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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN NTREBT. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PROPRIETOR. A11 business or news letter and telegraphic despatches must b? addressed New York Herald. Volume XXXIT No. tWO AMUSEMENTS TI113 AFTERNOON AND EVENING. NIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway.? Aebah ha Pouue; on, Tm* Wioklcow Wiudinu. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery Brian Boboiumiru b Din oil man. OR AND OPERA nODSK, corner ol Eluhth arenne and lid atrcel?Ubien Bcshes?Rohina Meadows. Matinee. OLYMPIC TnKATRK. Broadway.?HlOOOBY DIOOOBT Dock. Matinee at l)i. BOOTH's THEATRE. 23d at., between Sib and (th are.? BlP Van Winkle. Matinee at 'a WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13th street.? 8*Lr. WOOD'S M0SEUM AND THEATRE. Thirtieth atreet and Broadway.? Afternoon and ereninc Performance. CENTRAL PARK HARDEN, 7th ar., between 68th and jeth ate.?Port;la* uannzx Concert. TONT PASTOR'S OPERA HO tsk, 101 Bowarr.-Cottto TOcausm, Neobo Minstrelsy. Ac. Matinee at Hi. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOI SB. Brooklyn.?Hoolby'a Minsikels?Contest for tub cnampiorsutr. HKWYORK MnSKUM OF ANATOMY, 813 Broadway.jolbnoe and abt. LADIES' NEW YORK MUSEl'M OF ANATOMY, 620 Broadway.?Females Only in Attendance New York, Saturday, Anguat 14, 1809. MONTHLY SUBSCRIPTIONS. The Dailt Herald will be aeut to subscribers (or one dollar a month. Tho posiage being only thlrty-Ave cents a quarter, country subscribers by this arrangement can receive the Herald at the same price It is furnished in the city. THE NEWS. Europe. Tlie cable telegrams are dated August 13. The American yacht Sappho left ijueenstown for Cowes yesterday. The Harvard and Oxford crews were out for practice again yesterday. The Emperor Napoleon signed several decrees of amnesty for press and political ofleuces yesterday. The committee engaged on the Senatus Consultum la pushing forward its work rapidly. The election ?f Senators by several councils is disapproved by the .Senatus Ouusultu/n. A rumor prevailed in Paris nst nigut that (jueen Isabella had decided to abdicate. The Desk party in Hungary approve of the policy ft reconciliation with Prussia and the non-intervention in the Internal questions of Germany. The assertions recently made In the Enropean papers that the Porte had lnlormation of a letter com-' promising the Viceroy of Egvpt in bis relations with the Czar of Russia prove to be untrue. A Carlist conspiracy has been discovered in VallaSolid. Five hundred Carlists have entered Spain from France, under the leadership of Estartus. Twelve priests have been arrested in Burgos. The new Portuguese Cabinet has been formed. Egypt. The River Nile Is loWfer than It has been for the last 150 years. The prospects of a good cotton crop are fovorable. Cuba. Seiior Jose Manuel Macias has been commissioned as an agent of the Cuhau government to treat with the Spanish authorities in reference to the parent Country's acknowledging the Independence of Cuba. Potior Macias lelt this city for Europe last Saturday, and expects to meet General Prim at some point In France and to at once enter Into negotiations concerning the objects or bis mission, In accordance With promises made by General Prtui to Cubans pome fourteen months since. The Cubans furnished the Spanish revolutionary Junta $1,600,COO in gola to aid In overthrowing Isabella, In return for which Cuba was to be made independent. It is reported that a privateer leit a Northern port of the Cnited States a few nights since destined for the service of 4he Cohans. General Valmaseda is said to have defeated General Jordan and captured a convoy which he was moving near Holguln. The Cubans showed little pluck una lied after a short fight. A number of persons have been arrested atsantl Esptritu charged with engaging in a plot to potson the bread used by the Inhabitants on a given day. Miscellaneous. An unusual stringency prevails In the California tnoney market. The rates are from one una a quarter to two percent for call loans. Mining stocks are completely demoralized, and shares In favorite companies which formerly commanded loo per ceut premium are quoted at twenty-live to forty per cent below par. Vice President Colfax and party arrived In Sacramento, Cat, on Thursday evening, and met with an enthusiastic reception. The wardens of the New York Slate rrisons met at Saratoga yesterday to consult on tne manner of improving the discipline and security of the prisons. A communication will be sent to Governor Hoffman asking mm to recommend to the legislature certain changes In the laws and to make wardens fee officers. ine uuvernur ui jxcvr .uexico iihs i-wiieo a procarnation declaring all Navajoe and Gila Apche Indians whenever found outside the bounds of their reservations outlaws, and authorizing the citizens of the Territory to kill such Indians when found depredating upon the property of the whites. The Special Indian Commission Committee from this city met at Camp Supply, Colorado, onthesih Instant, 1,800 Cheyenne and 1,600 Arapahoe Indians, who were anxious to go upon the reservations assigned to them. A riot occurred at Heathsvllle, Va., on Wednesday last, between some whites and negroes, from which the negroes, as usual, came out second best. One negro was killed and a number wounded. One of the white rioters was arrested, but was rescued by the citizens. A boat containing five persons was capsized In the lake at Sarnia, Canada, on Thursday, and the cm ire party drowned. The recent political course of the President appears to have had n most disastrous effect in Virginia. Lawlessness Is on the Increase, and several .conflicts have taken place between tne whites and blacks. It is expected that General Can by will require the Iron-clad oatn to be taken by members of the Legislature. A postal convention has been oonclnded with Great Hrluln for the conveyance of malls between the I'nlted States and Hritlsh Honduras. The ra'es of postage are twelve cents per each letter weighing half an ounce, and two cents for eacn newspaper. The malls are to be transported between New Orleans and liclize i/y Hritlsh steamers. The City. The case of Pratt, the Texan, whose discharge has been ordered by Judge McCunn, caused much excitement in the city yesterday. Marshal Harlow submitted the matter to the consideration of the President, who authorized him to use every legai means to keep possession of the prisoner, as also to secure himself from arrest. The Marshal oeemod this authority Hllfflplant t,> n?r,.iil him In ..lllni* In Ins aid a company ol Cmted Slates troops, whom he quartered tn the United States Court Pullding tn Chambers street, their services only being required In escorting the Marshal to the ferry, Pratt Is still confined In Kort Schuyler, but will be produced before Commissioner Osborne on Monday. Several days ago some suspicious characters offered to sell a Wall street operator |m,ooo ol the bonds stolen some time ago from Mr. KcnnehofT. of i'ltlhole, Pa., for $l<Ht,ooo In greenbacks. The police were inform ed of the fact, and yesterday detectives were sent to lludaon City, N. i., to conclude the negotiations. The parties met at Itosh's Hotel and John I.anllow, (iabriel (iorshjne ant Arnold Brown passed over to the detectives ( package said to oontaln the stolen bonds, receiving In return a package containing $108,000 In counter feit greenbacks. Hoou alter the transaction wai completed Laid low and his partners were arrestet on charge of robbing Mr. Bennehoff, but upon ex animation their package was found to contain om genuine $1,000 bond and about three pounds of oli paper. Mrs. Vreel&nd, whose proceedings against he husoand for abandonment have been before thi courts for some time, attempted to commit sulcld last night by taking arsenic, but proper remedie being applied In time her life was saved. It Is salt she was induced to commit the rash act througl I n??prtv nil.I iliunnAlnlmAnt at Iha tarminatlnn n her trial. The North and Etat riven and the bay an patrolled nightly by tugboats from the Navy Va-d in order to prevent the departure or expeditions foi Cnba. The vessels of the New York Yacht Club, whicl have been lying at Newport for some days, departed on a cruise yesterday morning. Their next rendez vous will be New Bedford, where a splendid recep tlon awaits them. In the cases of 223 bankers doing business In tub city, but living In Brooklyn, charged with falllug t< make ihelr monthly returns to the internal revenue assessor, exceptions to the Jurisdiction of the Clrculi Court for the Eastern district were taken yesterday. The question will be settled when the cases comt for trial. The Joint committee of the Common Council or the new post omee will meet again on Monday, al which time It U expected plans and spec!(1 cations will be submitted to them and a change of site effected. The Anchor line steamship Caledonia, Captain Ovenstone, will leave pier No. 20 North river al twelve M. to-day for Glasgow, calling at Londonderry to land passengers. The steamship Bremen, Captain Leist, will leave Hoboken at two P. M. to-day for Southampton ant Bremen. The mall for the German States will clost at the 1'ost Ofllee at twelve M. Prominent Arrivals In the City. General M. S. Llttlefleld, of North Cnrollna; J. II, Duvercau and H. Oarretson, of Cleveland; Judge W. B. Ilodraan, of North Carolina, and E. B. Phillips, of Chicago, are at the St. Nicholas Hotel. Captain Arthur, of the Maryland Artillery; Professor Thome, of St. Louts; Captain Donaldson, ol loronio, ana rroiessor e. aicu. umvson, 01 ntir buryport, are at ttie 8t. Charles Hotel. Ex-Governor Reed, of Florida; ex-Governor McCorrnlck, of Arizona; J. M. Bell, of Albany; M. R. Reefer, of Cleveland, and H. B. Plant, of Augusta, are at the Astor House. ' Captain Reynolds and Major Duryee, of the United States Army; Professor Simpson, of Toronto, and Dr. R. G. Andrews are at the St. Jullcn Hotel. Asia. In America?Our Great Future. The visit of Choy-Chew and Sing-Man to this city is at event of some importance. Chinamen in New York cannot be considered novelties. We can see a genuine son of the Flowery Land any day we choose to take a walk down Vesey street. Even a Chinese mandarin, thanks to Mr. Burlingame, is no longer an object of curiosity in these streets. It is something, however, not quite common to have in the midst of us a Chinese gentleman who is familiar with our habits and our history, who conforms to our customs and who speaks our English language with ease and elegance. Choy-Chew and his friend Sing Man have, we believe, been long settled in California, and have practically become American citizens; but they are naturally deeply interested in the prosperity of their native land and in the welfare of their many fellow countrymen who have sought and who are seeking a home on this Continent. It is something to hear a Chinaman address us in "our own tongue wherein we were born." We took oocasion a few days ago to compliment Choy-Chew for the very able speech he delivered at Chicago. His views were broad, philosophic, far-reaching; and we were encouraged to hope that as an adviser of his brethren he might safely be trusted. It appears, however, that we were a little too generous in our judgment. Choy-Chew does not look with favor on the project of importing Chinese to the South. His argument is a paltry one and betrays gross ignorance of the situation. The South, ne says, cannoi oner me uninese suracient compensation to induce them to emigrate; but California can. We do not think the Chinese are fools, but we do think that Choy-Chew does not reveal much wisdom in so stating his case. It is true that the South is not yet recovered from the disastrous effects of the I war, and that soma time must elapse before j the Southern proprietors can again be regarded as rich men. But signs of returning life are already abundant. In the course of a few months the late rebel States, one and ail, will be restored to their places in the Union. Order will be re-established everywhere and property will be secure. Northern capital will seek employment in the South. The large landholders wilt find it to their advantage to break up the enormous plantations and to exchange land for gold. The estates will knnnmn nmntlar Kilt tKa VOol t h rtf (Ko aflll Will i^UUiur nuianci, v? own niu be more effectually developed. Landholders will become more numerous, but individual proprietors will be not poorer, but richer than ever. Nor is this all. Henceforward the South will not depend merely on the Boil. Cotton mills and tobacco factories will spring up in all directions, and the manufacturers ol [ the South will compete successfully with the manufacturers of the Eastern States and ever with those of England. A magnificent futur< is in fact already dawning upon the South. The harvest promises to be rich, bu the laborers yet are few. It is labor rathei than gold which is wanted, and for such laboi as the South requires the Chinaman is admira bly adapted. We do not disparage the advantages offered by the great Pacific slope. Then is room there for millions of the Celestials But there is room nlso in the great valley o the Mississippi; and it remains to bo seei whether the Chinese laborer will not find him self as much at home in the plantations of th< South as in the rich fields of California. Le the experiment of employing Chinese labor ii the South be fairly tried, and we have no hesi tation in saying that even Ciioy-Chew will fin< it necessary to change his opinion. It is impossible in considering this subjec not to be struck with the many present sign indicative of the great future of this country The enterprise of our people is such that w< cannot wait until our native population cover and utilizes our vast territory. Our field must be ploughed, our mines worked, our fac tories run if we should bring laborers from al lands. Europe pours her surplus populatio: In upon us by increasing thousands every year There is room and work and plenty for tber all, and to spare. The emigration fever whicl has so long raged in the nations of Northwest em Eurooe has spread its contatrion to Asia NEW YORK HERALD, SA1 J China and Japan have both caught it, and it i is not unreasonable to conclude that within X the next decade we shall count among - our population many millions of Asiatics. | Under the hand of industry the South will again become a fruitful garden, and b free labor will do what slavery never could I accomplish. The Pacific Blope will present in reality, and on a gigantic scale, the plentiful? nesB and the luxurious beauty of the fabled b gardens of the East. Our great Western n wildernesses will be reclaimed, and where are 1 now the mighty forest and the far-spreadiug J prairie, the home of the Indian and the buffalo, there will be seen not only the fruiti ful field and the happy home, but the peaceful village, and it may be also the great and wicked city. Our multiplied and multiplying L railroad and telegraphic lines will bind up the l mighty whole and give it cohesion and force. - Among the nations of the earth we shall have no rival. The great empires of the past, the mightiest the world has known, will sink into J insignificance in comparison with the Great Republic of the West. Our influence on the outside world will be tremendous. Our word will be law. "I am an American citizen" will be a boast which has had nothing to compare with it since Rome was in the zenith of her glory. Our chances, indeed, are so great that It is scarcely possible for us to abuse them. It is well for us, however, to bear in mind that nations, like individuals, may sin, and that if we do sin retribution sooner or later will follow. Threatened Conflict of Federal and State Authority. There was some excitement in the city yesterday arising out of the case of Pratt, the Texas murderer, confined in Fort Schuyler. It was understood that General Grant had sent an autograph letter to United States Marshal Barlow to use such troops as he might deem necessary, in case that any attempt was made to enforce the writ of habeas corpus issued by Judge McCunn, and take the body of Pratt from the jurisdiction of the federal authorities. With this intent, as well as to protect Barlow's own person, it appears that a squad or two of the United States artillery stal4oned at Fort Hamilton were quartered during the day at the Court House building in Chambers street, and remained there on the qui vive, we presume, through the evening and last night. This fact gave some color to the reports that a conflict between the federal and State authorities was imminent, with the probability of sundry sanguinary consequences. The teapot, however, turned out to be entirely too large for the tempest, so that there was ample accommodation for the tempest, and hence there was no explosion. It seems that Judge McCunn and the United States District Attorney, Judge Pierrepont, had a conference about noon, at which it was arranged that the malefactor Pratt should be quietly brought before the United States Commissioner on Monday, and his case be there and theu adjudicated. Probably he will be retained until the acting Governor of Texas issues a requisition upon Governor Hoffman for his return to that State, and, if such should be the case, of course it will end the matter as far as this State and its judges are conoerned. 1 Mubnarine Cables Our Future Forelun Ministers. In descanting upon the Queen's speech the London 7'itnes bits upon an idea which is not quite new to ub, for we have felt its force, and more than once gave utteranco to it, namely, that the telegraphic communications established between foreign nations must partially supersede or render unnecessary the formal establishments of our foreign missions, with all their ceremony, diplomacy, gold lace, dress swords, cocked hats and other expensive and ridiculous paraphernalia. When governments are brought within a few minutes' speaking distance of each other ambassadors and ministers plenipotentiary become very like puppets. What the Times says is this :? "That the Queen's opening and closing speeches are apparently inconsistent, but the explanation is found in the fact that the international relations depend on the reciprocity of the feelings ot the people and not on the nego tiations of their ministers. Messrs. Johnson, Stanley and Seward have been succeeded by others, but the sureties of peace and friendship abide on stronger bases than diplomacy can furnish." What the London paper means is that these strong bases are our submarine cables, which are multiplying so fast that every government in the world will soon be In direct communication and embassies will become a mere matter of form. Only Thirty Days.?The gallant Cubans say that in thirty days after they are recognized by the United States government they will have possession of the whole island of Cuba outside the walls of Havana. Only thirty days to accomplish this result, which is equivalent to the independence of the colony and its speedy annexation to this oountry. But the President and Cabinet have postponed even the consideration of this question of recognition for half thirty days in order that they may "finish up" their summer recreations and receive further intelligence from Spain. What a pity! City Railroad Tickets.?In the usual rush and whirl of business at other seasons of the year the proverbially patient New York public has no time to do more than make an occasional ineffectual protest against the impositions to which they are subjected by the 9 various railroad monopolies. But at this t J """ ?*'? ?w?monopolies are to he allowed to impose an additional unauthorized tax of a cent on each j passenger every timo that a seat in their cars ie occupied or a leather strap is clung to? t Why must a passenger make a day's journey up town in order to obtain a package of tickets at the legal rute ? It is high time that dollar packages and twenty-five cent packages of s tickets should be offered for sale by the city ^ railway companies at convenient points on all the different routes. 1 In tim Dominion.?The great trouble in the n new Dominion Just now is how to keep the people there. French Canadians are coming n to the United States en musee, and the only h real difference among tho people of Nova Scotia is as to the means of getting out of that I Union and into thia. 'UKDAY, AUGUST H 1869, Kldf I'Ol> of Portuml nnd tta* Spanish Ortwit Should the Spanish Cortes offer the crown of Spain to the King of Portugal, as is foreshadowed in our cable despatches, his acceptance would constitute a somewhat singular evidence of the revolution wrought by time in the affairs of the Iberian Peninsula. In 18G1 the question of uniting Portugal to Spain was agitated by the Spanish statesmen, encouraged by Queen Isabella, quite regardless of the legitimate right ot Dom Luis to the government of the former oountry, to Bay nothing of the distaste of the Portuguese to the proposed absorption. For the purpose of obtaining an ally against Spain a marriage was contracted with Maria Pia, fifth child of Victor Emanuel, on the day Bhe attained her fifteenth year. The marriage of Prince Napoleon to the PrincesB Clotilde, eldest daughter of the King of Italy, so connected the three reigning families of France, Italy and Portugal that Spain never even attempted the unification of the Peninsula, and the house of Bragunza was left in undisturbed possession of the throne its members have filled since they won it at the time the Christians and Moors were struggling for maBtcry. The present King of Portugal is as remarkable for the admirable manner in which he governs his country as for his elaborate nomenclature, which comprises not less than nineteen names. Ho was born on the 31st of Ootober. 1838. and asconded the throne on the 15th of November, 1861, four days after his brother, Pedro V., died suddenly, with strong suspicions of having been poisoned. It will be remembered that a few days previous his younger brother, Dom Fernando, died, and another brother, Dom Augusto, continued dangerously ill for somo time after. This remarkuble sickness of the three brothers at the Bame period gave rise to rumors of poisoning, but it seems certain they were all attacked during an excursion to the province of Aleratejo by the marsh fevers peculiar to that part of the country after the autumnal rains. Since bis accession Dom Luis has faithfully carried out the liboral programme inaugurated by his father, the ex-King Ferdinand, who abdicated the throne in favor of Dom Pedro on the 16th of September, 1837, and who, by the way, declined the Spanish throne soon after the Cortes met in session, a few months ago. Although compelled for some time past to deal with a capricious and exacting legislature, Dom Luis has paid rigid obedience to the constitution, never attempting to subvert it or to exercise autocratic powers. Several ministerial crises have taken place, and in all he has bowed to the will of the Portuguese legislators by either demanding or accepting the resignations of obnoxious Ministers, although in one or two instances his sympathies have been with his Cabinet. The resoluteness with which he has thus fur governed Portugal according to constitutional principles has endeared him to the great mass of his people. His eight years reign have been, marked by a complete absence of political complications with foreign Powers and by a decided progress in the material prosperity of Portugal. Whether he will accept the throne of Spain on the basis of the autonomy of both kingdoms is a question which can hardly be answered now. So far he has displayed no inclination or anxiety for the proposed exaltation in importance and power. The Men of the Second Umpire P.tminK A way. All men are mortal, and the men of the empire proclaimed in France on the 2d day of December, 1852, cannot oscape the universal law. One after nnother of the leadincr con federates of Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte in establishing that empire on the ruins of the republic of 1848 have been successively passing away, until the Emperor, who is himself reported as sick by the cable telegram of Thursday, is left almost alone. Marshal de St. Arnaud, Marshal Pelissier (Duke de MalakofT), the Duke de Morny, the Corate de Walewskl, Minister Fould, Secretary Mocquard and a dozen other conspicuous imperialists have had to leave all their fresh-blown dignities and die. Marshal Neil, who has been as blind a devotee to | Napoleonic ideas as any of his contemporaries, and whose superior military talents have shed more lustre on the reign of Napoleon III. than it has derived from any other sourco, is now lying at the point of death. It remains to be seen whether the successors of the original military and civil advisers and aids of the Emperor will co-operate with him in strengthening his dynasty by gradually fulfilling his promise and the desire of the French people and "crowning the edifice with liberty." The pence of Europe as well as the prosperity of France largely depends not only on the will of Napoleon, but on the character of the men whom he shall select to replace his confidants Of 1852. Witkrr is Judok Lynch??In Pi nnsylvania some of the coal men are once more putting their heads together. They find a great deal of coal on hand and prices high. There is but small sale, for people are waiting for prices to go down. Prioes they know must go down if the quantity on hand gets any larger, and these coal magnates propose to keep prices up. How? By agreeing upon a new scale of remuneration for the miners, such as will compel the latter to strike. Thus the stock will be kept down and prices up. We never counsel disorder, but if any one should n.iil these coal men's errs to a p .up who would grieve ? Plato's Piitt.osoi'hy?The advice of Nelson Plato, the Mayor of Corpus Christi, to Ben llutler, not to waste his money on the Texns election in favor of the radical Davis, but to employ it in liberalizing the local laws of Massachusetts, the prohibitory liquor law included. Plato makes a good show for the political position of Texns, and it is decidedly against the radical carpet-baggers and interlopers. His Homi is in tiir Setting Sen.? Some poeple not distinguished for the knowledge of ornithology have criticised the national observation that the American eagle goes to rest in or on the setting sun?perhaps on one of the luminous protuberances seen in the oclipse. We call the attention of these critics to the fact of the celebration of the Fourth of July at Bitka. How much nearer cAn one get than that to the netting sun unless he dives into the Pacific, which cannot be expected of our eagle, as he is not an annatlc bird? General Grant'* Ambition. General Grant, not long before he entered the White House, said he would rather be the Mayor of Galena, the town of his former residence, than be President?meaning, as we suppose, that his highest ambition waB to be useful even in a comparatively limited sphere. We give him due credit for that, believing he is patriotic and desirouB of doing the best he can for the welfare of the people. This expression shows, too, that he had an humble opinion of himself. While we can admire his modo3ty, we think he under-estimated his ability. As a military man he showed great capacity?showed, in fact, that his mind developed according to the exigencies of the S? : L 1 11 --.A oci nuc, nuu tiicit tb w no equui iu me uiubi trying circumstances. If he would lift himself out of the mire of party politics and the trammels of tho party politicians that surround him he might beoome as distinguished in his present high office as he was in the war. Though he might not have desired tho Presidency, and may not want to have it another term, his ambition to be useful may bo gratified far more in his present position than if he were Mayor of Galena. Will the President, as he intended when he first entered upou his duties, emancipate himself from the schemes of party politicians and adapt his policy to the conservative sentiment of the country? The reign of radicalism was an abnormal condition of things. It cannot endure. If General Grant be wise he will Bee this and pursue a course in consonance with public opinion and the interests of the country. Flying Machine*. Shall we ever, with all our scienoe, succeed in transporting ourselves at pleasure through the air, making that our pathway jnst as we do the grosser fluid, water, which we traverse so easily in every direction ? This is a question which we suppose every one of our readers has asked himself more than onoe, for the idea of aerial navigation is so natural that we find every age of the world has more or less discussed it. Just now in San Francisco this subject is attracting great attention, from the fact that the model of an aerial ship exhibited there, and some experiments made upon it, gave complete satisfaction to the engineers presem. An Aerial navigation ^ornpauy u*a been formed for the laudable purpose of raising funds to enable the projector to construct a full sized air ship. This will be completed, it is expected, in about a couple of months, when the aeronauts, if successful, intend paying us a flying visit all the way from the shores of the Pacific. The Avitor, as the new invention is named, is to be propelled by steam, carrying for this purpose a five horse power steam engine, and is to be elevated and supported in the air partly by gas and partly by planes extending on each side to the distance of about twenty feet at the centre. These planes will be so constructed in sections that they maybe depressed or elevated by the rudder at pleasure. The well known and fatal objection to balloons; that they are the mere sport of the winds, having no propollihg power within themselves, is thus got rid of. Balloons have been chiefly found useful for scientific purposes, observing the oscillations of the magnetic needle and Its dip, and experimenting on the density, tempera ture, humidity and electricity or the air at its different elevations; but if this aerial Bhip, the Avitor, provo as great a success as many in California anticipate, we are on the eve of a complete revolution in our mode of travelling. But before speculating any further as to the results we must wait patiently and see how far our friends in California arc going to curry out their programme. Telegrams in Court.?Once more private telegrams have been paraded in court as part of a legal investigation. This occurred in the Susquehanna Railroad case. The theory is that telegrams are not entitled to a privileged secrecy, and that publio morality is again-jt according them such privilege, that the telegraph may not assist in the commission of crime. Practically how does this operate? If men want to use the telegraph for a criminal purpose they adopt the plan of using words in some arbitrary sense known only to themselves, and so they keep their socret and the rule of law is no help to justice, but only an annoyance to innocent persons. Bubble.?There was an age in which the "bubble" was the grand means for men to secure fortunes. They made so many bubbles that the real difficulty was what to name thorn and what idea could be seized upon for organizing a company and issuing stock. There was a company organized in London once for "making deal boardB from sawdust." The bubble age is not quite over. Not long since men organized in this city a joint stock company for the liberation of Ireland from Saxon tyranny, and issued their stock under the name of "Fenian bonds." The bonds sold well, and now the managers of the affair arc quarrelling in the courts over the custody of the monoy. Who shall have it ? freedom of thk ltivkr.?une or tho JNorth river ferryboats ran into ai ocean steamer anchored in the stream, and the owners of the ferryboat wore surd fbr damages. Their defence was that the steamer was anchored directly in their course in crossing the river. It was decided that they had no exclnsive right to any course, and that if such defence were admitted, then in the multitude of our ferries a large portion of the river would be practically closed to shipping, to the great embarrassment of commerce. 80 the ferry men And that ships have rights. MOVEVfctT* OF THE PRESIDE* r, TUe Presidential Party En Konte to Corrjr, Pu.?Incidents on the Konte. ei.mika, N. Y., August 13, 1300. Tho President and party arrived hore shortly after eevon o'clock tills evening. Tho Journey from New York was very avroeabie, and the turnout of the people along tho route was large and very enthusiastic. At Turner's station a fine lunch was sent Into the President'# car. At Husquehanna station the President and party were entertained at an elegant dinner, at the Htorrocea House, at half-past three this afternoon. TherO the Presidential car was detached from the regular train, allowing ample time for dinner and a visit to tno extonalve locomotive works ami repair shops ol the Krle Railroad. At half-past four the Presidential car proceedod west as a special to (,'orrr, ra., where It la expected to arrive at three o'clock to morrow morning. At the several stations toe President appeared on the rear piallortn 01 the car and cordially received the people. Among those accompanying the I'roeident as far as Corry are Messrs Jsines McHenry. Charles Day and liush C. Hair kins. I WASHINGTON^" WAflHINOTOS, August IS, 1M0. Morrnifnli of Urooral Mtierinan. General Sherman left here to-day ror Philadelphia, where he will join the distinguished party on board the Tallapoosa, and proceed with them on the navy yard Inspecting tour. Appointment of Custom House Officer*. David F. Mann was to-day appointed storekeeper ror 1'hlladelplna. W. T. Perkins was appointed weigher In the New York Custom House in the plaos of General T. \V. Egan. A number of appointments and promotions were to-day confirmed Tor ins New York Custom House and Sab-Treasury. Negro Ulot In Virginia. Information has been received here that on Wednesday last a difficulty occurred at Hoatlisvllle, Northumberland county, Va., between some whits and colored people, during the progress of whloh one of the latter was killed and several injured. TIM riot was of serious proportions at first, but wai finally suppressed by the authorities of that place. Deposits in tVe Freed men's Havings Bank. At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of th? Freedmen's Havings and Trust Company at theti ^ banking house In this city on Thursday afternoon appeared that the net deposits for the month of^^^^^H amounted to $66,128. The whole deposits month were $411,672 and drafts $356,543. The^^^^^^ of deposits amount tyl to the sum of $1,235,279 ? ^ the assets to $1,364,373. its assets are in cash t I'nlted Htates bonds. Tills large sum is held i ' ^ * about $15,000 depositors, being on an average leal than $100 to each. Treatment of Coolies In Peru. The State Department has received Interesting advices rrom our Minister to Ohiua relative to ths treatment of coolies In Peru, as shown by a petition from the companies there employed us laborers, Ac., together with correspondence intended to effeot means towards the amelioration of these people. The documents will shortly be published. Malls to British llondarns. A postal convention, establishing and regulating a reciprocal exchange lu correspondence betwee* the Vnltod States and the colony of British Honduras, has been concluded with Great Britain, and will be carried into operation on the 1st of October. It provides for a regular exchange of malls between the office of New Orleans on the one part and the olfice of Belize on the other, comprising letters, newspapers, books, packages and patterns or samples of merchandise originating In the United States and addressed to British Honduras, or originating in British Honduras and addressed to tlio United States, to be conveyed by means of the direct line of British mall packets now running between New Orleans and Belize. The tate of postage lo be levied and collected in anvnncu in ruuil uuuuwjr uu uuuu phumi^i; ui uurresponderice forwarded to the other country is as follows:?On letters, twelve cents In the United States or sixpence In British Honduras per simple rate of half ounce or under; newspapers, two cents In the United States or one penny, without regard to weight; book packages, patterns or samples, six cents in the United States or threepence in British Honduras for each four ounces or fraction thereof. The above rates are in full of all charges to destination. Each country is to retain all the postage it collects on the correspondence which it sends to the other, thus dispensing with any accounts between the respective Post Departments. Recovery of Hnnken Vossols. The War and Navy Departments have transferred to the Treasury Department the power to contract for the recovery of ail vessels, both Confederate and federal, which were suuk during the late war in Southern and otner waters. The entire matter has been assigned by the Secretary to the division of captured and abandoned property in his oiUcc. The Proposed Purchase of Cuba. [Washington (August 12) correspondence of Boston I'osr.] The predictions first given to the public in these rli-unntphAa anmn wPMlra aan. iu to the mimosas at tne administration relative to toe purchase of Cuba, have oeen generally voriflort by occurrences since and have been corroborated by droppings from time to time in journals having the confidence of toe President. Your correspondent has repeated tnat our Minister (sickles) hatl been Instructed to ' I endeavor to settle the diitluulty between Spain and Cuba, and a purchase of tue island from Spain la some form or other was suggested as tne best sola- . ' Hon of the complication ihut might ensue with England on the Alabama claims maiter should ! our government by any other mode endeavor to assist Cuba in gaining her independence, Ac. From tne same high source of information I learn to-ulght that tne suggestions of the President and Secretary Fish have been promptly put in form by Sickles: that the effort has thus fur proved abortive, and seemed at one time to be at an end; but new propositions have been made recently by telegram during the late ajsence ol tne President and Mr. Fish trom this cltv, and on Tuesday last Sioxlcs was again requested to obtain a linui answer from the Spanish administration, as critical matters were transpiring here requiring immediate action. From the same source it Is learned that a privateer, a somewhat lormldabie vessel, left a Northern port of Mia United states within a tew hours, destined for tag service of uic Cuban liisur-guuts. POISGIViiG AFi'Aiit IX LOWiLL, MAS". A Physician nnd Ilia Family Narrowly Eacapt Anullillaiion by Strychnine. 1.0WKM., Mush., August 13, 1K69. Tho "City ot spin.ties'' is just now excited over at attempted wholesale poisoning case, wherein a Mlsi Miner deliberately cssuyejl to send to kingdom conn a whole family. It appears that for ten or twelvt years past Miss Louisa W. Miner has been an iutt? mate lriend of the family of Dr. Jennoss of this city, visiting his residence every Saturday and remain. Ing over Sunday. The visits ot the woman bad always been kindiy received, and having a largt measure of confidence in the honesty and good intentions of the visitor not t he least Jot of suspt clon had ovor been entertained of her. Miss Miner had also assisted about the Doctor's house In casei ? of sickness in the family, remuining out of the mill for that purpose. During the past month, however, the visits of the woman to tho house had been lesi frequent. On tho 5th of July last she was at Dr. Jcnness' house, Intending to remain there during the day, but learning that another acquaintance ol the family whom she did not like was cxpocted there to spend the dav sho said that if this person were invited she would be the ruin of the faml. ly. The person was invited and Miss Miner went away. Once since, before last Sunday, slit came to tne house whilo the family were at thn6v beach, her visits having been less rrequent. Ttis particulars stated about the making of the pics wars substantially correct. She knew that the Dootor wan coming home on Monday and she wished one pin Bavea lor mm nnd two sent, to his lamlly at tbs b ach. She left the house on Sunday night. Misa Miner was arrested on Tuesday night. As an evidence of ner presumption and boldness it may be said mat sue called at tlio Iloctor'a resldenoe Tuesday afternoon iwnile the omcers, unknown to her, were ou tier track), and the Doctor being absent, ana asked the douicsilcs if thoy ate any of the pies. They answered "no; we didn't like the caraway seeds in them." She then askeu "was there anything else In tlicm you didn't like?" Tuesday morning the development uiunt tho pies being fully made and Miss Miner arrested, the family got up and arranged to go to court alter breakfast. The Doctor suid tie would have nothing but a cracker and a cup 01 tea, as he was airmd to eat anything in the house. During ihe whole night previous ho had felt a severe burning sensation In the stomaoh, and the other persons in the house wore nearly or quite prostrated by tne same feeing. Ho drank one cup of tea and eJ* liaif a cracker, and others In the houso partook of the same breakfast. boon after the burnIng sensation increased, and sonift of the domestic* v.-cio sci/.cd with vomiting. Dr. Jenness became uwure thai the sugar or tea had bffB also poisoned, and getting into his team drove at once to Dr. oage's olBcs ftfiu MiiGu for Immediate help. He became unconscious while there, but antidotes being administered revealed the fact mat strychnine in considerable quanHiT nod been awsl. if,ura.i mill ilieu tne Doctor was rol.oved. I>r. (hurt ' then went post hasio to Dr. Jeuiiesa' residence, wiiere the members of the household were found quite alck, lint tuey were soon relieved. fiBITUW. Commodore Joseph Hi Jnrvl?. A tclcgrn.n froui St. I.otiw reports tiie death it Geneva, Mo., on Ihursday last, of this naval officer, In the seventy-fourth year of his uge. He was a native of Massachusetts, and on the 18th of June' 1H1 tl, was appointed to the naval service from Maine. He served with credit, but was many years, ago placed on the retired list, on the loth of July lie was commissioned a commodore. The de-i raaed officer was over nlty sevon years in the scrmco, flitcen years and seven months ot which wore spout at sea, nine years and seven tnou ha on shore duly, and the iiniauoe ol the time, over thirtv-two yeats, hi was unemployed.