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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 05, 1871, Image 6

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ON THE CONGABEE
What thf Govrrnor of Saatli Carolina Had to
Say to thr Herald Comraissionfr,
An Ex-lTnion Major General's Opin
ion of the Ku Klux Klan.
Arms Being Imported into South Caro
lina in Large Numbers.
Columbia, 8. C., May 27, 1S71.
From the open window by which Governor R. K.
Bcott, of South Carolina, sat, with the Herald
Commissioner, we coui l >ee the far hills of Lexing
ton county, the high dome of the State House,
which one flue night seven years ago was shelled by
Ktolbrana, Sherman's chier or artillery, and below,
In tae wide and well-shaded streets of Columbia,
groups of pedestrians passed to and fro with that
peculiars languid, swinging gglt which Is common
to all southern races. The room was
mn IX DUSKY PROFILE
against a Southern moon anil sky wnteh overhung
the Executive Mansion, and afar off we could
plainly distinguish the roaring, helpless babble of
the two rivers?the Congaree and Saluda?that at
Columbia form a graceful fork, near where the old
wire lcrry crosses the streams.
The Governor of south Carolina, the best abused
man in the State oy one section, an 1 who is promi
nency mentioned by the bhick race as their
Candidate for vice president,
Is a bl< ndo, with a ruddy color and light brown
hair, which hangs in clusters over a clear, high
forehead and shades a pair of piercing blue eyes.
Governor 8cott Is a man of large and powerful pro
portions,
WITH A WEIL KMT FIGURE,
and was dressed, as is usual with him, ih a black
broadcloth suit. A little boy of six or seven years
of age, evidently nis son, from the close resemblance
In features, played at the Governor's knee. As
the interview progressed nothing disturbed the
silence but tbe hum of countless Insects, wnose
buzzing made a rude melody drowsy In Its nature.
?'I have called, Governor, to hold a c mversation
with yon on the subject of State affairs, and to ob
tain some of the results of your personal experience
In the process of reconstruction. I would like to
ask you first something about the Ku Klux. Do you
think
IT IS A MILITARY OR.'i ANIMATION ?"
"Well, yes; In on*1 sense it Is, General an 1 special
orders are issues and sent to county officers order
Jug them to resign under palu of a
VISITATION BY THE KLAN."
"Aro these orders printed or written?"
"'J hey have been printed after being served; but
are not printed by tlie Ku Klux themselves. In one
ca-.c, in Fairilehl county, a copy was pushed under
the door of a printing office, and the editor was
ordered to publish it."
"I)o tuey serve notices on democratic as well as
republican papers ?"
"Oh, yes; and the editor of tno Wtnsboro demo
cratic paper Is said to have remarked that he would
NOT DARK TO REF.>E PUBLICATION."
"IT ive you individually received Ku Klux thrcat
enlDRsf"
??1 have received several communications of the
kind; but ihev were from persons who.u 1 Knew did
not belong to tne Kn Klux. They were sent simply
for effect."
??Have any of these threatened men called upon
you, Governor, for protection ?"
"A great many, and, as far as was in my power, I
have afforded it. In several counties I have secured
the presence o? Tnitcd States soldiers by application
to th- President, which is the only protection that it
is possible lor me to afford."
"Have you listed the President, in consequence or
the late troubles,
TO SEND TROOPS?" ?
"I did, very recently, and he responded by send
ing them to the points designated?two companies
of infantry and some cavalry."
"At a rough estimate how many troops would bo
nects-ary to restrain the violence of the Ku Klux It
It should break out In every county f"
"I >hlnk It could be done with a single company of
troops in eacti county. In fac t, under the existing
orders, they are of no value except ror producing
niere moral effect and for protecting tlio e who may
appeal to them. I think, however, that tne Presi
dent will give authority to the commanding officers
to
MAKE ARRETS
and turn the prisoners over to tno United States Dis
trict Attorney for prosecution?Major D. T. Corbln.
of Charleston."
"By what kind of a jury would they be tried ?"
"By a jury composed of blacks anl whites. I am
sutbfied that such a course will cither put an end to
the Ku Klux outrag-a or force a collision between
the United States troops and these organizations,
whlrh would very soon end the troubles now exist
ing."
"Wnat is the present force In the State ?"
"There arc four companies of cavalry an I tea
companies of lafa trr.
TRF. CAVALRY
however, are decidedly better, because the Infantry
ran do nothing unless tliey can reach the Ku Klux
on loot."
"Do you know Simeon Young, tho negro County
Commissioner, whom they recently attempted to
assassinate)"
"1 know him a? an official, but I nm not person
ally acquainted wbh him. I cave never heard any.
thing injurious to his character."
"Do you know Watt Faulkner, the wounded Ku
Klux, w ho was arretted for the outrage?"
"No, sir. 1 never heard of him, except In connec
tion with his case.
"Are arrested Ku Klux ever released by the clti
jsetis?"
"This Is the first instance in which one of them
has been arrc-ted, so that there ls no way of nnd
lng out what the citizens will do. lu Falrlleid couu
ty, when
A HUNDRED OR MORE
appeared there, Hie Sheriff wrote me a letter that ho
was wholly unable to make any wrests or give pro
tection to me threatened parties. I replied Imme
diately that It was his duty to call out the ponae com
ila u< and make an < tteoipt to arre.it. Jf there was
resistance then tin re would have been a clear case
lor the Uniteu states to mteriere, and the citizens
reluming to obey would have become, under the Jaw
ol Congress, parties to the wrong aud
SYltl'AI I1IZKKH WITH TUK ill KDEHKKS,
hen< e habie to be prosecuted. '
"Did any member of the Taxpayers' Convention
wlib u r<cmt.y a-Homiiied in Columbia offer to co
operate with you m putting down these outrages) >
"Not pai ticuiarly, but a number of them publicly
said lu itie conference which took puce lu the
Executive office that their Influence would bo ex
erted to enforce the I >w and to maintain order and
(fuaiantee security tor the lives and property o! trio
citizens. 1 h".v exprcu-ed their condemnation of the
outrages that have occurred."
hat will be your course. Governor, hereafter
when your county officers, under tbr at or assassina
tion by the Ku Klux, bead in iiielr resignations '
"1 than certainly
ACCEPT NO resignation
under such circumstances. '
?? I c.u wlJI make a test of it ?"
"1 shall, most undoubtedly."
"How do you do to afford protection? What is
your mode ot procedure?"
"There is no mode of procedure except to call
upon tho Pro-idem of the United States lor a lorco
sufficient to arrest the persons known to be engaged
In those outrages upon citizens. J uiti oontiden. of
one Hung, uhiuoIv? that as soon as the people leel
that ttie laws will be enforced there tire a large
number <>f persona who will ome forward and , it?
tueir testimony. I have such assurances from
scores oj men whom the community suppose to lie
in sympathy wiin the Ku Kiux. Now. ihey dare
ont express iheim-e.vs openly. It has been sup
posed toai most of me cinzi u who were opposed
to the politics or tiie adriiinisirauon were in sym
pathy with these Ku Klux,
tit J SI i II IS NOT THE FACT.
There Is a large clu.-s of persons who, while not in
accord with the Mule govern incut uie as strongly
opposed to * ?, age* a* any friends of fheadtai
nation, and would, ii tiny iiao any assurance that
their lives would not be *a< rillced, unite in an effort
to oring Ihe-c men to punishment and give tbt tic
rcsMU'y evidence to aecuic their arrest and convic
tion."
"Do yon fJnd that the
KX-OONFEPkHAl t OiriCnS M'MFATtHZB
w th the Ku klax at all f
??Nm in the least, sir. On the contrary. I believe
tin in t be ,i iioiig the riot t Jav. .ii i lo g citl/.. ii- hi
lite Male. Ji to tubkc who have never been m the f
army?trie small poiitle'ans?who are giving as
the greatest amount of trouble; or it they were
lu the army at all they constituted ltd worst element
and nad to be
DRAGGED TO TUB FRONT
by conscript officers, and then disgraced the name
of men and Midlers. At the beginning, my Iraores
sion is that the K.u Klux was merely a political or
ganization. ;'.ml before any outrages took place em
braces! mauv respectable citizens; but since that
time the organization has got beyond the control of
its lormer leaders aud is now under the influence of
a class who are
PERFECTLY RCCKLKSS A3 TO RESULTS
and Indlfl'erent to the real weliaro of the community
tu which they live."
"Do you niink that 5,000 regulars would he enough
to restrain the lawless element in this Slate, Gov
ernor
"One thousand troops are all that are necessary?
that is, ir the? have authority to make arrests: but
without the aid or the United States court to prose
cute the parties arrested
TEN THOUSAND TROOPS WOULD DO NO GOOD.
They would simply protect those within the reach
of their guns?no more."
"Do you anticipate any Ku Klux trouble In the
seaboard counties ."
">"one whatever. There may be Individual dif
ficulties, resn ting In death, and so on; but 1 appre
hend the existence of no organization."
"lu your opinion, if these outrages should conti
nue, would the
union league of the state,
which, 1 nuderstan 1, is composed almost exclu
sively of negroes, assume a belligerent attitude?"
"It Is verv difficult to say what will be the result.
Of coarse long continued abuse must bring its fruits
sooner or lit r. Even the most abject worm may
turn in self-defence when it is least expected."
??who are the division commanders of your State
inilitiav''
"General iVinsmlth, who was a Confederate ma|or,
and General \V. .1. Wlnpper" ^a colored man and
member of the Legislature).
"Have you recently given unv Instructions to any
general officer of your miiiiia having reference to
th se occurrencesv"
"I IIAVK NOT."
"Do you Intend to do sov"
"I sti i l be governed by circumstances, t hope,
however, tnat no emergency wl l arise whleh win
r -<.der it nece aarv for tne to call oat the mliltla or
re >rt to martial law; for 1 have a tlrm belief tnat
the conservative element of the State, without
regard to political affiliation, will unite lu putting
down the men who are disposed to disturb the
pence and unlet or the CommnnltlM lu which so
much violence has occurred. The rccnt action of
the Taxpayers' Convention is veryhealtny, and h
sudlolent time be given it will have its proper effect.
Tne member.',
WERE REPRESENTATPVF MEN,
and I regard th< ;n as pledged to use all their Influ
ence to restore harmony and quell existing cils
ord rs.
"Have you authority under the Ku Klui bill to
put the State under martial law*"
"1 have not; but by communicating with the
President of the United states ho. under the power
conferred, may, at his pleasure, take such a step."
??W ere such an event to occur would trials
BY JURY BE ABOLISHED?"
"I think not. That Is one or the results only of
actual war."
"Hut would not martial law result In trials by
military commission ?"
"1 tn njc uot. Martial law, as I understand It,
would result slmplv in a suspension of the writ of
habeas corpus, leaving the civil courts in unuis
turtied existeuce as at. present, with lull authority
to trv prisoners, but without authority on the part
o; the Judge to release them from jail before trial."
?Should outrages on colored men continue for any
length of time do you think the blacks would rise
and defeud themselves, or that
A WAR OF RACKS
would follow?"
"I scarcely think that, but I believe they would
retaliate."
"Are the blacks not now organized In a certain
way '?"
??V s. they are. All thoj want Is some ono to en
courage them, and relaxation would have taken
piace before this time. But for the good counsel or
those who have hart more experience than them
selves I am confident that, whatever might have
been the consequences, there would have been a
widespread retaliation, and in such a manner, too,
as ihut perhaps even the Ku Klux could
MOT IIAVK MET AND CHECKED IT."
"Have vou any knowledge that arms have been
quleily shipped into the St ate for the while men?"
"Ves, l have received information that within the
last six or eig't months large numbers of anns have
been received m this state."
"Do you believe those arms were wanted for do
mesne use, or are they lor another and
MOBF. DANGEROUS PURPOSE?"
"As an excuse for their importation the parties re
ceiving them claim that lUey were to i?e used
against the organized mlutla in the event ot trouble,
it is true that the niilltia are composed pretty
largely ot colored men, and some of t hem through
Ignorance mav hare acted Imprudently. Like all
people who have been deprived of a privilege, they
seem to have put a much Higher value upon it wn<>u
granted than those who are accustomed to It, and
the consequence was that the colored men carried
their drilling to mich au excess In "many places that
the whites became annoyed and aroused. Whether
tueir apprehensions were well founded or not 1 have
no means of knowing, but 1 am disposed to think
THAT T1IEIH FEARS WERE OENUINE,
without, in my opinion, any foundation for th?m.
As for myself, 1 have never entertained the Idea
that there would be anything like an organized
cdort 011 the parr of the blacks to Invade the rights
urn! privileges or the while men or the State: nor
do l believe they ever will attempt a war or rsoes,
unless It is in self-defence. The more Intelligent
among the colored peonle know that in such an
event they wouni have the wuole force of the
general government
THROWN AGAINST TIIEH
if they became the aggressors. They know that an
attempt to produce a war of races would destroy all
Uio syinpatnv that exists tor them, without refer
ence to their political afllilation, and, being so
largely in the minority, they would staud tio chance
whatever In the contest. Hence I have never enter
tained the least fear that sucn a war would origi
nate with them. That they may become ambitions,
uud where they have a majority tn.iy attempt to ex
ercise a control over the political ail'alrs of the com
munity id wnlch tuey live, l have no doubt. That
iney will do it unwiseiv I have nodouht, for the
disposition cu their part, as demonstrated by the
experience of the past, is to force men Into import
ant positions who .'.re, by education and experience,
Will.LET UNFITTED FOB TIIK I'URPOSB,
and thereby render the administration of civil gov
ernment almost Impossible. We have had some ex
amples of that in tue past two or three years. But
wlu'.e 1 have recognized my obligation to the repub
lican party, and as me Executive of the State acted
in acr ortlance with the long practice of parties to
dispose of public patronage among Hie mends of
the administration, I sound It In many Instances
drsMucilve oi the best public interests to apply the
rule. Hence 1 nave Ailed in ny of the offices?such
as magistrates and other county oillcers?with
moderate nieu, tviio
AKK NOT IN ACTIVE AFFILIATION
with the republican party, and yet whose general
reputation u such as to induce the belief that
thev wou.il discharge their duties faithfully ami
Impartially toward an classes of citizens."
"Havemauyof these men disappointed ton?"
"Some have done so. In 18?s l appointed a large
number of magistrates throughout me Mate who
had been old magistrates?men not lu sympathy
Willi the administration?
BIT so MUCH COMF1. At NT
resulted that the Legislature of lsoo 'oabolished the
law aad enacted another, which provided lor the
appointment of what are Known as trial ju'ilecs. the
Go.ernor nomlnatiug and the Senate confirm.ng.
The several Senators were thus made more or less
responsible for tae character of the meu selected-"
"HOW MANY Mil A I. JUSTICES
aic there in the state; arc there over too?"
"About .uo. But the number varies in each coun
ty. it Is uot a salaried oillcc."
"Do vou suppose that any of them honcstlv real
ize as much as
FIVE THOUSAND DO LIARS A YKCB?
I have heard that some oi theui do sot"
"j nave no means of knowing."
"Do you tumk that any of them realize money dis
honestly ?"
"That would be a difficult question to answer."
??uave you round any complaints. Governor t"
"Yes, in the city of Charleston; more frequently
than anywhere eisc. That Is, not from present trial
Justices, but from old on. a."
"Is mere auy state law which limits the flnea they
impose "
"AU fee- and fines are regulated by law."
"Do the Mate militia receive aiiythlug "
?They do not. They aro simply enrolled militia
as lu other Mate:-. '
"Docs General Anderson, of the .state troops,
HECK!VB A SALARY?"
"He docs, as Assistant Ad utaut General, $1,500
a year. '1 he Adjutant General, S. J. .Moses, rec Ives
a salai v or aad has a contingent sulary this
year of $"<0). 1 have also expended some money
under a law whlcti authorizes uie Executive to em
ploy a force for putting down disturbances."
??Do the.se Mate regiments have bands?"
"No, sir, uettung but a fife and drum, unless thor
e'loo.-e. on the occasion oi a parade, to secure, at
Uie v own cxpetise, additional music."
"Wuat ho their arms consist ol ?"
"SPRINGFIELD RIFLES ENTIRELY?
arms-furnished by the United Mates, there were,
also, 1,000 Winchester rifles purchased."
"iiuve yon had any communication since April
with the President of the United .States?"
"None, except tus notification that the Kn Klux
law was In existence, and would be enforced."
"Is li your opinion that cumulative voting will
materially remedy Hie condition of things lu luc
State ?"
"Yes: I think it is h very important mensnre, both
for the majority and the minority lu the Mate -that
is, both lor rei ublieana and democrats. Kirst, the re
publicans need the introduction in their Legisla
ture
OF A IIKIT!I R ORDER OF INTELLIGENCE;
more experience and education ih.ui we have at the
present time: and the presence lu tnat ho ly of
gen'demon or culture ami political ability would
Mtiiiuiatc a icehng of einiitaUon, whereas at the
present time, realizing Hie power of a large ma
jority. the members do not experience the necessity
oi greater Ihieliigeiire, because they have little with
wliu h to compute themselves. Again, such largo
majorities as we have In our Legislature are dan
gerous. in other words, U Is my judgment that
two political parties should
11K MOKE NEARLY ALIKE
in str ngth. J believe in good, healthy opposi
' "Do yon find that the negroes are prodnclng as
much now as niey did the year after the clone of the
"ihey we producing ttrlco as much. l'ho stalls
tics of crops show that each year they have im
proved upon the last. There has been a decided
increase m the amouut of agricultural products in
the State. The only branch of agriculture that has
LANGUISHED SINCE THE WAR
Is rice, the culture of which requires extraordinary
exposure to wet and unhealthy climate. Hence no
persons voluntarily engage in the production of that
cereal except those who are trained to It. other
brauche.s or industry, however, have sprung up and
m a measure compensate for the diminution In tue
rice crop?for instance, the production of turpen
tine."
"But do not the cotton planters take a despairing
view ?( the situation and say they are living trout
hand to mouth because their profit is merely nomi
nal?"
"1 have no donht that such Is the case, hut the
foundation of the evil was laid bv themselves. In
the first place they have attempted to recuperate
their laden tortuncs ever since the war by
PRODUCINQ LARUE CROPS OK COTTON,
forgetting that a very large crop Is destructive of
their interests. They have neglected the coru and
provision crops, and hence they nave paid nearly
double what they should have paid for corn, bacon,
hay, Ac.. Ac. In the second place, it is a cusio.n
wun many persons to plant a large area or ground,
without reference to us productive qualities. They
will raise contentedly 151) or 200 pounds of cotton to
the acre, when, If they would plant one-tenth oi tne
area on ground fully cultivated, ther would get
A BALE AND A HALF TO THE ACRE,
besides saving largely in labor and the expense of
mules, ploughs and feed. Tue same error is prac
tised in the production of corn. They wnl plaut a
large area of corn and raise ton bushels to tho acre,
when, by planting ten acres, well cultivated, they
can raise forty bushels to the acre, thus realizing
the same results
AT ONE-TENTH OP THE COST. .
Many of those wiio Imagine that the conntry is
decreasing in products judge from the results of
their owu erroneous system and tue changed con
dition in which they And themselves. For insiauco,
a planter who, beforo the war,
I1A1> A HUNDRED HANDS,
now finds hluiseir unable to produce more ahan
one-tlurd or oue-quarccr oi his former crop. He be
lieves mat labor lias left the country or that tho
nogri element has died out. whereas, looking
around ntm, tie will find men who formerly owned
only three or four slaves no w working thirty or foriy
hands. What one loses, therefore, is made up by
the oilier.1'
"YOU HAVE HAD EXPERIENCE A8 A FARMER?"
"Yes; l was raised on a farm in Pennsylvania."
"Would other crops be more beneficial than cot
ton ?"
"Most decidedly so. Tho State is enitnentlv
adapted ro the production of corn?indeed, of ail of
the cereals raised in a higher latitude. There are
some of the richest bottom lands here that can be
loand anywhere.
IN THE OONOAKEH BOTTOM
there is land that will yield seventy-five bushels of
corn to the ncre."
"Have you a (arm here?"
"Yes; about three huudred acres. I raise cotton
and corn principally."
"Can you give ine sonic statistics connected with
your operations?"
"Well, circumstances have prevented my paying
that attention to farming interests winch I should
have done. Therefore, while 1 raised a very good
crop, it was not what a fair cultivation of ihe soil
would have produced or what 1 expect to produco
from the same ground tins year. To give you au Il
lustration of what can oe done on an a ro and a
half 1 will mention a small lot which adjoins the
Executive mansion, In Columbia, and was lornierly
the sue ol the lui.iiary academy or the btate. Last
year 1 pat it under a fair cultivation?not better
ihau a good Northern farmer would have none
were he cultivating forty or fifty acres in the West.
From that grouud I produced
ONE HUNDRED EUSHEL8 OF CORN,
a ton of corn blades, worth two dollars a hundred
in the market, aud UUity bushels of what are tailed
cow peas, which range from $1 50 to $2 60 a bushel,
according to tho season of tho year. The manure 1
used was principally from tne stable, and 1 did not
u.-e as much of that as 1 would have done had I
more.
1 mention this simply to show what may he done
hv the ordinary cultivation applied oy Northern and
Western farmers to tueir crops. One of the prin
cipal causes of small crops here is that the
PLOUGHING is DONE UY A SHOVEL PLOUGH
and the ground Is merely scratched? perhaps two
or three inches deep. I learn from reliable sources
that iu the early settlement of the State it was not
unusual to raise forty bushels of wheat to the acre.
The custom has been to sow tn the iatterpartof
October or the iirst part of November.
"What Is the encouragement to emigration f"
"The principal indncemeut is the salubrity of the
clinute, the fertility or the soil, and the tact that
South Carolina is au old State possessing all the ad
vantages of a new State. It has a complete system
of railroads, and in twenty-four hours now any por
tion of the State the market* of the
SEAi'.OXltl) MAY UK REACHED.
Only about oue-Quh of the land uus been brought
under cultivation, so that the Immigrant would
have an extensive choice ot virgin soil."
"Is there not much clearing to be done ?"
"Yes, but that can ue scarcely regarded as an ob
jection, because mo timber cau ue easily disposed
01 by burning or sale. In Ohio and Michigan, wttich
is much more heavily timbered, tins lact does not
interfere with the progress of development,"
"Wtiat are the prices of lands?"
"From three to ten dollars an acre. Since the
adjournment of the Taxpayers' Convention two of
Its members?General M. (J. Under and General M.
W. Gary?have united with Mr. John citadwicK, a
capitalist of Charleston, under the name of the
Bouth Carolina hand and immigrant Association,
and their purpose i? to purchase lands and locaio
settlers upon them. They are gentlemen under
whose auspices an immigrant can oe assured of a
warm welcome, and as ranch success as can result
from well applied energy and enterprise."
"What class ot emigration would be most welcome
hero ?"
??Every class?'armcrs and mechanics; but I be
lieve they would bo more satisfied if they
CAV13 IN COMMUNITIES
and bought largo tracts of laud. There would be a
double advantage iu this arrangement:?First, the
subdwlMon would make the laud cheaper, and, sec
ondly they would nut be dependent on strangers tor
society. There are mauy sections of the state in
which Immigrants would receive a cordial welcome,
and tne ctu/.ena would extend thcru all the assistance
aud hospitality which they would have a right to
expect. I make this remark particularly with ref
erence to thcjmltcial circuit presided over by ex
Governor James L. urr, wuore a
MAN IS AS SAFE FROM MOLESTATION
as In any part ot the L'nttea States. He Is uu honest
and a tearless magistrate. Ills counties are in the
mountainous region ot the state; the climate is
healthy, und the lands exceedingly fruitful, besides
Which there is an inexhaustible water power."
"Governor, it is a delicate matter, but will yon
give me a sketch of vour life ? As Chief Magistrate
of South Carolina your character has been discussed
so much by both parties that some knowledge of
your antecedents might lie desirable."
"1 was oorn in isJG. in Pennsylvania, and am,
therefore, about forty-.-dx years old. When ttfieen
years of ago i moved to Henry county, in North
Western uuio, then comparatively a new country.
I had a common school education, and Hiso at
tended central Co lege aoout two years, then studied
medicine in the starling Medical College, of coiutu
bus, Ohio. Alter leaving this college I went aero 8
the plains to California and Mexico, following the
medical profession until l^oO, when circumstanced
threw me Into mercantile business, in which 1 re
mained until the
BREAKING OUT Or THE WAR.
I was then authorized by Governor Uennlaon, in
conjunction With au >ther gentleman, to rat.se a regi
ment of volunteers?-the Sixty-eighth Ohio. In less
than sixty days i went Into camp with 9it men and
was the Lieutenant Colonel. Samuel II. steadinau
w;ts the OMoueL Our flrsi light was at Fort Doncl
Bon, utter which wo took part in nearly all tho great
battles and important skirmishes of tho tVest aud
Southwest. Eventually J commanded the brigade
and continued to do so until the close of the war.
tm the liitn of January, lo'io, 1 was made a Briga
dier General. On the lot ti of December, 1885, I was
made a Brevet Major General, and ordered to this
department to relieve General Saxton, as tho As
sistant Commissioner ot the Freedniaii's Bureau of
misstate. Iu ia>s I was elected Governor lor two
j ears and in n',0
KK-KLEUTKD FOR TWO TEARS MORE."
"Governor, I have heard It stated that
YOU ARE A MILLIONAIRE
and have made an immense amount of money oat
of your position. Is mat so ?"
"iu answering that question I will say thin?that
I nave never regarded it as good policy ror any man
to make a public declaration of his povorty, as very
frequently a large portion ot a nun's cspital is Ins
reputation as the possessor of wealth. Therefore, If
I were to admit the fact mat I was a millionaire. It
would give me a much better standing than If I
were to tell the simple truth. 1 he fact is, when I
entered the army my properly, which was in onto,
consisted mostly of wnd. uncultivated lands. The
money 1 received from various sources during the
Wiir was froin time to time so Invested. Tnese lauds
hare since appreciated in value perhaps four or five
times, and are worth to- lay ovor
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND DOLLARS.
In addition a portion of the town ot Napoleon. Ohio,
is built on my property, which is also rapidly ou
luuoing tu price, besides affording me an Income.
This lucerne I nave invested in South Carolina. In
lact, before 1 was uoiiiiott'ed as Governor I had In
vested all my surplus means, and borrowed addi
tional money, which I invested in the stocks and
bonds of the state to the amount of nearly one hun
dred thousand dollars, purchasing the bonds at
from twenty-Heven to forty-two cents on the dollar.
In 1*87 I found myself the owner of perhaps llio.ooo
worth of Stale stocks and bonds. Some of these
bonds were sold at advanced rates to return tho
loans on which I had made tho original purcnase.
Of course the appreciation under my administration
has Lo ?de a considerable Increase Iu their value. To
day, if my property In South Carolina?real and per
sonal?were soiil at the best prevailing rate,
I SHOULD HAVE, SAY $70,000.
The stories of my immense wealth are simply fabri
cations by those who nave no means of knowing of
what tn.? possession* coir-L-t."
??To your knowledge has your name ever been
ir.eutioued by the colored people In connection with
the Presidency or vice Presidency 1**
"1 don't know that I would be instilled In answer
ing in the negative, but the suggestions have corno
from person* of no importance and are merely tne
result of persoual feelings."
"What are your View* with reference to the
finances of tne Htatet"
"I regard them in as healthy a condition as any
State in the t'i:on. Our debt ta a mere bagatelle?
only eight millions and odd dollars. The taxpavora
have pledged themselves anew to its redemption,
the taxes rre being promptly paid, and expenses
Will be greatly reduced, flic July Interest will ho
piump:;/ met aa awn aa n talis duo, I titers
fore consider that unless bad and vicious men
combine to destroy their own State South Carolina
one day, and that not a distant one, will hold as high
a position as she has ever enjoyed. No roan In Sout h
Carolina can more fervently pray and work for that
consummation than myself."
At thin Juncture the Herald commissioner took
bis hat and Governor Scott courteously accompa
nied lnm to the door, shaking his hand warmly as
he bade him goodbr. Calling me back for a mo
ment. Governor Scott said
'?south Carolina needs to have her wants made
known through the great
POWERFUL UKRALD NEWSPAFKIt,
and certainly no paper In tho country lias been so
just to her as the Herald."
THE GREAT TICHBORNE CASE.
Full Text of the Will of Lady Hen
rietta F. Tichborne.
The Present Claimant the Long Lost Son and
Riilit fill Heir.
The following Is the text of the affidavit of Lady
Henrietta F. Ttcbborne, la which she affirms that
the present claimant Is her long lost son. The cose,
u will be remembered by the readers of the Herald,
has occupied the attention ot tho English courts for
a long time, and is, perhaps, one of the most inter
esting trials of years:?
I, Dame Henrlctte FCllcltd Tlehborne, at present
residing at 2 Dorset street. Manchester square,
in the county of Middlesex, widow, make oath and
say as follows:?
1. t n the 1st day of August, 1*27, I Intermarried
with the late sir James Francis Doughty Yiebborue,
Hart., late of Tichborne, in ttie county of Southamp
ton, then James Francis Tlohbortie, Esq., now de
ceased. My said marriage was solemnized
at st. George's, llanover square, and at
the Itonian Catholic chapel, Chelsea, both in tno
county of Middlesex. There was Issued or the said
marriage four childrcn, and no more?viz., 1, me
above-named plalntlir, our flrst born sou, who was
born at Pans on the 6th day of .lannary. 1838; 2,
Mabella Louisa, who was born on the 8th day of
July, 1332 (now deceased); 3, Alice Mary Perpetna,
who w.h born on the 14th day of October, is;j7 (now
deceased), atvd 4, Alfred Jostph Tichborne, who was
born ut Paris on the 4tu day of September, 1838
(now deceased).
2. Cpon the death of the late Sir Fdward Doughty
mv husband became sir James Francis Tichborne,
tenth baronet of Tichborne. and entered into and
thenceforth down to his death continued in the
possession or receipt of tno rents and profits of the
Doughty estates referred to In tho plaintiffs bill
tiled"iu this cause, as tenant for life limler lite limi
tations created in bis favor as m the said bill men
tioned.
u. Hy royal license dated tne 26th day of April,
i6f>3, her Majesty grants unto my husband license
and authority thai he and his issue might thence
forth use the name of Doughty in addition to and
before that of Tichborne, and that he and they
might bear the arras or Doughty, quartered with
those or Tichborne. and In exercise of tne .-aid
license my late husband theucelorth continued
down to his death to use the surname or Doughty
m addition to and before that of Tichborne, and
also to use the arms of DouglU.r.
4. aiy husband died on the Uth day of June, 1862,
leaving tne plaintiff, his eldest son and heir at law,
ami the said Alfred Joseph Tldiborne, Ills second
sun, his only Issue him surviving.
5. Cpon the death of my husband the plaintiff be
came the eleventh baronet or Tichborne. He at
tained Ins age of twenty-one years on the 5th day of
January, l?50.
?. Tne plaintiff's brother, the said Alfred Jos?nli
MiS"i-?hnf* be'rng lhen a bacliel0'". intermarried on
t i y.? April, 1801, with tho above named
ueicndant, the said lion. Teresa Mary Josephine
r chborne, daughter of the Right Hon. Henry iiene
'''CL eleventh Lord Arumlell of Wardour
^'l'1 lAlfreJ Tlchborno died on the
d day of february, lsoo, having had issue, one son
born in his lifetime, namely, Edward Francis Tien
borne, who died in earlv infancy, aHd no other son
* ? b s lifetime; but his wile was e,(tv(no Uc the
time or his decease and on the 2-aa day of Mav
lv> i. she gave birth to the above named defendant
Henry Alfred Joseph Tlchborne. ""enaant,
h. My husband aud myself resided for many rears
be,ore he succeeded to the baronetcy In Pans and
the plaintiff resided with us at Paris, where he w is
bom. from the date or ills birth un'll the year 1*4-,
l)ro?.tTlit ove'' ?o tnts couniry, and was
short.y afterwards placed at Stouvhurst College
Lancashire, where he received lua English educa
?. fn the month or July, 1849, the plaintiff wis
appointed cornet, and subsequently lieutenant m
He isinas ih a Dragoon Guards (Carabineers).
HUB it n.im.an IT?1!! la Ul? lnont" ?r October,
imb, at Dublin, where it was then quartered ami
was on duty with the regiment until the month or
January, 1853, except during ernporary leave of
absence. The plaintitT retired Iroui the regiment in
the month of February, 185 :. * m
Durla81118 vacation from college, and while
on loavo of absence from his residence, the pi unt ir
connrr,"m Ui" vea|-ls45 until1 he liu nVis
countiy to travel in foreign parts, a; be re in art r
meutloaod, with his late uncle, the said Hi Edwiml
Doughty, at Tlcbborue Park, tho lannly sear of the
tunT'01.1??4' An'' was ln 1,1(3 llal,,t ?" shooting over
tholichborne estates and hunting in that neighbor
hood.and gave up much of his ume to field snorts
aad the management of horses.
'requently expressed a strong de
sire to tiavel tu foreign parts, and he left bis retH.
ment with the obiectof travelling for some vearsln
distant parts, and in the tlrs( instance he deter"
mined to proceed to Sonth America.
12, In tne mouth of March, 1853, the plaintiff took
FromEt?!L V-a^' a shlI1,bonn'1 for Valparaiso, and
rroin letters 1 subsequently received froui nun [ was
,1C arnvC(1 'here in duo
course, and from the like source of information I
knew that he was engaged in travelling in 7a ions
mat .8n?flpMIUth,o meric'1' aa<1 ('QJ?Te(l ,11(> wild spoi ls
of the field until about the month of April, lj.vt
,:v Alter tho death or sir Edward Doughty mv
husband and 1 took no our residence at Tichborn'c
House, where we continued to live down to the dato
of Ills death. During the plaintiff's stay lu South
America lie sent home to Tlchborne some birds
which I understood ho had killed, and a^o some
pictures, ana two pairs of vory large and peculiar
silver-plated spurs and stirrups.
14. Some time afterwards, iind in the course of tho
m unt ,r m. ,,^L.1"Koncc reached Tlchborne that the
pl.uutiif had taken passage, 111 the month of April
^ Kio ?lanelro, ou board a ship called the
Bella, bound for New York, and that she foundered
at sea. and that the owners of the ship and the un
derwriters at Lloyd's treated her as iiav.ng tH"en
lost, but no tiuings reached us as to the fate 01 the
crew except that one boat belonging to the Leila
had been met with at sea with no one .11 board, and
it was feared all tne crew were drowned.
15. I clung to the belief that my sou was saved
ami I had a settled prosenttment that some day i
should see Inrn again. 1 tuought it probable ha
m.g.it have been picked up at sea, and 1 neve?
ceased to express that belief .0 my husband and
various members of tho larnil.v, and also to .Mr
J lancis Joseph Balgent, of W inchester, an old
friend of the lamiiy and a frequent visitor to lien
borne, and to other persons. IU1
iaIf' Jn or ,4l>out 1110 >car 1S5S a sailor, whose name
is unknown to me, solicited alms at Tlchborne Parte
while Iwas llvng tnero with my hushaud. und
represented that lie had come from Australia: and
1 had a conversation with the Hutlor, and made in
quiries ot him as to who,her ho had ever Kd of
tne Bella or any of tier crew having been saved
rrina n/ ?"''P110'1 that ,,e bad heard, when in'Alia'
traiin, of some or tho crew Ar a snip, which he
thought was tho Leila, having been picked up at
sea and brought to Melbourne, but no further or
more definite Information us tothe Uelia or her crew
could be obtained from the sailor.
17. I communicated to my husband the state
" mnif, ".V the sailor, but he expressed tne
opinion that it was not worm notice and no
further notice was taken of such statement in
J11' lifetime, save that I frequently referred
to It; aud when the marriage between mv
younger son and tho Hon. Teresa Mar/joseDhme
stmN?rr1CrWaVn c",lt0ll|P,atloii 1 stated that I had
sun the presentiment that the plaintiff was not lost
and my husbaud and I sent the deiendm" "mc. nt
Gosford, iroiu Tlchborne to W'ardour Castle to iUrn
Arundel I, before her mamago.to a' mu
whenever the plaintiff returned the title aud e\taio*
would belong to mm, and not to Alfred e
is?S; . d,oath or my husband and In tho year
v.^i, , .1 d ftdvertisementa for thi plaintiff in tne
English, French and s-panish languages to be m
eeried in tbe Timra newspauer.
MrrfAcKniibscqueiitly communicated with
Mr. Arthur Cubitt, of tno ..iHsnifi Friends Orlice
Br dgfl: street, Sydney, New South Wales, adver
tisiug agent, and the said Mr. Uubitt, by inv direc.
Hon, caused advi^tiscinonts to be inserti'd m varl.
ous newspapers puoiwhed at Melbourno and onc
where, announcing the death of the plaintiff's
lather, and giving a description of the pluiutlffand
offering a reward for h;s discovery. v "na
20. Ultimately, and in or about tho month nr
March, 1KU0, I received a letter from iho plaintiff
ii i!.h um :f!! Wagga, New soutn Wales, ui
which ho told me that lie hud made up his mm 1 to
fa! ? ,lh? sea once more, and requesting that funds
in 1 gfit be scut out to him to defray lils voyage home
I replied urging Ins imnie Unto returnKo, and i
afterwards wioto turn a letter and reunited to him
a draft for M 1 han been previously ,Vunim
nicauon wiih Mr. (Jibbes, or Wagga Wag? n 1
the said Mr. (Jubltt, and hid urged them ? vary
careful of the pialnuirs identity, and to tic sure tm
was my son beiore tfiey allowed him to come homo
and pave ihotn certain information respecting ihi
p aintiif upon winch they could question him aud test
bis Identity. have be: n informed and be lci-o t ?at
^r".lal"V7 cft Atlstral,a '"''"re such letter amVud
there, ami I nuvc since received tno &400 buck.
.A1'* e-f Peeled that tho plaintiff would arrive bv
the I- rench packet from Australia to St. Nazal re in
franco, and i went to Put is in November lain in
meet him. I!e did not. however, cmuo by ?i,a?
route. I received a loiter from bun In the early tun t
i nim'n .ary;, i17, "Iiuouiiclttg that he had arrived m
Lngland with his wife aud child, and that he would
lit. ut the l.utel de Lille et d'APuon, in ihe Hue st
lamemon! h' S T"ur8,Jliy' tlie 10,11 oay 01' tho
22. I sent inj servant on tho following Fndav
morning to the hohd he had named to inquire if sir
Kcger Tlchborne had arrived, ,uid a iiiessago wm
?li'rlf- .l0 ,,,c 10 Mle el,ect 111,11led urr vud. but
wm cow too unwell to go out, j tneu went to the
hotel and was shown into a room, where I saw the
Plaintiff, lie wan dressed, l>ut lying down upon the
bed, and was much overcome by emotion at seeing
me. I uwtauily recognized him an my tirat-born son,
Sir Roger Charles llchborne.
2 <. 1 expressed my happiness nt seeing him, nncl
did all I could to soothe him, but he became so ill
that I sent for Sir Joseph Olntre, phvslclan to the
British Embassy at Paris, and Dr. shrimpton, et that
city, to attend upon him. 1 waited until they arrived,
and in the presence or the plaintiff and of the said
Sir Joseph t mine and Dr. Shrimpton, and Mr. Holmes
the plaintiff's solicitor, and Mr. Joseph Leete, a
friend of the plaintiff, l declared that the plaintiff
was. as In tact he is. my first-born son.
24. From that time until the bull of January, 1897,
I spent the greater part of each dav with the plain
tiff. By that time he had sufficiently recovered to
return to England, and he did return on that day,
and a tew weeks subsequently I rejoined him, the
plaintiff, and his wile ami daughter. I resided with
them at Kssex Lodge, Croydon, where they then
lived, lrom the 15th dav of February to the 26th day
or April last, when 1 left Croydon because It did not
agree with my health, and came to live in London.
Since the last mentioned day 1 have irequently vis
ited and writteu to the plaintiff, and 1 have made
and paid him an Allowance At the rate of ?1,000 per
annum to support his laiuily until he obtaius posses
sion of his estate.
25. I am certain as I am of my own existence, and
distinctly and positively swear that the plaintiff is
tny ill si-born sou, the issue ol my marriage with
the said Sir Jaines Francis Doughty Ticliborne (de
ceased). His ieatures, disposition and voice are un
mistakable, and must in my judgment berceogni ed
by liiipaiil.il and unprejudiced persons who Knew
him before he left England In the year I?53.
20. since he returned we have constantly talked
over many private family matters which occurred
in his youth and up to the time of his leaving Eng
land. upon all or which he has a periect recolloctiou,
lie has reminded me ol Ins having sent over li oui
and South America the birds, pictures, spurs and stir
rups lureiu-before referred to. 1 had forgotten the
Circumstance of his having sent the spurs and
stirrup-", .-.iter the loss of the Delta was reported 1
ordered that all Ids military accoutrements should
be placed within a large box, winch was accord
ingly done, and to the best of my knowledge and
bcitef such box has not been opened for
some few years until it was searched as
hereinafter mentioned. I tart tho box sent
to me nt Essex Lodge, Croydon, aforesaid,
and opened It and in ihe box I found the
spurs and stlrrnps, whloli the plaintiff immediately
reeoguized as those ho bad sent home from .South
America. The box also continue I tho plaintiff's
two military cloaks, three-cornered hut, gauntlets,
cap, coat, trousers, epaulets and other articles. The
hat. cap, cloaks and gauntlets fitted him directly
tiny were taken out of the box and he put them on,
wldle the other garments seemed to have been
made for a man oi the same height and length of
arm as the plaintiff, but thinner in person than lie
now Is. The evidence 1 have nail tunt the plaintiff
is my first-born Is most positive and conclusive, and
It Is impossible 1 can be mistaken.
27. While the plaintiff was staying with me at.
Paris tho said Teresa Mary Josephine Tlchborno
wrote and sent to mo a letter, lnaulrlng of rue
whether I was porlectly satisfied that the platnttff
was my son. I immediately, upon the rcoetpt of
sueti letter, wrote and sent to the sai l Teresa Mary
Josephine Tlchborne, from I'nr s. a lotter In reply,
imornung her m the most positive terms that the
plaintiff was my son.
six. I believe that the last-mentioned letter was
received by the said Teresa Mary Josephine Tlch
borne In the course of post and In the month of
January, 1867. .Since then she has hud no commu
nication whatever with me, although previously we
had been on terms of cloi-o intimacy and affection
with each otnor, and in particular since tne death of
my son Alfred Joseph Tlchborne I have shown her
many and repeated marks of klndnes* and affec
tion.
2tt. The several statements hereinbefore contained
are within my own knowledge, except as nereinbo
fore appears, and in sucn last-mentioned esses are
believed by me to be, true on the grounds herein
appearing. HENR1ETTE F. TIUHBORNK,
hi worn at the Record and Writ Clerk's office,
Chancery lauo, in tne county of Middlesex, this 27111
day of Juue, 1870, before me?Fiucdbrick Dedwkll.
YACHTING NOTES.
The New York Yncht Club fleet, season of 1371, will
comprise the following yachts:?
Scuounkrs.?Alarm, owned by A. C. Klngsianrt,
New York; Alice, George W. Kid 1, New York;
Caprice, David Sears, Boston: Columbia, Hear Com
modore l'rankliu Osgood, New York; Dauntless,
Commodore J. O. Benuetl, Jr., Now York; Edith,
George O. llovey, Boston; Eva. S. J. Macy, New
York; Enchantress, George Lortllard, New York;
Fleet Wing. George A. Osgood, New York; Flcur de'
Lis, John 8. Dlckerson, New York; Foam. 8, A- J. a.
II. Uomans, Jr., New York; Gypsy, IL T. Living-'
ston, New York; Halcyon, James It. Smith, New
York; Idler, Thomas C. Durant, New York; Jessie, J.
Van Schaick, New York; Josephine, B. ,M. 0. Dur
fee, Fall River; Julia, Crawford Allen, Jr., Provl
dcncc. It. J.; Madeline, Jacob Voorhls, New York*
Aladgte, R. F. Loper, Stonington, Conn.; Magic. J.
Lester Wallack, New York; Nettle, D. ir. Fal'ctt
Boston; l'amjer, Rutherford stuyvosant, New Y'ork:
Fhantom, II. G. and diaries H. Ste'jte'ns New Y'ork*
Rambler, James H. Banter. New York; Rebecca' i
John Heard, Boston; Restless, J. J. and William
Astor, New York; Sappho. vice Commodore Wil- 1
li no F. Douglas, tattle Neck. L. I.; Urift n
Major, New York; Sprite, S. W. G.tlioiipe and S. n*
Nickerson. Boston: Sunshine, E. Burd Gruhb Bur
lingioii N. J.: Tarollnta, N. If. Kent and u. A. Kent
Jr., New York; Tidal >Ym*c, William Voorhn'
Nyack; \esta, Richard Baker, Jr., Boston* Wan
derer. Bonis I.orillard, New York; Wivern' T l)
Boardman, Boston.
SLOOPS.?Addle, owned by w. II. Langlev Bnv
Ridge, L. I.: Alice, Thomas G. Appleton, Boston*
Ariiutne, Theo. A. Strange, New York; Breeze. A.'
C. Kingsland, Jr.. New York; Coming, YV. n
Nichols, New York; Dolphin, John Keuum. New
York: Elaine, G. B. burfee, Fad River; Crane n
w. Johnson and William Krebs, New York-Josle'
R. F. Loper, Jr., Stoniugion; Kate. Robert Diilon'
New York; Narragansett. F. Dexter, Boston'*
Sadie, F. Burgess, Boston; Sallte K. Day. N. It.'
Palmer, Stonington; Y index, Robert t enter. New
York; Vixen, Ludlow Livingston, S la ten Island*
White Wing, W. B. Nichols, New York. ls,dHU'
nteamkrs. Emily, Jacob Loriliard. New Tnrk*
Jeanetie, Jauies G. Bcnneit, Jr., Now York- Minne
haha, T. C. Durant, New York; Mischief, J. D. Max
well, New York.
Vice commodore Maxwell's new sloop Pcerlc*?
attached in the Atlantic Yacht Club, has been ilt'ted
wiih a new bowsprit, two an t a halt feet longer
than .'lie llrsi, and she lias received more hea I sail.
fcatuiMay afternoon Iftstthc^c changes woro io.st^?l iti ?
an extended trial down t'uo bay anil louu I to be
sat it lac lory. |
T.ynn Yncht Club.
At a meelliig of the Lynn, Mass., Yncht
Club it was voted to request commodore Babb
to allow the postponement of the scrub race
o the 10th Inst., which request has been com- j
piled with. Tne change is made' In consequence or
many of the yachts not being quite ready for rho I
run. Oil the succeeding Saturday, June 17, the an
nual club regatia will takeplaee. Theclub house will I
then probably bo In trim, when "a great time may 1
be expected." Vice Commodore Davidson's jachr
the Expert, met with a slight mishap last Tuesday,
the Bertha running afoul of her as she lav at her
moorings, carrying away her topmast.
BOlTHEIt!! nilL TItVYSiT.
Prominent Po*t ORlce Authentic* on a Tour
of Inspection.
For some time It has been apparent to the authori
ties at Washington that more definite arrangements
must be made to secure some degree of certainty
in Southern mall connections with our Northern
routes. There are but few business men In New
Y ork who have not at some time since the war been
annoyed and perplexed at the delay in tho arrival
0' tnclr letters from the South, and It has not tin
freqnentiv been the ruse that newspapers
have been a week over dno from New or
ea,n8.'. ? ori'''r 10 faclllrato matters and
establish a regularltv of system the Postmaster
General has instructed Mr. E. It. Pctherbridge.
Superintendent of Mall Service at Large, ami Air.
Stephen II. Nnnpp, Supcrlnicudcnt or Mails of New
Yoik city, to inane a tour or Inspection through the
Bout li with a view to snch Improvements as uiuy
ieein practicable. These gentlemen, who hivo
already entered upon their arduous duties. are now
in New Orleans, where they nave been giving their
attention to ttio introduction of h pjiHteiu of 111ltIif
distribution of late mails wincli will admit
or t-ticMr belni? forwarded?such of them
as are ?oinir North?without delay. During the
tour or Messrs. I'eMierbridff 'anfl Kn.ipp tliey will
iiiakc it a part of their business to carefully inspect
Hie several railroad routes over which the principal
malls are carried In the bonth, and correct us far us
possible much of the careless management that has
been lor years the cause ol general complaint. This
move on the part of the experienced Boat ouico
ofuclals eugaged Is one of more tlinn usnal im
portance and will tend gre,viv to facilitate the do
livery of Southern maim In tills ciiv.
FATAL ACCIDENT IN BIIDSIPIRT. CONN.
A Prominent Citizen lostsntly Killed.
Mr. William S. Humphrey, of tho flnn of* Hum
phrey A YVatson, boiler maker*, of this city, was
instantly killed about half-past s ven o'clock Satur
day evening, the 3d Instant, by ?io falling of a tree
in front of Ht. John's Episcopal church. 11c was
standing on lite sidewalk. In company with several
other citizens, when tho tree fell, striking him on
the foroneud and crushing in Ins siuill. The tr.-o
was a large one, and the top branches having been
previously cut. off, the tru,.k wiih snopi.ricd with
ropes held by a number of men, who Vainly endea
vored to loll It in an opposite direction. Too
work was carelessly performed, ami w lieu tito tree,
watch In. lined to one side, was iircm/ht to a per
pendicular by the ropes, it led. aud. being partially
hnpj by one of the side ropes, it swung around and
?truck Mr. Humphrey on the head. He died
instantly. Two other men were ritlghtly injured.
Air. Humphrey was ouo of the most respected
citizens ot tho city, and Ills death Will bo deplored
by a large circle or friends.
POLYGAMY AT WEST POINT.
Brigham Young Sends One of His Hun
dred Offspring to be a Cadet.
An Interesting Letter on the
Subject.
"Will tbo Boys Permit the
Outrage'?
Salt Lake City, May 24,1871.
Tho coolest piece of Impudence that Brlghaift
Young ever perpetrated took practical shape yes
terday in sending one of uls polygamous sons to
West Point. When Brigham wants to be fanny ho
is a linge Joker; and immediately after the recent
return of Mr. Hooper, the Territorial Delegate from
Washington, ho resolved on sending one of his
numerous family to bo educated at the expense of
the nation. The old chief saw the ludlcroasness of
the position of one who had so abused the nation?
who had so frequently and so unctuously cursed and
damned the government?sending in one of his sons
to be instructed in the science ol war for the defence
of that same nation: hut the opportunity of making
an issue was too good to ho neglootcd, and so Mr.
Hooper's suggestions wt re overruled aud Willard
Young left yesterday for the Eastern states with, the
view of being a cadet at West Point.
Personally and financially Brigham cares not a
pin's point about any of hts off-ipring vegetating
and luxuriating on the hanks of tiio Hudson; that is
not the question with him. Oue of the apostles said
yesterday, In tho Xcirx office, that it was to test
Prcsidcut Giant and the nation on the subject of
polygamy, and that is all that it does mean. Con
gress says polygamy is a relic of barbarism, it is a
crime against civilization and the laws of the Cnlted
States; Brigham says, "Now I will send you
oue of my sons to West Point, and I shall seo
whether you dare to test the question of the legiti
macy of my offspring." Will President Grant sanc
tion that nomination of the Delegate or will he veto
the appointment and raise an issue? That is pre
cisely the question with Brigham Young, and the
friends of the government, and Hie cause of Chrls
Manliy here arc anxious to sec what will bo done in
the oaso.
A number of federal officers and otner gentlemen
met yesterday on other business, and this subject
was incidentally brought up and the proposition
was made to remonstrate with President Grant:
against me endorsement of tho cudetship of
Willard Young upon oilier grounds. It seema
a lerrlble humiliation to sec a man like Brigham
Young, who gloats over tue idea of the nation's
woes, aud who during all the late war did every
thing lie could to encourage the south, and said
publicly in Hie Tabernacle, time and a_am, mat he
would see the nation in hell first before ever a mau
rIo uid ho draiicd from Uiah. aud not a Mormon
was either draiued or volunteered! Now, while he
is every year increasing the military power of tho
Mormons in anticipation of a nay of trouble, when,
if need be and safe to do It. he can bid detiance to the
nattou to execute the anii-poiygamic law, he selects
one of hts Dolvgumous sous to lie educated at a na
tional military school, where he will acquire the art
of war and he ready to assist his father I
THE BOY HIU8KLF
Is a simple, harmless! lad of eighteen, and is likely
enough to properly conduct unused. Hut wnat will
the oilier cadets say ? Will those who sent the fif
teenth amendment Smith to Coventry lake any
better the presence 01 a polygamous son of this oldt
rox? lie will probably ho supple and of easy
humor, and will hear a great deal, lie has been
brought up in trouble und got used to u. Will
President (Irani bo silent or will be act?
Should Hri.sfham be suoce.-.siul m this affair ha
will ue encouraged to oner others of tils numerous
progeny ror higher honors. His eldest son "Joe "
would make an excellent ambassador to Turkey ho
eould In addition to the honorary duties of statesman"
snip, extend much sympathy to tno sultan, while he
gleaned corresponding.v from UicPueltus "how they
got along" with me institution, und so lie a genera]
benefit all round. His second sou, "Briggy " la
slightly disposed to rotundity .and would ""figure
with immense udvauta o in a genial clhne?
Spain, Portugal or fuuuy Italy would fill
his .ambition; and "Johnuy," tiie next in im
portance, would lnxurta.e as consul anywhere
in frec-lovedoru. The old man himself once prophe
sied that no would yet be the President of
t he United states. Perhaps tins is tnc beginning of
that, interesting event I At all events tnc Young
lauiJty is slightly numerous, and tins indulgent na
t.on can have choice noui a big pn?. Mr. Hooner
is sanguine that ins loans at Washington have their
liiQueuce, and Hrighiin ihluks it time to see soma
return lor value received.
A STKAMER LAUNCHED OS SALT I.AXE.
i esterday was a gala ua y at Corinae, the (lentil?
city of Ltah, 011 the occasion of launching the n-w
steamer the City of Conine. Much lo the credit of
the central Pacific liatlroad Company and some
leading Lcntilcs, a magni .cent Utile steamer Is now
ready to ply through the briuy lake for
pleasure and commerce. One by one
the avenues of enterprise are taken hold
oi by the i.entiles, and Jirtghom, wlihall bis rapacity
for monopoly, sees himself on I figured. For two or
tureo years Uoueral Connor had a little steamer put
on the lake, but the Kate conuor was too small for
the work required, and the Citv ofCorlnne has been
built with the greatest care, Btted up Scinmiy tor
pi asuro parties aud with groat capacity lor "mer
chandise and ores.
i VeL'trai Paciflc offered three months ago to
buy Itrlgnani s Utah Ceniral Km I mad. running into
bait Lake from Ogdcu, but the Prophet thought he
nad too good a tiling of it, and refused, not only all
overtures, but threatened to raise upon
, M.ori"on.J, trade going westward. The
Central Pacific saw lis opportunity, encour
i'."? . building of the steamer, and now
Hrigh&ia may whistle. Pom a of the most extensive
uiki the richest mining districts of Utah aro west of
Ssii.lt Lake, ami this steamer traitlc will be an enor
mous item taken from the Utah Central, instead
of freighting thirty miles or more Into .Salt Lake, tho
transit over the lstke will reach sixty or eighty
miles northwest of this city, on the Central Pacific
ll110; "ir 'ess money. It also opens up to the lumber
yards oi the Truckce aud tne Sierra Nevada?
markets that any portion of LTnli can neither
supply as well nor us cheap. The good work of
(.eiit.ie tucreaso is roiling on. and soon Brighatu'a
rule will be terribly weakened.
KN0T.I8II CAPITALISTS (C t rl; TO RPH.D A RAIT.ROAU.
1 lie representatives of the English capitalists here
in tho orgauusatiou called the "Utah .silver Mining
( ompuny" have offered lo build slxtv miles of
itii I rood from llio East Canyon Mining lils
jrict to tills city, but i.rigliam has pnt a veto on It.
lacy went to see him and to ascertain his disposi
tion towards ttieir proposed enterprise. The Prophet
financier'traa very utni.ti?ic In tue proposition that
they could do so, provided that they gave him tho
?controlling interest.'' lite Englishmen thougnt ho
was "d?-d cool," and now propose to see If they
cannot tiulld the railroad under the general railroad
laws of tho United States, if they cannot do so
they certainly will not do so with tho copartnership
or i.rigliam Voting. lie has got the Legislature at
lus bidding in tnal as In everything else,
JEALOUSY n NLW JERSEY.
Almost n Tragedy in Newark?A Womna
Bitot Three Times?Tho Notorious lAnte
Connor Itedivivos.
Newark came within an ace or being the scene of
un atrocious murder between six and seven o'clock
Saturday evening. In one of a row of wooden shan
ties In a yard of oj Howard street there has d wcit for
sonio time past a youag couple supposed to bo man
anil wile. In other apartments or the same house
resided a woman named Ilrldgct Murphy. Between
her and the other woman a feud sprang up, the lu
direct cause of which seems io have been the man.
'Ins culminated a lew d ivs ago m an open rupitiro
between the females wlneii took ilie form of
A ni nch w.tti op words.
Meanwhile, the "wile" became so violent that Mrs.
Murphy went acforo a magistrate and caused her
ui li st on a charge of breach of tue peace, bhe
was arrested and discharged .Saturday morning. II
?hen transpired that she was the notorious Kato
Connor, and that she was not the wife of the man
with whom she Dad been living. Following henna
charge matters grew stm worse between Kale and
the other wotnap. Kate entertained an idea tuut Mrs.
Murphy desired to
CUT IlKil OUT
in tho affections of the man. This was the state of
ailairs Saturday evening, aoout luilf-pastsix o'clock
w hen the nolminorhood was startled ay the sharp
(puck shots of a revolver. Presently a man was
observed to rush Inun the house indicated and dash
out of sight quite rapidly. Boon nlterwanis Mrs
Murphy appeared streaming with blood iroui
several wounds. Bho was removed to her rooms
and nr. O'Oorman sent lor. She was badly hut not
atally wonnned in three places, too most serions
being In the abdomen, it appears her wo K
murderer, Instigated, >i? alio ?v i t, !
bawd Kmc, weiii into the woman's apartments and
^'"deliberately ?""/ her, intending, UtaboUoved
to mako short work of her. wiilvmi,
the ArrnMiTiiD urntDEnKR
aararar 'Rr.w,? sr1?
enacting the bloody deed up stairs jtntn ?itif?\ i ?
IF U. on. ho Stoop ail 'iremef, read" toTlieh?i
hod hot ooea orinkum ,Kw ''anlc d,,rln? 1,10 (I"Y bnl
?..?>? tL k,0?1'.??

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