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NEW YOKK HERALD DUOAUUAV AM> ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, rtiOPKIBTOR. All buBlneaattr aewu letter and telegraphic i-L? Kra Vnpt aeapaiuucB ?? ?? - ? Hbbai.d. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be returned. THE DAILY HERALD, cjw; day in t?it Iear. Four cent# per copy. Annual subscription price S1<J. Yohtaie XXXT N?. 237 AMUSIMEHTS THIS EVENINB. wallack'8 THEATRK, Broadway tM 1Mb itmt,PmiTt, OC ft UOOttlK UtftMAH. BOWERT THEATRE, Bow.ry.- YaMCTT EltTZBTAIsMIIIT. OR AND OPERA HOCSK. earner of Elzlith aroaua u< jm ol?Sitala?Tub Nations. BOOTH'S THKATKB. SM o?iwe?o Sill and Uliii.Bir Van Winklb. NTBLO'H GARDEN. Bruauway?THK Dbama or Ths UukK'it Motto. WOOD'S MU3B0M AND * KM V1XRIoor??rTblrn?tb Forformaiicoa o*?ry *ft?moou and afenlng MRS. r B. CONWAY'S PAKK THEATRK. Brooklyn buoalkvh bk':*mai>KKS amd BUELBIKiOr. Ol'kba. TONY PASTOR'8 OPERA HOU8B. ?1 Bow?ry.-TAUIIV Emixbtaimmkmt?COMIO TOCALISHH, AO. THEATRE COMIQ 'B, AM Broadway Comic Vooal1AM, Mkubo Acts. la CENTRAL PARK C.ARUEN, 7th at., botwean 68th and rub bU.- tucodobe TUgMAB' POPULAR COXUBRTH. NEW YORK M''SRDM ?K ANATOMY, 618 Broadway.FCIKNUl: AND AKT. DR. K AQN'8 ANATOMICAL MUSKUM, 745 Broadway.801bm0b amd ast. Exhibition or Paintings. ' New York, Monday, Aucuil 15, 1S70. COBTOTS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD. Pack. J?Advertisement*. 9?Advertisements. ,1?Mexico: Tlie En Itcmrnt Over General Kosrcto? BrooWlvn City News?Quarantine Airu r-t?The LnUK Island Fire?Re,d l state Transfers?A Shocking Case of Depravity ?Marriages and Deaths?Advertisements. 4?Editorials: leading Articles on Railroad Consolidation and the Consequences? Personal Intelligence? Assaults and Atlrays Ye.sterday? Amusement Announcements. 5?The War: Reported l'onii>a dn.ent of Strasbourg by tlie Prussians; M^icMaiioil's March from Nancy and Retreat Over the Mo-elle: .The Junction of tne Paris and Strasbourg Railroad Held by the Germans; Napoleon's Movement rroiu Metz; Seventy Thousand Volunteers from Paris yesterday; French Na\ai Demon suttuoii-* un Auxmiveit una i\iei; oivcKg'ie 01 the EHx\ vVeser, Enler anU Jahde?Death of Fairagut: Aaot.icr ti ro G'oue?Serious Stabbing A (Tray in Newark?Accidentally Killed? Business Notices. ?Religious: Political Prayers and Preach tnp in the Pulpit; A Country Parson Implores the Almighty to Crush France; "Cnmlnsr Events Cast Their Shadows Before;" Religion at Sing Sing Camp Meeting?llura e Greeley lu the Woods. 7?Obituary: Admiral David Glasgow Farragut, United states Navy?The Collision in the Bay; Statements of Captain Wilson, or the Norwaiic, and the Captain of the Steamtug Walker? Musical and Theatrical Notes?The Commodore's Compromise?Financial and Comunjrclal Reports. 8?The War (coutinncd from Fifth page)?News from Washington?A Bowdy's Revenge?Tno Riot al Grand Part?The Orange and Green? Another Trenton Mystery?The Weather Yesterday?Singular Mode of Suicide?Burled Alive?Newark snndav Horse Cars?Slapping Intelligence- Advertisements. Fatality Among the Hierarchy at Rome.?The air of the Eternal City did not seem very wholesome for the foreign hierarchy who met there during the great Council, for a good many bishops who left their flocks in good health have dropped into the grave at Rome. Perhaps, in addition to the miasma of the swamps of the yellow Tiber, the infallibility dogma was too much for them. The telegraph announces tho death of another hierarch, the Archbishop of Buenos Ayros. Maine United States Senator.?The Portland Press don't see the necessity of dropping Lot M. Morrill, with his extensive experience, and taking up a man for United States Senator with such limited legislative experience as Governor Chamberlain in his place. Sometimes old rats get rather too fond of old cheese. The anti-Morrill movement, in Maine seems to be gathering strength. An influential meeting of republicans was held in Portland a few evenings since, in which Governor Chamljerlain was onenlv and stroidv advocated for the position of Seaator in placre of Mr. Morrill. From the tone of the Maim- democratic preps it would seem that the selection of Chamberlain would not be unsatisfactory to t'ue democrats in the State. They have nothing to los? but everything to gain by a change. Important Judicial Decision.? Judge Blodgrlt, of the United States District Court of*the District of Columbia, has rendered a decision which materially affects the importing interests. About a year since Secretary Boutwell instructed collectors of customs, in determining the value of goods imported into the United States, that it should be at the price such goods were sold for consumption in the countries where they were produced, without making allowances for excise taxes not imposed oa goods intended for exportation. A case involving: the validity of these instructions came up before Judge Blodgett on Friday, and he decided that the Secretary was wrong? that tho proper dutiable value of imported goods is its value in bond in the country where produced, no exciss tax being laid upon goods exported. This decision somewhat unsettles Mr. Boutweli, as the principle involved largely Affects the customs revenue. The Latk Collision in tub Bat?Getting at tub Facts.?We publish to-day the statement of Captain Wilson, of the steamboat Norwalk, on which boat the alarming collision occurred in the bay on Friday evening. His account of the occurrence is supplemented by that of a passenger, one of the six hundred who were returning from Coney Island, and of the captain of the steamtug which cam? so opportunely to the relief of the terrified passengers. The weight of evidence seems to be in favor of exonerating the captain and pilot of the Norwalk from the charges of gross negligence and drunkenness which were so freely made against then), of attributing the disaster to the uncertainty or unobservance of the rules governing vessels, and of relieving the public mind from the fear that any lives were lost. In the absence of any law providing for a thorough investigation into this or any other collision where no lives are lost, the public can only judge of the affair by such statements as we have unofficially obtained and as we print to-day. | Railroad Ctiulldatin and the (' ? qaeacoa. The tendency to consolidation of the great railroad lines and interests of the country has been apparent for some time past. This now begins to take place on a gigantic scale. The railroad kings, who control the principal lines, hare ceased that rivalry which promised to be a benefit to the country by reduoing the rate of fares and freight to the lowest paying figure, and are now combining with a view to increase their profits and vast fortunes at the expense of the public. The very significant telegraphic despatch sent by Jay Gould to the Vice President of the Pennsylvania Central Railroad the other day shows what is taking plaoe. Mr. Gould says :?"I have arranged a consolidation with the New York Central, which of course requires the acquiescence of all competing lines. When can you come to New York?" We understand Mr. Gould says this "new consolidation affieots every dollar of interest la the two roads." The New York Central and Erie Railroads and Vanderbilt, Gould and Fisk are united in a common interest to keep up a high rate of fares and freight, and the Pennsylvania Central, as is seen bj Mr. Gould's telegram to Mr. Scott, is invited to join the combination. With the terms of this arrangement or as to which has made the greatest concessions we are not informed. Nor do we think it of muoh conscquence to the public, for that is a private matter among these railroad chiefs. But as to the fact and probable consequences of this consolidation the whole community is deeply Interested. Look at the thousands of miles of railroads the two great trunk lines of Erie and the New York Central embrace and control. Look at the area of country they stretch over, the many millions of people, with all their vast agricultural, manufacturing and other material interests dependent upon these roads and their connections for transportation. Tiien add to this combination the Pennsylvania Central, with its branches and ramifications, and we see the most stupendous monopoly that ever existed in the hands of four or five men. Nor is it likely the consolidation will go no further. The Baltimore and Ohio line and its branches may be brought into this common interest, indeed it is difficult to conjecture how far this consolidation n^y go unless either the government of the several States or the federal government interpose. The three great trunk lines named, with their connections, represent a capital, probably, of not less than six or seven hundred millions of dollars. The income they draw from the people for travel and freight is enormous. Ten per cent more or less of charges makes a vast difference to the public. Tea per cent addition would be an oppressive direct tax upon the whole community; for there is not a man, woman or child who is not dependent upon or affected bj the railroads either directly or indirectly. All must use | them, and all must pay whatever charges the managers choose to impOBe. In this direct tax these railroad kings are irresponsible, and study only their own interests. Their power is as great in this respect as that of the national government itself. It may be said, perhaps, that the interest of the railroad companies is identical with that of the public; but these companies do not look at it in that light, and never have looked at it so. They do and will swell their incomes as much as possible at the expense of the public unless restrained by the hand of government. There is danger, then, in the consolidation of these great railroad lines?danger to the pockets of the people, to the progress and material interests of the country, and in the end, possibly, to the institutions of the republic. A great deal used to be said about the dangerous power ofthe old National Bank in President Jackson's time, and we bear, too, of the danger of the present national banks, as well as of other institutions and combinations; but none of these were or are fraught with so much evil as the stupendous railroad consolidation with which we are threatened. It is evident something must be done to check the growing powtT of the railroad monopolies and to regulate their charges. The State of Illinois has taken a step to this end. She made a provision lately in her constitution to prevent railroad consolidation and to check the growth of this gigautic monopoly. Other States might do the same, but we have little hope that many of them will do so. Is it'likely, for example, that the Legislature of Pennsylvania will pans any law inimical to the interests of the Central Railroad of that State when that road is all powerful and controls legislation at Harrisbure? In fact, the Pennsylvania Central owns uud controls the State as much as or more than the railroads of New Jersey do the State of New Jersey. The same remarks apply in a gnat measure to other States and their railroads. Besides, it is known that with the enormous wealth and power of the leading railroad lines they can buy up and control the Legislatures whenever they choose. There is no effectual way of reaching these monopolies but through the general government. Congress must, sooner or later, and the sooner the better, make laws to regulate the railroads and their charges. These roads are now the great arteries of internal commerce, as much as the rivers are, and Congress has power under the express provisions of the constitution "to regulate commerce among the several States." As the lines connect and run through the different States, from one end of the country to the other, it is certainly the duty of the national government to make laws for controlling and regulating the commerce through them, and thus protect the people in their intercourse and trade against a dangerous monopoly. Let us Lope that this new consolidating movement of the railroad kings will arouse Congress to a sense of the danger and its duty. The Mortality of the Citt.?The mortality statistics of the past week are not very encouraging. Owing, no doubt, tc the intense heat, and its deadly effect upon children especially, there was an increase of deaths in the city orer the victims of the preceding week. The total number of deaths up to Saturday was 710. In the same period there were only 286 birtbs?not much more than one-third tho number of persons born to those who died. This seems to be a slow increase compared with the decay, and suggests the question, what should we do for population if it were not for immigration ? NEW VOKK. ilKKALl), M Th? War Ncwh. The despatches receivod from the seat c war yesterday an<l to an early hour thia uiorn ing appear elaewhero in our columns. The; do not supply anything decisive. Prussii maintains her first prestige of buccchs. Thi troops of King William advance. The Frencl appear to retire. Strasbourg has, it is said been bombardod by the Germans. We ar< told, indeed, that this operation was conducted with energy and with such effect that the French garrison had asked, under flag of truoe, to capitulate, and were permitted only a w.^ry short time to do so. MacMahon marched from Nancy and retreated across the Moselle, destroying the fine bridge which spanned the river. Napoleon made a movement irom Metz, but bis course it not clearly stated. Ttie German troops beld an important position at tbe junction of the Paris and Strasbourg Railroad. Franoe remained animated, it may be exoited, Prussia resolute, but much less demonstrative than the Frenob. The Journal Ojflciel of Paris recapitulates, by authority, the public situation. It is officially claimed that the sympathies of tbe great Powers are with Franoe, and charges that Bismarck has been seriously disappointed in hiB calculations as to their estrangement or alienation from Napoleon. The war ardor of France has not abated. Seventy thousand volunteers left Paris for the front during yesterday. The popular sentiment remains bitterly hostile to Prussia. Napoleon's navy is in active motion. A fleet of French iron-clads appeared off Cu.xhaveu and a naval demonstration was made off Kiel. British official advices report that the mouths of tho rivers Elbe, We3er, Eider and Jabde are blockaded by the French. The crisis remains serious and threatening as at first, the surroundings complicated and delicate in the extreme, the field operations lively, but not by any means decisive when we consider the vast issues at stake, the Old World still fevered, and the New World waiting with the greatest anxiety for the receipt of that really important, perhaps startling news, which may reach us at any moment. Tho C'enitua of 187U. Partial returns from the census takers in many of tho Slates are finding their way into the newspapers. The work has so far progressed that in a mouth or two tho rough materials from every hole and corner of the nation will be in the hands of the compilers at Washington. Meantime, it appears that the local estimates of the population of every one of our large cities, and of many of the second and third class, have been much too large. New York will fall short of a million souls ; Chicago, boasting a population of four hundred thousand, is cut down to three hundred thousand, and so on to the end of the chapter on cities. The aggregate population of the United States, by the census superintendent, is estimated at forty millions from the returns received. The cities and large? towns of Now England generally show an iucrease, but those States, in their aggregate population, appear to have gained little or nothing since 1800, the gains in their cities being offset by losses in their rural districts. Even the State of New York, above Westchester and off from the Hudson river and our great railways, will not show much advancement. The ratio of increase in population will doubtless be better in Pennsylvania. All the East, however, has suffered by drainage to the West, and from Ohio (a comparatively light increase in Ohio) the increase in people goes swelling till it culminates in Minnesota. The great Southwestern State of Texas, however, will probably show an increase since I860 in actual numbcr3 hardly excelled by Minnesota. California will not show anything like the increase for this decade of that from 1850 to 18G0. The rush thero is over. We have nothing yet from the census marshals to indicate the growth or decline of the States and cities of the South in population, white and black. II' there is some truth, as we suppose there is. in the numerous reports made from time to lime of the rapid decay ol the Southern blacks since their emancipation, the census will exhibit a decline in the black element. IIow much ? is the important question to be determined. We thiuk the returne of the white population of the South in the lump, under all the circumstances of Southern prostration resulting from the war, will, sincc 18G0, show an astonishing increase, and thai Kentucky, one of the richest of those States and most convenient to our great marts o! trade and channels of emigration, will appeal farther behind than any other State excep n At- r* T aaU?m iU l l A. ouuiu i^iuuiuia. uuuuuig iu iui- jjiisl uuu u the future, politically, socially and commercially, the full returns of the census of 1870 reduced to an intelligible compilation bj intelligent minds, will be the most iutereslinj and valuable book ever published in tL< United States. Hence we would say to Super intendent Walker, sec to it that the work ii intelligently and carefully done. Gold at n Premium In Parift. French people are beginning a financial ex perienoe similar to our own in the late war The recent issue of a thousand millions o paper francs has already induced a premiun of four per cent on gold, although the suspen sion of the Bank of France has existed but t few days. In our war there was a long hiatui between the beginning of the war and the suspension of specie payments. South Carolina adopted the secession ordinance in December I860; Fort Sumter was bombarded in April 1861, and the battle of Bull Run was fought ii July. 1861: but it was not until Janu ary 12, 1862, that gold was quote< at a premium. Indeed, the early vie torics of Fort Donelson, Roanoke am Ncwbern held gold at 101 a 102 until late ii the spring of the same year. Yet gold ii France has advanced four per cent in only i few days. Immense fortunes were mad< during our war by sharp speculators who kep themselves posted as to the progress of th< two armies In the field. Doubtless sown shrewd Yankees will take advantage of th< present opportunity to go over to Paris and messengers and emissaries stationed with thi two European Hrmies procure the farliea intelligence of battles wherewith to coin for tunes ut the Paris Bourse. An AnsriJD Invention?That King Victo Emanuel, with the gates of Rome opened fo him, is preparing Ills abdication. He Is mucl more likely negotiating for a Tt Dmm in St Peter'd. UN DAY, AUGUST 15, 1670. Secretary Uimivrell on Free Trade In Hhlpa. if In bin speech ut Boatou on Saturday the Secretary of the Treasury showed himself y another auxiliary for True trade iu sbipa. & Without actually declaring iu favor of free 9 trade he touched (he tfd^o of the question bo i closely as to leave no duubt of bis opinions. , Alluding to the loss of our tonnage during ) tho war, and the substitution of iron for 1 woodon vessels, Mr. Bmitwoll said:? 5 If this change hud occurred In time of penoe American shipbuilders could not Dave sustained themaelve s iu competition with the builders of lrou ships iu England and ccotland. Iron vessels are taking the place ol wooden ones, and la the cou\ struc'tion or lrou vessels the Eugllah builders had aud still have a great advantage. Tho Iron vessels of Euglaad are monopolizing the trade of the world, includiuir the foreign tra Iv of the United Slate*. This monopoly must be broken dowu. The question i is not local, tAit national In the largest sense. Tliffl mariannlw a# aiih iiawvinn rnHa pfttl , I?vuur7 VI only be broken down by establishing free trade in ships, by allowing our merchants to buy ships in the cheapest markets and sail them under the American flag. If that were done?if Congress had not grossly abandoned its duty in this respect?we should bare a magnificent fleet of American ships on the ocean in threo months. It is a certain fact that we cannot re-establish the shipbuilding interest in this oountry for twenty years to come. All our experienced shipbuilders are agreed on this point. What, then, is the method to break down the monopoly of England in the foreign trade of the United States, of which Mr. Boutwell complains ? Is it not to buy our Bhips where we can get them cheapest, register them here as American vessels, and do our own carrying trade? There are millions of capital ready to go into this business the moment Congress repeals the odious Registry law. A New of Battle. Kin? William of Prussia has brought a new element into the war. The world had supposed that the stakes of victory wore to ba the extension of French dominion to the Rhine, or the absorption into the North German Confederation of the provinces of Aisace and Lorraine. But the bluff old Prussian King is not content with merely fighting for material advantage, lie brings into the contest the element of antique knight errantry. As the combatants in the ancient tournament made the beanty of their ladies fair the gage of battle, so on the results of this stupendous war the Prussian monarch places the decision of the question as to which nation can best lay claim to the title of "head of civilization." Hear the challenge of the royal combatant to all the worid:?"Frenchmen In Germany need ot be uneasy. They shall, in common with all mankind, be convinced that Germany moves at the head of civilization." If the French champion succumbs will any other dare to take up the gauntlet ? Hardly. And thus the old monarch will wear the triple honors of King of Prussia, President of the North German Confederation and leader of civilization. After this let no old Caspar venture to tell his flaxen haired grandchildren when speaking of this war that "what they killed each other for he could not well make out." King William haB made the mutter clear. Tlie Brooklyn Bridge. This structure, which is expected to be finished within ten years or so, is progressing very well under water at tho Brooklyn side. It appears that the workmen in the monster caisson have *b yet found no obstruction to the excavation, the materials being chiefly clay, sand and gravel, with a littlo rock, which is broken before being hoisted. In matters of ventilation, too, tho caisson seems to work well, abundant air being constantly supplied by six steam pumps to feed the one hundred and seventy-five men who are working at a depth of tweuty-two feet below high high water mark. So far this portion of the enterprise has a successful look, and promises that the Brooklyn pier may be completed within two years. ' It is said that the pier on this side is to be 1 commenced at the foot of Roosevelt street very Boon. The sooner the better. This bridge in a gigantio work, of such magnitude that some people predict that it will never be completed; bat they are a little too skeptical. 1 A bridge connecting the two cities is an abso~ lute necessity to both, and will enhance the prosperity of each beyond calculation. It may take ten years,' or even twenty years, to '' complete it; but it certainly will be built. ' Meantime we hope the work will be pushed on ^ vigorously. [ Affair a in McxIco. > The state of affairs in Mexico looks as stormy and as unsatisfactory as ever. No , improvement is noticeable. Revolutions are r numerous. Discontent prevails throughout r the length and breadth of the land. The old e spirit of deftancc to the laws and the estab lished authority in the republic may be s perceived on all sides. On the northern frontier on the Texan border affairs look exceedingly threatening, and the tone of the Mexican press is such as is well calculated to inflame the Mexican mind against the American people. One might imagine that the Mexicans had enough to occupy their attention with their own domestic difficulties without endeavoring to cultivate unfriendly relations with a people who sincerely desire the welfare of Mexico. Yet such is not the case. It appears that the Mexicans desire to aggravate their troubles oniKnp tlian a 11air fliom TCtr*n in fha ntfv nf M (ll/UVI ?<UMU ? ??*? ? " VU >M vuki V * VJ VI > * * Mexico a storm appears almost inevitable, i General Negrete, who was recently arrested, . confined and condemned to death, has innu1 merable friends. These sympathizers are . doing all in their power to save the life of the \ ex-Secretary of War, but so far without any ! satisfactory results. Juarez and his Cabinet , believe that the sparing of Negrete's life at the i demand of the people would be an exhibition j of weakness, and hence the refusal on the part t of the Executive to pardon the condemned e soldier. This opposition to the expressed B wishes of a large body of the Mexican people 9 is calculated to increase the troubles which j now perplex, annoy and almost paralyze the s government. Dark and threatening as affairs t look now, the prospect for the future leaves not a hope that an improvement may be even expected. r In Too Gkeat a Hitkkt?The despatches r which announced the capture of Strasbourg by bi the Prussians. The French still hold it, with a garrison of eleven thousand men, Indepcndeut of the National Guard. Charok Senaoaa Triterdaf. Although yesterday vu a oool, pleasant day, none of the churches wore full, and at but few was the attendance perceptibly larger that last Sunday. The fuot is, it requires an extraordinary event to attract a large congregation at any ohuroh in August. In this respect there is a wonderful sympathy between churches and theatres. If, as some religious denominations hold, the latter places are houses of Satan, it is singular enough that heaven and hell are served with the greatest devotion at about the same time. Undoubtedly our citizens would have been muoh edified bad they gone to the American Free Ohuroh. Bev. Mr. Smyth disooursed learnedly on the Beast, explained its figures, and showod wherein the animal had something to do with the present war between Prussia and France. At Paterson a Baptist minister, Rev. Samuel J. Knapp, prayed fervently that God would help Prussia to "grind the throne of the French tyrant to powder," after whiob pious supplication ho preached a sermon on another Bubjeot. At the Fifth Universalis* church Rev. Mr. Nye discoursed from the text of John whioh gives Pilate's inquiry, "What is truth ?" while at the Twentyeighth street Christian church Rov. Mr. Foote gave a definition of truth. Thus one sermon puts the question and another answer* it. Dr. Deems delivered an interesting discourse on the first Christian missionary, sad Rev. Mr. Trimble reviewed the history of Joseph. In Washington, Brooklyn, Newburg and elsewhere excellent sermons were preached, Mr. Ballard's, at Plymouth church, bein<r particularly good. We cannot close without referring to the camp meeting at Sing Sing, where the God-iearing are spending a brief summer vacation in protxaeted prayer and where the religious services yesterday wore mast interesting. Admiral Farm (pit ' Dead. The brave old Admiral, the pride and glory of tho American navy and the American poople, has jyissed away from earth. Six years ago this mouth the measure of his popularity was filled, when, lashed to the mast of ] his flagship, he gallantly attacked and destroyed the forts and iron-clads that defended tho entrance to Mobile harbor, and restored that city to federal dominion. Six years ago to-day the country was celebrating that victory, unsurpassed in the annals of naval warfare. Now it mourns over the loss of its most cherished hero, who yesterday, after a tedious illness, yielded up his soul to the God who gave it. For bis modesty as much as for his matchless skill and bravery Farragut was honored at home and abroad. Other peoples and tongues will join in the sigh of regret that will escapo from the whole American people on learning of his death; and history will enshrine his namo among the most honored and beloved of men. Honor to the brave and good old Admiral! The Printers' Strike at San Francisco has ended, as almost all strikes end, in a disastrous defeat of the strikers. In this instance the result is the more emphatic, inasmuch as the printers' combination was so formidable as to compcl immediate surrender on the part of every newspaper in the State except two journals published in San Francisco, which denounced the strike as uncalled for, unjust and ruinous. Thoy persevered in determined opposition to it until the Typographical Union adopted sixty cents per thousand ems for day work (the rate prevailing before the strike) and sixty-five cents per thousand for composition on the morning newspapers; ! and, moreover, so amended their rules as to permit members ot the Union to work in offices I where non-members are employed. This was the alternative of absolute dissolution of the organization. Strikes are the worst possible means for rightly adjusting the relations between labor and capi tal. Cuban Insurgents Turning on Each Othek.?Auguilera, the insurgent chief who surrendered at Holguin and offered his services to the Spanish authorities with other insurgents who had surrendered, took the field and captured the insurgent Colonel Areas, taking him to llolguin, where he was tried and executed. The insurgent General Castellanos, who surrendered at Puerto Principe, has arrived in Havana. He reports that Agramonte arrested Generals Fortuno, Ortega and Rodrigues, who attempted to surrender to the Spaniards. The Cuban insurgents must be sadly demoralized when so many of their leaders betray a disposition not only to desert their comrades but to turn on them with murderous hostility. Such foul treachery is more to be dreaded than all the reinforcements which Captain General De Rodas expects from Spain. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Prominent Arrivals in TbU City Yesterday. Colonel J. 0. Clarke, of Arkansas; Dr. H. J. Phelps, of New Orleans; Colonel O. 0. Bartlett, Colonel 8. Partridge, J. H. Tracey and Colonel C. M. Tyler, of St. Loul?; Major L. 8. Moodle, of Texas, and Dr. A. J. Ford, of Virginia, are at tUe Metropolitan Hotel. Dr. Bufflngton, of Western Virginia, and J. W. Dawson, of Memphis, aro at the New York Hotel. W. A. MacGrejror, of Liverpool; Dr. H. Wllaon, of Philadelphia, and Richard R. Nell, of the United muies ix avy, are t? uie urevoori uouse. General J. M. Corse, of Chicago; J. Condit Smith, of New Jersey; Henry W. Archer and Dr. W. H. Gale, of Maryland; James O. Brown, of Pennsylvania; General C. li. Flake, of St. Louis, and General J. S. Casement, of Ohio, arc at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Rev. Herman C. Duncan and General Oyms Busaey, of New Orleans; M. Barns, of Nashville; J. H. Ramsay, ot Albany, and W. Scott, of Glasgow, are at the St Nicholas Hotel. 0. Dwight, of Boston, and J. Scovill, of Buffalo, are at the Albemarle Hotel. Captain w. Stewart, of Toronto; George K. Bernard, of St. Johns, N. S., and Captain Robert Forsyth, of Bermuda, arc at the St. Charles Hotel. Personal Notes. The share of Alio. Samuel L. Clemens (Mrs. "Mark Twain)" in her father's estate amounts to a quarter of a million. Mark is one of tho two executors selected to carry out the details of tho will and to conduct the extensive and profitable business In which the deceased (Mr. Langdon) has for so many years been engaged. LucKy Mark ! But no ono envies him his good fortune. He*ls worthy of It all. An exchange expresses the opinion that It was shameful for Napoleon to leave Bug<*ule aud go to Nancy, seeking another engagement. Seward Is in Chicago, where he will tarry awhile. The elopement fever prevails to an aluriulng extern In Indiana. Singular, too, for that Is a state to which many married people Hoc to sunder conjugal boado, not to ruu into tUeui. wmm as, ENGLAND. ilvwiil on the Tbuinra. London, August It, hto. At th? Thames watermen's regatta yes'.enlnjr, 8*<1'#r won the champion bculler'B race. Th? Oh am ber? - ? "VBIWD'UU'I J1U3 urt'ff WOIC OUUVODWUI in the champion four-oared race. The other events were uulmportant. HOLLAND. Hulled Stalea Bouda and the Market. _ , _ London, August 14. 1370. Advice* from Amsterdam say thai United State* bond* are the only exception to the steadiness of the stock market. SOUTH AMERICA. Death of Tvro Brazilian Reaatara?Beetoral Kelorma?Treaty of Peace Between Bra.all and Paraaaay?The Kin per or Oolag to Earope?Jordun Still Troubling Kntre *Mta. Lisbon, Auruh la, i87o. The mail steamer brings advices from (Uo Janeiro to July 24. Two Brazilian Senators. Dantaud and Piutiuto, were dead. The MlnlHtry had presented to the Chamoera a projeot for electoral reform. A preliminary treaty of pcaco with l'araguay bad been signed. Civil war coutiuues In the republics of tbe La Plata. Lopez Jordan continues Wis ravages In etiu State of Eutre lUos. The Emperor or Hraxll is expected to leavj Rio at an early day on a visit to .isbon. CONNECTICUT. Murder In tbe Htnte Prison?The Warilea Itilleii by a Convict. liABTFOBD. August 14, 1S70. Captain William Wlllard, Warden of Connecticut SUte Prison at Wethetsfleid, waa murdered Dy James Wilson, one of the convicts, tliia afternoon. WUsoa had Ween put into a cell for six weeks' close confinement ror attempting to escape from the prison, and about two o'clock this afternoon he cillcd Wlllard to his cell lo see what lie (Wilson) bad written upon his slate. Wlllard was reading the Blate, standing In front ol the cell, when Wilson, having previously tied a shoe knife to ills cane, reached it through the bars and stubbed huu In the abdomen, inflicting a wound wnlcli proved ratal In a few hours. * The knife severed the Intestines and caused them to protrude. Wlllard was able to rcaoli his room, but died from inflamination and loss of blood about six o'clock. Wilson was sentenced to the prison lor sixteen years lor a burglary committed iu this city and has been closely contined for six weeks for attempting to escape. Several years aito he escaped irom a Michigan 8tau prison 111 cold weather and froae off both his feet, lie was allowed a cane to walk with, which account* for his having it In the cell at the time 01 the murder. ilow ne*obiuiucd the knife is a mystery. Wlllard had been warden of the prison about eight, years. He had expressed fears of his life iroin the hitnds or Wilson. On Saturday Wi:son told som" of the attendants there would be fun before another sun went down. Willard was universally esteemed and respected wnerever known, and his death lias oaused a gloom over the whole community, lie waa fifty-two years old. ILLINOIS. The Cliicuao Kii u?Iii*t ol" luaurancei?Movtu menu of the President. Chicago, August 13, 1870. Thfl Inn 1.1, lh.i l.iirnlni, />f Ilia II11 h * Mllll roil paint worka last night la to-day stated at $275,000, with an insurance of $08,000, in tno lollowiug companies:?Merchants', of Hartford, $2,500; Fire and Marine, of SprlngUeld, $:5,000; nartford, $2,500; North British and Mercantile, $5,000; London, Liverpool and Clobo, $6,000; Firemen's Fund, $2,600; Merchants and Mechanics', of Baltimore, $2,500: Blooiuiugton, $2,600; Irving, $2,500; Maryland Fire, $2,500: United staled, $2,600; Home, or New Haven, $3,000; American, of Provldeuce, $2,500; Commercial Fire, $2,500; City Fire, of iiartford, $2,500; North American, $3,ooo; Occidental, of Ban Francisco, $0,000; Union, $8,00.); German, of Cleveland, $i),000; National, ot Boston, $2,000; Charter Oak, $2,500, and the remainder lu Chicago companies. President Grant, Vice President Colfax and exSecretary William H. Seward were all in ihis city yesterday, stopping at the Tremoni House. DEATH OF CRENTILLE T. JORS. A Distinguished Lawyer Found Dead in IIU lied at CuBgrei) nail, Saratoga. Saratoga, August 14, WJ, O. T. Jcnks, the distinguished lawyer of Brooklyn, was found dead in his bed at Congress Hail this morning. He arrived here Friday evening, appearing as well as usual. About one o'clock Saturday night, when his friend, Mr. Haywood, occupying the same room, retired, he found Mr. Jenks awake. This morning on going to Mr. Jenks' bedside he was discovered to have died during the night, apparently without a struggle. The Brooklyn citizens here held if meeting to-dayMr. J. S. T. Stranahan chairman, William A. Fowler secretary?and passed resolutions expressive of their grlel at the sudden death of Mr. Jenks. a committee composed of John P. Kolf, John li. Barrltt, Edward W. Fiske, William Wall and John P. Prentice leported tne resolutions. James B. Cr.ilg, John P. Rolf, A. Wright Suuford, Samuel it. Probasco. Ablel Hayward, Edward W. Fisko, Abraham Lou and Isaac Van Anden were appointed a committee to attend th? remains to Brooklyn. EUROPEAN MARKETS. I'auib ISol'RSK.?Pauib, August 14.?The Bourse ! Ueavi. Reute?,?t. ai)c. H/WANA MARKETS. Havana, August 14, 1870. The lolloping were the quotations of merchandise at tlie close of business yesterday:? Bug;ir?1There Is a small business doing, but prices are firmer; No. 12 D. S. 0 a 9>? reals; exported during the week from Havana and Matanzaa, ;?o,ooo boxes and 2,zoo lihds, including 16,000 boxes and 1,900 hhds. to the United States; stock remaining in the warehouses at Havana and Mataazas, 266,000 boxes and 4,000 hluls. Freights flat: shippers refu.-.e to charter owing to the unfavorable advices iroiu abroad. Bacon steady at lajfc. Coal.oil firmer; la tins 4* a 4>? reals; In barrels 4>f reals. Flour buoyant at $9 76 a $10 60. Hams steady; American salted 26c.; American sugar cured 27 xo. Lard active at 21 Kc. In kegs: USfic. in tins. Lumber Arm for white pine at $30 per 111, and In demand for pitch pine at $80 a $32. Potatoes In demand at $6 87 K. Tallow steady at 12%. Box shooks dull at 8 reals. Hoops, $65 lor long, $50 lor short. Wax steady; yellow $0 I2)j per arrobe; white $13 2b. Exchange dull and unsettled. ISHAOLTS 1RD AFFftlfs ltsTZBDAY. A Policeman Shot?A Mulberry Street Emeure? Stabbing and Clnbbin*?Rom fUtatlatlci. At six o'clock a drunken or Insane fellow, named Adam G. Vail, living at No. 358 Broome street, took a position on the corner of Laurens and Prince streets and amused himself by discharging a revolver at pedestrians. Officer Fltzslmmons, of the Eighth precinct, observed him, started to arrest mm, n ucu van ueuuuraieij ureu at nuu, me uau entering the right leg and causing a severe but not dangerous wound, which was dreaacd by Snrgeon Freligh. The shooter was arrested by Surgeant Maloney and locked up In tne station house to ruminate upon his folly. A MULBERRY STREET KMBUTB. Abont six o'clock last evening Francis McGalr?, aired thirty-three years, of 88 Mulberry street, and John Sullivan, alias "The Kid," became engaged In unialtercatlon in the hallway of 31 Mulberry street. They came together iu a deadly struggle, during which "The K.U1" stabbed McGulre In the neck and back. The wounds are severe, but not likely to prove fatal. Thoy were dressed by a surgeon, after which the sufferer was sent to Centre street hospital. Sullivan made his escape, but was subsequently arretted by an officer of the sixth preolnck ASSAULT WITH A CI.UB. Patrick Dockncy, or 127 West street, was yesterday badly cut ou the head by a club In uie hand* of John Kyan, a fishmonger at Washington Market. Ilyan was arrested. STABBED WITH SCISSORS. Last evening two women, Catharine Conway and Margaret Dully, had an|aitcrcatlon at 290 Mott street. during the progress of which Conway stabbed Dufiy over the eye with a pair of scissors. Dr. Waterman dressed the woman's wounds, and Duffy was arrested. RUM STATISTICS. . The arrests between six A. M. and nine P. M. ye* terday were?For intoxication, 42; for being drunk aud disorderly, 18; disorderly conduct. 34. and for violating excise, 1?t?tat, lie. I '