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ON THE CONGABEE
What thf Govrrnor of Saatli Carolina Had to Say to thr Herald Comraissionfr, An Ex-lTnion Major General's Opin ion of the Ku Klux Klan. Arms Being Imported into South Caro lina in Large Numbers. Columbia, 8. C., May 27, 1S71. From the open window by which Governor R. K. Bcott, of South Carolina, sat, with the Herald Commissioner, we coui l >ee the far hills of Lexing ton county, the high dome of the State House, which one flue night seven years ago was shelled by Ktolbrana, Sherman's chier or artillery, and below, In tae wide and well-shaded streets of Columbia, groups of pedestrians passed to and fro with that peculiars languid, swinging gglt which Is common to all southern races. The room was mn IX DUSKY PROFILE against a Southern moon anil sky wnteh overhung the Executive Mansion, and afar off we could plainly distinguish the roaring, helpless babble of the two rivers?the Congaree and Saluda?that at Columbia form a graceful fork, near where the old wire lcrry crosses the streams. The Governor of south Carolina, the best abused man in the State oy one section, an 1 who is promi nency mentioned by the bhick race as their Candidate for vice president, Is a bl< ndo, with a ruddy color and light brown hair, which hangs in clusters over a clear, high forehead and shades a pair of piercing blue eyes. Governor 8cott Is a man of large and powerful pro portions, WITH A WEIL KMT FIGURE, and was dressed, as is usual with him, ih a black broadcloth suit. A little boy of six or seven years of age, evidently nis son, from the close resemblance In features, played at the Governor's knee. As the interview progressed nothing disturbed the silence but tbe hum of countless Insects, wnose buzzing made a rude melody drowsy In Its nature. ?'I have called, Governor, to hold a c mversation with yon on the subject of State affairs, and to ob tain some of the results of your personal experience In the process of reconstruction. I would like to ask you first something about the Ku Klux. Do you think IT IS A MILITARY OR.'i ANIMATION ?" "Well, yes; In on*1 sense it Is, General an 1 special orders are issues and sent to county officers order Jug them to resign under palu of a VISITATION BY THE KLAN." "Aro these orders printed or written?" "'J hey have been printed after being served; but are not printed by tlie Ku Klux themselves. In one ca-.c, in Fairilehl county, a copy was pushed under the door of a printing office, and the editor was ordered to publish it." "I)o tuey serve notices on democratic as well as republican papers ?" "Oh, yes; and the editor of tno Wtnsboro demo cratic paper Is said to have remarked that he would NOT DARK TO REF.>E PUBLICATION." "IT ive you individually received Ku Klux thrcat enlDRsf" ??1 have received several communications of the kind; but ihev were from persons who.u 1 Knew did not belong to tne Kn Klux. They were sent simply for effect." ??Have any of these threatened men called upon you, Governor, for protection ?" "A great many, and, as far as was in my power, I have afforded it. In several counties I have secured the presence o? Tnitcd States soldiers by application to th- President, which is the only protection that it is possible lor me to afford." "Have you listed the President, in consequence or the late troubles, TO SEND TROOPS?" ? "I did, very recently, and he responded by send ing them to the points designated?two companies of infantry and some cavalry." "At a rough estimate how many troops would bo nects-ary to restrain the violence of the Ku Klux It It should break out In every county f" "I >hlnk It could be done with a single company of troops in eacti county. In fac t, under the existing orders, they are of no value except ror producing niere moral effect and for protecting tlio e who may appeal to them. I think, however, that tne Presi dent will give authority to the commanding officers to MAKE ARRETS and turn the prisoners over to tno United States Dis trict Attorney for prosecution?Major D. T. Corbln. of Charleston." "By what kind of a jury would they be tried ?" "By a jury composed of blacks anl whites. I am sutbfied that such a course will cither put an end to the Ku Klux outrag-a or force a collision between the United States troops and these organizations, whlrh would very soon end the troubles now exist ing." "Wnat is the present force In the State ?" "There arc four companies of cavalry an I tea companies of lafa trr. TRF. CAVALRY however, are decidedly better, because the Infantry ran do nothing unless tliey can reach the Ku Klux on loot." "Do you know Simeon Young, tho negro County Commissioner, whom they recently attempted to assassinate)" "1 know him a? an official, but I nm not person ally acquainted wbh him. I cave never heard any. thing injurious to his character." "Do you know Watt Faulkner, the wounded Ku Klux, w ho was arretted for the outrage?" "No, sir. 1 never heard of him, except In connec tion with his case. "Are arrested Ku Klux ever released by the clti jsetis?" "This Is the first instance in which one of them has been arrc-ted, so that there ls no way of nnd lng out what the citizens will do. lu Falrlleid couu ty, when A HUNDRED OR MORE appeared there, Hie Sheriff wrote me a letter that ho was wholly unable to make any wrests or give pro tection to me threatened parties. I replied Imme diately that It was his duty to call out the ponae com ila u< and make an < tteoipt to arre.it. Jf there was resistance then tin re would have been a clear case lor the Uniteu states to mteriere, and the citizens reluming to obey would have become, under the Jaw ol Congress, parties to the wrong aud SYltl'AI I1IZKKH WITH TUK ill KDEHKKS, hen< e habie to be prosecuted. ' "Did any member of the Taxpayers' Convention wlib u r<cmt.y a-Homiiied in Columbia offer to co operate with you m putting down these outrages) > "Not pai ticuiarly, but a number of them publicly said lu itie conference which took puce lu the Executive office that their Influence would bo ex erted to enforce the I >w and to maintain order and (fuaiantee security tor the lives and property o! trio citizens. 1 h".v exprcu-ed their condemnation of the outrages that have occurred." hat will be your course. Governor, hereafter when your county officers, under tbr at or assassina tion by the Ku Klux, bead in iiielr resignations ' "1 than certainly ACCEPT NO resignation under such circumstances. ' ?? I c.u wlJI make a test of it ?" "1 shall, most undoubtedly." "How do you do to afford protection? What is your mode ot procedure?" "There is no mode of procedure except to call upon tho Pro-idem of the United States lor a lorco sufficient to arrest the persons known to be engaged In those outrages upon citizens. J uiti oontiden. of one Hung, uhiuoIv? that as soon as the people leel that ttie laws will be enforced there tire a large number <>f persona who will ome forward and , it? tueir testimony. I have such assurances from scores oj men whom the community suppose to lie in sympathy wiin the Ku Kiux. Now. ihey dare ont express iheim-e.vs openly. It has been sup posed toai most of me cinzi u who were opposed to the politics or tiie adriiinisirauon were in sym pathy with these Ku Klux, tit J SI i II IS NOT THE FACT. There Is a large clu.-s of persons who, while not in accord with the Mule govern incut uie as strongly opposed to * ?, age* a* any friends of fheadtai nation, and would, ii tiny iiao any assurance that their lives would not be *a< rillced, unite in an effort to oring Ihe-c men to punishment and give tbt tic rcsMU'y evidence to aecuic their arrest and convic tion." "Do yon fJnd that the KX-OONFEPkHAl t OiriCnS M'MFATtHZB w th the Ku klax at all f ??Nm in the least, sir. On the contrary. I believe tin in t be ,i iioiig the riot t Jav. .ii i lo g citl/.. ii- hi lite Male. Ji to tubkc who have never been m the f army?trie small poiitle'ans?who are giving as the greatest amount of trouble; or it they were lu the army at all they constituted ltd worst element and nad to be DRAGGED TO TUB FRONT by conscript officers, and then disgraced the name of men and Midlers. At the beginning, my Iraores sion is that the K.u Klux was merely a political or ganization. ;'.ml before any outrages took place em braces! mauv respectable citizens; but since that time the organization has got beyond the control of its lormer leaders aud is now under the influence of a class who are PERFECTLY RCCKLKSS A3 TO RESULTS and Indlfl'erent to the real weliaro of the community tu which they live." "Do you niink that 5,000 regulars would he enough to restrain the lawless element in this Slate, Gov ernor "One thousand troops are all that are necessary? that is, ir the? have authority to make arrests: but without the aid or the United States court to prose cute the parties arrested TEN THOUSAND TROOPS WOULD DO NO GOOD. They would simply protect those within the reach of their guns?no more." "Do you anticipate any Ku Klux trouble In the seaboard counties ." ">"one whatever. There may be Individual dif ficulties, resn ting In death, and so on; but 1 appre hend the existence of no organization." "lu your opinion, if these outrages should conti nue, would the union league of the state, which, 1 nuderstan 1, is composed almost exclu sively of negroes, assume a belligerent attitude?" "It Is verv difficult to say what will be the result. Of coarse long continued abuse must bring its fruits sooner or lit r. Even the most abject worm may turn in self-defence when it is least expected." ??who are the division commanders of your State inilitiav'' "General iVinsmlth, who was a Confederate ma|or, and General \V. .1. Wlnpper" ^a colored man and member of the Legislature). "Have you recently given unv Instructions to any general officer of your miiiiia having reference to th se occurrencesv" "I IIAVK NOT." "Do you Intend to do sov" "I sti i l be governed by circumstances, t hope, however, tnat no emergency wl l arise whleh win r -<.der it nece aarv for tne to call oat the mliltla or re >rt to martial law; for 1 have a tlrm belief tnat the conservative element of the State, without regard to political affiliation, will unite lu putting down the men who are disposed to disturb the pence and unlet or the CommnnltlM lu which so much violence has occurred. The rccnt action of the Taxpayers' Convention is veryhealtny, and h sudlolent time be given it will have its proper effect. Tne member.', WERE REPRESENTATPVF MEN, and I regard th< ;n as pledged to use all their Influ ence to restore harmony and quell existing cils ord rs. "Have you authority under the Ku Klui bill to put the State under martial law*" "1 have not; but by communicating with the President of the United states ho. under the power conferred, may, at his pleasure, take such a step." ??W ere such an event to occur would trials BY JURY BE ABOLISHED?" "I think not. That Is one or the results only of actual war." "Hut would not martial law result In trials by military commission ?" "1 tn njc uot. Martial law, as I understand It, would result slmplv in a suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, leaving the civil courts in unuis turtied existeuce as at. present, with lull authority to trv prisoners, but without authority on the part o; the Judge to release them from jail before trial." ?Should outrages on colored men continue for any length of time do you think the blacks would rise and defeud themselves, or that A WAR OF RACKS would follow?" "I scarcely think that, but I believe they would retaliate." "Are the blacks not now organized In a certain way '?" ??V s. they are. All thoj want Is some ono to en courage them, and relaxation would have taken piace before this time. But for the good counsel or those who have hart more experience than them selves I am confident that, whatever might have been the consequences, there would have been a widespread retaliation, and in such a manner, too, as ihut perhaps even the Ku Klux could MOT IIAVK MET AND CHECKED IT." "Have vou any knowledge that arms have been quleily shipped into the St ate for the while men?" "Ves, l have received information that within the last six or eig't months large numbers of anns have been received m this state." "Do you believe those arms were wanted for do mesne use, or are they lor another and MOBF. DANGEROUS PURPOSE?" "As an excuse for their importation the parties re ceiving them claim that lUey were to i?e used against the organized mlutla in the event ot trouble, it is true that the niilltia are composed pretty largely ot colored men, and some of t hem through Ignorance mav hare acted Imprudently. Like all people who have been deprived of a privilege, they seem to have put a much Higher value upon it wn<>u granted than those who are accustomed to It, and the consequence was that the colored men carried their drilling to mich au excess In "many places that the whites became annoyed and aroused. Whether tueir apprehensions were well founded or not 1 have no means of knowing, but 1 am disposed to think THAT T1IEIH FEARS WERE OENUINE, without, in my opinion, any foundation for th?m. As for myself, 1 have never entertained the Idea that there would be anything like an organized cdort 011 the parr of the blacks to Invade the rights urn! privileges or the while men or the State: nor do l believe they ever will attempt a war or rsoes, unless It is in self-defence. The more Intelligent among the colored peonle know that in such an event they wouni have the wuole force of the general government THROWN AGAINST TIIEH if they became the aggressors. They know that an attempt to produce a war of races would destroy all Uio syinpatnv that exists tor them, without refer ence to their political afllilation, and, being so largely in the minority, they would staud tio chance whatever In the contest. Hence I have never enter tained the least fear that sucn a war would origi nate with them. That they may become ambitions, uud where they have a majority tn.iy attempt to ex ercise a control over the political ail'alrs of the com munity id wnlch tuey live, l have no doubt. That iney will do it unwiseiv I have nodouht, for the disposition cu their part, as demonstrated by the experience of the past, is to force men Into import ant positions who .'.re, by education and experience, Will.LET UNFITTED FOB TIIK I'URPOSB, and thereby render the administration of civil gov ernment almost Impossible. We have had some ex amples of that in tue past two or three years. But wlu'.e 1 have recognized my obligation to the repub lican party, and as me Executive of the State acted in acr ortlance with the long practice of parties to dispose of public patronage among Hie mends of the administration, I sound It In many Instances drsMucilve oi the best public interests to apply the rule. Hence 1 nave Ailed in ny of the offices?such as magistrates and other county oillcers?with moderate nieu, tviio AKK NOT IN ACTIVE AFFILIATION with the republican party, and yet whose general reputation u such as to induce the belief that thev wou.il discharge their duties faithfully ami Impartially toward an classes of citizens." "Havemauyof these men disappointed ton?" "Some have done so. In 18?s l appointed a large number of magistrates throughout me Mate who had been old magistrates?men not lu sympathy Willi the administration? BIT so MUCH COMF1. At NT resulted that the Legislature of lsoo 'oabolished the law aad enacted another, which provided lor the appointment of what are Known as trial ju'ilecs. the Go.ernor nomlnatiug and the Senate confirm.ng. The several Senators were thus made more or less responsible for tae character of the meu selected-" "HOW MANY Mil A I. JUSTICES aic there in the state; arc there over too?" "About .uo. But the number varies in each coun ty. it Is uot a salaried oillcc." "Do vou suppose that any of them honcstlv real ize as much as FIVE THOUSAND DO LIARS A YKCB? I have heard that some oi theui do sot" "j nave no means of knowing." "Do you tumk that any of them realize money dis honestly ?" "That would be a difficult question to answer." ??uave you round any complaints. Governor t" "Yes, in the city of Charleston; more frequently than anywhere eisc. That Is, not from present trial Justices, but from old on. a." "Is mere auy state law which limits the flnea they impose " "AU fee- and fines are regulated by law." "Do the Mate militia receive aiiythlug " ?They do not. They aro simply enrolled militia as lu other Mate:-. ' "Docs General Anderson, of the .state troops, HECK!VB A SALARY?" "He docs, as Assistant Ad utaut General, $1,500 a year. '1 he Adjutant General, S. J. .Moses, rec Ives a salai v or aad has a contingent sulary this year of $"<0). 1 have also expended some money under a law whlcti authorizes uie Executive to em ploy a force for putting down disturbances." ??Do the.se Mate regiments have bands?" "No, sir, uettung but a fife and drum, unless thor e'loo.-e. on the occasion oi a parade, to secure, at Uie v own cxpetise, additional music." "Wuat ho their arms consist ol ?" "SPRINGFIELD RIFLES ENTIRELY? arms-furnished by the United Mates, there were, also, 1,000 Winchester rifles purchased." "iiuve yon had any communication since April with the President of the United .States?" "None, except tus notification that the Kn Klux law was In existence, and would be enforced." "Is li your opinion that cumulative voting will materially remedy Hie condition of things lu luc State ?" "Yes: I think it is h very important mensnre, both for the majority and the minority lu the Mate -that is, both lor rei ublieana and democrats. Kirst, the re publicans need the introduction in their Legisla ture OF A IIKIT!I R ORDER OF INTELLIGENCE; more experience and education ih.ui we have at the present time: and the presence lu tnat ho ly of gen'demon or culture ami political ability would Mtiiiuiatc a icehng of einiitaUon, whereas at the present time, realizing Hie power of a large ma jority. the members do not experience the necessity oi greater Ihieliigeiire, because they have little with wliu h to compute themselves. Again, such largo majorities as we have In our Legislature are dan gerous. in other words, U Is my judgment that two political parties should 11K MOKE NEARLY ALIKE in str ngth. J believe in good, healthy opposi ' "Do yon find that the negroes are prodnclng as much now as niey did the year after the clone of the "ihey we producing ttrlco as much. l'ho stalls tics of crops show that each year they have im proved upon the last. There has been a decided increase m the amouut of agricultural products in the State. The only branch of agriculture that has LANGUISHED SINCE THE WAR Is rice, the culture of which requires extraordinary exposure to wet and unhealthy climate. Hence no persons voluntarily engage in the production of that cereal except those who are trained to It. other brauche.s or industry, however, have sprung up and m a measure compensate for the diminution In tue rice crop?for instance, the production of turpen tine." "But do not the cotton planters take a despairing view ?( the situation and say they are living trout hand to mouth because their profit is merely nomi nal?" "1 have no donht that such Is the case, hut the foundation of the evil was laid bv themselves. In the first place they have attempted to recuperate their laden tortuncs ever since the war by PRODUCINQ LARUE CROPS OK COTTON, forgetting that a very large crop Is destructive of their interests. They have neglected the coru and provision crops, and hence they nave paid nearly double what they should have paid for corn, bacon, hay, Ac.. Ac. In the second place, it is a cusio.n wun many persons to plant a large area or ground, without reference to us productive qualities. They will raise contentedly 151) or 200 pounds of cotton to the acre, when, If they would plant one-tenth oi tne area on ground fully cultivated, ther would get A BALE AND A HALF TO THE ACRE, besides saving largely in labor and the expense of mules, ploughs and feed. Tue same error is prac tised in the production of corn. They wnl plaut a large area of corn and raise ton bushels to tho acre, when, by planting ten acres, well cultivated, they can raise forty bushels to the acre, thus realizing the same results AT ONE-TENTH OP THE COST. . Many of those wiio Imagine that the conntry is decreasing in products judge from the results of their owu erroneous system and tue changed con dition in which they And themselves. For insiauco, a planter who, beforo the war, I1A1> A HUNDRED HANDS, now finds hluiseir unable to produce more ahan one-tlurd or oue-quarccr oi his former crop. He be lieves mat labor lias left the country or that tho nogri element has died out. whereas, looking around ntm, tie will find men who formerly owned only three or four slaves no w working thirty or foriy hands. What one loses, therefore, is made up by the oilier.1' "YOU HAVE HAD EXPERIENCE A8 A FARMER?" "Yes; l was raised on a farm in Pennsylvania." "Would other crops be more beneficial than cot ton ?" "Most decidedly so. Tho State is enitnentlv adapted ro the production of corn?indeed, of ail of the cereals raised in a higher latitude. There are some of the richest bottom lands here that can be loand anywhere. IN THE OONOAKEH BOTTOM there is land that will yield seventy-five bushels of corn to the ncre." "Have you a (arm here?" "Yes; about three huudred acres. I raise cotton and corn principally." "Can you give ine sonic statistics connected with your operations?" "Well, circumstances have prevented my paying that attention to farming interests winch I should have done. Therefore, while 1 raised a very good crop, it was not what a fair cultivation of ihe soil would have produced or what 1 expect to produco from the same ground tins year. To give you au Il lustration of what can oe done on an a ro and a half 1 will mention a small lot which adjoins the Executive mansion, In Columbia, and was lornierly the sue ol the lui.iiary academy or the btate. Last year 1 pat it under a fair cultivation?not better ihau a good Northern farmer would have none were he cultivating forty or fifty acres in the West. From that grouud I produced ONE HUNDRED EUSHEL8 OF CORN, a ton of corn blades, worth two dollars a hundred in the market, aud UUity bushels of what are tailed cow peas, which range from $1 50 to $2 60 a bushel, according to tho season of tho year. The manure 1 used was principally from tne stable, and 1 did not u.-e as much of that as 1 would have done had I more. 1 mention this simply to show what may he done hv the ordinary cultivation applied oy Northern and Western farmers to tueir crops. One of the prin cipal causes of small crops here is that the PLOUGHING is DONE UY A SHOVEL PLOUGH and the ground Is merely scratched? perhaps two or three inches deep. I learn from reliable sources that iu the early settlement of the State it was not unusual to raise forty bushels of wheat to the acre. The custom has been to sow tn the iatterpartof October or the iirst part of November. "What Is the encouragement to emigration f" "The principal indncemeut is the salubrity of the clinute, the fertility or the soil, and the tact that South Carolina is au old State possessing all the ad vantages of a new State. It has a complete system of railroads, and in twenty-four hours now any por tion of the State the market* of the SEAi'.OXltl) MAY UK REACHED. Only about oue-Quh of the land uus been brought under cultivation, so that the Immigrant would have an extensive choice ot virgin soil." "Is there not much clearing to be done ?" "Yes, but that can ue scarcely regarded as an ob jection, because mo timber cau ue easily disposed 01 by burning or sale. In Ohio and Michigan, wttich is much more heavily timbered, tins lact does not interfere with the progress of development," "Wtiat are the prices of lands?" "From three to ten dollars an acre. Since the adjournment of the Taxpayers' Convention two of Its members?General M. (J. Under and General M. W. Gary?have united with Mr. John citadwicK, a capitalist of Charleston, under the name of the Bouth Carolina hand and immigrant Association, and their purpose i? to purchase lands and locaio settlers upon them. They are gentlemen under whose auspices an immigrant can oe assured of a warm welcome, and as ranch success as can result from well applied energy and enterprise." "What class ot emigration would be most welcome hero ?" ??Every class?'armcrs and mechanics; but I be lieve they would bo more satisfied if they CAV13 IN COMMUNITIES and bought largo tracts of laud. There would be a double advantage iu this arrangement:?First, the subdwlMon would make the laud cheaper, and, sec ondly they would nut be dependent on strangers tor society. There are mauy sections of the state in which Immigrants would receive a cordial welcome, and tne ctu/.ena would extend thcru all the assistance aud hospitality which they would have a right to expect. I make this remark particularly with ref erence to thcjmltcial circuit presided over by ex Governor James L. urr, wuore a MAN IS AS SAFE FROM MOLESTATION as In any part ot the L'nttea States. He Is uu honest and a tearless magistrate. Ills counties are in the mountainous region ot the state; the climate is healthy, und the lands exceedingly fruitful, besides Which there is an inexhaustible water power." "Governor, it is a delicate matter, but will yon give me a sketch of vour life ? As Chief Magistrate of South Carolina your character has been discussed so much by both parties that some knowledge of your antecedents might lie desirable." "1 was oorn in isJG. in Pennsylvania, and am, therefore, about forty-.-dx years old. When ttfieen years of ago i moved to Henry county, in North Western uuio, then comparatively a new country. I had a common school education, and Hiso at tended central Co lege aoout two years, then studied medicine in the starling Medical College, of coiutu bus, Ohio. Alter leaving this college I went aero 8 the plains to California and Mexico, following the medical profession until l^oO, when circumstanced threw me Into mercantile business, in which 1 re mained until the BREAKING OUT Or THE WAR. I was then authorized by Governor Uennlaon, in conjunction With au >ther gentleman, to rat.se a regi ment of volunteers?-the Sixty-eighth Ohio. In less than sixty days i went Into camp with 9it men and was the Lieutenant Colonel. Samuel II. steadinau w;ts the OMoueL Our flrsi light was at Fort Doncl Bon, utter which wo took part in nearly all tho great battles and important skirmishes of tho tVest aud Southwest. Eventually J commanded the brigade and continued to do so until the close of the war. tm the liitn of January, lo'io, 1 was made a Briga dier General. On the lot ti of December, 1885, I was made a Brevet Major General, and ordered to this department to relieve General Saxton, as tho As sistant Commissioner ot the Freedniaii's Bureau of misstate. Iu ia>s I was elected Governor lor two j ears and in n',0 KK-KLEUTKD FOR TWO TEARS MORE." "Governor, I have heard It stated that YOU ARE A MILLIONAIRE and have made an immense amount of money oat of your position. Is mat so ?" "iu answering that question I will say thin?that I nave never regarded it as good policy ror any man to make a public declaration of his povorty, as very frequently a large portion ot a nun's cspital is Ins reputation as the possessor of wealth. Therefore, If I were to admit the fact mat I was a millionaire. It would give me a much better standing than If I were to tell the simple truth. 1 he fact is, when I entered the army my properly, which was in onto, consisted mostly of wnd. uncultivated lands. The money 1 received from various sources during the Wiir was froin time to time so Invested. Tnese lauds hare since appreciated in value perhaps four or five times, and are worth to- lay ovor ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS. In addition a portion of the town ot Napoleon. Ohio, is built on my property, which is also rapidly ou luuoing tu price, besides affording me an Income. This lucerne I nave invested in South Carolina. In lact, before 1 was uoiiiiott'ed as Governor I had In vested all my surplus means, and borrowed addi tional money, which I invested in the stocks and bonds of the state to the amount of nearly one hun dred thousand dollars, purchasing the bonds at from twenty-Heven to forty-two cents on the dollar. In 1*87 I found myself the owner of perhaps llio.ooo worth of Stale stocks and bonds. Some of these bonds were sold at advanced rates to return tho loans on which I had made tho original purcnase. Of course the appreciation under my administration has Lo ?de a considerable Increase Iu their value. To day, if my property In South Carolina?real and per sonal?were soiil at the best prevailing rate, I SHOULD HAVE, SAY $70,000. The stories of my immense wealth are simply fabri cations by those who nave no means of knowing of what tn.? possession* coir-L-t." ??To your knowledge has your name ever been ir.eutioued by the colored people In connection with the Presidency or vice Presidency 1** "1 don't know that I would be instilled In answer ing in the negative, but the suggestions have corno from person* of no importance and are merely tne result of persoual feelings." "What are your View* with reference to the finances of tne Htatet" "I regard them in as healthy a condition as any State in the t'i:on. Our debt ta a mere bagatelle? only eight millions and odd dollars. The taxpavora have pledged themselves anew to its redemption, the taxes rre being promptly paid, and expenses Will be greatly reduced, flic July Interest will ho piump:;/ met aa awn aa n talis duo, I titers fore consider that unless bad and vicious men combine to destroy their own State South Carolina one day, and that not a distant one, will hold as high a position as she has ever enjoyed. No roan In Sout h Carolina can more fervently pray and work for that consummation than myself." At thin Juncture the Herald commissioner took bis hat and Governor Scott courteously accompa nied lnm to the door, shaking his hand warmly as he bade him goodbr. Calling me back for a mo ment. Governor Scott said '?south Carolina needs to have her wants made known through the great POWERFUL UKRALD NEWSPAFKIt, and certainly no paper In tho country lias been so just to her as the Herald." THE GREAT TICHBORNE CASE. Full Text of the Will of Lady Hen rietta F. Tichborne. The Present Claimant the Long Lost Son and Riilit fill Heir. The following Is the text of the affidavit of Lady Henrietta F. Ttcbborne, la which she affirms that the present claimant Is her long lost son. The cose, u will be remembered by the readers of the Herald, has occupied the attention ot tho English courts for a long time, and is, perhaps, one of the most inter esting trials of years:? I, Dame Henrlctte FCllcltd Tlehborne, at present residing at 2 Dorset street. Manchester square, in the county of Middlesex, widow, make oath and say as follows:? 1. t n the 1st day of August, 1*27, I Intermarried with the late sir James Francis Doughty Yiebborue, Hart., late of Tichborne, in ttie county of Southamp ton, then James Francis Tlohbortie, Esq., now de ceased. My said marriage was solemnized at st. George's, llanover square, and at the Itonian Catholic chapel, Chelsea, both in tno county of Middlesex. There was Issued or the said marriage four childrcn, and no more?viz., 1, me above-named plalntlir, our flrst born sou, who was born at Pans on the 6th day of .lannary. 1838; 2, Mabella Louisa, who was born on the 8th day of July, 1332 (now deceased); 3, Alice Mary Perpetna, who w.h born on the 14th day of October, is;j7 (now deceased), atvd 4, Alfred Jostph Tichborne, who was born ut Paris on the 4tu day of September, 1838 (now deceased). 2. Cpon the death of the late Sir Fdward Doughty mv husband became sir James Francis Tichborne, tenth baronet of Tichborne. and entered into and thenceforth down to his death continued in the possession or receipt of tno rents and profits of the Doughty estates referred to In tho plaintiffs bill tiled"iu this cause, as tenant for life limler lite limi tations created in bis favor as m the said bill men tioned. u. Hy royal license dated tne 26th day of April, i6f>3, her Majesty grants unto my husband license and authority thai he and his issue might thence forth use the name of Doughty in addition to and before that of Tichborne, and that he and they might bear the arras or Doughty, quartered with those or Tichborne. and In exercise of tne .-aid license my late husband theucelorth continued down to his death to use the surname or Doughty m addition to and before that of Tichborne, and also to use the arms of DouglU.r. 4. aiy husband died on the Uth day of June, 1862, leaving tne plaintiff, his eldest son and heir at law, ami the said Alfred Joseph Tldiborne, Ills second sun, his only Issue him surviving. 5. Cpon the death of my husband the plaintiff be came the eleventh baronet or Tichborne. He at tained Ins age of twenty-one years on the 5th day of January, l?50. ?. Tne plaintiff's brother, the said Alfred Jos?nli MiS"i-?hnf* be'rng lhen a bacliel0'". intermarried on t i y.? April, 1801, with tho above named ueicndant, the said lion. Teresa Mary Josephine r chborne, daughter of the Right Hon. Henry iiene '''CL eleventh Lord Arumlell of Wardour ^'l'1 lAlfreJ Tlchborno died on the d day of february, lsoo, having had issue, one son born in his lifetime, namely, Edward Francis Tien borne, who died in earlv infancy, aHd no other son * ? b s lifetime; but his wile was e,(tv(no Uc the time or his decease and on the 2-aa day of Mav lv> i. she gave birth to the above named defendant Henry Alfred Joseph Tlchborne. ""enaant, h. My husband aud myself resided for many rears be,ore he succeeded to the baronetcy In Pans and the plaintiff resided with us at Paris, where he w is bom. from the date or ills birth un'll the year 1*4-, l)ro?.tTlit ove'' ?o tnts couniry, and was short.y afterwards placed at Stouvhurst College Lancashire, where he received lua English educa ?. fn the month or July, 1849, the plaintiff wis appointed cornet, and subsequently lieutenant m He isinas ih a Dragoon Guards (Carabineers). HUB it n.im.an IT?1!! la Ul? lnont" ?r October, imb, at Dublin, where it was then quartered ami was on duty with the regiment until the month or January, 1853, except during ernporary leave of absence. The plaintitT retired Iroui the regiment in the month of February, 185 :. * m Durla81118 vacation from college, and while on loavo of absence from his residence, the pi unt ir connrr,"m Ui" vea|-ls45 until1 he liu nVis countiy to travel in foreign parts, a; be re in art r meutloaod, with his late uncle, the said Hi Edwiml Doughty, at Tlcbborue Park, tho lannly sear of the tunT'01.1??4' An'' was ln 1,1(3 llal,,t ?" shooting over tholichborne estates and hunting in that neighbor hood.and gave up much of his ume to field snorts aad the management of horses. 'requently expressed a strong de sire to tiavel tu foreign parts, and he left bis retH. ment with the obiectof travelling for some vearsln distant parts, and in the tlrs( instance he deter" mined to proceed to Sonth America. 12, In tne mouth of March, 1853, the plaintiff took FromEt?!L V-a^' a shlI1,bonn'1 for Valparaiso, and rroin letters 1 subsequently received froui nun [ was ,1C arnvC(1 'here in duo course, and from the like source of information I knew that he was engaged in travelling in 7a ions mat .8n?flpMIUth,o meric'1' aa<1 ('QJ?Te(l ,11(> wild spoi ls of the field until about the month of April, lj.vt ,:v Alter tho death or sir Edward Doughty mv husband and 1 took no our residence at Tichborn'c House, where we continued to live down to the dato of Ills death. During the plaintiff's stay lu South America lie sent home to Tlchborne some birds which I understood ho had killed, and a^o some pictures, ana two pairs of vory large and peculiar silver-plated spurs and stirrups. 14. Some time afterwards, iind in the course of tho m unt ,r m. ,,^L.1"Koncc reached Tlchborne that the pl.uutiif had taken passage, 111 the month of April ^ Kio ?lanelro, ou board a ship called the Bella, bound for New York, and that she foundered at sea. and that the owners of the ship and the un derwriters at Lloyd's treated her as iiav.ng tH"en lost, but no tiuings reached us as to the fate 01 the crew except that one boat belonging to the Leila had been met with at sea with no one .11 board, and it was feared all tne crew were drowned. 15. I clung to the belief that my sou was saved ami I had a settled prosenttment that some day i should see Inrn again. 1 tuought it probable ha m.g.it have been picked up at sea, and 1 neve? ceased to express that belief .0 my husband and various members of tho larnil.v, and also to .Mr J lancis Joseph Balgent, of W inchester, an old friend of the lamiiy and a frequent visitor to lien borne, and to other persons. IU1 iaIf' Jn or ,4l>out 1110 >car 1S5S a sailor, whose name is unknown to me, solicited alms at Tlchborne Parte while Iwas llvng tnero with my hushaud. und represented that lie had come from Australia: and 1 had a conversation with the Hutlor, and made in quiries ot him as to who,her ho had ever Kd of tne Bella or any of tier crew having been saved rrina n/ ?"''P110'1 that ,,e bad heard, when in'Alia' traiin, of some or tho crew Ar a snip, which he thought was tho Leila, having been picked up at sea and brought to Melbourne, but no further or more definite Information us tothe Uelia or her crew could be obtained from the sailor. 17. I communicated to my husband the state " mnif, ".V the sailor, but he expressed tne opinion that it was not worm notice and no further notice was taken of such statement in J11' lifetime, save that I frequently referred to It; aud when the marriage between mv younger son and tho Hon. Teresa Mar/joseDhme stmN?rr1CrWaVn c",lt0ll|P,atloii 1 stated that I had sun the presentiment that the plaintiff was not lost and my husbaud and I sent the deiendm" "mc. nt Gosford, iroiu Tlchborne to W'ardour Castle to iUrn Arundel I, before her mamago.to a' mu whenever the plaintiff returned the title aud e\taio* would belong to mm, and not to Alfred e is?S; . d,oath or my husband and In tho year v.^i, , .1 d ftdvertisementa for thi plaintiff in tne English, French and s-panish languages to be m eeried in tbe Timra newspauer. MrrfAcKniibscqueiitly communicated with Mr. Arthur Cubitt, of tno ..iHsnifi Friends Orlice Br dgfl: street, Sydney, New South Wales, adver tisiug agent, and the said Mr. Uubitt, by inv direc. Hon, caused advi^tiscinonts to be inserti'd m varl. ous newspapers puoiwhed at Melbourno and onc where, announcing the death of the plaintiff's lather, and giving a description of the pluiutlffand offering a reward for h;s discovery. v "na 20. Ultimately, and in or about tho month nr March, 1KU0, I received a letter from iho plaintiff ii i!.h um :f!! Wagga, New soutn Wales, ui which ho told me that lie hud made up his mm 1 to fa! ? ,lh? sea once more, and requesting that funds in 1 gfit be scut out to him to defray lils voyage home I replied urging Ins imnie Unto returnKo, and i afterwards wioto turn a letter and reunited to him a draft for M 1 han been previously ,Vunim nicauon wiih Mr. (Jibbes, or Wagga Wag? n 1 the said Mr. (Jubltt, and hid urged them ? vary careful of the pialnuirs identity, and to tic sure tm was my son beiore tfiey allowed him to come homo and pave ihotn certain information respecting ihi p aintiif upon winch they could question him aud test bis Identity. have be: n informed and be lci-o t ?at ^r".lal"V7 cft Atlstral,a '"''"re such letter amVud there, ami I nuvc since received tno &400 buck. .A1'* e-f Peeled that tho plaintiff would arrive bv the I- rench packet from Australia to St. Nazal re in franco, and i went to Put is in November lain in meet him. I!e did not. however, cmuo by ?i,a? route. I received a loiter from bun In the early tun t i nim'n .ary;, i17, "Iiuouiiclttg that he had arrived m Lngland with his wife aud child, and that he would lit. ut the l.utel de Lille et d'APuon, in ihe Hue st lamemon! h' S T"ur8,Jliy' tlie 10,11 oay 01' tho 22. I sent inj servant on tho following Fndav morning to the hohd he had named to inquire if sir Kcger Tlchborne had arrived, ,uid a iiiessago wm ?li'rlf- .l0 ,,,c 10 Mle el,ect 111,11led urr vud. but wm cow too unwell to go out, j tneu went to the hotel and was shown into a room, where I saw the Plaintiff, lie wan dressed, l>ut lying down upon the bed, and was much overcome by emotion at seeing me. I uwtauily recognized him an my tirat-born son, Sir Roger Charles llchborne. 2 <. 1 expressed my happiness nt seeing him, nncl did all I could to soothe him, but he became so ill that I sent for Sir Joseph Olntre, phvslclan to the British Embassy at Paris, and Dr. shrimpton, et that city, to attend upon him. 1 waited until they arrived, and in the presence or the plaintiff and of the said Sir Joseph t mine and Dr. Shrimpton, and Mr. Holmes the plaintiff's solicitor, and Mr. Joseph Leete, a friend of the plaintiff, l declared that the plaintiff was. as In tact he is. my first-born son. 24. From that time until the bull of January, 1897, I spent the greater part of each dav with the plain tiff. By that time he had sufficiently recovered to return to England, and he did return on that day, and a tew weeks subsequently I rejoined him, the plaintiff, and his wile ami daughter. I resided with them at Kssex Lodge, Croydon, where they then lived, lrom the 15th dav of February to the 26th day or April last, when 1 left Croydon because It did not agree with my health, and came to live in London. Since the last mentioned day 1 have irequently vis ited and writteu to the plaintiff, and 1 have made and paid him an Allowance At the rate of ?1,000 per annum to support his laiuily until he obtaius posses sion of his estate. 25. I am certain as I am of my own existence, and distinctly and positively swear that the plaintiff is tny ill si-born sou, the issue ol my marriage with the said Sir Jaines Francis Doughty Ticliborne (de ceased). His ieatures, disposition and voice are un mistakable, and must in my judgment berceogni ed by liiipaiil.il and unprejudiced persons who Knew him before he left England In the year I?53. 20. since he returned we have constantly talked over many private family matters which occurred in his youth and up to the time of his leaving Eng land. upon all or which he has a periect recolloctiou, lie has reminded me ol Ins having sent over li oui and South America the birds, pictures, spurs and stir rups lureiu-before referred to. 1 had forgotten the Circumstance of his having sent the spurs and stirrup-", .-.iter the loss of the Delta was reported 1 ordered that all Ids military accoutrements should be placed within a large box, winch was accord ingly done, and to the best of my knowledge and bcitef such box has not been opened for some few years until it was searched as hereinafter mentioned. I tart tho box sent to me nt Essex Lodge, Croydon, aforesaid, and opened It and in ihe box I found the spurs and stlrrnps, whloli the plaintiff immediately reeoguized as those ho bad sent home from .South America. The box also continue I tho plaintiff's two military cloaks, three-cornered hut, gauntlets, cap, coat, trousers, epaulets and other articles. The hat. cap, cloaks and gauntlets fitted him directly tiny were taken out of the box and he put them on, wldle the other garments seemed to have been made for a man oi the same height and length of arm as the plaintiff, but thinner in person than lie now Is. The evidence 1 have nail tunt the plaintiff is my first-born Is most positive and conclusive, and It Is impossible 1 can be mistaken. 27. While the plaintiff was staying with me at. Paris tho said Teresa Mary Josephine Tlchborno wrote and sent to mo a letter, lnaulrlng of rue whether I was porlectly satisfied that the platnttff was my son. I immediately, upon the rcoetpt of sueti letter, wrote and sent to the sai l Teresa Mary Josephine Tlchborne, from I'nr s. a lotter In reply, imornung her m the most positive terms that the plaintiff was my son. six. I believe that the last-mentioned letter was received by the said Teresa Mary Josephine Tlch borne In the course of post and In the month of January, 1867. .Since then she has hud no commu nication whatever with me, although previously we had been on terms of cloi-o intimacy and affection with each otnor, and in particular since tne death of my son Alfred Joseph Tlchborne I have shown her many and repeated marks of klndnes* and affec tion. 2tt. The several statements hereinbefore contained are within my own knowledge, except as nereinbo fore appears, and in sucn last-mentioned esses are believed by me to be, true on the grounds herein appearing. HENR1ETTE F. TIUHBORNK, hi worn at the Record and Writ Clerk's office, Chancery lauo, in tne county of Middlesex, this 27111 day of Juue, 1870, before me?Fiucdbrick Dedwkll. YACHTING NOTES. The New York Yncht Club fleet, season of 1371, will comprise the following yachts:? Scuounkrs.?Alarm, owned by A. C. Klngsianrt, New York; Alice, George W. Kid 1, New York; Caprice, David Sears, Boston: Columbia, Hear Com modore l'rankliu Osgood, New York; Dauntless, Commodore J. O. Benuetl, Jr., Now York; Edith, George O. llovey, Boston; Eva. S. J. Macy, New York; Enchantress, George Lortllard, New York; Fleet Wing. George A. Osgood, New York; Flcur de' Lis, John 8. Dlckerson, New York; Foam. 8, A- J. a. II. Uomans, Jr., New York; Gypsy, IL T. Living-' ston, New York; Halcyon, James It. Smith, New York; Idler, Thomas C. Durant, New York; Jessie, J. Van Schaick, New York; Josephine, B. ,M. 0. Dur fee, Fall River; Julia, Crawford Allen, Jr., Provl dcncc. It. J.; Madeline, Jacob Voorhls, New York* Aladgte, R. F. Loper, Stonington, Conn.; Magic. J. Lester Wallack, New York; Nettle, D. ir. Fal'ctt Boston; l'amjer, Rutherford stuyvosant, New Y'ork: Fhantom, II. G. and diaries H. Ste'jte'ns New Y'ork* Rambler, James H. Banter. New York; Rebecca' i John Heard, Boston; Restless, J. J. and William Astor, New York; Sappho. vice Commodore Wil- 1 li no F. Douglas, tattle Neck. L. I.; Urift n Major, New York; Sprite, S. W. G.tlioiipe and S. n* Nickerson. Boston: Sunshine, E. Burd Gruhb Bur lingioii N. J.: Tarollnta, N. If. Kent and u. A. Kent Jr., New York; Tidal >Ym*c, William Voorhn' Nyack; \esta, Richard Baker, Jr., Boston* Wan derer. Bonis I.orillard, New York; Wivern' T l) Boardman, Boston. SLOOPS.?Addle, owned by w. II. Langlev Bnv Ridge, L. I.: Alice, Thomas G. Appleton, Boston* Ariiutne, Theo. A. Strange, New York; Breeze. A.' C. Kingsland, Jr.. New York; Coming, YV. n Nichols, New York; Dolphin, John Keuum. New York: Elaine, G. B. burfee, Fad River; Crane n w. Johnson and William Krebs, New York-Josle' R. F. Loper, Jr., Stoniugion; Kate. Robert Diilon' New York; Narragansett. F. Dexter, Boston'* Sadie, F. Burgess, Boston; Sallte K. Day. N. It.' Palmer, Stonington; Y index, Robert t enter. New York; Vixen, Ludlow Livingston, S la ten Island* White Wing, W. B. Nichols, New York. ls,dHU' nteamkrs. Emily, Jacob Loriliard. New Tnrk* Jeanetie, Jauies G. Bcnneit, Jr., Now York- Minne haha, T. C. Durant, New York; Mischief, J. D. Max well, New York. Vice commodore Maxwell's new sloop Pcerlc*? attached in the Atlantic Yacht Club, has been ilt'ted wiih a new bowsprit, two an t a halt feet longer than .'lie llrsi, and she lias received more hea I sail. fcatuiMay afternoon Iftstthc^c changes woro io.st^?l iti ? an extended trial down t'uo bay anil louu I to be sat it lac lory. | T.ynn Yncht Club. At a meelliig of the Lynn, Mass., Yncht Club it was voted to request commodore Babb to allow the postponement of the scrub race o the 10th Inst., which request has been com- j piled with. Tne change is made' In consequence or many of the yachts not being quite ready for rho I run. Oil the succeeding Saturday, June 17, the an nual club regatia will takeplaee. Theclub house will I then probably bo In trim, when "a great time may 1 be expected." Vice Commodore Davidson's jachr the Expert, met with a slight mishap last Tuesday, the Bertha running afoul of her as she lav at her moorings, carrying away her topmast. BOlTHEIt!! nilL TItVYSiT. Prominent Po*t ORlce Authentic* on a Tour of Inspection. For some time It has been apparent to the authori ties at Washington that more definite arrangements must be made to secure some degree of certainty in Southern mall connections with our Northern routes. There are but few business men In New Y ork who have not at some time since the war been annoyed and perplexed at the delay in tho arrival 0' tnclr letters from the South, and It has not tin freqnentiv been the ruse that newspapers have been a week over dno from New or ea,n8.'. ? ori'''r 10 faclllrato matters and establish a regularltv of system the Postmaster General has instructed Mr. E. It. Pctherbridge. Superintendent of Mall Service at Large, ami Air. Stephen II. Nnnpp, Supcrlnicudcnt or Mails of New Yoik city, to inane a tour or Inspection through the Bout li with a view to snch Improvements as uiuy ieein practicable. These gentlemen, who hivo already entered upon their arduous duties. are now in New Orleans, where they nave been giving their attention to ttio introduction of h pjiHteiu of 111ltIif distribution of late mails wincli will admit or t-ticMr belni? forwarded?such of them as are ?oinir North?without delay. During the tour or Messrs. I'eMierbridff 'anfl Kn.ipp tliey will iiiakc it a part of their business to carefully inspect Hie several railroad routes over which the principal malls are carried In the bonth, and correct us far us possible much of the careless management that has been lor years the cause ol general complaint. This move on the part of the experienced Boat ouico ofuclals eugaged Is one of more tlinn usnal im portance and will tend gre,viv to facilitate the do livery of Southern maim In tills ciiv. FATAL ACCIDENT IN BIIDSIPIRT. CONN. A Prominent Citizen lostsntly Killed. Mr. William S. Humphrey, of tho flnn of* Hum phrey A YVatson, boiler maker*, of this city, was instantly killed about half-past s ven o'clock Satur day evening, the 3d Instant, by ?io falling of a tree in front of Ht. John's Episcopal church. 11c was standing on lite sidewalk. In company with several other citizens, when tho tree fell, striking him on the foroneud and crushing in Ins siuill. The tr.-o was a large one, and the top branches having been previously cut. off, the tru,.k wiih snopi.ricd with ropes held by a number of men, who Vainly endea vored to loll It in an opposite direction. Too work was carelessly performed, ami w lieu tito tree, watch In. lined to one side, was iircm/ht to a per pendicular by the ropes, it led. aud. being partially hnpj by one of the side ropes, it swung around and ?truck Mr. Humphrey on the head. He died instantly. Two other men were ritlghtly injured. Air. Humphrey was ouo of the most respected citizens ot tho city, and Ills death Will bo deplored by a large circle or friends. POLYGAMY AT WEST POINT. Brigham Young Sends One of His Hun dred Offspring to be a Cadet. An Interesting Letter on the Subject. "Will tbo Boys Permit the Outrage'? Salt Lake City, May 24,1871. Tho coolest piece of Impudence that Brlghaift Young ever perpetrated took practical shape yes terday in sending one of uls polygamous sons to West Point. When Brigham wants to be fanny ho is a linge Joker; and immediately after the recent return of Mr. Hooper, the Territorial Delegate from Washington, ho resolved on sending one of his numerous family to bo educated at the expense of the nation. The old chief saw the ludlcroasness of the position of one who had so abused the nation? who had so frequently and so unctuously cursed and damned the government?sending in one of his sons to be instructed in the science ol war for the defence of that same nation: hut the opportunity of making an issue was too good to ho neglootcd, and so Mr. Hooper's suggestions wt re overruled aud Willard Young left yesterday for the Eastern states with, the view of being a cadet at West Point. Personally and financially Brigham cares not a pin's point about any of hts off-ipring vegetating and luxuriating on the hanks of tiio Hudson; that is not the question with him. Oue of the apostles said yesterday, In tho Xcirx office, that it was to test Prcsidcut Giant and the nation on the subject of polygamy, and that is all that it does mean. Con gress says polygamy is a relic of barbarism, it is a crime against civilization and the laws of the Cnlted States; Brigham says, "Now I will send you oue of my sons to West Point, and I shall seo whether you dare to test the question of the legiti macy of my offspring." Will President Grant sanc tion that nomination of the Delegate or will he veto the appointment and raise an issue? That is pre cisely the question with Brigham Young, and the friends of the government, and Hie cause of Chrls Manliy here arc anxious to sec what will bo done in the oaso. A number of federal officers and otner gentlemen met yesterday on other business, and this subject was incidentally brought up and the proposition was made to remonstrate with President Grant: against me endorsement of tho cudetship of Willard Young upon oilier grounds. It seema a lerrlble humiliation to sec a man like Brigham Young, who gloats over tue idea of the nation's woes, aud who during all the late war did every thing lie could to encourage the south, and said publicly in Hie Tabernacle, time and a_am, mat he would see the nation in hell first before ever a mau rIo uid ho draiicd from Uiah. aud not a Mormon was either draiued or volunteered! Now, while he is every year increasing the military power of tho Mormons in anticipation of a nay of trouble, when, if need be and safe to do It. he can bid detiance to the nattou to execute the anii-poiygamic law, he selects one of hts Dolvgumous sous to lie educated at a na tional military school, where he will acquire the art of war and he ready to assist his father I THE BOY HIU8KLF Is a simple, harmless! lad of eighteen, and is likely enough to properly conduct unused. Hut wnat will the oilier cadets say ? Will those who sent the fif teenth amendment Smith to Coventry lake any better the presence 01 a polygamous son of this oldt rox? lie will probably ho supple and of easy humor, and will hear a great deal, lie has been brought up in trouble und got used to u. Will President (Irani bo silent or will be act? Should Hri.sfham be suoce.-.siul m this affair ha will ue encouraged to oner others of tils numerous progeny ror higher honors. His eldest son "Joe " would make an excellent ambassador to Turkey ho eould In addition to the honorary duties of statesman" snip, extend much sympathy to tno sultan, while he gleaned corresponding.v from UicPueltus "how they got along" with me institution, und so lie a genera] benefit all round. His second sou, "Briggy " la slightly disposed to rotundity .and would ""figure with immense udvauta o in a genial clhne? Spain, Portugal or fuuuy Italy would fill his .ambition; and "Johnuy," tiie next in im portance, would lnxurta.e as consul anywhere in frec-lovedoru. The old man himself once prophe sied that no would yet be the President of t he United states. Perhaps tins is tnc beginning of that, interesting event I At all events tnc Young lauiJty is slightly numerous, and tins indulgent na t.on can have choice noui a big pn?. Mr. Hooner is sanguine that ins loans at Washington have their liiQueuce, and Hrighiin ihluks it time to see soma return lor value received. A STKAMER LAUNCHED OS SALT I.AXE. i esterday was a gala ua y at Corinae, the (lentil? city of Ltah, 011 the occasion of launching the n-w steamer the City of Conine. Much lo the credit of the central Pacific liatlroad Company and some leading Lcntilcs, a magni .cent Utile steamer Is now ready to ply through the briuy lake for pleasure and commerce. One by one the avenues of enterprise are taken hold oi by the i.entiles, and Jirtghom, wlihall bis rapacity for monopoly, sees himself on I figured. For two or tureo years Uoueral Connor had a little steamer put on the lake, but the Kate conuor was too small for the work required, and the Citv ofCorlnne has been built with the greatest care, Btted up Scinmiy tor pi asuro parties aud with groat capacity lor "mer chandise and ores. i VeL'trai Paciflc offered three months ago to buy Itrlgnani s Utah Ceniral Km I mad. running into bait Lake from Ogdcu, but the Prophet thought he nad too good a tiling of it, and refused, not only all overtures, but threatened to raise upon , M.ori"on.J, trade going westward. The Central Pacific saw lis opportunity, encour i'."? . building of the steamer, and now Hrigh&ia may whistle. Pom a of the most extensive uiki the richest mining districts of Utah aro west of Ssii.lt Lake, ami this steamer traitlc will be an enor mous item taken from the Utah Central, instead of freighting thirty miles or more Into .Salt Lake, tho transit over the lstke will reach sixty or eighty miles northwest of this city, on the Central Pacific ll110; "ir 'ess money. It also opens up to the lumber yards oi the Truckce aud tne Sierra Nevada? markets that any portion of LTnli can neither supply as well nor us cheap. The good work of (.eiit.ie tucreaso is roiling on. and soon Brighatu'a rule will be terribly weakened. KN0T.I8II CAPITALISTS (C t rl; TO RPH.D A RAIT.ROAU. 1 lie representatives of the English capitalists here in tho orgauusatiou called the "Utah .silver Mining ( ompuny" have offered lo build slxtv miles of itii I rood from llio East Canyon Mining lils jrict to tills city, but i.rigliam has pnt a veto on It. lacy went to see him and to ascertain his disposi tion towards ttieir proposed enterprise. The Prophet financier'traa very utni.ti?ic In tue proposition that they could do so, provided that they gave him tho ?controlling interest.'' lite Englishmen thougnt ho was "d?-d cool," and now propose to see If they cannot tiulld the railroad under the general railroad laws of tho United States, if they cannot do so they certainly will not do so with tho copartnership or i.rigliam Voting. lie has got the Legislature at lus bidding in tnal as In everything else, JEALOUSY n NLW JERSEY. Almost n Tragedy in Newark?A Womna Bitot Three Times?Tho Notorious lAnte Connor Itedivivos. Newark came within an ace or being the scene of un atrocious murder between six and seven o'clock Saturday evening. In one of a row of wooden shan ties In a yard of oj Howard street there has d wcit for sonio time past a youag couple supposed to bo man anil wile. In other apartments or the same house resided a woman named Ilrldgct Murphy. Between her and the other woman a feud sprang up, the lu direct cause of which seems io have been the man. 'Ins culminated a lew d ivs ago m an open rupitiro between the females wlneii took ilie form of A ni nch w.tti op words. Meanwhile, the "wile" became so violent that Mrs. Murphy went acforo a magistrate and caused her ui li st on a charge of breach of tue peace, bhe was arrested and discharged .Saturday morning. II ?hen transpired that she was the notorious Kato Connor, and that she was not the wife of the man with whom she Dad been living. Following henna charge matters grew stm worse between Kale and the other wotnap. Kate entertained an idea tuut Mrs. Murphy desired to CUT IlKil OUT in tho affections of the man. This was the state of ailairs Saturday evening, aoout luilf-pastsix o'clock w hen the nolminorhood was startled ay the sharp (puck shots of a revolver. Presently a man was observed to rush Inun the house indicated and dash out of sight quite rapidly. Boon nlterwanis Mrs Murphy appeared streaming with blood iroui several wounds. Bho was removed to her rooms and nr. O'Oorman sent lor. She was badly hut not atally wonnned in three places, too most serions being In the abdomen, it appears her wo K murderer, Instigated, >i? alio ?v i t, ! bawd Kmc, weiii into the woman's apartments and ^'"deliberately ?""/ her, intending, UtaboUoved to mako short work of her. wiilvmi, the ArrnMiTiiD urntDEnKR aararar 'Rr.w,? sr1? enacting the bloody deed up stairs jtntn ?itif?\ i ? IF U. on. ho Stoop ail 'iremef, read" toTlieh?i hod hot ooea orinkum ,Kw ''anlc d,,rln? 1,10 (I"Y bnl ?..?>? tL k,0?1'.??