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THE COREA. Aii Officer's Account of the IJeconnoissance in Force. Opening of Hostilities Gallantly Met by (tor Blue Jackets. Terrific Fire of the Corean Batteries. Poor Powder nnd Poor Unas the Sulfation of Oar Flotilla. The Coreans to be ('leaned Out. We iisvc received from an officer of tne United States squadron now operating against the Coreans * very interesting letter, dated Salu Klver, Core a, June i>. 1871, in which u givnu ninny particulars regarding the first serious affair with that people. A< ompunylng the letter is a sketch of the locality, which we give herewith. It shows plainly what an admirable position It is to defend, and how It could, if fortified and armed In modern style, no rendered impregnable almost, and certainly aDle to prevent tlie passage of such a squadron as the United States liar- now in those waters. T'.c subsequent operatlons of Admiral Kodirers, the only account of which is contained in his official despatch, must have been a-jalnst the forts that are shown npon the map. These are the same, doubtless, which were carried by storm with such serious loss to the Coreans. mm, A CORKAN HKLL (i ATI. The letter of this officer tolls the story of the attack in a most enthusiastic way, and he has explained the position of the attacking ships and tannches in a manner that renders the whole affair easily understood. In addition to the tortuona nature of the river and its narrow channel, the Koreans have another thing in their favor, the strength or the current, winch runs with greater velocity than at Hell Gate. It was owing to this that the Monocacy got ushore almost within pistol shot 01 the batteries. TDK FIRST SHOT. The letter, in speaklnar of the attack, says:?"Captain Blake. with the four steam launches, the Palo* and the Monocacy. left about noon, Bnd up the river tiiey went. About two o'clock bang! went a gita iroui one o! the forts, and the old Colorado was ?!lve. inst as thouirti von would sLlr uu a nest of bees with stick. H. rushed up to I ho captain, aski uk permission to take his launch and go up: but the Admiral would not permit it. What a vexed lot the/ wore T., M., S. and B. went up lu our t wo steamer*. and tney were envied, l can ten jou. "The Urine lasted altogether about two hours, off and on. A quartermaster who was aloft reported that the forts were tiring on the boats. We could s>f>e only one fort from the poop deck. TUK ENKMT'S rOSITION. "The ve-sels all came dowu about half-past four o'clock, and then we got the new*. Tho.v had goue up anout nine miles all right, the launches Icac.iag, followed by the Palos and then the alonocacv. They ?aw on the left bank a creneated wall, built all alonu: ilie shore for tniies, and here and there a fort, which did not appeal to be occupied. Looking aliead they saw on a hill hundreds of flags, and the hill covered with soldifrs, drafted iu yellow. They saw also a Ion: but as they meant to be pe.iceable they Kept on. although making every preparation for the fuu likely to come off. When they were about two miles from the point the BenicU's launch go' a rej>e foul oi tier Bcrew and dropped ustern of all in clearing p. itie others keeping on, and the launches j Mior round the point first. Th^y ran pretty well j >vt to the lett shore, and when within about one j hundred s arils, two tiers of batteries wi-re uu- I masked and blazed away into them. >ou know i that Mi. T. d n?t swear, and he s;iid it wa? ! "ju?t iiotthen forn few minutes. HOW OfR SUM'S ACTED. ' Old H. c^nn ronnd Hat point a flung, and lei drive ail the guus on the I'alos ur them: the j onserjuence being that titer kicked so hard as to ' cat i tie t" its out or the side or the ?luj> and reuder I them useless during the remainder of the tlfht. The : Monocacy oatnc up and she pelted her pills away; I but the current running eight to ten knots slapped i iifi on a rock, causing Iter to leak badly, though j she kepi ?n sending her compliments in. The j rftiwUe- went most gallantly, pegging away with I their -bow-wows' all the time. The poor Henicia's launch caught it. too. She, after j -tearing iter ?crew, startca ahead full tilt, ' running t lie gauntlet or this crenelated wall, when j .he Ooreans were mick. aurt flung at Iter all the way up to the bend, and wueu she rounaed the first point I he caught it from the t;ers of batterle? alone, the j it hers uaving gone round, and when there knocking J jway at the ba^k door. She got round all right ' ihougli, and she was the oni> one that had anybody i wounded: two of her men were hurt. bur nol seriously. and a couple of shot atruck her, bui did not penetrate. what sxvrn or* boats. The Coreans had poor powder and pooi gun* or bey would have, slaughtered our t>oat?. Tliev linve only gtngalls, and a tew lone eighteen* and twenty- 1 ours mat are 1 don't know how old. I asked s. j what it was like, and he said It was Jnst hell for a lew minutes on both sides. The water all round ' iheui was alive with balls, aun they made the 1'nrean* 'smell hell from their howitzers, all of tlietn | prgirtupr away together. I think that flic Coreans mean titrlit. Tney are building breastworks or | eomethlng in our rear, hi though they rnoau: to stop j our going out, which ope or two of uur nine or ' eleven-inch shells woul<l show them wa? nor 10 he lone. We arc going up again lit eight or ien day* to clear tlietn out. ir wr don't get any communication from the Corean government, wtieu we shall iiave a very lively time, no doubt." OtR TOTAL STKINCTH. | Beyond all doubt the rnreat that the t'orean* were | ti> be "< leaned out" in the event of no answer being j received rrom their authorities has been carried out j In its fullest tense. The action?the ouiv account of ! which ib in Admiral Rodgcrs* despatch to the Navy ! Department?that occurred in the latter part of j Jane, whereby the Coreans suflered such heavy loss, i was the cleaning out prore?s. The Admiral wan probata* utile to iaua aljooi seven uuudied und Olty otcD (seamen and marines) from his squadron, and this handful of uien, by re.von of superior discipline, ' superior pluck and determlnation, combined with 1 approved arm* and covered by the Are of the fleet, I wa? enabled to do wonders against the hordes of ' f3oreans, wuo possesscu but little else ttiaii unmoor* to rentier tnem formidable. KAUI.T WHiri'It). Iftey were whipped-badlv whipped?they loat hundreds of men. Th*lr fort*, guns and munitions of war were captured, and the coun- I fry alout the scene of action wa? occuplcd by our forces, ami the Wars and Stripes for the first time new over that far eastern land. They were taught to feel the power of the I nited States. They were given to understand that our citizens could not be molested and maltreated with impunity, and they were also taught the lesson that *uy insult whatever would be resented. Hie tnur- j ler or the crew of the schooner General Sherman ! was avenged, and thus the principal obje t of the visit of the fleet was accomplish"d. W HAT HKXT' We are naturally anxious to know the next e'en id the drama. If i* plAln that we cannot continue to 01 upy tilt small territory we have conquered, even if we desired to <lo so. A ud it would be worse than folly to attempt to force our way inland with the ton a! force thai we have to operate with: It would be ovn whelmed. To follow up the war so vigorously commences! heavy reinforcements would have to be sent, and then what would be gained by > doing It is contcnoed that the Coreans should be foroed to make a treaty, suppose we did compel tbem to, what then f Would it be of any value unmi l iinr flm vtm aivran uu Hand u> cuiuxce ita^. NEW iui ?nflttlnos? Hot in tne leant. No. We have done enough. and it would be lolly to attempt to do more. The probabilities an that auch is the view taken or the situation by Admiral Rodgers, for we hear nothing or further operations, and we Incline to the opinion that lie is satisfied that no more cau be accomplished with the force at his command. BUFFALO TROTTING PARK .Mutch Hrlwcfi Thorn na Jrfleriwa nntl | l?wr?p Wilke* for Two Thoanand l>ollara I nnrf Ike Slnllion Cbarupiounhip of America? Jefferson the Wlnarr. Buffalo, August 12, 1871. Quite a large attendance of horsemen assemble*! at the Buffalo Trotting Park thla after-, noon to witness the trot Itetween l>an Mace's black sialiion Thomas jeffcraon and Billy Borst's brown stalll?>n Oeorse Wilkes, for ? stake of t'j.ooo and the stallion championship of America. Tbe betting before the start was $100 to 1 $75 in favor of Wilkes, but after JeiTerson takimr the ! flrat heat In 2:2? it changed In his favor to * to i. and. although he lost the next two licata, the odds were the same to the end of the race, which waa won by Jefferson. First Heat.? George Wilkes received the pole, and when ttoo word wa* given Iheui oh tue tlnru j score he goi away with rho lead. Rounding the first turn, Wilkes made a brush and soon showed cjajlight between himself and Jefferson, and made three lengths before reaching the quarter polewutch he passed in thirty-rour and three-quarter ' seconds: bnt as be entered the bacKstretch he made a bad break, and berore he got to work a^ftln JeffeM son was leadiug him twelve lengths, which he car-? ried past the half mile pole to 1:12, and as they en-' tered the homestretch the positions were the same,. Thomas Jeffbrson coming home a winner almost on a walk, Wilkes Ave lengths behind. Time, 2:2?. Second neat.?Wilkes was the irst from under the wire, but was closely followed by Jefferson. Rounding the first turn Wilkes showed In front, with a lead of half a length, with which advantage he shot past the quarter pole la thirty-five and a quarter seconds. As they entered the baokstretch Jefferson made a skip ana tost a length, but made It up as soon as he got to trotting again, and they passed the half-mile pole nearly even In 1:13. Roundlng the lower tarn Jefferson made a bad break and loot several lengths, and as they entered tho homestretch he was four lengths iiehind Wilkes, bnt down the stretch he trotted very fast and crossed the score only a head behind likes. Time?2,27 TMrd Heat.?Thtj went away on even terras Tor this neat, but rounding the first turn Wilkes went to the frout and passed the Quarter pole with a lead of half a length In 36fc seconds. Down the backstretch he passed the bair-mlle pole In 1:14. Jefferson kept his nose to Wilkes'wheel, ami as they passed the three-quarter pole showed even with him: but as tney entered the homestretch Jeflfernn made an exceedingly bad break, thus allowing Wilkes to come home an easy winner by eight lengths. Time, 2:28. Fa>j:-rh Heat.?Jeffbrson got nearly a length the nosr or me seuuon lor mis uuiu, i?uv uoiuic icmuingthe turu Wilkes went to the front and passed the quarter pole with n lead or one length In tnirtv-aix seconds; but down the backstretcli Jerfersou closed this up. and they passed the half-mile pole together, In 1:13, and tr^ red like a double team until halfway up the livii'estretch, when Wilkes quit and Jefferson came mil winner with plenty of speed to spare. Time, 2:27 Ji. Fif'Ji II au?They got a good gend-ofl. bnt Je.'Urson went to the front as soon as the go was given and led one length, and passed the quarter pole in thlriy-six seconds; but down thebackstretcli Wilkes weut to the front aud led a quarter of a length, ami passed the half-mile pole In l:13r but roundlug the lower turn Jefferson gave Wilkes the go-by, and led three lengths by the three-quarter, which distance he maintained to the score. Time, 2:27?*'. The following Is a summary:? Bifkalo Tkotnng Park, August 12.?Match for $2, 00 and the stallion championship, lu harness, best three In live. Dan Mace named bit. a. Thomas Jefferson 1 2 1 J 1 Billy Borst named b. s. George Wilkes 2 112 2 Time, 2:29?2:27 ?*?2:28?2:27 H?2:27s*. FLEETWOOD PARK. About one hundred persons assembled at. Fleetwood Park yesterday afternoon to witness a contest between William Weeks' Korrel gelding Star Henry and owner's sorrel gelding Reliable?mile heats, best three in live, hi harness. It was anticipated that the match would bp interesting, although the horse9 are not fusf: but it was much of a one-sided aff:ilr. as Star Henry won the ruce in three straight heat" without an eifort. RfMMARY. Fleetwood I'ahk, Mukkisania, August 12,1871? Match $400; mile heaut, best three m Ave, in harness. William Weeks named s. g. star Henry 1 1 1 Owner named p. g. Reliable 2 2 2 TIME. Quarter. Ha lf. Mi It-. First hear 41 1:25 2:6.% second heat. 41 1 2:63)^ Third heat au 1:22?, 8:51 BROOKLYN AFFAIRS. Arrests. The total number of arrests in Brooklyn during 1he n:?i>l wek was.r,f>8. I'irkporket* Sentenced. Tiuee pickpockets, named John English, Charles Brown ami jaiuee Edwards, were sentenced to six months eac.li in the Kings County Penitentiary yesterday t>? justice Buckley, for attempting to pick the pock-1 0r a lady at the Myrtle Avenue Park. Probably Patal Blow. William Halloti was arrested yesterday and loeked up to answer in the Third Precinct station house on a charge of having committed a ratal assault on Christopher lerrence, of Columbia street, near King, bv striking him on the head with a stone. The injury was Inflicted 011 the 2(stn or July, and the physicians now say there Is no prospect or I119 recovery. The Brooklyn Fund for ill? Wentlleld S offerer*. Yesterday Messrs. Carroll A Lamb. of tlie Park theatre, Brooklyn, called upon Mayor Kalbfleisch and tendered him the proceeds of their matinee tiiveu on Saturday last fot the benefit or the Brooklyn sufferers hy the Westflcld disaster. The proceeds amounted to |7'>, and the managers expressed then regret that the sum was not larger. The Mayor thanked them for their tiroiuptnes* and immediately added $50 more to the fund from his own pocket. He al^o stated that he wa? ready to receive any contributions wnlcti might be made 10 the fund bv cltly-ens. Fire it* * Oiratical Work*?Death in OIuh Retorts. A Art broke out ai hair-past ten o'clock yestrrday morning In the upper portion of Dr. Edward il. Rqulbb's chemical manufactory for the preparation oi mcdklne?, at So. 86 Doughty street. Ttie building is a tonr-story brick itrncture, bnt being fireproof was no< materially damaged. Tbe loss on tbe stock and machlnerr. however. will amount to about six thousand dollars. TUN i? covored by lusnrance In the following companies:?llnniboit, $.\090; Naraganseli, S'SUOO; People's, $8,"00; Niagara, Relief, $?,ooo; Pennsylvania. $:t,&<>0; MercUants and Traders', $s,fcoo. The Are originated from the bursting of a glass retort, au accident I>r. Bqnlbb says cannot be guarded a^uiubi. It was only a day or two previous that one Of these glass retorts bnrsted and < an?cd the deat*i of one of tue employe, named Maraton. It appean-d Iroiu the evidence taken t>efore the Coroner that the man wavoiding tbe retort hi III? hand wh?n It ncploucd. and the smell of the cbemioaU causal pis death In an hour auorw.ua. A NOBLE AOT Or PRESIDENT GRANT AND COLLECTOR MUBPHY. We are informed that Collector Murphy, at the Miggentloo of President Grant, lui* determined to appoint the widow of Coluitul Jo!;n MrLend Murphy to ttio Inspectorship made vacant by the death of ner husband. This i? an act creditable to the President ami <"ollector. and which places above w ant I the iwmny ot ouu of tlie most Kallaui officers of our I ale war and on* ot our most esteemed citizens, lljls appointment 1? said 10 lie approved nv William ; Haw. Jr.. Ifctudent. and the enure republican organization of the Twelfth ward. THE ST, LOUIS EXPRESS ROBBERY. &t. Louts, Mo., Angust la. IS7J. j D. W. hunter. tlit United states Express deliver? | "isi'i "U?"' ""??U "? ' >U"|IPI mrum, HI!" who i? tinder tri-osl for being Implicated to the roii. ?>ery, confeane* lie was concerned in it. |j? tell* ctiffen.ni stories about tieiuir approacneii some mouths ngo by a man wbo?e name he conceal*, aim ur^ert to a*?l?t in the robbery of tli* compHny. This lie restated. out the man> appeals wert; no peralHtent anO continual that lie finaliv yielded anrl entered Into the roDherj with J. Seinau and ThomR* Oraar, who are also under a/revt. Kendall, the driver, knew nofliintr of the affair. The parly who planned the robhnr, and who Unopposed lohave the money, l* known lo the police, bur for reason* of police nolle* tie lia? ugt been urresteo, though dc i? in the m (K. tUJKAU>. SUMJAlf. 1 NAVAL OPERATIO] Map Showing the Locality of the States Naval Forces and FORTS1I\ R E F S R The tetter a denotes where the Monocacy struck, c the first fire of the forts. The figures 1,3, 3, 4, .1, In the rear of the Coreans and gave them notice to c the tide runs worse than In Ucll Gate, and forms 8 ana thrown on a rock. NEW YORK CITY. The following record will show the changes in the temperature for the past twenty-four hours in comparlson with the corresponding day of last year, as Indicated oy the thermometer at Hudnut's Pharmacy, Herald Building, corner or Ann street:? 1870. 1871. 1870. 1871. 3 A. M 80 79 3P. M 91 91 OA. M 82 79H 4 P. M ? 93 OA. il S8>i 83 9 P. M 89 88 13 M 88 8S 9P.M 85 88 12 P. M 82.S 83 Average temperature yesterday 64.V Average temperature for corresponding date ? iasi year 85 V There were 630 deaths, 443 births, 39 still births and 141 marriages last week. John Bnrns, aged flfty-flve, dle<l suddenly at 426 East. Eighteenth street. Michael Donovan, aged lorty, died suddenly at 490 West Ttolrt j-itiird street. Fire Marshal McSpedon reports twenty-one tires for the week ending August. 12,1671, at noon. The estimated ions is $33,718; amount of insurance, $l3e,2T5. The Department of Public Parks announce that if the weather be tine there will be music l<y <?rafulla'B Central Park hand at Mount Morris square to-morrow, August 14, from five to seven P. M, TV ill turn Pinker, who resides at 305 East Thirtyfilth street, had bis left leg cut off about twelve o'clock yesterday by falling off the front platform or car 66 ot the Third avenue line, 1 lie wheels passiug ovei lu Be was removed to Believuc Hospital. Marshal Hart, of the License Burean, granted the following licenses last week:?Express wagsns, 7; carts and cartinen, 32; stasre couches, 60; do. tiau* for*. 39; venders, 33; junk carls, 2; junk shop, l; porter, 1; driver*. '-2. Total, 19i?. Amount received* Mr. G. D. Cardozo, Chfef of the Ordinance unreau, received during the week ending yesterday 14S complaints or violations of various city ordinances, tweutr-slx oi which have been settled and ilie remainder referred to the proper depaitmeuis for remedy. Whiicat the Are in Mercer street yesterday Olllcer McNamara, of the Etzhth precinct, was so much overcome by the heat that he had to be removed to the station MOM on a siretcher. Lie Mas Attended by a physician, who pronounced htm in no lmme? d late danger. Thomas Murphy, a lad seven years of age, on Friday evening fell Into the dock loot of Fiftyseventh street, Fast River, and was drowned. The body, being subsequently recovered, was taken to the residence of deceased's parents, corner of Kirtysixth street and avenue A, where Coroner Young a as uotitiea to hold an inquest. Officer Oatrauman, of the Twentieth precinct, found the body of an unknown woman lying in a pool of water between Eleventh avenue and North River and Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth streets, about four o'clock yesterday afternoon. The corpse was so IrignUullv decomposed that it was impossible to give a description ot it. It was removed to lieilcvue lloaplial. James Douahue, Superintendent of the Free Labor Bureau, Dos. 8 and lo Clmtou place, makes the following report of business for the week ending Angnst 12:?Applications for employment, 846: of UlC^r lucir ngii: n > jiibicp nuu uio ivuiaiva, mate help required, M: female, 727: situations procured for 77 males and 622lemales whole number of situations procured for the week ending August 12, 69f. Shortly before ton o'clock yesterday morning the body of an unknown man, about thirty-five yearn of age, with dark brown hair, dun whiskers ami mustache, was found floating In the bay off tiovernor's Island, by .lumc* McLaughlin, a Whitehall boatman, who towed it toiler Mo. l i;ast river. The remains were subsequently Hent to the Morgue and Coronet Young notified, deceased wore black coat awl pants, no vent, gaiter shoes, white musiiu shirt and drawers. Deceased was about Ave feet Befcu inches iu height. Home time ago Jacob Fisher, residing up town, committed a serious assault upon n friend ot his, named Fred. Zemger, was committed to prison to await the result of hi" victim's Iniui ie?. While in prison Fisher s friends, it Is charged, compounded a felony with his consent b> paying KOOKf ft3M to discontinue the complaint. At the examination Zelnger did not appear, ami Pisner was discharged. Yesterday Sielnger was arrested on a charge of compounding a felony. and was locked up in York wile prison to answer In default or bail. The Central Fark Meteorological Department i report* for the wt-ek ending at 2 P. M., August 12, ' 1871, the rollowing atmospherical phenomena:?Farometer?Mean, 29.C67 Inches: maximum, at 9 a . m. Aunun <? nnjm, uiiiiiifitiui, m l? I. ilf. August 8, io.<?7o inches; range, .iwj inch. Thermometer-Mean. 77.1 degrees; maximum. at ,r> P. M. Aueudi fi, ?<< degrees; minimum. at A. M. Augnst II, w.ft dejrrtes; range, degrees. On , Aupust. s lain r?il from J .'to A. M. to ?:30 a. M. to the depth of .V< inch, being ttte tout amount of water ! for week. Itio distance travelled ny the wind during The week was 878 mile*. 8UI0IDE OF A BROOKLYN IT E. A von Off man namen \. 0. smith, of Fulton Mre?t, Brooklyn, attended the Bo ffa'o race* on Thursday i and bet freely, losing a considerable ?urn of 1 money. Rendered desperate liy nls losses, young ! .sniitli determined upon ntume, and earned bl* resolution Into effect on Friday evening >it Niagara 1 Fall* by Jumping from the oil lire lead mi? trom the second Ulster Inland Into the rapids. PATER80H (N. J.? CASUALTIES. l?avld A. Miller, three years of a?e. wa* drowned lu the upper raceway at Pateirtou yesterday noon. In company with some other boys he was picking ! floweri on the edge, nnd, losing his balance, he fell 1 into Hie swift stream and was swepi down against the paper noli) gate, where ne was drowned before he could tw rescued. His father was h mechanic In the Danforlli locomotive shop, and lives on the cortier of Mill and Market, streets. A carpenter's apprentice named Polhamus, working ou a new house near the Straight street bridge, ! fell from the scaffold and broke his arm. Abram Mullcr, while serving in the place of a sick friend as braxeman on Mie Peterson and Newatk Hailrond, had hi# gru* biMliy cnwUcd wliU^ COUiMug tltti AUGUST 13, 1871.?TKIFLJB STS IN THE COREA. First Fight Between the United the Forts of the Coreans. fi A w ? ?? e a Mg ccc^r r ENCES, iud the three B's Indicate where (he flotilla received 6 show the point where the United States forces got |UtU Tlie three C'i indicate a part or the river where frond whirlpool?, in which the Monocacj was caught I THE LATE HP Til!* WILMAH F. MO?, Faneral Orrinonim la Brooklyn Yesterday. The funeral of Captain William F. Lyons, of the editorial stntr of the Nuw Yoni Hkkai.p, took placo from St, John's Roman Catholic church, Gowanus, yesterday morning. A solemu requiem mass was celebrated for tho repose of the sonl of the deceased. tlie volunteer choir attached to the church lending their harmony to the occasion. Itev. Father Michael Hickey officiated as celebrant, assisted by Father Corrlgan as deacon. Father John McUuire an RtV>-deacon and Father John Barry, chaplain of the Knight? oi St. Patrick, as master of ceremonies. There was a very select congregation of prominent citizens of New York anil Brooklyn present, who were attracted there out of sincere affection and respect for the memory of the deceased. Among the most prominent were the members of the Knights of St. ratrick, all of whom wore badges of mourning, and the members of the New York Hkbald Club. Of the former organization noticeable were John Butler. Martin Brown. John Harnett, Thomas Dwver, Jolm Honrkc, Joliu llrosnan and the present presiding Judge Qnln. There was also present a delegation from the Knights or St. Patrick, of Jersey City, consisting of Apneas l'ltzpatricfc, President; .lames Crowley, John Ignatius Cullen and P. E. O'Brien. There were present also in the sanctuary enriosnre ltev. Engene Cassldy and Rev. Father Doran. Among the pall bearers were John Mltchcl, a compatriot of the deceased in 1848; John H. Harnett, Dr. John Dwyer, Hugh Farrlgan, of the Knights, and four gentlemen of the IIkrali) Club. Among those present were Maior General Sweeny, Major P. M. Haverty, Drs. P. O'llanlon, George Aijjyle Piunkett and J. Ambrose; Captains Foley and Atteridge and William E. Robinson, together with several other intimate Mends of the lameuted dead. At i lie oonetaaton or the nuug a very eloquent address was delivered bv Father Hiokej, In which he dwelt ii)>on the bitterness of death?a penalty which mortality must pay?and npou the necessity for prepa- ; ration for that dread period which will come to us , ull. The life or the deceased wa* beautltnllr de ptcted a* belns ihat of a true man; or one who real- i Ized the great lact that the Intelligeuce with which the Creator had endowed htm should, upon all occasion*, tie exercised ho as to contribute to the greater honor and glory of God. Lie had received tne Irnly sai.rarnents 01 ins Church, which lie revered with all the Intensity of faith mid morals, doubting alone his worthiness to partake or so inestimable a gilt, as the liody and blood, the soul and divinity of Jesus Christ, and it is to be hoped, and the good priest believed, that the God 01 lullnlte mercy and goodness had received the contrition of heart on the part of nis servant, whose sins He had remitted. Ir was the duty of those present to oiter up their prayers that the temporal punishment still due t lie sins or the deceased might be forgiven, that the measure of his reward mar be great in an eternity of happiness. Calling attention to the vaulty of the things of this world, and urging the necessity or our fulillllng the dunes oi true followers or Christ, the reverend gentleman closed Ills remarks. The casket, which was of roBawood, flat top, heavily sliver mouuied, bore the inscription: ? ?//**Mr*////" T WILLIAM F. LYONS, i J inn> acoumt 9. 1871, J ? AO*l> 46 YKAKII, in MONTHS, I P?V. * it was ornamented tiy a beautiful star of rare flowers, a Minute from tno press. Tne remains, followed t?y a long Hue of carriages, were conveyed lo the Cemetery of the IIolv cross, where they were deposited in the vault, for temporary keeping. MIDNIGHT MURDER. erion* Aflnir In Eighth Avrnnr? A Similiter Found in n Dying Condition? Hint Skull Craclurpd-llfid, but Not Identified. bersreant I?owery, or the Twentieth precinct, yesterday informed coroner Young by note oi tne deatn or an unknown man, about thirty-six years of age. The stranger was found on the pavement, corner of Thirty-sixth street and Klghtli avenue, lu au insensible and dying condition, bleeding profusely from a wound on the back part of the head. While being conveyed to lhe station house by two i oillcers the man died. Deceased was about five feet six inches in height, dark complexion, dark hair and chin whiskers, and had blue eyes, lie wore dark clothing. Panama hai and biai k aud white striped necktie. rotlre Surgeou Armstrong was summoned, and, after examining the body, was of the opinion thai ! death had resulted from a fractured skull, but wuether the resoit of violence or accldcnt, of course, he was unable io determine. Captain rTpi*y itmfMitfArt r.ifirl irmnlripy In tliA nnlirhhnr. I hood where the man was fonud, ana could learn ' nothing calculated to explain the mystery. He found one James Ryder, of '.21 Welt Forty-eighth ! street, however, who stated that in passing 011 the opposite side of the avenue, at half-past. one o'clock A. M., he I SAW TWO WKN WRAKlil.INO, one of them evidently endeavoring to get the other to go home. Ten minutes later the deceased was found a* stated ahove. The foct or finding the body being noised about Drought during the da> aOout Ave hundred person* to view the body. t?ut none or tliem were able to Ideality It tin to a late hour in tiio afternoon. Much excitement exists urnong the people of the Twentieth precinct In regard to the matter, Dim fuliy believing the man to have neen 101 l.l.v Ml RDKKKP, while others think deceased received his injuries by I a fail wnilii imoxicatcd. Lute in the uiteruoon tlio coroner calle.l at the station honse with his doptitv. Or. Marsh. and made a superficial examination of the hudy, and hi one off lie pocket.* found faun and a j smalt stcei k<\y, fnit uo letters or papers of any kind winch inluht lead 10 Ills identification. Coroner Young g.ne an order for Hie removal 01 the remains to the Morgue, where I?r. Marsh will make a postmortem cxHmlimlon. He is 01 Hie opinion, from u partial inspection of the head, that, deceased bad received a KRACTTMIR OF Tn : RKIM.U The nativity of deceased is unknown, hut appearances indicate that he was .1 Herman by birth. In a eoDversillon with Captain CarTrey and Bergeaiu Jatues, ICyder said he heard one of tlic men remark, "that blow was in1 tended for me all night," or something ! to thai effL'ct. captain CaiTrey and his oiliccri are ! in active search of information which mav tend to [ unravel the mystery tit present mirrotltuliug the I denth Of 'UH itratijfei', SHKET, tbh peisian mm. Full Confirmation of Ihe Accounts Previously Received. Score* of Thousands of People Already Dead of Starvation. MEN EAT THEIR OWN OFFSPRING JIunger-stricKen Hands 01 banditti Infesting the Roads. JPersia Ruined and Its Population Flying to Happier Climes. The Letter of the Pcixiwu Minister. The following' account has tieou received by I lia Bombay society for assisting tlie poor Zoroastrlans in Persia from their agent in tuat country:? For the last flvo or six yearg tne state or Persia , seems to decline, owing on the one hand to the gradually decreasing quantity or snow, and on the other to the oppressive taxes and extortions of the j government, wlilcli are dally increasing and are unmercifully exacted. Not only that, hut every year the Oovernors are changed, snd those are appointed who can tender the greatest amount of revenue to the government. These Governors do not rail to exact twice or thrice as much as they pay to government. Tims the bounty of Heaven and the fertility of the earth are decreasing on one side, ana human oppression la increasing on the other. Such a deal of misery has set in with the year beginning Marcb :21, 1871, tliat it makes OCR BLOOD BI N COI-D to relate It; yet we take leave to givo a short account of It, gathered from letters received from aif* ferent parts of Persia for the Information of our Parsee brethren. All the inhabitants of Faruz?the richest and iituoi iviuit tuuucij-*-uaTc 'ivuu uin;jjv;u ivicbtv UIW placo and seek refuge id other quarters, where even selling their very children railed to obtain them sustenance. Rs. 500,000 ($250,000) of revenue hud re-* inalned unpaid to government, The chief of the place (Asfoodolia) took securities rrom Hie people, with a promise Unit they should gradually pay off their debts; but the Shah disapproved of this nieasnre and gave the governorship oi Faruz to one Mayer Mamalek, who PAID THE SHAFT Rs. 600,000 as revenue. Now, it will easily be perceived how many oppressive exactions this Governor must and will resort to, not only to recovor the rs. (too,ooo (jsoo.ooo), which he has paid down, but also to make additional urotit for himself. In C&irman t he price of wheat in ordinary times was a keerronee. or eight ounces (twenty-live cents), for about two or three maunds (a maund Is eighty-four pounds), but now, owing to a scanty crop and the inhabitants of Yezd and Rhorrassan settling there, three keerronees, or a rupee and a half, are required for about six pounds or wheat. The government therefore instituted a search throughout the country and SE17.RP ri'ON A 1.1. GRAIN, even wliat wan absolutely necessary for consumption, and put the stock In the market Tor sale on their own account. Thus about ten or twelve Persians die each day, three or four Parsees among them. Even selling their verj children falls to obtain them a morsel of rood to live apon. Ye/.d being u sterile place, cotton, opium, Ac., were produced there iu place or corn, Wmic tue inhabitants were supplied with trrain from Calrnmn, Shlrac and Ispahan. Now, this supply being put a stop to, there is great hardship In Yezd, and nearly-25,000 or its Inhabitants have left the place. About flftjr Persiaus, with about twelve Zoroa*trians among theui. die each day, merely troiu want of food. Besides, we are informed that animals of I every kind?asses, horses, camels, and even cats and dogs?are freely used for food; and EVKN IK*MAN YOCNG ONKs are not spared. Robbers, besides, break into houses by night, and carry away what tney can la/ hands upon, not hesitating to kill or wound the inmates If any opposition is offered them. People are thus : obliged to watch their houses by night ; but still we hear that about 13m houses of Mussulmans and about fifty houses of Parsees were broken Into aud robbed, iu which tiro men were killed and two grievously wounded. In one case one Uaiucer Uanoosh Moobarukee's house was robbed aud himself shot, of which he died in two hours. Lln another case Kaikliusroo attacked one Moobarukee's house and wounded him with a dagger, or which he died after lingering for three days. One Arduseer robbed one Peer Tuptee's house and wounded him so brutally that the poor creature lingers on miser niiij. In another rase one .fam*heeu robbed Iloaainee and grievously wounded litni. It will lie too Ions and tedious to meution nil the ea<"es of such struggles for food. It Is u matter of regret to flnii tUut only one rarsee gentleman. Mr. Nusserwnnjee Maneckjee Petit, has up to this time sent down 300 rupees In I860 an<1 1,700 rnpees on the loth of January. 1870, through the managing committee, and again joo rtipceH i>y telegraph oa the llth March, 1871. RKMKF. We have received no other contributions, The last moutioned sum wa? sent to Yezd to he distrlbuted among the poor; but at present there Is no corn tn Yezd, and, besides, 20? rupees will go but a very little way in relieving the wuntsof Zoroastrmns scattered in seventeen different. villages. Seeing the condition of Yezd, Hukeer had written to Asfoodolla. Governor of Shlraz, and procured about one hundred and thirty khurwars or wheat: but when it reached Yezd, and was distributed among the raisees, THE Mt'SSUlUNS I'Ki.I. I'PON lit KM and deprived them of It. No redress could be obtained from the government, Hive paying the price of the corn *<? robbed. At Vaheri ail who could escape ?li(i so, and Hie rest du d of hunger without any one remaining behind to burv their remains, so thatthe city has become utterly deserted. Oil account of scarcity of lood In Ispahan public shoos are opened for selling camels, asses, dog- and cats'nc?h. ami vet seventy to eighty men die ihere dully, and iieople go about selling tliclr children The Armenian population only liven free from privation. a? they ?re substantially supported by their wealthy biethren in Calcutta and Batavia. KANSAS' AND SOUS. in Ras?au and Koine, eiiles fr<mi which giain used to be sent, to other places, such a scarcity now tirtuuila III'it u 11< ml f ? II nr tvnlvu man >lu 1 w through lunger and disease, and people arc caught cutting down children for food. (Torn nsed to he exported from Hnnidan, (.'airman and KoordtMain, but great scarcity now prevails in Alt these places, as the Shah, on his return Irom the pilgrimage to Kerbela. with 'J.'i.ooo men and :w,ono beasts ot htir? rteu, look it ail for himself. lif.utr. At Herat, alwav* a place of plenty, great scarcity prevail!", owing to the exportation of grain abroad and the settling In the piaco of anout forty thousand fugitives from other places. Aiiout one thousand five hundred Of Hie iuhuhl* tants of Tabriz set out lor Herat, ami nor. finding food od their war were obliged to cnt down all their beasts of hiiideu, and alter suffering great privation dispersed among the woods. The beautiful cities of HIMTAM, damuav AM) fUlUAVAIt are reduced to desolation and ruin. At Khorassau about etgnteen thousand men have been swrpi off through hunger and disease, and when those who snrvlve do not hesiiate to use raked-up corpses as food what else eatable could have been leit lu llie city ? Feoplo from other places crowding at Teheran wander about UKc bcggir* in tue streets, and every !? about fifteen men are picked up dead or avtnf In the atre-jU. Xb? Rl'IN OK PEKMA dors not end here. This year's crop seenix alau t? be exceedingly scanty, and it Is a matter oi great and universal anxiety how such a meagre crop can possibly supply the want* of a large population Top the next twelve month*. Owing to scarcity of wheat, we are Informed, a great many of the religlou* "ghuinbar'' feasts had to he neglected, and it was with great difficulty that the most important o| them was celebrated. Further, we learn ih.it men hare BKliUN TO KAT GKAHS and vegetables like cattle in the Held?, and are plagued with a footsore, of which tliey die afie* lingering for two or taree days. About rive or si* Parsees die in tins manner every day. In finch times, therefore, tf proper mean.-) are nof taken to avert the calamity mere is great fear ol the Zoroasirlan population in Yezd being enttrei^ annihilated. AH able hands have left the place all<H gether. and those who cannot escape wander about begging and die uupltled m the streets, without any. help rrom their brethren. The deplorable conditio^ of the i'arsees, as stated above, excites universal compassion; mu wo utm a icm?n?u'o " < hardhpartedness lii the case of a merchant., Kaik^ hueroo sheriar by uamc, who refused to lend aboiyj live or six teerronees 16 a poor Parseo peasant^ wbo was ready to mortgage bis very utensils to liolp him ou bis way 1'rom Vezd to Teheran. TUrf poor creature was at hue obliged to leave bis wif? and beaut* of burden with a Mussulman and go oii foot to Teheran. Tbere lie received tue money b? wanted, and ban returned to Yezd to lake away hi* wife and beasts. MJl.NKCK.IEK limjek attafua. The P?*r?lan Minister Complains of Kx?h?<i rated Reports. fFrom the London Times. ] Several times before now I have read alarming despatches In tne English newspapers relative to tbq state of Persia, wlucb, they assert, is being ravage*! by famine, cholera and the plague. I did not ihinls it necessary to attach Importance to these rumors; there is not time to contradict all the false news which Is dally put in circulation. However, on seeing such reports reproduced In your columns I led compelled to break silence to prevent tuem from ot> taming the semblance ol truth and the authority! which the reputation of your newspaper would uot rail to give them. Tbere has not been nor is there now any faming In Persia. a dearth (di.tn(te) was experienced toi some time, but It was only in the provinces adjolulug the Persian Oulf that it was serious. The nomad tribes which form their population, leaving to the rains the care of the grain which they how in tneu Journeys, are always exposed on their return to th? consequences of a possible drought. They havot sturered bitterly this year, and, being deprived of alt means of subsistence, have repaired in crowds to the towns. There, oy direction of Ills Majesty the Shall, and at Ills expense, the means have been organized of supplying assistance to tins waudenug and suffering population. With this view puolic monuments have been turned to account, the places tor administering relief having been cuosen i>? preference In the cemeteries, where the monument* erected In honor of our e>aints include buildings i?l are generally resorted to by dervisnes, beggars and paupers. oue of these m particular, the tomb oi Ualiz, contains as many as sou poor or lnilrni persona who have been received and fed there, lu other places assistauce has been given to everybody coining up, and thai there may be no disorder the police have organized a cordon of guards round them. It was there, doubtless, tint, imaginative newsmongers saw the guaras charged with preventing t he peasants from digging up tue dead bodies. These details relate exclusively to the southern provinces. Let us and, in order to give an exacl measure or the extent of the dearth, the price ol provisions at the various places winch have suffered. Let us admit that small as these prices may aopear in Europe they are exorbitant for Persia lu ordinary seasons. The dates belong to the tivc months when, according to the European telegrams, the sufferings lrom famiue must have been severe:? At the commencement of .June at Tabriz to lbs. oi bread cost 60c.; 10 lbs. of bee;, af. hoc.; lo lbs. oi rice, If. uoc.; lo iiis. barley, ftoc-; lo lbs. milk, 80c.; 10 lbs. chick peas. If.: lo lbs. butter, 61. 80c.; 10 lbs. biigar, 6f.; 10 lbs. t reacle, If. t>oc. At the commencement of June at Ispahan S00 II*. of whetU cost iMil'., and 8 lbs. oi bread If. 25c. This price, the newspapers stale, u falling dally aa the harvest is got in. which will this year be oue of extraordinary abundance. v At Radian, on June l, the price or soo lbs. ol wheal was tSof.; ot soo lbs. or barley, 120f., and oj i? il)s. of rl'-e, 3T. On June 11 tlio price or soo tbs. ol wheat was 105f.; or 800 lbs. of Daricy, twr., and or it lbs. of bread, if. ttoc. , At Kasvui, on July 1. 16 lbs. of bread cost If. ?0<\ There will Le Observed u palpable reduction in ttic price 01 w heat, which was sold at laoi. per ion 11m. ou .nine 1, auu at i06f. on July 22. This reduction j lias uecessarily increased wherever the harvest apI preached or had begun. Let it also be observed thai the dearth lias only broken out iu the districts mentioned, and mat everywhere el.se aa abundant supply has maintained ordinary prices. As regards cholera there is uo occasion to take anr I exceptional notice ol it. Every year at the period or txce.islve lieai the imprudent consumption o( fruit gives ri*e to a certain number of cases, and this number has not been exceeded m anv remarkable proportion. 1 see in the Teheran newspaper ine following statement, which 1 Klve cerOaUm:?"It in said that cholera prevails at 1>lieran. I see not hunt of |i btu. the name." To account lor the alarming telegrams about the cholera, which is said to be decimating the population, 1 do not hesitate to seek au explanation 01 these alleged great effects In a trivial cause. 1 can only see in them the wretched expedient 01 some agent ol a commercial house, or or some one employed in connection with the lelefciaons who lias been detained at Teheran during the Insupportable hot season, while his colleagues or friends have gone to tin: neighboring mountains In souicli or a rooter atmosphere, and wlio has endeavored by publicity to Inspire such fears to supplj a motive lor tils departure rrom Teheran, or to secure Tor lilmsell some exceptional privilege as a reward lor Waving remained at his post under sucti uaiufnl circumstance*. With regard to the plague, what is said Is a lie. Thi" word has the advantage or being tlie only exact reply, and, ?>jr its brevity, or not abusing tnt hospimlirv or your columns. The stateuuuts widen I have Just made are derived from ni.v latent correspondence and from the different numbers or the Iran, a Journal deservedly esteemed at Teheran. I hold these documents aC the disposal or anv one who desires to leuow the truth. 1 have In my hands the necessary means of opposing the most formal denial to allegation* such as t nose published yesterday in your paper. llosides, are there not at Teheran legations of various nations, and telegraphic oillces open to all t Can tlie iruth not be easily learned ? It is in the Interest or that truth 1 beg you will be good enougu to insert tills letter in youi houorubte journal. Ki> II. oil. AioHslN KDAN, Minister of Persia. 1/IN'tHl.N. July 2'J. THE SCOTT CEtTmilf. I?ii>inv il?o Corner Stone of a Monument hi Central Fnrk?Interesting Exerciaca? Pnrnrirs nnd Bunn'iut*. I'tepu rations on a grand scale have been In progross lor some umc past, to celebrate witn fittine notion me centenary or tin author of "WaverIcy." Not only the Scotchmen resident In this city and tuose of our citizens who are of iScolch descent, hut Americans generally Have been deeply Interested in the coming evn'. Of all foreign, or, indeed, uauve authors, few, if any, have so fprat ? hold on the mind of the general public as Mr Waller Scotl: mid as for hi.* own countryman, by them his memory ha* ever been regarded wim almost sacred reverence. Grand and tmpolng a* was the occasion of tho cclcbratlou in (Scotland a few days since, II is not unlikely that the Krnplra Cltv f-hnll nol l>c much behind in its cosmopolitan honors to the brave old Uu> rutrur, whose life was * model formed ol even nation to asm re u> lu diligence, patriotism ai.d the most noble virtues mat <.111 mini II KIN nil. nr nuinn on inutma, among nsns they are In iiiaown land, ami, better mill, t hey arc gradually glowing lu popularity, wlnie iIk- "lory or his life. with lis closing sorrowfnl though on hi* part extraordinary labors. speak? tnever* heart iit a country Where oyer# man tolls t?> the insi. It in not much wonder that the Intended celebration mils fort It a MHiniaiicnu* desire iliat Hie honor* to liln memory should im: e<iuai to the service* h? has rendered the world, and no donbt ine intelligent of all masses will lew a pride in seeing in our Park., among the Matties and bust* that havo already i.eert erected then- to the deserving o( all nations, a Monument to the author of the Wuverley novels, on Tuesday next, the oay nxed for tho celebration, the ceremony of laying t no corner stono of a monument to Bir Walter iscott's memory will lake plaow at Central Park, lieglnnimr at lour o'clocK P. M. The die chosen For the luoiiument Is a short dis-? tance to the left of the Terrace, beyond the MulL The following la the programme of exorcises;? Prayer l?\ the Ib'V. John Thompson, I>. I>. Introductory address iiy Kicliard li vln. Preside*" or the Hrott Centenary Committee. Address by Mr. William Wood. caying the foundation stoue and pre*entaiu?n bjri, Mr. Itlcliard Irvin. itopoiisR l>v Mayor ilall. Hencdlotlon. At the conclusion of the ceremony the iscott CetN, leriaiy Committee?Mr, Richard Irvin. President?, will dine together at DcjniQnico's, Fourteonth street^ ut seven o'clock I'. M. At tue conclusion of the ceremony In the Parlq the New York Caledonian <;iub. John Wnft. chiofj will Have a collation at the (mitral Park Casino. a? both entertainments a large number of invllcii guests will lie present. , The seventy-ninth regiment (Highlanders), N. (j.J 8. N. Y., will participate in the celebration: ami orders have been i?mied by captain Joacota I,.mi* that the regimental toll l?e called ut the Armory *4 up* 0 slvclk P, M.