Newspaper Page Text
An Interview with Prince Napoleon. His Retirement on tlie Banlis of Lake Leman. What the Princc Thinks of His Banish me 3it. He Intends to Seek Justice in the Courts. His Personal Relations to Presi dent Thiers. How He Served M. Thiers Twenty Years Ago. SPECULATIONS UPON FRENCH POLITICS. The Bonapartists Do li'ot Want tlia Empire Unless Franco Wants It. The Prince and America -He Wants to See California. Geneva, Oct. 20, 1372. j The sun was passing over the hills ami throwing the long mountain shades across the clear placid surface of Lake Leman, as your correspondent found himself trundling rapidly along to the exile borne of l*rlnce Jerome Napoleon. Ilis Imperial Highness had expressed a willingness to receive a correspondent 01 the IIkiiald, and the hour fixed for the Interview was four. It was a long ride Into the Swiss country, two or three hours Irora Geneva. It was a superb autumn after noon, and Nature had poured out a wealth of color and beauty over hill and lake and valley. On the right Mont lllanc looked proudly up. Its peak glis tening through the clear October air (the sun throwing its rays mto your eyes) so near that one would deem it a morning walk, and yet sixty miles away. Lake Leman swept before us, with the grace and calmness of a virgin, modestly ebbing its way to the narrow gorges of the Rhine. The vintage was done, and the poor vines looked dreary and forlorn robbed of their hanging clus ters, and going into brownness and decay. Now and then a thin, trembling mist arose iroiu the val ley, a kind of tangled gauze or crape, that seemed to be lifted by unseen bands, to show the beauty It had been hiding. Suddenly wo would come upon a small, compact village, and as we scampered through the narrow street with the overhanging houses, the heavy portals, the dingy churches, neither sweet nor fragrant to the wayfaring sense, the gossips hurried to the door to see who made the clatter. Across the lako was France, and the day was so clear that you felt almost as ir you could reach out the hand and press Its soil. The exile sits by his hearth on a foreign Boil and sees Ills native land from his window. THE "CI.ASSlC GROUND" OK I.AK K LEM AN. The country through wlileh wc pass is cultivated to the last degree. These homes that come peer In.H out of 1 lie trees anil throw up their quaint, graceful lines from lawns uml groves and wood lands are the liuuics oi wealth and leisure. Lake Lcman is an "English lake," yon will be told. It is certainly a lake of rest and peace. We pass the home of Sir ISobert Peel, which might be in Kent, It looks so English; and high up on the hill is the palace of one of the Rothschilds, a glaring, ostenta tious, proud mansion, with a Hag floating from the j tower in token thai the Karon is at home. Further- . more remember that this is classic ground. As we j cave Geneva we pass Los helices, a country home of Voltaire, where he lived after quarrelling with Frederick; and a little on we see Ferney, I where he reigned for twenty years patriarch and king, driving to Geneva in a four-horse team, ac cording to tradition, at stated occasions, to look alter his dividends and funds. Across the lake is Diodati, where Mil ton lived when lie passed this way to Italy and saw the scenes which inspired the Ode Avenge. O Lord, Thy tlanphtcreri snlnt?. whec bones Lie scaticred ou tlii- Alpine mountains cold. And Diodati has other memories. Here Dvron lived in lsic and wrote the third canto of "Childe Harold." Hero he met Shelley, and you know all about their mootiings on the lake and sittinjr tip till dawn to rhapsodize, and how his Lordship was fond of shouting the Tyrolese songs to announce to the Sh obeys that his boat was coming. The Shelley* lived near Cohgny, and their neighbors were Madame I)e Stafil, whose family still live in tills very chateau, that looks so demure and mod est behind its screen of foliage as we whirl along. This l-i the roau ? this very road, with the high pop lars standing like sentinels in closc array, arm to arm? along which Gibbon came wooing when he made Ids unsuccessful suit to the famous daughter of the then famed Neckar. We passed the house or Kousacau, and his statue overlooked us as we set out on our journey, and the splendor of his genius rests like a bright aurora over Lake Leinan. This shelly town of Versoix, which looks like a high pretending gentleman gone into j decay, was an idea of the noted De Cholseul, who became angry with Geneva and m'-ant to destroy tier by creating a rival town. And this is all that came of It. "At Versoix we have tiie street*, but we do not have the houses." Ho Voltaire said in his mocking way. THF. KXI1.E S HOME. The town of Dijon is passed and we come to Prargins, the home of Princc Napoleon, it is quite a drive betore we reach the gate. The por ter's wife arrests us and bids us tarry at her lodge until the Priuce semis word that wc arc welcome ; and a little chip of a bare-legged girl, with hair streaming In the wind, runs scampering to the J chateau with our card. It is quite a distance, as we learn by waiting, and nudaine, the keeper, goes herself to see wtiat detains the child. In a lew moments she signals u*, and we drive along, per haps a furlong or two, beTore we come to the door of the chateau. It is a quiet, modest, unpretend ing house, the Princc having sold the grand chateau to an knglishmau. As we cuter the attendant cscorts us to an antechamber. Another moment of delay aud wc pass Into a large, roomy, comforta ble study, with a blazing fire. Before it stands the Prince, who bids us wclcomc in a lull, pleasant voice. rKINCF NAl'OIEOV. One Is startlrd as lie answers the greeting. All the world knows the figure of the great Napoleon? the large head, the tieep black eyes, the dark brown hair, thin and straggling over the brow; the arched nose, the close, almost cruel, Hps, the olive complexion and that attitude of thought or con templation which led his soldiers in later days to call him "Father Thoughtful." This historical ilgure you could draw with charcoal so that any one woulu know it, and here it stood, In life, form nnd movement, the Napoleon of history and ever lasting fame. 1 had oiten heard of the rescm blance, but never fancied it as ho striking. I'rinco Napoleon is about three or four Inches taller than the great K.mperor and somewhat fuller. He is now forty nln e, and Ids uncle closed his career at forty-six, and the lull cheeks anil double chin show the middle-aged gentleman. The Prince speaks French with a marked Southern accent, u trace of Kalian melody running through H, and in a loud, hearty fashion. At times he would speak Kngllsh, which he did freely, but whenever he became earn e -it he ran into French, In which lan'guage the in terview was mainly held, lie wus dressed In a tiding suit, and had probably been out over his es tate. lie lives here with his wife aud three vhii flren under tne name 01 tne Comt<* do Montei:r>n? ?* ?*?inck'8 mrsonal history Nitpoldoii JoAonh Chpp fici p ??ii : u or Wurtcmii'-rv vl.V i. ' the Princess itoyal Sn^^ud^tounaod' *' maJi^jeromo^ K 1'mi'c'?r ''Solved the' union' anil tne (ierm n a,ul """Pelled aim to marrv wurMioMri ? 1 . ! ai"J ,IHW- when r,,o tmjilro a, i> il l - 4 10 abrogation of the marri ;<?e was liniBf ni thc l''??ce made lieir lo the'tnrone with Fu?/Jii?&n 1H tl,e BMJWor's marriage PrluVoBM i ?/l?n . 4 1 r,nco marrfrd in w,? the and Hiater ori , P,K.?a,,Ri,Lcr (,r v,otor Kmn-anuei i?:,,8.'1 rol1,V Kin* or Spain. itv this union ho ... i 1 "ildren ? two boys (aired ten nml eiiri n ami a KM I. BIX. His visit t o France 2ft f , tSSSSF Mm """ ? ??? S'?f iliii ? WIUMus m!^innrrfif,p.',nh <,lJt ""ln'nted tup l'Mr.03 imi i UK mission, that lio liacl been chfirirod i?v Mr i ,,;!1'Uw 8:'> U,iU tlw Anioncun ^ i ^,Hi their representative journal, the Hehaid wo iii.i an a T8 Tn ' Fr? i ,r"U%V fbe ^eeTJon ii.'ii . ?l ? . I ?V' ti,ia f'arllculailj upon the iuci. den,, personal to himsolf which had e mod -<> n ml ,*?? F"1XV'1 AMI HIM AWBIfJOAN VISIT haiVioit ZlrThAti Im'^'lmtom'd^to1"^10 iR ffreaf Jo"r?nl. He said ?<? Bi* faff-wBsrv ? , Thi. Am !V 0 VVU8 anxious to know how and feuio Slf I i!iJ,i.iLi leolliig it was a great triumph' lie luadi, inquiries as to the Presidential oleer i'?n and WW ?|IV?,^'SC(J at tho nomination of Mr. ureei. -y rLJc democrats. He had never met <>11 oral i !u asked particularly about General w . i . present rank in tee army and how lie ! lii kinH rflm^l 1 Ho ,laa ???* M. ado, and Lc'aVt ! j , , An ! 1 nn,',0 <or ,lla courtesies v lieu he wAitou O Hi Jinny, l|p whs worrv fr? hnm* /?r *i. 1 ?loath of Mr. Seward, whom he kncV and ask d some questions about the late Secretary r * tliouglit Mr. Seward had shown the highest staled manship in our war. He made inquiries about Mr" tffif i\ :VU', vo,,r correspondent haviiS mo.V tioned his acquaintance with Mr. stunner and hav in* seen hlni in Paris, the Prince was anxious to made some^nqulHes ah? >ut the^'paclflrRaftad110 sse iK/saras rH ?2c venieut, and cross this road to C'aillorrila. TI,n ?,T,UK BANISHMENT Oh' THE I'KINl'K. le conversation in tluin exhausted itself on matters iuterestiUK to the Prince. your thim '?a^n? fiOHwer to the best of his ability m<* tl en, in answer to our question, spoke of hiVa'rr"? raw .fS"1' careiuliy explaining the real Prince 1 r?H?rt .UU(ler wh,tli *? intend his tuhiV , mi ? d Jh.e document alter searching ills table and opened it out before 11s under the glare of the lamp, it was a thin rajfared sheet of fWt. paper, and had been evlfb-mfy worn in ti l?/> tii !> 11 !?, J h? 1 "^D t,K' n,l!l|e of the Prench To?. .1 . " "Prince Napoleon, ol the Council ?aeral ol torslca," should be pernutied to nms without let or hindrance, and receive all the nro cm/ei?< by_fprcign governments to the citizens of trance. The formula, as to lieitriit C0lu} .?x'011' c'li|racter of nose and clun mid mouth and forehead, and those embarrassing -inil sometimes not very flattering legends which nnr ?CaUUI1 ? curl! ,ls Rovernment inscribes upon our passports, wus biuuk, uuii hi m pi y wriifon -aged to. ty.nine years.'" The rise on e pa "port ,The P'ince explained the law on tllo subject and showed that the tio^ument was irooii for a year from the time ol the last "/#?, and com tuerciore run in full le^i'l force until October, lbT.j I ?hot fc there whs no foundation lor the pretext that he was seeking to enter France with 11 ii.iu/ I Forced'11011 haa e"vpll-L'd uua Wtt(4 without legal HOW THB OOTERNMKNT ArTHORIZHD TIIK PASepOHT ' n..rhi. <. ^?rre8P?n'le,H ventured to observe that perhaps the passport might represent the act 01 il subordinate government ofticial and have been tlicumstances under which this niLHsnnpt w?n Rr?ntc<^ 8l,?w that It was with the express m swh'ioHu'. fan?c of. tl,e 8?vernment. 1 was here in Swli/.eiland when it was announced that 1 hmi TMBVi??ted. !? tll(i Council Uenerai of Corsica niv lopnl ^nl LRh ??ce> the functions being sim snoiiRib il?, At'10 po,ltical s'gnlllcance or re . y.' 1 11 was necessary that 1 should iro : to Coislca to periorm them, aud to go to corsie-i 1 i must visit France. So I applied to the French Con 1 ' i P0pneral lor a passport. 1 know him well. \v<> \ shin U n h'!'! ?9"l'nued to be on terms of friend nr.!f hu i f ? n deP"ties under the Republic ^ near each other. When I made mv , application tne Consul refused ? refused indirceriv ' I tnrew - difllcnltles In my wav. I said to him 1 ?v.TT jtMfSiW.'BSSlsJ ?? ?K?; a-TOP sru? &WB SS5 1JS iio'C,"'? '' a ,Frenchnian, should uot have mv fi J . 1 renclinian, and that I would call with ilTnli 1 ? MM sssa? he Consul General sent me my pawpor* He ha i nn^ fh^ Li fo, Pr?i?lent Thiers for instructions fhii ?? tL ^ reB'?lent had consented to the Issue of f 'lociimenf. Furthermore, vou will see on ''"'face of the passport, 'issued by the order of I 1 v. n Jtf lc rn me n t a n unusual phrase, which the I thU !nc was constrained 1 1 insert To 1 Turin ^ WUI , see are aLv,J added the three rf J? 1 Rswrss asra- dorc^?S ties made XV 111 UK d it. as can be seen ov the '? llli. BAMiUMKKr A MISADVENTlItE-A COMEDY OF KttRORS. | TH'1 conversation then turned upon the apparent I motives of the President in issuing the order of i bMttBeDl. Your correspondent observed Unit it. was of course Impossible, or ut least im 1 probable, that the President would issue such an | order whimsically or lrom a mere impulse of dis , like towards * lie llvuse of llonaparte. He then j asked the Prince whether there was any motive, political or otherwise, which led the President to exile him. Monseigiieur, in reply, described in an ' animated and amusing manner the incidents of Ills arrest, and what seemed to be the operation of the mind oi M. Thiers in commanding it. "The ^ police of Monsieur Thiers, said the Prince, "are \ not very well oigani/.ed. Of course, as soon as 1 arnved at the Iroutier at Hellegarde and ex hibited my passport, and it was seen who I was, the officer in command directed two secret officers 01 t he polit e to follow me. Well, it is a long night s j I journey from Beliegardc to Paris. You pass Uelle : garde late In the alternoon? about five, if I remem ber?and arrive at Paris at seven o'clock next > morning. 01 course, being in the Paris train, the policemen reasoned that 1 was goiug, of necessity, ' to Piir.s; so, instead of watching the train at every | station where it stopped to observe my movements, ! they quietly went tosieep. As l meant to avoid Paris, simply ana wholly because l desired to give no ; offence to M. Thiers, or throw the least obstacle In | tr.e way of peace and order, or give the least I | ground lor any sospicion that I was In any con spiracy against its authority, I had arranged to : visit my irlend M. Richaud. instead of continuing 1 to Paris and pomp by train to his house 1 had a I carriage meet und drove arross the country. 1 I arrived at MelTin, Where he lived. before dawn. ; Melon is thirty miles from Paris. The train went to Paris. My Keepers awoke fium their weary i nap, but I was not to be found. As I had neither sought tin ir companionship nor given them any 1 confidence as to my movements, of course they did not kuow at what station I had descended. So 1 the police went to their superiors in high chagrin, ; fearing censure, and with dlsturoed imaginations. From these superiors, who were naturally anslou* to avoid any suspicions of inattention or delay, the j story mere**' d in wonder und mystery until it fell upon the imagination of M. Thiers. I ha<l entered 1 France during the night. I had slipped awtn so i stealthily that t lie k^n eyes or the police i could not observe my movements. Whera was 1 going? Of course th"re was a p!ot. I was going to Satory, mosr likely, to corrupt the army ana have the Km pi re proclaimed. .^o M. Thiers issued the order of banishment in a panic. As scon as i knew the condition of his mind and I the misadventures or Ins policemen, and the Mrangc, uii.;u*t suspicions under which I rested, I I hastened to comm>iui<ute to tbc President my presence In France end mv ptirpo e in returning. I was simply the guest of an old and valued Iriend, . aeconipanied b> iny wile, and intending onlv to make a social visit and And n school for m? tioys. : Hut it was of no value. The order had been isssued. i The government could not admit, that Its slecpv policemen were In error; the journals had reached i the iact and were dismissing it, and so 1 was com pelled to leave. Yon of course know the history of j my departure.'' The Prince gave nils narrative with I animation, dwelling upon its human aspect", the misadventures of the erring policemen and the ' panic thai fell upon the government with geai . spirit, laughing with a merry, round, full, hear t} laugh, when some incideut ol an amusing charac ter came to his miud. WAS THK VISIT POLITIC At IV CHARACTER ? Your correspondent suggested that from the nar rative of His Imperial Highness u would seem that there was no deliberate political or government purpose underlying the action of M. Thiers, and I that the question arose In his mind, and would naturally be asked by the American people, whether the Prince, In resisting the commands of the President, had not given a political tone t? an Incident that came from a misadventure ? The Pi luce answered that there was no doubt in his mind that M. Thiers had acted under a panic, in spired by falsa Information and Impressions. "Hut," lie said, "what was I to do i M. Thiers put it | I out 01 my power t-o da anything link resist. If he I had said to nit.' bo i ore entennr Francs, or even ; alter my entrance, that my presence would t>e an embarrassment to lilia or un imp* dlunnt In t lio | way of u permanent and happy peace or iu the work ol freeing the territory of the foreigner, I, as a Frenchman, loving France above any govern mentor loini of government, would have said at once that I would remiln In o.xllo. IJnt ho put the alternative to tne lu the most offensive manner. 1 could only assent to It by admitting that I wan a conspirator and hud returned for purposes of conspiracy. M. Thiers did not give mi' an opportunity of freeing linn fiom any embarrassment. He made no appeal to my patriot ism or my duty as a Frenchman. Mo asked no ex planation ol my motives In returning to France. Ho know that 1 was a citizen aa much as himself? and in?re than that, an officer ohoscn by the suf frages of my constituency, just as he wiih chosen by the constituency that made hliu Deputy. Ho when, without appealing to me as a Frenchman, or giving me an opportunity lor explanation, or regret or acquiescence, lio sent a poltc ?man to hustle me over the border, 1 fell buck upon my rights as a French citizen, without regard to my name, or my rank or my family. Ii inelnoldent lias become j olltical, and has attracted universal comment, I urn not to blame. H It has given anv trouble to the government, It is lha lault of M. Thiers. 1 could not submit to an indignity from his or from any government, and 1 was compelled to resist, as I nrn now compelled to seek the courts and ti.?k if I am a citizen of Franoe. The case on my part is simply personal. Tlio politic; il value it has achieved is the work of the head ol tho French government.'' WAS TUB ItANfSHMRNT A MIMTARV ACT ? Vour correspondent then callO'l the attention of Prince Naj oleon to the point mado in m my Fans journals? that his banishment was a military and not it civil net: that the liou.-e of M. Maurice itlclinu.d, where lie was staving, was In the Depart iii o u I oi Seine-et-Oise, now under martial law, mid tint by mail lal law the commandin : olilcer aould remove at will and without, explanation any one who was not agreeable to him. "l ea," said the Prince, "1 have seen that point. Hut remember that i was not arrested by the military but by the civil authority, it, would have been a different matter had the soldiers taken me away. I don't think [hero the Prince smiled ami shook his head meaningly] thai the President would have sent soldiers on that business l No; it was a civil act, emanating irom civil authority, and carried into effect by policemen. The President cannot assign the existence of martial law as a reason for his his action, nor will lie or any of hi' subordinates advance it. No; M. Thiers must, make a purely civil defence and abide by the decision ol the civil courts. T11K CASK TO UK PHKS>lllP TO A f.KOAI. PKCIS10N. "I suppose, Monselgncur," sail your corre spondent, "that you mean to Insist upon your case being decided lu the courts." "Most certaiuly; most certainly," replied the Prince, with great emphasis. "Who will be the defendant in the case 1 Can you bring an action against a Minister, who Is at the same time a member of the Assembly and en titled to the Immunities ol that position r" The Prince replied that If the Minister of the Interior was tree from any prosecution on account of his representative oharacter, then ho would prosecute the policeman. He would take one alter another until he lound a defendant. He could certainly prosecute a Prefect of Police. Th^rc would be au obstacle to the prosecution of any subordinates, arising out ol au antiquated law of 1775, which screened them from any legi?l responsibility. This was a foolish, useless law, and the Ollivier Ministry proposed to rescind It. But war came, and with the war tho government of Gambetta, which annulled the Ollivier proposal. f?o by tills old law a prefect of Police, or any other official, could be held re sponsible in the eyes of the law lor any act, and could not plead lu bar the directions of his superi ors. "fco, iu considering this case in its civil aspect/' the Prince continued to say, "the law gives me a remedy? the remedy 1 have taken, and which 1 mean to press. Had It been a military transaction there would have been no responsi bility except on the part of the officer who gave the order. No; M. Thiers Imagines he sees phan toms of conspiracy in every shadow, and he alone must bo responsible for BO unjust and atrocious a violation of the rights or a French citizen." rOI.ITlCS IN FRANCE. The conversation then passed into a wider range of themes. I (rive you this part of the Interview with due reserve, aB mauy things would naturally be said in the lreedoni and abandon of an ti'ter- ; noon's (jonvorsatlon that would not do for publica tion Allusion was made to the rumors now so generally in circulation as to the alliance betwoen the followers of Napoleon and Henry V. Your cor respondent asked Ills Imperial Highness whether there was any truth in the rumors or such an adiancc. To this he made no direct answer, but the drift of his conversation whenever any allusion was made to the legitimists indicated a change In the mluds of the Bonapartes so far as the Bourbons were concerned. We were speaking, for instance, of the discrimination made against the Bonapartes by M. Thiers. "1 came to France a private citizen," said the Prince, "and I am ban ished. II there is no trlendship tor our house in France why care what any member of it may do ? But the Orleans Prince* are not troubled, and wlieu the Count de Chainbord returned to his cbilteau he was not moleBtcd. I think It was proper to give the Count hospitality, lie returned to France a citizen of France and was under the ! protection of Ins country's laws. Vou will see, also, that he returned as Kina, and not only visited his chateau as King, but issued a proclamation signed ?Henri.' He spoke as a King to his subjects. Now, suppose 1 were to have Issued a proclamation in the name of the Emperor, my cousin. There would then tie some ground for anger or severity. H M. Thiers meant to administer the laws to all French men alike, whether princes or simple citizens', he would make no distinction between the houses of Bourbon, Orleans and Bonaparte." THR REPUBLIC A MOCK KF.rrBI.IC. Tills led the conversation to the present condi tion of politics in France. The Prince spoke with great freedom and animation, his conversation having a conciseness and brilliancy which your correspondent despairs of rendering in satisfactory English. "The Republic," he said, "is a mock Re public. Everything is as provisional as when Gam- ! betta and .lules Favrc organized a government on the sidewalks. We have no government ? no | crystalized and respected authority. M. Thiers ! came from nothing, and ii he were to die to-morrow I be would le?ve nothing behind him but anarchy. There is order: but order comes from the conser vative, honest, patient sense of the people, who see how wild and unpatriotic all agitation must be at i this time. Now in this Interregnum? wh?n France is looking around for a government? what 1? the duty and the right of every citizen? To look j ! around, sec what Is best, discuss the good and the bad of all questions, and especially the future state of partita and politics, to see , what is beet. The world has Its lessons of experl i em e. The war may have taught us lessons, as no doubt It did. H> w shall we prolit by them J M. i Thiers has no right to think tor France or to siiy i that tUere shah be no speech which does not meet ; hi" approval. Of course, i cannot say how France would speak were there to be an absolute freedom of di-eufc ion and an expression of opinion." KKANCE BEFOHE THE KM PI HK. "Anothei plehiseitum," I said, "might be ex pected to retail the Empire. " "As u> the Empire,'' said the Prince, "of course, m.v position in life makes me a partisan and not a critic. I will not say what 1 think about that, for [ public opinion in France is too uncertain to jusnfly anyopiuionas tome future of its politics, yon were saying sometime ago that Ciuseret, of the commune By the way, was Ciuseret really a genua. in vour army?" ??Yes,'' i said; "he was appointed a brigadier s general in our army by President Lincoln, at the i urgent solicitation of Senator Sumner, and terved ! on the staff of General Fremont." TI!F. COMMl'NE NOT IMPOSSIBLE. '?now odd," said the Prince. "1 knew he had i served in an army, but did not knew you had made htm leaiiy a general. But ciuseret, as you were saying, intends to return with the Commune to Taris iu two years. >ow that event is just as probable as any other. Just as probable," said the Prince, slowly, us if thinking. "I would not be sur prised it It tilriK d out to be more probable than many events even so impatiently expected. As to the Empire, we w ho beiie ve In It ami in the man and the MStcra upon which the Empire is founded, regard France as above all lo'mso; government, it France wants the Kuiplrc under that house which first made if the nin^t piorious nation in the world i and the most wealthy, contented and prosperous, then let u have the Empire. But it not then let it be a ri publh in whatever is wanted* We have no nffertiou lor the Empire that does not hc'.ong to France. V e believe the Empire to be France, but we ate l'>r Frame above an loans ? of government. Nothing Is clearer in the history o: on house than th.it. The Bonapartist* do not oppose a republic. Their house came from a republic, but they want a republic that France Wiints. ffcc do not complain of M. Thiers as Presi dent. nor shaii we complain ot any other citizen In the same station. We ate not *atlsfitd with the system." i t! k HKrrsnr not establish ei>. i "Po you think. Monsetgncnr." said your corre spondent, "that the Republic may be looked upon as established "1 see nothing," wn* the prompt reply, "to lead me to think ?o. I see lion a republic is possible in your country, and how it is becoming h gre?t Power. I see. also, how? sheltered uuder their .mountains and it* political integrity necessary to the Powers oi Km ope? a republic can exist here In Switzerland. Th re ate conditions oi society, ens i torn?, traditions and so < n, in Switzerland and the ! Fnlted States which do not exe-t i? France. Their absence makefl nie donbt as to the possibility of a republic. But this is my opinion, which I give with the utmost reserve, as the sufi.net is one npon which any man may make an opinion utterly a h melius. l do not believe in this Republic. It may come, but only In one way? by fTee, generous, universal discussion. When it comes 1 and all my house arid ml who believe In the name of Ifspoieoi, w.il accept and defend it. For, a? l have said, the tlrst principle of our house is? all for France, and France above any mere form Of government ! France Is France, and she will make any govern men t serve her glory. But II a republic were more sure than even the republicans expect the course oi M. Thiers in this personal inci dent would go tar towards destroying It. How can th< re be any respect tor a government or any respect for an authority which claims to tie a Republic and at the same time makes the most arbitrary exer cise of power ? One circumstance like that, making a scandal throughout the world and showing a , timidity and waul of sagacity on the part of the President, will do the Republic more harm than | aiiv event you o.tn imagine. It shows weakness, I a hi weaknea* no one respects. It dhows a want of sympathy with the essence of republican doctrines. This Itepublic litud boen bitten by an carl/ aud un timely Irost." uunr TUB PltlNOB HEOAM.BD THIERS FROM BAMBH MKNT. j "it Is not possible," said your correspondent, re 'err ear again to the circumstances or tue ar rests, 't iat w. Thiers could have had any personal motive in putting upon your Highness the indig uity ol banishment." "Oh, not at all." was the response. "I knew M. Thiers very well. Cur re lations had always been very pleasant. Our houae w.ih not Insensible to what it owed him? for the Justice he had done t? the Kmperor in hia history. Then It was Thiers who negotiated the return of the remains of tho Kmperor from St. Helena, lie was then Minlstor ol l.ouls Philippe, ami to make the return more conspicuous and noticcd 1'rinoe Joinville was placed in command of the expe dition. So it naturally happened that txxween Thiers and my father and nnseli there were always the best relations. When my cousin effected the coup dh'tat 'i hlers was arrested and banished. Ilia banishment affected him acntcly, as ne had even more than a Frenchman's love 'or France. He had not l>eeu absent two days before he wrote to me to endeavor to have his sentence cancelled. I spoke to my lather about it, and we both agreed that ttacio was every reason? rea sons or gratitude alone, not to speak of jus tice and policy? why a man who had done so much lor the memory of Na: oleon and who had held wo high a station in France should bo allowed to reiiuiiE hore. My father was most earnest in tho matter, and when he spoke to iny cousin, tho Kmperor, he at onee assented, taking tho same views. M. Thiers was full of expressions ol grati tude. Our relations continued Irleudly. No politi cal differences under the Kmplre were permitted to Interrupt them. lie came frequently to tne i'aUis Royal, and so far as I know tne leeling continues, so, likewise, with the Minister of the interim' . Wo wero always on the most lriendly terms." LOWS III. AND AND UAUHKTTA. "I take it," said your correspondent, "that in France, as in all countries, political differences did not necessarily mean personal dnierences." "Not at all," said tue Princo. "1 know Louis Hlano very well, for Instance, rtnd hold him in high respect and nonor. Louis Ulatto Is a dreamer, and has political fancies which do not seem possible ol reali sation, but he is a wot thy Frenchman, and lias great power." "Do you know Gambetta?" '?J don't know M. Gambetta. I have Been hlni." "Do you regard M. Gambetta as the successor of M. Thiers under a republic r" was my uiiestlou. "Oh, not at all," said the Prince. "1 cannot see how, under any circumstances or under the reign of any king or of an> party, M. Gambetta can rule France. He does not seem to be made of material to wear. Ills strength Is not the strength that leads to the executive power, Hut 1 don't know lilm aud may do him injustice. 1 sneak slmpiy of the impressions his c areer makes upon me." "llow could a republic be possible, under the circumstances now existing, and the radicals com ing more aud more Into power, without Gambetta or some of his irieuds ruling it r" 1 ventured to ask the Princo. RKVOl.trriONISTS AND RKPITBMOANS. "You must remember," was the reply, "In ex aming French politics, to make a distinction be tween a republic and a revolution. Men like Louis Hlano are republicans. 1 see Gambetta and his friends as simply revolutionists. The one would like to build up a new system of govern ment. It may be an impossible task, but they mean to try to do it. The others want to tear down. Now i.o government can exist under the care of revolutionists. In times of revolution bad men? adventurers, those who have no care or pur pose but their own coiuiort, ambition or advance ment?arc as apt to gain the mastery as the wise and good. 1 do not see how the party of Gambetta can be anything more than a revolutionary pa. ty , aud no leader of a mere revolution can expect to rulo Franco." THIERS FOB HIMSELF AI.ONK. "Is It not possible tliut M. ihlurs may ask the Oi leanists back v" "M. Thiers," said the Prince with emphasis, as lie stood in tront of the tire, "is neither lor tlie ur leanists nor the legitimists. lie Is lor himself? for himself solely and wholly." THE COLUMN VENDOME. "I see, by the way, that Prince Joinville proposes to place a statue of u simpie private soldier on the top of the newly erccted C'olumu VendOme in place of the Emperor." "Yes: what an idea!" said the Prince, laughing. "The Oomtnunlsts meant something when they pulled It down. They were logical lroin their prem ises of reasoning, lint tills suggestion is absurd. The column tells the story of the ICmperor's German victories, u nd it cannot be made to tell anything else, no matter what you may put on the summit." SPAIN AND AI.SACE. The conversation here passed into other regions. The Prince gathered that your coirespondent had visited .Spain, and had been on a tour through Al sace and Lorraine, lie asked some questions about Spain, but said nothing about the politics of that country. He inquired what the feeling of the United States was towards Cuba, but gave no opinion on the subject. He felt a deep Interest in Alsace and Lorraine, and asked many questions as to the real extent und nature of the emigration. Germany, he thought, had made a grave error in demanding any territory from Prance? an error that no one saw more clearly than the Germans themselves, only their pride would permit of no receding. 'BON VOYAQK I" The evening had fallen lute, and your corre spondent, alter thanking the Prince for his courtesy and patience, rose to go. The Prince came with hlui to the door, and said notning gave him more pleasure than to meet an American, that he held the country lu high honor and had the most pleas ant remembrances of it, and begging your cor respondent to come and see him at any time when he could serve him, shook lam warmly by the hand and gave him a cheery bon voyage, that rang pleas antly out in the mild Autumn evcuing air. THE INSURANCE EXCITEMENT. The Market Forccd Into Lilqatdatton? They Will Reinsure Their Rlsltn in the Exchange?Pi-opoaed Increase of Rate* on Mansard llnofs fr?. iu OOc. to 91 '-40 Per Hundred. The insurance Interest was somewhat excited yesterday over what was believed to be the critical condition of two or three companies whose losses at Boston impaired their surplus capital, and whose stockholders seem to hesitate about sup i porting the directors in their determination to make up any deficiencies. Among these companies m the Mtirket. whose able and energetic President did not abandon hope until yesterday I afternoon. A two hours" session of the directors . and stockholders was held, aud the discussion i showed that the directors, including ex-Mayor , Kalbfleiscb, who is a large stockholder, were willing to pay their proportion oi t lie seventy-five per cent a*S' s-inent required to cany the com ; pany through, but some of the stockholders showed | an indisposition to stuud the assessment, and, consequently, Mr. Taylor and his directors were forced, much against their wishes, to the alternative of liquidation. The meeting resolved, In view of this condition of things, ' to rt insure their risks In the Exchange Insur ance Company, who assume them after yesterday and wind np the company. All policy-holders who desire to have their policies cancelled can have i the premium refunded to them pro rata. The ofll i ceis report that tiley will be able to pay all losses i and have probably twenty-live or thirty per cent ; left to divide among the stockholders. As they ! are perfectly solvent no receiver will be callcd In, < and the affairs will be wound up by the present officers. This action on the part Of the Market ' bad a depressing effect upon Insurance men. all of whom speak in me highest terms of Mr. Taylor, the President , who lias devoted many years to a business that is crippled bj this last great catas trophe. The impression gains strength in Insurance clr ; clcs tl.at othei companies will have the same expe rience as the Market. Several which are in tempo rary embarrassment have so tar been onable to Indue.' the directors to come to time. The Secre tary ol the torn Exchange, which beiorc the lire had bin a Hinali surplus, reports that the directors i hinc re.-oh ed upon an assessment, anil they hope to be succcsstui in securing about $oo,oou to in crease i heir assets. i The question of Mansard toofs still excites nn rterwriierstoagre.it ext' nt. The committee on Hates of the Hoard ot I'ndt rwrlters have reported to the Executive Committee a new schedule oi rates which, to use the language of Mr. Miller, of the ! committee, it adopted "will make it to the interest ; of owners 'J frame Mansards to remove them en i tirely." The ol?l r-?to was ten cents per hundred ; dollars for Mansard r< of bntldlngs. and fifty cents audt'iUDal if they were of frame, which were biassed second rfltC. Jl Is understood that the rates rec ommended are double the old rates, or about $1 f or fioo on all frame Mansards of a certain height. I this schedule b? adopted owners of Mansards i will lind that the insurance premium will make a Urge hole in their receipts for rent, and the suine rate of increase enters into the I eoutents of such buildings. Alter the reception of the report of the Committee on Rates yesterday the Executive committee held a meet ing and passed resolutions In favor of the Increase o! fifty per cent in insurance rates for Mansacds of name and lilt) per cent on the contents. The rates on first cla?s Mansards, it is believed, will be fixed at oue per cent lor building and one per cent lor i contents. The importance oi the proposed increase will be seen when It is recollected that a building valued at floo.o>Mj, with a frame Mansard, will cost $1,.*h) per year to Insure, and one with a fireproof Mansard 91,tiOO per year. It is generally believed , that In the meeting oi t lie underwriters on Wednes day next the proposed Increase will meet with | much opposition on the part of some members, aud : may i?e defeated. There were no further suspensions reported yes I ten) ay. The question of a receiver lor t lie Interna ! tlonal has been finally settled. Mr. Oamerden, ap pointed by Judge Piatt, Of Brooklyn, on the appli cation oi 11. M. Ilixby, has been discharged, and the appointment ol Mr. Niude by Judge Faucher, of this city, confirmed. The directors of the Merchant*', of Providence, held a meeting on Thursday and nunc good the deficit caused by their Boston losses. TUcy will coalluuc business as usual* SALAMANDER EDIFICES. Can Fireproof Buildings Be Constructed ? Suggestions for Their Erectiou? Wliat the Men of Scieaoe Say. Have we a building sufficiently strong to with stand the action of extended conflagration r is the question that Is now most frequently asked by prop erty owners aud business men. The gri-at mer cantile stores of Chicago and Boston, which were formerly supposed to be Invulnerable, crumbled to the ground when exposed to the test of danger, and the public were not more astonished at the speedy destruction of the edifices than the archi tects who designed ttocm. Tue only two buildings In the burut district ol Chicago of which a particle was lert standing wore the Post OOlce and the Tritium oflloe, and oven these were bo badly damaged as to be rendored almost complete ly useless. Thoy were built of iron, constructed In accordance with the latest fireproof theories, and yet they could not withstand the action of powerful and prolonged flames. The Are in Boston originated In a fireproof building, was fed by fire proof bulldiiigs and only stopped when it had reached the old brick houses of which Boston is justly proud. It is evident that OUR ARCUITtCCl-S have not yet hit upon tho proper design on which to model and the proper materials srith which to construct their buildings, aud the question natar- | ally suggests Itself, have they been wandering In the dark for so many years ? and, if so, c&n a build be erected iu which property will bo secure aud life safe ? The citizens of New York may well be proud of the numerous tasteful, commodious and magnifi cent edifices which the enterprise of the past few years has erected. Our city is rapidly becoming Important in luflnence, science and art, and in architectural etreots is vying with the olden centres ol wealth and fashion in Europe. It is an all important question, and one that comes forcibly home to every resident on Manhattan Island, how can these buildings be preserved from the destruc tion which has overtaken others equally beautiful in the sister cities, one of which is just recovering from her disaster aud K1SINU FROM flF.R A3HBS, while the other is mourning in the midst of her 1 ruins? The alarming increase or great conflagra tions both In tills country and in Kurope is excit ing the attention of m?*n of science, and they all agree that the only way to prevent them is to erect buildings which will render it utterly impossible for extensive fires to occur. The schemes wliich have been advanced for the erection of these build ings are very numerous; but the one which seems to meet with most favor from the builders is that brick should be mainly used in the construction of walls. Hitter experience has now proved that I tie vaunted iron pillars aud marble walla, however or namental, beautUul and apparently indestructible, do not fulfil the anticipations of their architects, and they must be abandoned for something that will belter stand the test. An experienced buililer, speaking of the retail store of A. T. Htewart ft Co., which Is generally re garded as one of the strongest buildings in the city, stated that In his opinion the store would ... - burn ve Likk tin uk K In the event of a fire occurring similar to those of Chicago and Boston. The reason ho adduoed was that the iron tubes which constitute the walls are too hollow, aud when sufficiently heated would only serve as Ore conductors and would eventually destroy more than they would save. The same can be said of numerous other store edifices which adorn Broadway. They are pleasing to the eye, and the owners natter themselves they are se cure against, conflagration; but let the trial of fire come and this delusion will be scattered to the winds, it is a matter ot surprise that so many buildings of a non-lire proof character should be yearly erected in our midst. If greater carc was exercised iu the choice ot materials and a little more money spent there would be less necessity for insurance offices ami fewer causes for financial panic. "THK BUJ.IHNU OF Til K FUTURE : what in your opinion should U consist of?" was the question propounded a day or two ugo to a practical builder. "In my opinion," lie said, "tha outer walls should l?e of brick: we have no material which can be properly called fireproof but brick; tint It In an oven aud it won't burn; it will last longer than stone and iron, and can be constructed Into a ilriner wall. In the inside of the buildings I would make the party walls at least Tour Inches thicker. The great mistake made In ftoston was the thinness of their walls. No law required architects to make them more than eight inches thick, and the consequence was that the lire, which might have been withstood had they been strong enough, spread with ease. They should be so built, that ALL SOl'ND SHOULD BE DEADENED, so that when they would be struck they would give back no echo. The ceilings of houses should be also deadened. I have known instances of tires in which the flames failed to penetrate to the second floor solely on account of the deaden ing ol the ceilings. Then I would iurnish all the windows with iron shutters, which would, in my opiuion, be the greatest preventive against lire | that could be desired. Take, for Instance, a street like Church street: it is narrow and covered with ! spacious stores, in which immense quantities i oi combustible materials are kept. Few, if any, : of these stores are provided with Iron shutters, ami in the event ol a great conflagration the flames j would penetrate from window to window and I building to building anil engulf the whole street I almost simultaneously. I would, of all things, have iron abutters erected there, and that right ! soon, if we are not to have a repetition of Chicago | and lloslon. In the last place, in erecting a tire proof building, 1 would pay particular attention to the rool. If we are to have ft Mansard at all, of which 1 question the utility, 1 would construct it alter the French models, of materials which would : not catch lire, and abolish the ornamental wood work, which at the present time constitutes the ; main features of those roofs. With build 1 ings like what I have just sketched, ; walls of brick, party wall# of suftlcient , sti'engi h. ceilings deadened, iron shutters on all I the windows and a fireproof roof, It would be I utterly impossible, in my opinion, for an extended ] conflagration to occur." It would not, or course, he practicable to meet all these lequirciuents in the ERECTION OF DWELLING IIOUPES, but much could be done in the way of rendering mem much securer if the proper means were used. In the lower parts of the city, where are the abodes of poverty, and upon the centres of commerce, a sweeping reforma tion Is absolutely necessary to Insure the safety of both. The tenement" houses, which are the standing disgrace of the city, mnst be entirely rooted out or else constructed upon safer models before the city -can be pronounced sal?. As stated before, it would be impracticable to make these structures flreproot : but something could be done to have better fire-escapes, stronger walls aud less , overcrowding. j It is evident from the war that is being waged that the Mansard is doomed, at least in some o: its forms. Our merchants are seriously alarmed at tue late oi lio-ton aud Chicago. Another such dis aster and the insurance companies will be swamped and the business interests of the country severely impaired. The parties interested are beginning ro realize this fact, and it they do not sit down In i,?n cied security when the present excitement has passed an ay a thorough overhauling of our build ings may be expected and a great calamity ren ! dered impossible, ? Our precautions against fire are also sought to be Improved toy the Fire Department since the calam ity of boston, as may appear on reading the follow ing letter, which was sent yesterday to Commis sioner Van Nort by President llltchuian:? IlKAIHJl'AHTERS FfHE DEPARTMENT, 1 JS'kw Yo:ik, Nov. 16, 18T2. I lion. flROROK M. Van S'ORT, Commissioner of Tub lie Works:? Dkar sm? Have you any maps in the Depart ment o! Public Works showing the streets through i which the Crotou mains pipes are laid, the supply , pipes diverging therefrom and the stop-cocks or shut-ofTS connected therewith T It so, can this department be fnrnlshed with a copy or copies of such maps with a view of having them lithographed and placed in the various engine and hook and ladder company quarters? Further, cannot an arrangement be made between this department and that under your direction by 1 which the supply of water can be diverted, j so as to give an additional quantity in a given direction In case ol need at extensive I conflagrations or such fires as threaten serious eon I sequences, by temporarily cutting ofT the supply I from oilier portions of the city removed from ilan ] ger? Again, cannot the number of hydrants be I diseased and this department kept advised as to , the location of all new hydrants? ; An early replv will oblige yours truly. WILLIAM HITCH MAN, President. FIRE AND WATER. The A<|iirou* Snppllea of Great. Cities and How Beat They Can be Cited In Cases of Great Conflagrations? Proper and Improper Building Materials? Dls cusaion at a Meeting of the Polytechnic Association Last Evening. The members of the polytechnic Association held a meeting last evening at the Cooler I'nioii, pommontin* at half-pn*t seven o'clock. T!i? I*resldent, 8. D. Tillman, occnpicd the chatr. 'iHia lecture room w.j? crowded, prluot paily by the old cut members of the organisation. Tiie moat entertaining part ol the evening's business was a brief, commonplace but interesting lecture bjr Mr. William McVlploe, clTil (late tuate) engineer, who has receutly re ceived authorization to prove tl?c sources of the Danube. Ills lecture was on the sources of w liter and IN powerful agenc\ when i.roncri* used over the oppusl e element? i.re. The souroes ol water he attributed to ovapoivion and the uou densation of the atmosphere. He men want on to show bow ueccbuury it wad lor c^ery large city to have A SITPKR 4BUMD ANT flirPPl.Y OK WATuR, and particularly large cities like Now York. n? gave a plan of the manner in which he thought largo water pipes could lie most feasibly and proiit abiy constructed tor the benefit ol the city, so as to be aide to render requisite assistance in case of tiie breaking out of a tire like that which lately occurred iu P.oston. lie would have engines llxed along the North and East Hi vers, of three or four hundred horse power, which, in case of emergency, wouid bo able to send salt water through the t'resli wat' r pipes in oertain districts 01 the city, lie advoc:it od the consuue tlon ol water pipes of twice the present size, and showed how the combined power of both the Ure and water engines would eUectually put au cud to uny conilagrution. l?r. Adolph otr read a paper explaining TI1H OOUI'OSITIO.N op limb, sani> and uiiamt* 8T0NMH, ami recommended for iiroproof buildings brick in preference to either. A mil discussion of the causes of the Hoston and Chicago flics was then entered into, in which many of liio mom burs took a part. The meeting was adjourned at ton o'clock 1'. M. RELIEF FOE THE HUB. Meeting of the Committee of the t'li#m? ber of Commerce, The committee appointed at the meeting held in the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce to take measures for the relief of the sufferers by tho non ton lire met yesterday. There were present VWm. E. Dodge, Chairman ; Samuel D. liabcoek, Horace 11. Clatlln, S. H. Chittenden, Wm. H. Gulon, Fred erick S. Winston, Jacob Wendell and J. Pier pout Morgan. The Chairman read the following resolu tion, adopted at a meeting hold in Boston on the i4t.li inst. Resolved, That the committee In behalf if the citizen* of Huston return. aunt sincere thank* to their leilow citi zens in all parts ol the Union tor tho warm expression, of sympathy which ttiev have tendered at this time of ca lamity, and lor the friendly offer* of pecuniary ai I which ttiev have made, ami that these trie nil ly oilurs be and they are hereby gratefully accepted. Whereupon it was unanimously Resolved, That tho secretaries be directed to prepara subscription hooks tor Immediate circulation, for the pur pose ot raising a fund for the bene tit of needy sufferer# by tho fire in Boston. Resolved, That Mr. J. I'iorpont Morgan. S3 Kxohan*? place, be appointed Treasurer of the committee. SALT WATER AND FIRE. Suggestion* from Commodore Levy. To the Editor op tub LIkkald:? The city of New York la surrounded with an in exhaustible Supply of water; why shoull it not bo pi ovided Willi a sufficient quantity to meet any emergency that may occnr at almost any moment? are a thought and questiou asked by property hold ers, who are ready to pay for it at a legitimate cost. Tills Is not tlie first time that I have brought this important subject before our City Fathers. I did so as early as 1835, after the great fire at that date. I hare since done so on several occasions; but I am sorry to say our City Fathers would^ not heed my advlcc. It is to ho hoped' that now, after the last conflagrations, ^ ? "?.? '?"*? ?? ?? & ,'v ,r some action will be taken by tnem. Should they not do so a petition will be made to the coming Legislature to obtain a charter, by our citizens, to buikl the required resorvoirB for the city and lay the mains and pipes and plugs in the streets, and to tax the property holders, each one, (5 per year for every twenty-five feet front of their property, so that the company can pay seven per cent interest on their loan and pay all their em ploye's rents, Ac., and keep their works in order. The surplus that may be over shall go into a sinking fund, after making a dividend, to be agreed on, to the stockholders. The remaining sum shall be appropriated towards paying off our city debt. To make this a perfect success, there should be two reservoirs built, one on the East and the other on the North River, on the most elevated land, to be purchased at a lair valuation by a committee to be apjiointed from among our most respectable citizens residing in this city, to prevent any exorbitant prices being paid and to prevent lruud. The reservoirs to be supplied by powerful steam engines, the main and all other pipes to be of extra thickness and made of iron. These pipes should all be coated on the inside a Spanish composition of lime and tallow, Ac., which would prevent their rust in the inside and outside and last for ages. The fire plugs should each have Irom four to six outlets or attachments for the hose, with a main pipe of six to eight inches in diameter. Then any fire plug would supply an engine, without using her suction, thereby saving one-halt of the steam engine's power and giving her one-half more force to operate on her stream, which is now loat to her by using her auction. During the time re quired to build the reservoirs temporary force pumps, worked by steam, can be erected at differ ent points on our rivers, the small pipes can be laid for immediate use from these pumps on lines cast and west oithe city, and when the main plpea are laid they can all be used, so that there will be no loss to the city or company. With this supply of salt water our city can he kept perfectly clean and healthy, all our stables and vehicles can oe cleansed with salt water and all water closets can be supplied with it, thereby economizing our lresh water to such a degree that a sultlcient supply ran be had In all o! our house*, so that many of them which now only have it up to the second floor would have it higher up. Many persons think and argue that the city of New Vork has an inexhaustl- ' ble supply of fresh water sufficient lor all purposes and demands. This is a mistake. It may be suf ficient for a few years vet, but when our suburban county of Westchester becomes more accesible by quick transit then the population will increase,, manufactories win spring up and the streams that now supply New Vork city will bo consumed and the want or fresh weter wjjl ue alarmingly felt, jt Uau-Aii .i?5t u.at ~h::S translf comes into operation New Yorkers who now have to live on the low lands ol New Jersey and Long Island will fly to the health/ and rich soil of Wcstcliester county, the flower of our State, where malaria and mosquitoes are not known, and the rich milk and honey flows. New York is now in its infancy; the city is about twelve miles long; in twenty-five years it will bo J double that distance and al>out three millions of | population, and, with the will of the Almighty, will } be one of the finest cities in the world. Now, fel low citizens, let lis put our shoulders to the wheel: let us incite our City Fathers to do their duty and supply our city with an abundance of saltwater, which our Heavenly Father has provided us with, to protect our homes and firesides, and from that all-devouring element fire? that, good servant but a bad master. To work ! Time once lost never re turns. J. P. LEVY. Frnli Water and Fire. To the Editob of the Hbbald:? What do yon think of the following plan of put ting out fires in New York city? Build three or ' four towers, at convenient distances, along the backbone of Manhattan Island, high enough and of capacity enough to contain a large supply of water; then let there be a main pipe strong ! enough to withstand the pressure of water from' the towers laid the whole length of the island; let there be pumping engines con nected with the mo-t northern tower, and pipes laid far enough up the Ilulson River to avoid old Father Neptune. We should then have fresh war->r without using the Croton. Let there tie (say at every other block) a hydrant and sufficient hose kept to supply that section ol tlie city- I'y t 'us means no engines or horses ! woulii be leiiliii ed, but when an :ilurm was souuded the firemen only would have to answer the call. But, sir, besides putting out llres this system would supply public fountains aiul could be used for sprinkling the streets In the Summer season bj attaching sprinkleis to the nozzles of the hose. With all these advantages this system would pay for itself in time. Don't you think so, Mr. Editor f LOSSES BY THE BOSTON FIRE. The Boston Advertiser enumerates among the heaviest losers in real estate by the late conila- j grallon the following:? Sears estate, upward | of $.">00,000; II. H. Hunnewell (for self and j as trustee), over $:wo,00o; Messrs. Faxan J Brothers, in the vicinity of $250, ooo, and the ? Sinunons estate in the vicinity of laco.ooo. The ' valuation of the splendid block on I'earl street, . numbered from 68 to 85, owned by E. Brooks, was $205,000, but it cannot be replaced for any such j money. Harvard College is a loser to the amount ? of about $150,000, and $150,000 will not make the loss ? of Mr. William B. Spooner good. Mr. William F. ? Weld's loss will reach upwards of $150, oou; Mr. ? .lames M. Beebe's, $175,ooo; Daniel Denny's heirs, ? $1:10,01)0; T. B. Lawronee's heirs, $120, ooo ; Mary ? and Ann Wiggles worth, $80,0i>0; Edward Wurgles- ? Worth, $175,000; E. B. Phillips, $225, ooo; Nathan ? Mathews, $96, ooo; Jacob sleeper, $H5,ooo; Luther ? Park's heirs, $68, ooo; Charles <>. Rogers' heirs, ? $80,000; Stephen l)o?r, $?3,000; Axel Dearborn. ? $55,000 ; William Uray, $100,000; Liberty Square ? Warehouse Corporation, $95,ooo; Lovl L. Tower, H $oo,<hmi; Gardner Brewer, $75,ooo; Torrey estate. H $6o,o00 ; L. M. Stamlisii, $50,000; Edward Crufts H heirs, $80,000; James II. Ucal, $40,000; Wright .% ? Whitman, i?ho,ooo; Charles Merriam's heirs, $75,000; ?? William sjohier and L. SaltonsUU, trustees, #115, 00* ??