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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMKtt C.OttUO* UfcNVETT, LD1TOR AND PROPRIETOR. )FUCB M. w. CORNKB OP PULTON AND NASSAU ST?. U in air \.V\I1 No. 17 AMUoBMSNM THIS BVtf.1l.. ?. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway, rear Broome Street ?CiuitAixautx AM" Rauoi ka?Oct to Nckik. NEW YORK THBATBjS, Broadway, oppodte Ner York H otel. ?Crn db i llo*. TMEATRF FRAXOAIS, Fourteenth street. near Sixth ??eaur.?OarHaa alx SxniA DODWORTH'SHALL. SliHrji4 rtr-"?ofnoi rutn WML PUUUKX HIT MltACLt*. ?t'Ut II b AD IX TUX All Tbx IkDIAX HaSAXT TsiCt RICHINOS' ENGLISH OPERA COMPAXY. Olympic theatre, Broad wrmjr.?Do* Pascals. BAN PRINCISOO MINSTRELS 5W Brovlwir. opoi?lte fhe Metropolitan Hotel?It ru .it brnioriAV iiXTi-arai*. ?sata, Hinqiho, Dakouia and Bcklujuaa Blacs i'ojr a? Arnicas Bauit Troupe. PirPH ATRXUR OPaRA HOUSE. Not. S tad 4 Wael Ewentr.foarth stress.?Bjbwo ?ni't tfr.vjTB :u.?"thiopiaI Mimtuiit. ?? ttuiHfn. Ac.?Us Hallo M ABCBBRA KBLLT A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 7JO Broadway, oppo. fork lot*;.?I* thrir Soxas. Daxjat. Bucks. sltetheNaw tbiotibs, BuKLM?t'?A Ac.?J ace Cadb?CurDta-LKoa? MAjtaoaacAa Ballxt Tboupk. TONY PASTOR'S OPBRA HOU4 4. 301 Bowery.? OoYIJ ?ocaLitV?Nkobo MiHtTRBLAT. BAM.tr Dirsarisii*e*r. Ac.?Saunas Anions, oa Yamisx Tabs OS A Frolic. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPB. at MachaBtct' Hall. 473 Hroalway?Is A Tasistt op Lioin ati> LaughtBLt BotaOTAlsnsim, Co an dr Ballsy. A J. Tst 1'iMax'a oatu. or tub Ioiot op Cillabsrt. HOOLErs opera HOUSE, Brooklyn.-ETnionas Mix ere ri.tr. Ballads and Blk league* A Nigui or Ad rsuture. THE BUXVAN TABLEAUX, Union nail, corner of Twenty-third street and Broadwray.?Nonxn Mirhor or Pii.urik's Phcxikjus?Sixty Maohipicrst Seism. NEW YORE MUSEUM OP ANATOMY. 61S Bro.idway.? Hrad akb Right Arm op Probst?Thr Wasuinutob Twixi? WoKDBRa is Natural IlmoRr, Sense* and Art. Lbctl-rbs Daily. Open from 8 A. M. till ID P. M. Now York. Thursday, January 17, 1 HUT. shu viws. EUROPE. By the Atlantic cable we have ? news report dated to the 10th of January. The Americans in Tans entertain the owner of the yacht Henrietta at a banquet to-day (January IT) In the Grand HoteL A number of the American yacbt men who took part in the ocean race lelt England yesterday en route for New York. The Russian Mmister In Vienna gave a dinner to tho Greeks resident In that city, at which he toasted ?'Ihe welfare of Greece." In France the Orloanlst and democratic members of the legislature have united under M Thoir in opposition to the Cabinet. The American ch -bin Rome is to be removed from the city limits with the con sent of the f'ntted States Minister. There is n very heavy deficit in tho budget of I'aly. It appears as if Napoleon really intends to despatch a powerful trou-ciad squadron to the Gulf or Mexico, with the view, it is ea id, of protecting his army transports from attack on tho part of the native republican filibus ters when engaged in retiring Ihe French troops. Wo arc specially informed by mail that the Imperial Cabinet has been assured that each a movement is contemplated, and that in order to make certaiu of its utter frustration the Admiral in command will drop Into the United States porta and communicate with the French Consuls, ao that they may call the attention of the American au thorities to "suspected armaments" if any are being made in the waters. The passages of the Bahamas channel are aim to bo subjected to this naval inquisito rial notion. Tho Mo'oow Oatefe states that the event* which have recently laiton place in th* Danubian Principalities, ob literate the treaty of 1866 and "relieve Russia from tho onerous conditions imposed on her" at that time. In this announ?.'ment, and the attitude assumed by the Papal government towards Italy, tho politicians of the Old World rt! trover tho exlatcnoe or two "war olouds." Consols clorcd at 90?i for money in I.ODdon yesterday, United States Ave twenties were at 72'i in Loudon and at 72 in Parl< yesterday. The Liverpool cottoo market was more active with middling upland at 141?d. Bread, stuffs steady. COEORE39. In the Senate yesterday the House amendments to fho Nebraska and Colorado Admission bills were concurred In, and both bills now go to the President. Mr. Sumner's resolution relative to th* coolie trade was reported back by tho Committee on Foreign Relations, and agreed to. Mr. Grimes introduced a bill declaring the admiral to bo the ranking officer of tho navy and for other purposes, which was reterred to the Committee on Naval Affair* Mr Fessenden gave notice that he would introduce the Tariff bill on Monday. Tho Tenure of Office bill was theu taken up, and ponding its consideration the Senate adjourned. fn the House the hill Introduced by Mr. Stevens for the reconstruction of the rebel States was taken up, and a lengthy debate ensued between Messrs. Paine, Bing bam and Dawson. The Legislative Appropriation bill was then taken up. The clatL-c appropriating $10,000 for facilitating telegraphic communication be!w en the Atlantic and the Pol itic Mates was alrickon out on the ground thai the Company had failed to flit their con tract Other amendments of r.iin'dr Imp rrtauco wcro niade, alter which the committee arose and reported Ihe bill. The House noon after ndjoorned. THE LEGISLATURE. In the Senate veeterday the bill to prevent frauds in th opening and laying out of streets was reported upon favorably. Notice wns given of Intention to introduce bill* to encourage telegraphic communication between New Yoik and France, and lor improvement in Clinton street, Brooklyn. Bills were introduced to amend the law rcHpoc tug the powers and duties of Stab- officers and amend-ng ihe laws relative to marr age. Ihe latter provides Unit ail marriages of puinut* end children, ancle and ulece, aunt and nepliew, broGier and si-tor, full or half blood, legitimate or illng.tlmate, are to be considered iuce3tuons and void. In the Assembly the Putnam county contested sent case was taken up, and the ?e*t now held by Loul* H. Gregory, democrat, was awarded to Stephen Baker, re putdican. Bt'ts to amend the Rov>*ed Statutes relative to depositions, and to amend section Ore of the General Railroad law wore reported. Notice was given of ini-'n tlc-n io Iniridueo bills for* railroad from Brooklyn to Coney Island; to regulate the ?a'e of tlcketa, checking of bn^ga^c and conveyance of Leigh I on ceiUin con ?acting railroads; to r di.ee faros on the llarb m and Hod ton Btv'-r Ru.lrooda; to extend railroad tracks through Lexington avcrtuo; to lognlze lotteries ant petie.es in ihe State, and to create a commission for the p rpo>-c of rjpply.ug the rlly of New York v. 1th gas Rills *rre introduced to establish a metropolitan district euu board of whs n o# and piors; autbori/.ing the Tluru Avenue Railn>ad 'o e tend their iracli; to puni<h bi beiy ana cor. ;?tion, and to amend the game taws. the city. In the Board of Rdccatlca last evening the presldeiit announced the commti ee of the Board for the preeeut year. Thomas Daresy, one of ihe crew of the yscht Hcn rietU in the great ocean race, has returned from Hotnh. auipton, and gives a m si Inier-evlug a^n, of ,h. voyage on board the winning ve vol. Them wrro no lives lost on irnord the Henrietta, as prev iously fportnd. Mr. Cote, the scaond other, was sw^.t par;,f ov..rh but by hotfing renuoulv on to th0 p nftin)0f the main-ail with on# hand was eventually rescued. William Bennett was kn rk. J on tho hevl with a musket by a wan named MoU.iaur, in the f rm~i i W- j room, at 41 Mott street, on Tuesday, and Inpirod M. veroly that bis life Is considered in danger. M M.inm made hie escape. The Freeman oase, In the Court of Cunm ?n Pleae, era* continued yesterday. The sction w *4 brought to recover damages lo tho amount of f 10,000 from Zed ok Street for the alleged enticement of a wife i. m her husband. The defondant rebutted the evidence r>: the plaintiff, and obtained a verdict In bis 'svor. Tho Court lieo ordered an allowance to defendant of 92->0. In tho **?? court a motion was made to vacate sn ^junction which was grant* t to the Broadway and Sev Mth Avenue Railroad against the Hudson River Rail. Mad Company, to prevent the latter company from lay- i N* a traek through Warren street to Broadway. The motion was denied. In ilia dupreiM Court, Chambers, yesvorday, Mr. Jon. fb* U. Barnard dsctdod (hat |fc# suite apw pending uiainst Beujaunu F Butler, In this city, may be taken to the Untied stales Court for trial. An appeal front a judgment tsiue before tbi Supreme Court, General Term, yeilfMVi lu regard to some bonds stolen from Wui. White in this ciif, 1? 1882. The de fendant bad received the bonis for negotiation In the course of trade; tbe thief has never been discovered, and the plaintiff seeks to recover the value of the bonds i$3,000) from the defendant, Parks, who had effected their salo In other cities Philip Catlaher has been charged, before Commis sioner B Us, wtth having illegally removed a quantity of whiskey from a distillery on William street before it had beou Inspected by the Collector of Internal Revenue. Uls examination will take place to day. Julius Caulktna, master of the ship Energy, accused before Commissioner Osbora of cruel treatment towards one of the seamen, named Dwyer, was discharged yoste r day. John Mensch was brought before Commissioner While, charged with having committed perjury on tho trial of a man named John Stewart, Indicted in the Circuit Conrt on the 10th Inst., ror having sold counter felt money. Some evidence having been taken, the examination wan adjourned. la the kartne Court yesterday, before Judge Gross and n jury, the casa of August Bosse va Adolphe Burgh?an action for nlloged assault and battery?the jury rendered a verdict for tho plaintiff for $130, with $23 extra allow ance. Tbe stock market was dull and heavy yesterday. Gold was strung and excited, and, after selling up to 1ST, closed at 188 The upward turn In tbe gold premium yesterday caused quite a general reaction in commercial values, and nearly all kinds of merchandise and produce were held st firmer price*, though in many cases buyers did not respond, and the markets on tho whole, though firmer, were quiet. An advance of about %c. was established on cotton. Sugar and ooffee wore very firm, but rather quiet. Petroleum Ann, but quiet Naval stores quiet, but very steady. On 'Change flour was dull of sale, but unchanged In value. Corn and oats were heavy, rye firm, pork somewhat higher, beef and lard very firm, and butter and cheese rather quiet, but steady. ?I8CELLAHX0VS. Our Valparaiso correspondent, under date or December 10, ?ays the rumor of an alliance between Spain and Braxll was not credited. The nows was current that the protest of Peru to Brazil against the secret alliance on the Plate river was to be returned by the Emperor without an answer. Our correspondent was Inclined to think that Cape Horn was the destination of the allied Chilean and Peruvian fleets which had sailed from Valparaiso under Admiral Tucker. It was supposed to be the Intention of the Spanish commanders to blockade the allied repub lics with their fleets, which were to be heavily rein forced. President Moiquera, of Colombia, had ordered the seizure of the arms and munitions in transit across the Isthmus of Darten belonging to Peru. Moaquera is stigmatized as a toady to the Spanish aristocracy, and the Valparaiso papers stigmatize Mr. .'award in the same tertna. Advlcee from Vera Cruz to tba 10th inst. are received. | Maximll'an wae in tho valley sick with the fever. I Another detachment of Fronch troops was to embark on tho 12'h inst. Secretary Seward lies addressed a letter to Minister Romero disavowing tho occupation of Mata moros by General Sedgwick on the part of the govern ment. Mr. Romero had received official information of the occupation of Guadalajara and Aguascalieutes by the liberal forcer. A report la being industriously circulated In New Or leans to the effect that General Sheridan has been in the habit of endorsing letters of marqne icsued by Jnares to prey upon French commerce, and guaranteeing to the holders of ibem the right to lit out to New Orleans and bring their prizes into that port. The ?tory baa been ctr | culated b the lrtende of the rebel Colonel Melvor, who wae arrested by Sheridan some time ago, as the leader of tho Knights of Arabia. The Congressional committee in ?eld to have found oat the facts in thnir recent Investi gation of the rtota In the Toronto train yesterday John Rogna and Wlb Ham Baker were tried by Juries composed ot Americans end Canadians equally, and found guilty, but were recommended to mercy. Daniel Qulnn was found guilty and Jamea Spalding was acquitted. An Individual claim ing to have been private secretary to Jaoob Thompson end Jeff Davis wae In tho Jury box. Mrs. Cockburn, the mother of tho Solicitor General of Canada, was burned to death ya-terd*y in Cohouig, C. W., her clothea catching Ire while aha wan standing la front of a grata. :* The President ban approved the bill postponing tho payment of claims of loyal owpore of oolored volunteers. Tho Maine, Minnesota and West Virginia Legislatures have ratified the constitutional amendment. Tho Indiana Senate also ratified it yesterday. An affray occurred In Chve Gulob, Montana Torrltory, on the 14lb ult., in which four men were killed end sev eral ethers were wounded. Twelve of the survivors were arrested by the vigilance committee. Claim Jumping wae the origin of the light. A man named Chauney ,Page bad a difficulty with his wife in Valparaiso, lad., recently, when he shot and killed her, then murdered her mother, end Anally beat an old man end his daughter to deaih with a poker. He is still at large The democratic members of tho New Jersey Legisla ture held a caucus on Monday evening and nominated John P. Stockton for United State Senator. Miss Mary J. Thom|ieon, the daughter of a deceased liquor merchant of Cincinnati, and the mistress of a prominent builder of that city, named MoGlaugblin, was beaten to death witb a poker by the wife of the j latter yesterday. Rage at finding that her husband and | Pisa Thompson were on too intimate tertna waa the j cause of the tragedy. "Hevwlutiena Si vrr (to Buck ward*"?Presi dent Jshnies's Impeachment Inevitable? The Plan. The revolution which wan precipitated upon the country by the Southern rebellion of 1861 to not yet ended. Tho struggle is still groin# oil villi the old Southern oligarchy and their Northern democratic sympathisers, defeated In the war, and it will be carried through. The gieat Union movement of the war will run its course. The grieat issues settled by the wnr will be esUblinhed ju the government. Th?y nro under Sf momentum trhioli cannot be rcsU'cd. All impediments which block the wuy will he removed. It la the law of all revolutions. This la only history repeating itself. So It is that no preordained event in human nff'jjrs iy more certain to come to pass tlion the impeachment and removal of Preei dent Johnson from office. This thing will be done because it has become a necessity to tho consummation of this revolution. Congress has no alternative when the suspension of its authority over tho rebel States for two yeara yet to como is morally certain under President Johnsou. i We are just now in the position of England after tho war between the Parliament and King Charles the First, when, from his refhge among the ScoK be was delivered np to the Parliament for trial. There were at that time in U?o Parliamentary cause the independents and the Presbyterians, corresponding with our radicals and conscrv tlvs of the present day. W'o know, howevur, that Cromwell and bis radio its nehiered thJr grand design in tho condemnation and beheading of the King, and that tho Com toon walth was next established. This is one parallel to our preacnt si tuition; nnd there Is nnotbor equally striking in the history of tho great French revolution. Fo f?r as bis continuance In otBoc is concerned the pioscnt position of Mr. Johnson is bardl botUr than was that of Louto XVL, when in his aiiflmpUHi escape from the republican authorities he was captured at Varcnnes, on-3 hundred and fifty miles flrom Paris, and brought back to trial, to condemnation, and at last to the gnillotine, alter some stormy debates be tween the Jacobins and Girondist*, Urn radicals and conservatives of the convention. As It was with that convention so It Is now with Congress?the radicals hold It, and the con servative*, to save tbouutelveg, will be cm polled to go with the current, or politically they will fii'l like the Girondists. Aud why ? Because tuch is the drift ol thlj revoi.'tiou, and it will run its course. Iho House, as a grand jury, will iti pcaah Andrew Johnson of oertain tlhigh crtiue? end misdemeanors," and the Senate, upon this in dictment, as a high court, Chief Justice Ch we presiding, wi'l try him, oondema him and re move him. Before the close of the present Congress the impeachment will be made be fore the Senate, and with the new republican accessions to the body which will come in with the new Congress in March the Senate will proceed to business. The first step will be the election of a President of the body, who, under an existing law, will become President of the United States in the event of "the death, resignation, removal or disability" of Andrew Johnson. Senators Wade, Trum bull and Fessenden are each named as likely to secure this position; but, as Mr. Fessenden is intellectually and as a practical statesman the first man In the Senate, he will probably be chosen. Next, with the opening of bis trial, President Johnson will be suspended as disabled, and the President of the Senate will be assigned pro (em. to his place. After Mr. Johnson's conviotion this new Executive will hold his position until a President shall have been regularly elected by and returned from the people. It is probable that with the removal of the present incumbent a call for a special election will be issued?say before the end of May? and that General Grant and Admiral Farragut will be the republican ticket They will, if so placed before the people, be elected by accla mation, and in the meantime three-fourths of the loyal States now constituting the govern ment of the United States, having ratified the pending constitutional amendment it will before September next be proclaimed as part and parcel of the federal constitution to all intents and purpose*. Then, having an Executive chosen upon- this platform, he will apply it to the outside States as the supreme law, adopted without reducing them to the test of dishonor as they call it, of condemning themselves, their associates and their leaders in the rebellion, and leaving them free to choose whether they will give the suf frage to their negroes and count them in count ing their people for Congress, or lose some twenty odd representatives by limiting the bal lot box to the whiten. Then the Supreme Court will be reconstructed from fresh materials; so that we shall have no more expositions of the law according to the constitution as It was be fore the deluge. Thus the essential demands of this great revolution will be met, the government in all its parts will respond to the voice of the people as represented in Congress, and the States wrested from the late rebellion will be recon structed and reinstated upon the pending con* stitutlonal amendment. The fire-eaters of the South and their allies of tha North will b? thrown out and will disappear with the dead Issues of the past; tha rump of the old demo cratic party will bo buried with the old whig party, and the polities! parties of the country will be reorganised upon the new Issues of the now epoch which will begin to dawn upon the country with the removal of President Johnson. Tka Law mt la|warbMr*U. The tew of impeachment* dtpaodi upon the provisions of the constitution of the United States and upon the principles and practices of England so far as the tetter do not conflict with those of our republic. It maj be well to cite the prorislons of the constitution on this subject. 8ection three of the first article de clares that the House of Representative* shall haws the sole power of impeaobment. The same section declares also that the Senate shall hire I the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the j United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside, and no person shall be convicted with out the concurrence of two-thirds of the mem bers present. Judgment In cases of impeach ments shall not extend further than to removal from offioe and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or proQt under the United States. Hut the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, trial, judgment and punishment according to law. Section four of (hesciond article declares that the President, Vice resi dent and all civil officers of tbc United Stutcs shall be removed from office on impcscbnii-nt for and conviction of treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Section two of the third article provides that the trial of erlmcs, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jnry. A sketch of English principles and practices on the subject qf impeachment is r^iven in the Manga] prepared for the use of the New York Legislature for the yeai One fact slated in this sketch Is uint an impeachment is not discontinued by the dissolution of Parliament, but may be resumed by the new Parliament. And this may be quoted as a precedent if it shall appenr neces sary to impeach President Johnson previous (o the meeting of the next Congress, on the itb of March. Impeachments in this country, with perhaps the tingle exception of the iinpoachment of 8enator Blount, of Tennessee, bsvo been those of jndpe". The President, however, as well as the Vice President and all civil officers of the United States, is constitutionally liable to im peachment. In England, on tho contrary, this liability reaches no higher than to tho Ministers of the Crown, not to the monarch, whose per on is sacred. The precedents, then, which rule in the case of a British Minister can be observed, so for as applicable, in tbc impeach ment of our chief executive. It is clear, for instance, that British Minis to is have been im peached and tried not only for treason and bribery and other high crimes, but also for misdemeanors; and among the tetter huva been counted maladministration of public affairs, abuse of .treat offices of trust, snd even snch errors in judgment as have led to measures contrary to the will nnd welfare of the nation. Blunder* have been condemned *s political crimes, nnd, In fort, their cnns?qn<noo9 have often proved filial. II the noble Earl of Straf ford could be impeached for being suspected of intention* to subvert the fundamental laws of the realm, the Duke of Suffolk for neglect of duty as an ambassador, and the Earl of Bristol for giving counsel against a war with Spain in disregard of the wishes, the sense of honor nnd th* Intervals of the English people, why, it is dsked, may not the vetoes of President Andrew Johnsou, in couiraveutiou of the popular will as expressed by tho majority of tho Congres sional representatives of the American people, his indiscrim nalo exorcise of the pardoning power, and the counsel, or at least encourage ment, which ho is alloared to have given the South to icjoct the constitutional amendment? why may not these aud other similar acts of his be construed into "misdemeanor*" that render him liable to impeachment and, on oonviotion, to removal from office ? On whatever grounds the Impeachment of the President may be opposed it is idle to oppose it, as some of our contemporaries fool ishly do, simply because, as one of them inti mates, Mr. Johnson's term of office will expire within two yean, or, worse still, because, acoording to another, London and Paris journalists?most of whom are still proverbially ignorant of American affairs?'"look upon tho contemplated impeachment as a perilous pro ceeding." The journal which urges this silly objection talks wildly, too, when it adds it has "no doabt that 11 persisted In our bonds now in Europe will be flowing back upon us in millions." It forgets that whatever ignorance the foreign press may betray on this point, yet, thanks to the intimate social and business relations of immigrants to the United States with their friends in the old countries, the holders of American securities abroad appre ciate them too highly and are too fully enlight ened as to the practical working of American ideas, the character of our people, the pro digious resources of onr vast territory and tho real strength of our government to be alarmed by the success or the failure of any party and temporary movement They know that the manifest destiny of the American nation de pends upon the fate of no single citizen, be he private individual or President. Thad Stevens, Mluion Cninerou and (Icreraw Urnrr on the Political Hltnntlon. We published yesterday the remarks of three prominent public men on the political issues of the day. All three were Pennsyl vaniane, nnd they spoke on different and im portant public occasions. Stevens spoke in the House of Representatives on the bill to udmit Nebraska, on which the broad question of what constitutes a republican form of gov ernment was discussed. Cameron made an address at Harrisburg, on being elected United States Senator, and Governor Geary, on tnldng his office, delivered hia inaugural speech. There was a remarkable unanimity in the views ex pressed and tone of these addresses. All were decided in requiring constitutional guarantees before tbe rebel States should be received back to a full participation in the govern ment. All maintained that there could be no true republican government where a large portion of tbe inhabitants (meaning the nogrqes of tbo South) are excluded from the suffrage. It is dear, then, that the leading men of sylvania are in aeoord on the questions of ttis constitutional amendment, the reorganisation of tbe Southern Statea and on giving the suf frage to the negroes. We have no doubt they express the views also of the statesmen and people of the other loyal States. General Cameron made a characteristic speech in returning thanks for the honor of i>eihg chosen United States Senator. He aaid be should not forget his friends and would for give his enemies. It is known that be has always been true to his friends, and we believe he will continue to bo so. But has he not de generated from the haughty and stern charac ter of his ancestors, the Cameron* of Loohiel, when lie says he will forgive his enemies f It is said of one of 'hem that when he was con fessing to tbe priest on his dying bod, and was told (hat he must forgive all his enemies before he could be wafted to heaven, he replied that he would forgive all but one, whom he named, one particular enemy who lived over tbe moun tain. Tbo priest being inexorable in enforcing this necessary condition to salvation, and the old Highlander perceiving he oould not get over it, at last consented to be forgiving him self, but at tbe same time exclaimed with an oath that his son should never forgive. Aboard Ideas el (lie tmpeai-hiuM>i Movement. The Guropeau papers scorn to be altogether iu tbe dink upon the question of President Johnson's impeachment The London Tin** in particular i-ff-cts to be grievously distressed l??t the impeachment shoul 1 demolish the con stitution and government of the United Stato* Some newspapers at home, who ought to t >k? a more intelligent view of the suVject, talV pretty much in the 8*m$ absurd way. Now (he fact of the matter is tha' there will be verj little trouble about it, and it will not turn the country from the ever} tenor of its way. Tin President, assume, will be impeached and removed ; General Grant and Admiral Farragut will probably be elected after a short lapse of time to the offices of President and President, Mr. Johnson will soon be for j gotten, Hhd tbe affair* of the country will go on in their accustomed channels, prospering and to prosper. The English press foresaw in the late rebel lion the downfall of our government and insti tutions, beoause, perhaps, the wish was father to the Jhonght; and they were greatly aston ished to find that ws put down the rebellion and preserved tbo government But they will be more astonished at the result of this im peachment business; tor it will not in the least, affect or Imperil our institutions. It is a curious and entirely novel episode ia our history, It 1b true, though not without precedent in France and England; but it will eome, go sod be for* gotten without impeding the prosperity of the country. Ttt* WrsiTRN Union Tkuwrato Mornpoi/r. Tbe official statement of tbe Western Unioi Telegraph Company shows that tbe grosi foco'pts for the single month of Novembe reached five hundred sad seventy-one thousand dollars, the net earnings out of which amounts to nearly a quarter of a million. These en or mons profits are securod by tbe heavy rata charged upon messages, the company havlnj shut out competition by buying up all oppotinf lines. Tbo press, which suffers more than pri vate individuals through this monopoly, will probably before long construct Independcn telegraph lines for newspaper business, bj which a saving of fifty to seventy-five per oen in the cost of reports enn be made. These linei will be opened for the transaction of prlvati business as for as practicable, and as they wll convey messages at the lowest possible rates thoy wiil destroy the present monopoly and insure better attention and morn reaeonabli charges to the public. A BallrooA Flffct. The difflonltiee between President Vaader bilt, of the Hadson Hirer end Harlem rail roads, and the new directors of the New York Central hare resulted In an open war, which, from the characteristics of the men engaged in it, promises to be carried on with unusual bit terness. The announcement is made that the Hudson Hirer Railroad Company will, after to-day, only sell tickets and check baggage orer their own road, and will only recognise tickets sold at their own offices and by their own agents. The meaning of this is that persons trarelllng West orer the New York Central road will be carried only to East Albany by the Hudson Hirer Company, and will there be compelled to change cars and hare their baggage rechecked to their destina tions. The same rule extends to freight shipped orer the road. President Yanderbilt puts the termination of preriously existing arrange ments between the connecting roads upon the directors of the New York Central, while they, on their part, claim that those arrangements were apjnst to the stockholders of their road, and that the demands of Yanderbilt were out of the bounds of reason and justice. Howerer this may be, the publio hare an interest in this matter that should not be overlooked in these railroad squabbles. The Hudson Hirer and Harlem roads are in winter time the only ter mini of the New York Central, and they are both under one management. It is not right that the people, who grant the charters to these companies, should be made the sufferers by the quarrels of unfriendly boards of directors. If the difficulties cannot be adjusted the Legisla ture should step in and see what can be done by legislation to remedy the eril. The present quarrel shows the necessity for the speedy con struction of a road on the west side of the Hudson, connecting with the Schenectady and Athens road, and making an unbroken line orer the Central to the West. Such a road is demanded for the convenience of shippers as well as travellers. The great trouble with the Ilndson Hirer and Harlem roads is the laok of sufficient freight houses and docks for the re ception of freight. With a road terminating at Hobokcn or Jersey City this want would be supplied, as all the dockage could be obtained that might be needed for the accommodation of freight. It would take but a short tim? an'i a comparatively small amount of eapit*;* 1 to build and equip such a rood. . An Astounding Proposition.?Sherman of Ohio, presented a petition in the Senato 0? Tuesday asking Cong-ess 't0 prohibit any per son addicted to the us', of iQtozi(.atlllff liqu0l.8 from holding office under the United States government. Tb'.g la the first proposition yet made for the KoUil abolition of the government. If this law were to pass it would be equivalent to dissolute- for we would not have a soul to admiqJeW or execute the Amotions of govern tP^nt; and on this ground we are most de 1 cidedly against Mr. Sherman's proposal. " TT The Excih Law and the Liquor Dfai-vrs.? It ia rumored that the Liquor Dealers' Associa tion have resolved to send half a million of dol lars to Albany to secure the repeal of the Metropolitan District Excise law, which has just been declared constitutional by the Court of Appeals. We have no doubt that this argu ment will prove efficacious with onr legislators. They ought also to send one hundred bottles of old proof Bonrbon to each member, and especially to those who profess to be tem perance men. Tbe law is faulty in many respects, and with or without these considera tions, should either be materially modified or unconditionally repealed. Conhistbncy.?Congressman Raymond mvlc his first speech this session in the Ilousa of Re presentatives on Tuesday last, on the bill for the admission of Nebraska as a State in the Union. He declared hunself in flavor of Bout troll's amendment, which was Adopted, and of all the principle-;, embo jl*a in the measure, and announced his in^r.non of voting against the bill. Jr " THE EXCISE LAW. Arrmla In llrooJtlyn. The following nara?<l liquor dealers were arreetod v?? teiduy by th? police of Ibe Wpjiera iltalriot fur vMati in < of the Rxcise law, and their case* were dtap , vd of by the police justice* ye.terday ?Jiuno* Rfiley, Patrick Qui g lev, James ?n i Jitus-, Kip run, arrc !cd brine rorty thirtl precinct poltco; iln:d g.)9 n il, Tb" iuso r.idrtdgi, and j.ihu dini'.U, arr.uioj by tha forty fourth precinct pniic?| flned $30. tViiiiain (iluntirr, Ve ?; Net York. ?rro.t-d by Central 0(0 ? Fquad; case St louroert. .Ininee Itoland, corner -of ftllh avenue and Twentieth struct, and J.ihtj Williams. corner of Fifth aven e and Tweuty-third Mreel; flusu $30 envh. John Warner, MM Atlantic stroet, arror,led fur oponing pic lio'i. e at half-past twelvo on llimdsy niitlit, came up [->? ?lamination l*?f?re Ju ?ice Dank ley. Werner ,.,j .q a trial id hi* ca-'? be ore a Jury. Jara^g ".'"oneinan. c,<r nor of lomoterce and Voo Drum a,i<-d $lo. triai.o i* mi: lu-notr. August Kunow, proprietor ol a restaurant and liquor saloon in frankl.o street, (Ircoupolat, ?*? yesterday j tried before Justice Deiiey and a Jurv. under'the totir (ecutli section of the Excise law. It appcered In evi dence that the defendant was arrested on wnndty morn ing last, on a charge of not having hi., saloon c.lectualiy cl?-?d according to law. It was pro-.od on tho pari of the defenoe that ibe saloon was onlv uwwi on ?hst day aa a diDlng mom for regular bourdfftf, and Ilia' no Honors were exposed for public s il.i and none war* sold After a brief consul tatiqa the jury acquitted the pri ?oner. Samuel Mills, a liquor dealor at Orempolnl, ?u ar ry^nM bqtep t^y wasJust toe. cbarg-d wi*h uprn'ng li s place o( twain'-** on Monday moru'nr befuro day light, contrary to law. Tb# defendant raided ginlty to the rbar-e, but stated that ho was milled by Snperln lendcnt Kenned*'a order postponing the enforcement of the iaw until lllA 16th. TTlfB order, which appeared in the Hihald, wna lianJed to the Justloe, and after read ing it his Tlonor de. Mod thai it was c d uiafd to mislead anybody, and therefore suspended Judgment la the oa*? of the defendant. f?L~ Mretlsg ef Ike Breekljs I.iqwor Dpalrrs. A meeting of the Brooklyn liquor dealers was he'd last night at the rooms of Jams k FlUharri*, No. ?6A Fulton street The object of the meeting was to take measures to ofTbrf the parage of tba amendment br tho legislature to the pre-rnt Excise law. It was cjntended by seme of the liquor dealers that the iaw itself was not only harsh and objectionable bnl its art ruin titration by Superintendent Kennedy mede It suit more obnoxious. It was believed there would be little or no difficulty In jjgvlttj many features of the law mmlUied. The restric tion! In reglld to the hquri of opening and cloving were thought to bo part ion lasiv harsh, u well as the power of the polloe to walk Into a public houae, arrest the proprietor and lock him op in the station honsc. The better way. It waa held, wnnid be to serve a 'era moos on eny man who violated ibe lew, to appear at court on a day specified. The aucgtlon of oloslng on Sunday was also alluded to, ana some of the dealers thought this section ought to bo modified. After come further discussion Mr. John LangstilT was chown chair man and Mr. Kelldp, Secretary. It was then resolvod In cntt n public meeting on Friday evening, and a com mittee wee up pointed to engage a room. HEWS fm HEW ORLEANS. Nnw Oblsass, Jan. 16, 1M7. Bonator Roberts and Repraeentatires Hrunch ami ( hit ton, of Texas, arrived here from W >tb|ugion and will romnin a fbw lays before returning to (heir constituents. Although thev have received no poet live assurence Of reeotjstrwjilon they exnrees themselves hopeful of an early adjustment of all difficulties. The report sent abroad that Governor Wells Is In dan gar or asaaseitieUon creates the most profound astonish ment. Ivon the Oovernor laughs at it. The United States District Court ta in saaalon, and quite a number of lawyer* have hewn admitted t* practice uuder the recent decision of the Supreme Court. The l/Mlslature will meet on Monday next Tt la generally b'llcved that a State convention will be oalled to frame a constitution, whereupon tho people will have another opponanlty of expressing ihetr opinion by ballet II le claimed thla will settle all dtAonlUaa grow ing out ef the pretended State convention of 1M4 to legislate for the Stale. Among the paseengnrs ea lha Concordia, which arrived to day, M Mr. Lane, United MateeCeneul at Vera C'rua. MEXICO. SKOAL TELE (HUB TO THE HEIALf. Maximilian Within View of tho C*rkftl-1A? .HlwUa of Ueawil NheriAu'i Chief Qnar termnater tn Texas?What Oaee It Mean V N?w Obliam, Jul 18, 1887 The steamer Concordia, from Vera Crua on tho 10th inet., arrived here to-day. Tho only Item or news that la of much interest con ?lata In the announcement that Maximilian had reached the valley of Mexico. He la reported to be atill awk with (ever and obliged to pat ap at the hacienda de la Tela. It la expected that he will take up Ula resideaee there far aome time Another detachment of French troop* waa to embark at Vera Oru* on the 12th I net D. L. Lane, United State* ! Consul at Vera Oru a, haa arrived by the Oonoordle He return* home for the benefit of hie health. The mimIon of the Chief Qonrterauatar to Texaa la te make arrangement* for the certain end apeedy tranaport ation of aopplloa to the now porta which have been **; tabliahad on the Texas frooUer, end for enpplying the troops Id the new position which they will tak- as noo? on convenient after the rrench troops ahall beve left Mexioa. The medal oral 17 miaelon haa bean Intrusted t? General Marntt, not Fonqrth. The Seixnre ef Mataaietee by Geeeral fialfi* wick Disavowed by fier Bevemeiat Pi. del Beyert ef the Capture el ttaadalalaia hy the Liberate, dec. Wawinotox, Jan. 18, 1MT. The fallowing letter was addraasad by Secretary Sew ard te Minister Romero on tho lTth of December:? 8m?I beve the honor to acknowledge the reoetyt ef your note of the 13th of December, hi which yoe allude to a late proceeding of Genera' Sedgwick in taking pan session of MaUatoroi and holding It for a daw boo re. I have to lnrorm yoe, in reply, that tho preoeedlng ef General Sedgwiok waa net only without authority from this government, but la understood by thte department to have bean in violation of tho orders of hi* military superiors; tbst as soon aa it came to their knowledge the proceeding was disallowed and oountermanded, and that General Sedgwiok was thoronpon suspended from command and subjected to discipline. I am unablo to write with precision upon tho anhteet for want of full Information, but I think there is sufficient ground for believing that General Sedgwick's error was committed under pressing imper tunliles from person* residing In. Matamoroe amena ble to tb* government of Mexico; and that hto In discreet proceeding was regarded by him as favorable te that government, instead or being injurious to it or likoly to give offence. I avail myself of this opportunity te renew to you my assurance! of tho highest con.Gderartsm. WILLIAM H. SEWARD. To senor Don Matias Romf.ro, he. The Mexican Minister received to-day a ropy of the following official roport from General Froano, confirm ing the capture of Guadalajara ty the national forces of the republic:? Vbarxas, Dec. 17?8 A. M. Citizen J can Bpstakanti, Governor of San Luis Potosl:? Iikar Sir AND Estsemk? Frirnd?I have the pleasure to inform you that 1 havu received the hsppy intelligence that the city of Guadalajara has been occupiod by Gin oral Iguaclo Pnrr* who lirst obtained a victory near t. at city. This I'ntell g?nce has boeti sent to General Miguel Culsca. 'who enclosed to me tho official report and tho uianr.eeto 4 or tho victorious officer. Pleas* transmit this t>y oxpro^s mossenjpr to Saltlllo and Moa Verey, aud you are authorized to Bond a copy '_f_ this loiter. Yours, 4c. G. fP'"' ? ?* M>ToarAi,A, Dec. 27, 181?. - ' Mr. Romero also offieial intelligonce that tho ? -y or Aguascaliontes .\j occupiod by General Cornea Pertugual, of the republican army, on tho 26th uIL The Rfmavnl of the *? fnrwngw ? HiiM Against ?He Brl* Banco. Sx\ Faxscitco, Jan. 16, 186T. Scnor Oodny, Mexiran Consul at thla port, baa io csived intelligence that tho scat of the govornraoat of the republic of Mexico urat removed from CW liuahtia to Durnngo on December 10, and would aoon bo l wioif'ti in y.arrtt Tho Mexican republic, through their attorneya, have commenced a suit against the brig Bascc>??>"??? fo ment or the bonds glvoit by the Captain to Co onel Oaa I ton de Artoia the time tho vessel was captured off Capo MTheU<rnited Stales aleamer Saransc arrived tofay from Mazatlan. She ieft in that port the United Statoo steamer Sttwanec and tho rtemmor Continental. The French (tagsblp Victoria wa? at Saa Blaa January 2, and expected to leave Tor Acapuloo at soon M nawn was received of the arrival of r rench troops frooa tho oily ol Mexico. "?AIRE LEGISLATURE. BalWraliea of the tonetltolloool A ?ral-Thi! RrranairarHoa qnootloo. Auui'MTA, Ma, Jan. Id, WW. The Senate baa concurred with tho ac'lon o. tho 1 in ratifying tho conatltotlonal amendment. Tho voOo was unanimous. In the discussion that took plaoo tho speakers were unanimous In declaring thatthe proponed amendment did not go far enough; trotthat JWoo bed* an advanced position, and was In fhvor ofgiving tho colored man equal civil aud politioal rights with tha WSo^^Boynton laid on tha lablo thafWlowing roMUh tlon, with a preamble, expressive of tho loyal peoplo of Maine reapeottng tht roconatraotloo oi the laio rebellto s Slates*- ^ Resolved, That theoo States ihould ?"* under the aulfi-rily of the CoogreM ?f the United ataw throoja the actum of the loyal wople <>'Jhova ?"?*** e-ssatr lnws that full* gu?--utee ,.nd r'ire the lull omat of ibc.e ?nwi pri-qudt. to all the people hold I mill.rul from trul'Oj* thereU nerere wm eroper t? iiithh them to represenmltoa to tho general goo , ornmtP* of the United States. "* WEil VIBGIW'A LEGISLATURE- J Itntlflcntlon of the C'uantUaliaaal AtMondaeaf. Wniiiui.u, Vh, Jan. 16, HOT. The West Virginia IxgUlaturc Uai ratiQcd the ooastito ;i?n:ii amcndmouL The vote in the Houao on it* pno sage stood *8 to 11. HWtNA LEBISLATUtt. KatlAcnlloa of the t'onslitntlonol Amendment in the hfimle. IxoiavavoUB, Jan. 16. 166T The joint resolution ratilviug the conjuiutionai ameniF nwni jNiMod I he -onate to-d.y by a sir ft party vote of ayot la. uay* 18. M'NNESOTA LEfoSLATUAE. The Amrndinvot Untitled by Both lloosoo. it. Pact, Minn., Jan. 16 JJP*. The House y.alerday ratified the CouaUtntiquei atoend* to oat t?y a vote ol to ?o (J, 1 "i eenstq ^Wtj paraad the resolution hj a vote M 18 to 5. MAllYLARO LEflSLATMff. _ Ax* ?."olc, Jan. 16 186* Tho Hist# Senate <V>mmltiet on Eicd'on' reported urnA Dr. Ohr irad.cal), u. nWr irr>m Alleghany, tflB not duly elected, and that tadm.ci "pn'C* (ooaservativci wan entitled to the neat The report was made the older fo* the dav for next Tmvday. B lli liouser. met in conrenirn to choose t united Slates Senator. Th" voir w the same as yesterday; therefore there was no clec'ioo. Another vole will bo tukf*D liMBiHrmw on tto* SusAjuoitjuoa Boom b?li| wb oil was repo.lod In tho .-.onair. The bill io call a state convention was umond^d In the lloutc y tq yrvlllhU 'he Leglda'ure from paying rov smatiCipa ted-<1av?d. * , An amendment is pending to inToasd the 1ePrl**n'* Uon in iho House from twelve ?noill counties by on# member eocb. This matter wltl'm dtveusred to morrow. ALAIAWA LEGISLATURE. "" Wos rr.ourtTv, Jan. 16, l*d? There was n quorum in both Houses of iho LorMeturn to-day. A resolution has been adopted to ex'end ton ?es.ion beyond the constitutional limit of thirty days. ARKANSAS LEGISLATURE. \ ! T,i*rr<r. R-sm, Jan Id. lid7 Both house* of the Arkansaf l/'stslaturo have pawed I ? hill reducing the Stafo ??v ?<>, bill providing fbr the support of illadWod roi"|er?ard fev supplying them with arMdcfl jintbd, *** supiiort of widows and orphans of drceasod soldiers. THE SENATMIAt COWTEST ? AEJITOWY. FniMui'ur, Ky., Jan. 16, 1867. The LegHdnturo voted lwice to-day In Joint a??s on fo? United Stnloa so^tov without reeuM. The uet rote wao ?? follows:-DaVlf, conservative. 88; Powell, >'?"oerM, W- 1'rail Union, 4d; Harding, comervatlve, l?i Hhm, m x|| three partioa hold a caucus to-nighh i ^^Jletinaulebad Keotuckians are pfesdhC XZJZXXZ ?* ?sst"LiSTn." 'illI: ni. ??.. MS rather deerondeot; Uio conaervMlvos hoi .hemeeKea In ""?I |? be Joined by eilUer of the other part.es. ~T11A?L?T 16 C HCIIIIUTf. Crrcwnn, Jan. IT. 1I8T. A terrible tregedy occurred here last night, the detalln of which are not fully known. The victim Is Mary t. Thompson, a daughter of Peter Thompson, a well known Scotch liquor merchant of this city, recently <le oeored. Miss Thomp'on was the mtstreaa of VTIIllana McLaughlin, a promi 'snt builder of thli o'ty. The wife of McLnughlln v ent to a house on R-JrviUtww J. ' r\M. .wm and found bar hmhand and Mian m?ou In -ed togetliar. which so eura-.od her that aim srlxad a pokor end infle U-d wounds upon Mien TmfllSn Urn. ca-sed her death lu aNxhouro. mrhiinia wefft mttdi fftf I hwly burliil, but tit authorities (TO* w,n<1 "r adhlr, and an inquest Is boing held on tha bady DEATH IE CAPTAIN PAZ AM. UIITII IT ATI! WIT. , Hawrowr, Jan. Id, 1#*T. tantala Samuol Haxanl, of the United Slates Navy, Died la this city yaoterday morning