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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 08, 1870, Image 4

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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN 8TUKETJAMES
GORDON BENNETT
PROPR1ETOB.
All business or news letter and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed Nkw Yokk
' HeraM>.
Letters and packages should be properly
sealed.
Volume XXXV No. 1S9
OUJSEMENTS THIS EVENING.
""n aiMirn uif.Aiiih, rweniv-rourxa M.-riiKANDB.
WOOD'S MP8EUM and MENAGERIE, Pro?<l?r*T. norner
Thirtieth ?t?Performance* every afternoon and evening
OR AND OPERA HOUSIs. corner ol Eiyhtb avenue and
*3d aU?Tac TWKLVB TbmJ'T ATIOSS.
BOWERY THKATRk, Bowery. -Tag Mi?i>kn H?#n-An
Olio?El Hyoxu.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13tU Itreet.?
MlHNIK's LtlL'K,
TONV PA8TOR'8 OPERA HOUSE. 201 Bowerv._TM*
hi* Y Oft Ik VOLUM'KKB? t.AUl.EH Ot 1''BANCS, AO.
MRS. P. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn.blLLl
ARl.'b?KuMLO J Al I 1KB JCNhlft*.
THEATRE. COMIQI'K. #11 Broadway.-Covin VocalUN,
Nrouo Acts, AC.
TERRACE GARDEN. Fifty-eighth ?tree? and Third aye
nue.?Gbano Yuoal and Isstkcmkntal Concert.
CENTRAL PARK GARDEN, 7th av., between Mth and
tilth ate. -Tuboooiie Thomas' Pori't.AU Conuikt*.
NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, ?18 Broadway.?
gentses and An.
DR. KAIIN'S ANATOMICAL MUSEUM, 74'. Broadway ?
8UIBNCB AMU AM.
New York. Friday, July 8, 1870.
com* ITS OF TO-DiYN ll.U U,l>.
Pace.
1?Advertisements.
'.A?Advertisements.
3? Advertisement*.
4?Editorials: Leading Article on (lie .Spanish
Throne Question, France and ITu-sia, is it to
Be Wart?CuUin Mass .Meeting in Brooklyn?
Maslcul and Theatrical Note*?Music in the
Parks?Arnu erncir Announcement*.
3?Tel gia'hie Ne? * irnn all Parts o,r the World:
The Spanish Throne Question Agitation In
Europe; Pa Is, Madrid. Vienna, He,lin, St. Petersburg
and London Moted i?y tin: Uohenzollern
Dynastic Difficulty: The Christians* Masaacre
In China; Visit or Hie viceroy of Egypt to
the Saltan; Reported < ul>au Successes m the
Eastern Department; The Mex can Pirate Forward
Destioyed at ,-ea?Sketch of Prince Leopo'd,
the Proposed King of Spain?A Bankrupt
Circus?Fatal Target Practice?Base Ball
tea?Brook rn city News?The Pniou Hill
i rder-1! Id Burglary In East Orange?Bustis
Notices.
i- heridau Wife Murder: The Prisoner Found
i> uuu iMstimiicvu 10 nc iiunwu?i m;
Dtgotuery Homicide?Trotting at Fleetwood
k?Personal Intelligence?Coiuiula.iioiicrs
fcuilgratlon?Commissioners of Charities
t Correction?Chamber or Commerce?Mupul
Attain?The Far Men's Fast Charge?
? Ke-lgnation of Marshal Tooker?Collision
the l ast Kivcr? Humored Su.cldo of Ltn1
Canadian AtTa.rs?Fiuaueiai ami Comvial
Reports.
dings in the Now York Cotirls?The New
:ah? I'T euien- 8eri us Negro Blot in Pennau
a? M..rr.ug..s ;.nd Deaths-Adverusei
its.
ugtun: The Fight Over the Sew York Ap.I
meets Waving Warm: the Currency Bill
to t e I're-ht. nt tor Approval; Pat Woods
eced to Three Mouths' Imprisonment; the
f - iy Fill Defeated in the (senate?City ln;euce?Slipping
lute ligence?Advertise
ts.
m. a Misdemeanor.?It appears finally
t .he English masqueraders are to be tried
Toy '">r a misdemeanor. This is a small
result-titer one man has been frightened to
Jen: h ey the very mention of a horrible crime
in conn.-, lion with this escapade. It is worthy
of v however, that th? revolting view of
the was put iu altogether by the wild
..vies of the police.
Policing tiib Police.?1The police is on
.. j to watch the rogues, and the notion has
I ely occurred to the authorities that nil the
rtuous men in the United States might not
be on our police?in fact, that as the police
watched the rogues, some one in turn should
watch them. This is a good idea for a little
while, but we warn the Superintendent it will
not hold. The first results are good; bnt when
he has reaped these he had better relinquish a
system that will introduce new forms of corruption.
Take Care of tiie Water.?Along the
wharves many pipes are laid on for the use of
shipping houses, and as the tapB of these are
public they become mere wasting places for
the Croton. It Is a good regulation, therefore,
to require these bouses to have the taps where
they can control them, and this will effect an
immense economy of water. But as the city
grows it becomes more and more evident that
the Croton will by and by be insufficient for
our uses; and in considering the possible future
auxiliaries of water supply would it not be
well to keep iu view "the old pnmps ?" At
certain places these assured a supply of excellent,
sweet water, nnd this resource could be
utilized on a larger scale than it was anciently.
The Sheridan Cask.?The man Sheridan,
who came home some time ago after a long
desertion of his wife, and, on finding her living
with another man, shot and killed her, has
been found guilty aud sentenced to death in
Judore Barnard's court. The case is remarka
ble, taken in connection with the incident* of I
the McFarland trial. Judge Barnard charged
that if the jury acquitted Sheridan on the
ground of insanity they must say so in the
terdict, so that lie might be sent to a lunatic
asylum. Instead, the jury recommended him
to mercy and said nothing about insanity. His
respite or release now rests with the Governor.
The new feature in this case is that the man
shot his wife instead of her paramour, who
was standing by at the time of the commission
of the murder, and the moral of the verdict
may therefore reasonably be deduced to mean
that although killing a wife's seducer is legal,
killing an erring wife is not.
The Latest Mexican News is exciting.
The pfrato Forward, which within the past
few weeks has been acting under the directions
of the notorious I'lacido Vega, has been
captureu at sea ana destroyed oy the United
States gunboat which was sent in pursuit of
her. A number of the crew have been killed.
In the northern part of the republic the government
troops have been successful. Martinez
and hid forces have been routed and
h number of tho rebel oflieers have
been made prisoners. In the South, however,
matters look stormy. Tho Quateraalans
h ve again raised the standard of invasi
and have actually commenced operations o?
Mexican soil. Several Mexicans have joined i
the invaders and cast their fortunes with them.
This is a more serious move than any which
h s taken place for some time in Mexico, and
will give the government much annoyance
l^fore it is suppressed^
Tk? "pan I ah Throat QaratUa?Vrtutca and
l'maaia?la It la Bo War f
The Spanish throne has more than once
already been a source of trouble to Europe.
Every reader of history remembers the War of
the Succession?a war which resulted from
the accessiou of a Bourbon to the throne of
Charles the Fifth, which lasted some eleven
years and which resulted in the celebrated
treaty of Utrecht. Men still living remember
the famous Spanish marriages and the European
commotion which those marriages begot.
In the latter case Europe did not go to war ;
but Europe never was so warlike without
drawing the sword. The treaty of Utrecht
(1713J provided thai the French and Spanish
crowns should remain separate. The Spanish
marriages (184G) which made Montpensier a
Spanish prince was in open violation of the
former treaty. In 184H M. Guizot was very
clever, although somewhat unurincinled: but
iii 1848 M. Guizot saw the fruit of his folly in
the flight of his master, King Louis Philippe.
Once again the Spanish throne commands
the attention of Europe. Once again it hns
made war more than a possibility. To-rlay it
is not to be denied that men's minds are tilled
with the war idea; and anolher War of the
Succession in Spain is one of the likelihoods of
the present. The Prussian Prince who has
been ottered and who Iiub accepted the Spanish
crown hus given a new feature to Europeau
politics. Day by day the situation becomes
more and more clearly defined. Prince Leopold
is willing to accept the risks of the peculiar
position. So far as we know Spain is
willing to give him a trial, rumor having it
that three-fourths of theCortos are favorable to
him. But France will not have it at all. The
Duke de Grammont, Napoleon's Minister of
Foreign Affairs, emphatically declares that no
Prussian Prince shall sit on the throne or
Charles the Fifth. Meanwhile the French opposition
openly accuses the government of
I acting u double and deceitful part?of
first giving its encouragement to
this Hohenzollern u flair, and then on
the issue threatening to plunge the nation
into war. At the same time we learn that
Topete, the man who even more than Prim
made the revolution a success, disgusted with
the conduct of Prim, has expressed his preference
for Alphonso, the Prince of the Asturlas,
to any German. The picture is thus lively
enough. One other man besides Montpensier
is willing to accept the Spanish throne. But
we have no good or satisfactory evidence that
the Spanish people will have him. The opposition
of Topete is to ns of far greater importance
than the approbation of the Cortes.
Both are rumors; but the one rumor, from the
very nature of the case, has an air of reality
1 which the olher has not. We cannot sav that
Spain accept# this man for kiug any more than
i that she accepts Montpensier or the Prince of
the Asturias. In the event of his candidacy
being pushed civil war is a certainty. So
much for Spain herself. But look at France.
The nation is in fever heat. Napoleon is
again pronounced too slow. Blsmarok has
outwitted him. Tt is another national humiliation.
It is worse than Sadowa. France, so
long the centre of Europe, the pivot of European
life, is now reduced to a second rate
position. The cry is for war. The newspapers
again talk about Rhine boundaries. But
Prussia speaks in constitutional terms. She
says, as is alleged to-day, that the government
in Berlin will accept "accomplished
facts" in Spain. Such is the actual situation.
What 1b to be the issue ? Is it to be peace
or war' Is Spain, after all, to give new life to
Europe ? In answering these questions one or
two points need to be borne iu mind. It ought
to be remembered that no king can be chosen
for Spain who is not first of all approved of by
the Emperor Napoleon. It ought also to be
remembered that in this matter Napoleon will
follow his usual plan?be will consult and
abide by the wishes of the French people.
These two facts borne in mind it becomes tolerably
clear that if Spain pushes this matter
Spain will place herself in antagonism to
France. If Prussia should feel insulted
by the tone of the French press?more,
if Prussia Bhouid feel compelled to bid defiance
to the haughty language of the Duke
de Gramruout, it will not be at all
wonderful if some of these fine mornI
ings the Rhine should seem on fire, and
those beautiful provinces that line its banks
should be given up a prey to horrid war.
War begun on this question will, as a French
Deputy well put it in the Chambers two days
ago, be a war on the part of France against j
the rest of Europe. Austria, to-day a strict
neutral, it is not impossible, might go with
France; but In such an emergency Austria
would be worthless, and, so far as we can see,
France would be without any other ally.
Russia, although in receipt of special despatches
from Paris to-day would, most likely,
stand aloof. Russia would compel Austria to
be neutral, although it is said that the Vienna
Cabinet has made an alliance with France.
If Prussia stood by Spain Spain would have
no choice but stand by Pru33ia. Italy would
not be sorry to see some such row. We do
not say that Victor Emanuel would take any
undue advantage of it; but the time might be
found convenient for driving the French soldiers
and the Sacred College, not to speak of
the Tope and tho bishops now in council, out
of the Holy City. Great Britain, of course,
will simply look on. On no account will the
British government allow itself to get involved
in a European war. It is not our conviction
that Napoleon wishes war. Nothing but
the imperious demands of the French
people will induce him to draw the sword.
Much, therefore, now deponds on the arts of
diplomacy. If explanations are gracefully
given they will be gracefully received. A
I congress may be got together to settle the
affairs of Europe. But should everything fail,
and should a war, European in its dimensions,
grow out of this indiscretion of Prim, we have
no cause lor sorrow, une result will bo a gam
to us. It will increase (he valuo of our bonds
and it will swell the tide of European emigration
toward our shores. If, therefore, they
must fight, let them. The crown3 of Europe
re toys that have no attractions for us. If a
able like the crown of Spain is sufficient to
involve Europe in war, pity for Europe 1
Tub Boot on the Ottikij Leo.?Something
over Bix hundred thousand dollars is appropriated
to pay certain claims of English sub|
jecto for ships of theirs seized by us during
NEW YORK HERALD,
the war. Thus while the country justly holds
that England is greatly In debt to us on soores
of this sort, all the paying that is done Is from
our side. The American Eagle needs a new
backbone. If be had a real good one in these
days such accounts as we refer to would simply
be charged on the national books as so
much in abatement of what we are to receive
on the Alabama account.
The Currency Question Mettled for Tliis
Session.
The Conference Committee of the two houses
of Congress having agreed upon the new Currency
bill, und their ro}>ort having been adopted
by the Senate, we may regard this question as
settled for the present. Fifty-four millions of
national bank notes are authorized to beissuud,
with u view of giving the West and South more
currency and to equalize more than at present
the circulation and national bank privileges
among the different sections and States. The
proportion of national bank ourrenoy and
privileges will still be greatly in iavor of the
East and North, and especially of the East;
but this bill is a concession to the West and
Sontb. und is n step toward the equalization of
national banking privileges.
Fifty-four millions additional circulation
will have no perceptible influence upon the
price of gold or the markets, and will hardly
be felt in this great and active country. There
has been a great deal of twaddle in Congress
as to whether the issnlng of fifty millions or so
of national bank notes would be inflation or
contraction. Some pretend to have doubts
about the matter now, as the forty-five millions
of three per cent certificates are to be withdrawn
simultaneously with the new issue of
national bunk notes. Every child might know
that it is inflation. The thrse per cent certificates
were not an active circulating medium ;
the bank notes are. Besides, there is to be
nine millions more 01 the notes issued tuan
certificates withdrawn. But, as was said, this
little inflation of the currency will have no
perceptible influence upon gold or the markets.
The vast amount of business and extent of the
country will absorb it all like a bucket of water
thrown into a mill race.
We might inquire here, however, what becomes
of the theory of those contractionists
who have been urgiug all along the necessity
of contracting the currency in order to reaoh
specie payments ? Gold fell from a premium
of forty or higher to eleven, while the volume
of currency remained the same. In fact, we
have more currency now, when gold stands at
111, than we had when it was at 110. So we
shall see, wit h the issue of fifty-tour millions
more national bank notes, the decline of gold
will not be arrested by that cause. The truth
is, the contraction theory is all blown to the
wind, and Congress begins to see that. We do
not say that an extraordinary'or unlimited
issue of paper money would not send gold up
and be disastrous, but we maintain that the
demand for money is such in this populous
and intensely industrious country
that fifty millions more or less
will have no perceptible effect upon
gold or the return to specie payments.
The national bankers and Jay Cooke capitalists,
who have made so much money ont of
the government and people, raised the cry of
contraction in order to get the greenbaok legal
tenders out of the way. They made nothing
out or this circulation. All the profits or this
truly national money went to the government
and people. They pretended that we could
not begin to reach specie payments while the
greenbacks remained largely in circulation. It
was simply a ruse to got the legal tenders out
of the way In order that more national bank
currency might be issued and that these capitalists
might get the profit. Nor have we seen
the end of legislation for the benefit of the
national banking associations. More than half
the members of Congress, probably, are interested
in these institutions. The legal tenders
will be withdrawn and the whole circulation of
the country, with the profits of forty or fifty
millions a year, will be given to the national
banks. That is the programme laid down, and
we see no power la the republic to prevent it
being carried out.
We would have approximated to specie payments
more rapidly had there been but one
uniform legal tender currency. The national
banks have not facilitated that object and
never will. It would not be to their interest
to keep a reserve of gold on hand for the redemption
of their notes. There would be a
loss on such dead capital. They want the full
profit of a national currency. We. may reach
specie payments independent of the national
banks, through the wonderful productions of
the country and our large exportations, which
may keep exchange in our favor or at par,
but we need uot expect these institutions will
help us in that or to maintain a specie basis
after we may have reached it. Their interests,
as was Baid, lie in a paper circulation only,
and in not being compelled to hold a gold reserve.
This act of Congress in enlarging the
uational bank currency shows that the legal
tenders are doomed and that we are to have a
less valuable paper currency fastened upon us
at a loss of forty or fifty millions a year to the
government and peoplo.
Wall Street and tbo News from Enrepe.
One of the curious phases of the effect produced
by the prospect of a general war iu
Europe is the utter failure of a movement
amoDg the speculators in Wall street to advance
the price ot goiu. It is significant of
the strength of our national credit that there
should bo only a trifling decline In five-twenties
yesterdny on the London Stock Exchange.
uncn iuo welcome news 01 suca a war?welcome
for the reason that the flagging and
declining speculation in the precious metal
needed a fresh stimulus?burst upon the Gold
Room the price at its highest touched only 11-$.
From this figure it afterwards fell fully one
percent. The fact is, such a war would be of
great benefit to the United States. Our fivetwenties
abroad would bo the only reliable
security to hold when the different countries
of Europe were increasing their national debts
to procure the means of carrying on hostile
operations, offensive and defensive. A few
of the speculative banking bouses in the large
European cities might probably send home
their bonds iu order to get gold; but the war
would, on the other hand, give us a market for
every available bushel of grain and barrel of
provisions we could spare from our domestic
needs, and bring us a Qood of gold in re,
turn.
FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1870,
Tli* OwtMi Hmm Squabble?The Peltry
of iieeeral Urtab
A fearful squabble Las been raised among
the republican spoilsmen over the appointment
by General Grant of Mr. Thomas
Murphy as Collector of this port in place
of Mr. Grinnell, transferred to the easier
post of Naval Officer, in place of General
Merritt. The Fenton clique, Including the
Senator and all his followers, regard these
changes as a great outrage. They have no
objections to the retirement or removal of Mr.
Grinnell from the Custom House, but they
declare, iu high indignation, that the appointment
of Thomas Murphy as Collector will
smash the republican party Into flinders in the
Empire State, and that the displacement of
General Merritt is an insult to the General and
his friends which admits of no excuse.
Who is this Thomas Murphy? And what
has he done that he is so extremely objectionable
to the Fenton clique? As his name
implies, be is an irishman, and ha is a Roman
Catholic, and there is no love lost between
him and Fenton. He belongs to this city; he
is a man of means, and a liberal man with his
monoy in support of Lis party. Ho was nn
old lino whig; he is a republican, and he is an
intelligent and capable man. Bat the Fenton
clique say he belongs to the New York school
of Andy Jolmson-Thurlovr Weod conservative
republicans; that as apolitical speculator
in jobs he is a follower and stipendiary of
William M. Tweed; that he is a bigoted Papist,
and that his confirmation as Collector will be
making th^ Custom House a political tender to
Tammany Hall; that Murphy, in short, has
nothing to commend him to the national administration
but his personal attentions to
General Grant in driving him around behind
a pair of fast horses at Long Branch, Ac., Ac.
On these charges Senator Fenton and bis
clique demand the head oI Murpby. They
don't like ids appointment, and they won't
stand it. No question is raised as to his capabilities
to discharge satisfactorily the official
duties of Collector; but with these Fenton
radicals he is not of the orthodox party stripe,
and so he must be made by the Senate to
mount the guillotine and have his head rolled
( off into the radical basket.
Meantime this nomination hangs fire in the
. Senate, and we don't know exaotly what they
will do with it. Murnhv's Dartv record, they
say, must be overhauled, and if the Fentonites
can prove that he went with the New York
Andy Johnson movement of 1806 they will
perhaps flatten him out. But here, it may
be properly asked, is not something
due to the President in this business?
We think that as the recognized head
of the republican party, as its recognized
candidate for the succession, and that as the
platform and only bond of cohesion of the
parly is the policy of his administration, a
great deal is due from the party and from
the Senate to General Grant. We think, tpo,'
that his policy, as the recognized head of the
party, is the policy of General Jackson, the
policy of exercising the authority which belongs
to his position. It would be folly on his
part, we thiuk, to attempt to please this man
and that mau, or this clique and that clique in
his appointments, and in Mb quiet way he is
actiDg as if entertaining the same opinion.
Let him boldly pursue this course. He is
surely entitled to a choice in his executive
subordinates of all descriptions, and this has
been admitted to a considerable extent in the
modification of the Tenure of Office law and in
the confirmations of the Senate.
Congress? Appropriation Bills ia the fOeaate?
Pat Woods A gala.
la the Senate yesterday two of the important
appropriation bills?the Naval and the
Fortification?were passed. There are not
many appropriation bills remaining, but the
days are also few, and we must commend the
industry with which the Senate seems inclined
to work upon them. The Apportionment bill,
fixing the number of Congressmen under
the next census, was tacked on to the
bill providing a uniform day throughout
all the States for Congressional elections,
and in this shape was passed. The two bills
thus blended into one mrtst necessarily go to
the House for concurrence, but most likely
such minor amendments as making one bill of
the two will not serve to create much dissent
in the House. The report of tbe conference
committee on the Army bill was discussed at
aomo length, and finally laid on the table.
In the House the Senate amendments to
the Uniform Naturalization bill were called up,
but a member objected to their consideration
and a two-thirds vote to suspend the rules
failed. Then Pat Woods' case was called on,
and, after a good deal more consideration than
Pat himself deserved, he was fouad guilty and
sentenced for three months. Mr. Butler, of Essex,
acted as District Attorney in the case, and
brought a great amount of personal feeling into
it, being himself especially liable to assaults,
lawsuits and other inconveniences of that
kind during vacation. The jury, although
most of them had a similar personal interest
in the verdict, did uot incur such direct liability
as Butler, and consequently refused to
render such severe judgment as he demanded,
which was for ten months instead of three.
One other Old Bailey case was tried after Pat
was disposed ot?tout or bwitzer, who presumed
to contest the seat of Dyer. of Missouri.
Switzer, although a democrat, bad the Election
Committee ?U his side, and consequently be
was treated very vTCil; being sent home at
once with the largest part of his salary in his
pocket, while his opponent, Dyer, a radical,
was retained to do the duties.
A DnrFiooi.tr in tub Coal Tkai>k.?The
statoment is made that vessels which bring
coal to this market from the several railway
termini always pass more of their time lying
at the docks waiting to unload than on their
voyages, and a system is coming into use by
which the consignees are made to pay the
ships at a regular rate for detention. These
charges will simply be added to the price of
coal, and thus the people will actually be taxed
for the absence of docks that they are otherwise
taxed for building.
PiMNCB ABTHPa has sailed for home, after
bidding the Canadians an affectionate goodby
and wishing them all sortB of future happinoio
TTia (lr>nnrtiirn at this time, when the
gallant New Dominion is being forced almost
into independence or annexation, is a strong
indication in favor of the latter alternative,
Ff?bda? BtMirCM *T the lirtteu Fewer*.
"To cook a bare oatoh one" la an ancient
and trite but very practical recommendation.
To get up a war ia easy enough, but to carry
on a war is another thing. Neither individual*
nor communities will long go about through
tho world "blue moulded," like Tat at Dounybrook
fair, "for want of a batiu'," without
being accommodated first or lust. Such seems
to be precisely tho state of mind that Prussia
has reached with her enormous military establishment,
and such, too, the humor of France
laying down the law to all Europe. But how
At*A fhnir und lltolw olli.ka a>i aWIiai* uiiln '
pared for the issue? Ay, there's tlio rub.
France, the military Colossus of the West,
lias, according to the latest and moat accurato
advices, under the now laws recently carried
Into effect, 414,032 soldiers on the pe. ce footing,
647,271 of a Held army, or 1,850,000 men
in all for her entire ordinary war strength.
Of these 870,000 men are ready to march at
the tap of the drum on the outbreak of hostilities.
Austria, which, corroctly or incorrectly,
is regarded as the inevitable ally of France,
has 278,470 men on tlio peace establishment,
838,700 of a war strength, or 300,000 fully
prepared to more. Gould the South German
Confederation, or group of States, be secured
on the Bamo side, they have 66,540 men on the
peace or 184,406 on tho war fooling, with
107,000 of these prepared for instaut service.
Such a coalition would give France the control
o^777,000 fighting men at once, with a
reserve of 1,506,106 trained soldiers.
On the other hand, Prussia has 726,000 men
on the oeace or 1.266.000 on the war footing.
with 800,000 now ready for operations on her
Western frontier. North Germany, going with
Prussia, has 815,520 on the peace, 551,998 on
the field or 944,321 on the war footing, of
which 546,000 are instantly available. This
would place at Prussian disposal 840,000 men
for the first moment and 1,304,821 in reserve.
Thus she would liAve, instantly, 09,000 men
more and, hereafter, 281,785 less than the
French alliance. Should she be able to
manage Southern Germany for her cause she
would have 1,053,000 men, or 176,000 more
than France, to move at onoe, or quite enough
to cope with her and Austria together, for the
time being, with all the advantages of a common
language and position. This would leave
Prussia still a reserve of 1,441,727 men, or
only 154,379 less than that of France and
Austria coalesced, a difference swamped to
the extent of nearly?90,000 men by her superiority
of immediate force.
The inquiry now arises as to what would be
the course of the adjacent Powers. France
has seriously angered Italy, and the latter is
reported to have formed a defensive, if not an
offensive, alliAce with Pntssia. In such case,
the latter being attacked by France, the Italians,
out of a force of 870,721 on a war foolinsr.
with 197:000 of a reserve, or 573,721 la
all, could spare possibly 200,000 men to operate
on the French frontier or hold a hostile
corps in check. The direct and open participation
of Russia is hardly to be expeoted unless
circumstanoee should force her into the
mfilee. In that case she could dispose of
about 250,000 men from about 700,000 composing
her army in Europe, Including the Cossacks.
She could take no other course by family
allianoe, position and the recollection of
Crimean wounds than to aid Prussia. Sweden
and Denmark would, if they dared to more at
all, hare to go in the same direction, with
about 50,000 men. Thus Italy, the Czar and
Scandinayia would bring King William 500,000
men?a force that, with South German aid,
would place him 430,000 ahead of France,
allowing England, Belgium, Holland and
Switzerland to remain neutral?a proviso difficult
to admit in such a universal conflict. As
for Spain, it is clear that, should she accept
the Hohenzoliern prince, she would cast all
the little strength she has for Prussia. Should
she reject Leopold the war issue would cease,
and these speculations become needless.
The naval forces of the respective Powers
we do not here introduce, for the reason that
the result would be chiefly decided by laud
and quickly, as the geographical position of
the belligerents indicates. We reserve that
branch of the subject for another day, but
may, in the meanwhile, remark that the French
navy is quite equal to all the rest of Europe
(exoepting England) combiuod, in a fighting
point of view.
The general deduction from this apergu of
facts is plainly that Bhould all Germany go
with Prussia, and the other Powers stand
aloof, France, even if aided by Austria, would
have to make up by discipline, enthusiasm and
gallantry for a heavy discrepancy of numbers.
Should she, however, rival in these days the
wild energy of the revolutionary Directory,
which hurled fourteen armies against the invading
strangers and hunted them back to
their own capitals, she might still reap fresh
triumphs. Her terrible ChaBsepots and rifled
revolving steel cannon are quite equal if not
superior to anything that Prussia has, and she
possesses shallow iron-clad gunboats for river
Bervice that might scour the navigable Rhine
and its tributaries. Again, on the other band,
should Russia, Italy and Scandinavia, too, be
forced against her, then, indeed, the odds
would be alarming.
Such, then, arc the military aspects of the
case, so far as mere numerical array is concerned,
without considering the revolutionary
effervescence now rife all over Western Europe,
the great trades union movement^ the general
drought in Franco and Spain and the peculiar
condition or finance. Each of these elements
must bo carefully and separately weighed, but
in the meanwhile the spectacle at this momont
presented to the world is another convincing
proof of the folly, wickedness and continual
danger of maintaining enormous standing
armies in the very centre of Christendom.
As Bad as Murder.?Some of our mercenary
murderers have killed men for as small
a sum as fifty cents, but generally the price is
higher?high enough sometimes to invest the
crime with a certain financial dignity of
character. The murderer who kills for a good
round sum is morally as good a man, it would
appear, as any mombor of the anti-gambling
socioty. The members of this society went
around killing young men metaphorically by
ruining their characters, and the motive was a
little sum of money they received as "detectives'fees."
For this little sum they would
utterly destroy the chances in life of the most
innocent young qua. 1
^ ^ * (d
The new* comes to us from Havana, b7 way V
of Key West, that the iusurgents are not only
active, but in many respects successful in Mieir
late campaigns against the Spaniards. TJl?
neighborhood of Santiago do Cuba is aliva
with Cuban raiding parlies -so muoh so, in
fact, that the government troops are compelled
to assume the defensive and call lor more men
to sustain them. It is questionable whether
the relief asked for can be sent to their aid.
It is Btated that the Spuuiurds have been
beaten in several engagements recently. Of
one thing, however, we may rest assured, and
that is that affairs are not as favorable to tho
Spanish cans ; to-day as they were two months
since. The situation in and around Santiago
do Cuba is of such a nature as to require the
immediate presence of the Captain General.
If tie but accoinplishes as much there as he
did at Nuevilas he may as well stay whoro
ho is. The planters still keep up the agitation
against tlirt UDOllUOn 01 Slavery turn reiuae ??
obey the emancipation laws. This also is ft
serious source of concern to those who desire
ttie continuance of Spanish rule in the island. a
That the house is divided is evident, and it is ^
plain that the Spaniards have more foes than
one to fight. ,
Tns Canadians deny bavin; seised an
American vessel at the Canso fisheries. With
all their talk about retaliation for our refusing
them a reciprocity treaty they doa't want ui
to get mad at them suddenly and eat thorn u| I
on false premises.
FOR SUFFERING CUBA.
Mass Meeting at the Brooklyn AcademySpeeches
by General Jourdon, Daniel B.
Lyddy and Others?Letters of Sympathy
Bead?Distribution of Priaes.
The Cuban mass meeting bold at the Brooklyn
Academy of Music last night was uot aa largoly attended
as was anticipated. The lower part of the
house was not more than a third full, and the family
circle eonlalned about twenty persons. It would
have been supposed the announcement that $10,003
worth of jewelry was to be distributed at the meet'
lug, and the sympathy lor suffering families of th? >
Cuban patriots, would have had the effect of crowd'
tug the Academy, but such was not the case, 'i be
building was neatly decorated, flags of different nationalities
being festooned over the balcony. <
A large number of the prizes, consisting of silverware,
Jewelry, paintings, statuary, Ac., were displayed
on tables oti the stage. A large painting of
the Virgin Mary at the cross was suspended over ,
the stage, on one side of which was a handsome
American Aug, and on the other the national colors
of Cuba.
The meeting was advertised to commeueo at eight
o'clock, but owing, as the manager, C. W. Brown,
stated, to the absence of Ueneral Jourdan, the audience
were kept waiting until nearly nine o'clock
before a movement was made towards beginning.
In the meantime a brass band entertained
the patient assemblage. Finally, Mr. Brown
appeared and apologized for the delay. Ho believed
tli.it there w ould have been a larger number present
but from the fact that the meeting had bee a postponed
twice?once bc -auaa it was impossible to get
ready for the meeting In the short time it was advertised
for. aud the second time In conseqnence or tho
death of the Cuban Minister. lie then proceeded to
state the arrangements for the drawing of the 1
prizes, remarking that he had labored under con- +
slderable disadvantage, owing to the many lottery /
swindle- which nad been gotten up. These articles j
had been donate I by ladles who sympathized with I
the noble cause, to bo disposed of for thfi X
benefit of Cuban liberty. He thought this method
of disposing or the articles the besi. There wore
10 ooj tickets, i heir numbers correspondIng with those r
which were held by the audience. These would 6? (
? laced la a wlieel which had beeu used in Brooklyn g
uiing the drart.
Mr. J'?ow? said he had a few letters which ne
had received irom well-known gentlemen who /
conld not be present. He then read lettera (rum
Senator Fenton. John A. Logan, Fernando Wood.
Stewart L. Woodford and Thomaa Fitch, all
expressing syra athy v?l h me Cuban ciuse and regretting
that It was Impossible for them to be present.
He then asked them to appoint A committee
or three to examine the wheel and the duplicate
tickets. Captain Snow and bra. T. P. Morris ami
George J. Bennett were selected. Captain Snow do?
cUnlng, General De Lacey was appointed in big
place. The tickets were tnen examined, during wttiob
process Mr. Daniel K. Lyddy entertained the fttdlence
with a short speech upon the wrongs of Caotf,
and the necessity of America standing by her In tug
hour of need. It would be the beet Interest of Amei
rtca to recognize Cuba, and Ike believed II It had
beeu done a year ago it would have been better.
They might be told that tne resources of the country
would be afTectea If America Interfered, bht US aid
not believe it. Spain was holding It merely ror Span?
tfth honor. Spanish honor was murdering the men
and women there. He ho >ed that rhe God of Justice
wonld be the God of vengeance, until It left Cuba lndependfcbt.
Mr. Bbnnbtt, one of the Examining Committee,
reported that they had examined the tickets %nd
found them correct. - ">
General JoutuuM was then announced, ahd oil
making his appearance was greeted with loud ap*
piause. His .speech, which lie read from manuscript,
was a recital of his experience in Cuba and
the part he took m the revolution. Ho showed how
the people of Cuba have been oppressed and wag
very severe on President Grant for nis apathy In re*
lauon to the cause. A collection was then taken up.
and after some furiher explanations by Mr. Browq
the drawing of prizes was proceeded with. Colgael ^
LRUnlllg UaVlilK >'cuu uimui>'iu?;u tui mi<m> ^uijavdc.
Persons holding tickets not paid lor will not l>e Entitled
to any prize.
HIlIStCAL AND THEATRICAL {VOTES.
, , li< > i
The Grand Opera House opens on Monday eveigog
with the celebrated Viennolse Ballet and puntoi^uie
Troupe, concerning which ho many bright aliHclS'
lions hare been formed. The troupe Includes several
artistes whose names hare figured prominently
lu the terpaicorean world. Mrae. Kathl banner and
her lair and talented associates will doubtless monopolize
a considerable amount ol attention during
the summer by their novel and Interesting performances.
The programme for the opening nlgnt embraces
the cosmopolitan ballet, "Nations," and the
ballet fantostique "La Giselle." Mr. Harry Jackson,
the able and popular comedian, will appear in the
farce of "Mr Brother Bill and Me," supported by
Mr. George Boniface and others.
At the Theatre Comiqot- Mr. G. W. .Tester, the
famous ventriloquist, brought to this country by
Professor Risley, made his appftofaneo last evening
before a crowded and enthusiastic audience. Mr.
Jester has been surnamed "The Man with the Talking
Hand." llu excellent, mlrth-provoklng enter,
tainment was really surprising, and throughout
created the most heartfelt pleasure and merriment.
Mr, Jester is truly a master of his profession.
The great attraction at Waltack's during the next
and sui eding weeks will be Mr. Joseph K. Emmet t.
a very popular an l talented a^tor in his peculiar
lino. He will make his appearance in Oayler s
drama of "Fruz, Our Cousiu German." This theatre
and about three others will be the only establishments
open until the middle of August.
Mr. A. Apple ton, the treasurer or the Fifth Avenue
theatre, will take his benefit to-morrow evening. .
when "Fernaude" will be performed for the lass
tune during the season. Mr. Applaton, a courteous
and buslnes.t-llke young gentleman, deserves a sab*
MtAiit.iul r.Mitlniniual.
Mr. Theodore Hamilton. otto of the very bes* h
actors that have appeared (luring tbo reason, ha* left *
Booth's. It is said thai he lias been engaged to Ail
the position now Held by Mr. Clarke, at the Fifth Avenue
theatre. Mr. Clarice, as already announced,
goes to Wallack's.
Bryant's Minstrels, led by the immortgl "ShooFly"
Daniel, arc roaming through the country seering
fortune, which always sannis to favor them.
They have been performing this week at Pittsburg,
atid next week will visit Ootuuious. Ohio; Indianapolis
ami Louisville.
MUSIC IN TH? PAWS.
The Department of Public Parkh announce that, If
the weather be fine, there will be music by the Gear
trnl Park Band at the Battery to day, from six to
eight oclock P. M. The following is the programme:?
. WET I.
I?March. "Wearing OVthe Ureen" O. Wlvgarid
|y?overture, "Caliph 01 Magfiail" VotiJiea
i -\v n il. "Mabel" Oodlroy
4?Air, "Kocked in the Cradle of the Deep" ?
vast u.
f, -Grand aelectlon from the ''Prophet" Meverbesr
5?0slop, "Merlen" :...Faint fjgf
7?Air, "bo They Think of Me at Home" ?
8?March, "EnmreruSg au Peters lorf" Faust /
I'ABT ill. J
9 -Overture. "Der Wlldichutt" Lortlux %
10 ?Polka. "Slletla" / Kauai V
II-fleloctlon rrout "Marthn" Klotow , fl
19-Atr, "B?lt?f? Me" a Moorn i ~
Popular pti(s.

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