them io the Herman language, so as to be placed on tioard the China at Queenstown, In ordor that we might be able to furnish theui exclusively to our readers. The leading Journals In the English cities express the opinion that the radical "faction" in the United State* will fore* the country into another civil war sooner than forego their Congressional spoils and chances of obtain ing the sole executive power. President Johnson's policy aad the action of the Philadelphia Convention are very generally endorsed. The (pinion ffational', of Paris, recommends the French creditor! of republican Hex co to draw a sponge over their clal ms and permit a pea cable restoration of the Juarez government after the withdrawal of Napole on's troops. Our cablo enterprise in furnishing the American peo ple with daily reporu of the leading events in Europe, by special and extended submarine telegrams, is ac knowledged iu terms of admiration and wonder by tho Paris press. THE CITY. There were ten fresh cases of cholera reported la this city yesterday, and sixteen deaths occurred from the same disease. In Brooklyn but one fresh tnaf was re portedr not believed to be fatal. About twenty of the miscegens left this city yester day " without oauso or provocation" and are by this time distributing themselves throughout this State and Now Kokand. A small squad still remain here, but will probably leave soon without any further demonstration. Brownlow and those who left with him yesterday ap peared at Boston dur.ng the evening. A meeting of the tobacco manufacturers of this snd neighboring cities wa? held ysitor lay at the Astor House to tako stepe to cbock the evasions of the revenue law by dishonest trader*, and also to adopt a uniform scale of prices. Yesterday afternoon Reliance Engine Company, No. 7, of Phlladelph's, arrived In this city and proceeded to Brooklyn, where th?y were received by the entire Fire department, who, after being reviewed, marched through the principal streets of the city. There were about fifteen hundred men and thirty-one apparatus la the prooemlon. The display was one of the flnest of the kind wllnesi"vf in Brooklyn for some time past. The Itilladelpiilans will rem* n a few days as the guests of Franklin Engine, No. J, of the latter city, and will visit the various places of n"'.e m K ng? county Two officers of the lian ch irovemment are in this country at prevnt to >ei|>crlniend ihs settlement of eight thousand Pcmllmvian emigrants who are to arrive by the steamers. ?.f the aew nne established be tween this City snd the ltalti>' ports, the government ol the Scandinavian nations in Europe are taking lively Interest In the welfare of the emigrants from those countries, and have forwnrded these gentlemen as government agents for that purpose. The Pensacola, Lieutenant C >mraander a Rant/, will sail to-day or to morrow rrom the Navy Van! st Brook lyn, to Join the South Pacific squadron u<t?* l of next week as stated In ye?tenlsy's Issue. A launch, with five men. belonging to the navy ysrd In Brooklyn, collided with the ferry Imat Idaho, m tlie East river, yesterday, and two of Ihs men were drowned. Oonales and Pellicer, the murderers of Otero in the city park of Brooklyn last winter, will be removed to Newburg to day, when the date of their executloa will be fixed by the Supreme Court of the Second Judicial Dietrict, 1 be case of Reyser v*. Baker was tried yssterday at the Fosirth District Court. The wltasaats for the de f-ndaat swore that the lot of laad, cleaned by Ksyssr ?for the Health Board, had be?a la a cleanly ooaditlea /?>r Ave years. Nr. Reyser's witnesses, after swearlag Ik oae thing, sontradxtsd tbsmseivss whea aader SSM f examination. hUt Honor promised to give a decision In a day or two. The case ?u Interesting, ?* " "hows up the manner tn which the Health Board con racton par lor mod their work. The ca->e of Christian Oies, convicted at Special Ses sions of a breach of the Health law in k 'oping a tat molting establish moat, was argued before JudRo Suther land yesterday, on a motion for the issuing ot a writ of certiorari. The Court took the papers and reserved its decision. The slock market was firmer and more active yester day. Governments were heavy Gold was ilrm aud closed at 146 a %? A fair business wan done In commercial circles, the steadiness of gold imparting a greater degree of confi dence to the merchants, which was evinced tn their greater willingness to do business. I'rices of nearly all klcds of both foreign and domestic goods were lirm, and the tendency was quite gonerally upward. On 'Change flour advanced 10c a 35c. per barrel, while wheat was 3c. a 5c. higher. Corn was firmer, nnd outs were dull and a shade easier. Pork was .steady. Beef and lard were unchanged. Freights were quiet. Whiskey was more active at steady rates. MISCELLANEOUS. The President loft Louisville abruptly on Tuesday night, and reachod Cincinnati yesterday morning. He was welcomed by W. S. Groesbeck, held a short receptiou at the Spencer Houso, and in the afternoon started for Columbus. At Xenia a few insults were offered, to which no attention was paid, however. At Columbus a public reception was tendered him and a supper was given by the authorities. General Grant was called on by a crowd at Wood's theatre, in Cincinnati, for a view of him, but ho informed the leader of the party that bo considered the demonstration one intended to bo in op posi Ion to the President, and it annoyed him. He would not appear. Our letter from Rio Janero is dated Augnst 8. The latest news from the seat or war in Paraguay is unim portant. The allies are where they wore at our last ad vices, in a morass under the guns of the enemy. They were still unuble to advaneo or withdraw. The small pox had broken out In a malignant form among the allied soldiers, and physicians wore so scarco that it was proposed to Impress a number. A seizure of 8.000 horses had been made for use in removing the camp. N>> change has been reported on board the tleot which U lying where it was before, fishing for torpedoes. Infor mation was received from Coriontes on the 16th of July that tho Paraguayans were advancing on the allied camp, but no further nows of the movement had been received. The Paraguayans had, report said, been reinforced by 10,000 men. On the 31st of July a new ministry was formed by the Emperor of Brazil, after consultation with bis councillor, a distinguished liberal , who has formed the government of mon of similar ante - c 'dents. On the 4th of August the new ministry mot, w lieu they wero received with a decidod opposition in tho galleries and hastily adjourned, but on a vote they afterwards found themselves in a majority, although a small one. James Watson Webb, the United Statos Min ister, arrived on the 2d of August. Tho atoreship On ward was in the harbor. Tho Brooklyn nailed on tbe 4th ult. for Bahia. The Chile-I'eruvian Hoot was cxpected n the river Plate. We have files from British Guina, dated at George town on the 23d of August. Four immigrants con vlctod of the crime of wilful murder, underwont tho oxtreme penalty of the law In Georgetown. Charges of forgery preferred against Mr. G. A. Legal!, of the Colo nial Civil Engineer's Department, were still under in vestigation. Two of his sureties notified their intention to withdraw from their bonds, as thoy believed Mr. I.ogall was about to leave the colony. The weather during the fortnight hod been very hot, with heavy showers. The health of the colony continued good. Our commercial report says:? Business continues much in tbe same state. BreadstufTsand American provisions have ceme to band freely, and prices arc quite nominal for moot articles. Flour in full supply; Baltimore at $0, and extra Ohio at $0 60 a (10. Pork still In. limited supply, and prices firm ; mess at $30, dear $32, prime mess $28. Half barrels beef in over supply, and sales made at $11 50 for cash : some late salos have been made for $12 for throe months. . Our special correspondent with the United States mis- 1 sion in Russia, dating at St. Petersburg on tho '24th August, reports the scone at the imperial banquet given to the officers at the Poterhoff Palace, and also gives vtrba'im the words used by the Cxar in proposing his toast ? "The United State*." Alt soldiers and sailors or this State who aerred during tho rebellion have been declared as officio delegates to the National Convention to meet at Cleveland, Ohio, on the 17th Instant, and will be conveyed tbere at reduced rates b y all railroads loading to that city. Ample ac commodations have been provided la Cleveland for their reception and entertainment. A large meeting of the soldiers and sailors of Mary land, to select delegates to the Cleveland Convention, was held In Baltimore yesterday. A series of resolutions were adopted approving the policy of the President, and a delegation to Cleve land was appointed. Colonel Maulsbury, the chairman, while making an address, was interrupted by a radical, when a rush was made for the latter and he retreated, firing a pistol at the crowd as he went. On being arreeted he confessed that there was a plot among other radicals to provoke a riot, which had been sup pressed only by the promptitude of the persons present. The Canadian papers are urging that the United States government is responsible for the Fenian trouble, and demand that England should declare war If the Fshlsns are not suppressed. The periodical attack is expeoted at any moment, and the preparations are now mainly making for defence by arresting every one supposed by any one else to bo a Fenian or to have any affinity with the brotherhood. A man named Amx) H. Van Ofeaon dipped off the plat form of one of the cars at the Centre street depot, New aik, on the New Jersey Railroad yeeterday morning and wss so mangle i|by being run over that death ensued In a fow hours. The deceased wan formorly a clerk in a New York bank. The convention of the officers of the National hanks of the Northwest, was largely attended in Chicago yester day. The object of the convention is consultation* in reference to redemptions, taxations on circulations and deposits, and the amendment introduced In Congress by Mr Hooper, (from the Gommltteejen Banks and Banking, which requires national banks to rodeem their currency in New York, Philadelphia, or Bostoir. The oonvention passed resolutions disapproving of the amendment, ami also proposing co-operation with parties in the East to have Judge Nelson's decision regarding the taxation of national bank stocks reversed. General Grant has accepted an Invitation to he present at the annual meeting of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, which will be held at Cincinnati on the 10th of November. A party of white soldiers created a disturbance at a bell in Uronbam, Texas, on Friday night, when a fight ensued, in whioh two cf the soldiers were wounded. They afterwards broke into a store in the town, which was soon discovered to be on fire, and was destroyed, with several others, the loss amounting to $86,000. A collision on the North Carolina Railroad, on Tuesday, resulted In the killing of three persons and the injury of three others. Brownsville advlfos state that Canal as bad resigned the command of Matamoros to Hlnagoea. Ortega had left San Antonio with three hundred men for Lovedo. The engine at the planing mill of 8. k G. Rork, in Al bany, exploded yesterday morning, killing ten men and wounding another. Two others are missing, and it la not known but that thsy are among the killed. The loss in pntperty Is estimated at $30,000. Surgeon iH-nersI Bsroee, who baa been lying ill at Chicago of cholera morbus, and not rongestivc chills, as formerly reported, was much improved yesterday. The Democratic State Oonvention was again in session at Albany yesterday. A permanent organization retain ing P.inford K. Church as Chairman was reported and agreed to. A platform waa th-'n adopted unanimously. It rrnmrtn* the principles sot forth by the Philadelphia Convent ?n of August 14, and furthsr affirms ths Inten- I tlnn to he a de'erm ned effort to restore the Just balance or governmental power and arrest the monstrous cor riipttun which is prevalent. The Convention proceeded to nominate a candidate for Governor, which resulted In the choice of John T. Hoffman, General Dix withdraw, ing in his favor. Robert H. Pruyn was nominated for Lieutenant Governor, William W. Wright for Canal Com misaioasv. aad Frank B. Gallagher for Inspector of State Prisons. A Ore was discovered early last evening In the sperm snd lard oil store of Brewster h Alien, In Washington street. The store had Just been cioeed when the fire broke out, aad the ?enm engine wed for he* sting pur poses was working s* fall speed The loss Is sheet |U,ML There were eight mess of ehoteraln Richmond yea tertay, thirty-six deaths from the dtaeaas In R. Lenin. The Rfrrnt uid the Coming KleelltM-Tlif Proapeeta. It in a historical axiom (hat revolutions never go backwards. Its truth has been affirmed in tho great political events of this country since tho adjournment of Congress, and especl&Uy in the recent State elections. It was reasonable to suppose that the Jacobinical violence, recklessness and ferocity of such political reformers as Ben Butler in the Bast, Senator Chandler in the West, and Farson Brownlow in tho South, would have a damag ing effect npon their party when brought to judgment before the people; but it is Btrikingly apparent from the result of the late elections in Maine that the popular mind Is controlled by larger questions, against which the sayings or doings of this or that fanatical politician go for nothing. That great body of the Ameri can people to which we are Indebted for the suppression of the most formidable rebellion in the history of mankind, are evidently deter mined to have substantial securities for the future before they pronounce tho good work of the restoration ot tho Union completa? that, in short, Southern reconstruction shall rest upon the solid foundation of the federal constitu tion, regardless of the disturbing forces of radicals, copperheads, rebels, ruffians or fana tics, North or South. From the elections which have occurred since the constitutional amendment was adopted by Congress for the reconstruction of the Southern States, we aro satisfied that that amendment is to become the basis of Southern restoration ? that it will carry and be carried by all the Northern State elections yet to come, and that with New Jersey leading ofT it will be ratified by them all and become part and parcel o? tho suprome law of the land. Nor have we any fear of the consequences. There is nothing, after all, so very objection able in this amendment ? nothing which Presi dent Johnson himself has not, at one time or another, recommended to some Southern Stale or to Congress, and nothing upon which there should have boon a disagreement between the President and Congress. Let us for a momont look at this amendment again. It provides:? Firtf That all persons bora or naturalized in the United States are citizens thereof and of the States in which they reside, and on a footing of equality in re gard to their clvlt rights. toe nd?' That the enumeration of the people for repre seutai ion in Congress shall be abridged in proportion to the abridgment of the right of suffrage-males |(?v' the age of twenty-one years? In any State on account or race or color. Third ? That a large schedule of persons, civil and mili tary, engaged in the late rebellion, shall be ineligible to any federal office hereafter until absolved by a two-thirds ?ote of each House of Congress. fUurtk~-' That the national war debt shall b? held sa. cred, and that all rebel debts and obligations shall be utterly repudiated and held Illegal and void. ? That Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of this article. This amendment is the reconstruction plan and platform of Congress, and there is no good reason, we say, why it should not have been adopted also by the President, inasmuch as he stands committed in some shape to all its pro visions. It is not Uie platform of Thaddeus Stevens, Sumner, or any of the noisy radicals of Congress. They can do nothing. It was adopted against their remonstrances and in spite of their threats. It embodies substantially, in j fact, the President's original programme, and if carried In these oomlug October and Novem ber elections? as we predict it will be, from Massachusetts and New York westward ? we trust that the administration, in deference to the will of the people, will come back to It Why not? Surely this amendment engrafted upon the constitution will be amply sufficient for the restoration of the Union, internal peace, sectional harmony and thfc security of the government and the Treasury for many generations to come, against all disturbing factions of either section. Parson Brown [ low, in leading off with the State of Tennessee for the ratification, has shown that a good thing may be done by a bad man and for a bad motive; but that Tennessee should thus lead off for this amendment is a very remark able and significant fact ? that New Jersey should next follow is almost as strange; bnt from good or bad designs, thus started, the amendment will surely go through. The President's quarrel and rupture with i Congress was an unfortunate mistake. From [ recent ovents, South and North, it is clear that it will prove a fatal blunder to his administra tion, unless he abandons It as the issue before the people. The old oontests in England be tween King and Parliament are full of instruc tion on this subject. Had Mr. Johnson taken our friendly advice, and made the distinguish ing features of his administration a vigorous foreign policy and a sound financial system, he might ere this have become as popular a Presi dent as Andrew Jackson. He has yet a fair field before him in which to retrieve his misfor tunes. Let him begin de novo, by a recon struction of his Cabinet, beginning with his particular marplot, the Secretary of flUrte; snd let him give us a Cabinet and a policy, foreigH and domestic, shaped to meet the exigencies of the day and the developments of public opinion, and his administration may still be come universally acceptable and gloriously successful. We speak to him as a friend, and* we think, in the voice of the people. Or?f.? The extraordinary result of (he ?lec tions in Vermont and Maine, and tbe prospect ahead, have brought to grief many of the trim ming politician*. Mr. Raymond has bean set ting his nails all along first to one breeie and then to another, with the expectation of catch ing tbe most favorable; but he has missed it He is left high and dry bn the inhospitable shore of politioa; the tide and wind are against him, and he has no friends to help, lie has conic to grief and raves in tbe anguish of his heart, lie speak* of two rival Congresses, of possible roup d't'taiv. of revolution looming up in the future, and all sorts of evils. In the un happy state of his mind he conjures up fright ful spectres and has horrililo dream* of the lime to eorat'. We truly pity his condition, while at tbe same time wo feel assured that his grievous foreboding* are only tbe visions of a disordered and disappointed mind. The country will be safe; a few scheming politi cians who have overreached themselves like Raymond, Weed and Seward, and a^lew des perate Jacobins like Htevene, Chandler, Brown low, Butler, Sumner and Wade, will be thrown overboard to aave tbe ahip. Tbe majority of the republican party will be eoneervative enough to bring ua safely through. We hope, therefore, Mr. Raymond will not die of grief. We extend to htm our combs iaermtioo, aad should he feel the necessity of a retreat from the care* of the world we oflfcr him. aa we | offered Greeley in the event of serious trouble, a dellghttul asylum at Washington Heights, whore be can feast upon good rouHt beef and Chateau Margaux and aisuage his sorrows 4,f the Pope'* Temporal l'?wer tlie Kuw Field lor llin l.ubt>r?. It is not improbable that tbo prenent year will witness, umotig ito otlior numerous mira cles, the renunciation of all temporal power l.v the Tope of Uomo and the abandonment of Borne itself. Events have been tending to wards tnis for a long time. The downtull of the temporal authority of his Holiness began when the French Revolution of 18:S0 succeeded, and the spirit of revolution has l?oe;i the iu dircct cause of his downfall. Jn 18^0 Austria, under Motternicb, was the only great I'ower of Europe able or w -Ming to sustain the Pope in his temporal power. After 18">0 trance be came a joint pariy with Austria in the protec torate, and this reduced the Pope to li'tlo more than an automaton, who, tor the protection ot the two Powers, yi "lded up his obedience and granted his blessing on their schemes. L>ter Metternich fell, and with him Austria ceased to ?te a power at Rome, and France claimcd to be the only guardian of the Pope. In the contest in Italy in 1858 the temporal supremacy of the Pope was one of the points contended for, and In the treaty of Villafranca the "honoraiy presidency of the Pope in Italy" is the first of the enumerated terms. Since that timo Austria has been powerless ; and that she might once more obtain the strength sufficient to relieve tho Head of the Church from the supervising care of that most formidable of friends and moat detested of favorites, Louis Napoleon, has been the chief hope of the Papacy. That hope was flnaUv dissipated by the triumph, of tho heretic Bismarck and the overthrow of the faithful Austria at Sadowa. The power of the Pope's faithless Napoleon in Italy, as well as that of the more faithful Austria, is now broken, and the excommunicated Victor Emanuel, backed by Prussia, liaR become all powerful, and may look with confidence to the unity of all the Italian States, including Rome as the capital. There is now no friendly Power in Europe capable of sustaining the Pope in his temporal dominions against which Victor Emanuel has formidable designs. The territory of the Pope has been reduced to a very small part of Italy, and he Is at tho mercy of the Italian revolution ists. A few months more may witness the oc cupation of Rome by Victor Emanuel and Its abandonment by the Pope. The most sensi ble and dignified coarse for Pins IX., under all the circumstances, is to quietly admit that the worst has come to the worst ; and since he must abandon Rome, let him make his arrangements for an extended tour of the world, and hence forth, like the apostles of old, " go about doing good" by saving profligate souls Instead of , earning refractory crowns. Naturally the Pope in this new character as an itinerant preacher will seek the widest fl?ld for his talents, and of course he will visit America. The Pope evidently bellevea that he has great strength In America from the fact that he has directed that the faithful here shall have the lion's share of the Roman loan. South America, too, a wide field open lor renewed efrorts on his part. The early per sonal labors of his Holiness, when a volunteer missionary of the late Pope in Peru and Chile, resulted in the Catholizatlon of those and ad jacent countries in form only. The spirit is ?till wanting there, and the Catholio fervor here, as well as farther south, might be in creased by the presence of his Holiness. Wo can safely promise him, in his new character as an itinerant, a brilliant d/bui in this city and a highly successful tour of the States. He would be received in this metropolis with greater honors than were bestowed upon Louis Kossuth or Andy Johnson, or even the Prince of Wales or Japanese Tom my. In his various capacities as a noble- j man of high degree, as the jHead of tho Chnrch, a temporal prince with considerable patronage still under his control, and as the living representative of the heretic's famous " scarlet woman of Babylon," he would com mand attention and recognition from all classes, social and political, faithftil and here tical. His arrival would create a sensation both in Fifth avenue and at Washington, in the numerous cathedrals of New York and the churches of Brooklyn. Mr. Henry Ward Beecher, who Is as conservative and sonsi qli in his religious as in his political views, might easily fee induced to make the wel coming speech; while the expenses of the reception would be willingly paid by a hundred and forty of our riohest re ligious, If not patriotic, citizens, such as those who paid the bill for the President's parade. By all means let the Pope announce, and beforehand, his Intention to come to America Such an announcement would so 1 excite the fervor of our Catholic citizens and j the interest of our Protestant friends who have j "the honor of the city at heart that enough funds mifrht be at once raised to fiuish the grand cathedral now in course of erection on Fifth avenue in time to welcome the Pope therein. THK MsHIIHTOPHBLMH OF TH? ADMINISTRATION'.? We should like to know from Mr. Seward, tbe Mephistophele* of the administration, who it wan that got up the Presidential pilgrimage to Chicago, and for what purpose it was gotten up. Such an imposing affair could hardly be iutended to do honor merely to the memory ot a man who was nothing greater than a success ful scheming politician. Did our Mephisto pheles .Secretary plan it for the purpose <ff damaging the President? Has be still ambi tion to take the Presidential cbair? Or was he playing some other deep and tricky game T lie seemed to enjoy himself greatly and to be the Merry Andrew of the party, while the earnest and honest President was suffering tbe growoat insults and mortification. This Chicago pilgri mage and fiasco throws suspicion upou the Secretary, to way the least, and w? want light upon the subject. The Aijianv Convention? Mator Hoffman ion Governor.? The Albany Democratic and Conservative State Convention has done its work and settled its manifest destiny in the nomination of Mayor HofTmsn, a local demo cratic politician of Tammany Hall, for Governor. HI* manifest destiny is an inglorious defeat, unless revolutions sometimes go backwards, Seward, Weed and Raymond have been buried In Tammany Hail, and tbe Tammany ramps, with these soo? Ions, will, in all probability, be feuried out of sight in the November election. If Qeoer%l Staram. a illsllagntrt'i ?Mist of Hip war, for Secretary of State, could tvot I touch bottom against tbe reptfblioaus by thirty I thousand votes last year, what is tbe chance t!iis year for Hoffman, a mau of the Tammany ring, against Fenton, who, in 1H64, ran ahead of the Presidential ticket of Lincoln and John son ? We understand that the Maine election satisfied the Albauy democrats that Seward, Weed and Raymond could give th.-ni no strength, and that General Dix, aj a genuine conservative Johnson war democrat, was accordingly set aMde an entirely out ot' the question. In falling back, however, upon their own party ranks, these Albany democrats have apparently given up the contest in advance. Having given them our candidate, our opinions, and our condition* touching this election, we have, at all events, nothing further to say. The Arrival of It incur!, the Queen of Trnnrtly. Several months ago tbe Duchess Carlotta, appointed by Napoleon to be Empress of the Latin race, arrived upon this continent. Her reception was enthusiastic. During her tour through Mexico and Yucatan vast crowds turned out to welcome her. It seemed that bor dtfnU was a decided success. But after the popular curiosity had been satisfied it was dis covered that the Empress Carlotta wonld not draw. Her audiences diminished in numbers and the applause rapidly subsided. Much as they admired her as a woman the people of Mexioo could not accept her in her r6le of Km pross. Notwithstanding its auspicious com mencement ,her engagement was, therefore, on the whole, a failure; and we were not at all surprised when she terminated her perform ances, returned to Europe, and after a brief and unsatisfactory interviow with her manager. Napoleon, retired to her husband's chateau at Miramar. But scarcely has Carlotta departed than another sovereign of the Latin raco lands upon t'aesc shores. Wo allude to Ristori, the great artiste, who ranks as the Marchioness del Grillo by her marriage and as the queen of tragedy by her genius. This lady, who has been en gaged, not by the imperial mauagcr, Napoleon, but by the manager with the imperial, the famous Grau, reached this city on Tuesday evening by the steamer Pereire, is now stop ping at the Fifth Avenue Hotel and will make her dfljui at the French theatre ou the 24th instant, At the close of her series of perform ances here she will tour through the United States, as Carlotta did through Mexico; and we have no doubt that she will be every whgoj welcomed most heartily. In all our leading cities she will be as successful a? fcarlottu was unsuccessful in winning tbn't permanent popu larity which is the reward of noble exertions. Improssario Grau, with a mustache upon his upper lip and an imperial upon his lower lip, tefl iOOPa tact i^an ^poleon, and knows that if the people of the United States are pleased the conquest of all the rest of the world will be easy. Acting upon this principle Grau need fear no failure and will never moet his Bismarck; and Ristori's engagement will be so profitable that at its close she can return to Italy and build a castle more splendid than that of Miramar upon the Lake of Como or wherever else she prefers. At the very outset of Ristori's career jn this country, however, she will Lave to encounter and defeat a wicked monster, such as we read of in fairy tales, called Phincas Barnum. This dreadful pcfloflfigo has captured Sir Wallack, Sir Wheatley, Sir Stuart, and other managerial knights, and has imprisoned them in his mu seum of curiosities, after magically transform ing them into various unsightly shapes, such as the Feejee Mermaid, Joyce Heth and the Woolly Horse. In this Barnum we anticipate that Ris tori will find her only foe. He will ride to as sail her armed cap-a-pir with rusty armor and mounted upon one of his bogus wild buffaloes from the prairies of Hoboken. In bis hand will be that terrible Indian club with which Pow hatan did not kill Captain Smith. The fat wo man, seated majestically npon the codfish that Barnum calls a whale, will act as his esquire, and the "What Is It!" which is supposed to be a poor idiotic negro girl, will serve as his page. Thus equipped and escorted, and loudly blowing bis own trumpet, thU monstro sity, who la more frightful than the dragon killed by St George, will advance to tbo attack and endeavor to make Riutori sub mit to the same Barnumizing process that has proven to fatal to numerous victims. We havd no fears of the result, however. As in the story books, so in fact, dramatic virtue, em bodied In Histori /swill triumph over theatrical vice, represented by Barnum. The Queen of Tragedy will smite the monster hip and tyigh and cut off his hideous head. Then, as the legends tell, the doors of his museum will be thrown open and all his captives will be re. leased. Sir Wallaok, who now figures as the Foojee Mermaid, will resume his former gen tie manly deportment, and the "What Is It?" will be sent to a lunatic asylum. Sir Wheatley, who now exists as old Joyce Hetb in breeches, will be restored to bis managerial functions, and the Circassian girl will go back to Ger many. Sir Stuart, who now bobbles about in the character of the Woolly Horse, will be him self again and gallantly escort the fat woman to her friends. A splendid revival of the drama and a general decline of humbug will ensue, and Riatori will finish her engagement amid the plaudits of the American people and the blessings of tbe managers whom she has eman cipated. American Newspaper Enterprise.? The press of Europe expresses astonishment at tbe enter prise of the IIrrai.d tor its fall telegraphic despatches of European news. The French, German and Madrid newspapers, and even the London, which are the most enterprising of any in Europe, have seen nothing like it before. They csn hardly realize the fact that thousands of dollar* are spent daily for news from that side of the Atlantic. But this i* oaly the commencement of what we Intend to ?!?>. As an additional proof of the length we are going in this respect, we publish in another part of the paper tbe text of the treaties of peace between Prussia and Bavaria and between Prussia and Anstria. These treaties we publish exclusively. So oIIht American paper has them. They were sent to us in advance of their publication in any European newspaper, and by our correspond ents who tarnish the telegraphic news for the American public. The IlnAiJ) la ahead of the London Times and other European papers In obtaining these treaties, for they were jent to | us before any of those journals could, publish i them. Tbo Washington newspaper* often take their news of matter* trauoiriac.te that .Ifcr j? - 1 N from the metropolitan protw, ami it would uot| be ?urpriiiiDg to see by and by Kuropoa* ?ew? vcopied from the Uxkalo and aoutback bj tele"? gi.apli lo the Old World. WASHINGTON. Washixutom, Sopt IS, lKtm Hur?i?'on Cimeriil Jlantra Out of Onnuer. A telegram wan received at the War DopurtnieuB this morning, about uiue o'clock, from Surgeon Goueral Barn' a' physician, aunounciug lliat the Gen ral ml much bettor at tbat time, ana no doubt we* tboa ??w tamod of bin recovery. Tbe illueiw of the rturgmj* General is occasioned by cholcra morbus, not coi.geet iveobills, aa has beeu very ueuoially reported. An Kurort to O Hirers to Now Mexico. An order has been ixsaed by the War Hepartnwnt, directing a detachment of one bundrod rertuit- of lha Third United States caralrv to leave Fort Leavenworth at an early date, which w ill act as an escort to the officer* of thoxe regiuient.t serving in New Mexico wtto are re quired to Join their regiments this tall. Health mf \Vaehlu*tau. Returns to the Board of Health of this city in d i cata that it continues to b? in as healthy a condition as ha* yet been reported during the present season. Bui ona cafe where symptoms of Asiatic cholera wore discovered has been reported to the Boar<l, sud this, after exaroin* tloa, was found to be not a case of cholera. Fraudulent ItumiluK of Distilleries. Ittformalion ha* boeu recoived at the ofllce of Internal Revenue that in various localities throughout tbe oona try diitiilenei are running in defiance of the provisions of the* now Iuternal Revenue law concerning them. Tbo regulation? In relation thereto, which have just bee* issued, contain the following paragraph:? Under no clrcunntunoep must a distillery be allowed to run uutll the requirement* of law and the ti>r?go.nj regulations have been compiled with, and any distillery found running without such compliance must be imme diately stopped by the collector. The Survey efArlsona. It having beeu deemed expedient to commence sur veying operations in the Territory of Arizona, the Ooin ralxsivuer of the General land OIBcc has Instructed the Surveyor General or Santa Ft?, New Mcxico, that ho con curs in a suggestion made by that officer, that tl?e mon ument erected in 1951 by the Mexican boundary commie sion, situated at 'the conlluenoo of the Gila and Sail rivers, be tho initial point oT the survey. From thia point the Surveyor General Is directed to establish the basv and merediau lines. The appropriation remaining unexpended for those surveys Is *1,100, which the -ur veyor ueueral is authorized to apply towards their es tablishment. The E*celB?*rn of Hrnoklyn la Vielt ?*? National Capital. The Exoolalor Bu^e llall Club of Brooklyn, N. V., which is to play a match with the National Base Ball Club of this city, on the grounds of the latter, south of the President's Mansion, next Tuesday, at hair-past twe o'clock P. M., will arrive here on the 10th, and the gen tlemen of the club will !?e the guoste of tho NaUonale during their stay. The two club*, it is existed, will visit Great Falls ami Mount Vernou before the Excetotort return to Broofcljo^ / Aurvren" I? il" t'emlan Bureau. Tho Commissioner of Pensions to-day appointe<i Joel K. Ang;er, of Titusvillc, Pa., a Pension notary, and James G McPUerson, of WcM V irginia, and John Lcvergood, al Lancaster, Pa., esarolulng surgeons of the Pension offloo .Manufacture, Innpertlon nnd f*ale ?fDhtlll* spirit*. Regulations concerning the manufacture, inspection, and sale of dWllled spirits have been issued from the ofllce of Internal Roveuue:? I a war s?s ? KS2SJSS CS. ?E? lery uned for dliUltftog the naine. with the atilU, fixture* and toola thereto, and on ihe interest of the dla tiller in the land on which the distillery la situated, frana the time tho spirits are dlfciilled uutll the The tax ia to be collocted upon the wine gallon when the suints are below proof, and upon the proof gallon wnea they are of greater strength than proof The exempea from this rule In favor of spirits used In the manufaciura or vindgar, or aace<!c acid, which waa created by - II he act or March 1H?6. having been repealed by the art at Jnlv 13. JSW. *"ch spinti will he taxed la VorUco with the Has tlon upon the same ' ?n |, a dial liter. Everf aumpttve evidence that such muBt (lra not tea peraon who ia or intend* U> lie a distil)?, _ district ia over his own signature to the aaeeasor of tb??_ ^ which such bualneas ia to be carried on. Bond* under the old law will not auffloe. The uas of any etUI/ boiler or other vea?el for the purpose of dletillinc la for bidden In any dwelling house, or in any building, or oa any premise* where any other busmeee except the manu facture of aalaratus la carried on. Ia the proviso ta eee tlon twenty nine In the law, authority la te eoaae arteal implied in the collector to permit tbe distillation and removal of spirits from the distillery in the aliaence of any Inspector or Aaeiataat Inspector, M this should never be exercised except ia ansae when the inspection officer is unavoidably kept away foraehort period, and when the collector I* entirely satisfied that no loea to the revenue will ensue. The above sectloa nrovld*e*for tbe appointment of an inapector for each distillery, except those wbloh dletll brandy from apples, near bee or grapee exclosively, and who la not to engage in any other buslnees while employed aa an In^iector, and who cannot have charge of more than one distil lery. In tbe publication fram which tbe above la extracted the Commietloner of Internal Reveaae direct* tbe aue* tlon of Internal revenue odloers ta Motion M, which pro hibits, under penalty of a fine of not las* than |600, thai* becoming directly or Indirectly interealad ia the prodao. lion of iplrlta. Any such offlcer now interested la the same moat divert himself of eucb inleroat within aixty days after Aoguat 1, 18M, ir he wen Id avoid tbe penalty. Such unlawful Intereet will also be deemed caeee fee prompt removal from offloe. The Cssveraiss af Ira* lata Miael. G. J. Abbott, onr consul at Shuffle Id, England, undae date of tbe 27th or August, Informs the Secretary of tha Treasury tbat he attended a meeting of the Brltteh Aaea ciatlon on the a6th of Augoat, on which oocaalon a paper was read on the subject of converting melted eeM iroa Into steel by the pneumatic procees. Tbe reeding of tbe paper waa followed by a discussion in whloh Mr. Beaeemer and other prominent gentlemen la the irota intereet participated. The Coaaul says tbat be called the attention of Mr. Bneeemer to tbe statemente of hia opponents, charging as a defect in hla method of ooa vert tog iron 'into eteel that when large maaeee of melted irea. from three to twelve tons weight, are converted Into stael it does not become homogeneous. Mr. Bessemer partly admitted the force or the objection by stating that In the works near London aa improvement wea receatly made by which aTter the iatroduetloa oT the tprifd sis m, tbe whole Is stirred np by arms fitted to e revolving cyl inder He alao said that the iron or the United But. a f wbloh be had seen was peculiarly adapted to the maaa facture of steel by bis pcoeees. In England oaly the very best iroa can be used tor tbla procees, and thai which is most free from foreign aubelaacse, .especially suloh ir and phosphorus, the iron wbl< b is chiefly ueed Besnemer works are varieties of red hematite, th* best of which la found on Marecambo Bay. new ? urnese A?h* Abbot concludes by ?eytng:-"Valuable as la the Invention of Mr Beis?mer. I cannot rucommend It ?? American manorseturers unloas they mak- 'ae In the p,,,, ess of the very best pig iron, and that parsi ivnly free from sulpbar, pboeptiorus end other Ma pur. ties. " FIRE IN WASHINGTON STRUT. Hurnlag of ?? Oft W#rf I.m? Kaliaaiml at A boat At about ten minute* after tlx o'clock l**< a\*nlng ? flrn wm diarovered by p<.llt?men flunaon sod rook, of th* Fifth product. In tt> ? (bar rtorjr building !*o. S30 Waablngtoa Mroct, occupied by Hre? ?ter k Allen, dealer* In lard, *p?rm nod tnr?t nil. ft <m>m< hr the Im W eltcitad hy ilie Ktro Marahal that tho atnra wan i.l<a?< by I ha iwrier Ju?t at iril.o'clock, and In le*.? ib.m fn n, amrt after a ,l?of ntnoke ?i< mm gunbln* <mt of tb? tlnr4 ?ad fourth utory window*. Oftl' < r? Will* ? and llyraa, o| th* l-'illh precinct, br >k* ope* ilia diK* an>1 eotrrtd tha Imlldlng. Tli"^ h irrled <ip the maira, hui could nut ir ii h further than th?i third llaiht, tba amaha t?*inK ,(>" d*njn? to |i? mil th' ro in go further. Thay *l~> fou ud tb? hatchway op<-n on lb* vcoed aiuf third (loor*. and a imxil *t"*nt engine u??*l f?r hoiattag atii|gwt* work lag at full pe<-4 tbl* tiro accurred no **>11 arter cloning tho ?t'<i" and ilia ?trana engine left running la a man-r for th* Kir* Marabai U> in*? tigata The wtiniaif'l l"?* ?n *tock u <awl to b* itinut 110.000. Insured Tor fao 000 la ? ?tw i-,<rapaQi?-. The banding m owu?l bv thw lirto, and tlio lUmaga doa* to It wiM iiuotnt to *i??<it $3,000 folly loeur ?l Th? atoraa* *ii.r* No. Jt2 Wa?hlnictoo M-aat, oecapiodl hy Metier A Stcholnoo. was Migblly damaged by wa**?. The firemen ?r* il-wrrug of much praiso for th* T**jr prompt and efficient manner In which they rnuaged tM? (Ire > oo*Werin8 ihe verr Indamaaabla won they had l? i ootood with. Captalm Potty ? aa Slickly at th* prwi. / bm with a nood forced of men. Uklai charga of the Mr- / rounding Mora* and guarding th* *tr*at iroa* Ik* nana I ma of thieve* Patau Pali. ? Aa unknown ataa, ktity, y*ar? *r aga, fall dawn th* atop* of th* froat cad ar at Ha M T*rt*h ?treat laat aaantag, aad oa be tag pink ad aa wa* (Ml f Mdaad. Bm body waa ?-oa**T*d ta tho Twaatp atfhth praatact ataMoa haaa* whara ? ?aaa? <B ? MM t?