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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, June 17, 1872, Image 4

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NEW YORK IIERALD
BROADWAY AJVD AM* STREET.
JAMES GORDON BENNETT,
PROPRIETOR.
All business or news letters and telegraphic
despatches must be addressed New Yoke
JIeeald.
Letters and packages should be properly
sealed.
Rejected communications will not be re
turned.
THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the
I tear. Pour cents per copy. Annual subscription
{price $18.
The European Edition, every Wednesday, at Six
Cents per copy, per annum to any part of Oreat
Britain, or 96 to any part of the Continent, both to
*ncludc postage.
Advertisements, to a limited number, will be ln
feerted In the Weekly IIbrai.d and the European
{Edition.
JOB PRINTING of every description, also Stereo
typing and Engraving, neatly and promptly exr- ,
ruled at t-he lowest rates.
I
"Volamr XXXVII Wo. 169
AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING.
FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, Twouty-fourth street ?
^ARTICLE 47.
BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? Separate MAINTEN
ANCE? SWART A.NUELS.
THEATRE COMIQUE, M4 Broadway. -CmrAfio Be
you* tub Kirk, Dorinu tub Fire and After tub Fire.
, BOOTn'8 THEATRE. Twenty-third street corner Sixth
avenue.? Enoch Akdkh.
. UNION SQUARE THEATRE, 14th St. and Broadway.?
p'ORTtKIO AND His OirrED Servants.
?' WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway aud Thirteenth
if tree t.? Ok the Jury.
OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway.? ScnmiDU :OR , Toe
?Old House on r he Km be.
" IJNA EDWIN'S THEATRE, 721) Broadway.? Georgia
.Minstrels.
WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner Thirtieth st?
StBD Mazkita.
PARK THEATRE, opposite City Hall, Brooklyn. -
WJUT AT SBA.
TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, No. 201 Bowery.
JNeqeo Eccentricities, Burlesque, Ac.
SAM SHARPLEY'S MINSTREL HALL, 585 Broadway.
Fas Shari-lky's Minstrels.
? CENTRAL PARK GARDEN'.? Garden Isstrcbknt.il
Concert.
' PAVILION, No. 688 Broadway, near Fourth street.?
IjADY Orchkntka.
NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway.
Pciknck AND Art.
DR. KAHN'S MUSEUM, No. 71fi Broadway.? Art and
Science.
WITH SUPPLEMENT.
few York, Monday, June 17, 1879.
CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD.
Page.
1? Advertisements.
9? Advertisements.
3? Murder in Flatbnsh? Continuation of the Reign
ol Crime? Rusticating on Roofs? Hoboken
News? The Connecticut Tornado? A Warning
to Youth? Court Calendars? Marriages aud
Deaths? Advertisements.
4? Editorials: Leading Article, "The Geneva
Court of Arbitration? Tiie Singular Position
of the Rritish Government"? Amusement
Announcements.
5? Editorials (continued from Fourth Papei? The
Alabama Claims: Latest News from the Ge
neva Conference: English Reports; The Oues
tlon in Washington? cable Telegrams from
France and Germany? Latest from Mexico?
News from Washington? Personal intelli
gence?Weather Report? Miscellaneous Tele
graph? Business Notices.
6? Religious: The Summer Solstice and a Slgnlfl- I
cant Scampering of Saints and Sinners;
Fonrth Sunday After Peniecost; (>. B. Froth
Ingham Discourses on the Eight-Hour Move- |
inent and the I'topia Thereof; Collections for
Ills Holiness the Pope: The Rev. Chauncev 1
Giles Describes the Spiritual House Not Made
with Hands; Beecher on Religion and Work; j
Twentv-flfth Anniversary Celebration of the
Founding of the Congregation B'Nal Israel; I
Father McCready on the Work of Life; The j
Sins of the Age Set Forth by Archbishop
McCloskey at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
7? Advertisements.
8? Yachting: The Coming Regattas of the New
York, Brooklyn and Atlantic Yacht Clubs; A
lively Week* Anticipated? Race Stables at !
Monmouth Park? Pigeon Shooting? Pedes- !
trianism? Horse Notes? Sunday at the Park? 1
Art Matters? Indiana: The Political Situation
in the Hoosler State ; Dan Yoorhees' Apology? I
Opening of the Midland Railway? Visitors to
Prospect Park, Brooklyn? The Smallpox In
Jersey City? Drowning Casualty.
Indiana (continued from Eighth Page) ?
Miscellaneous Political Notes ? Presidential
Probabilities? Federal Council of Interna
tionals? The Oceanus Opening? Shot In the
Head? Sunday Skirmishing? Killed by a Train
of Cars? A Boy Burned to Death? Another
Homicide Case? Whipping In Virginia: Ex
ercise of the Worst Relic of Barbarism
and Slavery? Financial and Commercial;
The Summer Solstice In the Markets; The Off
Season In Trade and Finance: The Wall
Street Fraternity as Tourists Abroad and
Health-Seekers at Home? Domestic and Ha
vana Markets.
10? 1 "The Long Strike;" A Review of the Struggle?
News from St. Domingo and Haytl? The Bos
ton Jubilee? Naval intelligence? Miscella
neous Telegraph ? Shipping Intelligence
Advertisements.
Spain and Cuba ? A Savage Polict. ? Ac- !
cording to a cable despatch from Madrid,
Sefior Gasset, the new Minister for the Colo
nies, hus telegraphed the Governor General of
Cuba to be firm in his resolution to uphold
the integrity of the empire, and to chastise
the enemies of the pacification of Cuba in nil
parts of the island. The present Captain
General of Cuba is the last man to need any
such instruction. His policy, from first to
last, has been savage in the extreme. Spanish
rule in Cuba is an offence to modern civiliza
tion. It needs but a little more severity on the
part of the Spanish authorities to make it a
necessity for the United States to give Spain
timely but emphatic notice to quit. We can
no longer afford to behold with indifference
the barbarities which are practised in Cuba.
The carrying out of the above savage instruc
tions cannot fail to have the certain effect of
hastening the end.
Fatal Explosion on a Spanish Pahsengzb
Steamship.? The Spanish passenger steam
ship Guadayea exploded her boiltrw
when at anchor in the port of
Marseilles, Franoe, yesterday. Her decks
and cabins were crowded at the moment.
Fifty-five persons were killed instantly and a
number of others wounded sadly. The wreck
took fire, but the flames were subdued after
much difficulty and the loss of valuable prop
erty. This is a very deplorable occurrence.
Can science do nothing, or suggest nothing,
as a means of preventing deposit incrustations
forming on the inside of steam boilers ?
This is a matter of hourly occurrence, and
in which may be found the secret of the main
cause of boiler explosions; the lumpy ag
gregations tightening the plates at certain
fixed points, and thus, to a very great extent,
preventing the uniform expansion of the
metaL The disaster at Marseilles, like that
of the ill-fitted Westfleld in the waters of New
. H&tSSBBri Sua day.
Tilt OtMT* Court of Arbitration? TUe
Singular Position o t the BritlnU Gov.
erament.
The special cable despatches from our cor
respondent at Geneva published in the Heb
AiiD to-day continue the important history of
the proceedings of the Court of Arbitration
under the Treaty of Washington, and will be
found extremely graphic and interesting. The
scene in the hall of the Hotel de Ville, iu
which the tribunal assembled on Saturday
last, is described in such a manner as to bring
it as vividly before the eyes of our readers as
if the arbitrators were actually sitting in one
of the fine rooms in the now Court House, so
elaborately furnished before the downfall of
Tammany. The judgos of tho Court, we are
told, were arranged in a semicircle, the desk of
the President, Count Sclopis, the representative
of Italy, being placed iu tho middle. At his
left sat the Brazilian representative, Baron
d' Itajuba, and beyond the latter the Lord Chief
Justice of England, Sir Alexander Cockburn. |
At his right were seated the Swiss
member of the Court, Jacob Staempfli,
and our own, Charles Francis Adams.
On one side of a square table, in front of the
semicircle, sat Lord Tenterden, witl> the Brit
ish counsel behind him, and on tho other side
Bancroft Davis, with tho American counsel at
his back. The skotches of the personal
appearanco of those gentlemen, already given
iu our spccial despatches, renders it easy to
picture the Court in the mind's eye; and when
we add the "several octavo volumes" of the
American case and urgumfcnt piled up in front
of Bancroft Davis, and the small, lawyer-like
bundle of papers lying under the hand of
Lord Tenterden, we have the whole scene
before us. The doings of the arbitrators and
others yesterday have been closely observed by
tho watchful eyes of the Hkwat.o correspond
ents, and hence we discover that the British
agents wont to church in the morning, while
the Americans remained at their hotel, prob
ably paying their devotions to their cigars,
and that in the afternoon, tempted by the
beautiful weather, they all threw Alabama
claims, indirect damages, postponements aud
arguments aside, and enjoyed the splendid
drives around the city.
Our special report asserts positively that the
English argument was not presented to the
Court on Saturday, thus setting at rest the ru
mor from London yesterday that the argument
on both sides had been formally presented and
the requirement# of the treaty thus complied
with on the part of England. The American
argument alone was laid before the Court, ac
companied by a mass of printed matter, which
was probably evidence in support of our case,
and the fact was duly entered on the records
of the tribunal. When the papers had thus
been formally placed in possession of the
judges the American agent declared himself
ready to proceed. The English agent, instead
| of presenting the argument of his government,
asked for an adjournment in order that Her
Majesty's government might have a further
opportunity to endeavor to reconcile their
differences with the United Stutes on one
main point at issue, but without fixing
any definite date to which he desired
! the Court to adjourn. A press report
from London puts the position of Lord Ten
| terden more distinctly, asserting that he de
manded an adjonrnment until the question of
indirect claims was settled with the United
; States. Oar own account goes on to state that
1 the Americans replied to Lord Tenterden's ap
plication by urging that a request for adjourn
ment without a previous presentation to the
Court of the final papers being contrary to the
course of procedure required by the treaty and
creating a situation not contemplated in their
instructions, obliged them to refer the subject
to their government by means of the cable,
and they therefore asked that no decision be
made by the Court until they had received a
reply to their despatches. This statement some
what changes the aspect of the case, as
presented by yesterday's report, in which it
was alleged that Lord Tenterden had sud
denly found himself compelled to seek new
instructions from the English government on
a point that had unexpectedly arisen, although
it is still asserted that the British agent is also
in expectation of special despatches from Lon
don to-day. The conclusion is drawn from
these facts that Lord Granville and Secretury
Fish have decided to retain control of the case
as now before the Geneva Court, and not to
entrust any final step or decision in the hands
of their several agents and counsel ? a piece of
diplomatic fatuity that is greatly to
be deplored. Neither of those Min
; isters has been particularly happy in
his treatment ot tlie treaty question, und on
the part of America, at least, the situation is
so plain and the policy so clear that the able
counsel engaged on our side at Creneva
should be prepared to act promptly and deci
sively on any point that could possibly arise
before the Court.
The question involved in the English de
mand for an adjournment of the Court and an
extension of the time stipulated in the treaty
for the filing of the arguments is, at least, one
upon which it would seem that neither the
Court nor the American representatives
should need any further enlightenment. The
intent of the treaty in fixing positively the
time for the presentation of the original cases,
the counter cases, and the final arguments,
was clearly to prevent delays and procrastina
tions which, if not guarded against, might
have extended the arbitration indefinitely. If
one of the contracting parties could demand a
postponement of either of these acts for a
definite time, the other must of necessity enjoy
the same privilege, and could require a still
turther adjournment If England had author
ity to claim a postponement for eight months
she would be equally entitled to a postpone
ment for eight years should she desire it. To
prevent such an absurdity as this was doubt
less the object of the restrictions of time in
the treaty. It is fair and reasonable, too, to
conclude that the Joint High Commissioners
who lramed the treaty understood the
justice and necessity of removing the irritating
subject of the Alabama claims out of the
way as a preliminary to the settlement of other
open questions between the two governments,
and hence purposely provided lor their prompt
adjustment by limiting the time within which
the several official acts of the contending par
ties were to bo done. It seems certain, in this
view of the case, that the Geneva Court
can have no power or authority un
der the treaty to alter or disregard those
i express provisions of limitation, and it must
?suxedly be conceded that neither of the con
trading parties can liavo the right to demand
that they 1x3 Bet aside. But, apart from this
view of the question, the application for an
adjournment being one-sided only, it would
not alone bo within the province of the Court,
but it would beoome its duty to inquire
whether the request is made in good faith, and
whether its concession would be equitable.
England asks a postponement in order to
enable her to come to an amicable arrangement
with the United States 011 the subject of indi
rect claims. It is on record, and should be
placed within the knowledge of the Court, that
tho American government have declared that
they will make no deviation from the supple
mented article as approved by the Senate, and
will enter into no further argument or negotia
tion in relation to such article. It rests with
England, therefore, to decide whether she will
accept the supplemental article as it is or
will reject it On what ground does
sho ask an adjournment of the Court ?
Will sho in eight months' time be pre
pared to accopt what sho now rejects? If
not, then the postponement she requests
or demands cau have 110 other object than a
profitless and irritating waste of time, is un
just to the other contracting party, and should
be denied by the Court.
There is another point which sooms to com
plicate this already perplexing question. The
American argument, voluminous and elabo
rate, is already before the Court, and its recep
tion has been noted on tho m inn tea. It is now
the property of the Judges. It must necessa
rily embrace in its scope the whole question of
our indirect claims, aud honce these claims
are now in reality in argument before
the tribunal and must be considered.
The failure of the supplemental article,
through the unfortunate objeotion of Eng
land to the verbal amendments of the Senate,
has left the American case precisely as it was
before any exception was taken by England to
the indirect claims embraced therein, and be
fore any attempt at compromise was made.
The argument of the American counsel, there
fore, could not fail to cover the whole subject
of indirect claims, and hence a withdrawal of
such claims now would necessitate also the
withdrawal aud reconstruction of tho American
argument. The question whether an argument
already de jure made before the Court can be
withdrawn, will be another of the delicate
points to which the singular action of Englaud
must give rise. At present it seems to
men of common sense that the position
of the English government is full of con
tradictions and difficulties. If England is
properly in Court she is bound to
obey the judgment of tho tribunal on
tho question sho has raised in regard to
postponement as well as on all other issues.
Should the decision be adverse to her wishes,
then she appears at once before the Judges as
a respondent to the argument based on the
indirect claims. Can she honorably make the 1
plea for postponement and then retire from
the Court because its judgment is given
against her? It is evident that in reject
ing the Supplemental Treaty as amended
by the United Stutes Senate tho English Cabi
net have committed a fatal blunder, and it
seems inevitable now that the result of the
j error must be tho withdrawal of the British
j case from the Geneva Court and the destrnc- :
| tion by the English government of a treaty of j
their own seeking and their own making.
| New York's Yachting Carnival.
The present week will witness a return
to the beaatifnl and invigorating sport
of yachting, which has grown so won
derfully in public esteem within the past
few years. Although soino of the largest
schooners are away from our shores, there is
every prospect that the three great yachting
events immediately before us will not thereby ;
suffer in brilliancy, dash and keen amusement j
New York, panting for fresh air, will seizo j
with avidity on the opportunity to witness i
the glorious sight which our noble bay pre- j
sents when these fast-flying, saucy aristocrats j
of the waves spread their snowy canvas in j
company before the healthy breeze, j
Never can the bay be seen to '
such advantage as when a fleet j
of skimming yachts are spread out before a j
breeze on the quarter with every sail set |
and the wind singing and the sun smiling
in every inch of them. Then the home- |
ward stretch, as they push for the j
Narrows, with the sun sinking behind the far- j
off city, and the waters, through which the i
hope-laden crafts are madly ploughing, one ;
flood of molten gold. There are other scenes j
of interest beside those busy ones on board j
the contending yachts and the grandeur of the ?
rippling sea and looming land ?scenes where j
the amenities of life come in gleeful
harmony to make a special delight to be j
folded in the memories of after years. Those 1
belong to the thousands who will throng ,
the gaily decked steamers that follow 1
the fortunes of the day. On Tues- '
day the regatta of the Atlantic Yacht !
Club takes place ; on Thursday the New |
York Yacht Club, in holiday array, will
contend for the valuable prizes offered, 1
and on Saturday the Brooklyn Yacht :
Club will end the week with
a day of sport which will not
be the least for being the last. If, then, Old !
Probabilities will only favor us with a modi- !
cum of sunshine and enough of a breeze to
moke things interesting the result will be joy i
to city-baked thousands and an additional im- |
pet us to the sport that flourishes
In the teeth of the irlad, rough weather;
lu the wet, Mown faee of tti? tea.
The German Occupation of France ? Two
Years More. ? The Count Von Arnim, Gorman
Ambassador to France, has just presented to
President Thiers the reply of his government
to the proposition for the gradual evacuation
of France as the instalments of the war in
demnity are paid. The German government
accepts in principle the proposition of France,
but insists that the indemnity shall be fully
paid before the 2d of March, 1874. According
to this piece of news the foot of the invader
is to rest on the soil of France for two years to i
come. For two more years the presence of
German soldiers on French territory will re- ,
mind Frenchmen of defeat and humiliation. !
It is a punishment which it must be hard for ,
a brave people to bear; but it is gratifying to j
know that Germany is not unwilling to meet
France half way, and that after the jiayment of :
each instalment the burden of the occupation
will be proportionally lightened. The expe
rience of France has been sad and painful; bat
it will not be a vain experience if Frenchmen
are couriawd of the folly *&d nip of war.
The Mexican Rt-puMlc? 'It* Prrgent Con
dition and Inevitable Dr.tlny.
Oar despatches from the city of Moxieo
represent that "the feeling in the republic
towards the citizens and government of the
United StateB is growing very favorable."
This is not surprising, considering the con
dition of Mexico, the utter hopelessness of
any permanent peace or stable government
there, and tho forbearance and generous con
duct of the United States to the Mexicans.
The only hope of saving that country from de
struction is in the protecting arm of this great
republic, and the intelligent and patriotic
Mexicans must begin to see that The lan
guage quoted from the despatches referred to
is something like an appeal for extended for
bearance from the United States. It seems to
come both from tho Juarez government and
the railroad and other speculators who want
to perfect their contracts and arrangements bo
fore the revolution or interposition of the
United States changes the fate of Mexico. It
is tho language of agony and appeal, like that
of a naughty child when afraid of chastise
ment, pleading affection for its parent and
praying for mercy. But would not further
forbearance of the United States be cruelty and
injury to tho Mexicans themselves, to say
nothing of tho duty of our government to
protect its citizens and territory on the
border from tho chronic anarchy that exists
there?
The varying success and failuros of the con
tending factions throughout the struggle in
Mexico have boon chroniclod in the Hubald
through our vigilant correspondents, and our
readers, therefore, are bettor informed than
even the mass of tho Mexican people of both the
current events and the prospoot The news of
the battle at Monterey and overwhelming defeat
of the Juarist troops by the revolutionists,
which was first telegraphed specially to this
paper, though questioned by some, has been
fully confirmed by the despatch we published
recently. Tho disaster to the Juaristas was
greater, indeed, than was supposed at first.
General Corella, tho commander of the
Juarez forces at the battle of Monterey, in an
interview with our correspondent, admitted the
entire loss of his army and the complete
failure of the expedition against the revolu
tionists on the northern border. He lost, be
sides a force of some two thousand men, with
the exception of a few under Colouel Revijjtas,
his guns, trains, and army chest containing
sixty thousand dollars. General Treviflo, the
commander-in-chief of the revolutionists in that
section of the country, has incorporated the cap
tured troops with his army, and they will, no
doubt, fight on one side as well as on the other,
which gives him now a well-armed force of about
five thousand men. This, probably, will enable
him to capture Matamoros and place the
northern frontier entirely under the control of
the revolutionists. It will, at least, prolong
the war, for it is hardly possible that the
Juarez government can find the men and
means to overcome the revolutionists at such a
distance from the capital, and with the diffi
culties of transportation that exist in that
country. Making due allowance for the un
certainty of Mexican warfare and everything
in Mexico, it appears evident now that Juarez
is not able to put down the revolution.
Though he may retain his power at the city of
Mexico, or over the country contiguous to the
capital, he cannot exercise authority along the
border of the United States or perform the
duties of a neighboring government.
The rose-colored news sent from time to
time from the city of Mexico does not invali
date these general and important facts. A
?telegram by the way of Havana, dated city
of Mexico, June 7, states that "peace pre
vailed iu the majority of the States;" but says,
at the same time, "disturbances continue in
Jalisco, San Luis Potosi, the Sierra Puebla
and the northern provinces." This is a mild
way of representing the situation of affairs, if
the government at the capital had heard of the
signal defeat of its forces at Monterey. The
truth is the Juaristas are whistling to keep
their courage up and to make the most favor
able impression upon the United States.
Though it is of little consequence to consider
the direct or apparent cause of the civil war ?
for the Mexicans will always make some cause
to keep up their perpetual conflicts ? we may
notice that Porfirio Diaz, as is reported, has
made a proclamation, setting forth the com
plaints and object of the revolutionists. It is
the plan of Noria modified, which proposes to
make Lerdo, the President of the Supreme
Court of Justice, President of the republic.
Of course it assumes that Juarez is a usurper,
and that Lerdo should be President according
to the constitution. In other respects this
plan proposes some liberal and useful reforms.
But, as was said, it matters not what the
alleged grievances are, the conflict is simply
one of rival factions and the continuance of
that chronic and incurable disorder which can
only be remedied by the intervention of the
United States.
Under this state of things what ought our I
government to do ? If the people and govern
ment of this country had no direct cause of
complaint against Mexico beyond that of the ,
perpetual internal disorders there; had no :
complaint to make of invasion of our territory, j
of the robbery and murder of our citizens |
along the border, or of danger to the peaceful
maintenance of our laws and institutions, we
might stand still and let the Mexicans destroy I
each other and ruin their beautiful country, j
We might carry the idea of conservative non- j
intervention so tar, and leave them to their j
fate. That is what some of our timid and over- -
conservative citizens may wish. But this
would be a questionable, selfish policy in a
great, enlightened, liberal and progressive
republic like ours. But it is not a matter of
sentiment merely, nor even of ambition only, [
to intervene in the aflhirs of Mexico. The
protection of our citizens and their property I
call for intervention. There is a thousand miles ]
or more of conterminous territory, separated ,
only by the narrow stream of the Rio Grande ,
part of the distance and by an imaginary line i
the remaining part, and along this the Mexi- j
can government is powerless to prevent dep- j
reflations or to perform uny of the duties of i
good neighborhood. The examples of robbery, j
murder, invasion, smuggling and defrauding
the United States of its revenue are well
known and too numerous to recapitulate here.
Nor should it be expected that our government ,
is to maintain a military force at great cost
to defend American soil and to protect Ameri
can citizens and their property. In fact, to
do this adequately would require an army, and
we oould not think of employing such a foroe
to watch Mexicau auarchii>ts and desperadoes.
Our own interests and protection, apart from
any sentiment for the welfare of the Mexicans
or in the interest of civilization, demand the
intervention of our government. Mexico will
never be able to perform its duty as a neigh
boring nation to the United States. If there
were any hope we might wait patiently, but
there is none.
It is all very well to talk of international
considerations, or of sympathy for a nation
struggling to maintain its existence; though
really Mexico is, and has been for some time,
in a struggle to extinguish its nationality. The
United States, as the great Power of America,
owes something to the cause of civilization,
order and progress in connection with this
Moxican question. We refused, and properly,
to let European Powers intervene to cure the
disorders of Mexico, and stopped them when
they made the effort, because that interfered
with republican institutions, the dignity of the
United States and the policy laid down by the
Monroe doctrine. Shall wo, then, act like the
dog in the manger? Shall wo see Mexico de
voured by intestine wars and not move from
our attitude of selfish repose ? The civilized
world holds us responsible for the perpetua
tion of Mexican anarchy ? for this disgraco of
our onlightened age. Every one knows, and
every intelligent Mexican must know, that the
annexation ofr Mexico to the United States, or
an American protectorate over that country,
would be a blessing to the people of all classes
and a great advantage to the world. As well
might any one say he would not interpose
when he sees a man drowning or a house on
fire as this country to say so in the case of
Mexico.
Possibly neither Juarez nor the leaders of
the revolutionary faction would venture to
open negotiations for an American protecto
rate cr annexation; but if our government
would send Sheridan or some other capable
general, with sufficient force to take posses
sion of the northern border of Mexico, as
necessary to protect our own territory, a solu
tion to the whole question would soon bo
found. It would not be long before the Mexi
cans would hail the Americans as deliverers,
and as giving them promise of a bright future.
In the course of a few years we should see the
vast mineral and agricultural wealth of Mexi
co, that richest country on the globe, surpris
ingly developed by American enterprise. Our
commerce vffmld receive such a stimulus as has
not been witnessed since the discovery of gold
in California, and greater, even, than on that
event Indeed, it would be impossible to an
ticipate the astonishing results to every branch
of industry, to our depressed shipping inter
est, and to our national progress generally.
Besides adding five millions of laboring people
to augment the national wealth, we should
have the glory of raising these people from a
state of semi-slavery and degradation to free
dom, a higher civilization and a much im
proved condition. Shall we protect our citi
zens and territory? Shall we save Mexico?
Shall we bring about the great results referred
to ? It remains for the government to answer.
General Grant has it within his power to take
the initiative ; the rest would follow, and he
would have tho glory of doing a great thing
and ot laying the foundation of a great future
both for his own country and Mexico.
The House of Refuge? The Duty and
Responsibility of the Board of Rlan>
agers.
The revolting stories of cruelties practised
at the House of Befuge under the administra
tion of Israel 0. Jones, Pope of Randall's
Island and Grand Inquisitor, have taken deep
root of indignation in the public mind, and
the subject should not be dismissed until Jones
is, and a thorough reform inaugurated. There
is nothing which so excites contempt as hy
pocrisy and false pretence; there is nothing
against which more hearty anathemas can be
hurled by society than an institution which
blatantly professes to do good while in reality it
is a speciously conducted sham, with insid
ious roots of evil. The smirks of a thousand
Sleeks will not wash away a single act of inhu
manity, but the world well knows how suc
cessfully they can cover it up under the
shadows of their skyward-lilted eyebrows.
The pen of Rabelais, Swift or Dickens never
laid bare a viler nest of simpering, holy
worded, tiger-hearted cant than that whose
description rushed out before the world with
the blood of the House of Refuge keeper, Cal
vert. We have previously laid stress on
the fact that but for this horrid
deed, to which a bad boy was goaded,
the system of brutal flogging, fiend
ish thumb-hanging and more fiendish
alter-taunt might have gone on unheard of,
Heaven knows how long. Certainly Jones
would never have disclosed it His underlings
and helpers, Silas Brush, Gildersleeve and
Sprole, would doubtless have continued thiuk
ing that thumb-hanging was not very painful
and that whipping a boy in a dark closet pro
duced no more smarting than was agreeable,
and to give a boy a "mild" touch of a club or
leer on a whipped boy and ask him "how ho
liked his candy" were exquisite and
justifiable pleasures which nobody had
any right to interfere with. The mild
Methodist parson would have gone on
spreading his narcotizing dish of "unsecta
rian" religion before a heedless auditory with
unconscious complacency for years to come.
The annual reports would never tell it, things
always look so very rosy and goody-goody in
their pages. Taken from the latest encyclical
letter of Pope Jones and his patrons, we com
mend the following passage to those who have
listened to or read the evidence of barbarities
detailed in the trial last week before the City
Judge of that luckless scapegrace youth,
Justus Dunn: ? "The same benevolent spirit |
which gave birth to the institution presides
over all its arrangements and animates (
those charged with its superior executive du- ;
ties. Its discipline is not an iron discipline ;
it is emphatically a house of refuge, and if,
among the large amount of intractable mate- 1
rial submitted to our training to be fashioned j
into good citizens, there arise sudden ebulli- |
tions of passions long unused to control, or j
obstinate resistance to wholesome restraint |
and counsel, requiring unusual severity, ;
such cases are exceptional to the
rule, and their treatment committed 1
only to the immediate authority and judgment
of the Superintendent himself." That "same
benevolent spirit" must be of curious grade
which countenances thumb-hanging and flog
ging, but we well know that Pops Jones never
intended tfeat the State Legislature and city
corporation, to whom tlio encyclical in
addressed, should ever think it did;
for is it not avcrrod that "its dis
cipline is not an iron discipline?"
Wherein and how the many worthy gentlemen
of the Board of Manager** whose names are on
the signboard behind which Jones has erected
his "whipping closet" were deceived into
publishing such sjiecious untruth is for them
to telL In this same report for 1872 we find a
report from the chaplain, which, barides puff
ing that eminent Christian, Jonoa, in
a respectful way, and furnishing an
essay on juvenile reform in gen
eral, dashes off the religious retmli
neatly and truthfully as follows : ? "The pecu
liar work of the chaplain has repeated itself
throughout the year as heretofore. Then
have been no special occasions of encourage
ment or the reverse." Very peculiar work in
deed, reverend sir, but we think there will
bo a good deal of "the reverse" in the re
port of the year now rolling away I
This institution is one in which the State
is not only morally but pecuniarily interested.
On a total of one hundred and ton thousand
dollars receipts for 1871 nearly forty-five thou
sand dollars are derived from the State or the
city government, while nearly forty -eight thou
sand dollars are set down to "labor of the
children," the balance being placed opposite
"temporary loans." When the facte as devel
oped in the trial are laid beside the
figures above given, we are certain
that the Board of Managers will see
their dual resp6nstbillty In the matter
and set about uprooting the disgrace, Pope
Jones, flogging, thumb-hanging, contract-driv
ing "unsectarian broad truths," and all, and
give ns a true reform system, of whioh there are
plenty of examples, wherein a regard for so
ciety and the hapless, delinquent boys will be
happily blended, and no element of moral
amelioration thrown away in self-sufficiency,
cruelty and ignorance.
Sunday Philosophy, morals and Religion.
The leading social question of the day ? the
labor strikes ? was discussed yesterday by Mr.
Frothingham, who, if he ever had an aspira
tion toward a political office before, has
spoiled his chances of election in the future by
what he said on this point yesterday.
Looking at the question of a reduction
of the hours of labor, he said, what is well
known as the true and experimental test of
success, that " the rule is, work until the work
is done, whether it take two or twenty hours.
There arc many brain workers whose brain
sweat stands out on their foreheads. Some
times they work fourteen hours. The true
worker estimates his work not by the time
it takes but by the success he achieves. Apply
the eight-hour rule to New York," he added,
"and civilization would go back." He had
watched the procession last week and he saw
well-dressed men ? men who did not look ill
m ? -K-r
used or trodden on. If a procession of capi
talists were to go down Broadway he believed
they would look more haggard and careworn.
The lawyer, the man of letters, the journalist,
the physician, do not limit themselves to eight
hours. Do the rich improve their leisure
hours ? and will the laborers ? he asked. The
assumption is too much. He scouted the In
ternationals' idea that there is an eternal war
fare between capital and labor. Wealth be
longs to everybody who will labor for it, and
none work harder than the capitalists them
selves. Mr. Frothingham then drew a picture
of the capitalists getting together and deciding
to live without the labor of the poor. The idea
is preposterous and the attempt would be sui
cidal. He showed that there is just as mueh
"tyranny" exercised by the laborers as by the
capitalists. We may in passing earnestly com
mend the suggestions of Mr. Frothingham to
the consideration of the workingmen of our
city.
Yesterday was the time appointed for taking
up collections in the Catholic churches of this
city and diocese for the Pope, and we donbt
not the amount oceived was large. It cer
tainly should be so in St Stephen's, where a
very suggestive text was taken by Father
McCready, who elaborated the Scripture idea
of work, work until the allotted task is accom
plished and success crowns our labors. Dr.
McCaffrey, of Maryland, speaking in SI
Andrew's church on the temporal resources
of the Pope, remarked that St Peter and his
successors faithfully fulfilled their mission to
become fishers of men, for they captured the
whole pagan world in their net and made it
Christian. And they did it and still do it by
j the ever-present power of the Saviour, who has
j promised to be with His Church even unto the
end of the world. The reverend doctor waxed
I very bitter against "the prince of robbers,"
| Victor Emmanuel, and assured his hearers
i that the Italians arc "on the point of rebellion
; on account of the exactions of the unscru
| pulons adventurers who now rule them." If
1 this were so we should be likely to
hear of it in another way and from
another correspondent. The statement how
ever, we presume served to increase the Pon
tifical fond. The Archbishop briefly sketched
| the growth and power of the Catholic Church
j from the dayB of St. Peter, its assumed
founder, and claimed that "the whole history
j of the Church is the history of St. Peter and
< his successors." He acknowledged that "her
! esies and schisms did arise in the early history
I of the Church," but they don't compare with
! the heresies of the sixteenth and nineteenth
i centuries. Luther rebelled against the Pope,
j but held to the Bible and the divinity of
| Christ. But our modern reformers have dis
carded the Pope and the Bible and religion
j and the divinity of Christ and have made and
! set up for their adoration and worship the
| idols of science, money, power and mason.
There is, therefore, great reason why Christian
faith should be deeper and stronger, and the
congregation was asked to show its faith by its
works and to subscribe liberally to aid the
Pope.
Mr. Beecher was very felicitous yesterday in
his pulpit and amused his hearers with apt
illustrations and jwinted commonplace say
ings. He wanted to convince them that the
Christian life is one of growth, and that while
God does much for us we have much to do for
ourselves ere we can stand up perfect men in
Christ Jesus.
Dr. Porter, of Brooklyn, made an eloquent
plea for the sanctity of the Sabbath, and com
pared it to the mountains in the physical
world. It was a well attested fact of sociol
ogy, he said, that those who climbed up the
high mountain of the Lord's Day felt the brac
ing atmosphere and the spicy odors thai

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