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3NKW YORK HERALD.
JAMES CORDON BENN?T*\ PBOPBIETOB JAMES CORDON BENNETT, JR., MANAGES Vwiwme XXXII 149 AMUSEMENT.! Wu AFTERNOON AND EVENIXtf. BROADWAY THKATKK. Broudwir n?4r Broom* ?l re? ? KiJX Ltks*. OB THB Eu>rBUB?T. WORRBU. SISTERS' NEW YORK TIIKATRE, oppo site New York Hotel? Till iNriaiaia 1'binck? Lis l???I.A ______ OLYMPIC TUBATRE. Broadway.? TBiAsuar Trovb. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery ?Lire ler th? Back mow AGADKMY OF MUSIC, Irving pUca.? Tnc InprRi.iL Troup* or Javanese Artists m Taint Wokokrvul Fkats Matinee ai Two o'Ciock. RAN fRANOISOO MINSTRELS, 586 Bmadwav. opposite the Metropolltaa Hovel? In thsib Ethiopia* Kmtnuix, ?Bin*, riiMOiNU, Daxcino and BuBLasiti/Ba ? Tub Kltimo iTlfOO? <1NPBB1AL JaTAMBSB TB0UPB. KRIXY A LEO*'* MINSTREL,*. 7*1 Broadway, oppo. aiietee New York Hotst. ? la thbib 3ow.it. Dasobs." Ecc en t stomas. Hmuagou. Ac.? CufDsa-LaoN? Thk Losg aso Snomt Beaten?' Tub Japs. WTH AVRNUB OPKRA HOURR, Noa t and 4 Wp?t Twerty-foarth street. ? aatra A Oaairrr's Mi*jtr*i.s ? Rrwmrtaji Mihstbslsv. Ballads. BuRLKsancs, Ac.? Taa Bootri JiTiHui JoooLaas? Tub Status L.orxa. TORY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 301 Bowery. ?Comrt ?ocaaasm. Naaao Miitrtrbist. BvBi.asaor*. Bau.kt Ditkk ? ntaiaajrr. Ac ? M acMc*bou*'s Hwow, or tbi Wild Bor or raa Oaltrbs. HOOLBT"SOPBRA HOUSE. Brooklyn -Ethiopia* Mi*, mkui. Ballads ajib Bokukidu.-Tui Imperial Ja ptaau. THE BUNYAN TABLE VUX. Union n?1! corner or Twenty-third atreet and Broadway, at N? Mon.tr. Mir ror or TOR Pll.ORIM'S PROURRSS? SiXTV M Al.jriPKTflT Wcea*. Matinee Wednesday and Saturday at 2l2 o'clock. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY ?IR Broadwar.? Hvan ako Kiubt An* or Probst? Th* Washinctow TwIRR? WoRDRBS IK NATURAL HISTORY, SCIWSCT AMD ABf. I.urrvBBS Dailt. Ol*n from 8 A.M. till 1UP. M. T RIPLE SHEET. New York, Wrdnrnday, May 49. 1SU7. *hb iiBwa, EUBOPS. Tf?ml M**nma ">">"*?? the Atlantic cable <Uted m Lon?,oni Dublin and Cork, we bare important European intelligence of yesterday, May 28. aiil^rt ??rb^"I>1?rMlJ R??orm bill, which wr?, greatly altered by repeated modification* |n Parliament has been adjusted to a presentable and presently satisfactory ?bW o. u,. o,b????u ? /.???? promuia The compound householder plan is practically francmse by a personal payment of his ta*. In the counties the occupant? of land or tenement* .'worth" I twelve pounds sterling are to rote. The death sentences have been commuted of all the Pealao leaden. In Ireland. A strong popular pressure Cftb'nCt ,n UV0T 01 ^clemency, *n obedience to which Earl Derby states he advised tbe Queen to alter the ruling of the court In the case of Colonel Burke to one of Imprisonment for life. it wa* reported la Dublin that the Fenians had at. Uok* toe military at M.tchelatown, |. tbe county Cork, but Me statement was not credited in London. . r*p0rt*< ,B Lon???? ?' midnight, ZZSL'zrrL* th* hb^ld Buiwi?* ?twut ?I rea e clock last night, announce that the House of 0au"? "? ???PU?d the more vital amendments < th,tthe Ho^ ?f had voted the contianation ef the suspension of tbe fr*1"? corpus in Ireland. Ooaeole oloeed steady la London at 08 ^ for money for' ^ " L?aioa' "d "> *rank The Ltverpool cotton market was quiet, with middling ?P^?ds at lid. at the cloae. Breads^? were easier. Ptovmwoo* generally unchanged. By tke steamship SooUa at this port yesterday, we ,ZT7 'nU,n"Unf ?*" <??'?"? of our cable deapatchaa ehape of special correspondence and newspaper reports, dated to tbe 18th of May. Our special corrwpondent In'st. Poteraburg reports Zirrsr- "Xl ?r "^'"^menoan Cession j treaty la that city. Tbe progress of Mr. Seward's n<?- i got isitooi had been previously telegraphed to tbe Czar I through the caMe at great length and muchcoet. Our oorreepoodeai enumerates the many galns-in real ?*??* eblps, steamers, hides and peite. churches, groceries, furs, cash, and so forth? which will accrue to toe American people bv r.rtae of the State paper, and winds up by expressing his pinion that Mr. Seward hM made a good bargain The Onr Alexander was to return from Moscow to sign the treaty. ? Aa Important debate occurred In the British House of Commons on tbe second reading of tbe National Debt bill, during which Mr. Uing charged that Mr. Disraeli wa, about to pursue a "eensationel" financiering plan, after the f sab ion of tbe United States. THE CITY. Dr. Bams, the Corresponding Secretary of tbe Board of Health, la a communication to that body yeeterdar, gives an account of the progress of the cholera through Europe and eleowhere, and the probable source* whence the pestilence is most likely to reach New York this summer In conclusion, he says the means of sanitary projection are definite, ample and easily applied. Another abortion case has come to light Mi*. Ella Deihallo, of West Thirtv-eeventb street, coor?M<-d before a Coroner's jury to having used means, agisted by another woman and a Dr. Rarrieon, of Bleecker street | V> preface an abortion upon herself, la which she sue- 1 celled so far that a four months foetus wa* delivered ?Hve. tmt died soon after it* birth. Dr. Harrison was held to bait tn the sum of %M0 to await tbe action of a Urand Jury, The argument on tbe motion. In the people on the relation of Itufus Hatch, against the Treasurer of the Chicago and Northwe.tern Railway, was concluded yes. terday before the Supreme Court, c hambers. Dccis.on reserved. The Second avenue arson casa was concluded yes-er day by toe summing up of tba Attorney (ieneral and Mr Brady and the cbaif* of the Judge. The Jury tetlred, and not having agreed up to ten o clock, were locked up for the night. Judge Nelson, sitting In admiralty in the Tnited States Circuit Court, yesterday rendered an opinion in a case on appeal which is of considerable Importance to flremea on h??ard oiean steamers. Several firemen had signed ship, ping articles on th* steamer Republic to go to New Or leans and back at tbe rate of $40 per moath. but wore dis charged by the engineer before tbe veeael aalled became tbey would not accept a reduction of |& per moath on their wage* Tbey therefore libelled tbe veaael for th* pay which would hav* been due them If they had per formed tb* service agreed to The defeno*, however, ?"?e forth that tba engineer had no right to discharge tham, and tbey war* voluntary deeerteni who had for fwted their pay. Judg* Benedict, however, decided that engineers did hav* that right, and rendered a de wee la favor of tbe libel Ian ta, which was confirmed by Ju4g? Neteon in the caaes yesterday. beeaae of alleged overcharge of commission lath* nagemeat of the eetate of Charlotte Arthur Wynne, teatamelurT JH' Trv>m Viatoa, while executor and Thomae WrnnlT'*0 ?f "" '****' ***" *** Wl11 * ranrbToJL !r r *C^1' ?f Bro?"lya, and formerly a gste's Omu ?f r!!"1' c'lurch, was before th* Surro ?piHicant'a net rfc* COUB,y T^tordsy la aasw*r to ^1-tns o7 ^ ,h?""moT '? "" and "f z:*; ..d .tu,m.y. ?* to In tbe *ri(1 hit ?' ofomy aad car* In tb* maaagemeat of the esut*. The caee wa* adtourn~i over to Krtday afternoon, when the argument win be made a. to whether tbe accounting, shall be r>ore.ed Bernard Duffy, a tenement hous* pr0pri/lor w? aenteao*d to oa* month's Imprisoament and to 'p.T . flee of MO. by Ja*tic* Dowllng, yeeierday, for refa,L to put a firr escape to a five atory tenem-nt bouse on Peerl Street. This is the first conviction under the act Tbe Oorooar's Jury investigating the death of Wiui*m R<?bop Carr, of Brooklyn, returaed a verdict that death erne eaueed by a shot from aa air gua la the hande of William T, Skidmor*, who waa tb*r*up >n irened and remaaded to jail. Dextarasd Lady Tborn trotted on tb* raehloa C*orse yesterday for a purse of |8,000, beet thre* heats ia live, ia harnaaa Dei ler wn* tb* flrst beat ia 2 3*. and $k toe eeoead Ladv t bora brak* se badly that sb* wa* ' distanced and RriAr deol&red the winner The trot ling was very Qn^-nextor'a l?*t mile bolng m*1'> in two minutes ?nd twenty ?'eoomln, tu>l the last hull utile m 1 10 mj Tl?? Mock market w %* dull, but Hteaily, fOHti-rJay. Gold closed it 136Jg. Quietude was the chief feature of the merchandise market* yesterday, and the disinclination to venture beyond actual nocessitiee was as apparent aa at any penod for a long time past. Coffee was without deoided change. Cotton was more active and steady On 'Change flour wan dull, and lc. to 26o. lower. Wheat was dull and nominal ; while corn, though quiet, ruled decidedly firmer. Oau were dull end nominal. Pork and beef remained iirm, while lard was lees active and heavy. Freights were r%th*r more steady. Whiskey was unchanged. Naval stores were dull and depressed. Petroleum remained steady ; while wool oontlnued dull and heavy. MISCELLAVSOVS. Our Vera Cm* letter is dated May 8. The warm weather bad set in and the deaths among the troops was steadily diminishing the number of the garrison. The imperial navy had been increased by an iron steamer and a schooner. A liberal iron-clad man-of-war was ex pected daily in front of tne city. A Spanish brig had arrived with eighty thousand pounds of powder. Provi sions in plenty had arrived from New Orleans and Ha vana. Advices from Mazatlan to the 17th inst. state that nearly all the Americans in that city and Presidio were preparing to leave. Vega. Placido and Lazarie were raising an army to revolutionise Sinatoa. George W. Gay lr, who offered a heavy reward through the Southern papers during the war to any ftersea who would assassinate President Lincoln, was before Judge Hub teed 'u United States District Court of Alabama yes terday on the charge of ooeaplicity in the assaseination. He presented a full pardon from President Johnson and was in consequence dismissed. The ?eoretary of the Treasury, In reply to an invita tion to a dinner tendered him by prominent citizens of Boston on the 22d instant, rogrets bin inability to attend, and makes a few remarks upon financial matters. He says that the bounties to soldiers, preparations for the Indian war, the intended large issue of bonds to the Pacific Railroad, and other liberal appropriations for mis cellaneous purposes, together with the partial failure of the wheat and corn crops, the tardiness of reconstruction in the South, the reduced taxes and the general dullness in trade, wilt prevent a reduction and probably produce an increase in the national debt for some time. He given four reasons for not contracting the currency at the present time; but says that he is as much in favor of that policy as ever. Mr. John Hay, formerly Private secretary to President Lincoln, has been appointed to succeed Mr Motley at Vionna. Tbaddeus Stevens has written a letter on As confisca tion policy, in which he says nothing but tbe proceeds of the confiscation of a small portion of rebel property will pay for the dumage inflicted by them in their raids into loyal States, unless the money oomes from the United States Treasury. ? Jacob Barker was arrested in New Orleans yesterday on charges of embezzlement and fraud. On being taken before a magistrate he was released on $10,000 ball. Governor Sharkey, it is said, is Intent on hie plan of having General Ord arrested for treason to Mississippi, and thus bringing tbe reconstruction laws again before the Supreme Court. A party of citizens in Missouri started to bant the robbers of the Richmond (Mo.) Bank on Thursday, and one of them was shot and killed by a bushwhacker, who escaped. Several shots wen fired upon (he retreating robbers at close quarters without effect, and it Is believed that they wore bullet proef clothing. In the Coriell murder trial at Mew Brnnswtek, N. J., yesterday, the District Attorney concluded summing up to tbe jury, sad tbe oounsel for the defence commenced his argument, pending which the court adjourned. Judge Kelley delivered an address at Greensboro, N. C , yesterday, to an audience compoeed mainly of white citizens. He was cordially received, and at the close a vote of tbaaks was tendered htm. The United States steamer Tuacarora was at the FenJee Islands, the Daeotah at Valparaiso, the Fredonla at Callao, and the Reeaca at Panama ou the 1st of May. The street ears la St. Louis are now open to colored aa well aa white folks. Several email Indian fights are reported from Omaha. One or two white men and several Indians were killed. Tbe town of Brunswick, Georgia, la visited with a Ilea plague. [ The Jeff Oh vis Bail Bond -.Seeds ef a Rot*. , latles. Seven years ago, when Jefferson Davis and his Southern colleagues arrogated to them selves the right to withdraw from the con federation of States and break up the Union, on the principle of the absolute sovereignty of tbe individual States and the natural right of revolution, they found a certain set of coadjutors in the North who aided them in the preliminary movements which produced the bloody four years' war of the rebellion. These accessories before the fact were distinct from tbe copperhead democracy whose political affinities put them in direct sympathy with tbe rebels, and induced the latter to count with confidence upon their active co-operation in an attempt upon tbe life of the nation. Tbe assistance to" which we allude came from a different source ? from Greeley, Chase and Stanton, who were strongly identified with tbe opponents of the South, and recognised as leaden in tbe anti-slavery party of the North. These men justified secession, and their action was the more dangerous because of the services they had rendered in tbe cause of universal freedom, and on account of their prominence in the republican party. While the democrats tremblingly hesi tated to fulfil tbe expectations they had held out to the South, Greeley and his associates openly concurred in and supported the South ern arguments in lavor of tbe right of seces sion. They declared that if a majority of the people of a sovereign State decided to with draw from the Union they had the power and tbe right to do so, and protested against com pelling the allegiance of any State by the power of the bayonet. Tbe secession they had justified came upon us. and was followed by the terrible war which involved so much loss and suffering upon tbe nation. Tbe people of the loyal North resolved that the government should not be destroyed, and their voice was so unanimous that the radical Northern advocates of tbe right of secession were compelled to give way. The copperhead democracy, it is true, continued to make a feeble effort to para lyse the power of the North and to aid the rebel arms ; but their sym pathy was unproductive of any real benefit to the Southern cause, and exhausted itself in a foolish declaration in the Chicago Conven tion that tbe war was a failure. Greeley, Chase and their associates became the fiercest denouncers of treason, and insisted not only on putting down the rebellion and ?preserving ! tbe Union, but on dictating to the army and 1 managing its campaigns. But now that the war is over, instead of acting on the principle upon which it was carried on? the right of tbe nation to crush a rebellion and punish the traitors who created it? these same men hare associated themselves with a very singular set of persons in securing the release of Jeff I>avis, I the representative head of the whole rebellion, ! on straw b?}l, and his escape from punishment Chase, as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, has quietly suffered tho great culprit to slip through his fingers, while Greeley has united with Gerrit Smith, Ben Wood, John Minor Botta and others 1A a curious hotchpotch called a ball bond, In order to effect the liberty of the ex-leader of the Sou hem confederacy from jail. As a curious pbce of historic il information wo give a copy of tbe boo 1 and its signatures: ? At a xutad term of the Circuit Ooert of the T'nitel Platan for (.lit) district of Virginia, held at Richmond on the limt Monday In May, 1867 ?Be it remembered that on tbl* 131. h day of May, in the year of our Lord 1867. boiors Uie booorabie tbe Distrioi Court of tbe United S.ates for tbe district of Virginia, at the Court House in Richmond, in tue said district, came Jefferson DavU and ackoowledgod biinaelf to owe to the United States of America tbe Hum of $100,000, lawful money of tbe said United States; and Qerrit Smith, Horace Greeley, l orneliua Vanderbllt, Augustus Hchell, Horace F. Clark, A. Welch, David KL Jack man, William & Macfarlanrt, R. H. Ha tall, Isaac Davenport. Jr., Abraham Warwick, Otistavus A. Myer*. William W. Cramp, Jam * Lyons, Jobn A. Meredith, William H. Lyons, John Minor BoMs, J aiuea Thomas, Jr., Thomas R Price, William Allen, Benjamin Wood, Thomas W. DeeweH, each of whom acknowledged himself to owe to the United States of Amertoa tbe sum of M.000 of like lawful money. The said several sums to be made to the use of tbe said United Htatse of the goods, chattels, lands and tenements of tbe said parties respectively. The condition of this reoognlsanoe Is such that If tbe said Jefferson Davis shall In lis proper person welt and truly appear at the ( Ircult Court of the United States for the distriot of Virginia, to be held at Richmond, in tbe said district, on the fourth Monday of November next, at the opening of the eourt on that day, and then and there appear from day to day. and stand to abide and perforin whatsoever shall be then and there ordered or Adjudged In respect to him by the said court, and not to depart from the said court without the leave from the amd court in that behalf tost had and obtained ; then the said reeagnizanoo to beoeme void, otherwise re main in foMforoe JHTERMON DAVIS. Taken and acknowledged this 13th d*y of May, A. D. 1807,- in open Mart* before me W. H. BARRY, Oerk. OerrHSaMth. Abraham Warwick. H?raoe Oreeley, (Ineuvus A. My on. Cornel ms Vaadertnlt, Was. W Cramp, Augustus Sohetl, Jaases Lyons, Horace P. Clark, John A. Merediili, Be ma mi a Wood, Wn. H. Lyons, A. Welch, John Minor Bottfj, David K. Jack man, Tbos. W. Dosweil, Wm. B. Maclarlaud, Jas. Thomas, Jr., R. B. Haxall, Thoa. R. Price, Isaac Davenport, Jr., Wm. Allen. Here is a proceeding liberating the greatest criminal this country has ever seen on similar sort of bail as would be required in a case oi petty larceny. As a legal event it is most sin gular, and shows the extraordinary skill with which one of the greatest lawyers of our Stata has managed to make the same men who gol up and justified the rebellion come together again on a common ground and declare that it was only a venial offence, and deserving no more severe punishment than might be awarded to petty larceny. But in another view the act of Greeley, Chase and their associates is creat ing great excitement all over the States and laying the groundwork of a sweeping revolu tion. Evory one may be willing to give Gree ley, Ben Wood, Gerrit Smith, and John Minor Botis all the credit for humanity they may de sire; but it is clear from the extracts which we publish to-day from the republican press throughout the country that the republican party regard this act of one of their prominent leaders in a very serious light It stultifies the whole war for the suppression of the rebellion, and leaves the conviction on the public mind that the three thousand millions of dollars and the half a million of lives which it has cost tbe North have been thrown away to no purpose. It makes the loyal people ask themselves why ? there should not be a blotting out of the penalties of the" war in the North as well as in tbe South. It- suggests the question, if the rebels of the Sooth, who brought this war upon the country, are to be granted universal amnesty, and the negroes of the South ^ are to be endowed with the right of suf frage, why should the loyal masses of the North, who have fought and suffered to pre serve the government, be subjected to bear the heavy burden of the war debt, and to see their hard earnings wrung from them by the hun dreds of millions every year by the tax gatherer? Why, in short, should the Southern leaders ? the real criminals in the wicked rebellion ? be protected and released from all punishment, and the Northern people? the. J victims of the treason ? be oompelled to bear all its pains and penalties? Tfcn Unloa PaclSe Railway. The project of a railway across the continent which should unite the cities on the Atlantic with those on tbe Pacific, was entertained and agitated long before Congress took decisive action upon the question in the summer of | 1882, when MeClellan was in tbe midst of his seven days battles before Richmond. Previous to that time several abortive schemes had been tried, bnt it was found in each instance that nothing could be done without substantial aid trom the government Congress, therefore, in view of the national advantages of such a rail way, parsed acts under which the Union Pacific road was duly organised, the conditions of which have sines been complied with. The capital authorised by the charter is a hundred millions, of which five millions have already been paid; and to aid in the con struction of the road, Congress, in addition to tbe right of way and the privilege of taking materials from the public lands, granted a donation of twelve thousand eight hundred acres of land per mile on each side of tbe road, and a loan of thirty year six per cent bonds to the amount of sixteen thousand dollars per mile upon a portion" of the road between Omaha and tbe Rocky Mountains, and treble this amount of bonds for the next hundred and fifty miles, or Rocky Mountain section, and double tbe amount for the remainder of tbe distance, the total of which is, from Omaha to tbe California State line, about fifteen hun dred and sixty-five miles. As this alone, how ever, would not be sufficient to provide tbe means of construction, the company is author ised to issue its own first mortgage bonds to an amount equal to that of the United States bonds, tbe lien of the United States bonds being sub ordinate to the?. Although nearly every one is familiar with tbe fact that a Pacific railway is being bnilt few are conversant with tbe details of the enterprise, and we therefore publish in another part of this day's issue an article tally descriptive of its progress and prospects. More than three hundred mites of tbe road have already been completed, and if all goss well in the meantime it is expeoted to connect with the Central Pacific Road at the eastern base of tbe Sierra Nevada before the close of the year 1870. The latter is being rapidly extended %om Sacramento eastward, nmd a hundred miles of track are already bnilt More than two thousand miles of new territory | will thus be thrown open to civilisation, and an Impetus will be given to tbe develop ment of tbe great mining regions of Nevada, Montana and Colorado, the extent of which cannot as yet be estimated. Our trade with the Orient is st the same time likely to b? greatly stimulated . and the traffic between Burope and China and Japan to be partially diverted to tbe route across the Rocky Moun tains. The completion of this road will open a new era in the history of progress In '.he great West and, by binding the Atlantio to- the Pacific States with bands of iron, still more closely unite tbem in the bonds of poli^ioel and friendlr union. Tfce iBporUJ Flu?* I. MciIm. Of All the filibustering expeditions of ^ century that of the French in Mexico has been the greatest, not only aa regards the number of troop* employed, but also with reference to the vast sums of money which have been drained fr on the French people to support the movement. As long since we foretold in the Hsbalo, Mexico has at length become the Moscow of the second Napoleon. The late bloody events which have been telegraphed to us, and which are undoubtedly authentic, will create in Franoe such a revulsion against the Emperor that it is doubtful if the result does not shake his throne to the overturning of the Bonaparte dynasty. Despite the faot that Maximilian landed upon the shores of Mexioo and proclaimed that all the Mexicans who would not join his standard were bandits and outlaws, subject to the penalty or death, the world, animated by the natural love which mankind has for bold action and desperate deeds, has watched the late action of the royal adventurer with something of admiration, and, in oon formity with the tendencies of the age, i?" been disposed to set aside his crimes, to suoh an extent that there has been an almost unani mous demand that his life should be spared. If. ft" our telegrams state, Maximilian is to be shot, the Mexiean people, on the score of poHcy, ' will make a great mistake. The capture of the Archduke gave them a splendid oppor tunity to place themselves before the world in such a light as would have drawn from Christendom the highest praise for a magna- ! nimity which in no case the imperialists have shown towards the republic. It would have fixed at once the place which Mexico desires to occupy in the estimation of nations, and would have proved that she is entitled to that consideration demanded by her long warfare against retrogression and the curses of her Catholic Church corruptions. The civilized world would then have waited for her to restore her shattered elements of government, and aid, not opposition to a constitutional Power which has had its birth upon such a sanguinary tide, would have been given wherever republican feeling controls a nation. If, however, the news that Maximilian is to be shot should be confirmed, the demand of the European nations upon the United States tor intervention will largely influence our government; and, not withstanding our sympathies for a people who have been driven to desperation by the evils against which they had been combating since 1810, and which by 1862 they had conquered only to see reinstated under the imperial shadow, we shall be obliged to take very serious action with referenoe to Mexican affairs. If Maximilian should be shot more blame will be attached to our State Department than to the Mexicans themselves. Secretary Seward has, with Mexico, played a fast and loose policy, first wavering upon a recognition of the empire, for which purffbse lie brought all his influence to bear upon Mr. Lincoln, next playing into the hands of the refAtblic and giving a shadowy aid to a government that illy coincided with his monarchical tendencies, and finally, in a most undiplomatic and insult ing communication to the Juarez government, through Mr. Campbell, resident at New Orleans, forwarding a demand for the life of the Austrian prince. The Mexicans are full of pride and very jealous of foreign interference ; their jealousy, too, was rendered doubly sensi tive by the pragmatic intervention of Spain, France and England in their internal aflfcirs. J They, therefore, felt that they should have been left entirely alone to settle their questions as best suited the demands of the case and the feelings of their people. For a foreign Power, of which they are more jealons than of any other nation, to step in and intermeddle at the very last moment, and that, too, when it had refused to give aid at the proper time, very naturally caused the republican government to say, "If we recognize this demand of our pow erful neighbor we shall stand, in the eyes of the world, as a nation which livfs .only in the shadow of the United 8tates and which we vir tually recognize as the iorce which has, with out effort on our part, driven the vampire from our territory ? that Mr. Seward's jesuitical pen has done the work, and not our own suffering people." The blundering demand of our gov ernment placed them, therefore, in a very awk ward position; and we feel cortiin that if Maxi milian is to-day In bis grave the Mexican peo ple, excited by our interference, have forced the execution, and that to Mr. Seward's lack of statesmanship Europe is indebted for the burial of an archduke. Since our civil war our management of Mexi can affairs has been going on from bad to worse. Had we, at the close of the contest, sent our victorious troops across the R'o Grande to whip out the Mexican part of our rebellion, as Grant and Sheridan wished to, and as their soldierly and statesmanlike ideas suggested was necessary, we might have finished the French intervention in a manner becoming the great republic against which it was principally aimed. Instead of that we let the glorious moment slip, and for that reason we to-day occupy in Earope a position far below that which we might have occupied bad we loosed the dogs of war and ^osed onr great struggle In a manner worthy the Ameri can people. Our influence then in Mexico would have been what it should be, but what now it is not Sister nations in a common republicanisms might hare marched together, and Mexican revolutionary troubles, under our influence, would have ceased. But matters still went on more badly managed than ever; the Sherman-Campbell mission was started off. the former member with too much brains, the latter with too little, and both totally unfitted to deal with the Mexican people. It turned out, aa was to be expected, a total failure, and Mr. Campbell after bringing ridicule upon himself and the position to which he was ap pointed, finally settled down for life a* New Orleans. The muddle still grows thicker, and all through our bad mauagemont. What with the failure of our government to aid Mexico at the propeT moment, the Sherman-Campbell mission, the stupid letter of Seward, the shoot ing of Maximilian, and the demand which Europe will now make upon us for active inter ference with onr neighbor, it ia evident that the Mexican problem Is to be one of the first to occupy the attention of our statesmen. y Tnofosin Removal or Gkneiux Shskit?an. ? We don't believe that any member of t'ue gov ernment at Washington has courage enough to propose such a thing as the removal of General Sheridan from his present command. If any one deserves impeachment it is the man who recommend* that Ketwa la f|U?< rnwrrl if ? fry B?ltUw> mf tk* ??*????? Twelve months hare ell but elapsed since 00 the question of reform the Russell-Gladstone ministry sustained serious defeat and were induced to communicate to her Msjesty their anxious desire to make way for their tory rivals. After a little unavoidable delay the resignations were acoepted, communication! were opened with the Earl of Derby, and the Prince Rupert of debate, with his henchman Disraeli, came into power. It was natural enough that, after the exciting general election of 1866, whioh oreated a House of Commons pledged to reform as no House of Commons had been pledged sinee 1832, the defeat of the liberal party and the unexpected return of the tories to power should occasion deep and general disappointment Since then every American reader of the daily press knows what has taken place. Reform was declared to be impossible at the hands of the tories. Demonstrations have taken plaoe without and threats have been uttered within the walls of Parliament The government and the people have been brought into all but actual collision. Bright has thundered and Gladstone has Eli minated. Revolution has seemed isaminent Steadily, however, and in spite of all opposi ' tion, the tories have clung to the helm of State, and by means chiefly of the skilful manage ment of Disraeli, the rocks and quicksands have been averted and the English people have the prospect of receiving justice at the hands of that party on whom for generations they had been accustomed to look as their natural enemios. From a special telegram which we print in to-daf's Hkrald we learn that the government Reform bill is hopefully progressing, progress ing, too, in a' manner in the highest degree satisfactory to the popular wish. The bill has now been for some weeks in committee on the third reading. The compound householder question has hitherto been the great stumbling block. Mr. Gladstone and his friends would not consent that the householder who com pounded his rate with his landlord should be plaoed on a footing of equality with the house bolder who paid his rate directly and with his own hand. For a time it seemed as if this op position would prove ruinous to the measure and to the ministry. Disraeli, however, has again skilfully and gracefully yielded. By paying his rate to the collector with his own band, and deducting the same afterwards from the rent, the compound householder secures the position of an Independent voter. To us on this side it seems a clumsy and circuitous way of settling the question; but it gets over a legal difficulty, and that is a great deal. The county franchise has also been reduced to a twelve pound rental. "The result" to quote the words of our special telegram, "is a gain to the people." The next great struggle will be on the question of the distribution of seats. Certain old and obsolete boroughs will have to be disfranchised ; certain populous centres will have to receive increased representation. Both these steps are beset with difficulty. We cannot doubt, however, that the skill which has triumphed over so many obstacles will get over these also. The Derby-Disraeli government have reason to congratulate themselves on their marvellous success. Nor have the liberals any cause to complain ; for, though they have not had the honor ef settling the reform question themselves, they can count now on the almost absolute certainty of extracting a truly liberal measure from their opponents. Tk* Fealaa Frmatf. There should be an end to the mischievous agitation of the Fenians? an end to the vjl lanous deceits and delusions by which wicked adventurers are fkttening upon the plunder drawn from a credulous, earnest and liberty loving people. The English government came near ?n*kh>g a great mistake in the case of the Irishmen recently convicted of treason in Dublin. It acts wisely in commuting their sen tences to imprisonment Had it hanged them it would have added fuel to the fire; it would have furnished new capital to the worthless clamorers; there would have been new ap peals to the people, and under the exciting cry of revenge the leaders here might have forced a few deluded wretches to slaughter; and all to find once more a way into the pockets of the classes they have already vic timized so deeply. The Fenian clamor has become a n uisance and a positive evlL Its sham has been abun dantly shown by the fact that when something might have been gained? when there wan a chance to fight ? nothing was done. The heads of the organization on both sides of the Atlantic licked both heart and brains for the high pur pose in the name of which they had gathered the earnings of their dupes. But this did not open the eyes of the people ; and now they lend themselves to the purposes of men even more worthless than their former leaders. Thousands relinquish their occupations to rush to the border, to be fooled and starved, at b?-st. per haps shot It is time they opened their eyes and gave up this miserable g*me. Though two or three thousand Irishmen should suffer in Canada the miseries of martyrdom. Ireland will be in no better condition. If there is no freedom, no justice, no chance for Irishman in Ireland, bring them out here with that money you are so ready to lavish in these more than useless attempts. Here there is room enough and chance for all. Emigration is the beet remedy, and the one that will most injure England. It would be bettev, eertainly, if the people could be mad# to see the bad designs of the Fenian pretenders and to give \f\em up ; betas there sef ms little chance of that, it is to be hoped that the officen of the law may get some hold of the manager* of this vast conspiracy to defraud the whole body of our Irish residents of thvir savings. Geaeral Meraaa'a Trip t* Jeriefc*. We see that General Sherman has renounced his trip to the Holy Land, his presence on the frontier being deemed necessary by the gov ernment However unfortunate this may be for hit piety, it is good for his political inter ests. When he is nominated next year for Vice President it is just as well that he should be on hand. The radicals talk of nominating Bee Wade or Dick Busteed for the position; but wq rather think that General Grant would prefer his Lien tenant General's filling it The mili tary hierarchi in the government will fceu be eomnlste. Ji4|* Maker u< tk? HarnUl Cnjtf Hm trial of John EL Surratt, Indicts m ? party to the ass t>sni nation of the late President Lincoln, was set down for last Monday, May V, in the Criminal Conrt of the Distriot of Columbia. We published yesterday tha proceedings of the court on that day, by which it appear* that the counsel for the defonoe were present at the opening of the court, and ready to go on with the oase ; but the counsel for the proseoution, who came in a few moments later, were not ready. Distriot Attorney CarringVm, without definitely submitting a motion for a postponement or a continuance of the case, made a suggestion in the nature of a motion, the objeot of whioh was obrions. It might hare led to a long series of postponements similar to those alleged to hare been oondlrnd at by Chief Justice Chase and Judge Under wood in the oase of Jeff Davis, had not Judga Fisher, the presiding Judge, prored equal ts the occasion. This upright judge promptly dla posed of the difficulties suggested by the Dis trict Attorney as objections to going on with the trial ? namely, the probability that the ossa would run over into the next term, and the ab sence of important witnesses. The Conrt said it was clear that the first objection was obrb a ted by a law expressly providing for the oon tinuanoe of a case from one term to another. As to the second objection, after proposing that the names of the witnesses should b?. called in order to ascertrfn who were present and who were absent, and having been satis fied that due efforts had' been made "to procure certain witnesses whose knowledge of impor tant circumstanoes had but reoently been brought to the notice of the proseouting attor ney, the Judge allowed the postponement ot the case for two weeks, during whioh the gov ernment is bound to use all diligence in dis covering the missing witnesses, and he posi tively fixed the trial for the 10th day of June. The wish betrayed by the government to defer, in the case of Surratt, as in that of Jeff Davis, the speedy trial to whioh every prisoner i* legally entitled, was thus oompletely baffled by the firmness and sound sense of Judge Fishetv That is the right sort of man to be Chief Justlon of the United States. Neither Chase nor his subordinate, Underwood, are fit ior such a high and responsible position. They are now both under examination by the Impeachment Com mittee for alleged joint connivance in deferring the trial of Davis and at length facilitating his release on straw bail without any trial at alL As somebody must be impeached, why not im peach Chase T Maslcal Veatlrnls. The great musical festivals whioh form an interesting and prominent a feature of life In Germany have been copied to some extent at New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Cincinnati* and elsewhere, by the Liederkraax, the Alien, the Allemania, the Germania and other similar societies. King Gambrinus and lager bear hare, ind eed, divided the honors with Apolln and the Muses at some of the festive gatherings at Jones' Wood and other farorite resorts of our fellow citizens of German origin. Nemr* theless,we are largely indebted to the latter ft* their praiseworthy efforts to popularise muslo in our cities. At Boston, the Handel and Haydn Society gare last year a three days' fen tiral, but entirely of oratorio musk. In the rich rarlety and high character of tha musical selections, in the combination of thn best rocal and instrumental talents that can be secured in the country, and in the grand scaln on which the whole affair has been organised, the musical festival which is to begin next Monday, June 3, at Steinway Hall, in this city, and to continue for nine days, under the dlree* tion of Mr. Harrison, promises to surpass an j* thing of the kind erer undertaken in the United, States. On Monday .erening Handel's oratorio of the Messiah will be performed ; on Tuesday erening the orerture to Shakspeare's Othello, and the Forty-sixth Psalm (both composed by Bitter, snd die latter expressly for this occasion), together with Mendelssohn's Hymn of Praise. The programmes for the mati nees on Wednesday and on Saturday, and for the Miscellaneous Concerts on the eren ings of Thursdsy and Saturday, are (till ol variety and interest. Haydn's Grand Oratorio of the Creation is set down for Wednesday evening, and Mendelssohn's Elijah for Friday evening. The New York Harmonic Soolaty will assist at each of these two performances. The whole feetiral will conclude with a grand sacred concert on Sunday erening, June ft. This festiral will thus vie ia its attractions with the famous musical festivals at Birmingham, la England. The programmes which it offers are inferior to none which could be made np in any other city in the world. This fact is in thn highest degree creditable to the standard of musioal taste up to which New York audiences have at length been educated. And we ham no doubt that the succesa of the approaching musioal festival will mark a fresh point of de parture in the onward progress ol Ainvrioaa art. Mr. Manner's N???ch RihIir Aatrlas. Mr. Sumner, in his speech on the cession of Russian America to the United States, spreads himself not only over the five hundred and SL-vent j-tive thousand square miles which makn up the estimated area of the newly acquired territory, but also over boundless tracts of spsce and time. The speech is unquestionably the most encyclopedic of all the encyolopedin works ever elaborated by the learned Senator and his private secretaries. But no newspaper can publish it in full unless In a sextuple sheet. We have onlj to suggest that Mr. Secretaiy Seward, tho only rival of Mr. 8enator Sumner in rolumlnousness. should be instructed to a rite at corresponding length a reply to the speech. Both productions would be so inter minably long that newspaper readers would escape having to wade through them. They might serve to swell the huge tomes In whioh the complete works of Seward and of Sumner will be shelved, uncut, in the alcoves of tha Congressional library. Posterity maj bare more leisure for pcrutung them than the present generation ei\)oys. ABREHT OF JACOB IIB1EB AT NEW ORLEANS, SPECIAL TUEMAi Tt THE HERALD. Nmr OaLKAMS, M*7 28, 1MT. To-day Jacob Barker wm arretted on charge of etnbes alemeat and fraud, on the affidavit of Assistant Aldermaa Ctimmlnga, who bad deposited In the Rank of Com metre nine thousand dollars. Barker appeared before Aeoorder A hern tha evening, and was released on halt ts the tarn of ten thoueead dollars. A F REICH STEAK! Off THE NKHIANOS Hir.ui.Ani>*, May M, IMf. A lam* (team frigate haa J net appeared In Mght ta the offing. It ma j be the Jeaa Bart. Ahe has no coleni sm as rev aad is a sMeoueio of the ban '