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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 20, 1868, Image 3

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developments Regarding the Radical Conspiracy
to Remove the President.
Butler's Schemes for Securing a
Place in the Cabinet.
General Grant and the Military
Initio*; as to the Result or the Impeachment
Programme of the Summing up of
Washington, April 19, lb08.
The CaMMpiracy if Ibo Rutlirn) lifadero and
(be Impeachment Trial.
That the present Impeachment trial Is but the
result of a conspiracy formed fully three years ago
by certain radical leaders, headed by the Illustrious
Ben Butler himself, has for a long time been the
opln<on of President Johnson and many conservative
republicans as well as democrats. Immediately
after the removal of President Lincoln by the assassin's
bullet the conspiracy commenced, the object
being either to control Mr. Johnson by inducing him
to reorganize his Cabinet on a more radical basis, or,
tailing in that, to open a regular war of the fiercest
character upon the unyielding President, lien Butler
at that time was a power in himself. He had a
strong party at his back, and he and his party
desired, not only to shape the policy of tho
butcfuluciii, ijul llftcwmu iv cujujt tuo bpuiio u1
dice. Butler, especially, yearned to administer
the War OlJlco or the State Department,
and accordingly laid plans to accomplish
bis purpose. His friends backed li'm up with all
their influence, and Mr. Johnson was pestered with
entreaties to remove either Mr. Stanton or Mr.
Seward for Benjamin's especial benefit. Seward, be
it known, at tills time was stretched on his bed from
the terrible wounds inflicted by the assassin, and
IJncoln was yet unburied. The extent of the patriotism
of Butler and his friends will, therefore, be comprehended.
While Seward was every hour expected
to expire, Butler was busily at work seeking to have
the prostrate Secretary of State turned out of ofllce
in order that he (Butler) might promote his indecent
and uncontrollable ambition. That I am not merely
fabricating a sensational story will be evidenced by j
the following letter, written to Hon. Lewis D. Camp-. 1
bell, our late Minister to Mexico, by General J. K ]
Herbert, of Major General Butler'b stair:?
Washington, April 19,1806. <
My Dear Sir?'The greasest crime of centuries has
thrown the robes of Mr. Lincoln upon your good
friend, Mr. Johnson, about whom we slightly diflered
when i was at your house. You will agree with me,
I think, that some change in the Cabinet ought to be (
made, and probably will be. You also agree, I suspect,
that Butler for any place, especially War or '
statfi. is aixmr i hp ht>ui. ni:in in thi?rminlrv prcmnn. <
>ng these tilings, I.write to ask tliut you make the ,
best demonstration you can to that eireet. You can
write Mr. Johnson a letter that would be of great '
weight with liim. You ean induce other good men i
to do the saute; and, perhaps, after setting the ball ,
in motion at home, you couid come here in person.
I wish you would. I am certain you would do a pub- 1
iie service, and greatly oblige Butler and his friends. ]
I am confident 1 shall hear from you lu a substantial ,
effort. Be kind enough *o present my kind regards
to Mrs. 0. and iter daughter. Let me hear front you,
and believe me,
Faithfully, yours. J. K. HERBERT.
Hon. Lewis D. Cawpbehi.. Ac., Ac.
P. 8.?Why not see Tuft, Hoadley and the friends 1
we met last year in Cincinnati? Wade, Chandler,
Carter, Julian, and .such as they, are doing all they
can for Uenerai u.
Mr. Campbell had been for twenty years the Intimate
social and political friend of Andrew Johnson,
and was supposed to have powerTul influence over
the newly elevated President. Hence the favor of
Campbell was solicited. It so happened that while j
Herbert was writing his letter Campbell was on his
way to this city from Cincinnati, In compliance with
a request from Mr. Johnson. Campbell arrived here
n the day Lincoln's remains were being removed 1
from the White House to the Capit L On the same '
evening or the next Campbell met Herbert in the '
street, who Informed him that he (Herbert) had Just '
mailed an important letter to him (Campbell) direct- '
ed to his residence In Ohio. On Inquiring as to its 1
purport Campbell was informed by Herbert that But- 1
ler and several promine.it radicals had several con- 1
aaiUMlODB lur U? |?ui|ivne ui mmg oitrjin
to urge President Johnson to make an immediate
change of his whole Cabinet, and particularly to
have Secretaries Stanton and Seward removed, and
to have General Batter placed either in the Department
of State or of War; that he had written to Mr.
Campbell for the purpose of Inducing him to use his
Influence, and obtain the Influence of other prominent
men in Ohio, to accomplish the same end. Mr.
Campbell said in reply, that as Mr. Seward was lying
at the point of death, with his throat cut by an
assassin, and his son, Frederick Seward, Assistant
Secretary of State, was supposed to be in a dying
condition, he tbonght probably by a little delay
Providence Himself would remove Mr. Seward and
save any trouble on that soore. Besides, lie expressed
an nnqnallfled opinion that it would be
ruinous to the reputation of President Johnson, and
perhaps disastrous to the country, were he to make
any removals at that particular time in his Cabinet.
Considerable conversation on the subject ensued,
and General Herbert nrged Mr. Campbell to call and
see General Bntier at Wlilard's Hotel.
Mr. Campbell remained In Washington, having
norannol nnmmnnlooilAna nrith thA
President in reference to public affair*, the condition
ol the country, Ac., and from day to day receiving
additional information in reference to the combination*
which had t>een formed to prevail upon the
Prenident to make a change in hi* Cabinet. On
mature deliberation Mr. Campbell determined it wax
due from hltn to the President, who had been his
personal and political friend for many years, an 1
whom he had been Instrumental In bringing prominently
before the public after the breaking ont of
the war, to warn hbn that these plans were on foot
to have General Untler put In the State or War Department.
Ho accordingly furnished Mr. Johnson
with the information relative to these combinations,
and urged him to make no change whatever
of Mr. Lincoln's friends until the
hock occasioned by the assassination would
have subsided, and then, if he lonnd it
aecomary to make a change, to do so, but not
before. The President assured his informant
that be would make no removals then, and especially
would not for a moment entertain the Idea of
, removing a man who had suffered as much as Mr.
Reward had and was then tn a critical condition.
General Butler's staff officer (Herbert) told Mr.
Campbell several times during the sojourn of the
latter in Washington that General Butler was very
desirous of seeing him, but no Interview took place
between them, except for a few moments with Gen
erni Rooeerane, who called apon mat tern relating to
the military. Mr. Campbell's aversion to holding
any communication with General Butler arose from
Ike belief that the whole programme which the latter
had marked out would prove disastrous to the
President and to the country.
About the let of May, lsee, Mr. Campbell returned
la hie home In Ohio, and among the letters which
had accumulated in his absence he found the one
which Boiler's stair officer had mailed him.
It was this failure of Bntler and his clique to accomplish
their ambitious ends that canned the subeequeat
hue and cry agalnet Andrew Johnson and
ths bitterest anti-administration war since the time
ef Washington. Merer before wee a President so
ewtsngeensiy annulled, and by men who, It appears,
were utterly destitute Of decency end patriotic feellag.
Part of their programme wee to force negro
Wl|t open the tfonth, willing or unwilling, which
Ihap hoped to ecoompNah through Bauer an nonrotary
gf WW. Ml. Johnson not only decifeof the honor ;
of Butler's society in bis Cabinet, bat declined also to i
adopt the negro suffrage policy, which was shown
in his North Carolina proclamation.
Henator Sumner also seems to have been in the
plot, for some time after he had a protracted interview
with the President, during which he urged the
President to adopt the negro suffrage policy, aud on
being met with stubborn determination on the part of
the Executive he became somewhat insolent and
threatening, concluding with a solemn warning that
he and his friends Intended to carry out their plan
aud to tight the Administration to the hitter eud on
that line, should it ruin the country. This interview
of Snmner and the President lasted for throe hours,
and resulted In leaving each in exactly the same po
Hilton as when they started. From iliat ttnieforward
the conspiracy has gradually developed Itself, until
now, when It seems the purpose of the radicals to remove
the President If they can, and, succeeding in
that, then to establish a nominal military dictatorship
with the great power centred In a Senatorial
oligarchy. The late acts of Congress, In the opinion
of able men, point to this end unmistakably. There
is very little direct evidence, but the whole course of
Congress has that tendency. Those who ridicule the
idea of a dictatorship do not know that some of (ietierai
Oram's stair have said iateiy that a condition of
things might occur which lie would feel to justify
him in assuming the responsibility of a dictator.
They forget that he has not disclaimed the announcement
lu u leading radical journal that he favored the
removal of President Johnson; nay, that he has re- ;
fused to deny it when asked for an explanation.
They lose sight, of the fact that Congress h is already
made him dictator over all the unreconstructed
South; that it has passed a law preventing his removal
from office or from Washington by the constitutional
Commander-in-Chief, und passed still
another law declaring that all orders to the army
must be issued through him, so thut a regiment,
under existing circumstances, is not at the command
of the President unless the General-in-Chief consents.
Speculations no to the Result of the Impeachment
Trial?Programme of the Summing Up.
As the impeachment trial draws to a close, the probable
verdict or the Judges and Jurors attracts some
interest, and gives rise to considerable discussion.
The exact power of the Senate is debated, and particularly
with regard to the point whether, if they
convict, they must necessarily inflict the penalty of
removal and future disqualification to hold office.
The weight of the opinion seems (o be in favor of the
view that the penalty is not an inevitable sequitur
of conviction un.ler a tair construction of the
seventh clause of the third section, article first
of the constitution, and therefore that the
Senate is at liberty to And the accused
guilty without proceeding to the extremity of removal
from office. The development of this new
point has given rise to divers rumors, among which
is one to the effect that the Senate will avail itself
of this liberal construction, and, though it
?xr ill hit.* fvii11f i/ of til will nrtt vamAtm ,
President Johnson. K Is hardiy probable that any 1
sui-h policy will be adopted, and far more likely that
the Senate, If It halts at all, will conclade to acquit
the President entirely by a solid republican vote on |
that side. Such a course as this might save the
party, and would avoid the dangers that might attend
an attempt at removal. It would have the ap- 1
pearancc of impartiality and magnanimity, ami
would do more good to the parly than conviction
or removal.
The derence having finished the examination of '
witnesses on their behalf, the Board of Managers of
the House of Representatives propose to-morrow to
examine one witness, by whom it is designed to
jhow that the President did declare his intention to ]
?et Stanton out of the War Department "or
dnk the ship." At present it is thought
ihat no other rebutting testimony will be
ntroduced, as it is said that there is no occasion
lor any further evidence of the intentions of the
President to use force In carrying his point. If this
programme, which has now been fixed, Is adhered
to, the final argument will be opened on Tuesday,
Mr. Evarts leading off for the defence. Mr. Uoutwell
will then follow, opening for the prosecution.
The ealth of Mr. stanbery now promising his presence
a, .? i! *' 1*0 on Tuesday, win enable that gentleman
to close for the defence, to be followed by
Mr. Bingham for the prosecution, and finishing the
case. Those who are In a position to know the future
movements in the case are of the opinion that a
vote will be reached by Saturday next, or probably
Tuesday or Wednesday of the following week, according
to the length of the speeches to be delivered
in the final argument.
The Quarterly Report* of the Notional Bank*.
The quarterly reports of all the national banks of
;he oountry, for the current quarter, have been received
at the office of the Comptroller of the Currency,
with the exception of sixteen. T he returns
ihow that the banks generally, In their reserves, arc
rally up to th* requirements of law, and that the
items of loans and discounts and deposit* In the
iggregate do not greatly differ from the reports
made to the department in April, 1867.
A large number *f national banks have failed to
comply with the requirements of the twenty-fifth
section of the National Currency act. A few weeks
me hundred and thirty-seven of them had never
caused an examination of their securities In the hand
it the United states Treasurer; and nearly two hunIred
others who have at some time since their organization
procured such examination,are delinquent
in both tbe current year and that ending with June
;a?t. The comptroller or the Currency has accordingly
called the attention of national bank oitlcers to
these facts, and advises how the examination may
be conducted.
Proposed Amendment to the Passenger Laws.
The amendments the Passenger laws, proposed
to Congress by Secretary MoCulloch, are chiefly such
as have been suggested by the observation of practical
seamen, and by, as he says, the lamentable
railure of existing laws to pass the ordeal of the
courts. Therefore, in revising the act of 1865 it is
especially advisable that the several penalties provided
therein shall continue to be a lien en the vessel,
cnforclble by libel and by proceedings In admiralty.
Ntotintlra of Trade With British North America.
It appears from a statement of the Director of the
Bureau of Statistics that the total value of imports
from Canada and other British American provinces
on the Atlantic during the (lacal year ending with
June iast was $31,MA780, of which free $5,02.1,160,
and dutiable $2J,91?,638. upon which the total estimated
duties were $.'>,062,572.
Construction of the Pension Laws.
The following bill, recently Introduced by Mr.
Perham and referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions,
will probably pass Congress without alteration
Be It enacted, Ac., That the laws granting pensions
to the hereinafter mentioned dependent relatives of
deceased soldiers leaving neither widow nor child en
liueo 10 pension un'i't mc caumuh ihw?, hiidii of bo
construed an to give precede nop to such relatives
in the following oMer, uamely?First, mothers;
secomliv, fathers; thirdly, orphan brothers and sistors?who
shall be pensioned jointly If there be more
than one; provided that If In any ease the soldier
shall have left both father and mother who were dependent
upon him, then on the death of t he mother
the father shall beoome entitled to a pension, commencing
from and after the death of the mother;
and provided further that no pension heretofore
awarded shall be affected by anything herein contained.
8rc. 2. That the act entitled "An act to grant pensions,"
approved July 14. 14(12, and the acts supplementary
thereto or amendatory thereof, shall not be
const rued to authorize tho allowance of a pension,
or to confer a right thereto by reason of a disability
Incurred or disease contracted after the 1st day of
January, A. 1). 1868, or death resulting therefrom;
but the laws In force prior to the said act of July 14,
1862, shall, except as to the rate of pension, alone
govern In t he ad Judication of all claims which havo
been or shall hereafter be mad# to a pension by
reason of a disease contracted or disability lncurrM,
or a casualty occurring on or alter the said 1st day
of January, 1868, In the military or naval service of
the United states, or death resulting therefrom.
See. 3. That so much of the acts approved April 6,
1832, and August 23,1842, as require# that pensions
remaining unclaimed for fourteen months after the
same have become due shall be adjusted at the
office of the Third Auditor, Is hereby repealed; and
the failure of any pensioner to claim his or her pension
for a period of two years after the same suall
have become due sball be deemed presumptive evidence
that such pension has legally terminated hy
reason of the pensioner's death, remarriage, recovery
from disability, or otherwise, and the pensioner's
name shall be stricken from the rolls, subject to the
right of restoration to the same on a new applies
tlon, with evidence satisfactorily accounting for the
failure to claim such pension.
Sec. 4. That If any officer, soldier, seaman or
enlisted man has died slnoe the 4th day of March,
1M1, or shall hereafter die, leaving a widow entitled i
to pgpslnn, and a child or children under eixteen <
years of age b/ s former wUe. each of said children
shall be entitled to reoe've $2 per month, to commence
from the death of their father and ? onunne
nntli they severally attain the age of sixteen years,
to be paid to the fcaardiuu of such child or children
for their use and bene it; provided, however, tltat lu
all caae-> wheie such widow is charged with the care,
custody and maintenance of such child or einldreu,
the said sum of $2 per mouth for each oi said children
Ftiatl he paid to her for and during the titue she
18, or may have been, so charged with ttie care and
custody and maintenance of such child or childreu,
subject to the same conditions, provisions and limitations
as if they were her own children by her said
deceased husband.
Site. 6. That all pensions which have been granted
inconsequence of death occur: dig or disease contracted
or wounds received since the 4th day of
March. 1881, or may hereafter i?e granted, shall < oinmeuce
from t lie discharge or from the death of the
person on whose account the pension lias hecn or
may ho rentier be Kixatcd; provided that the application
for such pension ha* been, or shall hereafter
be. tiled with the commissioner of Pensions, within
rive years after the right thereto shall have accrued.
Sue. c. 'lhut lmmeHlnfo'.y upon the passage of this
act, or as soon thereafter as may be practicable,
without awaiting application, 1* sliall be the duly of
the Commissioner of Pen'ions to notify by letter all
pensioners gntitled to the benefits of the provisions
of the foregoing section of the amount to wliicli they
may bo respectively entitled; and to pay ?r cause lo
lie paid to them, respeci' vely, ai! sui li arrears of pensions
as may be due under the provisions of the foregoing
section: and no claim agent or oi her person
shall be eutiUed lo receive any compensation for
services in making application tor ine arrears of
pension under this and he preceding section.
Sec. 7. That seoiinn eleven of an act entitled "An
act supplementary to the several acts relating to
pension.-," approved .lunetl, inert, l>e amended so as
to read as follows:?"Tuat if any oilicer, soldier or
seaiuau shall have died oi wonuds received or disease
contracted in the line <d duty la the military or
naval service of the United States, leaving a widow
and a child or children under the age of sixteen
years, and it shall be duly certified under teal, by any
court having produced uclorc such court thai flic
widow aforesaid has abandoned the care or such
child or children, or is an unsuitable person, by
reason of immoral conduct, to have the custody of
the same, or on presentation of satisfactory evidence
to the Commissioner of Pensions, then no pension
shall be allowed to such widow until said minor
child or children shall have become sixteen
years of axe, any previous euactnieut
to the contrary notwithstanding; and the minor
child or children aforesaid shall be pensioned In the
same manner as if no widow had survived the said
otiicer, Midler or seamen; and such pension may be
paid to the regularly authorized guard la u of such
minor or minors."
8. That, section six of nil act entitled "An act
supplementary to the several acts relating to pensions."
approved Juno 8, fsoe,' be and the same is
hereby amended and re-enacted so us to read us follows:?That
If any i>er?on entitled to a pension hus
died since March 4, 1861, or shall hereafter die while
an applicant for such pension, and after the proof
has mob completed, leaving no widow and do minor
child under sixteen years of age, IiIh or her heirs ?>r
legal represent!!live shall be entitled to receive the
accrued pension to which the applicant would have
been entitled had the certiilcate been Issued before
bis or her death.
SBC. 9. That the remarriage of any widow or dependent
mother, otherwise entitled to pension prior
to the application therefor, or to the issue of a pension
certified to her, shall notdebar her right, to a pension
for the period elapsing from the death of her
husband or son, on account of whose services and
prov irted, however, that nothing in this section shall
he construed to repeal or modify the fourth section
of an act entitled ' An act supplementary to the several
acts graining pensions," approved Marchh, IMS.
Sec. jo. That the provisions or the ninth section of
an act approved July 4,1864, entitled An act supplementary
to'An act to grant pensions,"'are hereby
continued in force for Ave years from the 4th day
of Jul.v, 1807.
Sec. 11. That all acts and parts of act- inconsistent
with the foregoing provisions of this ac? tie, and the
lame are liereby repealed.
The Bounty of the Lighty-finirih New York
The Paymaster General has addressed the followng
letter to Secretary Stanton;?
Paymaster general's Ofitce, J
Washington, April 10, is?s. 1
Sir?i have the honor to make the following report
in response to the resolution of Congress of
March 26 last, asking '-why the numbers of the
bllghiy-fcurth regiment Sew York Volunteers, who
<erved three years, arc allowed only $i>o bounty."
Most of the cases of tlie Eighty-fourth New York
Volunteers were paid $100 additional bounty, s.une
few cases were paid but $60, for the rettsou, alleged
uy the paymaster, that they enlisted ticfore April 10,
1861, it being provided by section twelve of the act
if July 28, 1800, that those soldiers only who enlisted
After April 10,1861, for not less than three years, Ac..
Ahull be paid $100. Although some of the soldiers of
the Elght.y-fourth regiment, served three full years
alter April 10,1861, the paymaster believed tliem to
lie excluded irotn the larger allowance prescribed In
tbe twelfth section, and paid them but
A&il K.i/iunun m if otilkulnH nno/vPillnfr fn t hi)
Htrict terms of the tew alter April 10,
1861, but before that date, auU because all enlisted
after April 14, 1861, for not less than two years, and
not included In the twelfth section, were restricted
by the thirteenth section of the same act to a bounty
of only $6o. Hlnce the payments of bounty were
made to the Eighty-fourth regiment I have had occasion
to entertain other cases of like character, and
have ruled that if the soldier, although enlisted l>efore
April 19, 1861, did actually serve fully three
years continuously after that date, he would be entitled
to the bounty of $100. If the claims of the
members of the Eighty-fourth regiment who served
full three years after April 19,1861, are returned to this
oltlce they will be revised in accordance with the
new ruling and will be paid accordingly.
Very respectfully, your oliedlent servant,
B. w. BRICK, Tay master General.
Army Orders.
Brevet Colonel H. G. Gibson, Major of the Third
United States artillery, has been temporarily relieved
rrom duty at Fort Preble, Maine, and assigned to the
command of Fort Adams, Rhode Island.
Brevet Major General George L. Hartsuff 1ms been
temporarily relieved from the Fifth Military District
and ordered tq the department.
Brevet Brigadier General George B. Ruggles has
been transferred from the Department of the Es?t
to the Department of the Platte.
The Ivpftrhmeil Trial?President Johnson
in ,ti??od Mpiritn?Butler Ueltinc Into Ilud
Odor?Managers la a Melancholy Mood?
The Contingent Fund nnd Home ef Its Fanny
Washington, April 18,1868.
Another week is gone, and Andrew Johnson still
receives his friends at the Executive Mansion. Ho
rar as one may judge by external stgn9 the terrible
offender has no intention of leaving his present comtortablc
quarters In a hurry, having made no preparations
looking to that end, reports to the contrary notwithstanding,
and, displaying a buoyancy of spirits
entirely unsultcd to one believing In the prospect of
a speedy condemnation by the grand inquest
of the nation and the High Court of Impcachmeut,
londucted with all the dignity and solemn decorum
natural to Manager Butler and his able assistants,
Conness of. California, anil Drake, of Missouri. John
-on's high spirits arc a puzzle to the impeachem,
who consider ho ought to bo repent lug In sackcloth
unl ashes and packing up his trunks, Instead of receiving
with good humored smlies the visitors who
tally and nightly apply for an audience.
The trial is a matter of great interest to \fr. Wa le
ind his anxious and devoted friends. Mr. Sumner
m one of those who favor an acceleration of speed,
is was indicated by his proposition to have the
court meet at ten o'clock and remain In session
nitil six. The advocates of longer dally sessions
lucceedcd In carrying the motlou to meet at eleven,
mt the addition of an hour a day will not, greatly
lastcn a conclusion. Home of the testimony
which has been recently admitted, judging it
ipon its merits, is most fatal to the prosecution, as
he steady efforts of Butler to exclude It abundantly
certify. The Managers are now. as heretofore, Coniumlngagreatde.il
of time In their efforts to keep
>ut Important evidence, and this may be expe^'cd
o continue, as their <\ise grows more desperate. In
:his there is a conflict, of Interest and purpose. They
ire In great haete to conclude the trial, for thei?enetlt
>f such political advantages as inay MOM from he
conviction and removal or the President and the ac
:eesion 01 wane; Din mere in an nnronqncranie
'eeiitifr of distrust which all the bullying and vulrnrlty
of Butler cannot conceal. To c?>ii?iiinnieti>
he object for which Impeach men t wan Inaugurated
a the great desideratum, and those who wait for
lie promised spoils submit to the delay with
in 111 grace, suppressed Impatience, and. Just now,
with no little distrust and uncertainty, lite expei iint*
do not comprcheml the double disadvantage
under which they I at Kir. In the flrst place Mr. Johnion
may not he Impeached, and In tnat event their
hope* will eod. Should they be realized to the exlent
of his removal, shomd Mr. Wade succeed to the
Executive chair and appoint, new heads to all the
fovernment departments, It will be discovered that
tmnng all of tne thousands of employes not one
Holds nla place by reason of any political qualifications
that would disqualify him to hold office under
Mr. Wade. There were Instances In which, prior la
Ihe quarrel between the President and Congress,
clerks were appointed at the request of democratic
Congressmen, but It was not done with reference to
political merits, but by reason of the peculiar circumstances
attending the applications. Secretary
Browning has never made a removal or filled a
vacancy To his department on political grounds. The
tame may be said of Postmaster Ueneral Ilandall,
who has not discriminated against radicals When It
waa possible to accommodate them. Kven Secretary
APRIL 20, 1868.?TRIPLE
Mctni oon, tt is contended by his Mends, has made
no distinction between the friends of the President
aud the friends of Congress, when the applicants
could pass the examination required, and so it is In
all the departments.
At the time of Mr. Lincoln's first Inauguration
there was a swarm of applicants at the capit.il, and
among the heads of bureaus and first class clerks
there was a general change, it operated badly and
to tne detriment of the public interests. During previous
administrations valuable clerks bad been retained
through a succession of changes, and at this
lime permanence Is a positive necessity. There are
frequent resignations on account of inadequate nay
an?f the uncertain tenure of office; but should Mr.
Wade succeed to the full measure of his ambition he
may find iliat the most numerous changes in the
government departments have hceu effected by residual
ions and deaths, and that thu greater portion
of employ s will be aide to fortify themselves Willi
radical endorsements of their qualifications and
merits. However, should Itutler step into the Treasury
Department lie will not scruple to disregard
any mere questions of qualifications or endorsements
lo cany out Ids liostlliiv to General Grant, and
Hit) power of such a man asllutler over Wado may
tie made manifest to the horror of Home radicals who
are now so liot and impatient tor impeachment.
The High Court of impeachment in uot iu favor
w th Manager T. Stevens. A tew days since lie uttered
iu its presence a very emphatic condemnation of its
ruling?au utterance which Manager duller deemed
It prudent to Htille on the spot; and more recently
lie declared iu t lie House that the Senate w ill uot
allow liie House Managers a cuauce to speak auil to
bring before the public the reasons why they go in
for impeachment, and his inieution to give the
choked oif Managers an opportunity to be heard in
the House, and tue public tnc beuelit of tneir arguments
under frank.
.Mr. Stevens, with his associate Managers, has
constantly charged that the President's counsel were
cihieuwiring,-hy every liieaus, to prolong (he trial;
yet those gent.emeu are now Indignant becaune
the Sei ite reiused to allow all the Managers
and all the cuuusel to participate in the
closing argument, if that proposition had been
agreed to, probably six of tiie Managers
would ha\e niude arguments and four of Hie
counsel, making ten speeches, widen could not
liuve consumed less tliuu ten days, and probably
more. The call for sucli a profusion of arguinen'ut.o.i
provokes the inference thai it was needed to
Hircugihi-n the evidence; hut as tins Is not consistent
wan the boasts of the Congressional politicians, tuut
impcac.iiucnt is a political necessity and will be
t uiinuiumu'cu 111 117JIUUBC l(J lliu Ill'IUUIKl, Willi Ull
every day insight into Hie purposes 01 the impeachers,
u is not iiiiUcuit to discover ttie moving motives.
Ambition is one. From the moment Mr. i.og&n was
choked o>r in lus unaccountable effort at tue commencement
of the trial, lie exhibited the most restless
amuition to illuminate the rtenate Chamber with
one of his vehement displays of oratory, ills speech
is prepared, and a luiiurc of delivery would be uttouiled
with iuhnite hazard. But the difficulty is
that Mr. Logan cannot be accommodated to the exclusion
of gentlemen equally ambitious, equally
fluent In denunciatory language, and equally
determined to make a dispuiy 011 tins lueuioraoie
occasion, which is to transfer tue
names of the parti iputors to liisiory and the
attention of generations with whom their posterity
will luiugle with boastful pride. Shut out of the
Senate, however, tliey have out one alternative, and
tnui Is to gel the hearing in the House lor which
Tbnddcus tue powerful is preparing the way. To
hint or to them it matters liitle whether they speak
before or alter the close of the trial. To him or tuciii
it matters I11 tie whether tliey speuk at all, so that
their arguments may go forth to their constituents
and convince that too contidlng class of ptopie that
tue President deserved condemnation and dcutn,
wuatever may be the verdict ot tue jury of lawyers
mid statesmen who are to judge upon their oaths
aud consciences whether he be guilty or whether lie
i>0 muoceut. i pon uic suggestive intimation ot Mr.
Fldndge, tnat. inn consent to the oil'erlug i?y Mr.
Ntcveus of the resolution coiilcniplaicd without u
i|Uoruin woit.fi he contingent upon the am on of
tue committee in reference to the printing of judge
f.uriib; address, the latter gentleman intimated that
he vva'a not certain that lie would oiler It; but since
i he announcement of a quorum by the Speaker we
tua.v he hure that he will do ho, and mat it will
Mutator Cameron has at last found a way lo punish
Ids persecutor, the Secretary of the Senate, by bringing
that oillelal to judgment, tie is very linicii in
earnest upon the subject of Investigating Mr. Forney
? tlniuiclal transactions, ami he will cheerfully
gi\e tie; committee to whom the mailer is reierretl
i lie tienettl 01 ills skill and experience as an accountant
ami financier, ills friend Wagner, the Fay Cleric
of the Senate, deposed by Mr. Forney, says tuere s
some mistake about it. The Senator has known the
old man tin sfe thirty years as otieof the frugal, honest
class of Pennsylvania (icrinans. ilo was cashier of
the York bank, one of the best conducted banns in
Pennsylvania. it was his Integrity ami knowledge
of account* that made his services here desirable,
lie caiue, lived frugally, acquired no bad habits, was
proof against the seductive influences of Congressmen
and other gay habitues of the
capital, and still lie is suddenly discharged
Willi an alleged dctltleticy In his accounts
of $40,wio. The old man aiilrins It is not true. No
deficiency is chargeable to him; and the Senator duniamls
the vindication or a citizen of Ids State, who
Is well and favorubly known, and a full knowledge of
Vhat has been done with all the money before any
more Is appropriated, and lie earned bis point to
the extent of having the mutter reierred to the committee
to audit and control the contingent expenses
of the Senate for investigation.
The subject underconsTdcruiion when Mr. Cameron
put in bis earnest demand for an examination of the
secrctaay's accounts was the bill making appropriations
for miscellaneous and Impeachment expenses,
aud tnc debate brought out the fact thai about $20,000
of the money required was ror the payment of unpaid
bills tiefore the Committee on Contingent Expenses.
Upon tills point Mr. Morrill, of Maine,
threw some light when I10 referred to tue
items of expenditure contained in the printed
schedule, with tue remark, "How creditable
It would lie ui tne nenate 10 nave mem reau
Is another question." A little further on lie Illuminates
the subject thus:?" Why, sir, at the last session
in July we had some seventeen additional messengers
provided under a resolution of the Senate
directing the Hergcant-at-Arms to pnt on additional
force to preserve order; aud what did we dot The
last hour of the session we passed a resoluHon retaining
ail these messengers and all these pages and
alt the clerks during the recess of the Henate; and
they were all on pay, aud, of course, we all voted
for If."'
A gentle remonstrance or two against the last proposition
was Interposed, but Mr. Morrill, of Maine, had
let the cat out of the bag, and there It was; for surplus
and unneoesary erapioyls, whose pay was continued
through the entire vacation, un appropriation of
$20,0U0 was asked, aud It will have to come. Added
to these were a lot of horses and carryalls to be paid
for during the recess too, we may reasonably Infer.
Touching the extraordinary outlay of money, there
are some funny Items contained in the book of contingent
expenses of the Uouse. For example, N. U.
Ordway, tor fees and expenses In arresting and
bringing before the House and discharging certain
memis.'rs named for being absent without leave, is
paid the sum of $577 30. The same party receives
$240 10 for services and expenses Incurred In connection
with a case of breach of privilege. Among
the Items of luxury and comfort are several jars <n
snutT. a quantity of stay-laces, griddles, cullenders,
graters, hour sifters, spoons, coffee mills, and all
manner of culinary utensils. For hauling 1.210
load-i of documents $3,400 were paid?nearly $:? a
load. Saddle horses are a common luxury; whether
for dignitaries or subordinates does not api>ear.
The Australian Turf?Latest "Events"?Roynltv
on the Course.
[From the Melbourne Argus, Feb. 4.]
New Year's Day was a great day on the Melbourne
nice course. His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburg
was present, and there was a large number of
lhahloDablea 00 tbe ground. A multitude of spectators
thronged the hill enclosure, and thousands lined
the course from every av ailatdc point of view. From
c.irly morn, throughout the forenoon ami during the
greater part of the early afternoon the crowd poiircd
out or Melbourne towards Flemington. There was
never before so great a concourse lu the Flenilngton
enclosure. Tne i'rlnce was punctual, ami readied
the I'luond at a few mtuutes after noon. Ills Ko\al
Highness wu accompanied by bin Excellency the
Governor, and members of the snlte of his Royal
II igncss. The Prince wan allowed to enjoy hlmxcir ax
he pleased?was neither bored by addresses nor by
(sung stared nt. He enjoyed himself as a gentleman
The racing was not so good as was hoped for on
the occasion; the Victoria ihwby, with 500 sovcrelgus
added, was contested really by only two horses?Mr.
'Ialt's colt Hreworlcs, by Kelpie?Gaslight, beating
' Mr. 0. H. Fisher's Little Pish, by Fisherman?Cerva,
ami throe others. The Klcmintrtou makes, a crock
two year old race, waa won by Mr. C'. B. Usher's
Kencfla, by Fisherman. The fort. Phillip stakes, a
three miles weight for age race, with ftoo sovereigns
added, for fonr years old and upwards, was won bv
Mr. John Tali's black colt Barb, fonr years, (mating
L'owra, Ave years, and three others; bnt this race was
won easily In a very slow run, time si* minutes fourteen
seconds. A great triumph awaited Mr. Tail's
magnificent three year old colt Fireworks, carrying
eight stone two pounds, In the Midsummer stakes,
one mile and three quarters. In which he gave away
lumps of weight and years besides to a Held of eight
opponents, of whom old Tory boy only was near a'
tue tlnlsh. The Grand National Steeplechase, with
,W) sovereigns added, was won bv a western horse,
Western, carrying nine stone ten pounds, and a
neighbor. Reindeer, at the same weight, running
second. The next race meeting of the Victoria Racing
Club will be held on Saturday, March '21.
Hobart Town has recently enjoyed a carnival race
week, and the Tastuamans appear to huvo thoroughly
enjoyed alike the visit of Prince Alfred and the
races?the tlrst most loyally and the last most demonstratively.
The principal race of the meeting was a
handicap event, miscalled a champion affair, which
resulted in two horses, aged Ave years and six years,
carrying seven stone twelve pounds respectively,
coming in flrst and second, the latter being subsequently
odjndged the winner of the stakes on the
ground of a Jostle or cross.
Thn sutrl nrinrlnal ran a mMlinM In Vlrfnria will
be at Iietvllpo, Creswlek and (leelong; bat eonalderaiiie
attmMon baa been given here to the coming
real champion rare In Launoeaton, Taamanla, for
whfi h the H)dnejr Tim Whlffler la the favorite againat
the field.
At bjdnev the furfltea had a great da; on the tat of
January with their Tatteraalr* race*. Bol|tmi>ar,
five yeara, proved hltneeif the hero of the occaatou,
winning the two principal event*
The different places of worship were well attended
yesterday. The weather was fair for the display
of the new spring fashions, ami to this canse possibly
may be attributed the .arge attendance <n
many of the fashionable churches.
St. Patrick's Cathedral.
A vast congregation assembled within the walls
of the cathedral yesterday, attracted not only
by the usual august ceremonies Utouging to
the high mass, but by the visit of the Redemptionlst
Fathers, who have Just opened a inlsslou for the
I BDlritual bene dr. of the parish. Shortly after ten
o'clock the reverend missionaries arproached the
altar, where, souie religious exercises having beet
performed, high mass was commenced, the Rev. l>r
McSwcen-y oillciatltig as celebrant. The choral ar
rangemeuts were of the usual high standard, and, tc
the credit or the talented artists engaged, were ad
rnlrabty carried out. Minne'a entire mass In U wa;
performed with a satisfactory result, characterized
as it was throughout by most complete unison. Al
the termination of the ilrst gospel the I lev. F. Way
rich, one of the Itedcmpiionlst Fathers, ascended tilt
pulpit and preached an eloquent sermon, fall of deep
thought and sentiment. The reverend gentleman
took his text from, the i went tenth
chapter and nineteenth verso of St. John's
gospel, descriptive of the Saviour's uppearance
amid his disciples, saying unto them, "i'eace be
with you." The mission of Christ, the speaker observed,
was essentially a mission of peace. It had
been lost by the sin of Adam, and Cod came to restore
tt. All men inherit the sin of our first parents;
they inherit the loss of grace as well as all ihe defects
that follow the drat sin; hence all men are born in
the enmity of Cod. When the Saviourenme and stood
in the midst of hut disciples, he not only gave peace
to rlictn, but commissioned them to give that peace to
others; for he satel "wltosg sins ye shall forgive they
are forgiven, and whose sins ye shall reiain they are
retained," thereby imparting to them the authority
to (litfuse the peace and friendship of bod. Thai an
embodied In t'.ie Church; for the Church
received it from Its founder, the Havlour of man
kind. Conferred upon tin Apostles, it was by theiu
transmitted to their lawful successors. Hut thai
power of forgiving sins was not of man, but of the living
Uod through his representat ives on earth, by this
power the human heart was rcstured to the peaceand
friendship of tiod. Peace was found in the wounds
of Jesus even amid the impiiries of a busy iniaguia
tlon aud the distrustful suggestions of an incredulom
temper. Pur his wounds being evidences of ins di
vinlty dispense peace amid them by giving pro?,
of his being God. .Such a proof they were to ,-t
Thomas, when, having put, tils linger into Ins sacrei
wounds, he published Ids confession of Christ's diviu
ity, not only acknowledging the truth of his resurrection,
but, also all that he hud advanced of himself
The establishment of the Church was of tiod; the fali li
of Christians in assenting to the doctrines of tin
Church was a fulfil built 011 God, a faith that had (loci
for its tntiuile support and His indispensable authority
wtiicii set it above all exception. WM not ilus, then,
enough to insure the peace of a Christian soul
Thus, then, tlio Christian partook of that peace giver
to the Aposties, and rested in the calm of an unerring
faith, which should never bo weakened by
doubts, nor our hope by distrust, nor our chanty by
provocation. The reverend gentleman concluded a
lengthened discourse by setting forth the special
objects of the mission, to tlie devotional exercises
and importance of which he exhorted the aueaiiun
of the congregation. The high mass was then proceeded
wait, and the services terminated shortly
before one o'clock.
Plymouth Chnreli,
Rev. Henry Ward Beccher preached yesterday
morning. In Introducing to his hearers t lie subject
of temperance lie said there would be a meeting of
the Temperance Society of Brooklyn in Plymouth
church this (Monday) evening. Among the speakers
would be an able and gifted young Christian minister,
the Kev. Stephen H. Tyug, Jr. They would have
the pleasure of hearing Mr. Tyn<r in Plymouth
church, where no bishop cmilil handie Inni and where
men were tree to preach t tie Cospel. This al.union
by Mr. Beccher to the recent "reprimand" administered
by Bishop Potter to Mr. Tyng for certain alleged
inunctions of the canons of the Episcopal church
produced considerable inerriinent among Hie congregation;
some tittered and others laughed outright.
Mr. Jteecher then proceeded wi'h his
sermon, in the course of which he remarked
that tile indifference and indecision of some men In
nutters Of religious faith reminded Mm very much
or What he saw in England daring Ids visit to that
country 111 tsou. There were then some Americans in
London who, though they professed much desire to
see die Union restored and its Hag triumphant, had
not the manly courage to avow, in a manty, lndc
pendent way, their devotion to their flag anil country.
They were cold, snivelling, indifferent kind o
men. Indeed, they could lie hardly called men a
all. So it was with those who, professing themselve
to be Christians, hud not the courage to avow tha
they would do alt for tne sake OT'v>" L-jnV pr There
was a largo congregation in fiir eiarftn*
Mr. Beecher, however, did not preach; hut Ids pulp
was tilled by the Rev. Mr. Gallagher, who d.seusse
upeu texts from the Scriptures.
Church of the Holy Trinity (Lutheran).
The services yesterday morning in the Englls
Lutheran Clinrch of the Holy Trinity, situate 01
Twenty-flrst street, near Six in avenue, attracted!
large audience and were of a solemn and impresslvi
diameter, as the occasion was the opening of tb<
oliurcli for the first time under the auspices of tin
Lutherans. The chnrch is a medium sized edifice o
very inviting interior, erected by the Heforrnet
Outch Church in 1838, rebuilt and enlarged in 184
upon laud generously donated by an early pastoi
(liev. John K. Jackson), to whose memory u table
has been erected in the wull by the lteforinc<
Dutch congregation, from whose possession i
has passed to the Lutherans. Kev. Di
Krotel, professor in a Philadelphia theologies
seminary, has been installed as pastor. Ai
efficient ohurch choir, under the leadership of Mr. A
F. Chur, has been scoured. The organist is Mr.
bast Ian Sommers. This is the second Englls
Lutheran congregation organized in this city, th
flrst having tieeu established over thirty years ago.
After the usual routine services the Itev. Dr. Krott
selected his text from the lesson of the day (Joh
xx., IB), the salutation of our Saviour to His apostle
upon his resurrection?"Peace be unto you." Tli
reverend genUeniun delivered an eloquent discourse
replete with deep thought and sound theology, I
which lie pointed out that these words were utterc
by the Son of Cod on the first flay or the week an
the flrst Easter of the Christian Church?upon tho
glorious day that his mourning disciples received th
good news that their Lord and Havlour had rise
indeed. It waa the evening of the first da
that the disciples were assembled and ha
shut the floors for fear of the Jewi
and were crushed in spirit, the sun of their hope ha
set in darkness and blood? whcu Jesus appeared ii
their midst and said, "Peace lie unto you." It wa
the flrst Salutation to His first church. This was i
salutation frequently used by Die Jews in addressini
one another, but wc found that whenever it fel
from the lips of the Saviour Ii always had a mou
significant meaning than that conveyed in genera
salutations among tlie Jews. All through the .>crip
tiircs Jesus Christ was depicted as the IThicc o
Peace, as the mediator between tiod and faiiet
man. Long before Ills coming Me la spoken of bj
the prophet Isaian as the "Prince of Peace," ami ai
ail times ills name had been associated with peace.
When He was born in a manner of (lie \ I rum ?lie
angels hang. "Hlor.v to (lod, peace on earth and gowl
will toward men.'' Willi the fall of Adam In tlx
Harden of Eden Hod and man were placed
In antagonism, hit Curist was tue Oder
Ing of Hod to reconcile man to himself
At the fall man was estranged from the Almighty
and afraid of the power and majesty of <io?l, who lr
the Holy Scriptures promises that m the fulness o
time there shall he one raised up to unite those tw<
extremes. Ho we llnd Christ coining irno the worli
to perform this glorious mission, suiiering all inun
ner of persecution, reviled, spat upou, crucliled
raised from Hie dead and installed as a mcdiato
hei ween the l ather and fallen man, to make penoi
between the extremes. In Jesus Christ?the baboo
Bethlehem?we behold the fulness of the <>odiica<
Itodily. Therefore these worus, "Peace tie uut<
you," when uitcred by the Redeemer, had ahoiie
and higher signtgcance than when tuey lell fro.n tu
lips of the Jews. But there was another upplicatloi
of this text, that could be appropriately made. A
Christ said to His flr?t. church on the Holy Kastci
' Peace lie unto you," so lie, as an anihasaudor i
Christ, on this lirst <l?y of the week, assembled wit
this congregation to dedicate this church 10 the sei
vice of the Hiring Bod, felt like exclaiming, "L?
you have peace that passeth all understanding, an
may the salutation ?o closely allied with this day tj
Impressed upon every heart. May you live In peac
wlili all m'-n. May you bring fort It fruits unto righ
eoiisnesHUtid peace."
A Wandering Congregation.
A large portion of the members of the Eplscopi
Church of the Redemption, located In East Foil
tecnth street, were compelled to change their qua
tors yesterday, as the house In which they were wot
to worship was closed against them. The number c
people thus disappointed Is estimated at several hut
dreos, who on assembling yesterday morning fouti
the doors closed, ami not the slightest Indication a|
peared to console them with the hope that their accu
touted place of worship would be thrown open to t liei
for divine service. After some delay accommodi
tlons were secured for the morning service in th
Cooper Institute, where the services were conducie
by the pastor, the Rev. Mr. Scott. Or. Vinton piace
St. Mark's church at the disposal of thecongregatloi
for evening worship. The feelings of those who hav
thus l?een deprived of their usual meetlug place fc
fllvina ara AV.iAafiinwIli <vv/il?n,i at flip fpfiu
meat to which they have been auhlected, attributin
tt all to the action of Bishop Potter In the mali
assisted by Warden F. W. Weichman and his auxi
larles, together with the asrtetanre or Nuperlutentler
Kennedy, whose officers were on hand, aud intim
dated by their presence thoae who came to worahl
and to pray.
New Jerwmlem flarcb.
Laat evening Rev. Chauncey Giles lectured l?efor
a highly attentive congregation at Hew Jerusalet
church, Thirty-fifth street and Lexington arena*
taking as the theme of hla discourse "Swedenborg
an a Man," being the laat bat one of a series of lectures
on the life, character and work of that eminent
The reverend lecturer began bj saying that It was
necessary, in order to deal properly with a subject of
this nature, to have some true standard to be guided
by, but i here was but one perfect standard, and the
highest of men was infinitely below Him. According
to the teaching and language of Christ he was the
greatest who performed the greatest service
for huraaniiy, and human greatness must be
i measured In like manner. No man was
great merely by the possession of one
faculty*, for while be might be great us a poet, philosopher
or statesman, ee might be so bigoted or superstitious
as to lie almost useless as a amu. Real
< greaiuesa was only attained when the moral and
intellectual faculties were well developed and harmonious,
aud It was this combination of qualities
whii h made Swedenliorg essentially a ureal man.
ills faculties were large, well developed, well balanced,
and there was nothing in him that was precocious
or merely brilliant in his curly vears, and the
keynote of Ills whole life was given in his childhood.
I The highest life brought down into practical use aud
1 I nioiii in a iiuu in oi p'tigum, una uus
. | wus ii funauincni.il principle of Kiuuuncl Swedeu,
horn's whole character. Hit* father gave all hie nuns
, the choice ot their profession, aiut Swedenborg
evinced u .strong desire for natural science and
i mathematics, and In this Held gave early promise
i of attaining great eminence. At au early ago
i he went to Bnglsnd, which he considered a
most auspicious held for his labor anil research In
philosophy. Hero he soon Itecame prominent as an
inventor, and his whole attention was absorbed In
utilizing the material substances and for es. On his
return to Sweden, ids native country, he engaged in
the publication of a magazine. Among the inventions
to which he gave iiis attention were "a bridge
to open and shut," "a machine driven by tire" (and
this, it should be remembered, was about a century
and a half ago, before the age of s earn), a new system
of constructing docks, air gnus, submarine vessels,
musical Instruments, airtight stoves, Improved
methods of buiidiug houses, Ac. The discovery of a
bank of tine clay suggested to liiui that Sweden
could make her own pottery. At that time he was
not in any way Impressed with spiritual desires or
aspirations, uob was there, on the other hand,
! any evidence that he was carried away by the scepticism
of his age and country, lie was applying his
wisdom and talents for the material boneUt of hla
l fellow men, and was obtaining thai complete knowledge
of nature and the laws ol' the universe which,
i made him bo eminently fitted to stimulate and develop
the doctrines wluch he propagated and origi
to characterize in eloquent term* tne groat una disf
tlngutshlng traits of tue ciiuracter of t ie illustrious
hum whose works ami taients loriued the subject of
j Ins remarks, ami gave the following as the uiorul
niUMius of Swedeubarg'a life us tuuud m his writings,
but never yet published:?First, to reail often,
and uicdltutc well, on the works of mo laird; second,
[ to be always resigned and couteutod uuder the iis5
pensatiuns of Divine l'lovnlcm e, third, always to
I observe a propriety of beh ivior and to preserve a
r conscience clear and void of oifouco; fourtlt, to oiiey
tliut which is ordained, to liefaitiuui in ine discharge
\ of my oni ploy incut and to do c.erj tiling lu my
| power to render myself universally as useful us
31. Auguste Comic on Fiftli Avenue?Imported
Fabric* in Keligiou.
Mr. Edgar, of considerable notoriety In certain
circles us an adherent and advocate of M. Augusto
Comte's positive philosophy, lectured yesterday before
a moderate audience at lie (iarmo's llall, In the
Conservatory of Music bnildiug, corner of Fifth
avenue upd Fourteenth street. The programme of
the day Included two services, or ratnet*t ,vo lectures,
in advocacy of tlie introduction of Comic's religion
of humanity, which forms a sort of uppendix application
of his Mciciitillc system to Bona! rpiestiot s,
and which lias, curiously enough, notwithstanding
the consideralile popularity of his sy stein of sctwitlflc
philosophy, made very Utile progress at home.
In some circles it is asserted that the attempt to
transplant Couitism to this cum try lias its origin lu
a general intention on the part of the few believers
la ids religious system to concrete lu Hie form of
actual experiment the social principles luld down by
tlielr acutely analytic master. In accordance with
tins intention the attempt 11 being made to found a
congregation In tills city, it being believed that the
i abstractions of the philosopher may be wrought
into practice In connection w h i the culture and intelligence
which at preseut prevail In the better
Social circles of this city, llesidcs, New York Imports
manners, morals, modes of living, modes of
dramatic expression and tuo modes par excellence
1 from l'aria; and It la u rural that there
1 can be no sufflcteut reason why New York should
not Import Iter religion from 1'arm aiao, thus finding
an American market lor Comtism aud ( 'ourlerlsm
f and any number or other Isms whlcn i.ulU-an brains
t may see lit to invent. The principal reasons urged
s by Mr. Ktlgar la favor of the new religion y ester daw
t were drawn more from cousldcraLutu> of tne auegeiT
degeneracy of the old than from aojr "tfe?ed snpert
"mineut merits lu Cotnte s system. It was held than
it the world was ripe-An a religious revolution, moid
d complete perhaps and mom subveftlve of old principles
than the Lutheran Keioriniitljn, which was
really caused, not hy the struggle of Luther against;
what he deemed the abuses or Romanism, but by ttio
. fact that the thought of the age was ripe for revolu
tion. The weird (Jothto fabric of ritual and supcr?
stnfon which prevailed up to the time of Luther was
& In its day sufficiently representative?was, In facl, au
. accurate minor of the thought and sentiment of the
ago which originated it. ilie world, however, oute
grew "(lOthlcIsm" (as M. Zaine would express the
t medieval feeling); anil the world had now neurly out(
grown the views and theories of tin: Reformation.
Scientific mode of thought had la a great nieasura
1 taken the place of the splendid though lunatic abI
Htractlons which were the aplioldltig pillars
r of the present system, and, in fact, tha
t religious speculation of the age had taken
1 a scientific coloring. As sclentltle Investigation had
t proceeded it had t>ccn found that the nrmciples of
science were just as applicable to social and
,1 religious subjects as to any one of the physical
n sciences?being, In its broadest s< nse, nothing mora
.. nor less than the Investigation of the laws of being
j. and well being, physical, lute tectum, moral aud
h spiritual. Hence followed tne possibility that a
e system of religion based upon the puiest principles
of sclcntllic philosophy might be mudc applicable to
>1 every human need and every human want?whether;
n physical or spiritual.
:s Hturting from such a reasoning as this, the lecturer
e proceeded to explain the leading principles of
j, Comte's religion uf humanity, the logical deduction
n of which is that Rod is an obsolete Idea, only ncces.
d sary to an unscientific stage of civili/.alion, and that/
d the ethics of science are yet to take the place of tha
g less realistic ethics of the present system or religion,
e These lectures were yesterday, morning aud evenu
ing, quite well atieudcd, though obviously inore out
y of curiosity than out of any liking on the part of tha
I hearers for the religions novelty proposed, whtchr
i was, in the opinion of the lecturer, to bring about a
j sort oi sclentltle millennium.
r Oi.ssriowsR?"t can call spirits from tb? vasty dsep."
I HorsPCK "Why, socau I. or so can auy man; but will
g tbey rome when you do call rof them J"
i Tiw. iroiimnil In the ruafl of ttie mnnntohnnlr an.
sertlon, ami the Indignant skepticism with which It
, was received, recorded In the above dialogue, was ?
r little relieved at its weekly discussion last evening
1 In Dodworth Hull, by the introduction of a new ele*
ment, properly In keeping with the spirit of
I the nineteenth century, of a Pecksntillan character.
1 The attendance at the meollng was of the ordinary
extent and cast, slim In respect to numbers ami
slim in the prevailing exterior of those composing it.
< Men and women In euual proportion, with eada\ c.
' rous fin es and eyes which, If they be the windows of
1 the soul, must nave hud the inside curiums drawn,
* as they looked not out, occupied at miei vais tag
1 tenches which run iu parallel lines across Hie room,
sealing themselves <s they came in, with suspicious
' care, at as great distances Irom each other as tka
? accommodations would penuit. '1 lie ordei of exer*
e ciscs was varied from the usual piog,-amine. First{
a phenomenon in short dress u.d bahy cap seate<l
I herself at the asthmatic Insruineni miscalled a mel'
lodeon, wntch does duty here for an orchestra, and
drew troni 11 some decided groanlngs, as of the pres*
? ence of Internal disorder. Having concluded thig
II funereal fantasia, sin* was succeeded by another
,H feinluluc splrUualist, who Improved upon the last by
* pla.vlug and aitlculaliug, tun lutu-r, however, wltN
, great apparent signs of suflnrring, "The tntier Wide of
11 Jordan." w idle this pcriormuiice was going on, un
r" Individual of a studiously I'ecKsuiitlau appearance?*
?afterwurds learned to lie Dr. llaliock?led to the
platform a voung ladv In pure colored silk, Zotiavs
10 jackei and white brocha shawl, where both seated
le themselvss. When the sounds which nail proceeded
l* from the i liolr (!) died away, the l ecksuiitian master
of ceremonies announced a recitation tiy ins lady companion,
whereupon the latter rose, and selecting onet
.tt tit- fhsmlellers tvtfirdcd It OeilSlVClf lor While.'
*1 and then, in a voice of patneitc and Intense interest*
r matured several times, after a abort preamble de?,
scribing where she thought it wight be, " Where.
r" oh, where is me better land f" varying the expresit
slon to one or touching disappointment as frequently
,r ss she replied to herself, "Nut there, not there, my
, chlldl" and nnaliy, sitting down with a joyous light
,i in her countenance when miormed where It was.
, The real business of the meeting then commenced-^
a discourse by D. Hal lock upon " The Mate rial Md?
n of Ine spiritual Movement." After w^imf thaiuitW
a sea of words, engrafting some of the philosophy
,o of Comte upoh Hplrituaiisoi, he re^hed hi?
d subject. He hud, he said, i^?.ve?l s co,,,mnd
nicatlon from the Spirit wor d hl
a to inform the bretneren that It wouw uw
e pleasing to the spirits to h?vah
,r purchased for their use, aud had d wioseota
u him a plan for the accomplishment ?f '^"J^Tabgl
|: High In .ptmnni "J KJaSJ
t name of a eommlttse to pnhtsfl ?n *Wresem?lUn|
such contributions. IN had ? hietwpowd tlul
m*AriMuiftn hut on l^irolD^ that iKxlworvn Halt
P &SK"hi iwnrtt"hesp had approved of Ik H?
moved Hint somebody take the chair and the qnes.
um be put to rue meeting. The cliatr was taken; th?
names of the committee read (Dr. tlallock's being
# Hum* their appointment ratified nrm rw??, aboul
n Jen o'r twelve only voting, and tha meeting disused
, M tue collection was uuuouuced.

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