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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES CORDON BENNETT, PBOPBIETOB. JAMES CORDON BENNETT, JR., manages. broadway"and ann htrkkt. ftlume XXXII t AMlidKMKNK TU1- AFTERNOON AND EVENING. ? ROADWAY THBATRR. Bro?d?r?T. J>??r ??*<>??# SBiMEOCi. Matinee at 1>, o Clock. avrmaN STADT THEATRE 48 and 47 Bowery.? %SS,MA^HeT??KM MANN-BIN 8KXBCUX* Aor DEM CoarroiK. ______ IRVING HALL. Irving place.? Mr. AND Mr*. HowabD Paul s Gband Kaexwkll Concerts in Lostura. 3TEINWAY HALL. Fourteenth street.? Orand Concert or tbb Philharmonic Society or New Yorr. iiv |f R vNCISCO M1N8TRKL1, S85 BrOAdway, opposite the Metropolitan Hotel-Is thbik Ethiopian Entertain mum. Singing. Dancino and Hublksquea?Toe Blac* tiooi The Flying 8ctnw. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRBLL 7*> Broadway, eppm oUethe New York Hotel ?In tubie Sonqe, Danura Ecoen TKIOlTf BE, BUELiaQUES, go.?GiNDER-LHON?MAD AOAECAB h.i it Thou PL?Oh I Hush I FIFTH ATBNUB OPERA HOUSE, Nob. J(End 4 WeM Twenty-fourth street?ORimN A Cnemyy4* Minstbei*? Ethiopian MiNsraawv. Ballads, Burlesques, Ac. The Blaoe C book-The Two Orntlrnrn or Verona Matinee el IK o'Clock. _______ TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. ?1 Bowery.-COHtO Vocalise Neuro Minntrrlst. Burlesque*. Ballet Ditee. tlsiishbnt, Ac.?The Fobty Female J ace Sheppabd? Matinee n IK o'clock. HOOLEY' 8 OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.-Ethiopian Min ITeruy. Ballade and Burlesques.?8hadow Pantonine. BROOKLYN ATHEN^BUM.?Phoprssor Hartz's Mira cues Metlnee et Two o'Clock. THE BUNYAN TABLEAUX. Union Twenty-third street end Broadway, at 8.?MOtino RIR rob OP THE PitOElM'S PrOURRSS?sixty MAGNIFICENT ttccNM Matinee Wednesday and Saturday at 2% o clock. WASHINGTON HALL, Williamsburg.-The Georgia Minetrnla NRW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 618 Btin and Right Ann or Peomt-The Washington esssk? A" TKIPLE SHEET. Now York, Haturdav, May 4. 1W?Y. REMOVAL. Tfcs Nrw York Hrbald establishment is now looatod in th* new Herald Building, Broadway sad Ann street. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. Advertisers will please bear in mind that in order to have their advertisements properly classi fied they should be sent in before half-past eight o'clock in tho evening. TBB H 1 W ?. XUSOPX. The newt report by the Atlantic cable, dated yester day evening, le of an Important character. Marqeto de Measlier, Foreign Minister of France, in formed the Legislature la Paris, that the bases of oonfer eooe agreed as by the great Power's representative* about So amemble ia London, "assure the peace of Europe." Count Bismarck announced In Berlin that tbe neutral isation of Luxemburg bad been accepted by Prussia ?art Derby expressed his bopee on tbe 2d Inst, of a peaceful fceue from tbe London Congress, although tho money ten tree were very uneasy aa to tho result. A tsmlullnnsrr rising has taken place ia the provlnoe of Catatonia, Spain, but the extent of the movement Is not reported. Prussia baa made a treaty of alllaaoe with tbe Grand Duchy of Hum, and Saxony accepts the new North German constitution. The EngUeh House of Commons baa bed a dl vial on on nn amendment to tbe Reform biN, when the cabinet was dtftetnl by a majority of eighty-one votae. Lord Derby oooopted the amendment of tbe liberals, so tbe cabinet strength remains unimpaired. Tbe executive will not interfere with the out door reform demonstration of Moaday next, but Is preparing for a strict preservation of Oor special correspondence from Madrid, dated April IT, oosvays aa animated picture of tbe royal pageant* and aristocratic expenditure end dazzle which were daily exhibited in the Spanish capital, on tbe very eve of a revolutionary movement?now in feet in progress as reported by the cable?which may sweep away tbe Inst European throne of tbe Bourbons. Consols closed at 21 for money in London. United Mate* five.twenties were et 71X tn London end 7?K to Frankfort. The bullion In tbe Bank of England de creased ?88,000 In the week. The Liverpool cotton market closed quiet at a decline of of 4 penny,, middling uplands rating at 1IK l",|i0e. The trade nport from Manchester is unfavorable. Breadstuff* quiet. Provisions steady, with prices un changed. THE CITY. The motion to vacate tbe Injunction in tbe suit of Pellmnn va. Tbe Mayor end Fernando Wood, restraining the execution of tbe leans and payment of rent of tbe premises Non 115 and 117 Naasau street, which bad been leased from Fernando Wood for tbe city et n rental of 918,000 peiannum for a period of tan years, wee resumed yesterday la the Supreme Court. The papers were ?ub mined without argument. Decision reserved. A number of German liquor and. lager beer dealers held a meeting at tbe Bowery Garden yesterday, and Ap pelated e oommlttee of one hundred to watt on the Mayor and Common Council and urge their interference is reference to UM fresh "usurpations'' ef the Excise Commissioners The Royal Insurance Company bond robbery case was resumed before Justice Dowllng vesterday. end the te* I'mony being concluded, the magistrate stated thai he would reader a decision as to Hobert J. Sterling's com plicity In the matter as soon as be bed carefully read over Urn evidence. Great numbers of rufhgues are arriving in this city ftom Inlaid They my the revolutionary movement there to entirely abandoned, end gtre discouraging accounts of the msts ef the wintry. It to aaid that e ?pedal oall has base made os tbe Fenian Brotherhood for aid tor the families ef the Irish Stale prisoners. A woman named Catharine Millar died yesterday morning at No. 31 Perry street, la this city, from the sffhets of an abortion produced upon her recently. It la believed that the child was burn ailre. and afterward* mat Ne death vtolvuUy. A poet mortem examination revealed the tact that the geaital organs had been is land is each e meaner as Is cause the death ef the vlo tim, sad aa Inquest will bo held this moraieg. The stack market was steady yesterday. Gold dosed mm*. The ?teediaaan of geld begins Is exert a benedctal ta Wusaes m trade circle* but buatnem nerer tasiem eonttuuee moderate, the number of merabasto venturesome enough to extend their peraheesi beyond their immediate waste being amen. Yesterday business was moderate end the ?ftate especially for Imported merchandise, were almost universally qsieA BrosdstuBk wars an excep tion to the general enter. Flour eouUnusd buoyant, and, with mors tpecslaUvs inquiry, prtoeo worn again advanced Wheat wee held higher, but buyera being 1 '? W mora prices remained nominally tho a unchanged, though toss active. Pb flrtaer. West was heavy. Naval ?teres generally mora active ?IfiCXLLAJflOUR Is the Uuited Btates Poprame Court yesterday the bill of the mate ef Mlatoeeippi praying for aa order rmtrmoiag the military eAoets m tbe execution of the isueastrutitles acta ef Osagrom was brought up, aad Mr Robert S. Walker made a throe bourn plea m euppert of the pitmen. The mgumant to felly reported In tn-dey'e H so a t.e. The Attorney General wtU reply on Monday i?e (A The Japanese Oommtesioners were formeUy received by tbe PsiHrat st the White House yesterday. Tbe chief Commtostoner mode e nest speech sad the Preet d nt ea appropriate reply then Is on the oseeelsu. (toanaam at Chicago cenHnum eugyasded la eea mmuf * td** * *? thg ?inker* were rather turbulent yeeterdej, and the police arretted aeveral of the rinf leaden and pet then tp Jail. The Mar or haa tnued a proclamation inane antic that the laws muat be enforced, and urftng the ?ufklngmea to remain quietly at their homee. Senator Wilaon haa been very cordially received la Charteaton. Laat ereninf, in compliance with a nume ronaly signed request, he addreaied an assemblage of lire thousand persons, nearly all of whom ware colored people, and created an Immense sensation among his andienoe. Congressman Ketley, of Philadelphia, haa sat oat on his Southern political stamp, speech lug campaign. He will probably ha abaaat Ms weeks, and will first rislt the Southwest, returning by may of the seaboard. the Charlestoa City Bailroad Company, having In rlow probably the reoeatly difficulty with the colored people or Richmond, bar# wisely thrown open - their street cars to whitso and blacks alike, and henceforth perfect equality la recognized along the line ot travel. General Sickles haa addressed a letter to the President of the company approbatory of the course of the railroad officials. H. Rives Pollard, who haa achieved already some noto riety as tha editor of tho Rlohmond Examiner, Is likely to become more notorious. He announced a lecture at Lynchburg, Va., on Thursday evening last, on "The Chivalry of the South," bnt General Wilcox, the com mander of the military post, Issued an order prohibiting Us delivery. Pollard declares he will cany this esse up to President Johnson, as s question Involving liberty of speech. Our letters from Vera Crus report s distressing condi tion of affltlrs prevailing there, owing to the siege and the scarcity of provisions. The vomito was also raging virulently. The yellow fbver prevails at Cape Haytlen. The United States steamer Susquehanna, which arrived in Haytlen Roads from Cape Haytlen yesterday, lost one seaman by the disease and has seven cases now on board. The fever, howevor, has been checked, and all the sick are likely to recover. ?A pugilistic encounter for fil.OOO took place at Denver City on Monday between Reed and Fitzgerald. Ninety six rounds were fought, whsn Reed was declared the victor. Onr Stale Judiciary System aad the Conven tion ef Revision. The reconstruction of our judicial system is one, and not the least important, of the duties that will devolve upon the approaching State Constitutional Convention. It is generally conceded that, as at present constituted, our courts fail to meet the public necessity, and that a thorough reform Is demanded. The judiolary will therefore doubtless occupy as large a proportion of the time and labor of the Convention of 1867 as it did of that of 1846. The question Is, how far shall the reform go f Shall it be directed only towards the clearing of the oalendars, or shall it reaoh the root of the evil, sweep away the elective system, and place the judiciary above the Influence of politics and out of the reach of partisans ? Twenty years ago there was a spontaneous sentiment among the people in favor of a com plete revision of the State judicial system. The protracted character of prooeedings in the old oonrts,' their nselees forms and unnecessary technicalities were annoying and irritating to all who unfortunately bad busiueas with them either as plaintiffs or de fendants, width? expenses of litigation were so enormously high that many persons preferred to suffer wrong and submit to injustice rather than to appeal to the law for protect on or redress. The Court for the Correction of Errors, which was composed in part of the President and members of the State Senate, did not eajoy the confidence of the people, for the reason that it made a portion of the legislative depart ment the judges of the constitutionality of laws which they had themselves helped to enact A paroel of Herkimer county politicians, who then led the democracy of the State, and some of whom are still, like Ephraim, joined to their idols, availed themselves of the popular senti ment against the existing judicial system to I press forward the policy of an elective judi ciary. Michael Hoffman, a leading spirit in the Constitutional Convention of 1846, had, two years prior to ile meeting, pro posed a plan of judicial reform in the State Assembly, which, under the guise of increased facilities for the despatch of the business of the courts, sought to secure the election of all judges by the people. The attempt failed in the Legislature, but it was | renewed successfully in the Convention, the Herkimer politicians taking the ground that there coald be no constitution in this country unless the judges were made to depend for their offices upon the people of the State. " If you want a judge that can stand by the con stitution against legislative usurpation," said Michael Hoffman, in that body, "you look in vaiu for such a man appointed by power. Unloss your judges are elected by the sovereign body, by the constituent, yon will look In vain for judges that can stand by the ronstitntion of the State against the encroachments of power." These appeals, smacking strongly of the demagogue, prevailed, and a system of judiciary was engrafted on the constitution of 1846 giving the election of judges to the people?a dangerous experiment, not demanded by the popular judgment, and applying no substantial, permanent remedy for the real evils of the old system. The change was not made without opposi tion from some of the soundest lawyers and ablest man in the Convention. Charles O'Conor, when the Committee on the Judiciary mads their report, said ot their work:?" This report destroys nearly all the good features in onr existing and past judicial systems, and famishes nothing that can be deemod an equiv alent" So strong was the conviction of that profound jurist that the action of the Conven tion failed to meet the pnblie necessity, and was a dangerous experiment that he refased to vole In favor of the new constitution, and lo stating his reasons for such refasul went on to soy, to regard to the part of It to which he had given most attention?the judicial de partment?that " be thought the Convention had altogether failed to present to the people a constitution which would meet the exigenoies of the times, or in any degree remedy the difficulties in this respect which led to the call ing of the Convention; that it did not in any moderate degree, even, meet his approval, and was a moot signal failure." Judge Stow, of Niagara, a man of powerfal mind and of high legal attainments, strongly opposed the elec tive system and Insisted that the general voice was advene to the Innovation. With O'Conor he voted against the whole constitution rather than give his assent to tho m revolutionary policy" of the Convention. Charles P. Kirk land, of Oneida, waa one of the most eloquent opponents of the principle of an elective ju diolary. Time has justified the prediction of the email minority of the Convention of 1846. Twenty years have proved that the judicial provisions of the organic law then imposed upon the State, like many others of its paris, ?re "a most signal failure." There are those who would peranUe no that the offilj fault of oar present system of judiciary lies in the in adequacy of the oourts to meet the business that preaeea and accumulates upon them. This is the lesser of two evils. The principal one is the election of judges by the people. The first con be readily removed. It i> true that now, as in 1846, the courts are blocked up, and cases remain for years unheard and undecided. But if, with the advance of ihe State, one appellate tribunal is found insufficient to do the business that comes before it, courts with co-ordinate jurisdiction must be created, under such regulations as will so far as possible prevent the difficulty of conflicting decisions. But the evil of on elective judiciary must be swept away altogether, and our judges be placed beyond the reach of political influ ence by holding their appointments during good behavior until they attain a stated age. It is idle to say that we have had good judges elected. We have had bad judges chosen as well. This is no reflection upon the oapaclty of the people to choose their own officers, s The nominations are not made by the people, bat by party oauouses and conventions, and are fre quently controlled by intrigue, bargain and cor ruption. For these nominations, under the iron rule of party, the people are compelled to vote or to throw away their ballot*. Judges who are obliged to court the fhvor of canvassers and conventions, and to make friends with the venal politicians who hold the management of such bodies in their hands before they can secure a nomination, cannot preserve their | judicial robes free from the stains of party poll tics, nor can they always resist the influences, sometimes subtle and unacknowledged to their own consciences, created by political friend ship and political enmity. It is this overshadow ing evil that mainly tends to block the business of the courts, that practically shuts out the people from justioe, and that requires to be eradicated from the organic law of the State by the Convention of Revision, if we ore to have any substantial and permanent reform in our judicial system. The Latest Area Karens. In another column of to-day's Herald we publish interesting cable despatches regarding the situation in Europe. Earl Derby, we are told, has officially stated that, although he con fidently hopes that peace will be the result of the deliberations of the London Congress, which is to hold its first session, not on the 12th instant, as was formerly announoed, but on the 7tb, he cannot say that any plan has been cer tainly fixed upon as the basis of deliberations. The statement, we ore further told, has created uneasiness both in England and on the Con tinent We are not disposed to regard this as a note of alarm. The statement, it will be found, has been wrung from his lordship by some question pat to the government in the Upper House. It is significant that his lordship has not denied that certain preliminaries had been agreed upon; nor is there any inconsistency between the previous announcement that such an agreement had been come to and this fresh one that no definite plan had been certainly fixed upon. Conferences, as a rule, imply pre vious agreement as to the subject or subjects to be brought before them, and as to the limits within which these are to be discussed; but it is absurd to expect an official prejudgment of the whole case before even the first ?fttfng bos been held. We cannot conceive how Lord Derby, noting wisely in the circumstances, could have answered otherwise than he has done. We do not, therefore, consider that thfai telegram implies the slightest change in the situation?certainly no such change as is fitted to give alarm. Another telegram, which announces a rising of the republicans in Spain, justifies the con clusion which we have again and again ex pressed?that Europe, throughout all her borders, is in a state of chronic discontent, and that, whatever success may attend the delibera tions of the coming Congress, lasting peace is not to be expected as one of its results. The Nlcbelaea Paveoaeat Job. An attempt is being made to force through the Common Council resolutions to pave a number of the streets of New York with the Nicholson pavement. This is one of the most barefaced jobs of the day. The Nicholson pav< ment is covered by a patent, and the price at which it is laid is greatly above its value and higher than the cost of many better pave ments. But ex-Assemblymen and lobbvmen and other speculators are said to hold the "??fn interest in Ihe patent, and hence the favor it meets at the hands of the Common Council. The most oompetent judges consider the Nicholson pavement a failure. The Croton Aqueduct Board rejects it, and Chief Engineer Craven considers that it would not last over three years at most in any of the city thorough fares. Tbe taxpayers ought not to be called upon to pay an exorbitant prioe for an experi ment in the ibce of such authority. There ore enough pavements superior to the Nicholson that con be laid down at little more than half its coat The fhct is, this job is one of tbe numerous speculations with which tbe Corpora tion " rings" are endeavoring to provide agalnat stormy weather. The new coostito tion, it is to be hoped, will give us a govern ment that will protect the citlsens againsi future schemes of plunder, and, with the issues raised by the work of the Convention of Revi sion, will come such a thorough political revo lution in this city that all the old oorrupt office holders will be swept out of sight Tammany wfil go overboard in the November election, and tbe political Ann of HoAnan, Sweeny and Tweed will be declared bankrupt Tbe Com mon Council and the various Corporation " rings" see the handwriting on the wall, and hence their determination to plunder all tbey can before justice overtakes them. Temnev of (he ImiIws Prase. General Sickles' flag order in Charleston I called forth tbe comments of the South press, as might have been expected. It generally condemned as unnecessary and fc ish, and as going beyond tbe legitimate pow of his position. For ourselves, ws cannot h expressing surprise that General Sickles, w had shown previously all through his career much tact and skilful management, shot have made such a mistake. We tbe i marks of a portion of the Virginia press in b temper and taste on this subject, but tbe eoi moots of tbe Charleston papers are in exoslls taste and temper. It is a noteworthy fret th in Charleston, where the rebellion commence and which was always tbe hotbed of seoemk lie fore the war, the people are mors thorough! cured of their old bermies and hostility to ti Union than in any other pyrt of the Soot The first to rebel, they are the first to be rightly reconstructed in their views and dispo sition, because they are honest, frank, and thoroughly in earnest in everything, Mlltal Affairs Is Ce?*ral naff 8#lUh IMrtMU Our Panama correspondent informs us that Isthmus politics remains in statu quo. The re ports which Admiral Dahlgren had heard of the dHUanitfss along the coast were exagger ated, and his orders to Captain Paulding, of the Wateree, to make all haste in reaching Panama, as well as the daily drill of the crew, proved to be superfluous. On her arrival the Wateree found no pretext for an attack upon the city; but her presence had the effect of re newing the feeling of security which the Ameri can residents have not enjoyed since the de parture of the Jamestown. According to the latest dates from Central America peace has been thoroughly re-established in the discon tented States of Guatemala, and Cruz, the re bellions lender, has been exiled. The Costa Riftflfi Congress was to be convened early in May, and oertain amendments to the constitu I tion were to be discussed. The contradictory reports from Peru rendered it difficult to judge of the actual state of that country?some de claring it serenely quiet, others describing it as agitated by uprisings and revolutionary excite ment In Lima the toleration measure was de feated in Congress by a vote of 43 to 40, but a proposition is still under discussion about re ducing the Church property by one-half in that city. On the 11th ult a meeting called by the priests in the public square, in front of the ball where Congress meets, led to a row, in which i paving stones were used as knock-down argu ments. The police were summoned in force and a oompany of cavalry was ordered out to end the row. This was accomplished after a sharp little fight, in whioh many were wounded, but only one was killed. Several priests were arrested and are now in prison. The treaty, offensive and defensive, made by the American Congress of 1865, has jnst been accepted by Salvador, Honduras, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia. Chile and Peru will probably accept it also. Our Santiago correspondent states, under date of April 1, that the Spanish fleet has not yet reappeared In the Pacific. He adds that the trace question between Chile and Pern is still absorbing attention; and he ohronicles the resignation of Admiral Tucker, who left in tbe English mail steamer of the 25th for Callao. The resignation of the Admiral seems to have been prompted rather by the hope of harmon izing affairs in Pern, where the foreigners were ipnirfng use of the appointment of a foreigner to the command of a fleet against President Prado, than by any desire to acquiesce in tbe demand of the United States government that an unpardoned label should not be intrusted with high authority by briber governments. This b the opinion of our correspondent; but we have no doubt that the correspondence between Admiral Dahlgren, our Minister at Lima and Santiago, and the governments of the United States and Pern, must be taken into account among tbe causes which have brought to grief Admiral Tucker and his brother ex-Confederate officers, Butts and MoCorkle. Our correspondent says that as the mail steamer, with the Admiral and his friends on board, passed the Peruvian flagship Inde pendents tiie band of the latter struck up - Hall Colombia," and " it is yet undecided whether the Admiral was complimented or not." The new ten million loan, negotiated by Chile in England for carrying on the war, baa b jen arranged just in time to pay preaqlng' debts and to continue the war. Thq news from Mendosa is unimportant The Argentine and revolutionary forces remain Inactive, and the only details we receive attest outrages on the inhabitants and general,tnarchy. Reclamation af Marsh?aa?U?The MImImIdpI iawsS. We undersell that several engineers from New Orlei&s and one regularly appointed com mittee delegated from the Southern States have been on here to examine and report upon the expediency of applying to the levees of tbe Mis sissippi the system of iron dikes by which a company is about to reclaim the swamps of New Jersey. It is slated that the conclusions they have arrived at are entirely favorable to its adoption, an<f that they consider it the only plan by which the durability of the levees can be secured. It must not be supposed that because the opinions thus given are based upon the data supplied by the New Jersey Company the ap plication of the principle in the two cases is in all respects identical We have given very fell explanations in regard to the manner in whiclf it is proposed to work it for the reclamation of the marshes on the New Jersey side. Diking or leveeing on the Mississippi is a very differ ent sort of undertaking.' In the reclaiming of swamps the iron plates most be pressed down into the marsh along the stream or tide water to the lowest water mark, and perpendicular to or at right angles with the horizon. In levee ing the Mississippi the dike most be con structed on the bank itself, the iron forming the spinal column for it being piaoed on an obUqae angle to the horizon and inclining from the water so that in case of strong cur rents rushing against tbe earthen embankment which covers the iron structure, although the earth may be washed away, the iron will remain an impervious and permanent barrier. When tbe water recedes the earthen portion or covering can be replaced at leisure, should it be considered necessary for the proteotiom of tbe iron, which it really is not According to an engineering report made some nine or ten yean since on the Mississippi Iciys, it fr estimated that the levee should be cSpatA* of withstanding a horizontal pressors of at least six hundred to six hundred and fifty pounds to the square foot before it could be regarded as a safe and certain barrier to protect the land from floods., It is claimed that this Iron column, or core, for the dikes, breoed with timbers reaching for back into the bank, at right angles with tbe iron plate, would resist any pressure that could ever be brought to bear upon it Its pyramidal form gives strength within itself, and furthermore it is stated to be the most durable and woonomical plan that has as yet been proposed. If all this should turn ont to bs correct?and we have high engineering authority in its fevor? a great step will be made towards ths pro tection and development of the ootton pro ducing interests of ths South. When we take Into account the vast ana of rich land stratoh Ing along the course of ths Mississippi, and ?HUH hft nrlT finrr" mlPkw ft Mb which could be rendered thoroughly productive if protected against the periodical overflows of the great river, it seems to us that the sys tem is well worth trying. It could be eiperi meated with at polnta where the teat will be ?overeat, and if found to be aa efficient and eooaomical aa' claimed, iU general adoption wllj follow aa a matter of course. The Laker Qaesctea. According to the Hnaaua'a special telegrams of yesterday's issue the new eight hour law in Chicago and St Louis is creating a great com motion among all branches of mechanics and laborers on the one ride and employers on e other. In Chicago there is a general ,trUt? among the workmen for the eight hour la* 411 ten hours' pay, and among their employers there seems to be a general coalition to give only eight hours' pay tor eight hours' work, and they threaten to hold out a year if necessary. ( This is a question of endurance, and if left to thia test the result will no doubt be, and that very soon, a satisfectory understanding all round. But the Chicago workmen, it appears, in vast bodies have been trying the experiment of foroibly shutting np those establishments and turning their hands out into the street, where this requisition of ten hours' pay for eight hours' work has been disregarded, ^5ucb extreme prooeedings of Intimidation and coercion are not only unlawful and unjust, but they are exceedingly foolish; for they in variably operate to the prejudioe of all the strikers concerned in such extreme measures. The St. Louis workingmen, on the other in their pronunolsariento have adopted a sensible course in resolving to toy?first, in oertain oases, a comjrqjnfce with those em ployers whq will make an honorable one; secondly, the plan of contracting directly tor work on the co-operative prinoipte; thirdly, the opening by these allied workmen of job shops of their own to folfil such contracts. These men act upon the principle that there are two rides to the question of labor and compensation, and that in all cases it is best to exhaust the resources of friendly negotia tions before resorting to war. But if there must be strikes, suspending the manufacturing operations of great cities and throwing tb< families of the workingmen upon their setojtj savings, they ought by sil means to abandon that old ruinous system of enforcing iftlenesi among themselves to bring the employer! down, snd adopt the policy of co-operative workshops. Where labor is wanted and men are hungry their enforced idleness is a crime. The unsettled state of affairs in the East ol Europe is liable to be lost right of in oonse qoence of the more stirring events which are transpiring in the Wast. The Sfcstam difficulty, however, is not yet settled. In s letter which we reprinted in yesterday's Hmuu> from ths oolumns of the London 21dm*, it is very clearly shown that the "riok man," spite of his protes tations to the contrary, is riok well-nigh unto death. The Christians of every race and name ere impatient of the longer continuance ol Mussuimr"! rule. Some of them are already In arma; all of them are ripe for Insurrection The Cretans, the Thessallans, the Epirotos and the other Christians in the islands and elsewhare, who belong to the Greek race seem desirous ol being annexed to their brethren la ths king dom. The Christians of the Slavlo raoes though equally eager in their desire for lade pendeaoe, have no such oommon centre k which to look for support Among these ii particular, and even among the Greeks, Rus sian influence is bosj, Rat there is one thing on which the government of the Sultan aeemi resolved, and that is to consent to no fhrthei disintegration of the empire. Matters art slowly bat sorely ripening, and great and im portant changes in the East eannot be mucfa longer delayed. Dwlballoa la tha Saath. We cheerfolly comply with the request ol Governor Orr, of South Carolina, and publish the letter which he has forwarded, together with the abstract whtch it encloses of letter! addressed to the Rev. Mr. Martin, of Columbia, in response to a circular issued by the latter under the direction of the Governor. We seed not add a word to the official exhibition thru afforded of the destitution sad suffering pre vailing in South Carolina. The plain recital ot tocts which it contains is sufficient to show the extent of the distress throughout almost all the districts of the State. It fnraiahee full informa tion to all who feel a generous interest in the misfortunes of a deluded and unhappy people. The Governor states that he has no hesitation in endorsing the statements made in the letters from which extracts are taken. He is person ally acquainted with tbe writers of nearly all the letters. And these bear testimony to the heartrending toot that old persons and little children, women and men, blacks and whites, are not only on the verge of starvation, but, in too many oases, have "already starved to death." In more than one district "many wan der about in a starving condition." The testi mony of Mr. J. Aiken with referenoe to the Fairfield district is, we fear, tone of many other districts, that "the greatest want is not with ths extremely poor, hat with those who are trying to labor without means of future sup port" Sorely the simple statement of the facte in the case will be enough to enlist the kympathies of aU. Bat if we add that similar aoconnts of the destitution in the South are dally reaching as from every Southern State, with the exception, perhaps, of Texas, which, in soma respects, has eqjoyed an Immunity from the consequences of the late war?a war too well described by a sensible Southerner as "unnatural"?we are confident that no heart can be tnSnufikle to such aa appeal as that of Governor Orr. ~ Political Citutim la t*a*. The Luxemburg question has diverted atten tion from the movements which are agitating ths population of the Roman States. From the accounts that reach ns there seems to be a determination on the part of ths revolutionary committees to excite an immediate outbreak there. It is said that Garibaldi has promised to aid ths movement; bat as the same thing was asserted of him in connection with Crete, it Is probably only a bait held out todhe dis contented spirits of the Roman capital. We hardly think that an insurrectionary movement would be attended with sneeess just now. The Pope has a respectable little army at his com mand, sad In ths divided state of feeling among his subjects occasioned by tbe under standing between the Freaeh and Italian gov apuMati he would igobahli he ahte ttup preaa it without difficulty. If the movement i1 tohe attended with ancoew it most bepoat fofdt until the differences between Franco snfi ProaMn tow to a hood. Thea will be the opportunity for the B/?n*n people to assert their right to a choiee of their rulers. PaiiUaralur Trlush mt the Ea?ltob Ko The Atlantic oable reports that a division took pltoe in the English House of Commons on foft Reform bill last Thursday night, on the question of an amendment proposed by the liberals, wten the government was defeated by a majority of eighty-one rotes. This result, encouraging as it is to the adroeatss of tip' popular cause, is not rital as involving 'the official existence of the Derby Cabipe't, and the Premier tea exhibited his nsual official tact in accepting amendment, and thus avoiding an ^jfearraasment perhaps unfore seen, and, Consequently, unprovided for. test vote, on the measure was takaii on the occasion of the second reading, when Mr. DtoVueli's propositions were sustained against ?ite arguments of the Gladstone-Bright phalanx by twenty-one votes. The effect of the liberal triumph in th* House has induced a movement on the part <f the government towards a compromise with the people; for we learn by another telegram that the outdoor damanstoution of the leaguen which is to take pteoe in London next Mon day, will not he Interfered with, although tto Home Secretary had previously "warned" tto people againat it. We hare an ominous whisper thrash he Atlantio cable that there has beep a rishg among the republicans of CatalqiMfo in potr' old Spain. We are disposed to believe,-Ihe report, and that it means sessct^ing muc^ m>re serious than is conveyed )e the cloudy allusims to these rising republK.... No governmen in Europe, not even, that of -the siok man of Turkey," has completely gone to seed md ?F as the effete monarchy of Spdn. foe last half oentory and for a lonjer P*^iod, but aspocially since her Amerioan ode nies, from Peru to Mexioo, began to set up tor' themselves, Spain has experienced all the changes, from the magnifioent De Soto, equip ping fleets and armies under her standard, to the gallant, proud, reckless, vagabondizing Don Omar da Basaa, flaunting In Ids ruga and as tontohlng friends and enemies with his rash ad ventures and his narrow escapes. A republican QO&tpiraoy in Spain! Oh, bow can such a thing exist in that oountry, where the spies, soldiers, inquisitors, jailors and fexecutiouers of Church and State have watohed the footsteps of man, woman and olrild* day and night, for hundreds -of years I Tho question to suggestive; but that, -poor old Spain" to on foe verge of a radios! revolution, Church and State, wc have abundant evidence. Unless specially provided for in fo? approaching London Conference of foe Great Powers, the revolutionary elem$p*fc of Spain to some terrible and oonteciouc outbreak, will b* apt, before the end of the year, to rendsr another oonfereoog necessary to avert tho dis asters and dangers of % Continental war. (\ The Cede mt Hoaor Dam flMth. Now that the war of the rebellion to over, and the beat generals of the babble con federacy, Lee, Wade Hampton, Beanregard, Jaa Johnston end others, have quietly tattled down?some taaohing young gentlemen mood, philosophy, some cultivating sweet potato?, and some managing railroads, and all appa rently very glad to be at pcaoc and very will ing to be reconstructed?we find the old fire eating and ptetol-ahooting spirit font prevailed among a certain class of Southerners in the good old days when a oolored man had so rights under the constitution again breaking out Every day we hear of duels in some of foe Southern States, chiefly among editors^ wUch probably accounts for so many of them being bloodless. It might be supposed that the South had enjoyed enough fighting to satisfy one generation, and we suppose some of them have; for we notice that foe principals in these duels were never beard of during tho \ late war. But we recommend these belligerent Southern editors to keep cool and take pattern by the North. Here we have our controversies In the press freely enough, bat never a dueL In some cases foe political editors go so far as to call eaoh other liars and cheats and forgers, which is in very bad taste, bat in the end they all manage to get along easily and quietly without burning powder. If the Southern editors had taken part fat their own w.ir, and shared in the bard knocks of the rebellion, they would be leas eager now to show their valor by standing oppotote to eaoh other at "a gentlemanly distance, not toe near," and firing pistols with their eyes shut Nxw JnsxT WixiNO Ur.?The Senate of Um late New Jersey Legislature rejeoted a bill pro riding for negro suffrage in the Commonwealth The Republican State Committee, having rinoa discovered that this was a bad blunder, propoea to repair i| In a State Coaveartton on the 4fo ol June. When New Jersey to ooavtaoed Sambc may rejoice; for the question to i Tub Auarucm Musical Ammmammr at Dn Ward's resfdenoe, No. 1 Wast Forty-seventh street, for the benefit of tho Woman's Hospital, will take place to-night For such a worthy object ss well as for foe msstsal and other attractions, there Will be, dsuhtism, a large audience of tike wealthy and foshisamble people of our city. Excursion?Mr. Seward on fibs top of Mount 8t Ellas with the eagle and tho boar. jui? sun n i acnos twl taassmrwu. May a, isst. Jadfs EsUay, aujiniwtoS foOot Jtea H. Taasmrt, baa started for a Saatbsm tear, te aooayy abort tea rate Ho will Tttet MiUS, Miami i. Tlotaban i anbaard. Ho wiU prortdad bo baa tho Oaauao, Mar t INT. Tba Marobaate' Hotel, ooraor of tlate aad Waabiag toa niate, waa daatufSd by flra thto fbriaaaa. Tho 1cm la $1 to.000, af whtcb SM.0S0 la taaarad. Soraral of tbo art noma of tba Craaay Opara Maaaa war* eoa ahterabiy damacad by water. Tba tro la tba Marobaate' Hotel to-day ortflnatod la tba laaadry, aad wltbla thirty mtaatea ton tba fin* alana aoarly tba wbato halldiac waa a aaaa af Samoa. Tba naate aamharod aaa haadrad aad Sfty, arroral of whom bad vary aarrow oarapoa. riva or hi wan lot dowa by ropaafhom tbo amor floora, aad two gowtfoteoa wan aoarty aafiheaiod hater* Mu raaoood. Tba Ian oa tbo baUdloa aad ooatanu wll liiuhabiy aot asaaad fiMS.dW aim tba laaaiaaou |Sa.ooe of whmb fella aa tba teanaa. ONSby (jpara Moan ?aa f.?ra uaoo toaUdmad te drntyor. Saamaf that waa ?to mooa daamcoS by water. Wo an aot ahte n yte to giro tbo aamw of tbo laaaraaet oomnaln wbanSiai