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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, September 23, 1867, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD.
JAMES CORDON BENNETT,
FKOPR IZTOE.
JAMES CORDON BENNETT, JR.1
MANAGES
1IKOAOWAY AND ANN MTRKET.
All business or new* letters and telegraphs despatches
must be addressed New Y.irk Hibslo.
Letters and packages should he properly
Rejected communications will not be returned.
THE bAILY HERALD, puKuhed retry lay M Ikt ytar.
Four cents per oopy. Annua! subscript. >n price $14.
Aiivektibkmssts, to a limited number, w.l! be inserted
in the Wsbkly Usralo, European md the California
vslll?.
JOB PRINTING of evrv ietcription, alto S''r*o>yping
and Engraving, neatly and pr rmptly rz'tuiM i' the. lowed
rata.
Volume XXXII No. '466
AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING.
RCIUD'VW THEATRE. BiJilw.?r, ejruer o( Btaotne
itreet.?Macrbth.
WORRELL SISTERS' NEW YORK TICRATRE, opp>
cite New York Hotel ? Ubdkr raa Gaslioiit.
FRKNTII THEATRR. Fourteenth aires: a:il Sixth eremite.?
Elizabeth. Qt rbb or Enulabd.
OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway.-R.r Tab Wibrlb.
ROtVFRY THEATRE, Bowery, near Canal ati-cel.?
Oriaxa. ou the STOitr or a Wobam'a lin?Tub Toodlis
FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. Not S an J i Weal Twentyfourth
alreet.?Kra 1>iavou>?Too Much roa Good Natorb.
THEATRE comiqi'R. 514 Broadway.?Whit*, Cotton
abd Shard.et's Mibstrbm.
SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS V5 nrovlwyy -Frnro
rtAX brti.uta11bi.kt*. NlltaiXO. DaBCIBO abo IIV !'.L*?UC ri.
KFLLY A I.CON'S MINSTRELS. 720 Broadway -Sosai.
Dances, Kress rtiomiti. IH'rmuduxe. Ac.
TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. ?I Bowery.-CoBto
VocALitR Nkoro MtNiTKBier. Huri.uaucei
EIGHTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, corner Thirty-fourth
treet.?Binding. Dakcibo, iiurlbaucr abd Pantonine.
BUTLER'S AMERICAN THEATRE. 472 Broadway.?
Baiabt, Farck, Paktomimb. Buklrmubs. Ac.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE. Fourteenth "treet.?Obabd
Exhibition or National Industrial Product*.
CENTRAL TARK AMPHITHEATRE, corner of Fifty
niutb atreet and Sixth avenue.
HOOI.BV'S OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn ? ETHIOPIAN
Minitriclvt, BALLADS AND BURLKAQDKS
BROOKLYN OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg.? HunchBAC??WllTUL
Ml HOUR.
NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway.SotBlfOB
AND AKT.
New York, Monday, Septeinbor *?.'!. IS67.
IS 2 NflWI.
EUROPE.
1 ha news report by tbo Atlantic cable la dated yesterday
evening. September 22
Italy?national and Roman?is agitated by what may
be termed a grand triangular difficulty between Oarlbaldi,
King Victor Emanuel and the Popo. Garibald
leaned an exciting addross to bis adherents, announcing
tbat tbo time has come for a complete overthrow of the
' tyranny" of the Pope and to make Rome the capital.
King Victor Emanuel published a royal proclamation
warning all Italians against the Ganbaldian movement
and announcing a rtgoroua punishment for those who
may engage in iL The Pope ie out with n denunciation
of the act of tbe Italian Cabinet by which It la pnrposod
to aell the Church lands for State purposes, and declares
tbe government docroo "null and void."
rrueeia win, it is thought, retain her hold on North
Schleswig. The reporters of the newspaper press will,
it i* mid, be rigidly excluded from the meetings of the
Pan-Anglican Church Synod in London.
Flve twent es were at 76 In Frankfort yesterday.
W2SCELLA2TEOUS.
Our special despatches from Mexico city, dated the 7th
Ins'ant. ?ta*o that tho remains of the Empi-ror Maxl
tnilian h ill arrived (hero from QuerMaro, and would
pronably he placed In the hands of Admiral TegelhoOT.
Mall adricea by wnv of Havana state thai Marines was
e'<n In the mountains, accompanied by ene or two men,
malting hie way to the sea coast. Juarez had Issued an
order commuting the penalty of confiscation under (be
law of August 16, 1*63. Fell* Diaz, a brother of the
(leneral, has published a letter charging Minister Mejia
with having sold provisions to the French during the
Intervention.
Our Ruenoa Ayrcs correspondence Is dated August 14,
and contains further particulars of the flank movement
reported in our Rio Janeiro lettsrs yesterday. It was
certain that tho movement was a deceive one which
both hell gerents could not survive.
The churhes expertencel a general revival of religion
yesterday, as the fall and winter season was
forinsllv inaugurated by the return to duty of those
tnintsers who had migrated to the country during the
summer. Rev. Henry Ward Reecher preached in his
rivmo"th chur? h, Brooklyn, veslerdsy, a-i: I ? small
congregate which has been worshipping ibve during
the vacation was increased to an extent tb.it iroaded
the ediflce uncomfortably. The chapel of Si. Thomas'
church, on Fifth avenue and Fifty-third street; the '
Washington ?|unre Method st Episcopal church, and
the Church of tho Oood Shepperd, were also formally
reopened. The Chapel of the Holy Saviour, In East
Twenty-fifth rtreei, neer Madison avenue, and the
Fourth Presbyterian church, in Thlriy-fourth street,
near Broadway, were dedicated. At the Church of tho
Incarnation, Rev. Dr. Cttrnmings, Assistant Bishop of j
K-ntucky. occupied the pulpit last evening, and st the
close of the exorcises stated eloquently the situation of
his diocese in Kentucky, and received generous contributions
for Its benefit from the congregation assembled.
lbs Indian Commls'ion have bad another talk with
the Indians at North Plat la. The latter were given until
the 1st of No-, amber to reply to the proposition of the
Council in regard to herding on reservations. Tut Commission
returned to Omaha, where they will separata
uutil the sth of October.
Radical politics are badly split up In Kansas, It is
s'leged, on the temperance. Sunday laws and female
suffrage questions. The Hermans oppose the Sunday
egislatlon, and the temperance men opposo the Germans.
Tbo conservatives ars preparing for a vigorous
campaign.
The Arizona legslatnro Intend asking the* the r territory
be declared a military district, and ttfat a larger
force of troops bo sent there to fight the Indians
Tho figures of the late Californa election, one connty
beieg yet uncounted, foot up 7,021 majority for ftaight
in a vote of 112,030, which may he increased to 87.000,
This Is 10,000 leas than the full vote at the last Presldential
election. A comparison shows Ihs Ineresss for
the democrats to be 3,600, while the decrease of the
republican vote amounts to 20,000 sinco tho general
election In 1*64.
Advicsa from Nicaragua and Costa R>ca state that
the new trans continental ratlwav route was toon to bo
surveyed by a New York engineering party, and the
contractors had expressed themselves a* favorably Improvised
with the practical) llty of Iho route '
The ntrht watchman of a distillery in Kingaton,
Canada, was murdered on Saturday night by three or
four unknown me?. who afterwards stole $1,903 in silver
from the safe and escaped in a sailboat
An altercation occurred In Albany on Saturday night
betw -en thres youug men and a policeman, when one
of lbs young men was killed and another and the pohniliv
incite I The third at aned tin
hirmtl
A nw it pending la the St. Loult rouue intended to
teet the ronalltiitionantr <* "> Internet Reeenje lew*,
ll l to go to the Supremo Court bofore it la aurrendered.
Governor Orr'o latter to General Sfeklee r arguing bit
NpMMm H pub! ?h?d. Ha ozpreaaee the opinion thai
K <<"Der?l Order No. 10. etaylng the proeeaM* of courti
rt.i i mo** had not bean lae-tod, the Impovet ?he<
p? .pie won d Im-e attempted to deotroy tba pubhi
arctiiroa, a??t a larger foroe of troopt woe Id hn?e boot
)
N
? ?1 ? - i *""
niH-osa*ry to compel ovdei *ud eoforos lha Uwi. Ileaeral
Sickles, in reply, snya thai ihe order refe-red to U
believed to have Ima tbo oociBi >u of his dismissal.
Representative N. 1'. Haute u to visit Uenoo with
Sen or Romero nod month.
The crop of Sea Ulead cotton in South Caroline is
being rapidly Joetroyed by the caterpillars.
Mraire?Her Political Elements Melt lion
Dowa.
The political element* in Mexico, if we may
judge from our correspondence, are settling
into quiet. From Vera Cruz, from (be city of
Mexico and from the Rio Grande, our news is
that there is a good prospect of an era of
peaca and prosperity for that war-ridden
laud. If the French intervention gave
no other benefit it at least united
nearly all the opposing factions for four years
into a common cause, and taught them to forget
political, feudal and personal differences.
The Mexicans have awakened, too, to the idea
that the United States oan no longer wait for
them. They must take up their republican
march with us, advance with us, drink in the
energy of Western enterprise with us, inaugurate
an era of prosperity and progress, or they
must sink before the nation which oannot
afford to drag them along. Their geographioal
position is eucli that tbo two nations must work
in unity. The samo great principles, internal,
external and commercial, must govern both.
If the Mexicans fail to appreciate these facts
they will go down before the steady westward
march of the North American. Adopting
these truths as a political guide, they may preserve
their territory intact, rise to a glorious
future, and save us the work of building up a
nationality there which will harmonize with us.
The United States has her eyes on the Continent
Spanish America most wheol into line.
There is a marked spirit of concession in
tho liberal leaders of Mexico which
gives hope of national stability. Genoral Diaz,
the first military man of tho country, absolutely
refuses to lend himself to any opposition to
President Juarez. In fact, General Diaz looks
upon the President as a father ; for he was
educated under his eye, being a student at
Oajaca, In the college of which Juarez was
principal. Escobedo, too, having cleared himself
from the foul forgeries which the Mata
moros nanchero preuxed to his name, is in lull
support of Juarez, and will in Northern Mexico
keep down any of tho disturbing elements that
may oppose tho coming Presidential election.
Juirez will undoubtedly be re-elected. In one
sense this is necessary, that tho Mexican people
may show to Europe and the world that they
endorse the acts of their President, and that he
has ever been their choice, notwithstanding the
statements of the friends and instigators of
tho empire. Of the sentiments of President
Juarez and his good will towards the United
States we cannot find a better illustration than
in the letter?which we published yesterday?
to his friend, Antonio Flores. In this he
r^ys:?
My sol* ambition m peaco for Mexico and prosperity
for her people. It matters not to me to what patriot
hand* Its destinies are confided so that oar beloved and
unfortunate nation is happr. Ettromely anxious as I
am to return to private life, I shaft shrink from no duty
confided to me by a brave and suffering people.
I Mill bear of dissensions on the northern frontier.
Advise our iriends to abide by tho decision of the popular
will, to avoid lawlessness and return to the business
pursuits of life, for therein prosperity lias. Above all,
assure citizens from the States wdjo aro abiding with
you that the miprema government *of Mexico holds in
high esteem the services of tho great republic of the
North In their behalf In the recent crisis, and that its
citizens shall be well proteoted.
Let Mexico live up to these ideas enunciated
by her great President, and there is everything
tint she can hope for In store for her. She has
now a chance to prove if she can govern herself;
but we counsel her to remember that
she is in contact with the United States, and
must infuse into herself all those elements of
national activity which animate and give us
such a wonderful development There must
be no narrow Spanish ideas in her government.
A 1v*ao<1 A?\nn *\a1 Irtr a rvanoenl KrAilrinrv
n uivnu) vjicu |runvj | a gvueiai mivmuiu^
down of the exclusive barriers which hedge
her in, will save her. This must he her guide,
or as a separate nation Bhe is lost
Around Juarez, have crystallized all the political
elements in the country, and the people
of Mexico look to him, as we looked to Lincoln,
as a political saviour. He has, as the Mexican
leader, finally disposed of the party which has
no longer any power to continue the revolutions
which they have carried on for forty
years. Ourduty in the caae is clear. Give the
Mexioans a chance, and should they then fail
they will force themselves into the United
States, even were we disposed to prevent it.
The Itrroiistriirtion tirnrriila nt U'ailiini*
Ion,
The presence of Generals Sheridan, Sickles
and Hancock in Washington, in obedience to
a call from General Grant, puzzles the politicians.
The radicals, however, think it a good
sign, while the copperheads are apprehensive
of mischief from it., in widening the breach between
them and General Grant We dare say,
however, that the General-in-Chief, charged
with the practical direction of all this business
of Southern reconstruction, has simply called
then subordinate generals to Washington to
give him all the information which they possess
on the subject, and that in the interval to
the reassedlbl'ng ot Congress the work will go
on quietly in the South, and that, with the
meeting ot the two houses. General Grant will
submit to them a report on the progress of reconstruction
which will be satisfactory to th?
country, though not, perhaps, entirely satisfactory
to the impeachment radicals.
The Neat Presidency In a Co mm err In I Tlew.
The London Titws, in a labored exposition
of the present aspect* of the conflict between
our Pres dent and Congress, comes at last tc
the conclusion that us the success of tb<
republican party In the approaching Tresiden
tial election is a sure thing, " the flnal cholct
of candidates will be a matter of scarcely lesi
interest here (in Englan 1) than on the o!hei
aide of the Atlantic;*' and that " the sooner th<
country is completely fettled the better it wil
be for the rest of the world, if only for com
mcrcial considerations." Now. while thesi
"commercial considerations" are well put
inasmuch as the delay or settlement of (hi
work of reconstruction involves to the Tnltei
States a commercial loss or gain of some tw<
or three hundred millions a yenr, our Englisl
contemporary Is, perBaps, a little too fast ii
assuming that our coming Presidential electioi
is a sure thing for the republican party as i
now stands. The approaching Stato election
in Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York, ma
i upset all the present calculations of the radici
1 politicians, including Mr. Chaae, his flnancii
| syst'-ra and his leading political ideas <
, universal negro suffrage and negro sapremac
i In Lha Soutfc
KW YORK HERALD. MO]
Oar Ksulbrm t'orrenpondeare?Actual Condilion
and Putare Proapocto ( ike South.
The letters from our correspondents in Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina and
Texas, published in yesterday's IIerai.d, offer
but a gloomy picture of the actual state of
things in the South. The deep shadows of the
picture are relieved by very tew rays of hopeful
light. To be sure, it is a noteworthy fact
that in the alarm and confasion occasioned by
a sharp fight between United States soldiers
and ex-rebels at Raleigh, North Carolina, exciting
among the inhabitants a fear that the
war of races had toirly begun, " none of the
Africans in the city were involved." Nevertheless,
the testimonies from all points concur
that amicable relations betweea the whites and
the blacks have been sucoeeded not only by a
growing disposition to have as little to do with
eacb other as possible, but also by a growing
spirit of mutual enmity. Our correspondents
are startled at flnd'ng that the vague notion of
nogro supremaoy begins to assume a most ugly
shape before the eyes of both ex-elaveholilor
and ex-slave. It is gradually filling the imagination
of the one with dread and that of the
other with extravagant and delusive hopes,
and the hearts of both with ill-dissembled hatred.
All this totally indicates that a war of
races is by no means such a chimera as some
Northern philanthropists would fain believe.
Nor is its possibility either so uncertain or so
remote as all true philanthropists should desire.
The disgraceful strife between the President
and Congress should cease, if for no other rea- '
son tban to avert so direful a war.
The vast negro majorities which registration
reveals in certain districts of the South might
well awaken the apprehensions even of Northern
radicals If they were to reflect on the danger
of entrusting the balance of power to such
mosses of stupidity and ignorance. It is not
surprising that gloomy apprehensions ore entertained
by the disenfranchised whites of the
South. A curious instance at once of the ignorance
of the newly enftanchised negroes and
of the impositions practised on them by demagogues
like Hunnicutt is mentioned by our
Riohmond correspondent. He deems it safe to
say that few of the negroes who, voting for the
first time in Virginia, and, as some hold, illegally,
voted that Richmond should subscribe
two million dollars, her quota of the subscription
to build the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad,
knew what they were really voting for.
One sable cif'ssn when asked, " Are you for
the subscription or against it!" answered,
"Skriution! I'so done crib Mr. Hunnicutt nuff
skrlption already and I aint gwine to gib eny
mo." "Showing conclnsively," says the correspondent,
"two tacts?the voter's extreme ignorance
and Hannicatt's imposition." He adds,
that hod the Great Mogul opposed it the
negroes would hare been as unanimous against
"skrlption."
. Happily one oasis in the desert has been
discovered by one or our correspondents in the
thriving, industrious German settlement at New
Brauntels, in Texas. He is inspired by it to
prophesy the time, not far distant, when, if the
clouds disappear from our political horizon,
emigration shall cover these millions of waste
acr.-s with fertilizing tides- of life, and prosperity
shall shine upon the future homes of
millions of earnest, toiling men. Even tho
squabbles and blnndors of Washington politicians
oannot forever binder predictions like
these from being fulfilled. Farsighted capitalists
should immediately prepare for the
rapid and marvellous changes which emigration,
together with steam, electricity, and j
all the best appliances of modern civilization,
will within a few brief years have |
wrought in what John Bright, in one of
his speeches on America, described as ''those
beautiftil States of the South, those regions
than which the world offers nothing
more fertile or more lovely." When capital
and labor, under the free systom, shall once
have fairly begun to flow into the Southern
States, their prodigious natural advantages of
area, soil, climate, hydraulic power, rivers,
inexhaustible mineral wealth, and other circumstances
by which population and progress
are affected, will astonish the world.
Before the war, large as the supply of
eotton had become, and high ns its price had
risen, the supply was unequal to the detnsnd,
simply fjpr want of labor. Emigration will
provide labor, as well us capital and enterprise
to stimulate it In a Bhort timo the product
of the cotton plant will be restored and
doubled. Tho yield of the other Southern
staples?rice, tobacco, sugar?which had been
gradually lessoning before the war, on account
of the exolusivo loyalty exacted by King Cotton,
will also be restored and increased. Even
daring the brief period that a somewhat diminished
production of all these staples must
be expected, that diminished production, as
Sir Morton Peto has predicted, "will be satisfled
by enhanced prices, which will be borne
by the consumers." Thus, half of the immense
cotton crop of 1850, amounting to five million
' three hundred and eighty-seven thousand
bales, would bring, at double the prices then
realized, as much money as the whole. It is
consoling to know that bonntiful nature will
' require but a few rolling seasons to repair the
1 ravages of war and to counteract the evils of
stupid and malevolent legislation. Let ns
> hope that onr national prosperity, which very
largely depends npon the organization and development
of Southern industry, will yet be
fully restored.
The (Jreet Difficulty.
The semi-religious organ of the ultra radicals,
the Independent, recognizes In the jealousies
of the rival republican cliques and candidates
for the next Presidency the great difflcnlty
which stands in the way of President
, Johnson's impeachment. "Old Ben Wade," il
I T/vKnaon Kit rom irpil mnaf tal-n hli nlirp unrl
, "Old Ben Wade,'' on all hands, isdistrusted as
I a self-willed and intractable old radical. Pro.
rooted to the White House, there is the dangei
t that he may fall Into the ferer from which
neither Tyler, Fillmore nor Johnson could
j cape. He may take it into his head that he ia
j entitled to a continuance in his snug office on
# his own acconnt, and that possession is nin<
^ points of the law; and as this thing is not it
n the Chas9 radical programme, nor In the eon
j, sorvatlre republican Grant programme, th<
t difficulty of impeaching Mr. Johnson becomci
g a Yery aerlons matter. Can any one tell wh<
is Mr. Wade's candidate for the Presidency, i
it is not Mr. Wado T
d I, kins After Moaih (irrmiinT
)f King William of Prussia, it appears, ha
y resolved npon a tour of roc .nnosisance throng!
South Germanr, and will during bit journe;
??AT, SIPTEMBKH 23, 1
visit the sovereigns of Bavaria, lYurteinburg
and Baden. The object of this visit is doubtless
to undo whatever Napoleon may have
douo in h a recent Austrian excursion, looking
to a diplomatic separation of the South
German Stales from the Northern Confederation;
and in this little move Napoleon will
doubtless be checkmated again by Bismarck.
Wester* Month America.
The news from Colombia, Peru and Chile
indicates that those countries are still far from
settled in their politics. Colombia, just
emerged from a revolution which was plotted
in France and England, is about to be agitated
by a new Presidential contest. There is, however,
some hope that it will be a peaceable one;
for the great question?the Panama Railroad?
which occasioned the late turmoil, is now settled.
A committee of the House of Representatives
has brought in a bill of indiotment for
the impeachment of Moequera, who will probably
be banished from the country unless his
P W a ManJa aa.i.t U: k.
rrumu RUU nu^iiau Iiiouuo raowt uiiii uj
creating political divisions among his opponents.
Ho having been overthrown while
working in thoir interests, it is but just that
they should now lend him a helping hand by
intriguing in his favor. Certainly the man who
was to erect In Colombia a barrier against the
United States should not be deserted by bis
friends in the hour of adversity and complete
failure. We recommend the ex-President to
the tender care of Louis Napoleon and the
English lords who made a tool of him. For
Colombia we have much hope. The Panama
Railroad and our growing American interests
in those countries will soon be a sufficient
guarantee for peace and a prosperous future.
Turning to Peru, we find that tho religion of
tho country has still too much hold on the State.
In fact, of all Spanish American countries Pern
is the most steeped in bigotry. In the corruptions
.which have been engrafted by religious
rale upon the political elements we find the
principal troubles which environ that State.
Her finances, once in a hoalthy condition, are
now reduced to zero. First, we have a religious
revolution and lh? shifting scenes incident
to the changes of party deleat or victory. Again,
wc have the minor revolutions which spring
from the attempts of poverty to grasp at some
Hnannial KnKl.lafl I a xmr r? Jn 1a hsifvKi aaIapq Kw
uunuvmt mumuivd viv tv u ui?v wii^ui vvivto uj
nome ambitious loader. Spain, clinging to ber
old colonial hopes, adds fuel to the fire, while
the foreign element, taking advantage of the
vice born of war and misery, contributes, by
the smuggling system, to the general demoralization.
In Chile they prepare for the Spanish war,
uncertain If they are to have war or not Their
finances are in as troubled a condition as are
ours; and their Treasury Department appears
to be managed with equal imbecility, for they
cannot tell whether they have a debt of thirtyone
or forty-two millions of dollars.
We have adopted as a principle non-intervention
in foreign affairs. That principle was
all very well while our national child was
getting its growth. It may, as a rule, still be
of value with reference to Enrope; but the
time is rapidly approaching when it will be
impossible for us to abstain from interference
in Spanish-American countries. They are so
intimately bound to us, pursuing, as they are,
the same republican principles, that we must
work together. Trade, commerce, steam communication,
telegraphs, and all the elements of
progress which bind us, will soon force ns to
br<mk a rule which answered very well for us
fifty years ago, but absolutely fails to fit the
case to-day.
The Dean Richmond Disaster.
It ia remarkable that it ehould fetlU be
doubttal whether any passengers were loBt by
the recent criminal collision on the North
river. The public are assured that the only
lives sacrificed were those of some subordinate
boat hands; bat this assurance is a suspicious
one, since it comes from those who seem to
feel it their interest to present the story in its
least horrible light. All the probabilities
strengthen tho thought that many passengers
sleeping in the berths in tho lower cabin must
have lost their lives. Men sleep very heavily
in such places?partly on account of tho bad
air, that puts them into a semi-asphyxiated
condition, and partly, perhaps, because many
do not go to their berths on such trips till they
have taken more whiskey than is consistent
with an easy awakening. Such men sleeping
in the lower berths?sometimes on the floor?
would be drown<ffi with a few feet of water in
the cabin ; and it is hardly possible that m my
were not lost in this way. Something toward
the solution of this doubt might be done by
the publication of tho passenger list Where
is the list of names that is taken by the clerk
of the boat as bo wlls tickets T la that conveniently
lost? Its publication now might
immediately account for the whereabouts of
men who are missing, without their families
having any such definite knowledge of their
recent movements as connects them with the
disaster. It appears that we shall not have any
investigation of this disaster till the slow process
of a coroner's inquest comes on when a
body shall be taken out This is a defect in
our law; for before the facts are inquired into
the material witnesses will be quite lost sight of,
to say nothing of the time that will be given to
thovc interested in smothering the truth or
coloring it to shield gnilty parties.
Nicaragua aw casta rica.
I The AITnlre of Ike Transcontinental Railway?New
Tark <*urvo*erita Project a Now
Raato. _ _
8** Faevcisco, 8opt IS, 1SST.
Adeloae from Nicaragua sad Costa Rica report that Un
Transcontinental Railroad project was again attrscUnj
attention A representative of the house of Kettb A Co.,
contractors for tbe section of the road between Lames
r aed renare, bad arrived at Han Jose. A party of en
gtneers were expected from Now York to Jots In oarrylni
out o complete survey of the route. Meter*. Kettb A
1 Co. expiate s highly favorable opinion as to tbe practt
cab'llty of the projected r<ad from I'uuta Arena* to tin
capital. Tbe government and people siroogie (avor It
and bop* tbe Americans who have It tn etiatgs will beai
tbe English railway projectors in Mcsrag**.
caterpillars destrqtiicm sea island cotton.
( nam s-tcs, 8. C., Sept. 22, 1W7.
Account* received from Edteto and other sea talandi
1 say tbat tbe third brood of caterpillars bars appeared,
I and are destroying th# <'rop with great remdlty, and H
t* feare I that the sea isiaud crop will be an almost tots
failure.
, T HE JCCRET club races at trenton. r. j.
> hmrm, N. J., Sept. 22, lMT.
f Th* grand races of tba Jockey Club will commence li
tble city on Tuesday. Already about sixty horses bar
arrived and will be entered for tbe raoee Amoeg th,
number w* And some of the principal runner* tn th
country, including Luther, Cler* Clartta, Redwing
? Virgil, Ariel, Fetrick, Husie M, Ripley. Blackbird, R?
k Pi ok. 7. g-ag, RenarV Fetrel, Urbane, B>uiue?, ?. Fa"
nek aed oibera AN>*t $7,000 e>* ae pre
f anuma
.867.
WASHINGTON.
WasHnraror. Sept. 22, 1967.
The Military Visitors.
The dlstintguuhed military visitors now la the city art
baring a live.'v tin* in receiving the great number of
friend! who crowd in upon them. General Sheridan at
Willard'i, General Sickles at the Ebblt House, and
General Hanoock at the Metropolitan, are constantly
surrounded by group* of friends reviewing the past,
discussing the present arid speculating on the ftatnre.
General Grant called on General Sheridan this morn
ing at hi* hotel and spent aa hour with him ia conr nation.
The Cimptlfi In Ohio.
A gentleman la this city has received a letter from tha
Secretary of the Ohio State Central Committee, in which
he Mates that it is estimated Ohio will elect General
Hayes, the republican candidate for Governor, by forty
thousand majority, and that the suffrage amendment to
the constitution will also be carried, with what estimated
majority is not stated.
The Ohio Seentorelilp.
It is asserted that drafts to a heavy amount hare been
received in Washington from Ohio to be used in securing
the election of Judge Dennisou ae Senator to succeed
Bee Wade. Chief Justise Chase, Jsy Cooks and
the national baak interest generally are said to be worklag
ia favor or Dennieon.
Political Matters In Virginia.
1 learn ftem Richmond, this evening, that Governor
Pisrpoint is Mill taduMriously stamping the State for
the nomination or the republican party far the nest
Gubernatorial term. He left Richmond this morning
for Bedford and the adjoining counliee In
the southwestern portion of the State. It
is not known whether Pierpoint affiliates with the
Bunnicutt uegro wing of the party, or with the
other wiog. now represented by ex-o'.iicers and soldiers
of the United States Array. General H. H. Wells, of
Alexandria, formerly of Detroit, is the choice of the
latter wing of the party, and will be President of tho
Convention on Wednesday next, If he ia present, and
the nominee of bis wing of the party for Governor
when the nominating convention shall assemble. In
the other wing of tbe party the contest for the nomination
1s between Hunnioutt, of Richmond, and Hawksburst,
of Alexandria.
General flunks to Visit Mexico.
General Banks, chairman of the House Committee on
Foreign Ada rs, has accepted the invitation of Senor
Romero to accompany him to Mexico. A similar invitation
has been extended to Senator Morton. Tbey expect
to leave on tbe 5th of October.
Retrenchment In the War Department.
The work of retrenchment is still in progress in the
war department. An order nas been issued aiscbarging
between forty and fifty clerks and me-wengers now employed
In the branch of the Adjutant General's Office In
charge of Brigadier General Brack. Some twenty-fire
of the above are what Is known as "general serrioe"
men, enlisted to perform the duties of clerks. The remainder
are civilians.
Fltz John Porter's Application for a New
Trial.
General Grant has referred to Attorney General Stanbery
certain questions bearing upon the application of
Major General Fits John Porter for the appointment of a
new board to revise his ease, together with a letter
written to General Grant by Major General Pope against
tbs application.
The Reported Karmvllle (Fa.) Riot.
Colonel Mall or y, of the Freedmen's Bureau In Virginia,
has investigated the reported Farmvllle riot, and in his
report ho states that it was the result of a drunken
brawL No one was seriously hurt and no arrests have
been mads.
Miles O'Reilly or the White House.
General Cbariee G. Hslpine to day visited the President
and bad a long conversation with him ia reference
to the federal officers in New Vorlc.
New Cotton Regulations.
The Internal Revenue Bureau has issued new regulations
oonoerning the weighing and marking of cotton,
the assessment and collection of the tax, and the removal
of cotton under bills of lading, from which it appears
that cotton removed nnder a bond executed prior to the
ill 01 DV|n*niuvri nueu iuc uuuu uuoa uui ai|iirv uuii i i
after that data, ti subject to the rate or tax (three cents
per pound) tn force prior to that time. The tax otherwise
is two and a half cents per pound from September
1. The fee for weighing and marking cotton,
including the labor of inserting the metallic
tag will be twenty-flve cents a bale until otherwise
ordered. It baring boon found by experience that the
furnishing of increased facilities for the removal of cotton
without the prepayment of tax is consistent with
increased security to the Treasury, it is determined to
substitute shipments to the revenue officers under bills
of lading, for the bonds heretofore required. When a
collector is obliged to retain the custody of the ootton
consigned to him on account of failure to pay the tax
immediately on Its arrival, be shall cause the same to be
stored in some suitable warehouse, the owners of which
shall have given adequate security for the safe custody
of such cotton, and shall take a warehouse receipt from
such proprietor. The charge for storage must not exceed
the usual rates in the place. The collector will in ne
case permit the owner of the cotton, his agent or factor,
to have actual possession of the same until the tax shall
have been fully paid. If the lex is not paid before the
expiration of the ninety days from the date of the
assessor's permit, the assessor will at once certify
the tax to the collector for collection, end,
if necessary, the Collector will enforce the collection by
distraint and sale of the otton In such case the
assessor will enter the uJx on his nsxi monthly list, and
both hs and ths collector will enter the proper credit
in the bonded eoconnt under the bonding (to be made
for that purpose) of "Collected by distraint and sale of
eotton." When owners or holders of cotton desire to
psy the taxes on the same before its removal from the
district in which it was produced, they wilt be required
to have the aame weighed, marked and tagged in the
manner prescribed. Every manufacturer or consumer
must, on or before the Isst day of each month, pay to
the collector the amount of tax aasessed against him
upon ell the cotton consumed by him during the preceding
months on which no lax has hesn paid, wbich
amount, subject to no deductions, must be entered on
the above mentioned form, No. 76. and certified to the
collector on the assessor's list. The old regulations of
July and October last are superseded by the new.
CorreepeBdenec Rrlwren Governor Orr. af
Sooth Carolina, nod Genrrnl Sickle*.
The following is a copy of the correspond once between
Governor Orr and General Sickles:?
oovtaaoK onn to nmiui sine ta.
F.xictmvs DttrAvnmtt, I
Ootntmi, Socth Canouwa, Sept. 7, 1M7.)
M%Jor-C.ener*l D. K. Sictcurs, Charleston, S. C. ?
8m?I bar* learned from tbe public prow, although I
have rec -ived no official notice of tha fact, that you hare
baan relieved from the command of tha Recond Military
District, embracing this Plate and North Carolina, and
that by ordar of tbe President Major-tleneral Can by baa
succeeded to the same. 1 desire to express to you tba
great regard which I reel personally and officially at tba
oourea taken by tha President and his advisers la this
matter. There are many of tba orders which baas been
issued by you since tba passage of tba Recoaetruciioa
Rills In March Jaat, which did not meet my approval:
but it la due to you aad to yoer official action that I
should bear voluntary testimony to tba wisdom and success
of your administration, and la express tha opinion
that tha tba almost unlimited powers with which you
war* invested by tha sou of Caagaaa. hava baan exercised
with moderation and forbaaran' S.
Toar Central Ordar No. 10. so far as this State is concerted,
was, last spring, ta my opinion. Absolutely
necessary Looking to tbo impoverished condition of
too country, tbe shortaam of tha provision* and staple
1 crops last year, tha general pecuniary dmtreas per[
vadtng tba country and to tba neceemty of protortmg
tha small means of farmers and plasters at that time
from tba prorasa of tbe courts, they ware thereby
1 enabled to ?ubaist their families and grow tba present
. crop. This crop promisee ta be in many respects and
. in many sections of lbs Rials the meat important and
1 tba largest whl h has been grown for several year?, and
1 when harvested you could, without hazard or apprehension,
hava executed your purpose, as declared to me,
' of modifying General Order No. 10, so that i red,tots
ooold bav e enforced tbetr demanda without produc.ag
1 general distress, If nothing worse.
It is also dua to you that 1 tbonJd any tbat in my Judgment
if Genoral Order No. 10 had not bean issued hut
spring, a very considerable tncraaae in (ha number of
troops in tbia State would base bean nerenary to have
been slat onod at many of the courthouses, to preserve
tbe public records from destruction, and insure the
1 safely of tbe Rbertflb in excelling civil process tn tbo r
, hands, which tbsy bad been ordered to levy by tbouglit.
t less or heart'cM : red iters,
j In my opinion General Order No. 10 reclved the approval
of a very large m^orlty of the citizens of South
Carolina, anJ your genoral administration as commandant
of the district it approved by a minority nearly at
great.
In all tha official Interccnrse we have bed I beg to tender
you my thanks for.tbo uniform kinduesa and courn
tesy with which I have been treated personally, and tot
e the disposition you have always man.Tested to make th?
burdens of tbe military government as Itrht npon th?
people whom I represent as it was jvotaible under Mil
e circumstances
, I have not the pleasure of a persona! e-quniotan'f
d with your suooeeeir. General Cauby, hut ln>pe mat mj
t- official relations with him may be marked with the sam<
t* I bntmcnv and kind feeltns which has cl-.araoterl/.cd oui
| official m'srcojree for nearly two yawn I hero Uh
? " ' * ?*1
booor to l>e. (i an oral, very truly and respectfully root
friend ou'l obedient servant, JAMc?H rfc ORR,
Governor of Boeth Carolina.
CIMUUI ioklm' RRVLT. ?
Wxamsorot. Sept. fl. iggT.
Sir?Tour Eicelleney's letter or the 7th instant tn
forwarded to mo at Now York, and waa received on IIm
14th. The cordial term* in which yon are pleased to
rrfer to our official and personal relations during mr
sot rice la the Carol inas are gratefully appreciated la
my eeeceeeor, Brer at Major General < anby, yon with
meet with an officer whose ample experience and diataagulabeJ
aerrice have justly commanded him to the
confidence of the government. In view of thenanonnoement
already made by General Can by, adopting and confirming
the orders heretofore in force in the Seoend
Military district, it is not probable that any mntarM
changa in tha oonduot or affhira wtll result from the
change in the oommand.
In my retirement M is aonrea of much antiafhoMoa
to oompare tha proeanl condition of South Carolina wNh
that which I found on Meaning commend in the
eutemn of IMS. The system of flee labor has been successfully
inaugurated; the emawoipated blacks hare beam
Invested with civil rights by tt? voluntary not of your
Ydgtalatnre; tha tranquillity and order which have been
mnlatained attest tha general dam re of all oUamn of the
people to observe the obligation*of good eitineas; am
abundant harvest has rewarded Industry; grain la nam
exported from Cbarleeton; registration ban proceeded
almost to completion without commotion or tumult, af
any serious Interruptiona of tha ordinary avoonttoao el
the people; ainoe October, IMS, tha courts of tha Unites
States and of the State have exercised nearly all tfceif
ordinary powers without hindrance. The jurisdiction of
the oonrtn, although a permitted jurisdiction, naa newer
been restricted esoept Vn particular cases, imperatively
demanded by tha exigencies of the situation; and the
civil authorities in geaentl have been upheld, and eivtt
law haa been administer* 1 with only such limllatieos an
heoesae aiiuinwr/ In the i iecotlon of the aevarffi nata of
Cangnaa. \
The particular measure-, of my administration which
yeu are pleased to mention with special commendation,
general order Ha 10, was, 41 la said, the ooeaslon of my
diamisaal from command. Yon bare justly dascribed
the order In questiea as in tended to enable the people
to males a good crop this > war, and thereby obtain the
means to support themselr as and pay their d"bta. ff
my rem aval bad been provo ked by some act of oppression,
spoliation or creelty it would have been a matter
of more regret to myself, i^n it la, 1 find no reason In
reproach myself for endeavor, ng to restore in some dpgree-the
material prosperity oi * an impoverished pops
latioo, and to avert mo Mnoua uimnrwra mm
have followed the prosecution o T more than thlrtv tbowsand
suit* for debt, pending in South Carolina xhem
general order No. 10 wna issued. In April last.
Although my official relation to the Department of thw
Carolines baa ceased. I cannot be Indifferent to the welfare
of communities whose intore v's were so long oowffded
to my charge; nor la tbeir d> osperity a matter eC
indifference to the people of the Un.*ed State a, or their
repreaentatlvea in Congress.
The population of the Carolines be re not tried to pro.
rent the organization of legal civil governments in thw
rebel States, and it is only just for me to state that poor
own prompt and patriotic acquiescence in the requirements
of the government relieved the people yon repiwsentof
many of the burdens of military government,
and at the aama time removed eome of lire most aertonw
impediments to the ezeoution of tho reconstruction aotw
in South Carolina.
I trust your people will not euffor any detriment Iir
reason of complications for which thay er>*tnot responsible.
It only remains for them to comely with thw
conditions prescribed by Congress, and Sopth Carolines
will soon be restored to the Union with ell her ancient
rights and dignity, as a sovereign State, unimpaired.
These conditions have no other object than u? make our
institutions truly republican in snbitanea and fenn^
that luatloe may be done and that no oocasimn or pretext
foroonfltct may hereafter be found.
There is not, In my judgment, aoy sufficient reason tW
apprehend that ths colored people will not make good,
citizens. Freedom and education are rapidly developing
this long dormant and helpless caste. With advantages
far Inferior to the other races which have found their
way to this country, the African hae proved blmaatd
loyal. Industrious and obedient to the lawa Oenorouatjf
fostered and justly treated, the freedmen will beeomd
the bone and sinew of Southern population and pewerj
Witn the solution of this problem and the disappesraoos^
of tba aspen Use Incident to a long war, the Carolina^
will enter upon a new career of prosperity alike attno#f?r*
ia th* nhilAnthninlit who aeoks the baoniDMi of bli
fallows, and gratifying to statesmen whose ambition 1d
gratified in the progreas of the Commonwealth. |
Remembering with pleasure the courtesy and conaMeratlon
always ahown to me by your Excellency In alt,
our intercourse, official and personal, and with the liveliest
interest in the happy termination of the sad rears of
strife which hare already too long afflictvl our country.
I am truly yours, D. E, SICKLES. Major General.
To his Excellency Jamb L. Ona, Governor of Boattt
Osrotiaa, Colombia, a C. ,
THE INDIAN TROUBLES.
(Sonera! Sherman's Reply to the Rsaasds el
Cthe Indiana?Return of the Indian (ioaatsH
"lon* St. Loots, Sept. W, 1WT. J
A despatch from Omaha has the following
The council at North Platts resulted in nothing ooa-*
elusive. The Indians frankly stated the causes of thol
trouble.
General Sherman, on behalf of the Commissi en, Solirered
en answer which wee plain, ebarp and explicit-'
If the Indians, he laid, hold Smoky Hill, the rood moot
be built. They must not Interfere with the government.
He supposed the rood was agreed upon by the Cheyenne*
four years ago. The military posts and mall ato?
tions built two years ago wore not then considered ni
cause for war. ir tha Indians are damaged they will1
receive compensation. He supposed also that ther had
agreed on the Powder river road In tha Laramie treaty'
last spring. While the Indians continued to wag* war
tha road will net be given np; hot If the Indians*
right la found good, It will be given up or compensation
therefor be paid. If they keep peace powder and
lead would not be given tbem until a definite treaty waa
made. A railroad train had been attacked and men
were killed who bad no guns, but were bringing gnsfi^
some of which were to feed the Indians.
A proposition was then submitted for the Indians Ms
accept homes on new reeer rations, and they warn given,
until the 1st of November to answer, at tne council 101
be beld at North Platte. At the sam* lime the? ooold
hunt on the Republican.
The General also represented that we were building1
costly roads and they could not be stopped oo mora.,
than the sun and moon In ihe east. Ton hardly think*,
he said, what too call war here Is; but If you make
your minds It will come to the Plains thick, where them
are the largest herds of buffaloes, and kill you alt. Hn'
also told the Indians that if they wanted to go East and
see for themselves, they would be "dead heeded'*
through. 4
The chiefs responded that they only asked for ammunition,
which the Commission dually concluded to give.,
The Commission returned to Omaha to-day and wilt
separate to meet at Fort Marker, Kansas, on the 8th of
October. General Shortuan will come to tit. Iouis sin
Chicago. .
The Indians In Arizona?A Larger Force mt
Troops to he Called For?Apache Rands Becoming
Peaeefnl.
Saw Framcjhto, Sept. 21, 1S0T.
Advices from Arisons to the 7th hsve been received.
The legislature met at Prescott on the4th. and organised
on the 6th. They will ask to have the Territory made A
military district end for s larger fores of troops.
Two hundred Arriapa Apache Indiana bad arrived at
Camp Grant prof casing a desire for poses.
Mad carriage has been greatly Interrupted by Iho
Indians.
y NEWB FROM THE PACIFIC COAST.
Mexican and Chilenn Independence Days?
The Wreck ofrhj Hbnbrlrk.
8am Kaasnsoo, Sept. IS. 1MT.
The Meiican resident! last sight, and the Chiton*
residents today, oslebrated jelr respective anniversaries
of tnsir national indapeodonoo.
The receipts of wheat at this port from July 1 to dato
are over two million eacks, and the shipments, reckoning
flour and wheat, over one and a half million aackat
three ships ars loading for New York. Prices are Dm
at |2 a $2 10. Legal tenders 0914 a 7a Heren-thlrtr
bonds 7814 a 70.
Arri. <i??iu? Orlflamma, from tbelnortbern oomI,
with 140,000 in treasure. Ballad, mail steamer Oonarttution,
for Panama, with 993 pasaaagara and $817 000 la
traaaura: two-thirdeof tbiaamount it for Naw York.
Tha eobooner Waatarn baa baan despatched to tbo
aeana of tba wrack of tba Sbubrlck, to bring back tha
man and save aa much of Iba cargo aa possible.
The Late Flection In Californiatua
Faaitcuoo, Sept. 20, 1MT.
Tba return* of tbo lata election from ail bat earn
county a how a majority for Height, tba dama
cratic rxrtdidale for Governor, over Gorbam and
Fay of 7.021 In atotal vof of about *2.000. Tha
full official account mar Increaaa Heights majority
1,000 and tba total vota to 97.000, which la over 19,004
lata tban iba total vote polled at tba laat general election.
Height's vote will be about "3,800 mora lban that
CI lad for Mel lallan and Gorbam, and l??'i about 20,000
m tban Lincoln's. Jones, tba I n candidate for
Lieutenant Governor laad* Gortis ? in tbirty-fonr
counties, 3,290. Tba return* of tba Congrcuional rat*
an owe tba following majorities ?
Firm district, A*tell(dem.t 4.304
ttacond district, Higby (rap.I 1.041.
Third district. Johneoo (dem.t 1.01T
Arrived, ship Tnomaa Bali. from Koo Chow, Cleared,
ahipa Kaacott and Onirnamore. for I.lvcrpool.
Mining Stecka,H?cncrnl Trmlr and I .run I Teh"
Icra.
Pav Kntvers, Sept. 21, 1997.
Mining atocgs are active h i irregular: Alpna, 440;,
Crown Point, 770; Gould and Curry. 310; Halo and Nor-i
crort, 1.028; Ophlr, 79, Yellow Jai ket, 448; Cbol'ar Fotosi.
S44; Empire Mill, 174; Imperial, 147; Kentucky,
200; Pavage, 137.
General trade is reviving and fairly active; money la
I fair demand; bank notes, I t Tbo receipt# at tba
Treasury for the week were over halt a million of del
lavs. Legal lenders 70 a 70",.
Arr'ved, ships Explorer, from Liverpool, and Haaa,
from Naw York.
TH? MISS.Nfi UNITEO STATES VESSEL DALE.
? Rsmnoaa, Se>L 21, 196L
( An arrival fr m Favannah this morn-ng report# part'
, In. a large man-of-war, a sailing veepal, in Chesapeake
? bay. In' the Middle#" It wss Impossible to ascertain
r tier ns na, but it is supp ?ed \o have baea lbs Dal#,
I . with lAu naval oadeta, bouni^tor A?uap?ll%

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