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NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Letters and packages sbould be properly lealod. Yolawe XXXVI No. 130 AMUSEMENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVEN.N6. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway ud 1?? ilreet.? Randall's Til l? xii. NIUI.O'S GARDEN, Broadway? Kit, THE Abuansas TKAYCLl.lt k. LIN A EDWIN'S THEATRE. 7 JO Broadway? CoMlDY or Rank. GRAND OPERA HOISE, corner of 8tb ?Y. ana Md it.? La Belle Helf.n e. BOWERY THEATRE Bowery? Neok and Neck-New York Bubui.ab*. FIFTH AFRNUK THKATRR. TwentY-fourtu (treat.? Bachklou oi arts? CATiirKwooD. GLOBE THEATRF. 728 Broadway ? Varittv Entpb VAINMBNT. Ac. Tut Tempter Foilkp. Matinee at 2.V OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway? Tub Drama or Horizon. Matinee at 3. BOOTH'S TH K a TRB, SiSd it., tie'.we*n Ji!i am ?tn art.? A Winter's Tale. WOOP'S MUSEUM Broadway, corner Silth m? Perform ance* erer* afternoon an 1 evening? IlE' r. ACADEMY OF MU?IC. Fojrtcoutli etrecl.? Italian OrrRA Ernani. MRS. F. B OON WAT'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? Neok ani> Neck. BRYANT'S NEW OPERA HOUSE, 21 1 ?t., between 6th ? lid 7tU avs? Nkubo Mi.NHTBEt.xY. Ac. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 201 Bowerr Va *IETY ENT1 RTA1NMENT. MtttlUOe at 2)$. THEATRE COMIQtTB, 614 Broad'.T&r.? Cv Mio Voo AL lbMS, NXUKO Alls. AC. NEWOOMB A ARLINGTON'S MINSTRELS, corner 28th at. and Eroadway ? Net. bo Mi nitkei.sy? Ac. DR. KAIIN'S ANATOMICAL MUSEUM. 7C> Broadway? Bciknub a no abt. TRIPLE SHEET. York, Wednesday) May 10, 1871. CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S DKRILD. J'agk. 1? Advertisements. 3? Advertisements. 3? The Woes of South Carolina: Convention of the Taxpayers of the State? News from Washing ton? Matl News froiu Europe ? The Connecti cut Election? < Gamblers Grabbed? William M. Tweed Cluh? The Erie Canal Break. 4? Chinese Jugglery: A Remarkable Expose of Celestial Policy Toward Barnirlans; the Re ligions of (he West Explained ?Mexico: Re ception in Honor or Juarez's Secretary of Slate? Political Notes? Brooklyn's Bad Jieef. 5? Democracy Abroad: Its Bold Front in tne British Empire? Prince Bismarck on France? Proceedings In the Courts? The McCahlll Will Case? l'ho Second Avenne Homicide? The Great Tobacco case? Obituary? The National name? Cricket? Troubles of a Corporation? A Strike lor Liberty. ?? Editorials: Leading Article. "The Work of the Iligh t'omml-sion? will It be Accept able to the American People Personal lutelligenc ? Sad l ate of a Mother and Daughter? Amuse ment Announcements. 7? France: M. l'lcard Orders a Strict Watch on the Bonapartes? Behind the Ramparts? The Latest from France: Hkhald Special Reports lrom Paris and Versailles? The British Parliament? Intere-ting from Central and South America News from Cuba, St. Domingo, Haytl and St. Thomas?' The Coal Strike? Miscellaneous Tele grams?Business Notices. 8? Board of Apportionment: Tho City Charities Pleading for Assistance? Tne Central Pars Bank Robbery? Financial and Commercial Beiiorts? luarnages aud Deaths? Advertise ments. f?? Advertisement*. SO? .The Anniver.-aries: The Reform League, flow, brd Mission anJ Meeting To-Dav? Mercantile Library Association: Riotous Rabble at Clinton Hall? Str.pi ing Intelligence? Advertisements. "1 I ? Advertisements J 'i? Advertisements. In the Wrong Snop ? Mr. Greeley in the Libor Reform Convention as an advocate of 4 'protect on to boaio industry." The reform ers heard him through and then voted his hobby a humbug. Tiik Taxpayers' Contention in Soitii Carolina seems to be a very harmonious bo ly, although composed of representatives of nil kind* of political complexions. They lield their first tr.eelin.' in Columbia yesterday and institute 1 proceed ngs looking to a thor ough reorganization of the dilapidated financial *vstem of the State. Pbinor Bismarck on France and tiie F lUtNcn. ? In another placa in this day's Herald will be found the speech delivered by I'rioce Bismarck in the German Parliament on April 24. Our readers will pcrceive that the Prince has no f.titb in the French people. He reckons them and their promises at their proper vali!<\ This speech of the Prince only confirms the opinion which we expressed yes terday ? that Bismarck must foreclose the mortgage, occupy Paris, annex France and restore the empire of Charlemagne, without the Pop '. What Wiu. Mr. Sumnbk Say?? The treaty from the High Commission go?? to the Senate to-day for rat Mention. The President at the late adjournment of the two houses, in calling the Senate to assemble for this purjK)se, on the 10th of May, timed it remarkably well. The treaty will be referred to the Foreign Relations Committee, of which Gjneral Came ron is now chairman in the place of Mr. Sumner. From the "happy accord" existing between ths administration and General Cameron aud the majority of his committee, tjiey will not be long in deliberating upon their report to the Senate, and they will report for the ratification through thefr chairman. But what will Mr. Sumner say? Perhaps he may say his speech on belligerent rights against the Johnson-Clarendon Alabama claims treaty over again, and pehaps be may be so well flitisfied with the fishery concessions to his fishing constituents that he will have no special objections to make to the treaty. In any e?ent, the treaty, it is believed, without much difficulty will pass the Senate. Senor Marjbcal, Secretary of State of Mexico, was given a brilliant reception at the residence of Dr. Napbejryi, in this city, re cently. In conversation with our reporter on tbat occasion Senor Muriscal fpoke very freely of political matters in his country, and put them in a much more favorable light than they usually appear to Americans. He declared that the reports of apprehended revolutions there were merely the frighted delusions of foreigners ; that Mexicans appreciate the value of peace and order as well as any other people, and that they are able and willing to maintain them as well. In short, he said that what we have come to consider threatening revolutions and disastrous lebellions in that country are nothing more significant than re ported Ku K lux outrages are with us. Judging from Seftor Miirlscal's senti ments, we must conclude that Mexico is rapidly becoming Americanized, or else we must open our eyes to the alarming possibility that we are rapidly becoming Mexicaniied. 1%e Work tf tke lllfk 0?b*ImI??? Will II Be Acceptable to the American People* The despatches, special and general, which have been sent from Washington to the press daring the last few days with regard to the finished work of the Joint High Commission, are full of hope that a satisfactory settlement of the difficulties bftween the United States and England has been reached. We, too, hope that the treaty just signed with that view may prove to be what the administra tion at Washington, a large portion of the press and the British say it la ? a fair and honorable adjustment of the differences and claims on both sides. With this feeling we have on several occasions commented favor ably upon the news from the capital promising such a result. With every fair-minded citizen of this country and right-thinking Englishman we desire peace, amity and the most liberal intercourse possible between the two preat English speak ing nations, for to them more than any others is the world to look for progress in commerce and civilization and for the per petuation of liberty. And although the poli tical institutions of the two countries are un like in some important parliculars, one being a republic based upon the broadest freedom, and the other a monarchy governed by an oligarchy of wealth and title, they assimilate in other respects. There is reason to believe that a just settlement of the difficulties and a more friendly footing between them would havo the happiest effect upon England ia liberalizing more and more the institutions of that country. The oldest offspring of Great Britain has become the pioneer of liberal ideas of government and of the progress of humanity, and by its mighty influence may lead the mother country in the same way. For these aud other reasons it is to be hoped the treaty just signed mayprovo to be all that is claimed for it. But it is necessary to have the text of the treaty before we can judge of its merits. The statements made about it, which appear to give facts that have leaked out, have evidently been put forth by the administration and its friends for effect upon the pnblic. To-day, however, the treaty will bo submitted to the Senate, and we hope the text of it will be given to the public, and be spread broadcast over the length and breadth of the land through the press. Why have both the British Commis sioners and our own, as well as the govern ment at Washington, been so careful that the text of the treaty should be kept secret ? Do they fear newspaper discussion ? True, Eng land and Englishmen are not yet emancipated from the old time mysteries of diplomacy. This remnant of feudalism, monarchy and class government still clings to them; but it is out of place ? is incompatible in our free country, where the voice of the people is the govern ing power. While delicate negotiations may be pending, and an interruption of them might prove injurious to the public welfare, there might be some reason for withholding informa tion for a time ; but as soon as anything is accomplished, any conditions agreed upon, the people ought to know the facts. In this coun try we do not recognize any officials, however high, as our masters. The Commissioners, the executive officers of the government? yes, even the President and Senate ? are the ser vants of the people. To attempt to deceive the public or to override public sentiment is a usurpation of power. Not only is it right to give the utmost publicity and an opportu nity to discuss freely all public measures, in cluding treaties, but it is also both safe and useful to do so. Mr. Sumner acknowledged that the Clarendon-Johnson tieaty was de feated by the power of public sentiment and not by his speech in the Senate. Let us have, then, all the light possible on the work of the High Commission ? the text of the treaty at once ? so that the Senate may be governed by public opinion in the action it may take. There Is one feature of the treaty, however, on which there seems to be a doubt. That is the rule laid down as the basis of the whole and as the fundamental condition to a settle ment of the Alabama claims. The leading London journals have published it with quota tion marks and have discussed it freely, from which we infer that the very language is authoritative. The rule is : "That a neutral is responsible for dsprcdations committed on a riendiy Power by a vessel fitted out and manned at a neutral port." The London Time*, A rews, Standard , Telegraph , Pall Mall Gazette and other papers dw?ll especially on this and are all favorable to the establishment of such a basis of international obligations be tween the two countries. It is said by the Washington correspondents that this rule is to be retroactive in its application to the depre dations of the Alabama or other rebel cruisers, and that this is the strong inducement offered by the British Commissioners for the accept ance of the rule by the United States. The 13ritiab press argues that the rule cannot well be made retroactive, because the Commission would be, in fact, "applying to an interna tional offence that which is considered in mnnicipal legislation the height of injustice ? an ex pout facto or retrospective law." It wants "America to establish a just law for the future and leave the past to be tried by the law of the past." Then, again, some of the British journals do not see that the Alabama comes under this rule; "for it was not fitted out, if fitted out means supplied with its armament, nor was it manned, if that means supplied with its flghtiog crew, in an English port." The whole tenor of these argu ments assumes, in fact, that the rule cannot apply to tbe past, or, according to its phrase ology, to tho rebel cruisers, and that the lan guage precludes the responsibility of tbe British government for tbe depredations of these cruisers. In view of these arguments and the well known adroitness of British diplo matists we are led to inquire whether tbe tri bunal of arbitration, provided for by tbe treaty, is to be governed by the language of this rule or by an express declaration that the Alabama clttims are to be paid independently of the quibble about equipping and manning the cruisers tu a British port raised by the London press. The question thus discussed by the English press involves those questions of neutral obli gations and belligerent rights so broadly and exhaustively argued by Mr. Sumner in his famous speech against the Clarendon-Johnson treaty. It was, however, some weeks ago givni out. in a letter from Senator Sherman. that General Grant's position and policy on these questions of belligerent rights and neutral duties so widely differed from the ex- j treme demands upon England of Mr. Sumner that this difference of opinion waB the reason of the recall of Minister Motley from London, who represented rather the views of Mr. Sumner than the instructions of Mr. Fish. The policy of General Grant, as we under stand it, has been and is a full money com pensation for aotual damages suffered by American commerce from Anglo-rebel cruisers during our late civil war, so as practically to cover the moro reasonable American view of England's responsibilities, and so to dispense with an apology for Lord John Russell's doc trines and practices of neutral privileges and belligerent rights. We expect, however, in a few days, to get at the actual stipulations in full of the treaty upon this subject, and we entertain the hope that they will prove to be free from any entangling alliance prejudicial to the interests of the United States in the future, peace or war. From the provisions and engagements of the treaty, so far as vouchsafed to the public by the Secretary of State, in advance of its submission to the Senate, we can only repoat that it appears to be a fair and satisfactory treaty in reforenco to the Alabama claims, the fisheries, the navigation of the St. Lawrence and the Northwestern boundary dispute, and also in regard to Brit ish claims ? a treaty eminently calculated, in short, to establish peace between the two countries. If, as represented, with no entangling drawbacks to neutralize the practical concessions made by England, the treaty will doubtless be ratified without much difficulty or much debate, and will be satisfactory to the people. If otherwise we shall soon learn from the discussions in tbe Senate. With the lights and the facts before us, it appears that Eugland has met the seve ral questions presented honestly and satisfac torily, in order to be relieved of those trouble some spectres, tbe Alabama claims and the Fenians, and the treaty agreed upon, as reported, commends itself to the Senate and the American people. The War In France? Pro?re*? of ll?e Siege of Paris. The most important advices received by telegram from the seat of war around Paris are the capture of Fort d'Issy by the govern ment troops and the concentration of large bodies of the latter at Neullly. Tie first named event is a most important one. Pos session of even the ruins of that formidable work places a large portion of the city at the mercy of the basiegers, and we may look now for a merciless fire to be poured upon Paris as soon as the necessary guns can be placed in position. The assembling of heavy masses of troops on the northwest of the city, and the active bombardment from all the batteries now established, point to an early assault of tbe enemy's works. It may be delayed for a while until practicable breaches are made, but it cannot be far off, and we should not be surprised to hear of it at any moment. Marshal MacMahon is too old and too good a soldier to risk the possibility of a serious check or partial defeat in the operations he is now carrying on. Ilis approaches to the city have been made with tact and great ability ; he has held on to every point gained, and he slowly but surely pushes his advance until the time arrives when tbe rush is to be made that will give him possession of Paris and place the government once more in authority over the whole of France. It may be policy on his part to delay the final movement until the effort now being made to secure the other I forts still held by the Germans is heard from. If successful the path before him is compara tively an easy one ; but if he is disappointed, if I the arrangement fails to be made, then the only course for him to pursue is to follow up the plan I he is now carrying out and assault the city I from the south and west. Among the masses of red rapublicans within the city there must be a large number who are in reality in favor of the government, and it is not at all impro- I bable that, when the attack is made from the outside, those inside may make a strong diver sion in MacMahon's favor. Should this be the case the fighting will not be bo desperate as it otherwise would. Although the defence has been a most stubborn one, evincing no disposi tion whatever to yield, we cannot but hope I that when the time arrives for the assault the Commune will find its power gone, that the people will take affairs into their own hands, I and, in order to save life and property, sur- I render. This is the only manner in which the I wholesale slaughter and destruction can be I averted. Madness may continue to rule the I hour in Paris, and if it does the result can only be frightful. WnAT Om City OMTHWMni Say About It. ? The lftmt puts tbe signing of the great treaty at Washington among its "Minor Topics," and does not like the mixing up of British claims with our Alabama cl\ims. But they are not mixed up. The Alabama claims go to a separate board. Tho Tribune recognizes the treaty "as one of the most im portant State papers of the time," and thinks that if ratified by the two Powers it will form an epoch in their diplomatic history. The World closes an exhaustive and exhausting article on the subject thus : ? "If tho treaty be such as we suppose, by all means let the great wound and all the lesser wounds be promptly healed by its ratification." The Commercial \ Advertiser says that if Senator Sumner has the power and the will to interfere with this ratification "he will hang a millstone around his neck and sink to the depths of the sea of oblivion and dishonor." The Evening Po*1 shares "in the hope that a closer study" of the treaty "will confirm the favorable impression made by the general abstract which has been given to the public." The Kceniu<i Mail con denses a whole volume into a brief sentence I tin pronouncing the treaty "a great work well I done." ! I Quite a Lot of distinguished visitors arc in town. Wendell Phillips is here for bis usual I May speechmaklng ; the British Joint Iligh I Commissioners are here preparing for a short I tour; Governor Ito, the Japanese, is also here; I General Phil Sheridan Is hourly expected on I the Russia, and it Is rumored, although there is I no firm foundation for the rumor, that Jeff I Davis is among us. This list certainly pre- I Beats ft "varietr wajbi wUa" I China and the Chinese. We demote to-day a large portion of our space to the Chinese question, that has now assumed proportions of great importance. An examination into the causes that have led to the Tien-tain massacres and other outrages by the Celestials only goes to prove that it is high time for some active measures to be taken whereby the Chinese government and people will be givon to understand that for the future they must not only keep the peace, but they must act up to their treaty stipulations , in every particular. Forbearance is not appre- j elated by Chinamen ; on the contrary, it is con- 1 sidered as sure evidence of fear on the part of foreigners, and it is treated accordingly. The wars that have been waged against China have not been, apparently, as Balutary lessons as | they were intended to be. The blows have not j been vigorous enough, and consequently but little permanent advantage has been gained thereby. The course now to be pursued ? should the late demand upon the foreigners prove to be as telegraphed ? is for a corabina- j tion such as has of late been recommended in the columns of the Herald. There should be a treaty of alliance among all the great Powers for the purpose of compelling China, by fair words, if possible, to conform to her j obligations ; and if she then refuses, and con- ; tinues to maintain the position she has taken, j then it will be the duty of the Baid Powers, by j a combined force, to bring her to her senses ! and administer a castigation that will be felt tb rough all the length and breadth of the Flowery Kingdom. This is the proper method of dealing with China in future ; and we have but little doubt that such will bo the course unless the Celestials back down from the high horse they have seen flt to ride. The DiaestitbliNhment of the Church ?f England. England is undergoing a peaceful revolu tion. The disendowment of the Church of Ireland, which haa been accomplished in spite of tradition and a large and powerful opposi tion, has led to an agitation that will lead to a still more important event ? the disestablish ment of the Church of England. Among our despatches to-day we publish an account of the proceedings in the House of Commons. Mr. Minll, the liberal member for Brad ford, made a powerful specch in favor of disestablishment. The strongest argument for the separation of Church and State was, however, made by Mr. Leatham, member for Huddersfield, who pointed to the prosperous condition of the Episcopal Church in America. Strange to say, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Disraeli agreed for once in sustain ing one another. As a matter of course, Mr. Disraeli opposed the mo tion of disestablishment of the Church of England. But Mr. Disraeli entirely mistakes the question when he sa^s that "France, not America, should be looked to as examples." There can be no analogy between the legiti mate demands of the English liberals and the present chaos in France, created by a set of demagogues. The House of Commons, at the instance of Mr. Gladstone, who chimed in with Mr. Dis raeli, defeated the motion by a large majority ; but we venture to say that this is only a tem porary defeat. Ere long the question will come up again, and Mr. Gladstone and his colleagues will have no other alternative than to acquiesce in public opinion or to make way for a more liberal Ministry. Separation of Clmrcb and State is now the motto of the en lightened masses of Europe, and the liberals of the British Parliament, who represent the bulk of the English people, will be satisfied with nothing less than the complete disestab lishment of the Church of England. Crntral tad South America. By telegram from Kingston, Jamaica, we have later advices from the iHthmus of Panama. The revolution in that State was progressing and the city of Panama was being seriously threatened, so much so that the for eigners residing therein were becoming anxious regarding the safety of their lives and property. The commander of the rebel forces had notified the United States Consul at Panama that be had better not send the United States steamer Resaca to attempt the recovery of the steamer Montijo, for that he would fight to the bitter end before permitting any of her officers on board the captured vessel. This is, with out exception, tho coolest piece of impudence ever brought to our notice. It is about time that something was done with those Panameiios, when the safety of the transit will be secured at all times. We have delayed this matter too long; we have submitted too often to the most out rageous insult) from the pack of mongrels inhabiting the place, and now is the time for us to resent them all at once. Not only should the Montijo be taken possession of, by force if necessary, but we should consider it our duty to puuish the insolent cub who sent the message of defiance to tho representative of our government in Panama. When this is done we should look after the entire transit. If the powers that bo in Washington had only understood the true condition of affairs there it would loog since have beon entirely controlled by the government of the United States. It is not too late to begin now, and it is in the power of the President to take the initial step by ordering to either end of the route a sufficient naval force to overawe the natives and compel them to keep the peace until more stringent measures can be adopted. A Raid on a Big Rental Tifer'a Ren. The police mills are grinding slowly, but they grind exceeding small. They ground the small Ann street faro gamesters and the small boot black keno backers, and indeed they ground to some extent the little Arabs who toss pennies on the street. Now we sec, however, they are grinding bigger grain. John Morrissey's palace of cards at No. 818 Broadway, one of tho most gorgeous establish ments off Fifth avenue, was pulled at an early hour yesterday morning and an interesting crowd of faro dealers, John's partners, and others engaged in "bucking the tiger" were captured. This capture is a step in a new and better direction than Superin tendent Kelso has taken yet, although he has done great good by his past move ments among the lower dens. The wealthy classes of the city deserve somo protec tion as well as the poorer orders, for while the keno dfliw offered tenwtlQg inducn. menta to poor and hardworking laborers and mecbauioa to risk their little earnings the gaudier palaces of faro and roulette actually sent their polished and insinuating agents among the rich young men of the city to decoy them, and their parents' money frequently, into the playful clutches of the great Bengal tiger that holds his courts in Twenty-fourth and Twenty-flfth streets and all about Ihe neighborhood of the Fifth Avenue Hotel. They have brought as much disaster and anguish upon the rich families as the keno shops have brought upon the poor ones and should be just as rigidly suppressed. 8keria?nlc tiroupinga. By the elevation of General Sherman to the Presidency it Is a pleasure to reflect that a lady will be called to preside at the White House who will discharge the delicate duties of the station with queenly grace, as well as with true womanly dignity and suavity. It is no disparagement to the excellent lady who now occupies the position to say this. The Hartford Times (democrat) thinks that General Grant will have to suppress General Sherman by enforcing the K11 Klux law on him ; otherwise he (Sherman) will make an other "march to the C" ? apital. The Albany Argus believes that Seuator Morton is playing false on General Grant ? in stead of playing second fiddle to the Sultan he wants to be the Sultan himself. Morton had better road the story in the "Arabian Nights," wherein Ganein, a subject of the Sultan Ben Alraschid, with whose favorite Ganem Is sup posed to have been rather too familiar, re peatedly declares, in effect, that "the goods of the Sultan should naver be coveted by the slave." The Boston Traveller revives the vow of Benjamin F. Bntler, uttered on the banks of the James river during the late civil war, as follows: ? When I, Benjamin K Butler, shall, at any time or under any circumstances, prove false to your chil dren or to your race, or fall to protect ami defend 10 the beat of mv power and ability their rights? yea, more, to promote their interest -may God cause my tongue to fall me by cleaving; to the roof of my mouth, and may my right arm cease to serve me and remain withered at my side 1 So far, we believe, General Butler has kept his pledge. His speech to the colored people in Boston the other night furnished evidence of this fact. But how long will Butler keep in that way of thinking if the Southern negroes vote en masne the democratic ticket, headed by "Mas'r Sherman?" The Atlanta (Ga.) Co nstitution thinks that General Sherman's Ku Klux speech is "pretty conclusive testimony against the radical clamor about the Ku Kluxes." Some of the republican papers, in the midst of their tremor about General Sherman, aver that he does not want to be President ; that ho has a "better thing" already. The same was said of General Grant, and the same was said by Horatio Seymour, but the "Pity me, Harvey," appeal we do not believe will be urged in the case of General Sherman. The Chicago Democrat speaks of Sherman's Ku Klux three hundred pounder as a centre shot at radicalism generally, and a rather blunt, soldicr-like rebuke of his old companion in arms, Grant. The ball is rolling on, not for Tippecanoe and Tyler too," but Umpsey, dumpscy, For Old Tccuuiscn. What Constitute* n Probable Cause of Action in Law. Presedents, no more than precept or even present example, will always be found to work the good that might be fairly expected from them. No matter how great the disappoint ment or the failure arising from this perversity in human nature, we must not weary of well doing. Precedents, precepts and examples are required to be freshened up or presented all the time to the minds of men, so that no very great or serious departure from tho right path may ensue. In law this moral will hold as good as any of the ethics of life. "Probable cause" is a doubtful phrase at bent, but to the 1 gal mind its definition is very easily arrived at ; and yet it is the cause of a great deal of unnecessary and sometimes of unjustifiable and heartless persecution on the part of the wealthy against the poor and unfriended. It docs not, however, always screen the rash or the malignant accuser, no more than, when justly taken into account, does it leave the original accuser at the mercy of the accused, the latter becoming in turn the plaintiff in a suit of law to recover damages for an assumed unfounded charge involving character und fair name. A case in point and illustrative of the appli cation and scope of the term will be found in our law columns. The circumstances prcsont tho case of a parson ? a stranger, sud denly culled into a houso on professional services. These being discharged, in a brief time certain valuable property is missed and the late visitor to the house is suspected, and, though search of her premises is made at her own request, none of the missing properly Is found. She is subsequently formally arrested, held to bail, examined and al length acquitted of the charge. Upjn the conclusion she pro ceeds against her accuser in an action for damages for twenty-five thousand dollars in the Superior Court, but tho action is removed to the Marine Court, the extent of the jurisdic tion of which is but one thous.ind dollars. It was twice tried in the Marine Court And con cluded yesterday by Judge Shea taking it from the consideration of the jury ? he grant ing a nonsuit on a motion made to that effect, on the ground that "probable cause" had been shown for the arrest of the party charged with the supposed offence. The Judgo's remarks upon this point will repay perusal, showing as he does the medium line which lies between a malicious accusation and the "probable cause" which justifies the arrest of a person suspected of a crime. Wiiat Is It's Namk? ? We believe the treaty just concluded as between England and the United Slates is, according to usage, to be called the Treaty of Washington. A wag sug gests the title of the Grey-Fish Treaty, from the head member of tho Commission on each aide ; or tho distinction of the Treaty of the High Joints, in consideration of the good feeding of the treaty makers in the intervals between the hours of their arduous labors. Call it what you will; but "let us have peace. " "Great Cry and Little Wool" ? The muddHe in Connecticut about who Is or who ia not Governor of that State. The Rfajr Annlreraftrtca. Tho annual advent of our religious brethren the current month, to attend the anniversaries, has not been so large as In former years. Nor does there seem to be a similar amount of en thusiasm among the several assemblages that has distinguished those ef former years. A natural inquiry is, what is the cause of this falling off? Why is the metropolis of the country, for so many years the centre of re ligious as well as of all other great moral move* ments and reformations, been given the go by, as It were, in the present period of the nation's prosperity ? Has the great city( with its former immoral theatrical represen tations, frightened the brethren of the cloth from us, or has the lack of such amusements occasioned the change? We have chronicled the fact that one of our most important and influential religious bodies ? the Baptists ? have left New York and gone to Chicago for the purpose of indulging in their annual lore feast this year. If these worthy members of our Christian community have passed New York and made Chicago their pre sent headquarters on account of tho once prevailing temper of our citizens in regard to such dangerous performances as tho "Black Crook," tho "White Fawn" and simi lar lascivious representations, and the tempta> tions thereby presented to strangers visiting us ? the white-neckerchiefed gentry included ? all wo can Bay is that they have stepped out of the frying pan Into tho fire ? that they have gone literally from a comparative Paradise to tho "other place." It may also appear that the extraordinary examples of the effects of free love doctrines which New York has exhi bited within a twelvemonth have prevented many pure-minded Christian men and women from "looking toward us;" or, it may be, the immunity for crime to be witnessed here may have alarmed them. Even in these cases they will find, we fear, in the West a far more tainted moral atmosphere and a more terrible downward proclivity in matters of holiness than they will in our magnificent city. We like to have the pious people among us. We show to the world every week the kindly regard we entertain for them by giving pub licity to the sermons of every denomination, aud their presence should bo encouraged. It may be that the vigorous course the Herald has taken in fighting Satan has driven the tempter away, and tint the saints, finding the arch enemy flown, have sought other fields in which to combat him. If this be the case all we can say is that we are pleased with the results of our labors, and if we have succeeded in driving the devil away we do not really care how many saints of a certain demoralizing typo accompany or follow him. For all good and pure pious people New York is, therefore, all the more a lilting asylum. Let pious people come among us. The Dispersion of the Joist Hioii Treaty Makers. ? It appears that on Monday last, after having signed their great treaty, and after having calicd at the White nouse, the members of the Joint nigh Commission ex changed autographs, photographs and con gratulations with each other, shook hands, with many "goodbys," and dispersed. Some of the English members came on in the after noon train from Washington to New York, and the whole of them, it U understood, expect to leave in the steamer on the 24th instant, with General Schenck, our Minister to Eng land. Meantime it is given out that the English members of the Commission will make a trip to Niagara Falls, and perhaps down the rapids of the St. Lawrence to Montreal, and thence across to Boston. By the 24'.h inst., it is supposed, the treaty will have been ratifiad, and that Earl de Grey and his colleagues will be able to carry home with them the acceptance by both countries of this joint work of their agents in behalf of peace. Personal Intelligence. General Hclntz?lman, of the United States Army, Is stopping at the Astor House. General J. M. Schofleld, or the United States Army, Is quartered at the Fifth Avenue. General N. P. Chlpman, the recently elected Secre tary 01 ttie District of Columbia, Is domiciled at tba liotTman House. liaron Lederer, Austrian Charge d'Affalres, is re siding at the Clarendon Hotel. J. Gregory Smith, of Vermont, President of the Northern Pacific Itailroad, Is slaying at the ISrevoort House. George Hayward, of Chicago, and family, have apartments at the St. James. Congressman C. L. Mcrrlam, of Locust Grove, N. V., is abiding at the Fifth Avenue. General H. P. Adams, of Hoston, Is registered at the Grand central. Henry Farnam, or New Iiaven, is a guest at the Albemarle Hotel. A. P. Miller, proprietor or the Toledo lilaite, 19 staying at the St. Nicholas. Mrs. Spragne, wife of Senator Sprague, lias apart ments at tne Urevoort House. J. J. de F. Ahrco, of Portugal, Is domiciled at tue H.'irinau House. J. it. Rice, ex-Mayor of Chicago, having just rc ttirnnd from Europe, is staying at the Flth Avenue. l.yman Trumbull, Unite I States Senator from IUI nols, is stopping at the bt. Nicholas. Judge K. S. Halo, of Klizabcthtown, is stopping at the liotTmon House. Ex-Mayor G. Iunls, of Poughkcepsle, is a guest a*. theAstor House. Colonel Kdward Kimberly, of UalUmore, to stay ing at the St. Nicholas. William H. King, of Minneapolis, is domiciled at Um Fiftli Avenue. Charles sanford, ex-State Senator from Schonec tady, is registered at the Astor llouso. Theodore M. Pomeroy, or Auburn. Is sojourning at the St. Nicholas. Thomas A. Scott, of Philadelphia, Is a resident of the Fifth Avenue. MD FATE OF A MOTHER MP DAUGHTER. Both Die YViililn ni? Hour from the C?mc> quence of Fright, Produced by Biirflare Entering Their Apartment*. The wife or Mr. llenry Iticgan dlea yesterday morning at his residence, corner of Stagg street and Graham avenue, Williamsburg, and when her doatb was announced to her mother she, too, expired from the combined effects or rear and grief, superin duced by the following circumstances:? Onl hursday night last, between the hours or eleven and twelve o'clock, three or tour reliows effected an entrance to Mr*. Itiegati's sick chamlier while she was alonw with her aged mother. Their intention was, lr. lip pours, to rob the store below by seeming themselves in the bedroom until Mr. Blegan closed up his busi ness for the night. Their untimely appearance so excited and alarmed Mrs. Kiegan and ber mother that they screamed and swooned. Their scrcatns caused the marauders to bent a lustv retreat and brought Mr. Hlegno and others from the store to the scene. At this time the mother and daughter were complete! v prostrated, anil, although every effort was made to rally ihcin. tnev expired nt the time mentioned. Mrs. Itlegau was only tweuty-four years of age. She leaves two f oung children, ller mother wita tar advanced In lire, and previous to the shorn that caused her death was greatly exhausted by inces santly watching over her sick daught -r. The miscreant* who are responsible for the abora melancholy occuuoiicc ar? at large and oukuovrM.