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ly protest against every newspaper assuming
to itself all possible human industries in addi tion to its own!" In response, we have only Berlously to say that speculations upon the |ournal of the future are very unprofitable in a paper which has not made up its mind to live vigorously up to the journal of the present. "With every successive step in progress the journal that would prosper must "live the pice." The annihilation of distance by steam and electricity is only its stepping stone to further advancement. There is scarcely a dis covery, scientific or mechanical, by land or sea, terrestrial or astronomical, which is not in the legitimate field where journalism must labor. By all the triumphs of civilization within the past cycle journalism has been directly benefited, not only in the mere matter of collecting information with certainty and rapidity, but in attaining a leadership of thought, which has eclipsed the expectations of its most sanguine prophets ol halt a century ago. Yet there is a space for usefulness be yond, which the Herald is proud to have first exploited?the field of action. The expedition to search in the heart of Africa for a hero of ?the peaceful way illustrates this, and its signal triumph?the great worldly test?places it beyond all contravention. It is not worth while discussing now what are the bounds of this field. It would serve no useful purpose, and the Herald cannot waste time or space on the unserviceable. Our business is with the living present ; the speculation we leave to tho Idle probability-man of journals who cannot "live the pace,'' assured that they will always bo where they are, among the "ruck." In the meanwhilo the brilliant achievement, Which will give lustre to the name of American Journalistic enterprise, is before a world not filow to judge of merit and activity. There we can leave it. The great explorer, Livingstone, we trust, is on his way to civilization, guarded by the Herald expedition under the command of tho brave gentleman who boars our flag. Their united stories will make a glittering chapter of life, when told, which will reward tho public nud ourselves for our common anxiety. It only remains to say that wherever an opportu nity is offered for honorable work of the kind tho Herald will bo found among its pioneers. Tho War in Mexico. The news furnished by tho Herald special despatches, which we publish in another column, indicates that the revolt against Juarez is gradually losing its importance. In so lar as it aimed to overthrow the present government it has proved a failure, in spite of the prominence and influence of the leaders who inaugurated it. The Mexi can people are thoroughly tired of the struggles of selfish chiefs for tho possession of power, and tlicir attitude in tho present insurrection proves that they are fully sensible of the advantages of a stroug and solid government, whatever its defects. The army also has displayed a discipline and loyalty to the government which is only too rare in the Mexican revolutions ; but unfor tunately the unquiet element that has been dev.! pe l by the constantly recurring civil ?wars furnishes abundant recruits to ambitious leaders. However, the energy displayed by the governmental generals gives reason to hope that the partisans of Diaz and Trevino will be completely crushed, and peace tempo rarily restored to unhappy Mexico. The attempt to capture Matamoros was a bold stroke, which, had it succeeded, would have enabled the revolutionists to carry on the war vigorously, by enabling them to replen ish their exhausted exchequer and obtain sup plies of arms and ammunition. Their hasty retreat from before the town cannot fail to j have a demoralizing effect on their troops, i The resolution of General Cevallos to follow 1 up his advantage will probably force Trevino's army to disband or expose iteell' to annihilation. If the report of the occupation of Monterey by the government forces be true tho position of Treviilo is truly critical, as he cannot possibly find subsistence for a considerable body of troops in the barren region lying between the Monterey and the Rio Grande. We hope the Mexican commander will press his advantage and act with vigor and severity. It is time that both the Mexican leaders ami their law less followers should be taught that the penalty of revolt is death. There arc instances where mercy is a false hu manity, tending to encourage the restless and ambitious in their efforts to subvert estab lished government. Wero Mexican rebels j fully impressed with tho fact that tho death penalty would be rigorously carried out in all cases of unsuccessful armed insurrec tion we would be less troubled by the ever-recurring pronunciamentos of our quarrelsome neighbors. In order to avoitl destruction by the sword or by famine Trevifio's troops will be obliged to divide into small bands and carry on a guerilla warfare, and the danger to our citizens along the bor der will be greatly increased. The duty of the War Department under these circumstances is clear. Sufficient troops should be placed along the border to protect our territory from invasion and to inflict summary punishment on marauders. Apparent Collapse or the Carlibt Insttb bection. ?All the indications of the moment, so far as wo know them, encourage the belief that the Carlist attempt to revolutionize Spain has resulted in utter failure. The priests, as was to be expected, did their best to invest tho Uprising with a religious character ; but, pow erful as are the clergy in Spain, they have not been able to make capital out of Don Carlos. Rada, the Carlist leader, has, it is said, with his command fled into France. With the flight of Rada it is reasonable to conclude that the back bone of tho insurrection is broken. Another Carlist rising is little likely to disturb the peace of Amadcus. Personal Intelligence. Charles E. K. Kortrlght, British Consul at Phila delphia, Is at the Brevoort House. Ex-Governor Theodore F. Randolph, of New Jer sey, is stopping at the New York Hotel. Colonel Gowan, of London, has arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The Countess de Dion, of France, yesterday too* apartments at the HolTman House. Hcndrlck B. Wright, of Pennsylvania, is at the New York Hotel. This gentleman is a lawyer who has given much study to economic questions, and published a book on tho labor question. Speaker James G. BUiuc yesterday reached the Fifth Avenue Hotel, on the leave of absence that was granted biin on Thursday. He will return to his work on Monday, und, in the meantime, Mr. Dawes UIls his place. M E X I C Herald Special Despatches from the Seat of War. .? TIE SIEGE OF MATAMOROS RAISED. ? Trevino'H Army in Full Retreat. Matamoros, j 3, 1872. j Pursuit by the Government Forces. A BATTLE IMMINENT. Recapture of the City of Monterey by the Government Forces. TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. The following despatches* have been received from the special correspondent of the Herald at Matamoros:? Via Brownsville, May 3 The revolutionary General Trovcfio has raised the siege and is in full retreat. Tho timely arrival of reinforcements for the garri son had a most discouraging effect on the rebel forces. All hope of carrying tho city by a coup dc main being frustrated by tho energetic action of General Cevallos and the patriotic enthusiasm of the national forces, dissensions broko out among the leaders, which rendered further concerted action impossible. Under these circumstances General Trevino resolvod to withdraw his forces wiihout hazarding an attack. Accord ing to the latest account ho is slowly retiring in tho direction of Camargo, from which point he can observe the city. Genend Cevallos, with a view to 'disquieting Trevino's retreat, has despatched a considera ble force to watch the movements of the revo lutionists. The Juarist commander has orders to attack if a favoniblo opportunity presents itself. The Mexican authorities notified the refugees at Brownsville ot the withdrawal of tho revolutionists from before Matamoros. All danger of attack being at an end, the inhabitants who sought refuge in Brownsville can return and resume their occupations. Many are already returning to their homes. Travellers just arrived from Monterey re port that there are no considerable forces any where on the road. Latest reports state that a battlo between the retreating revolutionists and the pursuing forces is imminent Ma.tamor.vs, May 3, 1872. j Later information has just been received by the Mexican authorities of the recapture of the important city of Monterey, by Gauchek Ochoa. at the head of 500 cavalry?the ad vance guard of the government army, borne doubts are felt as to the truth of the report. A forward movement is announced by Gen eral Cevallos. He will leave with all his dis posable forces to-morrow, and will direct hi march on Monterey. Defeat of the Revolutionists In Kuevo I.oon?Tre vino's Movements?Arrest of the Mexican General Falcon In Texas. Matamoros, May 2, 1872. The revolutionary army changed its base last uiglit, having abandoned Its camp on the river, six miles aDove, and swung nrounu into the Hun Fer nando road, behind and about fifteen miles distant from this city. It is supposed that tills movement has been made to head oil" (ieuerai Cevallos with a government force, wi*o is said to be approaching from that direction. The country now occupied by the revolutionists affords the chief source of supplies heretofore reaching this city from the Mexican side, and is the richest part of the Ftatc of Tamauilpas in cattle and horses, of which the revo lutionists are said to tie greatly in need. From their present position they could advance toward Victoria, the capital or the State of Tiimplco, and at the same time keep up a practical siege of '.his city and cut off com munication v.ith the interior at any moment. The object of General Trevlflo In changing his base is purely conjectural, but it does not indicate an im mediate attack on the city. General Caballos received scouts to-day inform ing him thut General Ochas had entered Monterey with aoo government cavalry and holds the place. Trevlfio's revolutionary army is known to be in full retreat towards camargo, having passed Keynosa tills morning, sixty miles above. This back ward movement Is doubtless owing to the occupation of Monterey by the government forces. Colonel Valedez, with seven hun dred men, had defeated the revolutionary general Falcon, in the Htate of Nuevo Leon, on the 27th ult., with considerable loss on both sides. Valedez having been severely wounded, went to Laredo, Texas, where he was arrested for having previously violated the neutrality laws In organizing his expedition near that place some weeks since. He will lie sent to San Antonio for trial. Generals Caballos, Trevallo and I'allecio, with the entire force, are leaving in pur suit of Treviuo'a retreating army. The city will be left under the protection of the National Guard under General Ayalla. CUBA. | TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. ! n AT AN A, May 3, 1872. I Letters and reports received from Fuerto ITIn I clpc state that persons presenting themselves to the Spanish authorities for submission to tho gov ernment, who have lately come in from the juris diction of the rebels, deny that the insurgent' General Eduardo Agramontc is dead. INDIA. ih Atonement to the Aahee of Dead Rebels. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. Calcutta, May.% 1872. ,uty inspectors Cowan and Forsyth have been vol from ofilce because they executed Kookah s after receiving orders to the contrary. SPAIN. 7rnr!i!! 'jmrln from the Scene of Insnrrretion und Statements of Serious Move meats Against Amadous. Don Carlos Said To Be in the Field in Respeotable Force. Alleged Defection of Royalist Regiments?Forti fying for Insurgent Defence?Castelar's Plan of Secession from Parliament?Counter Statements of the Crown Party. TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. Paws, May 3, 1872. Advices have been received hero from Spain which contradict most positively the despatches sent from Madrid in regard to the Carlist Insur rection. VUnion announces, on what It terms official authority, that Don Carlos Is In Spain at the head of his "volunteers," and Don Alphonso, his brother, is with him. The proclamation signed by liiiu which was circulating in Madrid was genuine. There Is deep uneasiness In Madrid. The fidelity ol the Ring's troops, even in the Spanish capital, ts doubted, and the precaution Is taken to keep some regiments in their barracks. The CarllstH meanwhile hold the field In respect able force, and are able to disconcert the govern ment troops. A special despatch to U' 7Vm?)s reports that the railway between Cordova and Madrid has been cut at the Despregnaperros defile In the Sierra Moroila by republican Insurgents, who are fortifying that important position; and it was rumored that two companies of infantry had joined them. CITY CONSPIRACY AGAINST TUB CROWN. A conspiracy against the government has been discovered at l.inares, a town of Andalusia, on the Madrid and Cordova Railroad. CARLIST ACTION IIY FIKK. The Carlists in Biscay have burned the rnilway bridge at Areta, near ltllbuo. PARTY SECESSION IN THE PARLIAMENT. Sefior Oastelnr, the eminent republican, writes to Iai Ram*! that the republican Deputies in the Cortes will resign in a few days. Marsliul Serrano's Mareh?KITorl* of the lloyaltntH. Madrid, May :i, 1872. Marshal Serrano was yesterday at Huerta do Letona and Yzurun, in the Sierra de Arator, on the northern boundary of Navarre. A despatch from Bayonne to Paris confirms the report that the carlist leader ltada, with his com mand, has lied into I-'rance, having been closely pursued by the Spanish government forces. The French troops stationed on the Spanish fron tier disarm and Intern all Carlists who escape into the territory of tho republic. THE CITIZENS OK BARCELONA DISARMED. The Spanish government has called upon the In habitants of Barcelona to deliver up all the arms they have In their possession. Clerical Exertion for the Cause of the Church. London, May 3, 1872. Advices received in this city by mail from Spain state that the priests are endeavoring to make the Insurrection In that country a religious war. THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON. British Crown Treatment of Canada?Probable Absolution of the Dominion from Allegiance. TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALD. London, May 3,1872. The London Times of this morning, in discussing the attitude of Canada with regard to the Treaty of Washington, somewhat censures the conduct of the home government in its treatment of the Dominion, and hints that it might be beneficial to the world ir Kngland were "to absolve Canada from her allegiance to the mother country." FRANCE. Flow of Specie to the Bank. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. Paris, Mny 3,1872. The specie in the Dank of France has increased 8,400,000 francs during the past week. BAZAINE AND THIERS. A French Marshal Anxious for a Court Martial Trial. TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YOpK HERALO. Paris, May 3, 1872. Marshal Bazalne lots written to President Thiers demanding ft trial by court martial on the accusa tions of tlie Commission on Capitulations. It is said that fSeneral WiraplTen has also asked for a similar opportunity to vindicate himself. The court martial in the case of Marshal Bazalne will probably be composed of Marshal Valllant and Oonerals Trchouard, Klgault de GcnouUly, Chonzy and Aurelles de Palladines. ^ GERMANY. _ ?? ?+- * Fortress Fortification for Defence in War. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. Berlin, May 3, 1872. Seven new forts arc to be built for the defence of Kocnlgsbcrg. RUSSIA. . ? French Report of Prince Gortschakoff's Resigna tion of Office. TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALO. London, May 3, 1872. The Memorial Dipl'naaiir/ur says the Czar has cceptert ('.ortschakoirs resignation, und that "alumieff will succeed to the oillce of Chancellor of he Empire for Foreign Affairs. THE UNITED STATES FLAG. The American Squadron at Toulon. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD. Paris, May 3,1S72. The American squadron Is at Toulon. EUROPEAN MARKETS. London Monkt Markft.-Lonoon, May 3?5 P. SC.?Con mU cloned at lor money andtfl'i for t I'nlted States flve-twenty bonds, 18?"*, MO1,, 18?s, old, M.?Rentes elosed at ^Livkrpool Cotton Markkt?Lirsnrooi., May 3?2:30 IV M?The market elosed quiet and unchanged. Thesales of the day have been 10,000 bales, Including t urn lor cx port and speculation. The sales of the week have been 63,000 bales, ol whirl. 9,000 were b'ken lor export and s^ll on speculation. The stock in port Is 8*4.oon bales, lm lull ing .i4.t,ilU American. The receipts ot the week have been 1 IS.oisi bales, including 570*10 Atneriean. Actual export, 10,MM hales. The stock afloat la 487,000 hales, of which 171,000 are American. ? Traps at MANcmtsTan.? LirKRfoot, May 3 ?The mar ket for yarns ard fabric* al Manchester Is quiet. Lirxapooi. HiiKAPsTurr* Markkt.? Livrarooi- May :v 2 p v ?The breadstuffs market Is quiet. W heat, lis. *1. a 11. 1,1 percental lor red Western spring. Flour. 27 s. a 28*. per bill, lor Western canal. The receipts of wheat for the past three days have been 12,000 quarters, Including 6,000 A Livitiirooi. Faonucr. Mar?kt.?Livxiipool, May 3?2 P. M.?Tallow tli. Id. per c*L ENGLAND. The Frerogativr of (lie Crown Maintained by Pcual Lrginlation. Cabinet Action Against Home Rnlo in Ireland - Irish Retaliation on tho British System in the Green Isle-Exciting Debate, but the People Defeated?Premier Gladstone's Definition of the Principle of 8tate Col lision in America. TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALO. London, May 3, 1972. Tlio debate in the House of Commous last night on the bill to repeal the Unlawful Assemblies Act w as protracted to a late hour and was a very ex citing one. The motion was for the second reading of the bill. Several Irish members took occasion to make speeches in defence of "hom rule."o What they wanted was to have the laws of Irelaud assimilated witli those of England. The Marquis of ilartington, Secretary for Iro land, opposed and denounced "home rule" as synonymous with Fbnianlsin. Ho explained the present luw, showing thut it in effect prohibited the assembling of an Irish Parliament. Mr. Isaac Butt, member for Limerick, declared himself a "home ruler;" but indignantly denied that he was a Fenian, as Intimated by the Marquis of Ilartington, of whom he demanded a retraction. He protested against such expressions coining from a Minister, who received his information of tho country he sought to rule over through detectives and spies, the real ruling powers in Ireland. If It was true that Home Itulers were Fenians, It spoke well for home rule, which hud been aide to win back to peace men driven into rebellion by shame less legislation. Until Irishmen obtain tho right to manage Irish affairs in an Irish Parlia ment, peace, content and prosperity were ini|>ossihle. Uo warned the Commons that if the act was not repealed, Ire laud would endanger the safety of tho empire, lie wanted for Ireland a local government like that of an American State, and for tho hlngdom a na tional Legislature similar to tho American Con gress. Mr. Gladstone said the latter scheme was im practicable. Even American statesmen were di vided in opinion as to its wisdom. The recent civil war in the United States grew out of tho collisions the system Involved. He vindicated home rule. If It converted Fenians so much tho better; but ho could not but oppose the bill before the House. The motion for a second reading was then re jected by a vote of 27 to 145. CABLE TELEGRAMS TARIFF. In the House of Commons to-night Lord Lennox, member for Chichester, gave notico that he would make a motion for the appointment ofa select com mittee to inquire into tee practicability of reducing the existing rates for telegrams to India, the colo- I nles and the United States; and of purchasing the j existing cables. AMERICAN SCIENCE AND SOCIAL ItEFORM. Dr. Parish, of Philadelphia, was examined to-day on the treatment of drunkards, before u select com mittee of the House of Commons. CAUTMKN COKCI LI ATE I). The strike of the Liverpool cart men Is ended; the masters conceded the demands of their men. DEATII. George Hughes, brother of Tom Hughes, died to day. THE COTTON SUPPLY. Three thousand three hundred and thirty-three hales or American cotton were landed at Liverpool to-day. RACING IN ENGLAND. I ?+ ? First Spring Meeting at Newmarket?Count de la Grange's Bay Filly Reine Wins the One Thousand Guineas Stakes?Derelict Second and Highland Fling Third. -TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. London, May 3, 1972. The second great event, of the Newmarket spring meeting came off to-day, being the race for the One i Thousand Guineas Stakes, a subscription of loosov reigns each, half forfeit, for three-year-old fillies carrying 122 pounds, the owner of the second filly to receive 200 sovrcigns out of the stakes, and the third to savc^iis stake. There were sixty suhscri- I hers, and eleven started. The race was won by count F. do Lagrange's hay I filly Heine, by Monarquc, dam Fille de i'Air (bred in France). Sir Joseph Ilawley's brown filly Derelict, by Tim YVhlffler, dam Vaga, was second, and Mr. Merry's hay (Illy Highland Fling, by Scottish Chief, dam Masquerade, third. The One Thousand Guinea Stakes or 100 sovs. each, half forfeit, for three-year-old (lilies, 122 low. each; the owner of the second to receive 200 sovs outpt the stake, and the third to save his stake; the Ditch Mile (seven furlongs and 210 yards)' closed with sixty subscribers? value of stakes. Count F. de Lagrange's b. f. Kelnft, by Monarquc, dam Mile de PAIr 1 Sir Joseph Hawley's br. f. Derelict, by Tint WliiV tier, dam Vaga Mr. Merry's b. f. Highland Fling, hy Scottish" Chief, dam Masquerade 3 SWEEP OF A CYCLONE. Range of 11 Devastating Storm from the Base of Vesuvius to the City of Madras. What Was Spared by the Volcano Made Deso late by a Hurricane?Fatal Disaster in Ma dras and Fatalities Off the Harbor Wind and Wave Against Man's Handiwork. TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. The City of MadriiH Swept by a Terrific Cyclone?Loss of Life, Nhi|i?vreek unil Damage to Public Wnrki. Bombay May 3, I Via London, May 3, 1972. j Intelligence has just reached here that the city of Madras and vicinity was visited by a terrific cyclone on Wednesday last, which caused a serious loss of life. A number of vessels at anchor in the roadstead, which were unable to put to sea, owing to the sud den npproach of the cyclone, were wrecked, and most of their crews perished. The immense pier leading far out Into the water was breached and the city and suburbs were greatly damaged. Natles, May 3, 1972. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius has entirely ceased, and the inhabitants of the villages which were threatened with destruction by the running lava have returned to their homes. Additional troubles, however, iiavc fallen upon them. A hurricane of terrible violence has Rwcpt over the devastated country, greatly damaging the villages and remaining crops. uEouiuriircAL bearings. The crater of Vesuvius Is placed in latitude 40 49 north, longitude 14 26 east. Madras city Is mapped by the geographers thus:? "Latitude of ohsorvatory, 1341 north; longitude, 80 14 cast." PERSIA. Project of a Royal Visit to Enropa. TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO. London, May 3,1972. It is announced that the Shah of Persia will soon visit Europe. WASHINGTON. THE ALABAMA TREATY. The President to Stand By Oar Original "Case" Kii^Iiiiid'M lloply UiiHat iHiUotory. A CONFERENCE WITH CONGRESS. Reverdy Johnson Picked to Pieces. THE TARIFF WAR IN CONGRESS Washington, May 3, 1H72. Important Derision of the Cabinet on- thv Alabama Clulina?The English Reply CnaatI.factory?Our "Cai.e" To B? Ad hered To. At the Cabinet meeting to-day tUo most Impor tant action which has yet been taken in regard to our diitlcultics with England touching the arbi tration at Ooneva was decided on. A reply has been received from the English government In reference to the negative principle of international law which Mr. Hah hail brought himself to be will ing to accept as the condition of our retreat. The answer is so exceedingly unsatisfactory to this government that it is prbbablo there will be no backdown after all, und the position assumed by the President in the beginning?namely, that tlio question of consequential damages is one for the Geneva Tribunal to settle?will be insisted upon. The administration Is frightened at the attitude of the people on the intended accommodation, and, now tlint Great Britain has virtually rejected our overtures, will not retreat further. The best evi dence that the new, or, rather, tlie old, policy will be adhered to Is the fact that the President no longer relies on the Judgment or Mr. Fish, but has determined to consult with the mem bers of the Foreign Aifatrs committees of Con gress before announcing definitely or pursuing any lino of policy. Some or the gentlemen composing these committees have been Invited to meet at the State Department at ten o'clock to morrow, to consider the situation and advise with the government in the proporcourse to be pursued. The reply received to-day was iu answer to Fish's despatch to General Schenck of last Saturday, upon which such st rong hopes of an amicable settlement were founded. In this answer the American Min ister informs the State Department that Eng land has agreed to accept the Intimation of this government that a proposition from her would be accepted on the basis so often indicated in these despatches. This intima tion, it will be remembered, was that wc were wil ling to withdraw our demand for compensation for consequential damages 011 the ground, if Great Britain would agree In all cases for the future where wo might be the aggressors, to make no complaints or claims against the United States for any Indirect, remote or consequential injuries or losses resulting from a failure to observe our neu tral duties. The United States, by accepting the suggestion, would gain an important concession. This point, it was believed, had been gained on the receipt of the answer from General Schenck. Fol lowing it came the text of the English proposition, but the latter turns out to be of such a character that, In its present shape, it cannot bo accepted. It. turns out also that England does not under stand our position, but assumes that if was a clear anil complete withdrawal of onr pretensions und the virtual abandonment of the position we as sumed, without any guarantee that we were to receive anything in return for such ignominious action on our part. The result Is the course taken by thff Cabinet to-day. It has been decided, In view of the present situation of the question, to submit the whole correspondence to the members of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Itcla tions, for their opinion and guidance. General Banks, in the interview he bad with Mr. Fish, at the instance of the House of Representa tives, was misled in regard to the Intentions and purposes of the Department, and as he and the others, who are now Invited to the Department, were entirely averse to concession or retreat, there can be little doubt as to the advice which the ad ministration will receive from them. Criticisms on the Reverdy Johnson Con sequential Damage I.etter. The statement of Reverdy Johnson In his letter to John A. Peters on the subject of consequential damages, that his first intimation that, the United States had any such claim, or any claim on their ' own account, was Intlinat' d to him In a speech dc- I livered by Senator Sumner in the Senate on the Uith of April. 18H9, when the Johnson-Clarendon Treaty ? I was under consideration, and that until that speech of Mr. Sumner, the idea of consequential | damages had not occurred to any one, has occa sioned a good deal of continent among friends of the administration. The letter as published In the Hek.vi.d to-dav lias been generally read, and the statement of Mr. Johnson severely commented upon, as his own record Is against him. The exec utive document printed iu ihto in the claims of the United States against Great Britain contains all of the correspondence of lteverdy Johnson with the State Department on the Johnson-Clarendon Treaty. On the 25th March, lsiio, Mr. Johnson addressed a letter to Earl Clarendon, in which he says that the convention negotiated between them is In danger of being rejected, as it Includes only claims of Individuals. He then says:? My government believe, as I am now advised, that It luis a claim of its own upon Her Majesty's government, because of the consequences resulting from a premature recognition of the Confederates during our late war, and from the fitting out of the Alabama and other similar vessels in Her Majesty's ports, and from their permitted entrance Into other ports to tie r? - tit ted ami provisioned during their piratical cruise. The existence of sueh a claim makes it as necessary that its ascertainment and adjustment shall be provided for as the Individual claims growing out of the same circumstances.'' Thereupon he proposed that they sign a supplemental convention, so that all these claims should be included in the first article of the original convention by Insert ing the governmental claims. The proposition was the shbject of correspondence for several weeks. On the 10th of April Mr. Johnson sent a teW egram to Secretary Fish stating that he thought he could get this change In the convention. On the 12th of April, the day before the treaty was rejected, Mr. Fish replied as follows:? "As the treaty is now before the Senate, no change Is deemed advisable." Whatever merit might have been attributed to Mr. Johnson's letter to Mr. Peters, it Is now conceded is counteracted by positive assertions on his part, which are wholly disproved by the correspondence referred to. Curiosities of Tariff Debate In the House?The legislative Appropriations. One of the phenomena of American politics was Illustrated to-day In the House of Representatives while Mr. S.. S. Cox was making an earnest and logical speech on the tariff. With all the fervor of j his early days in such debutes, ho uttorod his froo , trad* prt nc,P,P8. While Mr. Greeley, whom h - feated fort, "nKrerts 1,1 Sixth .Vow Vork District, on that issue, wa* bclD?f n?minat.'.i at Cincinnati Iltri speech >wa* evidently studied careruliy It WM full Ot Azures .,r arithmetic, and only In conclusw '",l '?? use figures of speech. Ho sv nouncei1 hu method of arriving at the ainotinf "bounties,'? as tie |ia,f in previous years, and *V >W(!'I that more than $500,000,000 per year liu<l iwfi.'1 I,a''' since n?i '?oiiritles to the favored, wltfclV .'"of never seen tlm Treasury. He answered the '?p,iovHfr laiutr" fallacy by tabular statementat showfag i'ua%" the hours of tuiior in Great liritaiii were loss iluto iii the United states, and that more of comfort and the M>'es uartes for a Ijtmring rmn could he iHin.'ha.xVd in ? ?rcat Britain, especially on the ClyiJe, and m skilled labor, than in the (Liticd Stales by the saitie hours of labor. This was tits salient point of bls^ speech. Mr. bat7es and mtlters who followed failed to answer it. They relief ou the "ostensible" wages; Mr Cox rsUcd on the factwthat rent, boots, woe hen suits, alpaca, spools of thread, Are., could bo p'Avcltased with less hours of labor in Great Britain tlmo here. In con clusion, he uiadc a "budget," and w>>uud up wit.li is classical free trade "hurrah," very nsseli In dlacoriJ with the Clneinnnt.l Convention. Mr. Dawes closed tho debate on the- bin at three o'clock, after having spoken two hours and a half. He reviewed the financial condition of She country since anil during the war, and claimed for the ad ministration of the finances during the last three years the gratitude of the nation. He hnst uo theo ries or aphorisms to present,*'and against those of gentlemen who had been long and loud in their walls and cries of reform, 1m presented facts, one of which was that the country hud enjoyed two years of unexampled prosperity, increasing in wealth and stability, and presenting tho spectacle, unknown In the history of mittms, of a country coming out of a great war, crlppiSd in researcea and burdened with debt, actually raising tmney enough to pay the expenses of the government) and $100,000,000 or the digit, and a* the same time growing and developing its great resources. He favored the equalisation of taxation between manufactured articles and the raw material, and recited a schedule of prices giving the relative wages paid m England and this country for labor, both skilled and uu skllled. After the close of Mr. Dawes' speech the commit tee rose, and Mr. Garfield presented the report <>t the conference committee 011 tho Legislative Ap propriation bill. The Senate amendment to whtel* the House objected, In regard to informers to b? employed by the Secretary of the Treasury, having been modified, was still objectionable to the Pennsylvania members, who. without distinction of party, voted against If. It is said that some of the railroads do not want their Income tax account looked Into, as this amendment would require.. Mr. Garfield moved the previous question, but the oppo sltlon succeeded In forcing an adjournment; and will probably kill the amendment. Kvcry Lady Knew (lie Fnot (bat IIIALliys IIAIIC. INVlOOUATtlR would preserve the rolor ?in<t hixiiruincfMit tho liuir throuvli illc, a Ii'iihIpmI I'ii'v iTI'.'o, V-!j" ?"'ely supply the demand. Vet tho 1 , I'llUlAlolt does oven inure Until tills?adding to the volume 01 the hair, when it Is delirium, and greatly Irv creasing Its lustre. Sold by all druggists. A.-E?priiHhild'? Spring Fashion <>( gentlemen's Mats. Tlie.v are pronoun I the most Inoiuti I "''.'yetortcre.l to the public, combining lightness with durability and taste, at lis Nassau street. A?-First of May, ( lrarthe Way I" for the KNOX Spring Style oi Ccntlenicii s HATS. Alter van LasVI'v"",v,,d and got settled your llrst dulv Isto call al k nox h, '.'12 Broadway, and select your new" hat. A?The Wheat Field of America. IIEALTIIl'UL CLI.M ATI')?I' REE HOMESTEADS?CON VKNIKNT MAKKETS. The Northern Pacific itailroad offers for sale 3.0W.IMM1 acres oi Lund In Central and Western Minnesota, em bracing:?1. Some oi the most productive wheat lands in America: 2. Excellent timber lor the mill, the nirin mid the tire; .!. ltieh prairie pasturage and natural meadow Willi clear lakes and running streams, In a healthful ell mate, where fever and ague is unknown, drain can h? shipped from Ibis section In the Atlantie cities as cheaply as irom Eastern Iowa or Central Illinois. Cars are run ning through these lands from LakeiSupertor to Dakota 25d miles. Price ol'hind close to track, $4 I.. per acre ? Inrther away, $4*1 will pay tor u bin acre farm Seven years' credit: warrantee deeds; Northern Pacific 7.in railroad bonds received in payment lor land, at $1 lit No Other unoccupied lands present such advantage* to settlers. Soldiers under the new luw (M ireh, 1H72) get ill) aeres tree, near the railroad, by one aiul two wars' residence I ronsportation at reduced rales furnished from all principal points East hi purchasers ol ruilioad lands and to settlers on government homesteads. Purchasers wilt have lure over the Northern Pacific Railroad deducted Now Is the time tor settlers ami colonies to get land chisn to the road. Pamphlets eotitnining map and description of lands mid copy hi the new lloinesteuil law are sent free, and lull iniorinntlon tuiniahed to all. Address hy letter or amdv in person to the * LAND DEPARTMENT, NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD, St. Paul, Minn., or 120 Broadway, .New Vork. A.?Herald Brunch Office, IIrookly 11, corner of Pulton avenue and Hocrum street Open from s A. M. to S P. M. A Wise Ulan, Timely Warned of Danger, will use every means In his power to avert it; only tint ? Ignorant. oImiIiiuUi and foolish will neglect biking ueces snry precaution. Nations have been decimated liy small. Pox, Imt science, by the discovery of vaccination, has neu tralized the virus ol this once dreaded scourge. Thou sands or our ancestors have been poisoned by drinking water beer and sodu drawn through leaden pipes, and from this cause numbers suffer acutely to this day not realizing the cause ot their malady Eminent physicians from time to time have denounced lead pipes us a prolific eause 01 disease and death. .Shall we not heed tnelr warning * We do trust them implicitly to euro us of dis ease. Why riot also submit to their guidance for preven tion t American genius lias perfected a TIN-LINED LEAD PIPE, through which water Hows as pure as if drawn through silver Let us adopt this important hygi enic Improvement by introducing it into evcrv dwelling Sold by Hie COLW EELS, SHAW ,y WfLLAKD MANtf". PACTI KINH (ID., 21:1 Centre street, New York. I'rlee 15c. a pound for all sizes. Circular and sample of pip? sent by mall tree. Also maniilacturers of Lead Pipe Sheet Lead, Block Tin Pipe, Solder, Ac. Orders tilled a( sight. A?Gents' Milk Dress lluts, Neven Dollars. . WARNOCK A 111. MS Broadway. A.?Herri ng'a Patent CHAMPION SAFES. '.51 and 252 Broadway, corner Murray street A.?Pint and Passion Win in Fashion. DDI DAN'S SPKINO HAT wins hosts of admirers. 11)2 Nassau street, corner of Ann. A.?The Governor's Veto Will Not Pre-. vent the public wearing THE PERFECT KIT SHIRT combining clegunee, economy and durability. PHKLa.N, shirtinaker. ti!).s Broadway. lllessed Invention I" exclaimed it lad.v, alter having 1H teeth extracted with the gas, at the Colloll Dental Rooms, 12 Cooper Institute. A?Ladles, Do N'ot Fall to Meeure Some of those goods which NICOL, DAVIDSON .1 CO., Kllii Broad way, are sidling at one-third Jess than regular prices such lis Ivory.handled Table Knives at $G per dozen Plated I Forks-ami Spoons al ?fi |.or ilo/en. Plates at it per dozen, and China Plates at per dozen. Hatehelor's Hair Dye?The Best In tha. world; the only perfect dye; harmless, reliable iusian. tuncou*. At all druggists. Corns, linn Ions, Enlarged .Joints, all square* 1,10 ,oct' cuml by Dr. ZACHARIK, 27 Uniuo. Den lie's French Hangn anil Broiler*. BR AM HALL, DEANK A CO., removed hi 2'Ju Water st. "Dolly Vsrilen" Slippers?91 .TO per Pair. At i'aN'THELL'S, 241 Fourth avenue. D.V,,r" ^pvlnn Style of Gentlemen's. HALS. Salesroom 2911' , Broadway, near limine street. Horuee Greeley is the Man for President without regard to party, race or color Immense ..$e .1 Hats lor men and boys, wholesale and ret sal: 5 >.l Broad, way. Havana Lottery .?Prises Cashed and information given. JOSEPH BATES. Broker, 120 Broadway, room (. It. Is Altogether W rang to Trifle With A bad cough or cold, when tin- risk is ?o great and a remedy so sure, prompt ami thorough as Dr. JAVNK'S kXPr.e torant can be readily touml. Its Value Is Inenleiilable. For all diseases with which children nr" a filleted during the process of testing, Mrs. WENNLOW'N SDiDllINU SYRCP is u safe and certain remedy. Royal Havana Lottery?Prices Re duced .1 R. MARTINEZ A CO., Bankers, IU \\ all -trust. Post office box 4.I1H5 New York. The National iKIgliv WsUh Company. Pysx.syr.v4sM BAir.HOiU 1 oseisy, Di.su;u Scrmis , tksiiknt's OrrmK, Ai. .s>osa, J Miliary I'.), I.sjo, > Daaa Sirs?This eoinpany has i>urehas.-i| and pat In tho bauds Ol Its engine-men eivhty ''Raymond Maveinenbi," w hich lisve given excellent sailsiaetioii, and proved to Is- very rellalile timekeepers. In addition, to vbc-s) quite a number of Elgin Watch"* have been purchased by offi cers and employe* of this company, alt of whom hav? been well pleased wil t, the eilcicnvv and r< gslnHlv of the Movements man 11 factum! by tho National Wsleht' un puny. Resiieetlully. Edward ii. VvILU.VMS,General Rupviinteuileny. Verjtnes' (f hr Discoverer) Kteetro-t'hiSm ICAL BATHS. Hi'.t ri medy for Kheiigiabsm, Chronic siul Nervous D borders. M West Sixtoentli street. Wlmln ar Nhailes of Every llesci Iptioit. Also itnpresved Fixtures. U. L KELTY A CO.. 744 Broadway.