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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN HTRBBT. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. All business or news letter and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New Yobk Hebald. olame XXX1I1 No 344 AMUSEMENTS THIi EYBNINJ. OLYMPIC TUBATBE. Broadway?HoMrrT DDMPTr. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadwar-BuiAHKTll, QC*M or England. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Brotdwu and ISib tract.? Pim? Iflx. MIBLO'S GARDEN?Babbk Blbuk. BOWEBY THBATBB, Bowery LlK? IN TBM STBHTfl Talhm Colouu. MEW YOBK THEATBB, Broadway.-PoDl. Play. BRYANTS' OPERA HOl'SE. Tammany Building, 14tb troeL?Ethiopian Mikbtkklby, <*o. KELLY k LEON'S MINSTRELS. 7J0 Broadway.-ETHlO riAM Mimstuklby, BOBUtByu*. 4a?Baehkb bld SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, MS Broadwjf.-ETHIO rui Kmtieiaismihtb, Damoimo, 4c. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE SOI Bowary?Coma YOOALI&M. NSttEO ?WT1IL?I, 40. THEATRE COMIQIE. 814 Broadway.?Tn* Gb*AT Oil GIMAL LlMUABD AMD VACDBVILL* COMPANY. WOOD'S MUSEUM AND THEATRE, Thirtieth street and Broadway.?Afternoon and craning Performance. CENTRAL PARK GARDEN, Serenth avenue.?POPULAR Gakdkn Concebt. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn.?HoolB1*S MlKSTBKLB?UOOL.EY'8 ClttODS. NEW YORK MUSEUM OP ANATOMY, ?18 Broadway? 80KN0B ADD ABT. New York* Monday* Aifut 31, 1868. THE XV XIW 8. EUROPE. The news report by the Atlantic cablo la dated yes terday evening, August SO. The question of peace or war, with the prominent one of Napoleon's position and Intentions, are can vassed with great anxiety. Garibaldi resigned his seat In the Italian Parliament. Austria will compel the clergy to carry out the civil marriage law. MISCELLANEOUS. Cable advices from Paraguay confirm tho report of the evacuation of Fort Humaita. The Paraguayans till express confidence and a determination to con unue ine ngiu. St. Louis despatch states that reports are re ceived from Arkansas to the effect that war had broken oat In a portion of that State between Union men and ex-rebels and that the courts had been closed In three counties by armed men. An engage ment took place near Lewlsburg on Sunday, and Governor Clayton had none to the scene with a small force. A member of the Legislature had been killed Osceola. A large number of children and about twenty adults were poisoned In Boston yesterday by eating freely of castor beans, which they mistook for pea nuts. The beans were thrown into refuse barrels by a firm engaged in the manufacture of castor oil and greedily seized upon by the children, many of whom also leasted their parents. No deaths have yet oc curred, but it is quite likely some of the cases will prove lUta'. The National Academy of Sciences, after a quiet session of four days at Northampton, Mass., ad journed on Friday to meet in Washington in April next. Interesting papers on "The Tidal Currents at Hell Gate" on "Deep Sea Dredglngs in the Gulf Stream" and other subjects were re<?d. The State Department has officially promulgated Information of a cattle quarantine Imposed by the Canadian Dominion and of the wreck of the steam ship Constantlne at Sitka. The news was published In the columns of the Uualo ten or twelve days ago. There was a larpe democratic torchlight proces sion In New Orleans on Saturday evening, In which several colored men's and foreigners' clubs were represented. The Commissioners of Virginia and West Virginia met at White Snlnhur Knrlnim nn Sot iiritav ami onn. eluded ft contract for the completion of tne Chesa peake ?n<l Ohio Railroad, extending from the sea board to the Ohio river and pawing through the only pass In the Alleghany Mountains that la at present unoccupied by railroads. This Is said to be the shortest line from Calcavo to the Atlantic. On Monday last the sheriff of Twiggs county, Ga., bid occasion, with a posse, to arrest several negroes engaged in a riot the week previous. One negro at tempting to escape was killed, and the rest gave themselves up. A great many others, not engaged In the riot, gave themselves up, being apprehensive that the white people Intended to kill them. They stated th t one Jeff Long, a negro, w.is their district commander and they were under his orders, he i>elng n officer of the Loyal League. Mrs. Allcc McMahon, charged with strangling ber husband at a tenement house up town, on Friday night, was discharged yesterday, the Coroner's Jury finding that death ensued from disease of the heart Allen, the wickedest man, who has l>ecn preparing for ft reform, made up his mind on hat unlay, closed bis Water street Uanc? house, attended the Howard Mission services, devoutly engaging in prayer, and last evening held prayer meeting In nis old Wa ter street Uen. Some Irishmen In Montreal have advertised a pic nic to be hold on Tuesday for the benefit of the pris oner Whalen, charged with the murder of D'Arcy McOee. On Saturday night, however, proclftmft tton was posted about town calling on all loyal dtl ??<> ,? tiw.nnt.1 oii. il n Cnnlnn /4lar\1ov An IntnniA Mj\ lI.-? W _ excitcment Is the result and a riot Is anticipated. In ttic matter of a session of Congress tn Septem ber the republican members seem to hare agreed that If they do not meet they are In danger of losing the Booth, and If they do they are In danger of losing the North. They have, therefore, simply to cboose which risk Is preferable. Two men were arrested last evening charged by a lady with having assaulted and committed an out rage upon her tn Central I'ark yesterday afternoon. After she and a lady companion had driven In a hired carriage al>ont the Hark, the two men thrust themselves into the carriage and the driver drove nnder one of the bridges, where the crime was com mitted, the lady companion effecting her escape by flight. A grand International congress of Jewish rabbis was held in the town hall at Cause I, Hesse, on the 11th Inst. Our correspondence from that point furnishes a full account of the proceedings, which related to a solution of the questions threatening a conflict be tween the old and modern rites of Jewish worship. Three persons were burned to death in a grist mill on the Great Wentern Railway, Canada West, on Saturday night. It is supposed the mill was flred by au lucendiary. Advices from Alaska state that considerable sick ness has broken out among the Russian children. Valuable coal discoveries have been made. Usneral II nl leek had sailed from Sitka. Tb ; town of Iloin.tos, llar'posa connty, Cal., was nearly destroyed by Ore on Thursday night. The Ossipee has arrived at Han Francisco from Monterey. Heavy floods have prevailed lately In Arltona. A water spout In Yuma county destroyed two freight trains and did other damage. The Idaho election Is known to have resulted In thi sue* ess of the democratic ticket. The steamer J. It. Robinson exploded her boiler at Jersey landing, on the Mississippi river, on aatur day. One inan wai fatally scaidod. Ono mun was kicked to death on the street by ru.liatic iu Philadelphia and three were shot and " idly Injured In a house of 111 fame in thatjiityoQ e.lav nltriit. ?r 'u 'load's baAd and a troop of slxHundred Sioux U| 4. warpatl) In the neUnborhoad of Cheyenne, areoaifte , ls , <>nHl.Ioiinevitable, and vvlua An India ,n ,n enayenue. tecrs vv Tfce Prr^wHtl mreaMl Thwdi Forty Yean. The scandalous rulgarlto and general reok lesaneaa (with pictures to match) of the party press and most of the partisan stumpers on both sides in the discussion of the Presidential conflict of 1868 show very broadly that our active party politicians and their organs of the present day have made precious little advance ment from the teachings of forty years. The "modern improvements" of steamships, rail ways, telegraphs and photographs have scaled the Chinese wall and revolutionized the policy of that ancient empire in reference %) the "brown haired outside barbarians," and have brought eren the naked savages of Australia within the pale of decency and decorum; but the party journals and party politicians of the United States are as savage and shameless in their personal scurrilities and violent abuse of each other as they were when Andrew Jack son was proclaimed, in the general hue and cry from the whig party, a border ruffian, an ignoramns, a humbug, a charlatan, a gambler, a tavern brawler, a military despot, a duellist, adulterer and murderer. This outrageous mode of political warfare against Jaokson, as we have recently shown, contributed powerfully to swell the triumph of his first election in 1828, and, to some extent, of his second election in 1832, although in that campaign the case of the people versus the United States Bank monopoly was the ruling question. So strong in the confidence and admiration of the DeoDle came the victorious Jackson out of that conflict that he was able to proclaim his successor in Martin Van Buren, and was powerful enough to carry him through, not withstanding the disastrous blunders of his pet bank system, with its manifest tendencies from excessive inflation and speculation to a fearful, crushing and universal collapse. This pet bank legacy from Jackson to Van Buren, however, rushing rapidly to wildcat and red dog bank paper, to a suspension of specie payments and irresponsible shinplas ters, issued from city and village corporations, from cross-road taverns and distilleries and by Tom, Dick and Harry, brought about the sweeping political reaction of 1840. There are thousands of men still living who will re member the wonderful novelties of that memo rable campaign. There had been nothing like it before, there has been nothing like it since. Personal abuse of Harrison and Tyler by democratic organs and stumpers, and of Van Buren and Colonel Dick Johnson by whig stumpers and organs, was liberally indulged in. The whigs immensely magnified and glo rified the military exploits of Harrison in two or three Indian fights; his simple mode and habits of life were exalted to the skies, and, in short, from a few disparaging democratic hints and sneers, the whigs raised suoh a car nival, yea, such a jubilee, in behalf of Old Tippecanoe and Tyler too, as no nation on the face of the globe had ever seen, and such as even we of this country will perhaps never witness again. The issues of the campaign on the whig side were set to music and sung by choruses of thousands at every city, town, hamlet and cross-road in the country. There were whig masa meetings and barbecues gathered from thinly populated dis tricts astonishing to behold; there were whig processions, compared with which the original Atlantic cable glorification in New York in honor of Cyrus Field was a poor concern. We have before us one of these Harrison and Tyler processions of 1840. Its line extends over hills and valleys for many miles; it is fifty thousand strong ; it is liberally garnished with flags, banners, log cabins and canoes from fifty to a hundred feet long, drawn by white horses or oxen, and flllod, some with young ladies in white, some with backwoods hunters in deerskin, and some with painted Indians, all singiug the Harrison campaign songs. And then come trees borne aloft, their branches filled with raccoons and 'possums, squirrels, owls and hawks ; and then we have a live eagle, and next a bear, and then a mam moth barrel of hard cider, with a hundred tin pnna hnncrfnor rnnnrl if find an An a. at ill or*n_ tinning chain of novelties, curiosities and vocal music for miles along the resounding line. And so It was all over the country?the fun niest and liveliest and most extensive and most prolonged politioal carnival and jubilee ever known. But, nevertheless, it was the grand financial collapse of Van Buren's admin istration In 1837 and its consequences that swept him and his party out of power in 1840. The campaign of 1844 between Clay and Polk was comparatively heavy and monoto nous. Personal abuse on both sides was freely employed by the party press and stumpers, as nsual, but it amounted to nothing. The most popular and most sagacious and suc cessful of all our American statesmen in his great measures was defeated by an obscure politician on tho Texas annexation question and by a pitiful factious fragment in New York of hlB own party. In 1848, according to tho party journals, we had in Taylor an old fool and ip Cass an old humbug to fight for, and there la no telling what the result might have been had not Martin Van Buren turned the scale in New York against Cass on the free soil issue. In 1852, strangely enough; poor Pierce carried the election almost by acclamation as the champion of Henry Clay's great compromise measures of 1850 against the abolition affilia tions of the whig party; and next we find, in 1H66, f remont as tne ann-siavery canuiuate nearly successful with tho dead weight of Fillmore upon his back against Buchanan, although the Fremont ticket by terrorism was excluded from every slave State excepting a few bold voters here and there In Maryland, Virginia and Missouri. We need not further pursue our recapitula tion. In looking over the list of oar Presi dential contests from 1828 down to this day it will be observed that the candidate most shamefully abused has proned the most ac ceptable to the people where the light has been made upon the merits of the candidate; that great Issues have sometimes defeated the cal culations of the keenest politicians and have | resulted in some very extraordinary revola l tions at the polls, as in 1840 and 18A2) that a mere faction or third party decided the elec tion in 1844, '48 and 'r>6, and that slnoe the time of Jackson wo have only had ono Prell dcniial contest?that of 1840?In which the result was morally certain from the beginning. 4 Dui thu main conclusion is this, that while the NJfiW YORK HERALD, M< lessons of our national elections fer forty, nay seventy, years show that libellous attacks upon the personal character of popular candi dates have reacted against the inventors, our party journals and party stumpers and man aging politicians are forty years behind the age, and that the only fair and candid expo sitions of modern progress, public opinion and the political situation are to be found in the independent press. The War la Para*nmy?Reported F*U of lilMUlU. The news from South America by way of Lisbon informs us that the stronghold of Lopes in Paraguay, Fort Humaita, had been aban doned by the Paraguayans and taken posses sion of by the allies. The tactics of the allied forces, it appears, to reduce the garrison by close siege and starvation had succeeded. It is said that two hundred and fifty cannon, be sides a great quantity of ammunition and Bmall arms, were left in the fort and fell into the hands of the Brazilians and their allies. It is reported, too, that the retreating Paraguayans were hotly pursued, when four thousand of them were cut off firom the main body and captured. Three Brazilian iron-clads had forced their way through the obstructions, passed the bat teries on the river Parana and joined the fleet in the bombardment of President Lopez's posi tion at the mouth of the Tebicuari. It was supposed that Marshal Caxias, the allied com mander, was able to command all the routes of Lopez's retreat and that the Paraguayans would soon have to give up the war. These accounts are detailed with particu larity and Beem to have the impress of truth. But they come from Brazil, from the side to which they are highly favorable, and may be untrue or very much exaggerated. We have had similar statements before from the same source of Brazilian successes which have turned out in the end to be unreliable. They cannot be implicitly relied upon, then, till con firmed by news from the other side. The Para guayans have fought nobly and against great odds all through the war, and there has hardly ever been a more heroic defenoe of a fort than that of Humaita. Whatever may have been the faults of President Lopez, he has shown great ability and has been the defender of re publican institutions and national independence against a powerful monarchy and an unholy and unnatural alliance. Should he have to succumb to this overwhelming combination it might become the duty of the United States, to see that republican government in South America be not crushed out through the suc cess of Brazil and her allies. Our Ministers in that hemisphere should be instructed to care fully watch the progress of events and to keep the government at Washington well informed. Ltcenttoaa Journal lam. Under the above title a thoughtful and forci ble article in the last number of the Round Table justly stigmatizes the indecent, vitupe rative style adopted by certain journalists, who have lately vied with each other in pandering to the lowest of popular appetites?the taste for detraction, vulgarity and slang. The writer of the article to which we allude says that 4'in point of fact novels like 'Jack Sheppard' are no worse for the morals of youth than sheets like the New York Tribune or the La Crosse Democrat for their manners. Each is in its way debasing and unwholesome, and each is alike unfit for the reading of respecta ble families. The article published last Satur day by one of these papers, called 'Lincoln in Hell,' is a fitting pendant to the article pub lished a Bhort time since by the other, called 'Governor Seymour as a Liar.' Both are equally disgraceful, both have brought upon their writers indelible infamy, and both should bring upon their respective journals the penalty of permanent exclusion from all respectable society. The names of Pomeroy and Greeley are thus henceforth necessarily linked together in the vilo distinction of hav ing done more to degrade the character of American journalism than any other two men of their generation." But while the lionnd Table was denouncing these gross exhibitions of bad manners on the part of the New York Tribune and the L% Crosse Democrat, it should not have forgotten to donounco the equally groas exhibition of which a democratic organ in this city is habitually guilty. This organ perpetually reviles General Grant as a "drunkard" and a "butcher." It borrows, or rather it steals, from the most obscene pages of l ai^an, utcck ana iiom&n writers, or or rrencn writers of the school of the infamous Marquis do Sade, or of old English dramatists, tho foulest words and phrases, and flings these stolon rotten eggs at every political opponent. Journalists of all parties should remember it is measures, and not men, that are Involved In the prosent Presidential contest. Party journals forget this, and instead of presenting arguments disgust the public by offensive per sonalities. There is no lack of topics for fair discussion or even for eloquent denunciation. The short-sighted, selflsh, malevolent oourse of the radicals since tho termination of the war in maintaining war expenses in time of peace, in piling up high taxes, in persisting in a wretched financial policy, in insisting upon unqualified negro suffrage and the equality of an ignorant race against the will of the people affords questions of sufficient importance to preclude the necessity of resorting to vile attacks npnn the candidates of the radical party. The candidates of every party should be protected against such attacks by a healthy public opinion, and a healthy public opinion will discountenance and crush out licentious journalism. The Atlantic a art Great West era Railway. We publish in another column an article from an English journal relative to the revival of this great enterprise under the leading direc tion of Mr. James McIIenry, the English finan cier. It will be remembered that Mr. Mo Henry, Sir Morton Peto aad others came oat to this country some time ago and undertook to oarry this railway thro?gh to the fir West with great Mat. But it will be remembered ?ka? ~ * IL.I a i- ? * * MOW nua>? ovwu BlWir WLJULT rt) III Til WV JJlIlglBUU great financial disaster* befel the firm oi Sir Morton Peto, resulting, very probably, from embarrassments existing previous to his visit here, and since that time the railway, Its projectors and bondholders have been under s cloud, and the whole enterprise waa, in fact, ia daily peril. But it appears that through the patience and strong will of Mr. MoUeury Dm danger ii _)NUAY, AUGUST 31, 1868. over and the line Is about to be worked vig orously again. Owing to the sagacity of a New York finanoier a meeting of the creditors of the road was brought about recently in Lon don and everything arranged satisfactorily for a fresh start. Mr. McHenry was selected to take charge of the business, probably because he knows more about its history and past operations than any one concerned in it. With this view he is about to oome to this country immediately. Indeed, he was to have sailed from Liverpool in the Scotia on Saturday last, and is now probably on his journey. He is aocompanied by Sir William Russell, Mr. Lang, the member of Parliament, and other gentlemen known in the ciroles of English capital and flnanoe. We are, therefore, likely to see this great railroad enterprise going on swimmingly before long under oom peteut management. Bomctbu Rid the Southern Leaden* General RoBeorana' visit to the White Sulphar Springs, Va., and his interview with General Lee and a number of other Southern leaders har? led to a great deal of speculation as to the object. After the matter has been pretty thoroughly ventilated the faots appear, at least some of them that relate to the politi cal oondition of the country. There may be, after all, some things connected with General Rosecrans' interview with theBe representative men of the South that cannot prudently be re vealed, particularly if these should relate to Mexico. However, we must take the Gene ral's version of the matter. The "mission" to the White Sulphur Springs, as it has been called, was, General Rosecrans says, "one of my own conception, and was inspired by a most earnest desire for the welfare of this nation, for which I am as willing to lay down my life as any one who lives beneath our flag. No party had anything to do with it, no indi vidual." It appears he wished to -get from the late Confederate leaden?suoh men as General Lee and Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, for example?men in whom the people of the North have confidence?an expression of their views on the political questions of the day, and particularly as to the opiaions of the South erners on the negro and other issues affecting the South. It appears, too, that a well con sidered statement was drawn up by these lead ing Southerners and given to General Rose crans. This, probably, will soon be published, as it waB intended, no doubt, for publication. It will be emphatic, we learn, on the sentiment of the South with regard to the status of the negroes and the doctrine of secession. The Southern people, General Lee sayB, "regard the question of slavery and secession as settled finally by the war, and they have no disposi tion or inclination to re-establish the one or to try the other again." All they want is that the North should give them its confidence and hand of fellowship, bury the hatchet of sec tional animosity and discord, and permit the tntolltiVAnf nrKita noAnla nf iKali* aanfmn fn h a rr/% VUltlgUU* W UIW V* VUVU DCVUVU KV UHTU a fair chance in thoir own government. A publication of such viewB from these leaders would have a good effect, and-General Rose crans, if he had no other object in view and accomplished nothing more, will deserve the commendation of everj lover of his country. Opening of the Theatrical Sohsou. The theatrical season opens to-night, not ex actly as the chastely critical taste might desire, perhaps, yet with evident vim and profuse dis play of bulletins. The first striking event occurs to-morrow night, when Hendrichs, a tragedian of great repute in Germany, appears at the Stadt theatre. If mongrel amusements have driven the drama proper from our stage and we therefore produce few or no great tragic actors of our own, it is at least the next bust thing that we hare leu the tasto to appre ciate those that come Out in the dramatic trials of other countries. Ilendriciis may not have the pecuniary success on the cast side that attended Ristori on the west; but if he shows half the reason why people should ap plaud that has been seen in the genius of his countrywoman and prodocessor, Janauschek, his heart will be warmed by the reception ho will meet; for hands can come together in the Siadt theatre as onthusiastically as in better decorated places. Aside from this promised appearance there is no dramatic event much worthy critical note. There is a new house promised to the drama, and opening with Mugxie Mitchell, but it seems to ?ivo equal prominence to entertainment of the learned seal order, and wo must wait to know which will prevail. " Elizabeth," with Mrs. Lauder, will revive critical regrets; " Foul Play" will keep before us the tedious and inevitable Bou cicault; and there will be other entertainment* good to catch the country oousins remaining in town. All this will do to begin with, and we shall have better things by and by. Attack on Puerto Camllo.?We learn by a despatch from Puerto Cabello that the in surgents in Venezuela are still at work. The adherent* of Marshal Falcon, ct-President, are holding the port of Puerto Cabello with a small force of five hundred men nnri eleven Runs, assisted by the war steamers nolivar and Maparari. President Monagas was attacking the city at latest accounts, but at considerable disadvantage, for not only was the lire from the batteries continuons and severe, but the hips were playing terrible havoc with his troops. Wo may probably learn by the next news that he has been compelled to abandon the siege. The First Derate in tub Japanr.sk Parliament.?The Kioto Government Gazette has reported the first debate in the Japancso Parliament. The inauguration of Parliamen tary discussion in Japan is in itself an event of equal novelty and importance. But the most auspicious omen connected with this first debate is the fact that, while most of the mem bers of Parliament took part in it, "all made rery short speeches." Wo reoommend the brsvity of the Japanese speechos to our own Parliamentary debater a, and particularly to the new fledged colored members of the Southern Legislatures. Dbmooratio Leaders at Loso Branch.? 1 ia understood that the leading workers of tho democracy will assemble nt Long Brahch immediately allcr the State Convention. Pen dleton is to be there, and Vallandifhnm, and Fernando Wood, and the lights of city politics, to hold a grand powwow. They will probably be engaged in laying out the plan of battle for Novembor, and very likely laying pipsa for tho organisation of Seymour'a Cabinet. Thb Situation in Eubopb.?The European journals are engaged in a serious canvass of the political situation on the Continent?for peace or war. It ia said that Germany, prepared for war, really desires peace, and that to Austria and Russia the maintenance of peace is an absolute necessity. Marshal Neil, speaking for Prance, asserts that the empiro can preserve its present condition of quiet or undertake war as necessary, and in support of the war idea refers to the splendid condition of the army and the immense resources of the nation, both in troops and money. Napoleon evidently "feels good" since the success of the latest loan, and probably, having somo new design for ulterior territorial gain in view, wishes to stand forth again as master or arbiter of the situation. Marshal Neil's ad dress may be acoepted as an excellent prefa tory opening of a new phase In the mighty uncertain policy of a very uncertain man. Thb Vbbmont Election.?If the general election which will take plaoe to-morrow, September 1, in Vermont?the stronghold of the republican party?shall result as usual in a radical victory it will oocasion no more sur prise than the announcement that the Dutch have taken Holland. The republican majori ties in Vermont have ranged during the past ten years from fifteen to twenty-six thousand. Even a decided falling off In the republican majority this year would perhaps indicate rather the apathy engendered by over-confi dence on the part of the radioal voters than any significant change in popular sentiment. The Vermont election cannot be regarded as so important in view of its bearings on the Presidential campaign as the election which will take pace in Maine on the 14th inst. The latter election will be far more decisive and significant. SUMMER RESORTS. Grand Bal MawiM at the White Sulphur Springs?Social Reconstruction of the Coun try?The Belles of New York, Indiana, Ohio, Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina and Louisiana En Costume. Whith Sulphur Springs, Va., August 28,1888. The second grand mask ball at the Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs, given by Messrs. Peyton a Co. in compliment to their guests, oame oil last even ing. Due announcement of the ovent had been made through the public prints and by handbills distribu ted throughout the country. The previous ball bad been so great a success that, while the belles and beaux were a-tlptoe wltb eager expectation, the grave and reverend seigniors shook their sapraclous heads doubtlngly, and many ventured to predict a failure. Occurrences of this character and magnitude have heretofore been so raro at the water ing places of Virginia, and the once plenteous purses of the Southern nabobs have been so depleted by desolating vrar, that a repetition of a bat matqui on a grand scale was deemed Utopian experi ment. v For days beforehand the busy note of preparation had sounded. Quietly, but actively, the work went on In the vast apartments of the culstne. A cos tamer from Baltimore was promptly on hand with a brilliant arrar of fency dresses. In addition to these hired costumes a large number of rioner and more brilliant ones had been specially ordered from the Northern cities. As the great day drew near vehicles began to pour in from tho border counties of Virginia and West Virginia; additional stages, laden to the utmost and toppling ovor with Saratoga trunks, dashed down the lawn from the neighboring watering places almost every hoar of the da>; special express trains brought visitors representing the wealth, the Intelligence and elegance of all that section of the oountry from the District of Columbia to tho Carolina line, so that the mammoth hotel on the evening before the night of the hall Dresented a sceno of life, cxcltlnu animation and bustling activity and confusion which conid only toe equalled by a New York hotel daring the session or the National Democratic Convention. Preolsely at hnir-paat eight o'clock, the appointed hour, Rosenberg's splendid band struck up the Uraud March from "Faust"?the signal that the ba'l was about to commence. Already the wide porticoes surround ing the ball room were crowdcd wilh an Indescribable mass of hnman beings surging to and fro, as now and tlien a fair la ly or gallant centleman, clad in brilliant costume, elbowed their way with difficulty to tho dwr. From hundreds of cottage doors swung suddonly open the light (la^he I forth, disclosing for a moment the lorma of the maskers, who are soon lost In the shaded of the ancient oaks and towering elms. And now the smooth paths of the lawn are dotted with groups of curious figures, half revealed and half concealod by t ie mlstr sliver light of the August moon, as they wend their way guyly to the brilliantly Illuminated centre of attraotton. LlghMy they trip up the quickly as the thronging tido of gazers will permit tncy glide luto the ball room. Ity half-past nine o'clock nearly two hundred "markers" and nearly twelve hundred people had assembled. Every foot of space had lis occupant, and th" very windows were darkened with spectators from the outside, all eager to get a glimpse of the spiendld assembly within. Again ami a<ain tho managers urged those who dhl not | artlcl.iato In tho dance to move to the wall, but they held their ground as If enc:innted by the pano rama or life and boauty which moved in pictnresquo variety belore their delighted vision. Saratoga ami Long llranch were completely eclipsed, and your usually unnnpresslble correspondent, lu common wuh other Now Yorkora. was amazed at the extent, tho variety and the magnificence of the disp.av. How ran we do justlco to a sceno In which the rath Ion and wealth or the threcgr.mil d vis tons or our oommon country were so harmoniously mingled? would that their political elements could bleud in llko harmonious luoon! Hut who are tnev who coma this way f TLsthe Queen ol Night, Miss Kllle 0. Iloyt, or New York, leaning on lue arm of (lustave Toutant Ueauregaru. Following In the rear Is Misa Anna J. Davidson, another daughter of tlie Empire State, arraye I In tne "republican court" costume of Lady Washing ton. Across tbo room is Misa Van Wyck, of New York city. surrouuded hy cavaliers from Maryland, Virginia and tsouth Carolina. Dressed in rich plulu and black velvot, she personates Helen MoUregor. Moving through the dance with a grace and elas ticity eminently her own, we see Miss Sargent, of Cincinnati, dressed as a reaper; her jaunty little hat, the stivnr s ekie hanging by her side, and ihe high arched Instep of her Utile ro it Impart an Inde scrlbab.e charm, of which her pretty, piquant rare stands uot in need. Miss Taylor, or Philadelphia, U clad In a rich rone colored silk dress with an amplo train; It Is trimmest with point lace; her ornaments are pearls. Daughters of Commodore Maury appear as the White l,a<lv of A vend, "Folly," and a Scotch lassie, a radiant trio. Miss Morton, of (icorgetown, a very pretty young lady, appears as "Dew Drop;" ami her mother, wbota a wiuow, per sonated the "Maid of the MIM." Mrs. Dr. May, of Washington, dressed In gray silk, solitaire diamond enrriuga or great brilliancy. Miss Thomas, of Haiti more, as the "tfreek UirL" was dressed superbly in scarlet and bme satin, with an exquisite 'Jreek cap, scarlet *ailu l>ooU and a magnificent full set of cameos, pearls and diamonds. Her mwr, mim Mary 1 hoinas. as a "Herman peuwint" wore satin skirt# ftf bright colors ami all the ornamenu that the character admits of. Miss Halsey, of Virginia, In black velvet, with Mary Smart cap and ruff, an "Mary, yueen of Scots," presented the most rejtal ami beautiful flgnre of thi evening. Miss Anderson, daughter of Joseph R. Anderson, of Richmond, attired in whit* satin skin, with pink l inlo and powdered hair, looked to tue life the French Manulse. Mrs. Hnger, of Mobile, one of the nio?t beautiful women tn the South, was dressed tn flowing whit? silk, trimmed with black lace. The toilet of Mrs. Kdward Bhlff, of New Or leans, wa* darK blue saUn. with trail, the entire skirt covercd with two very deep flounces of Hrn els laco, low corsage ami diamond pendant brooch; cincture of blue satin. trimmed with pearls and lac >: coliiure a l'Kmpeiatrlce an I hair powdered w.th go d. Mis* Hucnansn, of Kentucky, pink moire nutiqnc with point lace; diamonds. The daughter oi M. Kchols, as a Spanish lady, was dreosed very h.indsomel*. MtM Fontalue, of V irglula, Uypar Fortune 'I>iller. appropriately and richly dressed, attracting much attention. Miss Brent, or Hair I mure, a Persian girl, wm more correctly dres^od than any i?dy in the r?m. Mrs. Henry Smith, of Haiti more, Italian peasant. Mist Frazor. a yerir itreat beauty, a Bayadere. Miss Triplett, the belle of Rirhmond, Undine?pretty. Miss Harrison, or W"st Virginia, wm splendidly dressed as the fet clmntresa. Oencritl Les cs< orwd her durina ttaf, ovemng. Mim Maury, o< Hiclnnwud, Fllle du Kstf |. mcnt. Miss lleradon, of Rich -nond, sppei/rev As Foliv. Miss llragn, of New Orleans, French i>oaAaut girl?w ryswoei. Mtss Merkle, of WiwhlnrtOn, I). t'? The l!ea|K?r? captlrr?Mnn. The lovely daughters of Mr. A. fl. II. stwirt were present In mounting. Tho wlfo o( Governor rirkens, dressed in whira. Miss Ma*on, of nlolunoud, m the Wood Kympb, looked charming. The widow of (;ener.ii Winch, of sontl Oaro'.fta B matelr lad \, attrnotcd much attentHMk MM* i?n f)r04(i 0j Hb" raoro, in court costume, very hfcomlnv. Wisdom, of Mow Orleans, ail* imMWd, ne?UM6 U diamond rosettes, diamond pendant, tiara of peahi, w?han immense diamond in the centra. * The stage iiour warua me to stop here, leaving many costumes und escribe!, and I have only time to Bay that nuuifoera of gentlemen were splendidly and some grotesquely dressed. The supper was worthy of the occasion. At three o'clock A.M. the ball dotted with the German, dauoed by a single set, composed of the prettiest girls In the room. Beyond question the ball was a grand success, surpassing unytnlng of the kind that has ever been attempted In the moun tains. MUSICAL REVIEW. A Detroit publisher sends us some very noat speci mens of music engraving, which are equal to the beat effiurts of some of our metropolitan publisher^. In spite of the traditional fondness for negro min strel ballads, breakdowns and those horrible vocal and Instrumental Inflictions called medleys to which Western musical literature baa been so lone en slaved, there are Indications lately shown of a better taste and more elevated tone. We trust that the day la not far distant when a music publisher will not be obliged to place trash before the public, and that teachers will not en courage It among their pupils. The estab lishment of conservatories of music In this city with competent professors is already of much bene fit to the cause of music. Those Institutions will render the occupation of charlatan tcachcrs an un profitable on* and will bring back the public, ty a love of good music. Dltson & Co., of New York and Boston, publish the following:? "Elsie Vane." Song and chorns. 0. A. Veazie, Jr. A simple little ballad without uiufth originality or effort, but, nevertheless, possessing a certain naive grace of Its own. "Reception March." A. E. War run. Spirited and effective, and good for beginners on the pianoforte. It la one of Gllmore's band pleccs, and is well adapted for a military band. "Land of Home and Beauty." J. R. Thomas. One of this favorite composer's pretty little ballads. The melody and accompaniment are very taking and pleasing. ~ "King on, sweet Angelus." Evening song. Oou nod. A qualut, unpretending song, of a plaintive character, with a very beautliul accompaniment. "Upon the Danube River." Ballad. Hamilton Aide. We uardly think that even such an artist as Miss Adelaide Phillips, by whom this bal.ad has been Bung, can make It Interesting to any audience. There Is too much of the "Danube river" about it, and the melody Is monotonous. "Going It Blind." Comic song. W. T. Melr. Suit* able for Tony Pastor's or some similar establish ment, and therefore unworthy of criticism. "Saviour, when in Dust Before Thee." Quartet and solo. Nowtoa Fitz. Rather commonplace, bus of suillclent merit to commend it to the aitentlon or chureh choirs. There are some Imitations in it ot a popular song. "Beyond the Smiling and the Weeping." Duet and chorus. Newton Fit/. A capital tlilnir Tor some old fashioned prayer meeting whore cheerful music la tabooed. "The Trumpeter." Song. W. Speler; English words by Franlcford. A martial, telling air, with the trne ring about it. The English version is very poor and violates accentuation and grammar in many places. "Espiegleries." Caprice. Egghard. A charming wnrlr full nf <rrn.ftA n.m1 hpuntv unrl ftiiav wtthnJ. J. H. Whltteuioro, Detroit, publUuus the follow ing:? "Found Drowned." Song and chorus. HcGhesner. A beautiful, touching moioUy, with an aocjinpaul ment such as a true musician alone could device. "I'd Be a Butterfly." 0. D. Derrick. A simple and pleasing song. "Come Home, Millie." Bona; and chorus. Hazleton. Verv cominoupiaco and som.wiiat Oi' the "Battle ory of Freedom" order. We hardly think thai Miille would respond to such a call. i'Lost In the Storm." Graves. Pretty, but hardly equal to the subject?the loss or tne Evening 8tar. "0, Sing to Me, Allie." J. H. Whittemore. A verr charming song, with a mualclauiy accompani ment. "Lottie Lee." Song and chorus. Lockwood. Medi ocre. The chorus and duct might be cHanged for the bettor. Hall A Son publish the following:? "Oh, ye Pretty Twinkling 8tars." Song. Charles Henry. An umnterestlug melody with a very good accompaniment Mr. Henry should make a change In the last measure but one ol this song. The transi tion from A to ? is too abrupt and grating to the ear. Peters publishes a simple, unpretending little song by H. P. Banks called "Carrie with the Uolden Hair." It la pretty, though it be not abstruse. THEATRICAL SOXES. For a Monday night still in the August weather this particular Monday night presents a fair range ot theatrical entertainment lrom which citizen or visi tor may choose recreation or distraction. The event of the night that is announced on the biggest bills and with tho greatest flourishes Is the opening of Wood's Museum and Metropolitaa theatre?a new establishment in an old ediilce. The edlflce is the former Banvard's Museum, at the cor ner of Broadway and Thirtieth street, and upon tho new establishment, as we are Informed by tbat un impeachable authority?the bills? $100,000 have been expended. The result Is that Maggie Mitchell Is to play there to-night In a new pathetic ecceutrlcity called "Lorle," the theme of which Is the same with the whole class of emotional pieces In whioh this artist has made her fame. Lorle, the heroine, is that exceptional peasant girl who is intelligent and pretty, and of couree sue does not love the natural lover of a peasant girl because he is a boor, so he enlists and goes away to be, like Cap tain Jinks, somebody's "pet in tho army." He leaves the field clear for that son of genius, the painter, whom Lorle does lore, of Cviuruo. no sooner saia man none, i^one oecoinoa the artist's wife, and he, like all other artists fron time Immemorial, paint* hU wife's picture (during the honeymoon) for an altar pleoe. Things are ao serene In the artut's homo that they are dull, ao that Imp of romance goes and mak?a love to the Gouotaaa who iiaed to be loud of him before he aoMiod down. Lorle doos a very good crazy on acoount of thin, and from these trouNed ooudltlona the players manage to extract a satisfactory article of doiueatia felicity before the curtain goe* down. The Metropolitan theatre U to furnish entertain ment, Ilka tho restaurants, at all hoars of the day and evening. There will be, therefor4, a chrouio matin e, the feature of which for tfue present la opt-ra bonfe In Um shape of Oifenkach'a "Sixty six." The point of the title far that a peasant sup poses he has a lottery tloket with ttu.t number on lt? and as the number aixty-aix drag s a pilae he dis poru himself like a man of wealtfa only to loam at last that he had his tioket uprtife down, and ot course he<d ninety-nine, la tt>h presentation of opvra bvufft we are doubtless U . have the maestro done down to the level of tbe-fUv ,pleat capacity. Mr. Wheatley retires from 'the management of N l bio's UarUen to-day, Musr *. Jarre tt * Palmer becoming sole lessees and mu a?ers from September L fie does not, as has been # .nnounced, make a last appearance, having mads tla a two years ago in the "Broker of Bogota." Jarrs a A I'almer are to com mence their regular seat* ,a about ths 1st of No tembftr. Meanwhile Bate man and his Boulotte rnle supreme on thowe bmf ds, and will, no doubt, for the whole Interval. t ths Broadway t? ere will occar to-night the "grand opening of thi*.' ,au and winter season," when Mrs. lender will glue ber accurate study of Rlstorl In the tragedy of "Uf .^abeth," supported by "a most efficient company.'* At the New Yorf - theatre "Fonl Play" keeps ths stage, and ths latlc management rests lissif on tue certain sucw >M ?f RUCh an attraction as a fak rigged ship in u,e piece, it is odd that a "fall rigged ship" al* juu be any inducement to go to the theatre In a c ,ty like oars, whore so many better ships may l*> Men ont the rtTer> At Wailaef i'g Lotta still draws by th? " aneaoenl corudoaUuD ,>i 0I lhe <Kiren>;?? and at the Olympic Dnmpty', (reconstructed) la not Ukely to suiter frr the lail. , un tv j caat side the Bowery opena to-night "re j . renewed, redecorated, retitted," 40., art lift., J .th a sensation drama that no doubt will stir the er ready hearts of the primitive people trite frrcjr ,ent that temple. Thla play Is called "l.ue In tiia "f ew, or the Vicissitudes of an Orange Wlrl." . lie Htadt theatre opens to-night, and to-morrow f ight presents a great card in tfce Oerman tragedian tf ndricks, who 4 expected to outsparkle ail tua f >feigu 8tars that have risen above our theatrical U clr.on. utile minor amusements there Is progress and promise. Five rmnitrol halls will be In mil opera* tion to night for the de'lght of city people an4 rural population in Hrookiyn. Toay Pair's boj* play a great match at "Hfcw Ball." Kelly A mm>h show what " The Barber Blow." HryauU' expos a "I rue-had-Doer," worse than the wakedes, man, and the Ban Francisco Minstrels do tho "darner Urown," and the ilooie/s burlesque the buricsque or "luimpty Duinpty." I.lofcaid continues Ills comic specialties at the Thoure Oomlque, while this peculiar liiico: bnsl h <n h* a recruit In Mr. James Taj lor, waose cuuuutliMua u> Uu MOU M IKHl woilu UftlU.