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NEW YORK IIERALD broadway a.vd aim street. ? i ?-? JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. 411 buaiaegfl or news letters and telegraphic must be addressed N*w Yoke W?tr.r>. Letters and packftgM should bo properly coaled. Rejected communications will not be returned. The European Edition, every Wednesday, at Six Cents per copy, $4- per annam to any part of Great Britain, or $0 to any part of the Continent, both to Include postage. JOB PRINTING of every description, also Stereotyping and Engraving, ncatfy and promptly executed at the lowest rates. Volume XXXVII No. ?30 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. tony PASTOR'S OPEKA IIOt'SB, No. 201 Bow?ry.? Luckkzia Bouuu?Thk Wept or rne Wish-to* VVi.su. OWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Kroh Abroad?A Kiss ik tub Dark. WOOD'S MUSEUM, Broadway, corner Thirtieth St.? Kit, The Aku,i.\sas Travklliik. AHcrnoon aud Lveniug OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway, between Houston and Bleeckcr sts.?0?e Wir?. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Utb 8t. and Broadway.? Na.n, The Uood vor Nothing, Ac. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteenth slrect.?Koui.n llooo. CENTRAL PARK GARDEN.?Gabdbh I5?tbuuektal CONCBBT. terrace cardrv, wth ?t. befwe<*n Third and Lex Ington avs.? 8ummhr Ktiikiko Cohcbbts. new rORK muse cm OK ANATOMY, c18 BroadWAy.? sciekcb AN It aht. WITH SUFPLEMEJn^T. Mow York, Wtdneidsy, August 7, 1879. CONTENTS OF TO-DAY'S HERALD. Page. * 1?Advertisements. 58?Advertisements. U?Dumard's impeachment: The Supreme Cotirt Mpgul Rises to Explain; lie Him Not Kefiigncd; Andy Garvey Vehemently Declares Himself Innocent; Barnard on the Stand? "Poor Jim McCarthy;''The Story of the Brie Fire Concluded?Kings County Hoard of Supervisors?Fatal Hailroad Accident. 4?Editorials: Leading Article, "President Grant's Reasons for Seeking Ite-election?What are the Heal Issues of the Campaign V"?Amusement Announcements. 8?Catile Telegrams from England nnd Geneva? The United States Nava! Flag?NapoleonNews From the Hahamas?The North Carolina Klftrtinn? lYYirl ni.tmu* Tli.. at u ' Rhode Island Clamt>&ke?riysaea Insulated: Charades Among the Cnlypsos of the Thousand Islands? Mosby aod wiuici s?Miscellaneous Telegrams?Business Notices. 6?Racing at Monmouth Park: Fine Weather and Excellent Running: The Favorites nil Beaten? Hall's Driving Park, L. I?Tho Political Headquarters?Methodism In the Woods: Opening Day ol the Slug Sing Camp Meeting?Yachting: Cruise or the Atlantic's?A Disastrous Tornado?Singular Casta of Insensibility. J?Advertisements. 8?The New Dominion: Great Kannckian Excitement over tho Pending General Elections; Campaign Scandals; Railroad Kings in tho House of Commons; quebec Bloodtlilrstlness; Carpet-Hangers and Grumblers in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba and British Columbia?Weary of the World: A Young Lady Attempts to Drown Herself (mm a Jersey City Ferry Boat?The City Finances auil the Public Works?Coroners' Work Vasterday?Tho Fire and Police oillciais' Dlillculty? Proceedings in the Courts. 0?The Courts (Continued from Eighth Page) ? Financial and Commercial: Moderate Activity in the Wall Street Markets; liold Kecovers to 115 and Closes at 113\; Continued Heavy Customs Receipts Under the New Tantr; A more Animated Movement on the Stock Exchange; Stocks Oif; Erlo an Exception. Upon the Authentic Announcement of the Closing Out of Mr. Drew's Short Contract; Advance in this stock toios; Governments i Strong in Anticipation of the Purchase This | Week of $2,000,000 for the Sinking Fnud; Southern Securities Firm and Railway Mortgages Steady; Money Easy and Foreign Exchange Nominal; Boutwell's Balances?The New Shipping Act: Its Effect Yesterday at the Seamen's Exchange; An Interesting ReEort from Commissioner Duncan?Custom ouse Matters?The Washington Street Hurflary?A Little Uirl Drowned?Tiie Supposed reuton Murder?Jersey city or Patvrson, Which?The Boss Horsesfioers. 10?Mexlcau Bandits: Continual Excitement on the Texan Frontier; A Crisis Approaching? Spotted Tail and the Sioux In this City?Shipping Intelligence?Advertisements. President Grant shook hands all day yesterday with thousands at the Thousand Islands, and his admirers afterwards shook tho light tantastic toe at a masquerade hop. j Horace Greeley passed yesterday among ton thousand clams and an equal' number of citizens of Rhode Island and the neighboring farms. Horace, it is stated, ate a prodigious quaJ y of the bivalves. The Outrages on tiie Kio Grande Border.?The United States is, probably, the only great civilized Power on the earth that would permit its soil to be continually invaded and ite citizens murdered and plundered with impunity by invading bands of bordering foreigners. Yet, according to our despatches published in another column, these crimes and invasions by Mexicans on tho soil of the republic and upon our citizens in Texas have become as regular as day follows day. Mexico cannot make her people behave themselves, and our own government shows as little ability to check Mexi can outrages. All along too border those cattle thieves ami murderers scoff at the American flap; and rido roughshod over our territory and citizens as if they wore the lords of the soil. How long is this to last? The state of things existing on the Rio Grande border is incipient war, and yet the government at Washington foils its aims and looks on with indifference. How Spain Reuajids the Unixuu States.? The graphic and exhaustive letter of our correspondent at Madrid, published yesterday, shows the effect of our timid policy towards Spain upon the Spanish people. With characteristic pride and ignorance they attribute the extreme moderation of our government in the case of Dr. Houard and regarding Cul>a to fear and weakness. They roally believe this country is afraid to provoke the anger of poor old Spain. They talk of the terrible things their navy wouiu ao u we presume too iar. 10 bucu ft humiliating position has the wretched, trimming and timid policy of Secretary Fink brought thirf mighty republic. Wo fear that the old Spanish lobby at Washington, so near the Secretary of State, and the Spanish gold lavished upon it, have utterly demoralized Mr. fish and the administration in all matters connected with Spain and Cuba. The foreign policy of the government for the last few years has been in all respects most miserable and humiliating, but in none more so than with ?pain. No American can read the letter of Otur Madrid correspondent without a senso of Jceliua oI iudiguity. NEW YORK s?reetdent Grant'* Reasons for Seeking Re-election?What Are the Real Issue* of the Campaign. In a conversation with a Herald correspondent on Monday last President Grant explained how it was that he came to be a candidate in the present election. He was not anxious, he said, for a second term of office; but he consented to receive tbo nomination becauso he thought it would bo tho bost way of discovering whether a majority of his countrymen really believe all that bas been alleged against his administration and himself personally and are willing to aid his onemies in costing slanders upon him. Tbc asperities of an eloction campaign he thought would afford his political opponents and personal enemies an opportunity and an excuse to say all they Could against him, and those he desired they should enjoy, although it scorns they had already said enough before he had ever thought of a second term to induce him to appeal to his fellow citizeus for endorsement. The President goes on to state as another reason of his candidacy that he also desires to ascertain whether the republican party is to have its policy sustained or not; but as auy other nominee of the organization could have settled that point as well as himself, we must conclude that his real reason for accepting or seeking a rouomination was a desire to ascertain whether the people are ready to stand by him now a0 they stood by him in 18C8. We think that President Grant scarcely does justice to himself or to tho American pooplo in this singular explanation. Tho election of a President of the United States Involves grave interests, and should not be made simply a test for the endorsement or condemnation of any individual character. It Is not just or fair to tho electors, who liave a responsible dutv to perform and whose votes ought to be controlled by a conscientious consideration of the best interests of the country, to tell them tliat tliey aro only callod upon to decide by thoir ballots in November whether thoy will aid or condemn the slanderers of President Grant. The President's character is as dear to tho American people as to himself, and they have done nothing to assail it. Four years ago they gave him ft proof of their respect and gratitude, and they should not be told that to elect another candidate to tho Presidency now find to declare in favor of a change of national policy will be a personal condemnation of General Grant Behind tho President stand a party whose principles are on trial find a Congress whoso nets have an influence for good or evil on the whole nation, and the issue cannot, therefore, be regarded as a mere personal one between the Presidont and his enemies. Besides, if President Grant has accepted the nomination only for the purpoeo of appealing to the people for a second endorsement of his individual character and services, it is proper that ho should place himself before them now as he stood before them four years ago. Then, ho had declared in favor of a generous and liberal treatment of the men who had been in arms against the government, but had in good faith accepted the results of the war. Now, he enforces of his own will the arbitrary and offensive bayonet law over tho Southoru States and aids in carrying out the policy of oppression towards the Southern people initiated by the politicians in Congress. Then, he littered the memorable words, "Let us have peace." Now, he suffers his closest advisers to declare against poace and to counscl tho reopening of all the wounds of the war. Then, ho pronounced tho negroes incapable of intelligently exercising the right of fran- i chise. Now, his advocates seek to consolidate t the negro vote of the Southern States upon j him, and for that purpose to excite their worst o passions against their old masters. i We submit to President Grant that if the t issue involved in tins campaign is really so narrow and personal as ho seems to suppose, he should at once rid himself of the policy and the politicians who surround him, and suffer the people to decide the question upon his own merits alone. Let him loosen the military grasp from the throat of the Southern people, change his Cabinet, drive from him the counsellors who havo led him into all sorts of dilemmas and break np his military corps at the White House. He will then stand in the position he occupied when the nation bestowed upon him its highest honors, four years ago. At present ho is hidden from view by the men who have caused his administration to falsify all the professions be made and all tho sentiments he ' professed before his election. To accept bim tbo people must accept Secretary Fish, who has made us tho laughing stock of foreign nations; Secretary Boutwcll, who has striven to plunge tho Southern States into as dire contusion as ho has brought upon us financially ; the Congressional politicians, who havo sought to keep alive tho hatred and bitterness of the war, and whose motto has been "Let us have no peace." That the people are unwilling to do so is already seen in the vote of North Carolina, whoso white citizens pronounce by on enormous majority against such acceptance. General Grant four years ago received in that State, without effort, over twelve thousand majority. To-day tho State refuses him its endorsement, despite tho n/wi /Jncrtornta nf frif>ni1n to hp. ' UiVOV 1?V"|JV?W?W | j cure ft different result. Yet tbo intelligent white citizens of North Carolina do not suppose that, in refusing to endorse Bout well's incendiary doctrines, or to favor the teachings of the carpet-baggers who would creato an issue of suspicion and hatred between the ex-slaves and the ex-slave owners, they aid the slanderers of President Grant or cast a slur upon the character of the Union General. If President Grant looks upon the ?lection I only as an opportunity to rebuke those who lmve bcapod personal abuse and slander upon J him during his Presidency, would it not be well for him to adviso the organs and orators who are advocating his causo to refrain from personal abuse and slander of his antagonist and of all who venture to declaro in favor- of the Greeley movement ? It is scarcely consistent to complain of personality and calumny in ono breath, and in another to heap contumely and vilification npon the rival candidate for tho Presidency, and to blacken tbo characters of such men as f?umner, SJchurz, Trumbull, Tipton, Doolittlo, Fenlon, Banks, Littlejohn, &.C., simply bccauso they desiro to support Greeley in preference) to Grant. We believe, however, that tho President will, upon reflection, admit that there arc issues of bowt imuortauco inyvlvod iu Uita campaign 1 HERALD, WEDNESDAY, outside his own personal character, which stands deservedly high among the thinking portion of the American people. The policy of the national government for the next four years hangs upon the verdict to be rendered at the ballot box next November. Men who respect and honor Grant as the General who successfully fought out the war of the rebellion arc now called upon to decide whether the politicians who refuse to have peace, and who strive after eight years to keep alive the evil spirit of the war, are, by his re-election, to bo continued in power. On one hand, we are promised a complete obliteration of all the bitter memories of the war, a real civil service reform, a firm and dignified foreign policy, a practical efficiency in the management of our finances. Are we to yield all these popular and needed reforms in r?rdpr tn nrnvn nnr rporftrrt for frcn wvr eral Grant, whom we all honor and respect ? If the President will do justice to himself by casting off the trammels in which he is held by the radical politicians, by suspending the operation of the Ku Klux law, so as to prove his willingness to return to the generous impulses he once felt towards the Southern people, and by changing his Cabinet for the purpose of initiating a change in his foreign and financial policy, he can then justly and safely apply to the people to endorse his personal character and condemn his slanderers. The country would rather have the reforms it demands under him than under another President. But he cannot in fairness and honor put the issue of his personal quarrels upon the people while he holds up bofore him and retains in power the men whose policy is condemned by the popular judgment, and whose selfishness and recklessness would briug disordor and ruin upon the natiop. * , ^' Election 11 loti In <l?iebec< By way of Toronto wo have additional information of tlio election riots which took place in Quebeo on Monday. It appears that about noon rioting was commcncod l>y attacks on tho committed rooms. Later in the afternoon a terrible fight took plaoo in St. John's ward, resulting in the death of David Gandle, a young snilmakcr, who was shot through the head by a youth named Gandreau. Three others were shot, but their wounds are not considered fatal. We are told in addition that all the stores were closed and that the military and tho police were called out Fears are entertained that there may be more bloodshed, but it would stem from our latest news that tho pclico and tho military have been successful in preserving tho peace of the city. Quebec has become quite notorious for its lively elections. A bad spirit seems to animate a largo section of the population, and at election times this spirit finds free and full expression. In Lower Canada political strife has always been embittered and intensified by the antagonisms of race and religion; and it does not seem from this latest election as if matters were mending with the advance of time. Our friends across the border are much in the habit of reflecting on the disgraceful scenes which sometimes are witnessed at our elections. We have to admit that our elections are sometimes sufficiently disorderly; uiu wiiu sucn uu example a<j iu? 01 yueuec before us, wc havo a right to ask our cousins of the New Dominion to mind their own affiiirs. Comparing New York with Quebec, the advantage seems to bo on our side. The New Army Uniform. Judging from the description we have before is of the new uniform recently recommended )y a board of experienced army officers, approved by tho President and adopted for the irmy of tho United States, we believe it to be nuch better suited to the requirements of the service than that now worn. Although some radical changes havo been made in tho dress, both for officers and enlisted men, yet enough 5f the old has been retained to enable any one it all familiar with it to recognize at a glance its national characteristics. For instance, the officers' coats, buttons and insignia of rank, as well as tho colors of tho men's coats, trousers ind facings, are unchanged. Yet many important modifications havo been introduced tending to beauty and to give freedom and oase of movement to troops upon hard service in the field. No doubt a few old fogies will find fault with it; this is to bo expccted; but the martinets of the old school are scarce now. For a longtimo after the introduction of the percussion gun this sarno class of officers argued in favor of the flint-lock, and some are said to have been so tenacious of antiquated customs as even to have advocated bows and arrows as our military arms. Thoso offlcors also believed that drills and dress parades constituted about the onlv essential elements in military education, ami were fully impressed with the conviction that a man could not be a soldier unless he was harnessed up in illy conceived and badly arranged dress and carried a huge knapsack and equipments suspended to belts drawn across the body in such a peculiar manner as to cramp the chest and occasionally suspend all powers of respiration, while his head was encased in an enormous leather cap, which, in form and flexibility, was not unlike a camp kettle. These, with the old stiff leather stock, united in rendering the soldier almost as incapablo of locomotion as if he had been screwed into a vice. These instruments of acute torture, up to the time of the Crimean war, were regarded by many as the perfection of military costume; but moro recent experience of military men in campaigning has shown most conclusively that an easy-fltting uniform, affording free movement of the limbs and muscles, is by no moans incompatible with the performance of all military duties or the attainment of a correct martial bearing, besides being altogether moro comfortable and conducive to health than the old one. Wo observe that epaulets and sashes aro abolished except for general officers. This we look upon as a wise measure, for tho reason that the uses for which these articles were originally designed no longer exist Epaulets wero placed upon tho shoulders as a protection against sabre cuts, but sinco the introduction of long-range small arms cavalry are rarely ablo to approach near enough to uso tho sabro. The sash was supposed to bo available for carrying wounded men from the battlo field, but stretchers and ambulances servo to perform that office in modern warfare. Tlence there is no conceivable object in longer retaining thoso useless, expensive and awkward appendages, and tve aro uUd tUcv \q bo rejected in o^jj service. AUGUST 7, .1872.?WITH S as they have been in most European armies. Many have thought the old uniform was too plain and that the soldier required a more showy dress, Ac. In this we concur, and are glad to see the change. The new uniform dress coat for the enlisted men is copied from a very handsome Prussian model and has more ornamentation upon it than the old, yet it is equally serviceable and fits much better. The helmet, with the horse-hair plume, adopted for our mounted men, is very beautiful, and will doubtless meet the approval of the troops. The helmet has always been worn by mounted troops in Europe, especially in France and Prussia. The campaigning blouse and hat adopted were woru by a regiment during the Mexican war, and wore universally liked. The blouse is light and easy, and the soft, pliable hat affords an excellent protection against the sun and rain. Upon the whole we like the new uniform, and predict that it will be very popular not only with the regular army, but will soon be copied into many of our militia organizations. The Secretary of War, who seems always to hare had the best interests of the service at heart, has performed a good work in causiug this new uniform to be introduced, and we most cordially congratulate him upon its adoption. The Late Auroral Display?la It Portentous t?1The Hurricane Season In the Tropica. Tho magnificent auroral display of last Saturday night will furnish scientists a new opportunity for studying the probable cause and significance of the phenomenon. As we have already noticed, this aurora was brilliantly visible over a largo portion of the country? from the lakes as far south as Washington? and was reported by some as the most extraordinary one ev^r remembered in, t^eir respective localities. v?.; . . J The most satisfactory' explanation of these splendors in the northern skies seems to be that which connects them with the reflection of electric discharges from the microscopic ice crystals, which compose the delicate cirrus clouds in the upper atmosphere. These crystals of condensed vapor, so minute as to defy any but the most practised observer, act as a screen for the reflection of light; and the deposition of watery vapor from the lofty equatorial current produces the lightning discharge. But whether this be the true origin of auroras or not they are said by meteorologists to be excellent and almost unfailing premonitors of atmospheric disturbances, and often of the most disastrous gales and cyclones. It has been carefully observed at the Imperial Observatory at Paris that tho perturbations of the magnetic needle are joined inseparably with widespread auroras and the consequent disturbances of tho telegraphic wire3. It is also clearly established, by scientific observation, that the display of the Aurora Borealis indicates a general movement of the atmosphere in high latitudes, and especially such a movement over the Atlantic Ocean. The electric discharges in the high north seem to register and reveal the fact that a vast body of equatorial and vapor-laden air has invaded the polar territory and begun to invite a counter movement, and repelling activity of the colder atmosphere, resulting, as all experience shows, in the immediate and usually successful attempt to expel the intruding mass. This is followed by the downrush of polar air over the middle latitudes, and even into the tropics themselves, as is beautifully shown by the late weather reports of the Signal Office. These re porta attest tne now ot a vast current of cold air from the northern part of the Continent, descending upon the entire country east of the Mississippi and overrunning the Southern and Gulf coasts. It is by no means improbable that this vast torrent ot cool, semi-polar air, as it makes its irruption into the hot, watery air of the West Indies, may produce violent disturbance, either by mechanical conflict or by the sudden condensation of immense quantities of aqueous vapor. In the weather preceding the celebrated "Royal Charter" gale, which swept over England in 1859, the thermometer for a few days previous was very low for the season, and over a large part of the globe auroras and meteors had been peculiarly abundant and resplendent; and even for a week or ten days previous the English skies had been illumined by the blood-red streamers of Aurora. It is so commonly observed by seamen that such premonitions of storms are reliable that they Live long interpreted the coincidence as causal in its nature. This is the hurrieano season for the West Indies, and we may be now on our guard against those tropical storms which, generated in the hot seas, move westwardly on our Southern and Gulf coasts every year, and strew them with death, desolation and many noble wrecks. Already from Harrisburg we have intelligence of the visit of one of these atmospheric disturbances. A storm of wind and hail visited that city on Monday night last, sweeping over a space of country a mile in width, tearing up trees, unroofing buildings and carrying destruction in its path. And we may expect to hear of similar tornadoes along the western lino. It seems eminently desirable that the press should spare no pains to give publicity to the fullest and latest reports of the Signal Service, and all interested in the weather on the Atlantic should give them special attention and scrutiny. Many lives and much valuable shipping may thus be saved from the devouring fury of these Southern storms. Judge Bedford on Offences Aoainbt tiie Public Health.?In his charge to the Grand Jury for the August term, in the Court of Sessions on Tuesday, Judge Bedford morla crtma nr!w>Hr>ril anil hicrlilr n^iusnrt. ftblo remarks on a subject which ho aptly terms "not only of Importance to the present and future welfare of this metropolis, but one in which every citizen necessarily takes a deep interest." This is the evil of bone-boiling and fat-melting establishments, rendering houses and offal depots within the city limits. These unsavory affairs have been tho bane of the health authorities, and the suffering public have protested again and again to have them removed or abated. Although, ns Judge Bedford remarks, the civil arm of Iho law in perhaps technically weak to punish promptly these health invaders, yet tho Grand Jury may bo the agents o?r improving tho condition of affairs considerably by rigorous and * uncompromising action in cases brought boforo them bv authorities. The signal nuniahmoul o)L iodicted offenders will go ?** ;uppx5!ment\ + 1 -"w??? y 1 * m toward remedying the evil, and will be of incalculable service to the Health Board la their efforts to moke onr city what ft should be, healthy and free from all epidemical ^genta. Interesting Sugar Americans eat more sugar, man for man, than any other people. If diet has any effect on dispositions we should be very sweet and rapidly growing sweeter. Perhaps, however, the acerbity qf our political contests counteracts the saccharines we absorb, and the nature of our government may require us to consume much candy to maintain our normal balance of amiability. In 1859 we used of foreign sugar 239,034 tons; of cane sugar we made 192,150 tons, from molasses 12,053 tons and from the maple 27,000 tons; total, 470,237 tons. Last year we used 700,000 ton*, being an increase of nearly fifty per cent in the twelve years; the returns showing that most of this increase has occurred within the last six years, the consumption of 1871 being fifteen per cent above that of the previous year. If to tho sugar used be added one hundred and fifty thousand hogsheads of molasses, not to mention a large amount of honey, wo see that the sweet trade is a very large item in our commerce. Twelve years ago it was computed that wo made use of thirty-five pounds for each man, woman and child of our population. Now the rate has advanced to forty pounds each. Great Britain uses twenty-nine pounds, Franco nine pounds for each inhabitant and Germany still les3. In these and in all the European countries the consumption is growing. The general use of sugar is modorn, not dating further back than about four hundred years. While tho demand for sugar is so rapidly increasing the source of supply as to the production of cane is rather falling off. Cuba. torn with, the horrors of war, has declined rather largely, dtul other of the canS-growing West Indies send less to market than twenty years ago. In our own country we raise less cane than before the rebellion, whilo the cultivation of sorghum has not grown to any considerable proportion. But while the supply frcm cano has decreased the. beet root has? especially in Europe?very rapidly come into cultivation to supply tho want. In France the product of beet sugar has grown from sixty thousand to three hundred thousand tons; in Austria from ten thousand to eighty thousand tons, and in Bussia from nothing to over one hundred thousand tons. One-sixth part of the sugar supply for England?nearly one hundred thousand tons?was from this source. This industry has so far only been very partially experimented upon in America. We have here every requisite of soil and climate necessary to the successful culture of beet root, and there can be no reason to prevent this country, the largest consumer of sweets in the world, from becoming the largest producer of beet sugar. Without doubt its production, when introduced, will prove one of the most remunerative methods of employing land. Who will bo the publicspirited promoter of this great enterprise 1 A Wabninq.?John Gaffncy was recently KAntenfted to he hnncr at Buffiilo for murder. In announcing bis doom the presiding Judge said:?"You are the victim of the cowardly practice of carrying arms." This warning is as applicable in New York as where it was uttered, and where it will soon be emphasized by an execution. A real or fancied injury or Insult, partial, intoxication, a ready knife or pistol, and a murder. This plot, with infinite variety of detail, is daily repeated in the police office drama, costing many lives. Laws which forbid the carrying of weapons are too rarely enforced, but the natural cffect of the baneful custom takes its revenge in uncounted crimes and sufferings Incalculable. It behooves all who carry concealed arms to consider the danger they incur by this breach of law, and not to wait till, like Gaflhey the murderer, a hasty quarrel loads them to the felon's cell and the murderer's end. THE WEATHEB. War Department, ) Office of toe Cuief Signal Officer, } Washington, d. 0., August 7?1 a. M. ) Synopsis for the Past Twenty-four Honrs. Southerly winds anil partly cloudy weather prevail from the lower lakes to Virginia, and thcnce northeastwardly; southerly and easterly winds, with threatening weather and occasional light rain, In the South Atlantic, and light northerly and easterly winds, with rain, on the Gulf; falling barometer and threatening weather on the upper lakes; clear weather and southwesterly winds in the Northwest and over the Upper Mississippi and Ohio valley. i ru'jatjiintra. The low barometer north of the upper lakes moves eastward on the lower lakes and over New York and New England; southwesterly winds and parly cloudy weather In the Middle States; diminishing pressure and rainfall, with southeasterly winds, In the South Atlantic and Gulf coasts; clear weather in the Northwest, the Upper Mississippi and Ohio valleys, with westerly winds; clearing weather, with northwesterly winds, on the upper lakes. The 'Weather In This City Yesterday. The following record will show the changes in the temperature for the past twenty-four hours in comparison with the corresponding day of last year, as indicated by the thermometer at Ilud'nut's Pharmacy, Herald Ruilding 1871. 1372. 1871. 1972. 3 A. M 81 72 3:30 P. M 93 85 0 A. M 79 73 0 T. M 83 73 0 A. M 82 77 9 P. M 84 71 12 M 8.5 81 12 P. M 81 75 Average temperatnre vesterday UK Average temperature for corresponding dato last year 83yt NAVAL INTELLIOENOE, Washington, Angnst a, 1872. Lieutenant Commander Frederick R. Smith and other oillcers have been ordered with a draft of men and a marine guard to proceed to San Francisco, via Panama, la steamer from New York of the 20th instant. They will be assigned to the Ucnlda. The United steamer Nlpsic was at Samana, St. Bf>ralngo on the 28th July. it is understood that the office of naval storekeeper at Samana, now held by Walter Price, will be abolished and the stores turned over to Paymaster J. if. Uarton, of the Nlpsic. The United states frigate Henlcla arrived at 3an Frauclsco from Yokohama on the 5th Inst. THE YACHT PALMER AT HALIFAX. / Halifax, Angnst 0, VjU. The yacht Palmer, Captal* Stnyvenant, 0f the New York Yacht Club, has arrived fromL-fehqdlac, homeward bound. ^ NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION, Boston, 'J,ass., Angnst 0,1872. The National Educatlo*^ Association commenced a three days' session^ thia 0jty to-day. opening addresses were \>j Mayor flnston, Rev. R. C. \\ aterston, F^ixc'^ w, underwood and Mr. White, President of fu0 Association. In the evening an address op '"Methods of Moral Instruction in Public Sctioojii' delivered by Dr. A. D. Mayo, of ClnS no'.ti. The Association elected F,. P. Fross, of J11 .nols. assistant secretary; t'hauncey r. Stokes, of Ohio, assistant treasurer, and 11. WovdUUl.T. 01 i I Miluu. second assistant treasurer. WASHINGTON. I ? i r* v , *\ WA3HIK0T0N, August 6, 187X Land Redemption la llu Southern States. The Commissioner or Internal Revenue, wttfi the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, ,ha? Issued Important regulations for carrying out the provisions of an act passed at the last session of Congress for the redemption and sale of land* held by the United States under the severaT acta levying direct taxes in the Southern States. It will llJk MWIAml.AM'l * ?"? "uiiui biiitt mrge tracts or land In tbe Insurrectionary States, particularly South Carolina, were abandoned by their owners and seized by the United states for the payment of direct taxes. Under the regulations just made all lands now owned by the United States, by virtue of proceedings under an act entitled "An act for the collection of direct taxes In Insurrectionary districts within the United States and for other purposes," approved Juno 7, 1863, and under acts supplementary thereto, or upon tho same subject matter, except such lands as are excepted by the seventh and eighth sections of the act of Congress approved Juno S, 1872?viz., lands, farms, plantations or lots which are now, In whole or in part, used or occupied by the United states for national cemeteries, or for the burial of the dead or other public purposes, or which, under the instructions of the President of the United States, have been reserved for military or naval purposes, or such lot of land on Hunting Island, South Carolina, os may be necessary as a site for the erection of a lighthouse; also block now occupied as court house for tho county of Beaufort, may be redeemod and restored to the original owner, heirs at law or devisees or grantees, upon an application therefor to the Secretary of tlu Treasury, through tho Commissioner of Interna Revenue, made in compliance with those regula tions and the provisions of law In relation thereto. The application must be made within two year? from June 8,1872, and satisfactory evidence mu3t bo furnished in each case that the applicant was; at tho date of sale, the legal owner, or Is the heir at la?,, devisee or grantee in good faith and roc valuable consideration of such legal owner. The Tangle of the Tariff*. Mr. H. B. James, Chief of the Customs Division, Treasury Department, left for Now York this evening to confer with the Collector of the Port respecting the operation of the new Tariu' law and the complex questions daily arising under the old tarlir. The Currency Deputy Comptrollershlp. J. S. Langworthy, of Kingston, N. Y., at one tlmo cashier of the Rondout Dank, has been recommended by the Comptroller of Currency for the position of Deputy Comptroller. lis is at the head of one of the divisions in the Currency Bureau and one of the three certified to the Secretary of the Treasury for appointmcut by the Civil Service Examining Board. The appointment will be ma Jo out to-morrow. Stone for Chicago's Custom House. Before the contract for stone for the new Custom ITouso building In Chicago is awarded, a test of the samples of granite aud sandstone will be made, to ascertain the amonnt of pressure each Is capable of sustaining. These experiments were to have been made at the Smithsonian Institute, under the direction of Professor Henry, but., as he has been obliged to leave on an inspecting tour ot lighthouses, the testa will be made at the Navy Yard. The quarries will then be examined, and the stone selected which combines the most advantages for the work. ' 1 Tobacco Tax Decision. A letter from the Acting Commissioner of Internal Revenue to Collector Blake, of the Thirtysecond New York district, states that It has been ruled by that olllce that the worcl "now" In section seventy-four of the act of July 20, 1808, as amended by section thirty-one of the act of June 6, 1872, re- ^ fera to the date of the passage of the last named ^ act, and that tobacco entered In nn ? ? ?<?? * ' bonded warehouse on or after 1872, can be withdrawn for consumption this country only upon the payment of 1. rates Imposed by the act of July 20. 1SGP tlon has arisen respecting the rp quired upon tobacco which, hav. and withdrawn on a transportatlou .? export bonded warehouse prior to JufHT placed In ano'^er bonded warehouse i that date --^th day of tobacco wk - "transit from ou bonded warehouse to another on a trau bond. It had been withdrawn from the first ware- * house neither for consumption nor sale nor for export, but simply to change Its locality. Upon a careful reconsideration of the question and, taking into account the fact that Congress evidently intended, by the provisions relative to the withdrawals of tobacco from export bonded warehouses between the date of the pa3sago of the act and tho date of Its taking effect, an object which would in no degree be furthered by a prevention of removals from one warehouse to anothor, I am of opinion that under the spirit and reason of thU stature thla tobacco may now be withdrawn from bond upon payment of tax at tne reduced rate Imposed by the act of June 0, 1872. Any portion of any previous rulings upon this subject inconsistent herewith U revoked. Effective Working of the New PentlrLatv. Immediately upon the passage of the recent Pel sion act, which increased the number of claims, k i competent force was organized by General J. If. V Baker, Commissioner of Pensions. Circulars and \ blanks wore prepared, aud everylliing was t, done to facilitate the transaction of tlie immense ' # amount of extra worlc required to prepare the certiflcates prior to tlie payment in September, la order that tlie pensioners might not be incon vcnlcnced by the slightest delay. A letter from the pensioner enclosing his pension cerilUcato insures the allowance of the Increase. Attorney* are not recognized, as there are no claims to establish. For thus simplifying tho form of application and prohibiting attorneys, the Commissioner is daily in recolpt of letters from all parts of the couutry thanking him for his endeavors to save trouble and expeuso to the pensioners. The work is now being pressed rapidly forward. Seven thousand cases have already been acted upon, and every certificate now in the office and filed under the act of June 8 prior to the 25th Instant will be mailed to the Pension Agents before tho 4th day of 8epterabor next. A new form of certificate has been prepared from engraved plates, on parchment j paper, and all worn or mutilated certificates will be \ replaced by those of the new issue. v Choking OIT the Cherokers. The Secretary of the interior on the 3d Inst, ap?, proved of the acceptance by the Cherokee nat Ion ol the provisions of the act of May 11,1872, for the disposal of the Cherokee Strip, so called, in Kansas, and directed the Commissioner of the General Bantt Office to prepare the necessary Instructions for. carrying the law into effect. Regulations for t2re guid- / ance of the district officers at Indcpend^r,co and *, I Washita arc now being prepared, aud Ajjj |J0 liro? 1 mulgated at once for that purpose. f ' Tr*a*nry Balanc^ Ralance In I'ne Treasury aj ttu> clpse of Imsiucsil I this afternoons? Currency. $ll,84fl,044 I K?}n-- ' 74,101.7M ||| tolu^ certiilcates 81,963,8*1 x Import Statement. " I -'The following aro tlio impavts for the week ending July 31:? i Now York $2,415,153 Philadelphia l4H,r>79 Baltimore 101,241 New Orleans ii>,7is rm Total .*2,904,081 I DEPARTURE OF THE JAP3. The Principal Member* of the Orlmta^ Kmbnasy Sallwl for Europf-A " Scad Off" from Boston. BOSTON, August 0, 1872. The principal members of the Japanese Embassy, sailed to-day in the steamship Olympus for Europe. A harbor steamer filled with citizens accompanied tho Olympus to the Lower Mght, and gave hearty farewell cheers. Salutes wore 11 red from tho Navy Yard and forts as the Olvmpus passed dvwu tua. Uarbor, !. 0 (is : .