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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. A.11 business or news letter and telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York IIKKALD. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be returned. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in (fie %ear. Four cents per copy. Annual subscription price 919* JOR PniVTTKfS r\f *iu/i?n'in/inn nlxn Mtpren. typing and engraving, neatly and promptly executed at the loicest rates' Volant XXXV 1*1 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVEJIINB. WOOD'S MUSEUM AND MENAQERIR, Rroadway, earner Tbirtietb ?t.?Matinee dally. Performance erery ureatng. GRAND OPERA HOl'SB. corner of Eltflilh arenue and SSu *L?Tli> TWELVE TEMITATXOSB. BOOTH'S THEATRE, 23d *t., between 5th and 6tt> an? Tub Hcouenoth. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Cadet lb Peri.B?Tn* Boldiku's Return. . WALLACK'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13th itreet.? Tub Reu Light. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty-fourth it?PlKwande. OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broadway?Tn* Ki*li> or tbb Cloth or Cold. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 201 Bowery?CmdereM.a-TUK Patriot's BRII.F, Ac. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'9 PAitK THEATRE, Brooklyn? Hami.it. THEATRE COMIQT'E, 614 Broadway?Cohio Vooalism, Niuko Acie, Ac. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS. No. 720 Broadway?My Ipiuit Stab?Hunting a Prince Down. ao. STEINWAY 1IALL, Fourteenth itreet?Grand Concert. CENTRAL PARK GARDEN,'7th ar., between 58th and 68th att?Tueodore Thomas' Popular Concerts. NEW YORK M'SEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway. ctbnob amu Art. TRIP LE SHEET. New York* .>Iondayf June ?0? 1870. rAlTri'ta nr T/\_n?vn nvnim ?.w.i iuiij vr vi/.*i i udusijVi Pag*. 1?Advertisements. S>? Advertisements. 3?Religions: The Feast of Corpns Chrlstl; Public Ceebratlon of tue Festival in itio Metropolis and Elsewhere;The Ecumenical Council; Papal Infallibility; The Power of Prayer as Preached in the Pulpits: Sermons by the Rev. Drs. Storrs, Houghton, Fogg, Deems and Hepworth, Henry Waid Beecher, O. B. Frothlngham, Fathers Hecker. Everett and others. 4??Religious (continued from Third Page)?Fresh Air and Fresh Beer; Fun and Frolic on the Briny Deep. ?? Europe: German Finance and Military Absorption of the Industrial Resources: French Cabinet poller and Oppositionist Tactics in Parliament; Earl Russ 11 on Public Education and "Popery" In England: Emigration to Turkey and Colonization from the West?The America i Museum ot Art. 0.?Editorials: Leading Article on the Republican i Parly, its Position?Amusement Announcements. T? E itorial?Tt-1 graphic New< fiom all Parta of : t'ie World: infallibility lu the Vatican and the "Dangers" of the Church; Napoleon's Health and the French M ssion to Washington: The Breadstuff* and Money Questions In Paris; An Aufl-"Boheiulan" Mission (roin England to Amonca?The President on Independence Day: General Grant and his Family to be in Wood-tock, Conn., on the Fourth of lu y?Personal Intelligence? Runaway Accident In the Park?Strange Conduct of a , Lunatic?Sunday's Schedule?Serious snooting Affray?The Darien Canal Expedition?Naval lute1 iigetice?Caution to Mathers?Rowdyiam In Jersey City- Business Notices. 0?Central and South America: Safety of the Steamship Henry Chauncey; Destructive Fire in Panama: Many Lives Reported Lost: The Question of .Slaverr In Brazil; Affairs tn Peru, Chile, Bolivia, the Argentine Confederation, Uruguay and Paraguay?Horse Notes?Musical and Theatrical?Irish Landlordism: A Word lor the Class from Jersey. 0?Thu Stamina or the Republic: The Crops for 1870; Prospects lor an Unprecedented Yield All Over the Land: Tin- Horn of Cornucopia in the South and West: Southern Harvest Commenced?old World Items?Financial and Commercial Reports?Court Calendars for To-Day? Marriages and Deaths. 10?'Washington: The Work Berore Congress: Circular from the Treasury Department Relative to the Canadian Fisheries; The Retaliatory Spirit of the New Dominion; Grand (Celebration of the Corpus cnrlsil Festival; The Dominican Treaty?Brook yn City NewsNew York City Sews?Sad News lor the Germans: A Scarcity of Good Lager Beer Appre hcuded?Almost a Terrible Railroad slaughter?"CranKy Tom" in quod?Shipping Intelligence?Art verttnenients. It?Gettysburg; Its Battlefield and Healing Springs; Are tlie Gettysburg Waters ttie Long Sougut Solvent or Calculus ??A Ripe Old Age?Advertisements. 1 9?Ad vertisements. The report of the Babcock Investigating Committee will probably come up to-day in the House. It does not deal with Babcock alone, but takes in all the facta connected with the proposed annexation of St. Domingo, and consequently will be an extremely interesting document. A Praiseworthy Englisii Mission.? Lloyd's agent in London is about to embark for New York in order to hunt up the news Bohemians who originated the "hoax" reporting the loss of the steamship Dacia. We wish the gentleman every success, and hope that John Bull will rout the fellows and annihilate their profession just as completely as civilization has done that of the brigands of Greece and Spain. Tiie Darien Canal Sdrvet.?The news from Commander Selfridge's surveying party on the Isthmus of Darien is not at all favorable. No satisfactory results have been accomplished. The men are disheartened; sickness prevails; desertions are frequent, and would become more numerous if the chances of getting away were more readily obtained. The expedition will soon return, and from what we have heard of its labors up to the present time its mission will not prove as fruitful as was anticipated when it left here. Jourdan Again on tiie Warpath.?Our new Superintendent of Police has been very active in correcting abuses both within the lines of the force and outside of them. He has almost effectually Bhut up the mock auction ehops. He has in a great measure put a stop to the panel game, for each of which feats country greenhorns cannot be too grateful. The last foray, flowever, was upon a faro bank in Nassau street, where the two proprietors, eleven sporting visitors and all the gambling tools were seized. We hope this is only the beginning of Jourdan's raid upon these infamous establishments, and that he will keep it up until he roots them all out. The police know very well where to find them. They are not conducted with so much secrecy that any vigilant officer cannot lay hi* finger upon them at any moment. We trust, then, that the Superintendent will go ahead and wipe them all out. NEW Y The Republican P?nr-lt? PmIiIob. "Cloee up" seems to be the word in the republican party. In the days when the boys on the march were taking things eaBy ; when some little immediate purpose of each was more in thought than the groat purpose of ail; when groups were down to rest in shady places by the roadsido and parties were off across the ! neighboring fields for fresh water, while others | made domiciliary visits to points that promised chickens, eggs, butter or the tasty corn cake, or plunged into the secret recesses of barns and corn cribs ; when, indeed, the whole lino was scattered and loose, at such a moment the word to "close up" passed down company by company, from the head of the column, was a piece of magic that brought every man to his place, one hardly saw how. Its bint of something in front, its whisper of a suddenly seen necessity, its intimation of a reason related to the great general purpose compacted the whole line, brought all together and gave the shoutder-to-shoulder unity, the tone force and cohesion that a moment before might have seemed impossible. So it is now with those that adhere to the great leader in the new way. Once more they seem to have heard the familiar word all down the line, and still as ever it gathers and consolidates the force and puts aside the discursive disposition. Within a short time it has appeared to the enemies of the republican party as if there was no possible point of unity in it. Nay, its friends have not been altogether confident of the contrary to this. As a party it was certainly composed of many elements naturally hostile and antagonistic one to the other?elements tending to different courses if once freed from the harmony of action forced upon them by the great national crisis aud necessity in which the party arose. There wero the protectionists and the freetraders side by side. IIowcould men differ more widely than these? And how few are the topics that tako a more intimate hold of men's whole lives than those in dispute between them. With what bitterness and tenacity the protectionist denounces as mischievous errors every point in the creed of the free trader, and how calmly the free trader could consign the protectionist to the nearest lunatic asylum. Recognizing the force of this opposition it was not unreasonable to regard it as a groat danger when, on the one hand, it was imperiously demanded that protection should have a place in tho platform, and on the other it was urged to make free trade the necessary sequence to free labor in a party founded and originating in a crusade against slavery, which, nftnr n.11 wan nnlv a kind r>f rnrmnnnlv Just as this opposition raged within the lines of the republican party, so there were others scarcely less threatening on the questions of the banks, taxation and several subjects. Withia a few days even a subject camo up that was scarcely counted before as a disintegrating force?our foreign relations. With the brilliant buncombe with which the friends of Cuba splurged and snorted, it certainly seemed as if something must be broken, and as if the bond of unity that kept republicans together would snap like the green withes that were made into bracelets for Samson. It was perhaps not unnatural to doubt, in view of an agitation so likely to test a party. If it is divided on the question of free trade, the constitution of banks, the propriety of many taxes, and even on an idea that has so much stirred the people of this country as our relations with the small republics, our neighbors, ind with their European oppressors?if the republican party is divided upon all these points what is there to hold It together? Was it not a war party, and r ~i. a.u~ o \xau~ : r 1 is uub nits war uvei i ?? no uui m? saving ui \ the country its great mission, and is not that mission fulfilled? What, then, is left to give this party a vital power? It may be said that the war is not over. The fighting, to be sure, is done with, and ilio country is no longer in any danger from the armies of secession, but there remain the conscquences of the great exertions to which this party was obliged to force the country that the fighting might be brought to a triumphant close. The present administration has been charged by the country with a sacred trust?a legacy of the war. Its mission is to restore us to that happy condition we were in before the great necessity came?when the American people hardly knew what taxes were?when there was no national debt?when the citizens of the United states were more comfortable and easy in their circumstances than the citizens of any other nation on the earth. Its mission is to reduce taxes, to pay the debt, to develop the resources of the nation, and in an administration thus entrusted with a great duty growing out of the war the republican party has a bond of union only less potent than the war itself. In the case of Cuba we saw the President declare what he conceived to b? the only policy consistent with the performance of his duty to the country, and we saw the party, with only as many stragglers as a battle always causes, assent to his declaration and rally to support him in it. Every such contest consolidates a party, casts out by a natural process those who cannot accept the will of a majority and giveB the remainder greater strength, in virtue of greater unity of sentiment and purpose; and in Buch contests this party?the only possible party in our present condition?will more on, gaining power as it goes, to make its present purpose the issue and the triumph of 1872. Secretary Boutwell has issued his circular warning American fishermen of the new regulations regarding the Canadian fisheries, made necessary by the act of the Dominion authorities in refusing fishing license in future to foreign vessels. This is the first step towards retaliation for the abrogation of our reciprocity with the Bmart young Dominion, and the authorities there expect that it will bring us immediately to a sense of our insignificance. If it does not they will probably close the Welland Canal against us, and do other things to ruin our commerce and pauperize us generally. The Water Front.?What is the use of beautiful parks, clean streets, magnificent edifices, Beethoven concerts, crystal palaces, boulevardB and all that sort of finery which help to make up a magnificent city, while we have a water front of rotten docks and mud filled slips? Hurry up Messrs. Dock Commissioners and show us some improvements. Give us a commencement at least. OKK I1EKALD, MONDAY, Cburrh Service* on n Hot D?r> It is easier to make a church warm than t( make oue cool. Yesterday was the hottes Sunday of the season so Tar, and as a conae quence the attendance at a majority of thi churches was alim. The membera of the fash ionable congregations are either in Europe oi in the country, while some of them, like a cer tain class of French people, having spent al their money in winter and spring socia and religious dissipation, have retired to th< back rooms of their mansions, and are "noi at home." When September arrives, and theii husbands and fathers once again possess well filled purses, they will reappear in societj and go to church like tho good Christians thej are. Their antipodes, the democratic'classes. went yesterday to Coney or Staten Island; some on excursions down the bay, and other! to Westchester, where they had the benefit o fresh air?and lager. Perhapa the only place of worship really crowded was St. Paul's Roman Catholic church, where Father Ilecker, who has jusi returned from Rome, delivered an interestins sermon on tho Ecumenical Council. Th< reverend gentleman was quite eloquent and confident in his language, which latter, by the or a it (vatrn a HiHrtrlnn* r\?ai n ha /* t' 4k a ?? 1 u UHkKUHUg P?V>IUI0 VI VU?J UUUU1UUL of affairs in the Eternal City. It beinj the Feast of Corpus ChrlstI, the services at St. Paul's, and at all th< Roman Catholic churches, in fact, were unusually impressive, and if anything was capable of making tho worshipper ob livious of the heat thoy assuredly wore. As 8 general thing the preachers seemed to feel the enervating effects of the weather. Their sermons were not so animated as in cooler days Mr. Frothingham brought down the ther mometer several degrees during his sermoi on music by graphically describing the cflec produced by Beethoven's compositions "upon those whoso souls are filled with harmony." He declared that very lew persons can interpret the music of this master and he modestly intimated that he was one of the very few. Rev. Mr. Northrup, at the Twenty-third street Presbyterian church, also preached on the subject of music. He wai less poetical than the Lyric Hall apostle, bul quite as enthusiastic in praising the divim art. He, however, administered some severe blows to the opera, which, Heaven knows, ii sick enough in the United States alreadj without requiring religious whacks to make il out of favor. Rev. Mr. Smyth preached the inauguration sermon of the American Free Church, whicl he designs as the nucleus around which all thi contending sects can rally. Mr. Smyth was able and eloquent, and started on bis new mission with every prospect of success. Ai interesting sermon, defining the position anc doctrines of Unitarianism, was delivered by Rov, Mr. Hepworth at the Church of the Messiah, while Rev. Mr. Bliss, at the New England Congregational church, deliverd a discourse on the rise and progress of Congregationalism. It will undoubtedly gratify the members of these two denominations to learn that botb are making great progress, and that the tenets of each are the only true and Christian ones, which latter claim is somewhat puzzling to outsiders, but is, we trust, satisfactory to those directly concerned. Mr. Beecher was as interesting as usual. Ilis sermon, or rather lecture, was on the subject of money and the use to which it can be best put. He spoke highly of the ambition which seeks posthumous fame, and expressed the opinion that rich men ought to educate poor young men of geniug, and live forever after in the fame they achieve. At the Church of the Strangers Dr. Deems' discourse was convincing. He declared that there was no neutrality in religion, lie who did not serve the Lord served Satan. At Zion church the Rov. Mr. Anlnrnrl \ nnnnliidail )ita aopmnn with a sharp denunciation of "gome white brute, by the name of Hiram young1," who, il appears, had ordered the reverend gentleman away from a table on a Bteanier coming from Boston, and refused to serve him because ol his color. Very bad ; very bad, indeed. However, let Mr. Butler bear in mind that thej who suffer on earth are rewarded on high, and not try to get even hero by calling his brother bad names. And with this advice we close. Impudence of a Congressional CakpetBagger.?B. F. Whittemore, who claims a seal in the House of Representatives as member foi the First Congressional district of South Carolina, has proved himself as stupid as he is impudent. After resigning his seat to avoid expulsion for the sale of the cadetship, he actually comes before the same Congress to tak< his seat again. General Logan hit the nail ot the head in the debate on this matter las Saturday when he said, "The question to be decided by the House was whether a membei who had escaped the odium of expulsion bj reason of resignation Bhould be declared entitled to a seat in a body which had passed i unanimous resolution declaring him unwortbj of said seat." If Whittemore had let bis ambition for Congressional honors cool off til another Congress came in he might have hac a chance, but he stupidly came before the same body that declared him unworthy of ? seat, and that a few weeks after such declara tion, claiming admission again. This it about as cool a piece of assurance as we evei knew. It is probable Mr. Whittemore wil have his trouble for nothing. Tiie Income Tax.?Wo learn from Washington that the members of the Senate, or c majority of them, have listened to the senti ments of the DeoDle on the income tax. am have become satisfied that it will not tjo to at tempt any longer to collect money upon sucl an odious enactment. The members of tbi House are now convinccd of the blunder the' perpetrated in re-enactiDg the income (a; clause, after the government had pledged itsel that the burden should be taken from the peo pie In the year 1870, and if the subject couli again come before them they would not bi found in favor of galvanizing that dead issue orfenlivening that expiring law. Cardinal Patrizzi, speaking for the mem bers of the Sacred College, congratulated hii Holiness the Pope on the return of the anni versary of his accession last Saturday. Hi Eminence also expressed a desire for the definition of the dogma of infallibility. If th cable report him correctly the Pope is a littl doubtful both of the dogma and its conse quenceB. JUNE 20, 1870.?TRIPLE Coa|r?u>Ao IwportKut Week. > The Cuban resolutions, the message of the t President relative to the Bubject of Cuban bel ligerency, the passage of the Apportionment 9 bill in the Senate and of Garfield's Currency - | bill in the House and the business-like discusr | sion on the franking privilege all combined - to render the past week in Congress one of the 1 most exciting and important since the days of 1 impeachment. Indeed, we do not believe 3 that during impeachment the spectat tors in the Congressional galleries were r treated to such a fierce and dazl zling rencontre of oratory and eloquence, r such earnest and fiery debate, and such keen r and trenchant retort as they were treated to , on Wednesday during the discussion on the ; Cuban question, or to such a refreshing buri lesque as the inimitable Whittemore furnished f them on Saturday last, when he essayed the character of Dazzle, in hia own farce of "Carpet-bagging Assurance." In the Senate, of ! course, everything is dull. The exciting t subject of impeachment was at times renr dered dull by the "gloomy ponderosity" of j that body, and, if we remember rightly, 1 was enlivenod at all only by the Old i Bailey Quips of Ben Butler, or "the i hole in the sky" of Bingham, or the grim I humor of Old Thad Stevens, all members of ) the House. In fact, it is never the case that the Sonata rises of itself to the height of healthy excitement unless some irate member canes or pistols another, and that has not occurred since the fiery Southerners stalked haughtily from its halls. But it has transacted some very important business during the week in its sullen and formal way, while the moro mercurial House has transacted equally important work with all the glare and brilliancy of forensic pyrotechnics. With all this, however, the important measures alluded to are still unfinished. The Senate has yet to act upon the Cuban resolutions and Garfield's Currency bill, while the Franking bill has not yet passed either branch, and the Apportionment bill must return to tho lower House for agreement with the Senate amendments. Besides, a number of appropriation bills, such as the army, the fortification and the civil service a billB are yet to be considered, and a number of others, such as the legislative, Indian, naval, 3 diplomatic and river and harbor appropriations f have not yet been fully disposed of, being 1 either before committees of conference or lying wholly untouched in the Senate. Other i measures fully as important as the appropria1 tion bills are also unfinished, among them the 3 Internal Revenue, Tariff, Funding and Georgia i bills. r There remain only twenty-three more work i ing days before adjournment, and it devolves I on Congress, and especially on the Sen* . ' ate, to hurry up. Such important mat, ters as the Appropriation, Revenue, 1 and Currency bills should be acted upon at > once and with deliberation. They should not be left to the reckless mercies of a worn-out i Congress, panting in the beat of midsummer i and the closing hours of the session, and > anxious to get away at any price. The business to be left over should be only the least i important, and as the House has so far cut out i the work pretty well, the Senate should not lose time or spring new subjects. The abolition of the income tax, the re-admission of Georgia and the complete eradication of the franking privilege are measures which Congress must attend to before it can go back to , its constituents with a clear conscience. Mosquito Suits. In the defensive war that the travellers on the Morris and Essex road are compelled to make against the oppressive regulations and i unjust exactions of that company it is proposed not to unite their means on one suit that i shall try thoroughly before the courts the i several points in dispute, but to tease the cort poration with many small suits on the part of all the persons oppressed; and these proposed t suits are likened to mosquito bites. We are t' afraid the corporation will stand a great deal of that teasing, and that it will bo found to r have for such mosquitoes the hide of a 1 rhinoceros. In cases where the law is known and clear, because all the points have been frequently determined on exactly similar cases, this plan answers. The poorest, humblest, ^ least demonstrative individual gets damages r against a company where a relative is killed ; for the lawyers will take these cases without fees and abide the issue for their remuneration. But on many others our system of jurisprudence simply works a denial of justice to any 3 litigant who comes without a long purse, i Even when judgment is rendered against the (. company the case goes from point to point on j appeal, and the man who cannot afford to give r up his business to redress his wrongs is de. feated with all the law in his favor. It will be f . thu? with the mosquito suits on the Morris and ( Essex, but a united body of commuters could r beat the company. j A Good Motto fob the Country Press.? j The Catskill Recorder has for its imprint, , "Subscriptions must be paid in advance? t No pay, no paper." It would be well . for all the country press to adopt the cash , system. It would no doubt work as well in . the rural districts as it does in the larger cities, j and be of great advantage to all the respectable country papers. The great citics, however, are gradually absorbing the newspaper business of the country. Railroads, telegraphs 1 and steam machinery have within a few years swept away distance and brought the most * remote districts into, as it were, a common brotherhood with the populous marts of the 1 land. But where local, non-partisan papers 3 are noedivi they can be more safely and profit^ ably conducted upon the '"no pay, no paper" c principle than upon any other. Discovert of the Real Type Setting * Machine.?That problem of many fatuous mee chanics, a machine that could set type, is > solved?and the machine is found. Just now it is making boots iti Massachusetts, but it will - not long be restricted to an industry that only 3 cheapens shoes. The machine to set type iB re quired to think?just a little; a very, very lits tie?but more than brass and mahogany could > be made to. John Chinaman, however, is up e to the required measure of intellection and oot e so far above it as to interfere with the cheap ness of his labor. There is a revolution in this machiue. SHEET. Tiie President on Indepeaaeuce If*jr. Connecticut has seized upon the' President, his family, and his friends, for the Fourth of Jul/celebration. The little village of Woodstock claims the Presidential party for that occasion, and has made out a splendid programme. The President and his wife and children, accompanied by Ben Butler, Henry Ward Beecher, Governor Jewell, Senator Buckingham, Henry C. Bowen, ex-Lieutenant Governor Woodford of this State?who Is to deliver the oration?and all the leading lights of the rural neighborhood, including Hartford, Plalnfleld, Norwich and Putnam, will make the glorious Fourth a triumph for Connecticut, and will pile up crowns of glory for the snug little village of Woodstock and the clever Connecticut politicians who have arranged this little affair. We give in another column the whole programme, from which it will be seen that an ovation of two or three days is provided for, winding up with such a grand display of firecrackers, blue lights, rockets and Roman candles as the placid villagers never saw before. Bsecher will have a good deal to say about New England civilization, and all that he says on that subject will undoubtedly be most welcome. Lieutenant Governor Woodford, who keeps a spread eagle always on hand, will of course let loose the glorious bird on the occasion. Ben Butler, not harassed by the presence of Logan or Banks, can give us one of his ancient democratic speeches on the old democratic theme, "Tho Declaration of Independence." As for the President, we can imagine bow he will enjoy the festivities in his own quiet way, nub silentio, but he will enjoy them immensely for all that. Upon the whole it is a very sensible idea for President Grant to get out of Washington on Mia nniatr Pnnpfh anH fnlra hio oaho in fIia crpppn nooks and corners of a Connecticut village. We hope that bis hosts will be moderate in their enthusiasm and give him a chance to take a little comfort after all his recent troubles about Cuba and St. Domingo and the Cabinet crisis. Old World Mpecial Letters. By a spocial correspondence from Europe, which appears in our columns to-day, we are enabled to continue our narrative of the progress of events in the Old World. Our writers also illustrate the inclination of public opinion against the crowns and the war-making power, besides noting the great chango which is being developed in favor of international economies, cheap living and a cheap executive. The despatches come to us from Germany, Franco, England and Turkey. The Zoll Parliament, which represents the internal commercial interests of North and South Germany, closed its session by the adoption of a revised tariff of border duties. Strange to say, the scale of charges is upward, and, consequently, against the pockets of the German people. The new tariff is, indeed, regarded as a concession by the Parliament to the war-making spirit and necessities of the allied and confederated governments of Germany, and as affording an opportunity to the Prussian Minister at War to increase the demands of his military budget enormously, whether the people like it or not. Premier Ollivier was gradually and in a skilful maimer removing the ground from under the feet of the French parliamentary nnnoaitinniat.H Pronnrnt.inna worn hainir msirln for the commencement of the French regicide trials. Crime, lore and romance prevailed, as usual, pretty generally in Paris. The questions of public education and church discipline and control were canvassed anxiously in Great Britain, Earl Russell, the schoolmasters of Scotland, and the Catholics of England having all had a "say" on the subject. Turkey remained agitated on the subject of the Egyptian policy. It is hinted that the Viceroy has many and powerful friends in Constantinople, and that the Western Powers will be compelled to face the Eastern question at an early day, notwithstanding any present "patchwork" diplomacy. Qcu Pilots will be likely to hesitate a little before they trust themselves to the merciless hands of the captains and crews of Southern European ships, unless the crew of the Italian brig Josephine, which has just been overhanled by the United States authorities at Norfolk, are severely punished for their infamous treatment of the pilot who had that vessel in charge on the Chesapeake Bay. Captain Cole, it appears. was piloting the brig to sea when he was set upon, robbed of sixty dollars and his life threatened by the mate and sailors, so that for three days he dared not close his eyes in sleep. It was only by jumping overboard and swimming to the boat of a passing schooner that he escaped death at the hands of the ruffians on board the Josephine. It is not often remembered, perhaps, that a pilot solitary and alone on the deck of a foreign vessel, often manned by desperadoes, runs a considerable risk if he has anything on his persod to tempt cupidity. Therefore, our pilots should be protected from such dangers, although, in this case, the crew claim that the pilot was insane. Protection to American Interests in Venezuela.?Mr. Secretary Fish seems to have waked up a little to the protection of American interests abroad. In reply to a request of some New York merchants for protection to our citizens and trade at Maracaibo, Venezuela, he announces, in a letter published yesterday, that Rear Admiral Poor, commanding the North Aflnntin hart to tnkft such action as he may be able, to give the protection desired. There are few Americana and not much trade, it is true, at Maracaibo, but this desire to protect even a small number of our citizens, or even one, and the little American interests there, shows something of the spirit of the British government in such cases. We only hope Mr. Fish will not "strain at a gnat and swallow 3 camel"?will not neglect the outrages on and murder of our citizens in Cuba and the insults to the American flag there while he is giving protection to lessor interests in Maracaibo. Ackkbman is the Man.?Gen. Grant should not listen to the clamor of the extreme radicals in the Senate, who insist upon his withdrawing his nomination of Amos T. Ackerman of Georgia to the Attorney-Generalsb.jp. Nothing has yet been said against his ^ualiflcations for the position or his standing Us a man. Let Uim stick. Central and South American News?Safety of the Henry Chnuneey. We publish on another page a most interesting budget of news from Central and South America. Prominent in the news is the happy intelligence of the safety of the steamship Henry Chauncey. The steamer bad only left her wharf about twenty-five minutes when Bhe broke her port shaft and was compelled to put back to Aspinwall to repair injuries. The an- 4 nouncement of the safety of the Henry Chauncey will bring happy tidings to many persons, no doubt, as recent disasters on the ocean liavo implanted aa unwholesome fear in the mindB of those whose relations and friends "go down to the sea in ships." The Henry Chauncey is safe, and her passengers, crew and cargo have suffered no injury. While the happy task of chronicling the safety of a passenger stoamer falls to our lot the distressing news reaches us of a terrifio tire in the city of Panama, accompanied with Berious Iobs of life and the almost total destruction of the business portion of the city. The scenes are described as dreadful. No resources were at hand to subdue the fJameB. It is said the only fire engine on the Isthmus was the one in Aspinwall, and this had to be conveyed by rail across the country while the city was in flames. Two hotels and most of the prominent buildings on Mercedes street have been destroyed. Houses on both sides of some streets have been reduced to heaps of ruins. The number of lives lost is set down at twelve, but it is feared that the figure will reach a much greater number. Our correspondents in the several South American republics and in the empire of Brazil furnish us with interesting resume of the progress ot events throughout the Southern Continent. Affairs in Peru are exceedingly cheering. Industrial pursuits are fast putting an end to , the revolutionary inclinations which in times past characterized the Peruvians. The elections in Chili are over, and the progressive party, although it has not a majority in Con- , gress, still has added largely to its numbers. In Brazil the question of slavery is being ventilated. The liberals are determined to press this question, and even the supporters of the government foresee that something will have to be done in this direction. They are trimming their sails accordingly. From many of the other South American countries the news which we publish will be regarded with interest. The Clone of the Musical Festival. The great Beethoven musical festival came to a happy and successful conclusion on Saturday night. Taking it all in all, it was a musical triumph which gives encouragement for another essay of the same kind. In point of attendance and receipts also it was essentially a success. The public enjoyed it, and, in proportion to their appreciation of line music and an unusual combination of talent, they patronized it liberally. The great baste in which the jubilee was got up necessarily implied several defects, which can be remedied on a future occasion. The experience of last week will not be lost upon the projectors of a monster affair, involving the reconstruction of a gigantic building, the harmonizing of different choral societies?numbering some thirteen hundred voices?not accustomed to sing together, the harmonizing also of a cloud of directors, a class not free from jealousy, and not always easily satisfied, and the management of a very large orchestra. All things considered, this almost impromptu festival went off gallantly. There was probably more musical talent, native and foreign, impressed into the public service on this occasion than in any one week before. We had all our best artists of various nationalities, making a cosmopolitan melange of nearly all the famous compositions of the composers of all great musical nations. The success of the Beethoven festival, allowing for all drawbacks, gives a fair prospect for another such grand musical treat, and we hope , to see it renewed at no distant time. Tbc "Stamina of the Republic"?The Crops for 1870. We publish to-day reports from every section of the country, giving the most reliable data upon which to base a safe calculation in regard to the prospects of the coming crops. Tfr will ho uoAn nn rlnnht with flint*ay*a crrr?tifiA? tion, that the auguries for an abundant, if not an unprecedented harvest were never more striking and encouraging. In the South the harvesting has already commenced under very flattering auspices, although in Virginia there is a little complaint on account of wet weather. But it so happens that, while the wet weather in a measure interferes with the work of husbanding the cereals, it has a nourishing effect upon the tender tobacco plants, so that what is lost in one way will be gained in another. Among the most interesting features in this agricultural exhibit is the fact that the South has been blessed to an unexampled degree in the prospective luxuriant yield of its staple and cereal products, particularly in Tennessee. It has been ascertained, also, that a greater breadth of corn has been planted than was apprehended early in the season; so that, with full cotton gins and full corn bins, our Southern brethren may "rejoice in their abundance" for some time to come. They now can claim the honor of holding the "horn of plenty," and, with the prodigious yield of wheat and corn foreshadowiid in the reports from Illinois,. Indiana, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Kansas and other great Western wheat-growing States, they aro entitled to the distinction of contributing largely to the strengthening of the backbone of the nation, the Btamina of the republic, the natural products of its soil. From California, where reports of crop failures have prevailed, the latest accounts are encourage ing, showing that the "Golden State" will have something besides glittering nuggets and quartz to throw in the lap of our country'a general prosperity. In giving these reports we Wish to state that they are gathered promiscuously, from our own sources of information, and do not como from any organized associations of men who, liko some government officials, perhaps, have an interest in giving a certain coloring, for commercial or speculative purposes, to the character of the coming crops. This explanation may be necessary in view of the recent attempt of speculators to "bull" the grun market, upon the alleged ground of prospective crop failures in Europe, llowevor thai; ma?