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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, July 23, 1870, Image 11

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Additional Details of the Civil
>perations of Colonel Kirk and His Banditti2he
Habeat Corpus Cases in Court-Return
to tlM Write by Kirk and Holden-Ar.
reet of Eight Prominent Citizens-A
Man Whipped Five Miles.
HiftHIMH, July 1.?, IfllV.
Colonel George W. Kirk, commanding th? State
troops, raised hy order or Governor Holden, BtlU
continues to wage war upon the defenceless citizens
Df Alamanee unU Caswell counties with unabated
tyranny. Ihe Intelligence received here from the
latter county Is of a most alarming character, ami
gixtiflcs ihe hoHof, now so widely prevalent, that
olileu will be succowtful In driving the people td
desperation and preelpitatlug a civil conillct. This
Is the whole *? ?? of tha Governor In view of tliu approaching
elections la August, and ho Is strength\
enod la hie designs and < o-optrated with by all the
j leading radical omooholders in the State and by tho
i two Senators who represent tho state in tho national
\ Legislature at Washington. If the citizens should in
Rng of the counties urm themselves to re.ilst tho
Oppression of the bandit Kirk and his band of
freebooters, and a serious, Hoo.lv conflict should
Result, HolQen would then declare the entire state
In' Insurrection: martial law would follow, and the
August elections tor the Congressional delegation
Bud State Legls'ature would take place under tho
fcupervislon of Kirk and otlier military despots, aud
*ruuld be carried for ihe radical candidates at the
point of the rauitia bayonets. 8uch 18 lhu Pr?gramme
of Holden and his abottors. Under any
Other circumstances the fate of the radical party in
itai-t State is sealed. An election iu the ordinary
manner, an the laws of the State prescribe, would
chronicle an overwhelming deleat of the ra Ileal
*>? rty, aud it in to subvert t hi - foregone decision of
the popular voice In the State that Governor Holden
?a.s first plotted outrages in the name of the Ku
Elux, ijfterwards declared certain oountles In a
late of insurrection, and lastly sends u horde of
East Tennessee banditti to inaugurate a civil war,
u forlorn hope to accomplish his iufaiuuus ends.
fame up to-day belore Chief Just.ce Pearson. Kirk,
h will be remembered, arrested, In Ala nance, James
* E. Uoyd, a conservative candidate for the Legislature;
a Mr. Moore, Mr. Hunt, Scott and Ireland,
Without atxv warrant or legal precept, or without
v Cvea a charge against them. The Chief Justice
granted, on application of counsel, writs ot habeas
Corpus for the iiersons named, commanding George
d IV. Kirk to produce the bodies of each of them before
' the Chief Justice, in Chambers at Raieititi, immediately
after tne receipt of the wilts. The following
Is an extract from the otUdavli of the officer who
nerved the writs on Kirn, aud wliich Is regarded as
i A. C. McAllister makes out that he delivered to
vjuuiga ??. rvniv. nuu n ua ui> tiic umu iii>i>Hreui i.v ill
Command of a large body of armed ino.i, Uie writ of
liabeas corpus, of which the raper w itiug hereto
attached 1h a true and perfect copy:?"Thai the said
George \V. Kirk said, 011 receiving tlio said writ -tad
hearing part of the same read to him, and te irntiii
wliat tne sanie w.is, and Inspecting the signature io
the writ, that he could take no notice of such
papers; that they had 'played out.' Th it he Wda
acting under orders from Governor (loldcn, with instructions
to disregard such papers, lie further
8nid, -take the papers back an i tell them hat the
court nan been appointed to iry them (lutanii-g the
men lu custody); that he wou'.d surrender them on
Governor Holden's order, but not otherwi.se. unless
they sent a sufficient force to whip lilui an I tn:<o
them (meaning the persons mentioned In the several
writs) away from nim.' He paid to a person aiuiear,ing
to be a subordinate of his, 'l tol 1 vou tr any
touch papers came not to allow them to bo brought to
Hie.' "
After hearing this remarkable return to tho writs
the t hief Justice remarked to counsel that lie !:ad
written to the Governor on the subjoct, and w<>u'd
postpone the further consideration of the caso until
> Hi* reply was received.
When the court again met Mr. It. C. Badger, counsel
lor the Executive, appear d and read the lolloping
letter in reply to tint of the Cnief Justice.-?
Executive Offick, Rai.fiod, Julv 19,1370.
To Iho Hon. Riciimomji M. 1'kaiioo.n, Chief Jiutlcu of Worth
Sk-Your communication of yesterday concernln j the arTc?'.(t
made by Colonel Goorae W. Klrl:, together vrith the enc.osed,
Is recelvod.
I rMpectlully reply thai Colonel Qoorje W. Kirk made the
trn-iu and m>w detain* the prisoners ntraad by my order.
He was linuriictod tirinly but rcnou 'ifii.ly to decllnn to deKrcr
the prisoner*. No oue jjoo* liot'ure me in re?p?ct for the
I.u- ?r ..... I, I.,,?- I. . I
condition of Alamance county and some olher part* of tha
State has been an I Is such that, though reluctant to use the
:strong powers vested In mo by law, 1 have been forced to deelttro
tUem In a xt.ni of Insurrection.
i for month* past there had beau maturing in these localities,
HuJer the guidance of had ami dl*tova! men, a danger u,
ae?.ret Insurrection. I have invoice I public opinion to aid u;n
in suppressing this treason! I hnve Issued prorlatr.u'.Kin
alter proclamation to the people of the .State to break up
then* unlawful combinations! I have wrought to bear every
civil power to restore peace and order, but all In vain 1 The
constitution an.I laws of tho United Slates and of thu Stue
tare not at naught; the clvli courts are no longer a protection
to life. Ilbert. and property; assassination and outride go
unpunished and.the civil magistrates are Intimidated ana are
afraid to perform their functions.
| To the majority of the people of these sections the approach
t of night la like the euiranee Into tho valley of the sha low of
death; the men dare not sicep beneath their room at night,
. but, abandoning their wives and little ones, waniar lu thu
Woods until day.
! Thus civil government was crumbling around me. I determined
to nip this new treason in the bud.
Hy virtue of the power vested in me by the constitution and
laws anu by that inherent right of io'if-preser> atton which
belongs to all governments I nave pr iclaime I tha couuty of
' Alamance In a state of Insurrection. Colonel ileorge W.
JKirk is commanding the military forces in that county made
the arrests referreii to in the writ of habe..s corpus, and
now detains the prisoners hy tuy order. At this tl no I am
y iBstlslied that the public interest requires that these military
piisoners nhall not be delivere t It;: to the civil power.
1 devoutly hope that the time may te short when a rcstnra.
lion of peace ami ord. r may rclo-ise Alamance county from
ftlie presence of military force and the onf reemem ot mill*
(larylaw. When that tirno shall arrive I shall piomptly r?sf
tmore the civil power. VV. W. UOIjUK.V. CJoveruor.
< t The Chief .lusilce then requested tn Oounc I to ob(
{serve in their argument, the following poinia, in or?
User to aid him in terning tin opinion. First?Do
\ !lhe facia set lonli by nla i'xce iency show that
* Colonel Kirn had a reasonable exoitae lor not uiafr
ilu^a return to the writer Second?Do tho f cts
show a state of tamgs of . nch liunuucnt peril as to
require the su pension oi the writ or hat as corn .si*
Third?Should not the ait -i! litft-fi oe construed as
snlwervtent to that clause of the coa-ii:tiinou authori/.uilt
tho Governor to call out the nniiti t to suppress
and l?surrcc;lou in counties w tere the Governor
has exercised tuts p wer au<i takeu military p i?se-taion"?
Fourth?If so, slioul i tne writ be directed
to the Governor ?
Arguments ware tnen mane oy tnc counsel ror tiie
petitioners upon the questions Involved, after whlcn
the court adjourned. To-morrow tiie counsel for the
Executive will be heard In this remarkable caae.
the affair at YANCBYVille,
in Caswell county, is one ol the most unparalleled
?Umges ever pcrpetratod wliiilu the limits ot a
country pretending to h.tvo a civil government. On
Holiday luorutig a lar/e crowd of both raced hid
assemiHt'd ?n 11'1' Court ll<ni->c To h;ar add relics by
the candid.iles lor Cougr ss, and others ot i?oili political
parties. The raJi^i ca ulidaio Had spoken,
and ex-Con edcraieticinTal i.eaeh was about to ret>i3',
when tnc Court House w.is sorrouude i by a
Inige body ol anue l niGjv numiiering ?v r tw o nun?lied,
and commanded fty t o n ?torions Coiouel
Kirk. Unable 10 comprehend the m amng of such a
proceeding, and as If -onie panic ha > seTz d them,
the crowd rushed lor the dours und endeavored to
Pass the cordon of soldier^ or ireebooters by which
they were hemmed In, but they we e fo.ccd ha k at.
the point of tin- bayonet. Several inen attempted
to escape, and were knocked Uow u. kick il
and clubbed in a fear.nl manner, anil two
Jiad to be carried oir on liiurs. After order
was restored Colonel Kirk himself entered me
Court House and perittittjd all tuo-io who were not
, wanf?T'to pass our. isoine elgnt o; the most prov
In incut citizens of the cointy were then arrested,
J among them the conservative candidate ,or Conr
grese in tluvt district. They were convened to Kirk's
tamp, where they are now in custody.
another ollkaok
"was added to the list in less than two hours after
that at tne Court House. Kirk sent a squad, in command
of a lieiuenani, to ihe residence of Colonel
"Wiley, former bheiilf of Caswell county, about tl e
miles from lanceyville. Wiieu they arrived Wiley
was plougnlug in a Held, some dista .ee troiu his
house, whither the s,uad repalr.-d. Without > xpiaining
toe cause of tnelr visit, Wiley wa-. aiouce
{seized la a rough tnau..er, a uiuld was
lAKHl! til.. - I > I K ?|??
biio n in* >i mu j/uawnui
wiw requ?ieu to nioun:, uiici lu reply 10
Ins demands as 10 the cause of this
treatment, lie lecclved threats anil cu.b s. Kefuung
to become a prisoner without seeing soiap legal process,
he was dubbed auii again l^rce i on i..e mule
which he nad dismounted. iu? ire Itooters ilieu
tied htm fast, ami wiup^d the unl'mtuiia e in iu
*vith Uickory awiicne.* she eiuiru rout.; to Vauceyvillc.
Klik si .to> thai he has u.ua i.i organ.zed a
d.'u'miikad cothi maiu'jai.
for the trial o. nil the par ies n ,w arrested, both in
Caswell an.I Alamance. As 10 the n^c.ir.- 01 tno
charges to be preferred ait.nn t the .1 theie i? considerable
Hpeou.atioti oat it i? ?u(>po.<ted t.iey will
be accused o1 being Ku Klux, aad smut* jna.v probably
be convicted on Hie ovi leuce of the'same
neuioog wn>> wer opei'.it.ng as ku a lux id mat section
under instruct.oils from the league > 01 whion
Ilo.deu is the I'residenl In iiie Mate. 11 Is, I
< \ am inform -d, the ln.e.ui >u of rwr < to execute
In a summary ma mer any 01 ill; 1 antes
Bvamst whom toe 'evideti o Is at all cotioiiu.vo
of complicity iu the ali< neii mi l\lux outrages, an 1
iu Hits he w supj.o.led by tne UoveiUor. lv-irk. 11 a-t
hqw in cuauxlj. between Alamance aad Caswell
common, over twanty prisoners, wtto are shortly u?
be trlod bj iiia court martial of thieves ami froebootoot.
? - -- man nh.
?vini0 on uie way 10 aj^iujuuo, *y???
served some scurrilous words about that lnaiviuuai
written on tlie slue of a railroad car at Newton
depot. Tuey at once became infuriated, and beat
and maltreated Mr. Fry. the agent, la a mow outia*
?ecus muiiner, though he assured thoin he did not
know anytulna uiwut luo oifeuaive languagfi. Flo
wa? made to procure water and wash the words out,
after having been whipped, and ho was thon rern
red 10 write "Colonel Kirk la a gentleman," after
wli.cu tlit band departed, apparently satisfied.
Xkt Doings t the Militia Among the People?
Arbitrary Arrest* and Outrage? by the
Wholnale-"Klrk'i I,aiubn.?
[from the Kalelgn (N. 0.) Sentinel, July 20.1
The following letter sets fortn more lu detail the
brutal manner In which Kirk and bis desperadoes
are executing the Governor's orders. It ia from a
gentleman of the Highest respectability:?
Grbknsboko', N. 0., July 10. 1?70.
Gf.ntucmrn?Ou Sunday night Kirk camped six
miles irom Yancey v llle, with ills Alamance miaoners,
seven in number. One of these, old mau Henderson
Scott, is about sixty-live years of age and for many
years a cripple. Yesterday (Monday) was tlie uppointed
flaj of General Leacli and Mr. Scott, candidates
for Congress to ad Iress the poople of Caswell.
Kirn, with a portion of his command, about 2M In
number, readied Yaaceyville about haf-past one
o'cio k V. M., Just as Mr. Scott had commenced his
speech, tiled hia men Into the enclosure au*l arouud
tuo Court House, then tilled wun people, and tueu
placed his guard at iho entrance of the square, with
orders to allow uo one 10 pas- out. lie tti n proceeded
to arrcsi Sheriff Qriitltu, (he Hon. John Kerr,
Hon. Samuel P. 11111, l>r- N. M. Roan, J. M. Ncal,
me fomi::r Sheriff, Wiley, and ten others of
the mo.it respectable, law-loving and lawabiding
citizens of the county. No cause
assigned and no warrant o: authooty given in any
single instance. Tnese uie.i, as they were arrested,
were confined In the various rooms of the Court
House, the Alamance prisoners having been confined
mono ol the rooms when the com.uand first
arrived. Colonel Withers, who, as an oillcer of tue
county, occupied a room 111 the Court House, was
lorceu i?y KtrK to vacate his room for this purpose
and to remove his bed and tiag.<ajjo. While l.eacli
was speaking, a squid ol soldiers was sent Into tue
court room to arrest one ot tli-; oldest an i most respectable
citizens of the county, W. U. Bo we. The
odl< er in command a-ked lilrn If IJowo was ins
name. Upon ins replying thai it was, he was told to
consider himself under arrest, "tiy what authority
1'' asked Howe. In a much louder and more inso.out
tone the same iliing >a> repea'ed?"Consi lor
yourself under arrest, sir." and at the same tune
the oillcer put out his hand as If to take h m by tno
collar, when Mr. Buwo put out his hand against the
ottlcer's breast, stcpoe I back, and desired again to
know by wnat authority. Th> man lu command
of the squad then raised his pistol to
Howe's face and attempted to Are. The
Cap exploded, but the pistol di I not go off. As the
hammer fell Colonel Pinni.x, who was staudiuir by,
knocked up thu muzzle of the pistol?a large sized
navy repeater. Thy soldiers ;iicn commenced veiling
tUo cries, "Shoot the damned rascal, Si.i the
damned robs, kill the la.-t .tauiiiea juc of th?iu."
Theae ories were takea up on the outotds, and tor a
while it seemed as If ah bedlam had broken loose?
oiikers and men alike sh lutiug aud cursing?the
whole command ou the outside, with mu*keu cocked
and pointed to the wludoivs. declaring their lutentiou
to snoot the first man who appeared at the window.
Of course there was no "appearance." Finally
thft rnMit<i thn h iving
tlie.r prisoner# ui coniluuiuoul iu one of the rooms
below, when quiet was restored, though tlio whole
command remained with cocked guns m Hue on the
outside tor n considerable time tnereattor. The entire
crowd ot citizens wa.h kept la the court room
uiit.l Ave o'clock, with two or three exceptions, who
were pa^eU out by the special order 01 Kirk. The
Coroner and every man wu<? li*i oeeu in any way
concerned with tho Coroner's Inquest upon the
body 01 Step.ieus were ma le prisoners, except the
negro juror*.
tVom a prlvato letter from a gentleman or the
highest character I take UUs extract:?"I saw uu
offloer wild h.s linud on Judge Kerr's ba-k, with his
pistol cooked and excited w.th liquor, and was oul y
proven cd Irorn lulschiel' by his snpsnor, In whoso
custody Mr. Kerr was." Mo3t or these men arrested
are out. gray headed citizens, standing us high as
tho highest, both iu thu various churches and the
coiamuulty. t hese tacts may bd relied on. I'uoy
comt both by letter and troui one of our citizens of
undoubted reliawllltr, wh > was present at Yancevvi:le
ami an eye w;thesn of th; proceeding* (though he
wa* not mi.do tue C^nrt lionso). an i left there la-t
night. Hit; people there, as well as here, are excited
and deep y indignant, but do.ng all tlioy cuu to
keep cool aud to prevent riot and bloodshed. In it
expedient to hold public meetings, or sliuil we lie
still, gnu aud endure it? Negroes were used as
pilots to the various quads engaged In making the
airestWe, here ui Greensboro', have been
warned that we v. ere to fumlsii our quota to the
ttiniv of Kirk s prisoners.
Now York City.
Watt'it, n *,2r8 ft or Varlck at. SlrSVtf part.400
8U *1, D , 327 l'l 8 0 aT K, SB.oxHS ... 11!,Tie
lllti (I, (, - 24 ft or ?v U, I5.9x'<? block M.5
2 tb as, n *,150 ft o of 2d av, 20xn 16.1K.0
S'M ui, * ?. el:'i ft w Oi lit nr. 17.Hx49.4 Hl.fV (J
87'h Rt. n ?, 161 ft e or 2J av, l(;f.x20iv 80.0(10
?Vth ?t, D b, 2i7 ft e of iJ a*, 4bi9S.S? 7.R00
4!el it, n b, 4i>? ft w if1 th av, lfl.^98.9, l-t part 1,1?7
41k' tt, n *, JIM) fie of 11th av, 25*!"<.s> 8,700
47It: n fc, 1 i > tt o of 2 i av, 2J5iIU3.S (1,14)11
6U1U n, n ?.j315 ft e of 3d av, il'xlOO.6 D.OOO
Av A and wftti it, * ?corner ... 6.1C0
.V.uiixoti av ?nri 48th bt, n cornw, 22xl"0 4<S,i)C'i)
6U< e a. 3D ft i of lOllt nt, ' x no 2k. ?s
9ih ar, \t s, bjiwren 2 ijth and 2o7th IM, lilP.lOxk'O 2aM
Sth ur and Slid it, * e corner, 15.6x100 12,u0il
loth ar ai:<J 46th it, d e corner, lOOxKK) 23,876
fiSSK'llMII S* vour*' Der 10.000
S.tli ft. s, 5<> ft w of 6tli ar, yeara. per year 1,600
6th ar, w I, 23 ft u of 22il it, M.yxlO:, 19^ years?10
year), per year, $7,^00; 9\ yean, per year 1.E0.)
liicg* County.
Ailelphi It, w s, 141 ft a of Flushing ar, 20x42 $2,715
Gold it, w i, 200 fl n of Wlllouuhby at, 25xi<>0, 8,5<1)
Lafayette it, n i, Sit it c of Hu'lion ar. JH.HxSO 3,000
Na'-iaw at, n I, 25 I t w of Apollo at. 2;xl(UI U6J
Oxford it. t> a. l.l It i of DeKalb ar, U.'xifl'i 30,010
Rkymoud at,w?, between Lafayette anil Fulton ars,
ASxlOU 8,000
Scholes It, 150 ft w of liraham ar, 50x100 .111,000
Tav'or it, n I, I Jo ft w of Lee ar, .f.ilXJ 2,000
North 2d at, a, 47 ft of Wh it, lot 1,-170 and part of 1,836
Hurnam'i map, Indeltnlle ....11,S O
18th at and 8th ar, a corner, 7 k 10 i lH,iKHi
2 th ?t, n i, 27u fl I of 7tti nr. iiixl)' 4,u00
2#th ot, n a a, 175 ft n vr of StU ar, 25x*4 1,050
Hodford ?r ar. i Monroe it, s e corni-r, UOxSB 4.<KW
I>eKalh ar, d i, 216 ft e of Lowls ?r, 40?HK> 3,025
Myrtle ar, i a, 4ti ft of Clawon ar, 28x71.10 6,900
Myrtle ar and CUeitnut it. n e corner, 17x41.4 .1
Myrtle ar, n a, tftS.4 ft e of C hem. lit at, 26x37x37x26x27/ 1,200
j.j7 \
Pchnn'-ic ar, c i, *150 it n of Bar ar, 2!jiii)0 8,(100
Ea?t Broadway, a i, 250 ft w of Lloyd'i 10,000
Unex Comity, iV. J.
Colirt it, * i, f)8 ft e of Rerii-n it. 2S>100 1,0(10
Com nerre it, 11. I?ralce to Randal, 24x88 6,600
Croivler to Oh>- liter, 3 8-MO acres ,'i0<)
llroa.! an ! Wnjjht us, a w corner, 100x130 18,000
Mi-rcer at, I i. .'> fl e or Howard. 60x100 l,r00
Napoleon at. ? ?. 681 ft Trom Klin si, 2Ax,l6 625
New York ar, a ?, 126 ft w of .tellorsan at, 2ixidS WW
11th av, i vr corner S b'th it, 77x?i39 8,(ill !
Summer ar, w i, 210 rt from KreltnilHiricn. 3I>x97.4..M. 800
York and Maraele* at lota, 13 to liJ lnclualve?Sluon
mar 6,000
Lota 1, 2. S, 4, block 4, John Gardner's map 2,600
Jeirei ion ?t, c i, 125 ft a ot lit it, 25x100 1,U0
of the crop pro3p*?ct In New York State the Albany
Journal says:?"The wheat crop will '.e ttti average
or fully a hall , ir not three-quarters more, compared
with last year's; but lu point of quality It is much
superior. About tho snnc a mount of barley was
sown as last year, b it the ylekl will lie less: or.t It Is
too early now to decide as ty Its quality. The berrr
will be large, but may not be bright. Adverse
weather may yet change the wlio:e aspect of tills
crop. Of oiits the yield will be large and the crop
ftuly up lti amount to last year's, as a much larger
amount was sown than last year, and throughout
the season the weather has been favorable to Its
growth (ind the laic ratus have muter,ally improved
its appearan e."
The crops in Illin is are reported to be generally
very goo i. Th : K.'oria Trans-ript of the I6th says:?
"The farmers have nearly flul-hod cuttlug their
small g alii. The yield is a full aveiageand tho qualuy
In very superior. Prominent farmers assert that
ab Jiter berry or kernel was never raised. The corn
crop promises well If there Is rain within a week,
but most dMTrlcis are beginning to sutfer from the
lung-eon lutu-d <lrousrtif. Fruit 01 all kinds is not
very good, the dry weather in tho spring proving too
much for it."
in Win mm thn far nor^ hnvn liecn enc'inraco.l hv
copious rains. and tiio crops nreoxce;i<?nt, witii th<j
exception of hav and oats, which arc light, home
of ilie giaius show a light yield, but are of excellent
Tiie accounts from Michigan are conflicting. !a
some parts of the hta'e they complain or drootrht,
while in others the ire iuent showers hare damaged
the wheat dtid hay crops. The conclu^loa Wrather
In Minnesota, although there aro some complaints
01 drought; the grain is iuucIi hotter than uauat and
the breadtn o land covered by the crops la much
gre.tter. Corn will b above the average.
In most oi the Western stat *s the winter wheat is
ready lo cut, and a mie has been harvested. Ail tliu
reports agree In us quality, wnlch is first rate.
Uoldbs's military Movbmkmt.?As our readers
know, Governor iloidcn was. dunug the past weofc.
In Wasn ngt>.n cuy. in conference with President
Grant. Senator J hn Tool was also present at the
Interview, wii.ch tne public ar~' .uioriued, by > telegram
trora ih? Governor's Aid to the aoveiiK?r's private
betre:ary. w.h ' very satis actoiy." 'fne public
are ai,-o in ormed tli .1 the President approves the
Gove nor s course, a nl that iwo extra companies
of federal troops nave oi en ordered to North C'aroli..a.
J lie l.ict thai the Governor's Aid telegraphed
Mine .-latements to tlie woveruor's secretary and
ill ir prompt public.it ou t<hovr the Importance atti.ch
d thereto. Governor flolden seems lately to
have surrendered n.iuvlf. JStnly and sou), to the
I guldaooe or seuator ,U>iiu i'Ooi.?Wilmington (N. C.)
\ journal, Juiv a.
Oration Bafore the Alumui by Bev. Dr. Curry?
Grand Concert?Alumui Festival?Commejicemout
Exercises and Dinner?
President's Levee.
Middletow.v, Conn., Jul/ 21,1870.
Yesterday afternoon Rev. Dr. Curry, editor of the
(fhvlattan Advocate, and in amber of the class of 'ax,
delivered the annual oration before the Alumni. Tlte
theme chosen for the occasion was "The Scholar
Among Life's Activities." It was a finished production,
but the beauty of its diction was marred by the
doctor's defectlvo articulation. Ifc commenced by
observing that he was a worshipper of greatness,
which he defined to b- power tp do demonstrated In
doing it. Universities wrro fountains of moral
power and nurseries of the greatness which he worshipped.
True culture was the source and means of
power to effect great and worthy purposes. The
world was fall of possible greatness, and the true
alchemy of life was to change tho possibilities Into
realities. It was the school, the academy, the college
and the humdrum curriculum of scholastic
studies better than any other agency that transmutes
the potential mind into a live and available intelilgencles?the
measure of true scholarship rather
th in a vast store of facts. The orator went on to
show that the cultivation of tho logical, esthetic and
the cthlcal faculties constituted the scholar.
Ho was an educated man in the entirety
of his maonood, and was fitted for
elevated enjoyments, and especially for tho exalted
and ennobllug duties of life. l)r. Curry usserted
that the modern system or cramming w us as unphilosophical
as It was vile, ami weut on to show
the superior advantages of classical training. The
scholar w is tiicn considered in ills relation to society
and tho active duties of life. lie was widely
removed and clearly distinguished fiom tho unlearned,
and upon the Christian scholar depended
the responsible duty or counteracting the Innate dopravlty
ami removing the Unorance of humanity.
Such cultivated men we e. In a limited sense, tno
saH of the earth and tho light or the world.
A concert given under the auspices of the graduating
class came oT In the evening at McDono itth
lia'l, winch w s filled to replet on bv an aporcciative
audience. The Mendelssohn CJuln'et CinJ) of
Boston were the performer*, and the/ -twined tiie
enviable reputation which they liftve naiiied for rendering
c:asslc music In an ort'Sflc manner.
The Alumni festival waj. Wa tir a later period in
the Memorial chapel, Vrrtere ror over three hours a
brilliant nf i?.n<w ?? >
r-.- ? v, t >ift\4lVO LUIU KCllliCHICil
C'lKK^c.J in socl il intercourse. The musical club
discoursed sweet sounds, and after naraklnsr of
rorivsiiments the company retired, having spent a
dcllghtlul evening. It was a repres nt.itlve Methodist
gathering. The laity were represented b> nillllonnaires
such as Drew. Rich and others who might
I be named, and the various professions round a host
of meu representing them, who were richly freighted
with cultivated winds and the wealth of moral
At hair-past nine this morning tho farnltv, trustees
and gradnitlng class assembled in the college
grcn, formed In procession and, procedud by a brass
baud, marched thioisrli Main street to the Methodist
church, where ihe commencement exercises
toolc place. The gallery was reserved for ladles,
who were admittedby ticket, while the stage was
occupud by ilie f acuity and dialing Ushoi visitors.
oeuks or ixkrciscs.
Overture to "Hannibal," Aubar.
Prayer t-y Bishop Jane*.
Muiio?Air, "Vedral Carina," "Don Giovanni," Mozart.
1. Salutatory address lu Latin, Darlua Baker, South Yarmouth,
3. Oration?American Journtlum. Frelorio Wilcox
Clarke,* Chicago. 1U.
I. Oration-Cay Preaching. John Welch,* Canton, Iowa.
4. Oration- Protection v?. Free Trade. Chariot Lacev
Hamilton,* Philadelphia, Pa.
5. First Clas* Oration?Army of the Potomac. Charle* Edward
Hawanis. Potsdam, N. 7.
6. Firat Claa* Oration?OeacrlpUvc Geography. William
Ilenry Peters, Btjektnan, N. V.
Music Rondo valse, "Romeo and Juliet," Gounod.
7. First Class Oration?Itnsslan <'a'npal?n of Napoleon.
Richard Watson Smith, Kant Bridgewater. Main.
8. Oration-Individuality. WlJuui Eastman Dwight,*
Chelaea, Mass.
9. Firat C.ass Oration?Edwin M. Stanton. Abraham John
Palmer, Newark, N.J.
to. Oration?Caste. Charle* Edsou Beaver, Willlmaniielt,
II. Firtt Claie Oration?Physical Culture. Edward J?nkim
llown, I'assalo, N. J.
Music finale "I uryauthe," Welier.
11. Oration?Chance. John Strange Wood.* Michigan city,
\S. Firat Class Oratlon-Rlch Men. Samuel Parker H'almond,
Ked Bunk, N. J,
14. Klrat Ciasa Oration?Constantlne. Virgil H'adhami
M ittoon, Cnzenovla, N. Y.
15. Oratlou? Our Political lodebtedr.es* to Hamilton.
C har!e? Sherman Edcertou.* Wrst fruy, N. Y.
M. First Cam Oration? PrabUtoric Mau. (?<jor,;e Brown
Ooode, CiDainuati, O do.
Music -Overture to '-The Brewer of Pr?iton," Adam.
17. Kir?t Class Oration?Man's Intltieuco Over* Nature.
Marvin Wallace Vandeuburg. Homer. N. V.
18. Klrat Claia Oration?'Tnejry aiitl Utility. William Armor
Johnston,* MlJdletown.
If. Klrat Ciasa Oration?The Spectator and Addlion. John
Hemic Emerson, Watertown, Muss.
20 Firat Claae Oration?Prejudice. Ceorje Townley I'arrott,
Irrin^ton, N. J.
21. First Clas* Oration?Ciecro Marcellue Huiks, Brooklyn.
N. Y.
Music-Chorus and Gyp*y Son*, "North Star," Meyerbeer.
22. Flrit Ciasa Oration?Our Holiday*. Alfred Seciye Roe,
Fulton, N. V.
First Clan Oration?Progress. Edward Hyde Rice,
Springfield, Mas*.
21. Modern Claaeleal Oration?The Scope of Modern Criticism.
Joseph Ken nrd Wells," Pemberton, N. J.
iTi Klrit (.ltt?? ilrmlfm?Tha V vw
ne7?r Hill, Jr., Norwaiit.
2H. Aaoient Clnitical Oration?Prometheua tha Traitor.
Henry Uieason Newton,* Durham.
Miulo? Pleyel'i Hymn, with the original variations for
quartet, Pleyel.
i7. Oration -Vora?ll!c?. Joseph B. Thomas, Jr.,* Charlestown,
s!8. Oration?Popular Amuaementi. William Jonathan
Smith,* Ml Idlotowu, K. I.
2a. Klrst Claw Oration?Benjamin Oiil,* Wcsiljorough,
HO. Philosophical Oration?Astronomy. Howard Augustus
McKcnny, Oorbam, Me.
81. Klrst f'iaaa Oration?Literary Standpoint!. David
Uenry Haoaburg, Kuineheo*, N. V.
S3. Metaphysioal Oration?Religion and ScWncs. George
llarrlion McQrew, Kingwood, West Va.
Mimlo?Quartet tram "Rlgoletto," Verdi.
KS. First C'I&ik Oiatlon?The Htbie and Our Common
School*. Iiaau Newton Clements,* Marceilue, N. V.
84. Oration?Uraoada. William Loo Mliltr,* Sprfngiield,
?Oration ?Edwar J Thomson. George Trenton Malm.
MextCJ, N. Y.
First Ci-mi Oration?Drumsticks. Marcus fatten tlauela,
C'nicago, 111.
M. Firm Class Oration?Trial by J;iry. Charles Wealey
Gallagher, Austin, Nev.
37. >l'i?l??Keating rfoena?Pastoral and March, from "Lm
Hueg?i\oU," Meyerbeer.
r?-. Valedictory Oration-Tha Chriitlan Scholar. Leon
Chester KleM, iToiton, M??i.
Music? Chorus and Air from "U Hallo in Maachera,"
Do^reea conforred.
M uilc chorus, scene and air from "Fra Dlavolo," Auber.
Muiic?Favorite duo from "Linda de Chamouuiz," Donllettl.
Subjoined are the names of the
Darius Dakor, Frederick Wilcox Clarke, Isaac N'ewtnn
Clements, William Kastman Dw.ght, diaries
Sherman Edgerton, John Llos>l^ Emerson, Le >a
Cheater Field. Charles Wesley Gallagher, Benjamin
GUI, George Brown (io<>de, Ch irlcs Laeejr Hamilton,
Samuel Parker Hammond, David den y Ilanab irg,
Mare us Patten UaiUeld, Charles Edward Hawkins,
C cero Mareelltu Hie Is, Ebeuezer Hill, Jr., Edwin
Jen!.Ins flowe, William Armor JouiiHtou. George
Harrison McGrew, Howard Augustus McKennr,
George Prestou Mains, Virgil wnohams Mat oon,
William Lee Miller, ilcury Gleason Newton, Abraham
John Palmer, George Townley Purrott, William
Henry PeterB, Edward Hyde Itlce. AHred SeelyeRoo,
Charles Edson Seaver, IUehard \vat-.on Smitli, Witliitm
Jonaihan Smith, Joseph B. Thomas, Jr., Mar.
| vin Wallace Vandenburg, John Welch, Joseph
1 Kennard Wells, John Strange Wood.
Tito subjects selected by the orators, as will bo
seen by the programme, covered a good deal of
ground, and by lheir variety made too exercises
enlovable. It would be Invidious to institute a com
parlson between the speakers when all, wl'hafw
exoopU"ns, acquitted themselves so creditably.
They gave eudence of thorough training In tire
much-negiected Uae art or elocu;ion. and showed
more ease and natuialu* ssof maimer than u usually
manifested on such occasion*. We cannot retrain
from mentioning the eulogy upon Stauton, bv Mr.
A. J. I'aliner, or Newark, who evlnoea originality
and earuesliie-s which foreshadows success in the
coveted art or efficient public Breaking. The valedictory
oration, by Mr. I.. C. Kiel I, or Boston, was
well written and delivered with more than ordinary
ease and gmcerumess.
Or. Onmmings presented the graduates with their
diplomas, and m the name 01 the faculty and tnutcta
announced the conferring of honorary degrees
upon the following gentlemen:?U. D. on ltev. Nathaniei
J. Barton, of Hartford, successor to Dr.
Bushnell; Rev. CJjrius 1>. foss, and Rev. William
Antlitr, principal of the Prlimulvo Methodist Institute,
Sunderland, England. LL. 1). on ucneral Hdwurd
K. a. C'aiiliy,
The degree of 1). D. was conferred with great acclamation
upon Rev. 1>. C. loss.
In the atternoon the Alumni, Including the grndua<:ng
class aud a select number ot invited guests,
duud together at the McDonough nonse.
The closing entertainment connected with comtnenci-Tuent
was thp President's levee, which is
always looked forwarded to as the social event of the
week. President Cummlngs and W- agreeable aud
accomplished wile extended their hospitalities to
tho (listing iwhed friends of the university and their
wives and daughters, who thronged the* parlors of
the Presidential Mansion. The ladles were richly
and ta^tululiy at; tred and the gentlemen appeared
In full dresu.
Although the exercises of the week were sufficient!,)'
tnte.e-tirig to induce the iriends of this
popular MeModtstlc institution of loarning to be
present, vet Mi. Judd, the ITesldeut of the Alumni,
intimated at the Alumni lestival that extensive
preparations would be made to have the exercises
oi commencement next year still more interesting,
at wnirn tiuao the halls now being erected would ><e
, JULY 23. 1870.?TRIPLE
Aa Old Man Kills the Seducsr of HU Daughter
at Her Sielc Bed?Frightful Soene in a Sick
Boom?The Coroner'* Inqueit?Diepharirn
of tlm *Tiird<?r?r
[From tho Richmond Enquirer, J ulv 7!.]
The pretty village of Chester, in Chesterfield
county, oa Die Itlclimon 1 unit Petersburg Railroad,
iust hull way lietweou thu cliit's ol Richmond uii^
'etersbnrg, ho quiet and pouoeful since It ceased to
be the bustling neadquut ters of commissaries, quurtermasiers,
surgeons uiul general oilleers, as it was
the la i .rears of tho war, witnessed a bloody tragedy
on Tuesday, and one ho bad In Its surroundings that
It makes us even gloomy to record It. *
A. loving father, to avenge his youthful daughter's
honor, had to slay h:s son-in-law and make a second
daughter a disconsolate widow.
The deed was a bloody one; but JustJca would be
content, with noihiug less than the lite of the destroyer
of tho peace of a family?his own by marriuge
and all being uuder one roof with Mm.
The fattier referred to was Captain William H.
Hayward, a well Known citizen of Richmond, but of
late a resideut of Chester, and the son-in-law Benjamin
U. Lin I say, for yean oust the hotel Keeper at
the latter place. The details of t"e sad and tragic
atrair are given with circumstant.al minuteness In
what follows:?
On Tuesday morning Lindsay came to Richmond
for the purpose ol seeing the Governor in the interest
of a colored man named Robertson, who was recently
convicted <?f robbery In Chesterfield county
and sent to the Penitent! *ry. ne too. the 2:37 P. M.
train to return home. Upon the cars lie jollied company
with Captain W. I. Clopion, ol the Jaw tlrin of
Jackson 4 Cloptou, o( tins city, with whom he had
some acquaintance, and who was likewise going io
Chester. Arriving at Chester the two got off tho
carstogethor and went into Ha,wa d's bar, which
adjoins the hotel, and is only about one or two
dozen steps from the railroad track. Hayward was
behind the counter and mixed drinks lor uil three.
Captain Clopion nor iced at the lime that there was
a peculiarly troubled look upon his face; but only a
few words were pissed, and notlnug transpired
cuiculated to create a suspicion of tne terriole tragedy
which was so soon to be enacted.
Captain Clopton left Hay ward and Lindsay in the
back room. From what afterwards came out In
evidence it appears that Cap aln Hayward said to
Lindsay, "There is a young mail upstairs wuy ??.
sires to .see you." Liu Isav inquired who l^ and
ovinoe I sonio anxlet. to know, nujr^osUug the names
of several persons whom he tb-.;ught likiuy to c .11 to
see him, but ro ail his lnq"2.',nes Hayward responded.
"Never ium'.iI, you wiM vvljo it is when you net up
tJiov:T&a two went iiit > die hotel aud" up to ilio
Second Hour, ami Captain Hay war ! opened Miss h! a
Hay ward's door. Miss E.ia was lu De l, and Dr. Migrant,
a physician of the place, was sitting .i? a cha:r
beside her. Hay ward led Lindsay up to tue bi'dsldo,
and turning doivu tin- sheet showed Mm a now bom
male cuii 1, at the sa no uino remarkunr:?
":*et me Introduce you 10 your son?ilio victim of
your vmany."
Lindsay seemed overwhelmed with gui't and
despair. He sat hliuseli down on the bed, looked
at tae child and tlie mother, butted uot a word.
llay ward sternly demanded, "Are you the lather
Of una child r"
Lluda.iy said, "If she savs so, I reckon I am."
Ho ward then turned 10 ins daughter aud asked,
My daiuuter I ask you, in the p; eseuoo of tuts
man, la he the latuer ol the child
line replied, "tie is."
Hay Want then meaningly Paced Lindsay and Inquired
"If he had anything In Jusuffcation of his
crane to say." Lindsay rejoined quit's coolly, "I
must have lime to consider;" and It ay ward told
him. "1 will give you time." lie waited about three
Lindsay still kept his chair and May ward was
standing n 'ar the head of the bed. Dr. Ingrain also
retained ins sent. Hayward repeated, 4 Have you
anything to sa.v?" aud, upon Lindsay Haying
th%t lie liad not, and tuut ho supposed
the child was his. aiow from bis rlyiit
pantaloons pocket a four-barrelled, silver-mounted
Sinnh & Wesson's pistol and de lberateiy Urea at
Lindsay, who sti.l retained his position upon the
bedside. Tli'! first sh it missed him, though the two
could not have been lour ro t apart. At tuo second
shot. Lindsay Jumped up aud it also missed him. Hefore
the third snot was fired ho had approached
liayward and made a futile endeavor to get possession
of the pistol, but be.ore lie could do so it
was fired a aln, and the ball entered his right thigh.
Hayward now approached Lin )say, ami tiio latter
stretched out ills hands towards the former to grasp
the pistol, a id ha I g ?; ton one ol his liners upon
his neck when the fourth and last shot was fired,
and entered the abdomen, near tne navel. Liu isay
loll back upon the bed, begging that he should be
troubled no more as he had got hi* death wound.
A.lot ibis occurred tu a few moments. Dr. Ingram
was powerlesB lo interpose. Miss IS,la uttered lue
moil Irauttc screams and vainly struggled to ralde
herself in lied, aud tUe scene was one 01 indesty ibabie
thr wnnt iiefonr deattt.
Lindsay whs taken up i>y Dr. Ingram and young
Mr. Hayward uud carried ituo a room opposite,
where He was laid u.ion u bed and ins wounds curefully
dresseu. He expressed great pejitenoe lor
Iiih ci'i ne; said be knew (hit he win K"iuif to uie
and did no blame Hayward for what be hal done.
He conversed ireely with several persons who came
to see him during the night, auri Would not allow
any one to persuade him 111 t it was p ossibie lor linn
tosuivive. He made Ins will a little betoie daybreak,
and ori Wednesday niornlnr, about haif-pa t
nine o'clock, brea h d his last. He died comparatively
easy, was calm and serene to Me last, hut
made no appeals (or mer<y to me heavenly throue
tnr inqi'sst.
A Jnrv of Inquest wits immediately empanelled by
Justice Perdue, consisting of E. Williams (loreinaui,
<r. P. Hill, (J. P. Mamie, James ltudd. u. It. Utirron.
J. L. Suead, II. Snead, A. J. Augel, K. II. Toonc,
K. Button \\. Wood. Dr. Ingram and oilier Witnesses
were examined, anil a iio-t-mortem e.tuiniiuitton
made by l>rs. Ingram, Wooltlridge, Prl-.-nu and
Cheatham. They louud thut. there were two
wounds?tin one on cue thigh very slight; the one
in the abdomen ha l earned death. The nail eutCie.l
on a line and two Inches to the right of t'le umbilicus,
displacing the iiite-itl.ies, cmting one of them senterie
arteries tiud lodging m the spine near the vertebra:.
The cnv.ty of tne ntoiuacii contained about
two gallons of blood, 'the jury rendered a verdict
that tne d'-ceasod came to Ins death '-by gunshot
wounds lired on the l.ith July l?.v w. 11. iia> <varu."
an hya uin ati on.
At five o'clock yesterday an examination was had,
Justice .loltiro. I'erduepre idiiig. captain William
I. Clopion appeared for tho a<: 'used, and Colonel
Wolmtn Ambers, Common wean li's Attorney, lor the
prosecution. Mr. Hayward was |>er eotiy calm and
eoltectea, but was evidently Huiforiug the mtcasest
auguiili and sorrow.
1 he hist witness examined was Dr. Ingram, He
testified that ne was m ilie room ut tlio time tho
r <i.> nig cook piace; lie ua<i oeeu caueu in 10 attend
Miss Kli.t Hay warn iu confinement; about an hour
liOiO.c Uaywanl and Lindsay entered the room
together n male child was horn: Hay ward was not
i rcse.it at the very, but nad lie. it in ami out ol
the room frequently during the labor pains.
l>r. Ingrain here minutely narrated most of tlio
facts siate I ab >ve, from the entrance ol father ami
son-in-law Iruo the room nutil the shooting.
Cross-ex.im ued by Captain Clop!on?The child
was born beiwoen three and four P. M., before tne
train airived f ont uichinoud; Captain Hay ward
was frequently in his daughter's room; requested
linn not long alter the do.ivory to remain aboul the
premises; when ihe t wo cam-j in together he was
about to deliver the after blrih; there was -oinewhat
of a struggle between the two alter tlio fir. t show
had been tlrel; visited Lindsay alter ho was
hli >t; Liu Isay remarked if ne had Known tins tiling
w,.s going to occur "lie would not have been caught
h'-re;" acknowledged that he was the lather of tlio
child; was under Uie impress on that lie was
roIiu to die; attempted to console luui,
but iu vain; lie hud mat had c jinmunlcution w?tn
Miss uiia in November, in the store. lie tiiougl.t he
might possl iiy live t wo or three days, but was sure
he could not recover; he said that he d.d not Hunk
tiny iiann had been done to Miss Eila when lie married
her sister; toey were married, I tlninc, about
Cur.stnus; he sai<i lie had told mo tlds thing six
luou lis ago, but did not tell the uame ot the party;
toid me at that time that lie had got into a scrape
wi.u a Kic'uuond girl; tne rcasod b? approached uio
then was to not soiuetluug to prevent conception,
which of course I declined to give; said if she nad
followed his aavlco .all this would not have h.ippenod;
said he ought to nave shot Captain liayward
three weeks ago, men tin < thing comd not have happened;
aiu positive that he told tills.
To Colonel Ambers?W'bun this confession was
made had not pronounced his case hopeless; his
physical condition was weak; he was under nervous
prostration, but was perfectly conscious; he was impressed
with the cuavictiou that uu was UiUud to
capi.nn uopton presc>!;eu the loiiowing last win
of Liudsa.v, wnioii wu3 road, but not admitted in
Ovldenoe: ?
Tb? paper hckngloa to m* In the hand* of Captain Wililam
I. Clopton, alt <;Ulin? reierrtug to tir. Howell'1 MLatc, 1 wmh
deliver# I to A. L. Win.rtv; uli referring to Itorft account*
deliver to Cptnln Howard, and Uiotiton wnl know what
disposition to make ot the other paper*. I wUb to be buried
In an ordinary coiUo, on the landa of Mr. Suead. Minor'*
burying ground!. In a black auit and no throud, and to he
burled by tbe Mason* It conrenlont.
BfcNJ. K. LINDSAY, hie * Mark.
CnEhTTit, Chesterfield county, Va., Jnly So. 1M0.
Witnessed by Uuor^e K. Marble and t.enrge W. Friend.
J. 0. dnead a worn?testified that He had nad two
Interviews with tlie deceased after He wan shot?ono
Tuesday evening and tnc other WeutiCMlav morning.
Ah soon an lie Inquired after tn*? li aim lie told me 110
was dying; remarked tliat if it <iid not seem so cowar
ily tie should try to pray; trleci to kivc him some
spiritual consolauon, mid lie entu empanuca lv:?
"There la one portion of the bible whicli
Is true, and that la where It Hay;*. 'The
way of the transgressor is hard.'" Ho conteased
that he had had intercourse w it li Miss Kila
for a considerable time and very frequently, but not
slat e ins marriage, and regretted that all his plans
by which discovery wou.d nave been pit-vented had
miscarried; had attempted to run offtae young lady
twice; once had gotten her as far ?s Petersburg, but
she came back and would not leave again.
Til K Wol'NtW.
I)r. Oeorne W. Friend minutely described tho
wounds and their cilect; witnessed h.s will. He
gave no new tacin dui iiiti li's examination.
Mr. lludd. after Ucliu sworn, tohtiiied mat ha sat
up with Mr. Llnisar Tuesday nltrht; declared tTi?t
lie whs a dead man. hut made nn confeBslon; Captain
IIay ward came into the room that night and
went up to Lindsay's bedside and ?aid, "Ben, do
you Know you have done wronarf" Lindsay replied,
"Yen;" Hay ward Men saM, "Will you acknowledge
that It in your child ?' Lindsay replied in the afllrinatlve;
Hay war I then itid "II has been roixirted out
that the child wast black," and mud "Thank Cod that
that jtaiu tias been wl|i?d out;" Hayward was very
kind to Lindsay. The testimony here oloaod.
Colonel Amber. Commonwealth's Attorney, ad
dressed the presiding magistrate, an?l explained
that since 18o7 the law hud dlsuerised with au examining
court; that its duties had been devolved upon
the examining magistrate; that it wui lu
Ills power to seuu the prisoner on with
or without bail, or to discharge him at once.
He recommenced tho latter course. There was
no Jury wnich could bo empanelled on
God's earth, white or black, savage or civilized,
which would find the accused guilty of uiurdcr. The
feelings or ii father rise up in every man's bosom
aeaiust the commission or such foui crimes and proClatui,
"That the way or I lie transgressor Is hard,
In Iced." He did not think this was a case lu which
either tho public morals or public safety required
the accused to bo sent on. He should be discharged.
Then it would warn men of Ubl llno h appetites that
when they do those deeds they do them not on'v at
the risk or an avenging father, but of au avenging
public also.
Captain Clopton said that he did not think It necessary,
after what had been ao well and proi>erly
said by the Attorney for the Commonwealth, to make
any remarks.
The magistrate then said, "Captain Hay ward,
stand up."
'Under these circumstances I can't express my
feelings. I think it my duty to announce your discharge."
There was everv evidence of approval at the termination
of the case on tho part of the spectators,
but no uolsy demonstration was made.
Government Financc?The City Press?
From the Sick Districts? A
"Smart" Chiuaman.
Tin Yokohama Oazette of the 2Iat of June supplies
tho following editorial romarks:?
In the absence of an/ actual news connected with
tho political world of /ap*a, we ttMldnhr to the
fa t tint, simuUaii'iously with the arrlv.il or the Intelligence
from Uugiand or the -'Lav-Japan'' loau
being put upon the market lu London by Messrs. J.
r. oviiivcioi ? v*/., nc writc iiu.ii ? ii'uit, in nic tuil
umus of our generally well-Informal contemporary,
the Shanghai Ar<??\s-L*'ter, a sh.>rt article which
i throw* uii'iubt ou the progress of Japan. The best
answ T that can bo given to this Is, taking the statements
as th-y come, to bid the writer look at the
condition of the cmutfry now and two years ago. If
a eon ral power has not be -n established In the sense
or to the extent our oontem torary desires, oiib
thing is most unmistakable, viz., tint the government
of tlio Mikado lluds Us orders obeye I throughout
the whole Kmptro.
The same journal supplies tlic following uews
A libel case wag lately tried In her Majesty's Provincial
Court, on which a M. Bert rand, a French subject.
claimed $i,ooo damages from Mr. Howell, editor
ot the Japan Mail, for an alleged and admitted
libel. Mr. llowell had written In error, and on discovering
himself to be In the wrong did everything
lie could to repair the evil he lial done. Kverv one
rejoiced to see ho was ouly oast in nominal damage*.
Ills Excellency Sir Harry Parked, K. C. B., and the
party wno accompanied hnu Into the silk districts
have returned.
The Yokohama Library and Heading Rooms are
Tile most prominent of Utile Peddllngtonian affal.s
has beta a squabble between a Japanese scavenger
and a loreUu overseer of stre its and sewers.
Su nnier is now fairly In, and excursions, lung
and short. In la:ge and small parties, have been tuc
order of Ihe day. The weather is delightful.
Tnj Yokohama UiW.Ue of the O.h of June has the
following items.:?
Yokohama has witnessed th^ issue of the first
number of a photographically Illustrated paper
calle I The Far foist. We are disposed to t hin k well
01 it; an t as a commercial speculation its success is
already secured.
Counterfeit coining, says the Gatette, Is one of
the most heinous of crimes in the eyes of Japanese.
The punishment la crucifixion. Japm has lately
adopted a paper money currency called kins ilz. and
to forms the-e mites in ii eiiiiilnl niTi-ore. A I'h.na
muu has i>een found guilty of carrying on such
operation* at iue very raaulent-e of the English
Minister Intnielf. Suspicious were aroused by seei"j:
<'it the ground u oans paper, evidently Intended
to receive the Impression tn.it shoul i secure if* currency
us money- A Hearth was made, ami it wa>
found ilia Hie liead China boy had availed hiuiscl
of a small room rarely used, and had Introduce! ;t
celestial friend, who tfiore carried on iits operations.
Gravlug instruments and other nia'eriuls vvero round
which placed iUe mutter beyond u doubi, and too
men were handed ovur to the Japanese uutborlHoj.
Tli exe nit >11 wan to lnvo taken place oil Hie 4th
instant, hut was postponed.
flow It Feel#? A Personal Account ol Newmtionn
Under tin* GirouuiMtinrea.
[From tho Charleston Courier, July is.]
A vaiued correspondent from Colleton, 11 iving Interviewed
Mr. K. A. WUna, who w an recently utruc.K
b> luhttuuR, Rives us Hie following interesting deiiiis.it
the (.ircuinuuuces of ho unusual an accident.:?
Wai.tf.bhoro, s. c., July 9,1870.
I met R. Allen Wlilia to-day, who, you remember,
was si uclt by lightning a few weens rko, and lie
uave mo substantially the following account ot the
occurrence:?llowas walking home with two Utile
children, a gul ot abont six and a boy of about toar,
when a rain came up m'dduuiy, and ho went under
a pine tree to protect tho children till It wan
over. He took ott his coat and wrapped it
urouiid the little girl, and oont over uieiu to
uhflinr tlii'in fii ill tiu> miii. close rn rim i?uiu <u
tiie tro,'. All lie remeinbirs of ttic stroke was a
briiliunt light that, blinded Him. When lie revived,
hi- found lu.uself lyuiit uu lux hue* about mx feet
from the tree, fconug as U' lie wan in deep jilt, ami
that souto l.uye weight w i >. crushing out his breath.
He attempted to rise, bur, Tell bicK. At. in<t ho
turned over on Ms face, tlio ettort causing mm Inexpressible
ii!{?ny. hut tlu.illy got 011 all fours, whuu he
met a siitlu W>sll calculated to Ik numb every facility.
His mental un^ui-h was so intense thai an 11-412 nt
suue.iiig seems to have e -n conii)re<Hod into a tew
momenta. 1 i is w s lying at the mot of the
tree 011 her la.ee, a ppaventl.. wnM Hff kdMHI
was torn Into slirads, and her hair was scorcned us
If u torch of uro had i>ecn thrust ajMlnst ir. The little
boy was sltim-jr bolt uprlg.it, whit! and motionleas
as a marble htatue?no sgn of eonsclou-uess or
life, lie called htin, but could not attract Ills attention.
Mr. W. siys the stouy IliatOMof the child's
gaze is lndetllbly impressed upo 1 his memory.
Me tried to turn over Ins little daugUier, but could
not use Ills hands. They wcz) drawn up till th;
p.tims almost toiicue I his iviisis. Ho could not tell
uow long lie hail been, insensible, but the rain had
coased. arid he 1 ouid see that there had been a heavy
rain. Tim boy had ueen lying with his fuce down,
for the water had washed the trash Hgalust his lace.
Mr. Willis tried to h 1II00, but couid only groan,
and every attempt, he made to rise ended lu his 1??i?lng
011 his back, iroui win h position he co dd oiily
move by undergoing the suffering he flrst e.vperleuce-l
lu turning over and rising on nis eiboivs an I
knees At last ne concludcd to civwi to a Mr. Nix's
house, only ifio yards distilnt. Mrs. Nix saw him
crawling towards the house and went to htm. lie
dire-.ted her to the children, whom she liuinediateiy
ran to, and fouud the llitlo boy ullve, lylug across
his sister's bo.ly. Tfc3 coat was wrapped so lightly,
as If twisted around the throat, of tlio little girl, that
she would liavf; been siiangitd from tlmt alone. As
soon as the coat was removed sue began to show
signs of life, and soon recovered.
Mr. Wilha suffered very much for nine days, but
all three recovered.
A SiNfirt.AR Cass.?Wo clip the following from
the Livingston N"P'ihUc(in:?
The RwMlcan for Juno 1, In Its report of decoration
day in nils vi.ia^c, contained a list of soldiers
whose grave., ua I bOeu stre.vn with flowers on May
30. Among the number was that 01 private Augustus
II. 1'kviou, of t'ue Fourteenth Heavy Artillery, New
YorK Volunteers. The report met the eye of Mrs.
David Rowley, of East Avon, wno had a brother of
the same name she had not seen In forty years, bhe
Immedia c y came 10 this village and instituted inquires
winch resulted in showing that the deceased
so idler and her bromcr were one and the same person.
It nppcars that about the year 1828 private
Dayton left the house of his parents. Ills sister,
Mrs. ltowlejr, subsequently married and settled
lu Avon. Dayton frequently wrote to his sistsr
and addressed his letters to her maiden name.
Her place of residence wus not known, and so
III'. IVW muiill IUUIIICU IIC1. mm ??ll' IHUDUmi was
also unknown, no lie never received any letters.
Dayton came to reside near tills village many years
ago, no for a quarter of a century ut leant brother
and sister have been living within ten m:les or each
oiner, but both unconscious of the I act.
Mr. Kowley, the broiherlu-law. ha** often been
cailed to Hit oil juries at the Court House lu thin village.
nnd doubtless the brothers-in-law have pancd
each other time and again in our streets, but as they
ha I no personal acquaintance nothlug came of such
accidental meetings. It Is said that Dayton on his
deathbed mourned much that he was unabie to see
his sister, who, nad she Known of Ids whereabouts,
could have driven to him auy hour, AUoge.her the
case is a singular one.
Ai.lowbd to Rbbcm.d.?At a meeting of tho cltleens
ol San Juan, held on Th'inday evening, to take
measures to protect their property from Are, n report
was mauo that the Chneso woimi i>e allowed to
rebuild oti the burned district, provided that no
building s.iodld bo erected uioru tnan fourteen feet
lu he.gnt. nt.r wtihln seventy feet of auy building
now occup cd bv the wniies. The Chinese agreed to
the propositions and are now busily engaged 111
electing tenement* an per agreement.-^-Ye wia (Jaullc,
July 9.
The Electric Telegraph?Freight* an4
Trade ? American Officials ? Edu
cation?Around Peklu?Justice?Shipwrecks.
By the European man at ttiit port wo hare few
newspaper li e* from Ctilua dated at Shattgoae on
the 2d of June. The Shanghai' Courier supplies ttio
following InU'rcatlnst news reports:?
Wo are glad to hear tnat Mr. Dunn lias been so far
successful In his negotiations at I'ekln ait to liavo
obtained permission to bring the telegraph cattle of
the China Submarine Telegraph Company <>r London
to Shaughae, provided the end be not landed. The
Chinese government will aoi consent to any land
line buiug erected on the smallest scale, but all the
purposes of the compunv may be aorved ny the permission
above mealtime l.
Itatcs ot freight on silk, per Peninsula nn<l Oriental
and M. I. steamers have been nsiuced to 9
taein tor London nod s taeis for Marseilles.
The Klang lomig which arrived yesl rday brought
down the tlrst of this soasou'R tea from llaukow.
The market for Ningch<>w tens was opened on the
10th .it taels 40 laid down in Slnuighiie and for
Hankow teas on tue -list at taels Hi. T ie for.iter ,
went up as hlith us taels 4:1'., lint has since given
way somewhat, and the Hankow teas advanced to
taels 2 over the opeutng rates and aubhciiueuUy declined
3lo4 taels.
The steamship (iolleii Age has brought il78,000 or
treasure. The outgoing Kngllsh mail taken 1,012
baled of silk.
Among the arrivals per American mall to-day wo
observe the name oi tue Rev. W. Minrliead, one of
oir oldest resident *, the lion. C. E. Do Long, thn
lulled States Minister (o Japan, and Mr. C. U. .Shepherd,
Vntted (states Consul at Yokohama.
We tielteve that the CUuroh MIsMonarv Society
proposes opemug a school for the education ot native
boys as soon as convenient promises can be
erected. Since the closing ot the Antlo-Chinu.su
school tiiero has been no educational establishment
Uirectly or indirectly in conne tlon with this greal
English missionary body in Shau^hae.
A report has re iched us of the dea li of one of tho
high otllciais of th" empire?Tan, President of the
Hoard oi Punishments. The forelgu reddo.its werd
preparing to go to their summer i|tiarter.s at the
nius, a j>iCii- UR en in?0 iroiu iuc mcarj uiun. ut
IV kin.
The Tsung-ll-yameu has sent a circular to the
Foreign Ministers on Hie subject of the demiso or Mr.
Huillnnaine, acknowledging Hie importance of his
servicea ami paying a graceful tr.bute to Ills memory.
A telegram from Newchwang ways:? ?
Buslucfu 1h still dull here. The harbor, wh'ch last
month was well tlll?> 1 with vessels of inauy nations,
lias Dinv onlv some ten vessels at anchor which
nave not cleared for one or oilier of tne douihera
ports, There are uo tuore vessels bouu 1 for Japan.
A correspondent up the river from Sha igliao
Ktatea that large numbers of students were assembling
at Wu-cbang, the provincial capital of llnpch,
for examination, and that some apprehension existed
of disturbances arising.
A correspondent?says tliu Khuugliac courier, of
the'id ol June?who lias lately vtsitod the country
north anil west of l ekU, scuds as the following interesting
For waut of ralu the eropn north and went of
Pekln, in most places, are very poor, the wheat
belusr lu ear at nine or ten inches in beight: to
lew favored spots it was as high rs sixteen or
eighteen Inches. Where they had wells in the Held*
the people were at work irr.gatln*; In omer places
carrying the water and applying it by hand.
The cattle plague Is lu Mongolia and Is atltacKIng'. .
I am told, all sort* of animals camels Inctulrt,
which are to be dvinirln numlM-ra. This is one of /
I lie causes of the disturbance wulon has given occa- '
slou to i ue Russians to seu 1 troops to I'rga, to yrutect
the malls at that place.
Various rumors are afloat with regard to the cnn<M
of the disturbance. Some say it is ino Mahoin dan
rebels; others the Mongols quarrelling among themselves,
in consequence or their losses in cattle.
Whichever It may be, tho Tact Is the same, the Russians
have trooim at Urga, and as ttiey say lliein*'
selves, for I he prot ection of the mulls at that place. ,
1 licar also mat. me minimum in uiui ninnri uavo
asited lite Russians to unnex the.r territory. It
Is the samo old story, tho eagle encroaching on
tlie dragon's preserve*. 1 am only surprised that
tne Russians content thenwelve# vrltb ? <? Utile, bat 1
suppose the time is not rtpr for larger advancofc In'
tbi* direction at present. I expect, however, to i-ca
or hear ere long tluit the "natural boundary'' of the
Russian empire is the Yellow river.
This will luciude the two richest provinces, In mln- '
erais, In tho empire: and to make the tnln< complete
ihe C'urtftt aud the remnant oi Manchuria must
be included. It Is not to l)c suppo-'^rt that the ltus1
sums will be content with a barren territory like
Mongolia. Having the Mom? U w.th them, tho Hu*
i Hiaiis are masters of the norm of China w heuever ?t
hiiI1 s ilicui 'o lake possession. Tli- Mongols have no
lik.ng for tii? Clihiyse, rath'r the reverse, juaging by
wliar I have nivself smii. The qnosiion Lh?would
China bcuelit by tho change or masters t I heuevo
it would: and that the people who are now livi ig In
great uomlj, tUougu possessed or ^roat mineral
rlciuv, wutiM te.ip trie benefit i?v the introduction
of rtulv.'ays, &(!., wl'Uout which tfie-o minerals are of
vj v. lui; to any ou*. r
CnrNKSR jcstw b and its ahhinistrvtkv'j. *
Tito following cut iou.s in .l ion . says the ; liuwhat
Courier, has been foi wa ded t > i,d bj a correspondent
at Chln-klaug:?
A rumor lias reached us or a murder having taken
plane a few itavs since at Yttng-chow (-onto sixtv 11
distant), under the lo::owiuir circumstance*:?\
traveller, ha\ ing about ill ty dollar- in hi? possession,
put up ai an uri In tho city for the night, when hM
wealth was discovered by ihe landlord and htx
f:imilv, wno, llko mosr. Cluuese, could not bear ihe
sight of Mexicans a'H remain unmoved: iney at
once decided on bcoming the possessors, and in
the uight murdered the unfortunate man and roiled
tho body m his I'oo kai (Chinese bedding) and (le])0->it?*d
the bundle at a neighbor s door, unseen, at
they suppose.!; but there was another j-ue-t in tho
i inn, wlio, hearing tne noise upstairs and learlng
that ho iniglu re ivy vlolen o, In tho tru?
Chinese stylo, cleared out. Next morning tho
man at whose door tue bundle had been placed
(an opium seller), was at Urn agre-ahty surprise*
lo see some bedding without an owner a> nistWor,
but on opening It was aomewhat less pit^od, and
even le?H so again when the Vamuti urilccrs came
I .'Lrj I niT.'Mffd iiiill fin aiiMntfifiii m 11,.. i.inr.i.T I.I.
cause of Hie i?h1v >>eiti|f foutru at his door. At tlw
listen'* Vntnut tur usual trial by torture to extort
conie.ssiou to<>\ place jnd failed; meanwhile tin i>efoi'Q
men:loii'd c>teift hnd reached tils native village
some union diM.mt, and in a tea shop related III!*
story of the. murder. Till* III time came to th; ear*
of no.ito of the Yftriiun oillo r<, and the i?<ult
thf; trno story routing to light and the actual nnur?
durer being arretted. It was now the turn of Mia
falsely accused to complain, which ti? did, positively
refusing to leave the Valium without roinneiiAatioa
for thi- Denting iu?tico (or lnjiisu-ts) mulcted, and
alno for the lo-s of character, tfnd the Union had rtf
give about moo to silence liiM. The true murderer
litis already b en convicted, ami will no doubt have
to pay loi Hie nits..ike aU>V? recorded.
[From ifi.o hmtughae Courier, Jnno 27.]
Two wroci* on the i'straccta aro reported In tlirt
Hong Kon j papers to hand k>y French mail, her Majmijn
r^lniioat Klan.'j and the ship Caractacu*
Tto'Jt having t>oen lo^t in a storm. Tlx* riew 01 th?
former, with the exooptto i of .Mr. Milton, gunner;
one corporal of ntariiici, one ship'* cook, one <piartei
niasf r, one seaman and four * hincse were, we
grieve to nay, drowned. Tito otllcera Who perished
wi-re Lieutenant Commander Kiwyn, Nav.il subLteutenaui
Kvattand Assistant Surgeon VV. F. Kyail,
witn forty-two seamen and marine*, who were lost
in attempting to swim ashore, ibis happetied on
the lot hot May, accordtug to <<ne account, but the
crew of the Cat acta, ns report the wrecK to have
tak> ii place on the lurh tilt.
'Alio crew of the CaruGiaous were saved witli
The sma'l steamer nay, of ninety-seven tons, has
also been lost on an island near Hatiiiiri, her owner,
Mr. l'mdla.v, being washed overboard during lite
gale and drowned.
Some part of ttierartro of the Dnnmail has been
recovered, au I hopes Hre entertained ol raising the
ship. The court of Inquiry ins suspended the certltlcatc
of the commander, captain rhoiupson, fur six
months, finding that the lean was not us d, that the
ship sitomd have beeu anchored, mid Hint there
was no reason why she should have left the uudchaauci
fatal saw patch leAp.
[From the Batavla (N. Y.) Spirit of the Times,
July xv?.|
A allocking aifalr occurred at Indian Falls, Genesee
river, on the Reservation, on Sunday attei noon
last, that resulted In the death or a mau named John
Wight. It seems that on two or ttn-ee previous occasions
this fool-hardy man had accomplished the
datiaerous teat ol Jnmplug Into tue water iroin thn
wiuaow or (lie mill ui ill llan Kails, a distance of
some fllty or sixty icet. Oh ttundav tie proposed to
take another leap, when a concourse of some t.*o or
three hundred people were present to wltnew th?
performance, lie made the leap, but tinning In tns
fall, he struck the water ou his client ami laoe, when
he sank to the bottom. '1 lie blow bid so sunned
and Injured him that he immediately drowned.
Wlien taken out the blood was n*c from his
m?t ith, nostrils and ears. He was about twenty-eight
years of age.
So Sao.?A Rochester paper tell* a romantic urorj
ol a yountr drcssnaaitcr who been in Intatuatod wttli
a voting m in without his knowledge. To make
heiself w^r'ny of mm she took to study, and after t
t-evere course of French, Italian and piano, during
which she worked a her occupation and only%a>pi
three hours cut or the twenty-four, the young man
married another girl. The blo>v was too much for
ttio young lady's reason, and she Is now au Inmate
ol an Insane asylum.
Gold rv Sandy Hiveb, Mr.?A number of small
pieces of (told have recently been taken from sandy
river. That there ts gold in the river at that place
has long boeu known, as smili partici** have b.wa
picked up by Hcveral Individuals at dltierent times;
out wnetner II ran be obtained In qu .otitic*
flctent to pay for mining had not yot been aicot* _

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