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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 03, 1872, Image 5

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"Fighting Joe on War
anil Politics.
Generals Grant, Sherman, Coward, Stoncman,
Avci'iil, Frank Clair.
Sharp Talk About Grant's
Moral Sense.
An Inside Glimpse of the Eattle of
General Amnesty a Good
(From the San Francisco Chronldo, May 23.] j
In aunounclng the arrival in this city of Major
General Hooker, the Chronicle of the 18th instant
published the following admission of General How
ard to a representative of this paper at* an inter
view held at the Occidental Hotel in tills elty on
the 18th of March last. The conversation had
tamed on the battle of Chancellors vlllc and the
fall ore of i hat campaign, through the giving way I
?f General Howard's corps (tho Eleventh), and in
reply to a question as to General Howard's opin
ion of who was to blame the General gave substan
tially the following answer. After a moment's de
liberation he replied
It Ik a strange question, but I feel U equally strange
Impulse to answer It. it whs my fault, and I will explain
Ihc reuse n why. I lind :ust bei n appi luted tu tho com
mand of t ie corps. There was somo disaffection, wane
Incongruous i lenient*, and I ought at unco tw have given
(bo command a careful inspection; mad ) chances where
?ecr?vary; made myself thoroughly acquaint! with Its
condition, uud | ut it into the best possible shape a.-, soon
an practicable. 1'ut 1 li lt a d llcacv about iuterfe-ring
with the details o. my mrbordlnate*, and s?, I dropped the
matter, trusting entirely to them until I should bo better
acquainted. It was n tearliil mistake, and I felt, that
Saturday night oi Imminent peril to our noble army, that
I wanted to die. It was ilic only time I ever weakened
that way In my life, be lore or since j hut that irglit I did
?11 in my power to remedy the mistake, and I sought
iea'h every whi re I could iindanexi_u.se to go on the
On Tuesday last the following letter from General
Hooker was received by the editor of the Chron
Grand TTontr,, Has Francisco, May 21, 1872.
To Ihr Editor of thr Chronilt;?
11 v Dkau Sir? My attention lias heen called to an article
In your Issue of the 18th of *io little importance to me. It
Is that which relates t? the battle of Cnuneellorsvlllo. It
U a matter ol u good deal of surprise to me on coming to
California to flml an admission from General llowani re
lating to that battle which common honor >hottld have
flrawn from him years ago. I was conscious of his culpa
bility at the time, hut have forborne for years communi
cating the fact.i to the public, In the expectation that he
would do so. This statement appears to exonerate me
from any reverse at Chaneellorsville, not to say failure,
as I bad none. The statement is not lull, nor Is it an
honest one, hut it is better than no statement As your
correspondent appears to have been present at the time
General Howard made this cxplanotlon, I request that
you will furnish me with his name and address, that I may
call on him for further particulars In regard to this ex
I >o?i. Very respectfully, your obedient servant.
J. HOOKER, Major Oencral.
In response to the above letter the General was
furnished with tho required name and address, and
an interview appointed for ten o'clock A. M. yes
terday at liis rooms lu the Grand Hotel. At that
hour the representative of the Chronicle, who was
responsible lor the report of General Howard's con
versation, pioceeded to the Grand Hotel, and was
Introduced to General Hooker.
There was no pcrceptlblc change in the charac
teristic features of the old veteran since tho re?
porter last saw him on the field, although he is still
Buffering from the effects of a stroke of paralysis,
which has partially disabled him.
Tho reporter was very cordially received, and in
vited to a seat near General Hooker, who opened
the Imtervlew by expressing his satisfaction at the
publication of Uencial Howard's statement.
General Hooker ? I was very much gratified, In
deed, as well as surprised, when I saw your article
In the Chronicle relating to chancellorsviiie. 1 had
waited for some such acknowledgment for years,
but hardly expected it now.
Reporter? W e 11, sir, it was given as a simple act
of Justice. 1 had been directed to write an account
of your arrlvul; and General Howaru's admission
being still fresh in my memory, I gave It in coimcc
M9Q w|th the account. ^ ,, . ;
* 'Jotter a 1 Hooklk? i am "very glad you did.
RBTOirriB ? I hardly expected, however, that It
wonld be a matter of surprise to you, as I had some
how got the Impression that the iacts had been
discussed between yourself and General Howard,
although they had not been m:tde public. ?
General Hooker? No, sir, tho affair has never!
been settled between us. He has never shown any |
disposition lo do me justice ; and, as I remarked In g
the letter, his admission Is not an honest one and H
does not give tho facta. I
1 Reporter? Well, sir, 1 took part in thatbgtti?_H
wad engaged from llrst to last? and hay^ always
felt an absorbing interest in anything relating to it.
The giving wav of tho Eleventh corps has always
bocp a painful mystery to me, and I have never
Men anywhere? o It, uough 1 have looked carefully at
various hlstdlies of the war and read tho official re
ports time aud time ngalu? any statement of that
affair which, in my judgment, affords an intelligent
explanation. From my knowledge of the position
of the tw o armies, the movements of the Eleventh
and Twelfth corps across the Rappahannock River,
their march to l.ee's rear, effecting a complete sur
prise and securing the passage of United States
Ford r>r the remaining corps, I nave been compelled
to regard the campaign, up to tho poiut of the dis
aster?for which 1 never believed you responsible?
as one ol the most brilliant aohlevements of mili
tary genius during the war.
General Hooker? It was, at lcost, not a failure so
far as my responsibility went, although my enemies
have done their |>est to make it appear so. The only
failure on my part was in not bringing General
Howard to a strict account lor his culpability. I
have, as 1 said In my letter, refrained from giving
the fucts to tho public, believing that they onght to
c*ine from Howard. I will no longer do so, but
give the fucts to the world, and let them go into
history as they ought.
Reporter? It is very strange that Howard should
have remained silent on the matter lor so many
General Hooker? Hc'p a very bad man, but he's a
pious character. Oh, 1 know him so well l lie w rote to
me in New Vork, offeriug mo a professorship In his
darky collego. I knew it would involve some
money, and I had none to spare In that wav. I rc-B
spectrully dccllued tho honor. But you will be more
Interested in regard to the event ol Chaneellors
ville. and I will tea you all you want to know about
It. 1 suppose you understand the position.
Reporter ? res. The two large armies confronted
each other on opposite sides of tho Rappahannock.
General Hookkh ? l.xactly so. Sedgwick's corns
was more particularly exposed to view from the
enemy's camp, you will remember, than any other.
If I ordered hlui to move the rebels would at once
have wind of our operations. And then, since
Bnmslde's move at the battle of Fredericksburg,
all the river crossings along the front had been
thoroughly discussed and talked over by the enemy
and effectually guarded. Besides, Sedgwick was
deficient In topographical knowledge, and it would
not do to triiBt au Independent movement to him.
60 1 ordered the Eleventh and Twelfth corps to
move up the Rappahannock, cross to Lee's rear as
secretly ns possible, and yon know the result. As
you say, it was one of the most snccessful opera
tions of tho war ? the surprise was complete.
Reporter? 1 never saw troops In better heart
than were ours of the Twelfth when we had accom
nliHhcd the march to Chaneellorsville aud your
congratulatory order was lead to us.
tuc stampede.
General Hooker? Nor I. It seems as thongh
?very man In the command was alive to the situa
tion, and eager for tho conflict. And now as to
Howard. A ou know our arm v took Its position, the
other corps having crossed at United States Ford,
at Chaneellorsville, on 3<)th of April, 1ho:i,
toe's army being tiu'ee or four miles in advance
of our position, between us and Fredericksburg,
nearly cast. On tho 2d of May Jackson moved
north and west. Atone o'clock A. M. on Saturday
I sent to Howard a telegram Informing him of
Jackson's movement towards his right, and direct
ing him to keep his pickets out, keep himself
thoroughly informed ns to tlio enemy's move
ments, and keep ine Informed of the same
at headquarters. Carl Schurz was with Howard
when my telegram was received. Hownrd was
lying on his bed. He never communicated the
order to his division commanders, and made no
disposition of his forces. Ho pocketed the tele
gram without reading It, said ne was tired, and
went to sleep. He seemed to have been under the
Impression that, Jackson was retreating. I knew
of Jackson's movements, and was not taken bv
surprise a single moment, and supposed, of
course, that my telegram had made Howard fully
?)lve to the sit uatlfin. lint, Instead of obeying my (J
orders, he went to sleep, and a portion of Jackson's I
forces came np In rear of his rlurJit. Howard's E
troors wore away frdm their arms, which were I
?tacked alone the lino of defenoe, and did notB
r It dow of the enemy's presence until Are wan opened
on them. They left guns, knapsacks and every
thing, and tho whole corps run back like a herd of
KKronTr.Hr? I heard on the Monday following that
some of Howard** men were Bhot and cut down by
our own cavalry.
Oenernl HooiiBK? Yes; 1 oidered the cavalry to
an est their retreat, for at one moment 1 feared the
E; devils would demoralize our wuole army. My own
F start1 KMIlPd some of Howard's people before tliey
could tie stopped.
Reporter? If I recollect aright, I have seen It
publicly stated that you had exonerated Howard of
all blauve for that surprise and stampede.
General Hooker? Frank 11 lair so stated In Con
grewi, but where he got his information from is
more than I can lmggiue, unless from Howard him
Reporter? Howard Is a brave man, Is he not t
General Booker (with an uniuseil expression) ?
Howard is a very queer man. I understand you In
terviewed htm to ascertain the cause of his being
sent to Arizona f
Reporter? Yea, sir, that was the object of my in
terview with him.
General Hooker? Well, I can give you more In
formation on that point than you got from him.
He went to Arizen* to escape an Investigation of
certain Preedmen's Bureau affairs. The govern
ment hud so many Investigations lately that they
were not anxious about it, and so it was an eusy
matter to find a pretext for sending him off.
Reporter ? But ubont hisliravery f
General Hooker? He was always a woman among
troops. U he w as not horn in petticoats he ought
to have beeu, and ought to wear them. He was
always taken up with Sunday schools and the
temperance cause. Those things aro all verv
good, >iiu know, but have very little to do with
commanding army corps. He would command a
prayer meeting with a good deal more ability than
he would an army.
Reporter? I should have thought that you wonld
have Insisted on his removal after Chancellorsville.
General Hooker ? t did not know all the facts at
first, although 1 knew lie was to blame; but I
thought of the loss of his arm In battle, and that he
had made a uood march. Take It altogether, there
Is not another such movement on record as Hint
made by the Eleventh and Twelfth corps In this
Reporter? It mnst have Inspired you with the
highest hopes.
General Hooker? It Inspired mo with tho mllest
hope. I wouldn't have given a picayune to have
been assured of the entire success of tlio campaign.
When I moved I moved for Lee's entire army; for
there was no object In simply driving him from
Fredericksburg. The country between there and
Richmond is traversed by frequent streams, difficult
to eross with an army, and every mile Leo would
fall back In that direction w ould only add to the
strength of his positions.
Reporter? The truth of that proposition Is pretty
conclusively proved by tho history of General
Grant's campaign.
General Hooker? That is so. Grant lost 20,000
mnn from the Rappahannock to the James. But at
that, time the war had lasted so long that tho War
| Department was ready to furnish any amount of
|men to hurry It to a conclusion, and Graut reached
the James with as many men as he started with.
a Splendid army.
Reporter? Ad army could not be Id more mag
nificent condition than was the army of tho Poto
mac in the spring of 1863, before the battle of CUan
General Hooker? It is no vanity in mo to say that
I did some handsome things for the country during
the war, but I never did my country better service
than when I reorganized the army of tho Potomac
ilnrlig the winter of 1802-3. I took It in hand a
mere mOb. Some 84,000 men were absent on their
farms and in their workshops. Among other mea
sures I Issued an order for ten days' furlough to be
issued in rotation to tho entire array. As soon as
Llnooln heard of it he sent for me, and expressed
the opinion that I would never get them back. I
got back every officer and every soldier.
Reporter? It was a matter of some surprise In
our corps that you were not appointed to the com
mand at the tlmo Bnrnside was.
General Hooker ? A member of Lincoln's Cabinet
has since told me that my name was proposed Jor
the position three times, but objected iobyllalleck.
When I did finally accept tho command it was with
the stipulation that he would stand by me, and he
swore that he would.
Reporter? His Jealousy toward you waR manifest.
General Hooker? One cause of it undoubtedly
was that, when the citizens of San Francisco nre
sented me with that magnificent sword not the
slightest mention was made of Halleck's name,
Reporter? Well, he's got his final discharge now.
General Hooker? He's dead, I know: but certain
matters must be made straight, even If the expose
reflects on Ills memory. Look how 1 was treated lu
the Gettysburg airalrl
Reporter? I believe tho Injustice of Hallcck's
course toward you in that campaign Is generally
General nooKEn? It ought to be, at least. Next
to Chancellorsville it was the grandest movement
of the war.
Reporter? I have always considered General
Lee's straightforward report of that campaign as
ono of the highest compliments to you that could
have been given.
General Hooker? Edward Everett, In his oration
at the Gettysburg dedication, gave mo more credit
for the successful result of that. campaign than he
did to General Meade. Not ono that marched to
Gettysburg but marciied under orders of my own.
Not a movement 1 had foreplanned was changed by]
General Meade.
Reporter? I suppose tho pnbllo generally, who
had no insight into the matter, of course give
Meade all the praise.
General Hooker? Of course. Citizens have no
other meanB of judging of the ability of a general
than by results. Why, even my retreat from Ohan
cellorsville ought to do regarded as an evidence of
good generalship. At the council of war that was
held Howard yo'ed to stay; but his opinion was
good for nothing, iie *as sore and wanted a
"chance to retrieve himself. /
Reporter? I suppose the threatening rise in the
river hail some effect in deciding you to retreat f
General Hooker? That Is true; but ir It. had not
been the case I would not have stayqd. ThcrS waa
no object to be gained. I am very glad I didn't. I
would havji pad {9 )os<j a go^d many men, and!
I (lid"'* want t(> tnemla that way. No power
1 under heaven would induce me to needlessly sacri
| flee them. ?? .
Reporter? Had that campaign been successful
I there would have been a different history of the last
period of the war.
General Hooker? If I had won that battle Gene
ral Grant would never have been brought from the
West. But I wouldn't exchange places with him
to-day. I wouldn't turn over lu bed for the Presi
Reporter? -I suppose you don't Intend to vote for
[Grant for the next term, then 1
General Hooker? Well, I used to live here in Son
I Francisco, and I've come out here to visit my
| friends. But I've got to get back in time to vote
for Horace next November? in fact, that's about all
I've got on hand tills summer.
Reporter? You seem enthusiastic on the subject,
General Hooker (with a good-natured laugh) ?
Well, he's going to be the next President. Iliad
that fixed before I came out here. His nomination
is no Joke at the East. But you are so far away
here that news reaches you slowly. I have talked
with a number of pood men Hiiiro I reached Han
Francisco, and have been surprised to Bee how lit
tle Idea tney have ol the enthusiasm for Oreelev at
tho East. W hat I knew when I left New York hasn't
got here yet.
Reporter? We havo been so engrossed lu railroad
matters lately, and so interested In defeating the
Goat Island scheme, that I dare say we have got a
little behind In our politics.
General IIookek? I suppose so; and my friends
have told me that It wouldn't do for mo to talk
so confident. But I say distinctly that if the Phila
delphia convention was eight weeks off Grant
wouldn't bo nominated.
Reporter? He may withdraw yet.
General Hooker? I believe hu will withdraw be
fore the 1st of .Inly. Tha Connecticut election was
[the "handwriting on the wall.''
Reporter? I suppose you have no very excellent
[reasons to be partial to Grant 1
General Hookes (with considerable vim)? Grant
has got no more moral sense than a dog. His treat
ment of me after the battles of Lookout Mountain
and Ringgold proves that. When tho Eleventh and
Twelfth corps were consolidated after the battle of
Gettysburg, and transferred to the West, under the
name of the Twentieth corps, and placed under my
command, every crescent (the badge which distin
guished the Eleventh corps) disappeared, and the
star (TWeirtl.) became tho emblem. General
Thomas look me by the hand, but Grant and Sher
man, who were in partnership, gave mo the cold
ahouldor. I was i>lg enough to take care of myself,
and didn't care ; but I did care for my men.
Reporter? Were you treated unfairly?
General Hooker? Hero is an instance: I got a
lettor from Sherman ordering nie to pursue the
enemy, but not to fight him. 1 wrote him that I
thought It was a good deal like the woman who
gave her boy permission to go a fishing, with the
express provision that he must not go near the
water. People called Sherman crazy during the
early part of the war. It was premature; if they
had waited until lie surrendered everv issue of the
war to Johnson they would have hit the nail on the
reporter ? I should havo thought the victory at
[Lookout Mountain would have had a mollifying ef
fect on them.
General Hookek? Well, it was no part of the
original plan. Sherman hnd commenced the fight
on the river and been worsted. The Lookout affair
was unexpected. As Thomas afterwards said, the
operations ut Chittanooga w to planned one way,
and fought another. That's what Grant sent Thomas
out hero for. It was for saying that.
Reporter? Carl Schurz seems to have been played
out as a general toward the last f
General Hooker?' The first, bullet at Wauhatchle
turned his brain. I rode up to him Hnd said:? "I
can't affou! to peril a whole command just because
ono man Is flurried. D m you, what's the matter
with your"
Rbporter? Yon removed him t
General Hooker? Yes, on the spot. Yon can't
I sacrifice troops, you know, for one man, no n)(Ut?(
how high hla rank. The cause was too sacred to be
thus trifled with.
Reporter? He's a Greeley man, is he rot, r"
General Hooker? Yes, an<l that Ik all right enough.
Schurz 1b a good t ilker, and that's all there Is or
liirn. Talk about l,l? commundln.; llie German vote.
The idea of a public man having Influence with peo
ple who know he can't stand Ore 1 Nonsense.
Reporter- ? I pr.pposo Grant understands jour
position toward him well enough ?
General Hooker? lie underbuilds It perfectly.
Just before I left New York to attend the military
meeting at Cleveland he sent Ingails to me to know
how 1 would receive him there. My reply wits that
; I could not be rude to the President of ihe United
States; but us for "General" Grant I wouldn't
touch him with a pair of tong*. Grant has no
friends now among the old army otllcers ? no
fi lends except oltlce-snek<.>rs.
Reporter? Are there any other matters in con
nection with Chancollorsvllle that would throw
lifiht on the result?
General Hooker? Yes; and I want to snyhere
that a more magnltlccnt, well-disciplined and cour
ageous army than the Army of the Potomac, as it
entered on that campaign, was never marshalled on
earth. Since the war I have visited and Inspected
the Rn^lsh, French and Prussian armies, and I can
honestly s.iy that it would have been easy work for
an American army like that to whip either of them.
Reporter? I believe your cavalry made a failure
at Chanccilorsville.
General Honker? ()h, yes; and that shows another
E disadvantage I labored im lei by having my hands
? tied by the war Department. Why, I could not even
? appoint mv own alds-de-camp. ' Th y had 10 be
0 chosen at W ashington. I had to put Stonemau in
Q command, and neither he uorAverill were of any
Q account. [ sent them to cut off Lee's connections,
Band the devils went so far around to avoid nn
? enemy that they never accomplished anything they
Q were sent for. If John Rufo d had been given the
R command the result would have been different.
H Beportbh? I suppose some of the evidences in
w regard to that telegram have been obtained long
9 since the war f
gj General Hooker? Lieutenant Governor Lee, of
nOhlo, gave me, some time since, the name or nn
H officer who took that telegram from Howard's
H pocket a month after he had placed it there.
B Reporter ? Have you any objection to the puhil
? cation of your note to the editor of the Chronicle or
g any portion of your conversation with me ?
9 General IIooker? Not the slightest. I never say
? what I don't mean, and I have been silent long
? enough In regard to Howard. 1 will wake him up
Know. And, while I am on this subject, I will state
B that, after the battle of Ghancelloisville, I had to
H leave between ten thousand and twelve
? thousand wounded on the rebel side of the
a river, and bad to Bend ambulances for
Bthem. I thus became awaro of the fact that
B General Lee had no adequate medical supplies for
H his own wounded, and I accordingly directed mv
? Medical Director? nr. Jonathan l.etterman, well
? known in San Francisco, and who recently died
? here? to divide my medical stores with General
? Lee. I think Letterman was the means of saving
? thousands of lives through this order. That is my
? way of dealing with an enemy. Whip 'em when I
Blind them with aims In their hands, but succor
Q them in distress.
H Reporter? I believe you have pronounced in
? favor of general amnesty?
9 General Hooker? Yes; I was In favor of It as
EZ soon as tin rebellion was effectually put down. I
? had a petition prepared and circulated In New York
M to that effect. Had general amnesty been granted
? peace and prosperity would have been the result!
? throughout the south, and the same feeling of good I
? will would have been inaugurated between n 11 g
? classes of the North and South that has always ex-fi
Sjlstcd since the war between those who "fought!
^against each other in tho rinks. Put politicians I
3 have wanted to keep the wounds open.
9 An Appeal to the Delegates by a Lady?
Danish International Exiles Present?
An Advisory Letter from London? Too
Late for the Eight-Hour Movement.
Tho Federal Conncil of the Internationals held a
meeting yesterday at No. 129 Spring street, citizen
Halbert presiding. Committees from sections 4ft, of
Brooklyn, and 35, of New York, headed by Heleu M.
Walton, read the following resolutions:?
Considering that certain Individuals holding principle*
foreign to those adopted by the IntcrnaTTriiial Working
men's Association have IdcntlHfd themselves and their
principles wlili this association, thus luUely using It for
I personal popularity, therefore
lie solved. That tho Federal Conned ot the Interna
tional Worklnginen's Association of North America re
pudiate and dlsnsow all connection and Identity wllh
tho promoters of the Apollo Ilall Convention anil all par
tl-an politics, and adhere only to tho rules and principles
as adopted at the various Congresses; and wo uereby in
vite publicity to this resolution through the public press.
Resolved, That section 46 Uot opinion that In order to
make a healthy progress ot tho principles of
tho International workingmen's Asaoc'atiou they
must l>e thoroughly disseminated and under
stood, and that the incro multiplication of sections
Is not sufficient, hut that tho sections should bend their
endeavors toward the instructing and developing of their
members and fitting tlieui for their work of teaclior?, and
be It lurther
Resolved, That, In ottr opinion, this Is the only perma
nent Incentive in this country of a health v organization of
the International Workiugmcn's Association.
Helen M. Walton delivered an address In refer
ence to the above resolutions.
The Williamsburg internationals are disgusted
with the actions of the Federal Council,
and think it curious that the society have not taken
a more active part in the el^ht-hour movement.
A motion was made that a grand mass meeting He
held by the International Workingmen's Association
In honor of the eight-hour movement, but was lost,
on the ground that it was too late to take part In a
victory gained by the trades unions, who are en
titled to all the honor. It was proposed that tho
society be reorganized as a secret organization, and
efforts be made to aflliliate with the trades unions.
As there Js only one more meeting to fake place
previous to the session of tho Congress or the
International Workingmen's Association it was
decided to leave the matter over until then.
Section 18 proposed that efforts ^tunld iTo
made tq unite the two ,Wral CAiifeclls, or they
should withdraw. It Was lost, and they accordingly
withdrew. Two Danish exiles, who nave recently
arrived from Denmark, were present, and stated
that on account of stating at it meeting of the Inter
nationals the following? "That the time will come
when the Internationals will call upon the King to
resign his position in favor of a democratic form of
government"? they were sentenced to four weeks
in prison. They stated that, no outside meetings by
Internationals are allowed, and they must be
guarded as to what they say ?ycn within doors.
Section 8ft passed the following resolution : ?
Resolved, Thst we send our (raterual greetings and
sympathy to our Danish brethren of the International
Workingmen's Association, now struggling against the
tyrannical and aristocratic government, and our hearty
wishes that success may crown their efforts.
A very fatherly advisory letter was received and
read from the General Council of London, warning
the society ngalust further splits, as In their opinion
they have had enough previous to the session of
their Congress. It Is altogether very likely that
the tide of affairs will turn In about another month,
and the General Council of London will receive ad
vlco Instead of giving, as they Intend, and very
wisely, to run their own ship.
Peler Dennis, five years of age, died suddenly at
No. i:;l Pitt street, without medical attendance,
yesterday afternoon.
Two hnndred and forty-five new patients were
treated at tho Manhattan Eye and Ear Hospital,
233 Fast Thirty-fourth street, during the month or
Abraham Lovensteln, three years old, of 60 Mul
berry street, fell down stairs last evening and was
instantly killed. The Corouer was notified.
Ofllcer Stlnekamp, of tho Twentieth precinct,
found a human skull and seven bones on the roof
of the house 336 Ninth avenue yesterday afternoon.
The Corouer was notified.
Charles ftclnbeck, a clerk In the employ of Mr.
Silas C. Smith, was committed by Judge Dowling at
the Tombs Police Court yesterday morning on a
charge of having stolen too from his employer.
Thomas Courtney, twenty-two years of age, of
No. 646 West Thirty-sixth street, sliet himself accl*
dentally In the foot yesterday afternoon while play
ing wltu u pistol. He was sent to Uellevue Hospital.
Michael Cosgrove, fifty years of age, of M West
Forty-third street, was found dead in tho Sixth
Avenue Railroad stable* yesterday afternoon by
Officer McMMlun, of tue Broadway Squad. The
Coroner was notified.
Coroner Herrms n yesterday held an lnqnest on
the body of James Degnan, a child ten months old,
who died at the residence of the parents. .142 Fast
Thirty-sixth street. Deceased accidently fell Into a
washtab and was drowned.
James Degan, residing at 01 Tenth avenue, com
plains thai on Saturduy night he visited Hattle
Christie and Carrie Foster, at 80 West Houston
street, and while In company with them they took
?47 lii money from his pocket. Thqy were arrested
by Officer Hlckey, of the Klghtb pfenioct, and yes
terday morning locked up ny Justssf Ledwlth, at
the Jefferson Market Police court, rat trial.
William Campbell, by trodo a painter, died sud
denly on Saturday afternoon at 1,160 liroadway.
He had entered a water tank on the roof for the
purpose of painting the inside of it, and was sub
sequently found dead. It was suspected that he
had died from inhaling the tames of some black
asphaluim, which he used in his business; but that
will be determined by a post-mortem examination
to be made on the body by Dr. OushmMi. Coroner
lierrwfta Utt* the case in charge.
What the Workmen Wish? Meetings of Various
8ocietios Yciterday? Eusoluti&ns Arrived
At? A Firm Determination to Besist
the Exactions of Employers.
I Strikes are now predominant. Every one, during
this sweet summer weather, is seeking a shorter
time to labor and an interval for enjoj tiient. Work
men are carrying everything their own way, and
employers arc obliged to concede everything the
worKmen demand. There Is but little doubt that all
Swho arc on strike and those who are preparing for
battle will gain their end, as the "mtisters" possess
sense enough to see the utter uselossn'ss ot "kick
ing against the pricks." Yesterday the German
printers, the casemakers, the fresco painters, the
wheelwrights and blacksmiths and the workers In
wood all held meetings In various paits or the city,
and the general determination tlie.v arrived at was
to insist upon the realization of their cherished
hope? the elglit-liour system. Judging by the re
ports of the committees appointed by tlio various
socio ties to peer Into matteis appertaining to the
subject the societies abovenientlon-d iiave every
prospect of gaining their point, and the eight-hour
system will becoiuc a geiieial and undisputed law.
The Germ mi Printer* and Compositor*.
The Cerniau printers and compositors held a
mass meeting yesterday forenoon at No. 10 Stanton
street, the object of which was to discuss the pres
ent position of workingincn and gather ideas
which would tend to ameliorate their condition In
life. At a very early hour the tastefully dccoratcd
hall was tilled with well-dressed sons of "Vatcr
land." The meeting was primarily called by the
Cerman Typographers and was presided over by
Herr Hermann Itauer.
Having called the meeting to order Ilerr Bauer
?made a most profoundly erudite speeoh, tlie only
| point worth noticing In which consisted of tliat In
I which he gave a really clever statistical sketch of
? the condition of German printers In this city, lie
B was followed by HerrGi osre, who gave his elaborate
3 views upon tlie lai or movement In general. Ills
j definition of strikes aud their object was really
1 clever, anil his remarks as to t ho movement of the
? German printers was most decidedly to the point.
1 A lengthy dlscussslon ensued, ufter which Ilerr
2 Grosse made a motion proposing that the wages of
B printers should be raised ten per cent, and that
? they should strike If employers refused to comply
B with their demands; but the majority of tiie meui
Ibers assembled refused to acqlnesce In this,
B which they thought a fairer premium than a more
? ten.
I Herr Stro^tz -l made a long speech, In which ho
H urged members to go as far us propriety wonld
B permit iu their efforts to attain the end lliey wished
Bio arrive at. Several other members then gave
I veni to their thoughts and feelings, after which
3 a roll was proposed, carried, and a levy of $1 per
3 man enforced. One hundred and twe.nty-flvo en
gj roiled themselves under the banner of freedom In a
I very short space ol time. It was finally resolved to
? appoint a committee to visit the Kngllsh Typo
i* graphical Union No. C, to ascertain the views of its
J members as to the advisability of striking for
B shorter hours and better pay. Ten members were
Selected to co-opsrato with this committee to ar
il range a price scale. Herr Knauer was elected
? treasurer by acclamation, and It having been re
solved to hold the next meeting on June ?, at No.
10 Stanton street, the members adjourned.
The Casemakers.
The casemakers held a mooting yesterday morn
ing at. 4S Orchard street. Herr Otto nrandes pre
sided and addressed the meeting at considerable
length. He said that while ho advocated the eight
hour movement? was strongly in favor of it, in
fact? he considered that It was by no means a
favorable moment lor the case-makers to strike, as
b this was
and, although they were a strong body.it was
better to work upon a peaceable basis. It was
ultimately resolved to wait quietly and organize.
There appeared to be some slight dlfllculty between
the casemakers and the poefcetbook makers. The
latter are very auxlous to amalgamate with the
former, but the members of the association that
met yesterday do not seem particularly willing to
accede to their supplication.
The Fresco Painters.
Tho frcsco painters held a meeting yestorday
morning at 68 East Fourth street. Mr. Albert Hay
renthe presided. The proceedings wero short, but
to the point. A committee of seven members was
appointed to visit the varlons shops in the me
tropolis and request that employers would accede
to the eight-hour sjstem. fresco painters' wages
are $'^7 per week.
Wheelwrights and Blacksmiths.
A general meeting of the wheelwrights and black
smiths was held yesterday at Harmonle Hall, 145
Essex street. Mr. John J. Barrett occupied tho
chair. Having called tho meeting to order, tho
minutes of the previous meeting having been read,
and general business transacted, a large number of
new members, of all nationalities, being enrolled,
it w as resolved that - -
A QENIfH al HmntK
[for the eight-hour system should commence on
Wednesday next. The committees appointed to
ascertain the "feeling In the city" reported that
twelve shops had already consernted to the views
and demands of the men and it was very probable
that the oblect would be gained without uay trouble
on either side.
The Workerq in Wood.
The wood? tartars, saw millers, engineers, planers
and moulding makers held a meeting yesterday
morning, at 145 Essex street. Messrs. Arnold and
Wolenscltloyr were the leading spirits In tlie move
ment. The meeting was but an inauguration of a
strike on the part of the workmen, which will take
place in the future. At the present meeting
nothing defluito was dcclded upon.
The Labor Union.
The members of the Fourth division of the Labor
Union met in Assembly Ilall, corner of Twenty
second street and First avenue, yesterday after
noon. Their business was so Intricate and Im
portant?to themselves? that they absolutely re
fused admission to members of the press. This
society mostly consists of highly Intellectual m
Hibernians, and they think that they ran run the
machine alone. If they don't rati Into the <lltcli
yclept self-conceit they will bo remarkably lacky.
Sermon In the Biceeker Street Univer
salis Church by the Rev. Mr. Swectser
on the Labor Question.
The Rev. E. 0. flweetser preached a very Interest
ing as well as Instructive sermon on the labor
question last evening In the lileecker street
Universalis church, before a congregation of
about three hundred persons, very many of whom
were laboring men. The text selected was from
the Epistles to the Phlllpplans, 11. 4? "Look not any
man on his own thing*, but every man also on the
things of others."
To many persons, Mr. Swectser said, this admoni
tion might seam at flrst to be superfluous,
as very many are in the habit of attend
ing to or meddling with their neighbors'
affairs to the exclusion of their own.
Kvery community has Its busybodles, who are con
tinually finding fault, carrying talcs and stirring np
innumerable strifes. Rut the meaning of the text
must not be mistaken. Rverv man is exhorted to
look on the things of others with a view to helping
and being of some service to them, and
not for the purpose of gossip and scandal.
The world to-day stands In need of
nothing so much as tho advice given here, and the
disposition not to accept It so generally prevalent
lies at tho bottom of nearly every sin aud misery
which hourly besot communities and even nations.
A lov ing thoughtlulness Is what the world needs
most. Herein lies the secret of our present labor
question. The employer and tho employed alike
seem not to heed the words of our text In the leant.
Each I* trying to nse the other for Its own Interest.
Each tries to keep the other under its thumb, and
to hold them there too. Hitherto capital has had
tho best of tho contest, but now the working
classes, by mean1' of their various organizations
and nulons, are beginning to make their power fel*.
Very recently 30,000 men struck for terms the em
ployers would not willingly give, but to which they
have as a rule acceded. The strike Is extending
to other cities and other countries, and the
end U not yet. In the present struggle he could
not side with either party. Ue always espoused
the cause of tho Injured, and as both parties
seem to be Injured In this struggle he
was unable to champion the cause of either. As
for the employer, how many of them ever think of
the welfare of their so-called "hands?" They looked
upon them a* so many tools, to be bought Hnd used
when wanted, and thrown aside when not wanted,
'rim weituiiy maniiiacturer lakes his carriage,
rides down to his factory and pays off
Ills "hands;" which done he drives to his
sumptuous home again and partakes of a
still more sumptuous dinner, while the poor la
borers disperse to their respective hovels and par
take of a scanty meal, with grim Poverty always a
gnesr. Many employers do not even speak to their
employes, tosay nothing ofshaklng hands with them
when thev meet. They look down on them because
they are the losses and have money, and the others
are the boued and do not have money; vet (lod
made all men free ami equal I Yes, the present, con
dition of affairs Is very unjust to the working
Sclnpses, and If they are sometimes r.tsh un<l turbo
Is lent in tliolr demands w'uo can wonder f
I Hut the employers are not alone In disregard of
? oilers. The workman seldom considers the re
1 sponsildllty lh:?t resin oil his employer. He has,
flper mps, Ills whole fortune luvested In tlie business
J which t'lu-H thefu their dally bread, and If a crash f
? should cmtuo lie would be a poorer man thuDL
J any of them. Tl?e employes have looked too mucliE
B to their own thin, rs and ii<it enou/h to the things!
Sol utheiH. They liaue sought to t-tke i.dv.sntago ofa
3 the employers by striking when tlio busy season I
? wuh on, anil thus compelling ?'? acceptances
IJ of tneir terms. They have compelled the bosses!1
^ to pay n uniform rate of wages? to pay the suiue|
j for unskilled labor that they do for skilled. Now, J
J to ever arrive at an amicable settlement of the dif-l
| fleultv each must consider the other? must cease to h
a be seitlsh, and must extend a hand one to tbe other. ?
I KuMUitgH from the Wings. (
I ^""I'ley's Minstrels are making a hit at the
old San Francisco Hull.
The last nights of "Enoch Ar?en? at ?
are announced. "oouis
"California, or the Heathen Chinee," enters upon '
Us second week at the Uowery. 1 f
boring TlTT ?a80B at t,U! Hrook,vn Theatre \
? Kins this evening with "The Naiad Queen."
t.o?.\Tr?y^rram,,yaretiie ucw uttr
lun^Mjfi 1>ark KunlPn concerts, with Thomas' ?
olghtly erowdeaf* 9mbU9 10 1,0 tl,e *?*?? '??<> ?? ?
at'srccsmyi1 i:renr min*l
| Waiiack cast. y ?r MuHtl - with t!io entl re K
fthfJrVTTn!L7arifrynnntC^v\"hnhTn^v ^?rt t
jas^^- j
| ??? roiiUitE
I Apple ton. of the treasurer, Mr.
musical extravaganza, called "Fortun'io!" "'Ul t,16|
evIn?ngU,Snd0rMaZTfferCMoS?.PCe8 ',U Wa"a<*'s this!
strong cast br0UKht ?ut with an unusually
[singers at (illmore's rreat In ler r >n , ,k
! H'oofllglit Flush.,.
jj The Boston Jubilee building will contain "Hip.
a largest organ, (he largest chime or bells and the
| largest drum in the world.
Rl> engagement at the
j , 0 na!1?n. ' arls, last month by playing Man J
8 rico in "La Travlata." K n j
| Sir ?stcrndale Jlcnnett had the honor of beln-7 ln-1
I vl ed to Her Majesty's afternoon party, ut Bucking I
I ham I ulace, a few weeks ago. g
I M. de St. Georges demands, In Le Ft ffaro, n tomb I
llZ , Wh?S0 r<,maln> hav? hoen Ivlng for a
? year in a provisional grave at Montmartre
m iiomimy iiazi-ttr ,.tt n.,.# i??' I ^ ordlng to the
9 Victoria Theatre bv L , V hOOMi tO the
| jar Htadoetanee play of l."0/.""";
? farce brtagi the ont^tainmeiW'^ncluslon l0Ca'
SL !?"?>
I Of the retirement of M. BwSS at ?' , S222 "n
? with the society extending <nrr r!,r,v . 'onnecfion I
? of "J^e Karlage de Kliriiro " "f 0 mUPi? . 0
?and "La Joie f?it r," , coiwritn t,? "rr<? 't
apoeJlca, a^lres?!?by fe'l^ls^ane^i'n1^
M. tojpMer. .ana Sie veterin. lofty the (Iomm of thlfl
The London Musical Worht savs ^ ?Mr E
on behalf of the directors of the forih^fmin ' I
sxg? as? wtHI
Idouhiethe amount Jenny Llnd ever received r, r I
I^UarMnic s, either i.. ;:,,r,,pVo, Ln .ri a im'. I
offer, which wu muV i.v A in K'-^ l
Ion Wednemla.v, Mil.-. Tictjens kM Bern ,1, ; I
Idcciiuc in eonaequence of ber pnblloud luivit.B
ISSSSSfe"2 h<ingof^1oroVa.ue,,!oiKtr J
lof Mus^WminVZV1' S2 r|,k'aK" Academy I
? 01 music, IS now In London an special eoiiiini-iHi(iii..^I
l^srr^ ?
lv fj "f 1J!osto"' "ttcn.l the'TulX-e He
? visits th." capitals of I'ranee, Gcrmanv AnstHo
"l"1 Helgluni, and has assnrances' of obtain'
I lug the eountenan.u' of the govern m en ta of iiu,^
I countries In furthering his tindertaklng
,papcr "pf!nks of ^e great Fntrlish
I pianist's last concert :-"Mme. Arabella
I was a so most happy In her selection or music ThS
l(|iiAlut old muflic of llundcl was iii ivni wttH
I skill and perfect diHcriniina'l.m JJftrSSta
I ^ Md the artist f0 ffrmceful
? And flniwhod style w on mklf^ril Sdniimtlon ijjii
|??^?tyw*nament and the grWolfSrboiK
| ? tSSlti nJovenM>nt were no less striklnir than
? he brilliant execution, and the varlatl on" to in
? 'Harmonious niacksnilth' secured the h'?'^e of
? almost perfect silence noni the vast au. nn? i?
? the second part, Mme. Ooddard gave ThanW?
? Last Kose of Summer' fantasia inmssd or th? .nn,^
? Giovanni. ' She played it ? brtllS^Me'Jer SS
I n response to a warm and heitr(y nvall deilu ? I
? the auilience with the same CotpomVffilSJ
? ?Home. Sweet Home,' another marvellonfl (U*DL?v
? of linlshed execution." <-"on? oispiuj
ln.5*ien?f^a' ^r"- Tom Thumb, Commodore Nutt
? and Miss Minnie Warreu, purjioso leturnlrir to
? America at an early dale, and are now exhibl/{n<r
I it ov al? " VrL tllhl re 'f ' " 'iV K"K,aB!|. at the Palais
? iioviii, A1K311 street, Regent atreet, London
? ll.oiiKh many years have elapsed since Tom Thumb
? made Ins llrst appearance iu Knuland, his pouu
? larity seems in no degree to abate, and Hie ore
?aence of his little wife, with the Commodore and
lllin Warren, adds to the attrMtiveneu of th* en
I tertalnment. The GenenU hlnuwif has rrtwn aSmS.
?what portly, and ooiu quite .1 resaTcUble raWdie
??fed (entfeman in miniature. Ae comim^ow
I whose figure has not developed Into audi a dor
Imanio p.oportions. Is very active ?nd?Stita2tSl
? chief parlor the comic tmitneM; While u'eladle^l
(ceaa! utl"??t to amuse, and with evident suc-l
Tobacco smuggling Is assuming serious propor
tions on the French frontier from Belgium.
The town of Ilazellles Is rising from Its ashes and
the broadcloth factories are resuming work.
The Lyons Exhibition will be opened on the 1st of
May, and not on the 1st of July, as previously stated
The Episcopal see of Treves Is to be made an arch
bishopric, which will contain the dioceses of Metz
and Strasburg.
The influx or English visitors has Indnced the
London pickpockets to try their fortunes In the
French capital.
Tho Austrian government has presented to the
Chamitcr or Deputies plans for 110 less than six
new lines having au aggregate extent or 100 Ger
man miles.
The Swedish Reichstag has adopted, by a large
majority, the bin abolishing the privilege of releas
ing from liability to military servleo by the payment
of a sum of money.
At length the Alexandra pnlaeo appear* to be In
a ralr way to completion, and North l-ondon will
very shortly boast an establishment similar In its
alms and character to the Crystal Palace in tne
In connection with the recent Spanish elections,
some disorders, which are described In the tele
frranm as "sll"lit " have occurred at vlllalna.
?wo persons, ' however, were killed and tea
A notification published In the Turkish news
natiers states that, In consequence or the increased
revenue derived from the tobacco monopoly, the
4eflclt la the budget is only $WQ.UW^
[The Latest Phase in the Alleged Po 'toning of
Aueaor Anderson? Hi* Widow and Dr.
Irish in Custody? Professor Doremus'
Analysis? Arsenic Fonnd in the
Stomach of the Assessor.
Further developments In tMe alleged poisoning
case liuvo been recently made, In which Dr. Irish,
proprietor of a drug store, 218 Court street, Hrook
lyn, and Mrs. Sarah Anderson, widow of Kdward O.
Anderson, formerly an assistant assessor in the
ofllce of General James Jouidoi, Assessor of United
States Internal Revenue, Brooklyn, are concerned.
! Particulars of the charge have already been pnb
jliBhed In the 11 Blum, in which It Is alleged that
I Mr. Anderson, who died on tho uth of April, had
died from the effects of poison.
The renowned chemist, Professor Doreinna, hss
been eng.ige I In the analys's of the stomach.
Much indignation was expressed i?y Dr. Irish
and the frl.-nds of the widow of the Assistant
I Assessor, The former caused a card to be pub
lished lu the metropolitan Journals, requesting his
friends and the public to suspend judgment upon
the merits of the case until such time hh a proper
and thorough Investigation could bo had. Tims
the matter rested, though frequent Inju ries wero
made by the acquaintances 01 tho 1 arties con
cerned ns to the result of tho ehemi
cal analysis of the cont-nts of tho stomach.
On Saturday last District Attorney Hrltton
called to see Professor liorenris, upon invitation of
3 that gentleman, and was infonued that, although
a tho exainliiatlou had not bejn completed, ho had
5 discovered
in tho stonuuli of d"Ceascd. The poison was found
pure and unadulterated, both in tho stomach and
Intestines submitted for ids examination, and tho
R fact of death ensuing from that poison was beyond
tynll dispute. The examination further Allowed that
deceased was not an intemperate man, and his or
gans were generally very healthy.
Tho worst suspicions ns to the cause of death be
JMng thus confirmed, the District, Attorney proceeded
9 to procure tho arrest of the Doctor and the widow.
Yesterday morning warrants were Issued lor their
arrest b* Police .Justice Walsh, and Court ORlaer
| Hyrne executed the orders of t ie Court. Dr. Irish,
I who was taken to tho Third Product Sta
llion House, would not miiko any statement
I of the case for publication, but expressed
4 confidence in Ills ability to prove Ids ln
jnocence when the tline shall have arrived for so
Jdolng. Mrs. Andorson was urrosted by Oftlcer
O'llrien, at her residence, 5:W Pulton avenue, and
was taken to the Sccond precinct station houso.
She Is about live feet four Inches in height, slight
Inform, has dark brown luilr, dark eyes, is appar
ently I hlrty-three years of age and decidedly lady
like lu her inicn.
Sho states t hai she was married to her deceased
husband twelve years ago, nino vo-irs of which
time she h:td lived lu Iirooklvn. He had always
, been troubled with dyspepsia, and on getting
tho appointment of assessor became addicted
to drink. Whi'e under the influence of
Honor he was in the habit of ;i busing her In ashnme
a fill manner, lie came home one nlglit and coui
Ij plained of a burning pain in the stomach and begun
to vomit violently. This was about a week before
jj his death. On April 5 lie returned homo and told
her that he believed he would dl-, as lie felt terri
bly. llo said he would go out and get a hot drink.
Sho told him to bring home the liquor and sho
would fix It for him. He looked so badly when ho
camc in again thut sho asked him what
was the matter, ami lie replied that lie believed
he was surely going to tile. She sent for a
doctor, and Dr. Irish arrived and told her to get
Mr. Anderson to bed. In the morulng tho Doctor
came again and ordered him champagne, which
seemed to give him relief. Ho improved until tho
following Monday, when ho grow worse, and sh>
then gave him toast water at his own request. On
Tuesday night she went for Dr. Andrews and Pro
fessor Thayer; but when they arrived her husband
was dead. She tells her storv In a cool and col
lected manner and without hesitation.
South Nurwalk, Conn., June 1, 1872.
Late on Friday evening a man named William K.
I flanks attempted to commit suicide by cutting his
I throat with a razor. For soma time he Imd been
ilalioring under the Impression that he was to bo
hanged, ami had worked himself up to that belief,
and appeared and not d like one Insane. Ills
I strange behavior was a matter of comment among
' his friends, who kept an eye on all his movements.
At a moment when least expected, in his own
I home, he took a razor and drew It acvoss Ids
throat, Inflicting a wound which possibly may provo
fatal. A few minutes arter the di ed he wan dls
(covered by his wife, who summoned medical aid
and had his wounds dressed. There Is a bare pos
flblllty of his recovery. Hanks was a hatter, e 111
ployed In tho establishment of Iienedlot A Co.. In
this city. He Is about fifty years of age, and has
! two children. The affair causes much excitement
[lie D. ti i)(n Ills Position on tho Governor*
?hip and Srnatorslilp.
CmcAoo, June 2, 1872.
Some of the liberal newspapers, having charged
that Governor Kichurd J. Oglesby accepted the re
publican nomination for Governor only for the pur
pose of getting Into the United States Senate, and
that he did not expect to serve the State at all in
an executlvo capacity, ho writes to W. A. Croffut,
of the Kvenlna Post, as follows:?
If I am not a candidate for Governor of Illinois I
am the worst deceived man in this State. If I do
not at tho proper tlmo open the cont -st and pnsh
It till election day I am trifling with my real pur
poses and the Just expectations of the republicans
of Illinois, and If I am not elected dead sure I am
the worst fooled man in the country. 1 have not
opened my mouth to any human being about the
Seuate. ft, has been nieutloned to m ; as among
future possibilities, but I have abstained from tho
expression of even a wish on the subjcct. I have
accepted In good faith the honor of tho nomination
as Governor, and 1 shall make the election of the
State and Presidential tickets my whole business.
The Melbourne Ilrralfl of the 25th of March
speaking of the prospects of miners In the gold
bearing regions in the neighborhood of Sandhurst,
publishes the following Intelligence:? "The G. O.
Consolidated Company have crushed 800 loads ol
[stone, which has yielded 263 ounces 10 penny
weights of gold. Tho reef from tho winze In tho
110 feet level is reported to have greatly improved
In appearance, gold showing freely. The Mat, spur
Is also looking well, and Is upwards of forty reet
wide. The level south from No. 1 shift has been
driven forty feet, and Is still In mullock, bnt from
present Indications stone cannot be far distant.
The cross-cut in engine shaft has been extended
nine feet, making a total of seventy feet from the
shaft. The western cross-cnt In the Golden Pvke Com
pany has been extended to sixty-four feet from tho
shaft. Tho reef, about lour Inches thick, hns been
cut. A flat spur of the same thickness is also seen
In the back wall. The flat is completed and sinking
recommenced. The reef lu the shait Is widening,
and shows good gold. The north winze has been
sunk six feet, an. I then knocked down, tho stone
looking very promising. At the 2M) feet level of th<r
North Hustler's company tho reef has been driven
on eighteen feet, the stone showing gold. This
work hns been dlscontlnu d, and the company aro
now prospecting t he big body of stone at tho samo
1 level. The 400 leet level has been extended four
teen feet six Inches north, and three small spurs
show In the face. The ftoo feet cross-cut Is now
In los feet from the shaft, and tho
f round being traversed Is getting softer,
he shaft of the St. Andrew's Tribute
Company Is down 237 feet from surface. The appear
ance of country being traversed has changed consid
erably during the past week, the strata of mineral
falling both east and west. The sinking fs getting
harder. The contract for sinking the Helvetia Com
pany's shaft Is finished, and a contract has been
let to put in a drive twenty feet to the east. They
[expect to cut the reef before the contract is con
cluded. . . . . ,
"The Pandora Tribute Company have been driving
their cross-cut In the wo feet level during the |>ast
week, and in doing so cut a flat spur running cast.
A trial crushing or seven tons from tho eastern leg
did not vield according to expectation. Tho
shaft of the North Irons Consols (sheepshead) la
down about ono hundred and nine feet, and a
little water Is making In the bottom. TI10
reef is dipping east, mid Is now more defined. The
Central Comet Tribute (Redan Hill) have been en
iraited draining out an old shaft, lu order to get at
one of the lower levels, where some good stone was
left some time ago. The Crown Tribute Company
report that their cross-cut la now in forty feet, and
that their south level is being carried on. An agree
ment has been cony? to with the Sandhuist Com
pany which reduces tho tribute to fifteen per cent,
subject to some dead work In the shape or slnkluig
shaft. The shaft of the Hope and Anchor Company
is down upwards of ninety feet. Good leaders havo
been cut in sinking, showing Indications of a largo
reef in close proximity to present workings."
Goi.n ANn Coal in India.? The Rangoon (E. T.)'
(iavttm of the otli of April publishes Mie following
brief but Important announcement:? "General Pol
lock has remitted to Calcutta several specimens of
gold-bearing quartz found In the neighborhood of
Candahar. Mineralogists consider that the strata
must coutalu tho precious inetal In rich proportion
and considerable quantity. Coal mining operatUma
are l?eing energetically pushed on In the Nizam'a
dominions. The result* ud to date are Mid to
l satisfactory."

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