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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, May 15, 1872, Image 6

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HEW YORK HERALD
BROADWAY AYD ANN STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PKOPHHETOR.
? ? - ?
R 'jocted communications will not be re
turned.
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despatches must be addressed New York
Herald.
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Britain, or 90 to any part of the Continent, both to
Include postage.
Volume XXXVII No. 136
' AMUSEMENTS this afternoon and evening.
ST. JAM EH THEATRE. Twenty eighth street and
Bii'.itlwaj.?MacEtot's New IIidkbnicon. Matinee at 2.
WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadway, corner 90th si.?Per
loi inniioi s atteruoon and evening.?Jartinb.
ROWERY THEATRE. BOWERY.?WlTCBKS Or Naw
Yokic?My Fellow Cube.
OLYMPIC TIIEATRB. Broad way.-The Billet Pah
nOMiua or flurrT Dtr?rrr. Mntlnee at a.
BOOTH'S THENTRE, Twenty-third street, corner Sixth
iv.-Ricaiu III.
, UNION SQUARE THEATRE, Fourteenth ?t. and Brand
way.?The Yosts Fauii.t?Btllm or the Kitchen, Ac.
WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and 19th street?
Lom>0'< Asslrasck.
UNA EDWIN'S THKATRB. 720 Broadway ?Fool or
?hi: Family?Wa.vteo a Fathbb, Ac. Matinee at a.
FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twenty.fourth street.?
Abtiolx 47.
MUH F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE ?
Aktiolr 17.
THFVTRE COMIQUR, 514 Broadway?Cohio Vocal
Mks, Nhubo Acis, Afi. Matluee at 24$.
RAN FRANCISCO HALL, 085 Broad way.? S*n HHAnr
Mci'M Misstrlls.
TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, No. 201 Bowery ?
Hi oho ErccxTiiiciTias, Biini.ksauEs, Au.
CENTRAL PARK OARDEN.?Guano InsrsuaavTLi.
OONOKBT.
PAVILION, No. 688 Broadway, near Fourth *t.?Grand
COhcauT.
RTKINWAY HALL. Ftmrtrenth street?Grand Vocal
Anh ll, .rilCMLMlil. Co.YCi'HT.
ASSOCIATION HAM.. 23d atreet and Fourth avenue.?
.Ohm.d Organ Matinkt.
I NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 618 Broadwav.?
jfkMrNCB Aim Act.
.triple" SHEET.
i New York., Wednesday, May 15, 187M.
CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD.
FAOIS.
I- Advertisements.
??Advertisements.
'The Treaty: Correspondence on the Conse
quential Damages in Our Case; The Presi
dent's Special Message to the Senate; Finn
Attitude of Knulttnd Throughout; She Denies
that Indirect Claims were Provided for.
4?Kentucky Association ; Second Day of the
Spring Meeting; Grand Attendance of
Deputy and Fashion; Bent Time on Hecord;
Grand Exhibition of Trotting ColU?Second
Day of the Nashville Spring Meeting?Mary
laud Jockey Club?Fleetwood Park?Racing
in California?Blooded Stock?Political Intel
ligence?Dom Pedro II.: A Hkrai.D Cor
respondent's interview with the Kmperor of
Brazil?Vandei bllt at Work?Real Estate
Matters.
ft?Financial and Commercial; Sharp Upward
Turn in Gold: The Situation at Home and
Abroad; The Treaty Negotiations and Their
Influence Upon the Market; The General
stock List Dull and Weak During the Day and
Lower at the Close; Foreign Exchange Dull
and Unchanged?A Female Snwat row?Pro
ceedings in the Courts?The Parsee Merchant
Lunacy Case.
??Editorials: Leading Article. "The Correspond
ence Between England and the United Slates
on the Disputed Point in the Alabama
Claims'1?Amusement Announcements.
V?The War In Mexico?Cable Telegrams from
England, France, Spain and Iceland?The
Rochester Convention?The Elmlra Kepubli
can Convention?Shippiug Intelligence?Ad
vertisements.
B?The Eight Hour Movement; Action or the Dif
lorent Trades; More Strikes Contemplated;
The Plumbers, Cabinetmakers, Bricklayers
and Laborers Organizing for Action?Mar
riages and Deaths?Advertisements.
' ??Advertisements.
?rue Treaty (Continued from Third Page) ?
Advertisements,
i?Advertisements.
M?Ad vertlaements.
Tub Pbesldknt Speaks fob the Kmi
giR'.NTrt.?The President has sent a message to
Congress on the subject of affording necessary
protection to emigrants. The argument in
itehalf of these people and the recommenda
tions foe suitable legislation must meet with
the approval of every one, and will, no doubt,
jreoeivo due consideration trom Congress.
The Forces of Juarez in Northern Mexico
furo at last making earnest, efforts to suppress
the revolution. General CevalJos is following
W the advantages he has gained by a relent
less pursuit of the revolutionists under Gen
eral Treviflo, who are retreating without an
?ilo'npt at resistance. Another important vic
tory for the Juarez government is the recap
ture of Mier by Colonel Loznna. The revolu
tionary General Garcia d" la Cadcfia, i! is re
ports, lias concentr itod the remnants of his
scattered force for another attempt to capture
Uio city of Zacutecas.
The Spanish Bei.liukkkms in Bi?< it np
\pear to have assumed a field position of rela
tive threat towards each other, which is pretty
?ouch in the war fashion of their cousins in
lloxico.
The Release of the Havana 8ttdents.?
King Amadous lias at length taken some action
fn regard to the students who, because of their
thoughtlessness in the cemetery at. the grave of
Oa .lafion, were cast into prison ? There is no
?e^essity to recount the terrible tragedy by
which a number of the companions of these
youths were sacrificed by the Cuban volunteers
lost November. After months of imprisonment
?hef;e boys, we are told, are pardoned by the
IGng. But whet kind of a pardon? Relented ,
from prison, the prison garb removed, they
?ie placed on board a ship and sent to Spain, j
Tucir parents and home are in Cuba, yet those i
boj.i are to be pardoned l>y being banish<sl i
from th<-ir nntivi Isnd. Perhaps, after all, it j
is for the beat, Did (hoy remain in Cuba the i
Woodtlilrstlncss of tb ? volunteers might lead 1
them. on the slightest provocation, to gratify ;
theii revenge on tlieve unfortunate youths, j
Ueni'.hin< Tit end par boi ar ? powiiSly synotiy- 1
?iOlUi enns in Su.iiu.
Verr?epoe(teece Between England
?Be United Slatri on the Dis
puted Point In the Alabnmn Claims.
We publish to-day the correspondence be
tween our government and that of England
with regard to the disputed j>oiut about the
Alabama claims. The President sent a brief
message to the Senate with this corre
spondence, to show his object in referring
the matter to that body before concluding
upon the basis of a settlement. To use his I
own language, he seeks the counsel of the Sen- 1
ate in advance of agreeing to the proposal of
treat Britain which was last made for a set
tlement of the difficulty, and in doing so cites
the example of his predecessors for this appa
rently unusual proceeding.
The first despatch is that of Lord Granville
to Mr. Sehenck, dated February 3, 1872. In
this he passes over minor matters and at onoe
proceeds to notice what he terms "certain I
claims of an enormous and indefinite amount
which apjieur to have been put forward as
matters to be referred to arbitration,"
moaning the claim for consequential
or indirect damages. Earl Granville
argues, as was known before, that this claim
was not anticipated and would not be admit
ted. Letter two is a mere formal one from
Ir. Schenck to Lord Granville, stating that I
Granville's communication had been for- '
warded to Washington. Then follows a letter
from Mr. Fish to Mr. Schouok, ? with
another addressed and to be delivered
to Lord Granville. In thin letter of
Mr. Fish to Lord Granville the question of
agreeing to the payment of a gross sum to
eover all the claims, and without the action of
a third party, is referred to. Mr. Fish says
that the President would not have consented
to a Commission to make a treaty if he
had not understood that all claims
of whatever kind were to be the subjeot of set
tlement, that he was willing to abide by the
decision of the arbitrators, whether any of the
claims should be admitted or rejected, and
that the President regretted the action of the
British government in objecting to such
a settlement This is a firm and
stiff note, though couched in the usual
smooth diplomatic language. Throughout it
is apparent that our government did not ex
pect to get the "enormous" damages whic h
Lord Granville seemed to fear were expected,
and that the object in submitting the claim
lor consequential damages was more with a
view of leaving nothing unsettled and to show
what opinion had been held of the conduct of
Euglaud.
All the despatches that follow, except the
last one of the British government with the
proposition submitted to the Senate, are only
a reiteration of the same points and arguments
which have been published heretofore. The
substance we have known aud discussed, and
though wo have now the whole in diplomatic
phraseology there is nothing new. The de
spatch of Lord Granville of tho 20th of March
is very elaborate, and is a fine 8peci.
men of that special pleading for
which the statosmcu of England
arc distinguished. In this respect our Sec
retary of Suite aud representative in Loudon
were overmatched. The truth is we should
always avoid diplomatic ambiguity in our
intercourse with foreigu nations, and conse
quently such diplomatic tilts with the ex
perienced and cunning old statesmen of
Europe. If our government hud said
in plain and unmistakable language
what it meant iu the Treaty of
Washington all this trouble would hnve been
avoided. The claim for consequential damages
was left to be inferred, when it ought to have
been clearly expressed.
The last movement ou the board to save the
treaty, which is creating just now so much
interest in Washington aud London, and
which led to the special consultation of the
President with the Senate, seems to have
originated with Mr. Fish, though it is said the
proposition involved in it came from England.
This proposition is substantially as given in
our Washington correspondence on Monday
aud reiterated in the correspondence published
yesterday. It is, in effect, that there shall be
a short supplemental treaty in addition to the
Washington Treaty, in which a declaration
i 8hal1 be made that hereafter when either
j Great Britaip or tho United States
j are at war, the other Power being neutral, the
I neutral shall only be liable for the direct dam
j ages inflicted upon the belligerent by any pri
j vateer escaping from its waters. It is under
stood that this rule incorporated or added to
the treaty would be so far retroactive as to de
stroy any claim of the United States for con
sequential damages, and would relieve Great
! Britain of her objection to arbitration before
j the Geneva Board. This is what the leading
Loudon journals meant when they nsserted
( that negotiations were not broken off positively,
I and that a new proposition was under consider
ation by which the American government
I agrees in principle to withdraw the claim for
i indirect damages. Agreeing in principle, by
the supplemental treaty, while the American
case remains unaltered, is just the meaning of
i tho reposed arrangement to bridge over the
difficulty. This is, alter all, another bungling
way of managing great international ufthirs.
i The whole question of neutrals might
just as well have been left out of
I the treaty and payment hnve been made
j o.r the direct losses caused by the
, Alabama and the other privateers without nuy
retroactive or prospective rules regarding neu
trals. In fact, the question will remain just
whore it stood before if the supplemental pro
position be admitted. It will be a great relief
| to the country when this diplomatic palaver
i shall be ended one way or the other and the
Alabama claims be ei'h?r settled or held in
j a leyanee till a more convenient opportunity
; arrives.
Es? op the Leouutiti Session.?Onr
State legislature has finished it* Inborn nnd
Ipovos the New York city charier nnd other
act* it hu? rfished through at the end of the
session to their fate in the hand* of the Gov
ernor. The most important of three measures
is the ehartor, and of the merits of that, we
have already spoken. Better than the former
one, which the Governor properly vetoed, and
with some tbin.gn in it which we approve, this
charter, if approved, is to go into operation
l?et?re the mass of onr citizens will bt.ftble to
nndereiaad it or know how to vote intelligently
for a new city government, tinder these < ir
onmsiauees it. in a question whether tho
Governor Ought to ';ive it his suneHofl or not.
Aueuj j tlio acta pa s <1 was ouo providing
lor the settlement of claims against the city
and county of New York and for paying for
sprinkling the streets. We shall take occasion
hereafter to review the work of the Legisla
ture. This body has proved itelf incompetent,
and its adjournment will afford more relief
than its acts have been satisfactory.
Tlie Obliteration of Party Line a and
the Wew Deal In Polities?The Com
ing Democratic Disruption.
We are living in an age of revolution, and
every day the spirit of personal independence
and self-relianoe is spreading more and more
among the j?eople. Our great political orguni- J
zatious have lost their power and party liues j
are almost wholly obliterated. On every side
we find indications that the iron rule of regu
larity, once so binding on leaders and follow
ers alike, can no longer hold refractory spirits
under restraint, but that men will act accord
ing to their wiahes and convictions, aud not in
conformity with the behests of party. A few
years ago a political bolter was a marked char
acter, aud treason to an organization or its
candidates was regarded as a heinous offence,
lo-day the free and independent politician is
a hero, and ull are ready to eommeud his bold
ness. King Oaucus is dead, and there are few
mourners at his funeral.
The most striking instanco recently afforded
of this revolution in party politics is the over
throw of the administration republican caucus
nominee for United States Senator in Con
necticut, General Hawley, and the election?
for his election now appears oertain?of Sena
tor Ferry, by a combination of liberal repub
licans and democrats, who together hold a ma
jority on joint ballot in the Legislature of that
State. \ esterday, the Senate nominated Haw
loy by a majority of seven, while the House
nominated Ferry by a majority of fourteen, with
only four absentees?one democrat and three
republican. To-day the joint ballot of the
two houses is to be cast, and there is little
doubt of Ferry's success by a majority of from
eight to ten votes. This is the first practical
step in the coalition of the democrats and lib
eral republicans against the administration,
and shAuld the same policy extend to the nom
inees for the Presidency and Vice Presidency
it will embrace in its scope the Congressional
and State nominations, and, whether successful
or unsuccessful in the national contest, will
make an entire new deal in politics all over the
Union.
The great revolution in this State last No
vember, which swept away the Tammany de
mocracy, was of a similar character. It was an
uprising of the masses of the people against
the discipline and tyranny of party organiza
tion. Our State Legislature?peace to its
ashes!?was largely republican; strong enough
in its party majority to control all the legisla
tion of the session, to override every executive
veto, and to pass bills requiring a three-fourth
vote. Yet, from the commencement of the
session, caucus rule was repudiated, the
majority refused to be bound by party meas
ures, the members acted on their own respon
sibility and the republicans divided into fac
tious on almost every question brought before
them. The Cincinnati Convention was an
open and bold rebellion against the regular
republican organization?a repudiation of
regularity in the most important political
inovemeut known to the country, the nomina
tion of Presidential candidates. So thoroughly
is the right of independent political 'action
now recognized that no persou assails the Cin
cinnati Oonventionists for treason to party,
however bitterly they inay denounce their hos
tility to General Grant, J
We have recently witnessed numerous less 1
important instances of insubordination in the J
ranks of the politicians, but they are scarcely j
worth recapitulation. It is enough that every
indication points to the obliteration of party
lines and to new combinations in the future.
President Grant's election probably laid the
first groundwork for this political independ
ence. Choaen from necessity by an organiza
tion to which he never belonged, and with
many of whose ideas he could have no sym
pathy, his administration, while faithfui to
political friendships, has been, in a great
measure, unrestricted by the narrow and
cramped boundaries of party rules and obliga
tions. If Geueral Grnnt had been a mere
machine republican he would not probably
have broken republicanism in two ; but ho is
an honest, independent man, and hence before
his first term of office has expired he sees the
party that elected him rent asunder, and the
political hacks who four years ago labored for
his success now kicking vigorously against
him. The insubordination, originating at
Washington through dissatisfaction with the
distribution of the federal patronage, spread
rapidly through the States, and the tangible
| results accomplished up to the present
j moment are the Cincinnati Preaidential nomi
! nations and the election of Senator Ferry,
j The democrats are now preparing to follow
, the example of the republicans and to strike
i off in independent lines of their own. The in
J dications of a determination to support the
i Greeley ticket already apparent among the
| democracy of the South, as well as in New
I ^oik, Pennsylvania and other important
; States, has awakened a counter revolution in
the democratic camp in favor of President
Grant. The democratic organ in this city led
j off in the new split^ although in a cautious.
prudent manner; and Dan Voorhees took np
1 the cue and boldly declared on the floor of
j Congress his determination to spit upon the
j action ot the Baltimore Convention if it should
favor a union with the liberal republicans, and
to enlist with all the followers he could raise
nuder the banner of General Grnnt. The
i Chairman of the National Democratic Com
I mittee is said to in fa\or of the proposed
democratic revolution, and to prefer Grant to
Greeley. Other democrats of standing and in
fluence endorse the policy of splitting the
party, aDd of going over with Voorhees and
his free lances to the administration rather
than to join the raid of the liberal repub
licans. The movement is deep and wide
spread and, led by the New York organ,
will no doubt make a greater diversion from
the Baltimore regulars than the Cincinnati in
dependents tuive made from the Philadelphia
C onventioniste. Indeed, no more sensible
course is open to the forlorn democracy. The
nomination of ? separate ticket?which propo
rtion is, of course, only a blind and a
-ham o? the part of those who are lees
bold than Voorhees in the declaration of
?eir revolutionary programme-would only i
'r ' u> l,,rc* (,< contemplated rovp. The
djtnocra'ic organization is of no more use in I
the present Presidential campaign as an indi
vidual part}' to the contest than would be a
fifth wheel to a wagon. There is no place for
democrats in the field, and they could not be
held together for an instant drilling and play
ing at soldiers while an exciting engagement
was going on between two hostile forces
within their view. They would break ranks
and rush to join one or other of the combat
ants, no matter what plight be the course of
their leaders. Hence the wisest thing the
democratic independents can do Is to follow
the cue of their own organ in this
city and of Dan Yoorhees in Congress,
and to declare at once in favor
of Grant for our next President iu
opposition to Farmer Greeley, the old aboli
tionist and protectionist. Some of the admin
istration organs are counselling them to make
separate party nonunations, but this is all bal
derdash. There will be but two live candidates
in the field?Grant and Greeley?and while
the Baltimore Convention mob will probably
Willow the Cliappaqua woodchopper, white
hat, long ooat, cowhide boots and all, the
Voorhees independents should boldly fling
forth their banner for Grant. They will take
with them the conservative financial and com
mercial strength of the party, led by the great
financier at the head of their National Com
mittee, and will start with an established organ
in the metropolis on their side. But if they
would succeed there must be no hesitation or
cowardice in their policy. Boldness and
energy have placed the liberal republicans
where they are. Boldness and energy will
make this new democratic revolution a bril
liant success, and will insure the re-election of
General Grant for another term as an inde
pendent candidate, owing no allegiance to old
parties, and prepared to build up a new politi
cal organization based upon the solid interests
of the country and likely to hold power for the
next half century.
Servant-Gal Urn In the Land o* Calces?
The Fair (Kitchen) Maids or, Dundee.
Little did John Leech imagine, when ho
evoked the avenging culinary goddess in his
illustrations of Bervaut-galism, what he was
doing for posterity. The maids of Duudee,
who do the linen lairds of that vicinity the
honor to wait at table and preside over the
production of boiled and roast, have formed a
trades union, and regularly discuss the hours
of service and the various descriptions of
menial attention expected at their hands. In
another part of the Hkhaxj) will be found a
highly interesting account of the meeting
which resulted in the selection of officers for
the society. Little did the bounie lasses know
of parliamentary rules and society by-laws;
but a "chiel ama.ng them talrin' notes" did
not wish to see the well laid plans "gang
a-gb>y," and gave them several useful hints.
The wrongs of the scullery were alluded to in
severe terms, very much to the point, after the
cannie planner of their nation. We are cer
tain that the lady in waiting who objected to
"the flag"?a pancake of ganziness worn by
maid-servants on the top of the cranium?was
)>athetie as would be the lament of Jeemes
over the ignominy of crimson plush in
expressibles. The young lassie, too, who
indignantly advanced her belief that they
(the mistresses) did not consider the servants
made of the same material as themselves,
touched as deep a chord in the pride of hu
manity as ever vibrated at the grand appeal
of Shylock, the Jew. The ironical servant,
however, did not venture the remark that their
masters shared the heresy of their mistresses.
Indeed, one feature will strike the observer,
that all the taunts of the queens of the kitchen
were levelled at the princesses of the parlor.
A curious feature, also, is the oft-expressed fear
of the stouter-hearted that a wheedling word
from the mistresses "in their fine flattering
way" would break down the faith of the weaker
vessels among them. From six in the morn
ing to ten at night was considered too long a
working period, and it was taken under advise
ment whether two hours should not be lopped
from the sixteen. A fearful threat was that
which, if carried into effect, would condemn
all Dundeedom to cold victuals on Sundav,
and we cannot but admire the spirit in which
one merciful lassie suggested a l>oiled potato
compromise. They should eat cold meat, but
sl^e didn't object to boil potatoes for them. It
was a delicate compliment to the sterner sex
which suggested that the rules of the Amalga
mated Engineers should be their rules, and
one, we are sure, which every braw engineer
laddie by the banks o' the Tay will remember
when he thinkH of becoming matrimonially
amalgamated for life. There is in this also a
hint ni to in whose blissful company the half
holiday weekly was to be spent.
To the eternal credit of the maids of Dundee
is the fact that they have begun the movement,
and the gallant butlers, gardeners, grooms,
, footmen and porters who assembled at Leam
ington, England, did right courteously in giv
ing the fair bonnets over the border three
rousing cheers for the forward step so iirnily
taken. Certain misgivings come to our mind
as we reflect on the possibility of the cold meat
torture being applied to free-born Americans,
if tlio downstairs revolution should spread
among the cisatlantic Abigails, who can
oftentimes make life wretched, as it is, without
proceeding even to the hot-potato compromise.
A distent thunder, as of rattling pots and pans,
breaks upon our ears, and th/^Xruing voices
of the Scotch lassies, singing the modified
rules of the Amalgamated Engineers to the air
of "Bonnie Dundee," swells in our imagina
tion as dried apples in a saucepan of hot water.
It seems like the dismal monotone of the weird
sisters in Macbeth repeating their incantation,
which has a sensible meaning, for the first
time?
Double, double roll and rronble,
Fire burn and eahlron'bubble.
Thk Fro posed C haxoks ct the Swiss Co n
sTrrrnosr.?Laafc Sunday the people of the
S* iss cantons took u vote on the proposed
changes in the constitution, and the result was
that they determined to abide by the constitu
tion under which they at present live. The
vote, nevertheless, a as very close, thirteen
<*?ntons out of the twenty-two only deciding
to let well enough alone. Many of the pro
posed changes to the constitution are
reollv good. The Cutholic cantons all
voted against the alterations projios
ed, and for obvious reasons. Civil mnr
ringes, the provision against the monastic in
stitutions of the Jesuits and some of the other
clauses, no doubt, proved objectionable to the
Catholics, and hence their decisive vote
uuaiust auv ohauge whatever. Tho defeat
may suggest modifications, and at uo very dis
tant period the Swiss people may be again
called on to ratify a revised constitution, with
most of the objectionable features of the late
one stricken out and the good ones retained.
"on Pedro II., Kmperor of Brailt.
We published on Monday a letter from our
correspondent in Rio Janeiro recording the
festivities in honor of the Emperor of Brazil
on his return from his extended travels. The
heart}' and brilliant reception accorded him by
all classes showed his popularity, while it
evinced the good sense of the people, who
know how to appreciate so wise, practical,
and withal so unassuming a sovereign.
The spontaneous bursts of joy which greeted
his return clearly proved that his rule is not
founded upon "the divinity which doth hedge
a king," but upon the affections of his
people.
To-day wo give our correspondent's account
of an interview he had with the Emperor
soon after his arrival His Majesty gracefully
consented to communicate to the Herald his
opinions and impressions of the different
countries of Europe in which he had been a
sojourner. He also expressed his regret that
he bad been debarred from carrying out his
original programme, which included a visit
to the United States. But the keen interest
which he evinced in the progress and intel
lectual life of European countries will not let
him rest until he has seen the most pro
gressive country in the world. Wo promise
him a cordial welcome. A sovereign who is
so democratic?we might say American?in
his thoughts and habits, who miugles with
the passengers and eats at the common table
of a steamboat?but, above all, who is occa
sionally partial to the Anglo-Saxon beverage
familiarly known as gin cocktail, is sure to
take kindly to the customs and habits of the
American people.
Dom Pedro's career has been one of useful
ness, not of glittering show, false pretence and
frivolity?very much unlike the career of the
mftn who lost crown and sceptre at Sedan.
He does not profess to be o monarch by divine
right, but only the leader of a people over
whom the accident of birth?or, since his rule
hfts been so beneficial, let us say Providence?
has placed him.
Two words form the key of his character
utility and progress. This is partly the result
of a life of research and meditation. In mat
ters of science, in legislation and in politics he
has no equal in his country. His acquaint
ance with modern literature and hiM conversa
tional powers in many languages are quite
remarkable. With these scholarly attain
ments he combines a modesty which charms
all those who ever come in contact
with liim. Our correspondents abroad have
from time to time approached the Emperor,
and the Herald has thus been enabled to im
part to the American people and the world at
large a better knowledge of this ruler of a
vast empire. We call to mind the narrative of
an interesting interview which one of our
correspondents had with Dom Pedro before bis
departure on his great tour. Later on, another
representative of the Herald found oppor
tunity "to shoot him flying"?as old Teeumseh
would express it?under the very shadow of
the Pyramids. All were received with a cor
diality and absence of restraint which is so
refreshing to find in the monarch of a great
nation. His chief claims to the attention of
the Ameriean people, however, are his ardent
efforts for the abolition of slavery, which have at
last paved the way towards a complete emanci
pation of the negro. To accomplish this groat
object he has had to war against the ignorance
of all olasses of his people. His own race, in
deed the whole human race, owe a debt of
gratitude to Dom Pedro.
Comicalities of the Campaign?Grerley
ma the Modern Cincinnati!*.
Greeley on his farm makes a far more
artistic and picturesque tableau than did Cin
ciunatns, who has been doing duty in history
as the prince of patriots and farmers for ever
so many years. The sketch of the Chappnqua
farm which we published a few days ago was
a rare picture of politics and philosophy
wedded to barnyards and cabbages. Cincin
natus never wrote anything conoerning his
acquaintance with farming, and, according
to what we hear about him, was rather a dull,
practical sort of a man. Greeloy is an im
provemeut. on the old Roman. He hides his
agricultural light under no bushel measure,
but Rpreads the experience he has gained in
chopping wood and raising cabbages far and
wide. Then Cinoinnatus had a vulgar taste
for ploughing, which has a demoralizing in
. fluence on dress* and manners. Greeley's
i farming is more refined and far better
adapter! for developing muse le and appetite
i together.
f The Tribune philosopher may l?e our next
, President, and consequently his method of
life and of farming are now more than ever
subjects of popular iuterest. The farm at
Ghappaqna may be destined to become a
centre of as great attraction for pilgrims?
agricultural pilgrims from all parts of the
earth?as the tomb of Mohammed,
t Mr. Greeley is now more devoted to his
farm than ever. He knows he ruust forswear
wood'hopping and Chappaqua whet be goer,
to the Wh'te House. If he takes to chopping
. the trees around the Presidential mansion or
turns the promenade in front into a pumpkin
patch he may be impeached by the Senate and
sent back to his farm. He is aware of this
and has therefore resolved to lay in a s'ock of
axe-grinding Rnd axe-swinging experience to
lost him during his term of office. This is
sensible. All our Presidents have had to
use the axe more or less. Some of them were
poor hands at it and suffered from their inex
perience. Old Hickory wielded the axe like a
Hercules and chopped right and left without
mercy. Horace knows nobody else he should
care to rival, and when he takes the Fr -4den
tial broadsxe in his hand next March, pro
viding everything looks lovely, he may throw
tbo performances of Old Hickory entirely in
the shade. It is safe to presume that the in
cident in Roman history, when the politics oi
the Roman nation were going to the dogs, will
be reproduced on this occasion, and that the
delegation that calls Greeley to the helm of
state will find him at OhappaqUft with his
pants tucked inside his boots and a pi ir of
horny hands upon a plough. Greeley is an
adept in theatrical effects. If he misses enrr; jug
out this part of the programme it will be
owing to the fact of the nth-r man winning
the election. This farm at Oh vppe.oia is a
good investment. It will bo a potent help to
the Presidential candidate who owns it. In
tact, no Presidential candidate should be with
out a tarm. What is he to know about the
tilings malignant l'oes utter against his charac
ter while he is cultivating the succulent
squash and training the lively beau plant ?
The sentimental side of the subject is some
thing Horace has also studied. A man who
flies from the evil haunts of a big city every
evening to the pure air and sparkling spring
water of a farm forty miles away can have no
sympathy for land jobbers, whiskey rings, and
Custom House abuses. Think of a candidate
for the Presidency up a ladder chopping off
the superfluous branches of some king of the
foreRt and singing merrily at his work, as
Horace does! The vilest voice of slander
would not dare to breathe suspicion against
tho innocence of a character running over with
so much of rustic and honest simplicity. The
liberal republicans have a gold mine
in this Chappaqua farm. Lot them
work it properly, and the champion of the
shovel aud the hoe will do tho federal farming
nt xt March. Lot them take a series of views
of the modern Cincinnati, as he may be seen
any morning or afternoon on his farm, among
the dandelions, squirrels and woodohueks.
I.et us have a view of the old man drinking
his daily bucket of spring water, surrounded
by flocks of turkey gobblers, hens, geese,
chickens and red-headed roosters. Another
view might represent him sportively climbing
a tree in pursuit of the festive squirrel. This
would be eminently taking. It would appeal
te every man's early experience in the halcyon
days of youth. Other views might refer to the
various occupations with which Mr. Greeley
beguiles the time. A falling tree, and an axa
in the philosopher's hand triumphantly flour
ished in the air, would be a telling tableau.
It would inspire confidence in Mr. Greeley as
President and be a symbol of his power to
fight and triumph over corruption. A view of
Mr. Greeley sitting on the fence would present
him in his most amiable mood and draw enco
miums on his good looks from both parties.
We might have him also weeding a potato
patch, suggestive of the weeding process ho is
bound to undertake when he sits in the White
House. We throw out these suggestions for the
l>onoflt of the liberals. That Chappaqua farm
is rich in resources. The owner knows this
fact, aud ho is now engaged studying the'
salient points of effeot. Drinking a bucket
of spring water will have au encouraging influ
ence on the temperance party, while all the
people of sentiment will be tickled to death at
the picture of Horace stretching up the top
branches of a tall hemlook in pursuit of a
playful woodchuck. The great army of fanners
will be charmed beyond expression at a life
like photograph of the old man with a pair of
woollen gloves weeding his potato patch. The
prospect of what maybe after the venerable
fanner reaches the White House is something
we forbear to dwell upon at present; but, so
far, the futon look smilingly on the situation.
The YVillett Street Horror and tho
Itecent Copt are Qf Burglars?Police
men Who Deserve Reward.
The fearful affray tliAt took place ou Mon
day night in a Willett street tenement house
between au infuriated ruffian aud a galla^
policeman, who risked his life in the perform
ance of his duty, is another example of the
recklessness aud audacity of the dangerous
classes. The suffering wife of this misoreant,
alarmed for tho fate of her six children, who
wore locked up with him in a room, called
upon tho police for assistance. Officers Leslie
and Finnegau responded to the call, and in
attempting to gain admittance into the room
found that the ruffian had intrenched himself
behind a barricade of furuiture. Officer Les
lie undauntedly gained admission through tho
window, by means of the fire escape, and was
immediately attacked in the most brutal man
ner. He defended himself with his club until
tho door was burst opeu by his brother officer
and the desperado was mastered. These
policemen deserve a great deal of credit and
honor for their gallantry, particularly as
it is a very scarce quality with guardians
of the pence nowadays. The ruffian whom
they captured is but one of a very numer
ous class that infests the most populous
districts of the city, aud the example of Los- *
lie and Finuegan should be an incentive to
other officers to pursue such characters in an
equally determined manner.
Another gallant, feat, was accomplished by
Scrgeatit James, Detective McConnell and Offi
cer Frazier iu the arrest of three notorious '
burglars and sneak thieves belonging to tho
gaug that entered Mr. Phelps' residence, in.
Sixth avenue. They took them out of a crowd
of thieves in a low saloon aud marched thexrf*
to Police Headquarters. The man who is sup
posed to have shot Mr. Phelps escaped tho
same night, but there is little doubt that ho
will soon join his companions in prison. Such'
deeds are worthy of our police, and arc calcu
lated to restore public confidence in them.
They will exercise a beneficial influence on tho
gangs of rowdies that prowl the streets at
night, and will go fur towards removing tho'
?lugrace attached to the metropolis b>? tho
wanton outrages and crimes nightly commit
ted bv those worthies". We trust that, the good
work, so auspiciously begun, will bo carried to
completion, until our citizene run walk tho
streets unharmed.
THE CHAMBER OF COMMERUE AND THB
TREATY OF WASHINGTON,
New York, May 14, 197J.
To Mr. Vn.utv R. Doimje, f'rrsldenf of thechau*
t>?r of Common*0:?
Pear Sir?The undersigned member* of the
Chamber of Commerce twspectfnlly request yon to
rail a special meeting of the Chamber for Wedseo
da* (to-rnorrotr). Mnv 1\ at half-tmtt two !\ M.. to
give expression to the vi"?s of the Chamber on the
Treaty of Washington and the ratiiicAtiou by the
riunat'.' nf an additional arti.le thereto, as propose*
by Minister Schonrk. Toflr obedient servants*
OKORtlK OKPYKK, IVM. M. VKRMILYK.
WASH. It. VKKMII.YK, H. C. VAHNKSTOCK,
SAMITBL P. UABCOCk, fj l i" COOKIC,
IIKNRY A. IIAHLIN'f;, I). WILLIS JAMRS,
binv p. 40-KRS OANIKl. IMIAKF. SMITH,
WILLIAM H. FOGG, tlKORUK W. 1RJW.
In accordance with the above the nieinh is am
rcijiiested to buret at th ? rooms of the chamber <>11
W?dn?sdiiy, at hair-pnsi two 1'. M. Ky ord.?r of tlio
I'rosideni, CKOKCK WfLBCKi, ttecretary.
THE DHMPIHG GR00ND3, r
The following general order was icsiied to tha
there yesterday t?y Superintendent Kelso respect
ing the manure dumping grounds on both aides of
the inland
la 0 APT aim. Oi ?? I'm. mirrsi?
You v ill In.!rin i the member* of >onr command '*
?rrestall person* rugnged in liniplnt street ?w?ctny><*.
narti.ua or manure within life limit* m tlie eitv ot bow
S iirk. except sin h dumping he upon i vrsel,###'.*"
woir. to be speedily removed irum iho city. ., ^ ,
You ulil tn.ikt' riieoinl repurt in wrtlina to Iw
snr Mieli in it -t that in* a homw,MilMe> wit oIwiom .ton
of tlie ease b> die K such report to las mndoMJji"
MArliest tnvniuht Utter the ease liu-> her n disposed :,i [>> >*
Court. jamkhj. KKLSO.aupertnwhlw*

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