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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 22, 1870, Image 4

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EUROPE.
Mr. Ashbury's Banquet to the
Yachtmen.
Fashionable Movements to
and from Egypt.
Disraeli and Smith, or the Ex-Premier
j it. n. _a
ana me rroiessor.
THE BOLTON "MASQUERADERS" TRIALS.
Lord Derby on Charity, Intemperance
and Pauperism.
By the Canard mail steamship Tarifa at Boston we
received our European flies and correspondence, embracing
Interesting details of our cable news telegrams
to the 8th of June, at an early hour yesterday
morning.
The Inman steamship City of London, from Queenstown
on the iota of June, delivered a European
newspaper file package at the Hkkald building at
three o'clock yesterday afternoon. The papers are
dated to her day of sailing from Ireland.
The London journals of the 8th of Jane announce
"Mr. Ashbury, the owner of the Cambria, gave a
dinner on Thursday evening before to Mr. Douglas, of
thn Siinnlin at. f ho St?r anil (Sartor Rntttl Rtnhmnnri
The company Included tbe Lord Chief Baron, Mr.
Longfellow, commodore Lee, Lord William Lennox,
Lord Borthwlck, Viscount Uort, Mr. Chad wick, M.
P., Ac. The Prince of Wales and Mr. Bennett, of
the Nuw York Herald, were unavoidably absent."
A Paris letter of June 7 reports the following Intelligence
from the fashionable circles:?
Prince Napoleon lutends to undertake a long voyage
to K?yi>t. and to proceed tHence to Cochin China.
Princess Clotilde, 1 believe, Is going to spend the
season at Eaux-Bonnes. Count de 'l'rant, brother of
tbe ex-King of Maples, and related by affinity to the
Emperor of Austria, has made his peace with Victor
Emanuel, through the agency, It Is understood, of
le Comte de Beust, and has been restored to his
property.
The eldest son of the Viceroy of Egypt Is about to
make a tour In Western Europe, and will visit more
particularly the Court of Austria, to respond to'the
invitation winch Ills Apostolic Majesty gave him
orally at the inauguration of the Isthuius of Suez.
A similar compliment was paid him by the Empress
of the French, who has preserved the most agreeable
remembrance of the magnificent hospitality she
received at the hamls of the viceroy. Nubar Pacha,
tne Egyptian Minister of,Foreign Art airs, will leave
Pails lor Vienna to meet the Prince, who la to
arrive via Varna and Hungary.
Miners continued to leave Cornwall In large numbers
for America, Australia, &c. The emigration
agents were weekly receiving scores or applications.
Most of the copper mines in Cornwall were In difficulties.
Much anxious speculation prevailed among the
English farmers as to the character of the forthcoming
crops. Writing from Knaphill larm, Surrey, Mr.
T. C. Scott concludes thus:?
We shall have a good crop of wheat notwithstanding
the severe ravages of the wire worm and slug. We
shall have a light crop of barley, because it has been
parched by the sun and scourged by the wireworm.
From the same causes oats will be a light crop.
Winter beans have a miserable appearance, arising
from the long continuance of bleak and wet weather
In winter. All these ceieul and pulse crops will
cume inuch sooner to the sickle than was anticipated
six weeks ago.
The Chamber of Agriculture Journal (London)
makes the following remarks on the agricultural
prospects:?
Owing to the continued drought and the discouraging
reports received of the croos generally the
gram trade has ruled very Ann, especially as regards
spring com. Wheat has been very firmly held by
larinurs and the supplies on sale have been very
scanty. Trade has therefore beeu ol quite a retail
character throughout the week.
From Yorkshire It is stated that the condition of
the land is one of complete dryness. The whole of
the early sown turnips are lost, and farmers as a
rule are quite puzzled what to do.
The reports from Austria and Hungary as to the
harvest are moss sat isfactory, wailc on the Rhine
only a middling crop, even in tne most favorable
case, is to be expected.
Tne town council of Wiesbaden has imposed a taxon
all visitors who remain one week iniheirtown,
on the prctence that the municipality have to incur
great expense in keeping up " the promenades,
bands, Ac., lor their recreation."
The elevation of the Lord Chancellor or Ireland
(O'Hagan) to the Peerage was hailed with satisfaction
by tiie British press, representing almost every
shade of politics, and regarded as "an important accession
to the strengih of the liberal ranks in the
House of Lords."
Lord Houghton, speaking 011 the subject or education
at Pontefract. England, said he did not fear that
the religious difficulty would cause dissensions in
the school boards. "There arc some people (said
Lord Houghton) who think that when churchmen
and dissenters are brought around a table to talk
about school education ther will immediately set to
fisticuffs, and, If not literally, yet morally, try to
break one another's head*. I do uot think they will
do tnat. I think there is nothing like bringing a set
of men of different opinions together around one
table for a common purpose. I believe that in that
case the violent men are driven from very shame to
abate their violence and to combine with tho moderate
men for the public good."
The Cork police made a seizure of arms and ammunition
in the store of Mrs. Uovenay, whose husband
la a suspected Fenian. They found 800 weight
of gunpowder, a quantity or rifle cartridges and
cases, several gun barrels, a sword scabbard and
flask, belonging to Captain Kay, Royal Engineers,
and a box of the captain's, containing arms, maps,
Ao.
At the half-yearly meeting of the Peninsular and
Oriental Steamship Company, in Loudon, the chairman
stated the Suez Canal was not yet in a stale to
enable the company to derive immediate advantage
from it, "as there were several minor defects that
required to be remedied."
meeting of the General Assembly ol the Irish
Presbyterian Church was held in Belfast. The sustentatlon
question of the Ministry was before the
members. Twenty-two thousand pounds sterling
pobeorlbed; thirty thousand wanted.
The marriage of the Marchioness of Hastings with
feir George Chetwynd, Bart., was solemnized June 0
at St, James' church, Piccadilly, in the presence of a
brilliant assemblage.
The Journal ae SL Petersburg contradicts the
tndian news ?f a contemplated attack on Khiva;
bnt the Turn Kavfcas, a semi-official paper, not only
confirm! the Bombay intelligence, but actually
enumerates the troops detailed for the campaign.
The expeditionary force consists of 5,000 men, recently
despatched from Petrovsk. on the western
anore of the Oasplan.
The Viceroy of Egypt will visit Constantinople in
July to mpke lis peace with the Sultan.
Disraeli and smith.
The Professor to the Ex-Preatier.
Mr. Goldwin Smith presents his compliments to the
tditor of the Daily Telegraph (London;, and begs
pave to enclose a copy of a letter whicD he has ad
utsusu w nr. uisraen as tnc author or "Lotnair."
Cokkkll University, Ithaca, N. Y,.i
. May 26, 1870. J
8??1? yoar "Lothair" yon Introduce an Oxford
Professor who in about to etnlgrute to America: and
roa describe him as "a social parasite.' Yon well
know that If you had ventured openly to accuse me
If any social baseness, you would have had to aniwer
for your words. But when, sheltering yourself
under the literary forms of a work of fiction, you
seek to traduce with impunity the social character
of a political opponent, your aspersions can touch
po man's honor; they are the Mmyiets insults of a
coward. Your obedient servant,
GOLDW1N SMITH.
2?t Right Hon. B. Disbabm, M. P.
(From the London News, June 8.]
we print to-day a letter which Mr. Gold win Smith
has addressed to Mr. Disraeli. The author of "Lothair"
is probably by this time convinced that tie
made a political and literary mistake when he pubj^hed
that strange stoi7. But mistake la the so.
verest word that can be nsed with respect to the
greater pwtion of it* contents, whatever may be
upugbt Of Mr. Disraeli's sketches from the life of
fas own puke and Duchess, of Oardlntl Orandison,
SMOMlpflt gfttg&i 1)0$ ?WM UPg IM &
L
NEW YOi
Capel, and of many other thinly diaguiaed portraitures,
they do not trespass beyond the conventional
Umiui of aocial satire. There Is one line, however,
which before dying Mr. Dlaraeil will, wo trunk wish
to blot. He has arawu a caricature of an Oxford
professor, under which, lest hi* readers ahould fall
to recognise the original, he nag Indirectly, but
Intelligibly written. "Tlila la Mr. Uoldwln
Smith*' He has added. almost In so
many words. "Mr. Qoldwln Smith is a
parasite." This calumny, more ridiculous than
what is else most ridloulous In Mr. Disraeli's fantastic
story, is not too severely rebuked by its object
when be denounces it a* the slander of a coward. It
recalls tho vituperation or Kunnyraede. Mr. Disraeli
has been engaged in many wordy conflicts with
Mr. Ooldwiu bmlih. The fact that he has betaken
himself, lu this solitary instance, to poisoned weapons.
shows a consciousness of having been foiled
and worsted with more legitimate arms. He calls
Mr. Uoidnln .smith a parasite, because he knows
that character to be of all others the most foreign
to the nature and odlousito tho feelings of his adversary,
aud thinks that the imputation will give the
freatest amount of pain. He la probably mistaken.
he folly of the accusation, in the truth of which Mr.
Disraeli himself does not, and never did, believe,
takes the sting out of its malice. "Coward" is a
word which 1s not ordinarily applicable to Mr. Disraeli.
But he has earned It in this case, and, write
and wriggle as he may, he cannot escape the strong
hand which brawls him with it.
Public Opinion of the Quarrel.
The Loudon Time* of June 9 thinks It imprudent
on the part of Mr. Qoldwln Smith to recognize In the
character portrayed by Mr. Disraeli In his "i>othalr"
aa embodiment of his own social opinion anil
conduct.
The London Times of June 10 tbints Goldwln
Smith baa, in hirtetter to Disraeli, shown his "accustomed
unwisdom by appropriating to himself one
of the least flattering characters sketched in 'Lothair.'
Public curiosity, it adds, would be much relieved
If the prototypes of Mr. Ph<ebus and Mr. Pinto
would also reveal themselves."
The London Standard says Mr. smith's "violent
and abusive letter goes far to confirm the verr char,
acter which be repudiates. Nothing more weak,
more childish, more vaiu or more arrogant has ever
come from Mr. Gold win Smith himsell than his letter
to Mr. Disraeli."
[From the London Telegraph, June 0.1
In the letter which Professor Goldwln Smith has
addressed to Mr. Disraeli auother note of|lusult has
beeii struck In a most unseemly squabble. The quarrel
between the Professor and the leader of the conservative
party is of old standing. Years ago Mr.
Smith accused Mr. Disraeli of unscTupulousness;
und in his lectures on Pym, Cromwell and Pitt he
aimed more than one shal't 01 sarcasm ut the same
well-abused statesman. Mr. Disraeli retorted by
calling Mr. Smith "that wild man." Seizing the
occasion of Mr. Disraeli's accession to the Premiership,
the Professor published a letter in which tne
statesman's early flight from radicalism to toryIsm,
his attacks on Peel and his Budden
conversion to the conservative principle
or household suffrage were reviewed with a
wealth of invective to widen the political writing ot
the age can present lew parallels. Returning to the
charge, Mr. tioldwln Smith, 111 the second edition of
his lectures, said mat the days of Bolingbroke were
not the last time in winch "statesmen of easy virtue"
and "unscrupulous ecclesiastics" leagued themselves
together to attain their common ends. Fluully,
in a public speech, referring to the conduct oi Mr.
Disraeli, he said that the Irisn t'hurch was so bad as
to require in its supporters "eveu stronger stimulants
than fanaticism." To that lonir string o( insults
Mr. Disraeli replied by sketching, in his "Lothuip
') an I'pntitjunr'' whn vrn c a Hoinnfrut
on paper and a "social parasite" among men. The
sketcii waH bitter, but ft was certainly not unprovoked.
Mr. Goldwin Smith, however, la so Incensed
that in a letter to Mr. Disraeli he brands the aspersions
or the novelist as "the stiugless Insults of a
coward." Assuredly the t wo literary magnates have
engaged In the most extravagant and doubtlul of
competetlve examinations, in whtuli the initiative
has been takeu by the Professor.
[From the Pall Mall Gazette, June 8.]
The author of "i,othalr" perhaps anticipated the
attacks of the critics; at least he had a hard word
lor them beforehand?"the critics, the men who
have failed In literature and art." He could hardly,
however, have been prepared for such an onslaught
as that of Blackwood, in 1868 a htghh laudatory
biography or Mr. Disra"ll began to appear iu that
magazine. It contrasted him, greatly of course to
his advantage, with Gladstone and Peel, praised him
for ills cat jr, openness of miud, "suavity
of manner," "force and clearness of reasoning,"
and other qualities of statesmanship.
Incidentally Peel was aou>ea (or his mistake in not
distributing his patronage so as to bind men of ability
to the party, and the duty of "uolng something" for
rising talent was strongly asserted. This biography
was commenced just about the time when Mr. Disraeli
bccame Prime Minister. Only three chapters
were printed; the rest never appeared. After an Interval
of two years Blackwood now assails Its
idol as a "mailman In plush breeches," a "Jackpudding,"
whose latest novel resembles the "gin-Inspired
dreams of the assistant or some fashionable haberdasher,"
and recalls the vender of "old clo\" Mr.
Gold win Smiths lunge at "Lothalr" is more Intelligible.
Everybody knew that the professor of the
story, "a social parasite," was Intended ror Mr.
ColUwiii Smith, certainly not on account of that
offensive and absurdly lalse epithet as applied to
sucu a man. but on account 01 various minor circumstances
with which the character was connected.
Mr. smith, it must be confessed, has never spared
Mr. Disraeli In his invectives, but at least he did
not, as he says, shelter himself under the literary
forms of a work of fiction. Mr. Disraeli's aspersions
he calis the "stiugless insults of a cowaid," but
silngless is not exactly appropriate, seeing that the
Proiessor lias been stung into a very angry reply.
[From the London Globe, June 8.]
* * * Mr. Goldwin Smith was certainly an
Oxford proiessor, and has emigrated to America,
but is he a "social parasite?" Mr. Goldwlu Smith
talks of the "stlngless Insults of a coward." But
why. If there la nothing to write about, write? Wo
think of Hyion with Ills curled lip and thin skin,
of Pope wntlung as he perused the scalding
critiques or Ills works, which he called his "diversions."
Are urofesaors. then, a "<enus irrUablle"
as well as bards? What would not Mr. Goldwin
Smith have written if no had lived through tne
taunts which Mr. Disraeli has, witti perfect manliness
and sell-respect, proved to be "stlngless" by
never having been provoked to call theui so .'
i>tr. Dinraeli'n Health.
[Special Telegram from London to the lrt?h Times.]
London, June 9, mo.
Mr. Disraeli, after nearly three weeks' absence,
appeared untie House of Commons to-night, looking
remarkably well. HLs recent indisposition seems
to nave entirely passed away, and. judging by the
manner in winch lie conversed with his colleagues
on the lront opposition bjncUes, Ins spirits have lost
none of their accustomed buoyancy.
ENGLAND.
The llouJton Masquerader*' Trla.t,
[From ihe London Telegraph. June 8.1
The bill against Krnest Bouiton, twenty-two, clerlr,
and Frederick William Park,twenty-throe, clerk,who
are charged wfth conspiring together, and with
divers others, to commit a serious offence, and with
di.-guising themselves as women and frequenting
places ol public resort so disguised, and thereby
openly and scandalously to outrage public decern y
and corrupt the public morals," Ac., has not yet
been returned by the Grand Jury; but It is expected
that the witnesses will be taken before tnetu tills
(Wednesday) morning.
The Attorney General, t he Hoi Inter General, Mr.
Poland, and Mr. Archbald, will prosecute on behalf
of the Treasury.
The prisoner Bouiton will be defended by Mr. Sergeant
Baliantlne anu Mr. Beslev; and Park by Mr.
Sergeant Parry and Mr. Straight, and Mr. Montagu
Williams will watch the case oil behalf of Mr. Haxell,
hotel proprietor, of the Strand.
The trial is expected to be commenced on Thursday
morning.
The Indictment.
In London, June 8, afternoon, the Grand Jury, returned
a true bill for misdemeanor against Lord Arthur
Clinton, dimming, Bouiton, Park, Thomas and
Louia Hurt: also a true bill for felony against Lord
Arthur Clinton and Park, and against Bouiton and
Purlr nnrl ah indictment tor felouv airuinat Clinton
ana Boulton.
This trial is on the It-it for this (Thursday) morning.
Warrants have been granted for the apprehension
of the persons not in custody.
The Trial On?C'aab Aid From a Friend.
[From the Cork (Ireland) Reporter, June 10.]
At the Central Criminal.Court, London, yesterday,
before Mr. Justice Blackburn, Boulton and Park
were placed in the dock on several charges of felouy.
The Attorney General, .Solicitor General and Mr. Poland
proseeuti-d. Sergeant Ballantine defeuded
Boultou and Sergeant Parry defended Park.
Both prisoners pleaded not guilty to all the indictments.
Sergeant Parry applied for a postponement of the
trial to next sessions, urging that the prisoners were
ignorant of the seve.al charges brought against
them, and that they had had no opportunity oi preparing
their defence, and that other parties against
whom warrants have been Issued were included in
the Indictments.
The Attorney General, who announced his intention
of pressing all the charges, aid not oppose the
application, which was granted.
It is stated that ?6,000 Have been sent anonymously
for the benefit of Messrs. Boulton A Park.
The London Otot)e has "reason to believe that all the
parties against whom fresh warrants were yesterday
issued in the women personation case, so far /torn
keeping out or reach, were, with the exception of
Lord Arthur Clinton, who has been abroad lor some
time, among the crowd, in or about the court."
Public Opinion.
(From the Pall Mall Gazette, June 8.1
The trial of Boulton and Park not a subject on
which we wish to write more ti. .n can be Helped.
But there are thlng9 of greater importance than
superficial propriety, and|as it seems not unlikely
that an effort will be made to Induce the government
to overlook this fact, it is well to assuro
I them that in disregarding these persuasions they
will have the support of all the really decent public.
Some or our morning contemporaries have enough of
virtue to dislike the self-imposed necessity under
which they choose to labor or giving full reports of
?u?b catff, %ua ire u*re ?ure?a/ ?eea ityt Uili muw
IK IIERALD, WEDNESDAY
may lead ttn-m to counsel a de^roo of haste and
compression lu the conduct or tiic trial which woulu
be highly prejudicial to publlo morality. It la quite
itosHtuie thai muny fathers who dislike belnn obliged
to keep (heir morning paper uuder lock and key
will be disposed to take tb? same line. They will
argue that the crimen charged ugalnat thesa men are
at all events not commuted in open day, whereas,
unfortunately, the evidence adduced In support or
the charge is invested with all ihe publicity that
can be given It by a conspicuous place
In the column* of the Titnta and Tdegrn^h.
Ia it not better, they will say, that the irullty Hhould
be left in the enjoyment of virtual Impunity tnuu
that the innocent suouid be exposed to iho cliauce
of having their minds polluted by half-undersloou
hint* nf vii'au nf whlrli tlierhad urevlouxlv no con
ceptlonr They will admit, perhaps, that juHtiue alike
to the community ana to the accused may demand a
full investigation of the allegations against the priaoners
now la custody, but can it be needful to carry
the Inquiry further, or to put any new prisoners Into
tie dock f draining even that what has yet b*sen
done will only check the most flagrant forma of the
mischief, may It not be better to rest satisfied with
this qualified success than to go further in an Inquiry,
when the conditions under which It seems
necessary to conduct It are atteuded with such serious
drawbacks i Nor, we may be sure, will another
sort oi pressure be wanting. If the government la
resolved to see (hut business out it must do so
at the cost or much Buffering to people in great
position. That Lord Arthur Clinton must
be tried as soon as he is caught w
clear from what has already come to light,
aud it Is understood that tlie evidence
In possession of the government involves at least
one person whose title la more than one of courtesy.
A scandal of this magnltnue Is certain to enlist a
variety of influence on the aide of hustnng it up,
and when to direct entreaty Is added the natural
dislike of the government to disgrace England In the
estimation ofthe world by exhibiting the highest
classes of society Infected with vlcea which In modern
times, at any rate, have been conveniently assumed
to tie only found in combination with the
most degraded and brutal ruffianism, It will easily be
understood that it may need some resolution 011 the
part of the government to stand by their righteous
ourpose.
For that it is a righteous punpose no man who will
look at the questlou without ntas can possibly doubt.
We certainly do not wish to pass judgment on the particular
cases which stand for trial this week. Uoultou
and Park may l>e, for anything that we or the
public at large know to the contrary, unjustly accused.'They
may be mere reckless offenders against
inanly feeling; they may be the unwitting accomplices
or acapegoats ol other men'a crimes. Hut,
whatever character imay be assigned to these
two performers, It is Impossible to doubt
that the government have at last laid
their linger upon a serious aud extensive
Aittiwnlntrv 'iirnlfist iinltlfn moral*. tVo call 11 a COn
sptracy because, when a number of men are found
associated la a common prac:loe of going about to
public places lu women's clothes, as to some of
whom there Is hardly any room lor question that
they make the disguise which this dress affords
them a cloak for the vilest iniquity, their acts have
precisely thut character of organization and coiiccrt
to which the term properly applies. Such a
conspiracy will embrace various degrees of
gnllt, and It is essential for Its continuance
thai it should no on enlisting fresh members.
In this last fact, perhaps, lies its worst
feature. It is of the very nature of such an organization
that It should aim at extending its area. The
panddr must necessarily act the part of a recruiting
sergeant, in a lower rank of life this would have
been too dangerous a game to play, it would have
ended In placing those who had any position to lose
at the mercy of those who had none. By choosing
all the accomplices among nominal gentlemen
this risk is Immeasurably lessened, and to
tarry out this process of selection the
arts of the seducer must take the place of
more vulgar instruments. The existence of this conspiracy
has been suspected for some time, it has
looked on the universities as natural leeding ground,
and it has not been the fault of some at least in au
thority there that so few obstacles have hitherto
been oflered to its development. The tardy prohibition
at Oxford of theatrical performances In which
women's parts were piayod by undergraduates
might have come earlier if grounds of suspicion
had been held, as they well might have
been, a sufficient motive lor precautions
which to most people would uo doubt have
appeared motiveless. Undo* these circumstances
we are Justified in saying that there ate
considerations involved of more importance than
superficial propriety. Indeed, whatever injury that
can receive It has received already. There Is comparatively
little fear of the reports of any future trial
being reud by any one who has not a fairly accurate
knowledge of the sort of entertainment which he or
she Is al/out to enjoy. Enough has been said and
written on the subject to make every modest woman
avoid, as by Instinct, any reference to that part of
tii? tipwMn.iiwr. The unnovanco having been
inflicted, and the antidote being already at work,
any dislike or publicity which can at all interfere
with the complete success of this and subsequent
prosecutions 1* altogether out of place.
The Mordaaat DiTorro Com*.
A mail telegram from Loudon of June 8 reports as
follows:?
The arrangements for the appeal to the House of
Lords in the Alordaunt divorce case have been completed,
aud 1 understand that it is the opinion of
eminent counsel who have been consulted ou behalf
of the petitioner that tne appeal will bo successful,
aud that the ultimate decision must be thai l,auv
Mordaunt's aliened insanity will not prevent the
progress of the suit lur the dissolution of tier marriage
with Sir Charles Alordaunt. Ail previous decisions
bearing on the case are opposed to the view
ol Lord Penzance and his colleague, and in favor of
the Lord Chief Huron, who dulereii lroni the majority
of the court.
The Financial System?Tlie Bank Returns
Fluctuation*.
The London Financier thinks "a glance at the
fluctuations In the batiK returns during the last three
years is very instructive. At this tune last year the
rate or discount wai 2 >m aud a half per ceut and it
is now three per cent. The bank then held
?17,8-21,023 in bullion und specie; It now holds
?23,494, Wi The reserve then was ?9,'.334,478; it is now
?12,481.202. At the same tune there is an advance
of ?4,000,000 in the government balance, winch has
risen from ?6,o04,:*U to ?l0,oti.j,8utf. The question
arises whether the all la the rate of dlscouui should
not in the natural course of tilings have itcen more
than from four and a half to three per cent. The
amounts of the bullion ana the reserve are almost
exactly the same as they were at the beglnnlug of
June, 1368, the totals then held "having been
?21,290,000 and ?12,tsno,000 respectively. At that
time the rate or uiscount wasoniy two per cent, ana
now, with a reserve of ?1^,500,000, the rats 13 kept
up at three per cent. Ami nere our comparison
brings us back to tlio inila:?d state ol the government
balance. At Hie commencement of June, IStW,
tlio amount was dta,l!>:>,503, ant!, as we have said,
it Is now ?l0,0i>o,s09. Mr. Lowe's arrangements
have had the enect of driving the revenue iuto tlie
bank to an unheard-oi extent, and lite bank, (winj
thus rendered 'matter of the situation,1 is enabled
to exact an unduly high rate from the public for the
use or what is really tiie public's own money."
The Birminiibam "Keilt" on Uqaality and
Fraternity.
A Birmingham correspondent sends the following
communication to a Dublin newspaper:?
An extensive organization, which sprung out of a
number of euthuslastic meetings recently held in
Birmingham, and which devotes itself to Irish subjects,
has issued a manifesto. The association directs
its attention first to Ireland, because the exigencies
of that country most demand It. Action is to be
taken on the following subjects:?Irish Land bill,
which tlio association believes will fail to restore
peace and harmony in Ireland; Coercion bill, hoping
expression of public opinion may lead to the repeal
of that unconstitutional and iniquitous measure, or
shame the government into allowing it to remain a
dead letter on the statute book; the political prisoners,
the association considering it a disgrace that
political prisoners should be allowed to exist in a
land so proud of its liberty; and lastly, land and
liberty of for England. The chairman was the Kev.
Arthur O'Neill, who su'tered ImprUjumeut for
Chartism.
Lord Derby on Charity?Intemperance, Vice
and Pauperism.
The Karl of Denby, on June ?, after laying the
foundation ston>! of the Stanley Hospital, which Is
to be erected In Liverpool on a site given by the late
Earl, Ills father, made some remarks upon the sanitary
and social questions which arise in populous
t<>wus. Touching upon the subject of public charities,
the noble Karl observed:?
It ii, I am afraid, Indisputable that the difficulty of dealing
with lndlrliiual poverty and distress It greater In a community
of tome hundred* of thouianda than where each family
lives among a few neighbor!, all of whom know and aria
known to on* another. Penonal sympathy and personal
acquaintance are things not eaay to do without or to replace
in the relief of the poor, and in a great mercantile
or manufacturing community they will bo rarer than elsewhere,
not assuredly because there la lest benevolence, bnt
because Am/body has got hit own butlnexs to mind, and
uaraiy anyon'iy iuuwi tag usmr vi an uext aoor nsignbor.
You may, indeed, argue that with so much wrea.th
and prosperity we ought not to hare mauy poor; but unhappily
this is not a conclusion that experience verities Where
there Is drunkenness there will always be improvidence generally
pauperism, and often things woise thau eitli-r:
and though we may be mending in that rcspect-and I
think, on the whole, we are?I am afraid it must be admitted
that we are still very far fiom being a temperate
people. Mo, again, where unskilled labor is much in demand.
and where, aa in business connected with shipping
and docks, a good deal of that demand is uncertain and
fluctuating, you will have. 1 fear, a class permanently on the
edge of wnut. JUet sanltarista do what they can and they
can do much?to check the first growth of disease; let educationists
and aooial reformers exert themselves as they will to
raise the lowest class of honest laborers into a better position,
we may feel quite sure that as long as any of us live
doctors will have diseases to earn, and benevolent persons
will not want for objects of legitimate charity to assist. Well,
then, I think we may assume that if a hospital Is a good
thing anywhere It will be a good thing here. (Applause.) Of
all human Institutions a well managed hospltkt is one of the
least liable to aouse. There Is absolutely no aoom tor Imposture
about it. A patient has no motive for pretending to be
ill when he Is not, and if be wsim to make the attempt he
would probably fall. Then, again, though against the ordinary
contingencies of lite you may fairly expect even a poor
man to provide, yet the accident ol being thrown for weeks
out of work, either by illness or casualty, and thereby losing
the means or meeting even ordinary expenses at a moment
whtfn be has extraordinary expenses to lncui^ is one so exceptional
in its character aa to justify the application of an
exceptional remedy. 80 Main you may pauperise a manthai
is, you may teach him to depend on begging rather thaa
on working?by helping him over many difficulties, because
many difllcnlttes are apt to recur, and with thess
recurs tha temptation to beg; bat nobody who has been
treated for a broken leg ever wishes to break it again
merely for the pleasure of being oured (laughter and eheere).
There U still another view of the oaae -that by bringing
Wpuur Uu al?k Mm IAUCK laj? W
r, JUNE 22, 1870.?TRIPLJ
?
vou enormously economist* the valuable time of the
letdlng melloal men, anil thereby xrestly multiply
their power of work, besides aettlng up a school of medlnal
acleuce which li a beoeut, of course, to every claa? of the
community. (Hear, hear.) Rut these things are obvious, and
I should not touch upon them eicept for une reason; but In
days like these, when there Is?and 1 rejoice to see It -great
teal In the cause of the suffering and the poor, but real not
always accompanied by knowledge or judgmeut, and when,
according!*, many forms of ao-called charity are afloat, many
usnlnss and some absolutely mischievous, we suffer under a
double dauger. Men get fairly puxsled to choose among all
these. Those who are naturally free banded and liberal
either shut their eyes and give blindly and Indiscriminately to
all, or reluctantly abstain from giving to almost all from the
fear that they will bo doing more harm than good; and, in
that perplexity and difficulty, others of an opposite turn of
mind Bud an excellent excuse for not helping anybody except
tliuu.selves. (Laughter.) It seems, therefor*, worth while
to say, that If any one feels he has a duty to perform In the
matter of giving, and Is perplexed in his eholce. he cannot go
wrong if he se%cts aa the dispenser of his charity a well managed
hospital lu a populous towu. (Cheers.)
The Fatal Yaeht Accident off Hastings?Four*
ten Perse aa Drowned.
[From the London Globe, Juno 7?Evening.)
At a quarter to live yesterday afternoon the pleasure
yacht Kojttl Albert capsized, about a mile off
Hustings, with fourteen or fifteen persons on board,
including George Wenman and Thomas HtlcUborne,
boatmen. The accident was caused by u gust of
wind. Immediately on the occurrence being observed
numerous boats put off to the rescue, the
tlrst result being that eight persons were picked up
and brought ashore. Among these were two boatmen.
The bodies of Mrs. John Chambers, Grange
street, Hoxton; Mr. Richards, London; Mrs.
Maynard, Vale place, Hammersmith, and
of oue nersoit unknown have been re
covered. Mr. and Mr*. Stoakes, 01 Hastings, are
missing. one of the persons saved was Mr. Archer,
jeweller, of George street, bastings. Amongst those
picked up were a lady and gentleman?husband and
wife?who took apartments in the cutter on the previous
night. Every effort was used bjr the medical
gentlemen In attendance to restore animation, and
they were successful In the case of the husband.
To-day's Sussex Advertiser says large crowds of
people gathered round the houses whither the bodies
had been conveyed, and the most painful sympathy
wan manifested both by the townspeople aud the
visitors. The general impression prevailing was that
from fourteen to sixteen persona were on boardindeed,
it was stated by some of the spectators
that as many as twenty passengers had gone oat to
sea. A large number of visitors had flocked to
Hastings tor the (lay, amongst whom. It Is needless
to add, the terrible catastrophe produced a most
painful shock.
ROME.
Irish Clerical Adhesion to the Holy 8ee?Infallibility
and National Devotion.
[From the Cork Herald, Jnne 10.]
The following Is the translation of the address recently
presented to Plo Nono by the Lord Ulshop of
the diocese?the Moat Rev. Dr. Butler. The address
was drawn up by the Dean of the diocese and
unanimously adopted by the clergy 01 his decanate
In conference assembled, and signed by the whole?
that is, by the thirteen parish priesis, Including tne
Administrator or Abbeyreale and i>y thirteen curates
ofthesainedecanate. It was subsequently adopted at
the conferences of Kttthkeale.ltriiir and Limerick, and
signed at Rathkeale by eight parish priests aud
twelve curate-i, at BrutT by fourteen parish priests
and twelve curates, and at Limerlok by Mx parish
priests, including the administrators or St. Michael's
and ht. John's, and sixteen curates, also by the regular
cler?y or the city, the total number of names
being 123 secular and regular clergy of the diocese
of Limerick.
| The following Is the address:?
Most Hoi.y FvruKB?The Uean, Archdeacon. Vu\u-?
General ami clery (secular and regular) of tho dlocose of
Limerick, lu Ireland, humbly approach the feet of your
Holiness to express tlmlr love, veneratiou, obedience and
devotion towards you, Mom Uoly Katber, and towards the
most sacred See of St. Peter. No one i? Ignorant that the
Irish, In every age, have been most duvoted to the Chair of
St. Peter, and that they hare counted nothing dearer or
more sweel than to venerate and magnify the paternity
aud authority of "Ureal Koine." Our fathers left nothing
undone to celebrate -'the almost divine Sea," as our St
Columbunus calls it, as the teacher of the faith, and have
shrunk from no still erlng to manifest their love and fidelity
to the same chair ot reter. Being thus illumined by the
light of their anceoi ira and supported by most evident testimonies
of the sac> ud Scriptures and the Uoly Fathers, the
Irish of the present day are filled and animated by no
less respect, reverence and obedience. Hence there cau
be no possible doubt that they would consider it
a jewel in the crown of tho Uoly See and an ornament
of the Church of Christ, If during the reign of
that PoutlQ who has endured so many aud such grievous
things for the glory of God, tho fathers of the present Holy
Vatican <(ounc.il should decree as ? dogma of the faith the
infallibility of the Sovereign Pontiff when teaching rxcathnlra
on faith or morals. Whereupon the above named
clergy, secular and regular, of the Diocese of Liiuerlok, earnestly
supplicate that his Holiuesa would deign to propose to
the fathers this cardinal point of doctriue, that, being delined
by a solemn judgmeut aud precise formula, it may
bring peace and oonsolallon to the hearts of the
faithttiL And Indeed, Most Holy Katber, It la known
to ail the Church, on .aucouut of the facility which error enjovs
In these times, nut only of creeping, but of running,
always requires an authority to be provided for her by which
she may protect her children from the fatal poison of falsehood.
Such an authority we iecogni/.e in the irrefragable
judgment of the Holy See; suit, therefore, most Holy Katuer,
prostrate as supplicants at tbe feet of your Holiness, we
ardentlv but humbly and lorlngly implore this detlultloa.
LiMiBtcK, May b, 1970.
REPLY.
The follow Ina most gracious reply was a^nt from
tbe Vatican on the 24tli May, ult.. to the Lord Bishop
of Limerick:?
Vrhkbabi.e Haoriiv.it-Health and Apostolic benediction.
Although wc know well that whatever rovereuce aud
love Is shown i>y the Irish people to this Holy See is an inberltancdrroui
their fathers and forefathers, being imbibed
with their mothers'milk: and although, therefore, this very
constancy of their devotion aud alTection renders dearer to
us their faithiul services; yet we cannot but congratulate
you that your clergy respond so beau
to your earnc?t zeal for the divine prerogatives of this Holjr
See. We receive, therefore, their llllal expressions with a
very grateful heart, rejoicing that we can embrace them all
In you. and luvoke upon them. present with us, at it were,
through you, every lmppineiui and abundant wealth of
heavenly gifts. Wherefore, hk an earnest of these graces,
and a pledge of our ehpeclal benevolence to you, venerable
brother, we most lovingly impart to each of your clergy and
to your whole diocese our Apontolic benediction. Uiven at
Rome, at St. Peter's, 23d Muv, id the 2Uli year of our
Pontificate. riUrt V. I*., 11.
FRANCE.
Execution of the Kailroad Car Murderer?
His Crime? Uarepentnnt to tbe Law,
The Figaro of June 9, of Paris, publishes an
account of I no execution of Bayou, who was condemned
to deatU for the murder or a merchant
named LubaiibU, In a railway carnage on the Paris
and Lyons Hue.
The prisoner was vuited l?y the chaplain
of the jail at Valence, where he was confined,
but rejected all oilers of spiritual assistance
ana advice. On the eveulng before the execution
the chaplain again attempted to bring the prisoner
into a ueticr state of mind, but without success, although
Kavon clearly understood thtt* the faul hour
was near at hand, and, indeed, before retiring to rest
laughingly stated so to his keepers.
The next morning, at lour o'clock, when the
governor of the prison came io awaken linn,
he exhibited no dilution, and simply observed.
"AH rignt; X expected it." He then
dressed himself, uto a hearty breakfast, drank a cup
oi coffee, and, after having smoked a cigar, resigned
himself into the hands of the executioners from
Lyons, Grenoble and Mines, with whom he continued
to converse while lie was being prepared for
the fatal operation. The \eneraoie priest made
another attempt to soften tne heart of the prisoner;
but Hayon thrust hint away, Haying with the utmost
calmness, ">io; leave me alone, M. le Cure; I have
nothing to tell you.'' The chaplain, however, would
not leave the unhappy man, but accompanied him
from the prison.
it, was then half-past Ave o'clock, and perceiving
in the courtyard a carriage Intended to convey him
to the place of execution, he complained and refused
to enter It. "A coach," said he, "luit as if
? ~ !> ? I > 4a ,1,* XT** T n.L,t.
UUO n KU111H kW * n-iaia uutfu^nuw. awv, x ?i?u
to proceed on lout to the guillotine." TUe officers
insisted upon His entering the vchlcle, but In
vam. ami at last, to avoid a dreadful struggle,
which Rayon appeared determined, to make,
tticy yleiucil to his wish and allowed tilin to
walk to Hie piaee of execution. One of
the executlone'rtt'Hjk hlmlj tUe arm, the chaplain
ValmUjV nM thus they passed through
the outer gaffs Of tug ffWvA had
gathered a considerable rn.oiig o. persons, fuoslly
women aud children. Hayon looked around wltii
a Coiiiidei.t air. and ilien between a double line of
soldiers the melancholy procession advanced towards
the scaffold, which was erected on the Place
St. Felix. As they drew jiear tlie i'laco the prisoner
remarked to his attendants upon the crowd of people
who had assembled, and noticing that some who
saw him pass did not attempt to loiiow, he had the
hardihood to exclaim, "We.1, why do you not come on.
The Sight costs nothing." The priest had continued
during uU this time to pour into the ears of the condetuned
man words of repeniunce and pardon, but
the latter took 110 notice whatever of them.
Arrived at the loot ol the scaffold, he quickened
his movements, boldly ascended the steps, damp
with the night dew, aud on reaching the platform he
siiraed to the exccutloneer to be expeditious In his
duty. The man being somewhat slow in fastening
the straps which bound the prisoner in the fatal
groove, Uayon looked up, and seeing the priest still
neur him, gave expression to his anger, aud said
harshly, "No more here than In the prison."
These were the last words uttered by this hard*
en d criminal. A few seconds later justl.e was satis
tied.
AUSTRIA.
Cabinet Hostility to llie English Money
Chnngen.
[From the London Times tcltv article), June 8.]
A telegram from Vienna announces that the
Ministry, in consideration ol the hostile attitude of
the London Stock Exchange, have decided deflnl
tivcly to abandon 411 attonpts at an arrangement in
the matter of the Austrian bonds. Under these circumstances
Austria will remain lienoeiarth excluded
from the EngllHb money market, until after having,
through the Injury to her credit, paid a penalty
year after year of ten timed the extent or the
amount she has saved by her breach of faith she
finds the damage lntolerab.e, and takes advantage
oi some chanure of ministry to apply for readmilttance
among the circle ol non-defaulting nations.
As the Vienna Cabinet \rere reported to have manif
sted some disposition a few weeks back to meet
the question, It is, perhaps, to be regretted that a
little time was not aocorded to see If This wonld be
carried out: but In any cane there could be little confidence
In tae permanent course of a government
that makes the practice of honesty ooutlageut upon
W? qbtfrrMict qt giwWft.
5 SflKET.
FIRE IN TITRKEY.
The Great Conflagration in
Constantinople.
PERA AND STAMBOUL IN FLAMES.
The "Fire King" in Conquest Over Palaces,
Mosques, Churches and CoMulatcs.
Fatulinm and Faith, but
Very Little Water.
Our European mall advices to band yesterday
Htippljr the following details of tlie origin, progress
and ravages of the great Are In Constantinople. The
main fact8 of the visitation have been already reported
to the Herald by telegrams, forwarded by
way of London and through the Atlantic cable,
from the Turkish capital
Fire la Pert-Ill Spread and the louseqaencee.
[Prom the London Globe, Jane T?Evening.]
We announced in our special edition last night, the
destruction by tire of the British Embassy at 1'era.
together with a large part of the city; and the papers
give some description of the place?the Frank quarter
of Constantinople, the district of diplomatic residences
and European society.
The bteep and narrow street rising from the
squalor of the Oalata waterside and flanked in its
course npwards by buildings In which ordinary
meanness is relieved by occasional splendor, has
long been one of the regular haunts of the tourist.
Very well known, too, is the British Embassy, which
dominates the lowly habitations around It, and has
always been upheld by our couutrymeu as the great
"lion" of Pera. Its splendor Is at an eud.
A Are, which is described as burning from one
o'clock In the day to near midnight, has destroyed
the palace of the great English Elchl and we kuow
not how much of the city.
There was a strong wind, the flames spread with
rapidity, and, besides the British Embassy, there
were destroyed "the American and Portuguese Consnlates,
the Naoum theatre, the palace of the Armenian
Patriarch, many churches, mosques and several
thousand houses and shops iu the ilnc-st part of
I'era."
In the Imperfect civilization of the East there are
few means of lightening such a blow as has now
fallen on the population. Many own the houses in
whicn they live and in which they carry on their
business, the house and iu contcuts forming often
their only fortune.
Pera In this matter is certainly better off than
8;uml>oul, since there is a good deal of stone iu Us
construction; but even In Pera a tiro rages as It seldom
docs in a Western city. The quarter where the
conflagration chiefly raged contains the most valuable
sites and would best repay improvement, and
I for improvement there is indeed room. A great
(lOltl nilB uueu uuiit? IUI rci<t miiiium iuc itwi i?h
years. Gas was introduced iu lhas, aud the inhabitants
are no longer obliged to pick their way over tUe
lunged stones of tlie streets by tUe light or their
Utile paper lanterns. New and spacious bouses
liuve been built, and where ground Is so valuable
the lower class of buildings must gradually be superseded
by more ambitious structures. But, like
most cities which have been laid out on no regular
plan, but bave grown up by the simple process or
people building their houses as and wbere it suited
them, Peru provokes very unfavorable criticism.
ir the Grande Hue were swept away altogether the
calamity would be great, but the opening for the
architect and the sanitary reformer would not be
greater than is needed.
Whatever may happen in Pera, we doubt whether
the British Embassy will be restored if its destruction
be complete. No one connected with the Embassy
is injured, and though the members have lost
tlieir personal eiTects, the archives and plate are
saved. This building is described as "completely
gutted."
Thus has perished one of the most pretentious and
costly buildings that have ever been erected for ibe
service of the British nailon. The ambassador at
Constantinople is a great personage. It luis always
been thought necessary that at that focus or diplomatic
rivalry the British sovereign should have a
personal representative entitled to personal interviews
with the Ottoman ruler. Not less has it been
the tradition that he should be princely iu bis estate
lishment, alter the fashion which imposes on orientals
and on occidentals likewise. Tills theory has
been curried to the turtnest point in the palace of
the British ambassador. Many a sovereign lias not
a grander house over his bead. Size, strength, solidity
were its aspect, severe aud gaunt though this
might be. What astonishes us is tnat It should ever
have been burnt. It had a ilreproof look about it
that might make one fancy the attaches looking
coolly ou the conflagration from their windows as
if they and their belonging aud the "archives"
were in a veritable diplomatic safe. No one knows
how much it cost. If the Pera Embassy be really no
more, ruture ambassadors will nave to coutenl
themselves with a more modest residence. The
ambassador has also an excellent bouse at Tnerapia,
ou the Bosphorus, where the Embassy usually goes
to reside about this time of the year.
It was in the tremendous conflagration which destroyed
the greater part or Pera thirty-nine years
a 140 (Hat the last British Embassy was destroyed.
That Are also swept away numbers of tlic old wooden
houses, aud made way lor the new city of our time,
(c was on the 2d of August, l&il, that a fire began
in a house beyond the Great Buryiug-grouud, at h
considerable disiance from the town. The wind
| carried i he sparks, aud the houses' dry as tludei
uiuier the summer sun, took lire in every direc
Hon. As In the present case, the British Embassy
was a building staudlug by itself; bur nothing could
resist the force of the ilauies which were rolled
against the palace Irom the wooden houses around
It wus totally destroyed, and then the lire spreai
into the body of the town. The French, Russian auc
Prussian Embassies, all tirst class houses, were de
siroyed, and, indeed, every European Mission It
Pera except the Austrian. The number of personi
who .were made homeless was so,odd. The Bridal
and Russian Embassies rose irom their ashes mori
magnificent ihau ever.
The latter remains; ours is gone.
WOODEN HOUSES?FATALISM AN1) WEALTH?LAZINE3;
AN I) LITTLE WATEK.
[From the London Telegraph, June 8.]
* * * in Stamboul and its suburbs tue residenti
are so well accustomed to the alarm ol /Ire that the*
scarcely give themselves'the trouble to stir till thi
"hoodootlles'' knock at the wicket and mention tin
fact that "next door is already alight.*' Fatalism
and idooile,i houses nave made Constantinople si
often the prey or the devouring element that a prn
dent Turk expects to be burned out twice or thrice li
the course of his existence, and acquires the sala
mandrine capacity of not greatly caring about it
Nevertheless, we must not iorget that lire burm
fatalists and ruins Turks as compl tely as othe
people; aud there can be little doubt that a vcr,
terrible aud exertional catastrophe has occurred li
the European quarter of the ottoman capital.
The connagratloa appears to have broken ou
early ou the mornlug oi Sunday last; for the elec
trie wire nowadays "makes the whole world kla;1
and we were informed of this disaster before tin
Humes were extinguished; jU3t as yesterday the;
wired us a message from Simla, in India, whicn bea
the suu by rou.- hours. Telegraphing from Pera ot
Monday morning, our Ambassador sent inielllgenc
that ail immense Are had laid that suburb in ashen
destroying a vast number of houses, and gutting th
English Embassy, where nothing had Uueu saved ex
cept the archives and plate. Later we learned tha
the flames raged all day long on Sunday, belnj
fanned by a strong wind; and that, spreading will
Irresistible rapidity, they hart swept away severa
thousands ot the wooden shops ami houses upon tlu
slopes of Pera, completely destroying, besides thesi
inevitable victims, the English Embassy, the Amen
cnii and Portuguese Consulates, the Naouiu Theatre
mo fllBfiMan r'i^cirs Palace, along with church
cs, mosques ana otfief TiTilldinj^ of prop
eriij IB Ham IU "C ?C1J K>cai, nuu odicihi j/wr
Hons have been killed un<i wounded; nor were tin
flames extinguished at the date or the secdua Ulc
gram. No doubt, aa it is reported, the scene in PerT
is "heartrending;" a large portion of the Krankist
quarter must be jvintr in asnes; thousanls of pool
Ureeks, Levantines and Turku, with their families
must be not only homeless, but suddenly plungec
Into universal poverty and ilesyair. He suppost
that even in 1'era and stamboui there has occurrec
no such tire as the present since the great conflagra
tloa of the 2d of August, t8.il, when 75,ooo peopl<
were rendered houseless, and old 1'era was all bu
utterly annihilated. The Pera made familiar to s<
muuv eyes by the Crimean war was the half-fledge'
ami rather dirty phu-nlx which rose trout the ashe:
of that great bontire. The F.mbassy House just con
sumed sprang also from (he ruins of that prodigious
blaze, and not only did it cost ?100,000 to build, bu
it has been like a running sore ever since in estl
mates ror "repairs and improvements.It is "ai
11! fire which roasts no man's chestnuts," as Turki
say; and the Uritisn taxpayer, with Mr. Ayrton t<
back httn up, ruav secretly rejoice that the never-lol>e-ilnished
pilace of tne English Elchee is gone t<
JL-Iiauuiui*' at last.
causes.
One main cause of tUese disastrous occurrences ai
Constantinople is, as everybody knows, the practice
of building houses of wood. The Turk Is ta/.y to 8
degree almost unimaginable in our busy West. H<
has plenty of fine quarries near Stamboui, but lit
does not care to work them, or to buhd the magniu
cent terraceB 01 mosque uuu ua/.iuu wmuu uugm u.
rise, ana were meant to rise, on either side of th<
Bosphorus. Evea among those buildings atu
abodes In the various regious or the squalid capita
which are constructed ol stone the greater pari
were put together with masonry and rubble filched
from the old and splendid labors of Latin, Qreet
and Ottoman rulers and citizen*. A board or a JoIsj
Is easier to cut, If not cheaper to buy, than a bloct
of stone or marble; so, as fast as the flames clear tin
ground for him, and offer a new chance, the Turl
runs up the same old-rushloned weather-boarded resl
dences, with stripes of gay paint along the front
making the street look like a child's toy city
and then he settles in again till Allah and his neigh
bors are pleased once more to burn him out. Bu
wood is not the only cause that predisposes Oonstan
tlnople and Its quarters to such serious disasters
, pon 9<wuattw,<i mm Wll wi4U ana stuw
i -
houses, and a street of quite European appearano??
the (intnde Hue; while ttio embassies and publH . ?
building* which have succumbed were lu m&uy * * 1
cases perfect palaces, built without regard to cost, ' T
and prool against anything short of the sea of Ore
which must nave rolled aguinst them from the mass .
of mean abodes burning up the side of the hill.
One great aid to such a catastrophe la uie dryness
wbl. n prevails in Stamboul at this time or the year:
the excessive heat parches everything, and makes '
everything like tinder. As to the sources of lire *
the puns ol lighted charcoal everywhere burn- <
lng without a cover, the Innumerable "kebabtroughs,"
and the pipes rorever putting with a 'j
great lump or glowing tobacco and a fire-ball >
upon them, make the origin of conflagration in.
telllgible enough. Again, as to Its water supply, ' "
Constantinople is most Imperfectly provided. Tin
Turks catch the surface drainage in the adjaoenl
vallejs by means of reservoirs, and collect a little
tore from the rains Into the old cisterns dug under
the town by the Byzantine Emperors; but in the dry
season this is a very insufficient quantity, and ths
mosques, by a special law, have the first and best oi
what then dribbles down by the aqueducts. Th?
rest of the thirsty capital Is watered by carriers.
who bring skins upon their backs from Scutari; and
c'aptam Shaw, ir fie were In charge of the fire bri- )
gaue, would urobably go mad from something the very
reverse of hydrophobia. Lastly, at tills time ol
the year the Etesian winds are always blowing from
the Black Sea down the Bosphorus, ready to fan Into <jjfc
fury any little blaze which may break forth. It wilt
thus be seen, that without attributing any mallgnanj .ill
practices to Dllns or Oluours, all the conditions ol "
these melancholy accidents are carefully provided
by nature and man between them.
HOP! kt> D CONS KQUeNCBS. ,
If great barracks and wnite marble palaces nave
been reared in exoess, Instead of making large
squares and stieets of stone, there 1s, possibly, some
excuse iu cue iaci mm uousiaiiuiiuuic ut^upitn poihaps
the finest site la all the world for a noble city.
Constantlue, who founded the city, bad thought Aral
of Ntoouiedla and then of Milan as the capital of the
world; but when he saw the superb promontory
between the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmora,
created by nature to be the connecting point of two
continents and the metropolis of an empire, he very
naturally fixed upon that Bite at once. Tradition
says that an eagle flying before the Emperor let fall
a large gem upon Beraglto Point, and that a guide.
invisible to all but himself, traced the boundaries of v
the new city. But any surveyor's apprentice sailing
trorn the Dardanelles Into that lovely scene 1
might come to the same resolve as Oonstantlne, '
without eagles or angelic help. Constantinople can i
never fall to be a famous and important plaoe; and
we may hope that a .beginning will be made at last,
with the space now cleared in Pera, to render the
city what it should be In view of the traRlc which
the Danube ana Euphrates railways must by and by
bring.
As for the destroyed Embassy, it 1b no doobt very
sad that our diplomatic starr should be burnt out oI
house and home; but the Brltlah Ambassador has a
splendid new residence at Therapia, and we trust
tnut no exaggerated notions or the necessity for
ostentation In the eyes of the Turks will lead to a
renewed tax upon British pockets for auother colossal
palace like that which the flames have repaired
aud "improved" out of existence. By far the sad- i'
dest part of the occurrence, doubtless, la the desola- , '
tion which will have overtaken many thousands oi r I
very poor Turks and Pranks, who will be literally
destitute. Yet even here we have some consolation.
The season is dry and healthy for a life under tcnti ,
and ooothH, and if any people in this world know ho* >
to tall upon their feet those people are certainly th<
trailers and hucksters of Pera. '
1
JjOOV Ol lillD nuu * vkd> a .
[From the Irish (Dublin) Times, June 10.1 '
About llfty stone houses leading from High street,
Pera, to the left, were burned, tbe spread or the
names being facilitated by tbe strong north wind.
Taskisin street aud Hakka, Mlsk. imam, Sekyz and
Agutcli streets and others were almost wholly inhabited
by rich Armenians, who that day were cele- I >
brating the/t'teof the Constitution, and had therefore
formed large pleasure parties and gone into s
the country. They were all, therefore, absent and
have lost everything. Many other inhabitants were
also absent in the country, the day being Sunday.
Almost the whole of the Italian working classes inhabited
one of the quarters destroyed aud have
greatly suUered. Amoug the superior class ot residents
tbe English and Armenians are the greatest
sufferers, though It is impossible to state with cer- > V
tainty the amount of their losses.
Dead bodies are being found every moment, 250
having been discovered up to the present. Detachments
of soldiers are In tbe streets to stop the passage
in several places In consequence of the falling
walls, as several persons have already been killed Id
this manner. Since Sunday the flames reappeared
at the back of the Freuch Hospital, but were extinguished
by the commander and crew of the Messageries
Imperiales steamer.
The government has erected tents, and provisions
are served out to all applicants.
[From the London News, June 8.]
Yesterday's advices from Constantinople state
that great depression prevails throcgnout the city
In consequence of the terrible lire wnich occurred on
Sunday. The Exchange and nearly all the shopi , ,'|
were closed on Monday. I \
One despatch says that although the loss cannot I
be fully esumated at present It must amouut to seve- <f>
ral millions sterling.
The Exchange and almost all the shops are closed. 1
The French Ambassador has luvite.l all French f.
subjects who have suffered loss in the late fire to go
to the Embassy to receive pecuniary succor. ft
Several English have suffered loss. 1'
A telegram from Constantinople, dated on the Tth ]
of June, says:? I
> The following are further details of the great
fire:?The hospital and the residence or the German
charitable society were destroyed, and tbe Invalids I
were rescued oy uie gauamry 01 wiue 01 me uermans,
two of whom died from injuries received.
i The Armeulan Church of the Immaculate Conception
was seriously damaged, but the copy of ilia
i Transfiguration worked lu Gobelin tapestry and presented
i>y the Empress Eugenie, was saved. A comi
mittee has been iormed for the relief of the sutler. t ,i
. ers, and a large amount lias been subscribed. All
I the foreign ambassadors have distributed relief to
' their countrymen.
The Levant Herald announces that according to a
' communication of the police 7.000 houses have been
1 destroyed aud the total loss is estimated al
I ?5,000,000.
i French Aid.
1 [From the Cork Examiner, June 10.]
The Empress Eugente hasseuiten thousand franca
1 for the re.ief of the sufferers by the fire at Coustan
J tinople.
J Tne French Foreign Minister gave flva thousand , I
1 fraucs lor a similar purpose.
j Incidents. 1V
[From the London Globe, June 3.]
The great fire in Pera was preceded by one at
i GtUata on Saturday week, in which about sixty ' *
f houses were destroyed.
b The old adage of tlie til wind that brings nobody
3 any good was realized in this instance, as the fire lias
t cleared away one of the worst nests of dirt and vice
j in the capital, but only two or three of the Box
- street houses and shops were damaged. The box
1 makers?who are all of them Turks, trunk making
being one of the very few cral'ts followed by Mussulman
natives?have ever relied on a promise 01 Sultan
s Mahmood the Second that they should not oe rer
moved from their place in this the main-street of
y Galata except they happened to be burnt out, and
1 but for their great energy the whole line of CLulcians
would have been destroyed
t The names were first seen well to windward be!
hind King's Hotel, which was saved. King's llotol
' is the comer house of a little street which, like the
e one not far on its left, called Rue Helvaji, runs into ?
f the street connecting in a straight line the Voivoda
t with the charch and schools of St. fieuoit, nearer
a Top-hana on tne right. It is to the square bounded
e by these four sireets that the fire was chiefly
1, confined, although it spread a little farther to the
e right and leveled about a score of houses to tne
- ground, in inc sireei on me ieu, Kue ueivaji, runt
nlng up towards the Votroda (police-station) a resi
taurant was palled down to stop the flames, and
i here a large enclosed square, consisting of several
1 magazines, withstood me lire for a long time.
j But several of the magazines within were de>
s stroyed.
The I<'armacia Maniofla, at the opposite corner U
, the King's Hotel, cscaped.
REAL ESTATE. SALEJ. , ?'
? Messrs. James M. Miller and A. J. Bleecker Jfc Son
had important sales of real estate at the Exchange
yesterday. The property they disposed of was all *
located in Brooklyn. There was some New York
property sold by order of the Supreme Court by t 1
Messrs. E. F. Raymond and D, M. Seaman. Messrs. i
Lawrence Oakly aud Fleury did not sell the lots on \
Eighteenth street, as advertised, the sale being postponed
until Tuesday next.
To-morrow there wilt be an important sale of
Tarrytown property. It will be sold on the grounds
by Meaers. Mallory & lilackwell. Five acres will be
sold, together wlttt aline residence and outbuildings,
and a carriage house and stables. A train will leave
Thirtieth street at two P. M., which will be met at the
depot in Tarrytown by carriages.
mw YORK SEAL ESTATE SALES.
By D. M. Seaman.
Thro* utorr brick houue and lot, n a 124th ?t, 137.6 ft e
of 2d ar, lot 18.9x100.11. J T Adrlance $9,150
By E. K. Raymond.
Two loU, l 85th at, 300 ft e of 10th av, each !5xS8.9.... 1,700
BROOKLYN REAL ESTATE SALES.
By .lames M. Miller. j
On* and a half itorv'bouM aud two lota, No*. IDS and
200 Water at, 176 ft w of Bride* at, each lot 27.6xlurt.
C. H. Cook 12,500
By a. J. Bleecker, Son A Co.
Two story brick house and lot No. 7 Manhanset at, between
Cole*and Rapely* at*, lot 20x86. EberUon... 3,310
Unusual Foo on the Coast. ?The United States revenue
cutter vigilant, recently returned rroin a cruise
on her station, touching at Provlncetown, Chatham,
Hyannis and other ports along the coast, reports
very dense fog nearly all the time. Her commander.
Captain Fengar, states that frequently at mid-uay it
was difficult to see from oueend of the vessel to the
other, and even when there was a breeze it only
seemed to pile the fog together In denser darkness
3 instead of dispersing It. Navigation under such clri
cuinstances was verv difficult. The lead when anywhere
near the coast was kept constantly going, and >
, the bell and fog horns were also freely used. Cap- ' 4
; tain Fengar said that a sight ot the sun to-day was
very welcome to all on board the cutter, for she had
t sailed at least 600 miles surrounded by fog that was
dark enough to have been imported rroni London
during the mouth ol Novem^r.?lioatun Traveller.
9 JUm '40.
... ,4^ . J

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