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NEW YORK. A Herald Correspondent's Tour in the Interior of tlie State. ? WHAT THE CONGRESSMEN SAY. The Signs and Signals in the Sky and What They Portend* The Chances of Grant and Greeley from Different Standpoints. _ The Split in the Republican Party in the State. CONKUNG VS. FENTON. ?+. Sharp fritifism of Conkling'a Rule or Ruin Policy by a Grant Congressman. The Outlook in Coiigres^ioiml Districts. . ? J A Greeley Republican Congressman on Grant's Administration. The Congressmen Who Speak Their Minds and Those Who Don't. THE FARMERS STRONG FOR GRANT. The Leaders Who Abandon Their Fol lowers ana tiie a ouowers wno Lead for Themselves. General View of the State Situation and the Way the Countrymen Will Vote. HOW WELL THE STATE GO? What May Be Expected in Member and How the Table* Can Be Turned by Either Party. Some time ago a Heuald correspondent was despatched from this city to make a thorough tour of the various Congressional districts represented by republicans in tills State. It was made his duty to ascertain how the situation stood hi each district, and particularly to learn what the views of the Congressmen were as to Grant's and Greeley's chances In the coming election aad what way they were Inclined to vote. Ills tour has been completed, and below will be found the result of his observations and conversations with the Congressmen. WALTER L. SESSIONS. A Congrraiman H'lio Haa a Hard Road i to Travel in Fenton'a Stronghold?Out for Grant Agalnit All Odda aud Determined to lVln. Panama, N. Y., July 27, l*7z The flrst place I dropped into after getting beyond Buffalo was Panama, where 1 am now. 1 have been unable, however, during all the time I havo been In the country to meet Mr. Sessions, the Representative In Congress tt-Vn the Thlrty-ilrst district; but at Dunkirk I full in with a personal friend of his, who told me that the gentleman was an outand-out Grant man. "I was told," I remarked to him, "when I was In Cattaraugus county that Mr. Sessions would soon tome out for Greeley." "By whom, pray?" "By a prominent gentleman Identified with the Groelev republicans." "Well, sir, there Is no foundation whatever for the statement. Mr. Sessions has already spoken at meetings for General Grant, and from now until tnc day of election he will work for him In dead earnest." "Do you think he will run again for Congress T" "He will, and bo elected." "Hut won't ho have A HARD TITO of It right la the very heart of Fenton's stronghold ?" "Yes, he will; but he's not the man to get scared because he has a hie fight on hand. By reason of Iiis being in the district he is, he will have the roughest road to travel of any one of the delegates outside of New York city, but 1 think he'll come out ahead." "How ran he, If the two counties turn right over lor Greeley, as the letter's Irlends la Chautauqua claim they will T" "They talk very loudly, hut mv opinion Is that neither of the two will give anything like a majority for Ureeley. You must understand In the first place that, we have a good margin to work on. We nad in lsas a majority for Grant of over seven thousand. I)o you suppose lor an lustaut that the Ureeley republicans can overcome that t They will rt'LL THAT MAJORITY DOWN a little If the democrats should be all one way; but, that's .There the shoe pinches?the democrats are not all one way. 1 eun name among my own acquaintance* In the two counties a hundred lifelong democrats who will vote lor ?irnut." "But Mr. Sessions had a very slim majority tho lasl tune lie ran." "No matter, he will win this time by a larger one; mark my words," "Do you think the German vote here In Dunkirk will hurt the Grant party ?" "I don't tldnk it will. They tell me that most of the Gentians will go for (ireeley m the district, but it Is very hard to speak accurately about it. At all events we've got to work hard In this district, ami If every Grant man does his duty we wili be sure to come out ahead." Mr. Sessions, I found, had many strong adherents in the district among the democrats, and if tiiev HhoulM go for him against whoever will be put up by the liberals, the issue may be quite dliferent from that which tho Ureeley men confidently expect. FREEMAN CLARKE. An Ardent Grant Jinn and What He Think* of the Split in the Hepiibllrnii Party In the Nlate?A Peep Behind the Scene*?Peace Overture* that Were Rejected and the DI?a*trous Glf?cti of Conkllng'* Stubbornness? A Strong \'onConklln^ltc State Ticket or a Greeley Victory. Rociikrtkix, N. y,, July 30, 1872. I had the pleasure to-day of meeting in this city Mr. Freeman Clarke, formerly Comptroller of the Currency under Lincoln, and at present the Representative in Congress from the Twenty-eighth, or rather what is now, under the new apportionment, tlio Twenty-ninth, district., which comprises the counties of Monroe and Orleans. It Is almost unnecessary for roe to say that Mr. Clarke Is a towel * of strength to tho republican party In this section ' of the State, and that among both democrats and re publicans lie wields an Influence second to noothei jpan west of AJbanr. lie Is an out-and-out rcpub NEW Y Uoan, It Is true, bat he la not one of that particular kind of leaders with which this auction of the State seems so plentifully to abound, who are never willing to believe tliat the party can do any wrong, but who do believe that the best way to maintain Its supremacy in the State and the country generally is to go it Rouansnoo over all who dare to diirer with them as to what means should be employed to keep the thing together. In other words,, he is a gre.it peacemaker in times of factious outbreaks within the lines, and he lirmly believes that a conciliatory spirit on the part of the leaders?not to say wire-pullers?Is the strongest possible kind of preventive agalust Insubordination in the ranks. Shortly alter my urrival In town I called at his office, but learned that he had gone to his residence, a considerable distance outside the city proper, and that it was more than likoly that he would, In a few hours, leave for the Thousand Islands, on a visit, It was thought, to President Grant. I at once procured a conveyance and was soon deposited at the gateway of the elegant mansion. Mr. Clarke was at homo, and a?icw minutes after I had ljeen u?hered Into the parlor he came In. The usual formalities of au Introduction once over, we soon became engaged in a general chat about things in Kcueral and Stato politics In particular. Mr. Clarke spoke unreservedly about the prospects of the campaign, and made no attempt to conceal the fact that there were some tliiugs in the conduct of the administration toward a large portion of the republican pnrty In the State which, to put it mildly, were very much to be regretted. STHONO FOB GRANT. "You are a Grant man, of course," I remarked, after we had talked for awhile about the chances of the republican party being successful throughout th t% ft tat* ' 1 am, most assuredly," was his Immediate aud ! emphatic reply. "Aud you have no doubts about his election?" Mr. Clarke smiled good humoreUly, and, with.a merry twinkle in his eye, replied:? "You know there is nothing certain in this world; !>u! I th.nk that General Grant's success In the election is about as certain as anything I can think of that may come to pass. The great bulk of the republican party I know will stand by him, and, what l- more, he will certainly bo supported by a very largo number of democrats?by a far larger nui.iber than people at present have any Idea of." "How about tins state?" "Well, to tell you the troth, I think the result In this State will depend almost entirely upon TUK STATU TICKET." "Then you concede that Grant or himself cannot defeat Greeley In this state ?" I don't say that; but what I mean to say Is this, that the party is just now in such a condition that it wm require tne utmost caution ana good judg; meut to prevent a serious break, lor you must i know tliat aU the republicans In the State are by no j means or rue same mind about certain matters with , which the administration has had everything to do." "Do you reier to the feeling existing between the Conklmg and Fenton men r" "I do. 1 happen to know of my own knowledge that the party- could have been made a unit long ago, even as late as the Syracuse Convention. A day or so before the Convention I went down to Syracuse, and met Mr. eonkimg and Mr. Cornell and Mr. Laflln and several others, unit I did my utmost to prevail upon Mr. t'onkliug to take the only step NECESSAKY TO PROmTCE HARMONY. You remember all about the dlttlculty between the Greeley committee and the other. The former contended, you know, that It would require a new State committee to do what the other had contended thuy had the power to do. Hut there is no use going over the matter. 15ut to return to Mr. Conkllng. 1 saw plainly that he had a majority In the Convention, so 1 suggested that a new committee could be appointed and resolve to do exactly what the other had done. The committee would, or course, be all his friends, and their action could not be found fault with by the Greeley or Kenton men after the declaration they had made. I remember his reply, as lie brought down his hand on the table and exclaimed, '! WILL NOT CONCEDE ANYTHING I'" "Do you suppose that this concession would have been satisfactory all round ?" "F do, for the reason tlmt some time before this I wrote u letter to senator Kenton about the difficulties in the party, ami his reply to me was very satisfactory. He appeared willing that everything should be done, consistent with the rights of all, to weld the party together. Of course, armed with these assurances, I did all 1 could to Induce Mr. Conkling to conciliate matters, although, of course, I did not exhibit Mr. Kenton's private letter to him. Still, I gave Mr. Conkling to understand that by dt iug as 1 suggested, and adopting a certaiu policy of Ml'lTAt. FOItnUARANCK, oil the difficulties between the two wings could bo bridged over. When I lound that he was determined not to make any concessions 1 considered | my task done, and went home satisfied that there would be a row at the Convention and that the i gull between the two wings would grow wideI than ever day by day. Subsequent events proved | thaf I was not wrong in my opinion." "Vou are friendly to the President and Mr. Conk Hug "1 am. I have a great regard for General Grant, a very high estimate ot him in every way, aud the personal relations existing between me and Mr. Oonkllng are of the most friendly character; but, for all that, 1 must say that I think the party could have been made stronger by A ni.'FF.HKNT COURSE OF ACTION than has been pursued so lar." "Iu what respoet?" "In the first place, by a different treatment of the Fenton wing of the party. The President has all along meant well and means well, but lie was led to believe by Mr. Conklingaud others that the party In this State wonld bo stronger without than with the. Fenton men. 1 freely confess that Mr. Fenton has always been, as far as I could learn, exoeedingly anxious to heal the breach in the party, but, of course, was not willing that he and his followers should be trampled upon to attain that end. I met htm coming out of the dining room at the Arlington one morning, alter breakfast, and we got talking about the difficulties In tiie laity, and he satisfied me that he was Willing to do all that lay in his power that was uot degrading to put an end to them. 1 myself, some time afterward, made CEKTaIN SUGGESTIONS TO TUB VnESIDENT (without alluding to the conversation I had had with Mr. l-'entun) about what could bo done to stalghten 1 things out in thl?state. I also suggested to a ccr: tain Senator that, without ever consulting Mr. Kenton, certain removals of officials might take place, certain uhanges be made here and tnere, and then all would be well. 1 ww assured afterward that til.' suggestions were received m good part. A little while after this Mr. Crov l -y came to Washington, with his rccommendatieu to be appointed Marshal of this district. Mr. Fenton, who had not been at the White House for a long time belore, called in person on the i'rosldent and Informed lilni that Crowley's appolutment would be very distasteful to him personally. The very next day the President appointed crowley, and of course that ended matters as to KKNTON'S WII.MNGNE.OS TO GO II ALP WAT in bringing the two wings of the party together." Here Mr. Clarke drew a long breath and exclaimed pathetically "And I am trulj sorry lor It. In my opinion the party could easily have been made a unit long ago had a different course been pursued." "Do you think,"I here asked, "that Mr. Conkling'lias got over his notion that the party Is stronger wuuoui me re u ion men v Mr. Clarke smiled a grim sintle full of meaning and replied:?"I certainly think he has. Why, sir, I candidly believe but for the difficulties In this state In the party the Cincinnati movement would never have been heard of. True, It was pushed on by many Influences; but the troubles in this state brought It about as much as anything else. Tom Bee a portion of the party were oirended by the way they were treated, and they lent their Influence to STRENGTHEN THE OPPOSITION to the administration." "What do you think about Greeley's chances in the State >" "As I said before, I believe that everything de pends upon the Mtate ticket tne republicans wil , nominate. It the candidate for Governor shoal* | be u pronounced Conkllng man then there will )>? danger; lor the Kenton men, if they do not vot< ! against him, will stand aloof and reiujie to vote al | all." "Do you think they ay numerous enough t( ] create much damage ?" "I certamlv do. Any good man who can com I mand the reform vote in .New York city Is the mat ' who ougnt to i>e nominated; If that kind of a mat I Is nominated he will surely be elected." "llavc you any Idea who the nominee will bo ?" THE CONKI.INHITK DANUKK AIIEAI). "I have not. I have heard George opdyke's nam* mentioned, hut he Is a strong Conkllng man, and . think, therefore, ought not to be nominated." "Now, Mr. Clarke, you say that in your opinion i the result In this state will depend upon the Stat* , ticket to bfc nominated. Do you mean to say thai the Presidential electoral ticket will also be airectec by the state nominations f" r "1 do. To a grea' cxt'-nt It will be. Yon k iow , there are many of the Kenton men. In addition tc those who would not vote the Statu ticket, who wil vote for the Presidential candidate supported bi Mr. Kenton. Some will do so from predilection but In case a pronounced conkllng man should bt ; nominated hundreds would vote against Gram through sheer spite." THE MEN' ON TUB FENCE. | "Do vou not think that many people will be in ffiienccd by the way the North Carolina electloi ; goes t "Of course very many will; for you know there an ! thousands who always want to bu on the wiunlni side. Whichever way the tide goes they go." I "Will Greeley have much strength In your die i trtcf" I ' Very little. There are many voters at presen . j who do not want to show their hands. Just now . ' in oat many refuse to sign calls for Greeley meet Ings or clubs, and that fact may be In the en I somewhat deceptive as to his real strength. Poopl ORK HERALD, TUESDAY, judge from It that all those who refuse are Grant meu, while all the time they are simply watting to gee what the State Convention will do. If the ticket is not, as 1 have already said, a strong Conkllng one the.v will t>e all right. If not, then I apprehend that they will come out for tne other side." *'\Vhat do you think of the liberal boast that Greeley will carry the State by W.OoO majority?" "I think that it is all talk, with nothing to justify it." Here, as a dual question to cover not only New York but all the States, I asked Mr. Clarke how many State* he thought Geueral Grant would carry, lie hesitated for a moment or so, and then replied grant in a tioht plack. "Well, sir, that would be bard to tell Inst now. Some time ago I was talking with the President, ami I told him that I thought that Greeley would carry all except three of the Southern States, and one of the exceptions was North Carollua, which seems to have gone democratic," and Mr. Clarke smiled bitterly, as though not at all pleased with the "exceptional" miscalculation he Had made. "However," said he, after a short pause and growing quite serious as he spoke, "judglug from the present outlook, if General Grant <loufl not carry New York he will have a tight pull of it." This ended the conversation, and j our correspondent, thanking the ex-Comptroller for his courtesy, withdrew, and wended his way back to the hotel. SETH WAKEMAN. The Thirtieth District Not To Be Seared by Liberal Notions?An M. C. Who Don't Relish tirrtlry Pie, hut Who Tells All lie Knows about tiriuit'i Strength in ills District. Batavia, August 1,1872. In the three counties which are Included la the ! Thirtieth Congressional district?Genesee, Niagara | and Wyoming?there is a lively contest going on among the republicans as to wntcn county ought to have the tionor of securing the Congressional nomination for one of Its "favored sous." The present representative is Mr. Seth Wakeman, of Genesee county, and tne gentleman who wants to get the nomination against him is Mr. Hoskins, of Wyoming. The latter is a strong Grant man; and, unxlous to ascertain whether Mr. Wakeman was "the other way," 1 called at hts residence to have a cnat with him; but he was not In, nor was I able to And him at any place In the town. Fatigued ami hungry alter my long jaunt In the cars in the mornlug from Buffalo and my even more tedious tramp about the town, I returned to the depot, with a view of starting for Rochester, when my attention was attracted to two men on the station platform very warmly DISCUSSING TIIE I'OLITIOAI. SITUATION. One was a farmer, clad In homespun. The other was a pale-faced man, nervous uud quick In his 11iuvviIIt_.liL.T. cu wuiu ii iuug UUVII niaj^ui auu looked as though he had at ho.uo time been u farmer himself, but had got up lu the world by (lint of hard | labor and slnco had had former roughness rubbed off. I .soon learned that he watt the geutlem&n I had tramped all over town lu search ol?Mr. Seth Wakemau. Th<3 eastward-bound tralu soon came along and Mr. Wakeinan got Into one of tlic cars. 1 took a seat near him, and soon got iuto conversation with him about the political situation as wo jogged along. 1 iound him to be not much oi a talker; but, in answer to an innuendo of mine that I had been told he would soon Ueclarc for Greeley, lie exclaimed :? "1 declare for Ureeley!?la it I ? Why I would sooner?well, no matter;" and he burst out laughing as if he thought going for Greeley was rather a LAl'UHAULK Til IN (J. IUS fir, of merriment over, ho continued:?"Whoever told you that told you a talsehood. Such an idea never entered my mind, lu fact, it could never have entered my neud to do such a foolish thing. 1 am lor Grant, and 1 don't care who knows it. I ! am working for linn m>w, ana will continue to work I for lua election until the polls arc closcd on the 5th oi November. Deciture ior Greeley, indeed! Ob, no: 1 have'nt got so far out of tne right way as that yet." -What does your district think of Greeley f la it of your opinion ?" We have a number of liberals among us, but tlicy are, 1 think, more than otftet by the number of democrats who say they will vote for Grant. In Genesee county the democrats who will vote for Grant or not vote at all are quit* numerous. They ure also pretty strong in Wyoming, but In Niagara things don't look so well. The republicans are badly broken up in some places, and there are fears I lor the county's going Grcoley. Still the Grant men | are confident. Wlmt is better they aro WORKING 1.1 KK BRA VERS. | They have been up and at it ever since the Philadelphia convention. If hard work can make the district go Grant it will go lor him by a rousing majority." Have the liberals a chance of carrying the district?" 'Not the slightest; It will go the regular ticket by a majority lulls' as great as that given in 'B8. I think it is quita possible it may give a larger majority. We have no fear whatever. Everything is working nicely, and when the votes arc counted next November the boasts of the liberals will be | found to hnvc been Imsed ou absolutely nothing | stronger than brag/' "Then you can be set down ns a pretty good Grant man f" "Well, I should say so," exclaimed the M. C., as the train stopped at a small station, and he hurriedly made his exit. WILLIAM H. LAMPORT. The Twenty-sixth Congressional District Sure for Grunt-The ,itea.-;nn Why the Farmers Oppose Greeley?"What They Think of Grant's Moral Character and What They Consider a Democratic Enterprise. Canakdaiqua, August 3, 1872. The Twenty-sixth Congressional district Includes tho counties of Ontario, Livingston and Yates. Its present Representative Is a well-to-do farmer, William n. Lamport, who, In all probability, will ?*t n rnrnln nf tint oAmlnr* nlnnflnn fiV.npf'.v oftni> m? 1(111 U^UiU ut VIIU VUUIIUI5 ^IVVI'IUUI k'UUI HJ ?tkVI IUJ arrival I met hltn In a store on tho main street of the village. He Is a middle-aged man, full of good nature, and "takes" well I understand with the Independent mcu of both parties who do not adhere closely to party lines and always vote for the best man, no matter what side he belongs to. "Are you for Grant?" I asked, us we sauntered back to the end of tho store, the farthest away from i the front door, so a? to keep clear ot the customers. "That's what they say hereabouts," ho replied, laughingly. "Some of my old rrlends don't call me a republican any .longer, but they cut It short by calling me a Grantite?1 mean Uioso who DIJN'T OO KOK GRANT themselves, you know." "And what have you got to say about It yourself?" "Oh! I agree with them. I am a Grant man over and abo^p board, because I am a republican, and he deserves tho support of republicans, not only because he Is the nominee of the party, but because he has performed his high duties as Chief Executive In a way that ought to command the respect of tho entire countrv." I "IIow do you account for It, then, that many republicans reiuso to look at things In this light?" The honorable gentlemen shrugged Itla shoulders and remarked:? I "You can't please everyoody. It Is entirely out" or tho question. Everybody has enemies, and General Grant has very many I concede. But why? Iu my opinion ho has made them by doing his duty reirardlcss of their particular wishes. He is not i easily MOVED FROM THlt RIOIIT WAT of doing things when he gets well started, and ho I has had during tho last, four years to incur the wrath I of many of his old followers rattier than to please J them by doing wroug. Yet there are hundreds of s republicans who honestly differ with the admlnlsi tratiou and who will oppose It to the bitter end on what they call principle. 1 um sorry that, so many ) of them have gone atralust the administration, but ! dou't think that Grant will be the less victorious In the long run." \ "How about yonr own district V' i "I have no doubt but that it will give Grant a big majority. There is a little trouble in 1 ates county, ami the Greeley republicans, headed by Cleveland, are said to be formidable In numbers. j It is hard, however, to got at Their exact strength. I l am of the opinion that they arc more formidable on paper than In actual voters. The farmers, as a i general rule, that is those who have heretofore : been republican, arc almost t TO A MAN FOR OR ANT. I They like Greeley, but they do not think he has got Into good company, anil believe, rightly, that In ' voting for hnn they will be voting the democratic > party Into power. There arc many who llnd a I 1 great deal of fault about General Grant's reputed i Ii,k1 character?that he frequents sporting places, ; associates with sporting men and drinks at times ) to excess." t "Will they vote against hlra on that account t" "Homo or them may, but only those who swallow all tiie slanders they hear against the President and who never come across the real truth. A i farmer who has considerable Influence In the district. came to me the other day and said he was unb dcclded whether or not to vote for Grant on account of his BAP MORAL CflARACTKK. i- 1 offered to draw my bond for $600, he to go to Washington, call on reliable men there and see for t himself whether the charges aualnst General a orant on the score of Inebriety were Vrcll founded, t- If he found they were he coulil have tho $500; if not d be would -have to vote and work for Grant. He e went away without accepting the challenge, but 1 AUGUST 20, 1872.?TRIPL1 think he will vote for Grtfftand Induce others to do likewise." "Wno are the Greeley republicans In the district for the most part f" "They were up to lately composed of the most extreme radicals, who looked upon the Tribune as a sort of Bible to swear by. But they are changing now very fust. They have come to the conclusion that the Greelev movement is a democratic enterprise throughout, and that in voting ror Horace they are really damaging, instead of what they first called "purifying" the party, and that all the advantage to lie derived from the olectlon of Greeley will be reaped exclusively by the democrats. The result Is that they are DKOFP1NU INTO TUB GRANT BANKS. quietly, without saying auythlng to anybody. They make no noise about the change; they don't sign calls or anything like that, but on election day they will be found all right. This change or leeiing since the endorsement of CJreeley by the democrats has been quite noticeable, especially among the farmers. They don't think It looks exactly right that the extreme democrats and Southerners should be so enthusiastic for a man who has been their bitterest foe. They look upon the coalition with suspicion, and hundreds who would have | voted for Mr. Greeley as against Grant, if he was simply the Cincinnati nominee, will fail Into line I against htm by reason of his having allied himself to the democratic party. THE Bl'SINKSS HEN, I And, do not sui)port Greeley In the district as a general tiling. They are afraid of ills financial theories, and have got it Into their heads that, once in the White House, Grcoley would be perpetually springing new-fangled notions or finance upon the country to such an extent that a disastrous panic would be inevitable. I have already spokeu at several meetings where many business men have been present, and I find this particular kind of dread or Greeley almost universal among them." " Is it not possible that the district will go for Greeley?" "I cannot seo how It can be. He will get many republican votos, but the democrats aro not united by uny means, and Grant s majority will be a large one." Having to take the train at Canandaigua, on ray way to Ovid, Seneca county, at three o'clock, and the hour l>clug near at hand, at this stage of the conversation I hade Mr. Lamport goodby, and was soon aitcrward rushing aloug toward Geneva. JOHN E. SEELEY. Rather Hard on Greeley?His Election Would Be a Misfortune to the Country and a Sure Precursor of an Old-Style Democratic Rule?Disgusted Democrats to Vote for Grant. Ovid, August 5,1872. It was rather late In the evening when tho llttl e steamer from Goneva, after quite a pleasant voyago up Lake Geneva, landed at Wlllard's, or what the steamboat guide calls "Ovid's Landing." The stage from the far-off village of Ovid was not at hand, and as the night grew on apace I began to cast about for quarters. On one sldo of tho dock was a small white frame house, with an Invitingly comfortable look about It, although it did seem rather lonely, all by Itself In the valley near the lake. On the other side, some distance to the right and up a rather steep hill, was tho Wiliard Asylum for the Insane. The choice between the two was easily made, especially as I had been reading, coming up the lake, all about the alleged horrors of the Bloomlngilale Asylum. . So, carpet bag in hand, I trudged along over the uneven road till I reached the white lriimc house. A farmer sat oil the stoop reading a New York newspaper two weeks old, and a short distance beyond hlin, In the barnyard, a hale, good-natured looking man was milking a cow that was frantically endeavoring (thanks to the swarms of flies that surrounded her) to kick over the pall she was expected to All with THE GENUINE LACTEAL. The farmer, whom I addressed at considerable length as to the prospects of "board and lodging" for one until the following morning, and whose want of attention to my anxious queries exasperated me beyond expression, turned out to be deaf as a post, and tlic man who was milking the cow and whom I took for a hired help, introduced himself Anally as the landlord. I noticed a nice horse in one of the sta lis of the stable, and an idea at once strucK inc. mere was u uuggy in tno yara. u tne horse could be put to the buggy, and the landlord would only condescend, as late as It was, to drive me over the hills to Ovid, my happiness woald be complete. No sooner suggested than done, and myself and the landlord were in a short time?u bargain being struck as to "carriage hire"? Jogging along toward "tlio town." According to the landlord, who was a democrat, Greeley was running like wildfire through the county of Seneca, and by the time I was deposited at the Inn of the village he had exhausted every argument that democratic ingenuity could devise to make me believe that GRANT IIAD NO SHOW whatever in the state. After a rather fretful sleep of it during the night in a room vacated the previous night by a doctor, who had loft all his traps after him, including bottles without number of nasty smelling compounds, I got up bright and early the fallowing day and made my way toward the residence of Judge John K. Seeley, the Representative In Congress from the Twenty-fifth district. On the road t met the irontloman <la*hln<f rtown the street In a buggy, driven by bin con. The Judge I found to be a mau well advanced In years, and of an exceedingly amiable disposition, notwithstanding that he I is in very poor health. Owing to his condition I felt rather indisposed to talk to hlra on politics, but lie assured me that he felt very well and took a great deal of interest In the campaign. "And whit side have you taken ?" I asked, as the old man's son reined up the horse at the Inn door. "THERE IS ONLY ONE 3IDI In this contest for a good republican to take," was his reply. "But a great many good republicans differ about that," I suggested, "which side do you refer to, Judge f" The old gentleman smiled rather contemptuously at my remark, aud replied In his quiet, gentle way "I have taken sides with the men who are devoted to the Interests of the republican party, which, In mv opinion, are now more than ever the Interests of "the people. I am in favor of the reelection of General Grant. He has been a good rresident: he has done his whole duty to the people. The country has prospered under his administration, and he deserves to be re-elected, and he will be just as sure as the sun shines to-day." "Do jou not think Mr. Greeley would MAKE A Goon PRESIDENT?" "I do not. I do not believe that Mr. Greeley could remain an oul-and-out republican after his election any more than ho could stick to any one particular theory of any kind for a twelvemonth at a time. Mr. Sumner makes a great mistake when he thinks that, because he remained a republican alter being helped to his seat In the Senate by democrats, Mr. Greeley will be as steadfast." "What makes you think so ?" "Mr. Greeley's past life shows his changeable character. He Is here to-day and there to-morrow, and the next day nowhere in particular that anybody can Uud out. If lie should, unlortunately for the country,, be elected he will be compelled to put leading democrats in his Cabiuct and to UIVR THE DEMOCRACY .A 8THOKQ HOLD upon the reins of government. This is as plain as can be to any unprejudiced mind. Without the aid of the democrats lie cannot be elected, and If elected he will be in their power. There Is no use of begging the question; his election would be equivalent to an overthrow of the republican party and the establishment on its ruins or the old demo crane puny, wirri ail iw n?i-;n ?nti uopes 01 revenge renewed with tenfold vigor. la a word, his clectlon would bo only affording a patronage for the doinocratlc party, now almost starved to death. Thoy would thrlvo on It, wax strong and Impudent, and we should oe again as far behind where wo ought to bo aa we were In 1800, to all Intents and purposes. 1 candidly believe that Grecley'a election wonid be a great misfoftune for the country. 1119 administration would be governed by OI.D STYl.K DEMOCRATS, and we all know what kind of administration that would be." Do you think your district will go go for Grant?" "Do I? 1 am positive of It. Yon know that there arc three coitniieB In It?Caruga, Wayne and Seneca. The latter la democratic, but the district, aa a whole, will give Grant a large majority." "But 1 find many republicans In the district who will not go Grant." "That may be, hnt compared with the great bnlk of republicans In the district they will be a mere drop In the bucket. Here and there, In every village and town almost, yotfwlll And some ouc or two or inure republicans who INTEND TO TOTS KOR ORKEI.ET I bnt where you find one republican who will vote for hint you will, on an average, llud two democrats who will vote lor Grant, and two more who will not vote at all." "Are you sure of that ?" "1 am. You can have no real conception of the falling off of the democrats from their own party In certain sections of the district. It ia all very well for Greeley men to say that they can, if not carry the counties, at least cut our majorities down to one-half; but the half they cut off, If they cut It off at all, will be more than made up by democratic votes. You can rely on it, the district is sure to give General Grant a largo majority." The JudKO at this point was hailed by nn old friend piisslng by, and your correspondent at on< e dropped the pollticul confab and withdrew to the hotel. HORACE B. SMITH. A Legal Horace Who Does Not Go for (he Philosopher Horace?The Rcsnoai Why and Whercfbre?*ttll More Democrats for Ctrant?The Masses that Refuse to Follow the Recreant Republican Local Leaders. F.i.mika, August 7,1870. Mr. Horace R. Smith represents the Twentyeighth district in Congress. lie is a lawyer of good l: SHEET. reputation and a man who oommande a wry large lnflueuce In Chemung county. The district la composed of Chemung, Steuben and Alleghany, the two latter being republican strongholds. I found Mr. Smith at his coaey residence "out on the planlc road, the other aide of the river," to use the words of the hack driver, who told me how he would have to get me there. The ouly difficulty I found about reaching the "plank road" was that the bridge over the river was In a rickety condition and that the horses had to ford the stream, greatly to the disgust of the driver, who complained bitterly, for the sake of a higher rate of fare than he had bargained for, about the "ex try warsh'* he would be compelled to give his shaky vehicle on his return. The day was intensely hot, and Mr. Smith, when I met him. was, like a sensible man, sitting on the shady side of the piazza of the house, enjoying the breeze which swept with delicious coolness through the gardens. On learning that I was travelling about to find out bow the political situation looked in the interior ho remarked that he would gladly give me all the information in his power. '"This is A DEMOCRATIC COUNTY," said ho, "and the Greeley men are very naturally met with In greater numbers here than in other portions of the district." "Are they not strong in the district as a general thing?" "They are not to an extent that gives us cause for any alarm." xuu aic u uraui man, i oeueve rF "Yefl, sir, aud I do not propose to bo taken for anything else so long as I am able to show by word and deed that I am heartily In favor of Grant s reelection." "I understand that the Greeley republicans aro quite numerous In Alleghany county." "I know they boast a great deal about tnelr strength and are working hard, but they do not make much headway, so far as I can learn. 1 think that during the past week or so, especially since the North Carolina election, the Greeley men have been losing ground. Many who were inclined to go with them have become weak-kneed, and now refuse to join them." "As a general thing how do the farmers and the country people look upon the liberal movement f" "They do not like it. TIIK UKKAT REPUBLICAN HEAKT of the State is as sound as ever, as far as I know, not only in this district, but In every other one. You hear a great deal about this and that prominent republican here and there in the State going over to the Greeley party. Their names are familiar to everybody, and naturally people arc led to believe that with each one goes a large body of followers. In ordinary cases, where there is no question of principles at stake, and the local leaders take sides In a contest, there is always a large following of each one's admirers or followers In politics. Hut such has not been the case In tuls Greeley movement. The great mass of the people are true to the republican party. They seem to be ANUltY WITH THEIK LEADERS. who have abandoned them, and they, in their turn, have abandoned the leaders, and now the latter uiiu tut'uirtcitc.i aiuiw?b oiwud hi buo rut'uij a vauiji, This, I assure you, is a most noticeable feature or the campaign thus tar, so you can readily see that wheu a well known republican politician goes over to the Greeley siile he does not carry much'of a backing with him. The masses who formerly believed in these leaders retuse to be sold out like sheep, and apparently have determined to think and act tor themselves." "Does this not apply in your district and the State with equal force to the local democratic lead- ' era who declare for Grant?" "1 have no doubt it does; but the balance is all the time in favor of the Grant party." "Have all the Greeley republicans in the district been good republicans heretofore?" "There are many well-meaning men among them who have actcd zealously in times past with the republican party, but the greater portion ol them are men wlio have some personal grievance to vent on the party, who are sore over POLITICAL DISAPPOINTMENTS, or who in times past were always threatening bolts when matters here and there did not suit their whims or wishes." "Now, what do you think about the actual result in the three counties In your district?" "I think there Is no reason to doubt a large majority for Gqperal Grant. The county of Chemung will go democratic, of course, but I think that the regular republican vot? even in It will be largely in cxcess of that polled in 1808; and I suspect that the democratic vote will not be much heavier than that of 'G8, eveu with the accession of the Greeley republicans, for the reason that there are large numbers of democrats who will vote for Grant, and a large number again wlio prefer, rather than to Hustain either, not to vote at all. Herein Elmlrathere are at least a hundred men of this stamp, all FORMERLY GOOD DEMOCRATS. and in the interior the numbers are very large, there being scarcely a village that lias not its stayat-home or Grant democrat." "Judgiug, then, from all you know of the situation in this county and the other two, von believe that Grant will carry the district beyond a doubt?" "That is my firm conviction, aud, moreover, I believe the inroads of the Greeley republicans upou the old majorities, all things considered, will be insignificant." This brought the conversation to a close. MILO. GOODRICH. I A Greeley Republican Congressman1! Opinion About the Llbcrmli and Their Chance*?Which Is the Heal Republican Party?How Grant Might Have United the Republicans and Everything Been Made Lovely. Dryden, August 8?Evening. Of all the dreary, dumpy villages I ever put foot In, Dryden takes the palm. It has two hotels (bless the mark), and the population Is largely made up of the farmer persuasion, who are never seen about the village except at evening time, when they loll about the groceryman's door, tne tavern piazza and wherever they can get Into a comfortable sitting postnre along the sidewalk of the main I street. There are many ways to reach Dryden from any near-by given point of civilization. You can, for Instance, go by horseback or wagon along the roadways, or if you are In a hurry and you happen to be. for Instance, at Oswego, as I was the day I started for the place, you can take the Southern Central Railway. If, however, you value your life and have no sinister design upon the spare funds of the accidental insurance companies you will patiently wait at the depot for an express train to oome along, and not trust yourself, as I was forced to do, to the tender mercies of an "accommodation." And such an accommodation. All the cars were freight cars bnt the passenger car, and that ought to have been a freight car too. The train stopped at every station, and aa a bell cord was not a part of Its make-up flie conductor, when he wanted to stop or get switched off or backed to a proper distance at any depot, coolly got up on top of one of the cars and hallooed to the engineer. Whenever the train did stop or start the engineer seemed to put his whole soul Into the idea as well as the ftill strength of his muscle. The consequence was that If you didn't keep your eyes wide open and your hands firmly clutched to the bottom or the seat you were certain to make a dive Into the seat ahead of you or go hecla over head backwards Into the seat behind' you. I got to the end of my journey without any broken bones, and put up shortly after at the "best" hotel In the village?"board $2 a day, $10 a week." Now Dryden tins its big guns as well as most other places In tho world, and enjoys the honor of being the abode of the Congressman from the Twenty-seventh district, Mr. BHIo Goodrich, a lawyer by profession, who stands at the head of the Bar in hia district. He Is a real man of the people and puts on no airs in his KVBRY-DAY GOINGS ABOUT among the farmers and other* in the rural nooks who in great part mako up the voting bulk of the district. Soon alter the Cincinnati Convention ho made up his mind that Oreeley was the coming man, or rather that Grant ought not to be re-elected as against snch a good republican as the Philosopher, and so he prepared his political house and hns gone his ways accordingly ever since. I called upon Mr. Goodrich at his oitlce as soon as 1 was able to get out of my coating of southern Central dust, and iound him busily engaged with bis law books. Yon are nn out-and-out r.reeley man, I believe ?" said 1, after a little l'ormal parley about matters and things In general. "I am in favor of Mr. Greeley's election, most decidedly." . . "You have already taken the stump for him, I learn V "1 am doing whatever lies in mv power to advance the liberal cause In this section. I have already spoken at several meetlims, and intend to speak at one to-night to be held iu a neighboring village.'1 "what, arc the prospects in the district1' "Tliey are very promising indeed, wme liberals seem to be rnlly alive to THE IMPORTANCE OF THK CAMPAIGN, and although It Is quite early in the season they arc doing wonders already. Meetings are being held right and left almost every night, and the activity displayed by the rank and die of the party betokens good results In November." "l)o all the liberal republicans take kindly to the " ; ; "* '1 m > Idea of Joining hands with the democrats In tho campatgar" "WeM, some of them do not like the Idea. The fact is that the fear of putting the democratic party U?to power again Is ... _ t tue oriat 8carkckow with many, but I think that between now and the much tlli" Bc*recr0w wl11 aot amount to "Vou feel confluent of that t" <loln? 8??d work In the district In Ih ?.1 republicans that there 1h nothing dishonorable or dangerous to the interests of the country by their cheerfully uulting with the democrats In treeing the country froiuan administration that Is no longer republlcaulu the fruo sense of the word. We argue that it is a wood siirn for the nation when the democrats turn their backs upon their past, and resolutely come forward aud adopt republican principles as their futuro guide We liberals have not gone over to the democrats" but the democrats have come up to us, and we now all stand on a platform that no honest man?no patriot who loves his country?can reasonably object to." "Then yon do not think that the present administration represents this tiiub republican party t" "I do not. It lias detracted from the great principles which originally gave vitality to the party, and from an administration of the peoule It has dwindled down to a mere personal affatr. (ieneral Orant was elected by the people lour years ago, and was under no obligations to the politicians for his nomination, as it was made in compliance with the almost unanimous demand of the people. He had a chance to become the most popular President who ever went to the White House. He could have set his loot dowu Urmly and made HONESTY AND CAPACITY the test of his every action In governmental matters aud his appointments. Hy treating the South fairly, and telling the Southern' people that, so long as they showed a good spirit and were willing to abide by the results of the war, he would soe to It that their rights were respected aud jv.....e uwuc 1U uiniwc men uuaniiiuii |iiu?|>ui~ous, ho would have conciliated them, anil the result would be that the republican party to-day would be a unit, and drant himself tho most popular mau In the Dulon. Instead of doing that he has allowed the Southern States to be overrun with A HORDE OP ADVENTURERS who, using the good name of the republican party to cover their vlllanlea, have robbed the people right anci left and rendered thorough reconciliation ten times further off than ever. He has surrounded himself with men as counsellors that the nation has no confidence In. and seemed to have made general devotion to hlmBelf and his new plans the only test of their fltress for office. It Is anainst tho persistent follies and degrading influences of the administration that the liberal party is a patriotlo protest, and as such, In my opinion, the people will stand by it." "Do you feel confident that the liberals wrl be successful in your district ?" "I have every reason to believe that they will carry tho district by a handsome majority. Every indication points that way, and from now until next November I think the prospects will become more reassuring every day. There are many men in the district who at first were l.OAVH TO JOIN WITH THE DEMOCRATS. But they are becoming gradually convinced thai Instead of pulling the democratic party luto power the result or a liberal victory will Do that of a new republican party made up of the patriotic and honest men of the old parties, whose aim it will be to carry on the government for tho people and not to serve the personal ends of any man or particular set of men." it will be remembered that Mr. Goodrich Is the gentleman who. In a speech at Ithaca a few days since, charirad neneral (Jrant with liavinor nnnantori hia Long Branch cottage as a gift, and that Tom Murphy was one of the suDscrlbers to the subscription list. Tom's letter denying the solt impeachment and asking for a retraction has already been published. R. HOLLAND DUELL. What the Congressman from the Twen? ty-fourth District Has to Say- About the Situation lu His Region?Grant Sure to Carry the District by a Large Majority. CORTLAND, AUgUSt 9, 1872. I rcached tlio pretty little village or Cortland to-day, after a twelve miles' rido In a wagon from Ovid. The village Is the county Beat, and has among its residents several men of considerable wealth, as well as of prominence in politics. It has always been noted for its strong republican proclivities, and Invariably at every election rolls up a heavy majority for tho radical ticket, no matter what the Issue of tho campaign may be. Mr. R. Holland Duell, the Representative in Congress from the present Twenty-fourth district, resides in tho village. He is a prominent lawyer, and stands high In the good opinion of his neighbors, and Is very popular politically with all classes in his district. Suuday and all, as It was, owing to the hurry which 1 was In to start for Norwich I1KFOKK DAYLIGHT the rouowing morning, i iook tue imcnj ui i.amun upou him at bin residence. He received me with the greatest courtesy, and it was not long before wo wore deep in matters of State?politics. "How do you And matters in your district T" I finally asked, after we had talked awhile about the claims of the two candidates in the various States. "I assure you, we republicans have nothing to complain of," was the reply; "wo are making an aggressive campaign of It, although it is early in the season." "You mean by republicans the Grant men f" "Of course." "Then I take it for granted you are strongly in favor of General Grant's re-election ?" "I am most heartily for General Grant. I think he deserves the support of ALL TBUB HEPUBLICANS, and, what Is more, I am of the opluion that he will get that support next November." "Do you find that the Greeley republicans have made any serious inroads upon tho party In your district?" "Defections, as the desortions from the regular party are called, have taken place here aud there; i may say every place almost has Its representative Greeley republican; but they are not so numerous as to create any fear on our part that they will be able to change the general result on clectiou day." "What convinces you of that, Mr. Duell?" "You must understand that this county is a very strong republican county. Tho town of Oortlandvlllo alone gives a republican majority of ftito, and at a Presidential election the majority is generally about nineteen hundred in the county. The majority in Onondaga was in 1868 3,297. The falling off or the Greeley republicans, added to the democratic voto in the two counties if polled solid, would, or course, materially lessen these majorities; but A Tiiononoii CANVASS has shown that the democrats are very far from being united, and that-the disaffection among the I republicans Is not so irreat as some people a few weeks ago anticipated It would be. Under all the circumstances, therefore, I feel certain that tlio two counties will give Grunt about the usual majority they give a republican candidate at every Presidential election." "Did Greeley's chances look better some time ago than they do now in the district v" "I think they did, though i may be mistaken. However, had the election taken place a month ago Greeley, would, I believe, havo carried the State. The Greeley movement as It Is called has come to a head slnco then, and the excitement produced by his sudden appcarance on the scene as a candidate has subsided. Kvery day OBANT'8 KRIBNDS are becoming more numerous, and many who at first were inclined to support Horace, but who had not openly expressed any preference for either candidate, have decided to throw their influence in the scale of the regular party." "How about the larmers r" "In the rural districts Greeley's strength Is almost nothing. The farmers do not take to him. The Greeley men in the big cities never expected this, and they no doubt feel very much disappointed over this particular aspect of the situation. To Illustrate this condition of thlntrs I need only mention that outside this corporation of Portland in this immediate neighborhood there are only two farmers who say they will vote for Greeley. Again, In this town alone 150 Trltmne* used to l?o taken. The number has fallen to fifty lately; yet the majority of those republicans who say they will rote for him ?are men who have taken lila paper tor yearn. They believe him to be noNisrr and capable, and that he will make a good President. As a gen* oral thing, however, the republicans who have do. clared for htm are not of that ciass who In times pant always stuck to the regular ticket. They ore of that class who bolted olteo simply because some particular thing didn't please them. Of course there are honorable exceptions to the rule." "The result in the district, then, will be, you think, In favor or Grant f" "My a most decisive majority. There Is no room for doubt about the matter, judging everything by the present. What may turn up, as something may, between now and election time to chan?o the aspect of alia Irs, of course, no one can tell; but, I as I repeat, as we now stand, the district will go handsomely for General Grant." This ended the confab. ELIZUR H. PRINDLE. In a Republican Stronghold?The Congressman from the Twentieth District Oat for Grant?He Tells s Straightforward Storjr?The Activity of the Greeley Men and the Results. Nohwich, N. Y., August 10, 1872. Norwich Is a "town" of about five thousand in! habitants. It has bccome of late years consldcrablo r of a railroad centre, thanks to the Midland and i Delaware and Lackawanna Railroads, which tra?