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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 06, 1872, Image 3

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FirstDay of the Great Repub
lican Convention.
Brilliant Scene in the Acade
my of Music.
4 The Committees of Credentials, Organization,
Rules ami Platform.
Grant's Name Received with
Spirited Addresses by Gerrit Smith, Sena
tors Morton and Lopm and Gov
ernors Orr and Oglesby.
The Colored Troops Fighting
Nobly for Ulysses.
.Demand for the Ku Klux and
Civil Rights Acts.
Permanent President Conceded
to the South.
Colfax's Nomination Chances Look
ing Up Again.
Scouring the Delegations for
Henry Wilson.
Philadelphia, June 5, 1872.
The Philadelphia Republican Convention met at
? noon precisely, with the lower galleries, pit and
atage of the Opera House full. The upper gallery
was nearly empty.
The chandelier is lighted under the aome and the
four entablatures encircling the auditorium were
?*rape<1 with for.r of eaclj flag
made the border of a heraldic banner cut In
?callops, and showing on a white ground an oil
design of State arms. The Mormon Bee, the Sonth
Carolina Palmetto, the I.one Star of Texas and the
municipal arms of Philadelphia were prominent
among these tasteful and costly banners. Between
each banner was suspended a green wreath and a
hanging basket. Festoons of evergreens fell from
the dome to the cornices of the stage and galleries.
A portrait of Lincoln was hung against the private
box where sat N. I'. Banks, and opposite where sat,
in solitary eminence, Hon. Sidney Clarke, ofK.m
FaB, was a portrait of General Grant. Some battle
Dags were alllxed to the higher stage boxes.
It was exceedingly warm and wearing upon the
eyes of the oilicers and the reporters. The
acoustic properties of the Academy of Music for
for such purposes are miserable, and will debar it
from ever beiug used again by a National Conven
tion. The Temporary Chairman was obliged to
leave Uls desk and step out to the footlights, and
even there he was not heard by more than one
third of the people. The stage was set with
a scene of the craggy coast of California, and
the entire depth of the stage from the set
scene nearly to the footlights, or about sixty feet,
was arranged in stairs of pine tables, very cramped
and narrow, for the reporters. Among these were
several Udles, such as Mrs. Jessie Elder lUngwalt
ami Mary Cleminer Ames. Circulars were floating
around the house in the interest of llenry Wilson
against Mr. Colfax. The following is a copy of
firut? Ho is advocated before tills Convention bv the
mniiopohes unit corporation*, such ax tliu Western Onion
Telegraph Company, the Bc^cmer steel monopoly, ami
(lie public domain railways and their Eastern icedcrs.
Sr.romt ? lie (Kirn not represent the solid and sincere
Bide ol' American public lite, lie .smiles without sympa
thy And flatters Without affection, lie lias been too well
rewarded already at the hands of Id8 party, and to re
nominate htm is to Kive u second endorsement to raise
Thlnl ? The Northwest has gone back on him? his own
section, which ought to know him best, lie has no great
btatc thcro except Indiana, by the grace ol Governor
Morton, and Michigan, Illinois, "Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri
and Ohio, tlio battle grounds, do not ask his continuance
oil the ticket.
Kmrth? The Influential and alert Washington corre
spondents, many ot whom are republicans, have profes
sional reason* tor rating him as not entitled to their sup
Sort Is it well to provoke this opposition during the next
ve mouths/
JW/i? He has entrapped one of the few hard-working
mud warm hearted republicans? a totindcr ot the uariv,
llenry Wilson? into standing lor the Vice Presidency,
aud would now tor a treak, a pojue, or tor some vacil
lating motive humiliate this worthy and able republican.
Let these considerations be weighed.
Mr. Colfax's friends were much troubled all day,
and they seemed to have glveu up the task of
achieving his renomlnation.
The display of tropical blooms In the hall was not
accompanied by the appearance of many ladies,
and the men had It all their own way. The dele
gate* assembled slowly, and few could be distin
guished against the obscuring crimson wall paper,
where a man's outline was loHt in the flaring of the
gaslights. Small pieces ol blue silk fringed with
gold were placed along the two main aisles, and
cach guidon was embroidered with the name or a
Btatc and designated the spot where its delegation
was to sit. All assembled quietly aud without any
and reatl in.a rather low bnt distinct volee a speech
calling the Convention to order. He is a hungry
looking man, with n bald head, grizzled, square j
?cut beard and quiet countenance. The Philadel
phia clergyman. Leeds, who made the prayer, said
that all men wej'o as grasshoppers before the Lord,
and conurued a considerable time, part of the
-Convention standing, and 5. P. Bank* burying his
head In a pocket liandkerchlet. After the prayer
was done Governorriaflln named Morton McMlchael
or Temporary chairman, and the Pennsylvanlans
had a little excursion of applause. Henry 8. Lane,
of Indiana; Mr. 1'lat.t, carpet-baggrr, of Virginia,
and Lewis (a verj light-tinted nt-gro of Louisiana),
They all I>owed as they performed this task, and
it was remarked that the negro was ratiier
the more elegant of the three. He was an old gen
tleman, with a good carriage, like a superior order
v of body servant. Piatt is a thick-set, smiling young
man, from Richmond, Va. llenry S. Lane presided
over the flrst Republican National Convention, In
J86& Mr. Mciiiciiaci its 9 low-set, fattlsh, ratitcj in
firm man, with ft nw.nloos step, a large, square
head, white hair aoA'red face. He spoke in a thick,
npt very well heart voice, but with considerable
vigor ana almost passion. Mr. Sam Bowles de
scribed his cJtirt as a smart political specch.
He made several strong points, and was twice or
thrice loudly cheered, particularly as he made the
At this there was applause for nearly a minute.
Three secretaries were appointed? one from Florida,
one fr<mi West Virginia and one from Maine? and
then began the long process of calling over the
delegates and forming the three Important com
mitters. namely? Rules, Credentials and Platform.
Tills consumed more than an hour, and was several
times interrupted by calls, laughter, bits of ap
plause at the call of a favorite name like William A.
Howard or Joseph Stawley, aud perpetual and petu
lant cries of "Louder!" After the committees had
retired cries were made for
Richard Oglesby and Gerrit Smith. Logan came
forward, and his straight pitch-black hair ana saf
fron hue were hailed with amusement and curi
osity. He spoke only a few minutes. In a low tone
of voice, and retired gracefully, (lerrit Smith was
a queer study, his huge, bulky, almost gigantic
body, venerable hair and beard and reddish, healthy
face, covered with a smile of pleased feeling, show
ing conspicuously above the form of McMlchael,
little Billy Chandler und the pigmies of the stage.
Not live hundred people In the house heard a word
that he had to say, but he made the motions grace
lul.y and retired amid cheers.
limped forward, took a chair and proceeded to
make a reasoning speech ou points of public law
and equity, lie was tolerably well heard anil im
mensely applauded by the negro element. One
gigantic negro threw hltnseir up and jumped and
howled like one receiving corporal punishment.
At first he created laughter, but, presuming more
and more, got to be a nuisance alter a while, and
was squelchod.
in the body. Texas had the noisiest and wildest
delegation. Mr. Morton's speech was a prepared
and committed argument, upon the Ku Klux law
and the necessity and legality of additional legisla
tion. It was heard with considerable distrust and
with no great enthusiasm upon the part of
many of the listeners from the Middle States and
New' England. The speaker's voice grew clearer
and more emphatic after a time, and he achieved
? tne lirst triumph over the infamous acoustics. The
reporters read the New York newspapers during
the delivery of this speech, having already heard it
In Congress. After a while the people grew Im
patient, and many alleged they had been imposed
upon, and that Mr. Morton had no right to take
advantage of the Convention to make a personal
vindication of his record. Several little Items hap
pened in this long Interval. It was announced
among the reporters that Judge Pelrpolnt, of
West Virginia, had just announced this morning
that he had
and therefore withdrew from t he West Virginia dele
gation, and that several other delegates had ex
pressed their Intention to take the same step after
they had discharged their delegated duties. When
Morton was done,
standing candidate for Governor of Massachusetts,
exhibited his interesting figure and made a mo
tion. A youug man connected with one of the
minor evening journals of Philadelphia was very
fussy In escorting all these people to the platform
and set. the reporters to joking. Governor Orr, of
South Carolina, a big, planter-looking man, was
now led to the stage by the small youth aforesaid,
and lie spoke In a flat, metallic voice, after the
stuinp-speaklng fashion of the South.
pick oolkshy,
candidate for c.overnor of Illinois and the seat of
Lyman Trumbull In the Senate, was now prevailed
upon to come forward. He proved to be the most
ladle and easy ora'or of the occasion, with a glib
but somewhat clerical style, partly baritone, partly
falsetto, with a peculiar trill In the region of the
throat 11s of one talking at a funeral. Oglesby
made some very good popular points on Sumner's
speech in Grant's favor, lie Is large and tall, with
a small hand and a square he.id, covered with Iron
gray*halr. He wears no beard, has a martial
carriage and a fervid color, and, after his
best periods, he strides up and down the
stage as If the sentiment pervaded him after
the unplause had subsided. In some of his utter
ances he crouched down nearly to the floor, bending
his knees "Gough fashion." His mouth Is very big,
and his ears appear to be pinned back to his cere
bellum. Alter a while Oglesby fell in love with Ills
voice anil grew wearisome by the length of his
piece. He was well cheered, however, as he finished.
Then General Uawle.v was called for and walked
upon the platform, rather well shaven and on good
terms with himself. He had the good sense to de
cline to make a speech until the committees waiting
the pleasure of the Convention ha<l reported. Then
this man and that man being called for by his co
hort of personal follow ers, und the Ineillcieucy of
the aged chairman vra* palni*lly manifest. Mr.
Mclfi.diart could not ,s?o far enough to count the
I votes of the people, and his voice whs so poor that
| his rulings were heard with difficulty. There was
now a cry from South Carolina for a representative
I of the negro race, and W. H. Gray, of Arkansas,
i essayed to All the place. He was a medium sized
| black man, of the middle age, with a choker collar
. and bushy beard. He spoke glibly and conventlon
| ully, but without humor or Individuality, and also
proved Ignorant of the great virtue of brevity.
After Gray, the negro, hud been speaking ten or
: fifteen mlnut.es, he made good scriptural stump
i points on Horace Greeley. When he was done
i George H. Stuart, a rich merchant and head of t lie
Young Men's Christian Association, stepped for
ward to shake the sable orator's hand. The negroes
now cried lustily for Elliott, member of Congress,
from South Carolina, who came forward with
alacrity, and spoke with much gravity aud delibera
| tlon. He la a young fellow,
I but. of very pronounced African features. Elliott
I never was a slave, but was born In Massachusetts
and eancated In Europe ; nevertheless, he said he
was an Illustration of the justice of the American
people, and gave the audience an Idea that he had
been once in bondage, it was remarked wlnle
Elliott was speaking that Governor Orr had said in
his speech a few minutes before tills he (Orr) would
not give the reason why South Carolina was
unable to protect Itself against the Ku Klux.
Being Interrogated, his friends said he | meant
the cause was the corruption of the State
government. Elliott did not mention the name of
General Grant at all, and one month ago hud de
clared himself as opposed to Grunt's nomination.
We next had another nerrro named Harris, of North
Carolina, the smallest gun ol all, who came up to
the stage uninvited.
There was now a disposition to have the German
vote represented by a specch, and much confusion
ensued, greatly embarrassing the aged presiding
oillcer. There seemed a probability of
slne? the Chairman of t lie Committee on Orgauiza
tit ! "ow came in and resolutely got down to work
*1*1 ported the name of Hou. Thomas settle, of
N<> > arolina, as the permanent presiding otllter.
Few people made any demonstration at this an
nouncement, for only a small number ol those pre
sent knew who was Mr. settle. The South, Iww
ever, hud insisted upon this amount of recognition,
and Settle seemed to be the only man who could be
appropriately selected. He is
lias Just resigned the Ministership of Peru, and is
a candidate lor Congress.
After some Indiscriminate business, attended with
a good deal of confusion and echo. Mr Settle
i was brought forward. He Is a good-looking, dig
j n I lied, tail, black-hatred man, very neat aud
substantial in his attire. He refused to make any
I extended remarks, but spoke easily, confidentially
{ and to the point, and showed decision iu at once
i adjourning the l?ody.
The streets were full of raiu and mud when the
; people left the Academy, and the light began again
: over the Vice Presidency In the lobbies of the hot els.
; a better spirit prevailed than was ever known al
j tills stage in the proceedings of a like body. The
mass of the delegates arc of the solid and respect
| able type; but any convention or the size of this is
difficult to manage, even If it Is not unruly. The
ruling of the temporary Chairman was weak and
i uncertain. Good nature alone preserved order
among t he swelling multitude in the Academy and
secured the dignity of the Convention. Stili
there was something at times which, while it was
not turbulence, was indicative of waywardness, i
Tills was the spirit which Judge Settle evoked on
taking the chair, and only sufficient lapsed after
wards for the thrill which
to be generally felt and thoroughly appreciated.
Ills manner on taking the chair, even more
than the few sensible words with which
lie accepted the responsible post accorded
him, captured the hearts of the delegates,
and his promptness in adjourning the Convention
made his success complete. Everybodv went away
feeling that to-morrow's work would be quick,
sharp and decisive. The significance of Judge Set
tle's decision, while it is construed as being favor
able to Senator Wilson's chances. Is rather a com
pliment to the new ruling spirit ?f -the South.
Kefoie the war he was a democrat, but being u
brother in-law of the late Stephen A. Douglass
the type of Ills democracy Is easily under
sf??od. During the war tie was a Union
iuau and at its close was the Erst man among the
old democratic element of North Corollna to an
noiiuce himself as a republican. Governor Orr, of
South Carolina, nis competitor, was perhaps better
known, but his abilities being conceded u> lie not
greater than those of Judge Settle, his reputation
had the eirect of wcakeiilng rather than to
strengthen him. The organization being com
pleted. aud completed uuder such favorable
auspices, nothing remained to be -done to-day ex
cept for the committees to consider the reports,
which they are to make In the morntog, and for the
friends of
to pursue more vigorously Hum ever the work of
canvassing the doubtful delegations. The day
opetied with a strong tide In favor of Wilson but
to-night his chances were not so good as in the
morning. The action of the Pennsylvania delega
tion In deciding to support the Massachusetts Sena
tor was the chief instrumentality in brightening
Mr. Wilson's chau< es. The position of 1'cMisyivaina
l* a peculiar one. It is comcdcd 10 cut tit llut I
the State might have dictated the nomination
wl1h a united and determined support or
He had many friends in the South on acoonnt or
his coursc in rciidrd to the Ku Klux, and the antl
K 11- K in x iH very strong in the Convention. He
could undoubtedly have carried his own State, as
much from Ids personal and political standing as
from the powerful interests which would have sup
ported the ticket with his name on it.
I'.ut neither he nor his frleuds made any
effort to secure his nomination, and the state
Ik so hopelessly divided L?y factions that harmony was
impossible. The old politicians here admit that
when anybody in a State becomes prominent every
other politician is agaiust him, and they saeiltlce
the political interests of the State to personal jeal
ous. This was the case in the present instance,
and it now seems too late to retrieve the error,
even If an effort was possible, and so the contest
remains as it stood yesterday
The feeling is that Colfax's chances have Im
proved; but this is due to the terrorism or the In
diana delegation and of Senator Morton's support
rather than to any more rcputablo cause. The
intention of saving or losing the State for Grant is
the argument of these people, and It is put with a
vehemence which assumes the nspeet of a threat.
At the luillana headquarters to-night 317 voles are
claimed lor Colfax on llrst ballot. Whether he will
get them is a problem, and all of Wilson's iriends
say such a result is impossible. There will
but the utmost that, the least sanguine of Wilson's
friends will admit is that the result hangs evenly in
the balance. The prospect that Oram, will be re
nominated by acclamation gives the contest Its
chief interest; and this has all along seemed so ap
parent and anv other course so Impossible that no
body has dared to question It except one foolish
person, who contributed the only remarkable epi
sode of the day. It was
or West Virginia, who took the extraordinary
course of meeting with his delegation to assist at a
republican convention, and then announced in a
meeting of delegates that he hail gone over to
Greeley. Me said he had l>een oue of the tlrst to
aid in organizing and sustaining the republican
party, lie had devoted his best energies to it in
sunshine and In storm, and had braved everything
to give success to its principles, and would do
so still. He had hoped when selected with
out solicitation to come as a delegate to this
Convention that there might be still an opportu
nity to save the party by the nomination or an ac
ceptable Presidential candidate? one who would
obey the laws and respect the popular will. Hut It is
now evident that it was hoping against hope. That
tills Is not a meeting for deliberation as to the in
terests of the republican party or of the country,
but a meeting to obey the exacting de
mands of arrogant, power. Neither the admo
nitions of Cincinnati nor of Sumner are
heeded, and It is resolved to destroy the
organization to gratify mere personal government.
This he added:? "I, therefore, withdraw from the
delegation and give you this timely notice to lill
mv place. I shall then be free to give my earnest,
support to Horace Greeley." The announcement
was received in silence, ami he withdrew without a
word being uttered. The whole thing is regarded
as a silly trick arranged beforehand lor dramatic
effect; but failed utterly In provoking anything
beyond a laugh at its foolishness. . , ,
this little episode in 110 way damped anybody s
enthusiasm, or ueterreil the countless horde 01
politicians, now In the city, from canvassing any
the less eagerly the contest of the Vice Presidency.
In spite of the extreme hopelessness of Colfax's
friends, there arc some circumstances which show
a growth in favor of Wilson since yesterday. There
is the Pennsylvania bombshell, which fell early in
the morning. Then came Delaware, not a very
lar-'e accession It is true, but something in itself
and more in its influence. Florida, which will give
six votes to wllsou and two to Colfax, has deter
mined to give
on account of his advocacy of the Cuban cause.
Maryland, In spite of instructions to support Grant
and Colfax, is wavering, and probably half of the
delegation will vote for Wilson. Wisconsin has
changed so that Colfax will get only three votes
from that State. Hut If the examine of Horlda
should be followed to any extent, and the trick or
complimentary votes may bring up somebody upon
whom nobody counts at this time. There is such
a strong disposition to strengthen the doubt, but
State that have any diversion In favor ol Scott
might, nominate him. If Colfax is nominated, it
will he in spite of a particularly hostile loellng. and
nnrelv to save Indiana to Senator Morton uml Pre
sident Crant. There is some distrust, of Pennsyl
vania to-night, and a fear which is not
well defined, that the state may yet go over
to Collax. Under all these circumstances,
it is idle to prognosticate, or to attempt to
count noses. The Grant, delegation from Hahata
and Utah will be admitted, the contesting delegates
from these Territories being the only persons who
are known to have been uulavorable to Grant s le
at the result, and the intluence of the Church will
be thrown strongly against the republican ticket.
Their treatment forms part of the gossip of the
The city this evening is marked by showers of
rain alternating with splashes of starlight. A
promenade concert has been held at the Academy
all the evening. Beck's old Philadelphia Hand was
on the stage, and the country delegates and their
wives and sweethearts, besides all suburban Phila
delphia. moved in slow and melanchqly procession
down the aisles and across the stage.
was also brilliantly lighted, with inscriptions in
burning gns of Washington, Lincoln and Grant, its
spacious and elegant lobbies and snloons have been
the scene ol a great promenade all night. A meet
ing has been held at the Wigwam, also near by the
Union League, In the interests ol the Hai trauft and
Alien State ticket, and John W. Forucv,
who is leading the opposition to this
ticket in ills usual and desperate way,
has hail a newspaper reception at the
press offlee. The intlnence of the newspaper
is the most remarkable feature of this convention,
and the Intluence is not that of old editors, but of
the voung men and subordinates, particularly the
newspaper correspondents. These are accused ol
being the main influence In having Mr. Thomas
Settle made permanent Chairman, and they have
raised Mr. Henry Wilson from being an inconsider
able candidate to a formidable rivalry with Colt:ix,
who was the favorite at the start. Of course, there
is some reaction against this species of juvenile
declaration, but
in the premises has neither been unanimous nor
organized. It seems to be a mental rebellion rather
than a personal antagonism. Mr. Colfax is still a
strong man before the body, and to-night his advo
cates have changed front and demand his nomina
tion as a matter of necessity to carry Indlnna niul
elvo Morton to the Senate. They also rai-e the
superstition that In 1H07 the chtingo of the Vice
Presidency was made with evil eileets upon the
fortunes of the party, ami animadvert upou Mr.
Wilson's abilities as a parliamentary oillcer.
Tho Platform Sub-Commltee are in session to
night at Forney's Press offlee. George William
Cuttiss will be the phrasemakcr and Governor
Claffln the critic adjudicator. These are understood
to be the disputed points of the platform probable
to be adopted.
firxt?TUc efforts of the administration to keep
international peace, inaugurate a new principle in
civilization as to Incidental injuries committed by
neutral States toward the belligerent and to secure
proper consequential damages where any nation,
however great, violates the claims of comllv ami
State fellowship are endorsed and applauded by tho
republican partv. Arbitration will probably be the
precise term used to explain this position.
Seeond?' The tariff plank gives no great uneasi
ness because the Pennsylvanians are not persistent
lor any new assertion on. the subject, but Intimate
their sense of satisfaction with a reinsertion of the
republican tariff plank of lsiio, which Is, to a
certain degree, mild, not to say evasive,
Tftirti? The plank of the platiorm which will
probably cause most uneasiness is that pertaining
to rue mooted Ku Klux legislation and its acces
sory military bill. Senator Morton's school
of Northern public men and nearly all the
united South demand repressive and mili
tary provisions, to secure which Senator
Morton defined to-day to be a fair election in the
late rebellious States. There might have been
some wincing at. this proposition but for to-day's
proceedings and the clearly enumerated demand
of both white and black republicans of the South
I ror decided action upon this head.
t\)urth.? Upon the supplementary civil rights
proposition the blacks of the South, and many of
their white fellow partisans, are no less earnest
that this be made a positive feature of the piriform.
The phrase supplementary civil rights will not be
employed, and It Is hoped that some such general
expression as civil and political rights for all men
will sutllee to bridge over the Delaware.
fifth? The section plank of the platform will not
roqulre to tie very positive If Senator Henry Wilson
i?e nominated, as he wlil be a personal Indication of
tiK claims and biography or laboring nceu. The
dignity and work of labor upon the
American standard of ? laiioring men
will serve to tighten the protection
plank a? well as to oppose with a comfortable
platitude the trades' unions. It Is claimed to-night,
a- before stated, by Colfax's friends, that he will
get 317 votes on the llrst ballot. Mr. Wilson's
iriendu allege that he will get from 3fi0 to 375 votes.
KiutrniNo it out.
On the first, ballot their figuring Is as follows on
the most sanguine estimates:?
Alabama 14 Missouri 28
Arkansas Vi Nebraska 1
California. 10 Nevada i
Connecticut 4 New Hampshire 10
Florida 7 New York !?
Georgia 18 North Carolina a>
Illinois 24 Ohio 34
Kansas 0 Pennsylvania
Kentucky...' 14 South Carolina 13
Louisiana 13 Tennessee 18
Maiue 4 Virginia 2 i
Maryland 7 Wisconsin , 17
Massachusetts 26 Terrltoriea 6
Missisaippi 18 ?
Total... ?2fl
lias occurred in the Virginia delegation to Oolfax.
Tue trouble originated In the election of H. H. Wells,
Jr., to be member of the National Committee.
Eleven of the eolored delegates threaten to go for
meet to-morrow A. M. for the purpose of Joining la
a petition to Congress tor tUe passu go of the Kii
Kim mmI AmaotUtery Jtoiorcciuent act. ibu* itep
Ih the result of consult anon held in Washington last
week. Rbtlbj McCulioui, of Illinois, has been
selected to put General Grant iu nomination to
morrow. Considerable diversion of opinion exists
regarding the manner of the nomination, but It will
probably be doue by a vote In detail and subse
quently conlirmed by unanimous acclamation.
Philadelphia, June 5, 1872.
The delegates to the Republican National Con
vention commenced assembling in the Academy of
Music at half-past eleven A. M., which is admirably .
arranged for the purpose aud channingl v decorated. I
The enthusiasm was already at lever, heat, finding
occasion for expression momentarily as cither of
the two military bands located in the gallery played
familiar national airs.
A little alter noon ex-Oovernor Ckaflin called the
Convention to order. He said:?
<)KNtLF*KN ok tub Convmtion? Elected according to
the usage of tile republican party In conventions ol tho
people held in every State, you have assembled tor t tin
purpose ot placing in nomination candidates tor tho two
highest office* in the gilt ot the American people. You
represent a party founded on the broadest principles ot
freedom, justice anil Immunity, anil whose achieve
ments have been the wonder and admiration ot the
civilized world. The. promises made '.our .years since ??
orogrcss and reform nave. lieeu tailhtully tulltlled, III
the guarantee by the nation ot equal rights to
nil In the reduction of tho 111111111' expenditures
.,n'(i the public debt, In the decrease ol the public
burdens, in the Improvement of the public credit. In tho
establishment of the public ialth so that 110 a?'t ot repudla
t?n 'hall i"er sUtiu the statute hook, ana in securing
peaceaud order throughout the republic. You are sum
inoned to declare your tldelity to those principles and
purposes which have brought such benciiol.nt r'^ultH to
Ihe nation. We will not tear ?h?t the peop>< ^ll ,duh
those who have been fait null in tn< 11 iim
trusts lor other men and. other ?r?,J"J|,l\tiI" .'
although they may adojit our principles and 1'J"'"
adhere to our policy. I*.'t us go forward w itl It >11 indent
laitli that our cause will trluui|ili. notwithstanding uiu -
pccUd detections, over all combination*, However sk ?
tully planned, in cause in its continued succeiw are cen
tred the best interests and hii-'hest hopes ol the country.
In conclusion he called upon Hcv. Alexander
Reed, of rhlladelphia, who addressed the Throne of
(?race, asking it divine blessing on tho nation and
this assemblage of representatives.
At the conclusion of prayer Mr. Ci.aih.in said
Genti.kmen ok the oonventiov? I have tiio
pleasure, by instruction of tho National Oommlttco,
to present to you Mr. Morton MoMlchael, of 1 hlln
dclphia, lor Temporary Chairman. (Applause.)
Tho nomination was unanimously rutilled. Ex
Governor Clatlln appointed Mr. II. S. Lane, Mr. J.
II. Piatt, of Virginia, and Mr. Lewis (colored), of
Louisiana, to conduct the President to t he chair.
Morton McMichaki. on taking the chair said:?
Oknti.k*kn of Tin: Convkhtion? 1 thank you lor the
privilege of presiding, even b.r the bru t period I slii.
etiioy tbat honor, over such an assemblage us this. 1 am
the more gratified liccaiise, as delegate trotu I cnns.vlvu
nia and resident of Philadelphia, it gives mo an oeciwion
to welcome you to our State and clty-to mi v to vou all
how 'lad we arc to have vou anions us, how earetully we
shad e n leaver to promote your comfort while vou renin
with us, how designs that when you leave us you i w 111
leave witli mich impression* as wiU induce
you frequently to return. Under
stances the presence ot so many dtstingui nod
men, gathered from all parts ot .. ill'iV,,'.!^,
land, which grows and stretches so rapidly that :lu tm-se
recurring nuadreiinial convocations new Malts, new 1 i
rltortes, and iu this case? liappy lor tho cause ol I'uui'iuity
and progress? a new race, new at least In the possession
of political rights an.l civil function* . and soon to be en
dowed with all the attributes of equality . are represent* d.
Under any circumstances your presence would be to J us a
source of satisfaction, and it Is especially m> In view ot the
purpose which has brought you hither.
were without Ooustltucuey. (Applause.) The dcinocrau
who arc soon to meet at llaltimorc will be without a
principle. (Applause.) The lurmor, bavin; nomolive In
common but tierson.il disappointment, ! lutctnptoil 1 ?'.'"y? 1
of repelling elements, which has icsulted In explosion.
The latter. degraded iroin the high estate tho.v once net u
pit'd, propone an abandonment of llielrldi'ntilv.which
means death. Unlike th? Hr,t vou are the ai fth.nl in , ex
poueiits ot a great national organization basut upon
principles? "Ann us tho marble, Founded il* '''V/'-uike
liroad and general as the casing air. (Appluei.) I nlike
the last. Your object is to preserve, not to destroy , ami.
gentleincn, ditfering trom both these In character and
liims, you will difl. r in. let- in the nature ol yourdclibe
raliou.". Oil the subject which has most perplexed and
must continue to perplex their councils, in yours--ratbu
let me say m ours? there will be absolute harmony.
Wllh us the election of a Presidential candidate isa toic
cone conclusion. (l.oud and tumultuous applause.^ In
tliatre "nrdtho people have decided lor u . in advance,
and we have only to put the will into proper .shape by
(Applail?e.) And. with the lileaanig ol t. ml, we shall not
onlv make that nomination without demur. Without ?b -
bate, without dMKiit, but we slu.il make it iu.de r such
auspices us wfi? insure IU complete and abundant rati l
eatiuii at the {Kills. (Applause.) It do. ? not nee; no., cju
Kidprinir hit temporary occuputioii ol ilils ? nun , wowui
it he siiitafcW' that I ihould ?nU>r into any
commentary a* to the merits ol our candidate . but tins l
wllJCy, that notwithstanding all the n.ai.gnant venom
hat luis ln/fi spit at him, all tho odious calumnies fiat
li.'ve been heaped upon hint, all the <tis?iace1ul slatulcra
tbat have been circulated in regard to hlni, * '? i, cifiun
at ibis uiomenteniovs more of the confidence ol nn coun
try men ii Imlicvctl by tlicni to Ik* mi lioiwutcr, tiiiop iinti
Bcrrru mas than anv ok his mmAiiiiM.
(tireat clieers ami throwing ol hats and handkerchiefs.)
No one In our dav has been more causelessly, more
shamelessly vHllllcil ; no one will bo more thoroughly
vi iJIcale.l. The sr.-at heart of the Ainerlean peopio
beats responsive to truth and Justice, and as thev have
tried and tested and trusted hiin, as they know that his
administration bus been wise and laithlul, as they bat e
M-eii tlie nation prosper under his rule as it has
never prospered before, tliev will wtnnd by and
det'end, and when the hall?d h??* irives tln;m n jjbance
to do, a venire him. < Apjil.niw.) H?nu;mhennrf the joro
trial* which alone wtih iiih to llow-sold ler.s iio underwent
durimr the war, id* iweriflce* ol eai*e and coinlort, liw
peril Av day and by n??ht, the cxpoMircM by means o
w Inch tlio^e who now revile hini w re aide to wenre
luxurious repose at a safe distance irom danger, tliev are
nunc willing lie should indulge in 'palace ears anu cigars
and seaside loitering*," and they mean to lurnish lilni
with the opportunity ol enjoying these lor at least lour
years to come.
no doubt, gentlemen, there will be various preference*.
Some ot us will at tl. st favor one, some another, but we
shall ail strive to obtain the best man, and when the
choice is ultimately made I trust that we siiall all feel that
we have succeeded, ill regard to the platlorm to be
adopted it is not for me to anticipate, but, along
with other important doctrines, It will undoubt
edly contain tho widest recognition of human
freedom ? (applause) ? and the clearest affirmation
ot the duties which the government owes to Its laboring
ma.-scs wherever and however employed In town or
comity; and with such candidates and ruch a creed,
whether we have to encounter the decaying remnants ol
a oni-i- powerful party, but now so feeble that It Is er.vltu.
piu-ousiv to Its enemy tor succor, or an incongruous
alliance of ill-assorted factions with no bond ot union but
the gre? d ol office, or all of them combined ; we shall go
tortli conquering and to conquer. (Wild cheers.)
When the name of Grant was mentioned as that
which would carry with it the full Htrcngth <>f the
people of tho country the delegates rose en vwsiw,
with cheers and waving ol hais and clapping of
hands. As the Chairman took his scat the Academy
rang with cheers for Grant.
On motion or Mr. I'ru.EN, or Maine, the following
gentlemen were appointed temporary secretaries:?
John W. Xewlius, of New Jersey; John It. Hubbard,
of West Virginia; Hiram Totter, Jr.. of Florida.
Mr. McMiciiAEb? It is customary at this stage of
the proceedings for the delegates Irom the differ
ent States and Territories to designate one of their
number a Committee on Credentials. The Secre
taries will call the roll of States, and, us it is called,
some gentleman, representing each of them, will
indicate his choice in the matter to which I havo
referred. w ..
Tho roll of the States was then called, and the
following names were announced as
Alabama, J. W. Burke; Arkansas, J. H. Johnson; Cali
fornia, Thomas Tallon: Connecticut, J. 1>. Tracy; Del
aware, Bcntamin Burton. Florida, J. II. Armstrong;
(ieorifla. Kowin Belcher; Illinois, J. V. Alexander ; Indi
ana M.I. Hundy: low a, Isaa.s Pendleton ; Kans is. W II
limn Baldwin; Kentucky, Samuel Casey ; I/ouisiana,
Morton It. M. Smith, Maine, .1 K. Butler; Mary and,
Alexander Randall; Massachusetts, K. B. SlfHldard;
Mu lligan, James R. Stone: Minnesota, D. H. tloodsell;
Mississippi. Kdwin Hall; Ml?s?iurl, <?corge A. Mows;
Nebraska. John Roberts; Nevada, ?\ O. Stephenson ; New
Hampshire, Dexter Richards; New Jer-ey, Ocorge
Wurt/.; New York, Kd ward U, Poster; North ( arollua,
.fames Hlllyer; Ohio, orimth Kills; Oregon, Hiram
Smith; Pennsylvania, L. I> Shoemaker, Rhode Island, r..
,1 i? i-Veciiian ; South Carolina, S. A. Wales; Tennessee,
|{ l< Butler; Texas, W. A. Sailor: Vermont, lieorgc ?
ti'randv; Virginia. Robert Norton; West Virginia, Oeorgo
Fdwards; Wisconsin, Joseph O.Thorpe: Arizona, John
Tiltis; Colorado. Jerome B Chaffee ; District ot Columbia,
I'hiiT Cooke ; Idaho, K J. Curtis; Montana, litielus B.
Church; New Mexico, William Kreedom; none named
from Dakota and t'tab because of contesting delegations;
Washington, S. Gartleld; Wyoming. J. W. Donnlari.
Th" Ch air announced the en II of States for tho
Mr. Keck (Ohio) moved that on this call of State
delegations the Chairman nominate members of all
the committees. Lout.
The roll was called for the Committee on Perma
nent Organization. The following are the names of
the committee:? '
Alabama. Isaac Hymer: Arkansas, J. M. Johnson _; Cali
fornia, K. 1^ Shattuek ; Connecticut, B. Bent; Delaware,
John C. Clark; UorUta, K. N. <Vlekei ;, Georgia, J.
r I-ong; Illinois, E. fcmory; Indian*, Oeone
K Sleeiie; Iowa, A R Anderson; Kansa-, Jo
oiah Kellogg; Kentucky, John B. Brnner; Louisi
ana W. Hoblnson; Maine, Illrsm Bliwa. Jr.;
Maryland, John T. Ensor; A^achuset^ 8. Johnson ;
Mirhitrun James H. Barney; Minnesota, A. E. Rice, Mis
s|s?ippi A. K Da vis ; Missouri. E. O. Stannard; Nebraska,
johll D. Neligh ; Nevada, George U. Sabln ; New llimp
ahlre, D. Barnard; New Jersey. Levi V. Oerard ; New
York J N. Ilungerford; North Carolina, Joseph II
Paris; Ohio, W. A. Van Voorhees; Oregon. Meyer llarst;
Pennsylvania, Charles Albright: Rhode island, W illiain
f> Bray tons flouth Carolina, W. B. Nasli; Tennewee,
William Y fcll.ot; Texas, W^: Kllet : Vermont, Oeorge
Wilkins; Virginia, John A. Ilarinan; \V eat Mrglnia, John
E. Sly ; Wisconsin, Thaddeas C. Pound.
The Chair stated that, rooms had been provided
for committees la adjoining hails, aBd suggested
that those already appointed retire at once for con
B"a motion waa made that the Territories be called
for memliers of the Committee on Permanent Or
ganization. Agreed to. Arizona named James H.
Toole; Colorado, Oeorge M. Chilcott ; Idaho, J. E.
Ford : the District of Columbia, A. R. Sheppard ;
Montana, J. B. CUtircb, and Wyoming, Oeorge
Corney. , .
on motion the eommlMee were pennltteu to re
tire to Agricultural Hall.
A DltNin from KansM moved to defer the se
lection of a Committee on Resolutions until alter
the permanent organization. Lost.
Mr. 1'oriuM, of west Virginia, moved that Com
mittees on Resolutions ami Rules both be named in
rewooM to one call of tlie Btatea. CM/lvO.
And the call was proceeded with as follows:?
?Vote. dam. uh Resolution) ( >tmm iUrr On Hub *
Alabama R. M Itugg les W. P. Jones.
Arkansas W. II. Tracy Stephen Wheeler.
California J. H. Whittinglon.C. M Patterson.
" Men. J. K. lluvvlcy Hiuiiel Chadwick.
Uel.i Ware Ilenrv K Pickles..C M. Ulohartls.
rlortda f. w. Johnson I W. Butler.
m.orS l)- *? Walker lames M. Sims.
I !.V Merman Hoster I. A. Powell.
initiaua Charles King W. chapman.
Ji'wa Win. Vandervoer ..J. W. Card.
Kansas John C. Carpenter. II. C. Cross.
?went hi' ky James Speed William II. Gibson.
laiiiUlann John Ray \V, 1} Elliot.
SfilK'-v ?? J' I'ullen A II 8. Davis.
Maryland.. as a. spenoe.s. M. shoemaker.
M Mi lm.se Its J 1). (Wswell Oliver Ames.
JJ.'higan W. A. Howard George Ail lard.
Minnesota W. K. Hicks R. k. < Vowel).
Mississippi John It. Lynch A Parker.
v k,!'11? John II. Stover John C. Orrlck.
N?' 'raika John C. Weston II M. Atkinson.
wiL if i i . ",>m' George M. Sabine.
New Hampshire... Ostium Ray i. W.Johnson.
New York Jos. N. .Mathews. . .Ii. P. Carpenter*
North Carolina ... .J. W. IIihhI George II llrown.
Ol'to H. H. llavs W. 0. Cooper.
Oregon II. It. Kiucalde J. K. Dcvor.
I etinsylvailia G. W. Hcotiold A. W. llilllllan.
Kliodc Island William tloddard I,. W. Rallon.
South ( arolina R. B. Klllolt T. J. Markov.
TennffcM A. J. Ricks Geo. K. Oresham.
Texas... I. w. Talbot lames Newcomh.
X^'Moat . Col. lid. Haulels. . .George T. Gnodell.
West Virginia Thomas It. Hwaun.O.D.T. Kartisworth.
Wisconsin Thomas Allen Clius. J. L. Myers.
; Jerome B. Ohitfrcc.O. M. Chillicothe.
? i ? Columbia. . A. it Slmppard lohn F. Cooke.
ii1"1'" K. J. Curtis K. Ditto.
Mulituiui W. K. SumulfiM. ...L. B. Church.
Wyoming ,1. VV. Donnailon. . .(Jcortfe W. Coroy.
There being loiul calls lor John A. Logan, the Gen
eral came forward and wuh Introduced by the Chair
i i'Ti* ls; l(,0,< at Mni; 'll! speaks lor liltii
sel." General Logan saul:?
woiim7i'm7/.i?, ?.T ?.K on -There is nothing that
would delight me more ii I was capabio of doing so than
I'T iV'ii^v^i v^<*" i know i ought n" "
' ~ ? but II yon will allow me to lie indite on this oc
casion I will rawest that I do not think
this is the time as far as I am concerned
I am out ol voice from an effort last ultrht. That, Is one
reason why 1 stion Ii I not uddrcsj you at any great length
nor do 1 think it would bo proper for inu to attempt It'
l here are .1 great many gcntlcin?n here that I know you
arc anxious to hear; men who are able and who are elo
<1 up tit, iitnl men whom you have heard before.
A Dklkcatk? Wo waiil to hour from Logan. (Applause).
Mr. Louan (resuming;? I only nay, then? as I very cer
tainly eiiuiint attempt to detain you with a speech? that
this whole land to-day, It" they could sec this Convention
ii.'semblod, the appearance of the Convention, the iiiani
tnstations ot eiithn.siiisiii which the montloii of the name
i>l the man whom you intend to present to the American
people to be voted for tor President? (Great applause) -it
would gladden Die national heart. But 1 am proud and
1 amglad to know that to-day,
ol the United States, you come hero to Philadelphia fo
repent what you did four years ago? his nomination. I
Ihnl more enthusiasm among tho people, amid the dele
gates, lour to one, than we found when wo first presented
him to the American people lor a President. (Applause).
It only proves the tact that ho has done well, lie ha*
performed tho duty that you imposed upon him to your
entire satisfaction? (applause)? and you eoinc hero to
repeat "thou hast boon faithful over a few things, we will
make thee ruler over many things." (t)roat applause.)
oil General Logan retiring there were loud calls
for Mr. Morton, who was in the proscenium box, lint
did not come forward.
Mr. Spkncku, of New York, said:?
Mr. 1'hk<h)knt? The delegation from the state of
New York doMlros me to move that its venerable
head, the oldest pioneer iti the cause of emancipa
tion lathis room? (cheers)? Gerrltt Smith? (great
cheering)? be invited to address von.
A scene of great enthusiasm followed, delegates
all over the building rising In their places, waving
hats and handkerchiefs in the air and calling lustily
for Mr. smith. In response the venerable gentle
tnun rose In his place and bowed repeatedly, the as
semblage continuing to cheer him. The Chairman
came down from his platform and moved towards
the part of the house where Mr. Smith was sealed,
walling to conduct lilm before the audience. Music
being called for to All tip the gap until Mr. Smith
could get upon the stage the band in the circle
When the music ceased Mr. Smith stood before
tho cheering assemblage.
Mr. MoMictiAKti? Now, gentlemen of the Conven
tion, three rousing cheers (and they were giveu
with a hearty will).
GKNTt.KMFN OF TIIK CO.XVI- NTION? I Will Hot llctllln Villi
but a low minutes. I fear I shall not bo heard distinctly
Irom my hoarseness. Gentlemen, tho time lias ne arly
come round again when the American people are to
Choose their Cliiet Magistrate. Who sluill it lie ? (Cries of
'Grant," "Grant," and loud e beers.) Whom shall we
"'"?ilnatc r (More erics of "Grant.") You nil sav Grant.
? I'll, I agree wlUi you. Why do you say Grant ? Bocuu.se
he was
(Applause). Why do you say Grant 1 Because lie bag
blessed the country in time of peace T (Aoplnusc.) Tho
American people, from tho breaking out of the rebellion,
ileiended vlioir country bravely, but were not always
successful. They passed through a long alternation ot suc
cess! s anil* reverses. Sunshine was now upon their
cause and I now it was w rapped in gloom. It wui In
this crisis, la this period of tear, that General tfrunt was
called to tftc head of the armv. People had begun to ilc?
palr ol ill ill mate success. General Grant, by tho persist
i'licy ot 111* plans, by bis determination to tight It out on
; that lino, 11 it took all summer, Dually prevailed, und the
army ot General I*-u surrendered to lilui. (Cheers.) Our
country, tho divided, became one again. I said that Gen
eral Grant has
lie lias done so. lie has preserved us on terms ofnmltv
with all the nations oi tho earth. He has pursued the
policy ot kindness toward the poor misguided Indians,
and ho Is doing what lie can to crush Ku Kluxlsin and to
"live the negro and to save tho poor man who defends tho
ileum, to avo them both from vengeance, bloody and
fearful and horrible. But it is said ih.it General Grant
bad one term of the Presidency und flint lie should retire
and give place to nnotber. My doctrine is, that havinn
proved himself a good President once we
(Applause.) That was tin* doctrine of tho American peo
ple when they re elected Washington, the n. -t savior of
liis country. It Is their doctrine now in reference to the
third savior of the country, anil tin y will iv-clect Grant
accordingly. (Cheers.) It is said, too, thut Grant has
made mistakes. Gil, yes, ho lias; all men uiuke mistakes
To err Is human ill the broadest sense. It Is
*aid that some of his appointments turned out
badly. Yes; some ot' the appointments ol every
President have turned nut badly. Presidents are
not all gltted with clairvoyance. They do not nil read
character in advance. But we have uuiplc compensa
tion ; tor, notwithstanding the industrious etlorts to saddle
him with corruption iu these appointments, they have
all tailed, and ho lias come out triumphant. Now finally
we must have Grant a few years longer in the Presi
dency, bocau^e the anti-slavery buttle is not yet fought
out. I care very little for dollars aud cents. I do can
tor human rights. Tli.it battle will not be touglit out so
long us
A A!I?m.R fltlRKO or Kl' Kt.UXtSM KXIKTS
In this land. It will not be fought out so long as a single
man in this land is deprived ot one single right on the
ground of his color. (Applause.) And I cannot but feel,
whenever I see in tho proceedings of Congress the detent
of an nuti-Ku Klux lull or the detent ot a Civil Uighu' lull
tlmt. here are sious toward the revival of American
slavery. Grant Is doing well und is crushing out Kii k'lux
lim We want liitn continued 111 the leadership m little
longer? until the final und complete triumph of our
cause. (Cheers.)
Calls for "Morton" being persistently renewed,
that gentleman came forward and was Introduced
to the audience, and, being unable, from physical
Infirmity, to stand, Heated himself In a chair In tlio
front of the platform, lie nald
In the enthusiasm which prevails here to day I see the
unmistakable evidence of victory. This enthusiasm is
not inuiiiiliictiircd. It Is spontaneous. It comes from tho
hearts of t lie ntiilicnce here to-day, representing the great
mass of the people of the United states. (Applause ) You
represent tl?! republican partv, and that party has n
great mission to perform, und that mission Is no loss
than taking care ol tills country. To that party
the interests of this grout nation must be committed In the
liiturc us they have been preserved and fostered in the
nast. Tho republican party Is not a worshipper of men
We hold by the pioneers of republican principles. Wo do
them nil honor, but only so long as they remain faithful
to those principle!). (Applause! When a pioneer falls he
? nils further than anybody else. (Cries of "good" and nn
pluuse). Among several nations of antiquity the bleu nre
vailed that the lather had p
anil some men have recently eUimed that they are the
fathers ol tho republican purtv, an I they claim the right
on that account lo kill it. (Laughter and applnu-e ) As
n general thing we deny the paternity ; Out ii we admitted
the paternity we should deny the rlglit to kill. \\ tint are
the things the rcniihllciin party have yet to dot I
know it has been dinned in our ears for two or three
years that our mission was performed. Whenever
a innn has boon beaten for the nomination for
Congress be has generally come lo the conclusion that
the mission ot the republican party wa? nl an cud and
that we ought to form a new party, it he. bus been
turned out ol office lor malteasauce, or II tie has tailed to
get Into ofllce, ho would conclude flint tho duties of tho
republican party were at all end and that a new organi
zation ought to lie formed. (Applause.) | Hsk you to day
whut are the duties before list First. In le^uril to those
questions which concern the administration. It is the
duty of the republican party to
(cheers) gradually but surely, not by violence or spas
modic efforts, to bring our currency to par We are Cer- I
talnly and safely approaching Hint event We do not
propose to accomplish it by violent theories, but by mimr
the natural causes which are now at work wo shall
place the credit of the .latlon upon a hiulior basis than it
over occutiicd before, and upon a higher basis than that
occupied by that ot anv other nation. (Applause) Wo
shnll do thut by faithfully performing all our promises
by keeping our contracts in the spirit ami the letter, ami
by the gradual hut 1
/?'.J.7/,'.* I'KfrcrioN or tuf. pcbi.ic ok nr.
(Cheers.) W lille we shall . urr> out to the letter the pros
ent policy we have on band, while we have nothing new
on the subject, I may suy. In regard to the platform It is
scarcely necessary tor this Convention to adopt one ' The
platform of the rupiihlicjtn partv in found; it J? hlxtorv fop
the past ten years and it Is to be found in the policy ot
the present adtnlnlitratloii. (Great applause). It is to carry
out and cou>ecrate the reforms upon winch this adicinU
traUon has already entered. (('I.e?ri) Hut our woril U
not done In regard to these great mca<urci which have
grown out of the war. It Is lor the republican party
(cheer*)? to establish the in in the constitution bcroml
peradventuro, that they shall be recognized bv R
ties', that there shall no longer be any considerable nnrY?
n this country that shall .tare to question tKilK
the validity ot these amendments. 'Applause ) Itutr
the republican party to establish fully the rights , u Z
colored men of this country. (Applaud ) Our w rk -
not done until they shall be conceded by all ullrtb^ .n,?
fn'VveVy portion' "of*^ en.l?yment of^ their rights
th?y shall be in th?^?<:^1U"try~'*p,' f?l
every race'anJf col0" ""/"'the' 1? w ex^ndeiMo' m!1,/^ j
fn *nd to all men ot all politlrnl views
^.y.t *rt.or United stated. (Applaus.-.) Themis
f I .i roJ,Ubllcan party will not tie performed as
bina as there snail remain a Ku Klux organization in anv
??state or tnis Cnlon? (applause)? for that organization but
sleep*. In some of the Htates
shortly before the Presidential election. If there shall not
be proper legislation? If there shall uof vest In a bold,
firm administration of the government the power In guar
antee protection to all. (Cheers.) Our government pro
tects the rights of American citizens everywhere. In cvitir
foreign country. If half a dozen citizens ? ere murdered hi
London or Havana by a mob wc should ijcmand the [
prompt punishment or tha murderers. It would be a |
cause of national oifcnee, and the government of Kngland '
or Spain would use every exertion to brlnu the murderers
to punishment. A murder of an American .'itizi n in a
foreign land require* lllu immediate notice of the govern
iusuL w<l dull lU?;nuft be vludwaicJ ii neciU be by u??
whole power of the nation Shall It then bo ?ald thtit the
government lias the power and the right to protect Ninerl
can citizen* in every country but our own? i<'hcers.k
I In, 1.1 that when any State mils, rein or
from any cause in unable to secure to her
citizens an ei|nal protertion of the laws,
security for life, llliorty ami property, then 1 hold thai it
In within tin- |>ower, anil it is the absolute and .solemn
?luiv ut the government of the United Mute* to extend
protection in such cases. (Applause.) In passing wliat
was called tin- K ii Klux law we did not Intend to place an
.arbitrary power in the hands of the President of tl.u united.
States lo be cxerclsi il l>y caprice ur lor selfish or B#rtlniii
purposes. That, power ? as placed there for the pur
l'i so of protecting, or enabling hiui to protect
i lie liven, liberty anil property ot hundreds
ami thousand* ,ind even of millions. ot pcoplo
in mime of the Howhern States, when tho State govern
mi nt- hail been unablo or hint tailed to grant each pro
tertion We knew, in plin - inif that power in t Be hands of
the President, that In' woulil not ai use it lie has nut
aim oil it? (great applausci ? ami, whatever may havo
boon tuiiil, allow me to say here that ttic liu Klux law has
done more good in a shorter time than any other law
ever enacted by the Congress ot the I'nlieit States. It has
nix-rated like a i h arm. It has protected thousands and
thousands of people
run* xumikii, prow outrank and pro* sxtt.i:,
and those in ? In- Sniiih who ileiinuiiee that law. who
oppose the inictmeut giving the power to the President
lor another your to suspend the writ of habeas corpus in
ease of revolution or retH'liinu, ilo not oppose It bi-cause
any wrong lias been done, because. ativ rights have been
violated, I. ut because ihey are unwilling that a.
Certain Instrumentality Khali be crushed out,
which, being leit uncontrolled, may absolutely sway
tin- Political future of certain Stale". We de?lro only lair
ami honest elections. V, e want men of all parties and ull
colors lo have, and wo mean to protect them In, tin- exer
cise- ot every i>r>litl?*>il riuht. (Applause.) Kellnw citizens,
the salvation of this country, I believe, with her present
and best linn e-ts are boumi uii with the predominant in
terests of the republican party for year tocoine. (Ap
plause.) I am not an advocutu ot the republican party
merely as a partisan, but heeanse
by which this country has been saved, In and by ivliich,
in my iudgmsnt, it must be preserved in the future. (Ap
plause.) (u a government like ours there uui- . be par
ties. Men entertaining similar opinions must act to
gether by orgnnizatii u and co-operation. and that makes
a party. Break down tltu republican party, and what se
curity will you have f And can you over get another that
will carry out its work? stand last by it. Look to the
future, and be governed by the lignt oi tUo past. Some
times it great litfht w ill Ira extinguished ; snmetiincs otio
ol those to whom tho people have been accustomed to
lo ik it|i will fall by the wayside. The people will drop
a tear, and may regret it, but it will pass away. (Ap
plause.) Remember that the republican party Ls greater
than any man.
cotnhlneil. (Cheers.) But uiiiiiug the greatest of our
statesmen and pnlitieiaus a great tnan.v errors aro
committed, it. 1 said. General Grant lias committed bin
errors. I ilo not deny it. But l am happy to say iliac
most ot them an- trivial. Thev do not no to tho sen e audi
substance ot his administration. Any man who sup
poses that ho lias strength enough to break up the repub
lican party will commit a very grave blun
der. (Applatt'O.) Let no man stipposo that ho
can run the republican party into tho ranks of
tho democratic party hy means of any hack
doors or backstairs, for the sake ? it plunder. (Applau.-e,)'
Several men who liavo been distinguished In the republi
can party, whom we have been looking up to as
leaders and pioneers, have committed the mistake ; but
when they have mailt: this mistake they havo been drop
ped and passed away forever. (Appliiuse.)
produces n ripple tor a little while, but the pool very soon
becomes placid, unit so the greatest man In the ri publi
can party, it he shall lie iiiiluithtul to its
principles "because of personal disappointment or
Irritation, shall still he unable to destroy its
organization or destroy it, and ho shall sink
out ot sight to disturb the surl'uco of tho political world us
little iin the pebble when dropped Into the lake. (Ap
plause.) Then stand 1'tist to your principles. You will to
morrow nominate General Uratii. (Applause.) Gene ml
tiraiit has tolil the Atncrlcan people thai lie had no policy
to urge acaln-t their wishes. That pledge has been faith
fully redeemed, lie endeavors to carry out the national
wish whenever he finds out wluii that wish Is. The jtt la
ment of all men is better than tho judg
ment of any one man. The common sense of
the country is better than the judgment of any inan
however lofty and uilgelle may be his abilities, and ttio
faithful public servant endeavors to tltid out what Is the
popular will, what is tho wish of tho nation, ami then to
I carry It out understanding^-. The greut object ot govern
ment Is to subserve, to carry out the wishes ot the nation,
rather tliau to carry out the policy or the rule ot any In
dividuals. General llrant's career has been it great
It has been a continual triumph, lie has loitered and
protected the interests of the people. I believe they are
intelligent enough to understand It, and that we intend
to endorse those Interests and him for another four vears.
(Applause.) Whenever General Grant shall lie tray tho
principles of tho republican party, upon which he wan
elected ; whenever ho shall become recreant to his high
duties he will pass away as some other men have pns-ed
away; ho will be condemned by the popular truth as
other men arc condemned. (Ureal applause.)
Mr. I/hung, of Massachusetts, said:?
to inulcu a speech. I merely desire to make a
motion. I understand that, the Committee ou
Permanent Organization la ready to report, . It has
been usual when there has been any conflict in re
gard to the delegates iu the Convention that the
Committee on Permanent Organization should not
report until the Committee on Credentials had
made its report. Hut there is no dlillcttlty hero
whatever. The Committee on Credentials have a
mere formality to no through, and an the Com
mittee- on Permanent organization is now ready to
report, I move that it be requested to do so at tits
earliest practicable moment.
Tlte motion was seconded, but before it could ba
put a delegate irotn Booth Caroliua arose and ex
pressed the gratification with which lie had heard!
Gerril Smith, and asked that now the South bo
heard through
l'x-Governor Oku on coming forward said that, ho
felt that the call was more of a compliment to tho
section rrom which he came than to him
self. With the as.ilstancc or his colored
friends he pledged South Carolina to tho
republican ticket about to bo nominated. Referring
to the bitterness with which President Grant had.
been maligned lie compared his experience in tin*
rc-sp' ct with that of Washington and Jackson, and
predicted for him a triumphant vindication at the
hands of the people. He believed President Grant's
re-election was a necessity to preserve peace at
home and abroad. Hefcrring to the Ku Klux opera
tions he said : ?
In South Carolina, as you are aware, In nine counties
the writ of habeas corpus lias been suspended. Tin- sus
pension embraced those Counties where It was Insisted
that the Stategoveriiiucotwasunable.it is unnecessary
for me to discuss why, to give protection to nu n tln-rn
whose only offence was their political sentiments. They
were colored men and white men, and when tliev went
to sleep at night they had no guarantee that they would
not he takenoul of their beds ut the dead hour of night
ami scourged or else
BAI.I.S I'l T TlltlllL'lill Til K 1 11 SODICS.
President Grant did not act until the Legislature of
South <111011110 passed resolutions calling upon him to
send the forces of the United States Kovcruincin there to
dive their protection with reference to this Kit Klux law.
1'rcsident Grant has to execute the law. It was iu the
statute book and lie was i ailed upon lo execute it by that
tribunal which had the right to call upon him. lie did
not pass the law. How did it cotne to be pusscd t Was it
not the slanders of the New York Trihunr, day alter day,
and week after week rung Into the ears ot Congress, ile
mandliiK that they should pass some such law to give pro
tection to them 1 and now, when the law has been passed
ami executed in mercy and firmness.
lie has turned round, ami now denounce* (Irant and the
Ku Klux law lor its enormities. Judite Bond, who has
discharged his duties with ureal fidelity there, lias ad
minisU' red this law firmly and uierciiully, und although
vuu hear so much clamor ot people ih-Iiu east into prison
lor their not beiuu able lo procure bail, what is
the result of the trials that have taken place f Tbcra
have been seven trials only at the two Courts ? one an ac
uiiltlal, one a mistrial and five convictions. Those aro
tne results. Ami yet to show the extent ot it and how
conclusive the proof was this was not made up of manufac
tured testimony? testimony of suborned witnesses? more
tbaiiKlxtv ot tliesu unfortunate people who have been in
dicted came voluntarily torwaril ami
ru Afll.tl Olftl.TY TO THK I IIAROK Pltf'TRHUKD
against them. Now, when the facts came to l>c understood
1 should think that so tar from beinu an clement of weak
ness against the President it would be an element of
strenulli. I thank von for the attention you have given
me I -hall not detain you any further. I trust that tho
proceedings ol this Inxl v will be harmonious. I have no
doubt that they will, anil I hope that u hen weadloiiril and
??> forth lo our respective homes we will leave this placo
determined to ti u 1 1 1 a good tight and will the battle. In
less than thirty days ten thousand voices will bo raised ou
every hill and in every valley upon the. broad expanse of
this great country Iu favor of the nominees of this Con
vention. Ami in November, when the votes are counted,
I have no doubt whatever that General Grant and his
nshociati will be re-elected, and that the republican party
ami principles will be established lot the next lour years.
God grant it may be so.
Lotid calls were then made for Governor Oglesby,
of Illinois, lie was escorted to the stand and spoke
as follows: ?
ha\e been listening tor nearly two hours to wune ol the
best speeches that have been made tor a long time. I
have lust been entertained by the excellent und lorclble
..pecch of the temporary president ot the Convention.
Alter that you listened to tlie solemn words of Invocation
ot one of the noblest and grandest prayer*
that has been delivered In this cit.v or
this nation for a long time. You listened
then to the Senator from Illiuois, who spoke for a few
moments, and again to the Senator from Indiana, who
spoke at sotne length, but greatest and best of ull, especi
ally to those ot us who never before have listened to his
great words, we heard irotn that venerable, sublime
man of New York, who stood here heime us the imper
sonation ot American dignity ami Amoricuft benevolence.
It rejoiced my heart to see und hear that great agitator
who lung years before the republican party bad at its
birth rccognucd our duties towards a down-trodden race,
and waged earnest battle for their rights at a time when
most ol in here to-day wcro young and useless. (Cheer*.)
v\ hat solemn and grand results have sincc then been
Kelcrrlmt to General Grant, Governor Oglesbv said, it
is that little inan who, but a few years ago, was as un
known to t. inn- und to this country as that poor colored
man now redeemed und sitting in your midst ; the youug
man who
WKf-'T m Notts n WMT POINT tT.**l>TIC*DJ
who pss<ed through the Mexican war In the same way,
unnoticed, he retired to private life : tor you ami I know
that among all the great names but a lew years ago this
little man's name. General Grant, was unknown. I telt
deeply urleved the other day when that great Senator
IVoni one of the grand States, that sober State that
shines iiko a diamond on the Atlantic coast; that
noble State which rocked tho cradle ot American
liberty; that noble state that has ever stood
first in behali of human liberty. I telt really grieved in
my own soul when I beard the Senator troiu Massachu
setts spoak In such disrespectful language regarding tho
President, when he said iu so sneering a manner that tho
President oi t lie L'n I ted States had been a tanner )l?
went a stranger to West Point; ho bore the ensign of bis
country as a subaltern officer iu the Mexican war: he
retired ft-oin the army to the ranks ot private life, and, as
all American citizens ought to do, when the hour cams
in which It was necessary lor the support of the wife and
children he loved so welf, he went to work like an honest
man. (Applause ) How came the American people to se
lect him tor their General r Can you tell? Can history
tell f No. No mail can tell, utiles* it was
wKiTTKi pros sua sxi rsstTtri or tii* ti*?
by the invisible finger ol God? (applause)? who brought
hltn from obscurity. It was a mere circumstance in his
liie that ho lived In our proud State. lie
came trudging along from obscurity step bv
step. tie marched to the front when tho
dark clouds or war were rolling and rcverbcratina
around the angry horizon, when you and I? when utiae
of us. not even our gallant generals and our other mag
nificent soldiers In the hast and Wast, worthy of ilt
praise, worthy of all gratiiiide-when none of i? know
where to look, or what to do, the little shadow of L'lvs<o?
Grant aro?e-(apulntise)-to give relief, ami while that
mighty voice assailed him In the Senate to day the feehio
voice ol anotitcr ohm urr man, who fought
under his order* and by his side, stands
hero now, and te upho'd him. (Arplause!)

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