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The New York herald. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1840-1920, April 24, 1873, Image 7

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THE CROPS.
Good Prospects in the South
and Southwest
EXTENDED AREA OF THE COTTON PLANT.
Large Additions to the Number of Wheat
and Corn Fields.
The South Resuming Its Former
Position.
Intelligence from portions of the South and South
west represents the growing crops in those sec
tions to be in an almost nnprecedcntedly prosper
ous and promising condition. In all the Southern
States the area of land under cultivation Is much
larger this year than at any time since the war,
aad If no material drawback Intervenes before the
harvest months to check the growth of the crops
I the productions of the South this year will be fully
f equal to any previous season.
The coming planting of cotton will be more ex
tensive than in former seasons, and some of the
Southern papers venture to predict that next Pall
aad Winter, notwithstanding the plentiful supply
of labor, thero wilt be more cotton raised than can
be conveniently taken from the fields. The Mont
gomery (Ala.) Advertiser says It will bo the
most valuable crop ever raised In the United States.
The money paid for It in its raw state will not fall
lar short of $330,000,000. Of tlua sum about
" $36,000,000 will go to llrst speculators and first pur*
chasers, leaving $295,000,000 to the producers.
Large additions have also been made to the
number of wheat and corn fields, and the prospect
at present is that the aggregate of those cereals
will be largely in excess of the productions of for
mer years.
We give below all the extracts we have been able
to gather from our exchanges:?
^ GirORGtA.
A recent trip to the interior enables us, says the
editor of a Savannah jonrnal, to speak with some
certainty as to the preseut prospects of a crop in
Georgia. Prom the Savannah to the Chattahooche
the traveller never gets beyond or abovo the pun
gent aroma of guano. The cars seem impregnated
with the stuff. At every station there is a strong
reiniorcement of scent irom piles of sacks of com
mercial fertilizers of every grade aud brand and
from the fields by the wayside the breezes come
laden with the odor oi decomposed fish.
In tact the demand for these aids to the farmer
has been in excess of the supply. How farme rs,
already embarrassed, have been enabled to make
arrangements to gut them is a mystery we shall
not stop to solve. Suffice It to say they have been
furnished to the tarmers liberally, and the farmers
have used them without stint.
A dry March was very favoraple to the prepara*
tioo of lands, particularly bottom lands. The re
sult is, that farmers are nearer up with their work
and have their farms in better condition than at
the same time In any season since the war. This
careful and thorough preparation must tell upon
the coming crop.
Though the season has been by no means a for*
ward one the stands of corn are remarkably good.
The hard Winter killed out the oats sowed in the
Fall, but those sowed during the Spring loek
promising.
The fruit crop has not suffered materially.
There was a frost in a large portion of the cotton
belt oi the State on Wednesday morning, but it
^ did no perceptible damage.
Farmers appear to be in good spirits. Laborcs
seem to be working well, and the crop season of
1873 may be said to have been started under most
favorable auspices.
The Cartersville Standard and Express says:?
We have not travelled over the country much since
the close of the Wiuter, but from what we hare
seen we think that the present wheat crop is the
most unpromising of any that we have noticcd lor
years. In this section a much smaller urea than
usual has been sown, and much of it has been
washed away by the ruins or killed by the frost.
During a recent visit to Cherokee county we
noticed mere patches of wheat where once we saw
large fields. The people all over the country are
forced to give nearly all their attention to cotton.
The wheat crop is so uncertain thai they cannot
afford to depend on it; ana tiiere is a large unount
of corn on hand, lor wluch there is no mnikotat
prices which would cover Uic cost oi production
and transportation. Cotton is the thing lor us at
present.
The Dalton Citizen says:? We made a short run
np the state road a lew days ago, and were glad
to find the wheat fields along the line of the road
looking very green, giving promise of a much bet*
ter yield than was anticipated a few weeks ago.
The delightful weather lor tue past few days has, we
understand, made a favorable Impression on all j
the wheat fields oi this and adjoining counties. j
The Macon Enterprise says:? our letters and per- i
Bonal Interviews irom people in the country all
agree tn stuiiug that never were crops ot all kinds
more flattcrtugut r tils season of the year than now
In Middle and southwestern Georgia. Providence
has not scut us u cold Winter for nothing, and so
? surely as night will follow the day will a good crop
Sear follow a severe Winter. Througnoul the
lack belt or Georgia every seed of cotton, thev tell
as, has come up and is now above ground, promis
ing to give the laborer a rew ard ter Ins hire.
Talbot county crops arc In advance of last year.
The standard sa>s guanos are being lavishly used,
and a larger area than was supposed has been
planted iu corn. The average wheat crop or the
county is Inferior, tuviug been very much damaged
by the late se vere Winter.
The Port Valley Mirror has never seen such ac
tivity among the farmers as Is shown this season.
Lands have been prepared with nnusual care and
everything agricultural is being pushed to its ut
most tension.
In a great portion of Georgia the farmers who
raise corn have finished planting.
VIRGINIA.
The Staunton vindicator says The fine weather"
has given the wheat a start enough, and it is grow
ing rapidly. Prom the Lower Valley we hear as
good accounts as we get around this vicinity, in
some portions or the country the wheat was frozen
by the terrible weather of March, but the crop will
be above tho average.
Hie Piedmont Virginian, published at Orange
Ooart House, says:? Notwithstanding a good deal
of the wheat in this section was Wiled by the past
severe Winter, what IB now standing has im
proved very much in the last ten days, having a
green and healthy look, and may yet make a lair I
crop.
The Warren sentinel says:? The wheat In our
aection, under the genial April sky, is growing
rapidly. We do not think the severity ot the past
Winter has damaged it as much as was at first sup
posed.
ALABAMA.
The Union Springs Herald, oi April 0, says: ?
Corn has come up beautifully, stands have seldom
been better. So mo planters tell us they will have
no replanUng whatever to do.
The Livingston Journal, or tr??? 11th. says:? A
week ago a youug planter boasted to us of tils fine
?tands of corn and cotton. The prospect is fair for
a bountiful rrult crop.
The Greensboro' iieaeon , of April 12, says:? The
reports from our agricultural friends tins week as
to the forwardness ?r agricultural work, are quite
favorable, south of this corn is up ami growing
off finely. Cotton, especially that planted the last
week ol March, has also come up well, and is grow
ing off. North of this cettoa planting has not yet
been finished.
We learn from the Haynevtlle Examiner of the
Uth Inst, that the crops look well, and the planters
are up with the season. Cotton is coming up
rapidly, though many have not finished planting.
Fears or frost still exist, and from the tact that
there is a scarcity of cottou seed some arc appre
hensive ol disaster from that source.
mssiasi pi-i.
The Starkville New Era or April 12 savs:? We
bad a very cold disagreeable rain oa Tuesday even
ing, but we had no trost, aud hear of no damage
being done to either fruit or vegetables.
,A letter irom Corinth, under date of April 18,
nays:? The fruit Is all light here up to this time,
ana the crops, though backward, snow much of
promise. Many of our farmers are right, in the
?midst or cotton planting, though there is some cot
ton np almost high enough to scrape.
Of the crops in Carroll parish the Providence Re
pufMcan says:? We can safely say the cotton crop
Is tally ten days in advance of the crop of last year.
Already a large area oi t he plant is above ground
and looking well, with the soil tn a good cultivated
condition. Tnero does not appear to be auy in
creased acreage In cotton this year, but the pre
paration of the land has evidently received more
attention.
Ths corn plant throughout the parish Is more ex
tended this year, and there will be a considerable
Increase in the yield if the season is favorable.
This is a move iu the right direction looking to our
substantial prosperity, and a more practical way
of getting along.
TKXAS.
The San Antonio Herald learns that the freeze on
Tuesday, March 3b, completely ruined wheat, corn,
Ac., between that city and Fredericksburg. The
crops on the Medina and Clbolo also Buffered
severely. In the city the gardens and the grapes
were badly damaged, but It Is thought the fruit
crop was too far advanced to be Injured very much.
The grasshoppers have taken possession of the
fields In the western part of Texas.
A Hempstead despatch to the Galveston News, of
the :46th of March, announces a cold norther for
thirty-six hours; Ice the eighth of an inch thick
on the ponds; fruit killed, gardens all rained, and
the early crop Injured.
The Austin (Texas) state Gazette, of April l, re
counts tlie fact of having Deen visited by an ex
tremely cold spell on the morning of the 2fith ult.
A coating of ice nearly one-iourth of an inch thick
was formed, and a great deal of damage was done
to eorn, tomatoes, potatoes, beans and other
tender vegetables. It slates that many larmers
are now busv replanting their corn, and if they
are visited with a dry season the corn up will be a
short one.
The Gonzales Inquirer says Prom all we can
gather from our farmers we feel safe in Baying that
the crops in this county sustained but little dam
age irom the freeze of last week. We hear of but
few who have found it necessary to replant.
The San Antonio Herald says The accounts we
get from the country in regard to the destruction
oi the corn and other green thlugs by the grass
hoppers is calculated to stake a parson swear.
A lriend down irom Kerrviile says there is not a
biil or blade of com In sight. It was ud, but
the miserable Insects above named "went fer It,"
and the corn disappeared. The late freeze killed
all the fruit In that section, and most of It In aud
around San \ntonio, while the hoppergrasses pa
rade their armies in the different gardens and or
chards about the city. They are very young yet,
and cannot fly ; but if they can do s* much damage
as infants what will they uot do when they arrive
at the age of maturity v
NEW YORK CITY.
Peter Dunn, a laborer, fifty year b of age, late of
Manhattanville, died in the Keceptlou Hospital,
Ninety-ninth street, from the effects of injuries
caused on Saturday last by the falling of a plat
form. Coroner Keenan has the case in charge and
will hold an inquest.
Coroner Keenan was yesterday called to hold an
Inquest on the body of William Brophy, a man
tliirty-two years of age, who was almost instantly
killed In Seventy-ninth street, between Ninth and
Tenth avenues, by a premature explosion while
engaged in blasting rockB.
A concert will be given this evening at Lyric
nail by Miss Johanna Simmons, an accomplished
planlste, assisted by Miss Antoinette Henne, alto;
Mr. Fran/. Remmertz, basso; Mr. Franz Hergner,
violoncello; Mr. Philip Faerbner, violin; Mr. Fides
Zltterbach. viola; Mr. Ferdinand Von inten,
piano and conductor.
John B. Gongh is to appear at the Academy of
Musio to-night, and deliver a new lecture. Grace
Greenwood is to lecture next Saturday afternoon
on "YanKee Ciiaracter and Humor." Charles
Bradlaugh, Richard Proctor, Wllkie Collins and
(ierald Massey have been engaged lor lecture
tours next season by the American Literary Bureau.
About two o'clock yesterday morning as Officer
Killery, of the Fonrteenth precinct, was passing
the ladies' entrance of the St. Denis Hotel he ob
served something which looked like a bundle lying
upon the doorstep. On picking it up lie lound it to
be a new-born male child, which he took to the
station house, from which place It was convoyed
to Police Headquarters.
The reorganized Bull's Head Bank opened for
business yesterday morniug. The bank building
was gaily decorated, an American flag floating
from the flagstaff, and streamers reaching nearly
across the street. The interior of the building also
presented a restive appearance, the walls being
covered with bunting, which was fastened to the
windows. A large number of deposits were made
after the bank opened. Mr. Cameron.*the cashier,
stated that the amount paM out during the U.ty
was $45,000, while the amount deposited was
$i46,ooo. The amount oi capital on which the bank
reopens is $300,000.
THE TENEMENT HOUSE HOMICIDE.
A Wsnsnt Issued for the Landlord.
Deputy Coroner Marsh yesterday made a post
mortem examination at 423 East Seventeenth
street, In the case of John Gumpman, the German
who died In Bellevue Hospital from delirium
tremens, accelerated, as is alleged, by violence
received at the hands of Mr. Frank, landlord of the
premises. The right eye was black, and he had
two scalp wounds on the back oi the head. There
was extravasated blood beneath the scalp. Death
resulted from compression of the brain, the result
of violence, (Junipuian and Mr. Frank, landlord or
the premises, it is alleged, had some words In the
hallway, during which Frank, as stated, Knocked
his opponent uown and lie fell backwards, with
his head on the floor. Coroner Young Issued a
warrant for Frank's arrest, and the investigation
will take place some tfme next week.
AN EXCISE WASHING.
The unlicensed venders of ardent spirits In West
chester County, having long been permitted to
prosecute, without molestation, their nefarious
business, cannot fall to be aroused from their sense
of fancied security by the penalty inflicted yester
day on one of their number in the Court of Sessions
at White Plains. By a singular constrnction of the
law bearing on the illicit sale of liquors, the de
linquents heretoiore convicted of the offence have
been dismissed with a nominal fine, and then
allowed to continue their eminently profitable
trade. Yesterday, however, an examule was made
of one Samuel Duuworth, who pleaded irulltv to
the charge! of selling liquor without a license In
the town of Greenburg. In his case the law of
lh.j" was cited by District Attorney Briggs. and the
Court, in accordauce therewith, sentenced 'the
offender to three months' imprisonment in the
county jail and to pay a line oi $ioo.
HEW JERSEY STATE CONSTITUTION.
Extra Session of tlue Senate? Governor
Parker'* Nomination*.
An extra session of the State Senate of New Jer
sey will be held to-day for the purpose of confirm
ing the nominations of Governor Parker on the
proposed constitutional amendments. By an act
passed at the recent session of the Legislature the
Governor was empowered to nominate two gentle
men froiu each Congressional district ler tho pur
pose of framing amendments to the constitution to
fee submitted to the next Legislature. In ac
cerdauce with this act the Governor will send In
tue following nominations to-day
Flrsf Congressional district? Judge Carter, demo
crat; Samuel Gray, republican. Sccoud Congres
sional district? Chief Justice Beasley, democrat;
ex-Senator Van Ejck, republican. Third Congres
sional district? Isaac L. lasher, republican; Beuja
min Williamson, democrat. Fourth Congressional
district ? A. L. Swayze. liberal republican: Martin
Byerson, democrat. Fifth Congressional district
Jacob Vanatta. democrat; Senator Williams, re
publican. Sixth Congressional district ? John W.
i'avlor, republican; Chancellor Runyon, democrat.
Seventh Congressional district? Attorney (Jeneral
fiilchrist, democrat; Dudley S. Gregory, republi
can.
THE CONSECRATION OF BISHOP CORRIGAN.
This event takes place In St. Patrick's Cathe
dral, Newark, on Sunday week, May 4, and, as be
fore stated in the Hekalp, promises to be the
grandest and most Imposing religious ceremony
ever witnessed in New Jersey. Even now the
clcrgy of Newark, headed by Rev. Father Doane,
arc hard at work in their spare moments
arranging the preliminaries. The musical services
will be on a most elaborate scale, and will be par
tlcipated In by taleuc of a high order from New
Y#rk, Broeklvn, Ualtlmorc aud elsewhere. Arch
bishop MeClosker, of New York, will officiate, and
win i>e assisted by Archbishop Buyley, of Balti
more, the attending bishops and a large number of
priests. Rlshup McQtiaid, of Koehoster, will preach
the consecration sermon. There will be n solemn
procession #f the bishops and clergy as port of the
exercises, and It Is expected that there will be at
least fourteen bishops oi the Church present. It is
also expected that a great many lending Jersey
men. such as Governor Parker, senator lreling
huysea and others will be present.
SCAITOLD ACCIDENT IN BROOKLYN.
Yesterday afternoon a scaffold erected in Iront of
the third story of Nos. '240 and 24- Hamilton avenue
gave way, precipitating four men who were at
work upon It to the ground. George Thompson
had his hip fractured. John Newman, laborer, re
siding at 69 Bolivar street, was severely cat on
the Ibrehead and otherwise Injured. He was
taken to the Long Island College Hospital. Francis
Dougherty, carpenter, residing at. sho Pacific street,
had his leit leg broken. He was conveyed to his
heme. John Gallagher. bncKlayer, who was In
jured about the head, was removed to his home,
No. 500 East Warren street.
THE GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC.
A1.BANT, April -J3, 1873.
The committee of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic to make arrangements for the observance of
Memorial Day have net and organized* The most
extensive preparations for the event are to be
made, and tho prospects are that the day will be
obicrvcd with more than usual at ten Won.
ROBBING THE TOTED STATES MAILS.
Trial of a Port Office Clerk in the United State*
District Court at Trenton? How the
Pilfering Waa Detected.
A case of more than ordinary Interest la now
pending before the United States District Court at
Trenton. Ho intense la the feeling in regard to it
that the court room waa crowded to excesa yester
day. Somerset county la the residence of the par
ties prominently figuring in the proceedings. The
United States la act down as the com
plainant and Daniel S. Roclcafellow la the
defendant. The defendant la charged with rob
bing the United States mail on or about the
8th of October, 1872, of letters, stamps, stamped
envelopes and money, amounting in the aggre
gate to the sum of about seven hundred or eight
hundred dollars. Daniel Porter, the poatmaater at
Somerrllle, la the principal wltneaa for the prose
cution. The alleged depredations took place at
hla post office. This gentleman is the proprietor
and publisher of a newspaper in that place, radi
cal in politics, and, of course, warmly attached to
the fortunes of the present administration at
Washington. The defendant, Rockalellow, waa for
the last six years counected with another sheet in
the same tow n, existing in the interest of the dem
ocratic party. The farmer also keeps a printing
office, and the latter la a compositor. It is aaid
that party asperities have a great deal to do with
the present conflict between the twa Jersey jour
nalists. A (ew mouths ago tno Grand Jury brought
in an IndlctmcRt against Hockafellow charging
him with the offence. District Attorney Keasby
appears as counsel for the prosecution, and Jacob
Vanatta, with Alvah A. Clark, are engaged by the
accused. Rockafellow Is about twenty-six years of
age. of medium statare, and possesses au intelli
gent, Drllllant looking physiognomy, lie Is well
and tastefully attired, and sports a gay looking
moustache and goutee.
Mr. Keasby, in his opening address to the Jury,
said that the prosecution would show tlint the
theft could be traced by a direct chain of circum
stantial evidence te the accused. Daniel Porter
kept a post office In Samerville. It Is located In a
building containing a grocery store, in a room set
apart by a partition lrom the store. No other
business was transacted in it but that re
luting to the post office. Stamps were
missed at varloua times in a most inexplicable
mauuer. The money accounts were deficient,
investigations were made which resulted in tracing
the depredations to the defendant, after which the
Grand Jury lontul an indictment against him.
Being suspected, the defendant was watched.
Efforts were made by the Postmaster to urrunge
his letters in the box so as to detect the thief, and
after observations being made it was shown that
Hockafellow was the party who took the letters
out of the box. When the letters were taken out
If they contained money the money was kept and
the letters destroyed. When the letters contained
checks they were all sent back in another envelope
and put in the drop-box. The counsel stated that
the defendant was closely watched during tills last
act. These letters were in the handwriting of
Hockafellow and belonged to a Mr. Bamcalow, of
Somerville. Alter making some iurthcr remarks,
the counsel said that other corroborative circuin
stanccmstunccs would be brought to light before
the jury.
Some argument here ensued between counsel as
to the meaning of the word mall. Mr. Vanatta
contended that letters lying in the Post Office did
not, in a legal sense, belong to the mall, therefore
the indictment should charge that the Post Oillce
was robbed Instead of the mall. Mr. Vanatta
therelore moved to overrule the testimony. Web
ster's dictionary and other authorities were quoted
in support of tuls point. The Court ruled that the
objection was premature, and ordered that the
evidence be proceeded with.
Mr. Porter, who was on the stand during the
argument, was then sworn, and, alter describing
the location an?l structure of the post office, testi
fied, in substance, as follows:? He exercised per
sonal supervision over the otllcp; his son, aged
twenty-two, was the attendant; the latter did the
detail work, and was relieved at dinner by his
brother, sixteen years old ; both his sons helped to
make the mall up morning and evening; the eldest,
was paid a compensation ol * lo per week, with board
while the younger got $2 per week, also, with
board ; I missed stamps, stamped envelopes and
letters during the last year; there were continued
complaints lrom parties to whom letters were
addressed; missed registered letters also; in
August last inquiry was made for a registered
letter two weeks after it should have been de
livered: that letter was traced to my office:
that day I attended the office most or
the day myself; in order to test the
truth oi the theiu 1 had two letters prepared and
placed In a particular receptacle one evening and
l next morning when I came to the office they were
I missing; I wrote to the authorities in New York
lor instructions: this was the first possible evi
dence 1 had that the office had been en
tered; afterwards made attempts to dis
cover the thief; not receiving any in
structions from New York in two weeks after
I wrote 1 went there myself; received Instructions
and came back and prepared two decoy letters,
directed to Mr. Harkaiow, and placed them in his
box; lelt the other letters in their usual place;
returned to the office the moruing alter und found
they were goue; my first observation was
that the door waB disturbed; a letter also
directed to the bomerset County Hank was
missing; afterwards found the missing letters In
the drop letter box? one directed to Harkaiow, the
other to the bank ; Barkalow's contained a certifi
cate from Piitinfleld Hank; they were in different
envelopes from those I put them In; this was on
the morning of the 7th ol October; that morning I
saw Rockalellow in front of the office, starling to
move away. (The letters were here produced and
tue handwriting examined). I went and procured
Rockaiellow's handwriting and compared it with
that on the envelopes put in the drop letter box
and found that both corresponded and were writ
ten by the same person ; I went to New York again
und received further instructions; I endeavored to
entrap him by placing watchmen in the otllce
at night after that but failed; Mr. Gaston
with whom I had been consulting, told me he had
sec n Hockafellow drop a letter in the box: after
wards picked up some letters lrom it, and found
they were the missing ones; in the grocery store
adjoining them were three clerks, but they had no
access to the office: lost by these depreda
tions between six and seven hundred dollars ; had
no communication with Kocicafellow about
this charge ; he called at my ofllee
about three weeks alter the charge had been pre
ferred against him, but said nothing about it; he
made an excuse that he came after newspapers; he
did not broach the subject; Kockalellow disap
peared the day alter the Indictment was round
against him; he came back the day before
his arrest, which was two months after the
charge had been made: during his aitsence
saw him once in Jersey City; 1 was
or the look ont for him as was also a
detective; had an interview with Mr. Clark, Kock
aiellow's counsel, before the indictment waV found
bv the Orand Jury, and he told me to hush up the
whole matter; Rockalellow made an appointment
to se me about the matter, but failed to keep It.
The witness was cross-examined at length by
Mr. Vanatta, but the examination failed to elicit
anything rrom htm that varied with his direct
evidence.
Alonzo Worman. one of the clerks in the grocery
store adioluing the Post Office, was called and gave
Boine unimportant testimony.
Oaston. of Somerville, was called to the stand at
the conclnslon ol Woruian's evidence.
Gaston passed a group of yonng men engaged In
earnest conversation on October 8, 187:4 ; Hocka
fellow, the accused, was ol the party;
he was sure of this; although he could not
recall tne names of some of the others;
Hockafellow seemed to go through the iamillar
motion of putting a letter in the drop box ; Oastou
hurried tuto the Post Office, but no one was Iri ; lie
hastened to Porter's office In the adjoining build
ing and told Porter of the matter; Porter hurried
down, got the top letter, came back to Porter's
own office and displayed one of his "decoy letters,''
already stamped with the Somerville Post Office
mark ; this act, according to Gaston, took not more
than one minute and a half.
Vanatta wound Gaston up, and ma few moments
Judge Nixon dismissed the Court with the usual
admonition to the jury.
Ten more witnesses are to be examined for the
prosecution, and twenty-five have been snbpcpnaed
for the defence. The trial will last all the week,
and up to the prcseut time it has occasioned a good
deal ol gossip.
HENRY a BOWEN'b GREAT LIBEL 8UIT,
Judge Nellson. of the Brooklyn City Court, yes
terday granted an order of arrest lor Mr. Henry C.
Howen, editor of a Brooklyn paper and defendant
In a libel suit for (100,000, brought by Mr.
Thomas W. Field, Superintendent of Schools, the
cause of action bciug the publication of an ar
ticle concerning the plaintiff published in defend
ant's paper on the lflth Inst. The application for
the order of arrest was little more than a formal
proceeding, consequent on the filing oi the papers
in the action. This morning the defendant will !>e
taken to the Sheriff's office, to give security lor his
appcarauce on the day set for the trial.
NAVAL ORDERS.
Washinotok, April 23, 1873.
Lieutenant Commander crownlusbield has been
ordered to the Lackawanna. Commander K. W.
Meade has been detached from the command of the
NarraganseM $atf placed on waiting orders; Lieu
tenant Commander Kellogg, from the Lacxawanna,
and ordered to return to the United states: As
sistant surgeon hchsteln, from the Narragausett,
and Diaccd on waiung ordera
THE THUGS AT BAY.
They Are Sickened at Last by the
Twenty Years' Sentences.
Recorder Hackett Threatened With Vengeance?
"Knife, Slungahot or Poison"? The Litera- j
tore of Crime? A Jndge Who Can Take j
Care of Himself? Three-Cent
Pieces and Pins as Targets.
"The Court sentences yen to be confined for
twenty yars at hard labor in the State Prison at
Sing Sin*."
The thieves and thugs of the metropolis have
heard this ttat lali froui the lips of Recorder John
K. Hackett three times already during the present
term of his Court, and it hus made them sick. They
can usually stand any amount or "talk," but these
twenty words, with their meaning extending
through a full score of years, are too heavy, and
they have "tumbled" U> themselves at last, arul In
their despcratiou have tried another little game.
They are going to "bluff" the Judge, and have
become literary. They think the pen is mightier
than the slungsliot, and they use it first, with a
promise of trying their favorite old implement if
the pen lalls.
On Tuesday evening last the Recorder was
Bitting In hlB library, reading his correspondence,
and ameng other letters opened an epistle en
closed in a plain white envelope, and addressed,
in a fine lined, though Bcrawllug hand? "Mr.
Hackett, 72 Park avenue, New York city." The en
closure was a half sheet of ruled letter paper, of
very poor quality, bearing the Impress of the
1 "Ravine" mills in an embossed lozenge In the
upper left hand corner and the communication
read as follows
Mr. Hackett:?
Sir? This is to notify you that if yon give any
more ol jour Cruel Ltfng Sentences to prisoners, |
such as 20 years or 15 years, lor very trivial i
offences or lor ordinary offence of llurglary, ?c., ,
yonr career will t>e cut short in a mamur you host
expect. The slungsliot, the knite or Poison will be
llrouirht Into requisition lo rid the worid ol a mon
ster of cruelty like you, who has unjustly sen
tenced manv a Better man than yourself to
Gloomey Dungeons lor excessive periods morp
than trwlr ct'iTtw aezerved just lo satisfy the Public
and gain a reputation lor yourself lor Fancy Sen
tences
There has been lately a Party of us organized
who arc sworn under solemn oaths te take your
llic (or that of some member ol your family, ir
we cannot get at you easily) if any more sen
tences is Given by you that we consider unjust
or excessive. You live in a tine Utuse. You
enloy yourself well, and little dream What tor
ments you condemn vour fellow man to, many of
them being driven into crime by sheer poverty and
hunger. This will be avenged, so beware 11 you do
not moderate yourself. You have a damnable name
lor cruelty? you are an agent ot tyranny, so be
ware. "Sic "semper Tyrannus." We have your
house watched, and wtven you least expect tho
"avengers" they will have you where thev want
you, either you or some member of your ' family. So
help us God. "CRACKSMEN.
The envelope bore a three-cent postage stamp,
and was post-marked "New York City, Apl. 22,
P. M." After reading the letter the Recorder laid
it aside on his desk, and proceeded to otner busi
ness,
A Herald reporter called on Recorder nackett
yesterday afternoon to learn the particulars of the
ominous missive. The Recorder had just concluded
the trials for the day In tho General Sessions, and
as he descended from the bench invited the re
porter to accompany him to the Clerk's office. -As
soon as the Judge had seated himself in his favorite
room, in response to the reporter's inquiry, lie
said:?
"Well, I don't know that I can tell you much
about this letter, but the facts are these :? i-ast
night when I went home I found this letter amoig
some ethers lying on my secretary, and alter I had
read It 1 thoughtlessly laid it down again. I at
tached no very great importance to it lor the
reason that 1 have frequently received
THREATENING LETTERS
purporting to come trom members or the criminal
classes in relation toniy action on the bench, and
never took any notice or them, l suppose this
would have gone in the same unnoticed
way, although I confess it is very
annoying to receive theinj but Diy wile happened
to come into the library, and, as sue sat talking to
me she picked up one or two or the letters and
looked at them, and finally chanced to i?et hold of
this one. She read It, and It alarmed her great y,
and, as she is somewhat nervous and excitable,
her apprehensions of injury to me caused me more
anxiety and annoyance than I sheuld otherwise
have felt, indeed, It seems to worry her very
much, for although, as I said betore, I have re
ceived many such letters, 1 never showed them to
any member of my lanilly."
"Have you sentenced any prisoners for long
terms very recently t" asked the reporter.
??Yes, I think three or four durtug the present
term ' nut I am not sure as to the number. You
see this tiling alarms thoso roughs somewhat, for 1
have promised them several times irom the bench
that In evcrv instance where a violent crime, such
as highway robbery, felonious assault,, murder and
such offences come before me, and are clearly and
unmistakably proved, I should inflict the full pen- .
alty, to the last hour, and I shall do It. I have ,
never said this for mere effect, but I have said it
oecause 1 wanted the criminal classes not to mis
take me, and I think they Tully understand now
TOR MEANING OF MY PROMISE.
1 do nothing In a spirit of vlndlctiveness. but I-am
one or the ugliest men you ever met, and I do what
I nay I will do always." .
"Well, Recorder, have yon any apprehension that
this letter conveys a threat that the author and
his litigators mean to carry Into effect?"
"I really cannot say what they mean to do, nor
have 1 the least fear of their threats. 1 am never
in a position that they can assaalt me with safety
to themselves. They will run as much risk as I do,
for I am never asleep when I am away from my
house. I am always armed and have carried arms
lor years. You see here t 1 am armed now."
As tiie Recorder said this he drew irom his
nocket, with so little action that he scarcely
seemed to move his arm, a very ornate go.d i
mounted revolver, carrying a ball or abont 32-100
calibre, it seemed to be fearfully convenient to
his hand, and as he replaced It he proceeded:?
"Yon know 1 am always ready for any assault,
although I do not Invite any, unless It be In the
discharge of mv duty. If that Is an Invitation, or
is to be interpreted as an Invitation to attack, I
shall take my chances with them, that's all. 1
never go
INTO THE HAUNTS
frequented by the criminal classes, for yon see they
usually come up to see me and 1 see enough of
them In that way. So you will understand that I
have a tolerably open chance with them, as I never
iro into places where a gentleman should not ?o."
"I should fancy that with your acknowled repu
tation as a 'crack shot,' Mr. Recorder, 'cracksmen'
and all other men of their stripe would want to let
you alone," rejslned the reporter.
"Oh. yes; I have got some reputation for my
marksriiansliip and (think I can carry It out fully.
I have handled fire-arms from iny boyhood, and I
don't think
ANY MAN LIVING
can 'draw' raster or fire more unerringly than I
can 1 don't know whether you know anything
about my skill In that line, but I have frequently
shot a three cent piece off the head of a dis
tinguished journalist in this city in his own
parlors, and can shoot a pin from a man's fingers
at any time witn a revolver. The fact Is, 1 will
iruarantee them an Interesting time if t?ey
come to see me in the way Indicated ; and if the
nartles who wrote this letter would only let me
know where to find them I would put on my old
California pistol and knife, go and see them and
let them hear from me. I don't propose
to be bullied myself; least of all. do I
like threats made against members or
mv ramlly. who are In nowise responsible for my
action in fixing these sentences. The whoie thing
i? cowardly enough, but these threats against
others caps the climax of cowardice. Hut I have
no iuea tnat any one will attempt to Uarui me,
only that 1 must admit such a thing to be possible,
and, or course, If such a thing should belal me, this
letter might poBslbly lie a clue, at least as to The
motive which prompted my assailants, even if it
is too lalnt to lead to the detection or the gang. '
"KB?win? that you are armed, Judge, It is
scarcely likely that they will attempt It."
"Ob 1 hope not : that's all. I do not rear them,
anyway. Indeed, I can take my chances at auy
time with any man, unless he has got
A DOUB1.E-HARKKI.LEO SUOTGt'N.
and that might reach me. As ror these follows I
don't care a ?Continental' for them nor ihelr
threats. I think, by the way, that Just such threats
as these show the necessity ol decent citizens being
urtned You know lately there has been some talic
of having a bill passed by the legislature including
nlstols among the weapons which citizens
are prohibited from carrying. Some brother
Indues of mine were urging the adop
tion of such a meaanre to me and I
told them that In my opinion we should find ita
?peratten very disastrous. W e should find all
law-abiding citizens obeying the law, and all the
roughs hi tne city would break It, as they always
break the laws. They would have less respect for
that law than f#r any other, and the blood letting
classes would be armed to the teeth, while decent
men would be utterly defenceless. The fear or vio
lent resistance, and perhaps death, at the banal w
the party attacked la about the only thing that de
ters the roughs from committing highway robbery
in every one of our streets. And now I mean to
make the long sentences a terror to them In every
i clear caae of cwuvlctieo thaucome# before me. I
Perhaps in that way we snail be able to make
crime ati
OANOKROUH TO THE CRIMINAL
as it la to decent citizens. 1 ask no favors from
such men and shall give them their ueserts. If
they ever attack me. no matter where they at
tempt it, I shall he awake, aud if they do net me
under I shall give a good account of Bome of them
betore tuey finish the Job."
"Have any of the threatening letters before re
ceived by vou borne the noni de ruse of 'cracks
men' or resembled this in respect to the hand
writing ??
"No: none that I remember. Yon see, I never
paid auy particular attention before. 1 geuerulJy
tnrcw them into the Ore at once."
As he said this the Kecorder put on his hat, but
toned up hlB coat and prepared to leave the office,
and the reporter retired.
The lollowing are the names of some of the men
who have "gone up" for long terms during the
present session oi the Recorder's Court: ?
Edward Murphy, ageu twenty-two; residence
given, *48 WcHt sixteenth street; convicted of high
way robbery. Twenty years State Prison.
Michael Cannon, aged tweuty-two ; residence. East
Twenty-second street, near Kim avenue; highway
robbery. Twenty years State Prison.
Michael Manouey, aged twenty-two: residence 87
Stanton street; highway robbery. Twenty years
State Prison.
William Dongherty, alias "The Wreck," aged nine
teen; residence, Clarkson street; highway robbery.
Ten years State Prison.
H09SAC TUNNEL.
Minority Report of the Legislative Com- I
inlttee on Railroads of Majaachu
settn? Slate Control Advocated and
Consolidation of Railroads.
Boston, April 23, 1873.
The minority report of the Legislative Commit
tee on Kailroads estimates the cost of the Hoosuc
tunnel, including interest, at $12,000,000, and say
thai this expenditure is a charge upon the people
and the property of the whole State. It seems
improbable that any disposition can be made of
the tunnel which can return to the treasury the
whole Bum expended, and It is ior tne Legis
lature to determine how far a return can
be made to the people of the State
from this great public expenditure in Increased
means of transportation and a reduction of rates,
which are now a burden upon the whole com
munity. Sluce the tunnel was projected new lines
of railroad have been built, which give nearly every
portion of the State direct access to the tunnel,
and through it to the Great West. The committee
are fully convinced that to secure to the people
the lull advantages to be derived from
the construction of this new avenue to
the West, and to secure equal rights to
all parties desiring to use It, the state must not
part with the control of the tunnel. We are equally
convinced that to secure effieiency in the lines
working through the tunnel consolidation is neces
sary, and that the tunnel itself must be worked
and managed for all parties using It by one head.
No private corporation can be trusted when its own
interests may conflict with the interests of other
ami perhaps rival corporations to establish or en
force rules tor the transaction of such business.
The report goes on to advocate State manage
ment, which, it is claimed, would be etllcient and
reliable beyond that of ordinary railroad corpora
tions. The bin accompanying the report provides
ior the appointment oi live trustees by the Gov
ernor and Council, whs arc to be created a corpo
ration under the name of the State Board of Trus
tees of the lloosuc 'luuncl Railroad, aud shall have
sole chargc, direction and control of the Troy and
Grecuileld Kallrou.il, and of the Hoosac tunnel
when said tunnel shall be completed or surren
dered by the contractors; also o{ the Southern
Vermont. Railroad, and of such other railroads
as may be leased or acquired under the provisions
of this act. They shall appoint a treasurer, a guu
eneral manager (whenever they deem audi an
officer necessary) , one or more superintendents,
and such other agents as may be required lor the
operation of said railroads and tunnel. Semi
annual reports to the Governor and Council, und
annual reports to the Railroad Commissioners, are
provided lor. Each trustee shall receive $3,ooo
per annum, cxcept the president, who shall re
ceive ]$5,ooo. The sum of $5,000,000 is appro
priated to carry out the provisions of the
act which shall be provided lor bv means of an issue
oi scrip. Provisions are made for the leasing of
the Vermont and Massachusetts, the Kitchburg
ami the Troy and Boston railroads. Twenty-live per
cent ol the gross earnings of each leased railroad
is to be reserved annually, from which to pay the
rental? equal to ten per cent on the present capi
tal stock of each company. Each company is to
elect one trustee lor live years, who shall become
a member of the Hoard.
The majority report lavorp consolidation, but not
State control.
THE ERIE INVESTIGATION.
General Barlow Denies the Whole of
Sncarman's Testimony? The Attorney
General Never Received 1100,0110 for
Services. Nor Ever Asked for It.
Albany, N. y., April 28, 1873.
The Erie Investigating Committee held its last
meeting this afternoon unless their time is ex
tended, it expiring to-day.
Attorney General Barlow appeared before the
committee and made a brief statement, in which
lie denied each and every statement made by
Thomas G. Shearman In his testimony concerning
him. He said he never demanded a oent from
General SicKles, and never received a cent. Fur
thermore, he Bawl he never received a cent lrom i
the contract made by Bcldon and Hayes with the
Erie Company; never a cent from Flsk or Gould
or any person concerned with them ; never was a
party to any arrangement lor receiving a cent;
never was offered a cent, neither before he was
Attorney General nor slnco he has held thai office;
never wrote to General Sickles demanding $100,000
nor any money whatever; he had received $10,000
at the outset au<l $2,000 subsequently, as he had
before stated, with which to refund disbursements.
When he paid the $1,600 to Henry Smith ho had no
knowledge whatever aB to what use he intended to
put it.
General Barlow read each statement made by
Mr. shearman which had reference to him (General
Harlow), and positively denied them all as utterly
false and without the least foundation In truth.
Ho conclnded by stating that none of the testi
mony given by Mr. Shearman was such as would be
received by any court; that it was based upon
hearsay or ha?' reference to third parties, and that
any court receiving it would direct it to be struck
from the records.
THE SEIZED LOCOMOTIVES.
Collector Bailey Sells the Iron Horses of
the Hudson River and New York Cen
tral to Pay Assessments Only a Small
Amount Realized,
Albany, April 23, 1873.
United States Collector Bailey to-day sold eight
locomotives belonging to the New York Central
and Hudson River Railroad companies, seized by
him for non-payment of taxes. They realized
$22,760, and were bought by Warren s. Law, Jr.,
on behair of the company. S. I. Fairchild, attor
ney for the company, protested against the sale, ob
the ground that the tax was assessed against the
New York Central Railroad Company, aud there
fore could not, be collected of the New York Central
and Hudson River Kallroad companies.
THE RICHMOND AND DANVILLE BAILB0AD
INJUNCTION.
Raleigh, N. O., April 23, 1873.
The injunction against the Richmond and Dan
ville Railroad to restrain the company from alter
ing the gauge of the North Carolina road between
Greensboor' and Charlotte, has been continued by
Judge Alburtson till the hearing, but upon condi
tion that the State give a bono for $5o,ooo, with
good security, to lndemaify the said com pa nv ior
damages that might be snstalned on or before tho
1st oi May, and if not given before that time the
injunction to bo dissolved. Both parties have
given notice of appeal to the Supreme Court.
SERIOUS FIRE AT ST. PETERSBURG, PA.
St. Petersburg, April 23, 1873.
A Are broke out this morning, between three and
four o'clock, in the St. James Hot?i, on Main
street. A lamp exploded in the parlor, and,
although the guests of the hotel made every en
deavor to suppress the conflagration, the flames
rapidly burst through the front, sides and roof of the
buildings. The Are raged furiously, consuming
about half a block, from Clarke's grocery store
to Klrley's sucker and rod factory. The residences
of Messrs. Blake aud Lee, on the opposite side of
the street, were badly burned, though not wholly
destroyed. It was with the greatest dlfflculty that
tho lower part of the city was saved lrom destruc
tion.
the St. James Hotel was entirely destroyed.
The loss is $15,000, and wa? not Insured. The loss
on B. Klrley's sucker and rod manufactory is $3,000;
not insured, Clark's grocery was insured for
$2,000; io?74,ooo.
THE NORTH AMERICAN 8AEN0ERBUND.
Cleveland, Ohio, April 23, 1873.
The organization or the North American saeuger
bund was perfected last night by the eloction of E.
H. Hettun President. All the officers are residents
of Cleveland. The next Saengertest wili be held
here In June of next year. Preparations aro mak
ing to render it the grandest festival 0 1 the inter
national Association.
EVIL FORTUNE
Extraordinary Career of a Vir
ginia Horse Thief.
POUR YEARS A FUGITIVE.
Albert Fortune, a Mulatto Despe
rado, and His Adventures.
Arretted in Baltimore, He la Tried and Con*
vieted, but Jumps from a Railroad
Train and Escapes.
Richmond, Va., April 23, 1878.
One of the most during and noted borne thieves
Virginia has ever produced? and she boaHts of a
good many desperadoes of this sort Just now? made
his last and most remarkable escape from the ears
of the Richmond, Fredericksbarg and Potomac Kall
road while being conveyed from Baltimore to the
Penitentiary here to serve out his term or im
prisonment for thirteen years. His name Is Albert
Fortune, a bright mulatto, Ave feet In lielgnt, well
built, with great muscular development, dark,
wavy hair ami eyes that glare, when excited, like
calcium light. Spottsyivama county was the scene
of his greatest exploits until i860, when he vu
arrested, tried and convicted of stealing a mule
and was sentenced to thirteen years in the Peni
tentiary. fie did not remain long in that institu
tion, however, lor he made his escape by
JfMPIXO KKOM A PARAPET
wall forty feet, high. He uext turned up in Wash
| ington as a huckster In the markets there. He was
not permitted to pursue his calling without inter
ruption, but It so happened that whenever an effort
was made to deprive him of liberty he either by
artifice or by desperate resistance managed to
elude tho officers. He ail tho time proclaimed that
ho would never be taken alive, and the lact that
he shot the officer at Fredericksburg, who at
tempted his arrest before his conviction, furnished
prool that he meant what he said. On one occa
sion he was traced to Alexandria and surprised in
a negro hut by three policemen, bnt instead of re
sisting he played the lox. Being in his shirt sleeves,
he asked to go up stuirs and get his coat, saving
he would then go with them anywhere. His re
quest was granted, when he returned, not coat In
hand, but
WITH COCKED PISTOLS,
and before the oiMcers could recover from their
surprise was gone again. Some time after this
Lieutenant Kelly, of the Washington police, who
knew nothing of Fortune or hts antecedents,
caught him In the street with a bag of stolen
boots aud shoes. Lieutenant Kelly proceeded to
arrest him: but Fortune, not to be so easily secured,
as quick as thought drew a pistol and sent a bail
whistling by tho head of his would-be captor. The
lieutenant fired In return somo three times,
wounding, but not disabling him. He, however,
got away, and it was afterwardB ascertained
went to Howard University, where ho
received medical care. Thence he was traced to
an alley in the heart of the city, near Pcnnsyl
?U'a avenue where lriends aided him to elude
'urther pursuit, lie continued at large untl April
o'<rni iU l16 i)rus arrested in Washington, and was
again lodged in the Penitentiary here, from which
lie again escaped in the disguise of a mason, hav
ovcralls! t0 1>orrow * 8Ult 01 bricklayer's
A CHASE IN BALTIMORE.
Fortune next turned up in Baltimore, where, a
SIS. v,???' .1,e waH recognized by a former
citizen or \ lrglula, who gave information to Ser
geant trazler and Policeman Harringer, or that
p ?ey at once M,!t ul,out making his
arrest, tortuno soon Ijccame aware oi his
position, and as the officers advanced he com
menced the night in time? John Uilpin style. He
ran up Baltimore to Liberty streer, and up Liberty
to a house near 'Payette, where he tried a door,
but lound it locked. This enabled the oillcers to
gain on him, but just as Policeman Harringer was
about Inylng hands <>u him, ho lell and disabled his
Ih, .sergeant Frazler continued tho pur
suit, followed by a large crowd. Fortune, finding
i . y pin8ue,i' l(,ok refuge i? a house on
whirh h Jee, ' uo,rth <)f Fayette street, the door ol
which he iouud open, aud ran up stairs
fnrniL?h-0n^ 'ioor' '"rough two rooms, over
r ?h^ ill "ir"",iru- "Psetting a cradle in which
?????. , ? asleep, aud Jumped through tho
second story window, carrying the sash with him.
on to a shed and thence to a yard over fences, and
finally emerged on Lexington street, on the Mouth
street corner, and entered an alley nearly opposite.
He was hotly pursued by Sergeant Frazier and
Policeman Barrlnger, who had been joined by sev
eral other olllcers. Through the alley the escaued
convict made his way to the cellar of a soap iac
tory, where, u light having been procured, he was
kinai.lt captukkp.
but not before a policeman had drawn his pistol
and threatened to shoot him. lie oirered tho offi
cers $4'K) to let him oir, but the bribe was refused
The daring horse thier was locked in the
Middle .Station House until the arrival
of Deputy strother, of ihe Penitentiary here, to
whom he w. is delivered on Monday. The Deputy
started back here with his prisoner heavily ironed
both by the ankles and wrists. At about nuarterpast
three yesterday morning, and, just, after the train
which was bringing liini hero had left Ashland, For
tune, who was seated beside Captain Strother, de
sired the latter to tase him to the stove to warm
himself. .Strother thought this quite a reasonable
request, and so accompanied ihe convict to the
stove, near the rear door oi the car.
A LEAP ROR LlifKRTV.
The two hail not been there more than a mlnnte
or two when a colored tram hand opened the door
and came in, aud Fortune, seizing theopportunity.
slipped behind him, hopped out upon the plat
lorm and recklessly jumped from it Into the dark
ness. The train was moving at the rate or about
forty mile* per hoar, and the alarm was imme
diately sounded und every effort possible made to
Bet the engineer to stop it, but it was not brought
to a stand until It had rone more than three-quar
ters of a mile beyond the point where Fortune had
made his escape.
A larire number oi horsemen have since been
scouring the county in the hone of securing the
convict, but so far he has again successfully eluded
arrest.
A JUDICIAL QUARREL
I'ntrrmly Content in Baltimore Between
the City Judge anil the Nher tar?Resig
nation of the ShrrllT, and Threat* ol
I7naavory Dlkcloaure*.
Baltimore, Md., April 23, 1873.
A strong sensation has been created in Balti
more by tne resignation of Sheriff Kane, growing
out of a quarrel between him and Judge Cllmer,
of the City Criminal Court. Kane some time ago
refused to place Gilmer's men on the Grand Jnry,
and since then Gilmer has taken every means to
hinder Kane in the discharge of Ills official duties.
Owing to the imbroglio the ousimss or the court
naa been delayed, aud about three hundred cases
are In jail awaiting action.
The criminal classes or the cltv, especially the
wealthy gamblers, have seized upon the oppor
tunity, and with their political power have sought
to widen a breach which secures them Immnriitr
rrorn prosecution while ft exists. Political parties
are also interfering, the wing of the democratic
|.arrr which gambling houses support endeavor
ing to help in driving Kane out of office. Governor
Whyte has aderessed a letter to Kane askinu him
to reconsider his resignation, but it is understood
that he will not do so unless Gilmer gives wav to
him. ir the matter is pushed to extremity Kaiics
friends threaten startlfng revelation/, oi the man"
per in which criminals are protected l>y grand
juries and courts. It u the most exciting topic
raised here since 1880. 1
PRINOE EDWARD ISLAND.
Formation of the New Administration*
Halifax, N. 8., April 23, 1873.
The Prince Edward Island government, having
been defeated at the polls, have resigned. The fol
lowing gentlemen will form tlie new administra
tion
Hon. J. C. Pope, Premier; Hon. F. H. Havllland,
Colonial Secretary ; Hon. Fred. D. St. Croix Brecken,
Attorney General; Hon. G. W. Howlan, Chairman
of the Kailway Board ; Hon. A. A. McDonald, Post
I master General; Hon. W. W. Sullivan, solicitor
General; Hon. John Lefargy aud Hen. W. G. Strong
without office.
TEAT DANGEROUS BOY FITT8.
Boston, April 23, 1873.
A special despatch from Exeter, N. H., states that
on Sunday night the boy Wilfred L. Pitts, of Low
ell, now In a cell of the Exeter Jail, while in a som
nambulistic state, got possession of a raior of one
of the three prisoners occupying the same cell
and attempted to cut their throats. Two of the
prisoners were slightly wounded before he could be
secured, as he was in a raving condition, anil it
was some time betore he could be brmipht to his
senses. He it now carefully watched when asleep
aud awake.

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