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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 03, 1870, Image 6

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I' 15 0 J' It I K TOR.
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Volume XXXV No. 134
FRENCH THEATRE, 14th at. Mil (itti av.-Tll* CoRBIoan
(Juoi> MATuucb Man.
THK TAMMANY, Fourloeiui) mreet.?Uuani> Vabiktv
OLYMPIC THEATRE, Bro?dw?y.-tu? FaiuOne with I
Blonde WIO.
Thirtieth *i.~ Matinee il?ily. t'erforai?noe every nvjuing.
GRAND OPERA HOUSK, corner ol Elglitb * venue and
23<1 'IIIt 'i'WKLVK 'M?.W1'TAT10>U.
NIBLO'8 UARDEM. BruaJway-I<10N -TUB Littlb
Hkvku Saw a Woman?Tom ami Jkukv, Ac.
BOOTH'S THKATRK. 231 ?t., heiwoen 5lh and 8th an
Takinu TI1B t'UANCES.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13th itreet.?
Tijb Kent Day?lb Uk JkalouuLost Ashokk.
Widow Hint?Toom.kh.
THEATRE rOMIQl'fc, 514 Broadway.?COXIO Vooau
ism, Nkobo Acts, Ac.
BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE, Tammany BullJIng, 14tb
et.?BbyahVS Minbtbki.s.
Vooai.ihm, Nkoko Minhtrflhy, AO.
KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS. No. 730 Broadway.?
Uay Youxo Swki.l?Bad Dicbry?Frebtidi?itatiom.
CENTRAL PARK (1ARDKN, 7th sr., between 68th and
&Wt)l at?.?Theodore Tuomah' Popclab Concerts.
New York, Frldny, June 3, 1870.
fO\n:\!S OF T0"D1?'> DEIMLD.
ti?Advertisements. 1
8?Cuba: Text of the forthcoming Report of Genenil
Bunks; The Cour t- o/ Hit- Spanish Government
Severely Criticised; Brutality of tho
Volunteers ami Impotence of Spain In Cuba;
Outrages on Americans und ?u the American
Flag: Neceaalty for the United states to Troclaun
Neutrality Between tlio Belligerents.
4?Congress: The Franking Privilege Shelved by
the senate; Animated Debate on tho nil K dm
tug Taxation?Mormonism: The Question of
raited States or Mormon Authorrtty In
Uiah?Meeting of the Chamber of Commerce?
The New Rdglnie?Dccapl'ati'd Doctors? Disappointed
Burglars?sentence of Williams, the
Smuggler?Prison Reform: Twenty fifth Annual
Report of the Executive Committee of
the Prison Association of New York?Shocking
Accident in Newark.
5-.Went Point: The lioilicd of Heroes on the Highlands
of the Hudson?Prospect Park Fair
Grounds: Last Day of the Trotting Meeting;
Two Fine Contests?The Trenton (N. J.) National
Horse Fair?The Spirit of Lola Monrez?The
Zion Church Muddle?Interesting Sc iastlc Reception?[-Insular
Accident?Cricket?A Jersey
Manslaughter Case?Opening of the Jer ey
City Hospital?The Marsh Lockwood Fraud
Case?Newark Hay Navigation?The Brordwa.v
Banditti?proceedings In the New York
Courts?Another ltald on the Lottery Dea'ers?
Another Jute Fire?The New Jer.-ey Railroad
Vlro ot I'.mo .nnlut
6.?Editorial#: Loading Article on the Propose 1
Ihs< outiiniance of the Income Tux. Do'oate ou 1
It in Congress?Amusements?Personal lutelligeuce?Ainusemeni
Auii nuic iuetits. 1
7? Telegraphic News from all Parts ol tlie World: <
Italy Movelng in Radical Revolutionary InH..rreciiou;
Spanish War Triumphs ui Cuba
au<1 me Throne Question m Madrid;
Fenlanlsiu and Jri-h Agitation Jn London; 8
Napoleon's Review of French Cavalry?Wa->h- ?
ingtou: Change of Sentiment in the Senate on
the Dominican Treaty: ttie Persecution of the ii
Jews in Itoumanm; Important Commercial f
Re'atlons with South America?A Case of 1
Ilydr phobia In Brooklyn?The Worth Street v
Assault?Business Notices.
S-TlJ<? Pruit Crop for I87u: Brilliant Prospects for ii
an Abundant Yield?Third Brigade Field
Day?The Seventh Regiment's Friends?Relief e
for Broadway: A Systematic Plan of Street v
Openings lor the Purpose?Opening of Grammar
School No. 2fi?Real Estate Matters? e
Patent Railroad Massacre?Silly Editors Trying
to Kill Each Other?Marriages and Deaths.
0? Financial and Commercial Report*?German
Americans In Europe?Advertisements.
10?Cuba (continued from Third Page)?Yachting:
Annual Regatta of the Atlantic Yacht Club?
Brooolyn City News?A Fourth Ward Trascertv?Obituary?The
Mutual Life Insurance
Company?Another Alleged Railroad Outrage?New
York City News?A Custom Houso
War?Shipping Intelligence?Advertisements.
First in the Field.?The veterans of "the
Seventh" have gone down to ''the Branch" for
a clam bake.
CnoT.era is committing fearful ravages in
the Bengal Presidency, India. American
quarantine commissioners and boards of health
In the seaport cities will make due note of otir
cable news relative to the visitation.
Spotted Tail had a peaceful talk and smoke
with the President yesterday. He expressed
his desire to be forever at peace with the
white man, and, being poor, his tribe needed
cattle, stock, Ac. Red Cloud, being still
weary from his long railroad trip, was not
A Gay Day for Brooklyn was yesterday,
wilh the Atlantic regatta, the Prospect
Park races, and the parading of three or
four showy regiments. *'So glad" that our
suburbanites across the East river are not
limited in their amusements to one theatre and
Plymouth church.
An Early DRoronT.?In the nori' ern part
of this State and in Canada, and even as far
west over there as the Winnipeg basin, they
are suffering from drought and from destructive
fires in the woods. We hope, however,
that there are rains now coming up which will
"water all the thirsty land."
Bi .ackwood's Magazine is out with what is H
termed by the cable a "virulent" criticism 11
against Mr. Disraeli's "Lothair." The English a
tories, it 13 said, thus indicate their iutention !'
of "shelving" the ex-Chancellor of the Ex- 11
chequer and Premier as a political leader. '
The Prince of Wales took the lead, and High r
Church follows its prospective head. The ^
question remains?Do the English tories love "
?. >i> n r
jl/iaraou iea? ur ivuiih: more :
Too SoitK Ykt.?Tim Southern Presbyterians
have refused to come Into the Church n
union which has fused the 0I<1 and New Schools li
North as a band of brothera. Down South, g
however, the brethren must have a little more t
time, in order to become reconciled to the loss v
of their ''niggers." In another year or two, t
perhaps, with a fresh outpouring of grace, \
they will come round. Otherwise, we fear, I
your Southern old line ljard shell Presbyterian t
will prove aa iacurabie fire-eater, , '
Proponed Dlicontltiunnee of ?t?e Iueouic
Tax?Debate on It In Cougrem.
Tho debate la Congress on the income tax
developes considerable hostility to the continuance
of this odious and direct impost upon
the people. Some of tho ablest and rni.^t
clear headed members of the llou-'c li'ivo
spoken against it. General Butler said that
whilo the income tux was fair iu theory the
difficulty was that only the honest and conscientious
men paid it and tho rogues evaded ll.
lie added, emphatically, "tho country demanded
the abolition ot this tax, and it must
bo abolished, or elso the places that now
know them would know most of them no more
forever." It Is evident this shrewd man understood
fully tho unpopularity of the tax when
he gave t'.iis warning. Mr. McCarthy, of New
York, showed that it was only intended as a
war tax, its existenco being limited to Ave
years; that there was a general demand
for tho removal of it, that it should
not bo renowod, but left to die
i natural desth and to pass away into tbo
past, as all the evils growing out of the
civil war were passing away. Others proposed
a modification of the tax by applying it
only to larger incomes than at present. Somo
few defended it. Tho general feeling, bowever,
was against tbe tax entirely.
Judging from the brief report of the debate
telegraphed to New York, we do not think
members made the most of tbo argument
against the Inquisitorial and odious tax which
they might have made. No tax Is so corrupting
and demoralizing to the country. None
is evaded so much, and particularly by those
best able to bear it. It yields but twentyfive
millions a year to tbe government, while
if it could be collected it ought to yield a
hundred millions or upward. We have made
an estimate of tbe number of persons and the
amount of their incomes in the United States
subject to tho tax, anil the following is the
A'o. o/ persons. Average Income. loial Tax.
10,000 $10,000 $5,000,000
100,000 5,000 60.0 H), JO I
200,000 2,000 20,000,000
aoi.ooo l.ooo I5,ooo,ooo
500,000 600 12,500,000
1,110,000 $102,500,000
The government receives, then, but onefourth
or thereabout, of what it ought to
receive. It is defrauded of seventy-five millions
a year. This may seem startling, but is
nevertheless true. A large number of
wealthy Americans are in Europe, and never
pay the tax; a great many change their
[ esidences, and caanot be followed or found,
rbousands upon thousands give in falB-*
eturns, and perjure them3elve3 rather than
)ay. A vast number reinvest a portion of
;heir incomes, call that capital in business
without returns, and otherwise quiet their
jonsciences to avoid the tax. In fact, there
are so many ways of evading Ihe law, the
assessors and collectors, and it Is so utterly
tnpossible to detect most of the frauds, that
teople hare learned to look upon the obligation
o pay the tax with much the same indifference
>r contempt that professional smugglers do
he revenue laws. The mass of the comnunity
lmve set their faces against tho tax,
md begin to think there is nothing wrong in
jvading it. This demoralization will increase
should the tax be continued, and the probability
is that in a year or two the government
would not collect over fifteen millions, or eveu
:en millions from it.
Some of those who advocate the continuince
of the income tax attempted to argue
hat it was popular. It is no such thing. It
a unpopular. The mass of those who have
o pay and who can be reached are people
rith salaries or a very limited and well known
ncome?people who can only just make both
nds meet. They have to bear the burden,
riiile men of large capital?those who live
ixtravagantly by speculation?and the slip>ery
rogues evade the tax in whole or in part.
:Iow can such an inquisitorial law, which
nvades the private affairs of people and
spreads over the face of the country an army
jf tax gatherers, be popular? It is in direct
conflict with our froe and republican institutions.
It is inimical to that sense of independence
and private right which Americans
bave always cherished from the foundation of
the government. Such a tax would never
bave been thought of but for the extraoi'diuary
demands of the government for tho war.
It was, as Mr. McCarthy properly said, a war
measure ouly, and ought to be left to die a
natural death. There is no necessity for the
tax. The income of the government is much
too large and should be reduced. But If there
tvpre no other reason for abolishing the income
tax lie; demoralizing effect upon the comtnuaity,
in leading to false swearing and other
fraudulent subterfuges too numerous to mention,
calls imperatively for its discontinuance.
Let this inquisitorial, obnoxious and un-Ameri:an
law expire by its own limitation. Let it pas3
iway as the otlier evils growing out of tbe
war are passing away, with the hope that no
;itct;?sHy wiu uvei uriau tur 113 revival.
The Ohio Dcinocrncy in the Field.
The Ohio democracy, in a Stale convention,
lave nominated their State ticket and pro;laimed
their platform for the coming October
?lection. Their platform embraces a subdued roteration
of State rights; a denunciation of the
present tariff and the bill before Congress as a
scheme of gigantic robb<*ry of the people; a
lenunciation of the present internal revenue
Axations as unbearable and oppressive; a
lenunciation of the profligacy of General
grant's administration and of the system of
iquandering the public lands upon railway
aonopolies; a pronunciameuto against the
,ct to enforce the fifteenth amendment as
mconstitutional; a resolution in favor of taxng
the national bonds and one for the aboliion
of the national banks; and, finally, a
esolution denouncing "the truckling of the
^deral administration to Great Britain and
Ipain, and the efforts of the party in power to
educe whole Stages to vassalage to the genral
There is a good deal of humbug, claptrap
nd twaddle for buncombe in this platform ;
iut there are several issues presented,
uch as the tariff, internal taxes, bonds,
tanks and public land grants to railroads,
ipon which the Ohio democracy will be ablo
0 make a gojd fight; and, in reference to the
nlicy of Mr. Fish towards Spain and Great
Urituiu, they will have the advantage of
throwing the republicans upon the defensive
with very Uttle to boast of. At all events, the
f (MMf lllfnM n ? y
Ohio democracy have boldly taken the flelJ I
az&lnst the whole policy of General Grant's '
administration and of Congress, and hence
these approaching full elections, for the next I
Congress, which will all be fought upon the
same Issue* us in Ohio, will ho of national importance,
and will doubtless, in every case,
bring out a very heavy popular vote.
Uen?>ral BnnkV Kepurt on t'uhn.
The report of Goner.il Banks' Committee on
Foreign Affairs i? published elsewhere In our
columns thi3 morning. It haB not yet be:*n
presented in the House, but Boon will be, as a
movement is on foot among tho members
friendly to Cuba to call for it if the
commit tec do not report ia a few days. In
the meantime the report, with all its
details of outrages and indignities heaped
upon Americans and the American flag by
Spain, is presented through our columns
to a greater congress than the one at Wash
mgiuii. ijui. mo peujno rcaii inis rcjwri anu
judge for themselves to what a depth tho weakness
of our Cuban policy has brought us and
to what straits wo have permitted a neighboring
colony to be driven by our selfish dread ol'
a war with imbecile Spain.
It will bo remembered that when Mr. Voorho?s,
in the House, recently brought up the
question of the outrages in Cuba an almost
unanimous sentiment was expressed iu favor
of a more manly and fearless policy. This
sentiment reflected so severely on Secretary
Fish that he is reported to have asked General
Banks why some of the republican
members did not defend him, and to have received
a very unsatisfying reply. The fact
is that it is a national and not a partisan
question, and republicans do their party
great good by scoring soundly the republican
Secretary of State who fashions so weak a
policy. The republican party has shown itself
able to staud up, and fur that matter to improve,
under the cauterizing process which Mr.
Dawes applied to it some time ago, and it
would probably improve uuder a similar application
on another part of its body politic. At
any rate the great congress of American people
to whom the Hkkald submits the report on
Cuban affairs this morning will be very likely
to condemu in unmeasured terms the mercenary
policy of our State Department, and
when the matter is Anally reported to tho
federal Congress that body will be very likoly
to follow suit without regard to party politics.
Tlie .It'route Park 1(hri-h.
The spring meeting of tho American Jockey
Ciub promises to be the most brilliant spectacle
of the kind ever witnessed in America.
It will open to-morrow, June 4, at Jerome
Park, anil continue there on Tuesday, the 7th ;
Thursday, the !?th, and Saturday, the 11 tli iust.,
with all the (clot that the most complete arrangements
for the comfort and gratification of
visitors, the attendance of about one hundred
and litty of the finest horses from all parts of
the Union, a grand variety of sport, including
the steeple chase, hurdle races, "heats" and
"dashes," and the enchanting attractions of
the locality itself, can yield. Should the
weather prove favorable?and there is every
prospect of that happy circumstance?the
assemblage of "the beauty and chivalry" of
our metropolis and "the rest of mankind" will
dazzle even the oldest h'lbituh of I he turf.
Our gallant sporting men and cavaliers aro
here in force, with an unusually large representation
from abroad, and the retinue of
lovely dames who manifest the keenest relish
for the start, d<n|| and away of the
ringing course will grace the balconies of the
palatial club house and the tiers of the grand
stand with such coronals of living blooiu as
might drive Derby and Epsom, and even
Parisian Longchampa, to despair.
There will be four or five races each day,
beginning at half-past two o'clock P. M., and
extra trains will leave Forty-second street at
one and hall-past one. The golden youth of
New York and their joyous brethren from
North and South will make this delightful
occasion memorable in their gay and festive
annals. Rural relaxation in the leafy month
of June, with fields and gardens in their summer
bravery, manly exercise and the sparkling
eyes of ladies fair above the blushing roses?
who would not for the season follow the
silken bRuners of the Jockey Club?
Dock* and l*ior?.
If the pilgrimage of the new Dock Commissioners
around the water front on the East and
North rivers?a full account ol which wo published
yesterday?should result in carrying
out the views which we have repeatedly
suggested their little (rip will not have been
in vain. Theoe gentlemen must have gathered
somo experience about the condition of
our docks that they never had before. The
wretched and rickety concerns whicli we call
piers, composed mainly of rotten wood and
decomposed filth, are a disgrace to any city
which, by its splendid harbor and its boundless
enterprise, invites the commerce of the world
to this purt. The Commissioners of course
saw all this and cogitated upon it. We believe
that there is some hesitation on the part of some
members of the Commission to go into this
work of reconstr noting our docks and piers at
once. We hope they will not be deterred by
the magnitude of the undertaking. It is a
very heavy and serious job, no doubt, but
there is no public work which demands more
speedy and thorough action.
The suggestions of President Agnow accord
entirely with the views which the
Herald has been urgiog for a long time. He
proposes to build a stone bulkhead along the
river fronts, and to run out at suitable distances
substantial stone piers, wide enough to
permit the erection of commodious warehouses,
or else to build the latter on the bulkhead
proper, for the convenience of shipping.
This might demand a large outlay, but a few
millions of dollars spont in this way would
give the city of New York an enduring system
of docks and piers, worthy of a great maritime
and metropolitan city?structures that
would not have to be patched up every month.
The cost is the least consideration in the matter.
Economy, of course, is desirable, but
we hopo that the competent gentlemen who
comprise the commission arc willing to accept
the responsibility on that head, and that no
corrupt jobs will stain their record. At all
events we waut to see the work of erecting
stone docks and piers all round the citv commenced
at once.
JUNE 3, 1370.?TR1TLE
Tlte Kj?ani*b Tfarout* QucMiion.
All our recent news goes to show tliat Spain
is approaching a point in her history which
promises to be critical?very critical. Prim
has fiXvMl a point by promising to make a full
statement on the C4h of July of all that has
been (lone since the revolution aud flight of
Isabella in the matter of the throne. It is a
lamentable fact that Spain has for u period of
nearly two years been beggiug a sovereign?
begging hard, but bogging in vain. The
regency is good enough in its way; but tho
regency, every Spaniard knows, is only temporary?at
best a compromise, and therefore
unsatisfactory to the nation at large. Under
the new constitution Spain is still a monarchy,
and it dies seem as if tho people really preferred
that form of government. A3 the nation
has not abandoned the monarchical form of
government it is in the last degree desirable
that some satisfactory settlement of the throne
question bo arrived at with as little delay as
It is still uncertain who is to be the King
of Spain. Ail the oM candidates seetn to
adhoro to their original purpose. They will
not have the throne. Montponsier is the only
candidate who has not refused to bear the
rojal burden. Unfortunately, however, the
throne has never been offered him since it
has been possible to offer it to any one. Montpensier
had promises beforo the revolution was
a fact. Since it has been a fact there has been
no fruit. Montpensier is the only candidate
who now wishos the Spanish throne, so far as
we know; but of all the men whose names
have been mentioned in that connection he
seems to have the smallest chance. We have
been glad to learn that the name of Dom Ferdinand
of Portugal is again in favor. Djiu Ferdinand
should bo pressed. He is father to
the King of Portugal. During his reign
the two neighboring kingdoms would be likely
to grow into mutual good feeling. In the
natural course of things D;in Luis, the King of
Portugal, would succeed his father, and the
sister nations, which have really no good
reason for remaining apart, would become
one?harmoniously and happily one. It is
well known that Dom Ferdinand has no desire
to be burdened with the cares of State ; but it
is just as well known that for years he governed
Portugal with wisdom and with great
success. If Prim is wise he will press in this
direction. It is the only statesmanlike course,
so far as we can see. Of all possible courses
this alone offers immediate as well as ultimate
Wo see from our latest news that the question
of slavery in the colonies is engaging the
attention of the Cortes. If Spain is wise and
wishes to command the respect of the modern
world she will wipe out this foul blot at once.
Under her new conditions the prolongation of
slavery is the prolongation of a scandal and
an outrage. Sho needs (he sympathy of the
nations; but so long as she clings to this sin
she cuts herself off from the good feelings and
good wishes of the better portiou of m inkind.
The Orcnu Cable lo (biiin.
The decision of the Committee on Foreign
Affairs against granting a subsidy to the proposed
Pacific Cable Company is understood as
precluding any further action on that subject
by Congress in its present session, and
thus the great enterprise does not yet take
shape that warrants a hope of early direct
telegraphic communication between the American
and Asiatic coasts. We regret that this
great measure seems thus Indefinitely thrust
into the future. It appears to us that it might
have been otherwise if the projectors of this
cable had stated their requirements at a more
moderate figure than ten million dollars. For
Congress to guarantee tiial sum to the enterprise
was practically to assume the expense
of it; and if Congress votes the people's
money to build vast telegraph linos, why
should the lines, when thus built at public
expense, belong to private corporations rather
than to the people ? Doubtless this idea stood
in the way of granting enough money to construct
such a cable, though it would not have
stood in the way of such legislation as would
have given the labor the most practical and
material assistance.
However constructed, whether at public or
at private expense, this cable is a certainty of
the future. It is inevitable in the development
of our part in the great Oriental trade.
Already it is discovered in the common traffic
between the East and Europe that the lime is
shorter from China to London by way of San
Francisco and New York than by the Indian
(Scean, even with the advantage on that route
of the Suez Canal, and this fact alone is making
a commercial revolution whose operation
is more and more felt with every day that
<rnrv>a ]iv lis finul ppfliill: will !?/? f<i plunirn all
the currents of trade with the East, so that
all the products of the Chinese empire and all
the return will come and go by the route
across the Pacific. Such a commerce needs
a voice, needs the means of instant and ready
interchange of intelligence and expression of
desire, and thi3 need can only be met by an
electric cable. Therefore the cable must and
will be made; whether it be made by the Sandwich
Island route or by way of the Aleutian
islands seems, in the light of present information
on the subject, to matter very little.
Tite Pope Dect.ines Delay.?In consequence
of the hot weather attempts have been
made to have the Ecumenical Council adjourned.
The Pope will not have it. He advises
the fathers to get up and get to work at
an earlier hour in the morning. As we said
two days ago, the Holy Father meang business,
and will have no adjournment until the
dogma of infallibility is proclaimed. The
bishops know what is wanted. If the heat is
oppressive let them hurry up. Good boys do
what they are bid.
"One Moke Unfortunate.''?Mr. Ilennessy,
as School Trustee for the Seventeenth
ward, has been dismissed by the Board of
Education. In the late Legislature he thought
the abolition of the school inspectors would be
a good thing; but they have turned the tables
on him, and the place that knew him will be
filled by Bomebody else. So goes the world.
Why Not ??They are casting about for a
site for our proposed industrial exhibition
crystal palace. Why not have it in our great
Park, and as a permanent institution eventually,
like the Sydenham Palace ? What say
the Park Commissioners?
kJ-Li. 1 * ? 4 4. ,
tonarew?Tlio Frankiu* Bill ud Contr?ie<J
Elpc!ion Cum.
The Senate had another attack of the Franking
bill yesterday. It came up as unfinished
business, and some of the more reckless Senators?who
probably do not care much whether
it passes in good faith or not?went so far as
to discuss it for a few minutes. Mr. Ilarlan,
however, proposed to take up the Indian Appropriation
biil, and stated that there was no
necessity for imraedicte action on the Franking
bill, as everybody knew it would pass.
The appropriation bills are parts of necessary
legislation, which ought to be passed early,
in order that both houses may agree upon
them beforo the busy hours ol the closing
session, when a number of jobs are apt to find
their way into them among the uuheeded
amendments. Mr. Harlan is therefore right,
and if, as he says, the Franking bill is sure to
to pass, we ought to ba content to wait. But,
like Mr. Conkling, we would like to feel
RtidllPixl flint M r? UnxUn k m a /?AArl artn
VUMV iui. ia?U(?U uno i cuijyu nv
know that it will pass, and as it is apt to pa3s
the Senate laden with amendments if it pass
at all, and may consequently be driven about
betMWon the two houses like a shuttlecock for an
indefinite time, it would be well to pass it at
once, for feai* that it may fail at the end of the
session and thus thwart the cherished expectations
of those Senators whom Mr. Harlan had
heard express themselves in favor of its passage.
The vote, however, on laying aside the
bill, which was expressly made a tost, indicated
that Mr. Harlan was mistaken, and that
the Senate does not intend to pass it.
Iu the House a bill regulating compensation
in cases of contested elections was reported
and was generally discussed. It provides substantially
that no money shall be paid to the
sitting member or contestant so long as the
case is pending, and the unsuccessful competitor
shall receive nothing whatever on the
decision of the case. Heretofore it has been
the custom to pay the sitting member the
usual salary, and at the close of the case to
allow the contestant a liberal allowance for his
expenses. Thus the cost to the people at
large is about doubled when a case is contested,
whereas equity would require the people alone
of the district contested to pay any such extra
oxpenses. Besides, as the people of each district
are allowed to choose their own representatives
iu case of a contest they should be
allowed to choose between the contestants,
v.. v -< ** - J
It is well enough for the House to decide upon
the qualifications of its members, but it is
clearly not within its jurisdiction to decide
upon the legality or illegality of an election,
probably In a distant part of the country. The
present Congress lias been so uniformly partisan
in deciding the contested cases before it
that it is simply astonishing assurance on its
part to charge frauds or illegality in elections
on the constituents of contesting members.
The income t*x was further discussed, and it
was agreed to lake a voto on it to-day.
The Board of Ileallli?Good Work.
The Department of Public Health at this
critical period of the year exhibits a commendable
anxiety to keep the city as free from
onntnnrimia rliaiiiiaoa aa nnaaihln HMm nrili.
nance* against fat rendering establishment?
are to* bis rigidly enforced. This is good for
the noses, for the stomachs and for the general
health of the parties who are unfortunate
enough to live, move and have their ^mell
in (he vicinity of these abominations. The
omissions in cleaning streets are to be overhauled,
and the contractors, who, it seems, for
the past week neglected ' to clean sixteen
streets and a number of piers, will be compelled
to perform their duty faithfully. This
has always been the weak point. Our streets
have never been properly cleaned under the
old system. Now we have new hands at the
work and a new method of performing it. The
public will certainly hold the new department
to a strict accountability if the streets are not
kept iu good order.
As regards quarantine, Dr. Carnochan presents
a series of resolutions which are
directed not only to the preservation of the
public health, but to the interests of commerce.
The Health Officer of the port suggests
to the government of the United States
the necessity of establishing warehouses
somewhere iu the vicinity of Quarantine, in
order that merchandise arriving in vessels
subject to quarantine may be discharged without
being put oa lighters at a groat distance
from the shore, thus a<ldTn? lo the post
of importation, and to that extent clogging
the commerce of the port. The lighterage
system in this connection is a great evil. We
need hardly say that it is also an egregious
job. The result of the system tends, of course,
like many other of our harbor arrangements,
to turn foreign commerce to other ports, where
no such rules and restrictions exist. Dr. Carnochan,
therefore, is right when he urges the
government to construct suitable buildings
where merchandise can be discharged, disinfected
and examined by the revenue officers,
without the extravagant imposition now practised
by the lighterage system. We hope his
views will be carried out at Washington. They
are practical and practicable.
Tlie Fruit Prospect* for 18TII.
We are certainly a great and a favored nation.
Only a few days since we gave voluminous re
porta from all parts of the country in regard to
the proepccls Tor the coming crops of the great
staples and cereals of the country. They
were all unusually favorable, and in the interval
since their publication we have received
nothing calculated to dispel the auspicious
auguries of an abundant yield. To day we
give a comprehensive statement, valuable to
the people at large as well as to the great
horticultural interests of the land. It covers
reports from various and remote sections in
regard to the prospects for the coming fruit
crops, it will bo seen, in almost every
instance the accounts are unusually flattering.
Wo have yet to hear the growl of the first
croaker. One caterpillar sorehead out West
undertook to speak disparagingly of the fruit
prospect in his region in a communication to
a local paper. "Unless there is immediate
rain," he declared, "the fruit crop is gone
up." And he modestly winds up a longwinded
paper with the following significant
postscript:?"It rains." Briefly, the prospects
for an unparalleled yield of the larger aud
urn tiller fruits were never more auspicious than
they are now, and only a visitation in the
tdiape of blight or some other untoward accident
can prevent their realization.
- - - .? VJ- I 1
Mora Trouble la Italy. t
By our latest telegrams from the south of
Europe we have news that bands of republican
agitators have assembled on the Swiss
frontier of Italy, and appear to bo In full
understanding with the insurgents who havo
receutly been giving trouble in Calabria an<l
the vicinity of Naples. At the same time tho
partisans of Mazzini are fomenting fresh discord
in and around Genoa. Thus wo And the
serenity of Victor Emanuel's realm assailed
in thri*e uuarters at once, and it is very pro
bable that we shall next hear of a demonstration
on the Adriatic side of the peninsula as
well. The recent causes that have directly
led to this unhappy state of things are various.
Among them we may reckon financial
prossure and increased taxation ; the continuance
and reinforcement of the French array of
occupation at Home and Civita Vecchia; tho
presence of the Ecumenical Council at Rome,
and tho exasperation of the revolutionary
party at their late severe defeat by the frienda
of Napoleon III. in France.
The humorous journals of Florenco and Turin,
mixing a little gall with their mirth, hava
very significantly published a caricature representing
the headless body of "Revolution,"
decapitated by tho Napoleonic axe at Paris,
taking flight to the summit of the Alps and
there waving aloft her fiery torch. This hint is
clear enough, and the Mazzinists of Italy havo
seemingly followed it at once. Tho Italian
kingdom, however, is strong in its reforms, in
its schools, in its improved administration and
in the attachment of both army and peasantry
to its soldier King, "the gentleman monarch,"
or "lie galantuorno," as they are fond of calling
him. Therefore we have reason to believe,
as we certainly hope, that this renewed
attempt to retard the restoration of a noble
country and a patriotic people will as completely
fail a3 all the previous efforts of tho
ultra red* and the bitter reactionists, who
secretly aid and abet them with treacherous
intent, have hitherto done.
Mount Morris Park.?It will be pleasing
to the forty thousand denizens of the region
around Mount Morris to knoW that, through
the exertions of their legislative representative
in the Department of Public Parks, Mr.
Thomas C. Fields, with the cordial approbation
of other members of the Board, there is
to be music regularly once a week in Mount
Morris Park, and that a handsome appropriation
has been made for the permanent improvement
of the park itself. Thus the muchneeded
work of improving the public parks is
gradually progressing all over the city.
Don't Seek It.?Mr. Superintendent Hulburd,
who supervises the construction of the
new Post Office, denies that he is a candidate
for the office of Collector, as some papers
assert. He declares emphatically that he has
nr\+ jmnvttf if a^nlr it an/I rlnn't urant if.
Of course he don't. Who would, when it is so
far out of anybody's reach, except that of tha
present incumbent ?
Dkopped.?The man who was to hare succeeded
Collector Grinnell seems to have
dropped the subject like a hot Murphy.
Prominent Arrival* in Tills City Yesterdays
It. H. Kceler, or the United States Navy; H. B,
Augurs, 01 the Bank or Montreal, and W. M. CanilU-ft,
of London, are at the Brevoort House.
Colonel W. rottiUl, of Mobile, and Ben. Perlej
Poore, of Washington, are at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
Balta/.zl EffcnJI, Charge d'Affalrsor Turkey, Is at
tlte Albemarle Hotel.
Captaiu Buraet, of the French Navy; Carl Zerrah
iu, o! Boston, and Colonel E. H. Taylor of Kentucky,
are al the Iloit'uan House.
Colonel F. W. Latham, of Texas: George 9. Pey.
ton and Dr. Moorman, of White Sulphur Springs,
Va.: Jo-lab Caldwell, or Boston; Colonel H. D. Meats,
of Philadelphia, and W. Shanly, of Canada, are at
the New York Hotel.
W. H. Reward, Jr., of Auburn; J. K. Moorhead, ol
Pittsburg: W. 0. Moorhead, of Philadelphia, and A.
TaUey, of England, arc at the St. Nicholas Hotel.
Prominent Departures.
Mr. W. H. Stephens and wife, for Washington;
General F. J. Lovejoy, for Staten Island; Jay Cooke,
for Philadelphia; Rev. M. B. Buckley, Rev. James
Haggerty and Rev. Peter K. beally, for St. Louis;
JudKeBeale, lor Syracuse; Senator Thurman, tor
Major General Sir F. E. Chapman, K. C. B.,
Governor of Bermuda, and Lady Chapman; captain
W. 0. Chapman, of the Royal Navy; Lieutenant
Curling, of the Royal Englueers; Miss R. Butlerfleld
and Miss Cox, sailed yesterday on board the steamer
Hermann for Europe.
AcADSMi' of Mrsic?Dan Bryant's Bbnifit.?
a crowded lioufle would hard y express the size of
the audience that attended the ever popular Daa
Bryant's l>eueflt last niglit. Not only was every
scat in the house occupied, but even the family
circle, aisles, foyer and every available point
were crowded, and hundreds were turned ftway
from the doors, unable to gain admission. The programme
opened with an act from "The Colleen
Bawn," In which Miss Eftle Germon, W. R. Floyd,
Fred Macder and other well known artists appeared,
and Dan played Myles Na Coppaleeu. Then
came Bryant's Minstrels In their choicest
pieces, of which the Inimitable Unsworth and
Eugene bore off the honors. Mr. Brooke then recited
a poem, and the performance closed with
"Handy Audy." A noticeable feature was the exquislte
singing of Miss Jennie Hughes, a young lady
who gives promise of becoming an artist of a high
order. Encores followed Tast and fnrlous, and we
have rarely attended a benefit which was so thoroughly
Concert in Madison Square.?The Park band
again delighted the bon ton of the aristocratic avennnu
oml thn Hfuntintfan TU>lnrt*o.vin with a nlinlM
programme, comprising some of their best selection*.
It opened with a grand march, "Don Bucefulo,"
by Wiegand, and closed with the usual potpourri
of popular airs. The sparkling overture to
tlie "Bronze Horse," one of the most characteristic
tlmt ever Auber wrote, and Kucfcen's delicious
song "(lood Niglit," were the best selections played.
Carl Faust contributed a couple of galops, Kuener a
waltz and a polka, Suppe the ever popular "Dlchter
un bauer-' overture, tanner one of his best waltzes,
Wallace some gems rrom "Lurllne" and OfTcnboch a
few champagne beads from "La Belle HfllAne." A
dense crowd surrounded the music stand and listened
to the beautiful strains until the shades of
evening commenced to fall.
Musical and Theatrlrnl Notes.
Mr. A. L. Parke*, the well and favorably known
business manager of Wood's Museum, will have a
grand benetlt at that house tms afternoon and evening.
Mr. J'arkea has been Indefatigable In his efforts
to make the .Museum a popular lesort, and much of
lis .success Is owing to his eiTorrs.
A concert troupe of unusual ability, consisting of
Henri Kotvalskl, the renowned pianist; Mi-s Clara
Perl, one of the best contraltos on the American
stage, Mile. De Hussy, soprano; Mme. Kowalskl and
Mr. Charles Werner, start on a Canadian tour this
week under the direction of Mr. W. F. Kotch.
<;e >rjre Morgan, the well known organist, has comtncneed
a lengthened concert tour through the rt'e^t,
under the management of Mr. Alexander TurnbulU
lie plays m Wheeling Hub week.
Harry Jackson, the eminent comedian, makes hi*
mUive at Nlblo's to-night at Miss Thompson's benefit.
Viet .r Killing, a young pianist of St. Louis, made
a gioat. nit at the last concert or the Arion (Km
We-tons Society in that city.
Ml? l.o'ta. the famous protean actress, salle I oil
Wednesday in Hie ste imer Russia for Europe, for
the purpo?? of recuperating her health and t-j procure
attraction for the coming winter season. Ml a
Lotfa ia under contract to appear In this dtv on the
lattt or next September.

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