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NEW YORK IIERALD
BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, r R o P RIKT O 14. All business or news letter and telegraphic (lesjniU'hcs must be addressed New York Hebai.d. Rejected communications will not be re turued. Letters and packages should be properly sealed. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. ? Four cents per copy. Annual subscription price ?19. JOB PRINTING qT every (te.nriptlon, also stero ypiny and KnomxHny, neatly and promptly exe-t cited at the lowest rates. Advertisements, to a limited number, will he In serted In the Weekly IIkkald and the European Edition. Volume XYXVII Ko. 199 amusements this afternoon ano evening. , OLYMPIC THEATRE, Broail way.?Tnic Billet Pas tomiak or Humi-ty Dianr. Matinee at X BOOTH'S THKNTRE, Twenty-tldrd street, cornerSlxth av.?Kicuauii III. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 13th street.? l.OS IHIS A.S.I IK A MK. THEATRE COMTQUE, 614 Broadway ?Comic Vocal Isms. Negro Acts, Ac. MaUneo ut XV UNA EDWIN'S THEATRE, 7X0 Broadway.?The Gold Duos. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty-Fourth eslrcot.? Ahticlk 47. ST. JAMES THEATRE, Twenty-eighth street und Broadway.?MacEvoy's N?w Hi?ermcon. Matinee at X WOOD'S MUSEUM, Rroadway, corner "tnth *t.?Per formances atternoou and evening.?Frescii Srr. BOWERY THEATRE, BOWEBEY?.Cbazt Nan?Wood Xkiuu. MRS F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Akticlk 47. PARK THEATRE, opposite. City Hall, Brooklyn On Hand. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Fourteenth at. and Broad Way.?Tua yokes Family?Bm.i.i s or the Kitchen, Ac. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, No. 201 Bowery.? Miuiko Eccentricities, Buri.v.suues, Ac. SAN FRANCISCO HALL, 686 Broadway ?Variety Peu rORMANCES. PAVILION, No. 688 Broadway, near Fourth St.?Grand Concert. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 6H Broudwny. Hoikny'k and Art. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, Wednesday, May 8, 187.1. CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD. Pacif.. Advertisements. 9?Advertisements. .?(?Washington: The Treaty on Its Last Legs: Pas sage of the Pacific Mail Job in the .Senate?Po litical?The Connecticut Seiiatorship?After the lire: The Ruins of Nlhlo'a Garden; Aid For the Actors. 4?Gould-Gordon: Final F.arnost and Fierce Open ing of the Legal Battle?Interesting Proceed eeedlngN in the New York Courts?Marrying a Whole Family?llie May Anniversaries. 5?Financial and Commercial: Gold Weak; Im provement in Stocks: Money Si ill Easy; Gov ernment Bonds Sternly?'The Methodist Gen eral Conference?African Methodist Confer ence?Marriages and Deaths. 41?Editorials: Leading Article, "The Opening of the Presidential Campaign?Are We to Have a Fair Fight Between Grant and Grceleyr''? Amusement Announcements. 7?The War in Mexico?Tlie Be volution in Spain Cable Telegrams from France. England, Ire land, Scotland, Germany, Denmark, Australa sia and CuhiL?The Search for Dr. Living stone ? Miscellaneous Telegrams ? Busiuess Notices. 8?Fleetwood Park: The Trotters in Training for the Coming Season?Trotting in New Or leans?Scenes ou Jersey Horse Cars?Adver tisements. 9?Advertisements. jo?The State Capital: A Deadlock on the Dollv Vardeu Charter; Passage of the Registry Law; Defeat of the Local Option BUI; Car do/.o Saved Front Impeachment?Charged With Blackmailing?Real Estate Matters? shipping Intelligence?Advertisements. H?Advcrtisenien ts. J 9?Advertisements. The Democratic National Convention meets to-day, to issue the call lor the National Convention of the democratic party. It is geuerally believed that the democrats will go westward, to St. Louis or some other Western city. Superintendent Miller, of the Insurance Department, has friends in the State Assenir bly. A resolution introduced yesterday in the House for his removal from office was defeated l?y a decisive vote. Judge Cardozo has defeated the intentions of the Legislature in his regard. The Assem bly has declared that it is inexpedient to im peach him. his resignation having been accepted. Some Cukiokjtv is Expressed as to whether the 7Vilnius. \\ ill support the administration in the event of Greeley's election as I'resident. If so, it will be the first administration it has supported bince its establishment as a journal. Professor Butt, Member of Parliament for Limerick, defines home rule in Ireland as an Irish Legislative Assembly "in fraternal union with England, guaranteeing the author ity of the Crown." A curious medley in the bhupe of a collegiate recipe tor a national ad mixture which Shannon Cruwlord, the Kev. Grey Porter and O'Counell endeavored to per fect, almost forty years since, but failed iu the attempt. The Revolutionary Army near Matamoros is in the lost stage of dissolution. The Herald corresjioiKlent at Trevifio's head quarters, whose interesting report will be found in one of our sjs'cial despatches iu another column, has obtained by per boual oljscrvation ample particulars about Trevifio's for? es, tin ir demor alised state, decreasing numbers, and the caused of their failure in the attempt to capture Matamoros. In tact, all over the re public the cause of the rebels appears to be in a sinking condition. Gencrul Cevallos, the commander of Matamoros, uceording to an other account, is preparing to give the de grftee to the demoralized force of Irevifio. The Ill-Fated Treati of Washington seems now in a fair way to be finally disposed of. The State Department nurse having the aickly thing in charge law;, by direction ot his master, turned it over to the ruthless British Moloch, who it may be expected will soon pat an end to its miserable ?xisterce. All this is to be achieved through the directions to Min ister Kehenck. If Granville wants any addi tional points he is to he told politely to go to? jfteneva. Granville will then get in u passion ^nd brain the baby with an inkstand. All this ^mountain in labor, and only' a dead mouse fitter all! i The Opening of the Prrxlilentlml Cam paign?Are Wf To ll?n ? ??*?*? P'B*** Between Grant and Greeley J The undeniable success of the Cincinnati Convention, an h large ami influential gather ing of republicans, and the peculiar nomina tions made by that body, have created a new feature and a new interest in the Presidential canvass. The politicians nnd the party organs 1 have all been nonplussed by the result of the | deliberations of the liberals, aud are now beating about the bush to discover how it was brought about and what effect it is likely to have upon the action of the forces that are yet to be brought into the field. Of course these questions present them selves in different lights, according to the sen timents and wishes of the observers, and hence wo have ever)' variety of explanation of the one and of speculation on the other. In one quarter we are told that the Cinciunati nominations were made through the in trigues of Senator Fenton, Frank Blair and other politicians, against the wishes of the labor reformers. In another we are assured that Fenton and Blair were in the Davis move ment, and that the ticket was made by the protectionists in a preconcerted effort to head off the plans of the free traders. The one thing evident is that the politicians and party organs were entirely mistaken in their reckon ings, and had not even contemplated the success of Horace Greeley in the Convention. If they had studied intelligently the reports of the Herald from Cinciunati they would have understood that Greeley's chauees of a nomination were by tar better than those of any other candidate from the Monday morning preceding the organization of the Convention, nud would be conversant with the manner in which the result was arrived at. The Adams movement never had u real strength equal to the largest vote cast for that candi date in the Convention, and he could not have secured a nomination had the balloting been continued to the present moment. Many of the votes that were east for him on the fifth ballot, which was the highest point he reached, were given in order to prevent a nomination while there was still hope for some of the outside aspirant*. Ou the sixth ballot these votes were changed to Greeley, plaoiug the philosopher ahead. Then came the consultation of the Illinois delegation and their reappearance ou the floor with a divided vote. This seemed to indicate a bargain on the next ballot for Adams or Trumbull, or both; aud then the delegates who had all along declared Greeley to be their second choice changed their scattering votes in his favor and nominated him by u large majority. It was the easily ascertained fact that Greeley was from the commencement the second choice of a large number of dele gates who had first their State preferences to guide their ballots that cuused the Herald correspondents to so confidently pre dict Greeley's success. The result was brought about in defiance of the wishes of the politi cians and the intrigues of "Washington cliques simply because it was felt that Greeley best represented the old republican sentiment and would be the most powerful leader in a bolt from the regular republican organization. The same diversity of opinion exists in re gard to the effect the candidacy of Horace Greeley is likely to have upon the action of the , Philadelphia aud Democratic National Con I ventions. On oue hand an absurd rumor is 1 afloat of au attempt on the part of Secretary Boutwell aud others to in duce the Philadelphia Convention to put some other candidate than General Grant into the field, and a few ot the boltiug repub lican organs, dissatisfied with Gfeeley's nomi nation, are urging such a policy. Of course no such fatal blunder would be committed by sane men. The strength of the republican party is in the name, the personal character and the general success of the administration of President Grant. Four years ago he car ried their banner to victory and secured to them the fruits of their triumph in the war of the rebellion. It was Vicksburg and Appo mattox tliat won the fight for them at that time; it is Vicksburg and Appomattox, strengthened by a straightforward honesty and sincerity iu the administration of the civil government for the last four years, that will give them the victory in November next. If they depended | upon mere partisan support at this moment, they would suffer defeat; for their jmrty is broken in two, ami the most active elements in the old organization have gone over to the enemy. Should they be infatmited enough to select a mere republican politician as their candidate in place of General Grant their doom would be sealed, and either the whole republican party and all the honest men of the land, who would deplore the resuscitation of the old copperhead and Tammany democ racy, with it* dead issues and its unabated venom, would elect Greeley, or the democratic nominees would carry nearly every State iu the Union. It is therefore necessary and certain that General Grant will l>e the regular republican and the independent people's candidate in the ap proaching campaign, and hence the Boutwell rumor may be set down as a weak and stupid hoax. Hence the probable effect of Greeley's nomination on the Democratic Convention is all that need be considered. Some of the light* ot democracy declare that it necessitates a separate and distinctive democratic ticket, composed of the regular old copperhead guard, and they hope to carry these candidates into | power through the division iu the republican party, as Taylor was elected in 1848 and Lincoln in 1nm?. Others, who are not quite so blind as to lose sight of common sense, , discover in Greeley's candidacy a hope that the Democratic Convention may take advantage of the republican split by nominating some such fossilized poli ticians as Adams and Groesbeck and claim ing for them republican support. By this j policy they would avoid becoming only the tail of the liberal republican faction, and by ! nominating the ticket themselves they would | preserve their old organization intact and ! command the control of the federal patronage ' and of the policy of the administration iu ca*e of success. There is certainly more wis dom and reason iu this programme than iu the idea of placing a full-blooded copperhead ticket before the people. Yet it* defeat would be assured. With three such candidates as Grant, Adams and Greeley in the field who can doubt what the verdict of the people would be ? It is evident that but one course is open to tho democracy if its counsels are t<> he guided by wisdom aud prudence. Its National Convention should either openly endorse the Cincinnati nominations, or should deelftre the inexpediency of making any nomi nations at ull in view of tho opportunity that appears to offer of defeatiug General Grant. This is, of course, the paramount object of the copjH'rheads, to take their revenge upon the General who subdued the rebellion and forced Lee and his democratic army to surrender to the Union forces. It is the merest balderdash to pretend that democrats cannot en dorse or vote for Greeley because he has Iteeu their life-long and consistent op ponent. An honest democrat would more cheerfully support such a man than one who had only turned against democracy be cause he found republicanism the more prom ising and profitable investment. If Greeley has been a vigorous enemy, he has at least fought his battles in a manly manner, and not vindictively and treacherously. Even his abuso has had in it something of the opeu character that dis tinguishes the man. In the phrase so familiar to rentiers of his writings, he has always ch^en to give the lie direct rather than to mince matters with an opponent, and the roundness of his abuse will not detract from his good qualities in the estimation of the hard fisted democracy. On the subject of State rights Greeley must be acceptable even to Jeff Davis himself. In the early days of secession he denied the right of the federal government to pin States to the Union with the bayonet, and his famous bailing of Jeff Davis was only a concession to this old democratic doctrine. He is a hard currency advocate to the back bone, and if his old whig prejudices in favor of protection still retain their hold upon hiui he will no doubt subscribe to the trne demo cratic republican principle that the Executive has 110 right to interfere with or influence the legislative branch of the government, hut is bound to obey the will of the people as repre sented by a majority of Congress. There is no honest reason why he should not receive the endorsement of the national democracy now that the 'issue of abolitionism is dead and gone. The cry of complete and uni versal amnesty was first raised by Greeley, and upon that and the question of decentralization , of national power he is as sound as Hendricks, Pendleton or Seymour. It is, therefore, to be hoped that the democracy will accept him as their candidate without uuy wry faces and that the issue may be distinctly made between the soldier and the philosopher. We have little doubt of the result. Seven years have not sufficed to blot out of the minds of tho people the debt of gratitude they owe to the successful leader of the Union armies or to lessen their enthusiasm for the Hero of the Wilderness. The boys in blue will rally to the side of their old commander all the more cheerfully when they find hiiu threatened by the politicians who owe their present power to the weight and influence of his name. Besides, General Grant's civil administration has been as a whole as straightforward and as successful as his military rule, and his four years of ser vice have left the country prosperous and united. There have been some hitches in the reconstruction of the South, but this has been owing to the intrigues and rascalities of repub lican politicians of the same species with those who now cry out against Grant because they did not enjoy the opportunity to rob and plunder in the place of their more successful brethren. We have confidence that the South ern policy of the administration will be re formed by the President in his second term of office. Tho blunders of Secretary Fish in our foreign afl'airs are a serious injury to General Grant, and this is the reason why we have insisted and still insist that he remodel hiH Cabinet, and call Mr. Wasbburne into his coun sels. The surroundings of the White House, although personally unexceptionable, may be changed to political advantage, and General Grant will not be likely to neglect the w ishes of his friends in this direction. But, on the whole, the administration has been successful and has won the confidence of the responsible men of the country. Greeley is honest, popu lar and eccentric. There is a possibility of a great amount of enthusiasm being raised in his behalf, provided he receives the endorsement of the Democratic Convention and goes fairly into the contest with a chance of success. It may be that white hat clubs are aliout to become as universal as were log cabins in the days of Harrison, and that some of the ^mauy poets, who will of course all support Greeley, may yet produce a refrain destined to ring out more loudly than did the well known "Tippecanoe I and Tyler too" of tho exciting campaign of i 1840. It is not unlikely that our farmers may tike to "Uncle Horace" as kiudly as they took to "Honest Old Abe," for Greeley represents many of the characteristics of Lincoln. But behiud General Grant stands a solid strength of patriotism, practical busi ness interests and independence which cannot easily be overcome, and which can scarcely fail to secure victory. It will be the steady march of the Union troops through the Wil derness to Appomattox Court House over again. The result will he rendered all the more certain if General Grant will at once clear his ranks of all objectionable adherents, as he once cleared his army of hucksters and camp followers. At all events, as two safe and honest candidates have been named for the Presidency, let us have an open field and a fair fight. The Philadelphia Conven tion will place General Grant at its head, al though he could as well be nominated by the people without any party convention at all. Now, lot the Democratic National Committee, which meets to-day, prepare the democracy to endorse Greeley, uud we shall then be able to see with what unanimity the several States will stand by the soldier to whom, more than to any other individual, they are indebted for the preservation of the bond that still holds them together in brotherly union. Our Coinage?11 ?? port of (ho Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber of Commerce is sometimes practical in its action. At a special meeting on Monday to receive and consider the report of a committee relative to our coinage, some good suggestions were made. Resolutions were passed requesting Congress to exempt, in | the hill now (tending before that body, the ; coinage of gold nud silver from all charges beyond the actual cost of refining and coining and a small percentage for rccoiniug worn coins, and commending that provision of the bill making the gold dollar a unit of value and the silver dollar a legal tender only for amounts not exceeding five dollars. The Chamber of Commerce desires only one ab solute standard of value, and that the gold dollar. Anything that tends to simplify our monetary system is an advantage. That provision of the bill, also, to reduce the weight and to modify the standard of the silver dollar, so as to as similate it to the silver coin of France, Bel gium, Spain, Switzerland, Italy and Austria, is recommended. This is a sensible view of the matter and a step in the direction of mone tary unification throughout the world. Our silver dollar now is 41*2 J grains. The proposed change would make it 385 80-100 grains. Con gress should pass the bill now while no de rangement in our monetary system would be felt and preparatory to a returp to specie pay ments. The Probable Discoveries of Living ?tone and the Herald Explorers The profound and widespread interest awakened by the Herald Livingstone expedi tion naturally seeks satisfaction in the proba ble great discoveries of the explorer. Until a few years ago the geography of unexplored re gions of our planet was supposed to be entirely beyond the powor of human reasoning or imagination to unveil, and all attempts at a science of comparative geography were dis couraged. The genius of Carl Ititter, the com panion of Humboldt, has in recent years con vinced the world of this mistake, and shown us that with given physical conditions the phy sical geographer may work out the approximate character and orography of an unknown con tinent as well as the French astronomer pre dicted the position of the unknown planet Nep tune. Geologists point its to the undoubted fact that the enormous laud masses of Eastern Africa are situated in a groat wave of terrestrial upheaval. The coral structures around the islands of Mauritius, Reunion and Madagascar, and those which line the Mozambique coast, bear living witness to the past and continued uprising of the earth's crust, while on the southern coasts of the Red Sea are found the clearest evidences of what was yesterday the foaming water of the sea. Reefs emerged from the sea, former benches still incrusted with salt, and bogs left far inland and converted into marshes, further attest the gradual rising of the great eastern half of the African Continent. To the geological inference which is forced upon us the hints afforded by the known geog raphy and meteorology of Eastern and Equatorial Africa mast be added, as in the highest degree suggestive and instructive. The regions explored by Livingstone are known to be rich in lacustrine deposits, as Tanganyika, Bariugo, Manyara, Moero and the Nyauzas abundantly demonstrate. As Mr. Wakefield, missionary at Mombasa, stated in his paper, published last year by the Royal Geographical Society, the natives in the vicin ity of Lake Nyanza declared to him they had often travelled sixty days along the shore with out perceiving any signs of its termination; that its surface was marked by a daily tide, and that the time required in crossing it by canoe was at least six days. Such enormous and extended sheets of water are formed on the earth's surface in only two ways, either in high latitudes where the great vapor-laden upper currents of air from the Equator descend and are chilled by commixture with the Polar air, giving up their moisture, or in tropical districts, from the regular condensation in the rainy seasons. A glance at * the map of the world will show that the greatest and deepest lakes of inland caspians arc not found in the tropics, but always, as a rule, in the extra-tropical regions, generally on the Polar side of a belt girdling the earth between the fortieth and fiftieth parallels. The only exception to this rule is in Equatoral Afrioa, and the inference necessi tated from this fact is that the rainfall, or con densation, which supplies the vast fresh water lakes visited by Speke, Baker and Living stone, is due, not to commixture of cold and warn moist currents of air, but to the con densation of the great band of wet and easterly equatorial winds, which have swept over the glowing waters of the Indian Ocean? "the boiler of the Southern hemisphere"? against a lofty and cool equatorial plateau in the heart of the African Continent. To this conclusion every fact now brought to light seems to point as with unerring finger. If this be true the researches of Livingstone and his coworkers will probably reveal one of the most important tracts of country on the globe, blessed with a climate 'he most delicious and equable, besides settling the many long agitated problems of the hydrography of the Nile and its tributaries. Strange as this may at first appear, we should reflect that Equatorial South America is just such a country, and enjoyed in early times a magni ficeut civilization. The remains of the great road from Quito to Cuzco, running along the plateau of the Andes for nearly a thousand miles, and vying with the Appian Way of Rome; the Peruvian temples, fortresses, ter raced gardens and aqueducts, equalling those of Augustus; the gorgeous Shrine of the Sun, at Cuzco, the admiration of Pizarro, more splendid than anything Europe could boaRt; the royal baths of Atahualpa, in which the water was conducted into basins of gold through subterranean channels of silver, were among the discoveries that rewarded the early Spanish explorers of Equatorial America, and attested the fact that its natural advantages were unbounded. The same lesson is taught the traveller of to-day whose eye rests on the superb city of Quito, with its seventy thousand inhabitants, lying on the breast of Pichincha. under the Equator itself, where the climate, tempered by altitude, is unsurpassed for luxury and life, and where tho invalid may, in a few hours, by ascending the table lauds or descend ing them, experience the most bracing or the most relaxing temperatures. We look with confidence for graat results from the labors of the African explorers, and doubt not that they will far exceed in reality the most sanguine expectations. The Rrlgn of Rafllanlim la the Metropolis. The increase in the number of highway rob beries, midnight assaults and garroting cases at the present time is calculated to awakeu the liveliest apprehensions of all peaceable citi zens. The records of the police actually teem with these alarming indications of a reign of ruffianism and lawlessness, and the constituted guardiaus of the peace seem to be either power lew or uttwillinu to check the Ktovring eytf. (rarrofcing ha* become a favorite pastime with tho unpleasant gentry that swarm on all oar thoroughfares, even the most frequented. The immunity they enjoy is doubtless owing to the same cuuwe that leaves the streets in such a tilthy condition. Ferhaps our authorities labor uuder the delusion that it is the duty of that mythical personage, tho street cleaning con tractor, to remove garroters and ruffians as well as other nuisances from the streets. Ib that euse the broom will take the place of the baton, aud the dust cart that of the prison van. The street cars are fruitful seminaries of crime, and in them some of the boldest outrages are committed. Whether the conductors and drivers are in collusion with the thieves or are only afraid of them, one thing is certain, that a victim of an assault or robbery in one of these Jack Sheppard nurseries on wheels receives no assistance nor commiseration from the driver and conductor. Vigilance committees have frequently been threatened by our sorely-oppressed citizens, and petitions and remonstrances have been sent to the Albany Solons, but still the evil is in full ope ration. We can only wait and hope for the day when a New York thoroughfare will not be like the Hounslow Heath of old, and citi zens will not fear the grasp of the garroter or the bludgeon of the ruffian. The Hltuatlon la Spain?The Prospect According to our news of this morning there is a orisis in the Spanish Cabinet. It is stated also that Don Carlos, who has been com pletely routed, has fled toward France, and that Marshal Serrano, with his troops, is in hot pursuit of the Pretender, with the expecta tion of overtaking him. What is the particular cause of trouble in the Spanish Cabiuet it is not easy to say. It is not impossible that the unanimity with which all ranks and classes of Spaniards have risen against the Carlists has begotten a desire on the part of the King to have the Cabinet reconstructed on a broader basis and on prin ciples at once more generous and more com prehensive. It is a fact to be remembered in this connection that Zorilla, tho open and avowed antagonist of the trusted Minister Sagasta, has proved his loyalty to the King in a manner which at one time was deomed impossible. Zorilla, in place of ullying himself with tfio extreme republicans aud trying to make capital out of the Carlist movement, generously and magnanimously ac cepted a command at the hands of the King and took tho field against the Pretender. At one moment Zorilla was master of the situa tion. If he had decided to act with the ex treme republicans, Castelar and himself, with all their following, taking advantage of the Carlist rising to make the great cities their own, the head as well as the throne of Amadous would have been in danger. We do not say too much when we say that Zorilla has killed the Carlist insurrection aud for the time saved the throne of the Savoyard King of Spain. Is this reported Cabinet difficulty the result of a desire on the part of the King and his trusted friends to find in the Cabinet a suitable place for the radical chief? We think it not unlikely. At any rate tho services ren dered to the throne by Zorilla must be recog nized, and a proper recognition implies Cabi net reconstruction. A coalition Ministry on a larger scale is now in Spain an absolute neces sity. As to the other piece of news, the flight of Don Carlos, little needs to be said. It was never our opinion that Don Carlos, with his mediaeval nonsense, whatever might be his personal pluck and bravery, could succeed in placing himself on the Spanish throne. It is no longer possible to doubt that the insurrec tion in his interest has proved a complete failure. It could not have been otherwise; and no one regrets that divine right aud legiti macy have received a fresh and most damaging blow. Poor Spain has not yet seen the end of her troubles ; but the failure of this Carlist movement, and the general good behavior of tho various political factions dur ing this crisis, encourage the belief that the Spanish people, in spite of their many weak nesses, are gradually working their way out of the dead past and finding a place in the living and nctive present We know no good reason why we should not wish Spain success in her onward and upward movement. The Sew York Charter. The charter substituted for the mass of in congruities, yclept tho Charter of tho Seventy, while not, perhaps, perfeot in all its parts, is still so much an improvement upon its prede cessor that we are at any rate willing to give it the chances of a fair experiment. It recog nizes broadly the great feature for which the Herald has so persistently struggled namely, making the office of Mayor tho true Executive of the city government, with the necessary appointing power for the heads of departments. Without this principle in action the appointments to those places would be arbitrary, and very often, we fear, matters of corrupt sale. With the Mayor as the ap pointing officer tho responsibility for a good or a bad appointment is confined to one per son. Under tho monstrosity of the Seventy old noodles this responsibility would have been diffused over a discordant heterogene ous body of forty-five Aldermem When any question of accountability before the tribunal of the public would arise, we can imagine the forty-five irtcsponsibles standing in a circle and each one pointing to his neighbor, as with the three old white-chokercd parsons in the old-time "catch" with its bur den : ? 'Twas yon, sir; you, sir. you. Twus you that kissed the i>rettv gtrl. Yes, you, sir, you. In many points the charter which was passed by the Assembly yesterday, with an amendment forbidding appropriations to sec tarian schools, is an improvement on some of the weak points of tho present one. In con tradistinction to the Seventy's abomination it maintains the Department of Docks as a sepa rate department. This is the merest justice to the interests of the city. The large amount of river frontage and tho necessity of its careful adjustment to the growth of the Empire City will indicate how important it is that its administration should bo left in tho hands of an experienced and responsible board. We regret, indeed, that the charter, while securing the existence of this depart ment, provides for a change of its personnel. We hope, therefore, in view of the effectiveness and . high personal character of the gentlemen com- i posing the Department, that care will be taken to make the reconstructed Board of Commis j?iouers practically the suuic m composition m the present Board. Taken altogether, we inclined to accept the charter, which will doubtlem go to the Governor for hie Big nature in a lew days, and give it the unfailing test of time. Tile Crown or Denmark Against the Internationalist Society-Serious Es eltement in Copenhagen, King Christian of Denmark has, as w? anticipated in the Herald he would, accepted the gage of liattle which the Internationalist Society has flung down before the crowns of Europe as a token of defiance on the part of the organization to the governmental system of the thrones. The city of Copenhagen is about to be made the centre of arbitrament of the contest. The arrest of the President and Treasurer of the society in the Danish capital last Sunday has produced an intense excite ment among the inhabitants of the old town. Internationalists and their sympathizers, with great numbers of unassociuted citizens, as sembled in the streets. The society men were .krad in their denunciation of the government They were dispersed by the authorities yester day and tranquillity was restored before night 8 government is alarmed. Military gnu* Iiavo b?e? plwea Ml lie pablio bniMtog, and lie m?l have been cor douuod with soldiers. This attitude will be maintained until the municipal thoroughfares have boon restored to their everyday order and tranquillity. Preparations are being made for the prosecution of the captive members of the Internationalist body in the courts. They will be indicted for the highest crime known to the Old World law?after murder?that of high treason. Should they be convicted their lives will remain forfeited to the State and may perhaps bo taken away by the executioner. The contingency is one of exceeding danger, to the men in confinement particularly. They may be, perhaps, destined to champion a prin ciple and show forth to the world again the truth of the civic reform assertion that "they ne\er fail who die in a great cause." Thus would their blood dot a point in the progress of the march of the peoples towards the attain ment of a universal democracy and cheap government. The King of Denmark will, no doubt, remain equally determined in his vin dication of the rights of the monarchies. Ha enjoys, as wo have already stated, the most powerful alliances by family. He is him self a man of feeling, energy and strong religious conviction. What he deems just, equitable and proper he will attempt to enforce, without fear or a sense of overstrained affec tion. Copenhagen, a city which has been long at the head of civilization in Europe, with its fifteen open squares and its grand treasures of art, science, and for the education of tho masses, constitutes a most fitting and interest ing point for the trial?either by force or legally?of tho grand questions, "Are the European peoples educated to a point at which a governmental change would be really bene ficial to the masses, or will their present rulers elevate them still nearer to the thrones by further concessions of citizen privileges?" The case is one of particular interest to the free democracies of the New World. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Mr. and Mrs. William J. Florence sail in tho Scotia to-day. United States Senator Alexander itamsey, of Minnesota, is at the St. Nicholas Hotel. General H. L. Hunt, of the United States Army, has quurters at the Brevoort House. Commander I* A. Beardsley, of the United States Navy, has quarters at the Grand Central IIoteL General S. F.. Marvin, of Albany, is staying at the New York Hotel. Judge Amasa J. Parker, of Albany, is at the Bre voort House. General W. B. Bates, of Tennessee, is sojourning at the Grand Central Hotel. E. C. Banlleld, the Solicitor of the Treasury De partment at Washington, is at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Ex-Governor Oden Bowie, of Maryland, has ar rived in the city, to be present at the meeting of the Democratic National Committee, at the resi dence or Mr. Belmont, to-day. He Is domiciled at the New Y'ork Hotel. Lady Thornton, of Washington, and Lady Boss, of London, are in this city as the guests or Mr. L. P. Morton, of Fifth avenue. The lately chosen United States Senator from Kentucky, Thomas C. McCreery, yesterday arrived at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. He is a member of the Democratic National Committee, and Ids visit to tills city is in response to the call of Mr. Belmont for a session of that body at his residence to-day. Colonel Grosvenor, of St. Louis, is at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The Colonel was chairman of the Committee of Arrangements for the Cincinnati Con vention. nts endeavors to procure the official democratic ratification of Mr. Greeley's nomination and the meeting of the Democratic National Com mittee are the causes of his visit to tills city. AMUSEMENTS. Union League Theatre?Engel Organ Matinee. Mr. Engel gave the last of his popular organ re citals yesterday afternoon before a very large and decidedly fushlouahlc audience. The greatest in terest has been created in musical circles by the Introduction of such a novel nud complete instru ment as the Engel organ, in which are combined qualities of tone and touch which were formerly considered impossible in a reed organ. Mr. EngePs artistic playing, perhaps, contributed the largest share to the popularity of the new organ. The programme of yesterday's recital was as follows ?? "Cuius Animam,'' from the "Stabot Mater " Ros Bini: "Soupirs ct Larmes," "Sourires etcharmes" Engel. on the piano-organ. The first of these two little pieces expressing deep melancholy, while the second is pure coquetry, were peculiarly adapted to the qualities or these two Instrument. Gari baldi March, "Lcho du Coeur," Nocturne Engel' quartet, from "Itigoletto," Verdi, on the piano organ. The sweet tenor song, the mocking con tralto part, the power of the nuenibUt and the animated accompaniment were brilliantly displayed In the performance of tills piece. "Lascia eh* in 1'ianga," Handel; "Gavotte," Sebustian Bach ??Corn' c Gentil," Varifi, Engel. Here the percus sion stop produced the mandoline accompaniment "Romance saris Paroles," Mendelssohn; Nocturne' Chopin; "Miserere," Verdi; "Lei There Be Light " (from the oratorio of the "Creation"), Ifavdn "The Prayer of Moses." (for organ Mnd Dliinol' Both instruments played with the loft hand The extraordinary effect of the prolonged stun was thus to be strikingly exhibited. The Instruments were turned toward the audience, so as to show thut they were both played with one hand only. Theatre Comlqne, Josh Hart's bill, just Ht present, Is singularly varied and Interesting. The first part of the per formance consists of a medley of amusing variety business, all of which Is good of Its kind. It iu eludes several comic sketches, in which John Hart spreads himself as a superbly funny negro, some songs by Miss Wray, John Manning and Larry Tooley, and graceful and astonishing acrobatics bv Mon.s. Car on ami his talented family. The second part of the bill is an infinitely mirthful local bur lesque drama, entitled "Blue Monday," which Is onlv remotely founded on fact, and Is. therefore an in? "Black FrnHv "n''\oi T" Prototype of merit of having p*?, ZtTUm Joe Jnne'T'' ttH 11 ""rglar^nd John nraisa rt,. ? l 'l?'?'rve a word of passing praise, rtu house is crammed nightly by this an pfiro'fra?ln?? ??d, in spite of our present t !n<^ aHU? ,njliitalns its numerical lmpor !nnr?',io?or?in? / V *,l<,w r,,w performances are ','ore ^e?ervlng ol support. To tili who go there wo ce ?rowtotigviuiwuiu evening.