ly protest against every newspaper assuming
to itself all possible human industries in addi
tion to its own!" In response, we have only
Berlously to say that speculations upon the
|ournal of the future are very unprofitable in a
paper which has not made up its mind to live
vigorously up to the journal of the present.
"With every successive step in progress the
journal that would prosper must "live the
pice." The annihilation of distance by steam
and electricity is only its stepping stone to
further advancement. There is scarcely a dis
covery, scientific or mechanical, by land or sea,
terrestrial or astronomical, which is not in
the legitimate field where journalism must
labor. By all the triumphs of civilization
within the past cycle journalism has been
directly benefited, not only in the mere matter
of collecting information with certainty and
rapidity, but in attaining a leadership of
thought, which has eclipsed the expectations
of its most sanguine prophets ol halt a century
ago. Yet there is a space for usefulness be
yond, which the Herald is proud to have first
exploited?the field of action. The expedition
to search in the heart of Africa for a hero of
?the peaceful way illustrates this, and its signal
triumph?the great worldly test?places it
beyond all contravention. It is not worth
while discussing now what are the bounds of
this field. It would serve no useful purpose,
and the Herald cannot waste time or space on
the unserviceable. Our business is with the
living present ; the speculation we leave to tho
Idle probability-man of journals who cannot
"live the pace,'' assured that they will always
bo where they are, among the "ruck."
In the meanwhilo the brilliant achievement,
Which will give lustre to the name of American
Journalistic enterprise, is before a world not
filow to judge of merit and activity. There we
can leave it. The great explorer, Livingstone,
we trust, is on his way to civilization, guarded
by the Herald expedition under the command of
tho brave gentleman who boars our flag. Their
united stories will make a glittering chapter of
life, when told, which will reward tho public
nud ourselves for our common anxiety. It
only remains to say that wherever an opportu
nity is offered for honorable work of the kind
tho Herald will bo found among its pioneers.
Tho War in Mexico.
The news furnished by tho Herald special
despatches, which we publish in another
column, indicates that the revolt against
Juarez is gradually losing its importance. In
so lar as it aimed to overthrow the present
government it has proved a failure, in spite of
the prominence and influence of the
leaders who inaugurated it. The Mexi
can people are thoroughly tired of
the struggles of selfish chiefs for
tho possession of power, and tlicir attitude
in tho present insurrection proves that they
are fully sensible of the advantages of a stroug
and solid government, whatever its defects.
The army also has displayed a discipline and
loyalty to the government which is only too
rare in the Mexican revolutions ; but unfor
tunately the unquiet element that has been
dev.! pe l by the constantly recurring civil
?wars furnishes abundant recruits to ambitious
leaders. However, the energy displayed by
the governmental generals gives reason to
hope that the partisans of Diaz and Trevino
will be completely crushed, and peace tempo
rarily restored to unhappy Mexico.
The attempt to capture Matamoros was a
bold stroke, which, had it succeeded, would
have enabled the revolutionists to carry on the
war vigorously, by enabling them to replen
ish their exhausted exchequer and obtain sup
plies of arms and ammunition. Their hasty
retreat from before the town cannot fail to j
have a demoralizing effect on their troops, i
The resolution of General Cevallos to follow 1
up his advantage will probably force
Trevino's army to disband or expose
iteell' to annihilation. If the report
of the occupation of Monterey by
the government forces be true tho position of
Treviilo is truly critical, as he cannot possibly
find subsistence for a considerable body of
troops in the barren region lying between the
Monterey and the Rio Grande. We hope the
Mexican commander will press his advantage
and act with vigor and severity. It is time
that both the Mexican leaders ami their law
less followers should be taught that the
penalty of revolt is death. There arc
instances where mercy is a false hu
manity, tending to encourage the restless
and ambitious in their efforts to subvert estab
lished government. Wero Mexican rebels j
fully impressed with tho fact that tho death
penalty would be rigorously carried out in all
cases of unsuccessful armed insurrec
tion we would be less troubled by
the ever-recurring pronunciamentos of
our quarrelsome neighbors. In order to
avoitl destruction by the sword or by famine
Trevifio's troops will be obliged to divide into
small bands and carry on a guerilla warfare,
and the danger to our citizens along the bor
der will be greatly increased. The duty of the
War Department under these circumstances is
clear. Sufficient troops should be placed along
the border to protect our territory from
invasion and to inflict summary punishment
Apparent Collapse or the Carlibt Insttb
bection. ?All the indications of the moment,
so far as wo know them, encourage the belief
that the Carlist attempt to revolutionize Spain
has resulted in utter failure. The priests, as
was to be expected, did their best to invest tho
Uprising with a religious character ; but, pow
erful as are the clergy in Spain, they have not
been able to make capital out of Don Carlos.
Rada, the Carlist leader, has, it is said, with
his command fled into France. With the
flight of Rada it is reasonable to conclude
that the back bone of tho insurrection is broken.
Another Carlist rising is little likely to disturb
the peace of Amadcus.
Charles E. K. Kortrlght, British Consul at Phila
delphia, Is at the Brevoort House.
Ex-Governor Theodore F. Randolph, of New Jer
sey, is stopping at the New York Hotel.
Colonel Gowan, of London, has arrived at the
Fifth Avenue Hotel.
The Countess de Dion, of France, yesterday too*
apartments at the HolTman House.
Hcndrlck B. Wright, of Pennsylvania, is at the
New York Hotel. This gentleman is a lawyer who
has given much study to economic questions, and
published a book on tho labor question.
Speaker James G. BUiuc yesterday reached the
Fifth Avenue Hotel, on the leave of absence that
was granted biin on Thursday. He will return to
his work on Monday, und, in the meantime, Mr.
Dawes UIls his place.
M E X I C
Herald Special Despatches from
the Seat of War.
TIE SIEGE OF MATAMOROS RAISED.
Trevino'H Army in Full
3, 1872. j
Pursuit by the Government
A BATTLE IMMINENT.
Recapture of the City of Monterey by
the Government Forces.
TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
The following despatches* have been received
from the special correspondent of the Herald
Via Brownsville, May 3
The revolutionary General Trovcfio has
raised the siege and is in full retreat. Tho
timely arrival of reinforcements for the garri
son had a most discouraging effect on the
rebel forces. All hope of carrying tho
city by a coup dc main being frustrated
by tho energetic action of General Cevallos
and the patriotic enthusiasm of the national
forces, dissensions broko out among the
leaders, which rendered further concerted
action impossible. Under these circumstances
General Trevino resolvod to withdraw his
forces wiihout hazarding an attack. Accord
ing to the latest account ho is slowly retiring
in tho direction of Camargo, from which
point he can observe the city.
Genend Cevallos, with a view to 'disquieting
Trevino's retreat, has despatched a considera
ble force to watch the movements of the revo
lutionists. The Juarist commander has orders
to attack if a favoniblo opportunity presents
The Mexican authorities notified the
refugees at Brownsville ot the withdrawal of
tho revolutionists from before Matamoros.
All danger of attack being at an end, the
inhabitants who sought refuge in Brownsville
can return and resume their occupations.
Many are already returning to their homes.
Travellers just arrived from Monterey re
port that there are no considerable forces any
where on the road.
Latest reports state that a battlo between the
retreating revolutionists and the pursuing
forces is imminent
Ma.tamor.vs, May 3, 1872.
j Later information has just been received by
the Mexican authorities of the recapture of
the important city of Monterey, by Gauchek
Ochoa. at the head of 500 cavalry?the ad
vance guard of the government army,
borne doubts are felt as to the truth of the
A forward movement is announced by Gen
eral Cevallos. He will leave with all his dis
posable forces to-morrow, and will direct hi
march on Monterey.
Defeat of the Revolutionists In Kuevo
I.oon?Tre vino's Movements?Arrest of
the Mexican General Falcon In Texas.
Matamoros, May 2, 1872.
The revolutionary army changed its base last
uiglit, having abandoned Its camp on the river, six
miles aDove, and swung nrounu into the Hun Fer
nando road, behind and about fifteen miles distant
from this city.
It is supposed that tills movement has been made
to head oil" (ieuerai Cevallos with a government
force, wi*o is said to be approaching from that
The country now occupied by the revolutionists
affords the chief source of supplies heretofore
reaching this city from the Mexican side,
and is the richest part of the Ftatc of
Tamauilpas in cattle and horses, of which the revo
lutionists are said to tie greatly in need. From
their present position they could advance
toward Victoria, the capital or the State
of Tiimplco, and at the same time
keep up a practical siege of '.his city and cut off com
munication v.ith the interior at any moment. The
object of General Trevlflo In changing his base is
purely conjectural, but it does not indicate an im
mediate attack on the city.
General Caballos received scouts to-day inform
ing him thut General Ochas had entered Monterey
with aoo government cavalry and holds the place.
Trevlfio's revolutionary army is known to be in full
retreat towards camargo, having passed Keynosa
tills morning, sixty miles above. This back
ward movement Is doubtless owing to the
occupation of Monterey by the government
forces. Colonel Valedez, with seven hun
dred men, had defeated the revolutionary general
Falcon, in the Htate of Nuevo Leon, on the 27th
ult., with considerable loss on both sides. Valedez
having been severely wounded, went to Laredo,
Texas, where he was arrested for having
previously violated the neutrality laws In
organizing his expedition near that
place some weeks since. He will lie sent to San
Antonio for trial. Generals Caballos, Trevallo and
I'allecio, with the entire force, are leaving in pur
suit of Treviuo'a retreating army. The city will be
left under the protection of the National Guard
under General Ayalla.
| TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
! n AT AN A, May 3, 1872.
I Letters and reports received from Fuerto ITIn
I clpc state that persons presenting themselves to
the Spanish authorities for submission to tho gov
ernment, who have lately come in from the juris
diction of the rebels, deny that the insurgent'
General Eduardo Agramontc is dead.
ih Atonement to the Aahee of Dead Rebels.
TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
Calcutta, May.% 1872.
,uty inspectors Cowan and Forsyth have been
vol from ofilce because they executed Kookah
s after receiving orders to the contrary.
7rnr!i!! 'jmrln from the Scene of Insnrrretion
und Statements of Serious Move
meats Against Amadous.
Don Carlos Said To Be in the Field
in Respeotable Force.
Alleged Defection of Royalist Regiments?Forti
fying for Insurgent Defence?Castelar's Plan
of Secession from Parliament?Counter
Statements of the Crown Party.
TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALD.
Paws, May 3, 1872.
Advices have been received hero from Spain
which contradict most positively the despatches
sent from Madrid in regard to the Carlist Insur
VUnion announces, on what It terms official
authority, that Don Carlos Is In Spain at the head
of his "volunteers," and Don Alphonso, his brother,
is with him. The proclamation signed by liiiu
which was circulating in Madrid was genuine.
There Is deep uneasiness In Madrid.
The fidelity ol the Ring's troops, even in the
Spanish capital, ts doubted, and the precaution Is
taken to keep some regiments in their barracks.
The CarllstH meanwhile hold the field In respect
able force, and are able to disconcert the govern
A special despatch to U' 7Vm?)s reports that the
railway between Cordova and Madrid has been cut
at the Despregnaperros defile In the Sierra Moroila
by republican Insurgents, who are fortifying that
important position; and it was rumored that two
companies of infantry had joined them.
CITY CONSPIRACY AGAINST TUB CROWN.
A conspiracy against the government has been
discovered at l.inares, a town of Andalusia, on the
Madrid and Cordova Railroad.
CARLIST ACTION IIY FIKK.
The Carlists in Biscay have burned the rnilway
bridge at Areta, near ltllbuo.
PARTY SECESSION IN THE PARLIAMENT.
Sefior Oastelnr, the eminent republican, writes to
Iai Ram*! that the republican Deputies in the
Cortes will resign in a few days.
Marsliul Serrano's Mareh?KITorl* of the
Madrid, May :i, 1872.
Marshal Serrano was yesterday at Huerta do
Letona and Yzurun, in the Sierra de Arator, on
the northern boundary of Navarre.
A despatch from Bayonne to Paris confirms the
report that the carlist leader ltada, with his com
mand, has lied into I-'rance, having been closely
pursued by the Spanish government forces.
The French troops stationed on the Spanish fron
tier disarm and Intern all Carlists who escape into
the territory of tho republic.
THE CITIZENS OK BARCELONA DISARMED.
The Spanish government has called upon the In
habitants of Barcelona to deliver up all the arms
they have In their possession.
Clerical Exertion for the Cause of the
London, May 3, 1872.
Advices received in this city by mail from Spain
state that the priests are endeavoring to make the
Insurrection In that country a religious war.
THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON.
British Crown Treatment of Canada?Probable
Absolution of the Dominion from
TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALD.
London, May 3,1872.
The London Times of this morning, in discussing
the attitude of Canada with regard to the Treaty of
Washington, somewhat censures the conduct of
the home government in its treatment of the
Dominion, and hints that it might be beneficial to
the world ir Kngland were "to absolve Canada from
her allegiance to the mother country."
Flow of Specie to the Bank.
TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD.
Paris, Mny 3,1872.
The specie in the Dank of France has increased
8,400,000 francs during the past week.
BAZAINE AND THIERS.
A French Marshal Anxious for a Court Martial
TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YOpK HERALO.
Paris, May 3, 1872.
Marshal Bazalne lots written to President Thiers
demanding ft trial by court martial on the accusa
tions of tlie Commission on Capitulations.
It is said that fSeneral WiraplTen has also asked
for a similar opportunity to vindicate himself.
The court martial in the case of Marshal Bazalne
will probably be composed of Marshal Valllant and
Oonerals Trchouard, Klgault de GcnouUly, Chonzy
and Aurelles de Palladines. ^
_ ?? ?+- *
Fortress Fortification for Defence in War.
TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD.
Berlin, May 3, 1872.
Seven new forts arc to be built for the defence of
French Report of Prince Gortschakoff's Resigna
tion of Office.
TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALO.
London, May 3, 1872.
The Memorial Dipl'naaiir/ur says the Czar has
cceptert ('.ortschakoirs resignation, und that
"alumieff will succeed to the oillce of Chancellor of
he Empire for Foreign Affairs.
THE UNITED STATES FLAG.
The American Squadron at Toulon.
TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALD.
Paris, May 3,1S72.
The American squadron Is at Toulon.
London Monkt Markft.-Lonoon, May 3?5 P. SC.?Con
mU cloned at lor money andtfl'i for t
I'nlted States flve-twenty bonds, 18?"*, MO1,, 18?s, old,
M.?Rentes elosed at
^Livkrpool Cotton Markkt?Lirsnrooi., May 3?2:30
IV M?The market elosed quiet and unchanged. Thesales
of the day have been 10,000 bales, Including t urn lor cx
port and speculation. The sales of the week have been
63,000 bales, ol whirl. 9,000 were b'ken lor export and s^ll
on speculation. The stock in port Is 8*4.oon bales, lm lull
ing .i4.t,ilU American. The receipts ot the week have been
1 IS.oisi bales, including 570*10 Atneriean. Actual export,
10,MM hales. The stock afloat la 487,000 hales, of which
171,000 are American. ?
Traps at MANcmtsTan.? LirKRfoot, May 3 ?The mar
ket for yarns ard fabric* al Manchester Is quiet.
Lirxapooi. HiiKAPsTurr* Markkt.? Livrarooi- May :v
2 p v ?The breadstuffs market Is quiet. W heat, lis. *1. a
11. 1,1 percental lor red Western spring. Flour. 27 s. a 28*.
per bill, lor Western canal. The receipts of wheat for the
past three days have been 12,000 quarters, Including 6,000
A Livitiirooi. Faonucr. Mar?kt.?Livxiipool, May 3?2 P.
M.?Tallow tli. Id. per c*L
The Frerogativr of (lie Crown Maintained by
Cabinet Action Against Home Rnlo in Ireland -
Irish Retaliation on tho British System in
the Green Isle-Exciting Debate, but
the People Defeated?Premier
Gladstone's Definition of the
Principle of 8tate Col
lision in America.
TELEGRAM TO THE NEW YORK HERALO.
London, May 3, 1972.
Tlio debate in the House of Commous last night
on the bill to repeal the Unlawful Assemblies Act
w as protracted to a late hour and was a very ex
The motion was for the second reading of the
Several Irish members took occasion to make
speeches in defence of "hom rule."o What they
wanted was to have the laws of Irelaud assimilated
witli those of England.
The Marquis of ilartington, Secretary for Iro
land, opposed and denounced "home rule" as
synonymous with Fbnianlsin. Ho explained the
present luw, showing thut it in effect prohibited
the assembling of an Irish Parliament.
Mr. Isaac Butt, member for Limerick, declared
himself a "home ruler;" but indignantly denied
that he was a Fenian, as Intimated by the Marquis
of Ilartington, of whom he demanded a retraction.
He protested against such expressions coining from
a Minister, who received his information of tho
country he sought to rule over through detectives
and spies, the real ruling powers in Ireland. If It
was true that Home Itulers were Fenians, It spoke
well for home rule, which hud been aide to win
back to peace men driven into rebellion by shame
less legislation. Until Irishmen obtain tho right to
manage Irish affairs in an Irish Parlia
ment, peace, content and prosperity were
ini|>ossihle. Uo warned the Commons
that if the act was not repealed, Ire
laud would endanger the safety of tho empire,
lie wanted for Ireland a local government like that
of an American State, and for tho hlngdom a na
tional Legislature similar to tho American Con
Mr. Gladstone said the latter scheme was im
practicable. Even American statesmen were di
vided in opinion as to its wisdom. The recent civil
war in the United States grew out of tho collisions
the system Involved. He vindicated home rule. If
It converted Fenians so much tho better; but ho
could not but oppose the bill before the House.
The motion for a second reading was then re
jected by a vote of 27 to 145.
CABLE TELEGRAMS TARIFF.
In the House of Commons to-night Lord Lennox,
member for Chichester, gave notico that he would
make a motion for the appointment ofa select com
mittee to inquire into tee practicability of reducing
the existing rates for telegrams to India, the colo- I
nles and the United States; and of purchasing the j
AMERICAN SCIENCE AND SOCIAL ItEFORM.
Dr. Parish, of Philadelphia, was examined to-day
on the treatment of drunkards, before u select com
mittee of the House of Commons.
CAUTMKN COKCI LI ATE I).
The strike of the Liverpool cart men Is ended; the
masters conceded the demands of their men.
George Hughes, brother of Tom Hughes, died to
THE COTTON SUPPLY.
Three thousand three hundred and thirty-three
hales or American cotton were landed at Liverpool
RACING IN ENGLAND.
First Spring Meeting at Newmarket?Count de
la Grange's Bay Filly Reine Wins the One
Thousand Guineas Stakes?Derelict
Second and Highland Fling Third.
-TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
London, May 3, 1972.
The second great event, of the Newmarket spring
meeting came off to-day, being the race for the One
i Thousand Guineas Stakes, a subscription of loosov
reigns each, half forfeit, for three-year-old fillies
carrying 122 pounds, the owner of the second filly
to receive 200 sovrcigns out of the stakes, and the
third to savc^iis stake. There were sixty suhscri- I
hers, and eleven started.
The race was won by count F. do Lagrange's hay I
filly Heine, by Monarquc, dam Fille de i'Air (bred in
Sir Joseph Ilawley's brown filly Derelict, by Tim
YVhlffler, dam Vaga, was second, and Mr. Merry's
hay (Illy Highland Fling, by Scottish Chief, dam
The One Thousand Guinea Stakes or 100 sovs.
each, half forfeit, for three-year-old (lilies, 122 low.
each; the owner of the second to receive 200 sovs
outpt the stake, and the third to save his stake;
the Ditch Mile (seven furlongs and 210 yards)'
closed with sixty subscribers? value of stakes.
Count F. de Lagrange's b. f. Kelnft, by Monarquc,
dam Mile de PAIr 1
Sir Joseph Hawley's br. f. Derelict, by Tint WliiV
tier, dam Vaga
Mr. Merry's b. f. Highland Fling, hy Scottish"
Chief, dam Masquerade 3
SWEEP OF A CYCLONE.
Range of 11 Devastating Storm from the Base
of Vesuvius to the City of Madras.
What Was Spared by the Volcano Made Deso
late by a Hurricane?Fatal Disaster in Ma
dras and Fatalities Off the Harbor
Wind and Wave Against
TELEGRAMS TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
The City of MadriiH Swept by a Terrific
Cyclone?Loss of Life, Nhi|i?vreek unil
Damage to Public Wnrki.
Bombay May 3, I
Via London, May 3, 1972. j
Intelligence has just reached here that the
city of Madras and vicinity was visited by a terrific
cyclone on Wednesday last, which caused a serious
loss of life.
A number of vessels at anchor in the roadstead,
which were unable to put to sea, owing to the sud
den npproach of the cyclone, were wrecked, and
most of their crews perished.
The immense pier leading far out Into the water
was breached and the city and suburbs were greatly
Natles, May 3, 1972.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius has entirely
ceased, and the inhabitants of the villages which
were threatened with destruction by the running
lava have returned to their homes.
Additional troubles, however, iiavc fallen upon
them. A hurricane of terrible violence has Rwcpt
over the devastated country, greatly damaging the
villages and remaining crops.
The crater of Vesuvius Is placed in latitude
40 49 north, longitude 14 26 east.
Madras city Is mapped by the geographers thus:?
"Latitude of ohsorvatory, 1341 north; longitude,
80 14 cast."
Project of a Royal Visit to Enropa.
TELEGRAM TO THE HEW YORK HERALO.
London, May 3,1972.
It is announced that the Shah of Persia will soon
THE ALABAMA TREATY.
The President to Stand By Oar
Kii^Iiiiid'M lloply UiiHat
A CONFERENCE WITH CONGRESS.
Reverdy Johnson Picked to
THE TARIFF WAR IN CONGRESS
Washington, May 3, 1H72.
Important Derision of the Cabinet on- thv
Alabama Clulina?The English Reply
CnaatI.factory?Our "Cai.e" To B? Ad
At the Cabinet meeting to-day tUo most Impor
tant action which has yet been taken in regard to
our diitlcultics with England touching the arbi
tration at Ooneva was decided on. A reply has
been received from the English government In
reference to the negative principle of international
law which Mr. Hah hail brought himself to be will
ing to accept as the condition of our retreat. The
answer is so exceedingly unsatisfactory to this
government that it is prbbablo there will be no
backdown after all, und the position assumed
by the President in the beginning?namely, that
tlio question of consequential damages is one
for the Geneva Tribunal to settle?will be insisted
The administration Is frightened at the attitude
of the people on the intended accommodation, and,
now tlint Great Britain has virtually rejected our
overtures, will not retreat further. The best evi
dence that the new, or, rather, tlie old, policy will
be adhered to Is the fact that the President no
longer relies on the Judgment or Mr. Fish,
but has determined to consult with the mem
bers of the Foreign Aifatrs committees of Con
gress before announcing definitely or pursuing
any lino of policy. Some or the gentlemen
composing these committees have been Invited to
meet at the State Department at ten o'clock to
morrow, to consider the situation and advise with
the government in the proporcourse to be pursued.
The reply received to-day was iu answer to Fish's
despatch to General Schenck of last Saturday, upon
which such st rong hopes of an amicable settlement
were founded. In this answer the American Min
ister informs the State Department that Eng
land has agreed to accept the Intimation of
this government that a proposition from
her would be accepted on the basis so
often indicated in these despatches. This intima
tion, it will be remembered, was that wc were wil
ling to withdraw our demand for compensation for
consequential damages 011 the ground, if Great
Britain would agree In all cases for the future
where wo might be the aggressors, to make no
complaints or claims against the United States for
any Indirect, remote or consequential injuries or
losses resulting from a failure to observe our neu
tral duties. The United States, by accepting the
suggestion, would gain an important concession.
This point, it was believed, had been gained on the
receipt of the answer from General Schenck. Fol
lowing it came the text of the English proposition,
but the latter turns out to be of such a character
that, In its present shape, it cannot bo accepted.
It. turns out also that England does not under
stand our position, but assumes that if was a clear
anil complete withdrawal of onr pretensions und
the virtual abandonment of the position we as
sumed, without any guarantee that we were to
receive anything in return for such ignominious
action on our part.
The result Is the course taken
by thff Cabinet to-day. It has been
decided, In view of the present situation of the
question, to submit the whole correspondence to
the members of the House Committee on Foreign
Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Itcla
tions, for their opinion and guidance.
General Banks, in the interview he bad with Mr.
Fish, at the instance of the House of Representa
tives, was misled in regard to the Intentions and
purposes of the Department, and as he and the
others, who are now Invited to the Department,
were entirely averse to concession or retreat, there
can be little doubt as to the advice which the ad
ministration will receive from them.
Criticisms on the Reverdy Johnson Con
sequential Damage I.etter.
The statement of Reverdy Johnson In his letter
to John A. Peters on the subject of consequential
damages, that his first intimation that, the United
States had any such claim, or any claim on their '
own account, was Intlinat' d to him In a speech dc- I
livered by Senator Sumner in the Senate on the Uith
of April. 18H9, when the Johnson-Clarendon Treaty
was under consideration, and that until that speech
of Mr. Sumner, the idea of consequential |
damages had not occurred to any one, has occa
sioned a good deal of continent among friends of
the administration. The letter as published In the
Hek.vi.d to-dav lias been generally read, and the
statement of Mr. Johnson severely commented
upon, as his own record Is against him. The exec
utive document printed iu ihto in the claims of the
United States against Great Britain contains all of
the correspondence of lteverdy Johnson with the
State Department on the Johnson-Clarendon
Treaty. On the 25th March, lsiio, Mr. Johnson
addressed a letter to Earl Clarendon, in which he
says that the convention negotiated between them
is In danger of being rejected, as it Includes only
claims of Individuals. He then says:?
My government believe, as I am now advised,
that It luis a claim of its own upon Her Majesty's
government, because of the consequences resulting
from a premature recognition of the Confederates
during our late war, and from the fitting
out of the Alabama and other similar
vessels in Her Majesty's ports, and from
their permitted entrance Into other ports to tie r? -
tit ted ami provisioned during their piratical cruise.
The existence of sueh a claim makes it as necessary
that its ascertainment and adjustment shall be
provided for as the Individual claims growing out of
the same circumstances.''
Thereupon he proposed that they sign a
supplemental convention, so that all these
claims should be included in the first
article of the original convention by Insert
ing the governmental claims. The proposition
was the shbject of correspondence for several
weeks. On the 10th of April Mr. Johnson sent a teW
egram to Secretary Fish stating that he thought he
could get this change In the convention. On the
12th of April, the day before the treaty was rejected,
Mr. Fish replied as follows:?
"As the treaty is now before the Senate, no
change Is deemed advisable."
Whatever merit might have been attributed to Mr.
Johnson's letter to Mr. Peters, it Is now conceded is
counteracted by positive assertions on his part,
which are wholly disproved by the correspondence
Curiosities of Tariff Debate In the
House?The legislative Appropriations.
One of the phenomena of American politics was
Illustrated to-day In the House of Representatives
while Mr. S.. S. Cox was making an earnest and
logical speech on the tariff. With all the fervor of j
his early days in such debutes, ho uttorod his froo ,
trad* prt nc,P,P8. While Mr. Greeley, whom h -
feated fort, "nKrerts 1,1 Sixth .Vow Vork District,
on that issue, wa* bclD?f n?minat.'.i at Cincinnati
Iltri speech >wa* evidently studied careruliy
It WM full Ot Azures .,r arithmetic, and
only In conclusw '",l '?? use figures
of speech. Ho sv nouncei1 hu method of
arriving at the ainotinf "bounties,'? as tie |ia,f
in previous years, and *V >W(!'I that more than
$500,000,000 per year liu<l iwfi.'1 I,a''' since n?i
'?oiiritles to the favored, wltfclV .'"of never seen tlm
Treasury. He answered the '?p,iovHfr laiutr" fallacy
by tabular statementat showfag i'ua%" the hours of
tuiior in Great liritaiii were loss iluto iii the United
states, and that more of comfort and the M>'es
uartes for a Ijtmring rmn could he iHin.'ha.xVd in
? ?rcat Britain, especially on the ClyiJe, and m
skilled labor, than in the (Liticd Stales by the saitie
hours of labor. This was tits salient point of bls^
speech. Mr. bat7es and mtlters who followed
failed to answer it. They relief ou the
"ostensible" wages; Mr Cox rsUcd on
the factwthat rent, boots, woe hen suits, alpaca,
spools of thread, Are., could bo p'Avcltased with less
hours of labor in Great Britain tlmo here. In con
clusion, he uiadc a "budget," and w>>uud up wit.li is
classical free trade "hurrah," very nsseli In dlacoriJ
with the Clneinnnt.l Convention.
Mr. Dawes closed tho debate on the- bin at three
o'clock, after having spoken two hours and a half.
He reviewed the financial condition of She country
since anil during the war, and claimed for the ad
ministration of the finances during the last three
years the gratitude of the nation. He hnst uo theo
ries or aphorisms to present,*'and against those
of gentlemen who had been long and loud in
their walls and cries of reform, 1m presented facts,
one of which was that the country hud enjoyed two
years of unexampled prosperity, increasing in
wealth and stability, and presenting tho spectacle,
unknown In the history of mittms, of a country
coming out of a great war, crlppiSd in researcea
and burdened with debt, actually raising tmney
enough to pay the expenses of the government) and
$100,000,000 or the digit, and a* the same
time growing and developing its great
resources. He favored the equalisation
of taxation between manufactured articles
and the raw material, and recited a schedule of
prices giving the relative wages paid m England
and this country for labor, both skilled and uu
After the close of Mr. Dawes' speech the commit
tee rose, and Mr. Garfield presented the report <>t
the conference committee 011 tho Legislative Ap
propriation bill. The Senate amendment to whtel*
the House objected, In regard to informers to b?
employed by the Secretary of the Treasury, having
been modified, was still objectionable to the
Pennsylvania members, who. without distinction of
party, voted against If. It is said that some of the
railroads do not want their Income tax account
looked Into, as this amendment would require.. Mr.
Garfield moved the previous question, but the oppo
sltlon succeeded In forcing an adjournment; and
will probably kill the amendment.
Kvcry Lady Knew (lie Fnot (bat
IIIALliys IIAIIC. INVlOOUATtlR would preserve the
rolor ?in<t hixiiruincfMit tho liuir throuvli illc, a Ii'iihIpmI
I'ii'v iTI'.'o, V-!j" ?"'ely supply the demand. Vet tho
1 , I'llUlAlolt does oven inure Until tills?adding to the
volume 01 the hair, when it Is delirium, and greatly Irv
creasing Its lustre. Sold by all druggists.
A.-E?priiHhild'? Spring Fashion <>(
gentlemen's Mats. Tlie.v are pronoun I the most Inoiuti
I "''.'yetortcre.l to the public, combining lightness with
durability and taste, at lis Nassau street.
A?-First of May, ( lrarthe Way I" for
the KNOX Spring Style oi Ccntlenicii s HATS. Alter van
LasVI'v"",v,,d and got settled your llrst dulv Isto call al
k nox h, '.'12 Broadway, and select your new" hat.
A?The Wheat Field of America.
IIEALTIIl'UL CLI.M ATI')?I' REE HOMESTEADS?CON
The Northern Pacific itailroad offers for sale 3.0W.IMM1
acres oi Lund In Central and Western Minnesota, em
bracing:?1. Some oi the most productive wheat lands in
America: 2. Excellent timber lor the mill, the nirin mid
the tire; .!. ltieh prairie pasturage and natural meadow
Willi clear lakes and running streams, In a healthful ell
mate, where fever and ague is unknown, drain can h?
shipped from Ibis section In the Atlantie cities as cheaply
as irom Eastern Iowa or Central Illinois. Cars are run
ning through these lands from LakeiSupertor to Dakota
25d miles. Price ol'hind close to track, $4 I.. per acre ?
Inrther away, $4*1 will pay tor u bin acre farm Seven
years' credit: warrantee deeds; Northern Pacific 7.in
railroad bonds received in payment lor land, at $1 lit
No Other unoccupied lands present such advantage* to
Soldiers under the new luw (M ireh, 1H72) get ill) aeres
tree, near the railroad, by one aiul two wars' residence
I ronsportation at reduced rales furnished from all
principal points East hi purchasers ol ruilioad lands and
to settlers on government homesteads. Purchasers wilt
have lure over the Northern Pacific Railroad deducted
Now Is the time tor settlers ami colonies to get land chisn
to the road.
Pamphlets eotitnining map and description of lands mid
copy hi the new lloinesteuil law are sent free, and lull
iniorinntlon tuiniahed to all. Address hy letter or amdv
in person to the *
LAND DEPARTMENT, NORTHERN PACIFIC
St. Paul, Minn., or 120 Broadway, .New Vork.
A.?Herald Brunch Office, IIrookly 11,
corner of Pulton avenue and Hocrum street
Open from s A. M. to S P. M.
A Wise Ulan, Timely Warned of Danger,
will use every means In his power to avert it; only tint ?
Ignorant. oImiIiiuUi and foolish will neglect biking ueces
snry precaution. Nations have been decimated liy small.
Pox, Imt science, by the discovery of vaccination, has neu
tralized the virus ol this once dreaded scourge. Thou
sands or our ancestors have been poisoned by drinking
water beer and sodu drawn through leaden pipes, and
from this cause numbers suffer acutely to this day not
realizing the cause ot their malady Eminent physicians
from time to time have denounced lead pipes us a prolific
eause 01 disease and death. .Shall we not heed tnelr
warning * We do trust them implicitly to euro us of dis
ease. Why riot also submit to their guidance for preven
tion t American genius lias perfected a TIN-LINED
LEAD PIPE, through which water Hows as pure as if
drawn through silver Let us adopt this important hygi
enic Improvement by introducing it into evcrv dwelling
Sold by Hie COLW EELS, SHAW ,y WfLLAKD MANtf".
PACTI KINH (ID., 21:1 Centre street, New York. I'rlee
15c. a pound for all sizes. Circular and sample of pip?
sent by mall tree. Also maniilacturers of Lead Pipe
Sheet Lead, Block Tin Pipe, Solder, Ac. Orders tilled a(
A?Gents' Milk Dress lluts, Neven Dollars. .
WARNOCK A 111. MS Broadway.
A.?Herri ng'a Patent
'.51 and 252 Broadway, corner Murray street
A.?Pint and Passion Win in Fashion.
DDI DAN'S SPKINO HAT wins hosts of admirers. 11)2
Nassau street, corner of Ann.
A.?The Governor's Veto Will Not Pre-.
vent the public wearing THE PERFECT KIT SHIRT
combining clegunee, economy and durability.
PHKLa.N, shirtinaker. ti!).s Broadway.
lllessed Invention I"
exclaimed it lad.v, alter having 1H teeth extracted with the
gas, at the Colloll Dental Rooms, 12 Cooper Institute.
A?Ladles, Do N'ot Fall to Meeure Some of
those goods which NICOL, DAVIDSON .1 CO., Kllii Broad
way, are sidling at one-third Jess than regular prices such
lis Ivory.handled Table Knives at $G per dozen Plated I
Forks-ami Spoons al ?fi |.or ilo/en. Plates at it per dozen,
and China Plates at per dozen.
Hatehelor's Hair Dye?The Best In tha.
world; the only perfect dye; harmless, reliable iusian.
tuncou*. At all druggists.
Corns, linn Ions, Enlarged .Joints, all
square* 1,10 ,oct' cuml by Dr. ZACHARIK, 27 Uniuo.
Den lie's French Hangn anil Broiler*.
BR AM HALL, DEANK A CO., removed hi 2'Ju Water st.
"Dolly Vsrilen" Slippers?91 .TO per Pair.
At i'aN'THELL'S, 241 Fourth avenue.
D.V,,r" ^pvlnn Style of Gentlemen's.
HALS. Salesroom 2911' , Broadway, near limine street.
Horuee Greeley is the Man for President
without regard to party, race or color Immense ..$e .1
Hats lor men and boys, wholesale and ret sal: 5 >.l Broad,
Havana Lottery .?Prises Cashed and
information given. JOSEPH BATES. Broker,
120 Broadway, room (.
It. Is Altogether W rang to Trifle With A
bad cough or cold, when tin- risk is ?o great and a remedy
so sure, prompt ami thorough as Dr. JAVNK'S kXPr.e
torant can be readily touml.
Its Value Is Inenleiilable.
For all diseases with which children nr" a filleted during
the process of testing, Mrs. WENNLOW'N SDiDllINU
SYRCP is u safe and certain remedy.
Royal Havana Lottery?Prices Re
duced .1 R. MARTINEZ A CO., Bankers, IU \\ all -trust.
Post office box 4.I1H5 New York.
The National iKIgliv WsUh Company.
Pysx.syr.v4sM BAir.HOiU 1 oseisy, Di.su;u Scrmis ,
tksiiknt's OrrmK, Ai. .s>osa, J Miliary I'.), I.sjo, >
Daaa Sirs?This eoinpany has i>urehas.-i| and pat In tho
bauds Ol Its engine-men eivhty ''Raymond Maveinenbi,"
w hich lisve given excellent sailsiaetioii, and proved to
Is- very rellalile timekeepers. In addition, to vbc-s) quite a
number of Elgin Watch"* have been purchased by offi
cers and employe* of this company, alt of whom hav?
been well pleased wil t, the eilcicnvv and r< gslnHlv of
the Movements man 11 factum! by tho National Wsleht' un
Edward ii. VvILU.VMS,General Rupviinteuileny.
Verjtnes' (f hr Discoverer) Kteetro-t'hiSm
ICAL BATHS. Hi'.t ri medy for Kheiigiabsm, Chronic
siul Nervous D borders. M West Sixtoentli street.
Wlmln ar Nhailes of Every llesci Iptioit.
Also itnpresved Fixtures.
U. L KELTY A CO.. 744 Broadway.
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