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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, August 20, 1872, Image 8

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LIVINGSTONE MB STiNLEY.
Continued Comments of the English
and Scotch Press. .
IIYINCSTONE AND PTOLEMY.
The Continental Newspapers on the
Herald African Expedition.
French, German, Russian and Belgian
Opinions.
The following Is the expression of Journals not yet
quoted from regarding the success of Mr. Stanley,
the IIekald Airican explorer, in his scarch for Dr.
Livingstone:?
[From the Manchester Courier, August 8.]
The despatches which we published in our 1mSression
yesterday must t?oi, and will be with Innlte
satlsiactlon by the public, accepted as concluAiiUlotirtu
an f lift ?i vt\n 1 itrliurulnnA.Qtanlau
question. Stanley has discovered Livingstone, and
there Is every reason to believe that Livingstone Is
on the high way to the discovery or the sources of
the historical Nile. Let us hasten to oiler our
hearty congratulations to the gallant and plucky
correspondent of the New York Hkkai.d, who succeeded
where our own search expedition so signally
tailed, and who succeeded because he set about Ills
enterprise in a manner exactly the reverse of
that In which the pioneers of the Hoyal
UcoKraphical Society were allowed to do. It was,
perhaps, natural that the good news which Mr.
Stanley brought with lilni should be received or regarded
at iirst with caution, and even, as regards
some of its details, with sentiments closely bordering
on scepticism. Was it not too good to be true?
U the great explorer were really ullve, had survived
all the tilais and dangers, tne perils by land,
the perils by water and chiefly the perils to which,
he was perpetually exposed at the hands of a population
whoso cowardice it seems can only be
equalled by their treachery, should we not nave
had tidings of him before? Was it conceivable
that our eaiiiest direct ami anthentle intelligence
of his exploits and his whereabouts should be
conveyed to us, not by a compatriot of
Livingstone's, not by an Englishman, not by a
Scotchman, but by an American of tne Americans?
It certainly would neither have been conceivable
nor possible if our government had not displayed
in the matter all the unlovely features and the ped,11,,,,,
i.,. , ul.rw.riv r?f o I nl ?n_?l nil tint
shown Itself unable or airaid to award tlic slightest
meed of practical recognition or assistance to an
energy and a heroism which are unsurpassed in the
annals or chivalry itself.
Via prlnui nalutli
Quod ininlmc reris (iraia panUvItir ub urbo;
and Dr. Livingstone, we may be quite sure, was as
much surprised When he knew that the llrst white
inan who had rendered him solace or help was a
citizen of the states, as ever the Trojan chief
could have been when he learned from the lips of
the Cuma'au Sibyl that it was a t.rcek city which
would first. In the ages yet to be, come to his
rescue. As the good news was startling in Itself,
so aid the language in which It was conveyed
come with a certain sense ol novelty and even
tarring straugeness to our feelings. Mr. Stanley's
letters have from the first had the true sensational
ring of the Transatlantic newspaper correspondent?a
ring not unsuccessfully reproduced by our
distinguished radical and ministerial contemporary,
which was first In the great race of metro
politau journalism, whose goal and prize was the
interviewing of Mr. Stauley at Marseilles. Hut the
odd thing has been that the literary style of Mr.
Stanley was the literary style of Dr. Livingstone?
style about us opposite to the customary tone of
the Doctor's composition as a leading article In the
Daily Telegraph >s to an essay of liacon. Kven In
these indisputable authentic despatches to the Foreign
Office there U noticeable a boisterous hilarity
at times which lll-harmonlacs with what we
know or remember of Livingstone's character.
They are Indeed "tumener" Itself, as on American
editor would estimate tameness when compared
with the letters to the New York IIkhald, but they
till abound In passages which are conceived in a
precisely similar spirit and often couched In language
which would have commanded the approval
of Mr. James Gordon lieunett himself or even of Ids
late lamented father.
Without inquiring Into the literary influences
which a protracted residence amid the savage
tribes of Central Africa are likely to exercise, or
the exhilarating effects of Mr. Stanley's society
as tliey may be reasonably expected to be displayed
in the composition of letters addressed to a
New York newspaper or to the Foreign Office
Itself, let us endeavor to form an approximately
accurate Idea of the work which Livingstone lias
accomplished and of the work which there yet
remains tor him to do. And here we may remark
that the public are at this moment in possession of
all the particulars of Llvlngstouc's progress which
they are likely for a long while to have?till, indeed,
Livingstone reappears among us In the flesh,
or another investigator as Indefatigable and as
successful as Mr. Stanley goes In quest of him. ,
There arc. It is true, certain despatches from the
Doctor to be read at the forthcoming meeting of
the llritish Association at Brighton. These may
give additional details full of a scientific significance
and an esoteric interest, ltut thev can do notnlng
more. We know In the words of Livingstone himself
all that can be either Interesting, or, we might
add, intelligible, to the geueral public. This Information
was first conveyed to us in the letters o!
Mr. Stanley and In the communications of Dr.
Livingstone as thev appeared In theNicw York
Uxralp. and Is for the second time, lu a somewhat
more suld and sober form, given us In the
despatches of Livingstone to the Foreign Office.
We shall not here repeat the tale of the supreme
and continuous dangers as narrated by the great
explorer himself, to which he lias been exposed
during the six long years that have elapsed since
Kngland, Km ope and clvili/utlou lost sight of him?
bis miraculous hair-breadth escapes, the frequent
attempts on his life, his perpetually recurring desertion
by the native slaves, who, as the Doctor bitterly
complains himself, were sent to assist und rescue
him, instead of the free men whom he really
wanted, bis wearying sicknesses, and his other
countless, innumerable trials. Au> one of these
singly would have been enough to deter and illscourage
a spirit less intrepid aud devoted than Livingstone's.
That he should have triumphed over
4lw?rn iv i I v I'iinutitntAu n fit* winch not
merely England and (Scotland, but humanity itself,
may well be proud. The despatches which
we published .yesterday contain the Intelligence
or the hint of two grand discoveries
of overwhelming interest and importance
to geographical science, in the first place
l)r. Livingstone has contributed to our knowledge
of the map of Africa by ascertaining that this mysterious
and gigantic continent, of which I'liuy
wrote that it was "always producing something
new,'' is watered by n third line or drainage,"
of whose existence no geographer hud previously
dreamed?a line composed alternately or huge
lakes and stately streams stretching far to the
west of Lake Tanganyika. In the second place.
Dr. Livingstone, if he Is not yet actually able to
lay his linger on the lirst fountains of the Nile?
to say certainly where they are?is at least able to
say where they are not. 11<j has conclusively disproved
the conjectures and surmises of those who
have preceded iiiui. and he Is on the high road to
conclusively and practically, we see no reason to
doubt, proving the theory which he was advancing
wtth confidence of the origin of the mystical river
of the Pharaohs. It Is somewhat strange?nay,
dws It not almost read as the veritable irony o
history*?that Livingstone, iroia actual and prof
longed experience of the places themselves, shouldlix
the origin of the Nile exactly where it was ilxed
twenty centuries ago by i'tolemy?the bases of the
mountains of the uioon. "This," writes Livingstone,
"is unquestionably where the springs ot the
Nile <lo arise, and this is iust what Ptolemy put
down, and is true geography." As yet, that is to
say In March last, Livingstone has traced what he
flrmly believes to be and what, doubtless, is the
nascent stream within iso miles of the spot where
It assumes its historical name and character. The |
iask which now awaits titin is to compk te the links i
in tuis chain or investigation. Humanly speaking I
we believe lie is certaiu to mo tins; and the chances
are that when we next hear or Livingstone lie will |
have arrived, following the Nile course into Kgypt, |
and will have joined \on <s with sir Samuel I taker.
We forbear to expatiate upon the enormous imms j
to geograplcal science?nay, to every science of I
which mail has heard-the magnificent triumph or 1
human eHort aud energy which the fact of those
two discoveries contributes. It simply conies to
this:?We shall not merely have to draw out the I
map of Africa anew, but we snail tie able lor the |
first time In the history of man to draw it out in
anything like Its Integrity at all. Our renders whi
have already perused with profound interest the |
accounts of the other discoveries of Livingstone i
which we printed yesterday?his revelations of tlie
abominable slave tiadc ol Oentral Africa and the ;
cannibalistic trih^s. In the present state of en
irineerlng science the construction of a railway
over the heart of the African desert ts not
merely not an impossible but a probable contingency.
Two seas may thus bo united, t wo continents
Joined. Miiould the next generation ever
witness this result it wiil be entirely due to the
labors of l.lviuKstone, The imagination recoils
dizzy from the euort to look down the Interminable
vista which will then be opened up for human enterprlsc,
commerce and industry. Africa will vet
be civilized. Anthropophagy wlii become a thing
of the past. The slave trade will cease to exist.
For each and ull of these things posterity and the
world will be in debt to Livingstone; but Livingstone,
successfully to guarantee his ?reat search,
must have "State help." That Is the Immediate
moral which It 1* the duty ol the government aud
the nation to take to heart.
(From the Liverpool Albion, August 8.]
Whoever admires couraReous, generous resolution,
whoever can appreciate accumulations to the
stock of human knowledge, and whoever desires to i
?ee the exteuvioo of International courtt#ka, muti i
NEW YO
(Ml somewhat anxious that Mr. Stanley, the discoverer
of Dr. Livingstone, should not take leave of
tills country without experiencing In ample measure
both Its hospitality and its approval. Mr. Stanley'*
achievement is unquestionably a marked reproach
upon our own enterprise, and especially upon the
futility of the Royal Geographical Society, out this
Is no reason for slighting it, or for Ignoring Ins
claims to our commendation. He has accomplished
a great thing, and certain it 1h, that hud lie gone
from this country, in place of America, there would
have been no necessity to point out what manner of
welcome should be given him.
it is almost certain that Mr. Stanley will come to
Liverpool, If only to take ship going home. We are
shortly to have the JapuneBe Ambassadors among,
us, to whom our commercial community will have
pleasure in giving every requisite attention, and In
a very short time afterwards, as we authoritatively
announced some weeks ago, und again on Saturday,
we shall have to prepare for receiving ills
Majesty the King of the Belgians. But with both
these engagements In view it is still possible
surely, lor us to ailord the time and means to do
honor to Mr. Stanley. That gentleman's claim, as
we take it, Ik a very urgent one and any honor that
Liverpool can do him will i ot be disregarded by
the country or by our friends across the Atlantic. A
Sublic banquet to the returned traveller in St.
eorge's Hail will not only be a fitting "God speed"
to him ou his departure from England, but an
interesting, gratifying event for our town and port.
There are many who will hope that this suggestion
may be acted upon.
[From the London (August 4) Correspondent of the
Scotsman.]
I had Intended to see Mr. Stanley yesterday; but
as be had to attend to an invitation to breakfast In
the morning and an Invitation to dinner In the
evenlug, I did not succeed in catching sight oi him.
To-day I called at an early hour at the house of a
mutual friend, and there I was fortunate enough to
meet Mr. Stanley. But even now I had not fully
secured him, for before many minutes h?t rushed
out on some business, telling me he would be glad
to nee me an hour or two further on In the day.
About twelve o'clock I was able for the llrst ilme
to get a few minutes of quiet conversation in a
room In the I.angham Hotel. nven nerc, uuwuvur,
we were not left undisturbed for iiianv minutes.
First, there were several American acquaintances
o; Mr. Stanley in the hotel, and then the boy
Kolulu called for some attention on the part of Mr.
Stanley. Tlio housekeeper had*presented the lad
with a pair of stockings, but he did not relish the
gift, and It whs only by the Intervention of Mr.
Stanley that he could be induced to don those
habiliments.
Mr. Stanley began his career of adventure at*an
ein i.v age. Wben lie was but ft iud, eighteen or
nineteen years of age, he entered the Northern
army us a volunteer. In 18?',5 he was still following
the colors; but he hud by this time exchaugeu the
gun for the pen, and in placc of being a soldier was
a special correspondent. A few years more and he
was In Asia Minor. Thence he passed into Syria,
Persia and India. You know already how lie went
along with the Abyssinian expedition, and how he
distinguished himself by sending the news of the
taking of Magdala to New York before any English
correspondent hud sent it to London. Mr. Stanley
??.?? olun V* ?/Mi??h thrt rmift'lUIIO flfl'l Sftlltllfm
Russia an<l throunh Kgypt. His travels have been
equally extensive In Europe. lie ran the
blockade in Crete at the time of the Insurrection,
and he was tn Spain during the September
revolution and described for the IIkkai.p both the
event and the conflicts between the different
parties in Spain which arose shortly after.
Your readers will remember that when first Mr.
Stanley set out for Ujiji his passage was opposed by
Miramho, King of UJowa, Of this monarch Mr.
Stanley speaks in very admiring terms. He Is, he
says, a man of undoubted abilities, and has organized
his kingdom with great skill. He is now about
forty years of age, and is still in the prime of his
energy, physical anil mental.
Dr. Livingstone and Mr. Stanley, as has already
been stated, spent twenty-eight days exploring
Lake Tanganyika. These days appear to have
been the pleasantest of Mr. Stanley's Journey.
All day long the Doctor and he, sitting at one end
of the boat, watched the course of the waters, so as
to solve the great problem of "Influent or
effluent." Iu the evening came the time of rest.
They then pitched their tents, and, lying
down under this, they chatted of all things
under the sun. Dr. Livingstone, Mr. Stan,
ley says, is one of the most agreeable of comnnnlnnu?llur.lv
ntld rtlAftV unless WllCIl fffCatlV
latlgued. He at tbe name time always preserves a
certain gravity and dignity of air that impress you
with the real elevation or the man's character.
Mr. Stanley is, as one might naturally expect,
somewhat reticent on the nubject of the English
Expedition. This is a question on which he thiuks
he has no right to express an opinion. At the same
time, as the expedition Beems to have met a good
deal of adverse criticism, he feels at liberty to say
one thing regardiug it. The eventuality of his fliuling
Livingstone docs not appear to have been
taken into complete consideration by the Geographical
Society, and tbe instructions to tbe expedition
on this point, were probably very vugue.
When, therefore, the unexpected news came that
I)r. Livingstone had been really found by Mr. Stanley,
tbe expedition lound itself In face or an unforeseen
contingency, anu their conclusion thut their
task was Unished was not wholly unnatural.
THE COHTMEJTAL PRESS ON THE LIYL\ iRTAME
EXPEDITION.
Wc present below the opinions of the European
press outside of Great Britain upon the Uekam>Livlngstone
expedition. For several days after the
publication of the flrat letters from Dr. Livingstone
to the Herai.d the leading Journals of France, Germany,
Belgium, Russia and Italy contented themselves
with reproducing from the London dallies
the text of these communications, introducing
them to their readers in that peculiar manner which
In the United States is known as "being on the
fence." Soon, however, scandal became rife; "tho
letters were not genuine"they contained no new
Information, or were made np from books of travel."
These and a thousand other suggestions were made
In the different countries by the savans, to doubt
whom would be considered worse than treason.
First In order came the Berlin geographer Kicpert,
who sent a letter to tho Allgemeine Zeitung filling
half a page of that journal, In which, as ff by sudden
and apparantly Infallible inspiration, he predicted
the whole affair would turn out a huge hoax. Stanley's
letters, to his mind, bore their own confutation;
as for the geographical data contained in them they
were not worth the paper they were written on.
Herr Klepcrt was determined to be first to exliiblt
his rare knowledge of the geography of Central Africa.
Unfortunately, like the wiseacre Flantamour,
he was slightly in advance of his age. Scarcely had
this remarkable "epistolary confusion" of Klepert's
been reprinted throughout Germany and at St.
Petersburg than Earl Granville's letter was given
to the world, affirming undoubtedly, upon the
authority of the experts of the Foreign Office well
acquainted with Dr. Livingstone's handwriting, the
genuineness of the letters brought by Stanley to
the Ilrltish government. This communication was
not copied In several of the German papers for a
very good reason. It upset the splendid theory of
Kiepert, so brilliantly elaborated a few days previously.
While Germany was endeavoring to clenr herself
of the blunder made by the Berlin savant, France
hud awakened to a sense of the importance of the
question. The Geographical Society of Paris
called a special meeting. M. de Vienne, French
Consul at Zanzibar, was called in to give liis version
of the affair and, if possible, assist them in arriving
at a just conclusion amidst all the clamor mid
doubt and uncertainty that appeared to exist.
This functionary did give interesting details, as
we shall presently show. The result of this meeting
appeared the following day in the Journal flea
Mbata in the form of a long letter from M.
Cortambert, secretary to the old royalist association,
denying the genuineness of the whole affair.
M. Cortambert, however, was soon undeceived. In
the same number or the paper in which appeared
Ills letter were the communications
from Dr. Livingston's son ami the Hrltlsh
Foreign Office, headed by a paragraph "That all
doubts concerning the authenticity of the letters
were dissipated." From this time the tone or the entire
press has changcd. Italy and Spain have added
their testimony, and Switzerland has also accorded
warm congratulations to the originator and leader
or the great work. The following extracts will
speak for the other countries:?
The Journal <ie* Dtbats, of the 4th Instant, after
having translated the letters of Dr. Livingstone to
the Hkkai.d, wished its readers clearly to understand
there was a doubt abroad concerning the
truthfulness or these reports or which It would not i
havo them Ignorant. Prudliommc-llke, It would
lelgn believe them raise ror the sake or the respected
savans, wnose judgment*, according to a 1
certain scientific code In France, are infallible, 1
while It is apparent from Its own language that a
conviction or the genuineness and authenticity of
the communication were established. It says:?
The publication of the two letter* from Dr.
Livingstone, or w!il( It our readers have seen a full
translation in our recent editions, ha* produced,
us might be expected, a great excitement,
not only In the world of science and progress,
but also among those who are interested
rrom a purely romantic and anecdotical
point of view In the adventures or a man isolated
lor seven years in the midst or suvage people, and
of a kind that could not rail to give rl*e to the most
serious apprehensions. I'nrortunately there Is a
fear abroad that these are but roujuxlf Ihi'ntrf w hich I
have found their way into print, transmitted by Mr.
Stanley uj tlie new Yokk IUrali). and lele^raplied
RK HKRALD, TUESDAY,
at great expense by the proprietor of that paper to
the- London journals. Some very serious doubts have
been ruined from the first as to the authenticity
of the<*e letters, and it Is our duty to the public not
to Ignore them.
This journal goes on to the extent or a column
editorially to discuss the question from a peculiar
standpoint, and asks, with great earnestness,
how it Is that Livingstone could find time to
write long missives to the editor of a journal and
yet not And time to write a few words to his family
and the Royal Geographical Society, who had taken
such an Interest in his work. The writer of tnls
remarkable article could not forego the opportunity
of striking a blow at American Journalism and
pultlsm as he proceeded; that the letteis did not
read like Livingstone; that they (rave no precise
Information upon which science might act immediately,
and that they evinced no more knowledge
of the country thun could be written
by a man acquainted with tho current works
of travel published concerning those regions.
"Tliey are such, in a word, that they
would tend to show that Livingstone
was occupying himself very little with the grand
Interests (01 which he had undertaken his Journey,
or as having undergone in hia faculties a certain
alternation which It would be sad to see continued,"
continued the writer In a meluncholy strain. The
Geographical Society ol Paris, he further states,
was greatly exercised concerning the question. A
tcle^rum had been received the previous day from
one of its most honored members at Versailles, M.
Edou.ird Charton, which conveyed "verv great
doubts on the veracity of Mr. Stanley." While the
Parisian (jeopraphers were discussing the despatch
from Charton. M. de Vlcnne, French Consul to
Zanzibar, entered the saloon, who was immediately
invited by M. d'Avezac to relate nil he knew of tho
Stanley expedition, the preparations for which he
had witnessed at Zanzibar In 1870-'71. M. de Vlenne
gave the details of these preparations, which "were
full of interest." Hut he Imagined he discovered
traces of American eccentricity in Mr. Stanley in
refusing all their counsel and acting in his own behalf.
This, at least, proves that th -re was an expedition
and that Stanley organized It. "Hut."
continued M. de Vienne?probably as a balm to
the troubled minds of his hearers?"contrary
to the custom of the couuiry, where they have little
pily for the negroes, and where they disturb themselves
hut little aa to their comfort, but where they
do not beat them, Mr. Stanley added to Ids want
of care corporal chastisement, which these negroes
were unable to put UP with. It could only result
in the expedition of Mr. Stanley being puerile, ami
mat by the rebellion of the blacks; and this
will explain the fact that It took him
nearly tlve months to reach Kazoh, a feat
easily p?*r;urimMj oy caravans in mreu momns.
Ah to the meeting with I)r. Livingstone at Ujljl, '
there wan nothing impossible in that, according to
m. <ie Vlenne." Thia witness of the Freneh <ieographical
Soeiety confirmed, then, that not only
had there been an expedition organized, started
and its arrival at Ka/.eh to Ills own knowledge, but
there was nothing impossible In the meeting with
Livingstone.
We shall arrlvo at something more Important
presently from the columns of this ri (levant leading
Journal of France. After reciting the story of m. de
Vlenne, the writer continued, it was not so mucn
upon the reality of the journey of Mr. Stanley that
the discussion was curried on as upon the sincerity
ol the document he has brought. Hut an eminent
writer or Turin, on August 3, explained tnat Dr.
Livingstone "had for the present reserved the scientific
results he hud acquired, which, he feared, exposed
science to the fear, in case of the
Doctor's death in those far-oif regious, would be
completely lost." This is trimming with a vengeance.
Hut, lyraln, "the antagonism between I)r.
Kirk and Dr. Livingstone, t>o clearly set forth in the
letters, appears to confound with the antagonism,
as stated by M. de Vlenne, of Stanley and Kirk,
which is one of the causos which should be regarded
as nearer the truth. Dr. Livingstone's son has
taken up Dr. Kirk's defence; but Mr. Stanley having
maintained his accusations, Ik will be necessary
to wait, before pronouncing upon them, uutil tho
proofs have been carefully examined. Meanwhile,
that which adds a certain force to this argument of
the identity of the passions of Mr. Livingstone and
Mr. Ktunley is the identity of the generous sentiments,
of the special knowledge and the language,
the admiration for America, citations from American
authors, A-c., which question wan reasonably
raised by the London Standard, and which induced
them to hold to tne old ideal of what Dr. Livingstone
was until they were compelled to adopt the
new."
"This," again the writer trims, "appears to us the
wisest course. We have not the right to be as aril
rmative as M. Klepert, the correspondent of the
lileate tlie news to those who wish anil are able to
lorm aa opinion of the douDts which are raised in
the presence of a fact which may henceforth be
ranked among the most Interesting of travels."
liere follows a column aud a half ol extracts from
the remarkable communication of M. Kiepert to the
Alhjemftne /fitting, which, however satisfactory
tliey may have been to the savant and his friends at
the time, cau now only the more surely exhibit his
folly and partial knowledge.
Following tlicse extracts is a letter from M. Richard
Cortainbert, a secretary or the Geographical
Society of Paris, filling hulf a column. The line of
onmmont la *?<* that lsftwl oi'itwww) in th.t mil ts\clol
above quoted, ami the communication, with the inference
that if the news from Livingstone is true,
yet discredited, Stanley has but himself to blame
for it in adopting a romantic style la giving it to
the world.
lint presto! The mist is suddenly cleared away;
the dark clouds of doubt give way to ready credence,
and carping journalists and geographical
critics and savans vanisli like thin air. to use a
common phrase, in a postrcrlpt of the same number
of the IM'Uils, aud immediately following their
words of wisdom aud l'rudhoinmism, occurs the
following:?
"F.S.?The Times (of London) arrived this evening,
bringing us the text oi a letter lrom Lord
Granville, tho same as had been mentioned by
telegraph (see despatches), and another letter
from Doctor Livingstone, which to us appears of
that nat ure to dissipate all the doubts which have
been raised upon the authenticity of Mr. Stanley's
communications."
After such an admission the editor reprints the
letters from Kurl Granville, Lord Enfield and Tom
S. Livingstone, and thus in one edition repudiates
and acknowledges the work of the Ukkald's explorer.
The Imle)wntience Beige of the same date says
Our geographers are not quite in accord concerning
the discoveries of Doctor Livingstone, as indicated
in his letter to the New York Hkhai.d. Several
among these slivans believe that these are the
sources of the Congo and not those of the Nile that
the illustrious traveller has discovered In this great
plateau ot Central Africa which he has been the
first to traverse. All the details of this question
will be discussed by the British Association for the
advancement of science, which will meet In
Brighton in a few days. Mr. Stanley and young
Livingstone arc to attend this meeting. Severe
crltielmns nre directed airainst the exneditlon sent
from England to discover and carry relict to Dr.
Livingstone. In effect it is difficult to comprehend
why the leader of that expedition, Mr. Dawson,
has not sought to loin Dr. Livingstone since
the return of Mr. Stanley to Zanzibar.
Ills mission consisted not In merely finding the
Doctor, but to carry provisions to him and assistance
of all Kinds. Now, this assistance has been
confided to the Arabs, who will probably disappear
with them as their compatriots have done in every
such case for the last four or five years. If Dr.
Livingstone should return to hngland safe and
sound, probably we shall never again hear of the
futility of Dawson's Kxpeditlon: but If. unhappily,
it should be otherwise, a great part of the responsibility
would fall on those who did not. attempt to
succeed with their enterprise. What can more
readily show their abstention in relief than the
en rgv and courage of the correspondent, of the
New York Herald? We await with great impatience
the ovations which he so richly merits, of
which the wcicome received from his compatriots
in Paris has already given him a foretaste.
The same Journal on the following day says
The letters which have been received from Dr.
Livingstone by his friends are filled for the most
part with accusations directed against Dr. Kirk, the
KngliBh Consul at Zanzibar. Dr. Livingstone accuses
him of having betrayed him. of having confided
the provisions which were to have been sent
to him to Inst cure hands, and of having neglected
the most ordinary elementary precautions in order
to assure himself of the honesty of the people he employed
to enter Into communication with him. The
ilesnatciies sent by the Doctor to the British Foreltcn
Office contain the same accusations. They will
there doubtless be examined with care. The public
and the London Journals defer discussing those
tacts until they know the Oeii nee of Dr. Kirk. Mr.
Stanley no vert hele^s supports warmly the complaints
of Dr. Livingstone. He himself accuses Dr. Kirk of
bdas the came of tbtflatoo of the other expedition
sent In search of the Doctor, pretending that Livingstone
would be jealous if other Europeans
should arrive In order to share the merits of his exploits.
Whatever it inav be, the failure of the expedition
led by Lieutenant Dawson greatly requires
explanation. It was richly provided with funds,
and has done nothing?absolutely nothing. Di this
ense also th?y will abstain from Judging Dawson
until ho returns, but he has left Zanzibar on an
American vessel i-n routp for New York, and will
not return to Knglaud before the month of September.
*
Ixi WxTtt disposes of the question of authenticity
In an eu\v manner, simply repeating that
Miss Livingstone had the Doctor's diary fh Ireland,
and that, unless In ease of the traveller's death, the
results of his travels would not be published.
/a> considers the mutter settled
and publishes the correspondence between Karl
Granville and Mr. Stanley, and lias not the least
reason to doubt that the Journal, Ac., broughthouie
weie Irom Dr. Livingstone.
La Ifitrw (Geneva), July 31, says:?
Mr. Stanley left Aden, on the Ked Sea, In company
with the son ol Dr. Livingstone, with whom
he arrived at Marseilles. * * * lie brings,
among other important things, the diary of the
Doctor, containing his exploits since isw>; all the
correspondence for his family, his friends, also firr
the British government. The most important of
this correspondence has been forwarded to his
daughter. The diary, tills precious document, Is
enclosed, sealed and bears both the signature of
Dr. Livingstone and Mr. Stanley, with an endorseI
ment prohibiting the opening or the packet. This
packet has heeu carried by one of the Doctor's domestics,
a little pure-blooded negro of ten years of
I aire. * * Wc have already given, In a pre
AUGUST 20, 1872.?TRIPL:
ceding number, the details of the meeting of Mr.
Stanley with Dr. Livingstone, from which the
publication of the circumstances in the
English Journals la an amplifled roproduction.
It only remains now to add
that Mr. Stanley nays that, on arriving before the
town of Ujiji, he had no doubt that nls mission
would there terminate. The truth concerning the
eccentricity charged upon Dr. Livingstone Ts explained
by Mr. Stanley by the fact or a disagreement
occasioned by the negligence of the British
Consul at Zanzibar. Mr. Stanley attributes great
apathy to this functionary, and in the support of
his assertion he recounts the following remarkable
fact:?In nine mouths the representative of the
New York Herald In London, by the courtesy and
assistance of Mr. Webb, the American Consul at
Zanzibar, forwarded eleven packages of letters
addressed to Stanley. All these letters reached
him at IJjljl, where he also received a telegram
which had been only four months coming from the
coust. For three vears Dr. Livingstone had not
received a letter from Zanzibar. It is possible that
the British t'onsul may be able to give satisfactory
explanations as to this fact, but appearances are
not in hiB favor. This fact easily explains the condition
in which Dr. Livingstone was found.
Le Flyaro, August 7, again refers to the expedition
editorially. ItsayB:?
A letter from Karl (Jranville to Mr. Stanley and an
attestation from the son of Dr. Livingstone appear
to give definite proof of the accuracy of the American
Journalist; notwithstanding, we find in the Journal
de.t Dtbats a letter from Mr. Klchard Cortambert,
which throws the most grave doubts upon the authenticity
of the letters from Livingstone communicated
by Mr. Stanley. Mr. Cortambert writes in
the name of the Geographical Society of Paris, of
wliltfh ho is Secretary. How shall we reconcile
such contradictory assertions ? They may suppose
that Mr. Stanley, In order to create a great effect,
has written imaginary letters for Livingstone, but
there are evidences that he really met him at Ujljl.
The Journal Oes Dtbats of the 7th instant quietly
observes:?
Yesterday the family of Dr. Livingstone, residing
at Hamilton, received letters from Dr. Livingstone,
but their contents arc not known, owing to
his personal desire that they should be considered
as confidential. There were thirteen letters In alL
They liav do doubt us to their authenticity.
VOpinion Rationale of August 7, while publishing
the whole of the correspondence, wishes to say
a word relative to the various statements floating
about in reference thereto. It says:?
We have published tho first part of the Bfcond
letter from l>r. Livingstone. We reproduce to day
the last of this document; but we ought to warn
our readers that grave suspicions have been raised
as to the authenticity of these letters. At Paris, as
at London and Herlln, they can recognize neither
the style nor the manner of the Illustrious traveller.
They profess to find, besides, some formal contradictions
with the opinions and some facts previously
explained by Dr. Livingstone.
But, 011 the other hand, l>r. Livingstone's son has
received from Mr. Stanley the diary that his father
has written up day by day, with instructions to
him by the Doctor, bearing his signature, and he
declares that these documents are not open to the
least suspicion. Karl (iranville himself has written
a letter to Mr. Stanley, in which he could not even
admit the doubts which had been raised relative to
the genuineness of the letters from Dr. Livingstone.
Such is the state of things at present.
An official Russian organ, the Journal Oe St.
Petrrsboiiro, says:?"We all know with what satisfaction
the whole civilized world received the news
that Mr. Stanley, correspondent of the Nuw York
Hekai.d, had not only gone in search of and found
traces of Dr. Livingstone, but that he had actually
found the great explorer himself, with whom he lias
nuu an interview at ujiji. However, as noon an uie
first sentiment or Joy has passed we And men
commence to raise doubts concerning the assertions
of Stanley." From the extracts from Klepert's
communication which follows It is certain the writer
hud no doubt existing in his mind.
The Wiener Abend I'ost, in translating Dr. Livingstone's
second letter, comments in hiirh terms on
the courage of Stanley and on the enterprise of the
proprietor of the Ukrai.d in sendlug the expedition
in the way he did.
The Neite ivriisslsche Zeitung also gives the
second letter from l.lvingstone, and quotes its
authority for the matter as though suddenly
awakening to a true sense of the importance of the
question.
The Nexw Frele Presse appears to halt between
two opinions. While it avails itseli of the news
from Africa it gives no indication that it either believes
or discredits it, and. on the principle that
"you pays your money and have a right to choose,"
Inavna thn iliu/tiiDainn tn fft u rnnHara 'I'tin
will awaken when It receives Klepert's letter.
The Wvser Zeltuno publishes the Livingstone correspondence,
and in Introducing the subject to its
renders, generously credits the 11ekali> for supplying
the information. Reiterating a few or the
facts, it concludes by eulogizing "the proprietor of
(Tiat well known Journal in sending such an expedition,
and congratulates him on its success."
The Hamtmrqw'he RGrsen-lInU?, despite Its
dw.ens a! columns or figures representing the financial
centres of the whole of Europe, niukus room
for Livingstone's letters to the Heuaud, and, unlike
a certain contemporary at lierlin, does not agree
with M. Kiepen, and niRrvels how such a statement
as lils could be furnished on receipt of the first news
irom Africa.
The HamlmrvinrTicr Correspondent takes the same
course as the hiirsen-Halle, and while presenting
the 1Ikrai.i>-Livingstone correspondence to the
public of the "free city," does not deign to recognize
the word? effort of the Herllu wiseacre, who,
lb rmiiur*, piiuuiu uaro naituu uuiu iiv nan vuiam
of Ills subject.
Llll\GSTO\E TO HIS BROTHER.
A LETTER FROM UJIJI TO CANADA.
How Mourning Suits Axe irept on
Hand in the Family.
Toronto, Canada, August 19, 1872.
The following is Dr. Livingstone's letter to his
brother, John Livingstone, residing at Listowcll,
Ontario, Canada. It bore on the envelope, "This
leaves Unyanyembe, March 14, 1872"
U.jiji, Nov. lfl, 1871.
My Peak Hrotiiek?I received your welcome
letter iu February lust, written when tne cable
news made you put otr your suits of mourning.
This was the first intimation I had that a cable had
been successfully laid in the deep Atlantic.
Very few letters have reached me for years, In
consequence of my friends speculating where I
should come out?on the west coast, down the Nile,
or#lsewhere.
The watershed Is a broad upland between 4,000
and 5,000 feet above the sea and some seventy
miles long. The springs of the Nile that rise
thereon are almost innumerable. It would
take the best part of a man's lifetime to count
them. One part?sixty-four miles of latitude?gave
thirty-two springs from calf to waist deep, or one
spring for every two miles. A blrdseye view ol
lilt-Ill WUUIU W IIRC VUC ?CHUUlllUU Ul llUft VIII II1U
window panes. To ascertain that all of these fountains
united with four great rivers in the upper
part, of the Nile valley was a work of lime and
much travel.
Many a weary foot I trod ere light dawned on the
ancient problem. If I had left at the end of two
years, for which my hare expenses was paid, I
could have thrown very little more light on the
country than the Portuguese, who, in their three
slavery visits toCazembe. asked for Ivory and slaves
ami heard of nothing else. I nuked about Hi"
waters; questioned and cross-questioned till 1 was
really ashamed, and almost afraid of being set down
as a til lc ted with hydrocephalus.
1 went forward, backwards and sideways, feeling
my way, and every step of the way I was generally
gioping in the dark, for whocared where the rivers
ran r
Of these four rivers into which the springs of the
Nile converge the central one, called Lualaba, Is
the largest. It begins as the River Chambeze,
which lTows into the great Lake ltangweolo. on
leaving it its name is changed from Chambeze
to Luapula, and that enters Lake
Moero. Coming out of It the name Lua!
laba is assumed, and it Hows into a third
| lake, Kamolondo, which receives one of the four
> large drains mentioned above. It then flows on
and makes two enormous bends to the west, which
made me often fear that I was following the Congo
Instead of the Nile. It is from one to three miles
broad, and can never be waded at any part or at
any time of the year. Kar down the valley it reI
celves another of the four large rivers above mentioned,
the Lockle or Lomanl. which flows through
what I have named Lake Lincolu, and then ijoins
the central Lualaba.
We have, then, only two lines of drainage In tue
! lower part of the great valley?that Is, Tanganyika
| and Albert Uike, which are but one lake-river, or
say, ir you want to be pedantic, lacustrine
river. These two form the eastern line.
The Lualaba, which I call Webb's Lualaba,
Is then tlie western line, nearly as depicted
by I'tolemy in the second century of qiir
era. After; the l.omanl enters the Lualaba tlie
fourth great lake In the central line of drainage is
! found; hut this I have not yet seen, nor yet the
link be;ween the eastern and western mains'.
At the top of I'toleiny's Loop the great
ccntml line goes down Into large, reedy lakes,
possibly those reported to Nero's centurion,
j and these form the western or Petherlck's
i arm, which Upcke and (Jrant and Itaker believed
to he the river of Kgypt. Neither can they be
cslled the Nile until they unite. The lakes mentioned
In the central line of drainage are by no
means small. Lake Hangewolo, at the lowest estimate,
Is lriO miles long and I tried to cross It and
measure Its breadth exactly. The first stage was
to an inhabited Island, twenty-four miles; the
second stage could be seen from Its highest
point, or rather the tops of the trees upon
It, evidentlv lifted up by mlruge; the third
stage, the main land, was said to be as far beyond;
tint inv canoe men had stolen the canoe, and they
got a hint that the real awners were In pursuit and
got into a flurry to return home, oft, that,
thev wouldt but 1 had only iuv coverlet
E SHEET.
left to hire another eraft, and the
ktko being four hundred feet above
the sea, It was very cold. So I gave In and
went back, but I believe the breadth to be between
sixty and seventy miles. Bangewolo, Moero and
Kamolondo are looked on as one great riverine
lake, and la one of Ptolemy's. , ?
The other is the Tanganyika, which I found
steadily flowing to the north. Tills geograr
pher'a predecessors must huve gleaned their
geography from men who visited the very
region. The reason why the genuine geozraphy
was rejected was the extreme modesty of moJern
map makers. One idle person lu l.oudon published
a pamphlet which, with killing modesty, no entitled,
"Inner Africa laid Open," and In the newspapers,
even In the Times, rails at anyone who travels and
dares to And the country dltferent from thut drawn
in his twaddle. I am a great sinner in the poor
fellow's opinion, and the Time* published his
ravlncjs even when I was most unwisely believed
to be dead. Nobody but I.ord Brougham and I
know what people will say alter we are gone.
The work or trying to follow the central line of
drainage down has taken me away from mails or
postage.
The Manyema are undoubtedly cannibals,
but it was long before I could get couclaslvo
evidence thereon. I was sorely let ana hindered
by having half caste Moslem attendants,
unmitigated cowards and false as their ProCliet,
of whose religion they have only linIbed
the fulsome pride. They forced mc back
when almost In sight of the end of my exploration,
a distance of between four hundred and live hundred
miles, under a blazing vertical sun.
I came here a mere ruckle of bones, terribly
Jaded in body and mind. The head man of
my worthless Moslems remained here, and, as
he had done fioiu the coast, ran riot with the
goods sent to me, drunk for a month at
a time. lie then divined on the Koran
and round that I was dead sold off all the goods
that remained for slaves and Ivory for himself, and
I arrived to And myself destitute of everything except
a few goods I leit In case of need. Goods are
the currency here, and 1 have to wait now till
other goods and other men come from Zanzibar.
When placed In charge or my Bupply
of soap, brandy, opium und gunpowder
from certain llanlnns (British subjects) lie was
fourteen months returning, all expenses being
paid out of my stocks; three months was ample,
and then he remained here and sold off alh You
call this smart, do you r some do, if you don't.
1 think It moral Idiocy.
Yours affectionately, DAVID LIVINGSTONE.
BRAZIL.
ni'iuiioiiii xowarn ine iirgm*
tine Confederation?'The Danger of War
Passing Away?Railroad Surveying?
Project of a South American Pacillc
Line?Movements of the United States
Squadron.
Rio Janeiro, July 25, 1872.
The cloud of war which a few weeks ago threatened
to burnt into storm upon Brazil aud the Argentine
Confederation Is dissipating, and there now
seems a possibility of its entirely passing away;
though, on the part of Brazil, the precautionary
work of preparation is not entirely stopped, it indeed
it has at all lessened.
THE BRAZILIAN ARGUMENT.
The rectification of the boundaries of the Argentine
Confederation Is not, say the Brazilian Powers,
In accordance with the treaty by which Brazil,
the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay became
allied against the common enemy, Paraguay, and
Id accordance with which treaty these three contracting
I'owera promised that tho results
of the raraguayan war should be
amicably arranged; and because the Argentine
Confederation took umbrage at the coarse
of Brazil and made herself a treaty with
Paraguay, Instead of in company with the three
contracting Powers, and, as tho treuty specified
Bhould be done, Brazil has felt national offence, and
severe and plainly-word?d notes have ptissed between
the two governments. It seemed for a
while as If war was inevitable.
MITRE'S MISSION.
General Bartholemeu Mitre, ez-Presldent of the
Argentine Confederation and ex-Commander-lnChlef
of the Army of the Allies, has been commissioned
by his government as Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary with full powers to
wiuc mo uimcuiijr, ttiiu in uuw in iiiin ciiy. ne U1UJ
been officially received by the Brazilian authorities,
and a peaceful solution now seems probable.
SUKVKYINQ ON THE PARANA.
Mr. Charles Palmer, a Swedish engineer, with a
staff ol twelve or tittecn, Swedes, English and Germans,
and assistants of different nationalities, to
the number of more than a hundred, sailed from
here yesterday for Paranagua Hay and the Parana
Hlver, where, dividing into lour parties, they will
commence a survey across the southern section of
liray.il, by the northern line of Paraguay,
and thus to the Bolivian frontier, ir not
to the Pacific. They are splendidly provided
with everything which cau in any way be
considered necessary, for after making the start
they do not expect to communicate with the coast
again until the survey is flnistied; and Mr. Palm
twelve to fllteen months to accomplish. He has
made this country and this work a study for a number
of years, and Is very enthusiastic over the
matter and the results which he expects to attain.
RAISING THE FUNDS.
The work Is not prosecuted under the auspices of
any organization or corporation, but Mr. i'alm has
himself raised the funds of English capitalists, and
of the extensive bankers, Maua fc Co., of this city,
having convinced them that lirazll must have a
Pacific Kailroad, and that tills mast be the route,
lie also expects to make mineral developments
which will amply repay the trouble of the expedition
and make handsome pecuniary returns. The
itraziliau government has granted him the privilege
to do this and afforded liltn some assistance.
Til K UNITED .STATES VUO.
The new commander ol the United States South
Atlantic squadron, Hear Admiral William Rogers
Taylor, seems to have taken hold of the command
with energy and a desire to make as eMecMve as
possible the small force at his command. The flagship
Lancaster, now lying in this harbor, Is, I
understand, in such an unsound condition, as to be
deemed unseaworthv, and needing extensive
repairs before she can move away from here. She
is certainly the finest specimen or naval architecture
in tlic harbor and her simple presence here is
good service.
The Tlconderoga sa41ed from here on the 22d of
June for the northern ports of Brazil, and will be
at Para on August 6, and return here about September
5 or 6.
The Waso sailed on the 15th inst. from Montevideo,
hearing the American Minister to Assuncion,
where he makes a short tarry.
First Assistant Engineer Wells, lately in charge
of the Wnap, goes home in the mall steamer North
America by virtue of expiration of his terra of service
here; and Gunner Stewart, of tht; Lancaster,
also goes home by the steamer, having been condemned
by a medical board of survey.
The very latest news reports the United States
steamship Tlconderoga at l'ara, all well.
LAND SLIDE IN JERSEY CITY.
Two Hundred Feet of Montgomery Street
Swallowed Vp?The Largest of the
ninir .T fih "* * * h n T R*innnallaliif
Six months ago a large portion of the Montgomery
street extension In Jersey City disappeared
in the swamp in one night. A lengthy
account of the matter, together with the cost of
the extension up to that date?oter six hunored
thousand dollars?was published In the Hekald.
The work has steadily progressed ever since under
the direct supervision of Mr. Startup, Bumstcd's successor
In the street Department. The huge cavity
was illled up on an improved plaa, but the entire
extension *hruuirh the swamp was slowly "sagging."
In one place the Immense pile of masonry
leaned inward, in others outward, till. In the steepest
part, it became an Irregular curve. Yet the
tilling process went on till the level was attained
aud hundreds of pedestrians (hilly wended their
way along It.
on Sunday afternoon, about three o'clock, several
Assures alontr the surtuce were observed to expand
slowly, and those who observed them got out of the
way rather hastily. Fifteen minutes afterward tne
wall on the north side, about forty lect high, sunk
into the swamp, leaving not a vestige behind.
The south wall followed, and as the
mass of eaith between settled down a chwrn wm
formed from the very bridge easterly ?t?out two
i hundred feet. The bridge itself, whio* cost fully
| gtio.ooo. will probab'.v soon follow. 'Hie south battlement
leaned over last evening, warning passengers
to take some other course.
As was shown In the article referred to this
i Montgomery street job was the mflst costly whlcli
| the Thieves' King ever imposed on the taxpayers of
I Jersey City. It has cost already about three1
quarters of a million of dollars, and It is likely to
tost as much In addition before It Is completed. A
weighty responsibility rests on the engineer who
. devised the absurd sclieme of erecting a vast pile
of masonry on a wooden (looting in
the swamp. It was simply an experiment;
?'Ut the people ot Jersey City object to
the payment of $1..">00,000 for such experiments. Ii
has been shown In the Hkkai.d tune and time
again that under the Bumsted charter the Kngi
neerlng and Surveying Department has cost the
city more than all the other departments together,
I excepting the Hoard of Education. Competent eni
irinecrs have repeatedly offered to perform all the
work required lor $20,000 per annum, a sum just
the one-tenth of the cost under the King rVsjlm*.
ENGLISH 0BICIETEB8 IN CANADA.
qtiKRKC, Canada. August 10. 1872.
The English eleven gentlemen cricketers have
arrived in this city, and will play In Montreal on
Thursday and Friday, on Tuesday and Wednesday
following In Ottawa, and la Toronto on September
LONG BRANCH. I
Personal Notes About the Preiident-What H? I
Bays About His Be-Election?A Four-Mile I
Heat Bace at Monmouth Park. I
Long Branch, August 19, 1872. II
The President drove tins afternoon to the reslJ II
dence of ex-senator Cattell, at Seabrlght. l'copla II
here seem to take little Interest In his movements- II
Although be Is by no means unpopular at thai II
Branch, yet his" appearance attracts very little no-. II
tlce; nor does ne appear to crave tue special attend II
tlons due to the Chief Magistrate of a great) II
nation. At best not very Imposing in personal] II
appearance, he looks to still greater disadvantage! II
from the careless manner of his dress. The Presl- II
dent of the United States, I grieve to say, wears a II
shockingly bad bat. Uncle Horace, with ail bid H
eccentricities, would not thus fling tbe gauntlet in U
the face of fashion. It would be a good idea for; I
Home enterprising Yankee to furnish the President
with hats, and In return acqulro the privilege oC
styling himself "Batter to His Excellency the
President of the United States." In England
? similar privilege Is dearly prized by
the British mind for the prestige which attaches to
the fortunate Individuals who supply royalty wltH
the different articles of dress. Why does not some
enterprising American Imitate tills profitable example
t It appears unseemly to criticise a man's*
clothes, but general appearance has, after all, much,
to do with personal popularity. It is within my
own knowledge that President Grant's shabby hat
has lost him the vote of a fellow citizen of African*
lineage. The colored coach man of a hiith official
Btaying at the.West End llotel, who was but yesterday
a rabid Grant man, lias abjured his poll tic;: 1
creed nnd become a Greeley man, simply because
he did not Hku the appearance of the Piy:sident.
UKANT ON HIS KK-KLElTION.
In conversation with ono of his friends the PrcsK.
dent lately expressed the opinion that he looked,
upon his re-election as certsln. lie said that ha
thought he would be elected more easily in November
next than ho was in 1808 and beat Greeley by
larger vote than he obtained over Seymour. Tt?
another friend he remarked that he paid little at
tentlon to the campaign, that the election In November
would go all right for him and that his
friends gave him very favorable reports of tha
progress of the contest. To judge from the foregoing
the President is certainly sanguine of successGeneral
Porter told me tins afternoon that the
President will protmbly remain about three weeks;
longer at the Hrancli until the repairs wldch the
White House is now undergoing arc fully com-,
pleted. Lie will, however, in the meantfrne attend
two or three Cabinet meetings in Washington.
THB DROWNING CASUALTIES
whlco occurred last Saturday are to be attribute?
to the imprudence of the unrortunate girls, who
^|pnt into the water when the strong ebb current:
prevailed, although they were warned of the dan8er.
It is well known that bathing is onlv saf?
uring the hours of flood tide, whan,
moreover, the necessary precautions are taken to
prevent accident. Fortunately such sad casualties
are rare at the Branch. The body of the girl
named Alice Tomany, who was drowned at eight
o'clock on Saturday evening, was found two hours
afterwards in front of the Ocean Hotel, and forwarded
this evening in a rough wooden box to .
New York lor bnrial.
The hqat was quite oppressive In the morning,
but towards noon a sea breeze sprung up which
was truly refreshing.
A FOUK MILE HEAT RACK
and a steeple chase handicap will take place at;
Monmouth Park on Thursday, the 29th Inst. The*
gentlemen of this place are looking forward
with much interest to this event, as it.
lit a long time since there has been a Jour mile neat'
race in this country, with the exception of the lialtlmore
meeting last tall. The four mile pnrse will
be $2,600 and the steeple chase $1,000.
Mr. 8. Laird, proprietor of the Mansion Hons*
and the United States Hotel, died to-day after a>
short illness. All the flags of the different hotels!
are at half mast In honor to his memory.
THE HEAT YESTERDAY.
The Suffering* of Poor Humanity?.V
Thunder Shower ? gunitrokei ? High
Range of the Thermometer - The
"Weather In Brooklyn.
Yesterday the mercury in the thermometer
ranged high steadily. A heavy thunder shower
passed over the lower part of the town shortly after
noon, but it did not have the cffect of cooling the
air, and the sun streamed down his scorching ray*
with a steadiness that was provoking.
AT TBI FAKK HOSPITAL.
The following victims of sunstroke were taken tfr
the Centre Street Hospital yesterday:?
Thomas Marve, 'longshoreman, residing at First,
avenue and Twenty-fourth street, was resuscitated
and discharged.
John Lee, a commission merchant, living in
Brooklyn, was found sunstruck in the street and!
taken to the hospital in an ambulance.
Theafl last three were all dolnir well last nlffht^
and will doubtless recover.
Cornelius Bromberger, a laborer, forty-one years
of age, died yesterday at 24 South Fifth avenue,
from the effects of the Intense heat. Coroner Kee-*
nan was nollllcd to hold an Inquest on the body.
An unknown woman, aged tweuty-flve, was overcome
with heat In car No. 20 of Grand street line.
Taken to Park Hospital.
Ellen Dnnnavat, aged thlrty-flve, no home, was
found on pier 28 North River. Taken to P&rk Hospital.
A man named Murray, aged thirty, living In East
Sixteenth street, while at work on pier 28 East
River. Taken to Park Hospital.
Freedon L. Letnen, steward on schooner Exertion,
aged thlrtv-four, pier 28 North River. Taken
to Park Hospital.
Michael Donnelly, aged twenty-eight, residing at
the corner of Broome and Elm streets. Taken to '
Park HospltaL
OTTIKR CASKS.
John D. Curran, aged tnirty-flve, of 367 Madison
street, died suddenly yesterday morning Irom the
heat. Coroner notified.
George Knowlton, aged flity years, residing Intj
Williamsburg, corner of Twenty-sixth street and!
First avenne; taken to Bellevue Hospital.
James Foley, aged forty, of Eighteenth street^
and First avenue, while at work plastering In new
building, 27 First avenue, wns overcome with the
heat and fell from the scaffold. Attended by a surgeon
and taken home.
Grace McLaughlin, aged twenty-five, residing In
Hobokcn, N. J., In West street, near Murray. Attended
by Dr. Hutchlngson, and left for home.
Joseph Branlgan, aged twenty-seven, of 24 Hubert
street. Recovered and left for home.
George Heeran, aged thirty-two, of 31 WillPtt
street, corner of Water and Corlcars street. Attended
and sent home.
Henry Koehler, of 628 Ninth avenue, found lnsen<
slble In the street last night. Attended by a police
surgeon and sent to Bellevue Hospital.
Mary McCarthy, asted thirty-nine, of 328 East:
Twenty-second street, was found dead In bed las*
evening, supposed to have been caused by neat.
Coroner notified.
EKFKCTS OF TIIE HKAT IN BROOKLYN.
The Coronor was summoned to hold an Inqnest
on the body of Charles Wyborand, a German,
thirty-two years of age, who was found dean, It la
supposed from ihe effects of the heat, at hla
rnairipnpp 1 Oft). Pnltnn aTPniio nn KrindilV nfffht.
Mathew Rabltzkle, sixty yiwrs of age. resltflng at
12fi Partition street, was sunstruck while at wort
In a sewer on Fourth avenue yesterday afternoon.
He was carried to his house.
Mr. James stein, offi57 Court street., fell dead yesterday
afternoon from the effects of the heat.
/. tillcrlst, or 489 Halt ic street, was overcome by
the heat yesterday artemoon and died shortly
thereafter.
John Gallagher, a boy eleven years old, residing
at 19ft King street, was prostrated with the heat;
yesterday afternoon. ?
Kugcne Kennedy, a resident of New York, was
prostrated by the heat yesterday afternoon afc
lledenberg's stores, at the foot of Richards street.
South Brooklyn.
Morris Mannas was overcome with the heat yesterday
afternoon while seated on a *oop la Slato
street. He was taken to the hospital. ,
The Thermometer.
The following record will show the changes In th*
temperature lor the past twenty-four hours in comparison
with the corresponding day of last year, as
indicated by the thermometer at Hudnut's Pharmacy.
Herald Nulldlng:?
1871. 1872. 1871. 1872.
3 A. M 77 78 3:30 P. M 88 9*
6 A. M 73 78 6 P. M 80 8<*
9 A. M 74 82 9 P. M 78 85
12 M '87 89 12 P. M 73 ?
Average temperature for corresponding date
last year 78Ji
JEFFER80N MARKET POLICE COURT.
The prisoners at Jefferson Market yesterday ha^
a high old time waiting for a Judge to adjudicate
on their respective offences. Judge Led with,
being indisposed, could not attend, and sent
down * message to his clerk to procure
another Magistrate. It was not sued
an easy afffttr, however, to find a Magistrate.
the majority of those gentlemen being
out of town, and It was near midday wheu
Alderman Vance came Into Court and commenced
business. The returns showed the usual number of
Sunday llqnorers and brawlers, with but a very few
cases of even average Importance. Tho Eighth
precinct presented a motley array of prisoner*, ot
all colors, ages and sizes, unmberinsr In ail twentvone.
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