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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. I'ROPR IE TOR. Volume XXXIV No. 341 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVcNINS. WOOD'S MUSEUM AND MKNAOBRIS, Broadway, aor n?r thirtieth at?Mutineu dully. Performance ever/ evening. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery?PAUL CLIFFORD? Evkkv Ihor a Sailor. WALL V>'K'B THBaTRR Rrnl*?? ami lltxh itrcM.? Captain of thji Watcu? Wooi>oooh.'b Ln ri.H Game. FRENCH THEATRE. 14th it. an I 8th ar?LONDOW; OA. LltillTS AHII bUUIOWS OF TUK UHSAt CITY. THE TAMMANY, Fourteenth street Tuk BOBLEUQCB of Bad Kicuey. GRAND OPERA HOUSE. oornur of Et<rhth avenue and SStl street.?English OPBR.l?Ttll HlGUKNOTS. BOOTH'S THEATRE. 23il .hi.. t?eiw<>?n 5th anJ 6th art.? Fibht 1'abt of King Henry IV. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broaaway?Uwrp. tub Gas light. FIFTH AVENUI! THEATRE, Tw.-n'y-fourth St.?WlVBtt AB TliKY M j:itK, MAIIIH Ab TllHY AKF. NEW YORK THEATRE, Broa !(vsv?BATA1LL1 I>? Damku?La Consigne r.ai in lto.x leub. NIBLO'8 GARDEN, Broadway.?The Little Uktec T1VB?An Ol.JECT OF iHTRtlEbl. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S 1'Art It THEATRE. Brooklyn. Tun Sebpcnt on the Hearth. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOC3E, ?1 Bovrery.-Cosiio Vooai.isk, Negro Minutbki.sy, <to. THEATRE COMIQI'E, 114 Broadway.?Comio Vooai. 16k! a NKUUO ACTH, *0. BRYANTS' OPERA HOUSE, Tammany BuHdlnj, 14th ?1 Buya.vis' MlNUJ'BEI.b. SAN FRANCISCO MIVSTRBLS, 585 Broa Iway.?Etuio F1AN Ml.NbTRKLSY, NEGRO ACTS, &A WAVERIjEY THEATRE. No. Ji'tl Broadway?Etiiio PI AN MlNt-ITtELbY, NEGSa ACTS, &C. NEW YORK CIRCUS, Fourteenth street. - E<jn ESTB1 ah and GrMNAbTIO PEBKOB.M.VNOrU, AO. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn.-HOOL*Y'8 MtNUTREI.b?NoiiODY'b D At oil TKU, AO. EMPIRE RINK, Sixty-third street and Third avenue.? Exhibition ok New Vor.Ji Statu Poultry Sochiy. DORE ART UNION, 687 Broadway.?Exhibition of Paintings. BOMKRVILLR ART GALLERY, Firth avenue and 14th gtreei KxBLuiTio.t of Tuk Nine Mcsks. NEW YORK M"SBUM OF ANATOMY, dlj Broaiway.? SCIENCE and A3T LADIES' NEW YORK MUSi? M OF ANATOMY, ?18>i BrOAdW.IV.?FRMALBt ONLY IN ATXKX DANOE. TRIPLE SHEET. New Torkt Tuesday, December 7? 1869. SB2 K3WS. Eiropti Cable despatches are dated December o. M. Ernlle Olllvlere is likely to organize tbe liberal parliamentary ministry In FranCe. Tbe opposition candidate was elected in one of the districts of Paris by a larue majority. Prussia denies having encour aged or countenanced tbe Dalmatian insurrection. General Prim leans, It U said, towards ttie Spanish republican party. One of the correspondents of the London Times has been prohibited from entering tbe papal States. Tbe Cabinet crisis still exists in Italv. By steamship, at this port, we hare mall details ol cable telegram* rrom Europe to tbe 26th 01 Novem ber. The result of the elections is the leading subject of remark la the Paris journals, which nearly all declare that they had anticipated the result which baa taken place. Tbank3gtvtng Day was duly observed by the Americans in Athens. Africa. Despatches dated in Lonaon yesterday, by tbe Atlantic cable, state that "several vessels" got aground in the Suez Canal, but wei e "tow od off." They also report that many vessels which had been engaged as blockade runners during tue American war have peea chartered for tbe Suez Canal traffic. Brazil. An American merchant in Rio Janeiro, named David H. Sampson, formerly of Pennsylvania, has committed suicide. Venezuela. General Pulgar, the recently defeated revolution ary chief, is to be tried by Congress. liny 11. Advices to the 26th ult state that Vil Labia Is at Port au Prince with 2,000 men. The steamer Artl bonct, belonging to the revolutionists, had been engaged and sunk by Salnave's new man-of-war. Balnave has declared himself President for ilfo. Cape Ilaytlen was taken by the rebels on the lath and ail Psinave's adherents in the town took refuge 4a the American Consulate. The revolutionary fleet Intends to blockade Port au Prlnco. Conffreaa. The second sc?3eion of the l-'orty-first Congress was commenced ve*t<Tday. Tii-: teiiate was oa'led to order by the Vice Presi dent, llfty-flvo members being present. Mr. Morrill, successor of Mr. Fcssenden, was sworn In. Tho Speaker presented the resignation of Senator Grimes, of Iowa; also a communication from tbe Secretary of State enclosing the credentials of Messrs. Johnson and Lewis, Senators elect iroin Virginia. After the usual committee to wait upon the President had been ap pointed, Senator Cameron presentod a petl.. tlon from so, 000 citizens of Philadelphia asking the recognition of tiie independence of Cuba. Several bills were ordered printed, including those Introduced by Messrs. Drake and Sumner restricting the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of the United States. Tbe bill upon tho same subject introduced last session was made the special order for Wednesday, senator Morton Introduced a bill lor the reconstruction of Georgia, which was laid over until Wednesday. A recess was taken for half an hour, when the message of the President was re ceived and read and the Senate adjourned. The House was called to order at twelve o'clock, 180 members beljg present. Messrs. Brooks, of Massachusetts; Cox", of New York; Kurcbard, of Illi nois, and lilnk and Brlnkly, of Alabama, presented their credentials and were sworn In. objections having been made to Messrs. Sherrard and Dix, of Alabama, their credentials were referred to the Committee on Elections. A recess of tho House was taken until half-past one o'clock, which time the Presidents Message was TecelvJS and read and referred. The por tlon in regard to Georgia was received witij applause by the republican members and by the democrats with hisses. After transacting a small amount of unimportant business the Douse adjourned. Besides the President's message, we publish this morning the reports of tbe secretary of the Trea sury, the Secretary of War and General of the Army. MiscrUitneons. Tho President desires to conclude a convention with ttie leading Powers of Europe in regard to ocean cables, to prevent their destruction in time of war and to regulate their control. The subject has already been presented to the nations interested, and a favorable reply received from the French Em peror. In tho National Board of Trade at Richmond yes terday a resolution asking Congressional aid to Improve navigation on the Ohio and Mississippi rivere and to improve tbe harbors of several South era cities was adopted. The Committee on Specie Payments reported resolutions favoring tho partial withdrawal of greenbacks by tne substitution of four per cent bonds and tne establishment or more national bantu, Tbe report was only partially adopted and the Board amounted. _ ' it is ?tated by a Fort Dodge (Ohio) correspondent that a block of gypsum, from whloh the Cardiff Riant was chiselled, was taken from the gypsum quarries in that neighborhood, in 1868, by a oouple of mm. who Mid they wanted to Uke such a block to Kew York, where the? oould make a good thing out of it. They were subsequently Joined by a man named Glass, from Syracuse, N. Y., who u believed to have been the "antediluvian artist." A despatch received at Toronto nays tbe Insurrec tion In Winnipeg Territory is dying out, most of tbe insurgents having dinbauded ana gone on a buffalo hunt and probably Governor McDougal will be in vited to assume his duties at tbe capital. Governor McTavisb Is Hi, without hope of recovery. ? The female suffrage bill lias passed both houses of the Wyoming Legislature. Tbo City. The charter election for police and civil Justices, aldermen aud assistant aldermen and school trustees o< this city takes placo to-day. On our Triple Sheet this morning will bo found the list of polling places and the orders er Superintendent Kenuody in refer ence to the maintenance of order at the polls. A severe snowstorm was experienced along a great portion of the eastern seaboard yesterday. It Is reported to have been heavy in Washington and in Boston, while In this city and vicinity it was almost enough to stop travel and business. Tho wind blew a perfect iralo on tho Hudson, and heavy drifts of snow were banked up on the railway lines. The Inquest in the case of Albert Richardson was concluded at the Cltv Hall by Coroner Keenau yes terday. MeFarund was present, looking quite cool. ,'udge Dowltng was among the spectators, and after a conversation with McFarland's counsel Shook hands with the prisoner. The juiy returned a ver dict thai McFarland had caused Richardson's death by shooting. The prisoner, on being cuilea on, Bald, through his counsel, that he would trust his vlndloar tion to a lury of peers. Samuel T. Biatchford, alloged to be connected with the Custom House frauds, was brought Into Commissioner Osboru's oMce yesterday and sur rendered. He was held under $10,000 to await ex amination on Saturday. Quito a number of complaints have been made against Bogart, the old man who was recently anosted on a charge of swindling people by repre senting that he had brought property willed to them by relatives dying abroad. Three fresh victims appeared yesterday, aud In each instance, it seems, they wero told that the goods ho had for them were smuggled. Tho Coroner's Jurv in the case of J. E. A. West brooke, who died ou Saturday from tho effects or wounds received In an altercation with Albert Lewis, In Johnson street, Brooklyn, returned a ver dict accordingly yesterday, and Lewis was com mitted. In the case of Edward Dusenbury, who was on trial for alleged false pretences in obtaining sub scriptions to the "National Home for Widows and Orphans," a charitable institution that is not be lieved to be la existence, Recorder Hackett, although the fact was proven, charged the Jury that he could not be convicted, and he was accordingly acquitted. in the Brooklyn Board of Aldermen yesterday a resolution offering ?l.ooo lor t(ie ajpr .uenslon of the persons who tain] cred with the election returns causcd some discussiou. but was linuily voted down by 13 to 7. The bark Edith Rose and the brig Camilla are at Quarantine with yellow lever on board. The Hamburg-American Packet Company's steam ship Hoisatia, Captain Ehlers, will leave her aock at Hoboken at two P. M. to-day for Hamburg, touch lug at Plymouth, England, and Cherbourg, France. 1 ho malls for Europe will close at the Post Office at twelve M. ? he stock market yesterday was Irregular, open ing strong, going off with tho gold market and rallying at the close. Gold advanced to 123de clined to 122ft after tho Washington reports and closed Anally at 123. The market for beef cattle yesterday was only moderately active, the demand being checked to some extent by tho laclemont weather, but full prices wore realized for almost all grades. Tbe offerings, which were lair, were generally common to quality- Prime and extra steers were quoted 16>;c. a lti%c., fair to good 14>?c, a I0I4C. and Inferior to ordinary 9c. a 14c., tho bulk of the sales being at from lac. to l&Ko. aud the average price being about 14c. Milch cows were quiet, but held for tlrmer prices. Veal calvcs were dull, and prices were weak at ll>ic. a 1'iXc. for prime aud extra, lie. a line, for common to good and 10c. a lie. for inferior to common. Sheep were moderately dealt in at tbe loilowing prices:?Prime and extra, fl^c. a 7,yc.; common to good, 6c. a 8>?c., and inferior, 4c. a 4)?c. For swine the market was quiet, but prices were qulto Bteady at 10)^0 alio, lor oommon to prime. Tbo arrivals were 0,907 head. Prominent Arrivals in the City. Colonel w. Dick, of Scotland; Colonel J. R. Thar Btcn, of tbe united States Army; Professor Samuel Gardiner, of Washington; Judge George Filler, or Hartford, Conn., and Colonel A. B. Paynter, of Kingston, N. Y? arc at the Metropolitan Hotel. Captain uixon, of England, and a. J. Drexcl, of Philadelphia, are at the Filth Avenue Hotel. General H. A. Baruum, of Syracuse, 1s at the Hoff man House. Judge J. B. Simpson, of Boston, and II. Arm strong, of Liverpool, arc at the Coleman House. Colonel if. G. Rogers, or Binghamton; Captain E. R. Cromhcad, of the British Army; Samujl Lorl, of Paris; Alfred Davis, of England, and Captain Crockctte, cf the British Army, are at the St. Nicholas Hotel. Captain C. S. Newiin, of the lTnlted States Army, is at the Astor House. Prominent Departures. Colonel S. L. Ellsworth, for Pcnn Yan; George McGee, for Watkins; Lieutenant c. A. Baocock, for Washington; Colonel John Wan'ess, for Colorado; Colonel T. Ewing, for Chicago; colonel Van winkle, for Boston, and General cavender, for Boston. The Drawback Fkacds?Coming and Going.?Fresh light is likely to be thrown npon the drawback frauds by the voluntary return from Canada of the ex-Deputy Col lector, Samuel T. Blatchford, who was alleged to be the principal in the business. Mr. Blatchford denies that ho was anything but a scapegoat for other parties. It is fair to the returning ^oputy to say that his friends have all along claimed this position for him. What ever he knows about the frauds he will pro bably state frankly, as he has given bonds to. answer any charges preferred against him. In the meantime It is said that Blatchford's coming back will result in the sullen going away of a good many officials, who feel a little ticklish about his probable revelations; so that the Marshal may have to fall back upon the extradition treaty after all. Spoiling the Game.?Rocbefort was the antl-climnx of the revolution that started with such promise in Paris only a few months ago. lie lus put it down more effectively than the Emperor could have done with fifty thousand soldiers, llis very nomination as a Deputy, his presence as a foremost figure in the agita tion, warned away the agitators and revolu tionists by whom something might have been done. They could not train in -such com pany without los3 of prestige. If any of our own agitators, respectable by their talents, Bhould originate a movement and should then see it fall into the hands of George Francis Train they would have to give it up. So in Paris. Bochefort is their George Francis. Two Giants in the Field.?Cardiff is certainly fertile in giants, as two of her tre mendous sons are now contesting the admira tion of the public. By the Albany papers of yesterday wo see that the Cardiff giant is on exhibition in that town and will remain there for sevorai days. By the IIeuald of yester day w? see tjjat he is al?9 on exhibition in this city and can be seen for a ITmfted period. We forbear to distinguish between these giants or to decide which is the greater of two humbugs. The Prwldrai'i Mr??i (l??ewl (Jrat m a Matonua. The President'a Message is before our readers. Marking a new departure in the government it is u message of surpassing importance. As the first full and deliberate exposition of the views of General Grant, broadly defining the landmarks of his adminis tration on our domestic and foreign affairs, we think it foreshadows in our great soldier our first statesman of his day. It is the message of an honest, earnest, clear-headed, practical man, fully inspired with the grandeur and glorious destiny of the country; but fully alive also to the necessities and precautions sug gested from the present conditions of our domestic and foreign relations. Ills opening on the abounding prosperity, the comprehensive resources and immeasu rable capabilities of the United StateB, is a magnificent picture, and well calculated to inspire universal confidence in the glorious future of the "great republic." His specifica tions and suggestions cover a great number of subjects, which in detail it is needless here to reproduce. On the leading questions of the day, however, his opinions and propositions to Congress are of such importance as to chal lenge our immediate attention. First, with regard to Southorn reconstruc tion, while advocating the admission of Vir ginia and hopiug that Mississippi and Texas will como out all right, be recommends that Georgia be required to say her lesson over again, inasmuch as she has not conformed to the terms laid down by Congress and the four teenth amendment, lie recommends a bill providing for the meeting of the original re construction State Legislature of 18CS, includ ing the negro members turned out by a majority of the whites of the two houses, and that they all be held to the oaths enjoined in the terms of reconstruction, Ac. The bill already introduced in the Senate will doubtless be passed without unnecessary loss of time, and in the interval Georgia may be considered an outside State. In this business Genoral Grant simply looks to the execution of the laws. On the national finances, pleading for the funding of the debt at four and a half per cent interest, and a gradual return to specie pay ments and a steady extinction of the debt, the judicious and carefully considered opinions of the Message will, wo doubt not, command the general approbation of the country. As they aro the views, however, of the Secretary of the Treasury, to which we have devoted a separate article, we need not enlarge upon them here. It is gratifying to see from the Messago that of all questions that to which General Grant has given the most thoughtful attention, and that in which he is most deeply interested, is the money question and its earliest practicable settlement, without disturbance, upon a broad and solid foundation. In connection with the funding of the debt he suggests the postpone ment till next session of any general modifica tions of the tariff or internal tax laws, except a reduction of the tax oir incomes to three per cent?a concession to the taxpayers whisk we expect will be granted. On Cuba the Message is non-committal, except in the matter of our international obli gations, on which it is very clear. It is pro bable, however, that on this subject the Presi dent prefers to leave the initiative to Congress, with which department the question of peace or war, in all its phases, properly belongs. Let Congress act, then, and the President will execute the law. On the Alabama claims the Messago holds substantially to the argument of Senator Sumner's great Bpeech ; but in consequence of the terrible commotion excited in both coun tries by that speech, with the indignant rejec tion by the Senate of the Johnson treaty, nego tiations have not yet been resumed. The President is waiting for tho opportunity, which he thinks is coming, for a satisfactory and comprehensive settlement. The Message disapproves tho project of Canadian reciprocity as a scheme for tho benefit of the Canadians at tho expense of our own people and public treasury, which is the ! correct view. The Quakor Indian policy, with j Indian reservations for those unfortunate people, is warmly delended; tho repeal of the Tonuro of Oliice law is urged, and we suspect it will have to bo ropealed; the movements entered upon for the survey of the Isthmus of Daricn, in view of an interocoanic canal, are referred to; the repor.s of the several execu tive departments aro drawn upon to show their operations respectively and their condition; the monopoly of tho French caMe is opposed, and all ocean cable monopolies ; an increase of salaries to certain public servants, including Justices of the Supremo Court, is recom mended, and properly, too, and finally, while relying largely as to their measures of legisla tion upon the patriotism and wisdom of tho two houses, the President promises an adher ence to the laws and their enforcement. To sum up, on our financial affairs the policy recommended in the Message is good and 1 soufid; on reconstruction it is (Sonalsteal with the policy of a uniform application of the laws; on our foreign relations it is carefully conservative, perhaps a little too much bo on tho Cuban question. Hut from drat to la it there Is nothiug in the Message, excepting tho Tenure of Office law, calculated to disturb tho harmony promised between the PrcsiJont and Congress, unless thero may be some trouble created in the Senate touching the division of the spoils. In a word, it is a good business Message, and indicates a good administration and peace and prosperity to the country under President Grant, without panics and with a steady reduction of the debt aud a quiet return to specie payments. Seeing Motes.?The Rev. Mr. Frothing ham turns as savagely as u pastor may on those who accuse him of tampering with the right interests of society. He says that tho greatest enemies of social order arc his assailants, and that the true crimo against society is to "judge in advance of justice" the assassin, seducer, <&c. Now in this very argument he admits the whole case against him. He Is the one who judged hi advance of justice; for by gloss ing over the act of Richardson he magnified the crimo of McFarland. And when one "judges In advance of justice" docB It make fitly difference whether ho is for or against a criminal'( Is not the evil result tho same? The simple question is, then, Who began it ? The Urnpog mf the Secretary of the Trea eary. Secretary Boutwell, ia his oomnmnicatlon to Congress, takes pride In the large reduction of the national debt, the details of which have been already given to the publio in the debt statement of the 1st inst. The feature of this portion of the document Is the testimony It bears to the fidelity with which General Grant in assuming the administration of the govern ment has carried out his promises in the mat ter of the revenue and expenditures of the nation. During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1869, the excess of receipts over expenditures was in round num bers fifty millions of dollars, three fourths of which accumulated during the first four months of his term of ofllco. That is, General Grant, in ono-third of the yoar, saved three times as much as the previous adminis tration did in two-thirds of the year. In other words, the present administration of the gov ernment is nine timos as efficient as the pre vious administration. The receipts for the first quarter of Vw jurrent fiscal year are already over twenty-three millions in excess of the expenditures, and it is estimated that the excess for the three remaining quarters will be over seventy millions?making a total saving of ninety-three millions for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1870. An estimate for 1870-71, based upon the continued operation of the present laws, promises an exceBS of one hundred and two millions. In the matter or a resumption of specie payments Secretary Boutwell'a position Is wise and conservative. Ho points out the condi tions prerequisite to the restoration of our paper currency to a specie standard. In the first place he remarks that the ability of the country to resume will not be due to any spe cial legislation upon the subjeot, but to the condition of its industries and to its financial relations to other countries. Wo must so" develop these industries that our exports shall be substantially equal to our imports. In the next place the diffusion of the curroncy over tho South in the progress of its recuperation from the prostration of the war, and to the Western States and to California, whero paper is likely to take the place of gold, will tend to diminish the difference between paper and coin. He favors a mild policy of contraction, but touches.the subject with an evident desire that it may not bo done with any risk of com mercial disaster. He confesses that the exact wants of the nation as to the amount of paper currency are a problem, tho solution of which bo leaves to be determined when prior and more important Issues have been settled. He only favors contraction because he Inclines to the belief that the volume of the cur rency, with a restoration of specie pay ments, is more than sufficient for the business requirements of the country. He also deems it unwise to resume while so largo a portion of the national dobt is held abroad by European merchants and bankers, whose investment in our national securities has been speculative and temporary and not permanent. Auy sudden appreciation in the value of government securities would only induce thoir reshipment to secure the profits of the rise. On the other hand, a steady pro- I I gress to specie payments, while rendering the foundation of the uational credit more stabla, would tend to render these foreign invest | menfs permanent and prevent the danger ! of a panic such aa occurred In Europe in I860, when upon the outbreak ot the Austro-Prus I sian war there was a general sending home of the different national bonds. He desires that when the country does resume there shall be no backsliding into suspension. In fine, in the language of tis report, the practical ques tion is not merely the resumption of specie payment as a measure by itself, but the pro blem is to resume under such circumstances that the position can be maintained, not only ia times of tranquillity, but alBO in periods of excitement and peril. In discussing the details whioh are to assist in paving the way for resumption he dwells upon the necessity for taking steps to revive and develop our commercial marine, and ingeniously proves the Important part which the extent of our shipping interests play in modi fying the balance of our foreign trade. The voyage of every American vessel is a bill of exchange in our favor. In funding the national dobt Secretary Boutwell thinks It will bo necessary to doal with the five-twenties only, and with $<1,200,000,000 only of ti.e whole loan afloat of this class. He rccommends that tho new bonds bo divided into three loans of $400,000,000 each, the first redeemable in fifteen to twenty years, the second In twenty to twenty five years and the third in twenty-five to thirty years; that the principal and interest be made payable in coin expressly; that the live twenties shall bo receivod in exchange for them; that tho rate of Interest shall not exceed four and one-half per cent; that the interest shall be payable In European cities as the subscribers to the loan may clect, and finally that the new bonds shall be exempt frotu all taxation. It is doubtful whether tho lant condition w"! JPSJV popular sanction, inasmuch as the public tendency is to exact an equal distribution of the burden of taxation. In alluding to the evils of the natioual banking system it points out tho unjust discrimination which those insti tutions make In lending their funds on pledge of stocks In preference to accommodating tho merchants, thus fostering speculation at the expense of legitimate business, and suggests tho remedy. Tho report is otherwise full and detailed in recommendations tributary to tho main features above sketched. | A Ccban Pbimsb fob CoKqkess.?An excel lent idea of the Cuban Junta Is that of laying on the desk of every member of Congress a miniature map of tho island of Cuba, contain ing on its margin the length, brcadtfc, square miles and number of acres in the Island; Its exports, imports, population, and so forth, j With this primer In his hand every member can "speak by tho book" about Cuba, many of whom probably have never studied the geog raphy or resources of the island. This will save time In the discussion of tho Important 1 question, and may cut many long Bpeechos short, as every man will be his own instructor. If this plan of education for members of Con gress were adopted in other cases It would [ save a great doal of tlmo. It is an excellent I short cut to knowledge. The Charter Blccttea ToDu> The great and protracted excitement which marked the entire charter election campaign of 1869 will have its culmination and its close to-night. There are many interests and con siderations involved in the Aldermanic con test that have been either overlooked by the majority of the citizens or else have not attracted the amount of attention which they deserved. With the ohange in the political supremacy of the city and State, the result of the November election, a new era of restored power dawns upon the Councilmanic Board. This body will again be called upon to act in concert with the Mayor In all munioipal appointments to the heads of Buch bureaus and commissions, the creation of republican legislation, as may for another year be per mitted to stand. But at all events, with the chartered rights of the city so long wrested from it restored, the Councilmanic body will be once more olothed with its old prerogatives as a power in the city government. It must be a matter of regret that the thorough defeat of the republican party in the late State elec tion seems to have been accepted as a coup de grace from which it could not even rally to contest a sin<rle Aldermanic ward in the city with the slightest prospect of success. Con sequently tho citizens have but "Hobson's choice" in the election to-day?to take the Tammany candidates as they como?a rather disagreeable alternative, no doubt, but still the only one. In the contcst for Civil and Police Justices there has been a wider field for selection open. The Tammany candidates, whether those renominated or those nominated for the first time for either Civil or Police Justice, possess all the necessary qualifications for the office. The election is not entirely confined to those nominees, however, as thero are in two or three districts independent democratic candi dates running. In only one, tho Ninth (a new district), the candidate is one not seeking re-election, but comes for the first time before the residents of his district as a candidate for the office. Captain Wiley, however, is so popular with all classes that he enters with perfect confidence into tho struggle, and, with an honest canvass of the votes polled, he has no fears for the result to-night. The candidates for School Trustees are, as in the ca3e ot the Aldermanic candidates, almost all Tammany men. It is, therefore, needless now to reiterate our oft repeated warning to the citizens to be up and doing in the election so far as tho candidacy for School Trustees was concerned. The general apathy that prevailed as to party opposition in regard to the other offices has had its influence here, where even all political feel ings should have been thrown aside, and none but reliable and competent men put forward. It may be said that the charter election for 18G9 goes to the winning men by default, arising from the supposed uselessness on the part of the republicans and outside organi zations to contest it, and through apathy on the part of the people themselves, who seem, for the present at all events, to have confided their whole political ozistence to the hands of the Tammany leaders. The RlcUardaon-MoFarland Tra?edy?Public Opinion. Public opinion is sometimes raBh, often jner cileds, but in the long run it is almost always just. In this case it has taken its usual course. It was rash; it was somewhat merciless in its first outburst; but it is now settling down, and as it settles down we feel that it is coming nearer and nearer to truth and justice. From all quarters and among all ranks and classes of the people the sentiment which is loudly and emphatically expressed is the same. We are forgetting Richardson, ignoring his female friend, and willingly leaving McFarland In the hands of tho law. Our attention is being more and more concentrated on principles, and on that class of principles to which mainly this crime is to be traced. In public estimation this marriage is as much to bo condemned as the murder. Mr. Beccher and Mr. Frothlng ham have both been heard in explanation of their conduct in the matter; but it is only truth to say that their explanations Lavo been bo feeble that public opinion Is down upon them more than ever. It is our confident opinion that before thin affair is finally settled theBeechers, the Frothinghams, the Greeleys, the Calhouns and the rest will bo heartily aBhamed of themselves. From tho clergymen, particularly If they have been deceived, we shall expect an open, hone3t and full confes slon. We shall not be the laa? to forgive, but for the present wo hold thorn largely to blame. It is time that the dangorous "isms" of New England were put down. This sad affair may tend to open some dark eyes. . ? The Work at IIell Gate.?Professor Maillefert reports fair progress on his portion of tho work In clearing the Hell Gato channel. He has boon laboring with nitro-glycnrine, and gunpowder, and divers, and scow grapplers since last August on Tray's Roof, Shelldrake and Pot rocks, with the following results:?When lie commenced operations there was only a vlipiS of ^joiyo and a half feet of water at low tide on Tray's Reef. Uow ihofC is an average depth of twenty feet. On Shelldrake rock the channel lias boon Increased from a depth of sixteen to iwonty-nine feet. From the d brla of rock blown up by four hundred discharges of nltro-glycerino It appaars that forty scowloads, containing forty five cubic yards each, have been successfully grappled and carried off to be appropriated to building docks and piers. This is not a bad show for loss than five months' work. If the other operations progress in tho same ratio we need not despair of seeiug llell Gate clear one of these days. The Soranton Coal TJompanv in tfie Way.?The last auction sale of Scranton coal put the price down a little. Large orders received at the mines in Pennsylvania pre vious to that sale were countermanded imme diately after It, and the organ of the miners cries out for some "power under tho laws" to stop such sales, so that the price may bo kept up. Was ever the power of law invoked moro crookcdly than this ? The great combination to keep up tho price of coal wants (o punish those who stand in its way. This Is no ii tho thieves and rogute if all sorts should appeal to tho law to proveut the police and honest I men interfering with then! in tbelr vocations. Second SMrion of the Forty-flm Ceegreee. Yesterday the Forty-first Congress met, organized, listened to the reading of the Presi dent's Message, and entered promptly and vigorously on the labors of its second session. In the Senate the pressure of publio sentiment in regard to certain urgent questions of import ance wa8 indicated by the character of the bills, joint resolutions and petitions which wero offered at this early date. Prominent among these were the petition from thirty thousand citizens of Philadelphia praying Congress to recognize the independence of the republic of Cuba and to accord to it the rights of a bel ligerent Power; the bills of Mr. Drake and of Mr. Sumner with reference to the further defin ing and regulating the jurisdiction and powers of the courts of the United States; the bills of Mr. Williams for the improvement of Oregon, the establishment of a telegraph line from the Columbia river to Great Salt Lake, and the regulation of Chineso immigration; the bill to relieve and removo tho political disabilities of certain persons in Alabama; the joint resolu tion for the relief of persons engaged in the lato rebellion, and, particularly, tho bill or Mr. Morton to provide for the reconstruction of the State of Georgia by convening the old State Legislature, with the conditions that no person shall be admitted to membership who is disqualified under the fourteenth amendment, or excluded therefrom on acoount of race or color, and then that IT the Legislature thus organized shall ratify the fifteenth amendment the State shalf be ad mitted to representation to Congress?a bill which corresponds so nearly to similar recom mendations in the President's Message that it very probably will bo passed; the bill providing for the execution of the laws against the crime of polygamy in the Territory of Utah; the bill for establishing an ocean mail Bervice between the United States, Mexico and Central America, and the resolu tion requesting the President for information about tho presence of Governor William McDougall at Pembina in Dacotah Territory, and the opposition of the inhabitants of the Selkirk settlement to his assuming the Gov ernorship of the Northwest Territory, said to have been lately transferred by the Hudson Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. The bill of Mr. Sumner in reference to the appellate jurisdiction of the Unite I States Supreme Court, in causes or proceed ings commenced by the writ of habeas corpus, is manifestly designed to meet such special case as that of Yerger; but the bill proposed by Mr. Drake is of a far more Bweeping character, and is so generally regarded as a direct attempt to break down the judiciary that it will doubtless meet with strenuous opposition. Among the bills and resolutions offered in the House of Representatives tho most note worthy were a bill providing for taking the ninth census; for fixing the number of the mem bers of the House and for their future apportionment among the several States, and a joint resolution declaring Virginia enti tled to representation in Congress. Notice was also given of a bill to prevent the appoint ment of members of Congress to any place of trust and profit under government. Oa the whole the first day of tho second session of the Forty-first Congress was a very busy day, and a wide field for work was laid out for the legislative plough. A Cavalry General on a Whiskey Raid.? There has been no better arranged or more effective movement for enforcing the revenue laws than tho sudden onslaught on the group of illicit stills at Irishtown, in Brooklyn?a move that owes its origin and discreet conduct to General Pleasanton, now of the revenue service and formerly commander of the cavalry in the Army of the Potomao. The way in which a man performs his duty, whatever bo his post, is the best testimony to bis qualities, and in the secrecy, the suddenness, the good temper and complete results of this operation we recognize in civil office the same acutenesa, vim and dash that distinguished the General as a commander of cavalry. A "Bull Ron" in Earnest.?One of the correspondents of the London Timet has been prohibited from entering the Papal Slates. We presume bo was commissioned to write about the Ecumenical Council. This action of the Pope throws "Bull Run" Russell com pletely in the shade, for the gentleman now aggrieved Ts run off by an original, genuine Bull of the real old stock, whereas Mr. Russell, in the moments of his very highest elevation, only ran before the Black Horse cavalry of Virginia. "Bull Run" Russell loses his tonsure and consecration. He had them morely from I Lie hands of the lato President Lincoln. The "other man" of the London Times is ordained by Pius the Ninth. Beeoiier and Plymouth Ciiuboh.?For tho sake of the exchequer of Plymouth church it is the groatest of pities that the scats are not for sale just now. If this were the time for selling the choice places in that temple of the Gospel they would no doubt fetch double the ordinary price, for no sensation that Beecher has dabbled in was ever more effec tive than this Richardson-McFarland flurry. Wh$ say th&i ioechet has blundered, that he has "pui ?.'a into it," <fcc., do not understand that clerical tumbler. It is tho greatest success of his life, the most piquant of all his ventures on the desperate edgo of ministerial propriety. One Van Dusen will glvo fifty thousand dollars towards the organization of a vigilance committee, and this proves that tho desperate minded citizen is blind as a mole to the real cause of all our trouble. Oh, Van Dusenl all the mischief is due to money. It is because the plunder of the city is so stupendous that corruption and misgovernment are so great, and now you want to add your little fifty thou sand dollars to tho difficulty. Do you not know that the rogues of this town will organize ? vigilance committee merely to get the money you offer and hnng you as the first rogue with a rope purchased at your own expenso ? MASONIC BALL Tho second annual reception and ball of the Man hattan Chapter, No. 184, R, A. M., took placo last evening at tho Apollo Rooms, turner o! Twenty elgfttb street and Broad war. Tbe affair was a very enjoyable one, and notwithstanding the snow storm there was a large attendance of ladles and gentle men. Dancing was begun about nine o'clock ant was kept up until tlM wee hours of the morniug.