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NEW YORK HERALD BUOADWAY AND ANN NTKE?T. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. All business or news letter and telegraphic despatches must bo addressed New York Herald. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Iiimc XXXV No. 09 AMUSEMENTS TINS AFTEMMil ANJ EVENING BOOTH'S THEATRE. 134 M., between Bth ana Ota art Si>wiM Boom as Maoiibtu. wallace's theatre. Broadway and IStU street? lost at bba. kalius* at 1*. OLYMPIC THF.ATRR, Broadway NlW Vkbsioh or eiahlkt. Malluee at 1 ripth ayk.nuk theatre, Twenty-fourth m.-fbop rxov. Mailne* at 1 wows museum and mrhaokrih. Broadway, oor Ml 1 uinnittik-aiuiiH wi/. rarioriaancs eiorj unmni ORAND OPERA HOUSE, cornar of Et*hth arenua and s?d iu-'nm i'mtblvc tkmitaho.nb. MaOne* al 2. NTBI.O'fl GARDEN, Br?adir?y.-FAIBT Clkoi.t-Hou* ib ubvillx? babnkv tii* babon. Matlnen at %. academy of MUSIC, Ulh ttrtet?enolihu opkraMaUnoe at 1?xnr Bohemian oul. bowery THEATRE. Dowery.?bmi>al or TBI BoaDXB8--UTMHABiit, KariiiitiijB, Ac. Matinaa at A FRBNUII THEATRE. 14th ik and 6th ar.-Flttwou Com-AM* IN Fbol'-KBOC. mrs. P. B. CO.iWAY'S FARC THEATRE, Brooklyn? MAoaaiu. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. Uftl R .wnrr?COUIO Vooaush, NtQBO MtMBTBKi.BY, AO. Matinao at "i'/i. THP.ATIIR COHIQ 'E, 614 Broadway.?c'o-.uo yooxly inn, ti Kioto Aci'B, AO. Matluea at S.tf. BRYANT'S OPF.RA HOUSE, Tammany Bulldina, 14th i 6tl.nblbui.il. ban francis minstrels. aw b * etuioham tec,?Tubaimoal Auencir. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 720 Bruadway.-ETUtOham minstakljty, ne<lbl> All is, ao. HOOLBT'S OPERA IIOINR. Bri .'^vn.-JInoi.Bt's IIihutuki.h?Ftt?w Kbow. Matinee al mew YORK nROUS. Fimrteenih etreet.-RoPBeYNYAn AKU UlilMiUTlU BlSroiUfANOhB. S.O. SUtiuO. ?l *;?. ' APOLLO HALL, rnrner 2Kth ?tr?et arj Broadway.? Tut New HmeuniuoN. Matinee at 1. MRW YORK M'-SEUM OF ANATOMY. 618 Broadway.Soiancs ann Abt. TRIP I, i: SHEET. New York* Mnturday, April it, 1S70. COSTt!! rs OF T0*DiV3 UCRALD. Pace. 1?Advertisements, AurcruwoieoNf. 3?Washington : Reopening of the Legal Tender ^ Decision; Rejoicings Over the Ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment; General Ames Sworn m ns Senator from Mississippi; Amendtneut to tbo 1 ariff Gin Agreed Upon?Cuban Affairs?The Ticket Agents' Convention? Tne Extradition of Caldwell. 4?Europe: The Monlpeueicr-Bour! on Duet, Prince Henri's Funeral mid Scenes in Madrid; Minder or an Italian General; Pio Nono in ltcply to Napoleon; England's March to fiemocracy? New York City intelligence?Female Confidence Operators?A Novel Mode or Bribery. 0?New York City nml B ooklyn Courts?'Teddy O'Ryan Again?rrobanie Murder of the Captain of an East River Lighter?the Norwalk Bank Roboery?The Bailey Mystery-The 1mpenlled Neck?Tlic East Side Association Hall? CnuleSain's "New Deal"?Criticisms ol New Books?rersonai Intelligence?An Eighth Ward ficgru liiui?inuuves 10 vuo .ueutort 01 ucuerai Thomas?Brooklyn City Ne???German Uctbodint Convention?'The Connecticut Convention?Two Vessels in Distress?The Pougiikeepsie Myatarr? l'ne Tbantoin Ship. fH-Editoriuls: Leading Article on Great Britain In Revolution, Rapid and sweeping Changes? Amusement Announcements. y?Teiegruphic News From All Tarts of the World: Prince Pierre Bonaparte Said to Have Lea lor America; Cabinet Reconstruction and Parliamentary Personalities in Spain; Practice of tbo Eugllab Universities Boat Crews; Ireland s the Leatsiativo Difficulty of Britain? ^ Amusements?The Sleepy Uollow Tragedy? fine Council or Cbalcedou?Almost a Railroad Horror?Tenement House Fire in Newark?Probable Homicide in Uarrlson, N. J.?Obituary? The I.sB>r Movement?JuDtlee Meeting of Colored People?Terrific Boiler Explosion? Tne Fifteenth Amend in out and the State Law?Attempt to Blow Up a Family witn Gunpowder?Republican General Committee?A Youthful Burglar Arrested?Army intelligence?Buetacss Notices. 8?Double Execution: Two Negroes Banged in Hillsborough, N. 0., for the Murder of a White Man?Purity of Elections?The Coming Wo man?Ionian I* Coming?Belles of the Ballot?The Hoijr Land-Real Estate Transfer*?The Public Debt Btatemcnt lor MarchRowdyism lu Brooklyn?uow tne Erie Railroad Stock Is Held?A Novel Lawsuit?The Brooklyn Lawycrcss lu St. Louis?Sclenuflc Notes. O?Financial and Commercial Reports?Marriages and Deatas?Auvertisetnents. 10?The State Capital: Proceedings of the Legislature Yesterday: The Excise and Wentcnester Police Bills In the senate; -Stringent Election Laws; The Arcade and Pneuuiauc Transit Bills In the Assembly?A New Way to Pay Old Debts?Shipping Intelligence?Advertisements 11?Advertisements. IS*?Advertisement?. Ma. Justice Fowi.ei: should be more careful in the performance of his official duties and in his treatment of the pre33 represcntativ ^s. His conduct yesterday was not at ail oreditablo to the bench of tbi.j city. "Ail Quiet oh the roToiiAO."?The calm Which prevails at Albany since tin Bettlernent of the Charter question is delightful. "Behold how good a tli.ng it is for moa and brot iron to dwell together in unity." Some ot Oun CotomtD Feliow Citizens of this city entered upon their career as voters | rather badly yesterday iu robbing a barkeeper and sacking a saloon on Sullivan street, then winding up with resitt ing the officers who attempted to arrest them. Mabtlanu is falling into line. Her House of Delegates lias passed a bill complying with the requirements of the fifteenth amendment, and it is supposed that it will pass the Senate to-day. Meantime the negroJ3 of Towsontown are registering as voters preparatory to the x tnwn election at t.mt nine ?. Ox Mommy Sbkatob Mortox Intends calllag up liis resolution providing for an investigation into the Oneida disaster, and we trust It will be adopted. The decision of tho whitewashing Court of Inquiry, held at Yokohama, In anything but satisfactory to Americans, who Cannot be led to believe that the officers of the Oneida were responsible for the collision with the Bombay, NEW 10 Great Britain la Iterelatlon?Itaptd ui Heetpln? tiiauie*. Our news from Europo for some time pest has boi>n so rich and varied that it has often been difficult for us to do Europe justice in our editorial columns. France has been exacting. So has Spain. So has Austria. So has Rome, through tho Ecumenical Council. Revolution is everywhere in the Old World? north, south, east and west, the old fights with the new, the young with the experienced, the patient with the impatient, the law-abiding with the "irreooncilables." Many old things are passing away. Many things are becoming new. la Europe the divine right sy tern ia dead?only its shadow now lives? and the aristocratio system, or the system of privilege, is rapidly dying away. The new ag .'uta of civilization have become bo forcible, bo irresistible, in fact, and so impertinent, if our readers will, that the old fbgyiam of the past no longer exists except on sufferance. This transformation is visible everywhere in Europe, but nowhere is it more clearly revealed than in Great Britain. The condition of the British empire to-day is a study for the philosopher. Proud, powerful, iui[Vrious, ambitious as ever, she everywhere feels the force of the new ideas, feels it in her remote depondonoic3, feels it ut home in every pulsation of the national heart; and, to her honor it must bo added, she yields with good grace, with much caution and with not a little skill to the pressing necessities of the hour. At the same time the revolutionary aspect of the empire is such that it demands some consideration on its own account, while it serves as a somewhat exhaustive commentary of the timo3. If we look at her colonial policy, what changes have taken place within the last few years! Formerly It was tho ambition of Great Britain to multiply colonies as rapidly as possible. She could not have them fast enough, and she could not have too many. It was her pride to have her forts frowning ou every pro ??,i i./.. ........ luuuiuij aim uri ^iiuj it/ann^ tu inmuuo aad ia till clime*. Ia this ambition no nation, since the days of Spanish supremacy, has been half so successful. And it has to be admitted that Great Britain, both in the extent of her power and in the positive good she lias done the world, has made tho memory of Spain Bmall and somewhat contemptible. Now, however, It seems as if the extremities of tho crnpiro wero too bulky for the heart. Great Britain at one timo almost forgot herself in her anxiety for hor colonies. Now she begins to *~|e that she must look after herself, and the consequence is, tho colonies all over, India alone excepted, are politely told that having sucked tho mother co mtry so long ' they must look afier themselves. It ia no doubt wise and well that it should be bo. Bui. the change, for all that, is noticeable aud suggestive. It raises t he question?which many differing ruinda answer differently?whether Eglar.d ia forever to remain mistress of the Beaa? It raises another question or not leas importance?whether a graud confederation of all the British dependencies with the mother couutry is either deairablo or possible? Tho HriMuh st?\)nnln1 n irtfiriinn nf. th?> TiroHiMit. ninmt>ni indicates a crisis in the history, not of the British empire only, but in the history of the world. This, however, is after all an outside difficulty. At home, in the heart of the empiro, tho revolutionary foroeB ar9 strong and tho changes, which are numerous, multiply with amazing rapidity. Within the last-few years how many old things have been swept away! How many now forces acting upon public sentiment and giving shape to legislation were unknown Ofty, oven thlrly, years ago ! Reform bills have made the workman a power. The Intelligent artisan has uot abused bis power, but be has gone on imperiously demanding his rights and the rights of bis fellows. Hence one reform has been but the stepping-stone to another. Disraeli's Reform bill made an end of the Irish Church, forced on the settlement of the Irish Land Tenure system, hurried forward the presout educational difficulty, created or helped to create the necessity for the ballot box, which, though long despised as un-English, is likely soon to become an English institution. Nor can we refuse to admit that to the same source many other changes now imminent are more or less directly traceable. At the samo time the Reform bill itself, and all that lias rouowea in iucsn3peoj reioiw, uiu? be looked at as the proper fruit ol these new agents, which are everywhere breaking down the old barriers which were wont to separate class from class* and which to a favored few Recured a monopoly of privilege. Public opinion, created and nourished by the modern newspaper and Us numerous helps, has rendered all these rofornis la Great Britaiu necessary. What is taking place in Great Bri-tain Is taking i?laco all over Europe. The only dififei-ence is thut British statesman, and the British people, though somewhat slow to begin, generally lake action in time to save themselves and to give the j empire a new lease of life. Violent rsvolui tions do not t&ko place in England, becan.se British statesmen, feeling the force of public opinion, yield in time. Wc shall hare many revolutions in Europe before Europe settles down into a satisfactory c^dltion. We Bhall also kure many radical and sweeping changes in Great Britain. But the transformation which on the Continent of Europe is destined j to be bloodstained wilt be brought about in tho British isles so quietly and with so little demonstration that wkea the old landmarks are no more they will scarcely be missed. It is gratifying to every lovor of liberty, to every man who has high hopes or Ms species, to at all these changes aro dictated by an enlightened public sentiment, and that they encouragingly point to the triumphs and welfare of our race. So runs the world to ? higher and nobler goal. The Year of Jcmr.eb to our fellow citizens of African descent has come at last with the proclamation of the fifteenth amendment. They are rejoicing with' groat joy everywhere, and are going to hare on the lGth at Washington a grand demonstration, at which the colored United States Senator Revels, the successor of Jeff Davis, will, we presume, be the orator of the day. Downing, the oyatorman, ought so to fix it; for he will have glory enough In his oysters. KK HERALD, SATURDAY, Itnp irtHiit from WuUnstN-RcrtutdwatUn of Iht Ltgul Tender Dcdalon. The able argument of Attorney General i Uoar before the United States Supreme < Court for a reconsideration of the legal ? tender decision, which may be considered ? as the action of the administration, has 1 produced the object aimed at. Our des- ' patches from Washington inform us that the ? Judaea of the Snorome Court, all being pro- t sent, were in secret consultation yesterday on this important matter, and that they decided in favor of reopening the qnosttou in hearing arguments in the oase of Latham on the 11th of this month. It is reported that five Judges wore for and four against this course. Thoso for were Miller, Davis, Swain, Strong and Bradley, which includes the two new Judges. Those against were Nelson, Clifford, Field and Chief Justice Chase. The action of the Court, it is said, caused a good deal of discussion among members of Congress of both houses. Of course the final decision of the court cannot be known till after the 12th; but looking at the way In which the Judges stood on the t question of reopening the decision and at the i action of the administration through the Attor- t ney Genoral, there is a probability of the de- t cision of the Court boing reversed by a full t bench. It is of great importance, aa we hare 1 Baid before, that the question should be brought \ up aud decided on the broad issue of I tho constitutionality of the Legal Tender < act. Let us know definitely whothor i Congress has or not the constitutional power, < not as a war measure merely, but Inherently I and fully under any circumstances, to make < whatever it pleases a legal tender. We believe it has this sovereign power?that it is an iuherent right of sovereignty?unless expressly prohibited by the letter of the constitution. The power to make anything but gold and silver coiu a legal tender for debts is expressly prohibited to the several States by the constitution, but nowhere is this forbidden to the Uuited States. Nor can wo see that the exercise of this power impairs the right or validity of contracts made before the passage of the Legal Tender act, unless, indeed, it was clearly stipulated that debts should be paid iu so many pieces or so much weight of coin. Tho Attorney General places the question on La constitutional construction entirely. In his argument he says:?"Your Honors have not decided that this Legal Tender act did not, as a matter of construction?as a construction of the meaning of the act?apply to contracts made before tho passage of the act. If that were so it would settle no very impor liiru or great principle ; out your lienors nuve j decided that it was not within the constitutional power of Congress to insert that provision making Treasury notes legal tenders for private debts previously coutractod." What (he Attorney General wants and what the country wants, therefore, is a decision on the broad issue of the constitutional power of Congress to make Treasury notes a legal tender, and such a decision will cover all side issues and settle the question Anally. The Coming Wouai. Tho pnssugo of the fifteenth amendment to the constitution of the United States has had at least ono beneficial effect so far as our political status la concerned in this country, to wit, the clearing of the track for the sixteenth and as many other amendments as may be deemed necessary and becoming toward .1.. Af . III.A..1 A.wl (HO OVIdlUlUOUW VI M UUUIH* WUU nlgnly comprehensive system of representation and participation both in the making and the administration of laws. The woman is inevitable, and she is "coming" on the chariot wheels of woman's sweet wilfulness and lier irresistibly captivating appeal for a 1 chance to experiment among the rulers. For some time past the sorrowful sisterhood "Sorosis" has piacd itself into melanciftdy over strong tea at Delmonioo's because ot the oosunacy or negiect ui uieir khiuituiiu uunbands in cot allowing them to organize among themselves coteries of female repeaters, ballot Bluffers and primary strikers. And this waste and emaciation of womanly tears and womanly beauty has as yet achieved no result whatever beyond its corollary of miseries. 80, too, with the woman suffrage meetings in this city?they have dissolved and have been reorganized three or four times, and it remained for the sturdv women of the West to first carrv their little tiuted paper rotes to the polls, and, with lace handkerchiefs, wipe tears of anguish from their eyes in the jury b&x while deliberating on tho guilt or innocence of n murderer of the sterner sex. Now, however, there is a fitting opportunity for the women throughout the land to show their might, independout of any of these petty organizations, by voting for a candidate for tho Presidential succession of 1872, and by inducing the men to vote, "just for once," in favor of a woman for President. Mrs. Victoria C. Woodhull, the lady broker of Broad street, independent of all suffrage tea parties and Grundy associations, proclaims herself as a candidate for the occupancy-in-chief of the White House, noL'u i\r% tlin aAftpfl anlnlv Hint, aha lina Din nuu noao ?v vu ?uu mww*v ww.^ MM,W ...v means, courage, energy and ability necossary to contest the issue to ita close. Now there i can certainly be no objection to such a comj petition as this. It possesses tho merits of I novelty, enterprise, courage and determination, and but one thing is lacking to secure her triumphant election. That one thing is a sixteenth amendment, giving to women all over the land the elective franchise. One other thing will secure her success, and that is a spirit of chivalry on the part of the men, which, if they will not pass a sixteenth amendment, will prompt them to refrain from putting up a candidate of their own sex. Women always take ths part of each other, and if the women can be allowod to vote Mrs. Woodhull may rely on rolling up the heaviest majority ever polled in this or any other nation, ller platform, which will be found in another column, is short, sharp, decisive and has the true ring in it. Now, then, for another amendment and victory for Victoria in 1872. Pwncb Fiekrb Bokap.vbvb has, It is said, left France for America. They are, at all events, if the cable speak correctly, looking for bim in France, although he is not "now wanted" in the police sense of the words. "Plenty of room," should we soon have a Bonaparte again among us. Pistols not allowed to new arrivals. APRIL 2, 1870?TRIPLE The rrolMtlii lUornvm. At a mass meeting of the Mormons at Qreat Salt Lake City on Thursday last a protest to he two houses of Congress was adopted igalost the passage of the Cullom bill for the mppression of polygamy. These protesting Mormons represent that the population of Utah rerritory is about one hundred and fifty thouland, of whioh all exoept from five to ten housand persons are of theChuroh of Jesus, Latter Day Saints; that they have reclaimed be desert and made it fruitful, quieted the ndians, made roads, built cities, Ac., and that he poople who have done this are believers in >olygamy, not simply as a social relation, but is a principle of religion "underlying our ivery hope of ultimate salvation and happitess in heaventhat this revelation was riven to Joseph Smith as an everlasting sovenant, and that if the saints "abide lot In that covenant then ye are damned." riiey therefore protest agaiust this bill because it roquires them to abjuro their religion md the authority of their Baintiy priests and aaaKaiki linonnaa It /Iauti*Air? fhaln mat*rl?* tvrt elation, bastardizes their children and encouriges fornication and adultery; because it ia in constitutional as a bill of attainder and as in ex post facto law, and destroys the right of rial by jury; because it is anti-republican and violates every principle of civil and religious iberty; because it is a bill to dispossess them )f their property, upon which they have made improvements to tb? extent of a gtUHop of lollara, and to rob theoi of the very soil thoy iiuve reclaimed and purchased from tho govsrnmont. Tiiero arc soma strong points in this prd-' test; but it is none the less ovident that the untitution of Mormon polygamy cannot remain uuch longer In Utah. If not removed by the ?overnment it will bo removed by what those Utah saints call tho "Gentile mob." It is, then, be duty ot tho government to provide m some way for tho removal of Mornon polygamy; but It is also the l.ilw <r%? 4l>n fvnirrtMirrtant frt rl <*ni inaiJv anil il.VJ V. >UV ............ ? J J [Uiidly with tlio Mormons. We think a treaty might bo made with them providing full protection in their rights of property to all who ;hooso to abandon polygamy, and for full compensation for the proporty of such Mormons as would leave the country rather than give up Llieir one, two or throo, or ten or twenty surplus wives. A general Mormon divorce law from Congress would no doubt facilitate a settlement of this kind, and some pretty island or some croon of nreitv inlands in the Pacific Ocean might bo procured by Ibo government an a permanent refuge for the whole polygamous Mormon community. The Cullom bill of pains, penalties and military terrorism is not the thing. From the very indulgences so long granted by the government even the poor Mormons have some rights which must bo rejected ; and in the results of their wonderful industry in the deserts of Utah they have contributed so much to the development of all those now Slates and Territories west of the Rocky Mountains that they cannot, upon any plea of justice or morality, bo treated ns outlaws. Give them timo and givo them liberal terms and the Mormons themselves will quietly remove their "peculiar institution" from our borders; for the work they have done in Utah in almost any other country would yield ton times tho profits they have reaped from their labors. One of thk Young Dkmookaut.?The solii a? vUlJ UfUi'JVJ mk T?uu ?vic? nguuiQv vuv uvvr Charter made himself unpleasantly conspicuous. He drove people to hunt up his history. They have unearthed au indictment found against him in 18<>0 for robbery committed in a public store. This is a pretty credential for a member of tho Legislature. It is noteworthy, however, that the case was never brought to trial, though, it is said, there was abundant evidence of guilt. The offender was apparently too good a democrat to go to prison. If all that is stated bo true, the same man is now liable to punishment for the crime of bigamy. There is ono point in tho legislator's career, howevor, that the chroniclers neglect?that is his history as a soldier in the Army of tho Potomac. The grumblers will find one more interesting item if they will investigate the circumstances under which "Colonel" Murphy left the army. An Insane Mi ederku.?In the sketch that the murderer Alexander bag left of his crime and of the state of bis mind we see clearly enough the lineaments of a mnrder really committed under the influence of impulsive insanity, and a comparison between this and tho everyday murders, to exenso which the pretext of inanity is caught up, may be a profitable study, Aloxander makes no claim to be excused, even by the wife he leaves and whom he appears to have loved, and does not apparently dream of insanity. Ho only knows that he "fought" a long while against the impulse to commit a crime for which he had no motive. - - ? ? t?.. rnt. _ a .i* r?t mat IT KE3T II* A BAUii,?hid Aiiu-nmv?rjr Society intend* giving tip the ghost. It proposes to hold a commemorative jubilee in this city on tho 9th inat., which shall bo its last meeting. We are very glad it Intends dissolving. A hecatomb of graves, many thousands of widows and orphans end a frightful load oi debt Are the results of its labors. If, after all the mischief It has done, it can rost in peace, wo trust it will. But what Wendell Phillips, its President, will do without It we cannot even Imagine at the present writing. The Paoifiq Cable.?At last a cable is talked of to join the American Continent aud the Chinese coast by a straight line across the Pacific Ocean. Cables are very readily made and laid now, and the propositions do not long precede tho reality; so that there Is ererj likelihood we shall soon be as near to Canton ns to any European city in the interchange 01 thought and news. This cable, with the com pletion of the linos now in construction in Indian Ocean, will complete the girdling of tin earth. The Adtentitrbs of a Country Girl.? Ail the country girls ought especially to reat 1 -* '?? iftf fKn c*/!ron IQat story truiu iuo puuu? ?ww turps of a country girl who recently paas9< two or three days in the city. She answered i matrimonial advertisement, was so drawn int< correspondence with a city sharper, came (ton her country home under an engagement t marry a man she had never seen, and wa thus lured to her ruin. We hope not man; i country girls are so foolishly trusting. - \ SHEET. lateraativaul U?w1db> A year ago last fall the champion fotir-ourod crow of this country met and wero easily beaten by a picked New Brunswick four on the waters of the Connecticut at Springfield. So complete was their defeat that they have, we believe, never appeared In public since. Not long ago a match was announced by the press ot much greater significance, one in whioh the men competing have been most severely tented, and bare prorea themselves? one party at least, and not the other only because none were found to press them, not merely by winning many races, but many which were fearfully contested?the champion oarsmon of thoir respective continents. Wo refer, of course, to tho mooting to take place at Laohine, In Canada, early in July, between Renforth, Wiuship, MatQn and Taylor, the picked professional four of all England, and Fallon, Hutton, Ross and Prioe, the famous "Paris" crew of St. John. The latter got thoir title from thoir easy victory in both tho shell and gig fouroarcd heats, open to the world, at the races connected with the International Exposition at Paris in Jane, 1867. It should, however, be clearly understood that in so winning they did not really show themselves the champion oarsmen of the world, although this has often been claimed for them. In fact, they had no right to tako part thero at all. Those contests were open to amateurs only, and by these Englishmen, at least, understand, and so did most probably the getters-up of these trials, men who have never rowed a match race for money. ml ? it m 1 * f I ? I T xuroo oi mcse on. jouu men nail rowed sued a watch race iu 1866 with, If we recall the name rightly, the Thetis crew of St. John, thus constituting themselves "professionals." Had this latter class any right to contend it is doubtful if the coming struggle would be necessary, for the four Tyne men named are not slow to travel considerable distances to row when anything of Importance is at stake, as their proposed trip across tho Atlantic shows. Nor did tho New Dominion men prove that thoy were even the champion amateur oarsmen of tho world, though winning easily; for they wore heavily handicapped, while noao of their rivals wore. Each party of the latter carried a coxswain ; they had none. How much difference this makes over a distance, as was theirs, of more than two'miles, tho experience of the Harvard men last summer will help to show. On tho 15th of Juno the lattor carried a coxswain and were beaten by a crew which, two days later 4Kia w.airvVsf fViAv lafl far Kdliind urltSl.t their performance on the Thames showed thorn much filter for the sharp, quick stroke of a boat nnweigh ted than the long, com pa rati vol/ slow drag which best carries a coxswain over a long distance. However, in justice to tho men who sot the example and first dared to cross the ocean to meet whoever might come, it should bo said that their boat was probably Inferior, their shell at least, to those ot their antagonists, and that they have since quickly discarded her for tho more perfect model of the champion boatbuilder?Elliott, of Greenpoint. They also, says their backer, Sheriff Harding, of St. John, offered to row any four mon in Eagiand; but the Henforth crew assert that the Ganadians insisted on omitting the coxswain, and that would again render the contest unequal. And whether both crews, or either, or neither, shall carry one on tho St. Lawrence is a point we have not yet soon stated, and one that will materially influence their relative prospects. It is not unlikely to prove so serious an obstacle as to entirely prevent the match. But if not one party must row on a plan quite now to it, and thus at once put itself on a decided disadvantage. On the 27th of last August the Harvard mon most generously gave this advantage to their rivals, with what result all have soon; and now it would aoem not only courteous but just that in the socond regularly arranged inter-continental trial of skill and strength, professional though it be, the favor should come from the other side. We are convinced that within a very few years the American plan of steering without carrying a man specially for this work will become quite prevalent in England. On the Cam it probably will not, from the contracted and tortuous character of that brook, and, perhaps, not on the Isis, at Oxford; but wo see no good reason why it should not on a river broad as the Thames between Putney and Mortlake, the Ouse at King's Lynn or the Tyne at Newcastle. Certainly thero can be no possiblo need of him on the wide St. Lawrence. The English professionals, too, from t.hnir far nunsrior experience in rowinir in the most favoring circumstance.*, under a scrutiny rigid as that of Perry over Geoffrey Delatnaine, and with the champion sculler, not only of all England, but of the world, to set them their stroke, can better afford to make thy change tbun their, perhaps, more powerful but less skilful rivals. It is a matter of regret thnt a contest destined to excite so much interest should be rowed at so out-of-the-way a place as the one named, and that its indifferent accommodations for visitors and lookers-on should bo substituted for those of some spot nearer the large cities of thi3 Conliucnt; but the shameful performances of some of our professionals on (he Iludson of late years has doubtless partly caused this. A. stui more unpaiatauie fact is that the picke-l oarsmen oa this side the Atlantic should bo found in a comparatively obscure little province entirely bo/ond 1 the border of our country, and yet it cannot be denied. The fastest American four thus fai ' known was undoubtedly that composed of the 1 veterans of the Hudson, the justly celebrated > Ward brothers. Still, as wo havo said, they p were beaten almost out of sight by tho New 1 Brunswick crew above mentioned?so badly, f in fact, that it is reported that they will nevci ' row again. Meanwhile nothing worthy to 9 succeed them has worked its way into notice. 9 Walter Brown and the best one of the Biglir brothers, of this city, would well fill twe - of the thwarts, but ws hardly know where 1 to turn to complete tho quartet. Coulter is too large and unwieldy for a crew without i 1 coxswain. Ilamill never knew how to row a and does not now, besid es being too short ii 0 the reach. John Hamlll, his brother, woul< 1 do, perhaps, if Brown would teaoh him to row o After a stay of several months In Eaglanc s Brown managed to defeat a third rate oars jr man, and though It was generaly regretted a the time that he did not devote himself t higher game It may aftor all, if he sees fit, be J t irued to the advantage of us oa this side, who would ike nothing bettor than to see him entice the sturdy Ronforth down from Laohine to the broad waters of the Hudson or the plaold lake nestling among the Woroester hills, and win, if it lies in him, the proud title of champion sculler of the world. Plo Nono>? Oinea for Mapolcon. "The Emperor's crown hangs by the same thread as my tiara." Such arc the words with which Pope Pius the Ninth concluded his reply 1 to the Marquis do Banneville, the French Minister in Rome, after his presentation of Napoleon's late despatch on the subject ot infallibility and the threatened withdrawal or the imperial troops rrom name ia i#? * event of the promulgation of the decree " as ? canon of the Church. It is ft sentence of I serious import to the world, as it comes pre- jfl sented in the mails from Europe and is repro duced in our columns to-day. Its delivery " from the lips of the Pontiff proves that the I Vatican has estimated its own propagandist I force and calculated the position and pros- | pects of the Bonaparte dynasty and the I French succession with great care, and I that the hlerarohs still incline towards an I unreserved belief in the indestructibility of ths Pontificate, and place a devotional reliance on Its interpretation of the biblical words, "Tu to Petrus," and the remainder. Cap- V dinal Bonaparto becomes, as a churchman, a consenting party to the Pontifical dofiance. This defiance, as expressed in the fjatence quoted frt>over Is much moro direct and unequivocal than that which Pope Pius the Seventh offored*to Napoioon the First personally in the Holy City. The deceased Pontiff merely replied to the offers and alliance projects of the Conqueror with the word I. "comedian! e,," and to his open anger an I threat with the word "tragediinteThe colloquy of that moment initiated the struggle which is now boing worked rapidly to an issue. m The Emperor has his mind to Rome and tba East. The Pope turns his eyes from Rome to Jerusalem. Can they both march in company? ^ A few months will toll tho reply. The President Serenaded by the Colored People.?Last night, agrocab'y to :v a previous understanding, the colored people of Washington serenaded the President and other prominent officials in token of their ? gratitude for tho proclamation of the ratification of tho fifteenth amendment. President Grant was enthusiastically cheered by tho crowd which asacmbled before the Executive J Mansion, and in respoii30 to an address by Colonel Forney assured the colore! people i that tho ratification of the amendment had given him the greatest pleasure. It looked to ^ him like the realization of the Declaration of Indopendeneo. Vice President Colfax also made a brief address, after which the orowd i 7 proceeded to the residence of Mr. Sumner, who delivered a speech on the momentous ^ event which hud brought his colored brothers together, Tius Naval Committer of the House of Representatives was yesterday engaged in the consideration of the bill to reorganize the navy. Of course, as is usually the case, the members of the committee know little or nollrfng about naval matters. Admiral Porter, who was examined, was actually asked if the services of an executive officer could not he dispensed with on board a war vessol. This reminds us of that jolly old salt of a naval committeeman, who, on visiting the frigate Niagara whil* she was on the stocks, exclaimed i in surprise on seeing her, "Why, if the d?d thing ain't hollow 1" Apbil.?The month of March, 1870, will long be romemb rod as the roughest of the winter, and April yesterday came in threatening a regular n irWiter. But this lingering of winter "in the lap of spring" is good, because a too early blooming of the fruit trees is almost certain to bo followed by a "killing frost." March, thon, has sorved us well in two ways, lie has given us a good supply of "? ice, and in delaying the blooming of the trees ho has done uittoh to secure us a good season for fruit. Lastly, as the old couplet has it, March winds and April showers , bring lorth Mar flowers. Wholesome Legislation.?The bill in re- I gnrd to insurance companies proposed bjr Senator Fierce indicates mat mora in some disposition in Albany to make other laws than tboao that the schemes of the politicians call 1 for. In the present condition of the law companies organized In this State are subject to certain restrictions that do not apply to foreign companies, though thoy do businoss here. Ey tho propoaod statute the laws ars made to bear on all ulike, an;l the statemont of this fact is all tho approval the law needs. The Pobuo Deht.?The statement of the public debt just issued shows a further decrease of over five million dollars. This is only a little less than the regular monthly avcrago since General Grant's inauguration. lie can make no better argument against reports of extravagance and unthrittiness, and certainly can make no more popular defence of his adminis tration boloro tbe people. . J Tiir Irish Emigrant Wave Flow to Ame? 1 rica has increased vastly and most remarkably in volume during tbe past few days. A cable telegram intimates that the people fear tha operation of the Gladstono coercion or new pains and penalties bid. If so, they are i adopting tbe very spcodicst and most effectual means of cure. Let tbcm come. "One buni dred thousand more." "Who's afraid?" | The St. Domingo Treaty is to be recommitted to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Senate for further consideration, and tha belief is exprosaed that it will ultimately be ratified. Sefior Cohen, an envoy of the ' Dominican government, arrived at Washington yesterday with official despatches con ' tainiug the rcturas of the eleotloa on the ' question of annexation. lie represent! the people as enthusiastic in"'eielr desire to beoomo citizens of this republic. \ , Tun Steamship Camilla, which rescued 1 the passengers on board the unfortunate 1 steamship Venezuela, regarding whose safety . so much anxiety now exists, is, we nnderI stand, a British vessel running in oonncotion with the Anchor line. Her offloers are ' t British, not American, as some of oar couo temporaries seem to suppose.