OCR Interpretation


The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, December 21, 1871, Image 6

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1871-12-21/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 6

NEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
P K OI* R 1ETOR.
All business or news letter and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New York
flKRALD.
Volume XXXTl No. 335
AWUStWEItTS THIS EVFNINL
BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery? Kate?Brother Bill
and Brother Ben.
OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway?THE BALLET PAM
EOMIME 0>' llUMPTT DUMPTT.
BOOTH'S THEATRE, Twenty-third St., corner Sixth nr.?
Hamlet.
WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner 39th ?L ? Perform"
ancea afternoon and eremnc 'I tujtXT or Leave Man.
FIFTH AVENUE THKATRR, Tweuty-fourth atraeL
Tue New Drama of Ditouoe.
8TEINWAY HALL, Fourteenth street? Nii.sson Con
OEST.
LINA EDWIN'S THEATRE, Mo. 7N Broadway Opera
Bourn?Barux Bleu a.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13th etreeL?
John Oaktu.
NIBLO'S GARDEN, Rroadwar, between Prince and
Hcuetou iirecta?Black Crook.
MRP. P. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE?
Homanoe or a Poor Youno Man.
ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Fourteenth etreeL?Professor
Mayer on Maunxtmm.
COOPER INSTITUTE?Dr. Colton'b Lecture on
Lauouinu Gas.
THEATRE COXIQUB, 614 Broadway?CONIO Vocal
isms, Nrcno A lis. Ac.
UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Fourteenth st. and Broad
way?Neuko Acts? Burlrhoue. Uali.kt, Aa
TONY PASTUR'S OPERA HOUSE. No. 301 Bowery?
KXORO ECCENTRICITIES, BtlRLEnuURS, Aa
BRYANrs NEW OPERA HOUSE, 23d sL, between 6th
and 7tb art.?But a NT's Minstuei.u.
SAN FRANCISCO MINSTREL HaLL, 695 Broadway.?
The San Franoisoo Minstrels.
NEW YORK CIRCUS, Fourteentn etreeL?Scenes in
tub Ring. Acrobats, .to.
NIXON'S GREAT SOUTHERN CIRCUS, 728 Broadway?
SORNES IN TUR It I NO, AO.
TRIPLE SHEET.
New York, Thursday, December 31, 1ST I.
COY1KYIS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD,
fAOE.
1?Advertisements.
3?Advertisement*.
3?Washington: The Senate and Southern Am
nesty; Liveiy Sketch of the House Debate on
the Labor Question; A fashionable Washing
ton Wedding; The Cuban Daughters See the
Great rather?The Wharton Trial: Dc-cxum
lnailou oi Dr. Williams; General Ketchuni's
Bo ty Ex bunted a Week Ago?Tue Grand Duko
Alexis?Miscellaneous Telegrams.
4?Congress: The General Amnesty BUI tn the
Senate; A sandstone, Nepotism and St. Do
mingo Inquiry Culled For; Cost of the Mixed
Commission and Geneva Coniercnce; The
Labor commission BUI Passed by the House
Around the City Hall: The Mayor's Con
templated Designation: I'cter B. Sweeny
Heard Prom; Connolly and Tweed?The Lewis
Street Pandemonium?Horrible Death in
llobokcn?Political Morality In Jersey?The
Shortest Day?Another llomiciue.
5?Holiday Fashions: santa ciuus and the Ftcklo
Goudess: What Our Belies May Expect; llow
a Susceptible Young Man May Please Ills
Sweetheart?The New York Foundling Asy.
lutn?A Wail from Mormon Land?The Mur
dered Convict; Prison LUe at Slug Slug; Trial
or Edward Morgan for the Murder of a Fellow
Jailbird?Hold Hon Butler?The Ileidcn Will
case?New York City News?Brooklyn AI
Ialrs?Wool Growers' convention?Incendiar
ism m Jersey?Union League Reception?A
Panel House Broken Un?neinlnlaceiices of the
American Devolution?Snicklo ny Drowning.
6?Editorials: Leading Atttcle, "The Suez Canal
for sale?England's opportunity"?Amuse- j
ment Announcements.
y?Editorials (Continued trom Sixth Page)?Spain: -
Premier Mulcamno's Designation aud a Min
isterial Crisis?The Prince oi Wales' Health?
France: The Communist Trials and Work
and Record of the courts?The Geneva Con
feteuce ? Mexico: American Intervention
Asked aud AlitlClpatOd- Personal Intelli
gence-Miscellaneous Telegram*?Views of
the Fast?Business Notices.
8?The Curse or the Prison: Lad or the Trial or
the Assassins of Gustavo Chaudcv; More of
the Barbarities of the Commune?A Bank In
spector Arrested?The Broken Banks-Trial of
Miner, the Alleged counterfeiter?Annual
Meeting oi the Howard Mission?The Croton
Board Clerks?Widening of Broadway?The
Fire Department-shall we Have a Navy or
Not??The Presidency tn 1872? Dunning Notes,
Political and General-The Cotton Crop in a
Part of the SoutU?The Methodist Tract So
cicty*
ft?State or the Streets: Alarming Accumulation
ol Filth; Meeting of the Board of Health?Pri
mary School No. 10?Meeting of the Commis
sioners oi f'ubllo Inst rucflon? News from
Egypt?Art in Asia -Items iroin A -ia?Death
oi a Prominent Kings county Lawyer?Finan
cial aud Commercial Deports?Domestic and
European Markets?Virginia Finances?Mar
riages and Deaths. , ? ,
to?Foley's Meeting: Bapid Transit and Reforma
tion?Amusements?Oottuary?South Caro
lina? Atlalrs Along the Hudson?Telcgraphlo
News Hems?Shipping intelligence?Adver
tisemcnts. .. .
*1?Proceedings in the Courts?A flairs tn the Ar
eentine Confederation, Uruguay and \eiic
zuela?The Savings Bank question: rroposed
Introduction of Postal Banks; Advantages to
tlie Working t lasses?Crime in the crescent
City?The Telegraph In Japan?Advertise
ments.
13? Advertisements.
Gold 108J.?Gold is still on the downward
grade. Yesterday the price declined to 108|.
IIerkimkr, N. Y., is to have a new Court
House. Look out for pickings and stealings.
Wanted?A list of the crises through which
Mexico has passed within the last quarter of
a century. Apply at the State Department,
Washington.
Carl Scnnnz has warned General Grant
(hat "the American people are on the point
of demanding an honest government." We
hope so. That will be a point which might
well "point a moral and adorn a tale."
McCbeery succeeds Garret Davis in the
United States Senate from Kentucky. What
will become of Garret? Let him have an op
portunity of indulging in his favorite condi
ment, "Attic salt."
The New Cabinet of Ontario.?The
members of the old Ministry having placed
(heir resignation in the hands of the Lieu
tenant Governor, he has lost no time in seek
ing for a new Cabinet. So far the appoint
ments of President of the Council and Premier,
Provincial Secretary, Commissioner of Agri
culture, Immigration and Public Works and
Attorney General have been made. Accord
ing to our despatches the other portfolios have
not been taken up.
Mexico is getting to be a nuisance which
demands Immediate abatement at the hands of
our government. Our special despatch from
Matamoros gives an altogether gloomy
account of affairs in that hotbed of anarchy
and revolution. The people of Matamoros,
Mexico, as well as those of the neighbor
ing town of Brownsville, on the American
side, are earnestly wishing and confidently
looking for American Intervention for the
benefit of humanity and civilization. To
attain this end the Congressional Representa
tives of Texas are to be memorialized by the
citizens of Brownsville. When Mexicans as
well as Americans discuss the desirability of
Interference by the United States surely our
government cannot longer hesitate In doing
what has now become lis evident dutv.
Th* Sura Canal (or Hale?Ens land's
Opportunity.
Sinoe the collapse of the French empire it
has been known that the Suez Canal has been
in the market. The canal across the isthmus
was really a French and mainly an imperial
enterprise. M. de Lesseps was the visible in
carnation of the movement; but the world
was not ignorant that, through the Empress
Enge'nie, M. Ferdinand de Losscps was to all
intents and purposes a member of the impe
rial family. Less has been said about the
canal in commercial quarters than ordinary
business minds were naturally entitled to
expect. It is now a reasonably long time
since Sedan and the decheance, and M. de
Lesseps is entitled to some praise for holding
on to and maintaining the value of his prop
erty. Iq all the future the Suez Canal, as
we know it, must continue to be spoken of us
one of the greatest undertakings and greatest
triumphs of an enlightened and enterprising
age; and the Suez Canal will be lastingly
ard honorably associated with the name of
Ferdinand de Lesseps.
It is a coincidence not altogether undeserving
of notice that on the same day we are ap
prised through the Atlantic cable that two of
the Prluces of tho House of Orleans have taken
their seats in the National Assembly, and that
M. de Lesseps, having failed to induce the Sul
tan and the Khedive to take the canal off his
bands, is now applying to other governments
to effect a sale. We are not disposed to make
too much of the coincidence. It may be a
mere accident and nothing more. At the
same timo it is noteworthy and suggestive. It
consists with general belief that the Suez
Canal is considered in England a really valu
able property. The objections urged against
it by Lord Palmerston and the politicians of
his school were based on political, not on com
mercial grounds. The success of the canal
was never a sorrow in England. It was
rather a cause of joy, because, while its con
struction had cost British merchants little, it
promised to be to them a fruitful source of
wealth. It was impossible, however, for the
British government or for any combination of
British capitalists to make the canal their own
so long as the French empire lasted or so long
as the chances for the restoration of the Bona
partes were, to appearance, immediate and
certain. Delay in disposing of the cunal has,
we believe, mainly resulted from a conviction
that the empire might yet be restored, and that
in that case what the empire had begun and
fostered the empire might delight to cling to
and call its own and leave as a legacy to
France. But in a gigantic undertaking like
that of the Suez Canal, the expenses of which
must, for years to come, be equal to the re
ceipts, delay cannot beyond a certain point bo
protracted. Although, therefore, we cannot
say that the cause of the adherents of the
empire in and out of Franco is yet desperate,
or that a crisis has been produced by the ap
pearance of the Princes of the House ot Or
leans in the National Assembly, it is impossible
for us to overlook the fact that the Suez Canal
is in the market. The canal is in Turkish
territory; it is on the soil of Egypt; but the
Sultan will not buy, the Khedive will not buy ;
and so the famous Suez Canal, which for so
many years has tilled the mind of the world,
is in quest of a purchaser.
Who should buy? This question in the
judgment of all thinking men answers itself.
The Suez Canal to-day is valuable, immedi
ately and really valuable, only to Great Britain.
That it should be so and not other
wise the British government knew from
the outset. As we have said already,
the caution of that government in its policy
towards the canal enterprise resulted from
political and not from mercantile reasons.
Mercantile reasons, however, are now stronger
than they once were. British shippers have
found out that they really can reach India by
the Suez Canal?nay, that in Bix weeks they
can do as much actual business with Bombay
and Calcutta as formerly they could do
in six months. The old line around the
Capo is therefore being abandoned. Elegant
steamers, big and strong enough to fight
through the Bay of Biscay and to weather the
waters of the Mediterranean and the Indian
Ocean, arc gradually taking the place of the
great old hulking East lndiamen which were
wont to make the outward and homeward
voyage in twelve or fourteen months. Wo
know of one British company, which was wont
to boast of au outgoing and an incoming East
Indiaman every month which is now, taking
full advantage of the Suez Canal, doing its best
to have an outgoing and an Incoming East
Indiaman every week. To tell the whole
truth it must be added that the best and most
trusted captains of the old line are being
selected for the new. This, we think, is proof
sufficient that the canal pleases the merchants.
If anything eho were required we
might add that in November, 18G9, of
twelve steamships which passed through the
canal seven were British, and that in Novem
ber, 1870, of forty-two ships which had passed
through the canal thirty were British. In
addition to all this it must be remembered that
Great Britain has, for nearly a century, been
sighing for the complete and unqualified pos
session of Egypt, as the only possible means
of permanently securing ber bold of ber grand
East Indian empire. All the new trans-conti
nental railroads projected by English engi
neers and encouraged by English capitalists,
and their name is Legion, have India for their
ultimate object; but the pet idea to which the
British government and people cling is that
which makes Egypt their own, and for the sim
ple reason that while it makes her land connec
tion easy it leaves ber in full possession of the
dominion of the Southern and Eastern seas.
The present situation of affairs gives Eng
land ber opportunity. The Suez Canal is in
the market, and sbe can buy It. It cannot
be said that Great Britain has pushed her
own cause, but it is not to be denied that
ber opportunity has come. It was said some
time since by Mr. Disraeli, in some
respects the most far-seeing statesman
of Great Britain in these anxious and
thoughtful days, that the British empire bad
ceased to be European and had become Asiatic.
All the world felt that the author of "Oo
nyngsby" was right, and that be had given the
British people and government a hint which,
if they were wise, they might profit by. The
opportunity has come. If Mr. Gladstone is
not equal to the ocoasion, Mr. Disraeli may
find it convenient to force a crisis, out of
wbioh the ancient tory gentleman, who has
always gone heartily in for the British em
pire abroad, may come forth triumphant. The
opportunity is in every respect favorable. We
can think of no nation which would object to
the purchase. The war Cloud, which for a
time rested over the north of Europe and
threatened to disturb the relations between
Germany and Austria on the one hnnd and
Russia on the other, has evaporated. In the
political horizon to the northeast of Europe
the sky is clear; and as it is for the present
the only point of the compass which Great
Britain requires to observe with any anxiety,
the present administration will disappoint the
empire and ruin its own hopes if it is not
found equal to the emergency. It is not to be
imagined that the Suez Canal can fall into the
hands of either Russia or Germany. With
the Suez Canal in the hands of Great Britain,
and with the Panama Canal in our hands, the
future of the world is in Anglo-Saxon hands.
This is what should be. if England fails we
shall be disappointed.
The lUaniBi of Troops at Paris?A Signifi
cant movement.
The discontent and uneasiness manifested in
Paris at the present time is not confined to any
class of its inhabitants. President Thiers evi
dently feels uneasy and anxious. Large
bodies of troops are stationed in and around
the vicinity of Paris. Though the people have
no arms in their possession, still the govern
ment is manifestly apprehensive of something
which may give cause for disturbances. There
are at present close on one hundred aod fifty
thousand soldiers in and surrounding the city.
According to one of our Paris correspondents
extraordinary military measures are taken for
some purpose as yet undefined. On the night
of November 8 the approaches to the camp at
the Park of St. Cloud were strongly guarded ;
outpost pickets were stationed at the bridges,
and guards and sentinels doubled at all points.
What is the meaning of all these military de
monstrations? Does President Thiers fear a
rising of the people ? Such a oalnmity in the
present condition of affairs would have a most
disastrous effect on the country, and tend, we
fear, to paralyze, if not overthrow, the repub
lic. Marshal MacMahon is hi command of all
the forces now surrounding Paris, and the old
hero, true soldier as he is to bis country, is
nevertheless a strong imperialist at heart.
When we consider the present disturbed con
dition of the political atmosphere, the anxiety
pervading all classes, the discontent of the
workiug people, the effect of neglected work
shops and silent machinery, the intrigues of
parties and the massing of the military around
the city, a feeling of apprehension arises for the
future, and it is difficult, indeed, to think what
even a day may bring forth.
Tiie Whereabouts of Peter B. Sweeny.?
It ia customary, under tho new reform dispen
sation, to brand every person who has been
unfortunate enough to have been connected
with the Tammany city government, and who
happens to leave New York on business or
pleasure, as a fugitive thief. The political re
formers, indeed, appear to have so much to
occupy them in indiscriminate abuse of all
their political opponents that they could do
nothing to prevent the escape of the real
rogues. Ex-Park Commissioner Peter B.
Sweeny, who has been reported to have fled
from the city, telegraphs us from St. Catha
rine's, Canada West, stating that he is staying
there for a few weeks, that when he left New
York there was no imputation against
him, and that he is ready to auswer at any
time to any charges that may be made against
bis official integrity.
Tiie Soott-Bowen Fight at Columbia,
S. C., is to be waged to the bitter end. Since
the consideration of the report of the investi
gating committee Governor Scott has been
hunting up his friends, and has succeeded in
creating a counter sensation through the
agency of the colored member of the House
of Representatives from Georgetown, who
yesterday introduced "some spicy correspond
ence" to show that Bowen himself had been
the "daysman" between the financial agent in I
New York and the prosecution which the Gov
ernor recently inaugurated against him. It is
also stated that tho Governor has secured a
majority of sympathizers, who consider that
the statements in reference to the over-issue of
State bonds have been greatly exaggerated,
and that the movement against Scott is nothing
I more nor less than a malicious persecution.
I The Liberal Republicans of Missouri.?
The St. Louis Republican?organ of the
"passive democracy"?publishes the address
of the Liberal Republican State Committee,
signed, also, by five of the State officers?
including Governor Gratz Brown?throo of
the State Senators and twenty-one members of
the House and by other citizens of promi
nence. A State Convention is called, and
active preparations are to be made to carry out
the policy of the liberals inaugurated last year.
We refer to extracts from the address given in
another column. It is the first movement in
the direction of the Presidential campaign of
1872 yet developed, and hence possesses gene
ral interest and importance.
The Beautiful Snow and Accumulated
Ice on the roads and in the canals and rivers
are great drawbacks to travel and trade. Ac
cording to our telegraphic reports from all
parts of the country yesterday, published
elsewhere, several rivers have been entirely
closed by ice, trains were long overdue in con
sequence of tho snow, and it was generally be
lieved to be the coldest day of the present
season.
The Chief of the Reformers?Who is
he ? Who but the famous C. 0. Bowen,
charged with bigamy, and convicted In Wash
ington of bigamy and sentenced therefor, and
pardoned by the President. Ho has since
turned up the chief of the reformers in the
South Carolina Legislature, and Is moving
heaven and earth for the impeachment of
Governor Soott. Wonders will never cease.
Glad to Hear It?That our venerable
statesman, W. II. Seward, is not suffering
from ill health, as reported, but that yesterday,
when an inquiring Iriend at Auburn called at
his house, the answer was that "Mr. Soward,
sir, Is out on a sleigh ride." We wish him "a
merry Christmas and a hippy New Year."
A Hard Problem?The strike of tbe stone
cutters at Westerly, Rhode Island, yester
day, and how to settle the oeruiexUiea be
tween capital and labor.
('ongrru Yeitfrdty-Tie Amnemy Bill In
tlte Henate and (be International Bill
In the House.
The Senate spent the greater part of yester
day's session in debating a bill which should
be passed without a moment's discussion, and
which all the Senators who spoke soem in
favor of. We allude to the bill of general
amnesty, passed by the House at the last ses
sion, and ever since awaiting the action of the
Senate. There appears to be such unanimity
of opinion in the Senate in regard to the pro
priety and policy of passing the bill that it
looks simply absurd to take up time in dis
cussing it. But, then, the Senate has an in
curable tendency to talk; and, besides that,
Senator Sumner wants to tack on as an amend
ment his Civil Rights supplementary bill; and
Senator Morton wants to make it absolutely
certain .that the effect of the bill will not be to
give validity to the prior election of persons
now ineligible to hold office, the object being
to shut out Zebulon Vance, of North Carolina,
from a seat in the Senate. It has been agreed,
however, that the torrent of talk shall be
dammed up at four o'clock to-day, aud that
then the Senate will proceed to vote on the
bill and pending amendments.
There appears to be no end to the subjects
that the Senate is disposed to throw open to
the investigation of the Select Committee on
Retrenchment Senator Sumner trotted ont
again yesterday his own pet grievance in re
gard to the St Domingo job, and no objection
was made to its being inquired into to his
heart's content. Garret Davis, of Kentucky,
proposed, In a resolution rivalling in
verbosity one of bis own speeches,
to set that committee at work inves
tigating all the stale charges and insinuations
against President Grant in regard to his inter
est in Seneca stone quarries and contracts, his
nepotism, his acceptance of gifts and bestowal
of offices upon the givers, his absenteeism,
and that of heads of departments, for pur
poses of pleasure and politics, and his other
derelictions of duty. Mr. Morton, who ap
pears to be the President's chief spokesman
and champion in the Senate, avowed his will
ingness and anxiety to have the investigation
go on and all such slanders silenced ; but Mr.
Edmunds, of Vermont, who Oils the same
role in a secondary sense, interposed an objec
tion, which threw over the resolution for the
day.
A resolution was adopted, authorizing a sub
committee of the Committee oil Investigation
and Retrenchment to sit in this city and take
testimony here; and an important bill was
reported from the Committee on Finance
to reorganize the customs service, and to reg
ulate the disposition of fines, penalties and
forfeitures. Its provisions, which will doubt
less prove very interesting in the region of the
Custom House, will be found in our regular
report of the proceedings.
The House dewsted all its session yesterday
to discussion and action on Mr. Hoar's bill for
the appointment of a commission on tbe sub
ject of tbe wages and hours of labor, and the
division of profits between labor and capital
in the United States. The debate was opened
by Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, formerly a member
of the republican party, but now co-operating
with the democrats. He favored the general
idea of the proposed investigation, only that
be wanted it conducted by a joint committee
of the two houses, which would embrace rep
resentatives of all sections and of all Inter
ests, i?3tead of by a commission appointed
by the President, which, ho supposed, would
be selected from purely partisan or other in
appropriate considerations. Indeed, he went
so far as to figure out the personnel of the
Commission, and he presented a ludicrous
picture of it, with Borie, late of the Navy De
partment, at its head; Tom Murphy, late of
the New York Custom House, at Its tail, and
a Harvard or Yale philosopher sandwiched
between them, who would give bis attention
to the vermin?the bugs and the lizards that
might get mixed up in the question. Mr.
Biggs, the Representative of Little Delaware,
continued in the same line of argument, and
seems to have contributed largely to the
amusement of the House, if not to the
elucidation of the subject, by soma sly
and humorous hits at Massachusetts men
and manners. His picturo of the Commission
showed the White House besieged by
three or four hundred broken-winded
republican politicians, beseeching the
President for the appointment. The rhe
torical Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, brought
his grand powers of declamation into the dis
cussion, and supported tho idea of tho inves
tigation, no matter how made, in order to
show to the downtrodden sons of labor in
foreign climes the great attractions held out
to them by the free institutions and unbounded
resources of the United States. The debate
was closed by Mr. Hoar in an able and dig
nified presentation of the question in its
various aspects. He rather demolished
Mr. Campbell's proposition, by showing that
that would necessarily result in referring
tho matter to mere politicians, for
all Senators and members of Congress
belonged to that category, while the original
measure would admit of persons being se
, lected who belonged to no party organization,
but who would represent the Industrial in
terests of tbe country. He declared that the
President would not dare to let himself be gov
erned, in the selection of the commissioners,
by partisan or unworthy considerations; and
he replied to Mr. Biggs' criticism of Massa
chusetts by a taunt directed against the pillory
and whipping-post of Delaware, which insti
tutions Mr. Biggs described as tbe glory of
that little Commonwealth. Finally the debate
came to a close and tbe House to a vote on the
bill and pending amendmente. Several of the
latter were voted down aud several adopted,
including one offered by Mr. Killinger, of
Pennsylvania, limiting the term of the commis
sion to one year instead of two, and requiring
at least one of the commissioners to be prac
tically identified with the laboring interests of
the country. The bill, which is given in full
in our report, was passed by a very large ma
jority, only thirty-six members voting against
it, all of whom, except three, were democrats.
The bill has now to go to the Senate, where it
will probably undergo a prolonged debate, and
where it may have tho effect of again setting
Senators by the ears in the manner in which
they have been distinguishing themselves for
the last week or more.
Tho oDly other matters of interest that
earn.1 ui> in the House yesterday were a resolu
tion, offered by Mr. Upson, of Ohio, thai
postmasters, instead of being appointed by
the President, shall be eleoted by the people,
which was referred to the Committee on the
Reorganization of the Civil Service, and one
offered by Mr. Roberts, of this city, reprobat
ing the recent inhuman execution of the eight
students in Havana, which was referred to
the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
The session of the House to-day is to be de
voted exclusively to the reading and filing
away for publication in the Olobe of reams of
manuscript, purporting to be speeches of hon
orable members. There probably will not be
a dozen members In the House to derive in
struction from this gush of eloquent essays ;
but, then, will it not all be preservod in the
great mausoleum of the Congressional Olobe
and Appendix?
A Cabinet trials la 8puln?Admiral Mai
campo Ont of Office.
The Spanish Premier, Admiral Malcampo,
plaoed the resignation of his Cabinet in the
King's hands yesterday. Amadeus and the
people of Madrid are experiencing the sensa
tion of a ministerial crisis in consequence.
The young monarch has, no doubt, become ac
customed to this state of feeling, owing to the
frequency of its recurrence since the moment
of his acoession, and its having served every
now and then as a political caustic when ap
plied to the old, torpid and sloughing sore of
the ulcer of party in Madrid. The task of
forming a new ministry rested with Sefior Sa
gasta when our news telegram was forwarded.
Sefior Zorilla had also a chance of being
entrusted with the work of this official manipu
lation. The outside statesmen, experienced
and in embryo, did not appear very anxious to
rush for office, for we are assured that Sagasta
bad offered four portfolios to Zorilla and
his followers, who refused them. The
crisis continued last evening. In view of
the fact that the- latest or "newest" "depart
ure" in Spanish politics may have an import
ant bearing on the governmental relatious of
the United States towards Spain in her trans
marine possessions, we have appended to our
cable despatch from Madrid a special history of
Malcampo's Ministry and its first formation, a
report of his exposition of his policy and a
notice of the spirit of his rivals, accompanied
by a slight reference to his attitude towards
Cuba. The Spanish crisis may terminate in
the recall of Malcampo to power.
Twenty Million Dollars More.?The
Secretary of the Treasury gives notice that
in ninety days hence, or on and after March
20, 1872, he will redeem twenty million dol
lars more of the five-twenties of 18G2.
Progress at this rate will soon do away with
any need for Congressional interference to
help specie paymmts, for before the many
bills now cogitating are engrossed their ob
ject may have been achieved. At least one
thing is evident, 4hat Congress ought to let the
whole matter of specie payments alone, or the
convalescent patient may undergo a relapse.
The people are paying in the money at the rate
of a hundred millions a year in excess of ne
cessities, and Mr. Boutwell, seeing a sufficient
provision for the future, is beginning at last
to utilize the enormous balances lying idle in
the Treasury.
Tna Cboton Board Clerks.?The clerks in
the Croton Aqueduct Department complain that
they have received no pay since last August.
It is certainly hard to keep them out of the
money due for their services, especially when
Christmas and New Year are so near athaud.
What will they do for their turkeys and pud
dings, their Christmas trees and New Year's
calls, and how will the children's stockings
get filled, unless Comptroller Green comes to
the rescue ? The city will have to pay the
money due to its bona fide employes sooner or
later, and why not do it at once ? Let the
Comptroller prove the Santa Claus of these
poor clerks and make their Christmas a happy
one.
A Great Sensation in Tennessee and
Arkansas was yesterday occasioned by the
confirmation of a report that a mob of excited
negroes had taken possession of Lake City,
Chico county, Arkansas, after having lynched
three men who were confined there charged
with murdering the colored lawyer Wynne.
After shooting these men they put to flight
many respectable citizens, who left the place
for safety, not knowing but that the
colored mob might inaugurate a Commune of
their own pro tern., and despatch whoever else
happened to be opposed to their mode of pro
cedure.
Washington Market is now in all its
Christmas glory; but if there is a more dis
gracefully dilapidated maBS of old shanties
than this grouped together for a market in any
other city in the whole world we have yet to
hear of it. City reformers, how long is this
thing still to last? "How long, O Lord, how
long?"
A Sorry Christmas, we are afraid, this
will be to "the boys" accustomed to draw
their Christmas boxes from the abounding
supplies of "the Ring." But so goes the
world
Its smtles of Joy, Its tears of woe,
Ueeeittul shine, deceitful flow?
There's nothing truo but Heaven.
It is Stated in a Southern paper that the
ladies of New York will entertain their guests
on New Year's day with tea instead of wine.
New York dames have long been noted for
their fondness for tea, to say nothing of their
ability to tease.
How to Diminish Crime?The thorough
investigation into a series of deep-seated of
fences by Judge Gunning S. Bedford in Gen
eral Sessions, and Assistant District Attorney
Sullivan in Oyer and Terminer, this week,
under a new departure.
The Cotton Crop.?A letter from a cor
respondent in one of the best cotton growing
regions in South Carolina states that the cot
ton crop, having been housed, ginned and
packed, is found to be less than one-half the
yield of last year.
Another Flank Movement on Carl
Schcrz.?At "Fighting Joe Hooker's" battle
of the Wilderness, Stonewall Jackson, by an
unexpected flank movement, made short work
of the advanced covering column of General
Carl Schurz ; but the unexpected flank move
ment just made on him by General Grant, in
the matter of civil service reform, is quite us
decisive.
The Plana of Ihe Polirlenl Reformers^
Why Qoneat Men Are Denounced.
Those citizens who, like Charles O'Conor,
Samuel J. Tilden, Andrew H. Green, Ha'jry
G. Stebbins and others, led the recent crusade
against official corruption at the sacrifice of
political associations and personal friendships,
with the single, honest determination to Becure
a thorough reformation of the city govern
ment, must find it curious and instructive to
compare the articles now published in the New
York Custom House organ with those that ap
peared in the columns of the same journal be
fore election. When the votes of the people
had yet to be cast on the question of uphold
ing or uprooting the Tammany administration,
and while the little game of Conkling and
Murphy bad yet to be played, the demooratle
reformers who stood up unselfishly for honest
government against their own party were
lauded to the echo by their noisy republican
ally. No praise could be too lofty to lavisli
on those sturdy soldiers who were to bear the
brunt of the battle, and through whose fidelity
alone could victory be achieved. But, now
that the election is over and has resulted in
the return of a two-third majority of
the partisans of the Custom House to
the State Legislature, the question of
reform takes a very different aspect.
It is suddenly found that, after all, the whole
democratic party is undeserving of trust, and
that the reform professions of such confirmed
democrats as O'Oonor, Tilden, Stebbins and
their associates cannot be accepted as genu
ine. It is true that Charles O'Conor has been
and is the terror of the corruptionists and the
untiring enemy of official rascality; but the
Custom House organ assures us that he pre
fers the success of his party to any reforma
tion of the city government Everybody
knows that to the efforts of Henry G. Steb
bins, as Chairman of the Committee of Sev
enty, and to the shrewdness and diligence of
Samuel J. Tilden in unearthing the famous
dividend transactions at the Broadway Bank,
the people are indebted for the practical de
velopments of the whole gigantic system of
municipal fraud; yet the Custom House organ
snubs both these gentlemen, and declares that
they must not be permitted to have anything"
to say on the subject of remodelling the city
government. Indeed, the whole Committee of
Seventy is politely requested to stand aside,
in order that the full glory of the reform vic
tory may shine upon the blatant champion of
shoddy contracts and general orders. A tem
porary exception is made in the case of An
drew II. Greon, who is generously told that he
will be allowed a probationary term before,
being branded as a thief or an impostor; but
as Mr. Green holds the purse airings that may
or may not open to hitherto rejected claims
against the city treasury, this special indul
gence is readily explained. It will not be
long, however, before the Comptroller will be
found In the way of a certain class of "reform
ers," and we shall then find him subjected to
the same classical abuse that is now lavished
on Judge Bedford, Charles O'Conor ajjd
Messrs. Tilden and Stebbins.
The people of New York will not be kept
long in ignorance of the meaning of these
political assaulte upon the most prominent
men in the great reform movement. .The
explanation will come just as soon as the
State Legislature convenes. It will then be
found that our promised municipal reformation
is to be sacrificed to partisan objects. Instead
of such a government as the people have
demanded we shall have a return to the irre
sponsible and loose system of commissions, to
which we may justly attribute the greater
part of our official corruptions. The lobby is
already at work preparing the members elect
for the partisan work that is before them.
Such citizens as Charles O'Conor, Tilden
and Stebbins, who are familiar with the
wishes and wants of the people of New Yorl^,
must bo pushed aside in order that their sug
gestions may not interfere with the programme
prepared lor the majority. Every department
of the city government and every city official,
honest or dishonest, must be subjected to
abuse in order to excuse a general, sweeping
seizure of the spoils by the hungry politicians.
There are unraistakablo indications that the
present State Legislature will rival its pre
decessors in the magnitude and boldness of its
jobs, and we may expect to see such a carni
val of corruption at Albany this winter, under
the "reformed" bouses as will throw the gded
old times of Tburlow Weed and the more re
cent rule of the Tamuiany King Into the Bbade.
This is the meaning of the present attitude of
the Custom House organ towards the honest
reformers, and it is well to prepare the people
at once for a batch of the most outrageous jobs
at the State capital this winter that have ever
emanated from that hotbed of corruption, be
ginning with a rotten system of partisan com
missions for our city government and ending
with the revival of Jake Sharp's famous scheme
of a surface Broadway railroad.
Tiie Same Old Stort.?From the report
of the Board of Health, just out, we have the
pleasing information that the majority of the
streets in tho city have not been cleaned at
all within the last month, and that in some of
them where the Bweepers have shown them
selves tbey have not disturbed one-tenth part
of the loose dirt. What can we do? Hav
ing exhausted all other sources of relief, we
can only appeal to Judge Bedford's Graud
Jury.
Closed.?The Signal Service Bureau an
nounces that, navigation having closed on the
great lakes, tho display of cautionary signals
at the lake ports will be suspended during the '
winter. The Hudson River, our State canals
and the great lakes being all shut up, their
enormous traffic goes to the competing rail
roads till the first general spring thaw. Moral t
wo want more railroads between New York
city and the great lakes.
A Good Beginning tor a Russian Win
ter?Not the coming of tho Graud Duke, but
the fierce cold and heavy snows of this rough
December. The weather last week, for instance,
in Vermont, was the coldest they have had
there for thirty-two years; and while over the
Great Plains the temperature has gone dowa
to thirty degrees below zero, the snows on the
Plains and in the Rocky Mountains have been
tho heaviest known by tho oldest settlers so
early in the season. Even here, in New York,
where our wiutry climate is softened by the
air from the surrounding waters of the sea,
our averago temperature all through this

xml | txt